Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY, MARCH 15, 1914.
NEWS OF THE WORLD TOLD BY THE SUN'S CORRESPONDENTS
TW1 AMii '.-
A MODERN DIOGENES
LIVES IN BRITTANY
jlis Hesidcnce Is Like Thnt of
the Greek, but Ho Will
Andre Salmon Sings the Praises of
"Independant" Painters in Paris
Poet Makes Valiant Defence of So-Called Artists, Many of Them Amer
icans, Who Are Outcasts
Latest Efforts of Paris "New Thought" Artists
BY THE BLOOD FEUD
Munich Women Force Husband
to Ak Discarded Wife
to Return Home.
Ipfritt Corteipnnitence to Tits Sri.
tvnm, March . Near the little Ilrlt
tr.r rilt.iiv of Saint Glen there lives n
rodem Pi nvncs, a man liv the name of
Eiicen Pj1'' In. who has .lived for nl
rtort ti-rie vears In n portable wardrobe
jjlrs abandoned In a llild. Fearing neither
Ui Mttrr cold of winter nor tha rain or
( tt 11 'e"a "ie Increase of rents,
th!? ti.ai I m pasted three years of what
it .- 'exquisite peace" In his Impro
TlffJ "" "sior. 'I Ui,s formerly the
cr.r tii' '-ind which he now occupies,
but misfortune forced him to sell It. Tho
r(t f"'in'tor ac- rdtd him the privilege
til ten..i ,.lrir en the land us H "locutalre."
'put m IW In rially u modern Dlo
.., s 11 s prulocessor lived In n barrel
.. Jii. 'd all r.rlhly goods except
t . .. aik and a drinking cup.
ricur ", hl:orv tells, saw n child on
iiv dri k UK ut of Its hand. "That," he
nil. "t nt me that I have still some
tMr.R sui'frmioiu," and he broke the cup
r.J threw It aw.iy. l'oldrvln not only has
i drinking cup, nut an entire kitchen out
gt. su:h as K la Ho cooltH hli own meals
u4 his excellent ones at that
This "Tub" Una a Door.
y.e iub of Diogenes had nothing to
trot'Ct Its entrance, while Poldevin has
trp; JJ u;. n. e if the Hoors of his wnrd
rale r.J cnjoji th effect of u real por-
Poldevln leads a sober life because clr
rinftat.cts force him to do so. He has n
Itntern, but does not "seek a Man,"
Etm, a return to uays or uetier roriunr.
V .. l'rcn 'h reporter went to see
Tt'-it. . it ..la "home" he found hltn read
r t . w ek old nwspapori", good litera
ture of course. 1'rom the edge of his "por
ih lut a Ickles. which caused this
yXoji n '. modern style, to remark that he
t.ttai itriiiuuc . j,i.ivv.
re- irter. In order to Ju-.lge whether
c i. ' t .1 new Diogenes was the reluct-
t n of his Greek predecessor. as
. llfKfinlir the Great attitude
fj g t-J "pr-scnts" In the form of'
f!. '. ii viey Instena ot snoutmit,
sw J bet . ten me and the sun !" J'oldc
r.r pockctid th money eagerly.
Word . es from .Munich that that city
1j r.ot tie best place for unfaithful hus
tinds to ett'.o down with their affinities.
! An Insurance Insjwctor who had n ftreut
4eil tf travelllni; tu do met on one of
tlj j-arfis an actress who appealed so
itunitly to him that he took her back to
Humeri and Installed her In a house
l'.or.rMe his own. His wife heard of thlr
mil ufler reproaching her husband In
r.:or. teims left him and went to her
ttl..rr i L-indshut. Xotlilnic could have
i.ltid the Intpictor better und to the
treat ht j:jh"'ent and horror o' th
5iarttr it. which lie lived his affinity
saved nit doir Ju-st as soon as the wife
i out Of tlkjllt.
T.e housuwlv. held an Ind'.Knatlon
r.eftlr.c after teveral conferences over the
tick fence and decided to nvenfte their
Oitraeed s'Mer. Three hundred of them
ruiittd the Inspector's home, broke tho
txt srfzed tho actress ami rave her u
tfrrlM be.itlmc. They then forced the
unfaithful husband to send tho following
!'.rKram to hl wife-
r.Hii-n. tin homo Is purified."
Whri the Inspector's wife returned the
S') wrnieii met her at the station and
ik 1-4 the triumphant procession home.
