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THE SUN,' SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1914.
STIL L ANOTHER "MONA LISA" DISCOVERED IN ENGLAND It Is Different From the Painting Just Returned to the Louvre in Paris and in Some Respects It More Closely Re sembles Accounts of Leonardo da Vinci's Original Work The "Mona Lisa" A. N'ICW and different version of the "Mona Lisa" by Leonardo da Vinci has been discovered in the possession of Mr. Kyre, author and novellsft, of Isloworth. Middlesex, K.igland. It varies considerably from the Louvre version and shows the col umn on either side, as mentioned by V the historian of Italian art. " ' tolumns are also shown In a - Raphael of the "Mona Lisa" f ukl-'- Muntz glves,n whole page II - t ,' 'ii ,n his authoritative biography f .i .nu Uegarding these columns i, s.nk "One detail which has been k .1 i that fthe portrait Is on- 'y two beautiful painted col-mi- ties- are hidden by the frame." T statement us to the presence of urns Is incorrect, as the old copy . . to Ulchardson, which was i i ' d with the Louvre picture In i . x pel's house in Paris and was ' . with the Louvre picture In . 1fiK ular, Is without the col i - Tin- only existing "Monti Lisa" v ii-'.d showing the columns and v " inlliilshed background Is do- ' ci i l- tu one at Ifdcwnrth. T ..st" the left of the Isleworth i ..i also Indicated In Uaphael's i f Leonardo's original, uppur i.e from memory. This drawing - n "ie Louvre. - i wotk Is pronounced to be -r. r. ejry with the Louvre picture. - ' 'i larger and already there lire 1 s-iy that It even has claims ' r - r ... consideration as the original ft of Leonardo. The owner, ' t ,s content that the work shall ' ' ' k-t 1 I'ti Its own merits, but holds ' ' - .ntrinslcally a more beautiful "'f, ,,t than the famous I'arls plc-ur- T f lm; was at some time or 'I. r . firred from panel to canvas, 'i " i- .T'i Inches higher and .1 ' r than the I'arls picture, and .1 column runs up, as men- ii' inporary descriptions of The hackgiouiid Is entirely d unfinished again sub 'he statement made by 'ie background was never i h tilted more forward and f the hair Is exactly In wlule that of the Louvre - in the midtlle of the fore I ii.s to the back of the head 'tble and incorrect angle, 'lily of tin) picture Is darker "toting, as in almost nil the l'ibutid to Leonardo, has a v The finish Is of the most ii acter, iwo picture, whether from any other cause, shows a 'he left eyo which Is ann posslble, a blemish which Is l " new version, while the '1 !. I . t'.'r, l.v, 1 1 . (J. 'J I fhoi J. ft i 'lh. il -'MS i 1 :ir,, II I li 'r Ills I, ii:-. 'Ilk , It i.iw is not cut In so sud thi! chin, which falls over tho left hardly Indicated against tho 'it-cast, thus differing from ' picture, Thn hands appear ' ul mid pe rfect In drawing. ' !' Is of such Interest that 'II lo itoti! certain authorl lefer to Incidents In Leo 'Miig life. Muntz says (Vol. 'Il "As early ns ldOl Kra N'uvolarla reports In one of to the .Murchesa Isabella ' two of Leonardo's pilills ng portraits which he oc. Horlted upon himself," Also: S probitble that the portrait recently discovered at Isle worth, of 'Mona Lisa' was the female por trait ordered by tilulland de MedUi and seen in Leonardo's studio by Car dinal D'Aragon In 1516." (Page 15s. Vol. II.) To show that there were two versions of this subject Leonardo himself refi ts to two portraits in his letter to Marshal de Chauniont in the following words: "i: portarl con medio due quadrl dl due Nosstre Donne dl varle grandezze Ie ipiale son fatte pel crlstianls-'lmo re." Mrs. Ileaton sas In "Leonardo and His Works" that ' Francc-co del Cioconda, the husband of Mona l.l.-a. does not seem to have commissioned the portrait, at least It remained with the painter until ho sold it to the Trench King for -1,000 gold crown, nn enormous sum ut that time." Thereto! e, as there were two portraits mentioned by Li'onardo himself. It may K' very reason ably supposed that one or more replicas were produced, as was usual In artists' studios of the period, and that It was not necessarily the original which the King purchased from the master. Tills is what Vasarl himself says of the effect of the picture! "in tills por trait of Leonardo's, on the contrary, there Is so pleasing an eNpressiou anil the smite so sweet that while looking at It