Newspaper Page Text
THE WEATHER FORECAST.
Cloudy to-day; warmer to-morrow, proh-
ubly rain or snow airtight.
beMM on pc
Detailed weather reports will be (MM on ciee IS.
VOL. LXXXI. NO. 145.
NEW YORK, FRIDAY, JANUARY 23, 1914. Copyright, 19H. by the Sun Printing mill Publishing .ls.ii;lnlton.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
rA-iiuvci'iior Swears That
)liirpli.v OriUii.i'd Scheme
lo Lout State.
I'KIMniKl!. CKIKS f'HIKF
21- Officials and Contractors
Arc Indicted in Suf
;jAM l.AKCKXY CIIAlttiKI)
)lslit lliirlnvn.vs Found to Hnvo
ItiMMi Const Hided Far t'n
Lv-Cnvernnr Sulzer nppenred before
the Cininil Jury jeslerday and swore
that Charles F. Murphy, lender nf Tam
many ltnll. organized .a scheme tn loot
the State of New York.
Sulzer Mill lie would produce docu
mentary proof of his charge. He added
thn Mitiphy forced him out of the
CAec utlvc chair because he refused to
Jo n tint loot conspiracy.
The former Governor repeated his as
Frtlnn thin .lames K. Gaffney tried to
linld up James C. Stewart for JUiO.000
nt Murphy's holiest.
The Tammany lcarir denounced Sul
zer ns a liar and perjurer and an
munccd his willingness to bo on the
stand and sweur that the charge Is
It is believed that Mr. Whitman Is
li'ldtng In reserve Senator O'Gorman,
whose testimony he expects to be th
trump card In the Kraft Investigation.
The special Suffolk county lirand
Jury returned Indictments yesterday
nsalnst twenty-four Stato officials and
cintractors. Seventeen of the indict
nents charge conspiracy, six grand
larceny and one malfeasance In office.
Among those indicted were, friends of
bctli Murphy and Sulzer.
GRAND JURY HEARS SULZER.
Ei-Ontrrnnr Arenaea Murphy of
t'litiaplrltiK In l.ool Stntr.
William Sulzer told the (irand Jury
jestcrday that he was removed ns fiov
ernor ns the lesult of a conspiracy. That
conspiracy, he said, was framed because
he had refused to do the bidding of
Charles Murphy, lender of Tammany
Hall, .and Join In a scheme to loot tho
Tho (Irani! Jury showed Itself ready to
Investigate, the conspiracy charge to the
bottom. Mr. Sulzer was asked to produce
whatever documentary proof he had and
he. salt lie had certain papers to sup
port his charges. He promised to do so.
and District Attorney Whitman has an
nnunccd himself as ready to sift overy bit
of legal evidence hearing on the charge.
Mr. Sulzer repeated to tho Grand Jury
the story ho had told on the previous day
before Magistrate. McAdoo In regard to
tho alleged visit of James K. Gaff
ney to James C. Stewart, wealthy canal
contractor, seeking 100,000 as a bonus
fir two promised contracts for work on
tho bargo canal.
Murphy L'nlla Knlsrr I.lar.
diaries F. Murphy made an emphatic
'alcmtnt Hstcrd&r ki which he called
Mr. Sulzer a liar and a perjurer, and said
thai every word of the ex-Governor's
tettlmony In regard to "Gaffney or war"
nm! other things was absolutely false.
He bald ho Is ready to waive Immunity
hi 'l testify in tho John Doe proceedings.
'' hem Is a strong probability that Mr.
J irphy will bo a witness. Whether It
he on a subpiena or by voluntary np
I ' i.nco or on an Invitation from Mr,
Whitman remains to be determined In the
curto of the Investigation.
iv t'.ilor James A. O'Gorman, who was
ni tinned by Sulzer as the person who
r Inui that "Gaffney" was Murphy's
i t.'i m, sent vvoid to Mr. Whitman that
1m s ready lo testify. The plan.
however. Is to keep Mr. O'Gorman back
for a few weeks until other witnesses
have been heard, and he can clinch or
d'i roy much of the, testimony that has
b-"ii lVt ii,
uothur important development of the
tl. . was the unofficial Information thai
ii"he( .Mr. Whitman that James J.