A Joke mi Thiers.
A wntT In the Gautots says he found
r. the .ju.ivs a little lKok of anecdotes
ito'-, T'..: the til st President of the
Th.rl ltepuM!i In which appears the fol
tax ' .g
TU I'-i ?t.ent went to visit Mar
u'.Yi'i, h s native city, and one day when
U t.ji wanderlns throuuh the streets
4.on. .is he loved to do. he saw n sentl-
r! in fmnt of the Muutaux Inrracks. who
4AZid set ,b tl h !' kuii and, siiuatted In his
t'.l. UO. WHS IIIJOIMK i Ht'ht ...
vf tread and cruri' cheese. The Prtsl
4m .K' 'a 'lied and began:
-Eh men, my filend. Is the regiment
"U ii.i.t thou ak?" returned the
coMi einployini; the familiar second
' Ik aue ii interests mc considerably,"
rtenni the Pifslileiit.
Th soldier thought his questioner enm
r.fi., of the rtKlmcnt In civil clothes.
lv ii.- b..-nce of the military costume
(i-luc!ed the necessity of sulutlnc To
f h on as to whether he was cor
l'irl. k--k ant. Captain or Lieutenant, M.
Ti.i'rs r-.ied thai he was greiter than
Vi'htn the sentry, with mouth full of
chfise. kal.l "Well. then, you must be
fa uener.tl ' M. Tillers repnea: "ins
G:rri!s obey me."
"Voil n".nt In ITi.'lUe believe YOU ftTe
the M.r ster of War," returned the sen
tiy rniTK ajtonlshed than ever.
"1 m muru than tho Minister," replied
M. Thiers blandly.
Ti.tn ou can't be any one but Papa
Th! -m Here, take the bread and cheese
k!!e 1 present arms to you."
'I he Mrrrnrr Lamp.
TU problem of lUht.tiB Paris streets,
bu-ts. and bulldlnBJ has undergone many
t:r.fes In the last century. Without KO
Irr bi k aa far as the day of the candle
I' m be said that the oil lump, the
i lamn. iras. electr c ty ana his
u'v lamp have succeeded each other
r.a tie latter lamp has been so periecieu
Ij in entirely different iro.n me one
fill) nir,.(lnr.l lint this march of ttroK-
t'ts aS in mi wjv affected the Ministry
Qt Interior, the veiv branch of the
'm nt which should be first affected
'" n chancer. The Ministry of the
to' i. the Hue Cambacereu Is u huge
tr,v A" bullJIns lighted by luO oil lamps.
h io imiu sood except In their lm
' ai.: vlUnlty There Is no means of
. " e i.ie bulldlnit except by burning
1ck - .,rn fireplaces. With all Its pic
tain (aeticis the open fireplace doesn't
ii . satisfactory heat.
A .i ..ie modernization of Constantl-
0! . i
fc j .
ins Hi.) restriction of thu rlKhts
l ,. kt. lm)0rlal princes. An edict
n issued In the Ottoman capl
in. ok all persons of princely
i. - anythliiB which un ordinary
i a man without u steady occupa
- be Inclined to do. They can t
u.ltc cubs, In autobuses nor In
Installed electric street cars.
illiiK b truln or boat they
usep.irato compartment and
i r lio circumstance!) mix with
on herd. They are not hiiowjci
'.e hotele, thn casinos, the
. the restaurant. 1 tiey
.i!., i.hIIs or moving picture
(ess a chin Ity performance Is
winch they uro specially Invited.
,.i.i hoe r..". rc'.atisr.s vltver
.l of Inferior stutlons. What
r prlnco dd? Turkey Is iiwuken
(uj.ieiiilbm, but Turkish royalty
t'JII keiimgs to another of.
Special Corrttponttnei to Tss trx.
Paris, March E. Although the Salon
dos Independents Is In Ita thirtieth year
It has not yet secured a permanent home.
Temporary sheds are erected each year to
house the exhibition, which presumably
la considered too frlvllous to be admitted
to the Grand Palais In tho Champs Ely
sees, whero tho old and new salons will
open later and where th Autumn Salon
will also be held.
This year the sheds for this exposition
have been built on a corner of the Champ
do Mar?, a slto once covered by the
Cubist sculpture, by J.
