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THE SUN, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1918.
8 flfotWmSmS&vxi FRIDAY. SlOlTKMHKR II. 1913. Watered it the Com Office at MPffMI as Second i'l Mall Matter. aabecriptloaa b Hall. restpaid. IMII.Y. Per Moms MILT. Per Vrar SUNDAY. Per Year DA1M AND SUNDAY, Per ear . DAILY AND St NDAY, IYr Month THK KVKN1NG It V Pu Month THIS I VBNtltU SI N. Prr Year 3 SO n o IB SB 9 M Beaisfe at rorftfl countries added AH rtWTkli money order. .. to be rseite pay-.-.e in Ikk Ma, r.ilul-l.ed dnilv. Including Kinday. by the Sun PrlhllBI noil ! hlishlng Association at 170 nsii -urn. in HM It.. ninth of Manhattan. N York. PreaMattl anil Tiesasttr, William '. Itelck, 170 Nsaaai street: Vice-President. Kriward P Mitchell. i;o Itaaatg atrMtl Secretary. C. K. I. union. 174 .Nassau street I oaaoa office. I Angliani House, t Arundel Mirri Btread, Pvls ofhve t. Rat de la Mlchndltre. oft Kite du tpiatic Ncptenibre w illusion snVe. itii.h- Miiii.iinir Brook:, n office, tot i.iwngsion sneei If our frstBBl trio jaror us rrlth meeujfripl and 11,'ujlrol.osj for publication unit la Sear rejfctfd eVNsIM returned Ak must in all c send iamp for that purpost. Keep I p thr flood Work! On Wednesday tilitht the House of Ilorocntatlves adopted this smciitl iti. Mil to the Administration hanking bill HSIrmlns the colli standard art : "Provide.! thai nothing In this art con tained shall be construed to repeal the parity DfOYietoaa contained In an act ap proved March 14. 1500, entitled, 'An act to define and tlx the standard of value to maintain the parity of all forma of money Issued or coined by the t'nlted States to refund the public debt nnd fur other pur poses.' " Splendid! We sbotllil In les than human If we did not feet pleased to the extent that Thk Urn's discussion of the menace of the note Issue scrtion of the pending currency hill contributed to the foregoing declaration. Now let t he good work go on ! After this exhibition of sound money sentiment In the House of Representa tives It should not be difficult to make the declaration of fealty to the cold standard really effective in the provi sions of the Administration hill. The three to one vote by which the amend ment Just quoted was Incorporated In the MM leaves no doubt a to what the prevailing convictions of the country are, and there ought to bo DO trouble In milking Section 17, which deals with note issues, a isisltlve guarantee of ud ho ranee to the gold standard. Sound money sentiment must not, However, lull the country Into a state ..f false confidence. The action of the House of Representatives In affirming tli.. gold standard lias not changed Meet Ion IT a particle. The seetlon still provides for Government notes payable In "lawful money" and se cure.! by "lawful money" which may be anything l.ut gold. It still provides for Gov eminent promises to itay re dirnhln in Government promises to pay without supplying any means to enable the Treasury lieparttnent to dis charge the duty laid upon It ly the act of March 4. 1900. to maintain all forms of money in the country at a imrity with gohl. It still provides for more greenbacks in unlimited amount, for pure Hat money to be advanced to the projected regloual reserve banks, for greenback! devoid of legal tender quality for the present only and only temporarily Inferior to the present greenbacks, which are redeemable In gold and against which a 43 per cent, gold reserve is held in the Treasury. There should be no misunderstand ing on this point. The business inter ests of the land, the working man whose wages may be paid In debased dollars, should know thut Section 17 of the Administration bill is just as It win before the gold standard declara tion was adopted ou Wednesday night, an attack on the gold standard itself. It baa not been made a whit less men feeing by the House vote. The new greenbackers could well (ford to make such a concession to pound money sentiment as Is repre sented by the amendment affirming the gold standard as long as they have Section 17 vrovlding for (Jovernment notes redeemable in lawful money and secured by reserves of lawful money. Mr. Bbyan could very well afford to say that he approved the amendment. His indorsement shows bow little the iimendincni aivomplishes. The flat money for which lie has been fighting nil these years Is still provided for by faction 17. and he has the substance of victory as long as the text of the section is not changed to provide for gold standard currency. He can well afford to let the gold standard senti ment of the nation have the shadow of victory while he holds the sub stance. We .l. servo that iu Wednesday night's debate, before the gold stand ard declaration was adopted. Repre ssntatlva Glass. House custodian of Hie Administration currency bill, re i'o..ind his absurd argument about the analogy with the lawful money re demption provisions of existing stat utes and the recommendations of the .National Monetary Commission. He expressed pity for the "conspreben sion" of those members of the House Who asserted belief that Section 17 assailed the gold standard, but there Is need of greater pity for the mone tary comprehension of Mr. Glass, who is chairman of the House Banking and Currency Committee. , Chairman (Hash seems utterly un gble to grasp the vital difference be tween such a scientific