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THE SUN, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1914.
UNITED STATES MOST DRUG AFFLICTED OF NATIO DR. WILEY'S FAMOUS LIST OF DRUGGED MEDICINES. Published in Bulletin 393 issued by the Division of Drugs, Bureau of Chemistry, Department of Agriculture. Cocaine Bearing Medicines and Drinks. Dr. Birncy's Catarrh Powder Dr. Agnew's Catarrh Powder. Dr. Cole's Catarrh Cure Crown Catarrh Powder Tucker's Asthma Specific Koca Nola Celery Cola Wiscola Pillsbury's Koke Kola-Ade Kos-Kola Cafe-Cola Koke Coca-Bola Tobacco Bullets Wonder Workers Morphine Bearing Medicines. Strawberry and Pepsin Dr. Miller's Anodyne for Babies Kohlcr's One-Night Cough Cure Hooper's Anodyne, the Infants' Friend Dr. James's Soothing Syrup Cordial Yonkerman's Consumption Cure Shiloh's Cure Adamson's Botanic Cough Balsam Jadway's Elixir for Infants Antikamnia and Codein Tablets Ammonal with Codein and Camphor Royal Headache Tablets ?al-Codelu Bel Children's Comfort Kopp's Baby's Friend Mrs. VC'inslowV Soothing Syrup Gooch's Mexican Consumption Cure Dr. Grove's Anodvnc for Infants Dr. Fowler's Mixture Dr. A. Boschee'.s German Syrup Habitina Dr. Fenner's Cough Cold Syrup Prof. Hoff's Consumption Cure. Dr. MofTett's Tcethina, Teething Powders Dr. Bull's Cough Syrup Jackson's Magic Balsam Van Totta's Cough Pectoral Dr. Fahrney's Teething Syrup Linseed, Licorice and Chlorodyne Pastilles Ptitilles Panerai Dr. Fuhey's Pepsin AnoJyne Compound Cannabis Indica Bearing Medicines.. Victor Infant Relief Piso's Cure, a remedy for Coughs and Colds Chloral Bearing Medicines. Davis';, Asthma Remedy Linseed, Licorice and Chlorodyne Acker's English Remedy Cough Lozenges than l consorting with wmb, The widespread net' of cocaine In tlie comparatively short period of time since It.i discovery," sas J)r. Towns, "has been brought about by patent preparations coutalr'ng small quantities of II." During Its tlrst few years cocaine nd illction spread through the wld" soli' of "catarrh cures." which contained from 2 to 4 per cent, of cocaine. These "cures," according to Samuel Hopkins Ad. mis In Ciilliri'i UVi'Afjr, were "Dr. Ilirncys Ca tarrh Cure," "Dr. Colo's Catarrh Cure." "Dr. Agnow's Caiairh Powder" and "Crown t 'atari li Powder." Not only did these "euro." Introduce many pcions Into depth of cocaine addiction, but they pointed the way to a method of j taking cocaine easier than by hypo- 1 dermic. For u time It became the practice to fill Willi the "cure" a small bottle1 through the cork of which had been In-M-r'etl it wo tubes, one of which was placed In the mouth and the other In the nostril; u puff from' the mouth did the rest. Later It became the custom to sprinkle the "cure" on. the back of the hand and either 'to touch It to the tongue or to sniff It onto the mucous membrane of the nostrils. Tims the deadliest of all vices became the Minplcsl to begin. Among the thousands who contracted cocaine addiction through the innocent putchase of a patent medicine was Mrs, Anna ('. .Meyers, who was prominent socially In Chicago and In lsim was a member of the board of managers of the Chlcngo World's Fair. In a confes siou detailing the career of crime Into which cocaine plunged her Mrs. Meyers Mays: "I used to get the little boxes of the drug and call it 'my baby' and 'my only friend,' cry over It and laugh and dance like an Insane person." It Is asserted that per cent, of America's drug addicts learned their vice In a doctor's olllce. Hundreds of disreputable physicians make a practice of giving morphine promiscuously for their patients' iicIick, out of their olllees Issues a constant procession of young drill, addicts "Not more than 10 per cent, iif all the drug addicts have any incurable disease that would Justify fur ther use of the drug." says Dr. Towns. The use of drugs has crept Into colleges, where students take them tn counter act the effects of overwork; tfiey liavo crept Into the army, where soldiers take them ltd counteract the effects of under work. "Many great writer to use a current critical phrase," su's Dr. T. D. Crothers of Hartford, Conn., "begin the use of cocaine that they may whip their Inventiveness to action." Walters in restaurants use drugs to quicken their memory. It has been estimated that 1." per cent, of all the medical men in the United States are drug addicts, "One half of nil my drug patients ore physi cians," says Dr. Towns, who has u hill now pending at Albany, Introduced by Senator John .1. Itoylan, barring all drug addicted phy sicians from prac tice. School chil dren, even ut the ages of 7 and N. are offered cocnlne