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THE SUN, THURSDAY DECEMBER 4, 1018.
THUKSDAY, nnCKMHIClt 4, 1913.
Entered it the Post Office At New York Second
Class Mull Matter.
aahacrlptlnn bj Mall, Postpaid.
DAILY, IV r Month tall Ml
DMI.Y, l'rr Uar a (Ml
.SUNDAY, l'rr Vm a SO
DAILY AND SUNDAY. Ter Year K BO
DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Moolh 711
THIi LVIININd SUN, Per Month,
Till: i;Vi:.NIN'(l SON. Per Year...
Pottage lo foreign eounlrlri added.
All checks, money order), Ac., to be made pay-'
able to The Sch.
Published dally. Including Sunday, by the Sun
I'rlntlngand I'ublbhlng Association at 170 Nassau
treet, In the Horn m eh of Manhattan, New York,
President and Treasurer. William t Itelek, i;o
,a.austreet; Vice-President, Kdward P. Mitchell,
10 Nassau street: Secretary, 0. II. I.uitnn. 170
Indon office, nfnngliam Home. I Arundel
Paris ornie. (1 Hue de la Mlrhndl're. t(I Hue du
Washington onVc, HIbbs Ilulldlng.
Brooklyn office, ion Livingston street.
ff nirr frltndt tcho fator tit u-fln mimufrrfpf anil
UlusirattonM tor publication trlih to hate rtjetltd
articles returned then m jut In all f.n tend stamp
tor that purnoir.
The Wilson lint-trine of rrrsldi-ntl.il
We have been Inclined from time to
time In the course of his extraordinary
career to regard TitronoRE Hooskvelt
8h a statesman of somewhat radical
proclivities; but nothing more radical
or far reaching or extra-constitutional
can te found In any of his state papers
or public utterances than Is contained
In the thirty-three lines of I'rosldent
Wilson's message wherein he advo
cates the abolition of Presidential con
ventions and the nomination of candi
dates for the Presidency through the
agency of direct primaries throughout
It Is particularly to lie noit-il that
although there Is not a word In the
Constitution of the I'ulted States em
powering Congress to make lnws on
the subject the President deems the
matter so very simple that he urges
"the prouipt enactment of legislation"
to carry his Ideas Into effect.
For sheer Kriitlcal uudaclty this
recommendation is unsurpassed. In the
till gar parlance of politicians li Is
The notion that nomination for pub
lle olllce should be controlled and regu
lated by statute Is comparatively re
cent. Formerly any body of citizens
were at liberty to unite for any reason
they pleased ami select the candidate'
for whom they would vote themselves
and for whom they would ask others to
vote, tiHin any principle of selection
which they saw fit to adopt. In thoe
times the ballots were furnished by the
candidates or their supporters.
With the advent of the blanket bal
lot, however, prepared and printed at
the public expense, the Idea dawned
upon lcglslutors thnt they might con
trol the methods of nomination to be
folbrwed by poll ileal parties by deny
ing a place upon the ballot to any
party which refused to nominate Its
candidates except In a manner to be
prescribed by law. This was the origin
of nearly all the legislation In the State
of New York regulating nominations
by primaries, conventions and political
committees, Were It not for the power
to exclude tickets from the printed
official ballot there would be no need
for the Democrats or the llciuhllcnn
to seek tho enactment of a statute to
enable them to choose their candidates
through the agency of direct primaries
or In any other manner; they could tlo
as they liked and no one could say
them nay. Hut now It Is all very
different. The legislature practically
nays to all parties, great or small:
"Make your nominations In the way
we dictate or they shall not be printed
upon the official ballot, and you can
vote for your candidates only by writ
ing their names In the blank column
provided on the official bnllot for that
The enactment of such legislation
lias been tolerated for so many years
that iierbnps It may he assumed that
there Is no constitutional objection
hero In Now York, we mean, under the
State Constitution to statutes pre
scribing in what manner and by what
bodies nominations to office may be
made. Even here, however, It has been
expressly held by our highest court,
apeaktng through Chief Judge Cullkn
In 1910 In tho case of Callahan, that
"If the Legislature does grant to any
convention, committee or body the right
to mnke nominations, It cannot limit the
right of auch convention, committee or
body to nominate us Its candidate any
person who is qualified for the omce.
The electors have the right to vote for
whom they will for public office, ami
this right cannot be, denied them by
legislation." Similarly, they cannot
be deprived of the right to choose such
candidates as they will nntl to appeal
to the entire body of electors to vote
It Is quite clear, however, that the
Congress of the United States possesses
no such power to deal with tho sub
ject of nominations for public ottico as
Ins been exercised by the Legislature
of the State of New York. The legls-
latlve authority of Congress must be'
found In the Federal Constitution, ami
...ere , no microscope at the White
House which will enable Mr. Wit.sox
to find anv warrant In ll.e Mndmnnntal
" .s . ' !. nU'cfun
.u. iut ,.,e -.mruing innovauon no principle. We do not suggest that Con
proposes In respect to the manner of gress should put nn absolute Interdict
making nominations for President. jon refrigerators, hut their use might be
Incidentally we mav ask: Whv this restricted to the cold storage of Ice for
proposal now? Hasn't the Pemocrutlc
party enough trouble on Its hands?