Oalerle des Maclunes, In which the old
lariium & Ilalley circus gave Its perform
inces when It came to Paris. This loca
lon Is admirably adapted for their pur
ose and a new subway line makes It
islly ucccsslble from the centre of the
Criticism of the works of the advanced
wing of tint Independents Is a dlftlcult
task. If they are dlscusstd at all It is
better to consider what U said In their
defence or explanation by a believer In
their urt, like Andre Salmon, the poet,
who has devoted an entire number of
.1onOoic, a fortnightly magazine, to all
that is new and Important In llteVature,
art and music, "the organ of artistic
Mr. Salmon begins by rejoicing that
the old form of criticism Is dead. Criti
cism 111 the hands of ets makes that of
critics Impossible, of critics who were Im
provised magistrates condemning or ac
quitting. Ciltlcism by poets has set the
IS THE SKIBO LAIRD
ALIEN OR AMERICAN?
Scottish university students
Want to Know Status
SprHat Catle Despatch to Ta 9nt.
London, March 14, The quest on of
whether Andrew Carnegie Is u Uritlsh
subject or an American citizen has arisen
again In a curious manner. The faculty
of Alnrdien University proposed that Mr.
Cameglo should be made chancelUr of
the unlvi rally to succied tho lute Lord
Striithcona. The proposal went along
swimmingly until tho student body In
ulsttd on knowing whither Mr. Carnegie
wus an American citizen or a hritlsh sub.
Jcct. "Who's Who" and other bojks of
reference do not give any data on the
subject. The American Embassy vas
likewise unable to tay positively whether
Mr. Carmglu was a Urltlsher or an Amer
ican, while to far as Is known Mr. Car
negie Is still a voter In his parish In Scot
land. The American Embassy Is constantly
bothered by repeated requests for Infor
mation concerning estates In chancery In
which Americans are supposed to be heirs.
One of the must persistent herles of re
quests conies In regard to u mythical es
tate left by William S. Jennings. Three
to fjur quttles In regard to It are re
ceived every week at tho embassy.
Ono or the latest letters irom the
United States In regard to this supposi
tious estate says that accoidlng to news
paper reports Parliament proposes to lift
the stntuto of limitations In order to per-
mit the helrn of Jennings to recover thj
estate fiom chancery and that Lord Cur
ion of Kedleston Is one of the mst ac
tive and Interested persons In the move
ment. Tho A merlcan Embassy oft c'als
say there Is no Jennings estate and are
anxious that Americans should be In
form! d of this fact. .
Joseph Wlllard, the American Ambas
sador to Spain, will remain In London for
a few days. He will then go to Paris
where his young daughter Is at school,
and take her to Madrid. Speaking of the
approaching wedding of his daughter
Hellu to Kcrmlt Roosevelt Mr. Wlllard
snld that It would probably tako place at
the end of April or.the beginning of May.
The date would depend on the time when
Col, Itoosevelt would come out of the
Jungle In South America. He said the
Co'ouel and Kerm't will proceed direct to
Madrid from South America.
Extensive plans lire being made for the
i,t..rtiilnmeiit of American hotel keepers
1 who me coming to Intlon In April. They ,
1 havo nccepieu Ull lll llitwuil nuni r-n
Cecil while the Gastronome Society, which
Is composed of prominent English hotel
keepers, W urranglng a number of enter
tainments. The nope is generally e.
pressed that Simeon Ford, the noted hu
morist, will uccompany tho party, as he
has been heard with pleasure here before.
sassssssssssssssssssssaPVHVPi mIH sassssfMssT f ' 'sbssssssssssssssHFsbssssssIB' 1 iassssi
public free from It deepest prejudices. The
new critics do not get angry or Indignant
and do not frown. Useless, Ineffectual
works do not arouse their wrath; they
merely Ignore them. Critics f to-day
admit every effort, encouraging the most
absurd, fur the most absurd Is necessary
to art. ,
What matter If artists, lacking In prep
aration, succumb under the effort and are
conquered by the absurd? Others will be
well served by such suicides. And we
therefore look kindly upon most advanced
Investigations as well as feverish realiza
tions. We can excuse such Impatience..
"Painting has hlthercto been ten years
behind llteraturo but now has caught
up with It and made an nlllanre with
IMtM Kts aR.MVssassssssssW IsVbBsbsssss
PhotoTPhs br "Montjoie." Pans
It, close, disinterested, generous, based
entirely on love and for thnt reason
capable of real creation. Everything at
the Independents' Salon Is not of the first
rank, but .the foolish abortions that may
be found there were received because
llbernl ri gulatlons leavo a door open to
them as to the others."
