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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, October 12, 1913, Image 6

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THE SUN,- SUNDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1913.'
fc
JEWS FIGHT TO
SAVE LEO FRANK
Countrywide Appeiil lor Man
Convictcil of Killing
Jlnry riiiiuim.
HACK IIATIIKI) CIIAIKJKI)
3Iotion for Xrw Triii I in
(icoryia Units the
Hangman.
NKCIJO'S STOHV I NSU A KKN
Defence Hope tn Show That
lie Shelved Ciiilt on
I'm ilk.
Atlanta. !a , Oct 1 1 Mtlumeli l.co
M flunk has been 1 1 !!. convicted and
sentenced to death for tin- minder nf fourteen-)
eai -old Mary l'hat:aii, Intel est tn
the case continues a." Keen as when the
condemned man was faolnn tin- Jui.v
This Is due to the fact that Ti .ink's
fl lends have denounced the veidlct a a
monstrous peivctslon (it Jutico ami have
begun a canipatKii that is almost nation
wide tn Ret a ri-velsal
Frank was sentenced to he banned on
Oi toher 1". lull a motion for a new tilal
prevented the sentence belnc oairled into
effect. Tills mntlon has not et been ar
puod but ptob.ibly will be in two weeks.
Jf Judite, Hu.m. who ineslded at the
trial of Frank, denies the motion, the ease
will be taken to the Ueorilla Supreme
Court, and should that tribunal iefue to
Interfete Flunk's aitornevs ay tiny will
take the ease to Ihe I'nlteil State" Su
pienic Couit, thouuh It Is dlttloult for a
layman to see what Federal question Is
involved.
In all the criminal history of Ocoisiu
no such determined Hsht h.is ever been
marie for a convicted man .is Is beltiir
made for Frank, and tint visor of the tlKht
has much to do with keeping Interest In
th ease keen.
I'lthl tuulnsl X.rdlel.
In their motion for a new trial Frank'
attorneys Rive 115 leasons wh.v the vr
rilct aRalnst him should not be allowed to
stand Most of these reasons seem to bo
merely technical, but several of them. If
true, seem to be substantial uiourIi to
warrant a in w tnal
Amonp other thincs, It ! nlli-ced tlmt
the feellDK HR.ilnst Frank m tlant.i was
sn bitter that it was not possible for him
tn have a fair trial, that the "mnb spirit
Invaded the court room durlnc the trial
and intimidated the Jmy into returnlnii
a veidlct of KUllt. and that time were
men on the Jury who had atd h.foie
behiR summoned foi duly that Flank was
entity and that tho.v wanted to Kit on the
Jury to "break his neck."
To sustain tluse thaws Franks attot
neys h.ne lull oiiuo-d allldavits from a
number of persons to show that one Juror
said that he Intended to net on the Juiy
n'nl that In would "linns it until bell froze
over" unless a verdict of culltv weio Ie
turned This Juior is II II llenslee, and
lie was the tlrst mm of the twelve chosen
to try Frank, neither the State nor the.de
fence niaktr.R objection.
SoMcitor-iieneral Dorsc.v l now en
SKed in inep.iiiiiK an answer to these
rlarRes of the defence and as soon as
h is roart.v the matter will be arKUed
before .Hnlse Itoan
,Tu.l how the State will controvert th"
charges made aK.iinst Juror llenslee re
mains to be seen, for the affidavits affe. t-I-ir
him are sworn to b reputable
citizens. '
If the defence tan substantiate its
charRes .iR.nnst Henshe it is difficult to (
see how a new trial can h,- tefti-d This i
action, however, would only rellect on
.luror Meuslee and would not weaken the
circumstantial and riliect evidence which j
broiiRht aoout the conviction of Frank j
An Impression seems to pnvall outside
of Atlanta and leorcla and this Impres
sion has hn sedulously cultivated bv
Frank's friends - that he .was . onvicted
en purel circumstantial evidence.
Ilrriint-oit Impression.
This Impus-don is enjirelv eriotnou
There wcie powctfiil circuinstances whuh
pointed to Ft. ink as the despoller anil
murdeier of htlle Mui Chilean and these
circumstances would have made his ac
quittal difficult evi'ii If theie had not been
a shred of direct evidence to connect him
with the crime.
Hut the State had the evidence of an
eye wtne. tn suppoit the circumstances
which first caused the arrest of Frank,
This witness was Ihe iurio .lames Con.
ley. who swore that he came upon Frank
bendlnc over the body of .lai FhiiRan,
that Frank coiif(seil he had made im
proper advances to the Kill, that she ie.
listed and that he struck her and she
fell unconscious.