one thinks it rather divine than human, and It has ever been esteemed a wonderful look, sin. e life itself could exhibit no other appearance." This can hardly lie said about the Louvre picture. In which the expression has been variously described us enig matic and eiiehantlngly diabolical, and which Mlchelet, the French historian, said fascinated hint as the serpent does the bird. The exptession of this newly discovered Work Is described us serene and sublime. It has hitherto lieen generally stated that the pedigree of the Paris picture Is known beyond question and that it never left the palaces of Fontalnebleau and Versailles until It was placed in the Louvre. For Instance, M. A, flruyet, In the On iff In tli'i llfniix Artx In 1SS7. says: "11 entro dans le Cabinet dure de Fontalnebleau ott le pore Dan Ie trouve encore en 14:'. Louis XIV. Ie trans porto n Versailles, ou Haiily le slgnale dons la 'Petite (Jalerle du lto en 1709. La devolution le fait venir n Paris et le place an Musoo National. De mis Jours, chilli, II proud, dans le salon carlo la place qu'il occupe niijourdhui." Hut against this we have the untitles tlotiable record of Ulchardson, the old Kiiglish painter, in his "account of slot lies, Jias-rellefs nnd draw-Jugs in Italy, France, Ac.," published in Loudon. 1751. At page 15 he actually deserlhes the French King's pictures as being In Coy pel's house' Moreover, that all Is not clear regarding the custody of the King's 'pictures Is established on the authority of Lomazzo, who says that he saw Da Vlnel's "Leila and Swan" with tho "Mona Lisa" at Fontalnebleau ; but the "Leda" has completely disappeared, t'nder the entry referring to Da Vinci I iti says: "Tim .locuttila is spoken of at largo by Vasarl In the life of this master. I considered It with the utmost attention, Landsklp, and every part, and find It the samo as my father's In every re sped, the. samo particularly In the col oring of tho liaiuU as distinguished so that nt that tllstonco I could remember no difference, nor can I tell which I should choose." Are these two plotures thoso referred to In the words of Fra Pletro da Nu volorla quoted uImivp? It Is declared that the secretary of tho King's gullery admitted to Ulchardson that many ex perls had doubted the authenticity of the "Mono- Lisa" in the gallery. Any one familiar with Wehartlson's works will not question for nn Instant the Itixh standard if connolssetirshlp to which he hud attulnod. They evldenco nn exceptional insight and Unowtedgo of the works of the old masters. The above particulars will further lntenl(y the mystery s.irniijiuJInK the portrait of Mona Lisa and fully appre elated hy Browning in the following Middlesex, England. A study in the Louvre, by quotntlon from the "Uln and the Hook:" Oh! with a Llonaid going cheap. If it sliiititil prove, as pioinlstd, that .1 .icon lie U'hertof a copy contents the Louvre. Florida's Razorbacks nTMIHHl- are razorback hogs and I tiizoiback hogs," said a New Voii; man who owns up to hav ing spent u winter In the wnyhack woods of Florida, "tint the only true, genuine, hollow ground, keen edged r.t zolhack hog Is the one that roams and roots tho dim lit aisles of those Flor'da woods, making them look like the streets of New York In their perennial process of being Improved. That Flor ida razotback Is a divum, tho kind of dream that might follow the trail of tho Welsh rabbit, mince pie and lobster taken Just before turning In for the night. "I mind me of one fine specimen of razorback hog which was a source of much pride to tho folk down thoro ns establishing a precedent In the possi bilities, of razorback breeding for physi cal dimension and proportion ns well as heft. This particular ono was an In veterate hunter after liens' eggs. The Instant he'd hear n hen give herself nwny by raising a cackle he'd make for the huyshed, In thn mow of which the hens found favorite nooks fur their nests, and Iflhe wasn't watched mighty close he'd mount the ladder leading up Into the mow and scramble that new laid egg In short order. "Ono duy this on the assurance of my host, 'u venerable and exemplary citizen of thut environment of utter un sophlstlcutlon this hog responded to the cackle of a hen and raided her nest In the mow, as It was supposed. M any rate nttentlon was by and by drawn to Jl ' " ' the razorback liy u particularly shrill