A Very Old Friend,
The llnrbnra Frltchle Memorial As
sociation of Frederick. Mil., sends us a
Itonklet which contains Mr. WiiiTTticit's
poem, various ''Indorsements" of Itself
mill u.t nti WliA n .a.l ntlnn n 1
and so on. The association also says
In a letter:
"Any contribution you may lend us will
be much appreciated ; alio your intereit
nnd cooperation If desired In this patriotic)
The world has hardly space enough
If monuments are to be erected to all
the heroines nnd heroes of mythology,
even If It be patriotic mythology. Then
the memorial should he to Mr. Whit
Tint, without whose verse, which so
many of us hiie spouted when little
wanton boys, the venerable lUiuiMt.v
would Ik unknown, wanting the sacred
and Quaker bard. And at this time of
year divers persons nearer than that
ancient dame of Frederick have to be
remembered. Itcvldes. we are now en
gaged In surveying for monumental pur
poses the site where the Salem witches
Still, many excellent women and men
In Frederick town nnd elsewhere nre
hearty for Barbara's memorial. Tho
association has 400 members. A gener
ous periwigged Illusion may be better
than ugly baldheaded "fact," If fact
can le Identified. "The truth of his
tory" makes us grin ; and In bedridden
Haiuiara, a heroine of Otl, apieiired a
new ilgure of Met Ion, Your obol for Mr.
Wiiirrir'B or her, as you please and If
you please. You can get llarbitra
Frltchle the "Friktciiie" we used to
know buttons; and every true Ameri
can loves buttons. And you can send
your subscriptions to the Itarbnra
Frltchle Memorial Association. Freder
Fools at the (atc.
A ui ranger would lie likely to bcllete
Hint CvRrs I.. Sri.znntiiin Jested when
he told the conference on Immigration
at Cooper Fuloii that a woman coming
from n country where the F.ugllsh sys
tem of incasiirrnient was unknown had
lieen rejected as feeble minded because
she did not know how ninny Inches
there are In n yard. Those familiar
with the workings of the system will
credit the story without dlthVulty. If it
Is not true, it might be.
Mr. St I.7.HI act r reported another case
In which an Irish applicant for admis
sion, on Im'Idlt iisUihI how many legs a
hore has. replied, "Fight : one on each
corner ami two on each side." Ofllclally
Informed that his answer was foolish,
lie remarked that "A fool question de
serves a fool answer." He too was
"menially deficient." We hope he got
In and Is on the force now.
Questions of this kind are put. we
suppose, not for the sake of the answers
they elicit, but on the theory that they
reveal In the manner of the response
something of the victim's mental capac
ity. They seem lo bear kinship with
the occult doings of advanced psjehol
oglst.s, who can convict n man of
murder through his word associations.
Probably they nre the fruit of great
wisdom and experience, but It seems
as though the head tax might be spent
more ailvautaueously than In devising
such apparently ridiculous "test."
A i rowing Cordiality.
"Many happy manifestations," says
Mr. Wii.son, "multiply nlsmt us of a
growing cordiality and sense of com
munity of Interest among the tint ions."
Between Biisla and the Fulled
Stntes, for example. Who hns not been
conscious of that "growing cordiality"
on the purl of Itusla, ever since the
abrogation by this Government of a
Mr, Wilson might have "pointed with
prldo" to his own efforts to promote the
growth nnd warmth of that "growing
cordiality" by twice nominating for Am
bassador Protempore to Bnssln that il
lustrious statesman who la said to have
refused to be postmnster at Peoria, who
felt himself and was felt by Mr. Wil
son and the Hon. Jim Ham Lr.wts to be
a little too great for Peoria and Just
great enough for St. Petersburg.
The grucious compliment will be ap
preciated In St. Petersburg. "Her head
at the pole, her heel In Caucasus," as
Nk.ipnov sings of ltussla In "Virgin
Soli," "her heurt In Peorlu."
If the New Freedom movement Is to
Justify Itself It must become decidedly
more thoroughgoing. Take, for example,
theupitortuuity afforded to accomplish a
great reform by tho pending currency hill.
Mr. Owr.Jt nf Oklahoma In bis speech
lu the Senate made much of the point
that his draft of the measure would
abate stock speculation. Abate? Why
not abolish It altogether? .
Senntor Owen seems to have been
the originator of the Ingenious Idea that
the proper measure of the number of
reglunal hanks to be provided for tinder
the new system Is tho extent of terri
torial area. He Illustrated his Idea by
set era I examples, of which only two
need be ghen. .He pointed out that
Germany has one ''public, utility hank,"
meaning the Imperial Bank of Ger
many, all to Itself, although It Is less
In nrca than Texas, and that England,
Holland and Belgium have each one,
with it combined area less than that of
Oklahoma. The natural conclusion, to
which financial experts have not yet
come. Is that In order to uncertain Ihn
proper number of regional banks for
tut United Botes we should divide Lb 1
total area of continental America by
one-thlr.l the area of Oklahoma.
," '''' vo'.l'i'rI1
', . . . """ " '""'""
'l0m ,,K,"ta wl" ",0P fnr 1,ort of
what Is logically clemaiulod by their
the sole purpose of cooling water, chain
pngno nnd other liquids. Still, If It
should he regnrded as unwise to forbid
or limit (he use of family refrigera
tors, the most radical measures should
be adopted to check to check? tol"""1 generosity mid to the nicety of
overcome the mercenary and malicious
schemes of the proprietors nnd patrons
of tornpc ,, t0 lnoren(l, tUP
cost of living. It would probably be
futile to require -every person hiring
space In such a warehouse to declare
under oath thnt his purpose was not to
get a higher price for the article by
and by, for If that were his object he
would probably perjure himself to ob
tain the privilege. It would he better
to require a Government certificate to
be attached to each and every package
deiKislted. showing Its contents nnd the
date of storage. The law should also
specify the number of days or weeks
that a case of eggs, a box of turkeys,
a barrel of apples or any other mer
chandise that might he withdrawn from
the market In time of temiKirary glut
might remain lit storage. A statement
on the certificate of the market price
on the day of deposit would be a se
curity to the consumer. It would be
necessary to employ a (lovernment In
spector for each cold storage plant, as
there nre in distilleries, but we do not
The loss of life on the lakes by the
recent storm was attributed by an Ohio
Congressman to delinquency on the part
of the weather service, and he proposes
to have It investigated. It is a wonder
that something has not been done about
this weather service long ago. Many a
farmer has lost his hay because the
weather prognostlcators have failed to
foretell summer thunderstorms. Frosts
are not always predicted sufficiently
long lu advance to enable the cranberry
raisers to cover their plaurs. It Is
worth considering If there should not
be a law requiring local fores-asters
ami the forecaster lu Washington to
The great Coats corporation, which
controls the production of sowing thread
both In Creai Britain and in tills coun
try, has lately made Its annual rejiort.
