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COALING DREADNOUGHT 'WYOMING AT SEA IN THREE HOU jfJ :iev'- " SaSsiiffi f - ggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggfllIrarjggggggggggggggg Mfak" - y' , jggggggggggggggggffggggfaffil gggggggggggggggggggggggggggggflgflfgfiH ggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggMggfgflgggggggggggg gigigigigigigigigigigigigMBHM llBBBBBBBBBB gfllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll ggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggg gf ggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggg sssssssssssssssssssssssss ggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggg BBBBBBBBBBBBB BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB ggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggg gttttttttttttttt Photos rtph Copyright by Enrlqu Mulltr, Jr. . , 4 . m In a recent test it was demonstrated that it is possible in time of war to coal four or Ave battleships a day at sea in iair weather.." In the above photograph is seen the U. S. Navy colliers Jason and Neros, on ihe starboard ,and port sides respectively, putting aboard the dreadnought Wyoming more than 2,200 tons of coal in less than three hours. t AMERICANS SHOULD ADOPT JAPAN'S NATIONAL GAME OF GO, SAYS L F. HARTM !' Complex and Fascinating Pastime, Invented Many Centuries Ago, and Not Unlike Chess, Would Teach Us Concentration and Help Sharpen Our Wits, Author Believes ' F we Americans should adopt go. the national game of Japan, It might do us a lot of Rood," said Lee Foster Hartinan to a 'eporter for Tim Sun. "Go affords one f the beat means of Inculcating the 'acuity of Intense and prolonged con centration, which most of us lack. Not that the player has to force his interest In the game; It simply fascinates him." "Somewhat like chess, isn't it?" in quired the reporter. "Oh, well, yes," Mr. Hartman reluct antly agreed. "That Is, It is played tn a board marked off Into squares. But In essence It Is quite different. Chess might be compared with the ancient Style of battle, with the king and his nobles actually fighting in the field and the death of the king almost sure to cause defeat; whereas In go the pieces are all -of equal value, the number Is far greater and the struggle between an army of 180 men on one side and ' 181 on the other Is much like warfare in Us modern form. "In chess victory or defeat Is apparent from a very early stage of the struggle If loss has been Incurred or the balance of the position gratly upset; In gii the issue is uncertain to the very end. Indeed, there Is a styln of play called 'Ol Otoshl,' which means literally rob ber's attack. It Is resorted to when a 'group of men Is apparently engulfed by the enemy, and tho threatened player compels the enemy to abandon a part of his surrounding force In order to avoid a greater loss. The attack Is so Budden and tierce that the Japanese liken it to the highwayman pouncing on his victim. I mention It only lo allow how Interesting and startling the contest may be up to the very end. 'Tin! game is pluyed on a board. called 'go ban,' about 1C by Inches and 4 or S Inches thick. It stands on four legs, which raise It a few Inches above the floor. The wood Is a species of yew, or glngko, or cedar, all of which are so resonant as to yield a pleasant ringing sound when a stone is placed In position. There Is cut Into the Io.7(.r surface of the board a square depression which adds to the resonance, although ancient tales of Japan have It that th) space Is to contain the blood of the vanquished In case the players fall to fighting over their game. Possibly this Is true, though there Is no record of a fatal clash In the last few centuries. "Nineteen lines equally far apart are drawn from top to bottom of the board and these are crossed at right angles by nineteen similar lines running from side to side. The men are played upon the 361 points of Intersection of these lines. "In chess the pieces are moved from square to square. In go the game be gins with the board empty, and each piece la set down In its place and stays there. The combinations are llterully unlimited, and a player must fall back on that Intangible thing known as posl tlon judgment, which Is really the sub' conscious experience of Innumerable past games. In the twelve centuries during which go has been played In Japan thousands of books have been published about It, and the literature Is still growing. In chess ability to see five or six moves ahead places a man almost among the masters; whereas a profes sional go player must be able to see from twenty-five to fifty moves ahead If he expects to have any success. "It Is a bit of Interesting collateral evidence of the high Intellectual devel-1 opment of the Japanese people .that a game of such peculiar complexity and difficulty should be the national pastime, that Is, the pastime of the cultured class. According to tradition go was Invented by the Chinese Emperor Shun (-255 to 2206 B. C.) In order to strengthen the weak mind