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THE SUN, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1914. Pirates' Buried Bullion May Be Found on Palmyra Island An Old Sailor's Account of a Cargo of Gold and Silver and a Ship wreck in the Pacific By C'APT. V. I). WALK lilt. IN the year 1816 the Spanish ship Espcranzn Killed from I'oru with a cargo of bullion and other mer chandise. The value of the silver atone was more than 1,500,000 pesos, with Kold of iihotit the same amount, The vessel wan hound for the East Indies, On the fourth day after leaving Peru she was raptured liy an independent cruiser. The engagement was severe on both sides. The Injury to the cruiser was such that she was abandoned, the captors boarding the Espcranzn and shaping her course for Macao. The crew of the Esperanza Joined their captors and were to have their share of the prize. On the forty-third day nfter leaving the South American coast It was blow ing fresh, with constant rain. At I A. M. the vessel struck a sunhen coral reef, the sudden stoppage of the ship causing the mainmast to break, thus rendering It helpless. At daybreak the ship was found to be In the centre of a reef some three miles In diameter, with hillocks of land about one tnlle to the eastward. On clearing away the wreck it' was found possible to haul her off, but the crew found it Impracticable to continue the voyase owing to the several leaks which she had sprung. So after some four days of Incessant toll she wns warped close to the beach of one of the small islands nnd then dismantled. The treasure was taken out and fairly divided; the silver was burled In a se cure place, hut the gold was apportioned among the men. I lie men men mint a small vessel from the wreck, and on the nineteenth day they launched their craft. Their provisions had been scarcely touched, as fish on the Island wns abundant and of good quality. The total number of men was ninety on landing, the losses during the en gagement having been very heavy. Of this number eighty embarked, having provisioned their craft, and each man took his share of gold with him. They sailed on the 120th day from the, date of the wreck, leaving ten men be hind to be eventually taken off when a aultable vessel could be found to remove them and the buried silver. About one year from the date of the departure of the main body from the Island the remainder of the men, who nau mini inemscives comrortanie quar ters from the wreck, became so tired of waiting that they resolved to build another small craft, which they did. It took them three months, and draw ing lotH as to who should go. having previously arranged that four should remain on the island, six of them sailed away. On the thirteenth day after leaving a storm arose ami two men were washed overboard, the mast was blown away, and the survivors drifted they knew not where. As their ntotk of pro visions was spoiled they became ill, but by the wilt of Providence an Amer ican whaler picked them up. After n few days from the time of their res cue one died. The other lingered till the arrival of the ship nt Mission City (now San Francisco), at which place he was given in charge of the Mlselon hospital. He died on the thirtieth day after his admittance. Previous to his death he confided to his attendant the particulars of the loss of the Esperanza, giving the latitude and longitude of the place and a description of the spot where the ellvcr was burled, imploring him to endeavor to rescue the men on the island. He was an Englishman and well edu cated and had not been home for many years. The name given to the hospital on his admittance was Edwards. In the year 1SS3 there lay In the Boqueron, off Callao, I'oru, an Italian man-o'-war called Archlmcde. Uelng considered olwolete for modern war fare, she wns sold out of the service and wns purchased by the writer, Copt. P. D. Walker, who was engaged In collecting cargoes of Iron for the Jap anese market. Dy the kindness of the captain of the port and Incidentally nn occasional payment to him of one hundred silver soles the frigate wns allowed to remain In the Hoqueron Instead of the mer chant ship harbor. This was most pleasant, as that anchorage (for men-o'-war only) is free from the nauseous fumes which periodically visit Callao. Some months after the acquisition of the Archlmcilc .1 purchased from the United States Government the storcshlp Onward. On taking possession of the Onward I took over her caretaker, nn old man named Connor, whom I transferred eventually to the Archimede, His age was uncertnln; ho said he waH about 70, but to form an opinion from his personal appearnnco I should say he was close to 80 or 90, Still ho was lively and his life must have been adventuresome. He had been everything you could Imagine, though he never quitted the Pacillc coast, He served tlio