showing that for the fifth year in sue
cession It has paid to the holders of Its
common shares a dividend of .1.-, per
cent. That Is surely too much for any
concern to make, yet the (torernnietit
of tirea! Britain, which calls Itself
Liberal. Is strangely Indifferent. Mr.
Hit van should take the matter up with
Sir KnwASD Grit.
The Real Fire Ilnrmd.
Afler twenty-seven men hail been
burned to death In a lodging house in
that city the authorities of Boston de
clared that the structure wa-s a tire
trap. There seems to be no reason to
dispute their opinion. A death list of
ill per cent. Is reasonably convincing.
Yet we fear that this city cannot
assume an attitude of righteous scorn
toward Boston. Every week the crim
inal courts Hre called on to punish fac
tory owners who knowingly violate Un
laws enacted to prevent loss of life
tiirotmn nre ami panic. What the state
oi me longing nouses is we do not
know, but unless they nre an honorable'
exception their arrangements for safety '
nre wofnlly Inadequate. How tiiiin'vi
private reside,.,. ,,, ppe,,v equl, I j
w. ... i..e ecu o ure;
There are laws enough, and the ef-
fort III enforcement Is not to be do-1
splsed. What Is lucking l an alert
public spirit Inspiring eery citizen to
lake the precautions that experience
and e.Hrl knowledge dictate.
The Glrnrlddcll .Manuscripts.
, Last July Scottish and Engli-sli men
of letters were Inexpressibly shocked
nnd highly Incensed over the sivret
sale of the (ilenrlddell manusvripts
by the Liverpool Athcmeum. To use
the words of Mr. .Ions Griiim:i. these
relics comprise "a maniiHcript volume
containing his Bprnr's selected
poems, finished as he wanted them
known by posterity, and also another
volume containing his manuscript let
ters." This largest extant collection of
Burnh manuscripts In his own hnnd
writlug was sold with privacy and the
name of the American who was re
ported to have pnld at least more than
$2,ono for them wim withhold. At
the time Lord Bosfrkrt described the
transaction as "Incredible and deplor
able." The Son expressed the trpln
ion that while a jirlvote collector or
the heir of a private collector bos a
legal and moral right to dispose of
such property for reasons known to
himself in, whatever manner and at
whatever price he may see fit, there
Is a distinct difference between the
mornl rights Involved In dlsrwslng of
art or literary properties belonging to
public und private collections.
This view Is now reenforced by the
clearing up In a measure of the mystery
concerning the disposal and the where
abouts of these precious volumes. From
the published report of the account that
Mr. John Gmnntx gave to the members
of tho St. Andrew's Society In Philadel
phia on Tuesday last we reproduce this
"Hurried rffoits were made to stop tha
transfer of the volumes, but 'the delivery
had .been made, and In the excitement
they disappeared with the unknown buyer
unhindered. Two weeks ugn I was as
tonished beyond measure by having a
dealer coma to Philadelphia nnd submit
to ma fnr sale tha missing manuscripts.
Having an aversion to the possession of
property of a certain class, I refused to
consider them ns any possible possession
of my own, priceless llioiik'li Ihcy aia,
but, ttntltMen, bars thty are, mI bj
! merchandise In the market place- and In
my ronton, mil w u n purpose wnicit
manuscript Thi ZHf nt
were the property of -Ronnie Juan.' alio
only lent them to Dr. Cfnn.r. and those
who cama aft.r ,, hlU, no Btron.r tle
to them, To whom, then, do they now
belong by right but to Hcotlitnd, whose
chief possession now la the glory of her
Immortal son? Let common Justice con
trol." There could he no more fair and ac
curate description of this whole un
fortunate proceeding than Mr. (Ininnr.!.
lias given, nnd due solely to his hand-
his attitude these rare manuscripts
will at last he returned to the!' proper
resting place. (Vjuld the iKiet speak
he would ask no more.
But the moral of their having been
"old as merchandise In the market
place" Is n arrons one nnd should not
be wasted. It Is this: If treasures left
to Institutions as gifts to be held In
reality as a trust In perpetuity for the
benefit of some particular public are
hereafter treated as wore the C.len
rlddell manuscripts by the Liverpool
Athemetim, the result will be that do
nors will be exceedingly chary In their
public bequests. And rightly so.
Two such Presidents ns Amiaham Lin
coln nnd Wooraiow Wilsom. Thn U'oiM.
"Why lug In" Lincoln?
li .Mrs. Pankiici st Ik nrrest,,! " . . i.i
..!? 'oulie.1 n'" ."nM"'," i1,"1'1"1'
i ml Political Union, "(lenernl IYoiia i
liiiUMMoNirs arnietl force, tvtw at 1'lMn
outh. will make a determined attempt at
rsoue." London frfn(rh.
