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THE SUN, SUNDAY, JULY 5, 1914.
NEWS OF THE WORLD TOLD BY THE SUN'S CORRESPONDENTS I RUSSIA MAY ABOLISH PASSPORT SYSTEM Cutvcriiinoiii Considers Move Nil fell Would Oreatly Ueiic fi(, Travellers. Many Have Claimed Heirship to Austrian Throne; New York Woman Says Her Son Is Royal Prince KAISER FEARS EFFECT ARCHDUKE'S DEATH JHWS HOI'KITL OF ACTION Americans Han on Orientals (iiven as Justifieution of Uxeluslon. ,lfntt ltirrrtiontlrnce to Tils Srx. 8- I'r.TKiii'BUiiij, Juno 25. U Is highly pt .nsM tliat the Government will nuun t,i. steps toward tlio abolition nf tliu t irmrt lystcm Imtli fur Itusstuns and fur (mills. If tills should bo done It lll ml thi ten enr controversy between the i ir n i oM-riiriiPiit mill tlio United States, oiili began shortly after tlio settlement tii" Itusso-.lapaneso war by the treaty f Portimoutli. and which has been the , of the abrogation f tliejreuty with IV I'liit-'l Stutox anil no inuefi III feeling (.. belli sides. often has thi Itusslan Government 1 . i n Hi' point of mtiillflng the pass (r sstem th.it notion tuken thin work L tin Duma may In lug t.o fruit after all. llifso f.ifi, however, remain on roooril: I hi committee In tlio Diiina for the co I'loration of resolutions hat approved h iToixioal of tlio finance Committee, lor tli abolition of passports for persons i' -liing to go abroad, liiiini'illatn abolition w,i opposed by a representative of the (im. rnme-i, but he declared that In the new passport law the (loverninont would probably abolish p. imports altogether for Iioih travellers entering and leaving Jtus- IH If this promise crystallizes Into definite RCMoti It nil! bo of enormous licnctlt to American Jews nnd will also bo a most Imiiortant step In tho modernization of Russia. The passport system an It now stands, "modernized" a few years ago nt th earnest solicitation of Russian busi ness Hrms, allows tho gi anting of entrance ,nto Russia to Jews only In case such Jm it are "bankers or heads of well Ifr.own 1 irge commercial firms." otherwise for elKti Jews must secure the ipeclal permis sion of the Milliliter nf the Interior to visit ltuslun territory, and when permission Is granted they may visit for a fined period such localities as they need for their com merce and Industry. This arrangement natur filly led to serious complication!! and proved n great drawback to Itusslan busi ness, The nusslan Governm.nt roallzed these difficulties by reason of the. fact that many representatives of commercial en terprise, an well as physicians, scientists, clergymen, public representatives, artists. c., could not enter tho empire under the classification of "bankers or heads of large commercial firms." Many In stances hav b"en put forward. For In stance. If a great foreign physician, a Jew, wore called to tho bedsldo of n patient In Russia ho would be hold up ho Ions: at tho border waiting to get the proper vUo on his. passport that the pa-I of theso posts, but tliat li hoped to be tlent would pass beyond all earthly aid. ablo to serve his country in another ca Porelgn Jews who wished to attend wed- I p.iclty. dings, funerals or other events could not i Tronic knew his power among tho men set Into thu country until too late, so i of tho north, and ho illd not wish to re- tnat their visits were useless. I Ttie abrogation of the treaty of 1S32 between ltussl.i and tho United Slates, whicit agreement was annulled in the lat ter part of 1912, was directly caused, a ' well known, by the attitude of this iioiernmcnt on the Jewish passport ques tion, tlio United .States claiming for all ,ts citizens, no matter what their religion, t.pi.il treatment abroad. i'liH tlovernnieiit hero objectid on tho KKiund that tho United States would not .'Inn- Itu.-Hl.t'n MnliamiiKtlan subjects to nte - the United States, and as It did not itmril any favors to Its own Jews there "..i tio reajoii, why It should accord i.wors to Jews from the United States. VI . i itti i r KoUovsteff, until recently I'rlnio aI.ii.si r, once pointed out very clearly '.lit tli" restrictions placed on Jews en tet.iii; ltuMa wrc necessarily thn policy ii' the iioernnieiit. Just as tho United -. i tes liovevntrient has legislated against i i ipa'iese, l'hliie and Hindus. Ho as--rt, . that It was not ntalnst Jews of Am '.i. in nationality only that the tJov- lament acted, but against nil foreign ii ws who. in the eyes of tho flovcrnmvnL i uiiiles.i.ible aliens. Tli. large number of Jews In busl- M as heads of Important houses or rav iling (.ale-mien has In recent years nnd.