S' wart and Gaffney are well acquainted.
Whitman will mako a careful In
aiy into that feature, Mr. Stewart hav
S t-ald he, could not Identify "OafTney"
ii the man who had asked him for
IIiij'm lift eluuniriiU Important.
'I ie day's dcve'opmenls wre reguided
iitiing an important bearing on two
' i, oui. Tliey dealt with the, chuiges
.i ' G.ilTne) Iii icaid '.o seeking a
i;.. i-.Mun fiom Mr. Stewart as a reward
i contracts that might he cwurded
t ui and are besides in line ullh the big
iii.ir .Mr. Whitman has 'ji mind of
- it posMhlu to link a number of poll
i in oim Indictment charging . gen
"tiMdiucy to lout the State. Whether
1 this ulll he pOMilhle Mr. Whitman
nut say, but he Is carefully .sifting
'a hit of evidence, not only In regard
ii' or tun men hut with the view of
i - H3 a blanket Indictment.
I coutiilracy charge which Mr. Sill-
r makes Ik regarded by many lawyers
in Important feature of tho plan for
il.mket Indictment and thus explains
V.hitr. Ktn'n readiness to go Into It.
li sioiy which Sulzer related he went
o tin- alleged meeting of politicians at
I'lioiueo's hmt May when It was agreed,
s ' i- (.a, to Impeach him. He loferred
' i.i-i'iic WooiI'h letter to John A. Hen
.ui lliu tlibt source of his Informa
nt that point mid ho ugieed to pro-
"wi went Into lliu details of tho nc
i tk.'ii lo him by John If. Delaney,
c'uiithiucd on fourth Pagt,
SITLZER'S SPONSOR RESIGNS,
n .oh for slelntllcr'K I'lillimrn, So
llr Quits na Lender,
William Kulzer's t'losrestlvn stmtmor nfl
the Kant Side. Max Stelndler. Ii out of his
ol its district lender In the Sixth, He
sns that neither lie nor Sulzer could land
Xllccs for the men of the Sixth dlMHet
mid o theie vvn no living with the local
ommltteemen. Stcindler icslgned mid
now he ajs there can't hp a Progressive
organization tlieie any more, for what Is
an organization without Join?
Ntelhdler'a resignation was accented hv
the executive committee of the ProgrcsMve
county committee lost Monday. Francis
Hlrd and oilier leaders had no objeo-
ions, because Stclndler fought them In his
nomination ()f Sulzer.
Stelndler. who was his own candidate
for Alderman, was defeated by Frank
Ootzler, candidate of Saniuet S. Koenls.
GIRL, 12, SAVES BROTHER, 7.
l'ltiiiKra into ,. Water nnd lira.
etien liny nt Hlsk nf 1,1 rV.
PoL'tniKKErsiR, N Y.. Jan. 22. Kllza-
beth Fisher, 12 years old. tn-day saved
her brother Malcolm. 7. from death by
drowning- In rishklll Creek at the risk of
her life, breaking through the Ice under
which the boy had fallen. Itoth were ex
hausted, but seemed none the worse to-
Tho pair left home early thla morning
to attend school. Being late they took the
short route, crossing the creek, only par
tially frozen over. Malcolm fell through.
Elizabeth threw aside her books and
plunged Into the water after him. After a
struggle she managed to reach tho shore
with her brother, who was unconscious.
BRITISH CABINET HAS
Some Heports Say All Difficul
ties llcnrdinsr Naval Qucs
tion Were Settled.
Special fnliU Denpatch to Tne Sr.
lx).vtox, Jan. 23. The Cabinet, which.
according to the opposition newspapers.
