Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, MONDAY, JUNE 29, 1914.
TRAGEDY RESULT OF ORGANIZED PLOT, IS THE BELIEF IN VIENNA
"hiiiTiih"l ns llio Aivhtltiko rniielinli'il
Afti'i' IiiiiMiis Ilio rullliil of llio town
hull, ulilili i c-iiiIimI hnlf mi lion r. I lie
Arehiluki' mill tlm IMk-Iii'-s xtniti'il fur
llic ic.iri'hitn li(iilnl Ui visit Col. Mo-i-;zi.
the A i--liilii Id. who wiih
liijuri'il bj tin' ImiiiiIi ('ilnsliiii mill "lio
hail Immmi IiiI.imi lo llic lun'iHul III .i
ivirri.mi1 nfim llu oiiimko.
Ah tin ro.wil car ri'-p IhmI the rnrncr
Of Itllilniph "ll'rt'l II llliill llilllli'il (lilll'U
I'rlnzlp, who win mi thu lilev.illi. Ilri'il
two pHlol -lloM ill I'llb-I Mli'i-t'sshlll
nt thr- Arrlnlnl.e mill Hn' 1 Hn li The
innn, wlio win only a short illMitiii'i!
from llic rni. w.n n 1:00,1 iiinrKsiii.iii.
The llr-t -hot U u U I ho I Mli'ln"x of
IIoIkmiIipii: low Mow 11 oil llio right shlc,
while the mm'oiuI hlllli't lilt tho Alvh
ilnko 111 the ncili iip-tr ihe throat mnl
ilen-cil tho Jit'.'tilnr will.
Tlm iJiichi"" iii'iMinc uiii'oiiM'lom Im
mpilhiti'ly mnl Ml m r"-- tho Uwv of
her liiisb.tiiil. Tlii' Atvhilitki' loi con
yoiiMii In 11 fi-w minute iiflor hi
wns hit. Tho i-h-iiilli'iu put 011 full
flu-ill mnl iu-hi"l tin- !Hiloiuolilh
strnlaht 10 tin- iuIho'. whi'tv tin iinuy
ilootor 11 Inly irli-a llrst nhl ini'iisure.
Neither the Aivhiluke nor I.10 Oni'Ii-
Sim- 1111.- -ttfii or 1110 mm mi- oin.v
thine tin- he.nl of the lin-pitnl eniilil 1I0 !
wan to certify that both were ilead.
Hoi li ii"s,imIiis tire Itii-nliun with
prn-Sirvlaii s.viiii.ithies. CnbiliiUlih
Is 11 roiupoilor who worked for n few
weeks nt Hi'lirrnile nml ri'turni-il to Snr
ajoo 11 prmtouneeil Servian ehiiiivlnlst.
Ite inaile no rourpiilineiit of his t-yiu-pathlps
with the Kins of Servln.
Itntu iihriuvltch mm tho iictiial in
sasln. I'rln.lp. pspre soil Ihenisplves
to tlio police In the imi-t cynical fashion
about their i-riim".
It appears that after the llrst at
tempt 011 the royal party the iMiehess
of lloiii'iiber. did not want the Areh
duke, who had left the ear to make
Inquiries, lo 1 center It. but Hen- To
tlorck. the (iovcrnor of Itosnla, urscd
him to do so, saying: "It Is all over:
wo haven't more than one murderer In
Thereupon the Archduke reentered
the oir mid prixeeded to the city hall.
IVIl tie Mluhl lie Kllleil.
Iteforo lcjvlni; for Sarajevo the
Archduke and the fineness went to the
chapel In their Vienna palace and spent
a lone time In prayer befoie the nltar.
Itecently the Archduke had on more
than one occasion declared his convic
tion that lie would not die a natural
The Archduke. It Is said, had full
know ledge of his dnnser and trlnl to
persuade his wife to remain at home.
Iter reply was
"My place is beside my husband In
time of rianacr."
Iiiinietllatel) arter the aas-liiatlon
the .Mii)ir of .Sarajevo Issued 11 procla
mation ili'iKUiiu-lnir the crime und de
claring: that l) the confession f the
innrdercrs It was boond nil dmiM that
the. lM.nil. was brought from llelgrado.
Ihn Van 1111 Kftnlfiil lit NlinilPn.
" ' . .
Prlnalp, who fired tho fatal shots. Is'
n student and Is 10 years of age. Mb
studied for some time in Belgrade.
When Interrogated by tho pollco he
declared ho hud Intended for 11 long
time to kill sonic eminent person from
Nationalist motives. He denied lie had
Cabrlnvitch. who Is 'i years old. said
he had received tho bomb he threw
from anarchists In Helgrado whose
ivmcs ho did not know, lie denied
h" had any accomplices. After he hnd
made tho attempt on the Archduke
and the Duchess Cabrlnvitch sprung
Into tho Itlver MllJachUn, but persons
In tho crowd Jumped In and seized him.