It Is a very serious matter for the
"militants,;' because General Kmmk
Lt.NK has the war chest of the army with
her. good American money In checks
What nre th "points of Interest" of
the Fourth City In these fulled States,
ns commended by this community to the
attention of n representative iodv of
American business men'. Five hotels, six
theatres one. of them closed and two
breweries! SI. I.ouh f;,i(t,lle.
Only two breweries In 'St. Louis!
The wrath of our esteemed cuntetit
pornry Is pardonable. Is righteous.
The arrival In this port on Monday
or u refrigerator ship with U'.ouu qtmr-
ters of Argentine) beef on board was
i-iirerinn news to inouseneepcrs nso
elated In tho egg boycott and otherwise
lighting the buttle of lower food prices,
bllndlv iierlmn. lint li, , l... !,.., ..t
intentions, it is now said that il(,
Argentine meni. ,,e ..e ..
consigned to the big packers, w-'.io iitu
In a position to fix prices. It Is ex
plained in their behalf that the beef
from Argentina could not bring any
relief to consumers because there was
a shortage In the domestic market at
the time the reirlsernlor ship came In.
Thus another hope Is dashed.
it wns only the other day that cheaper
turkeys were promised because they
were abundant, but that wns n mis
take the weather proving too warm
for the transportation of tho Thanks
giving bird In quantities to affect fhe
market. For every high price then
Is a ready reason nowadays.
To be called a lobbyist by the lion.
John Downkt Works of California Is
the worst Insult thnt flirrortp IMnchot
has ever had to submit to. The fight ' fnr small boys In 1 S38 at the sixth nuie
ngnlnst Hntch lletchy Is evidently get- 1 "tone, situated "on Dr. Valentine Mott's
ting on the nerves of tho esthetic-. beautiful mansion wounds." ''oio- rr
' mill Vnifuirrr, May !'. 1S? Bin house
I stood at Ninety-sixth street
The British Government appeals to ' The seventh milestone was nt 111th
.... .-, ,. . . ... . . i street nnd the eighth at 13ith street,
i.e i. c ns to i up rwrynoriy in
tho matter of the home rule-titer
tangle. Its method apparently Is to
turn the Cabinet Ministers on on,, by
one, letting ench have bis different say
and hoping that one nf them will strike
o niMn tli.'it meets with Twtotilftr nti.
proval. Sir Hnw tan Ghkv, Winston
Ciit-iii-nti.t., Premier Asqrrrn have all
hinted at solutions of tin- dlfllculty or
,,"'-',tl"'' defiance, a the c.o may
,hrcn !, misunderstood man. Hint
not what he said at Leeds but what he
x.ild lit Lndybalik Is to be accepted .'
the real, genuine and original policy of
the Government, and In fact that If
only Mr Bon-mi I,w would be ruled
by his "better self everything might
be amicably composed. And yet t'here
aro complaints that the Cnltcd States
policy ill .Mexico lacks dellnltencss.
One of the advantages of the repro
duction hero of plays which bud
gained popular success In other theatres
was the opportunity It nfforded those
who had not socn the original perform
ance later to make the acquaintance
of what was diverting or worthy. But
this system may have other results, as
the presence of t'ho npp.illlug "Any
Time" nt a New York theatre this
week has shown. So the evil must
thus return with the good.
New York was a pleasanter place to
llvo In nfter this sordid study of gutter
vice hail been removed from t'ho local
stnge. lis recurrence now is illslienrt
eutng, After so much that waa vicious
had been shovelled off the tainted
hottrrtft of this city, It seemed ns If
there ought to bo a period of freedom
from such calculating expeditions of all
thnt is most vIcIouh and degrndeil lu
metropolitan life. Now this concen
trated stiidy of foul wickedness hn
been again put on view to lower tho
standard of so-called vaudeville enter
tainment, which has lately reached a
higher level of renectabillly than It
bail ever attained before. In Its new
surrounding: fills play again degrades
all who comn Into the sphere of Its In
fluence, Vaudeville Is niado Indecently
Improper by Its presence on the stago
of any variety theatre, nuillences nre
shocked by contemplating It, nnd the
motives of managers who put such u
piece before the pnbllu are open to
question. So much evil Is It ttms pos
slide for one effort at delllterate degra
dation of public taste to accomplish.
A Yankee on the Rnnery.
Toum IIIUTOR okTHS SON -Mr; Dr. Nnirje's
letter In Thk Scs uhniit ii'llrstnnr icmlmted tne
thnt n few yeain mhi I ualkril ili the westerly
Ide of tlirllowrry nnd'llilrd avenue looking fnr
lliem, I found, the tnllulnir In Histlon nnd ns
I line seen do mention of Itirlr removal I pre
sume they are there now:
The Itrtt Is on the llonery, a little belniv Prim e
street! the seiiiml on Third avenue, below Seven
teenth strrel; the third on Third iivcnuo Just
belovv'lhlrty-M'Venlh street, nml the fourth lust
below Tiny-seventh street I loul-eil no further,
Looks s. Tract,
FUM lRimir, Ms liecemher .',
Mt Kntekrr Ho nn h.ivs rics
Mr llmkei No, hut e huve phonu
grass raearm ac a
( MANHATTAN MILESTONES.
An Authnrttitlte Notice by Competent
To tii Kditob or Tits Sun Sir; The
milestones set In 1?C9 wera authorized
to bo pnld for by the city on September
(i of that year. Sixteen stones were
supplied by (leorge Lindsay at a cost
of cs lis. :d. Measuring the tllitancefrom
Federal Hall they were placed along tho
Albany post road and are shown on the
I'olles survey of 1 738 at their proper
positions. The. stone at C.'armnnsvllle, ns
related by "New Yorker," was the ninth.