The ncsro also swore that Frank saw
he had Rone eo far that ho killed the
Rlrl to protect himself. Frank then, ac
cording tn the neRio's story to the Jurv,
bribed the latter to take the Kirl's body
to the basement and conceal It until op
porlunlty offered to burn It In the fur
nace. It was this story, told hv Conle.v to
the Jury, which clinched the circumstances
rtRalnst Kia.nk and resulted in the verdict
of cullty. And It Is this story which
Flank's attorneys will havo to break
down to fiee their client In the event
that he Rets a new trial and faces another
Jury.
Wiil'dcrcit In n I'nclory.
Mary Cliacm was munleied on S.itur
dav, Apiil :'i! Confederate Memoil.il
Tiny -In the National I'encil factory, of
which Leo M. Frank was superintendent,
The little Rill had been employed in the
factory for some months, but had In en
laid off a few riajs on account of a sltoit
use of material. Theie wiih a small siini
due Inr and she went to the factoiy on
April "6 to get her money and then take
part In the .Memorial Day paiarie, The,
Rlrl was to Ret her money from Frank,
who paid off tlm einplii.vees.
Sue lr ft home about 11 :3ft In the morn
ll.R leached the factoiy about noon, en
tercd Frank's olllce and was never hi en
nl.ve uRaln. It was a holiday and Frank
was alone in the ImlldlnK with the excep.
tlon of two woikmeii tw HoOIH Hhovu
Flanks olllce.
Fiank ailtnitied that the cr came to
fit.- oMici. out h. says he paid her a:vi
Iha: she IhM the hulldlnK
About 4 o'clock Sunday momim; Newt
l.ec, the ncRio piKht watclunan, In mak.
iir Ida inuiiilH oaine up,,,, ,. Kill's bodv
In the basement. The nemo at i. io,;.
phoned the police who rame and moved
the slrl h body to the mink-no
Knamlnatinu showed t In t tlie Elil hid
been Htiiuiied by a blow on the head uiid
then stianwbd to death In ,( whliii
was pulled so tlKhtly as hi cut Into the
flesh of her neck. I'hv slciiins ,ilso ,,..
dared lhat she had been sulij, Cei to
(txlial violence.
Dill Mil hi If. II, r,
Wrank, is huperlntendent of t t - facioiy,
Has iiolltiti. uf Ihe llinlliii of ihe bodv
and the polUc vvent to his home Sunday
morninK nnd luousht him io iiie iuoiruh
to Identify the Rlrl. Frank s 1 1 . 1 ln ,n,
BOl know who she wa. Latti on Sunday
the body was Identified H8 that of Mary
I'haKiiu by a Rlrl friend.
Meanwhile n seated of Ihe basement
liy the ditectlves lesulted III the discovery
oi two badly written and Wly MpulUU
notes, ptirpoitliiK to have been written by
Mar.v l'h.iKan, saylim that a negro "did
this."
The police nrrcsted he, the nepro nlitht
walcnmaii. and also Arthur Mulllnar, a
.voutiK white man, who knew Mary
rh.iKan, Later J. M. Clantt, fdrmer hook
keeper aJ the factory, was arrested as
a lesult of a statement by Fiank that
(Jantt had seemed to be fond of Mary
l'llllRIIII.
The Coroner' Jury was In session
severnl dnjs and heaid many witnesses,
(lautt and Mulllnar proved alibis and
weie released. Finally the Coroner's
Jury oidered that Frank and the iieRt-o,
Lee. be held for the llrand Jury.
While Frank wns In Jail nwnltltiR the
action of the irand Jury the poller nr
icsttri .latins Conle.v, the lieRio sweeper
at the factory, on suspicion of knowing
somethltiR about the crime.
Conle.v was prilled by the detectives
and finally told the story, which he after-
wind 1 elated on the stand, to the effect
that Frank killed the lrl after maklnp
lii.pi opir advances to her and hired him
(Conley) to help dispose of the body.
t on ley told several versions of the
tiaRcd.v, but never varied fiom the main
i hai Re that he found Frank bendliiR over
the body of the Rill and wiir hired by
Fiank to take the body to the basement.
liiilli'liiienl nf l-'mnk
tin this evidence Fiank was Indicted
and on July -S he was put on tilal for
Ids life. The State tllst established the
I'.rcumsliincis which Incriminated Frank.
the (lil.f one beiiiR Ills own ndmlssli i
that Maty I'haR.iu came to his olllce
about noon on April -t'.