Was to thresh out the crisis over the naval
Increase, sat for two hours yesterday, but
no one outside the Ministerial circle knows
anything as to what actually happened.
Tho newspapers contain tho most con
tradictory reports as to the discussion of
a subject which threatens to spilt tho
Cabinet and perhaps the Liberal party
Into Churchill and Lloyd George factions.
The Hadlcal Bnljiy .Vrics onrf Leailer says
that all the difficulties arising out of the
big or little navy question were adjusted
and that the Cabinet sanctioned an ar
rangement which had been made prior to
the. meeting between First Lord of the
Admiralty Winston Churchill and Chan
cellor of the Kxchequer Lloyd George, by
which :50,000,000 will bo allotted to the
navy, with a supplementary estlmato of
15,000,000. This Is to be followed by a
substantial reduction In the navy expends
ture for 1915 and 191fi.
The Vnily Chronicle, another Radical
paper, says the Cabinet, contrary to ex
pectations, tlid not give any special con
sideration to tho naval appropriation. Us
time was mainly occupied In a discus
sion of the arrangements for business at
tho coining session of Parliament and
The Unionist press asserts In varying
terms that the navy question was dis
cussed but that a decision was post
poned. One Minister on leaving the meet
ing answered a reporter's question as to
what the Cabinet discussed by saying:
"We discusted the milk and dairies bill,
Mr. Churchill and Mr. Lloyd George left
the meeting together, talking amicably,
GLYNN ASKS LABOR FOR ADVICE.
Tell -Tollers lo grlrrt Man for
Albaxt, Jan. 22. "If the lsbor men
of New York State will unite: upon one
man and tell me whom they desire to be
a member of the Workmen's Compensation
Commission I'll appoint him," said Gov.
Glynn to-day to a delegation of paper
makers who called In the Interest of la
bor legislation and the appointment of
a labor man ou tho compensation board.
"No less than eight men." said tho
Governor, "have been recommended for a
place on this commission and all have
good backing. I will appoint the one I
The papermakers urged the Governor to
favor an eight hour law for men who aro
engaged In Industries which operate day
TO TEACH BOYS HOW TO SEW.
Minnesota Youths Will Take Dp
.w Course To-iniri-o.
St. I'aim,, Minn., Jan. 22. In the future
tho Minnesota boy may sew his own
buttons, keep his own pockets whole, darn
his socks and do his own patching. A
movement to teach sewing lo boys will
be under way Saturday when a class
of youths at the Minnesota School of
Agriculture take up the work.
Mrs. Margaret J, Illalr, domestic sci
ence director at the agricultural school,
has Introduced the sewing course, believ
ing the needle knowledge will b valu
able to boys living nway from home.
UKASE BARS SLIT SKIRTS.
Austrian I'trld Marahnl Forblila
Noldlera' h lo Wear Them.
Sptrlat Cable Despatch to The Scn.
HimAPEST. Jan. 22. Field Marshal
Fekete, the commander of the garrison
here, has Issued tho following :
"Whereas cortaln young women have
carried their devotion to the prevailing
IllOUe tu ewv . ..w.. - . ..,.vm, , oi
Bklrts and thus have overstepped tho
ruriiiest iiiiii.n " , mm uutvji
In tho Officers' Corps,
"All military men are commanded to In
form the women of their families and all
women who aro Invited to military func
tions that slit skirts are not permitted."
MAIIIII BAK NKW OKI.KAKN, ,..
KU.ln Kounil Trip.
From New York via MOtlTHBIlN RAILWAY.
Ticket" on ! V:. 16 Three dally
through trains tarh direction. Pullman slaep-
lug ears, uinins ur nr'in, . I. Urnct,
III I'ittn Avt cor.-lltn U.Aiv,
PARENTS' LEAGUE TO
HALT CHILDISH PACE
.Mrs. .Toll n Henry lliiintiKHiil
Heads Organization to Curb
Late Hour Parties.