hank note cur rency as could be provided by the bill and the utterly unsound Government note Issue, contemplated. It Is one thing to establish a note issue origi nating with banks, secured by gold re nerves, redeemable, lav gold, baaed an self-liquidating commercial paper, sub- J ides tbe corner neat opstslte the horn Jed to regulations prescribed by the In the Unit class carriage of the I'arts Unveriiinciit hikI enforced by th Gov-j Berlin express, (lone, ton, anil moot ernment with the Government hark of lamentable In ber departure Ik the tbe (kntika atul tbelr paper promlae to lovely creature with pent hi Ike CDfJhj pay. It is another thing to confuse , pleilnn, nitty Hps that pont In a Cn-i real money which the Government has phi's htm and melting eye In whose the sole right to coin, and the value of which It has the sole right to regu late, with promise to pay money, and , out of I he confusion to Invent an Issue of ( Jovernment notes or promises to pay money, and III this case' not real money, but whatever Is defined as law ful; to base these notes on Government fiat nnd to place the Government In a isisltlon of deiiendence on bank support for Its paper. Make Section 17 an effective stBr mation of the gold standard. None of the Inquiries which we have addressed In Ibis matter has been answered by the amendment adopted on Wednesday night with the reported approval of the Administration, including Mr. Bbyan. We are still awaiting . response to the following questions: Why did the House Banking nnd Currency Committee publish In the last ten days of July s redraft of Section 17 providing for note Issues redeema ble in gold alone and secured by re serves of nothing hut gold'? Why was Section 17 changed by Au gust 11 for submission to the Demo cratic caucus of the House so as to provide, as It does now, for Govern ment notes redeemable in lawful money and secured by reserves of lawful money? To these interrogatories we now ap- penil another: Why. In sccordauce with the senti ment avowed In the amen. Intent adopted on Wednesday night, Is not Seetlon 17 made to provide for gold redemption and gold reserves as it did In the latter part of July? A Governor lland Regiment. There I cogent reasoning In the petition which downtown merchants ami hanker have addressed to Sena tor O'Gorman In an effort to have Governors Island equipped with bar racks of a modern type and a regiment of infantry of the regular army per manently stationed on the Island. It Is frankly i. luted out that the finan cial centre of this country Is in need of such a guard In the event of any un usual disaster or natural catastrophe. No man can gainsay that experi ence has proved in this country that the looter and his nefarious trade leap into being iu dangerous force at every opportunity. The Dayton Hots!, the San Francisco earthquake and fire, to mention only two of our recent physical disturbances, ought to teach this lesson. Moreover, In these times of social and Industrial unrest who knows what ejffe situation might arise? Mob rule and dangerous riots have more than once held American cities helpless where the Immediate resort to Federal troops would have!unon tho ronipetltlon of the Sues and restored order. The Chicago riots and Cincinnati lu 1S84 are even in the schoolboy's history. The petitioners beg that their memo rial and Its importance he brought to the attention of the Secretary of War. And it should be noted that as a pro tection alone for the quantity of gold that Is always stored In the Sub Treasury the creation of a regimental post upon Governors Island Is highly desirable because of Its unique prox imity. It Is only twelve minutes from the great financial institutions of this country. lAt not the frequent Inclination of American governmental methods to muddle along until something serious happen delay the careful considera tion tbst this isMitiou deserves. Mr. Hemphill's Suggestion. The income tax sections of the reve nue bill may be enacted about as they now stand, but there will have to la? many amendments aud much after legislation to bring the administrative provisions of this wonderful tangle Into consistent, coherent, practical working order. The plan suggested by the president of the Guaranty Trust, and described In Thk Sun yesterday, for "informa tion at the source" rather than taxa tion at the source, enabling the Gov ernment to distinguish between the non-taxable incomes of foreign bond holders and the taxable Income of cit izens, Is very interesting and well worth considering. The Hemphill plan would apparently not only save our tax collectors a vast complexity of unnecessary work but It would also spare the foreign bond holder much vexatious delay In the receipt of the full amount of Interest duo him, and thus promote the value and desirability of American securities for foreign ownership. The Mystery of the Pearl Necklace. The theft of the $650,000 pearl necklace hetwecu 1'arls aud Loudon, with all the hue and cry after It, the final arrest of some of the gang sus pected of having been responsible for the theft and the startling recovery of the necklace by a workman who picked it up lu a lxvndon street should afford tine material to our writers of detec tive and criminological fiction. In one Important particular, how ever, this ease of the mystery of the pearl necklace must have brought a rude