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THE WEATHER FOREAST.
Partly cloudy to-day; fuir to-morrow. Detailed weather reports will be found on page II. mu VOL. LXXXI. NO. 360. NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 26, 1914. Copyright, 1X4, by the Sun Printing and Publishing Association. PRIC FRENCH RETREAT FROM ALSACE TO AID ARMY ON FRONTIER BATTLE NOW RAGING ON WHICH "HANGS THE FATE OF FRANCE"; MUELHAUSEN, TWICE CAPTURED FROM GERMANS, ABANDONED A. A " HHVltfrCENTS. 11 BRITISH LOSE 2,000 MEN IN MONS RETREAT Fromier AsquiUi Confirms Tioport of Withdrawal of Allies. KriTHKXKIi PKEPAliES , F)K TIIKKK-YEAK WAR Will Ttaisp 1500,000 Troops to Hurl Against the Germans. special Cable nepnteh to Tnr Srv. Lonpon, August 25. Premier AmiuIUi announced In tho House of Commons this afternoon that the Untieli casualties In tho with drawal of the British troops to the positions assigned to them In the re construction of the nllled lines were more than 1,000. The Premier confirmed tho report that the British troops had fallen hack and said that the withdrawal from the position near Mono had been accom pltehed successfully, according to a despatch received to-day from Sir John French, commander In chief of tho British expeditionary force. Prrncli PrnUe- llrlllnh. The Central News correspondent at Tarlx sends this ' telegram regarding the work of the British troops In the lighting of the past few days In Bel glum: "C.raphlc stories arc being brought to the War OJIlce by officers from the front telling 'how for two days tho Urltlsh troops bore the brunt of thii main German advance. Urltlah cool ness and d.irlng were wonderful. Every rush of the Herman Infantry was met by calm, calculated rltlc fire. Tho 1 cavalrymen without their tunics tlung themelves at the German horsemen and save the Uhlans the surprise of their lives." The olllclal press bureau of tho War Ofllcc pave out this statement this morning: "The British forces have teached their new iwisltlon successfully. Fight ing has (,one on more or less con tinuously, but the enemy has not effectively harassed our positions and the movement of the British troops has been executed with great skill by the lommander of tho First and Second Army Corps. The casualties ennnot be estimated exactly, but they are not heavy. Our forces were opposed by two German army corps. Two cavalry divisions of the enemy suffered very heavily. "The position now occupied is well protected. The allies continued In action In Belgium yesterday and the day before, but In the presence of con querable forces of Germans, which had been massed, the French commander In .chief decided to withdraw the truops to the original line of defence arranged, where they are now tlrmly established. "Two French divisions suffered some what severely, but the main body has r.ot been touched and remains full of enthusiasm. The German' losses, par ticu.ariy in the corps of tho guard, ere considerable. "The moralo of tho allied troops is excellent." KITCHENER EXPLAINS. I'rul.m Conduct of Troops In l.nnls mid Commons, 6ptctal Cable Vetpatch to Trie Scs. London, August 25. In h t rirt peech In the House of lrds Minister of War Karl Kitchener said that Urltlsh forces .n HclgUm nlroady had 'n In rontact with the Hermans for tMrty.x hotin. He said that the war undoubtedly would strain tho forces of t ie rmpre and entail fncrltlcia and In-t'm-ited the possibility that the war mUnt 1" long lontlnued. He ile lanM that the Government Is cnUlntr to the Held an army that may loon reach 000,000 men. "Out seventy battalions have, with tine curajr., already volunteered for service abroad, When they are trained and or fmlied In larger formations they will bo I Wo In Like their places In the linn. "TIM hundred thousand men asked for I" the rtrst place have already been virtu t ,v .vtcuied, Tho empire with which wn are at ! hns called to the. colors almost Its n' male population. The principle '" en nur part, shall observe Is this That hlle the maximum foice undergoes lonstiuit diminution, the reenforcements v'' Prepare will steadily and Increasingly' 3Ut until we have an army In the Continued on Fourth 'iijr, V7r..,"r!'' Atlanta Xfn llrlruni Limited. j'A!i',.w..'rk 'aV USSI'.M via HOUTIIIUIN i'.i i u . r.ciulvelf Pullmun triln Illicit rv,c Yurk OI. S Sth Av, BOMBS FROM ZEPPELIN KILL 10 IN ANTWERP Explosives Meant, for Royal Family and Staff. Hel fjians Say. THIRTY-FIVE INJURED IX ATTACK RY XIGI1T Uuihlinjrs Are Shattered as Rombs Drop on Roofs Hospital Nearly Hit. .Pil Cabtf Pnpateh to Tub Pcn. Antwerp, August IS. A Zeppjlln, heralded only by the buzz ing of her motors, circled over Ant werp at 1 o'clock this morning. I'ersons who had not yet slept, heard the thrum ming and darted to their windows its a streak of light shot out from an elongated shadow In tho sky. An Instant later there was n great crash as a projectile, heavily laden with explosives, tore apart a