- tiie iJoierniiieiit somewhat lenient In U measures regarding passports. In I9n a commission was formed headed lv s nator Dm novo to Investigate the v i'.- situation. This commission sub- i Hod a iciHirt urging that all Jews lould have their passports vlsd uiion complying with certain formalities. But 1nr ng the discussion of the project It was pointed out that such a provision was undesirable because It would result In an Influx of Jews who would not only h'P to irowd the "Pnlo of Settlerrent," where ihy would not be tolerated, but would also attempt to settle permanently n Ilussls. The funa.mental outlines of the com mission's report were submitted to the Crar nnd then referred to the Council of Kmplre for consideration. After the manifesto of October, 1805, granting rtussla constitution, tho reform was shelved. Nothing more was done In the matter, but the United States Government m allowed to believe that tho Investiga tion was being continued, while as a mat ter of fact the commission was dead. It U pointed out In St. Petersburg cir cles, where the recent land controversy between the United States and Japan has ben followed very closelv, that this con troversy and that between the United States and Russia on the passport ques tion resemble each other In a great many ways, only that while the Washington Government demanded that rtussla open her doors to American Jews, and conse quently Jews of all nationalities, It has turned a deaf ear to a practically Identi cal request from Japan on twhalf of all ber ettliena, and not merely a small por tion of them. 60,000 NATIONAL VOLUNTEERS. ilm Jtule "Arms" Has 35,000 Men Ajrsaea and Drilled. AST, June it. According to g wes which reach Unionist workers In this dty the national volunteor force Is about 25,000 men armed and drilled. The total enrolment Is vein uncertain, but Is estimated at about 55.000 or GO,- 000, excluding men who have allowed mesr names to be taken but have not attended more than one meetlnc. in Ulster volunteer force has a atrength of about 55,000 or 60,000 and "third line" of about 40,000 or 45,000 mora Its rifles are largely Germon and Italian. Those of the national volun- " are largely American. Where Is the Perfect Woman t IiONTiorr. June 9A. n.loMiim tins been ,r'liig to discover the perfect woman. Ac cording to a symposium In Brussels, she mu-t possess tho tlgure of an American, the elegance nf n 1'renchwomHn, tho com- of n KrislMi wlrl, the hair of n Austrian, ths eyo of an Italian and "i profile of a Spaniard. So far tho .roAtur ha eluded diioorenr. PRENK BIB DODA PASSED THIRTY YEARS IN EXILE As Youiifr Mnn, Present Do fender of Alumina Capital Was Kidnapped. Thr lollnusng In bt Titr Sun's .ijtertnl correspiitn-Jetir toto I'Mted the lialkan Slates recently: Trenk Itlb Doda, who Is conducting the defence of tho Albanian capital and who Is the. leader of the native forces against the Insurgents, Is tho chief of the great Mlrdlte-tribe and the most Intluentla! man of the north Albanian mountains. Ho was tho Head of ono of tho provisional governments bofor tho arrival of tho l'rlnco of Wled, was an opponent tliat .managed to hold In check the ambitions of KsshiI Pasha and was named among tho native chieftains an a man who would make a good ruler of his turbulent country. When Essad's Cabinet failed he was asked to take tho Foreign portfolio In the new Cabinet, and when he refused lie was offered tho post of Homo Affairs. To Tub Sun correspondent ho said at the timo that he had been out of touch with diplomatic Ufa for io many years that ho did not llko to tal'.o upon himself at such ii critical timo the responsibilities of either main In Durazio to gl up his energies ! mid timo lu surmounting artlliclal ob- stncleu to .secure what lu. considered petty ends. Ho went back Into the mountains and sent out the annoiincemont to the King ueiving that h had lu readiness 8,000 men who!""' 1,1 ew. -orl city in would com., tn Durallo. ouell tho Insur. rectlon