The State proved that the Rill was
tievei seen alive after she entered Flank's
ottlce and witnesses were llitioduced to
swear that blood spots weie found on the
tliior of a room Just In the rear of Frank's
olllce. The State also piovrd that Frank
was alone In the factory nearby alt of
Satin. lay inornliiR and all of the after
noon. It was also proved that when Lee, the
nlRht watchman, came on duty at 4
o'clock Saturday afternoon Frank sent
him awuy and told him not to come back
until ' o'clock. I
The State nlso llitioduced an affidavit '
made by the ncRress who cooked for the J
Frank family to the- effect that Frank
wns icreatly disturbed on Saturday nlRht
and that she heard Mrs. Frank tell her
mother that Frank tried to kilt hlmelf
luring the nlRht.
All of this was preliminary to the
direct evidence nfialnst Frank of the
iirio Conley. Conley repeated lit leiiRth .
the charge he made In his afllriavlt about I
Fiank killing the girl and In addition told '
of acts of sexual perversion by Frank
Conley had been at the factory for two!
yrars and said that he had been employed
as a lookout bv Frank whenever the
latter had girls In his office, which was
almost weekly, accoidlliR to Conley.
elrd n n l.nnkiint,
The negto's story was one of the most
remarkable anil revolting ever told ml
a couit loom, and much of It was mi-,
printable. He swoie that he was acting,
as lookout for Frank the day Mary
I'h.iRan went to Flank's ottlce and that '
half an hour after the girl eptcied he
was summoned by Flunk, who told him
that the girl had n slsted his advances,
that he had struck he too hard, and
hud killed hi i to keep-her from telling
of Ills assault on her
In pantomime Conley reenarttd before
the Jury how lie and Frank took tin- gill's
body to the basement, when- It was lain
to be cremated in the furnace.
Conley said Fiank agrenl to Rive him
$2ii'l to keep silent, and he said he had
rini.iltnd silent until Fiank deserted him
and seemed to be tiylliR to fasten the,
ci line on him.
The liegto was ci os-eamined foi two
daVH bv Liitln i Hosser. one of Frank's
attornevs and one of the leaders of the
(Jeorpla' bar. but the witness never vailed
fiom his stoty. Trap after tiap was set
bv Kosser. but the negio lefused to
walk In.
'nry' Mor Xnliporlril.
The State put on witnesses who cor-!
roboiatdl Conle.v 's story as to his pies-,
enc at the factoiy on the Saturday of i
the crime. These witnesses swore they i
saw ronley at the street entrance of the
f'UFi'"- Fiank the defeme tlrst Hied to!
establish an alibi. It was sourIi! to ac
count for eveiy minute of his time cm the
dav of the murder and to show that lw
was at home at l'rhrV'",','l!1"l.!',,
swoie that the body of Maty I liaR
was beini; disposed of bv himself and
KlThe' th.o.V of the defence was that I
.-onlev murdered the slrl and that to save .
i. i... t.A.x itin tnr ln"l-
ins Finnk. Hy manv vv Itnesses 1- ran.
time was accounted for on Satunla.v , but t
over aRalnst till" was FiankN own ad- i
mission that he was praitlcally alone in
the factoiy neailv all of Satin day and !
that Marv PhaK.ni came to his omce.
It was iiioved that she was lwvtr seen
alive after eiiterlliK the factory. I
The defence then pill rrai s niaiin
tei in evidence. Many witnesses, most
of them .lews, testified that his character
was Rood. Itabbl Maix was one of th n
witnesses. He told how Frank was
pieslilent of the local IVnal H'lith and
what an Inteiest he took In the sna
RORiie. Man KlrK employed at the pencil fac
tory, wue cnlled who testitlid that Ftanh
had always been icspectful In Ills con
duct toward them.
Ill rebuttal, tho State also called other
pencil factory Klrls. who swoie that
Flank's chatneter was bad In ri-R.iid to
women and who lelated speclilc In
stances uf his conduct.
Frank' Mntrmrnt.
Then Flank made a statunciil In his
own behalf.- It was a remaiknhle state,
ment. covciIiir every minute of the day
of tho crime. Fiank, apparently, was
able to lemeinbrr ever thltiR that he did
no matter how trivial. In fact, Ida mem
ory for detail seemed uncanny.
The siimmlnR up took several das.
Luther .. Ilosser and Reuben Arnold,
bolh leadera of the OeorRla bar, spoke
for two dajs In hehalf of Frank, They
chaiRCd lhat the neRin Conley killed
Maty I'h.iRan and that his story Involv
ing Frank was told to save IiIh own life.
They also ehaiRed that the detectives,
foi reasons of their own, were bent on
conviclliiR Frank and that they had
dllllcd Conley hi his smiy.
It was durliiR Itosser's speech that tho
Hi bt reference was made lo Fiank'a race.
