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6 THE SUN, THURSDAY, MARCH 12, 1914. THURSDAY, MARCH 12, 1014. Eatered at the I'm! Office it New York Second Class Hall Hatter. akserlBtleas by Mali, PttM. DAILY, Ifr Monti DAILY, Per Year SUNDAY, I'er Month SB SUNDAY (to Canada), Ter Month 44 SUNDAY. I'er Year DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Year DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Month IB FoailoN IUTM. DAILY. Per Month I ll SUNDAY. Per Month M DAILY AND SUNDAY, IVr Month 1 0 TTIE EVKNINO 817N, Per Month THE EVKNINO SUN, Ifr Year THE EVEN1 N (1 S U.N t Korel gn ) . Ifr Mon th , 9B a bo 1 OS All checks, meney orders, Ac, to be made pay able to The Sum. Published dally, Including Sunday, by the Bui Pruning and Iubllthlng AssoelaUon at 170 Nassau atreet. In the norouth of Manhattan, New York. President and Treasurer. William C. Ilelck. Ill) Naaaauatrert: Vice-President, Kdward P. Mltchrll, I7D Nassau atrret Secretary, 0. E. Luiton, 170 Najeau street. London office. Effingham Ronae, 1 Arundel treet. Strand. I'arlt office, 6 Itue de la Mlchodltre, od nue du Quatre Septemhre. Waahlnrton office, Ttlbbs nulldlnf. Brooklyn office. 104 Livingston atreet. It our frUnts irAo furor tit tetth manu$enplt and tttutlratloni for publication cli to hart rejected article returned ttuy null in alt tain ttni itampi for ttalr.urpoie. Is Rorkhllt to He Culled? It mny be dlRlcult to And the light man to (ill the shoes of Professor John Bassett Moore, counsellor to the State Department, hut the report thnt W. W. Rockiiiix mny he appointed his suc cessor seems too good to be true. Sir. Rockiull Is not mi cncyclopivdla of In ternational precedents like Professor Moore; his practical knowledge of dip lomatic Intercourse Is very extensive, however. .Seldom hits nny American seen so much service. Mr. Kockiiill has been thirty years In harness, be ginning as Secretary of the American Legation at I'ekln In 1S8-I. On Far Eastern affairs he Is Mrhnps the great est living American authority. Minis ter to China for four yearn niid Ambits sador to Russia for two years, he had been Ambassador to Turkey since April, 1011, when he was relieved by Presi dent Wilson. Mr. Hock ii ill has also served as chief clerk of the State Department and as first and third Assistant Secre tary of State. Under the auspices of the SmltliKinlan Institution be was In charge of two scientific missions that spent four years In China and Tibet. Also a linguist and a writer on Oriental Mabjcvts, Mr. ItocKiui.t. would be of Krcat value to any Administration, Re publican or Democratic. lie has served under live Presidents, nml. like an offi cer of tho army or navy, he hits never had nny politics In the performance of bis duties. If President Wilson has reconsidered his decision not to employ William Woodville Rockiiiix It Is n matter for congratulation. He Is worth an In calculable number of the kind of nolltl clans who have lieeu displacing good men In the diplomatic service to cancel obligations incurred by tho President and Mr. IIryan. Need the President Proclaim Any Canal Tolls lit Present? The duties and powers of the I'resl- dent with regard to the opening, main-1 tenance, protection and operation f ' the Panama Canal and the sanitation ana government or tno canal Zone are - - partly defined In the act approved on;- Tlle" caum the efTort to resuscltnte August 2-1, 1012. The requirements of , organization as a national estitb this statute and the provisions of the ""bnient. Tho capitalized adjective Hay-Pauncefote treaty constitute the"'-N'ntlonnl" w"8 tacked to tho front of codo for tho President. Wo mention . "Democratic Club," dinners were held the Hay-Pauncefote treaty In conuee-i 1,1 which well known visitors from afar Oon with tho Puttanm Canal act be-' ,nlUwl Jefferbonlan philosophy, modi cause the treaty, not less than the stat-j ,0 meet tuo tluu'8' nn1 "lhe KOle Ute, Is part of the supremo law of the. of tho t,lu,) was Rreatly widened." land. Suppose thnt Congress should over- Jook all considerations of mitlonnl 1 honor and contract obligation and fob low the lead of Senator James A. O'Gorman of New York and Represen tative) OscAn W. IJ.NDEiiwoon of Ala bama In refusing to vote for the repeal of the coastwise exemption clause. What, then, would Ik? the President's duty under the existing law? The existing law. meaning thereby both the Panama Canal uet of 1012 and the Hay-Pauncefote treaty of 1002, for 1. nr. l.nth t.ln.iln? unnn l.lm. i mandatory in two particulars, both neg ative: 1. The President must not lmiiose tolls upon vessels engaged In the coast wise trade of the United States. This express prohibition Is contained In Sec tion 5 of the Canal act of 1012. 2. The President must not prescribe tolls discriminating lu favor of one na tion as against another or Involving terms of Inequality In resject of the conditions or charges of tralllc. This prohibition Is contained In Article HI. of tho Ilayl'aiineefote treaty of 1002. Of coiii'M! both of the foregoing pro visions of law would be oneyed by the President If he refrained from prescrib ing any tolls whatever; thut is, if ho carried out the plain requirement of Section of the Canal act exempting American constwlso vessels from pay ment for passage between the oceans, and also carried out the plain require ment of Article III. of the treaty by exempting tho vessels of other nations likewise. What Is there to prevent that solu tion of the difficulty, a canal free to all until the President Is able to pre scribe tolls which discriminate against Do nation oberlng the Suez