unil defend tho throne. Ho said i that If that number was not tmiTlclcnt j ho could Increase It another B.OOu by en-1 listing tho Catholic and Mohammedan Mallssoros who would flock to his Standard. I'renU Tit Ufa the I'lelil. I'rtrt of this force was collected at Altjislo; sonio of them were sent down In the early days of the Insurrection to ion iui act as palaco guards, and later a larger I detachment was despatched to take the Held under the leadership of Prenk him- 1 self against the forces that hud been gath- oral In tho neghborhood of Tirana and Klbasjan. Prenk Hlb Doda. or Prenk Pasha as tho Mohammedans call lilm, always re- gretted that he was not able to give more IPS: SmZS Prenk Illb Doda. or Prenk Pasha as chapter In the history of Albania. When bo was a young man Abdul Hamld heard enough of him to know that he was too ( dangerous to leave In flio mountains so ' hu had him tnacherouily kidnapped on I board a Turkish man.o'-war and carried on io oiisianiinop.c. ue was noi per- j W-ffl aVXrtll0 hrr,be: mourned his loss and refused to accept another leader. ' Flnally tho 'constitution was declared and Albania was asked to ratify It. Every 1 trlbn notified the Young Turk commit- ten that It was ready for the great rati- flcatlon meeting at Scutari i . mM ... tamer on accour.; or ins inratuat on Tor 0rwordUo0Snee,ab2otlher' Ufr PPon was defeated on ;z?ZTnZr:r ?.:lc.!i..wa.?,,t.h: Mlrdltes, the niojt The committee of the Mlrdltes his people there might be trouble. The '"""":u"""uu:7 . "I'. rience In dealing' with both Turks and ' seeking a dlvorco from her In the State 1 children or that any such pledge can Albanians, replied that he was only the , of New York, wtuld havo done well to , regarded In law ns In any desree spiritual head of the trlbo and that the make surn that she really owned the binding upon them, real head was at Constantinople. The nama under which she married him nnd Count von Sternberg has made a num oommltteo took the hint, and that was why tnat tl)C ,,arentago which sho gave In 1 her of speeches In support of these nr Prenk returned to his people. tlle certificate and In the marriage I Ktiinunts, which ho Iium even embodied i. i- Trinmni, v mere never was sucn unomer aay in the mountains as the day that he came back, said the good Abbot Bonccl In tell ing of the return. The people from all over tho mountain land came In thou sands and they covered the great bare hillside, waiting for a glimpse of their hero. At last, with his escort, he ap peared, mounted on a white horse. A mighty cry arose and thousands of bullets swished through the air. He dis mounted und the trlbismen, In their white clothes and glittering arms, swarmed . u I-.. i n-ul. "3'ui, 3 ...' gone away as a boy clad In the white tunic of the hills; he had come back In tho uniform of a Turkish General as aide-de-camp to tho Sultan and attended by two Turkish officers. Ho was never again to leave them and they swore then and there that, lead where ho would, they , WOUIU IOHOW, In the days tliat they waited at Alts, slo while tho Cabinet discussed whether or not It was advisable to put them Into the field they fretted and chafed, de claring that they wanted only this op portunity to make good the oath that they had sworn the day of their chiefs re turn. And they seem not to have failed him but to have fought by his side as faithfully as ever the Albanian of old foutrht at the bidding of his chieftain and be. Prenk Is now almost 60 years of age, but like the men of these mountains who spend so much of their time In the open ulr he appears still to havo the strength and vigor of youth. As tho son of Bib Doda he has In his veins tho blood of the Dukughlns, the great lawgivers of Alba nia who made the canons of the feuds, and If the Powers were to look for u native prime thoy could find none of higher rank. "Widespread Ignoranco Tfc gimling Hapsburg Succes sion Excuses Attention Paid Various ."Rival -Representations. n- k. cuxijIWk owiijf. T HAT tho nssawilnatlon of the! Austrian heir apparent nt Hara Jovo on Sunday last Humid, buvn Klvrn rlo to all norUt of extraordinary ntorlrs oourrrnlng the Kuccesnlon to tlio throne ot' the Otinl Empire U not uurprisltur when the lgnnranco which prevail about the matter, even In the Mnpsbiirg monarchy