THE SUN, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1914.
Pirates' Buried Bullion May Be
Found on Palmyra Island
An Old Sailor's Account of a Cargo of
Gold and Silver and a Ship
wreck in the Pacific
By C'APT. V. I). WALK lilt.
IN the year 1816 the Spanish ship
Espcranzn Killed from I'oru with
a cargo of bullion and other mer
chandise. The value of the silver
atone was more than 1,500,000 pesos, with
Kold of iihotit the same amount, The
vessel wan hound for the East Indies,
On the fourth day after leaving Peru
she was raptured liy an independent
cruiser. The engagement was severe on
both sides. The Injury to the cruiser
was such that she was abandoned, the
captors boarding the Espcranzn and
shaping her course for Macao.
The crew of the Esperanza Joined
their captors and were to have their
share of the prize.
On the forty-third day nfter leaving
the South American coast It was blow
ing fresh, with constant rain. At I
A. M. the vessel struck a sunhen
coral reef, the sudden stoppage of the
ship causing the mainmast to break,
thus rendering It helpless.
At daybreak the ship was found to be
In the centre of a reef some three miles
In diameter, with hillocks of land about
one tnlle to the eastward. On clearing
away the wreck it' was found possible
to haul her off, but the crew found it
Impracticable to continue the voyase
owing to the several leaks which she
had sprung. So after some four days
of Incessant toll she wns warped close
to the beach of one of the small islands
nnd then dismantled.
The treasure was taken out and fairly
divided; the silver was burled In a se
cure place, hut the gold was apportioned
among the men.
I lie men men mint a small vessel
from the wreck, and on the nineteenth
day they launched their craft. Their
provisions had been scarcely touched,
as fish on the Island wns abundant and
of good quality.
The total number of men was ninety
on landing, the losses during the en
gagement having been very heavy. Of
this number eighty embarked, having
provisioned their craft, and each man
took his share of gold with him.
They sailed on the 120th day from the,
date of the wreck, leaving ten men be
hind to be eventually taken off when a
aultable vessel could be found to remove
them and the buried silver.
About one year from the date of the
departure of the main body from the
Island the remainder of the men, who
nau mini inemscives comrortanie quar
ters from the wreck, became so tired
of waiting that they resolved to build
another small craft, which they did.
It took them three months, and draw
ing lotH as to who should go. having
previously arranged that four should
remain on the island, six of them sailed
On the thirteenth day after leaving
a storm arose ami two men were
washed overboard, the mast was blown
away, and the survivors drifted they
knew not where. As their ntotk of pro
visions was spoiled they became ill,
but by the wilt of Providence an Amer
ican whaler picked them up. After n
few days from the time of their res
cue one died. The other lingered till
the arrival of the ship nt Mission City
(now San Francisco), at which place
he was given in charge of the Mlselon
hospital. He died on the thirtieth day
after his admittance.
Previous to his death he confided to
his attendant the particulars of the loss
of the Esperanza, giving the latitude
and longitude of the place and a
description of the spot where the ellvcr
was burled, imploring him to endeavor
to rescue the men on the island.
He was an Englishman and well edu
cated and had not been home for many
years. The name given to the hospital
on his admittance was Edwards.
In the year 1SS3 there lay In the
Boqueron, off Callao, I'oru, an Italian
man-o'-war called Archlmcde. Uelng
considered olwolete for modern war
fare, she wns sold out of the service
and wns purchased by the writer, Copt.
P. D. Walker, who was engaged In
collecting cargoes of Iron for the Jap
Dy the kindness of the captain of the
port and Incidentally nn occasional
payment to him of one hundred silver
soles the frigate wns allowed to remain
In the Hoqueron Instead of the mer
chant ship harbor.
This was most pleasant, as that
anchorage (for men-o'-war only) is
free from the nauseous fumes which
periodically visit Callao. Some months
after the acquisition of the Archlmcilc
.1 purchased from the United States
Government the storcshlp Onward.
On taking possession of the Onward
I took over her caretaker, nn old man
named Connor, whom I transferred
eventually to the Archimede, His age
was uncertnln; ho said he waH about
70, but to form an opinion from his
personal appearnnco I should say he
was close to 80 or 90, Still ho was
lively and his life must have been
He had been everything you could
Imagine, though he never quitted the
Pacillc coast, He served tlio Peruvians,
Chileans, Uollvlnns, wherever thero was
war, either us gunner In the navy or
sergeant In the held, with equal fidelity.
There was nothing he did not know
from Magellan Strults to Panuma.