The tenth stood nt present 661 West
Hi!)th sttect; the eleventh on Broadway
ot 181st street: the twelfth at Kings
bridge road and 20!th street (Inwood)
nnd the fifteenth at Albany avenue,
Kpuyten Duyvll Parkway, near the Van
C'ortlnndt mansion. The first two or
three, on the Bowery, were of white
tone, then a brown stone was used ns
far up the river ns Bed Hook, when It
nguln changed to white stone. While
the Inscriptions thereon were mostly In
Arabic numerals, occasionally Boman
lUures nre found, as on the XXIV. stone,
nl Kcursdnte. Beyond the sixteenth stone
tho posts were set by authority of the
Now as to the Boston post road. In
177S the Continental Congress provided
thnt n line of posts be Inaugurated under
the direction of the I'ostmaster-deneral
extending from Falmouth In New Kng
luml to Savannah In Georgia, and ap
pointed Franklin to that office. It Is
said that be personally rode over the
toads In n spiel. illy contrived rhnlsa
which registered by the I evolution of the
wheels the end of each mile, whete a
stone was dropped from n cart loaded
therewith accompanying him. As the
route was so long and he held office only
a eur It Is Impossible that he surveyed
Its entire length. Some of these so
ralleil Franklin milestones are still stand-
n May in. isij." the Common Council
, ,,,,nri i ,,rr,nn nf ,, ,,t
autliorUed the erectlop of a new set of
Moiies witu tne ini'sciil city null as a
starting point. Tin; location of somo of
these stones was: No. 1, Bowery oppo
rite Blvlngton street : No. 2, Third ave
nue, between Sixteenth nnd Seventeenth
streets , No. 3, Third avenue, between
' .Irty-slxth and Thirty-seventh streets:
No. 4, Third nvenue nnd Fifty-seventh
meet: No. B, Third avenue nnd Seventy
seventh street: No, (I, Third nvenue and
Ninety-seventh street: No. 7, Third ave
nun nnd 117th street. Another stone
marking the same number of miles as the
fatter was In 1!"19 stored nt 107 West
122d street. This stood probably on the '
1'astern post rond after It branched off
the old post rond near Central I'aik.
The Colics survey tines the tlte of the
third stone of the original setles at
about Twenty-fourth street te-nr the :
Junction of the Blnoinlngdnle road. The
fourth mile from Wall street was near ,
Forty-fourth street on the bitter road. I
All advertisement In the .lfenniillle Ad
vertiser tit liecemher 10. 1S1I, offend
i- ,l. r.,r,n m lil,inmln,rt.l nenr
the four mile stone, known as l.ileu s ,
farm. This confirms the location, for
this farm was owned by Medcef lelen, ,
nn llnglNhman, who died In one of the
i"'r iTinraim mm nui, uuu m ...,jn
' liiKti.ii Square ; and the farm extended
south to Forty-first street.
Tl ere was a second setles mirkltig the
distance from present City ILill My
evidence for so saying Hen In the fact
thnt. In my boyhood, I have peisonully
seen n stone which stood on the road nt
Fifty-fourth street inscribed "i tulles
from New York" and In continuation of
this line John Austin Stevens's notes
to the History of the Chamber of Com
merce, 311, states that "the Hve mile
stone stands near the corner of Seventy
fourth street nnd the liloomlngibile rond,
opposite gtounds lately owned by Tela
tiah Perlt (twentieth president of the
Chamber) and the sixth milestone nenr
Nlnetv-slxth street. In front of the in-op-
, rtv of Or. Williams." The Evening Post I
of March 24, 1 s l r. iinnouticed that John
Molr hail opened the Bloomlngdile Union
Ac.idemy, located five milts from the
city on the Bloomlngdnle load. This
nt Seventv'.fourth street Samuel
i Itemsn, A. M., opened n bearding school
, -Y, - ., , ,,,,! ,(,
Illoom'.ngdnlo and Klngsbrlilge roads nt
HorrKR Strtker Mott
or "Kicking. "
To Tiir nptTOR or Tltr. Sl'N Sir Will
you bn kind enough to punt In Tun Sr.s- I
a piotest against the ridiculous and sene-1
less kicking against the Wilson Admlnls-1
tr.ition of the Government thnt Is iludlngj
expression KUh editorially nnd b com-1
mumcitton in American newspapers. Tin: j
Sl'N Included" 1
Posslhlv kicking litis come to be such
nn Inei.nllcnblv fastened American li.tt.lt ,
that It h.is to b" emploe,l. Ill that case,
wouldn't U be the logical thing to Kick-
em selves Instead of llon?
In inn I e g.ive the government to
Itoosew-li on his saying he would m.Ke
ducks and drakes of It, and because he
did we kicked.
Ill 190 we gave It to Tftft to tepalr
the Booscvelt diimnge: and we kicked him
out when he was about ready to show
In 1S12 we gave It to Wilson on bis
piomlse to socialize it, and becnusn he Is
milking good we take to kicking him.
Some time within the next two thousand
years. If we do not In tho ineantlme go
(saving for Impeachments) to the di-m-nltioti
bowwows, as seems highly prob
able, wo may go back sufficiently to give
the government to men who ai neither
Idealists, ndventurers, mountebanks, hum
bugs, hjpocrttcs nor lunatics, but until we
do this. If there Is any kicking to do, let
us In fairness employ It upon ourselves.
O. A. APAMS.
Pnti.APStriHA. December 2.