Kosser charRed that Flank was being
prosecuted because he" was a .lew and
asserted that the detectives weio In a
conspiracy to convict him.
Ilrsentrd UnrUI .rKllillenl,
Hollcltor-Cieiieral Horsey, siiniminR up
for the State, attacked Ilosser for allud
Iiir to Frank's race. Horsey showed how
.Mulllnax, i limit and Lea had all been ar
rested before Frnnk and said that ac
tion had bet n taken aRalnst the latter
only because of the overwhelming evi
dence aKalnst him. Horsey alluded to the
fact that one of his own law partner
was a Jew to show that he had no racial
prejudice,
.IiicIro Koan's charse was brief ami
said to be absolutely Impartial. Tho
Jury retlied and in forty mlnutea re.
tinned a veidlct of guilty without recom-
inendatlon to mercy, which meant that
Frank must ho haiiKed.
I Two ballots wcru taken one. us to
, Frank's riiIII and the other an to whether
I lie should be recommended to mercy,
, which would have, niuanl llf Imprison,
.ment. On the first ballot the Jury was
I unanimous that k'ninW
the iue.itlon of recommending to mercy
eleven Juiors were for the death penalty
and one lor mercy, and he Joined the ma.
joi uy.
Ilenaler Voted for Mrrvy,
Slranse to hf(y. the Ju,-or who voted
for mercy ,ia A. II. llenslee, who Is now
AjtKeR SoK CP
Broadway and 18th Street
Important Announcement .
Retirement from the Retail Business
LAST THREE DAYS
MONDAY, TUESDAY AND WEDNESDAY
Extraordinary Reductions in
Neckwear, Laces, Waists, Veilings,
Embroideries, Trimmings, Flowers
Laces
Black Laces, Shallow, Embroidered,
Alencon and Venise 50c to 2.00
Former prices $1.25 to $4.25
Allovers, Venise, Shadow and Dotted Effects,
18 and 44 inch " 60c to 1.00
Former prices $1.20 to $2.00
Nettop and Shadow Laces and Insertions
Former prices 80c to $4.00 40c to 2.00
Venise Laces and Insertions (5c to ,1.50
Former prices $1.35 to $3.25
Veilings
Novelty and Dotted Effects. Black and Colors
Former prices 25c to S5c 10c to 40c
Chiffon Veils and Scarfs at Half Price
Embroideries
Batiste Edgings with Galloons to match
Former prices 65c to $3.00 25c to 1.00
Dressmakers'
Continued at
beiiiR charRed b.v Franks attorne.vs w.th1
haviiiR said before he was summoned
for Jury dut.v that Frank was rii.I'.v a id
oiiRht to have his luck nioken
Theie was a Rreat crowd about the
court house, and whtn the veidi.t uf
Riiilty was aaiiniinied a miRhti
went II i I
As Solicitor-! iener.ll Hoisev came on!
of Ihe court house he was seized aial '
carried on the shoulders of sevcia! ii.rn
to hi olfice acron the street. i
Since Frank's lunwctiou mm n has!
been said to mnke It apiear that he w.ij
the victim of i. ue piejudice and lliat be.
was convicted because he was a .lew-., I
The facts li.it ,11) hear out this chaise.
It Is Reniiall lonccdul that If the cu
cuinstances and direct evidence had In
volvul .Miillluai and liantt, the two
vouiiR (ieiitilts Hrst arirstnl, instead of
Flank they prohabl.v would have hem
l.vnchid. I
At tllst theie was absolutelv no preju
dice aRalnst l-'i.ink because of hi- Hue.
Atlanta has piobably hi en (iut of the
Judm-hete spirit than anv cit in the
South.
Jews Have In en lepiat'dlv ileetid to
oITice and none was ,ver oppo, d beiause
he was a Jew Frve Jews v. ele on the
Rraiul Jur.v that Indicted Frank and tins
can hardly be accused of i.uial picjudiie
Prejudice llev eloied
Fiejudlie did hnall.v ihvelop aRalnst
Fiank and also aRalnst the Jews, but
Flank's niends were responsible for this
antl-S luetic spit it. After Fiatik was in
dicted man) Jews brR.in to asset t pub
licly that Fiank was not Kiillt.v, lhat b
iUK a Jew he couldn t be Rinlt and thai
even l! he wiie Rinlty the Jews would
spend thousands to pievuit his lonvk-'
lion.
Some Jews were credited with saving
that even if Fiank did kill Maiv I'hiRan
she wns iiothlnK but a lactor.v Rill !