Tho Infernal machine was what Is
known as a "bottle bomb." It was
Idled with nails and lead tilings. The
explosion was violent and the Iron shut
ters of many shops were pierced by the
fragments. About twenty perMins were
A few arils from the s.-ene of the
actual assasslnat'im another unex
ploded bomb was found. It had evi
dently been thrown away by a third
assassin after he had seen the success
of the second attack on the royal couple.
When the Archduke nnd Duchess left
the military enmp at 10 o'clock In the
morning, the military manoeuvres
having been concluded 011 Saturday, the
automobile halted for 11 few minutes
while a group of young girls In festive
attire greeted the royal party and pre
sented them with flowers. The car had
only gone a few yards when the first
attempt at the assassination of the
Archduke and Jiuches was made.
Ilniprror llxi'lnlnn i-llorrlhle !"
When tlie news of the assassination
was broken to Kmperor l-'rancls Joseph,
who has Jus! recovered from n serious
Illness, he exclaimed: "Horrible! Hor
rible' I am sorry they spared me."
The Kmperor went lo his castle at Ischl
yesterday and will return to Vienna to
morrow The assassination took place during
tho llrst otT i-lal visit of Archduke
Trancs Ferdinand to Hosnin. Ilefore
his depart urn on Wednesday M. Jovan
ovltch. tin- Servian Minister to Austria
Hungarj. failed on the Archduke and
expressed doilbls us to the wisdom of
his Journt'j. Tho Minister said the coun
try was In a most turbulent condition,
nnd tlie Servian part of the population
m.ght organize a hostile demonstration.
He added that oven If the Archduke
went hlmstif he ought not to take his
wife, ns lioanm was no place for women
In its present condition.
As 11 matter of fact, tlie people of
Sarajevo displayed Fervlan Hubs when
the announcement was made of the
proposed visit of tho Archrtuko and
Duchess and the local authorities had
great difficulty In removing them lie
fore the State entry of tho royal party.
Arelnlul.i- slteil Crent CniiniBr
Many details of Hip assassination
nre related by witnesses. After the
bomb had been thrown, the Archduke!
with magnificent courage ordered the
chauffeur to stop tlie car. The royal
heir then alighted anil walked back
ntming the crowd to see what had hap
jMnC1. He ascel'lalniil the cMcnt of
fTie Injuries to Pol. Morlr.il. his aide
tie camp, and gave ordem to Inve him
taken in a hospital. Ho returned to
tiin ear despite Hn- entreaties of his
-. ordlng to some accounts Prlnzlp
fired se "-al shots, but nnlv two were
effect 've He was hldlns he'ilm' .. "mine.
r 11.I daricil forth . is the ro ti ar passed,
Francis Ferdinand Wore
a Bullet Proof Coat
rii I tihlt linpatch to Tnr. Hi v
I.iiMWN, .Illtlt' '-'!. A rrn II 1 1 tig to tllp
VIi-iiiiii i-orri-ponili'iit of tin- llnllti
Mull lln- -nr! which I'rluzlp sliiiwiil
In iilnilni: nt, llio I11111I of the Arch
duke proves t Hit t "In- ha I Immmi cure
fully Itistriit'lcil, for It Iiiim boon 11
wll ciuiriliil w-i'tt-l that tho Atvh-iluki-
ulwnys woro 11 coat of silk
strings uoM-ii ohlhitiely ami mi
wonpoii or hnllpt oouhl plprep It. A
atrip of this niatprlal which win
oncp to tit I on 1111 nutoniohlli- llrp
prows! to In- putii'tuip proof."
Hp actually climbed on tho car. accord
ing lo mm story, mnl the fuel thnt nn
oiip Hupped lilm Is luKen to Indicate
thut tin- assassination wan the result
of a oarefully planned rnnsplrncy.
Tin- children of the Archdiilic nnd the
Duolp-ss me at Oliimex, In linbemln.
Some relatives have cone there to bri-nk
the news to them.
The Dulie of Cumberland father of
the Duke of HriinswlcW. who married
Princess VlrlorU l.ulsc of Oermnny,
motored to Isohl Immediately after he
had heard the Hewn In order to Inform
Hnipeior Krancls .Inseph. who will nr
rle here at 6 o'clock to-morrow morn-
The remains of tlie (Irani) Duke and
Duchess will probably be brought to
Vienna .1 week from to-morrow.
.r Heir la nt Illehrtinn.