nml unusual squealing which the pit; did nut seem to be Inclined to let up on in the slightest. Then somebody went (tut In the hayshed to see what tilled the critter, "It could he heard but not seen, and at hist It was located ns being some where In the space between the unlet and the Inner clapboardlng of the shed Siding was torn away enough to to lease the pig, which was s .iinl.ni! square on Its feet on the sill. The Joists, on the Inner and outer sides of which the clapboards were nailed, vvor four incite wide. That made the space where the pit; was standing four Inohoi wide. You can figure tip yourself hint thick throuuh the pit; must have been. And that razorback was reckoned to In In the very pink of condition. "The razorback of that sylvan close for.igts on the bitter wild oranges that grow abundantly therein and on the pulpy roots of Jho marsh crass. What tile razotbaci' dues with all th" wild orange he eats In olio of the mysteries of nature. "If there is one orange on the ground he will eat that. If there are twenty oranges he will eat them. If there Is n peck ho will eat that. If there Is a bushel he wir cat the bushel. If there are enough to fill a barrel he will o.v them. "If a'wagon load should be lying under a tree he will eat the wagon load. He i will eat wild oranges twenty-four hours .at n Hlretnh. nnil vet voll wnotil su-e:,i month, and you'd feel sorry for him, "They to'.d me down there that the I wild orange give the razorback pork Its llavor and the maish crass loots' give It its fa Fat! Why. pay" If J thew? ever was an unknown iianttty It . Is Florida razorback hot; fat' You can't , put tat on one oi tnose nous any more than you can fatten a sawliorse' " When 1 llr.t went down there and saw two feet of nout followed by about a foot and a half of hot; I wondered, but i when I saw a razorback p.is urlug on Raphael, from Da Vinci's Lisa." original "Mona the iiiiirsli grass I wondered no longer. The hogs go down to the bayou and liver shores when the tldo Is out to yank the tough, rank grass up by the roots. 'They stay there pasturing, nnd by and by the tide begins to come in aualn. Then it's u heap ot fun to watch "i in. "When the water comes in they don't move back out of Us way ami feed. They stay right in their tracks. Tho tide comes ou in and the razoiiiai U continues yanking out marsh grass loots. "Thn water reaches his snout, but he doesn't move. He keeps one little black eye out ou the advancing lido nnd the other one Is turned ou the feeding ground. That may seem to be n physi cal impossibility, anil It would ho for anything olsc besides a Kim Ida razor hack hog. Ho can do it, and does do It. "Now on see what his long snout Is for. The water will com- up nnd be nearly over his back, but his snout has several Inches to he covered yet, anil he keeps on yanking. When the water gets up to Ills eyes he gives a disgusted submarine snort that makes tho spray lly and seeks dry land and wild oranges, "Tim Flotilla razorback Is a natural pacer, He never trots or runs. He paces, and when ho lets himself out there Isn't u dog in these woods that can catch him. "I saw a big hog, untrained, and brought right from eating four bushels ot wild oranges, pace three straight mile heats and the slowest time he mude was I believe If they would truln those hogs to their gait they could get 'em down to .. two minute record. I'd like to have you go down in that part of Florida some time and ask questions of the simple natives about their razorback hogs. I really do believe you would he surprised, und maybe Incredulous," The "Mona Running Municipal Ferries a Costly Operation for Father Knickerbocker WOl'I.D New York be better I served If its transportation I systems were operated by the 1 municipality rather than by I private corporation? Would the service be ns popular? Would the cost of op-1 eration be as economical? Some light i on thee questions Is shed by the results of municipal operation of ferries for, the last eight years. The municipal fer ries .ire operated between South Ferry nnd St. (Jeorge. Staton Island, and be tween South Ferry nnd Thirty-ninth street. South Brooklyn. I'p to the close of the year 1012 New York was out of pocket $15..154,257."J through Its operation of a ferry system. The Staten Island division began run ning October 25, H'15, and the South Brooklyn division November 1. U'Oi'.. In the seven years of the one and the six years of the other the city has spent on ferries the considerable sum set down above. A an offset It possesses ten ferry boats, valued in the aggregate nt '.'