Such remarks as these -non causid a,
di-ciilid anti-Semitic fieliiiR and It ion-'
tinned to grow duiliiR the trial of
Fiank Tin teilliiR was Incicaseil when
Fianks motliei, who i.ime hue. from
Hiookbn tn attend her sun's tual. de
nnuncid Mr. Hot Key in the tout I loom as
"Von Christian dog."
The antl-Seinllle feeling was the natu
ral lesull of the belief that the Jews
had banded to lice Frank. Innocent or
guilty. The supposfd snlidaiitv of the
Jews for Fiank, i'H n if he was Riillt.v,
caused e lentlle solldaiitv against him.
That Is the truth about Fiank being the
victim of Juden-hetze. !
IVelliiK In llurnl llltrlel. j
No one, of couise, can forecast the ul
timate outcome of the case. Fiank may
Ret a new tilal, but the general opin
ion Is lhat he will he promptly convicted j
again if lie Is tiled In Atlanta and If the,
State Introduces the same evidence
If he should leieive a change of venue
and the case sent to a niial district,
Frank would be in a woise position Ifi
possible, for the conviction that lie is
guilty is almost unanimous In the rutin
ttj counties.
Circumstances, admitted by Frank and
his attorne.vs, make the nise daik
-iRaiusl him. and when these rheum-
stances ill a hacked ui by the direit evi
dence of Conic), the State's case heroines
almost Impregnable unless Conlcv's story
lie shatteied.
Conley may he lying bill until he is
pioved a liar Flunk will have llttla
chance before a C.eoiRta Juiy.
REBUKED FOR FALSE AFFIDAVITS
Wife SreUlim Custody of Son shown
tn lint Deceived (laiirt.
Mrs. Catheilue .MHilnn of 241.1 Lorll
lard place, The llronx, was t cbuked by
Supreme. Court Justice (lleRerlcli yesler
day for what the couit believed were
false statemi nlH in her behalf on an ap
plication for the custody of her son.
Mrs, Mcfllnu brought a separation suit
in 191" against Daniel Mcillnn. a photo
engraver, and he tiled a counter suit, His
wife did not appear when the case was
called and Mclilnn got Judgment ugaiiist
her with an Older for the custqdy of thcu
boy, In applying lo Justice (llegerlcli for the
custody of the sou Mra. Mctllnu submit
ted alleged affidavits a to her good char
acter hy the superintendent of a business
college In Jecy. City which shn said
her son attended, and by the superintend
ent of a tobacco factory where she said
she was employed
Mefllnn produced alfidavlts to show
that them was no such business college
as the one named hy his wife and that
the supeiiiijendenl of the tobacco factory
whtio Mrs, MctJInn said she was cm
plojcd had never licuid u( tar.
Neckwear
Hand Embroidered and Lace Jabots, Dutch
Collars and Chemisettes 25c to 7.50
Former prices 75c to $18.00
Trimmings
Crystal, Silk and Metal Trimmings
Former prices 75c lo $3.50 25c to 1.25
Fancy Braids Black, White and Colors
Former prices 40c lo $1.00 15c to 25c
Buttons in Jet, Crochet, Crystal and Metal
Former prices 40c to $2.00 15c & 25c
Flowers and Feathers
Fancy Ostrich, Wing and Coque Feathers
Former price $1.50 50c
Gold and Silver Flowers Former price $2.00 50c
Broadway and 18th Street
Supplies and Wholesale Millinery
417 Fifth Avenue, Corner 38th Street
MEAT PRICES
BOUND TO RISE
I nithn tr,l from Fir,r I'arj
lintid Stat' s and shows a steadv d"-
Vle.CM- allliJIintlllR to OVel- 11 p" I' lent in
thti last live .veais Itereull) thou-ands I
of cattle have been luoURht In fiom Can-.!
ada mainlv because of poor pasturage '
and p.iittal failuie of the ha.v crop there, i
I'.fTert mi CniimliCn lncl., I
"This movement mav lontinue for a I
time, hut It will natuiallv have the , fieri j
of fuithei reducing Canada's stock of i
cattle. The unsittled lonititlons III Me.- i
no make It unlikelj that anv consid-
eiable iiumbfr of cattle an be expi.ted
lioni lhat count I. v for at least a tew ,
eais.