The new heir to the throne, Arch
duke Charles Kranclw Joepli, Is at
Klchenaii. near Vienna. He nnd his
wife Hiid son and dullKhter are expected
in Vienna late to-ntRtU or early to
The first news of the aMiasslnatlon
reachid Vlcnnii curly 011 Sunday after
noon. Oreat crowds collected In solemn
silence and discussed the report, which
at first was not credited. They ca
Kerly questioned the newspaper men nnd
on learning; -the truth expressed their
horror at the outrage and then dis
persed to attend to their business or
po on some pleasure Journey.
The newspapers printed special edi
tions und the entire city Is talking of
The officials of Sarajevo make the
excuse for their lack of precautions to
prevent such 11 tragedy by saying that
they had not received sufficient notice
that the visit of the Archduke was of
nn official character and therefore they
had not taken the same care as when
Kmperor J'rancls Joseph visited the
There wns n special session of mourn
ing of the Bosnian Diet this nfternoon.
Kour National members of Servian na
tionality who attended were ostenta
tiously dressed In light clothes.
BOMB THROWER IS SERVIAN.
CnbrliM Itrh Is Member of AnnrehUt
Sptcial Vabte Pespntch to The Srs
I-oNOON, June IS. A despatch from
Sarajevo to the iitillu (.'hrtintrlt rv thnt
Cabrnvtch, ,. assas,in ,vi,o threw the
b , , ,,e
Innl-aAiKP at Cam1vi- am! ho nntra 4ri
the anarchist party. He went to Del
grade some time ago and remained there
for a month,
I'rlnzlp, who fired the fatal shots, at
tended a commercial school at Sarajevo.
DEATHS HALT RACE OF
KAISER'S YACHT AT KIEL
German nnd Hritisli Warships
Fly Austrian Standard
at Half MiM.
Sprrml Cable littpatrl. to Tn St i
Kiel, June 23 The ne.ws of the assas-
shutlon of Archduke Francis Fndlnand
of Austria and the Duchess of Hohen-
berg reached here at 4 .30 o'clock this
afternoon. The fastest destroyer at the
station was Immediately despatched to
pick up the Kaiser's yacht Meteor, which
was participating In a race.
On hearing the news the Kaiser ordered
the race stopped at once. The Meteor wai
taken In tow and the Kaiser atood silent
as he listened to the story of the assas
sination. The Kaiser stood on the deck of the
Meteor and acknowledged the salutes as
that vessel returned to her anchorage. The
races will be continued to-morrow.
The Kaiser's fust words as he reached
the imperial yacht Hahenzollern at C .30
were: "I will return to Uerlln to-moi row."
A large dinner party which was to have
bt-vii gleu on the Hohenzolleru was can
celled. The Herman and Drltlsh war
ships In the harbor hoisted their flags
with the Austrian loyal Ntantlard at half
Prince Henry of Prussia hurried to Kiel
In an automobile from Honderburg and
the Kalserln, who was spending the week
end at lirunholz, followed soon after.
Thev will accoimianv the ICalier in tlr.
! 1 in
Kmperor William wilt attend the fu
neral of the Archduke and tilt Duchess.
He had visited the Archduke at Kono
plscht, llohemla, early this month.
AMBASSADOR MUCH MOVED.
Wnm Snt Political,
II ti 111 hn llrlleses.
MANCifESTEN-nr-T! ie-Ska, Mass., June
2s -Tho news of the assassination of
Archduke Francis Ferdinand and the
Duchess llohenberg caused deep distress
among members of tho Austrian Ambas
sadorial staff who are. summering here.
Dr. Constaiitln Theodor Duinba, the
AmhuHsudor, was deeply affected by the
news. He heard of It through press des
patches during the day and received this
evening an ntllelul cablegram briefly an
nouncing the tragedy.
He cuuld give no opinion ns to the cause
of tho affair, for he said the Hosnlans
and Horzegovlulnns were very loyal, nor
would he say what the possible effect
might be. In his opinion tho assassination
wus the act of fanatics and wua not
"The people and the dynasty of Austria
Hungary," said Dr. Dumba, "will be
more llrmly united as a result of the hor
ror Inspired by this terrible tragedy.
l.nvnttv In Ihe thrnnn will h iUi,nn,l
1 all will be hound morn closely together.
ti,0 old Kmpemr, whose life has so often
i . aWir-ted by tragedy, will have the
aipithy of all civilized nations, I am
fstssi! w$v&,t tSlKtmKHK
Copyrtrht h)- I'aul Thompnon.
Archduke Francis Ferdinand, the Duchess of Hohenberg and their three children.
DEATH OF FRANCIS FERDINAND
MAKES FOR PEACE OF EUROPE
Nonet ioiuiry nt Homo, Auiii'es
si vo Abroud, I'rospoet of Klo
vnti'oii rnusod Anxiety.
My p. ITM.IKI'IMIWIIN. 1
It In difficult lo discuss tho tragedy t '
Serejavo yesterday withuut laying one- j
self open to the reproach of hi-artlessncss.