It was my invurluble custom then, as
It is now, to get up at night, go on dock,
perhaps light u pipe, and feel the in
vigorating Influence of the cool night
air, and on such occasions I had many
conversations with the old man.
When young he had served In nearly
every service, whether In the regular
navy or disguised pirating. One star
light night, after a slight conversation,
he told me of n secret which he pos
sessed nnd said that If I would assljt
him wc could both be rich.
"Cuptnln," said he, "1 can tell you
where you can nil the gunroom with
bar ellvcr nnd gold."
He then related to me the foregoing
account of the Esperanza, he bavin-!
Iecn Edwards's attendant. He had
gone to the Mission hospital with a
broken arm and collarbone. He care
fully wrote down Edwards's statement
of the latitude and longitude of the place
of shipwreck and drew a map of thu
burled treasure. After remaining In
the country till IMS' he Joined the ser
vice of the Argentines, first In one ship
under Corney nnd lastly under the fa
mous Bouchard. He spoke so highly
of the latter that I was convinced that
if Nelson ever had a superior his name
I promised due secrecy as a matter of
course and studied the diagram of the
location of the treasure, but alus, poor
Connor went to his future home without
the treasure. Let tw hope that n klndlv
Providence would not permit hltn to b
burdened with riches, the possessor of I
which,' we nre Informed, cannot ent"r
Into the kingdom of Heaven.
I was deeply grieved nt Connor
death. On hearing of his Illness 1 had
gone to his house, not far from Jlbboon
street, whence I sent him to the
hospital at Holla Vista, where he died
after a hort Illness. The doctor, who
at my request attended him, told me he
died of old nge, accelerated by pneu
monia. In the year 1SS9 I arrived In HonolulJ
after nn unpleasant picnic of four
months duration tin Midway Island
Shortly after my arrival I had the good
fortune to make the acquaintance of the
late Hon. J. 1. Dowsctt, with whom 1
Ijad many n long conversation nlmiit
Hawaii, both ancient nnd mode" prin
cipally the former. I do not l' there
are many who possess sin mil of
knowledge of old ll.iwall or Ui.o coul.l
tell about it In such a perspicuous and
Ills account of Knmchameha's finan
cial transaction with the crew of the
Santa Hosa was particularly amusing
gold pieces nnd clearly explained that
the gold piece wns worth live times as
much as one silver piece, ami there
fore demanded live bottles of rum. This
the King would not assent to; one coin,
one bottle, he said.
They, therefore, thought they would
submit, but cut the piece of gold In
five. This the King would not accept.
He replied that he could not cut his
hnttle in live, so us there was no alter
am! also old man Connor nnd his treas
ure secret, and I still wonder whether
It would be considered Insanity to go
and see If the treasure Is there.
The Esperanza was wrecked, evident
ly on the Scarborough Shoals, now
Identified ns Palmyra Island. (See
Plndlay'H "North Pacific Pilot.") Pal
myra has been often visited and peo
ple have even resided there for various
periods, but no one Imuglnrd that n vast
amount of wealth was burled there.
C'onnor'H account of the place exactly
tallies with the latest survey of the
Island; the time occupied In getting
there. Its being on the direct track to
Macao, all seem to give a certain
amount of credibility to his romantic
Palmyra nnd Its outlying shoals re
semble the pearl fishing grounds on this
Sculptures for West Pediment
of Capitol at Washington
IDESPUEAD Interest nmong
artists has been aroused by
the recent arrival from Paris
of Paul Uartlett, the sculptor,
bringing the casts from which the
sculptures for the pediment of the west
wing of thu Capitol at Washington will
be carved. This Interest the public In
general will doubtless share, for the
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Paul Bartlett's Noteworthy Achieve
ment in the Casts He Has Just
Brought to America
Central figure in Paul Bartlett's sculptures for the pediment of the west wing of the Capitol.
revolved, and In addition to all the other
historical records of which It stands as
nn epitome, It echoes In n remarkable
and accurate manner the growth of the
taste for urt In this country. Its sculp
tural embellishment was late In coming,
and when It did begin was fraught with
so many accidents that the Congres
sional enthusiasts for art became dis
couraged, the public became cold and
several earnest sculptors' hearts were
For nil that It Is an astonishing fact
that the great pediment of the west
wing of the facade, the pediment for
thnt portion of the edifice given over
to the House of Itepresentatlves. should
have remained empty and undecorated
all these years. Thomas Crawford, who
died In 1SS7, did thu pediment for the
Senate end of the Capitol. He died
Itcfore the completion of his work,
which was put In place by others. It
has never been udmlred by connoisseurs,
und the sculptures for the middle pedi
ment, done by an Italian sculptor, are
still more unfortunate.