rules? Well, there Is this further provision f Section 5 of the Cunul act, appar ently fixing a maximum and a mini' mum of charge, and reiterating, lu a clavia freoucurrf overlooked in discus- stons of the subject, the offenntre prin ciple of discrimination In favor of our own vessels: "Tolls may bo based upon gross or not reentered tonnage, displacement ton nue, or otherwise. The rate of tolls may be lower upon vea els In ballast than upon vessels carrying passengers or cargo. When based upon net registered tonnage for ship of com merce the tolls shall not exceed one dollar and twenty-flvo cents per net registered ton, nor be lets, ofaer (Aon or vessels of the United State and ft citltcni, than the estimated proportionate cost of the actual maintenance and operation of the canal, subject, however, to the provisions of Arti cle XIX. of the convention between the United State and iht Republic of Pan ama the Hay-Uunau Varllla treaty, en tered Into November II, 1003. If the tolls shall not be based upon net registered ton nage, they shall not exceed the equivalent of one dollar and twenty-five cents per net registered ton aa nearly as the same may be determined, nor be less than the equivalent of seventy-five cent per net registered ton. The toll for each pas senger shall not be more than one dollar and fifty cents." It will be observed thnt the first Rail clued passage In the foregoing extract from the Canal act directly contra venes n requirement of law contained lu the HayPnuncefote treaty. The sec ond passage which we have Italicized expressly recognltes as binding on the President another provision of lnw con tained tn another treaty, the Hay-Bu-nau Vnrilln treaty. What Is he to do in face of these contradictory, Inconsis tent and In one sense Impossible pro visions? These provisions as to maximum and minimum of toll charge apply to the President only In cuse he undertakes to prescribe nnd proclnlm tolls. By the canal law he Is "authorized" to pre scribe and proclaim tolls. But does the law anywhere require, that he shall do so at nny given time, at least be fore It becomes possible for him to ob serve the limitations of the act with out violating the provisions of the treaty? Why This Parade of Stuffed Stilt? When Riciiabd Croices. seeing the parsing of the lean years for Tammany that followed the Lexow investigation, returned to America In 1807 and drove John C. Siieehan out of the Hall's leadership, he wanted an uptown home, nnd picked the Democratic Club ns Its site. The club had known days of mod erate prosperity in the period between Mr. Cleveland's administrations, but wns of no particular am sequence po litically until Csokmi net up his head quarters there. During the four years of Van Wtck the Democratic Club was Influential and Important. All loyal Tammany men were given to understand that they must Join and dress the part. Therein the late Tom Dunn, responding to a (Milltlcal worker not famous for devo tlou to the niceties of dress, on being asked what he thought of his associ ate's evening clothes, said: "Fine; you look great In 'em: why don't you buy n suit?" Cbokeb held court nightly, and many were the strange sights to be witnessed in the club. When Croker and Van Wtck brought another licking to Tammany Crokkh quit the chairmanship of the finance committee, and after Nixon and the Trlmnvlrate Muhfiiy reorganized the Wigwam forces. Murphy's uptown seat was In n public restaurant. Hu did not care for the Democratic Club and his Inck of Interest In It was hit' mediately reflected In Its attendance, Mkuy of the men who hod Joined tV caue of Croker ceased to use It. nnd tho club relapsed Into its previous con dltlon of Inconsplctioimnetw. Its rolls bore the liann of maiiy promlneiit men, ' business" further down Wherein Its Influence has been effective would be dlfUcult to say, but some good rt,nMers mive lweu w"D,n lts vails, and a noblo jwker game once was uouseti unuer its roor tree. It Is tTom tins .National Democratic Club that Mukphy has now been ex truded by the friends of Choker, who.se activities In local politics have been Increasingly apparent since the defeat) 01 U,L '"ny "ckm last ran. I Cbokir himself lias put n spoon in the porridge. Ills remaining friends here SPOm tH lmvo B0,ne lcnnito and specific lrposo behind their assaults 011 Mtm- riiv. Certainly they are annoying him; IK-rhitps they uro hurling him. The suggestion that Crokek luies once more to "come back" Is grotesque, but to what end Is an old stilt of his clothes stuffed with straw being paraded about the. Democratic enclosure? Qtilrn Mnhr? The commission appointed by "First Chief" Cahuanza to Investigate and re port uMtn the manner of William S. Uenton's death accomplishes nothing as tho days pass and Is dropping out of public notice, (ieneral Fkausto, the head of tho commission, being asked to account for a rumor that It hud gone to Chihuahua when it was still drows ing at Juarez, shrugged his shoulders uiid said, "Quleu saboV" That Is tho stock question on the border. Why does General Carranza dally nt A gun Prletn when General Villa Is oppressed with the cures of state at Chihuahua nnd the world says thut tho real leader of tho Constitu tionalists Is tho cx-outluw? Qulen sabe? How comes it that "Pnticho" Villa has ceased to bo n rude, unlet tered, ragged bandit and has developed Into it suave, wUo, self-relluut, and well informed administrator lu a new General's uniform? Qulen subu? What has become of tho military operations to tlrivo the Federals out of Torreon and carry the war to the Rates of the capital? Qulen sabe? Why doesn't