Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1918.
ntihAV. Novr.Miir.it u. 101a. J nttrrtlnUrie 1'iwt OHlrp nl Now York as Second , CTa-r Mrtil Matter. KuliMrlptlnn hv Mull. Postpaid. liAII.V, IVr Month - 0 50 DAILY, I'cr Vrnr U OO M'SDAV, Per Vr.il- 'J SO IlAlt.Y AMI KINDAY, Tor Year SO DAILY AND Ht'NDAY, IVr Mnntli IS Tin: i:vi:nin(1 sin, ivr Momii ... tiii: i:vr,.iN(i sr.N. ivr Year tin a o rnsbipe to forclirn cntinlrlM mlilatl. Ml rhi rM, money onler, Ac, to lie mu pay- Mile to T HE SUN. Published dally. Including Sunday, by the Sun ITInllnir and Publishing Association MIIO.Nmmii Mreel, In the I'oroiurh of Manhattan, New ork, President and Treasurer, William ('. Itelek, 170 Naawu street: VIre-l'rrstdrnt, IMtvard I'. Mitchell 170 Nassau Mreet: Secretary. l I'.. I.uxton, JTO Wassail Mreet. Iindon orrlce, Kmintham Hniie, I Arundel Mreet, Stroud, Paris orncc, B flue de la Mlehodlfre, off Hue dii Dm ire Hepteitibrr. Washlnston ofnre, Illbhs Tlutldlni. Brooklyn office, ton Livingston street, It nur lrttnts who fator us Kith manuserlfils tni Illustrations tor publttatlnn vish to hare rejeeteit unities returned then must In all cases tend stamps tor that purpose. Advanced Thought by a Cabinet Member. Wo observe Hint n new conception of properly rights hns lioen proclaimed nt Seattle by Secretary William n. Wit. hon of President Wooiutow Wilson's t'nblnet. Kieakii)g to the Federation of Labor the Secretary of Labor said : "If anr Individual or corporation takes the ground that the property la his own, that he has the right to do with It ns ho "Plessea. and falls to take Into consider.-!-tlon the fact that the title has only been conveyed to him ns n trustee for the wel fare of society, then he Is creatine n con dition that will cause society to modify or change these, titles to property, as It has a perfect right to do whenever In lis Judgment It deems It for the welfare of society to do It." How far (lie Secretary of Labor has ndvanced beyond ixior old Justice Jo heph Story, who In commenting iion the snored right of Individual dominion and UKin the safeguards erected by the Magna Cbarta. the common law and the Constitution of the Inlled State said of that clause of the Constitution which provides that private rnerty hhall not be taken for public ue with out Jut compensation: "This Is an affirmance of a Brent doctrine established by the common law for the protection of prlate projwtt.v. It Is founded on natural equity, and is laid down by Jurists as a principle of universal law. Indeed, In a free govern ment, almost all other rights would be come utterly worthless If the Covertiniftit .possessed an uncontrollable power over the private fortune of every citizen. One of the fundamental objects of every goo. Uovernment must bo the due admlnlstra tlon of Justice; and how vain It would bo to speak of such an administration, when nil property is subject to the will or ca price of the legislature, and the rulers." And how far Secretary Wilson of President Wilson's Cabinet has pro Kressed In what the Socialist party's platform calls "the present day revolt tlon, which marks the transition from economic Individualism to socialism"! A Little Ileal Help for John Piirroy Mitchel. As Important a service as the friends of the Mayor-elect and they include the whole liody of citizens who want to nee the affairs of New York city sue cessfully administered can render to that heavily burdened Individual is to refrain from assisting In the creation of a situation which would make hi selection of department chiefs more dlf licult and moro embarrassing thnn it would normally be. r The Carranza Negotiations. The conference between General 'r. nustiano Cabranza and William Hay aid Hale nt Nognles, Mexico, within bowshot of Arizona, Is snld to be Vlonked In the utmost secrecy," No pales Is 1,'JOO miles, ns the crow Hies, from the city of Mexico, situated In ulmost the extreme northwest of the ills traded country In mountainous Sonora which boasts no large cities. Sonora is an ideal region for guerrilla warfare, Due south l.V) miles on the Sonora Pa rifle Railway, whoso port terminus Is Uuaymns, General Carranca makes his headquarters at Ilermoslllo. In that ravage and remote territory he Is nion nreh of all he surveys. Federal troops could operate successfully there only in force, nnd the Insurgents are no more a menace to tho capital than us many cowboys "insurglng" In Montana .would bo a menace to the city of Wash ington. Nogales is far to the west of the direct line of trnvel from F.l Paso through ChlluinhuH, Lerdo aud Kiicatc cas to the city of Mexico, It Is in this Inconsequential little place that Dr, Hale has been parleying with the head of the Insurgent Irregulars. If the conference Is "cloaked in se f recy" there Is no mystery about the personality of General Cakbanza, his leirs, sentiments and policies, A cor respondent of the London Timet lately ' found his way to Ilermoslllo, and he thus describes the General: "He Is a great reader; his serious, Mudlous face, with deep vertical lines be .tween the brows, betrays 'the pale cast of thought.' Ilia ets (ileum patiently und kindly through spectacles. Ills hair Is dark still, hut mouth and chin are hidden by a heay gray mustache and beard. though the cheeks are. shaved. His voice Is gentle nnd his movements are dellb erate." There Is more of the professor thnu the soldier about Vknustiano Cab kanza, but he is In fact n landowner, n landowner with Ideals, Nevertheless, the General Is a man of blood nnd Iron, as the interviewer learned when the