It was due as much to the discour
agement of Congress over these artistic
failures ns It was to the necessary di
version of the 'public moneys into more
strictly practical channels In the great
building up (inn-ess that was made nec
essary by the ravages of the civil war
that the completion of the Capitol dec
oration wns so long delayed. It Is not
generally known that the middle por
tion of the Capitol with Its pediment
Is not of marble like the rest of the
building but is of limestone, painted.
It Is also not quite In scale to the re
mainder of the Cnpltol and Is too close
In, giving the appearance of being too
much tinder the dome. There has al
ways been the plan to make the altera
tions in It necessary to bring It into
scale and it may yet be undertaken.
To design, carve and erect so great
a piece of sculpture as tins pediment
of Hartlett's requires time. It was four
years ago that the Congress committee
awarded the commission to this sculptor
and It will require two or three years
yet before the figures can be carved
in marble and put in place. It is eighty
feet long and ten feet high at the mid
dle. Not all of the models are yet com
plete one of the Illustrations Is from a
sketch: 'but all of the models are to be
ready within a year. In the meant Inu
tile carving of the marbles from the
models Just brought to this country
will be begun.
As It Is to ! over the House of Hep.
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Unfinished sketch by Paul Bartlett for pediment of west wing.
Full particulars of this pirate vessel
urn 'to bo found In a nent volume pub
lished by Thrum & Co., entitled "Early
Northern Pacific Voyagers," by Peter
It seems by a fortunate coincidence
the King had a cargo of rum Just ar
rived which ho carefully bottled off.
On the arrival of tho plrato ship, rum
being evidently In demand, his price
was one coin- Iter bottle.
As soon ab all their silver coin was
expended the pirates produced five peso
native, they had to give wuy. Konn
thero was nothing but doubloons still
one coin, one bottle. Then camo tho
During a visit to Victoria, U. C, I
picked up an old Umdon magazine
which contained an account of tho visit
to Hawaii of the Hanta Itosn nnd later
tho Argentina. I was mo much Inter
ested In the account that nt my re
quest Mr. Thrum published the volume:
It culled tn mind Mr. Dowsett's amusing
tale of "one coin, one bottle of rum"
north const of Australia, Thursday Isl
and being the entrepot for the pearl
fishing fleet, which practically Is or wus
In tho hands of the Japanese. Thero
are n few cocoanut trees, but as for
fish, u deck I oud of tho finest description
can be caught In un hour,
Here, I think, Is a fair chance for
somebody to enter Into u speculation.
Should no treasure he. found, by taking
good divers alunx a most profitable
business In other ways could bo Inaugurated.
photographs of Mr, Hartlett's models
show that it Is not only to be one of
his most ambitious works but one of the
most Importuut sculptural undertakings
of thu day In this country.
The Capitol, It Is almost unnecessary
to say, Is unquestionably our proudest
architectural possession, nnd it ranks
by common consent among tho noblest
buildings of the world. Kor more than
a century it has heen the pivot about
which the fortunes of the country have
resentatlves Uartlett sought In bis sub
ject to symbolize democracy nnd the
spirit of tho people of the Pulled .States,
so ho chose as his main themo "Peace
Protecting dentils," which tfavo him
the chance to Interpret the poetry of
the working people, "who are, after all,"
the sculptor says, "the main geniuses
of this country," One side of tho pedi
ment Is pastoral, with cattle, sheep and
agricultural symbols, und tho other Is
given to the mechanics, particularly the
The homely, simple costumes of the
sted workers nnd other laborer
been used with frank hut not pi
photographic realism. There Ii.,
the necessity In the nrbltrar sp
the pediment to secure rhythm i
It together. Too great realism
bring the sculptures out of relit .
with the architecture. It In-
necessary lor me Hcuipior to
the vernacular" of the classic .n
tore of the building he Is decoi.it
The making of sculptures fm -architectural
enclosure as a p ,1 i
aiiout ns Ullllcuit an artistic pi '
a sculptor Is called upon to f.i. ,
diminishing angle of the p. ,
forces the designer to double ,
figures or make them npnil l(
order to get them Into the le
spnee, nnd the great danger to
experienced urtlst Is that thesi t
will lose the effect of nature and a, ,p.,,r
as If they Were bending their In ,,
merely to keep within the lines i tiic
Uartlett has very successfully r ,.,.,
this pitfall, nnd has In fact sot.,i ,
teresttngly another technical dill .'
peculiar to the Cnpltol Itself. Tin in,
Jorlty of people approaching the l ,i
Ing will make for the middle entr.ir.. e
This pediment over the House of Itep
resentatlves will therefore be seen !i
them from the side.