No on need search the rooms of the
exhibition to find a characteristic work
Say Denis Papin, Inventor
of Steam Engine, Was a Chef
" Ligue des Gourmands"
on April 25 utners ueny nis iuunary MDinty
Sptcml Corrttpuitdtnce to Tnr. Srs.
Paws, March G. A curious controversy
has arisen as the result of the announce
ment that the "Llgue ds Gourmands."
the world famous association of men fond
of dainty food, will celebrate" on April
25 the JOOth anniversary of Denis Papln.
Inventor of the steam cngliie.r
The announcement Is made In this
month's Issue of the Cornet d'Kiicure, the
official organ of the "Llgue des Gour
mands." An article Is offered In explana
tion In which It Is ret forth that Dents
Papln, who actually btarved to deuth In
1714 at Marburg, where he at one time
occupied the chair of mathematics at the
university, was once employed as a chef
This announcement Immediately brought
forth from Charles Nordmann, astronomer
of the Paris Observatory, an emphatic de
nial that thu Inventor of tho steam en
gine ever was a cook, As proof of his
assertion M. Nordmann submitted the
lines appearing on the title page of the
booklet describing Papln's famous steam
digester, "or engine for softening bones
and cooking meat," which aie as follows -"La
manlero d'amolllr les os et de falre
culre la vlando en fort peu dc temps et
a peu de frals, machine Inventee pur M
Papln. docteur en nicuecine. 11 is a wen
known fact that P.ipln studied medicine
at the Paris University and M. Nord
mann points out that If the Inventor had
been a chef he would havo mentioned the
fact somewhere In this booklet.
To this argument, however, the Curnrf
il'Kplcure repllis as follows under the
slgnaturo of Th. Orlngolre, Its editor:
"A friend who ilescs to remain anony
mous but for whoso good faith 1 can
vouch offers to give 5U0 H'.HOO to the
French Hospital In London If M. Charles
Nordmann will be kind enough to fur
nish proof of Ills assertion that Denis
Papln never wus a cook. TIiIh proof
should be submitted no later than April
ii, 1914, the date selected by the Curiief
('Epicure for Its banquet In honor of the
JOOth anniversary of the Inventor.''
When Informed of this offer M. Nord
mann again Insisted that ho waB right,
but deplored at the same time that lie
would not be able to sunmii me proor tie
mantled. "1 do not believe," said the
distinguished navunt, "that I should have
been usked to substantiate my statement.
Iletween thote who assert that Papln was
a cook and those who deny It the bur
den of pi oof evidently devolves upon the
llrst named, as It Is Impossible to prove a
"I personally iiiulntaln that In nil the
documents concerning the life of Denis
Papln which I have been able to consult
there Is r.ot one In which any m-nt! 'n
of his having been a cook is made. If
the Cornet tJ'Vplctiie has found any new
document! on the subject they should be
Right at tha entrance may be seen the
works of the "slmultanlsts," Hobert !
launny, his wife, Konla Delaunay, nnd
P. II. Hruce, an American. "In this
manner," remarked an Indepcndant, "the
Salon at once marks Its significance und
one knows one Is not at tho l.ouvre."
Delaunay's tribute to Illerlot (of which
the painter begged that the exact title
should be "Solar discs, Korm,"t "Simul
taneity," to the great constructor, Hie
riot"), Is an effort to suggest the Idea
Mr. Balmon Is severe regarding the
"Svnchromlsts." of whom Mr. Morgan
ftussel, n New Torker, Is the high priest, i
"The public will believe that synchroni
sm Is the llnal stage of the great tr"ve.
m-'mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmimi i aaaasaaataaissiaaaiasMwsia ammmmmmt
Hat Seller, by Henry Ottmann (French).
ment of which It has learned. Syn
chronism Is the worst of backward move
ments. A vulgar art, without nobility,
unlikely tu live as It carries the principle
of death In Itself,"
"In conclusion," Mr. Salmon writes,
"the Salon of 1M tends uboe all to
prove that modern painting lives on the
roods of four or live exceptional artists
quite capable of abandoning troops whom
to Honor His Memory
published. We must know at what time
and by whom Papln was employed as
"1 sincerely trust that I wilt not be
misunderstood by the great nnd noble
profession of chefs. My opinion of their
art cunnot be too highly extolled, foi they
rule supreme over the digestion and,
therefore, utr the very thoughts of the
greattst men In tho world."