Peruvians, Chileans, Uollvlnns, wherever thero was war, either us gunner In the navy or sergeant In the held, with equal fidelity. There was nothing he did not know from Magellan Strults to Panuma. It was my invurluble custom then, as It is now, to get up at night, go on dock, perhaps light u pipe, and feel the in vigorating Influence of the cool night air, and on such occasions I had many conversations with the old man. When young he had served In nearly every service, whether In the regular navy or disguised pirating. One star light night, after a slight conversation, he told me of n secret which he pos sessed nnd said that If I would assljt him wc could both be rich. "Cuptnln," said he, "1 can tell you where you can nil the gunroom with bar ellvcr nnd gold." He then related to me the foregoing account of the Esperanza, he bavin-! Iecn Edwards's attendant. He had gone to the Mission hospital with a broken arm and collarbone. He care fully wrote down Edwards's statement of the latitude and longitude of the place of shipwreck and drew a map of thu burled treasure. After remaining In the country till IMS' he Joined the ser vice of the Argentines, first In one ship under Corney nnd lastly under the fa mous Bouchard. He spoke so highly of the latter that I was convinced that if Nelson ever had a superior his name was ltouchnrd. I promised due secrecy as a matter of course and studied the diagram of the location of the treasure, but alus, poor Connor went to his future home without the treasure. Let tw hope that n klndlv Providence would not permit hltn to b burdened with riches, the possessor of I which,' we nre Informed, cannot ent"r Into the kingdom of Heaven. I was deeply grieved nt Connor death. On hearing of his Illness 1 had gone to his house, not far from Jlbboon street, whence I sent him to the hospital at Holla Vista, where he died after a hort Illness. The doctor, who at my request attended him, told me he died of old nge, accelerated by pneu monia. In the year 1SS9 I arrived In HonolulJ after nn unpleasant picnic of four months duration tin Midway Island Shortly after my arrival I had the good fortune to make the acquaintance of the late Hon. J. 1. Dowsctt, with whom 1 Ijad many n long conversation nlmiit Hawaii, both ancient nnd mode" prin cipally the former. I do not l' there are many who possess sin mil of knowledge of old ll.iwall or Ui.o coul.l tell about it In such a perspicuous and Interesting manner. Ills account of Knmchameha's finan cial transaction with the crew of the Santa Hosa was particularly amusing gold pieces nnd clearly explained that the gold piece wns worth live times as much as one silver piece, ami there fore demanded live bottles of rum. This the King would not assent to; one coin, one bottle, he said. They, therefore, thought they would submit, but cut the piece of gold In five. This the King would not accept. He replied that he could not cut his hnttle in live, so us there was no alter am! also old man Connor nnd his treas ure secret, and I still wonder whether It would be considered Insanity to go and see If the treasure Is there. The Esperanza was wrecked, evident ly on the Scarborough Shoals, now Identified ns Palmyra Island. (See Plndlay'H "North Pacific Pilot.") Pal myra has been often visited and peo ple have even resided there for various periods, but no one Imuglnrd that n vast amount of wealth was burled there. C'onnor'H account of the place exactly tallies with the latest survey of the Island; the time occupied In getting there. Its being on the direct track to Macao, all seem to give a certain amount of credibility to his romantic tale. Palmyra nnd Its outlying shoals re semble the pearl fishing grounds on this Sculptures for West Pediment of Capitol at Washington W IDESPUEAD Interest nmong artists has been aroused by the recent arrival from Paris of Paul Uartlett, the sculptor, bringing the casts from which the sculptures for the pediment of the west wing of thu Capitol at Washington will be carved. This Interest the public In general will doubtless share, for the I FTHgigigH' gsgsgsgsgsgsgsgsgsgsgsK VrjMiilgggggggggggggggggggggH gsgsgsgsgsgsgsgsgsgft -K&liKiaH ggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggIiigWgggggggPVPr "nfiH gigigKiktgigigigH gggggggggggggggggggggggggggT'.