nnd horoln by pedlors about public school buildings. The Hull House campaign of l'.io.l started with the disc ivery thai certain negroes in Chicago Were stop ping school chil dren on the tilde walks and selling them a penny Ixoc of the deadliest habit forming drug In the world and asking them to "tell all their Hi t I e friends about It " In that sect Inn of civilized society known as the under. World cocaine ad diction Is practically universal Cnderlts Intluetice ate most of the daring crimes committed. ' Most of the attacks tiMin white women of the South." says Dr Christopher Koch "are the tilled re suit of a cocaine crazed negro brain " Thousands of dingy hovels are scattered tllloliuli ttle negro sections of Southern cities where "snow" is retailed In dime boxes through back doors which are prevented by chains from opening more than three Indies District Attor ney St. Clair estl m. les that In New Orleans nlone there nie 2.1,000 negro I calne addicts who p a t r o n i ze these I Joints, Overseers of Southern labor have been known to put cocaine Into their gang's rations in order to get more work out of them. As a result of the wide cocaine addic tion among negroes in the South Au gust llrahni cites figures to show that the negro race, which forms lu.T per cent, of the nation's population, com mits 37.12 per cent, of the murders. .1. IMgar llrown of Chicago Is authority for thij statement that the murder rate of Germany is three per l.opo.ooo Inhabi tants and of Canada live per 1.U0O.0UO. Here are the 1911 murder rates of six Southern cities: Memphis, Tenn.. 3! per l.iHHi.itoa, Charleston, S. C 423; Savannah. nu 378; Nashville. Tenn., 3:.3. Atlanta Ca 29R; New Orleans, 211. Manhattan and The llronx. '.. ih m3Vm t' t W i- . gH1' Uanderbilt 5r. MO"lsCS5 r Madame De MuiBin? Charming amtd Talemted Wife of Champagne King of France , HJIIIIIIIHf IlillllllllllllllllllllllillllllllllHHPn- jM mM m HlfijHDlv f :M m Kay H -d HHi lllllll!.IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIB Madame De Mumm is considered by many the most beauliful woman in society in Paris. Mrs. William K. Vanderbllt's anti I drug camp Ign will concern Itself tlrst with the passage of necessary Federal and Slate legislation, for nrcseiit State legislation Is practically nil and tluie Is no Federal legislation, save In the case' i of the opium traflle which, Instead of ! being killed thereby, has been Increased I It lb asserted. This anti-opium legn.- latlon which went Into effect on Febru ary ;'. ivvv. prouioneo tne importation of any opium into the t'nited State except for medicinal purposes. It caused the ancient secret of making smoking opium to lie brought to the Culled States from China and tons of opium imported "for medicinal purposes" was I cooked Into smoking opium here. The opium poppy began to be grown m California; licenses were taken out under the act of 1S90 for the American manufacture of smoking opium, and Miioklng opium actually began to ! ex ported. Meanwhile the government Is losing t l.r.ou.iitoi annually In opium l duties, while ten big tlnns are Importin:,' f.rm.ooo pounds of crude opium a e.ir "for medicinal purpo-cs" and selling it i in r.i'O pound lots to any one who can' show anything like a druggist's order. I net eases n duties In both the Payne and the riulervvood tariff are the Ciov -ernment's only other anti-drug steps. ' The l.'nderwood bill, on October 9. 1913. made these Incie.ises ever the Payne . tariff: Crude opium Imported for iihiIi cui.il purposes, l r,o to 43 a pound di led opium Imported for medicinal pur poses. (2 to (I a pound; morphine and Its derivatives, heroin and codeine, il.."o to 3 an ounce; cocaine, II. ."u to 12 an ounce; coca leaves, 5 cents to 10 i cuts a pound. The effect of a tariff Increase In abat ing the Importation t.f these drugs may lie seen In these tlgllles; The Payne tariff on August .'i, U'i'9. raised the duty on cocaine from 2.", per cent, ad valorem to 11.50 an ounce, and the cocaine Im port Jumped fr 111 32.272 ounces III 19I to .H,."i',o ounces In 1910. It took coca leaves off the free list and Imposed a duty of a cents a pound, and the coca iiiiiioit iunniid from 7os.o IC pounds in 1VI0 to 1,2211, 771. .I pounds in 19)1. once Inside the country the (iovern-i ' ment exercises no more supervision over these deadl habit forming drugs excepting opium) than over peai k plumes or frankfurters I It Is in the New York Legislature that Mrs. Vandeibll 's nationwide slrug g'e to exterminate the vice of drug ad diction I- already opening. Krnest K Coulter of 2 Hector treet has left in .he hands of IMvviird .1. Mciioldlick. in 1 charge of New York city legislation at , Albati.v. .Mr-, v.nidorbllt V bill practically prohibiting the sale of cocaine, helolll and iiioi pluiie. In New York city there Is practically no rextraint upon the comiip n e in. habit forming drugs, as a result "there 1 j are leu deadly dnu. ciucs to one of alcoholism," says Dr. Jackson l:. .Camp bell of 2.'