Hvebta crumble? Qulen sabe? Why was it said that when the em bargo upon arms was raised the Con stitutionalists would take city after city and sweep the Federals like chaff before them? Qulen sabe? Is there ever going to be n pitched battle be tween the Insurgents and the Govern ment troops? Qulen sabe? Is not the IKillcy of both sides in Mexico one of "watcbfu.1 waiting"? Qulen sabe? Mr. Vast TuyPs Banking Bill. All bankers doing business tinder New York State charter should obtain and proceed to consider carefully the so-called Van Tuyl bill for the revision of the State banking laws which has been Introduced In the Legislature at Albany. The bill is a result of the work of a commission which Superin tendent Van Tcyl caused to be created, nnd It Is evident from an Inspection of the measure that a good deal of Its work was thoughtfully done. It Is also quite as apparent that the labors of the commission, which by the way were headed by a banker more conspicuously Identified with operations In the national than In the State Held, tire likely In turn to need revision. Here Is a paragraph which one stum bles on In Article III., devoted to State banks: "Within ten days after the date on which the annual meeting of stockholders la held the directors elected at such meeting shall, after their due qualifica tion, hold a meeting at which they shall elect from thetr oxen number a president, a vice-president, a cashier and such other officers as are provided for In the by laws." This paragraph Is section 12S of Article UI. Practically the same par agraph constitutes section 213 of Article V., dealing with trust compa nies, the only difference being that the words "a cashier" do not occur In the trust company section. Merely to di rect attention to this peculiar provision is almost enough to demonstrate Its absurdity. If sections 128 and 213 of the Van Tuyl bill should become law as they stand they would operate almost auto matically to project the executive of ficers of all State banks nnd trust com panies In New York Into the boards of directors of their respectlv Institu tions. Tiro responsible managements of bunking Institutions know well that this is neither necessary nor wise. If It were, if any advantages could ac mie therefrom, legislative compulsion would not have been awaited. All banking corporations have a suf ficient representation of their execu tlve stnff In their directorates. To require them to choose their officers from their boards of directors could not full to bring about some very queer results if It were a practlcnl possibility. Hoards of directors are for the most part composed of men of large affairs measured by the standards of the com munltles In which they live and do bus! ness. They have graduated from sal aried ranks as a rule and would hardly make the best material for subordinate places In the roles of bank officers. At the eamo time the best material for bank officers is as a rule that which has hurdly qualified Itself for membership In bank directorates, however promis ing It may be. Again, If the sections referred to should take effect ns law they might oblige a number of Institutions either to enlarge their directorates undeslr ably or cut down their otllclal stuffs undesirably. No one can pretend that the executive ofllcers of a bank should have control of the board of directors, which supervises the workings of the bunk. Yet without other changes In relationship the foregoing sections of tho Vim Tuyl bunking bill might, In many cases, havo tho effect of pluclng the ofllcers of a bank or trust company In control of the board of directors. It Is possible that it strained read ing of the text may permit the con struction that directors are to elect from their own uumher only presidents mid vice-presidents, but the plain mean ing of the language Is that till the ofllcers ure to come from the directo rate. The. provision seems to lw ho ri diculous on Its fuce as to carry its own certainty of umendmcut. However, It has u more Inqiortuut significance, the suggestion thut if It could find Its way Into a bill for the wholesale revision of the State hanking law the bill probably culls for enreful nnd Interested scrutiny lu nil Its parts. A Good Citizen. John Lammirt CadwalaVmi, who died yesterday In Ills seventy-seventh yeur, was a lawyer of tho old fash ioned tyH) that may be said to have made ull law Its province Instead of restricting lt.self to the sharply divided mid narrow provinces of tho specialist. His mind was singularly iieiietruting atid capacious; he seemed to huvu the gift of almost Instant comprehension of the obscurest and most complicated details. To this city Mr. Cadwaladkr gave long ami fruitful service as trustee of the Public Library, of the MetrojKill tun Museum of Art, the American Mu seum of Natural History and other in stitutions. He was u loyal sou ami faithful friend of Princeton University. Ills life wus rich lu multiform labor for the community. Huppose Secretary Urtan had been kid napped and butchered hlmscU. Would It linvi) amounted to any moie than In the Vergara crho? Oovernor Colquitt, What an nbaurd quratlon ! No onn Is going to kidnap Mr. Huyan, A plot to spirit him across tho I'otomac would I probably miscarry, for the chances are that ho would not.be found at tho Ktato Department, No one would ever think of butchering such a pious gen tleman, although the Dove of Peace might he excused If it pecked him soverely. It stems that Mrs. U. a. Woltb iif Kl Paso has received a despatch from her husband, who was on Senator Fall's list as murdered by tho Mexicans, saying that