shock of disillusionment both to authors and to their public. All our most cherished ideas and traditions about the methods employed by great Jewellers In transporting their price less gems from oue place to another are dispelled. Authors will have to revise their Ideas and the public Its anticipations. Gone past recall is the heroic Junior clerk, suddenly selected lu the unex plained absence of all the tried ser- , vants of the firm for the responsible , task of conveying on his own person a , package worth a king's lansom from , laiudon io st. Petersburg or from , Paris to New York. Gone la the dark hut. oh. so plausible riUain impenetrable depths there seems to Inrk an unfathomable sorrow, who takes advantage of the youthful hero's chivalrous alacrity In assisting a coun tess In distress to relieve hltn of his precious burden. The hero's despair, his manly deter mination, bis readiness of wit and his muscular development, which combine with the Ingenuity of yet another charming and lovely lady (more lovely even than the perfidious countess) to recover the Jewels, all these absorbing Incidents of a Drat class pearl neck lace story must be discarded. Truth will out. ami it appears that the un imaginative person who desires to send a package of Jewelry worth a fortune from Paris to Isindon simply registers the thing and commits It to the tender mercies of the parcel post. Furthermore. It turns out tbst the arch villain of the piece Is an elderly gentleman of over eighty, an age when a man abould be thinking of other things than pretty baubles, who In order to gain posses sion of the treasure resorts to the simple expedient of bribing a few postal clerks. It Is all very disconcerting; and It is difficult to know what the authors j who Bpeclallse In Jewel robberies will I AO about It. You can't very well j make a hero of the Post Office, and If you could It would be a hard matter to drag In the "love Interest." The Federal Policeman. Two California profligates whose misdeeds acquired an undeserved no toriety have been sentenced under the United States statutes to satisfactory terms In prison and to pay large fines. That they should be punished is good and wholesome. But why should the United States prosecutors, thr United States courts and the United States prisons be used for the punishment of men guilty of this kind of offence? Why should the United States Treasury bear the ex penses of their detection, arraignment, trial and Incarceration? Why should the taxpayers of Maine be mulcted to pay for a service the people of Cali fornia ought to support? And more important than any of these questlona, what will be the ef fect on State and local government when the example aet in these cases Is followed, as it Inevitably will be, with respect of other offences, and the United States assumes all the police power now exercised by the States and their political subdivisions? Prafrssor Klrkaldy on the Panama Canal. In his able address at Birmingham Panama canals Professor A. W. Kir kaldy says that "there will he a strenu ous attempt to displace British coal throughout the world in order to give American shipping the advantage at present enjoyed by British," and "If successful this," he adds, "will deal s mortal blow at our. merchant marine." Cheap coal at both ends of the Pan ama Canal would bring to that water way vessels that could gain little or nothing by taking the Suez route. Pro fessor KiRKAt.nv Illustrates: "There Is a parallel equidistant from London via Suss, and from New York via Panama. On the south coast of Australia this la Port Lincoln. Adelaide belna the nearest (rest port. All Asiatic ports west of Jspan will continue to he nearer to London, e. a . Manila will be 2.000 miles nearer. But all Japanese and New Zealand ports and all Australian ports east of Adelaide will be nearer New Tors." There seems to Imp no doubt that American coal can now be supplied for less per ton Rt Colon and Panama than It brings at the Suez termini. Professor Kibkalot admits this. But In what bottoms is coal being i-arried from the Atlantic to the Pacific at the present time? According to Mr. Robbbt Dol lar, one of the largest ship owners on the Pacific coast, the United States Government has now under charter thirty foreign steamships to carry coal round the Horn. Coastwise ships can be used after the opening of the Pan ama Canal, but they must make reason able rates If coal Is to be quoted low at Colon and Panama. By "American shipping." however, Professor Kibkaldt does not mean the coastwise trade. He must have In mind the creation of a merchant ma rine to take advantage of the Panama route aud cheap coal and serve Amer ican merchants. There Is no mer chant marine to speak of now. Is the United States to keep the canal In operation for the mercantile fleets of other nations, using It only for its coast wise shipping? Mr. Robkbt Dollab, before quoted, declares that our flag can be put back on the high aeas If Congress will permit ship owners to operate "as all our competitors are doing." This subject should be taken up at the regular session that meets In December. A Panama Canal without an Ameri can merchant marine Is a grotesque Idea. Calculations of mileage, coat of coal, ratea of freight and theories about the changes to be effected In the world's commerce can have little Interest for American manufacturers