. (27.175 in the 1012 report, as well as ter minal ferry houses and property In St. (leorge. South lirooklyn and Stapleton, The value of boats and property and franchises Is estimated at $:.,niiit,noit. Deducting this front JI5.35I.257.02 and It appears the city spent $10,oun,00o In .-even years, or about J1,t2l,iMi0 yearly, to engage In the ferry business. Why don't the ferries pay? The boats are Jammed during the commission hours ulght and morning, and from the middle of May to the middle of September they are the crowded excursion craft of tens of thousands dally who can afford but a nickel ride. Many, of the boat couldn't entry more passengers than they do. and If this isn't an Indication of protltahlc business, what Is? And so it would seetn. The revenue llgures loom up well too. Here are the receipts for the year l!i2, as shown In tho report of the De partment of Docks nnd Forties: stati:n island division, I'.iFseiiger trnille. $iinl.r,;:i.in. Vehicle trallle. Jlt'ai.tl'.C' 1 Pilvlleges of the boats and ti riulnals, 7.1,27.r..l7. Total revenue. $7!",S5,2. SOt'Tll lll'OOKI.VN DIVISION, Passenger trallle, f, l.0il.-..!i7. Vehicle trallle. $121, Mln.:'.'. Pilvlleges on boats ami terminal?, $5,2''l.2:i. Total leveniie. $201,1211, 111, Total tevenue of tho two divisions for l!'12, $!ili2,iii!,l I. For the same year tho following sums were expended to keep the ferry system going: SOUTH lltlOOKI.VN DIVISION. Construction of terminals, $31,450,07, Construction and pin chase of boats, $1,002. 01 : operation nnd maintenance, $ II0.MIO.SS, Acquired property, J0t.4S2.19. Total expenditure, $543,024,75, STATKN ISLAND DIVISION, Construction of terminal. $100.1157,50, i 'Deration and maliiteniAice, $1,234, 43K.OI, Toial expenditure, fl, 344. 205. 54. Toliil expenditure both illvUlunii, $I,SSS,220.:9. Deducting from this expenditure of $1.KRS.220.2! the revenue of $992,00(i,ll for the year there Is a deficit of $H9M, S14.18 for 1912. Far from running his ferry at a profit, Father Knickerbocker has to "dig deep" for money to kep hli ferries running. Lisa" recently returned to the Louvre. Considering ihe enterprise aside from' t'ie Mini- paid fot terminal construc tion, jiiitchase of 1 1,. .lis and inquisition of pi port it lost Jl,i;54,;!2S.02 to ope!' ad a. id iiKilutnlu the plant for the year P.'I2, Willie for the same period the re ceipts Wele J'.i'.C'.UiKl 1. leaving between the cost nf operation nnd maintenance and the trallle and privilege revoniiw n dclLit of JlH'.2.322.M Suppose a pi twite corporation were tni take over the municipal ferry plant and determine to run It at a profit? What steps would It take? First, boats, ter minals and other property hulng been acquired, theie Is no way in which economy can bo applkd to their mere possession. The slash therefore must bo made in the operation and mainte nance of the plant. How about the number of employees and their salaries? The priwite corpora tion would undoubtedly decide to redme the number of employees and nit their salaries If it can be done. This s what they say about it in the municipal ferry bureau: "The men employed upon the ferty bouts are paid It-tier than men hold.ng similar positions mi boats operated by -i hate (orporatlous. They atso work but eight hours a day, which Is the law. You might cut their salaries and you might Increase tln-lr hours. You cannot 1 leduce the number of men assumed to J eai h boat. Their number is 11m d by j I'nited Stales otlielals and is proportion ate to the class of boat and Its cubic foot i measurements. ' "You nil-ln change tin- time taha- so ns not to run tin- boats all nlubt, or i tlieru so manipulate It so as to pull a I boat or two oil tor an eiituo eight hour shift and thus save on,, or two crews, nt- the crews tnlglit be clianued into. say. nil hour shifts. All of these iIiIiiuh ii.uld be done and might bo done by the I piiMite corporation in Its determination to make tin- system profitable, ' "Now suppose you try stopping the' ferry after midnight, or from, say, 1 I A. M. to 5 A. M, or 0 A, ,M. You cut off a borough of New York from the oilier, l-oioiighs of the municipal body. For live