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TAPE Author, Opposing Entire Eugenic Plan of Mar riage, Thinks Scien tists Have Ignored Only Legitimate Rea son for Wedlock -Compares " Ideal Mar riage" of Eugenists to Horse Breeding Hr HEX BKAC ll, AMhfir of "The Spoiler," "The Iroa Trull." . EACH your In the gnat titles of the country horse shows, dog shows, cat shows anJ shows of various "live stiek" nre held; some nre fnshlonuble, others are not. These appeal to the devotees of the per feet horse, the perfect tabby, or to pro fe.lonalalsers of cuttle and farmers interested In the blue blooded Jersey iw If you can, imagine another sort ,,f exhibit. U might be held annually, r-.iy In Madison Square Garden, New York city. llvtienth the flying Diana on the toner picture a great electric sign: 'National Human Stock Show; Highest Types of Physical Perfection. Blue nib bons to Winners. See the Candidates for Eugenic Marriages!" Within, In railed off enclosures, we might behold men, herculean of size, strutting about, gracefully posturing or manipulating dumbliells: women, handsome, Ama zonian, reclining on couches a la Alma Tadema or seeking to attain the mysterious pose of the Venus of MIIo. Crowds pass by, pausing to admire, making comments, critically examining the "points" of the "exhibits." The Judges a grim fnced, serious minded luard of eugenic doctors occupy a stand. I do not know Just what the social status of such a show will be whether It will 1 ns fashionable at the horse show or in the class of a Jersey cow or sheep exhibit. Conjure this show lef ore you. I am not responsible for the suggestion. It has come from the eugenists. If the suggestion for any human stock show Is abhorrent and distasteful the eugenic plan for marriage between men and women on a basis of physical per fection Is more so. A great deal has been written and said of late concerning the eugenic creed. It is being promul gated by a national organization, has the support of men of science whose eminence lends dignity and weight to the propaganda, and la without question influencing the public mind. The plan of the eugenists appeals to the pseudo soientinc, to the sentimental type of reformer" and highbrow, and that 1.1 rge class of human beings who, being ..mew-hat unbalanced, go in hysterically for fads. The extreme absurdity of many eu cenic principles was demonstrated re cently at the national convention for nee Vtterment. at which a physician made the suggestion that annual shows U- held of perfect types of human beings with prizes or blue ribbons to be given 10 the winners. That the eugenic prop .iganda has not been without effect has t.en shown by the passage of a law 11 Wisconsin making a physical exam nation of both parties necessary to se ure a license to wed and the presenta tion of .1 proposed bill along similar ties to the Legislature of Massachu setts. While I believe In the attainment of Physical well being and the Improve ment of the race I cannot but oppose the entire eugenic plan of marriage. I do not believe that It will result "n an Improvement of the race, but rather In degeneration. It cannot but i. iilc.irUe and make ignoble the mar f ace relation. Those who have consid ered the plan of the eugenists have prob ably done so only superficially. I be deve the public should be enlightened nrernlng the basic fallacy of the ne vtment, Its menace and absurdity. The eugenists contend their purpose U r bring Into the world perfect chil dren and thus Improve the race. To 'mpiish this they would make mar r f 'nntlngent upon physical perfec i What does this mean? They Ig '(. the supreme attraction of love, ' only legitimate basis for marriage. They place the highest relation of hu man life In a class with horse breeding. f what should be primarily a union of t U. of sympathies and spiritual In-r-sts they make a legal union of dies. Those who advocate these prln- Ium speak of course of mental and 'i ral perfection as being desirable with I'isiiai perfection. The whole propa- nd.i however, reveals that the prime miin ition for their "Ideal marriage" physical. W ihout love the marriage of two i" pie however perfect physically and ta'ly. Is revolting to our highest di ah, 'ucently wo have witnessed n singular - mplp of the comic extremes to which faddists will go. Announcing that desire to experiment In the brlng "P of a perfect child Into the world a i rd of eminent medical men. through i Hiiiiliient medical magazine, lias or ' re,i prizes in n contest for a eugenic .mage. Candidates of both sexes ha-e been Invited from all parts of the ct nntri' TIiav nn tn antimlt thnmiielves to physical testa and the man and woman sCuQ4mst M tlx tout of physical SV IO It ONLY BASIS FOR MEASURE MEAN mm Is also shocking and repugnant. I wish the women who discuss this movement nt etntui anil m in lectures would con sider this aspect for a minute. Put away the hlghfalutin Idea of a perfect race brought Into being by the eugenists and consider marriage based upon measurements by tape and gymnastic lent .with Indian clubs or dumbbells. One of the young women candidates for the eugenic prize has heen quoted as saying that she offered herself not for the prize but with the desire of becom ing the mother of a perfect child. I wonder how many women In the world hove ever married with the pre meditated, sole Intention of becoming a mother? Ftom what we know no such deliberate purpose Inspires birds, bugs or bees In their romances offspring la fortuitous. Nature but utilizes the at traction