ho is alive and well and has never been molested by them. Up la superln-j tendent of the Creston-Colorado mines at Torres, Sonora. The Senator's list Is obviously padded with outrages, and It may be suspected that most of his evidence is 'hearsay and' extremely flimsy. It Is wise for us to wait a little and see what the reiulte of the experiments with tne initiative and referendum measures will be In other States, before we adopt them In Massachusetts. We aro not In a parlous condition where we need tn resort to any means which we are not sure will be a benefit. President Lowkll of Harvard University. Traitor! It Is unwise to await the re sult of any experiment before adopting the course urged by its advocates; and Massachusetts, along with all the other States, is, and of right ought to be, In a parlous condition so long as cyery new remedy for ancient Ills remains untried. A moving picture man who Induced General Villa to sign a contract and pose for the films says that the Gen eral Is "a Bcrlous, dignified man who conducts the affairs of his army In a systematic and orderly manner, which would do credit to a much older and more experienced military man." All the likenesses of "Pancho" Villa seen In these parts show him to be a robus tious chap on a broad grin. It Is won derful what the "movies" can do for a man's reputation. We know of no coming vacancy on the Supreme Court bench, and Mr. Taft's name has neither been suggested nor con sidered by President Wilson for any Judi cial appointment Secretary Tumulty. The firm of Wilson A Tumultt will be bothered In this way every time Chief Justice Wiiitc or Associate Jus tice Olinku Wemiclx Holmes has a birthday. The word "social" ta misunderstood, rather than misapplied. A portion of the younger element In the community asso ciates the word "social" with dancing and dining, to the exclusion of those phases of the term which stand for rnentHl enjoyment and Intellectual betterment. Dr. Wild of the Board of Education. Can't "social" In this sense maintain us title, or at least make a strong show of rbfnt? One can have mentul enjoy ment, and perhaps Intellectual better ment, by one's self Bitting by the lire and reading or looking Into the coals. Uut who cares to dance or dine alone? THE MllWLK t'F Tin: HO A It. Mhere Snow Mboukl lie riled when Mkle iU and ;uttrr Are 'lcenrl. To tub Koitor or Tut auN Sir: la there nut sume uay of calling tho atten tion of property holders to the irccmslty not only for cleaning off the snow trout their sidewalks but also for cleaning and freeing the gutters? It would entail llttlfl expense una trouble upon cucli house holder to have thla done, to pile the, ma tarlal up tn tho centre ut the streets with an occasional ' opening in the ul that would allow for the paaalng or turning of horses and vehicles, tiucli irai'orialbll Ity, borne by the householder, would save the city a large sum, reduce the uvar and tear upon vehicles and the Injury to horses and prevent the obstructions to truffle which now occur. For years 1 have followed thla plan In the atreet where I llw. and hau got the neighbors on either side and opposite to cooperate with me, ao that In our block we have free passage for vehicles and room for them to turn. Could not the Street Cleaning Depart ment facilitate the work of clranlnK the city by following the same plan? The snow, piled In the centre of the strict, could then be carried off at the conve nience of the depirtment. but meanwhile traffic might gw on unimpeded, particu larly If the Police Department wrre en listed to aee that this plan were carried out. E. C. P. Nrw York, March 11. fiovernmrnt .Made t'nemplii)eil. To the C111T0H or Tub Sun sir: If the express companies are finally com pelled to go out of buslnesi, what will be come of the old employees who will be thrown out of employment? I am led to ask thla question by tho fact that my brother-in-law, In addition tn many others, lost his position with the American llr prnss Coinpan when their business fell off owing tn the parcel pot. Ai he Is 50 yt..r old, he Is debarred hy the civil ser vice rules, from getting a position with tile Government. He has now been out of employment for some months and can not find work. It seems to mo that there should be some way of employing tlie.ne men In the parcel post. They certainly are valuabla by their experience. What chance have they to find employment In otner lines ot work? ! I think It Is tho height of cruelty on 1 the part of a rich Government tn throw 1 these men out of work fur no fault of their own. J. S. I.. I New Yoiik, March 11, I The Armr-Navy (lame. To Tin KniToa or Tne St' A'i: All loyal I New Yorkers should be pleased at the an nouncement that an effort Is being made to haw the coming Army-Navy football gnme staged In th metropolis There l nn ether I city or town In the United Hutu In which I the facilities ae ' up to dute and perfect for handling the Isrge crowd that the game attracts an New York. The IBIS game was played here and It 1 was played under pecutUr conditions, Iimk. much as It was the tint time the (ami w.ie tared In New Vork and It was prnctleally In the nature of an experiment. Thoxe In i'hari'0 at the Polo Grounds, and In fart the entire city, were on trial, and made good tn every way. Persona who hae been preeent at the gridiron strucrle between the two academies for many years were pmfue In their praise of the nay In which the game j k.is handled In thla tlly. It waa the beat ' aver. Hit there Is no reaiim why tha great etrur I ale should not take place here In 1HI4. It may t' a little Inconvenient