To the rcorron or Tit n Hi'jc -Mr: Please
mention one real benefit thnt baa been
derived from the dissolution of a so-colled
"trust" bv tho United Stntes Government.
M. It LKWit.
Mai.onh, December t.
Sharp iame of Wandering Camera Men.
To tub forms or Tns Kin A'i: Street
earners mrn, taking advnnte of the children,
hnve found a lucrative field on Washlnxton
They travel In pairs. One man rtrrlo llierani
era, while the other walks ahead and solicit! trade,
hr-i tliry come upon n number of children play
ing In Uie street the solicitor makes frlrnds with
the ihlldrru. Then the man wlih the camera
niAkrs his appearance and lets up the machine
on the sldcwitlk,
"come, have your picture taken; It will not cost
anylhlnc," snvs the solicitor.
'I he children are pleased, make nn protest when
they are arranged before the camera, tint n a
group, but one at a time. The man behind the
camera gets busy and 111 a few minutes he snnps
Ihe children. The mllclior takes the nnme and
addri'jsof each child who has lis picture taken,
A few days later ihe solicitor visits the hnmei
of the children and presenting the pictures nithe
dnnra demand paMnrnt nf a quarirr for lira
copies of earh child's picture W It
nr. Voas, necen'her
I'arin eormpondtnc l.omtnn Hatlu Mail,
".New reciulls when walking out In the
town," im Mil order posted ul tha barrack
cite at ront.iliielileau, "are to taka imIv.hi.
U(e of tha shop windows to look at tha da.
lulls ot their dress and lu cms ot need r(
to correct or alter It,
"They should remember tha following
"Well dressed soldier; Ciood soldier"
Words and Places.
To the i:nnciR or Tar. hcn .sir. Hm any
one thought lo stale that the more appinpilate
name for ,evv York's principal tliornuiilifare Is
now, at least below Third street, linardway!
And lhat nfter Ihe encntailntis are coinpuird
we may abbreviate It thua, Su-b'a t i:. W,
nUSWAB, M. i Declaim t, .
A Contemporary of Mam Pat eh and Char
eter of (Saratoga Nprlngs.
To the Editor or Tub Sum Sir: I
take Issue with your correspondent who
says that "the misconduct of Sam 11111
hns become proverbial." Ho confuses Ham
Bill with Sam Patch. Ham Patch was
born In Bhode Island In 1807 and was
the original "brldgo Jumper." lie nc
uulrcd notoriety In jumping from n plat
form on the edgo of Iris Island Into the
pool nt the foot of Niagara Falls, which
was ninety-seven feet above tho water.
He lost his life In Bochestcr November
13, 1829, by Jumping below the Clcnesso
Falls at a height of 125 feet shove the
wnter. It became n proverb thnt chil
dren who acted badly behaved like "Ham
Patch," not "Ham X 111."
There may bo some reason for nsso
clatlng Sam Hill, howover, with Sum
Patch. The former wns a contemporary
of the latter and was born In Saratoga
county nnd lived In a little hamlet on the
old Hiulley plnnk rond about two miles
west of the village of Saratoga Springs
known ns HpllntcrvUle. He was a modest
and timid old man. He usually wore the
old fashioned Continental dress coat nnd
his entire costume wns diligently mended
so that ho might well havu been called
Sam Patch. Snm was unite n character
nt Saratoga Springs In Ills day and had
nlmost a national reputation or ac
quaintance, as ho had sold baskets nt
the Hprlngi for half n century. The
fastidious beaux and belles of thnt time
who made Hnrntoga Springs the (treat
fashionable centre of summer life In
America would frequently criticise tboso
that were III dressed ns "looking like Snm
Hill" not ncting like Snm Hill. Tho old
man died July 2, aged nbout 90
years. As late ns IS" his grandson, Sam
Hill third, resided nt Hpllntervillc, now
I have an oilgln.il portrait of Snm Hill
almost life size, painted from life In the
summer of 1S:!2 by n well Known artist,
who was employed to paint this portrait
by the guests of the old Fnlon Hull.
Sam Is represented as standing upon the
Ida 7.7.H of the hotel, with Congress Spring
Park lu the background. It Is said t lint
Sam was paid $5 In gold for standing
for his picture, a purse of that amount
being made up by the guests of the hotel.
For mnny years this picture, painted on
a wooden panel, hung In the ottico of the
old Union Hnll. When It was torn down
nnd replaced by tho Urnnd Fnlon Hotel
this picture came Into my possession. His
grandson. Bam Hill third above men
tioned, told me thnt his father had seen
the painting nnd had always said to him
that It wns nn excellent likeness.
Saratooa SrRlNOs, December 8.
MEX AS It HO.WK.V.
(ionil Vtord for the I'oiiquereil li a
.Member of the Victor Sex.
To tub Kpitor op Tiir Sun sir.- It
eetns to women who have time to
think thnt the most Important tiling for
patriotic women to think nbout Just
now Is the soit of men a country needs
to mnke It great. It bus nlivavs been
men that have manned the state, unless
one excepts the mythical republic of the
By the way. would It not be well to
bestow upon the Amazonian women of
to-day some fair and feitlle region
where they might build up a state upon
their own plan? They could t-st their
capacity for lighting by keeping out
male Invaders except thoi who c.nne to
dwell ns vassals nnd serfs nt their side.