For while It Is only natural that one
should- be stricken with horror at tlm
brutal and shocking assassination of I
Archduke Francis Ferdinand. It Is Im
possible to deny the fact that his dis
appearance from the scene Is calculated
to diminish the tensenrxs of the situation'
and to make for peace both within and 1
without the dual enilre.
To such an extent has Francis l-'enll-nand
been regarded both at home and
abroad as a disturbing factor and at com-1
mlttcd to forceful and extremely aggres
she policies that the news of his death
Is almost calculated to create a feeling,
of universal relief.
For several sears past the Kmpeior,
owing to ag and Infirmity, had asso- 1
elated his nephew and hir apparent with
him In the duties of sovereignty.
had been prompted Ir the matter by IiIm
patriotic desire to Initiate the Archduk"
to such an extent Into the multifarious
responsibilities of rulcrshlp that when
the time, came for him to sing his "Nunc
. . . .. V ,
Dimlttis' and to lay down his weary
head In that wonderful crypt of the
Capuchin Church at Vienna, where over
:00 of the HapsburRS sleep their lat
I.e., ih MirrosKlnn nf ih rrrmn niiuht
sleep, the succession of the crown n.lM.t
mi- in.,1,- niiuuii. .in; .... ...I., j--. . "
turbance of the ntrlcato inai-blii.'ry ,d the
dual empire, with Its near scorn of rival
races, all-antagonlstlc to one another, and
whose principal bond of union Is to be
found 111 their arfectloi for that Nestor
of Kuropean monarchs, Frnncli icbcph
The Kmperor has had se.veial severe
Illnesses during tho last six or seven 1
years ; Illnesses which had the effect of Vienna, or else that Germany ahould In
vesting In the hands of Francis Ferdinand I International affairs take her cu from
a far greater degree of power than had j Austria rather than for tho latter to fol
ever been Intended by his uncle. 6nce 'ow ' the wake of the Kaiser,
noasessed of this r.ower. It was difficult Germany, moreover, always entertained
to deprive the Archdukii thereof, without
precipitating one of those open breaks
between the sovereign and the heir ap
parent which have played so Important
a role In the history of monarchical coun
tries to the detriment of the Interests
both of the dMiasty and of the nation.
Ills t'surpiitlon of I'uwer.
Hut what with Ferdinand's ever Increas
ing usurpation of power, and the Km-
peror's quiet nnd determined efforts - to
restrain him, a situation was 11 rated
which frequently procd a cause nf great
. . .
embarrasseiuent of the Mlulsti-is of the
Crown and to the commanding oiflct-rs of
the army and navy.
During the Kmpernr's illnesses, that
Is to say when his restraining hand wns
relaxed, Francis Ferdinand furnished
evidences of a masterfulness which boded
III for the future of Austria and Hungary
It Is notorious that he btrouijly resented
' and openly disapproved of the concessions
t wl-lch the Kmperor had made to Hungary
with the object of propitiating Magyar
I sentiment, lie looked upon them as
dangerous surrender to the Nationalist
aspirations of Hungary, as calculated to
1 Impair tha Btrcugth of tho dual empire
I und convejed the Impression that once
on the throne he would stund no nonsense
I fiom the Magyais. and would if necessary
J reduce them to the subjection In which
j they were held prior to the revival of their
'constitution hy Frauds. Joseph In 1HG7.
j Twice tha Archduke brought his coun
try to the very brink of war with Itus
sla and on threu occasions also with
' Servla, whllo four years ago he adopted
1 so aggressive a policy toward Italy that
hostlltles seemed Imminent and were only
averted by tho timely recovery of the
Kmperor from his Illness and by his put
ting the brakes on both the military ami
political activities of his Government.
Austria and Italy are theoretically and
officially allies, as Joint member of that
TiIpIm Alliance In which Geimany may be
said to play the dominant role, vt Fran-
cl Ferdinand was so open In his demon-
strstlons of hostility towaid Italy and
toward hr reigning homo m fn firmly
Archduke Gave Pledge
Renouncing Wife's Right
To win the Kmpeor'.i consent to
his marriage to Countess Sophie,
Archduke Francis Ferdinand gave a
pledge that his bride should never
become Kmprcs.-i and that I Is heir,
If any, should rcnounco his right to
succession. A part of this plcdgo
"We pledge Our word, that We
rerognliefor all time lite present
declaration nf whose siciiillranre
and scope we are full) conscious,
both for I's and Our Wife, for Our
Children by this marriage- and that
Wo never will attempt to revoke
this, our present declaration, nor
undertake anything calculated to
enfeeble or to abrogate the binding
convince the subjects of King Victor Km
nianuel thst the accession of the Arch
duke to the Austrian throne would be
followed In short order by a break In
the alliance and by the Inauguration of
a bitter war between the two countries.
tenure Italian Itulrrs.