tor the Mid dles, but the authnrltlei of that Inktltiitlnn should remember that West l'olnt ha trav elled to Philadelphia for many seasons, and tb Navy should return tha favor, Nsw Yiisk, March tl. Kmi'i. The r.ratrful rirraWaatrr. To thh KniToa r Tna Hen ifr; I'ar be It from m to Introduce nny more liUarri effects In American bieakfasls, but thla mut- imr nf ,.fia hnrn,n,il tilat Hit innrnlni. In I -ie and 1 am full nf tl. I felt hungry nfter I tn all night railroad Journey, and etopplni; I In a Liberty street restaurant ordered lamh I chops, toaet nnd coffee, Willi the chops ar rived fried potatoes anil gteen pens, llxcel ent breakfait, Hllrka to your litis. Naw Yobk. March 11, r S. The Watchman 011 the Timers nf Stale. To TH8 KniToa or Tns Svi Sir: I aee that my friend M, U. Vigil of Allniiiuernue, New Mexico, has been appointed Coiumla aloner to the t'annmi-t'nclllc ,-xiii.ii Seems to me the Hall nf Fame might bet ter put him on the Watchful Walling Com mittee down In his detnlrlck. p. 8. Naw Yeas. March II. "Apple t'le Order." To Ttia Knima ur Tus tins Sir: Speaking of apple pie, what la the orlk'ln of the phraan "apple pie order"? la It from that old game "A wus an apple pie, 11 bit It, C cut It," c ! ' i:. Wkiseniuuit, ScaiNToN, l'a., March 11, Streets vf New York. To Tits Kpitiib ok Tub Sin -Air; wii Is U that most of the drtvs of tho wagons uaed to cart awuy the mow ure big, "huaky" fellows, while many of tha man doing tha hard work of shovelling ure email und oldT Nswaax, n. J., March u. ruiNcsTu.! JO, PVXXSVTAWSin'f The Olorleui and Sacred MHe ef the World's One Clrottndhog Club, To Tim ttuiToa or Tits Bun sir: I have been it leader of Tus SUN for fifteen years. 1 wlah .to cudgel It lor its couiae concerning the gioundhog, for 1 be lieve that It Is partly the fault of the es teemed Manhattan luminary that the little marmot has been al.owed to delve, prog nosticate nnd multiply. Allow me to give you a basis for the complaint. l'uuxsutawney, Pa., my native town, lo cated In the central western part, boasts of tho only Oroundbog Club In tho wot Id. 1 was In at the organisation ot It In 110:2, and, was Its poet laureate and secretary until I'jdv, when It had a membership of 460. it was organised for the purpose of exterminating tlx woodchuck. Kvery year In September the club calls a meeting nnd conducts a hunt. The foothills ot the Alleghanlcs are scoured for miles and mdes and the proceeds brought to a cen tral point, where a great feast Is pre pared. In this manner Puiixsutawncy came to be recognized as the official home of the woodchuck, and here. It Is claimed, Is the main office of his weather works. This claim was challenged by other towns In the Keystone State until August, 1909, when, under the auspices of the Groundhog Club, a great hunt and feast were held on the third day of Old Home Week. The club advertised that the offi cial westherworks of IJr'er Groundhog would be transferred to Punxsutawney for the day, and that It would guarantee that the only real weather prognosticate would produce fifty-seven varieties of wenther In three hours. The demonstra tion was given before Kdwln H. Stuart, then Governor of the State; Justice John P. Elkln of the State Supreme Court. Professor Alexander T Ormond of Prince ton University, members of the Btate legislature, men prominent In politics, society, finance, meteorologists, astrologlsts and marmotolnglsts. Fully 30,000 people could testify that It was a huge success, for from fifty-seven great floats were dis pensed that day fifty-seven varieties of wenther. Including rain, snow, hall, sleet, blizzards, fog, backward, cloudy, partly cloudy weather; volcanic action, thunder, lightning, ic. The parade was called the Clrcumgy ratory I'agennt of the Prophets nnd Me teorologists of the Punxsutiwney Weather works. It Included the fifty-seven floats aforementioned, 150 prophets and me teorologists afoot, and 200 nnlmnls from the Jungle, known as the Coon Hollow flunch. Hr'er Groundhog, ensconced In his observatory, took his position along side of the stand occupied by Governor Stuart and the other dlgnttarls. As each float passed In front of the Governor the part'cular weather brewed therein was turned on. He was so well pleased that he naked to have the parade repented, which was done, the whole show consum ing a period of over five hours. During the day the hunters had been busy with spade and mnttock. and that night at the Governor's 'hnnnuet over 400 marmots were served. As to the delects blllty of the groundhog sa a table delicacy let those hereinbefore mentioned and some 400 others attest. Now here Is mv "grouch." The Ft'N iwns Invited tn nend representatlvs to that banquet, but tho Invitation went unheeded The club could have condoned that, but .when you made comment about thnt name lrti"iiet from second hand Information you referred to the patron snlnt of the I'unx sutawney Groundhog Club as n rnnk faker, an Impostor nnd a fat dullard. The weather you have been having In Little Old New York nnd elsewhere In these t'nlted States this winter, excepting In nntli Florida, shows how greatly you had underrated the activities of KlngArrtomys Monax. nnd I am delighted to read In Tits St'.v ymtr rail tn gourmets to lay for him nxt fall during the "doverlng" season. Th Invitation tn Join the Punxsutawnev Groundhog Club Is bcrebv renewed, see'ng that Tun Son has come to realize the situation, and unless the author of what vou chnrnrterlze "The Crime of Febru ary 2" la supP',ese.. or at leat mini ded here Is one nitlee of the oM Key. stone State who will remain In the