DANCING TO RK CKXSOltKU
('oopera lion Willi Teaeliers
I'rjreil in Devising
"We hope to make It fashionable to he
sensible ami unfashionable to be foolish"
said Mrs. John Henry llnmmond yester
day in outlining the plans nf the I'nrents
League, which has been formed by men
nnd uomen prominent In New York so
ciety for the purpose of uniting parents
and teachers in establishing wholesome,
common sense standards for tho education,
amusement and homo life of children.
At her home, 9 Kast Ninety-first street,
Mrs. Hammond, who is the president of
the league, nsked Tub Sr to make It
clear that the lengue linn no uso for
faddish or freakish suggestions nnd that
the movement was begun only after she
and her associates Jn the work realized
the. Imperative necessity of Interesting
fathers and mothers and tenchrrs In old
fashioned simplicity and reasonableness.
Some of these nssnclafes nre t.'nrl A.
oo GersdorfT, Mis. Walter Dnmrosch, Mrs.
Frederick W. Lord. Henry I'. Davison, Mrs.
William A. Kca.l. Mrs. Pnyno Whitney,
Mrs. lid win O. Holler. Mrs. Walter
II. James, Mrs. Ollvtr (5. Jennings, Dr.
I.lnsley It. Williams, Mrs. Kllwood Hen
tlrlck, Mrs. John Sherman Hot and Pave
Devoted In School Children.
"The league's work for the proem will
have to do with children of school age."
said Mrs. Hammond. "The debutante
problem wo will not take up until some
time In the future.
"Utst March a number of parents nnd
teachers met one evening it t the Cos
mopolitan Club to consider how best to
solve problems presented by the theatre
going nnd the late hours kept by boys
and girls, especially during tho Christmas
nnd Kaster vacations. As a result of
tho discussion the teachers vvete asked
to embody their suggestions In a letter.
Thirty-two principals of the lending
boarding nnd dnys schools compiled.
"On November 24 a meeting of parents
was called by MJss Spence and Miss
Chnpln and It was decided to organize a
parents' league. On December 16 the
league was organized by ninety parents,
who became charter members. Oltleera
und n count 11 were, elided nnd committees
on music, theatre ond recreation were ap
pointed. Thirty-three principals of the
leading boarding and tiny schools were
elected to associate membership. There
are now 3S5 active members nnd f! as
Crura llrlurn lo Simplicity.
'The league does not propose to reor
ganlzo the home, hut It seeks to. make
conditions outside of the home conform
as far us possible through cooperation of
parents and teachers to the standard of
the home and of the leading schools of
tho country. The league hopes to estab
lish simple, wholesome customs onlv by
enlightened public opinion. Our platform.
If It may be called a plntfoim, can be
presented as follows;
"We believe that boys and girls of
school age should refuse all Invitations to
parties, theatres. 4c. during the school
term except occasionally on Fridays and
Saturdays, ami that parties and theatre-
going bo limited during the holidays.
"We think that parents should arrange
simple and appropriate form of recrea
tion for the children: for Instance, at
tendance at young ix-ople'a concerts, visits
to the country, museums and places of In
terest, nnd that they reserve tlm during
the holidays to Join their children In such
Dauelnir In llr .Huprrt laerf.
"We want patents to advocato lea
able hours for beginning and ending
dances for oung people, that the hours
be stated In nil Invitations anil that the
manner of dancing be carefully iier
vised. We have not considered It neces
Bury ua jci to mane suggestions ns
legards various modern dances. Such
matte! s can probably bo luft to the good
taste and good tense of patent and
teaciieis. ah uiu i cute 10 say on the
subject Is that some of the new danccjt art-
very benutlful nnd graceful and thut they
ate perfectly proper If properly super
"We luive. a theatre committee for tlm
purpose of sending bulletins nt tegular
Intervals to nil active members of the
league suggesting the most suitable plays
for ydung people. Our committee names
only plays that children may seo without
harm. It Ignores objectionable plays. In
one of our last bulletins, for example, we
recommended Korhes-Itobertson In his
repertoire; "Seven Keys to Italtlpato,'
"Grumpy," 'Teg o" My Heart," "I'otash
und l'erlniutter," "The Things That Count1
and tho Hippodrome. Wo recommended
In the way of music the opera In Kng
llsh at tho Century Theatre and concerts
of tho Oiatorlo Society, of the Philhar
monic, uml of the Symphony Orclustru, us
well ns recitals by Ycaye, Mlscha Klmnn,
prits nreisier ami tuny t. neainam,
"We wim t parents to confer frcuucntlv
with tho teachers of their children and
to cooperato Willi (lie teachers in unhold
lug the rules and standards of the schools.