The Archduke even refrained from those
! courtesies to the Italian roaltles which
;u"oma """"If. '"'T.V.''" . ,. re.'.Kn.
Ung houses, no matter how much they
, mny liMic one nother , declined to take
any notice of the rulers of Italy when he
I visited their dominions and apparently
never lorgni or turgave me inn inai
' wh"H K,1''ln"1 " ht? occasion of the
, juul,eu 1)f Qll,( Vcturln ,. ,, btell
worsieu in a struggle ior preceoi-nce wun
I Victor Emmanuel III., then only Ciown
M-n " Germany ine posBiiniiiy or
' " "i, " uT " ' "Z.nl '
For It was known there that hu disliked
the Idea of Germany playing Hrst fiddle
In the triple alliance and relegating Austria-Hungary
to a secondary role. Il
was determined that cither there should
hn pnmnletn nnnl!tv ViHtwi0li Hprllti nml
I some apprehension lest Francis Ferdinand
upon becoming Kinperor should hreaK
aWay from the alliance . with her and II
should throw himself Into tb arms of
llmsla, although at St. Petersburg he
was legarded n,s personifying a distinctly
hostile policy toward Itussla. In one word,
110 Arcnouae was regaroeu oy lore.gn
Governments and by foreign nations as a
the Archduke was regarded hy foreign
Prince who was determined 10 mnxe iw
mark In history and to commit tha Dual
Kiuplre to a reactionary course at homo
nnd lo an Intensely aggresslxu policy
The Archduke was not popular. He
' was feared and disliked to un extent that
' blinded people to his very real merits,
Tl.l ,-, tfvttnlv rlilp In Ills Infrllliirlv
in s was maimy r ue m n.s smguiariy
unrortunate mesalliance wun v..ounieaa , by a ft,w. ,,.,,, of his mllltnrv staff,
Sophie Chotek. daughter of an Austrian nn cms to have cndeavoied to transform
diplomat of minor rank and member nftn, journey Into something like an Im
thc lower nohemlan nobility. She was a 1 per(tl progress, accompanied b the .
lady In walling In attendance on the 1 Duchess ot llohenberg. Indeed, she was '
daughters nf Airhduke and Archduchess driving In a d'Aiimont and four, with out
Frederick, to one of whom Francis Fer- , riders, Jiut as If an Imperial personage, ;
dlnand was leported to be engaged, , when she was murdered.
While acting as duenna to the oupg,
Princess, designated as the future rnn-
1 sort of Francis Ferdinand, Countess Clio-
telt succeeded In Inducing blm to transfer
his affections from her Imperial charge to
herself, the Archduke being paiticularly
moved by her solicitude for his health,
which was than In a rather ularmlng con
dition. On Archduke and Archduchess Fred
erick becoming aware ot the manner In
which their trust had been betrayed by
the Countess they promptly dismissed
her from their service, and thereupon the
Archduke, regarding himself as re
sponsible for the loss nf her position and
of her salary, became more than ever de
termined lo wed her- It was only with
tho utmost difficulty that tha Kmperor's
consent to the miUch could be obtained,
Ills Pledge to Ihe I'.mpr ior.
Indeed, It was only granted because It
was believed that Archduka Francis
Ferdinand wns doomed to an early death
rrom luuercuiosia or tne iuiiks. The wed
, ding a morganatic one took nlaeo In
duo course, after the Archduke had sol-
emnly worn on the Gospels and on the
crucifix (that If he ever became Kmperor
he would never avail himself thereof to
exalt either his wife or the children she
might bear to him from their morganatic
Mobility to Italy unit (ieriiiiiny
Threiitenotl Stiibility of
I condition nor seek to ekvate them to
roal and Imperial rank.
' At first tiin Countess remained ciy
I demurely In the background, devoting
I herself to tlm care of her husband's
health In such 3, fashion as to win the
good will of Hit! llmpcror. who bestoewd
upon her the title of Duchess of Hohen
I berg. This seems to have turned her
oeaii, aim uner ocnu- 'nf-ourageo oy oe
slgnlng party leaders nt Vienna to play
a political role, which on several" occa
sions brought her husband Into open con
flict with his unrigs Cabinet Ministers,
she blossomed forth In Iter Iron liaht nn
Ian Inordinately ambitious woman to
1 whom her morganatic status was Insup
portable. , Had she rem.Unrd In the background,
1 like thn charming old Princess Ltcgnltz,
I nee Countes llarrach, who was the inor
, ganatlc consort of Kin Frederick Will
iam HI. of Prussia, all the membeis of
tho reigning family (with the exception
of Archduke and Archduchcbs Frederick
and their children) would have extended
to her a helping hand. Hut the manner
la which she pushed herself forward, her
lack of tact and distinction, her constant
ituarrels and fights for precedence, her
fits of anger at what she considered to be
lack of deference to her rank, had the
consequence of embittering all the Im
perial family and the entire arlttocracy
against her. and IncldeiUally against her
nusnaiui, w no lit caine wholly alienated
from his Imperial relatives . and w hen he
took advantage of one of the Kmperor
! illnesses to deprive of their military com
mauds .1 number of the archdukes, includ-
, ing me nusnaiui or tlie i;mpernr'a favorite
daughter, Valerie, on the public p'
mcompetenco on their part, 'the movi
laid at the door of I'nnci-ss and 1 turtles
of llohenberg. the former Counters Sophie
Kmperor lt-irlmiitul ." rplir-n.