land of flewers. Were, beieen be n-ned. th billow of the woodchuck enn nev come athwart. C. H. Ffeas. IlnooKsviM.g, Fla., Mirch 7. A Krrnian Centenarian. To the Kpitok op The Sun sir: There Is. or very recently w.ts. living In Hlank nbiirg. Urunwlck, Germany, a re-lred district official w ho completed ht.1 I Old ear Jnnuaty 31, 19H, His nime Is Ctrl Wllhelm Kdtiird t.erche. born 1512. studied law In Oottlngen 1S30-33 and held Inter nnd until retirement civil ofilces of 'ncreaslng responsibility nnd honor. He was pensioned In 1 S2. In 1 SI 2 nnd fur many years before In Germany all births were made a matter of ulllelal record In the church books of the purlh nnd these records nro readily accessible. Hecauie of his social status this gentleman's birth must have been a matter of sufllclent note and Importance to family and friends to remove It from the atmosphere of tradition and hearsay gossip on which most claims to great age are based. As the Information contained In thin I letter Is furnished solely as n contribution to an Interesting discussion that has been given snaco In The Sun from time t 1 time, I forbear to trench upon the privacy , of a man. probably still living, by citing, I as Is usual, his regimen, either with the glee of predilection or the sniff of preju dice. K. 1'asapena, Cab, March 8. rieetrlesl Wiring. To the F.niTon op The Si'n Sir; It is about time the electrical fraternity , generally "put up" a vigorous "kick" about the odium cast upon the business by the repeated reports of nil the news papers attributing practically every fire to 'crossed electrical wires." That they do not do so Is probably due more to the contempt they feel for the statement than to any other motive. nitctrlcal wiring aa done nowadays Is tinder tho strictest supervision of the proper agents of the nre Insurance com panies, and can only be done by compe tent workmen under responslblo con tractors. 1 The statement In probably nn per cent I of the cases Is a lie, and Is either duo to I the Ignorance ur carelessness or both of 1 the parties who tu.tko It. Reporters gen 1 orally are Intelligent men and It Is up to 1 them to slop thlx. K. W. Stevenson, New Yoiik, March 11. The Art of Driving an Ab Tart. To tub KniTiia ur Tna Sun sir: ! there no one In the Street (.'leaning Iep,irtment lih eeine enough to atop cruelty to Its horses7 Ash curt drlvera should he mule In atnrt with the empty curt at the head of the street tn load up with ashee and work toward the .lump Instead of starting near the dump und furring the poor horse) to pull the heavy load tivlce over the same grmind j. MuatiEa. Nrw Yona, Manh 11, Amiirla Ilemrntla. I'm sick all through, from top to toal The way my pulsea ebb and flow Would seem to Indicate, ack, Thnt my complnlnt la rardlaet Hut 1 bay Inst all mate for food, Ho aaairlc Ills 1 must Include; Again, though far Indeed front deata, At times a i atrh comes In my breath; My bosom heaves till 'twould appear That pulmonary trnuhle'a near. Next there's a Uncling of the nerves Thut dliigminl will deiervea, Flnca of all Ills by which man's cursed The neuroiuthln nre the wont. I met a lady fair hint week To whmii I found It hard to speak. My vocal cords must he aml, I'.lee, whence cume their paralysis! Orebrlc Imlntis, loo, I fear, llerauae my mind wns far from clear. Hut I've one symptom stranger yet, Though thus completely I'm upttt. Life aeems more Joyous, strange to tell Than e'er It did when I was well, Wluil'a wrought me up tn such a pitch T 1 am the victim of a wltchl I feel her apell Is o'er me thrown. TIs aha can cure and she alonel Qaoaos II, Mosiwooii. political com'Ksrwsa. Mr. Llneetn'g lie so lut Inns Hi Their Vater In IM.1. To tub EniTon of The Bun Sir: 1 notice In The sun a letter signed by Klmcr H. Youngman assuming to dtes strate by quotations from the "Life of Abraham Lincoln" by Ida M. Tarbell that Mr. Lincoln was opposed to the Institution of political conventions and would be at tho present time It alive. The last sen tence of the letter Is 'as follows: "Have we any warrant for believing that were lie living now the position he took in 1835 would bo alteredr I answer yes; tho very best, bis own words. Let mo ic fer Mr. Youngman to Nlcolay and llny's "Complete Works of Abraham Llnoeln," Volume I., pages 240, 241 and 242, title, "rtesolutlonsof a Whig Meetlnc at Spring field, Illinois, March, 1141." "The object ot the meeting was stated by Ur. Lincoln of Springfield, who offered the following resolutions, which were unanimously adopted." The first four resolutions nre not material to the subject now consid ered, relating to a tariff on Imports, di rect taxation, a national bank and the sale of public lands; but note this: Resolved, That we recommend to the Whlga of each Congressional district of th Stat to nominal and aupport In th ap proaching (lection a candidate of their own principles, regardless of their chance of success. Ileeolved, Tha w recommend to th Whlga of all portions of th Stat to adopt and rigidly adhere to th convention system of nominating candidate. Ileeolved, That w recommend to th Whirs of each Congressional district to hold a district convention on or before th flrst Monday of May neat, to ba composed of a number of delegates from each county equal to double th number of representatives In the General Asiembly, providing each county shall have at least one delegate, aald delegates to be chosen by primary matting of th Whigs at such times and place as they In their respective counties may ate fit. Ileeolved. That A. T. llledsoe. 