of sex which, among human be ings and with higher evolution, has be come transfigured Into love. We can be sure that, as she always has, nature will take care of racial reproduction without nnv deliberate assistance on our part. This regulation Is automatic and wiser than pernaps any numan regulation would be. During pioneer days in the West there were pnenomenauy mg fami Life MARRIAGE A LA MODE By WfLLIAM HOGARTH. This is a reproduction of plate I of the famous series engraved in 1745, and which are considered most valuable of lies, the children numbering from twelve to sixteen In a family. As the West be came populated and men were not so urgently needed the families automati cally decreased in number, Just as they have In the congested cities of the world and such countries as France. This Is as It should be. Instead of trying to in crease population, I believe the aim of life should be to decrease numbers and Increase efficiency. Quality Instead of quantity Is certainly the consummation of evolution. The highest purpose of marriage, In my opinion, is not to bring children Into the world, but is un indi vidual development and mutual help to ward that end. To me, the bearing of children Is the least important phase of n.urrlage. The eugenists mnkc It su preme. Murrlage Is entered Into too casu ally, too recklessly with many people nowadays. It should be made more difficult. It should not be possible for any two people to marry from mere passing fancy. While the eugenists are talking about raising the standard on a physical basis, people should lie really educated regarding the sacredness of such a relationship. The only basis for marriage Is love. Anil love Is above any Gnat Human Stock Show I Blue THE SUN, SUNDAY, MARCH MARRIAGE AND UNIONS BY DEGENERACY, BxHSBSuBBBrsBBBSBBl BBJSJSZSBsB&Tf9"y mm qualifying code of the eugenists. Peo ple should marry for love alone. Mar ried, their object should be to develop us Individuals. Under most ideal con ditions marriage is difficult The do mestic relations of two "perfect physl cal specimens" who have married be cause of their blood condition and muscle development are not pleasant to contemplate. If we are to Justify actions by re sults, what will be the probable outcome of marriages entered into on a basis of physical lltness? Perfect children? Possibly In one case out of ten. it Is recognized that the vitality, brilliance, even genius of children de pends upon the emotional intensity of the parents who Iteget them. The ap pearance, blood conditions, even health of parents have not so much to do with the mentality of the child as their own mentally sympathetic state. The eugen ists ignore this attraction. The men tal fibre of children born of a physi cal union Is likely to he coarse. It can not lie otherwise. Men and women fall In love Invol untarily. There Is no deliberate pur pose In a great passion. Love comes ns mysteriously ns the storms and wind. People suited to mate are Impelled to real Ribbons for Winners I See the 1, 1914. mm one another: theirs is a spontaneous sympathy. Nature inspire) a woman to select the man who is most suited to mate with her. Nature reciprocally in spires the man. This inevitable attrac tion may not seem "scientific" to the eugenists. But It Is a better guide to parenthood than tape measurements and blood tests. What is the went of happy marriage, of successful parenthood, anyway? These wise doctors and learned teachers of race betterment advocate the mating of people who are equally perfect, of similar mental calibre. In life like does nut usually mate with like. Inequality Is really the prime secret of a happy marriage. No, I'm not raising any question re garding suffrage, for I believe that in telligent women should have the vote If they want It. Hut in the marriage re lation there can be no equality In like characteristics it the marriage is to be successful. The man must be stronger and the woman weaker; or the woman stronger and the man weaker. Two evenly balanced persons never tun set along; they must constantly clash. One Is I urn ml to have ascendency s-omehow. (lenerally, I think the man should qualify In strength and executive m Candidates for Eugenic Marriages SAYS REX BEAG Ira artist's works. ability: the woman In beauty and Ideal Ism of mind. Itather than encourage the eugenic movement, ns many claim, I believe the greater freedom allowed womun in her revolt will discourage any tendency to ward a conformance to the eugenic scheme. The more Independent women become the more Inclined will they be to follow their natural instincts and to resent any arbitrary and sordid powers of submitting themselves to "examina tions" to qualify for wedlock. What woman with self-respect could so demean herself as to submit to a "blood test" uh a qualillcation for mar riage? Personally, 1 do not think peo ple will ever stand fur any such imperti nent Invasion of their rights. Inequality of characteristics goes for success In marriage, so I believe also that physical Inequality tends to thu best results. Some of the finest chil dren, as a matter of fact, are born of physically defective parents. There Is the old story of the woman who went about trying to have a beautiful child. To effect her ambition she thought "beautiful things." talked about beauti ful subjects and gazed at beautiful pic tures as a preparation for the coming child. A monster was born! 5n i" Thinks the Bearing Children Least I portant and the Unit ing of Two "Perfi Physical Specimens,' Without Affection, Absurdity