Itself, Is talieu intu consideration. It Ih an Ignorunro which must serve as an c-xcuso for tho attention accorded to Count Adalbert von BlernberK' Halms In behalf of j ounir Dnko Muxlmlllan of ltolienberp, thn twolvo-ynar-old eldimt eon of the murdered heir apparent by hi morKannMo wife; claims that have ovea been niado tho subject of serious ills cusslon on aevoral occasions In tho na tional Parliament of Hungary. Were It not for thin Ignorance noth ing but derision would bo accorded to tho nretoiiHlons ot' tlio youn; woman, a Mrs. Hayne. who has Induced a num. ber of credulous; people hero In New York nutuully to belluvo her assertions to the effect that xlin Is a daughter of the Ulo Crown l'rincc itudolf nnd of taroiiPM Marie Vetsera, ami that her Httlo boy Is therefore an Austrian I'rlnoo and ono of tho lielra to Francis Joseph's throne. Not that Mrs. Hayne Is alone In her absurd pretensions. Uurinif tho last twenty years wo have received liter. ally hundreds of letters from persons noL omy nero in America but ulso In llclglum, Kngland, Franco and Italy declaring themselves children of Crown IMnce Uudolf, some of them even claim. Ins to be Itudolf himself or the mlsHlnc .'.l,.l,l T 1 ' I . . ... ......... ..m. uuiui ouivmor; xneso Jotters usually contalrrlng requests for money I und Invoking Interest In the writer's! CiLMP. U II Well fl H llA f 1 1. llmnn I " .u.ttivinutii III inn or her demands, fclome of tho writers are mnttifestly frauds, but tho majority seem to he cranks whose lock of mental balance has resulted In their deluding themselves Into the conviction that they aro really tho persona, or rathor personages, whom they allege them selves to be. They etc afflicted with the form of aberration known as tho mania de.i grandeurs. Airs. Hume's Strange Claim. With regard to the woman divorced some years ago by the New York courts from Georgo Osborne. Hayno of New York city, who named as corespondent JuHtln U. JlcDougald, son of a wealthy Cobalt mine owner making his home at Montreal, she has, to tho best of my knowledge, no vestige of a right to siyio nerseit "uaroness Alma Vetsera, nor yet "I'rlncetin Vetsera " nor vr "1'rlneesB Alma of Austria." Several 0f theSo titles wero mentioned In nertlnn win, ). -i..n i . Zu , L ,i .n 'l. "''-f- ,l con- ,,. ,, .... , ...... .. . .7 . oatiiH .....,,(,, i it. x on Momo police court proceedings. nu"'" court "aronesa Marie Vetsera, whom the woman In question alleges to bo her mother and who died with Crown l'rlnco Itudolf at Meyerllng on the 20th of January. 1S89. left no child born to her Infatuation fnr thn nl. ...... r.r .v.,. t.-. - - ...v U ' , v. illU Jlll- purer and Kmpress of Austria, This Is a matter of such common nnd positive inowicdgo to every ono of any stand ing In Viennese society nnd In the i,,,,i. ,iiii u ...... ,. , ., ? , " 7 , , 11 ,M ul"" J-U,t lo understand how any woman In ner "nwa can havo put forward prc- tensions to any such parentage. I may add that I speak from personal It now! - ' edge. For I knew Crown l'rlnco Itti- i I I dolf, anil also Baroness Vetsera's father, "''-"" i wns uiorougniy acquainted DV "Im and by others with his many family sorrows and troubles, Under the circumstances. It would be Interesting to learn whether or not Mrs. nnyne furnished any altldavlta ns to her JW -hen she ' i...., ... thn Canadian courts to secure tho llber- "Hon of younu Justin B. McDougnld, me corespondent or ner divorce case, from tho sanltiirium near Montreal to which he had been committed by his . minor. Oeorce Osborne Havne. when .ci, tin.), n U..IUI .inUAUi ttua mill It license was correct, since If this wero not ho, the union would havo been In- validated bv fraud. Of course the claims put forward by Count Adalbert von Sternberg In behalf of young Duko Maximilian of Hohen berg are of nn entirely different charac ter, since there Is no doubt as to the parentage of the lad, who Is thn eldest son of the murdered Archduke Francis Ferdinand and of his morganatic con sort, who fell Inst Sundy by tho hund of the same assassin. Not that tho con lOllUOII t tention of the Count can be admitted. :"t It has some apparent foundation. being bnsed upon n misconception of Austrian and Hungarian law nnd upon a misunderstanding of the statutes gov erning tho