It must not, however, be forgotten that
It was only a myth that such a commu
nity held together long enough to make
history. The way lu which groups of
women on both sides of the suffrage con
test have disintegrated Is balled by
loubteis us n sure lgn that the fair ate
not ready for a sustained battle
Hut contented women would say a word
for men. And that is veiv good of us.
since we are told by one K. C. Clayton
of London, famous as militant tsimh de
signer, that all men, of whatever stripe,
despise our stripe of women! Poor
spirited or not. we remember Hint the
empire builders have been men und the
doers and makers of the biggest, hardest
things. And we glorv In the fact that
women have been their helpus and In
splrers. Now there Is n change. Many
women are aiming at th belittling of
men, treating them as enemies or ns
puppets, running them down, crowding
them out. It is telling upon men. and
It l hurting bo, all this shrill wranglo
nnd nil that goes with It.
Lately nn Ante! lean suffragist said:
This Is not n sut).leet for dl'cui-slon.
livery argument aKAlnsl our voting, and
voting now, only itrenrithens our case,
bemuse It Is not a matter ef opinion or
utllltv. It Is solely a matter ef our
rlrhts. We should vote, nnd would vote.
If It sent the country to perdition.
When selfishness becomes class or
party or sex selllshness it becomes a
New York. December I.
To Tin: BtUTor. or Tltr. Pes'--Mi Tha
weaknesg of women Is that In their pub
l.c dlspl.s they too easily m.tke good
men tired The foot freo sntlilst, the
feeder on the comic, tlnds In their antics
an Inllnite le-ource Hut tli good aver
age man. lu whom an appreciation of the
com! Is .i more or loss temporary Irradia
tion of ,i predominating serlhunes of
thought, looks on the ultrnfcmlnlne wom
an with her ostentatious frivolities and
the ultrnmasculinu woman with her fu
tile, fatuous beating of feebln Intellectual
wings, with accumulating we.ulness.
Tho riaht women are not making shows
of themi-clves. Their mass kicks Im
pressive vvas of nuking Itself felt. Only
the vivid Imagination sees the counties
beautiful, sane women. The working man
must draw his ever day, direct Impres
sions of womankind from the throngs on
the streets and from the newspaper head
lines. And the average woman be sees
and rends iiKnit Mils blni with we.u-lnes.
Women are making men tlted. 1'o.r that
loason their present pcltlon lu public
vttentlon cannot be permanent. Thn
world bus n place for men bores , but
what earthly use Is theie for n woman
bore'.' I.AWItKNCK K I Mi MAN,
New Tonic, December
"Sport" In llussai'htiseits.
To tub KntViR oi-Tnn St'N--Mi-. riras
accept my conllnl thanks for the edi
torial article on the shouting of deer in
Massachusetts The conditions have been
abominable, IJxrn the iivh has lent
Itself to the loathsome di-tnilx. cine paper
laigely read thtour.b western .Massachu
setts has devoted seveial columns dally
to the slayers of these Innocent creatures,
and has pt luted the names of every Tom,
Pick and Harry who has made known that
be tired a shot, It icqulies skill to shoot
a woodebuck, but none to kill u deer. Tun
Sun's plctute of their feeding with the
farm animals and of their coming with
eutlia trust into doorynnls Is true to the
life. The week's open season has b en
replete with tev oiling and disgusting de
tails of slaughter. You nre to be con
gratulated upon holding the mirror up to
th pitiful human untitle posing lu this
pursuit as the devotee of spoit, li, II,
WH.I.IAMSTOWN, Mass., December 2,
Three Knillsh Statesmen,
To the KDlTOn or The .scn- .sir; How many
Sere those Tailor of Timley street" who, Issuing
a revolutionary proclamation, prefaced It ,y
"We, the people of I'.ngland"? An Knglishmiin
says they were "nine or ten," and I say they were
"three or four " T -
IIioorun, Decemher .1
This convention to declare the will nf
tne reopie wax composed of three mem
bers. According lo VVulali i"laiidy'
uooiv ui wniuim i iiioriuaiioti," p. r, t)
"It Is generally supposed, however, that
tha tailors writ mthlcul ei cations or
(leorge Canning (aome say Daniel O'Cun
nll) during the agltntlon for tha re
moval or Catholic disabilities."
Hallnrss and Slackness.
To the r.DITiia or Tuk Sl'N .vir; v hen i
a small boy In Ohio In the late 'nw women who
made salt rising bread wcte considered sis, u
hotuekeepeta, u u i
Kisjr You. Ueeemkoa 0.
i PERMITS LONG PIERS
Jersey Owners May Bnlltl t0
i 1807 Line, Subject to
'31 ANY INTERESTS HEARD
Col. ttlnck Point Out Dnimm
of Narrowing Hudson
! niver Fairway.
Washington, Dec, I. After a day de
voted to hearing arguments from both
'aides regarding the changes proposed in
the North. Itiver pierhead line on the Jer.
ey side by the Federal Harbor I,!n
Hoard, Secretary of War Garrison an
nounced his decision, In which he made a
considerable concession to tho waterfront
Interesls between Wechawken nnd a point
ahoiit opposite West Rlghty-slxth street,
I IntereMts nn the short front tvltl hA
mltted to build temporary piers out to the
present line, subject to revocation by th
War Department, though the line further
Inshoro proposed by the Army Engineer
Hoard shall be established as the rerun
netit line. The various Interests exprejsel
themselves ns pleased with this com
The New York Harbor I,ln Boa-4,
headed by Col. William M. Black, j.-n
posed a landward shifting of 1he pierhead
line so as to widen the fairway of Mi
tlvvr from U'eehnwken to a point onn.
site West Klghty-slxth street by fin to
I no feet. From the northern extremlt
I of this reach to Fort Ieo the army board
recommended an outward movement of
the line up to a maximum ot 400 feet at
Tho latter movement woe oppoid br
only one interest, whereas the landward
movement of the pierhead line proposed
for the lower reach was very vigorously
opposed by New Jersey State, county ani
municipal interests nnd by all the private
and enrpoute Interests.