"Aigenlma mil An-dialta an aluady
suipllng most of the Mulish uniioits
and have hem cnlbd on to make up the!
loss m suppl.v foiinerly fiitnishul b the
I'pltMl Slatis j
"The Australian lolonies. howevei. aie
ihcep rathei than cattle cnuutiies ami
i port piobably foui thins as much mut
ton and lamb b.v wmrIh as In if. Ai-'
Rintliia Is a laiKe pioducer and epoitei i
of b.ef. inn has apparently rcaclud the I
limit ol lt puseut cattle nsources. Tin-
number of tattle in that cnuntrv showed!
a ilecie.in- at the last census, mil, as'
minpaieil with the pieciiiing one,' lino.. ,
"The lepun fioni ltueio. Avies lliat
7.2t;s. i i-afle weie killed in HU2 nut of.
a lotnl "link of 2!.iiOO,i)Ort linllcates that
ViRcntlna Is diawiiiR on Its leseni.
It appe.us thai lOiuland alone tmildi
luob.ibly take all ,,f the fnieisn bet f ,
available foi expoit, to sa.v nothing of the
new markeis whbh have alie.nl.v hern
fonneil in other Furopean cotiuii i, .-.
' We shall thercfoie have I,, hid ag.mis:
i: 1 1 2 1 ,i i , I and other imichaseis of f.iie.a
beef, and this compi tltlon will tend to keep
li p. l. es. It must be ler.iellllieled loo
that ilns foieun beef is not up in the
stand. ml of ipi tilt of nut corn fed btef. '
"In view- of the present meat situation '
ai home and alnoad ll Is unlikely thai our
rattle raiseis will have much to lear fiom !
forclRii heef. ' I
Cooieiiilloii Itreoiliiorndetl.
The Hepaitment in Its bulletin holds
thai i he chief hope I'm- a solution of the
piublcni lies In the small farmer .main
mining to the raising of slock as he did
before Ihe pa. kins house Willi artltlcial
lefrlReiallon put an end lo local hutehei
mg. Ilul before the fanner will under-,
take to raise mine stock he must he as- !
silled of a local m.H kei ,
The Hepartmenl I ccoinmenils coopera
tion a niong farmeis In different communi
ties so that thev mav raise the same kind f
of animals and ship them tn a central
market In carload lots, j
lltie Is what tlm Depai tnient bulletin
has lo sa.v aboul the establishing of pub-1
lie abattoirs and the sale of meals under
public supei v isinn .
"An liupoitnut icason why fanners'
produce, less meat than Itniueilv is lo be
found in t he s.vstem of distribution fiom
luodiner to columnar lhat has giown up
in this count! v. In most of the commies
of ICurope public abattoirs have hern'
coiihttucteil to which fanners may con
sign their fat stork, the meat from which
is then sold to the consumer without pass-'
ing through the hands of an Interminable
line of middlemen, each of whom takes
his toll l
"In this country the farmer receives i
only a small fraction nf the price paid '
by the consumer. Ilnoriuous packing es-1
tabllHhnientH have monopollxrtt the busi
ness and thrru is little or no coinpetj.
tlon In buying the farmer's slock. The
enormous foituues that have giown up
In this business in recent yeais show,
that Ihe farmer has not been getting his
full share of the profits.
For l.nricrr Itelnll I nils, I
"Again the retail meat business at I
pit-sent conducted in cities renders enoi-i
iiioiis piotlta necessary. Numerous small
giorerles, earh with Its Independent lie-
livery system, clerks and fixtures, serve,
a few pations scattered over i onslderalily '
overlapping ureas. Hetter organization!
nf the relall business whereby It shall
be conducted lii larger utittt. with well I
HyMcmatUrd methods of dellveiy Is
suiously needed,
"Huch organization could gieail letacn
the tetall price of meats and at the sani
time pertjiit the tanner tn receive better
pries This would entourage greater
production.
"Private nrsant7aCMntis for the s
tematmlliR of the retailing of meats with
out public supervi-ion will not meet the
situation mii ti hi g. titrations alreadv
have grown up in ihe r, tail milk business,
but inse,nl of cheapitmiR the pu. ducts la
consumers or luMea-ing the prl. e to pro
dm its tin have ..inverted the savlttR
thu iflicttd Into exorbitant prolits Pub.
lie abattoirs with public sale of the meats
of animals slaughtered at them have be
come a crying need in this rntinlr).
Fnrtnrrs Hulil I he lie?.
The farms of this coiinlrv have- almost
unlimited possibilities for live M". k pin
liit t lo n If the fanners can be shown how
to produce live stock at a leasouable
protll anil how to get a readv maiket for
it when it is pinduu'il thev will furn.sh
all tin meat that is needed.''
The bulletin savs that the only im.it
protlinliiR animals that have bun d:
tinctlv iiiotltable to the farmer in the
!at decade aie swine, but these have not
incieased In number lucau.-c of the
I av.iRes of iiir t holera
Shi -p have b, en slowlv decr'-asu' J in
niiinliei and there is no nohabilt of an
consiileiable future Im tease. The dcia t
inenl's expei is Mnd also that then k n
piospirt of iuciease In poultrv pindiicis
in gi eater ratio than the incr-easr In oopu
atlun. The deiailnient tells tin farmer" of the
count! y how thev i.-tn touperate to solve
tin nn at piohbni and what they shutilil
do.