or six hours you cannot get from1 one section nf the i ll) to another. Such a proceiilln-i would cause an i odiis from , KUiiiiioml and a mluliiy n-ar of ills-, approval from real estate centres. A private corporation in Its hunt for profits would hardly do this. It might make the t Intervals between all lllsht lllps one oi two hunts, but even pr. ate corporations try to build up n trallle. ' , "A number of years ami, when the, Stnten Island ferry was run by a prl-1 vale corporation, there was a last boat) every night about midnight, If n graph ophonc had a cold storage record of what , was said every night when the belated Staten Islander missed that bout and hud to seek a hotel' The progress of the Island was retarded materially be. cause of sin h a hnudlcnpplng tlinc table, "How about cutting the salaries of the men? You could do It, but there Is not tha ullghtest doubt the service would suffer. F.vory man employed on the boats of the system Is a civil service man. Think that over for a moment. He tins to be of a grade of Intelligence thnt will carry him successfully through n examination proving his fitness. "Compare the condition of the mttnlcl pal ferryboats with those of many other lines plying the harbor. Compare the legularlty of schedule performance with that of other lines operate,) by private lorpor.ulons. "Another mighty Impoitant thing. Suppose users of the system ale nearly a unit in demanding some change or Innovation for their convenience, i theie any doubt tlu-y tan get It under tin- ptesont system? Could tlu-y in as siinil of gittiug It tiudir a private or. poration iiianam ment ? The iliin.es would be against k If It cut into tin proilts." Summed up the argument i that NeW Yo I, t;lo o belli f s,. ,, 1(, . uei of Its muiilciii.il feiiy than would be given by u private n p"iMtloi, but it is paying heavil.v lot i . : , lie. tllle of the chief Ii-.imius f,n- the big dellclt in the seven ye.if aggregate is the initial es,..iilitnie for tin- boats. No liner craft of tlu-it' kind tire nllo.it. The value , f tin- Manhattan. Itrouv, WUeeus, Itlebiiioiid and lliooklyn at the clo-e of 1012 'was fixed at $.Hi0.72.50 each. Four oiir l-efme they worn valued at SI'i, ) 1", i , a, b. Tie Staple. ton and C.lstletoll at tile close nf 1912 wele valued at j!7.75 each. Four years befote the value was $197,5111) each. The li.iy Uiduo, Nassau and tiow'.'llius at the end of 1012 were valued at Jlso.s37.5u. Their vi.lue lour years be fine was $21 2, 75" each. The Staten Island Hm t alone cost over $ 1.5IOI.IIU0. Was it good business to sink t It Is. -Iltll at tin st, il I' Would a private ei-rpi.ratinu hove built ucli expensive hoais until ,t s.iw proilts clearly In sight'.' Would It not have built slilalli r boats, selling them later and construct mo. lamer ones, accoiiling In the man h of ilie pioilts? This is one siatctueiii thi.v make: "The municipal fi-rty system was not established tor a day or a year. Large as our boats are- carom- nearly :i,uou at their full capacity tin v nie cr ivvded for mouths In the summer, i it vviiit use would smaller boats l,-" Wo would have to have more nf them and tills would tin an iin-ie cicw. Id 'Ins re spect that of clews t ln large boat is much more economic 1 than two or tin oi imaller ones. The dellclt of 1012 iv is JmIi, J I US. Measured by a live cent fare, it would take 170.212 more pasi nin-i s In one year - not considering veh lo trallle or privileges -old to make up the amount the l'y w it. ''in- total revenue for 1012 is given at f.i.tija.o.'i, or what would lepresent lOs.PH pas-engors. Fig uring by mouths, the il, tk It for 1913 amounts to what the revenues equalled in ten months. In other words the rev enue must double for a period of ten iiioiilbs to make up tin- delb il There IllllSt be a !ll per cent. .Ili'l'easo. How long will it take to attain thia Increase? The total p venue of 1906 i the Hist full yean, was $V2 250.52. The total revenue of 1012 was $092.. oofi.ll. The Increase of revenue for six years in tin- past vvns ii per cent How many years will it take, measured hy present methods and conditions, to catch up with the 00 per cent, deficit: So there you nre. with the same ques tion In iiolng as at starting. Would New York be better served If Its trans portation systems were operated hy th municipality rather than by the private corporations?