A pediment Is ordinarily suppoM-d ti
be seen from the front only, tun! If
chance It is viewed differently It.- ' . -take
dlsugteeable distortions. ItiM!,
has modelled Ills figures, therefore w
what artists call big side plant's s , n.,i
the side view, which at the Capitol w ,
be so important, will be bannotiioii- .mil
Paul ltartlett, the designer of i
pediment, was born In New Haven i .
son of Truman Uartlett of Itostni, .
was a sculptor before him. He I , ,
long record of achievement anil i- il
tlnctly a "personage."
His greatest works heretofme , ,
been the statues of Mlchelnngel-i o
Columbus in the Congressional I., i ,
In Washington nnd the equestrian ' , .,
to Lafayette, which stands In the i
coveted position tn all Paris, the .
of the I.ouvre. in that Inner girl, n
facing the main entrance to the n,
setim. This monument, for whli'.i
school children of America contribute i
ir.U.OOO, was erected In honor of t'
Paris exposition of lVOO.
The sculptor received his training n
France, having gone to Paris with li -mother
as n boy. He made his ..,nr.
Into the Salon at the age of it and .n
the same year entered the I!enu Ar -In
addition to the regular and s. .t
training of the ateliers he also inani
to attend a series of lectures upon
mal sculpture directed ly Firm
which apparently had a strong bear
upon his ntibsequent career, for anini .
have played an Important part In I
The tlrst group to win offlcial recon
pense for him was his "Bohemian He
Tamer," of which a bronze repllin
owned by the Metropolitan Museum
Art. The Michelangelo In the gall.
of the library at Washington Is m
admired for Its strong virile qualm
easily dominates the other statue!,
Speaking of the all nround at' ' .
toward bis work of Paul Bartb'i i
late .lean Carries, the French po
"He reminds me of one of those ait
of the Itenn.ssance who had n.nli.ng '
art In view nnd In mind: of tho-enr'
who, Jealous of the perfection of t!
work, would not think of lenung i
thing of It, however menial, to ll. I
by other hands, who were masters '
foundry as well as of a studio ai. l
whom the smallest details to enn..'.
work of art were as Important .-
"In ancient times, It was thought t
ural for an artist to be an arrhlte, .
at the same time a sculptor, as t
Gothics were: for arll-ls to Mu.r
In marble and stone nnd be able t .
In bronze, like Donatello, or to
Jeweller, sculptor and founder, like
"Uartlett spends his days In hls
In his foundry, not only giving I.',
his conceptions and modelling tin
clay, but after the selection of the
terial It Is he who cuts and chlse'
works like the ancient artisan
spent days locked up In his stud
discover an artistic iffect which i
casual observer may pass uitnotic. a
which to future connoisseurs may i -lUli
jiot only tin. lasting reput.it.
the artist but elevate a national u
Anticipating the Ine it.i' '.
GEItMAN lessons were the bre
little Elizabeth's exlstenc. '
her mint, who had Just hit
her education in Oermany jwi.l
acting as her tutor, was detenu. i- I
favorite niece should master thett
language In her kindergarten da
well behaved little gill was El
a n rule, but when occasional
breaks of temper called for puni'
one method used, and one that '
child's peculiar reasoning serin.. I
refinement of cruelty, was to c"ini
to go to her room and say her i
In lierman. That punishment ' '
culled forth tears and protests
One afternoon while she was p
over u n'.tlld's book In the !
C.eiiuan and railing to undeisi.it, i
little story she was reading I'll. I
was surprised to see the usual' .
Elizabeth rip the leaves from H.e
tear them Into strips and thr-w 1
ungrlly aside as :ie burst into t.
. "I Just couldn't help It," subbed 1
beth: "that Herman is so h u
couldn't make anything out ot '
s'pose Aunt Mainly Hollis will b.
all througili like I urn this very in i
Iteckon I'll have to say those (i
prayers twice this time, 'n1 I mini
well do it now as any time."
Hushing to her mother's room
Elizabeth knelt solemnly at the
the lounge and between sobs lu
cited the Herman prayers, ll.s.a
wiping away her tears, she said t
astonished mother, who had .sretl '
Ing of the outbreak of temper;
"There, mamma, dear, I've been .
naughty nnd I wish you'd tell
.Mainly Holds when she come 1
that I've took't mv punishment
with her dam old (lermun praer.s'
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