building 200 yards from the head quarters of the Belgian General Staff In the Hotel St. Antolne, which, appar ently, had been the target at which the projectile was alined, In all there were ten of these streaks of light from the shadow l.OUO feet above the sleeping city and ten deafen ing crashes below. They came per haps half a minute apart. Hardly had the sound of the first ex plosion died away before rjflcs and machine gups, constructed for defence In Just such nn emergency, were trained on the great shadow overhead and tiring was begun on the Zeppelin from all directions below. Tho lire had no effect and after the tenth projectllo was hurled upon the city the Zeppelin rose and disappeared When Antwerp took count of the devastation caused by this midnight prowler It found that ten persons had been killed, six of them women, nnJ thirty had been wounded, A child asleep In Its home In the fash ionable Hue ile Justllo was terribly mangled: a iollciman on post In a pub lic square was blown to bits. The same bomb which killed the policeman killed six other persons as they slept In their be-ds In houses adjoining the square, all of which were practically destroyed. Houses even u block away wore struck by llylng fragments of tho bomb. Two maids, asleep on the top tloor of a physician's home In Hue Kscrlmes, were killed by the bursting of one of tho projectiles on the roof. Another of tho missiles struck the barracks In tho Hun Falcon, from which the troops had left and which were occupied by refugees. One of these was killed and two were wounded. A man and his wife In their home In tho Hue Uubarry were terribly Injured by another of the missiles which exploded In their garden. The purpose of this deathdeallng In vasion by night is believed to have been the slaughter of the royal family, ahe members of the Cabinet and the Gen eral Stnff and the destruction of the barracks, banks and hospital. The result was the killing of women and non-combntunts and a child, wl'th Im mense property destruction. In no cose did any of tho ten projec tiles, which appeared to bo some sort of modern shrapnel tilled with a particu larly effective explosive, accomplish tho purpose for which it Is believed It was hurled. Hut the places where the ten missiles fell were closo to what Is believed to have been one of the ob jective points. The city Is terrified In expectation of more nttneks. More than sixty houses wero badly damaged by the bombs. The Antwerp correspondent of the Morning Pn.it says MaJor Seaman, an American surgeon, who was tne first to attend tho Injured, was filled with rage at the scems he witnessed. Ho said that In all of his eight campaigns, Including that against the Boxers In China, he had never seen anything In war so ruthless as the sight of three young girls mutilated and a woman about to become a. mother killed In her bed by these explosions. Mnjor Seaman declares that tho United Htntes should Immediately Join other countries In exacting reparation from Germany for such Infamy. ZEPPEUN 'VOLUNTEERS. Aged Intentor Wniit to TnUe ("11111- 11 11 11 it or nlrlKlMe. I.0NPON, Aug. in, A despitch from Ftledrlchhhafen says that Count Zeppelin bus volunteered to tnko command of dirigible. He Is 70 yours old. OSTCMO OUHHk flTH - o- 'cfiMannP . o n rut 3t r 30SSQNS PAR 1ST PTA GZAR'STROOPS LOSE CLASH IN EAST PRUSSIA Kaiser's Army Wins Victory at Stallnponen, Rerlin Taper Hears. SpecM Cabtf Prtpnteh to Tnr. Sc IiNPON, August 25. A German victory over the Husslan Invading army In Fast Prussia Is claimed in Berlin, nccording to a des patch received from there by way of Copenhagen. Tho Germans defeated a Mipcrlor irce at Stalluiionen, sixteen miles e-nst of Gumblnnen and four miles west i of the Husslan frontier, nccording to tho j information, which Is contained In a despatch to the l.nkiit Antelgcr of Ber lin. The telegram does not indicate the number of casualties on either side. The I.okul Ansciucfs despatch fol lows: "While from the west comes news of a victorious advance, something similar has been prepare'd hen. Tho Russians were defeated at Sta'.luponen August 21 and August 22. The returning wounded of the cavalry ellvlrlon say the Russians were greatly superior numerically. "They had at least two divisions of cavalry, and their Infantry was stronger. Cavalry charges were fre quent. The Husslan Infantry shot badly. They sighted their rllles for 1,200 meters when they were at close quarters, which yccurre-d frequently. When one adversary was knocked down others seemed to spring from the soil. Our lancers did bloody work. One Ger man cavalry regiment, , whose flag carries the names of many great battles, particularly distinguished Itself. "The Russian artillery took some part In thu lighting, but the wounds were due mostly to cold steel." A despatch from St. Petersburg early last week told of an engagement In which Russians defeated the First Ger man Army Corps between Eydkuhnen