and producers unless there are Amer ican ships to carry their cargoes to the Pacific and the Far Bast. Ajiti-Murphy. Governor Svlbcb profited In the pri maries this week through the historic distrust of up state Democrats In Tam many Hall and the opposition that his been long manifested to Ch arils f. Mibpht personally. The defeats of or ganization men were anti-Murphy and anti-Tammany rather than pro-Sulzcr. The sentiment they represent Is as old as the Democratic party. Jiadj Oan BgRggn Mag. lad 4 worthy successor, there never would have been a Tammany leadership of the Stute Democracy, but Hill's re tirement from politics found nohmly of sufficient brains and courage to main tain the situation he created. Tam many overwhelmed the famished Dem ocrats of rural New York by sheer weight, and reaissl the harvest Re publican greed and political Imbecility cultivated. Yet the old feeling re mained, and Mr. St i bks played not without some skill. Have the up-State Democrats a man of attainments high enough to take ad vantage of the present situation? Homes for the Needy. The Hon. Fa a pi k Ci.abk of Florida, chairman of the House Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds, Is In favor of having the Government sup ply homes for the Vice-President and members of the Cabinet. In a despatch from Washington he Is reported to have said: "We ought to give them homes here, so that poor and rapsble men could afford to take s Cabinet position." Cur query Is, If they were not poor and yet capable would they still bf forced to live In the (Jovernment homes If not. whiit would be done with vacant houxes? Could there be a Federal renting bureau for undesirable homes? In other words, precisely what style of house would Representative. Clark build to meet the needs of a humble but worthy Secretary who might after ward be succeeded by a plutocrat a isdnteil by some reactionary Adminis tration? It Is not free homes for the needy that will solve and remove our na tional niggardliness, the notoriety of which Is worldwide, but the appropria tion of adequate salaries, commensu rate with the dignity and the social duties Involved. Then Cabinet officer and Vice-Presidents may live suitably wnetner or no they are "oor ami capable." "Poverty" Is too elastic a term these Chautauquan days. A Refutation .t.jnn Miles l.nng. We have no doubt that our philo sophical and philological friend the Toronto R'orlg, whose intelligent re marks on the subject are reprinted on this pace to-day. Is entirely correct In its belief that Ita countrymen do not "hate" the United States, though some of them may dislike Individuals among our citizens and disapprove of our customs and habits. Canadians are too busy and too Intelligent to waste time In the futile occupation of hating any nationality or country. Were It necessary to call witnesses to support our belief that our northern neighbors are not plunged in hitter enmity of the United States we should confidently rest our case on a map showing the political division of North America. Thirty-seven hundred miles of boundary line without a defending fortification Is a sufficient refutation of the suggestion that the people liv ing on either side of it hates that on the other side. Remarkable celestial body Hratlhne Was It not Ked Snsas en route to Emporia? Parmer and their wives are realising the Importance of having- good Btocg. Wtlminpfott. Zel.. A'etrs. Which do they favor as s rule, com mon or nreferrnd Ikbiim'1 fir .1.. , s. chiefly elect subsidiary shares'.' More man one snrewa investor would like to know what the farmers regard as "good stock." The moral and mental effect upon the people of a distribution of induatrlea Is Important The saiimn in.-, no compelling attraction for the laboring man who. after his eight hours of work, has eight hours for his flower and vegetable garden. Ur. Harvkt W YVilkv. No one has ever heard of a laboring man" nho had eight hours to spend In his flower snd vegetable garden. As to the distribution of Industries, transpor tation and market control the alte of Industries. They will not be scattered over a wide area to give thrifty wage earners an opportunity to raise pota toes, beans, peas, lettuce and tomatoes. Jasus Madriual. leader of the rebela in that section. In a signed statement to the American Consul at Durango said that he killed RosgRTsoN because the American refused to a've up his arms. Dtapatch from the city of Sltxicn. This seems to be the poorest of rea sons for killing sn American In Mexico at the present time. "Hstlaa the fatted Ntstea." PrSSI thf Toronto Woriil. We doubt If much Is to be accomplished by discussing the comntalnt of m. Mr nylvester In Thk Sin that Canadians "hate the United State It all turns on the meaning we attach to the word. Professor Sumner of Yale published a ltttle hook some years ago entitled "Why We Hate Rngland." and lxird Hamilton published in England a book entitled "Why We Are Hated." Neither writer gave to the word the meaning, which It might properly convey, of virulent ani mosity. Perhaps Mr. Sylvester would have more accurately espreased what he bad In mind by saying "many Canadians do not like the United States." Likes and dislikes are hard to explain, and little is to be gained by discussing them. Thst a sensitive visitor from the t'nlted States would receive many pin pricks during the