gray bearded leader In gleaming siec Indus said: "W than execute any on who reoac- nlzes a President unconstitutionally elected and directly or Indirectly fcultty of partici pation In tlio murder of Mapkbo." This Is the gonial but bloodthirsty old gentleman with whom the Admin istration has osued negotiations: for what purpose may soon ap)car. If he Is to be accepted ns an ally and co worker In the cause of free and onllght oned but authoritative government) the question naturally arises what, gunrati lies can he give that he would be able to control the forces of limitation ho has conjured up, either In the wide Hung Held of military operations or Inter In the council chamber when victory had made him the successor of Madkro nnd the M'litencor of Hl'luta nnd nil those suspected of having had n hand In the ilentli of the former President or known to lie Iluertlstas. If raising the embargo on nrms and ammunition Is contemplated, what as surances could be given that the dis tribution of repeating rifles and Held guns would be limited to responsible Constitutionalists, that munitions of war passed over the border would not often fall Into the lmmls of bandits whose service to the cause of liberty and humanity was only of the Hps nnd not of the heart? This Is n question to be iisketf, for General Carbanza's slogan that any one who recognizes n President unconstitutionally elected nnd Implicated In (he murder of Madkro Is to be executed must be ringing In the ears of the rank nnd file, nnd there is danger thnt the worst partisans nnd freebooters may not discriminate. There Is another anxious question. Have the Insurgents made war In n civ ilized fashion? Hearts persist that they often shoot their prisoners, nnd that the Federals share this Infamy with them. 1'lnnlly, could the Insur gents be trusted not to make common cause with their present foes? All these questions hear upon the expediency of having nny conlldentlnl, sympathetic, active and militant rela tions with the Mexican Insurgents and departing from the attitude and policy of strict neutrality. It Is nlways to be remembered that armed Intervention may prove to lie unavoidable. Safety nt Sea. l.oiil Mmstv as iH'i-maueiil chairman of (lie International Conference on Safety ut Sea, which has begun Its sessions In London, told the delegates that while the preservation of the shipping trade must constantly he borne In mind, "wherever doubt existed the tendency should be lo lean toward safety rather than economy." and he added with confidence thnt nny In creased cost Incurred in actually Im proving conditions would be borne cheerfully by the public. This Is un questionably true, and It Is not a set tled fact that the public would not sacrifice some of the luxuries It now enjoys for the sake of additional pro toot Ion from sen kt11s. Tliere will lie general agreement with the conclusions of our correspondent. Mr. Marston Nlir.s of Tophnm, Me., I whp.se letter Is printed on this page though he was a Champclarkor orlgl-to-doy, that the coercive Kiwer of pub-'imlly, "no one In tho State contributed 11c opinion on this subject must find more to the exjiense of the campaign expression through some board or otllce to be made effective. That such nn hoo In this In spite of his sinful con authority, representing the principal dltion. The doctrine of sanctlnYntlon mniltlme nations, would he illtlicult to, constitute is apparent, but Hint its es. tablishnient Is unnttnlliable Is Incredi ble. Were its Hiwers limited to the mere delivery of exert criticism und recommendations, its Influence would nevertheless he far reaching. When the significance of the Mini- soil mark Is considered, the possibility1 of enforcing the adoption of safety! , , ,, . ,, ,, devices on ships npjiears considerably easier thnn it looks when It Is studied as an Isolated problem. I'or Minister to Hlnm: A trek Sweek of Oregon. Ciiowfa Maha VA.TiBAVifDH lolled on bis throne of sandalwood. Ho shifted the betel from cheek to cheek, he kicked ills robe from his royal knees nnd he cursed straight backward in Siamese: "lepier aud opium, rice nnd teak ! This Job of kinging It mokes me wenk; bullocks aud elephants, drat nnd damn ! Will there never be anything new in Slam';" Swam in then on his hands nnd knees, bobbing his hend In obeisances, wag ging devoutly his three chin hairs, Hai Si-ai, Minister of Foreign Affairs: "Lord of Thai, the land of the free, here is a telegram for thee." "Itoyal son of Ciini.ALONOKonx, hump your self and exalt your horn; pour in ar rack up to your peak, for Hbvan's going to send you Swekk !" (renter than IIi.pdiia'h beatitude, that of Ciiowfa Maha Vajiravuoii. "Tnngoturkeytrotbuiinyhug, chew the betel and drain the Jug! I wait Swtxa Alio with cordial tlst, he must he great diplomatist. Maidens, greet him with flowers nnd chants! Ird HunniiA! we'll show hi in the elephants. I hope he knows the faces of kings, aces, Jncks and such Western things." "Iim. Jav'b friend," said Hai. "I'm nfrnld, plays no other game than 'Old Maid.' Hut bo's had, according to all reports, plenty of practice In police courts." "Ha, he's n courtier, then, all right! Fight thecocksand fly UiekUlor Swfeo Alio, he shall bring us light 1" In the August Presence. Word has Just been received by cnblo from Hresluu, (ierinany, that IL Is not only dangerous but criminal to gaze llxedly nt a policeman. Let us quote the despatch verbatim: "Sentence of a fortnight In prison for taring ut a pnllcoman was imposed on a business man of this city to-day. In his defence the defendant said