- .gggPtWl ggggggggggggH gggggggPLdgggggggggVgm gggWL Tz dHn r2rJgsHgsgsgsgsgsgsgsgsgsgH ggggggggggggggggggggggV -y v4 KggggH gsgsgsgsgsgsg -ggggggF rllggFsigggggggggg J r- t yH ir fjjf' .,' , sgggggggggl '!Jggggggggggggl Paul Bartlett's Noteworthy Achieve ment in the Casts He Has Just Brought to America Central figure in Paul Bartlett's sculptures for the pediment of the west wing of the Capitol. revolved, and In addition to all the other historical records of which It stands as nn epitome, It echoes In n remarkable and accurate manner the growth of the taste for urt In this country. Its sculp tural embellishment was late In coming, and when It did begin was fraught with so many accidents that the Congres sional enthusiasts for art became dis couraged, the public became cold and several earnest sculptors' hearts were broken. For nil that It Is an astonishing fact that the great pediment of the west wing of the facade, the pediment for thnt portion of the edifice given over to the House of Itepresentatlves. should have remained empty and undecorated all these years. Thomas Crawford, who died In 1SS7, did thu pediment for the Senate end of the Capitol. He died Itcfore the completion of his work, which was put In place by others. It has never been udmlred by connoisseurs, und the sculptures for the middle pedi ment, done by an Italian sculptor, are still more unfortunate. It was due as much to the discour agement of Congress over these artistic failures ns It was to the necessary di version of the 'public moneys into more strictly practical channels In the great building up (inn-ess that was made nec essary by the ravages of the civil war that the completion of the Capitol dec oration wns so long delayed. It Is not generally known that the middle por tion of the Capitol with Its pediment Is not of marble like the rest of the building but is of limestone, painted. It Is also not quite In scale to the re mainder of the Cnpltol and Is too close In, giving the appearance of being too much tinder the dome. There has al ways been the plan to make the altera tions in It necessary to bring It into scale and it may yet be undertaken. To design, carve and erect so great a piece of sculpture as tins pediment of Hartlett's requires time. 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" "ft- v.vn Unfinished sketch by Paul Bartlett for pediment of west wing. Full particulars of this pirate vessel urn 'to bo found In a nent volume pub lished by Thrum & Co., entitled "Early Northern Pacific Voyagers," by Peter Corney, It seems by a fortunate coincidence the King had a cargo of rum Just ar rived which ho carefully bottled off. On the arrival of tho plrato ship, rum being evidently In demand, his price was one coin- Iter bottle. As soon ab all their silver coin was expended the pirates produced five peso native, they had to give wuy. Konn thero was nothing but doubloons still one coin, one bottle. Then camo tho bar silver. During a visit to Victoria, U. C, I picked up an old Umdon magazine which contained an account of tho visit to Hawaii of the Hanta Itosn nnd later tho Argentina. I was mo much Inter ested In the account that nt my re quest Mr. Thrum published the volume: It culled tn mind Mr. Dowsett's amusing tale of "one coin, one bottle of rum" north const of Australia, Thursday Isl and being the entrepot for the pearl fishing fleet, which practically Is or wus In tho hands of the Japanese. Thero are n few cocoanut trees, but as for fish, u deck I oud of tho finest description can be caught In un hour, Here, I think, Is a fair chance for somebody to enter Into u speculation. Should no treasure he. found, by taking good divers alunx a most profitable business In other ways could bo Inaugurated. photographs of Mr, Hartlett's models show that it Is not only to be one of his most ambitious works but one of the most Importuut sculptural undertakings of thu day In this country. The Capitol, It Is almost unnecessary to say, Is unquestionably our proudest architectural possession, nnd it ranks by common consent among tho noblest buildings of the world. Kor more than a century it has heen the pivot about which the fortunes of the country have resentatlves Uartlett sought In bis sub ject to symbolize democracy nnd the spirit of tho people of the Pulled .States, so ho chose as his main themo "Peace Protecting dentils," which tfavo him the chance to Interpret the poetry of the working people, "who are, after all," the sculptor says, "the main geniuses of this country," One side of tho pedi ment Is pastoral, with cattle, sheep and agricultural symbols, und tho other Is given to the mechanics, particularly the steel workers. The homely, simple costumes of the linve M'ly Ini'ti f lml, v mid -inp ti .ii n ii n The l.i'M , III ill till .li sted workers nnd other laborer been used with frank hut not pi photographic realism. There Ii., the necessity In the nrbltrar sp the pediment to secure rhythm i It together. Too great realism bring the sculptures out of relit . with the architecture. It In- necessary lor me Hcuipior to the vernacular" of the classic .n tore of the building he Is decoi.it The making of sculptures fm -architectural enclosure as a p ,1 i aiiout ns Ullllcuit an artistic pi ' a sculptor Is called upon to f.i. , diminishing angle of the p. , forces the designer to double , figures or make them npnil l( order to get them Into the le spnee, nnd the great danger to experienced urtlst Is that thesi t will lose the effect of nature and a, ,p.,,r as If they Were bending their In ,, merely to keep within the lines i tiic pediment. Uartlett has very successfully r ,.,., this pitfall, nnd has In fact sot.,i , teresttngly another technical dill .' peculiar to the Cnpltol Itself. Tin in, Jorlty of people approaching the l ,i Ing will make for the middle entr.ir.. e This pediment over the House of Itep resentatlves will therefore be seen !i them from the side. A pediment Is ordinarily suppoM-d ti be seen from the front only, tun! If chance It is viewed differently It.