course of a day In Toronto ts hardly to be disputed. Proba bly a Canadian would have a similar es perience In the United States. But the pin prickings, while they do no good, do not Inflict the mischief It might be aupposed they would Inflict. We venture to say that In the face of a great peril, like a Japanese Invsslon, the men of the United states and Canada would be found fighting aids by aids. Astasia Varallss Dots la lUanten. To tbb RDTtoa or Tan Sum -air; Netlrlsg In Tas Sis of Wednesday thai "Curtoua" suggesla autumn vacation for real raihrr than summer, wkes everybody la os tas reoUsg ruh sad no body ts reaUsg. I fast Is say Uiai I am sow UUdsf aa autumn leaf Is the aeeale shade of eostoa. N. J., where Ikere It nothing for a vial lor to da but loai aad tavlte hie seal. It la almply delightful, beau Ufa I walks aad trol ley rides sad drives, eiseastve sesaery aad laei asiaatve Hvtsg. aad rest. rest, till svs nas i reat. It a great. w. J. h. Booarrew. N. Bssiaissr it. "They Ost lbs tsasaai aad We Gat the HJIL" To tbb Ksutob or Tata sea-air: All Uli III feeling or Canadian toward AsMSjeaaa asm about la this way: At lbs bailie ef Bunker Hill the Bill lab captured a censes aad loard It eg to Canada Aad tbsy have It oa exhibition at UM Citadel at Quebec. They gas tbs ranees aad ws get las am. w g. j. tMFKACHMKXT. The Court Itself the stele Judge of Its .Inr led let Ian. or law and or Pact. j To tub EorroR or Thb Bun Blr : By what tribunal or tribunals can any j question as to the legality of the Im peachment against the Governor be dl- .rectly or indirectly determined? Pending a decision by the Court for I the Trial of Impeachments can the Ju- dietary question the validity of an Im- ; peachment? How Is the question whether after the Impeachment of the Oovernor It Is I the Governor or Lieutenant -Oovernor , who can lawfully exercise the execu tive powers to ne aetermineu .- The Constitution creates the "Court for the Trial of Impeachments." and falls to provide for any review thereof by the Judiciary or otherwise. If the trainers of the Constitution had in tended that the Judiciary should, either directly or Indirectly, review such a decision It seems plain that provision would have been made therefor, since neither in England nor In this country has the Judiciary exercised such power and under our constitutional system the judiciary has only such powers as are granted to It. The grant of power to the Supreme Court, the highest court of original Jurisdiction, certainly give no support to the claim t Hut It was to have power to review the decisions of the Court for the Trial of Impeachments. The language of the Constitution Is "The Supreme Court Is continued with gen eral Jurisdiction in law and equity." Now, as the court had not theretofore exercised such right of review, the force of the word "continued" la Insufficient to create new powers, and the phrase "general Jurisdiction in law and equity" cannot mean any broader Jurisdiction than thai which the court had exer cised before the adoption of the Con stitution. To the Court of Appeals no original Jurisdiction Is given by the Constitution, and its functions are appellate. Again, inasmuch as the Constitution provides that the Judges of the Court of Appeals shall, with tile Renatora, conatltute the Court for the Trial of Impeachments. It Is evident that these same Judges were not Intended thereafter to alt by themselves to review, directly or Indi rectly, a decision In which they "had taken part; and this is especially true since the Constitution contains the ex press prohibition that "no Judge or Jus tice shall sit in the Appellate Division or In the Court of Appeals in review of a derision made by 'him or by any court of which he was. at the time, sitting as a member." Aa the Judges of the Court of Appeals are members of the Court for the Trial of Impeachments no de cision of the latter court could, for this reason slone, be reviewed by the Court of Appeals t unless the Judges changed) ; and surely It could not have been In tended that so vital a decision as that of Impeachment ahould be reviewed by the Judiciary without right of appeal to its highest appellnte bench. Furthermore, the powers of impeach ment and removal are political powers to be exercised by the political depart ments, and American courts have, since Chief Justice Marshall's decision in Marbury vs. Madison II ('ranch. 117, 1(01). adopted the English doctrine that the Judiciary ought not to Inter fere with the discretion of the political departments to perform the political duties committed to their care, and that the manner in which such discretion has been exercised will be accepted by the Judiciary as final and unreview able. This rule was adopted in recog nition of the extreme inconvenience and embarrassment which would result If In such matters there should he any dissension between the political depart ments and the Judiciary. It would be an impossible situation if the Court for the Trial of Impeachments should con vict and remove the Oovernor. and the Judiciary in. say, a suit for salary, should hold he was still in office, or If. the Assembly having Impeached, the Ju diciary should hold the impeachment void. There would then l.e an irrecon cilable conflict between the political de partments and the judiciary, with no authority competent to decide between them. The