he be lieved the policeman was observing hlin too conspicuously, so ho stared back. The court In pronouncing Judgment snld the defendant hsd been guilty of a most hciIouh Insult to an official," We. are glad In see this ruling lie- cause it falls to n ft! nil the decision of Associate Justice Stobis of t Msmmi chusetls District Court. In the case of tering beneath him, but this has not v.. ti.... ...... .i, , H.in,i in prevented tlio Ilulgarlan Government nt.t Poos ada. ' was arrested n 'rom nl on ultimatum to Worcester by Patrolman Swit.nry, thn ( rpPW Tlu ,oma,is mfiP, which re court held thnt It was not n crime to into to the protection of Hulgnrlans In groan In the presence of the peeler. . Macedonia, do not appear extravagant, Citizens of tills and oilier countries 1 11111 "y Mjem to be couched In quite. . , , .i.i ., unnecessarily offensive terms nritS a have long been uncertain as to pre-1 , mlt ,)f cRhl aaya for tholr nn. elsely what Is the proper frame of ,.(.,,tanco Is haughtily Imposed. Ultl volce and appropriate demeanor that inn turns, however, are frequent Inel shouhl be assumed In the nngust pros- dents of international courtesy ius once. And now these two opposite rul ings only tend lo make this highly im portant, matter nil the more confusing lo suffering humanity. For obviously It is a much more heinous offence to groan at n man , thnn to stare at him. II Is Indeed forlunnto for F.i.i Hoosuia that he groaned In Worcester and not In Itres- Intl. A German court understands what constitutes contempt of peelers, and the Insult to Patrolman Swkp.nf.y would probably have received a Just punishment. If a fortnight for staring Is lawful (and tve truly believe It Is), then nny sentence short of six months would be lenient for gronnlng. Halle IV Ambition. The Hon. HAi.ir. P. WAcnr.NKR, un known In the Hast, where Ited Si-runs and Allen Whitk are the recognized Sunflower greater gods, Is none the less n Kansas Democrat of dnzzllng cousplculty In his State. He wants to move to Washington. lie nsks the other Kansas Democrats to tell him by letter or postal card referendum whether they want him to be n candi date for United States Senator. In his appeal to them he confesses nnd vainly tries to nvold his fatal, his dis graceful disqualification: "I do not want nny one to express nn opinion In Ignorance of the facts. I am now nnd for many years have been in the employ of a rallwny compnny ns It law yer. It pays me for my services the same as you pay any lawyer you might employ. I Htn In Its employ the same as the sec tion man, the fireman, the engineer, the conductor nnd others who are paid for their services. 1 have always endeavored to discharge my duties to It. It Is n character of employment which nny reputable lawyer would accept. If t be corne a candidate to the Kenate that te. Intion will ceae ami terminate. If 1 should be elected Senator us mi -mploce of the people they will have the same undivided loyalty and devotion to their Interests that the company has always tecdved at my hands." He Is not employed as the ilremen, the trainmen and so on are. They can get their pay rnUed. Governor, Legislatures, Presidents revere and tremble at them. Where In this en lightened country Is there a mntl so shameless ns to dure to sny a word for one who piles that most odious of trades the corporation lawyer's. "Converted millionaires" there are. The Hon. Gionr.r: Waihridok Pi.rkins shines glorious among the ProgressUe benefactors of great wealth; but Is there room even for a converted "cor- porn tlon lawyer" In any party? '"''o "on. ltAi.ir P. Waoc.km.r refers modestly to "the well known fact" that thnn he did." There may be n ray of by contribution has n certain vogue. Mr. Wauoenlk might go and ask Mr. Hhvan or f'ohmel the Hon. .Iim Ham Llwis If there Is a good diplomatic engagement left on hand. This Cannot He. I.. .w .. .,!. T . ,,.,,.,' , , rUowIi stntomont Is attributed to ( olonel Koosli:lt: i ... 'The Monroe Doctrine Is a thing of the past. Where the Argentine Hepubllc Is concerned the feeling of guardianship on the part of the United States no longer exists. Argentina needs no protection, ns she Is a tit champion of her own Monroe Doctrine " No one who knows Mr. Hoosevf.lt will believe that he, of nil men, ever said that 'The Monroe Doctrine Is a thing of the pasi." As to Argentina's ability to defend her own territory from Kuropenn In vasion, Colonel Kooskvelt seems to havo been complimentary rother than discriminating, if he used the Inngungo Imputed to him. Certainly he could not have meant that the United States would stand idly by while any great Luropeau Power was making war for the con; quest of Argentina. Hp.rrELFiNaiCR, single handed, tore up the line nt every charge, although hi turn he pitted himself against men ut different positions, Including Captain Ki:tciiam, who twice has won the All American at guard, .Veic Haven cirspafci. If a maturn business man of forty five can "tear up" tho Yale lino of brawny youngsters trained to tho hour, Saturday will be a doleful day for New Haven. Dr. Henrt S. Tannbs, the forty day faster, who admires Mrs. Kmmelikk i'ANKiitmsT as a hunger striker and proposed marriage to her, has had his answer: "It is Impudent and most Insulting. I'm a politician and not considering such things." Are all the British "militant;" politi cians nnd for that reason matrimonially disinclined? As a travelling diplomat whose com mission Is to get facta from original sources and draw final conclusions for the President, Dr. William Uatard Halt, must be