Last year both tho Minister of War
and the Chief of the General Staff of the
army tendered their resignations to the
Kmperor because the Archduke at the
close of tho grand annual manoeuvres,
ovir which ho had preilded as Inspector
General, had led the entire body of troops
at the review which brought the proceed
ings tu 11 close, tust his morganatic wife,
seated In her carriage nnd four at the
saluting base, thus according td her such
military honors as are, only roserved for
ci owned heads. The Kmperor with dlf-
.hoChlef of the GenerXstaif wTth
ucuiiy inuureil the Minister of War nnd
draw their resignations, and reprimanded
Had the Archduke nnd his wlfu tinld iin i
heed to the views of the old monarch in I
lh, mMt , I)robnbl, ,al mehlalt
ohenb ralP '
,,,,,, ,,,,,;. , , ,
- n ...,.v ...in jcaioi- 1
day. The Archduke had recently an
nounced his determination to avail him- 1
self of hid prerogatives as Inspector
General of the army to visit the various
garrisons and fortresses In the annexed
provinces of Hosnla and Herzegovina. In-
mead of. however, contenting himself with
i ...... . . . . . .. . .
m,r,. 0k,al ,mlr ot n,Uectlon . att ended
ir,- ite, under such shocking clr-1
eunistanres serves once more a a warn
Ing to thiwe women who it spire to imperial
and royal honors to which they have
not been born. The careers of Kmpress 1
Kugenle, of Queen Deslree of Sweden,
of Kinprers Josephine, of ijueen Natalie 1
nnd of Queen Draga of Servln. have each !
of them been more or less tragic; while j
the only American girl who has ever'
succeeded In attaining a seat on a throne. I
namely, tho former Miss Allco Heine of
New Orleans, who became the consort of
tho ruler of Monaco, baa now Inst through
d Ivor en both her husband nnd all those
sovereign prerogatives to which she was
so much attached.
Ilia Vl.lt In Amerlrn.
Archduko Francis Ferdinand was the
only Prlnra nf th VUb'lIc ami Illustrious
House of Hapslmril who ever visited the
I'nlted States. He wa over here soma
twenty years ago or so, at the time of
the Columbian World's Fair In Chicago.
Hut although every effort was made to
render hli visit pleasant hi failed to ap
preciate what was done for him and the
book describing his trip around the world
and printed for private circulation only
contains many references to America
and Americans quite the ravens of com
pllmrntars" where not openely hostile.
It I no iwiggeratlnn to state that ha
MANY TRAGEDIES IN LIFE OF
EMPEROR, MAN OF SORROWS
His Brother, Maximilien, Put to Death in Mexico;
Son Died Mysteriously and Wife Was
Assassinated by Anarchist
The assassination of Archduke Francis
Ferdinand and his wife 'la the fourth
great tragedy In the life of Kmperot
Francis Joseph, now In his eighty-fourth
ear. The Kmperor has seen the eldest
of his three younger brothers, tlc Arch
duke Ferdinand, the Kmperor Maximilian
of Mexico, executed; his only son, the
Archduke Itutlolph, die under myiUrlous
and scandalous circumstances, lthtr
murdered or n suicide J hla wife,, the be
loved Kmpress KtUabeth, asaatilnated,
and now nl second hair and the latter'a
The nttempt of the Archduke Ferdi
nand Maxlmllleu nf Maxlco, to estab
lish hlmacll as Kmperor of that turbulent
country was made against the earnest
advice of hla elder brother, Francis
The civil war In Mexico Just prior to
our own civil war had resulted, aa tha
present revolution has resulted, In heavy
losse to foreigners. The United Htates
I considered Intervention, and a Joint In
tervention by (Ireat Britain, Krance,
Kpaln and Prussia also was considered.
Napoleon III finally took up the claim
of a Hwlfs banker, and with the assist
ance of Hpaln and Great Hrltaln France
occupied Vera Crua and finally entered
Mexico city on June 7, U63. A provi
sional Government was fofmed and the
crown as Kmperor was offered lo the
Archduke Ferdinand of Austria.