of his son, Shang Klun. Like the Chinese religion and letters and art go was introduced Into Japan. It spread slowly. For generations it was forbid den to play go anywhere else than at court "More than 300 years before William the Conqueror Invaded England, Komu- shi, a noble of the Japanese court, drew his aword and killed Adzumabito, an other noble, In aquarrel that grew out of the game. All three of the illus trious Japanese Generals Nobunaga, Hldeyoshl and Iyeyasu, were adepts at go. "For centuries before the compara tively recent abolition of feudalism there was a national 'Go In' or Academy of Go, established and supported by the national Government. Not only Is the game the art of war practised with stones on a board rather than with armed men In the field, but It U ao full of surprises that the practice of It helps to confirm that poise of the soul which the samurai holds to be the perfection of all earthly wisdom and culture. To be able to meet the most astounding and nerve wracking onslaught with the calmness and assurance of perfect prep aration Is one of the highest attributes of the gentleman of Japan. The exi gencies of the game of go afforded am pie practice of eye and hand In emer gency tactics. "To engage In a ame of go Is the quickest way I know to enjoy the de lights of foreign travel without leaving home. From the moment one sits down before the go ban he is plunged Into tho atmosphere of old Japan. The grain and color of the wood Itself are exotic. Half consciously the mind drifts back to the days of Voritomo, the first 8ho gun, when Kemakura, now a little town noted only for Its temples of Qua Non, Goddess of Mercy, and of Dal Butsu, the great Buddha, was a great and mag nificent city. One sees the Hon. Lord Sato Tadanobu, nil unarmed and at ease, sitting before the go ban In the twilight, engrossed in the Intricacies of a complicated problem. He has sat motionless for hours except when ne has adroitly picked up a stone between his first and second fingers and planted It in position with a faint ringing sound like the reverberation of a small and hidden silver bell. "Sato hears the tiny squeak of the ugulsu (nightingale) floor, whose boards are so matched that they will cry a warning under the lightest footstep. But Sato remains .motionless. Immersed in his problem, only his eyes glittering as he hears the faint cheeping of the Ideas That Sell Goods &?gggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggg9aiBBsE BsasasasasasasasaBBr! jWaf Hi7lBaTBBBBBBH KjBawl H sasasasasasV'?lkflsasaK JsaBsafl BBBBBBBSssv J BglSggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggf'g' ggggggS BBBBBB.T BBBBBBB BBsB ggggggggKL - AgggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggY LH ' BBBBBBBBliiMML7vlaaBBBBBBBK sasasasaHsaESMfsasasasasas BBBJ bbbbbmHbI ' HHHqbBM lBHsBBBBBBBBVBBSia Lee Foster Hartman playing go, the national game of Japan. "VHIGINAL merchandising Ideas. II properly hitched up to the gen eral sales scheme, bring results. The manager of a 10 cent store In the South saw that the majority of his cus turners were women. Women are good buyers, but he knew that the store's business could be increased It the men could be Induced to come in and look around. He was convinced, too, that there was a general belief that a 10 cent store Is essentially a woman's store. The manager made It his prime object to overcome this notion. He advertised a "men only" week of sales and employed salesmen to take the place of the salesgirls, who were given u week's vacation on pay. The windows were filled with articles to attract the attention of men. The prices were suf ficiently low to Induce purchasers to come Insldo the store. One week served to popularize the store with the men. There were hundreds of new customers who remained even after the old rou tine was adopted. A shoe- dealer In a small Illinois city believes that fhe confidence of the buy ing public Is the Wft possible asset for ' a retail business. He has adopted a I successful plan to gain this confidence. Twice yearly he publishes In the adver tising columns of the city's newspapers what he calls his confidential report. He cltoi In this htntcment the total amount of sales for the period covered, the cost of the goids sold, the carry ing expense, the selling cost, the loss through bad accounts, &c. In short, the statement Is a thorough analysis of the uuines rrom an inside uoint of view. The statements prove surprising to the average reader because of the low per centage or net profit the dealer makes, considering his Investment. The state ments, coupled with a general frankness of treatment from the dealer's em ployees, wins many customers for tho btore a point the merchant makes plain in his confidential statements. A Detroit restnurant keeper came to. know that muhy of his regular custom ers were formerly country boys. In or der to tuke them back to their boyhood daya he prepared a "country store" lunch. The bill of fare Included canned oysters, sardines, cheese and crackers, bologna