having tho time of his lire. Tho name of the old right guard of the famous 188S Yale football team is given as Okoiiiih (1. Woopiti'Fr In a re port of tho silver anniversary dinner, Huch Is fnmol .ludgo Woonatirr, ono of tho mobt versatile athletes Yalo ever know and n verltuhlo walking encyclo pedia of football strategy, bears with becoming polso und avoirdupois the name of tho Father of His Country, Despite tho fact that tho nltcntlon of the audience has been directed elso whore, tho Mulknn drama continues to drag out Its Interminable length. King FmniNANn's throne appears to be tot- fiae:iiseu j i int! j.iilieunn, mm n nun particular ultimatum Is rejected or neglected by Greece, It Is not im mediately apparent what Ilulgnrla pro pjses to do about It. Rumania's rtcsr.t declaration to the ottoman Govern- Minnl Hint le Tnf-I..,. n 1 1 (i.l.'n,1 firrml'il numanla would nllv herself with the latter Power seems to put the Idea of an offensive Turko-lhilgarlan ulllance out of the question, for Scrvla would undoubtedly Join with Humanla In as sisting Greece. Without an ally cvn Uulgarla would hardly embark on the mad enterprise of another lurgresslvn war. On the whole, although nothing Heed be unexpected In the Unlkans llulgarla's latest ultimatum Is not to ho regarded ns seriously threatening tho peace, of Europe. The Benlztown Hard Rives n puzxltng gllmp.se Into tho peculiarities of Haltl tnore pronunciation: "In little child-eye flashes, In laughter's echoing pest The eternal Christmas spirit, The beautiful and real." Is "peal" a dissyllable or "real" a munosyllablo nn tho lips of the battle queen of yoro? Sportsmen for game wardens. irhise apotis Journal. Always protecting the game. Will no friend of llfo urge the appointment of guide wardens? of course predictions nre more or less uncertain In nny sphere of life, hut they are nlways Interesting Hochrster I'ott J.'xprrss. Ye.s, always Interesting. So far there have been three predictions ns to the next President of these United States, the Hon. Ou.ie .lAStss, tho Hon Hiram Johnson nnd William Si:lzer, all big and tall men. The query Is: Which prediction Is tho most "Interesting"? Little did that hitherto unknown woman, Mrs. Wakkfikld, realize when with her paramour she killed her hus band that she was thus starting herself on the road to become a national figure. The way to fanio Is uncertain. llartfonl t'onrunt. Oh, no, the way to fame Is through owning a teal halo of crime. Our glor ious and most mlsundersKwd Immortal Is the great and only IUrut K. Tiuw. There Is not another "national figure" that lias one-tenth the snme candle power. riff: iMiM.wof.vr .v.4i.. llmiisn l.lfe of l.lltle Account In Its Transportation. To TIIK KniTOR Of TltB SfN s'l As betw.-tii human life and the I'nitnl States mall the latter Is more sacied. Judging fiom what I saw nt il o'ejock the othtl- evenlns nt tho corner of llroad way and Klghth street while the llro.nl. way traffic was held up for the cross town tr.itllc ami the crowd rushing In four directions to catch the cais. The conditluns weie so bewlldeilng that It was all nn nhrt and agile person lould do to keep his wits with u frantic nioli making mad ilaslns for the over iiouded cars lis they were scooting across !!roalwa. .lust then tuto ill, ill truck came along at a IiIkIi rate of speed going north, and without slacking made a quick ill.igon.il cut uerosi Klghth street Hp the left side of Hroadway and swerved again to the right. It was all done so quickly th.it .i ga&p was all you could find time for. It would have teen fatal to try to av .lack ltoblnson Nobody wus killed that time, and theie are seines of Just such narrow escapes every day. I., i. ili.KN IlltuiK, N. J, November 13. I'.lliiuelte at the Theatre. To tub Kditoi: of The Si n Sir While iw.i Minnl I Itl.m I r.v .tf pourc t.a n oil., lit be avoided, any one so constantly In the Itmlille eve 9. Mr IV II P. IlolmnlO ran ..... ,., ,,.. , hardly object to straightforward critlcl ,, ;UKBC,,loll , , Imull0 a nature the actB which prompt them. ejMll ,, prompt them. It Is said that on the opening night of "The I.lttlo Cafe" the deliberately vlo- la ted a rule made by the management In the conduct of Its own business and In tho interest of Its patrons as a whole. Aside) from tho question of good breed ing, what right had Mrs. ltelmont to an noy those who had taken the trouble to be in their seats at tlio stated time. In stead of waiting with other late coiners. I some of them of at least equal prnml- euce, umii me cnu or, i lie nrsi act to lie seated'' It Is this rort of thing. Uko the crowd ing Into a ticket line by one of tho weaker sex, that discourages those of us Inclined to ascribe to women uu equal regai d for proper civic regulations nnd rapacity for observing them, to say noth ing of enacting them. Mekh Man. nr.ooici.TN, November IS. To tiih Kpitok of The Sf.v Sir- The caption of nn editorial article in this morning's Sf.v Is "Why Couldn't Mr. A'nn ilerllp Speak Directly to tho President V" Iho answer to the enigma propounded Is that he could nut do so for the same reason presumably which has precluded Major illlletto from expressing directly to the 1'reNldent the views on the latter's Mexican policy shared In common by some sr. per cent, of all American residents of Mexico und of probably a llko percentage of those Americans who, though non-resi dents of that country, are Intimately versed in Its conditions. "The bearings of this observation lays In tho application of It." HVDNRT H. SlCADBOl.T. Statk.v Island, November 12. f. '01 