8. T. Logan and A. Lincoln be appointed a committee to prepare an address to the people of tha State. This address was written by Mr. Lin coln and signed by the committee, and the discussion of tho sixth resolution, pages 253, 254 and 255, was as strong an advocacy of the convention system as It would be possible to write. All the foregoing can also be found tn Volume II. of the "Works of Abraham Lincoln," centenary edition. In the volume first quoted, page 210. .s found the following letter to John Den nett, dated March 7, 1848: In It you will find a brief argument tn favor of conventions, and although I wrote It myself 1 will say to you that It ta con clusive upon the point and cannot be rea sonably answered. If tfier be any good Whig who Is disposed to stick out against conventions, get him at least to read the argument In their favor In th address. For his attitude In 1935 we have tK hearsay testimony of Mies Tarbell. cor roborated by the way by Nlcolay and Hay In another work nnd In almost Iden tical language: but for bis position In 1U3 there Is the evidence of his own writ ing". Thnt this was no sudden conver sion on his part Is shown by tho following' quotation from the address: We do not mention the fact ot many ef the Whigs opposing the convention system heretofore for th purpose of censuring them. Par from It. We expressly protest against such a conclusion. We know they were gen erally, perhaps universally, as good and true Whigs as we ourselves claim to be. Hero he distinctly aligns himself with those who had previously favored the con vention system, as against those who op posed It. Tho question Is answered, Is It not? And the following Is a pertinent query; fa not The Sun's position that Abraham Lincoln Is "worshipped for the most part ipmorantly," well taken OKonoE W. Kerr. SrniNoriEi.D, Mass, March 11. IIIS IIUXimEtt YEARS. A Quaker Farmer er Aurora Approach. Ing lilt Centenary. To the nnfroa or The Sun Sir: If Mr. Alfred King, an old resident of thla town, shall live three or four days longer he will be able to celebrate the comple tion of his hundredth year. Notwith standing a scepticism regarding similar claim of longevity, I think the evidence In thla caso establlshes the fact beyond any question. He waa brought to this country from Knglarul by his parenta. members of tho Society of Friends, over ninety years ngo ; and he ha In his pos session n somewhat unique document, his certificate of birth, which reada: On the Fourteenth day nf the Third Month, One Thousand Plaht Hundred and Fourteen, was bom In the Pariah of Thorn, boroush In the County of Ituiks, unto Will iam King of Thurnborough. Farmer, and Mary his wife, a Son, who Is named Alfred. We, who were prevent at the eald birth, have subscribed our names as wltnesaea thereof, Kiiwp. SncTiiin, Surgeon. M xrtii a CciLra. I.ojipon: Printed by W. Phillips. . Ueorie Yard, Lombard Street. As a member of the Society of Friends nnd by vocation k farmer, It Is hardly nieess.try to hay that he has lived n aober. Industrious nnd quiet life. Until he was past 95 or 96 years of age he mado hie garden every spring. 1 see no reason for anticipating his enrly decease, Ai.rfkt LerriMawgLL, M. I). Aurora, March 11. "The sitin's" llreatl Depot. To the F.ditor or The Sun Sir: It Is the opinion of our class that many deserving poor are ashamed to go to vour bread depot nt 2C0 F.llzaheth street. We think that by "the darkness be friended" many more would avail them self of Mr. Kamlier1 kindness. We there fore suggest that the hours for distribution be changed to read 7 to 9 I. M. CI.ass 8113, I". S. 2, Manhattan. New York, March 11, Woman Kulfragc In Chicago. To the EniTon or The Sun Sir: 1 have obtained from Chicago the following figures: The number of women of voting age lit Chicago eligible to register und vote g estimated to bo G1G,S92, The number of women who registered was 1SS.S-4 ; those who voted nt the prt m.iry election were 47.C74. That Is, a little over 30 per cent, of the female citi zens registered and a llttlo over 9 per cent, voted, c. H. L. i IIoston, March 10. I The Memory uf Htalraman. To Til UtMTiui or Tn Bvi Sin I always knew Jim Martin was a great hand to re. member people, but I hadn't never give him full credit till down lu the store the other nlsht vve nil put our heada together and sort of sited him up. Wo wua ulmlchty surprised how fur buck Jim can really ga remrmberlng namea, and 1 calculate you'll be too when you hear hat AmuiUh It mi yon had to tell about It. Amailah he waa telling about how Jim dropped lu over.tn his place to burrow a rip saw the morning after Amazluh's last boy was horn u spell mo, Jlni he com Into the kitchen, und he spied the nurse lugging the hoy along through the buttery, and he walked right up tn the woman and putted the little fellow on the head und ea, uy hei "Well, Hell, well! And hovv'a little Willie this bright spring morning t" Jim had It right. Amailah went nnd named the hoy after Wllllum Jennings llryim the very nest week, JiK", Jri uf Jersey. PUIM'tiLli, X, J,, March 11. Itoor ef Karap. To in Kniriia or Tns sun Sir' I read with pleasure tha admirable paragraph an Mlit Davis's plan for setting th criminals tn work cleaning the streets of New York. It occurred to me that If, ua aba suys, "the technicalities of th courts" open u door for th escapo of suniu ut the criminals, that la hardly a reuaon for opening to them an other door of eacap. MaltTtN P. CUMUINUa, IlciTo.t, March U. HUNGARIAN PEASANT ART EXHIBITED HERE Gorgeously Embroidered Tex tiles and Laces and Potion at National Club. C0L0R8 ARE BKILMant As Novel as Futuristic Work Compares With