"We ask that articles bearing on vital
oucstlons relating to tho upbringing and
education of children be circulated among
the nctive nienioeitt or uie league and
thut tho members hold Informal incut-
I nun for the discussion of these tiuestlotiH
"Wo will seek the cooperation of bucIi
organizations us the Junior League nnd
tho nlummu associations of the schools.
In order that tho sons nnd daughters may
work In sympathy nnd cooperation with
their parents toward a common end."
Active membership In the league Is open
lo any parent In this city or vicinity, or
having children who attend school In New
York, who Is In .sympathy with the object
of tho league. The rfueH for active mem
bers are 5 n year.
ItOTUL INDIAN HIVKIt.KOrKI.HIHlK.rXA.
mtr owin. booklet on utLWUT,-A4v .
HUERTA WARNS EDITORS.
! Mnat I'nvtir llltn or Papers
Will llr dnppreaaetl,
Sprual Cahle Hetpatch to Tint ftis
Mr.xtfi Cirr, Jan. 22. The members of
the Cabinet had no time to give out news
to-day nnd devoted all their time to warn
ing editors ninl correspondents that the
Government would suppress nil news
paper In this country nnd expel nil cot-j
respondent of papers In other countries
who did not favor the present administra
Thrio ate ruinois In circulation nf an
Intrease !n taxes of nit kinds. These,
hnve caused it most pessimistic feeling, :
while the Government's tack of funds to
pay the nrin.v or postal money orders nntl
other obligations makes the outlook al
most tlepentte. Theie Is reason to be
lieve that n crash wilt come within forty
NOBILITY HAS A BAD DAY.
Members nf Well linnnn I'amlllra
Injured llotisledtllnu nt t. .Morlta.
liptiinl Cti'itr letUcK tn Tnr. Ses
St. Moiiitz. Jan. 22 The nohtllty fared
badly bob sledding here to-day. I'rlnce
Antolnv of Orleaus-llrng-anza received a
bruised nose. Count Adalbert von Stern
berg suffered nn Injury' to his shins, while
Count Ha ranbtiro dislocated his shoulder.
Tho I't Incest Krlca of Hohenlnhe sprained
her wrist and I'rlncvss Frederick Charles
of Hohenlnhe bruised her rhtns.
Among the commoners who Indulged In
the srort Stewntt Dawson suffered con
cussion of the brain, while M. Ilatallle, a
1'arMnn. broke his nose. .
LIKELY TO FAVOR BILL
HOLDING RADIUM LAND,
CoimuitttT Kxpected to Report
for (tovernnif nt Ownership
of Needed Ore.
Washington. Jan. 22 The Committee
on Mines and Mining gives evidence at
every tuin In the Investigation nf the
radium business of an intention to make
a favorable report on the bills advocated
by Secretary of the Interior Lane, reserv
ing to the Government lands containing
radium bearing ores,
The testimony of the witnesses and ad
vocates of a policy of State rights and
noti-liiterferencehy the Federal authori
ties wax taken, but the questions asked
the opposing witnesses by the committee
men indicated that favorable reports
would surely follow.
The Colorado members of Congress and
J. M. Flannery, president of the Standard
Chemical Company, told the committee
that they thought the general proposal
of Secretary Linn went outside the nat
ural authority of tho Federal Govern
ment. Chairman Foster retorted by dis
closing that he saw In the unrestricted
monopolizing of the radium business by
Flannery nnd his colleagues vast for
tunes for the heads of the companies.