eminent Ownership. To tub rmToii or Tim Kun sir; Should the Government buy the stocks of all tlio express companies before It enlarges the parcel post? Should not the Government be fair to the stock and bond holders of the tele graph, telephone and railroad companies by buying oil the stocks and bonds ut their market vnlue before It nttempts Government ownership of the above pub llo utilities? A few will say that these contnln water, but wo niUHt remember that the stocks were soTd under our laws to the present Innocent holders. Hohert A. AM oar. Jkkhmt Citt, N. J November 13, Great Nutmeg Name. To thb Kditob or Tue sen Sir: Conttant Penury and U. T, Hurt, neighbors In Cornwall, Conn., sre hereby nominated, p, y, sj. DANirnr, Conn,, November IS. The l eant. from tile VUrtlani Plain Healer The poet li a curious chap Who doesn't know he lisi a nralai Nor ntlthrr iloth b cure n rnp Wlimus h walls bis weird refrsln, He wnltetb well li hslh Heart Therefrom lie trnlleth many stave That sums think line, anil unme rail mnait, And some do read und simply rav! Rut he Ih Kiirot nt IiIh Soul I He talketh of It nnM nt all, Ilia eyes and ekn hla Uonea do l nil Ktcrmtlly within lu tlirull, Iliit ahl lis acorns the nilshlleal thlnx -Whereat he inllra, whereat he ahltera How many know that poets ring Contrnlled inuM always by (heir I.trtrtT TIIK PAtlTV COSYENTIOS. Is Its Ahollt ton Kssentlal to the Direct Primary Idea? To tub UnnoR or Tub Sun Hr: t read with plcnsuro your editorial artlclo tills morning; ihcndcd "The Proposed Abolition of Conventions," in which you discuss the attitude of Governor Glynn upon tho abolishing of the State con vention. It Is refreshing to note that you enn discuss this question academically with out losing your editorial temper, and It Is evident from tho tone of the artlclo that you nro willing; to tie convinced of the propriety of direct primaries, dis associated from your other bugaboos, known ns the "Initiative" and "referen dum." Like The Sun, I believe that the ques tion of tho State convention is not at nil pertinent to the question of direct primaries and nominations, tho chief objection to which on tho part of the so-called boss eeems to bo thn abolish ment of what Is known as the State convention. After careful consideration of this subject it may bo that tho retaining or the abolishing of the State convention is nowise pertinent to direct primaries. Tho name "convention" might be changed to the name "party conference," and this conferenco could consist of various representatives of the party, elected or selected from the party voters in any political subdivision de cided upon as the unit of representa tion. The party conferenco could be called sufficiently in advance of the primaries to discuss party principles and the designation of party candidates. The convention idea grow out of the old town meeting, which Is thn funda mental principle upon which American party politics is founded. It is really nothing moro or le-ss than a selected ex pression of many town meetings, and I believe, with you, thnt a primary law can ho Included In the election law which would allow for the retention of tho State convention or party confer ence, and nt tho same time give the party voter tho freest choice in tho selection of candidates for whom he de sires to vote, I suggest: Should a sufficient percentage of the convention or party conference, say in to 2. per cent, of tho mem1ers thereof, differ with tho conclusions of the ma jority of the conference, they, the mi nority representatives, have the right to designate n minority set of candi dates to ko on tho party ballot without restriction, In the same manner as the designees of tho majority of the con vention. In this way a minority report, so to speak, can be brought in by the minority delegates nnd they can uppeal to the voters of their party by what Is virtually (please don't he frightened) a leferendutu, I have talked this Idea over with many men of prominence In the politi cal life of this State and they seem to think that suoh on amendment would provide the freest opportunity for the selection by the voter of his party rnn dldntes, without being penalized ns to method of procedure. William I?. Skldr.v. Chairman Direct Primary Nomina tions Alliance. Nbw York, November IS. MEXICO. The Mliimilou as Seen li an Vinrrlemi llcshlcni. To the KniTOR of Tin: Scn Sir, As shedding a sidelight on the present sllua- liugetlun In lloxlco, the following extracts ftom a letter written by a personal friend In thn city of Mexico under date of October 1913, may proe Interesting to your renders. Lronaro K. ltKtlioio. New York, November 1.1. If the good I.oid mid llucrta spare my UlililofltablH life till Apill next 1 shall quit Mexico for good and all, 1 have been hete lonK enough Just what our ultimate end In Mero may be no one knows at present, but In any case we are In n pretty bad way. Last isTmdiy we had the elections which Woodrow Insisted on our having. The le turns are not In y t, but as eery one hiiew Jn ndvance, Uuerta and his Minis- o-r or nr llinnqilPl win ou rici'ieu l,K,..nf I, e,l lee.l'rne il,,l 1 (u n : . ' . i.ict susiaineu ny proor tniit iiuort.i noti- "cu an nis ciovrruors in advance lo senu election returns electing Hlaiiquct and him: also be Issued to them lists of names i of men to be elected to Congress. Of course the election was the veriest farce, scaicely nny one voted; 1 suppose here In the city not over 2,000 votes were cast in all. President Wilson's ideas nnd notions regarding Mexico are so Ignorant of real