succession of tho crowns of tho dual empire. The Claim for Vonnir Duke, The Count, who Is an extremely well born but also exceedingly wrong headed man of remarkably stormy ante cedents, Insists In tho first place that Hungarian law does not admit that any marrlago can bo morganatic, and that If a mnrrlage Is real It entitles the woman to all the rights and prerogatives of a wife, and tho children born of tho union to the inheritance of all their father's honors, rights and property. On this ground he nriruea that If Arch duko Francis Ferdinand had lived to succeed to the thronn the Duchess of Hohenberg, being Ills lawful wife not his inorgunatlc consort In. tho eyes of Hungarian law would have become Ipso facto Queen of Hungary und her oldest son the Ttoynl Crown Prince of Hun gary. Tho Duchess of Hohenberg hav ing died slmultaneuuuly with her hus- dolf, and also Haroneus Vetsera's father Sternltoi Ll Very handsome, charming nnd nopu- i ' r lur miin) v . W(. lm,eellthoUB'h 'not fully wr l!!?.""? W1? fro"w.,o,n lioUanatlo H i B.lk band, thus predeceasing tho old Km- peror, the prob. em that might haw b en created had Count von Sternberg's con- tcntlon been correct has been cllml- nated. Hut according to him the next heir to the Hungarian throne Is not young Archduke Charles Kruncls, but thu or- plianeU uuKo or Holienberg. Count von Sternberg further alleges that while the ixrcnuiiKo J rancis reminaivi was arrnnicu nt l lie time or ni inor- marriage to l.o illness r-opmo Chotek In solemnly swearing on tho jjj tm, fonn unKl where membert, latures which gave their adhesion to the Gospels and on tho crucifix. In the proa- f tj. reigning liousp aro coucernil." I Pragmatic Sanction tn the early part ence of the Kmperor, of the members . oIcmyI replied 'hat neither nn oath ' nf the eighteenth century. This ulso ox of the Imperial family nnd of tho high- j H!(, tlmt taken by tho Archduke nor plains why Archduchess Elizabeth, tho est dlgnlUirles of tho realm that If ho HIiy f.lmy agreement could luivtr thu I only legitimate child of Crown Prince succeeded to the throne ho would never slightest Influence on tho order of sun- ' Itudolf by his marriage' with Prlncows under any circumstances raiso ills wire to a s,oat thereon or to sovereign rank. ho had no power to renouncu all rights of succession to tho crowns of Austria- uiiBur, itoiieiniu, io will uui.ir oi his then nnlxirn children. Without nd- 1 milting that the young Duke of Hohun - berg lias the slightest vestige of right to i'i.'o m" ' .utim w ' throne, it cannot be denied that Count .""tau" .Is powerless to make any n the name of his unborn . ...... . valid pledgo I In a book published n few years ago. entitled "In the Chungn of Time." They were hailed with satisfaction by the members of that Independence party ut , , . , . liuuapest wmcn aims u u. i severance of nil the ties that still unite Hungary to Austria and which saw in the Count's urgumcnta the possibility or itungur ans naviuB once more a separuiu ruicr oi men un.o iiidi. m being subject to a King who was also Emperor of Austria. IT any .Magyar Kmperor ! ran- In order to choko off aspirations of this kind els Joseph caused tho Archduke's sworn declaration, to which I havo re fcrred above, us huvlng been mado on tho evn of his marriage, to lie submitted by his Hungarian Premier to tho Parliament ut uuimpest. Aimougii thero was much violent discussion, dur Ing tho course of which tho Opposltlun turned the views of Count von fcttcrn herx to tho best possible account ami the controversy wns fully aired, yet tho Archduke's declaration was eventually ; accepted by the Magyar Legislature I witii an ovenvnniming uiajornj. To Annoy ItelKlllnir House, In spite of this, the matter every now and then la brought up again '.here, whenever an opportunity Is afforded or doing something dlsagrecablo to the reigning house of Hapsburg; and on tho occasion of tho young Duko of Ilohcnbcrg'a birth Deputy Polonyl, a well known member of thu Opposition, brought forward a motion to congratu late tho Arolnlulto on tho birth of a son and heir. The motion was defeated, after u speech from tho Premier, Count Tiszu, who declared lu the Uotus that Ltiuy A. V. Hayne and Master K. Hayn-. t t "the honorable deputy's Intention can only have been