He Indicated that he disapproved of
Flnnnery s attitude on the possibility of
the Standard company having to pay roy
allies to the Government.
"Shortly you will see," said Chairman
Foster, "that these radium people are
putting on the market a lot of radio
octlve waters, radium pnds and the like
The possibilities for the aggregation of
tremendous fortunes nre practically with
All efforts to elicit from Mr. Flannery
a designation of the Identity of the man
who, he says, Is ready to donnto 115,000,
000 to the establishment of twenty can
cer hospitals throughout the United
States where the radium treatment might
bo given free to cancer sufferers) failed.
Mr. Klannery said that the donor wa
neither Henry I'hlpps nor Henry C.
Frlck, but both of thosn gentlemen had
anticipated Mr. Flannery with explicit
JOHN H. DAY DIED OF NEGLECT.
Snn nf Clianrrllnr'a Brother Left
lloily- tn Nlrnnirrra In Weal,
Suattu;, Jan. 22. John II. Day, who
tiled lit ntglcct In Auacnrtes, near here,
on December Ji, was identified as a brother
of Chancellor James H. Day of Syru
cuso University In u letter received to
day from tho Chancellor. John II. Day
traded his faun at Demlug, Wash., for a
hotel In Auacnrtes In November,
On the evening of his death Koscoe
Day, a son, without arranging anything
for the burial, disappeared after dispon
ing of hts father's property nnd has not
been seen since.
The body lay tu nn undertaker's s"hof
for two weeks, ledgers finally took up a
collection and burled Day at Deining on
December 2S. Identity was established
through pit pei a found In his effects.
WEST POINT COASTERS HURT.
Four Army Offlcera and Three Wom
en on .Metl Collide With Cotter.
West Point, Jim. 22. A party of army
ollleers attached to tho post here who
woro coustlng on u bobsled met with a
serious Hccldeut hero this afternoon. Four
otlleers and three -vvlvea of oltlcer. were In
jured when the sled collided with a cut
ter. Lieut, James G. Steese suffeied a
broken leg. Mrs. George Vldmer, wife
of Capt. Vldmer, was thrown on the hard
ttnow and badly shaken up. Mrs. George
H, Ualnl nnd Mrs. W, A, Johnston were
lkitli badly brulstd. Lleuts. Ilalrd, Daniel
I. Sultan nnd Capt, Frederick Downing
wero the other ollleers hurt.
SUBMARINE 20 FEET IN MUD.
Ktrrn t'nuuht While now Points
llunnrtl nt Nbarp Ancle.
Special Cable Hetpatch to Turn Sck,
Plymouth, Jnn. 22. Divers who have
examined tho sunken submarine. A-T In
Whltcsand Day say the stern Is sunk
twenty feet lit tho mud itnd that tho bow
points' upward "at an oiwle of 30 to 40
UiTe. Ur ulvue will bo very dlfflcutt
WILSON'S TRUST POLICY ATTACKED
BY TAFT'S ATTORNEY-GENERAL
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Copyrlrhl ly Harris ft Cnlng.
Measures Create Interstate Trade Commission. Pro
hibit interlocking Directorates. Define Mo
nopoly and Forbid Unfair Practices
WASHINGTON, Jan. 22. THE SON herewith presents the text of the four
bills that embody the supplementary anti-trust legislation recommended for enact
ment in the address delivered to Congress by President Wilson on Tuesday.
The terms of these measures were agreed to at a conference held to-day by
Democratic leaders of the Senate and the House. They have been approved by
the President. Tho bills may be briefly summarized as follows:
First A bill creating the Interstate Trade Commission.
Second A bill to regulate directorates of corporations and to prohibit inter
Third A bill defining unlawful monopoly or restraints of trade.