facts as to be funny. I doubt If nny one really knows Mexico who has not lived here for a ti nn of years. President Wilson alo confirms himself In his igno rance by lefuslng to listen to people who do know. Several of our very finest American tesidents here have ben In Washington trying to see the President nnd talk senso to him. Some he saw, others not, but to all be stated that they were actuated by scltlsh. motives and ln teiests. President Wilson, too, has been flirting somewhat with the northern bunch of rebels under Carranza : old man Car ranza Is n pretty good fellow, but he has a tierce lot of bandits following In his train. Outside of n few personnl ft lends among his olllcers, he could nn moro con trol the rest of tho outfit than he could fly, and to say that he should have recognition would bo to admit that any old band of robbers nnd bandits ought to ho recognised. As a matter of fact, I really think thnt now the country Is ab solutely out of the control of any Mexi can or Mexicans. There was a time when llueita could luie dominated the situa tion nnd 1 believe subdued tho country, had the United States backed him up. but of rourBo his morals wcien't right and so It couldn't be done. Now the situation is beyond him. Klther the Pulled Stntes must como into Mexico, or some I'nrnpean Powers must come, or tho present state of affairs must contlnuo Indefinitely: ono of these three conditions is Inevitable. Pc-snnnlly I rather admire Uuerta : ho Is doubtedly a fire cater nnd tlio nils sloarles say he drinks nnd I think som) one told me that he swears, all of which charges undoubtedly hurt him with tho grnpe Juice drinking statesmen, but he sure bus bowels. Moreover, he Is ex actly the kind of man needed for the Job, nnd If he only had money nnd backing I believe ho would put the fear of tho future Into the Mexicans who need It, I didn't stnrt out to wrlto a dlsserta tlon on Mexico, but when we eat, sleep unit live in it, u gets on tne mind Uy What night? To tub Iiitoii of Tub Pun sir: 1 nm much Interested In affairs In Mexico, having spent much time lu thnt very Interesting country, and I would like to Know what right or authority Picsl dent Wilson has to "order"' Uuerta to resign. Is It leasonablu to suppose that he will obey such an order? If you can tell upon what such mi autocratic as sumption of authority Is based 1 would be glad to learn what It Is. To mo It appears somewhat ridiculous. Would President Wilson "resign" If some foreign ruler happened to dislike him and "ordered" him to do so? Another absurdity Is to consider Mex Icn as If It were New Jersey or Con necticut. The onlv way lo rule .Mexico is tho way Diaz ruled, with the strong hand. SI'KC'TATOR. New Yore, Norembar 13, SAFETY AT SEA. Plans for Making a Ship t'nslnkahlr anil Affording Protection Against Fire. To tub KntTon or Tub Sun Sir.' Con trary to popular belief nnd to directorate belief, our means of guarding ngnlnst death at sea by llro nnd by drowning ore still Imperfect nna in some respects primi tive. A hotel upon the ocean thnt Is virtu ally a town ought to contain nn npartmcnt or two for preserving live human bodies from suddenly engendered heat. It Is easy enough, If only desired, to fit out u cabin of this kind well forward nnd an other well abnft, so ns to bo able to have n utnen of refute to the windward of the lire. There may not really be need to make these Uko a thermos noiue, en closed at bottom, rides nnd top with vacuum hollow plates; but this should be dona If necessary, nnd they should be kept cool by a constant flow of sea water forced through nn enveloping Jacket. To such nn apartment, useful otherwise ai nil times, all hands could resort In a dls nster like Hint of thn Voltumo nnd could thcio await rescuing ships nnd weather fit for a rescue. How primitive still nro some of our no tions Is lllustrnted by the surviving prac tice of carrying thu boats on u deck too lofty to lower from with safety unless uie sen Is unusually smooth. Sixty or eighty feet Is r d culous to nny ono mat Knows i the law of the pendulum and the law of . "send" In rolling: yet no one Inughn, since It Is only little bv llttlo that ships havo BTown so tall. It la plain cnougn mac boats, sets of them anyway, should be carried on decks much nenrer the water, In emhayments properly protected by trlceup ports. Them Is no difficulty In providing room on tho deck next abovo for tho upper parts of tho davits and for swinging outboard ; to substitute a lower deck perhaps tho later dnvlt devices may be found easily applicable. With suit able tracks laid fore and aft nnd through here and there a gangway athwnrtshlps, bonis can be transported to lcewnrd upon occasion, nnd this with less "send than on the loftier deck In moro or less roll ing weather. As for thn sinking of this hotel, the present compartment systems will prevent It often, not nlways : but "always" Is what Is needed If the millions nre to have con fidence and tho ships to run nt full speed nt nil sensons and the companies to make money right' nlong. In this day of grcnt nnd ever growing speed It is difficult for nn architect. Indeed for any one but nn ord nancu officer, to tinderstnr.d how fright fully beyond the rate In which the speed Increases Is thu rale of Increase In the "smash" ensuing upon a sudden arrest of motion or a petietintlng blow. Nor can nny person fully renllze all this before be understands the simple cause of that fear some growth of the disintegration. A vertical bulkhead system below the water line, and u really eltlclent one, mean