to cnttsn unpleasant, ncsa, and to exploit tin; Miccutsor M tho throne and his family affairs for party purposes In u way which mill- tales against 'tho respect which wn nil IIWI, to the heir apparent. The Arch- duko by his own lesolutkm has so I ordered his family affairs that his rhll- ,ren are not members of tho reigning family, nnd for this reason tlm national Leglslatine tloes not give expression to . i. interest In occurri-ncca in li s him- Ph8lon aH rstai.n.shed by Hungarian lnW- TllChe IuWHi ,, ;il(li riruBnUc clll(ir,.n by u morgannt!c wife ns ca- pnWe of fluc(.fcrling Just us much ns thoi!p o K non-niorganntlc wife. Pfcmler Tlsza again arose and there- 1 nriile the following declarntlotr . 1)t (lln(iamprltai Hungarian law. i,n,vn as th Prairmatlo Sanction, ex , .tlStatw o no o ho comll m , " , . '?, gary successor to the throne of Hun gary must be an Archduke of Austria and the ruler of Austria. Archduke Francis Ferdinand's suns, however, cannot be regarded as Archdukes." The Ptiigmatlu Sanction Is not, as so many people seem lo believe und us Its nume might Imply, a mcro Imperial de cree of a Uyzantluc, that Is to say, of nn autocratic character. On tlm con trary, It Is a statute, or series nf stnt- i utes, which received nearly two liun l (. a i i Jtfj years 0 leplalatlve continuation I udhc!4lon b c.leh of tll0 various , Htaltg op ,.roVlnces unltC(, n(lcr , ',0 of , ouso of Hupsburg. Hun- Rttry.H parliament gave Its entire ad lioslon thereto in 1723 It Is of Imporlunco to note hern tlmt although iihe was the last to give esIsiiltlVo rutlllcut!on to the Pragmatic Suncl,on Hul,Bury hnJ been tho tlrat to suggest It even prior to 1713, when tho decree wns first promulgated. For tho sako of her own protection against tlle Turks, who had so frequently lal'l Wllst0 thn nn0ftnt Wngaom ' of St. Stephen, she had pressed for the closest kind of union, not merely dynastic but also military and economic with tho remainder of the Hapsburg monarchy, Prnamntlo function .Not a Myth. Tho Pragmatic Sanction was after ward communicated by Charles VI, to the various Powers of Kurope, each expressing itu approval, und good will in thu matter. To say, therefore, as is so widely ulleged In Hungary, thit the Pragmatic Sunctlon Is a myth und a forgery Is preposterous. Indeed, it is umarlne that any person of education and Intelligence should attach the slightest Importance to such a pal patio lie originated by old I.ouls Kos suth, tho leader of tho rebellion of 1849; all tho more us that portion of the Hungarian Constitution revised und reenactcd In H87, which concerns the relations of' numpiry with the re mainder of the Austrian Empire, U en- tlrely based upon tho Pragmatic Sanc tion. The Pragmatic Sanction, briefly npcaltlng, provides two things! first of nil, for tlio siiL'corslnti of women to tho Austro-ltungarlan throne In default of malo heirs. Uti to the beginning of tho eighteenth century the Salic law hud prevailed In Clermany, with the re sult that on rnrh occasion when tho main line of n dynasty died out san guinary wars of surccsiilon ensued. In which neighboring countries wero also Involved. Half of tho wars of the Mltldtu Ages Indeed wc.ro mused by conllletM lu connection with tho .suc cession to tho- throne. The, Pragmatic Sanction permitting females of the Hnpsburg ilynast to as cend the throne In default of any male helm was devised so as to put nn end to these, stru ggls by providing for ttertnnn new-papers tal.e pebslinlstliJ l. All tho male -clous f ',n coiisetjurm-i, of the iisMsilna it..h.nt e f Arcliillik.. Kram-ls lVrdliiand nf the succession .. ' i ""J'"-"-'"'- ganatlo birth nro trom tho moment . that they come Into the world Arch dukes, and us long us there remains tin Archduke, no matter how remotu from the Austro-Hiingurlan throne, no arcli diicliess, howuver near, can succeed thereto. This disposes for nil time of tho story that Kmperor Kruncls Joseph contemplated at ono moment altering i tho succession In lavor of his youngest ' and favorite daughter. Archduchess Va- lone, and of lier sons. Ho could not i do this without securing tho sanction of every ono of the dozen or more I.egls- Stephanie of Belgium, now Countess I.onjay, liu-s no prospect of succeeding to tliu throne of her grandfather until a