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THE SUN, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1913.
FEUD OF ECCENTRIC CROWN PRINCE AND KAISER KEEPS GERMANY ANXIOUS Is" ..Ik Government Officials Are Becoming Worried Over Renewed Political Activities ot Royal Frederick William All Germany Asking ' if He Is Properly Equipped to Handle Delicate Problems of State Should Fate Suddenly Make Him Emperor WHAT would become nf the peace of Kuropc If Frederick William, the eccentric Crown Prince of Germany, should suddenly become Kmperor, the head of the great German military urgnnlzn tion? It la mu nl fen that rash Im pulses and ill considered Jingoism might easily plunge the country Into war overnight. Store and more anxious are Herman Government officials over tile political nctlvlttcH of their Prown I'rlnce. more and more serious is becoming the ques tiun: What manner of man is this who may any day stand at the head of the (lerman Kmpirc, the man on whom the pence of all Kuropc depends? What is the matter with Frederick William? they ask. Is he really a hot headed militarist or Is lie merely tactless mil youthfully meddlesome in spite of his thirty-one years? Thoughtful Germans looking into the future are puzzled and a little ap prehensive, and many of them, not the least of whom Is the young man's Im perial father, wish that he might have sat at the feet of his great-uncle, Kd ward VII., and better learned the line art of being an heir apparent. With increasing force, the realization Is borne in on Germany that her Prown I'rlnce Is not the negative quantity she has long considered him. With growing frequency he is displaying positive qualities entirely at variance with all previous estimates of his character, which during his youth was good na turedly summed up In the words. "At least there's no harm In him " Mis sen sational Jingoistic demonstration over tin- Morocco-Congo matter In the Uelchstag two years ago. his recent In terference In the troublesome Cumber land affair and his frequent t.ictless and seemingly deliberate Irritations of the Kaiser have served as ee openers to the German nation. The German Kmpirc lias many dif ficult problems before it, and any man to deal with them adequately and main tain the position of the country in world politics must be equipped with personal forcefulness,, tact and train ing. The German Kmperor, whoever he may be, must always have to deal with the delicate Internal situation in the empire, not the least disturbing feature of which Is the growing power of tin Socialist, he must also handle the complicated political situation resulting from Germany's carefully planned ex pansion In the Near K.ist and In Africa and her trade development in the Far Kast, and tie must be prepared to up hold his country's hardly won portion as one of the greatest of the world Powers. William II. approached these duties with a training in civil and military administration obtained, while he was still plain I'rlnce William, under the personal guidance and supervision of Prime Slsmarck. He was thoroughly conversant with the empire's foreign af fairs: he had had seasons of hard work in the Prussian Ministry of the Interior, in the War and Navy ministries, and he was well Informed of the country's con dition and Its needs In the departments of railroads, commerce, agriculture, and education. In the Internal condition of the em pire he has brought about u cohesion which, while It has not yet become wholly satisfactory, as is shown by the Cumlierland feud, has et gone far to allay the constantly recurring Jealousies of the twenty-four rulers of the German sovereign States. His skill in tho use of social amenities in bringing this about and his adroitness as a match maker have worked wonders In this tempestuous sen of internal politics. His six sons have not been the least of his assets in accomplishing this pur pose, for three have been provided with German wives and have thus strength ened the ties of at least three ruling houses. Much of the prominence of Germany In the last twenty-live years and her steady commercial advancement has been due to the brilliant personality of William II. He has had Prime Minis ters and Ministers of Foreign Affairs of skill and capacity, but back of their every project, and more especially of their every accom plishment, have been the keen mind and the masterful hand of the Kaiser himself, He has not always been diplo matic: he has been guilty of occasional "blazing Indiscretions"; he has more than once deeply Irritated France and England. Rut the fact remains that for twenty-five years he has maintained a delicately balanced peace and In the sum total of his accomplishments in this time his occasional failures of tact have little significance. To these great Imperial duties, of such Importance that the whole world asks the question, what equipment will the man bring whom Fate may any day summon to assume them? In the matter of personality Fred erick William has always shown him self entirely lacking in the brilliancy of his father, and even without the humanly likeable attributes that make for the general popularity of a prince, and which are possessed In a large degree by his