lug "no doors whatever." Is nulte prac ticable for the reason that few but the crew and the steerage people will be an noyed by It. Hut In tho absence of e nact mcnt enforced ninong the nations and upon all the companies, first and second class passengers will not tolerate any vertical bulkhead system that Is elllcient, because In abolishing nil passages be. tween compartments It obliges everybody wishing to pass from ono compartment to another to climb up to a deck high enough out of water for the ship never to settle so far or to take, seas upon It. Nothing but horizontal watet tight com-' partnientp. shallow- but reaching the full hi eailtb "of beam and from bow to stern, stretching evcrywheie, except where pierced for any necessary tight sided opening, thev being nlso subdivided by vertical doubbd partitions miming foie and aft ami nlhwaitslilps, will make a ship Ulislnkable at every conjuncture even when cut asunder. This Is so evi dent that argument Is not needed. Sucli a compartment should be constructed In every deck above the water line, overhead. If not, better, under foot. None of these will en.l iass locomotion or call for any cllnibln op or down, doors. If any, can stay ahvays open. From two to four fe. t off the height of the deck will bo enough to take for this pur pew. Then, n case the highly trusted double skill is pierced through the double, or if the ordinary vei- tlcal bulkheads below the water let the water through the doors, or If they leak from the shock or from any cause prove Ineffectual, so that the ship begins to Bi t tle beyond control by the pumps, she will in settling convert one after another of the horizontal watei tight compartments Into lnioant Maces, and when she has brought as mnnv decks under water us the nichitict has di i iiied serviceable, she will settle no furthir, but will tide tinner than ever, 'flic people will have betaken themselves to a deck or decks still higher, and they can bu talon off when the sua suits, or can stay aboaid and be towed into pott. Nobody but a otitic person or one wholly Ignorant eif the conditions under which passenger essels can make money needs to be told that all such pioposl tlons are nevei theless chimerical unless Imposed by law and treaty binding the lilef commercial nations, lu the ab sence of that n directorate that adopted this ssteni would bo guilty of waste of the company's ns-ets, for the reason that Its ships would find few passengers. For architects and directors it is a neces sity to attract the travelling public. In which, however, nine-tenths of the men and all tho women nie Ignorant of dan ger nnd safety on the ocean and prefer lofty decks and a grand appearance of the saloons and cabins Instead of any rial safe construe thin. Nor Is the case otherwise in Inland waters. Without a law and a punishment for In caking It, what feny company on tho North ltiver or the Hast ltiver or New York Hay would thlnlc to turn the useless upper third part of the cabin Into a buoyant compartment which might upon some oc casion snc a thousand people from drowning? Is there one of them that would go to the expense of a full water tank on the hurricane deck ready for putting out n fire nt once when the pumps would likely enough be out of order? The liner companies will not listen for an Instant to nny suggestion for replac ing lost flotation nt the expense of nn nppenrnnce of loftiness in the saloons. Double bottoms! Heautlfully adjusted doois t' -t work from tho bridge and also an omatlcally I Vertical watertight bulkheads carried well up! Splendid watertlrtit deck near the water line, locking down Into solitary confinement all billowing water! All these things for a while; then next, after home dis aster like that of the Titanic, two or three other new ways adapted to get round tlio simple Inw of nature that what ever Is heavier than water will sink If it gets u chance, or lu a seaway half :i chance. Never will there be safety on the ocean until there Is nn International commis sion, sitting permanently, with powers not unlike those of our own Interstate body, Nations which did not compel their na tionals to obey Its orders should have their vessels barred from the harbors of thoso which exacted obedience. Ono of tho llrst acts of such a commission should bo the reformation of the regulations for preventing collisions, somo of which per mit, even Invite nnd enforce disaster. Marston Nii.es. TorsitAM, Me., November 12, Hooks ami the Constitution. in tub i;pitoh ov the sun Sir.- An editorial article, "Almost by Heart," in tub sun says: "The great lawyers of mo i;oionuu period anil tho makers of thn Constitution had few, but the ilttest, noon-.; noe.v nro a lew nisi rate Hooks, it having been demonstrated bv i... formers, upllfters and eay but careful Interpreters of l,nv mid Justice that the Constitution is n ery poor piece of work at nest nnu so not adispiatn for the progress of tin. people ns exemplified In iiu .now i rei'iiom, is it not probable iii.u it our unccstois had enjoyed the nciiciii oi ine many noons that our people read so uulekly and intelligently wiiii men- ups, I hey nnulil hur m.ule I'oiistitiiiion mat would li,un stood i ethical advancement of the p.uls of v,,H- I'liedom and pleat.e those who ctown inemseives nioijcrn i.iiicoiiib; J. D. P. New Haven, Conn, November 13. SAY SEAMEN'S BILL WILL KILL SHIPPING Sandy Hook nnd Iron Striniilm.Tt Mncs Assert Thpy Mum Quit, Business. CAM, I'flOVJSIOXS I'ooi.iNii Sleunisliip Men DcMiilie e,Ts. nre ns it Club in lliiniN or flic Union. In a circular letter