The announcement of the banquet w-as
"We have decided to celebrate by a
very Mmplo but exceptionally good din
ner the 200th annlvcrsury of Denis Papln,
who died In poverty and utmost misery at
Marburg In 1714.
"In an article printed two years ago, we
expressrd the hope that none of tho lead
ing manufacturers, who owe ru much to
Denis Papln. would allow this date to go
by without palr.g tribute to the gieut
suvant. Our appeal was heard only In
one country, Canada.
"It may ho that we should find cause
to congratulate ourselves upon ttio fae't
that no official committee was formed In
iv.i.. r,.r mr. ni.imiii..., u.oiii.i mnh.
ably havo decided to erect another statue.
Hut we sincerely hope that In every city
of our country as well as In England nnd
elsewhere, the annlvr'sary of tills Eieat
man will be fittingly eclebruted."
KAISER TO HONOR SHIPPING MEN
Arransrlnsj Special llnapllnll Ilea fur
Atlantic Pool Delegates.
Special Cable Deipitci In Tnr. Sr
Ugnt.tN, March 14. The Iiulser Is
arranging special hospitalities for the
Atlantic Pool delegatis on thu reassem
bling of the conference here next Tuesday.
Herrn Biillln and Helneken. the general
managers respectively of the Hamburg
Amerlcati and North German Lloyd com
panies, will probably present the dele
gates to the Kulser, who has given In
structions that seats be reserved for them
ut a special performance at the Royal
COURT REJECTS PLEA OF JEW.
French Conscript Objected to Work
Special Cable Deepatch to Tne Sin,
C11AIU.0.NS, March 13
A mllltiiiv cun.
script who refused to work on Saturday
pleaded before a court-nifrll.il that ho
could not do so bemuse the Jewish deed,
In luhteh lit, KliliMf.rll.eR t, .t-li.i il, it Til
enurt Imnnaeil 11 Mentenei. of thn... month
Imprisonment despite the religious pleu .
This uppaiently shows t tin t the FrenclH
military courts arc less Christian than
the Spanish, as one of the latter lie 1
quitted u naval oillcer who refused to
attend mats because he wus a Protestant,
' ' m
I ' sW iillavl 7P
v i i saw sasssssssssssssssssssa sasssr ' -v -w
they have not always agreed to recog
The Independents' Salon is of course not
whuily made up of advanced schools,
thew are pictures of every kind. One
that lias won praises from all critics,
both of the old and new school, Is Henry
Oilman's "At the Hut Shop." Cameron
Hurnslile's three Egpttan wateroolors
have also attracted notice.
SIBERIA TO LOWER
HIGH LIVING COST,
01 .Natural Resource
Soon to He Sent to Mar
kets of the World.
Sffi'tjl Corrfpnn1t,ef to Tns Scv.
Lonpos March Sllurla, acco-dlng to
Dr. He) king, the Ituss an Cotiu:-lliTieral,
Is d silmd to become the urinary of the
.. . .. 1 v. in
worm, rne enter source or its timber supply
111 uie luiur.- :inu a urge ami nugnlncetit woisc in irai 11 up. ..
source of ch ip food products ceKcd that he With under 11 moral obllg.l-
Tho dlMlculi his alwavs been hw to tloti to them. Add to this h's attacks of
get these products out of Siberia und de- i falntness, the plEresle dulling of his
liver thdri 111 a reason ihle price in th. I powers of thought, hid linn belief In th
markets of t.ie world The railway Jour-' ntarness of his own death and the ilebll
ney is long and costly nnd ruiders the Ity of his wife, which continually In
price of foods so i irrliU prohibitive, o eased, .is she felt Instinctively the un
There remains the sea. And It was on natuial estrangement of her husband, and
the possibility of est ibllshlng regular 1 could not .recount for It If she asked him
nivlg.ttlon b tween European ports and whnt he was hiding fiom her, was It his
the mouth of the Yenisei, .it the eastern duty to tell the truth or not?
side of Kara Sea. that .1 paper, wiltten by "What could he do In this Intolerable
Dr. Krldtjuf N-insen. the great explorer, position of affairs: The dream of leaving
aj read before the Hoyal Geographical
Society a few evenings aiso.