The Archduke consented and landed
In Mexico as Kmperor Maximilian on
May 2S, ISGI, after renouncing all rights
to the Austrian succession. He imme
diately was beset by a multitude of dim-
cult rs. As a foreigner ne was uiatiKeti
and his foreign troop were unpopulur.
The Mexicans thought he was too con
servative, and the clericals, who had don
much to sft him up as Kmperor, consid
ered him too liberal, Ills rule was hardly
more than nominal for the short time
.Iluslmlllrii Put to llralh.
N'apolton III. urged him to abdicate.,
but the new Kmperor refused to desert
his followers. He withdrew from the
capital to Querelaro In February, 1S67.
and after a long slego attempted to es
cape through the enemy's lines. He was
arrested, condemned to death by court
martial, and sentence was executed on
June 19, 1867. Hla body was taken to
Vienna for burial.
The tiagedy of Meyerllng. through
which the Archduke Kudolph met his
death, has ben kept as much of a mys
tery as possible by Imperial silencing,
Some historians have accented It as an
established fact that Rudolph committed,
suicide that night In his hunting lodge,
although admitting that the Harmless
had no filendly feeling whatsoever toward
this country and that he was Indeed
rather prejudiced against It, which might
have. Inllueneed the policy of the dual
emplie toward the t'nlted States had he
lived to succeed to the crown.
The children of the III fated Archduke
and of his morganatic wife do not succeed
to any of his honots. or even to his enor
mous estates Including the Immensely
aluible Kste property all of which
are- entailed. The children will Inherit
only what he has been able to set aside
for their future, and while the eldest boy,
a lad of 12, Will Inherit his mother's duke
dom and become from now on Duke of
Hohcnbcrg, his jounger brother and his
sister will remain I-rlnce and Princess of
Hohenbi-rg. all three belonging to the
minor nobility In Fart III, of the Al-manai-h
The assassination of Francis Ferdi
nand has the effect of promoting hla
nephew. Archduke Charles Francis, elder
son of his younger brother, the late
Archduke Otto, to the status of heir ap
parent to the throne. The young Arch
duke, who w.ih brought up at the public
schools of Vienna, taking his place on
the school benches beside the sons of
artisans, mechanics and even laborers.
Is now 27 years of age, most happily
married to the charming Princess Hlta
of Hourbon, and has a little two-year.
' "f. Houmon. ana lias a lime iwo-yeai
I 01,1 bo'- .,who. b,ar" .M granduncle
liauip ui rruucin .lunt-jni,
The luung couple aie as popular with
the members of the lelsnlng family, with
,,r ! !nc ailstocracy and with all classes of the
. t-.,.,..i t..nu-..t na ,i, nunh... r
llohenberg weie the reverse and occupy
a particularly warm place In the heart
and affections of the aged Kmperor, who
nettled no opportunity of showing how
fond he Is of them and how deeply Inter
ested he Is In their future. The young
Archduke Is thoroughly unaffected and
simple In his manner, has managed to
keep his name clear of even any suspicion
of scandal and Is of the most sunny dis
position. He, as well as his wife and boy,
,ls alwas smiling, while he Is as con
ciliatory and as anxious to please aa his
uncle, Francis Ferdinand, was aggressive
and morose. .
For some time past the young Arch
duchess Zlta has been filling the role
of first lady of the land at court, and
uloua chimera known aa the moat
perfect climate in Ihe world. Cool in summer, mild in winter,
bracing and invigorating all the time.
Low Summer Tourist Round Trip Fares
in Effect June 1 to September 30
And II you want to learn how to aaa practically alt tha Wait, In
eluding tha crags ef Utah, and th marvale ol Colorado, reluming via
a diverse rout., (tt tha booklet anlllled 'California Calls You."
it a trea. It oai a menage for you. aud you can gat it today from
. .1. II. He l'rleat, (I, K. Agl.,
SS7 llroaitw-, New York. N Y
I.. II. Milting, li.
Per MONTH UPON PLEDGE
OF PERSONAL PROPERTY
THE PROVIDENT LOAN
Fourth Avenue cor. 25th Street
Eldridce. Street cor. Hivington Street
Seventh Ave. bet. mh and 49th Sts.
Lexington Ave. cor. 124th Street
Grand Street cor. Clinton Street
East 72d St. bet. Lexinston fc 3d Avs.
East Houston St. cor. Essex St.
Marie Vetzera met her death a the hunt
lng lodge at the same time.