Secretary cl.irrlson announced the fol-
llovvuu memorandum decision subject to a
j redrafting to cover details:
! "From W'eeh.ivvken to (Juttenburg I am
'vvill.ng to approvo .1 project by which th
I plvi lii'iid line proposed by tho New Yor'
ll.ii'lair I.lne Board on September 30, 1M3,
I shall be the permanent line, so to speaa
.and giant a blanket permit or permits
Individuals with the understanding ths
jll of them come ill under the s.m
blanket privilege out to the 19 plerhiMd
11. lie, tint permit to be revocable at ti
I vi lli of the .Secretary of War nnd the o-
t Miction to be removed after a du
.amount of notice to be put in the perm t
'with the ordinary precautions that t i
(iovernmeiit Insists on being put in au n
, "Fiom (.uttenbiirg I am willing to d
i the same thing wherever the New Jer.
Harbor Commission line Is to the as '
i tho line proposed by the New- York II i
trior I.lne Hoard. September .10. 1 y 13 v .
i mind Is not clear and I have not mo!., t
up as to the situation where the h e
delre les bind than Is given them ' i
, New Jenev ll.irbor Commission s r
I posed line or by the New York ll.i
I I.lne Hoard's proposed line. I shun i
to con-lder that iiuctlon further . r
teaching any conclusion.
' "I think that the New Jersey h
line commilon can get together w.to t
army emrlntois on this latter sugge-' n
of mine, b cause their llne might n w l
, be made rone dental up by lelgi,ir
and If It K then I will adopt the in.
made by the harbor board."
Col. Hlnck. in speaking as the sole
voi at" of tlm pieihead line recommer
by the board, said the army engineer
I that the time to save the river f roi
I croicliment Is now, nnd that the prot
Mine has been fixed as far shorow.v I
the lower part of the reach as pns
I without conflcltlnB with any piers alrr,id
The arguments in favor of the pronoeil
new- pierhead line were met by an nvs
lanehe of reasoning from the fio of th
interested and affected parties.
The change was opposed by the
Jersey harbor line commission nlid tfc
New Jersey riparian commission as re
tain to Impair the commercial devr' p.
ment of the Jersey water front on tie
It was pointed out lhat on the ,l--."r
side the water front Is owned by prv.it
nterost.s and development must be b-'t
piivate capital, which would be ilrif
away If menaced by the pierhead ' "
being moved shoreward aeventy f,eu r
pecl.illy buraufco the Palisades limit rrr
dev cloiuiirnt in this section.
J President Smith nnd Commlslnnr
(Saunders nnd Janklnson of the harbor l' i
i commission and John C. Pajne of C
Itlparlan commission spoke on this phise
I of Ihe situation. Joseph I'. Mrlenn e'
, ihe Hudson County Itoard of Taxation n
F II. Mcc'nuley, representlna North H'
gen and Wpehnwken, said the count ,i-t
, munlclp illtles would suffer by diminish nJ
I of taxable nreas.
I The New York Central was repreen't
by W C. Wall, counsel, and floor V
lCittrldge. chief engineer, the Krie a
Susquehanna railways by Mr Hibv
counsel, nnd the Delnware and H'i1"
I It.illroad by J, II. Khrcharl, chic' e
i P.epresentatives nf the Nw Tor-, s-l
Now Jersey commissions on lnterst.it .
ne nnd bridges appeared aga n'
change, pointing out that any udd.i'sr m
the width of the river would Increm ' '
length of the span necessary for the r
posed bridge across North Itlve- 1
thereby not only add to th erpenss u "
greatly heighten the engineering d'nV'i" e
smith ron mnr.cT.vniM unr
Speaker tlellrTea Hot, r.lynn's mil
Mill lie Passed.
Al ranv, Dec. 3.- Alfred 1" S '
Speaker of the State Assemblv en'
out uneiiulvocnllv to-night In fa or '
Cnv. (Ilvim's illiect primary bill, w' -'
abolishes party Stale convention"
"t nut In favor of thn tiovernor's b' '
said Speaker Smith, "and 1 nw f "
thnt It will bn passed nt the session '
opens Monday night. T don't believe ts '
Is so much sentiment In fireater v
York for direct primaries, but I am
vlnced there Is a real sentiment nine c
Ihe up-State peopln for a leal ststen
direct primary mensme."
Speaker Smith added thnt h hUev
theie will be n full nttendance I t'
Assembly to net nn tha Governor's rcco n
;,l'.V.V HOES TO TASIIInro
Mny nn.e W, C, Oahnru a llenit
ntislnesa Men's Committer.
Al.nss'T. Dec. 3.- (Inv. Clynn left f
Wnshlngtnn to-day. Wllllnm Church -born
of Harrison, who declined the '
mnnsblp of thn up-State Public So
Commission, may get another offei
A close friend of Ihe (lovenior s,i t V
was considering Ihe appointment o' '
Oaboin ns bend of the commute" e'
twenty-five business men who w, 1 '
appointed lo study and reform tho h
less methods of the State departing"
Merenth Hour Help In an Illinois nn!
From III (Ullnplt Sent
We had n dlckani of n I tin till-
With tha wek'a edition on tha pir
Just started, two Una oiludtrs dei-l
break tn two Wa despaired of get t
nn tln.a. but It, l Mil'ale was soon
Job. Alter rrinthlerntil i uasiug nn his c
and on the pM ut ili. utTlra lor e
can In riiunlns onlei sguln