CROP YIELDS SMALLER,
Price Level s ivr Onl. lliaher Than
In 1 1 I
W vsiiisoio.x. net II- , bulletin is
sued !o-dav lij the Depai tnit-nt of Arii
cultiiic gave details in I. Rant lo the
outlook for the i rops of the piesent viar
as coniiartd wltli last .vear and also sta
tistics In legald lo the live stork on
faims In the I'nlteil Slates. It savs-
"The roinblned londitlun foi estimates
of .velds of all rrops on October 1 was
about KM! per cent, lower than theli
conditions on October 1 last yiar and
about 11.7 per rent, lower than the
aveniRe roiutitlon of riops on October
I of recent vears.
"As londltlons on September 1 were
12'.' per icnt. lower than on September
I last year anil in. l per cent, below the
aver.iRe year it Is seen tli.it the month
of September as affecting clop prospects
was somewhat more favorable than the
average September, though less favorable
than September, IT.'.
"Vci good clop vlelds are Indicated
III Florida, Wisconsin. Minnesota .mil
Arizona anil very poor yields In Illinois,
Missiiiiii, Nebraska, Kansas, Kentucky
and Oklahoma.
"The general level of farm pricts nf
staple crops Inn eased about 2.1 per tent,
from September 1 to October 1. Tills is
an unuual Increase, for dining each Sep
temper of the past live years the level of
pi Ices declined during September, the
average decline for the five jears being
3.x per cent.
"The avcince level of pi Ices of etops
on October 1 was s I per cent higher
than on October 1 last cai, n.S per cent,
higher than two vears ago la year of
short eiops) and li.S per cent higher
than tho aveiagc of. the past five yeais
on October 1
"The aveniRe farm price of meat ani
mals on September (5 was about $7.1.1
tier 100 pounds, which compaics with
Jii,7l on September LI a car ago, $3,x7
two jeais ago and $ii.l2 tluee years ago."
The Information gathered by the bureau
Indicated that the condition of the corn
crop on October 1, was liu.U per cent, of
a normal crop, compaied with S2 2 per
lent In 1!M2 and a ten year average of
S'O.ii per cent.
This, Is an InipKiirnn-nt of a 3 per cent
over the condition last month. This In
dlcates a total pioduction of nppmxi
mately 2,373,iuil,uiMi bushels, compared
with II, 124, "46, 000 In till 2. The llgures of
this year aio the lowest since 11103.
The spring wheal and winter wheat
riops glvn a total production of "63,233,
Oon Inikhels, tho largest ever grown In the
t'nlted States. It exceeds the IP12 crop
with 730,2i!7,ooo bushels and the I : 1 1 crop
with 21,:m,o0o bushels,
The total wheat iiop In the nineteen
ptlnrlpal wheal piodming countries Is
estimated at 3,333,000,000, or t 1 per cent
more than was pnaliiced In the same coun
tries last .vear. .
The kid of nuts lb 2U.3 bushels jr
5658 FIFTH AVENUE P 46th & 47th STS
WILL PRESENT FOR THE FIRST TIME. ON MONDAY
NTIRELY new adaptations
of the last Paris modes (and
originals) from French cou
turiers of note comprising the
most complete showing in this
country.
PLAIN AND FUR-TRIMMED SUITS
PLAIN AND FUR-TRIMMED COATS
LUXURIOUS WRAPS FOR ALL OCCASIONS
DINNER, OPERA AND EVENING GOWNS
LUNCHEON. "BRIDGE" AND MATINEE FROCKS
SMART TAILORED STREET FROCKS
CHARMING FRENCH BLOUSES AND
DISTINCTIVE TAILLEUR WAISTS
Exquisite French Millinery
Late importations and adapted styles in
PARADISE, GOURA AND OSTR ICH-TRI MMED HATS
SMART WALKING AND MOTOR HATS
CHIC HATS FOR THE YOUNG MISS
FEATURING
Stunning New Street Styles in
Fur-trimmed Hats at s25
Of finest silk-velvet, smartly trimmed with the season's leading
Furs Fitch. Skunk, Mole, Seal and Leopard.
SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO MOURNINC M1LLINLRY.
The spirit of the French styles ex
pressed in skins as supple as cloth,
designed in modish draped and com
bination effects, every fashionable Fur
receiving full representation.