Fourth The trade relations bill, which among other things forbids unfair
trade practices, such as underselling in one locality to stifle competition and recoup,
ing the losses thus sustained by raising prices in localities where there is no
The bill forbidding interlocking directorates provides two years of leeway,
during which the holding membership on the boards of directors of interstate coal,
steel and iron, common carrier corporations, banks and trust companies may be
A second section of the bill specifically forbids the holding of directorships by
one individual in two or more financial institutions enjoying the protection and pro
visions of the new currency law.
A fine of $100 for every day during which the provisions of the foregoing sec
tion are violated is provided. A fourth section establishes the dictum that dis
obedience of the eliminating provisions of the measure shall be sufficient to con
stitute conclusive evidence of infringement of the Sherman anti-trust law itself
by the corporations whose boards contain duplications of individual directorships.
The bill to make clearer the definition of monopolies and restraints of trade
specifically forbids the following:
Combinations to create or carry out restrictions in trade or to acquire a monopoly
in any interstate trade, business or commerce; to limit or reduce the production or
increase the price of merchandise or of any commodity; to prevent competition in
the manufacturing, making, transporting, selling or purchasing of merchandise,
produce or any commodity; to mako an agreement, arrangement or understanding,
directly or indirectly, to prevent the free and unrestricted competition in the sale,
production or transportation.
The penalties for violating any of these provisions run aguinst any person,
firm or corporation, and the fine shall not exceed $5,000, with imprisonment for one
year as an alternative, or both penalties, in the discretion of the court. A section
of the bill makes the officers, directors and agents of the corporation equally guilty
with the corporation for any acts proved against the corporation.
The trade relations bill proposes to add five sections to the Sherman law, de
fining what shall be classed as unlawful trade practices.
Another section of this bill permits an injure party to take advantage of proofs
established by the Government as to the character of any unlawful combination
in the suit against such corporation to recover damages under the Sherman law.
A section of the anti-trust programme specifically prohibiting holding companies
is to be added later.
GREAT POWERS OVER TRADE.
aa a Itrarnlntor.
Wasiiinoton, Jan. 22. The, Interstate
trade commission hill provides for five
commlstlonern, of whom onn-shall be the
present Cominlesloiier of Coriioratlons,
Who Is Joseph K. Pavles of Wisconsin,
nnd ho Is designated its chairman of the
Tho commission will be bipartisan, for
the bill provides that "not more than three
shall be members of tho same political
party." The bureau of corporations will
cense to exist its such with tho passage of
tho act and bocomo tho basts of tho or
ganization, of tho new trade commission.
All tho members of tho commission will
be appointed by tho President,
Tint chairman of tho commission shall
hold for seven years. The others shall lie
appointed in tho following order: One for
three years, one for four years, one for
five yeans and one for six years. There
after, as the terms expire, each commis
sioner shall be appointed for a term of
Alter the term of the present Coraruls.
sinner of Corporations expires ns halnnan
of the body, tho chairman thereafter shall
be elected by tho members. The. commis
sioners tvill eaeh have a salary of $10,000
Tho commission receive the broadest
Inquisitorial powers to lnvu.1tlg.1to the
it (Titlm of corporations engaged In Inter
state and foreign commerce, except com
mon cnnleif, and penalties itio provided
for corporations or Individuals who refuse
to furnish information when requested so
The bill provide that tho information
thus obtained by the commission shall bo
mado public In tho discretion of the com
nilslon. Tint commission is authorized to
go Into the Federal courts nntl by manda
mus compel corporations and Individuals
to open their books anil furnish Informa
tion. Full power to require the attendance of
witnesses and compel them to testify be
fore the coinmlsiduii Is conferred on the
new trade commission, with the follow
ing enactment ou the subject of Im
munity: "Thu claim that any such testimony or
Continued on Second Pago,
Wit.'krrslinm Brands His
Finns Needless and
S HEIDI AX LAW TjTHELD
Definition of Crimes the
President Asks Called
SKKS PLASH WITH STATES
Vnst Harm to Private Interest
Feared in Fruition of
fienrpr If. Kkkcmlinm. Attnrnny
Ornertll during the Administration nf
Prrrtdcnt ''aft. under irhosr dlrectirm
many Important tnltx trerc canductrd
by the (iitfcrnmrnt 11pni11.1t rnrnorih
fon. accuxrd nf rlntatlno thr. Sherman
anti-tmst lair, gave, tn Tiib Srw fcs
tr.rday an interview enmmentina upon
President Wilson's message dealing
irith Industrial corporations.