- ' . -take dlsugteeable distortions. ItiM!, has modelled Ills figures, therefore w what artists call big side plant's s , n.,i the side view, which at the Capitol w , be so important, will be bannotiioii- .mil intelligible. Paul ltartlett, the designer of i pediment, was born In New Haven i . son of Truman Uartlett of Itostni, . was a sculptor before him. He I , , long record of achievement anil i- il tlnctly a "personage." His greatest works heretofme , , been the statues of Mlchelnngel-i o Columbus in the Congressional I., i , In Washington nnd the equestrian ' , ., to Lafayette, which stands In the i coveted position tn all Paris, the . of the I.ouvre. in that Inner girl, n facing the main entrance to the n, setim. This monument, for whli'.i school children of America contribute i ir.U.OOO, was erected In honor of t' Paris exposition of lVOO. The sculptor received his training n France, having gone to Paris with li -mother as n boy. He made his ..,nr. Into the Salon at the age of it and .n the same year entered the I!enu Ar -In addition to the regular and s. .t training of the ateliers he also inani to attend a series of lectures upon mal sculpture directed ly Firm which apparently had a strong bear upon his ntibsequent career, for anini . have played an Important part In I work. The tlrst group to win offlcial recon pense for him was his "Bohemian He Tamer," of which a bronze repllin owned by the Metropolitan Museum Art. The Michelangelo In the gall. of the library at Washington Is m admired for Its strong virile qualm easily dominates the other statue!, the rotunda. Speaking of the all nround at' ' . toward bis work of Paul Bartb'i i late .lean Carries, the French po sculptor, said: "He reminds me of one of those ait of the Itenn.ssance who had n.nli.ng ' art In view nnd In mind: of tho-enr' who, Jealous of the perfection of t! work, would not think of lenung i thing of It, however menial, to ll. I by other hands, who were masters ' foundry as well as of a studio ai. l whom the smallest details to enn..'. work of art were as Important .- conception. "In ancient times, It was thought t ural for an artist to be an arrhlte, . at the same time a sculptor, as t Gothics were: for arll-ls to Mu.r In marble and stone nnd be able t . In bronze, like Donatello, or to Jeweller, sculptor and founder, like llnl. "Uartlett spends his days In hls In his foundry, not only giving I.', his conceptions and modelling tin clay, but after the selection of the terial It Is he who cuts and chlse' works like the ancient artisan spent days locked up In his stud discover an artistic iffect which i casual observer may pass uitnotic. a which to future connoisseurs may i -lUli jiot only tin. lasting reput.it. the artist but elevate a national u Anticipating the Ine it.i' '. GEItMAN lessons were the bre little Elizabeth's exlstenc. ' her mint, who had Just hit her education in Oermany jwi.l acting as her tutor, was detenu. i- I favorite niece should master thett language In her kindergarten da well behaved little gill was El a n rule, but when occasional breaks of temper called for puni' one method used, and one that ' child's peculiar reasoning serin.. I refinement of cruelty, was to c"ini to go to her room and say her i In lierman. That punishment ' ' culled forth tears and protests One afternoon while she was p over u n'.tlld's book In the ! C.eiiuan and railing to undeisi.it, i little story she was reading I'll. I was surprised to see the usual' . Elizabeth rip the leaves from H.e tear them Into strips and thr-w 1 ungrlly aside as :ie burst into t. . "I Just couldn't help It," subbed 1 beth: "that Herman is so h u couldn't make anything out ot ' s'pose Aunt Mainly Hollis will b. all througili like I urn this very in i Iteckon I'll have to say those (i prayers twice this time, 'n1 I mini well do it now as any time." Hushing to her mother's room Elizabeth knelt solemnly at the the lounge and between sobs lu cited the Herman prayers, ll.s.a wiping away her tears, she said t astonished mother, who had .sretl ' Ing of the outbreak of temper; "There, mamma, dear, I've been . naughty nnd I wish you'd tell .Mainly Holds when she come 1 that I've took't mv punishment with her dam old (lermun praer.s'