hundred or so of the now living nrch dukes have passed nway without male posterity. Tlio second and perhaps the most Im portant feature of live Pragmatic Sanc tion of two hundred years ugo Is that It provides, by popular will, for tho dy nastic union of every one of tho nation alities embraced In the Hapsbun? mon archy under a slnglo sceptre. It stands In the way of any secession or of the setilng up of some member of the house of Hapsburg other than the Austrian Kmperor as King of Hungary or of Bohemia or of Croatia. The Pragmatic Sanction establishes not only by the will of the sovereign and of the dy nasty, but also by tho legislative will of all tho people, concerned and with tho approval of the foreign Powers, that the monarch who reigns at Vienna shall likewise rulo over every other portion of tlio so-called Dual Empire, There Is no possibility, therefore, of the Hun garians ever putting Into execution the project often openly dls-cu&sed by the Magyar press of electing on the demise of Emperor Francis Joseph some other Hapsburg Prince than .the heir uppa rent, Archduke Charles Fruncls or olso the young Duke of Hohenberg' as their King, Hilled by Chnrlra VI'.s Descendants. The Pragmatic Sanction stipulated not only that the possessions ot the house of Hapsburg should always re main united under one ruler but also lliut they should be ruled by Charles VI.'s descendants. As two of his nieces had married foreign rulers, ono the Elector of Ha vuriu and tho other the Elector of Sax ony, ho Insisted upon their renouncing by a solemn outh all rights that they might havo had to his possessions, eave such as they enjoyed under tho terms of the Pragmatic Sanction, And It Is from this timo forth that dates the custom with which every Archduchess of tho liousu of Hapsburg Is) forced to comply on tho ova of her marriage of solemnly proclaiming with her hand on tho Gos pels her renunciation of all rights to tlio Austro-IIungarian crown and pos sessions, save tlioso which she onjoya under the terms of the Pragmatic Sane tlon. German Kmperor ruderstood and Could Handle, l-'rau-ci.s Ferdinand. HAD SYMPATHY FOIl HIM yovereign Ma. Mukc New Aus trian Heir Ills 1'upil in Hlau.'Mnansliip. SreHat I'abtt lfnitci tn Tin Six, nent.in, Jut t. The majorlly of the Austria, whose Iom. from n political taml- tmiM ho M. i h.,,.,. than smong tlio high nobility, by whom lu- was not lot t'il. "Wo bear the future thunder rumbling. Noinj can now teo tho cotoeinie ucer of this dastardly deed," eiiys Hie Iterllnir fi-nrali .Vucnrlebfon. "Quo Vnills, Alls: rlaV asks tho llerlinrr (Imetle. Some of the newspiipcis "leu profess to ren In the :isKissln.itlim the ' oils of tho dreaded war brlvtetli tin Slav unl ' tlerinanlc raced through Austria liceom lui: Imolvcii wllh Ser!in, lit whoso doors , iitihllr) opinion ny tho respoialblllty for the assaselmiMoiis. filploiinits who ha!ti itrrlvtd Jtcrx. from Kiel say tho news of llu assiiBsliiallon tmide n deep Impiesslon nn tlio Kaiser. Willi tho exception of hit: wife, no mil knew or undsrttooil or could handle tits lain Archduke like Kmperor William, while tho Duclier of lloiiinberg wits far inoro highly roiisldeiril at tlio litrinnn court 'lian ut lit r own. Tne K. Iser had a peculiar ej mpatliv with the co'.il, utislere Archilul.e, Ah the emnm.tniler In chief of the Austrian army and navy Kmperor William vanleil lilni ns uliniixt already a ruler. IIl Iih:usc'I with tilin ii!tiitu.illtett when' tie ro.n blneil notion of (ho ticrmun ami Atisttl.in fort'CN uilglit be tieceMar. Tills lias been changed by the assassination at Sara jevo, which removed Austria's ono strong man, which, as a diplomat said, "for a time knocks the third leg from under j the Tripl't Alllanoe." i Mltle Is knortii III iJernian:- of Arch duke t'h'irleM p'r.uiciH Joseph, the new heir to the Austrian throne, lie is re garded .is being wholly iinlnifiatod in state.Mimr.shlti. He Is looked upon as merely a pleanmt joiing man of an agree nble personality who Is fond of Hie good things of life. He is a daring rider. Ho ulso Is foiiil in' ligiit intern, otuiiedln nml fnrcH and mw fifty porfornianres of "The Waltz Itreain" at Prague Home predict that the K.ileer will wion bn busy In an endeavor to make Archduke Charles Ills pupil in