Senator and Judges being de clared by the Constitution to bo the "Court for the Trial of Impeachments." not only must the truth of the impeach ment be determined solely by that court but it alone must determine any question as to the legality of the im peachment, since the "trial" of an Impeachment necessarily includes the determination of all questions of fact and law. Therefore the question as to whether the Impearhment was prop erly preferred at or after the extraor dinary session can Is? decided only by the court In question, and until that court acts the Impeachment must be everywhere accepted as regular. The rule Just referred to has no ap plication to any question that may arise, such as that rsised by the recent attempt of the Governor to pardon a convirt, as to whether during the In terval between impeachment of the Oovernor and his acquittal or removal the Governor or the Lieutenant-Governor can exercise the executive pow ers. No special tribunal has been created by the Constitution for the de termination of any such question, the Court for the Trial of Impeachments having no Jurisdiction beyond the power to try an Impeachment. Consequently the question can be derided only by the Judiciary, whose duty it is in every case properly brought before It to construe the Constitution in all respects except In so far as the decision of any question is committed to others; aa is the case in regard to the legality of an impeachment, which must be deter mined solely by the Court for the Trial of Impeachments. To sum up: 1. The legality and truth of an im peachment against the tiovernnr is to be determined solely by the Court for the Trial of Impeachments, und pend ing such determination the impeach ment must be everywhere accepted as regular. 2. The decision of the Court for the Trial of Impeachments will be final and unreviewable, either directly or in directly, and must be accepted as such by every department of the State, in cluding the Judiciary; but the Judiciary may determine whether, under the Con stitution, it is the Governor or the Lieutenant-Governor who can lawfully exercise the executive powers in the Interval between impeachment and ac quittal or removal. That it is the Lieu tenant-Governor there seems no rea sonable doubt. Tompkins McIlvaini. Nbw York , September 4. far a CesuMlssear of Jests. To TBB Ktotob or Tbb sr .Sir 1 exnerlesced a db Unci ahork oa readier Ike Utile joke "Saved" In Tata Sum of September IT. So far aa I rsa recall. It was the Brat lime I ever aw a husbasd and wife dialogue recorded by Ibeec Jekeamltba that laaicalad sayuUsg bat a painfully dlaosur leans aad uatrleaaly atlliude aa exladag be tween Iba couple. w The jskelieeUwaa irltlsg enough aad I sapaaee SiS '."'J! WILLIAM J. 9A YNOH. At Half Mast. Earth lowers Its standard to tby shadowy one. Conqueror of human breath, ut till we see thy banners In the sun We yield no victory, Death! Lord of this world snd of this human form Wherein our souls abide, Thou hast but quelled the tumult of the storm And stilled the surging tida I.e. unto Canar what was given in trust Is rendered up; In scorn Life passes from thy kingdom of the dust To wider empire born. M. E. RuM1.BR. The reat Bird. The great bird, lonely, swings sbnve the sea In vigil stern, or swoops In vengeance free. Nights gloom snd brighten, but each searching light strikes Its first flame upon his plumage white. While through the pstlsnt days' un counted round The sentinel of Uod Is constant found Swift from the arching senlth where he dwells He stoops to smite, beneath the ocean swells, The spawn of floods, dark victims of his Ire. So llghtnlngllke. a man of Heaven's fire. Sworn to the right and deadly to the lie. Clove to the depths, though native to the uky. Until, wing broken, mid the surges' aweep He sank between the watching continents to aleep. Hkiibkrt T Kbtcham. The H oming. Wait. city, for the coming of thy dead Upon the westward tide. Painless, asleep, Lifted upon the vast and tender deep. He lies ull quiet, by the soft nAVOS led. Still is the magic brain, the vital thread Of thought, from which winged worda that did not creep. But, almost playful In their free bright sweep, Went to their mark as hy strong archer aped. Walt. city, for the man who honored thee. Believed In thee, and served thee, bore thy shield In conquering light on many a hsrd won Held, Who now comes helpless back across the sea. He looked for life beyond the ahlning deep. God's finger touched hla eyes, he fell asleep. Pascal iurrowkt. .4 XiCE DISTIMTIOX. Which Tended somewhat ts Mollify a Man Indrr Inquisition. To tub Editor ok Tub Sun Sir. Rome folk always want to know about what ever anybody else is doing ; aa It has been expressed, 1 think somewhat harshly, they poke their noses into everything. 1 should prefer to say of them that they are people who have a constantly con suming curiosity. I have a friend who In this manner wants to know everything almut my af fairs. If 1 do anything he wants to know all about it and why 1 do lu If I receive a letter he wants to know what j is in It, and why the man wrote to me ; and ao about everything; he doesn't wan; to miss anything Some folk are built that way. j I take all these inquiries with entire j equanimity and I answer them fully ; for I the inquirer la a Sweet gentleman and a goon irirnn . out 1 rear mat sometimes 1 must show a flicker of ruffling under his constant questioning, as I must un consciously have done this morning, when, after asking me a lot of questions about aomrthihg. he said to me: "I am not asking you these things from eurloslt) but from Interest." 