.3 West 131th slle'et, lor tweiit.v - , seven years a physician In the Depart - i ment of Correction. If the dttlg addict desires to Inconvenience himself enough to obey the Penal Code (winch ieiiiles' a physician's ptesi liption. which shall be used only once) lie may have primed the stationery of ll theoietlcal physician residing III Walla Walla and may vviite tlieietipon his own drug prescriptions. Or he may go to any one of 2U0 ills, reputable doctors io New York city who will write him u drug prescription for 2.i cents. Dr. Abraham Ollcksteln. now, in the Atlanta pcnltcntitiry. was one of these disreputable physicians. He not only wrote drug prescriptions, but tilled them himself. He bought 9,3110 ounces of cocaine between December 9, 19a. and January 30, 1913, although thousands of doctors use less than one ounce In a lifetime. I tut this was perfectly legal. It was Dr. lllcksielu's opium Indiscre tions which sent him to the Federal pcuileiitliil'y. Assistant District Attor ney Floyd W'llmot has under present surveillance a West Side dm lor who has 200 legal customers to whom he sells legally thirty-one half grain tablets of cocaine for Ml centH. Usually, however, drug addicts do not bother about what the Penal Code says. An fnr back as Fcbruury 21, 19lo, Presl. dent Tuft iiuoted Dr. Hamilton Wright of Maine, a member of the International Opium Commission, In a message to CongroHM which de clared tllii" 1,000 ounces of cocaine vv sold Illegally every month along .NWilt street nlone, a grain Is a dose and l.ooo Illegal ounces Is 180,000 Il legal doses. The dllllctilty of getting trtirtwoi itiy vv 1 1 nesses and the ne cessity of awaiting analysis of the con traband drug at each trial bo made conviction so illlll cult at to bring to New York city's drug pollens a sort of prosperous and I indent safety. Indeed. pedlers of Jicroln clrooper than cocaine nnd three times us dead ly as morjdtlnc are immune from arrest In Manhattan and The llronx and will be until the word "heroin" Ih written Into Section I7.12 of the Penal Code Dnu druggist wus recently found In Manhattan who bought tieroln tab lets in 2.-.,0iM lots: 1 "'111 ere Is one ills- , t rlft In the Harlem prison territory," . says Dr. CamiWiell. where 1 huVe good i leason to Isdleve there are 1.000 vie- tlms of drugs, chief- ly heroin." Dr. Campbell adds: "Al col.ollcs are nil broken down men and women of mid- die age and past, j but the victims of heroin are all youth- , ful. With the ! young a habit ten , days old will deaden all their jienslblll- ties and turn them Into criminals, no matter h"w well Ibev have been I ea I ed." If It had been as easy for citizen of the Culled States to catch the mumps as It has been to conlrait the deadliest drug habit In the wot Id the Federal C.oV ernnient would have acted long before It became n ssary for Mrs. Vandeibilt to start her antl-di ug campaign. Not until last year did the House pass a measure i the Senate has not acted on It yet) re quiring every person who distributes men leaves to leglster his name with the colleitor of Internal revenue and to pay a lax of a dollar a year, further, prohibiting the selling of cocaine except on a pun (laser's order to b- kept for two years, accessible to Federal and State authorities. Any unregistered person transporting cocaine fiom State to State or having It In his itossessbm s made liable to a 2,0on line or Imprisonment not to exceed the years, or both. The same bill furthermore prohibits the export of opium, raises the Internal leveiiue tn.x on smoking opium from lia COCAINE'S DEADLY ACTION. The itJhttiny erpcricner shova Mr dradtinrB of the iriif uicaw i . rat'ric mldid who the mrdlc often consume Hrentv (train of the dr , ,(,,,, thin record the cffict of one grain on a man vho had never tahn ii ljmi It tea an experiment pcrformid by Dr. .. Novell Wan, recorded in th, Sull, cat Xeir" of ISS and widely quoted at that time, ft tra an open qui ti ,nf doctor then a to whether cocaine wa or wa not dangerous. At 6 P. M. I injected one-quarter grain of Squlbb's cocaine under the s jn of my forearm. No result ensuing, the infection was repeated in Mtccn minutes. At 8:30 P. M general symptoms not having appeared, nclialf grain was taken, making one grain within half an hour. In tun i mines systematic effects began: I became restless, respirations 30, shall .w nnj sighing; pulse 120; had aphasia and increasing precordial oppression tl 4s now 6:50 P. M. Twenty minutes have elapsed since taking tne lull grain Iniecllon. My pupil are dilating slowly; mental faculties p rfcu clear and collected; no pain in head or other part of body; respirations rc. duced to normal frequency, but very shallow and sighing; pulse Mil. quia, feeble tand barely perceptible at wrist. 