From statements mado at various t nii
by persons close to the facts It appear
to have been at least partially cstahlt
that the Archduke d.-d of a great wound
In the head nlade seemingly by ;om.
heavy Instrument. Cine anonymous writer
In the I'arla Temp' a few ears ago gm
this explanation of the tragrdy
The Archduke had gone to the hunt
lng lodge with some -r.en friends, but
without the Haroness Vetiera, who was
a very beautiful girl of IS yean Th
Haroness planned to surprise he ri- nl
admirer nnd drove to the hunting todts
later In the evening, passing several hours
dining nnd talking with the Ar.hdtik
and his friends. This account of '!
events of the night omits all niRRestioa
of anv orgy. The coachman who drois
the Haroness to the hunting lo.lc- s
quoted as having said he saw the Vir'n.
duke and the lluroness chatting quietly
by a window at midnight.
Mstrry In Son'a llentb.
Then, this version of the stm n,n.
Count Waldsteln, another adnii.. ef
the young woman, who had been spwr
upon her, notified Count lulluiu 1
Haroness'H guuidlnn. The eislon --n-Unties
that these two went to the li 1 s
lodge together, obtained admlttnn 1
a pretext and entered a room where ',
royal lovers were. Then, the anom 111
writer continues, the Count M- i
shot and killed the girl, the Aivhdti-,e nt
and killed Wnldtteln, and the s.ii 'i.n,
unaimed, picked up a champagne i, .
or other handy Implement ami 1.1 r-l
the skull of the Archduke.
No one was ever punished for the o''i
of the Archduke or of the Noni g .
the Imperial Government pr rr 1 .5
let the murderer go than to giu- pjrn jv
to the events of the night, tie , -f
stories have been told and d nieil
The Kmpress Kllzahetb nl tiin t nn
her marriage to the young l-'raur - '.v
scph was reputed to be the must he in
fill princes In Kurope. The man m"
took place on April "I. 1ST. I In Ik
first years of her married life she 'e
quently went counter to Veiine pu i
dice, particularly In her love for ho -manshlp.
Her popularity with th
Hungarians, however, was ulwas g t.t
and In her later years Austria toochangnl
Its attitude toward her.
Hhe had not iecoered fioin the shork
of the druth of her only son. the Are(,
duke Hudolph. when In ISa her tou
f.ouls II. of Bavaria committed suit-11.
and then In 1S!" her sister. Sophia Due
ess of Alenrou, was kilted In the Pa
charity bazaar lire. Hn September in,
lS'JS, while walking from her hotel tn .1
steamer at Geneva she was stabbed hy
an Italian anarchist and died within a
this led to some very unpleasant contre
temps, due to the late Duche? of Hohen
beig's resentment nt having to play so
subordinate a role to her husband's
youthful niece, who Is a daug'-tv of the
last sovereign Duke of Parma
What the motives were, which prompted
the assassins to murder both Archduke
Francis Ferdinand and tho Duchess nf
llohenberg yesterday can only be a sub
ject of speculation until additional detatk
of the tragedy are received,
But It must be remembered that the
population nf Herzegovina and Hosnla is
largely Serb, that the annexation of the
two provinces by Austria-Hungary five
years ago put an end to the nationally
dream of the Serbs for a revival of tin
old time Kmplro of Greater Servln and
that the Servians In tho kingdom of
Servla, In Herzegovina and Hosnla and
In Croatia have for years past looked
upon Archduke Francis Ferdinand with
aversion and hatred ns the chief foe to
all their Ideals.
Then, too, they, like the Moslem popu
tlon of the two provinces, cannot forgl
the fact that Austria still withholds from
them the home rule government and
autonomy which they bad been led to be
lieve would be conceded to them after be
ing incorporated in the dual empire.
BRITISH COURT TO MOURN.
Klnir Grume t'nneela Visit to er-
,'peritil Cnlile fitipateh to Tnr. f 1
I.onpo.v, June 28 The news of the js.
aassinatlons at Sarajevo created a sec
tion here. The news reached I.oiulon
about 2 o'clock In the afternoon and
some of the Sunday papers Issued extras
The King sent an equerry to the Aus
trian Kmbassy to make Inquiries as to tus
reported assassination, but the embassy
waa not Informed of the tragedy until
shortly before X o'clock to-night. King
George sent a prlvato message of
pathy to Kmperor Francis Joseph anJ 'h-
state ball to-morrow night has been nM
doned. The court will go into mourn ng fmm
June 2S until July . on account of t1"
assassinations. King George visit m t w
Nowmarket races on Tuesdas ha he "
to meet two age-old travelers,
one from the Arctic, brinting
ozone-laden, cool. breeies the
other from Japan, bringing
Current el warmth and mild-
nei together they travel the Cali-
forma eoatt. creating that almost fab-
K. P. Ait.,
SOCIETY OF NEW YORK
ii no n.v
Courtlandt Ave, cor. t4Btli Street
Graham Avenue cor. Denevoiie s'
Pitkin Avenue cor. Rockav.iy Ave
LOANS RFPAID WITHI
'-'TWO WFFKS FPO.M DTb