Nnnseirs exp'dllioti to the mouth of the
Yinliel was financed by a Siberian com-
I p my. and the stinimliig uu of his observa-
UOI15 w.ti 119 iiiiiuwd:
"I think thit If we make full use of
all means and f.icllltlta wiiluh modem
development places at our disposal It
might be possible to base the navigation
, to the Kara Sea on 11 infer foundation
'.than wis the cise m eirll'r y.rs I
. consider It proluble th.it It will prove
' possible to reach the mouth of the obi
'anu tne tetrsei tiirotiKti tne Kara
e e-v year If the n cessiry precautions
be taken to secure a safe puss ire ,
"An Impoitiint point Is not to go lntql
the tee too eatly In the season ind not
to txpect that n ship will be ab'e to nrike
more mm one voyage 10 ine vnusei in the greater part or 11 to n.s seconu uausu
one sea.snn." I ter.
It Is significant to note that the Hus-
slan Government Is equlpp'ng four boats
to patrol the waters of the Kara Sea
nxt year and make complete observa
tions, following 011 those iiuiile by Dr.
Nlllisell. Thiee wireless stations have.
1 been established on the coast, and there
seems evry prospect of 11 sea route to
S'beria being opened ami ,t grint addi
tion uiBile to the weilth of the world.
Mr. Lied, the managing director of the
company that sent Nnnscn to make tlics 1 profiselon and that apart from army avl
observations, uavo u rap'd sketch of the i ators exceptional experts alone are able
present condition of S'beria. where towns 'to make money by ltlng. The J?rho dc
h.ie grown In population fiom louOO to j ,Sporl prints u n.iieniiiit showing that
So.iiuu In ten years; where d oou miles conditions have steadily gruwn wot so and
I of tiiuiscontlii-iital railway, whh Its SUO
1 stations. Is twice as long us the Canadian
I Paclllc across Canada ; wheie cl i.itutlun,
, In thu shape of moving picture shows und
starched (-veiling shirts Is foi cine Iti way.
like the skysciiipi rs beiwieu the slov -
eulj ImiIMIhkn of e.ulj ditn. 1II1 llir
alii of lantern slld's Mr I. led look his
audience for a ciu'so along the 2.900
miles of Yenisei River, which develops a
width of tin tulles while It Is still 300
mllt distant from the sea.
"Solar disks; Form; Simultane
ism, to the great constructor
Bleriot." by R, Delaunay (French).
A biplane may be found in the
d. s ... .
nuds OVcr WhOt looks like the i
T T .1 I . . . I I
ciiici tuwer. in iirj ten nunu cor
ner may be seen the propeller of
I SAYS REMORSE MADE
TOLSTOY FLEE FAMILY
Son of Great Russian Writer
Thinks He Was Con
MYSTERY SOLVED I5Y WILL
Oppressed 1y Thousht of Hav
ing Revoked Document Giv
ing Estate to Wife.
Vrliil Corretpondtnct to Tnr. 5t.
Pakis, March 5 Count E las Tolstoy.
a son of the preat writer, answers In the
Hrvue de l'aris the question, Why -did
Tolstoy leave Jasnaja Poljana before his
"Since the death of my father," he
writes, "I have often wondered?'.'hat Im
pelled him to seek a new dfe when he
was on the edec of the grave. I waa
. , ... , , ,1, w i i
quite puzzled untl his will offereJ thai
solution of the mstery
"He made a llrst sketch of his wist
rill In his diary on Much 27, 15$!.. The
fourth tsiragruph contains the request
made to his heirs to surrender the copy
right of his works for the benefit of the
public. This will, which lacked the legal
formalities, was a testimony to my father's
confidence In his famll. I o.ir years
later lie made his first regular will, signed
by three witnesses
in unuuer oi nui
year he must have made another.
"Strakow came to Jasnaja Poljana,
nhcp he did not expect to find my mother,
to convince my father how painful t would
luce my father how painful t woui i
be to his friends to know that h had
of the copyright. Strakow has himself
described hew on his second Journey to ,"'Tn " .
Jacnaji. where he acted as witness of barKtng uos,
this new will, he felt conscience stilckent
as he took leave of my mother. ; WORLD TRADE SOCIETY FAILS.
UUt the lexi 01 ine seconu win uiu nu;
nlease the advisers and frltnds of my
father, and they Induced him to make
I u third will In June. 1910. In the forest
o Ltmonowo, near the estate of Tschert-
" 'How wretched thlr whol affair is.
and then It Is so unnecessary,' said my
ftther. us he slgneu 1111s win 1 nai was cording to n Uerlin despatch to the rime,
his real opinion of It. If a stranger like . s (.om,)U.tl.)y collapsed.