brother, Kitel Fritz. Men tally he has always been adjudged some what slow and plodding, with an In tellect scarcely above mediocrity and without the quick perceptive faculties that his father possesses. He has never shown either taste or aptitude for otll clal duties, while his recent unwelcome injection of his own personality Into politics lias been taken in olllclal circles as an Indication of dangerous tactless ness. In practical training the young man Is virtually unprepared fur the great responsibilities that are In store for him. It Is for this reason that many Germans are tolerant of his Indiscretions, at tributing them to tho Inexperience of a high spirited young man chafing under the strong personal domination of his father. Frederick William Is a well drill) d anil enthusiastic soldier with a practical knowledge of the service, but beyond tills he does not go. There was a great ileal nf talk at one time of his undertaking actual work In the various Ministries as a means of training In governmental duties. Hut the young man felt no enthusiasm for this kind of Instruction and his enforced absence from social and sporting activities was very Irksome to hii wife and soon noth ing more was heard of his keeping olllce hours. Hut it In not the Prince's Inexperience in government affairs thnt has made Germany grave. Such Inexperience lit not unusual in heirs apparent and Is not a menace to the future If it is com bined with a well ordered mind and a willingness to learn from constituted authority. The utterances and activi ties of Frederick William during the past two years have not been of n char acter to give this assurance. Hence comes the newly awakened and wide spread Interest in this young man In whose untried hands enormous Influ ence nnd authority will some day be placed. Frederick William's military career began at the age of 10, when, according to the Hohctizollcrn tradition of 180 years, he was commissioned a Second Lieutenant of the crack Potsdam regi ment, the First Foot Guards. Prior to that time he had been drilled by a ser geant major and since the age of 6 had been under the constant training of a tutor. The Kaiser's sons all spent their childhood n the simplest possible man ner, sleeping together in one big room, having their meals, lessons and sports together. Hut at 6 the tit t tu Crown Prince was taken away from the others and given a suite to himself, where he had his meals, his lesoons and his meagre recreations apart from the others. He grew up a strong, heilthy youth, well ver.-ed In sports and eager and enthusiastic over all military mat ters. Ills military education was advanced by four years spent at the great Acad emy Ploeii 111 llolsteln, from where, tu the eaily spring of HUM, when he was 20 years old, he went to Itonn, the tra ditional university of the royal family. There he took the regular matriculation examination and was placed under the care of Franz von ltottenberg, whose wife, by the way, was an American, Ml.-s Marian Phelps. At Itonn the young man studied so cial economy, administrative law and the history of German Government in stitutions. Ills record In these studies was not distinguished, nor, Indeed, was his university career especially coloiful in any way. He was not popular with his corps and student activities were obviously uninteresting to him. In view of later events It Is worth noting that It was during his year at Honn that the Prince tlrst aroused his father's wrath to any serious extent. Curiously enough, It was on account of a drinking bout, a very unusual occur rence, as It was well known that the Prince found university drinking dis tasteful. Uut on this occasion he was "aid to have consumed something like nine quarts of champagne and was brought home to Berlin in an ambu lance car. During the three years that inter vened between Ills stay at Honn nnd his marriage most of the Crown Prince's troubles with his father were due to his susceptibilities. For the most part these stories had to do with pretty actresses and attractive American girls. None of the affairs was serious, and in only one was tile Interference of tile Kaiser to be seen. In that case. It was said, official means were called on to secure the re turn of a historic ring which the badly smitten Crown Prince had presented to a young woman. For this, it was re ported, he was obliged to undergo en forced detention in his rooms for a week. Detention of this kind has been the favorite If somewhat Ineffectual pun ishment selected by the Kaiser for his bothersome heir. So frequent did it be. l'rom painting by Wojclich Kouk. jk ainn jiiiflHQ ttttiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiHiiHHiiiiiiiiiiiiK 'Mm - l ' IHA tiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniEiiiiiiiiiiiHi IHaaiHiHUIIHaK'' JJBLtfuaMMiHfifHtHra tBtHtHMtHiMm;; ttttiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiintiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitvtliriii .fMBMff 'HPIBBBHHIIIHH tm.. WBim Wm.m....VitK...........l.................................................. 4' r iRKr -tBB'-'-'HIHB WmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmWmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmdmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm tJtJJjtJJjtJJjtJJjtJJjtJJjVt mmmmmmmmwmmwmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmWmM , '-. . ' ,m ' TWVi -"VPMHHllllllHiHlBKSIwSXNtflHIVH come at one time thnt whenever the Prince was absent from his usual haunts the ordinary comment wns. "The Kaiser has given him eight days again." The marriage of the Crown Prince In 1904 put an end to dangerous possi bilities In hotheaded love affairs. In choosing a bride for his son William made a brilliant move. The young Duchess Cecilia was of u winning tem perament, nnd charming personality, and was so closely allied to the ruling families nf Denmark, of Holland, of Itussla and to the haughty and difficult Cumberland family as greatly to strengthen the Hohcnzollem connection with each one. . Cecilia was young, but she was shrewd and level headed, with a keen realization of the value of personal popularity, The young couple were established ut the 'Marble Palace In Potsdam, with a win ter residence In Filter den Linden. Im mediately they began a regime of social activity which endeared them to the tradespeople of the capital, and injected new and startling liveliness Into tho dull and stodgy court circles of Berlin. The birth of their sons strengthened their position with the people, and for several years they enjoyed a consider able degree of popularity. They repre sented the court at various Important functions, coronation' and celebrations of one kind and another, nnd gained something of a reputation for brilliancy in this Held of International Intercourse. Hut In spite of his fondness for his pretty daughter-in-law nnd his nffee tlon for his young grandsons the Kaiser was not altogether satisfied with con ditions in the gay household In the Marble Palace. He did not approve of the lavish and costly entertainments that followed each other In rapid suc cession, nor did he approve of the over whelming enthusiasm for spurt that swallowed up every serious Interest, and, but for his strict orders, would have Interfered more than once wl h olllclal duties. This disapproval became so apparent and the obliviousness of the princely couple to It was so marked that It came j as no surprise when the Prinre. ostcn- slbly In th uirse of promotion, was oniercu to join nis regiment, ine iamous Death's Head Hussars, at Danzig. The prince was furious and the Prin cess dismayed. All her wiles were re sorted to In order to obtain a mitigation of the decree, but the Kaiser w.w Inex orable, and to Danzig went the Prince, angry and sullen and determined on revenge. It Is to this spirit that many of h:s subsequent exploits have been attributed. He learned how to irritate his father, and the whole thing soon resolved itself into a vicious circle of constantly deepening discord. His first step In Danzig was to set up the smallest possible establishment nnd to do the entertaining required of him In a painfully meagre manner. He had been noted for his perfect dinners, but at the first one tendered to the officers of the Death's Head Hussars lie served only the commonest German dishes, Including a certain rather ap palling kind of mutton hash called halts mnnnskost, which the Kaiser always made a great show of'eating at manceu vres; a thick pea soup and ordinary Dutch cheese. He carefully explained the fare to his guests by saying that his father wished him to live simply. Although the Prince lost no oppor tunity to do things calculated to annoy his father it was not until November, 1111, when the famous Iteichstag in cident occurred that a definite and open breach between them existed. The Iteichstag Incident was the Prince's debut In politics, and it was not tame. The Crown For months Germany's position In Morocco, culminating In the Agadlr episode, had strained her relations with France to the utmost. All the summer Germany hnd been on the verge of war, while In the country Itself party feeling ran high and the whole situation was tense In the extreme. At last after long nnd delicate negotiations an ngreement was drawn up by which Germany with drew all pretensions to Morocco and accepted Instead u sphere of Influence In the Congo. It was announced thnt Chancellor von llethmann-Hollweg would present the agreement In the Uelchstag on No vember 0. To Berlin, driving half the night In a racing car, hurried the Crown Prince. When the Uelchstag assembled every eye was drawn to the royal box, where sat the Crown Prince In full uniform, his brother, August William, also in uniform, and the Crown Princess, arrayed in a smart costume and a huge led hat that Inevitably focussed at tention. But the presence of the heir apparent was more than ever noticeable as soon as the speeches began. As the Chan cellor presented the terms of the agree ment he gave obvious signs of disap proval, and when the speaker men tioned the name of Dr. Llndqulst, who resigned as Secretary of Colonial Affairs rather than defend the Morocco-Congo treaty, he leaned far out of the Imi and applauded noisily. When llerr Hydebrand. the Centrist, made various allusions to Kuglnnd and exclaimed, "Now we know where the enemy Is'" he nodded violently and nudged his brother W hen the same speaker declared