sent on- ti , Iti patrons nnd the officials of tue i u , served by Its Sandy Hook boats tin. tral Hallro.id of New Jersey sin , boat service musi ne nuamioneu i ,, ja Follette seamen's bill recently a-r i bv tho Scnnto and now before the II.uh Committee on Merchant Marine and l-'isi erles becomes a law. A similar on. munlcatlon has been sent out by tv I on Steamboat Compnny, which says tha' t , passage of tho bill means tho "antii'i a tlon" of Its service. As long ago ns October 2." Tin: Si n reported the opinion of W. M, Pruts, n. secretary of the American Steamship As sociation, and Capt. Georgo A, White, president of the Association of Passenger Steamboat Lines, that tho bill was serious menaco to American shipping an I that If passed It meant tho end of a- y hope of a real American merchant, ma rine. Since then representatives of the s'e , ship lines on tho great .akes nt a m... Ing In Cleveland have announced th.r '.ih passage of tho bill will be the beg n . t of the end of passenger traffic on i . lakes. A delegation has been sent P, i International Conferenco on Safe! ,, Sea, now being held in London, to r test against th moro objectionable fci. Hires of the bill. Hut It was only this week tha' r.i . steamship lines realized the eff ' -i. hill will have upon them. Thn lesilt wai a hurried campaign to Inform tho p.iiu r that what has been represented, a.-. " Ing to the steamship men, as "an inno'eti bill providing for the comfort of t . sailor and the safety of the p,i.c-,sc Is In reality "a club In th hands of , seamen's union" and that It re,ill rum . "alscolute annihilation" for man s'i .i ship lines. Call Provisions linioallile. The two provisions of the 1 .: n as applied to such lilies ns the S.i Hook, tho Iron Ste.imbo.it and the S lines, ur said to bo Impossible of ' , fllment are those which require 1 ft i , accommodation sufficient to give a s. to every pa-senger and th.it thc.e h be two able seamen' to each boit I' ' terms of the bill nn "able seama one who has had "three years e.;ie at sea " This latter provision s objected to by all of the trais.' i, lines. Just what will happe i w i!i ies.i-i the harbor steamers if the bill i law was explained yeterdav t. Mope, general passenger agent ' Central Itallrnad of New Jersey II - "It would mean, as applied to Hook steamers, that the AsVi would have to carry 120 l.ftim., s e'rew of 210 sailors, while the S would have to carry lKi llfebe. -crew of 2;i(l sailors. I'.y th -member of the flreroom force or . - . aids' department, no matter li. n -boatman he might he. would be among the able seamen. Now vv about thirty lu the deck crew ' e boat Tho added 200 sailors re i I this hill would bo not only u. les" In the way. We would slinp'y ! i-1 carry and feed them, and th's oi making tilps lasting about an ' . 1 twenty minutes, during mos-t o the boats are always In narrow 1 the waters on either side of w u so hnllnw that a vessel of any .- . not sink below the water level ' Mr. Hope said that tho add t ir ' ' boat equipment required would re ' carrying capacity of the boa s ' an txtent tli.it accommodation- ' necessary number of passengers it be provided. llo added ; "If the bill becomes tho law i . , be no alternative but to w ' i Sandy llonk steamers, an i we would be loath to take a id we believe would seriously alfe the summer communities betwee v tic Highlands and Point Ple.ia ' i- as thoso on tho south shore o' ' , Hay." Never Hare l.oat n l.lfe. V A. Hlsliop, president of ' Steamboat Company, said That the present ctew an I i Is all that is required is . v n the fact thnt despite coUNiei s. boats owned or operated bv ' .Steamboat Company In piob.i. congested waters of the wor: 1 r thirty-three seasons carried o . (12,000,000 passengers without ' - ' a slnglo life " Heprcscntntlves of the s-c . steamship lines, while mak.'ig . to the lifeboat provision of t i law, a requirement which t'.i. r -ready meet, say that the re pi , two able seamen to everv b .i impossible of fulfilment. Sever , of tlio Atlantic lines s.iid .vest. they were embvrrassed In the. , to what they believed to be an unfair measure by the fear thn' position would be mistaken f . ' tlon to measures providing f - r safety nt sea. Present Puree P.tTi-i'tlv One representative stean s said that the framcrs of tho bid had not considered at all the nr ' ards, storekeepers nnd othie employees of whom the dcvel, i the modern steamship retinitis degree of Intelligence than l ir t tho deck force. Another piovlslon of the 1 -quiring payment of one-halt' ilue tho ctew upon arrival was also criticised, the sp saying that with large nun crew Jumping ship every time New York ships would be hot i ' ually while tin. hunt for l' 1 number of A. IJ.'s went on On., of the most promliiet 1 Pintle steamship men offenil iplan for the able seamen pr.iv " li" saw nail the appioval rf lows. It was this : "I.i t the ' determine what are the neee-- cations of a boat mail Then ' ' P plng master, the buiiaq of , 1 whatever body the c.ovcn me designate, hold cx.tuiin.it s men employed on n ship, nil ' arils and others, ns well as u ' and select the evpett bo.il n ho easy In that way to piov e but tlve or mote inputs . boat." All of tlio officials of i lines wlio expressed no oi Hint If the piopos.il bill be, Its present form a considu.. 0 Hon of the traffic now 1'iiltcd Slates pons will be ' Canada. Hill lo Promote 'ul vvrnl..""' Wasiiimitom, Nov I' one gr.ede in muL of am other Prdetnl ofllei rs til 'i ciiiploved six .veils nt tmv Dm Panama Can.el -was p day In a bill by Senator Ch