Strakow felt compunction 1 about the at- ,fKo v mjK lm,,0rtant organlia
mosphere of conspiracy wh eh hung round , ()u, ,B,ue ot Ul.rmi,n Industrialists
the drawing up of thc.-e wills, what must , ,,. .., ,,,,. ... ,iirtnIi Merehnntu.
Tolstoy himself hae felt!
It was imnosHlh c to tell his wue
evervthlnc : that would have given ot-
..-- - i,... iIU,.rt
fence 10 n:s irienus. 11 wumu im
Jasnaja Poljana. which lie hid been Cher
, istilni: for 11 good long time, thrust Use!
lulling for 11 good long time, thrust Itself
forward now as the only solution My
forward now as the only solution .My
father dn', not leave his hearth und home
In order to turn his dream Into fact,
1 lie weni uway lu i-oiiici uia mi..i vwm....
"'I am too old and loo weak to start on
new life,' he s lid to my brother Serglus.
some days before his departure. I'hyst-
cally and morally sick, and oppressed by
his own thoughts, he went rorth without
any fixed aim, hut with the sole object of
ridding himself of the moral torment,
which he couia near no longer.
"'Fly I My' he repeited with his last
breath on his deathbed at Otapowo"
Ths explanation of Tulto s self-re-
prouch Is that he revoked the will le-iving
his estate to his wife, ami ieti at anj raie
TOO MANY FLIERS ALREADY.
Profession Is t vererim deit Mini Itilte
of I'ny Very Mmill.
Special Cable Heipatcl, M Tnr. Sis
PAltlH, March 14 Hi lore practical avi
ation hus been in exist! nee two years the
1 cry Is raised that It Is oerciowilul us a
saving that Aviator Hrodin, who was re
I 0 ntly killed, reciived unly ten franca
I i$2 Du) 11 lllglil
This stat. nuiit s. imul to be Increillble,
1 but 1 11 fsllgatlniiH by Till. SiN corn-
i spniideiit coiillruied It.s accuracy. Hrodin
Willi I.UB leMlllH 11C11 ...w.t.l.l, ..11
heiillong fiom 11 height of it few yards
und reciived fatal injuries. He had previ
ously, according to a irietui, pertormed
parachute descents from an aeroplane for
the movie ut an iven lower rate of pay.
Almost Every Mnle Inhabitant
Has an Enemy WTho
Seeks Ills Life.
nOT'SES AWE FORTRESSES
Murder of a Stranger Compel!
Friends to Kill Seven of
Sptclat CormtonAerrt to Tns Sim.
London, March . A startltni; plctuf
of the newest and most unknown of Eu
ropean Kingdoms, Albania, Is drawn bjr
a correspondent of the Time, who haa
I Just made a tour In tho country. Th
I Times remarks the district of Mat sug
gests tho Khalbar rather than Europ
and Prlnco William's troirblcs will prob
ably begin when he tries to obtain local
revenue us a substitute for trie doles Of
These are sums of the things that sa
1st In the new kingdom:
In Central Albania, as amomr all
Pathar.s, the land la so completely throt
tled by tho blood feud that ordinary hu
man Intercourse Is almost Impossible.
The houses are ereat fortresses, tha
only windows of which aro loophole-j for
.UiirUIUn. All II low) Hiioviiq tniMiiiw, dviii-
times of lOO people, lead aelt-centrwl
Martlnln. In tho prisons lainuior, eoma-
'i'nere are no villages, only houses dotted
at Intervals of nearly a mile, high up
round wide valleys.
Every ono Udt killed, and all have en
emies who seek their blood.
Many men have not left their houaM
for years, and food has to be brought th
tu them by their friends. Others, again,
have taken to (light after killing thair
tcmy, and unable tu sleep In their homes
or to till their fields exist by brigandage
Agriculture Is Despised.
There is no dishonor whatever attached
to brigandage, and to this day there con
tinues In Albania that primitive society
In which the life of the fighter, the free
booter and the shepherd lu held In honor,
while agrlcuituie Is dsplaid.
Sometimes a ttuco Is giuuted and a mail
who has bten III Hiding tor cara will uk
his enemy fur fifteen days respite In which
to visit his friends or undertake fa Journey,
but delay in vengeance is held dishonor
able, und the man who lets years paaa
wlthuut killing tils enemy becomes hlm
aelt an outcast.