1 thought that that was a nice distinc tion, and. moreover, I thought that he thought It described his controlling im sulse accurately. And. as all of us are likely to be more or less vain. I was pleased to hear him disclaim mere curios ity and evince real interest. Thus flattered 1 shall from now on answer all hla questions not only freely and fully but willingly ; and. further. It is my belief thst. though he may no! vet exemplify It fully In his own conduct, the man who had the discernment to see and the Intelligence to describe the differ ence between two qualities as he did must be s man of brains 1 one who will, happily, in due course, while losing noth ing whatever of his deep interest, shuffle oft completely hla superficial curiosity. Nrw York, August 31. Incpbiosus. Know.Nolhlngl.m In Art. To the norms or Tits gtm Sir: Kuow Nothlnglsm iu esthetics, shown in the tariff on art. seems to enter education, to judge by an advertisement for teachers of 'Masterpieces of American Art by American Artists for American Youth." The slogan may yet become sectional. The appeal to patriotism In art. re ligion or science is not peculiar to America, but It seems always accom panied by a fanatical desire on the part of the patriots to Impose their ideals or standards upon the dangerous regions agalnat which the harriers are erected. The historical happenings that early Christianity had a centre of dissemina tion 111 Rome, that certain methods of scientific research particularly associated with German universities, that the schools of the capital of France tend to Inter nationalise certain necesaarv mmmul mm technical dexterities In the line arts must appear to many good provincial people as machinations of a aatanlc power. I think It undoubtedly true that to very many of our law makers all "the Conti nent" of Kurnne and the whotn -vn-.l..u I and tradition of past civilization not dl- .-. ... rvusiaai aa innr own are things morally suspect. Protection against I'aris In art follows as a matter of course. In other words aesthetic Know-Nothlnglam Is simply an extreme provincial form of the primitive tribal Instinct for self, preservation misapplied to matters which are of universal human concern. R. Rosrub Park, X. j September II, Tbe Identlfled toot ball Here. To tbb Korros cr Thk Bra Sir: The Rar ringer and Baal orange. X. .1 . high mtooi have taken we Initiative In placing Identification numbers on the players on thr eleven. Karb player will have an eighteen Inch number at tached to his uniform, and the score cards fur nished Ihe spectators will have a correspond ing number alongside Ihe player's name. Thii echeme I Identical with that now In general use at the baseball parks In ihe country and has proved very satisfactory la every particular. crevious 10 11s instalment specialora were usable to IdenUfy thr players, particularly If a new man appeared on thr nrirt Now that some of the smaller Institution have biased a trail la an effort to enlighten the specta tors at toe game 11 1 evident that the lamer In. etliuuons would do well to follow suit and label their gridiron players with numbers. If thi. scheme resorted to aad properly carried eat It undoubtedly would prove very satisfactory The system off aumbertae nlawaea mum - a revolution tn the trinkla n 11. Jt .. seas sad usefulness would be shows with ad van -lam at the him awmaa. Harrri.vs ......,.. Vale. Army-Navy. It should be borne In mind mi. iwissn . tssut ninervBt rrom baseball Is this res Mr! the anaeiaiAr ... .,.. ..... miliar with the slavers. Tne reason 1. la baseball the same players perform every day tor mourns, wnne in roouiall they are together only for a limited number of faanes. , p. a.. nareat that If MenUSeatWia m umk-,, 7TI Is baseball ibey are seeded eves more In tool . BtBsaaaa. .-.. See ember is. WILSON THREATENS DOMINICAN REBELS Will RrfiiM Recognition mid Withhold Custom Funds if Revolt Succeed. NEW POLICY A SURPRISE Pence in Vicinity of PHiiAina Cunnl Expected From Drastic Measures. WAtRtNOTON, Sepi l The Hi u Biles., "Dollar," "Drtimllek " and other forma of diplomacy exercised hy Ihe t'nlted Stmo In lis efforts to maintain pence in the tui bulent republics of 11 in America have been outdone hy ihe present Administration of Ihe Democrstle party, which ha- at tacked vigorously the milder policies of previous ttlmlnisirai ions as too radl.nl snd high handed This WBS revealed t.. day when was learned the scfion of the Stste Pepsrtment with reference to Ihe revolution now in progress in the Dominican republic. The rebels in Santo Domingo were not (Mr, 1 that if fhev succeeded in overturning the Bordse Government In thst. country thev will not receive the recognition of the I tilled state This important declaration wss coupled with one even mors eigtiifl . aril and drastic, to the effect that If the rebels succeed in gaining coin ml oi the Government by force the l'niled Stales ill not only refuse 10 recognize' thom us a Government hut w ill decline to lurn over to them the proceeds of Ihe Doniinj.