that "our peaceful professions ale regarded abroad as a sign nf weakness" ami "Germany's posi tion In the world can only be safe guarded by the Geiman sword" the young man was vociferous in Ills ap plause, keeping It up even after every one else had subsided. It wns a sensational and thiatric demonstration, and it accomplished more In that line than Its perpetrator could have hoped for. The parental wrath was naturally not long in de scending. Before the chamber had ad t. Chancellor nnd his wife had been summoned to dinner at the I palace and the Crown Prince nnd Princess hail also been ordered to come there to meet them. Berlin was buzzing with excitement. Practically nil the Moderate, Liberal and Socialist newspapers condemned the In cident, not only for Its lack of political sagncliy but also for Its lack of taste, once more tin; remark of the historian Treitsehke was recalled, "Never In the history of the Hohenzollerns have father nnd son been able to agree." All sorts of rumors were abroad as to the punish ment to be meted out to the offender, particularly after the story spread that the Prince had communicated with two of his brothers with a view to making representations to the Kaiser disapprov ing of the Chancellor's policy. This was olllclally denied by the Crown Prince Just as he was setting out for the din ner where, It Is .reasonably certain, the Kaiser forced him .to apologize to the Chancellor he had during the afternoon so grievously humiliated. When the debate was continued the next day the Crown I'rlnce was not present. But In spite of all the otllclal and the thoughtful disapproval heaped on him the young man had the sym pathy of the people in the street, who felt thnt the treaty constituted a back down to France, To them his Jingoistic performance was sheer heroism, and during the day and evening he was con stantly cheered, first when he and his wife made an ascent in the dirigible Prince leading charge of the Crack Schwaben and again peared at the theatre. when they ap- This was too much for the Kaiser, and he promptly resorted to the In evitable eight days detention, the sen tence to begin nt once. The Prince left for Danzig nt midnight. Hussars. WiMeBiWtiMr Vim ' ? fcaPaWMy Frederick William, Crown Prince of Germany The Kmperor's public and semi-official rebuke was expressed In an Inspired telegram published in the Cologne On zrttr as follows: "We believe It to be the right and duty of the heir to the throne to take nn Interest In politics. He cannot be reproached for forming &&jflmi his own opinion even If It Is not c a sonant with the Imperial policy. We further do not desire that the Cr nn Prince be prevented from expressing . opinion in a fitting manner and pi not, however. In the way chosen In Iteichstag, the efTect of which was i .a sldered extremely grave. "It goes without question that ' episode and the press comments there upon were reported to the Kmperor m whom the absence of the Crown Prli.-e at Friday's sitting was due, nnd t whom Thursday's events and the i i sideratlons Involved therein cannot agreeable." The Kmperor could not get over " Uelchstag Incident and ho and his " have communicated with each ' ' only formally since that time. In .l.m ary, 1912, the Prince did his utm without actually issuing a statemen ' make It clear that his behavior was n." Intended as an antl-Brltlsh dcnionstr Hon, hut wns meant to show his upp sltlon only to certain features of r German foreign policy. But William was not to be placat 1 The following summer, on the occas. of the army manonivres, the Prow Prince had his regiment drawn up n ad for the Kmperor. After a long wait tl Kmperor finally sent nn aid to review It. thereby deeply offending tho prince Colonel, who complained bitterly and publicly nf the treatment accorded him That summer too friction between Uk two was Increased by half a dozen Inc dents. The Kaiser was annoyed by t conduct of the Prince, who laid hlm open to general censure by the pi for his frequent nnd long continued sences from his post nt Danzig. cordlngly the Prince wns command) d ' abandon several big hunting pit' which ho had projected and to I. i tho frequency of his visits to Berlin Immediately thereafter the Pi luce ai) nounced that he would build a boat i race against the Kmperor's at the r regatta nt Kiel. Highly edllled tin- p' lie looked forward to such a race, ki Ing the discord that existed, as u sp. Ing event of more than usual inter. - i The Kaiser came back with an "M forbidding tho entrance of the Piin I boat in the class with his own and ueriiiB mo young matt to remain w. his regiment nt Danzig and not sh -himself at Kiel. Furthermore, it v, . rumored, seemingly on good nuthon". that the young man was to rccciw promotion In the service thnt would ! move him to Koenlgsberg, from wh trips to Berlin would not be so cas ' make, ' At this point the Kalserln took a bar.' in the quarrel and entreated her lun band not to enforce the sentcme. whit . amounted to banishment from tin' ca -tal. She had the Crown Princes a I the little grandsons come to I'oi-d u on a visit to add their pleas to h Oossip was rife In Berlin over the s atlon, and the story was generally c i Continued on Third Pal"'