7:20 P. M. -My condition was almost that of collapse. Mental t.iuiliies perfectly clear and natural; pupils widely dilated; mouth dry and a scn-a. lion as of the presence of a foreign body in the pharynx; respirations Mjn, slgMnR,nnd reduced to II per minute; pulse elevated to 180, ctv fteHc' fluttering and extinct at wrist; extremities cold; body was warm to thc iiic, but my own sensations were those of intense cold. A sense of impending dissolution came over me not a feeling ol fear hit a conviction that my physical condition was such that death was altmiM in evitable. My mind remained perfectly clear. At 7:30 P. M. my condition was worse and myclf and my attcnJants were momentarily expecting my death. My extremities seemed to ,..e power, of either motion or sensation. I struggled against this uitli all nu uin power and would call for frequent doses of ammonia which Would cue ittj; (so it seemed) sufficient strength to move. Respirations now miK 9 per minute and exceedingly shallow; carotid pulse faintlv hcatiiiu at :no radial pulse entirely imperceptible, and no impulse of heart heat felt on pal pitation. Mind still clear. Suftcred no pain, I remained in this state fur about half an hour, during which, in aJJmon to frequent small doses of ammonia and digitalis, I inhaled three J.p i, nitrate of amyl. A marked improvement in the cardiac action was uo nuti-J Respirations increased to 14 per minute, pupils contracted to normal auJ ,4m became moist and warm. At 10 P. M.. the racial p:.l-.e return.-d. v. j and reduced to 140. Respirations were of normal frequency and of .ilu.,t normal vigor. Improvement continued. At II I'. ,M., respirations t.i.rii.i, pulse 120. Suffered at this time f i out a dull, aching pain in lumbar c;mn of spine and sense of great weakness and prostration. At I A. M. was entitcly well save the feeling of exhaustion, tumuli following so great a derangement of the natural functions. Uas mm re moved to my room and slzpt soundly until S A. M. During the da I suilereJ very much annoyance from the very dry state of my pharvnv and al-o Irnm muscular weakness, Both these Inconveniences disappeared durum the following night. to $ Jnrt a pound and raises th,. bond ier (pilred of the manufacturers from $.1,000 to Moo.ooo, besides providing a minimum line of $10,000 and minimum Imprison ment of live years for violations. Whether this legislation will abate the (otnineice in habit forming drugs re. mains to be seen, China was unable to control Its no lotions commeice In opium until the other nations of the world stopped send ing her opium. Its efforts began In 172'.i. but met with no success until Septem ber 20, l!io, when China f iibade the Importation of opium from Its noti tnaty nations. In lfi07 Its treaty na tions .formed the International i ip. mi Commission, to lessen their opium ex ports to China; Japan nnd the Cmteil States tin the Philippines) stopped their exports at once and India agrenl to reduce Its export by .1.100 chests a .vear. With Its opium Imports cut off at their source. China prohibited poppy planting within Its own borders after .laiiiiiuy 27. ll'll. prohibited lntcrpro wtKial tralllc in opium after July 30, ll'll. and prohibit, d ri . after January 1, IMS. As far baik as l&Ofi Hi Hun.-, Wilght submitted limit, s t,, s, re-c Knox showing that the I'niuil .sut. whs even then consuming i.hi-h a minimi! of habll forming drue. f-r . a, .ta as china. "Nor can tbu. '.. a' r dilation of thi- trallli " p Towns, "until theie u Co. i rirti. m nop.ilx Indeed there iaii b- n r thefe Is tooperntlOII ,,f a! t),. ,;, ,r nuiiis of the world." South America, rtcrm.it.v ' v. ( Indies, china, India. Java ,r ' '. to-day are pouring the'r ha' r i, i products Into the Cnitid S r I restraint. Druggist!., do. t i: . ', ki epe, Chinese, lrooin . . .,- stieet pedlers are distrilm . fie.-iy to a decaying popu'.n . . addicts which as far back a" ' ' estimated bv Secri-tnrv of .' Wilson at 4.1100,00(1. It Is olle of tile greatest ni gles In history that Mr began one morning In .T.mu.i' Sfoe Won First Prize With Dog Three Years Older Than Herself 1 ilk A ilk