-sn custom houses, of which the Vnitcd Stales is the receiver under Ihe convention of 1S07 This stern and repressive policy backed up hy two such vigorous threats h.i- hud its effect already. Fighting in Santo Domingo has practically ceased and tbe rebels are making no attempt to Oiler. I their control. It is believed that as soon as ihe meanings of the announcements of the t tnted states have sunk Into th minds of Ihe rebel leaders snd they a re con vineed that the Administration will make good on us declarations if Ihe Issue I forced the Dominican revolution will dis appear K spert Kad of Revolatlsa. So isreat 11 ihe conlldetice fell in Ihe suc cess of this plan hy virtue of ila intense practicability that officials here familiar with liiin American troubles go so far as to venture the prediction that the dav of revolution in Central America and !h West Indies are nearly over. Information laid before President Mlaon by 8tale Department official- convinced him that Ihe revolution in Santo Doming., was purelv one of greed on tbe part of R small group of malcontents an. I that the rebellion against the Bordas tlovernmen' was not established on any principle other than that of a desire for office and the pro eeeds thereof. Consequently it was d. terminnd at the outlet lhat everything ahould be done 10 discourage tbe revo lutioniets. ' Minister Sullivan, roently sppni.tv Minister to Santo Domingo, has arrived a Puerto Plata, the stronghold of the revo liitionisls, snd Is reiterating to the eb lesders the determined position of Preside! Wilson He t backed tip by the gUOboS1 Den Moinea. While It is not egpeoted 'list ihe Domini csn rebels will try to force the isne with the l'niled States, in announcing thst i' will withhold from revolutionary Gov ernments the receipts of Dominican 1 itstom hotises the stale Department has armed Itself with a weapon for vvhi. h the revo lutionists have no match I he convention of 190: provides that the I nitcd States shall collect ouatoms duties of ihe Don. 11,1 can republic and apply them to the pa ment of the bonds by which the rspublii wsa brought out of bankruptcy, ire receiver-general of Dominican custom Walter K Vlck. was appointed hy Presi dent Wilson under authority granted hin. in the convention and he has absolute control over all funds so received How l atoasa Iterelpta Are Handled It is the practice for hint to remit In the Xew York hanking house which a." as Dominican fiscal agent the entire sum received each month minus the cipense of the receivership Out of this etim the'., is remitted to the Dominican Govcrnmen all that is left after providing for the month' interest and addiiions to the sinking fund Prom this procedure there Is absolute! no escape by the rebels, so that they f ai sbsolute bsnkruptcy from the start In cs" they overthrow the present Government Such Democratic leaders as Senate Ha. on of Georgia, now chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations were unremitting 111 their attacks upon the Central American policies of Republican days, although those polities were aa fa as the Administration then dared go In the exercise of arbitrary power over the turbtt lent elements In the southern republics. It Is believed now thst having not eat? adopted the views ot their predeeeaaers but hsving gone considerably further the present Administration and Its supporters in Congress will he obliged to cease an. further attacks upon the Republican effort -to maintain peace and stability of gorerr ment in the vicinity of the Panama Cans. Waal Neeellees Revolts stopped. .As B result of the new vision of the situ ation thus acquired the Administration ha decided thst Ihe most helpful thing thl Govenuneut can do for Latin America la to maintain the small republics In free dom from the menace of devastating revo lotions Such steps a those taken with rop to the Dominican situation, though far mor drastic and radical than had ever he-' anticipated by the critics of previous pen tral American policies, are quite eonsistei with Ilia statement, iaauod by Preside n 1 Wilson early iu his occupancy of the v. h " House with respect to relations with Laun America, lie then said: "We shall lend our influence at evert kind to the realization of thee prin. 1 in fa.n ami practice, knowing lhat disorder, personal intrigue snd rietlanoe of eons 1 tutional rights weaken snd discredit go-. rr ment and injure none ao much a the nee pie who are unfortunate enough to)i.,. their common life and their common gfj nr so tainted snd disturbed "We can have no sympathy with ihe who seek to seize Ihe power oi goyarnmci to advance their own perianal Inter" or ambitions. We are trieoda of pea but we know that there n be no lasting or stable peace in such ircumauu -cs - APPEAL MR BALKAX I'll if If v. tiea Miles Makes It Through th He Cross. Washington. Sept l,An appe money to aid victims of the recent v In the Balkan States was mad.- In il through the Red Cross by Oen. Neb A. Miles, who recently returned from 1 wsr gone. "If we have reached a higher, nob and more hun.ane civilisation, I trutt may be demonstrated by a promr' rep to the cry of distress that now comes fro" unhappy Rulgarlu," Bald lcn Mile Oen. Miles atd that 0,6e d'.s;"' soldiers have been received at tne enpl of Bulgaria. He added: "Many wee soldiers have no home The.,- are ws daring half starved among the refn. Whole districts of the vountrv are rievaJ Bated, crops and homsa destroyed. "