The four hills that embody the anti
trust legislation recommended hii Prov
ident Wilson were made ntiftffo fa
Washington last night and are pub
lished in Tnr. Sf.v this morning.
Mr. Wlcl crsha m's Interview follow.
"After the first pleasant Impression
produced by the literary excellence of
President Wilson's" message, to Congress
on the subject nf 'Uuslness Legisla
tion' evaporates' the Inquiry nrlsea In
one's mind whether, after all, the mes
sago carries n rellablo quality of 'sweet
reasonableness' or If Its sweetness Is not
rather that of a species of Intellectual
chloroform calculated to lull the critical
faculties Into more or less Insensibility
to the really radical and far reaching
suggestions embodied in the somewhat
nebulous and agreeable languago of th
"At the outset it may be naturally
asked what It Is that lias brought the
masters of business on n great -calc. In
the President's opinion, to yield their
preference nntl purpose perhaps their
Judgment also 'In honorable surrender'
to the Government,
Probable Canae of Surrender.
"Onn who during four strenuous yenrs
was called upon to direct tho enforce
ment of the Sherman untl-trust law
may bo pardoned If ho points to the ac
complishments of that period as the
probnblo reason for this spirit of sui
render referred to by the President. In
his opinion, tho decisions scoured by ths
Government from tho Supremo Court
during the Inst national Administration
In tho cases ngainst
Tho Standard Oil combination, the
Tobacco combination, the Union
Pacific-Southern Pacific combina
tion, tho St. Louis Terminal Asso
ciation and tho so-called Hath
as well ns tho decisions In the suit
against the anthracite coal combina
tion, antl In affirming tho unlavvfulneM
Qf pools anil corners In tho prosecution
of tho members of tho so-called cot
ton corner pool, aro responsible, for this
honorablo surrender, for those, tie
cislons mado very clear nnd certain the
meaning of that law. Tho voluntary
submission to tho requirements of the
Deportment of Justlcn embodied in the
decrees entered 111 the Ciicult Courts liy
consent of tho defendants during tha
Tuft Administration ngulnst
Thn Fleet rlo lump miimifacturcrs.
tho l'aclllc Coast Plumbing Sup
ply Association, the. Southern
Wliolesitlo Grocers Association,
tho Aluminum Company of Amer
ica, the, manufacturers of ready
print ami print pinto manufac
turers, tho manufacturers of
shoes and shoo lasts, tho Hur
rough's Adding Machine Com
luiiy anil tho American Coal Tar
besides tho voluntary dissolution with
out decree of the National Packing
Company and tho distribution of Its
moro than sixty millions of osetH in
dlciito u pretty clear idea In thu mind
of a very largo number of business men
of tho rffcctlvo character of tho law.
If tiny further demonstration vveie neo
cssury It was furnished by the volun
tary submission to the sentence of the
court upon the Indictments of
Members nf tho Imperial Window
(ilass combination In November,
1'JIO; members of the various wire
pool associations In June, 1911,
members of tin association of
fruit producers In Oregon In Feb
and the conviction by Juries nt
Members of the so-called Hath Tub
trust In Detroit In January, mil!,
and of tho officials of thn National
Cash Hcglster Company in Cin
cinnati In February, 19 111,
followed by sentences to terms of im
prisonment and heavy tint's,
nirrmr Court lew Clear,
"Tho Supremo Court of the I'nited
Stutes in November, 1912, referred to
Its previous decisions ns having de
monstrated 'the comprehensive und thor-