Kor a stranser It Is only possible to
pas under thu protection of the nvn of
the district who conduct him to "blood
friends" ; but If he meet the enemies of
his friends lie Is blmcelf counted ns an
enemy, and to kill him Is to avenge an
On the other hand th? murder of a
stranger puts the Utters protec.ora un
der the unusual obligation of killing not
one but seven of tile murderer's fumlly.
Illeh lu Xataral Itesourees.
Ill tome districts there are lanes lllta
Englund ; the hedges thick with black
i?rries and sloes, hips and lme, cape
Koosebrrrlea 'nd wild straw Lcrrliu.
Stunted willows frlmr the river bids;
iiuuic Mine uiu u.m, i.iimuk ...ill uviuji
nnJ tomvtlm Mta.tIy av,.ULs of
above there uro ouk, walnut and beccit
.Maize nnd melons, vlnee, peppers and
marrows grow in the Ileldd , but th- culti
vation is poor, for the mountaineers, carry
th; gun, and the work U for the most
part left to the women. Also the men
cannot work hafely In the fields, whereaa
the women can . for the Albanians do
t k() CI and 1U UooJ f(!Uj
, i. , u,.,. -..i h
one burns It. Thre Is Iron too, but nj
one mines it.
Herdsmen bristling with weaponB am
,., ,.. h,,mnM i.elniM to he met
,.. mo,l nllnrn ,r..lln.. tlmle
' ... ., '., ', n.
Gigantic German .Scheme, Jos.
l.aoncbeit, Goes on Itorbs,
Spenat dible )cj;;.ilr to Tin "ics
LuNPON, March 14. --The German So
ciety for World Trade, t.otwithstundlntr
its big boom and Influential support, ao-
which were the moving spirits, Insisted
that the new sections, such as the German-
uiei ii 1111 .
Aineili-an and the German-Chinese, Do
' subordinate to them.
The sections would
not .igno to this, and tlio Gcrman-
Ameri -.-i section Is partlcu.ariy aeler-
mlited on complete Independents.
GI0LITTI STILL SUPREME,
Is Kxpectril to He t'nlleil to Minis
tr A Hn 1 11 iinn,
Si ecijt Cable Detwtih to Tux Sex.
RuMi:, March It. It is belleed that
Premier Glollttl. who has bem nicknamed
"the Dictator of Italy" because with only
fuvi ,.lir.rr l.ir.Ti i.ln he h:is been ut tho
ht ll) o th(, ( ; ox rrnn-nt for more thun
,..i. e.v.rf .is 111..I.T 110 oblle-atlon to
, trlii:n H(1 We. k n-.d that he did so merely
that he might return to power very soon
j yilt, recent elec'ion reiorill laws, which
, amounted pracilr iIIn to granting universal
1 suffr,l(!i;i menus d the number of Radical
h,,,,,,!,!;!,! und Socialist members, of the
rhnni.r nt neieitus. but the timelv re-
,ovni i,y the Pope of the order prohibit-
1 , Catholics irom voting gave Premier
,;lom, ,, ,aj0iti In that bod) This
r,llww ,., e,r,.,,t clamor for antl-clencal
Glollttl tiled to puify the antl-clerlcals
j,v introducing a bill givieg precedence to
,.'vll over religious inarr. igeM. He aroused
(h.. ,ro l)( (",,t10i,.!, ,y this and tho
(...u 0f u,B h seemed tn be Inevitable,
so tin- I'riiuler left It In uhivance
The new Cabinet will probably have to
start an antl-clerlcal policy and Is conse
quently bound to be short I ved Giollttl,
as lender of the opposition and backed by
200 Dipiltlis elected by the Catholic votr,
cm easily defeat any attempts to enact
aiiii-clerlc.il legislation and his return to
power Is Inevitable at an early date, cer
tainly within a year.
INVENTS FLAMELESS POWDER.
I'loreiitlne Chemist Knys It Cnn He,
Cseil In lllic Guns.
Special Cable letpatc to Tiu Scn
Fi.oiiks.. 1:, March u After years o!
experimenting 11 young Florentine chemist
mimed Guldo Fel claims 10 have discovered
a IhimiiebH powder which causej no
erosion of the tubes of evtn the largest
cannon. He says It is uuperlor In carrjlng
power to tin y thee powder In an ex
periment In the presence of scientists nnd
representatives of the army 111 11 room
which hud been iinuiilctely darkened Pel
tired a revolver loaded with his powder
and there wus not the slightest flash.