Tivtiu- Artisans' Products. The exhibition of Hunearlun art was opened In the galleries , t National Arts Club last night v n, 4 members reception, which was ni- a( tended by the Hungarian Consul-lie and by M. JurJIevltch, private ch lain to the Czar of Itussla, who h,ii.n to be here. The walls of the clubhouse are n aj, gorgeous by the display, which Is cf em broidered textiles, laces and pottery tl.i textiles predominating. The colors utti are as brilliant aa those employed by the futurists, and the designs, while equallr as novel as futuristic work, are less open to criticism. In short, this peasant art, like the art of tho primitives, Is at once vivid np' strong, unaffected and attractive, be auts born of genuine racial experiences. Mth the Increase of railroads and travel barriers between the nations have Ven. almost annihilated and the differences t national art products along with then France, Germany, Sweden, almost every country In Europe, In fact, has watch-4 the abandonment of national costumes by the peasants and the decadence of native arts with alarm, and most of these coun tries have societies now whose aim is t check It In Hungary there Is a home Industry association to encourage the peasant worker of the country, moat of nhctn are farmers and have plenty ' of leisure In winter, during which they manufactutt the objects of their household use. The Government In founding the aoclety was guided by two considerations Hrt'. the desire to preserve the old patterns of peasant art, which were gradually being superseded by machine made products, and secondly, It desired to aid the pea-ants o earn money during the winter moi hs J. Nltson Laurvlk, the art critic, with Dome Koperly, director of the ooc,ef, chose the objects of the present dtvpiay which in fact given a most comprehMiih and creditable account of Ilungaiiat peasant art Some of the moat Interentlng plc I the collection are the decorated horns made by the Hungarian herdsmen am shepherds, whose only tool Is a pockt knife. Although thtse men have no pat terns to guide them the work compare favorably with tho beat work dn truined artisans. The gala costumes, both of the m n and women, have all the qua'lt Ilrst rate works of art, and he e a e a number of small Hungarian ! i dressed In their ".Sunday best" to plain the manner In which then- eof' are worn. The sleeves of the tn w gala occnslons, for Inntance. are vt ' and hang In long folds far bi ou hands. The material Is of while I m heavily embroidered In brilliant w I- I The men wear bifurcated skirts, and e e an apron, also heavy with embroider The ment striking of the nnbro Is In wild color harmonies upor linen, but there are many cushlot and "runners" In pale vermh n -' btlght blues thnt have an oriulr note The exhibition remains on view it1 March 23, after which It tours the tun try, going tlrst to Newark. ECOXUMV I'LEA Hi ItEVOCItATS fflrpnl.llenii Kilravagance I Oaf done, rnntor Thomas Hays. W.vslilNr.To.s', March 11. A Democt'a .la protest was heard In the Senate to-aa against Increasing appropriations a growing extravagances. More than rs Democratic Senator raised his o ' agalnar the tendency toward larger a, ptopriations. "The Democratic party Is 'seeing' fie Republican extravagance. If I may an poker parlance," said Senator Thomai e Colorado, a Democrat, "and Is 'going ttw party one better." "I might say that the total appmprla tlons for this year will exceed thone of St year by 1100.000,000," ventured Senitor Hmoot. a Republican. "I think the Senator Is mistaken a to the final aggregate," suggested Sena'nr Overman, Democratic member of the " proprlatlons Committee, who had b protesting against Increasing approrr tlons. Senator Smoot expressed a willing-" to stand by the prediction he had mao to the total und asked Senators to k-e? mind his prophecy. "We ought to upologlze to Jtep . ' for all the years of abuse lnw have railed ut their extr.ivagan e Senator Thomas. "I see thut e are e e' going to greater lengths than ' icy thought of doing," "We accept the apology ' oJ ? ft Senator McCumber, Republican vsi ? e Senutors luughed. .Senator Overman attacked U,n- "' Iriet of Columbia approrrlattm b ' ported by Senator Smith of M '' which he said was 11,700 000 m the same bill last yrar. The bill was before the Re- -e u ' noon. Much of the debate w.i ' against an appropriation of 1' build a Halt market at tv wharves as a sanitary me.i . Democratic Senators aigm-J i wns too large and some . Me appropriation. .Senator Wil that If the Senators who visit the tlsh whntf they twi i of the apptoprintlon. 'Senator La Follette hv a e killed nn amendment prupi of the Washington llm 1-g with the Georgetown tl ia I. ' Senator lteel of Mts-nie . t.tclt on nil of the pub.'.- u' tlons In th District, p uti -phone company, wltleh he s.i i -the District I In ch.ui.id ' ratei were three tunes m 1 should be. I r LAHOIt nVllEATIUIJ I' ,,w ' Dremner 54 pen I III ' '"" " WnrklnK for the Mei Washinoton, Mnrch II " Ing u bureau of labor eaf"i pnrtment of Labor pusn-.i to-day by a unanimous ot u union of two bills, one Republican Leader Maim the lato Reprr senlntlvo Jersey. Representative 1 the last painful bourn working for the piifmgi- -f " Tho bend of the mw -known us the Commleei. Safety, Will be a rrte'd-- nnd will get u salary ot 5 ,rr provides for a muaeuui or f devices, so that opportutu'j Jf for tho study of modim u " venting Industrial ill.ititi IIryan fiora A t ,ul"" Washington, March ' ' State Uryou went to A noon and di-llvt-red an a font tho Maryland Iys1 Inlttntlve nnd referendum ' to Washington this evening wren i . . .