A four-store organization with its Fashion Bureau
in Paris and Fur Headquarters in the Lake Region
of the Northwest thus combining an authoritative
knowledge of style with the broad experience of
Fur Experts.
A year-round business offers price adcanlagcs sajeguardins the Gidd n;
clientele against an cxtraiagance o)ten met u ilh at the
"limited-season" Fur shops.
Coats Coatees Sets
Separate Scarjs and Muffs
arte, as i-oniparnl Hli last e.i, s eioiil
ylelil of :I7.)
Tile Pi-pal tllienl s lillllellll s.l s tliu the
lioiato piospeet lias luen i ,1 i 1 1 slmitls
fiom It'.'fi.llert.lllMI .ill Seplelllt',-' I lo i
niiii.iHiii on oetntiei I This inluitiou Is
ilue iliii ll to ilainase fioni fiosl III Nw
VoiW Slate
Onions anil i ililiacfs al.'-o will lie
' niatt-rlalb less tli.in last vear
' itenlloe Heel In hlenuo.
t'lllf.vi.n. net II -Willi the i... In
I ilown by tlie new tin Iff law Aicentlne
paekeis slnppe't l.ilnii lef iiiait(is Into
tlie I'lileaBti market to-il.l.v. Tills stipplv
as illslrllMlteil foi letull sale on .Monday I
lat several rents less a potllifl than lu ef ,
slailKllteieil lieie
I MINERS TELL OF MURDER.
j
Tmii ny The lleltl l)enl While
Their out pa nlon hn llliu.
I'.M.I MKT. .Mli-.l., Hot. 11 -foinplete eon
fv,.slons have been obtalneil fioni two of'
the nine i-opper mine Mrlkirs belli in eon
ilieetion with tlie kllllnK of Deputy Slici Iff
I'olloek at llnrontown, anil thiee others
Iisvb inatle ailiiiiislons,
All siv .say the kllllnu was ilone lij tlie
tieatl stilkcr, .Inseph .Manerieh, who vvn
inorlally wounrteil by olloel. laikk.i i
I'lese anil lieoiKe Hilskl say that Polluek '
shot Maneileh aiul the latter tletn kllletl ,
tlie deputy while the.v held tho ollk-ei
There have been live deaths In i-onme-i
tlon with the strlki, three strikers, ope
deputv and one National Ouardsniin, '
CAN'T USE HIS OWN NAME, j
.lusnee seninnal Wanted to
1'railr on Brother' lli-ptilnllon.
Hy a llllllIK of Supreme Couit .lust lee
Illjur a man has no rluhl to use his own
name In his buslntss under eertaln elr
eiiiustunees. The tiuestlon was before the
court on an application by Sehlnasl Ihos.,
rlKurrttP manufacturers, nun Inst ,,
Sehlnasl Hlos., Inc.
The papers In the case show- 'that Al
beit Sehlnasl wiih the representative In
KlO'pt of his brothers, who established u
rlRarctte business here some veurs uro
Ho eainii heir a few mouths hk iiffer he
had brolun otf relations with his luotherii
and oi untitled the defendant concern
.Ilistlee Illjur said he bellevid Mbei-t
.Schluasl's sol,; imuiose in I'omliiK in this
cnuntrv fioni Kfiypl was to trade on tho
Kootl will nnd rrputallon of the plaintiff (
i'or tills reason he granted un Injunction.
WISE
if you till on MASON'S
nd get Pnr or Kim f
Carpeti. etc. Morr you purchsve fivrvht.
MASONS
Cor tf Irlttt St. Myrtle IMQhn '
IM lllU.il .. V,, S,.r,,, HI
I'i-ti nnoiio. Nil o, t 1 1
Sprlns-liice. who s st c
seven mllr-s fiom It, ie si
sn his lili.vsiclan said 'li s o
do, s need a few in . w , K f
liavliiK his summer htmi. Ii ,w.
"77"
A hard stubborn Cold thai i'
on, is broken up by Humpiun'
"Seventy-seven"
COLD
b
Cold houses, cold oitKL
churches or places of i
nient, hefore the artihci'i
is turned on, are the most p
causes of catching cold.
A vial of "Seventy-sew
the pocket is the nearest f
to a self heater, because a -taken
ut the first chill or i
will either prevent or hu o
the Cold at once.
If you wait until your b
begin to ache; till you bc.nu
cough and sneeze, it nun
longer.
"Seventy-seven" is n sin.il'
of pleasant pellets, tits th.
pocket, 25cts. and $1.(10. Alt P
Stores or mailed.
Ilunilihrev lliimeo Medicine!
fi'ieci, .New oiU Vdviribc init
at
op
'K'S
to
ike
id
lie
I

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