sausage, canned peaches, mixed pickles, baked beans and many of ths other foods served across country store counters. The Idea proved so popular with his regular customers that It was made a weekly feature and advertised In the newspapers. He Is compelled to tun patronage away on country store day. ugulau nearer and nearer. In another I Instant the assassin will be upon him when up leaps the Hon. Lord Sato brandishing the go ban, and before the astonished cutthroat can gasp in sur prise he is stricken dead with one blow of the heavy board. Oh, yes; In old Japan war even private war had his victories no less than peace. "Incidentally Lord Sato's act dis played his proficiency In applying tho prime rule of the game: 'Never let tho enemy surprise you so much that you can't surprise him still more.' The authenticity of the episode is vouched for by contemporary historians. Be sides the historic happenings connected with the ancient game there is a wealth of tradition. "There was Honlnbo Sanyetsu, a play er of almost the highest rank, who was going to play Yasul S.mchl for the championship in the presence of the mighty Shogun Tokugawa Iyemltsu and felt so sure of beating him that he dis dained to accept the handlcup of one stone to which he was entitled. The Hon. Prince Matsudalra of Higo observ ing the progress of the game casually remarked 'Oh, Honlnbo will surely be defeated.' "Honlnbo let fall Into the tsubo the stone ho was about to play. With freez' Ing dignity he said: '1 am serving my lord the Shogun with the art of go. When we masters of go enter upon a contest It Is tn the same spirit In which warriors engage upon tho field of bat Played on Board Raised Few Inches From Foot, With 180 Men on One Side Againil 181 on the Other, Game Is Much Like Modern Warfare tie, staking our lives. It necessary, to decide the contest. While we are doing this wo do not allow interference or comment from any one. no matter how high may bo his rank.' "Prince Matsudalra of Hlgo. notwith standing his exalted rank, kowtowed most humbly to Honlnbo, apologized profusely, and barely persuaded him to resume the game. And to make things worse for the Prince, Honlnbo won the championship. His name Is revered to this day and his rule of silence Is faithfully observed, too. "It Is recorded that the Lord of Kame yama was so great a go strategist that no one In his province could make. him play half so well as he could. The legend ruiiB. 'His skill made the gods full of gossip and open mouths.' One day a mendicant pilgrim culled and politely challenged. The lord consented, and casually remarked that he would stake his summer cattle of Kameyuma on the result. "Tho pilgrim smiled und cald that all he could pledge, against It was one of his straw sandals (worth about half a penny). Agreed. After three days and four nights of continuous sir mendicant pilgrim won. Tin ously tendered the castle to t the pilgrim smiled again, ilc offer that would have mean- ease under the protection of man and went his way. Co i$ -j the pastime of noble minds." "Has the game a practvea. . the reporter asked Mr. Hartm.i ' "Some experts think so." ho t "In the war with Russia the -employed by the Japanese con suggested the methods iHeil u -shal Oyama had three stones nt Llau-Yang, but the Hu.-slans -before he could move in his f Mukden, however, the complo vcloplng moveme.it was earrioil "But far be It from me to sugM -proficiency In the strategy of a real help In practical affairs the saddest ritorles I ever lit '1 the complaint of a great in chess that he had not the '' publish his great book, wbii' teach captains of Industry I tain the highest ettlelency l v the methods he used in dies" it f ti i J. ' -)' ' rs M f .1 M U n- ' .at s ..4 if i.IS f 3 iM Two of Seven Wonders of the Modern Wovld VJ..rL"'.7,i"'" " "ii i' ' n ,, ...i.,. i.,' ' . ' ' , t . ..v l - - t--i t VVifV i. '-S' SM t . ' HHsflslii ssssssssssssssssssBHBjlBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBJBjBjB assssjssssssssMBWs!ipmS A spirited voting contest has Just been concluded In Germany to decide what constitutes the seven chief won ders of tho twentieth century. After the enormous volume of votes cast were counted It was found that the majority had placed wireless telegraphy at the head of the list, as might bo ex pected, and Ihe Panama Canal second. It Is gratifying to find that popular Giante of the air and sea. opinion on the Continent should so Ken erally recognlzo this American, achieve ment. The third of the seven wonders, It was decided, was the dirigible airship; next In order the flying machine, radium, the cinematograph und tho steamship Imperator. An extraordinary photograph Is re produced herewith which shows two of the seven wonders of the modern world In close proximity. By a ' the photographer hits imui-' ble ulrshlp Hansn anil ll both of the Hamburg-Am1 on the same plate, it to find that the alrslni' large In comparison ' steamer. The lmieratni- ' feet In length, or nearly ' tho Hansa. II.'! ni ter ne 'in i '.'I t e!