and Menace The Human Stock Show From London recently came report 01 a eugenic marriage between a Mr. and Mrs. Harold Itolce. who, to prepare ror a perfect eugenic baby, visited fa ninus men, engaging In high blow eon versatlou and the discussion of "ad vanced'' philosophy, and In addition that the child might not be born without n sense of humor also talked with hu morlsts, Including Jerome K. Jerome and vaudeville performers. H. G. Well has repudiated his pal tlelpatlon in this gnbfest" preparation for "EiiKcnetta." ns the baby 1ms been called. Mr. Weill has disclaimed any belief In this cu Heme m-iieme, un air. Wells I com inlsvrutc with the mlsfoitune of any "bugcneiiu" so prepared for! If they are truly In love I consider the marriage of two irinnles or healthy man and a consumptive woman more Ideal than a eugenic marriage be tween n lady dumbbell holster und i strong arm man. If people are genuinely In love dls euru is u matter oi no conseouence. no bar to their union. We often see. a woman marrying a weak, consumptive man. It is part of human nature for the strong to support the weak; this law holds In marriage. The self-im molatlng care of a loving woman for a man suffering from tuberculosis, the unselllsh solicitude lavished by a man upon an Invalid wife are more beautiful than two healthy people not In love deliberately mating for the purpose, of creating a child. Devotion la one of the most beautiful things In life. I have said that perfect children often come from the most unsuspected sources. For, mark this and this dis proves the whole eugenic propaganda: A child Is not the product of Its father and mother: of merely two human be ings. It I the result of thousands of generations of all the progenitors who lme gone before It. None of us knows our family tree, the ramifications of Its roots through generations and the processes that re sult In our individual olves. nir tem peraments nnd characteristics, our beauty or ugliness, our weakness or strength, our brilliance of mentality or dulness are not the work of our par ents; to a degree our parents Inllucnce us; we are, however, the concentrated production of thousands of lives through thousands of years. The best qualities that com down to us are brought out by being born of a pas sionate union, of the fire of love. Chil dren thus born will Inherit the nobler qualltlis rather than the defects of their parents' and their parents' progenitors. One child thus born, even If physi cally under par but mentally brilliant. Is worth a dozen leautlful, strong bodied but mentally obtuse eugenic chil dren. We ore evolving toward a higher marriage relation and a better race. This will not come about through eu genics; not by picking out prospective parents as bulls and sheep are picked, selecting them for admirable physical qualities. It will come about by In dividual development, mental and physi cal. If individuals have disease let them try to cure themselves. If people are physically weak let them exercise and illgage In nthletlc", I believe that phys ical development of this sort is all important. Athletics are the best preparation for marriage. There Is a tendency to-day for those who work In the city to live In tho country. Men ngnge more than ever In outdoor sporta, golf, tennis nnd other games. The I Soy Scout movement starts boys thus. Such a movement Is more vnluablo than nit the scheduled schemes of eugenists. We have reached that stage of spiritual evolution where we can control the body. With this, marriage should, more than ever, be bated on the attraction of mind to mind. If two people love each other, whether they bo physically perfect or not, they will marry, and hnuld not bo prevented from marrying. Let the giant of n man marry a tiny wisp oil a woman. l.t the hug womnn marry n mite of n man. This Is ns It should be. Let them follow the law of dlisimllarlty. Many celebrated folk, stab ns Col. Itoosevelt, advocate big families. If people want children let them have childien If not, that Is their own busi ness, and It Is no one's concern to criticise. Pa rent ago should be optional not obligatory. We have passed beyond mechanically obeying the old Scriptural command of populating the fill 111. We have become, anil should bo, Individual". People who do not want childien would prob ably make bail parents and their at titude be ndvcrfo to the growth and development of unwelcome sons and ilauuhtf is. I do not think this Is a problem sullliiently Important with which even to concern ourselves al though It Is of course the backbone of eugenics. Hut then eugenics Is simply the theory appllid to the rearing of race Iioihch to human beings. Itacehorses are for no good except racing. Human beings am more than animals Any principle relating to arbitrary breeding on a physical basis will Inevitably pruvo degenerating rather than uplifting to the race. The eugenists do not, as all faddists, agree among themselves. Some advo cate tho uniting of sane people with tho Insane, the defective with the no.mal, und even so "the opposite strains may mix" the mating of whltis and blacks! All this Is to be ilono on n scientific, un emotional basis' Imagine a sane man being arbitrarily married to a mentally defective woman In order that they'may bring forth a-perfect child' r a white womnn married to n negro so the child may inherit "the better qualities," such as "the resistance to disease nnd the senso of humor" of the negro! fly such a proposition ns this alone thla mad propaganda stands condemned.