ntatt'tmanshlp. Meanwhile It Is ruiuorid that n bih will bo laid before Hie Ilelchstnt; this fall providing for an additional appropria tion of money ami more ta.MS and thon an Increase of tlm army on the ground that Gvrinuny must bu pri pared now more than ever before to rely upon liurself. Tho assassinations lit Sarejevo virtu ally killed the Kiel week. The new. fell like a pall and Hie Kaiser in a moment became a changed man. When lie left Kiel on Monday mo.'tilng he looked as If h had itged over night. .Mr. tlerard, tlio American Ambassador, and thu nieni Sees of tint embassy who accompanied him to Kiel reinaliu.il on Allison V Ar mour's yacht Utowan.i until Thursday. THREATEN PARIS'S LEADERSHIP. Munich, Vienna unit llrrllii Are A til bilious Artistically. Paris, June IS. The reputation of Pari! for good taste In all matters of artistry Is In tho balinco and there are many signs that her dominance Is crumbling. This city has now a triumvirate of vlrllx rivals In Munich. Vienna anil Berlin. Munich Is attracting artistic genius from till over tlio world, lor the purpose of practice. There ire mum than r.,000 wri sts, prore.sors, practitioners and stu lents In the Hivarlan capital alone. In substitution lor dirt and illseass rotted f.tu.irtler I,.illii, or the vice Infested region of Montniartie, the artist nuarler ot Munich Juts broad and spacious streets, clean and sanitary ilwillliigs and a won ilerfull; reasonable scale of living, In order lo study art It Is no longer necesary to live 111 couilltlniis or niedheval piggery. IIRlriin and genius arc not Incompatible elements. You can know "Munich stylo" br Its bold, broad splashes of intor nnd Its se vere simplicity of line. Tills Is not the "noiiveau art" of the early years of the lentury, wriggly and snaky and curllcn- esiiue. It Is based on the slralnht 'Ine, the sipinre and the plain circle and It is sane and plenK.int tn live with If you Insist on an ancient analogy. It Is Gre cian simplicity lu a modern ruialHsance nf feeling. Dress fashion is more espreinlly the creation of Vienna In the triumvir ite of Muillch-Vlriiim-ll-i'Ilu. Vlrnnii hits all the daring and smartness fo, which p.irls has gained Its reputation, plus thr virility of youth. It l claimed, with seeming ra- on, that nowhere rlc in lluroi.e a tli re s-iieli urtlsts In the "l.illonnadn." Thn new fabrics for dliss uml home decora tion which Vc:.na Is now pinning oicr Kurope nro startllugly be.iutiiul and origi nal, They open up u whole new territory of color harmonies. Berlin Is the commercial p irtner In tlm trio. Here are hard headed business men who are thrusting Into the markets of the world tho creative thotncht of Munich and Vienna, Recently Berlin utaged an exhibi tion of 'Herman dollies'' In order to prove. that Vt is Ik no longer the undisputed ar at Pjj Is Ik no long' ler (ft fasiilon. biter i TURK, HOPE FOR SEA MASTERY. Ul it Ksial llnllilliiK 1'lmi In Coarse Of Ktl'CtltllMI. Ixinpo.v, June :C- -The new rrlsls that has arisen In the relations of Greece and Turkey turns attention to Turkey's of. forts to cteito u naval force that will end Greece's predominance on tho seas. An elaborate protrampte of pew con struction has ben decided upon and most of the more InuxirUnt couftuts have nlr'.ady In en placed. The bulk of the work Is to be done In lh, gland, but eight torpedo lm.it dustrow. und Inrre submarines w.lll l: hu.lt in Frnnce, Messrs. Vlckers and Sir W. O, Arm-strong-Wliltwortli i Co., who have under taken tho reurgnndt'.itloti of tin- Turk, h fleet, have received orders for two dread nouuhts as well as several crulsera and destroyers. Moreovor. the former firm Is completing tlm battleship IteshaUleh, with t ill'nlicejnent of ','S 000 tons nnd ten IS. 5 Inch gunr, for the Ottoman Gov ernment, wlill the la'ter In llnlslilng th Sultan CtHinnn 1., which was bought from Brazil and has a displacement of 2?,5Qri tons and u main armament of fnurtcn 12 Inch guns. A big floating dock Is also being built tor Turkey, and the dockyard at Const otliH'iile Is to be modernized. As regards the plans nf Greece two Vnlted States Ii lleslilp will b, bought The Greek AdrAlty Is ucgotlat nic also for the purchase of the two Argentine dreadnoughts HlvitOavia and Moreno, which am Hearing completion In Ameri can yards.