and Stalluponen, capturing eight can non, two .Maxims and twelve ammuni tion wagons. A despatch a few days later described the capture of twelve guns and the taking of many prisoners by a Russian forco at Gumblnnen. There is uncertainty hero whether to day's report should be taken to In dicate that the Russian advance has Just been halted or s tho German ver sion of ono or the other of tho reported engagements of last week. The Morntnu I'ost prints a despatch from its St, Petersburg correspondent In which he says: "Russia's two great armies are now advancing over a front extending sev enty miles to a great battle. In the opinion of military experts '.his battle will develop within three or four elnys and will so nearly coincide with tho conflict em the French front as to make It impossible for Germany to detach assistance from 11 ny where." EAST PRUSSIA DEFENCE. (ermnnit llnve Four I'orllUed I. tors Hooted In Northeast, II j It, W. NOltlUHi AIII), Sprctttl coi rupomttnt of Tut: St'N and the London "llatlv Mall," f pedal Cable Hetpatch to Tim Scs, London, August 25, "The German defence In Kast Prussia Is based on four parallel and strongly fortified Hues running north and south. Facli Is supported by natural obstacles. The foremost three lines are distinct group of numerous lakes. The fourth and strongest defence line Is the Vistula Coiitfiiiierf on Thlrit Page CIIAS. it e. :stn st. ft MATTHKWl l)tKS. Complete ulltee outfitter, .till'. f1NTWCRP Ji. BRUSSELS DINflliT rtTA sir efr.i V I L.l -166'Miles-W "rWaEWTTLmE ?0?" u torts .' -''.' ' V. ' Jj ' The Ccniimi battle lliie, which extends from nbovc 1.111c almost to the Swiss imrtltT, nml the opimslng strong iwlnts of the Fri'iiclt defence along the l'rnnco-Ili'lginn nnd the rriinco-tiernian frontiers nro shown in the abovo map. The strtms places of Hrst class ilffonce, each of them with numerous forts, along these frontiers are Verdun, Toul, Kplnnl, Hclfort, foritilnt; iiditnct! line; .Mnuhrtige. I.n Pew, Itelms and I.nngres In the sevonel line, with harrier furls near Vniicy nml I.titievllle. The new battle Is between .Alauheuge and Donon, near Strnsslntnr, n natural forll Ilea tlmi In e'entral Vosges. jver a line UK) miles In extent. On this battle, iicenrdltic to an otllclnl tsinimiiulc.'itlon Issutil from the War Oillce In Purls, "bungs the full of Pmnce." Ml the quired, the commander In chief of the nieiit of nil otvupled territory. For this hne been holding out against the Gertiiatis. has ngnln been evneunteM. West of the Mettse, ns a ri'sult of orders Issued on Sunday, the troops which are to remain on the covering line have taken the defensive. Tho French mill British troops occupy a front passing near OIot, which they gained by hit ill lighting, mid are holding their adversaries mid checking their advance. Fust if the .Mouse the French have regained their original ixisltlnu command- 1 lug the romls out of the great forest esMiined the offensive, elrlvlng back the ' WAR NEWS PItANCH. A new battle Is In progress between Mauberge, France, and Donon. In the central Vosge'S, As all the available forces on the Ieue are re quired the French commander In chief has ordcred the progressive abandon ment of the occupied territory. Mucl hausen lias again been evacuated. West of the Meuso the troops which are to remain on the covering lln will tako up the defences. The French and British troops occupy a front passing near Glvet. Kast of tho Muise the French have regained their original positions commanding the roads of tho forest of Aruennes. According to a despatch from Berlin to the German Fnibassy, n concentric advance of nil the German armies toward Paris Is probable. BKUJIC.M. The fall uf .N'umur Is still questioned. The Belgians claim that tho report of the capture of the fortre-s arose from the fact that one of the forts was blown up. A German official state ment says the city of Namur and five of the nine forts have been captured. A Zeppelin airship dropped bomb Into tho city of Antwerp, destroying a num ber of houses, one of which was only 300 yards from the palace of King Al bert. Seven persons were killed. Ono bomb fell In n hospital. The airship was brought down by Belgian artillery fire six miles outside of Antwerp. Rl'SSlA. Tlm Germans, according to a despatch received In Berlin, won a vic tory over the Russian Invading army In Kast Prussia, defeating a superior force at Stalluponen. Cavalry rharges were frequent and the German lancers did effective work. Russian troops havo captured several passes south of Tarnopol, eighty mile's can of Iemberg, which appears to bo tho Russian objective. Russian and Austrian cavalry have clashed fre quently nn tho Clatlclan frontier. In an artillery engagement the Russians cap tured two batteries and made. 200 pris oners. Rusfla reports that she haw two great armies advancing over a front of sev enty miles Into Kast Prussia, and It Is MACMONNIES MAY ENLIST. Ithaca, N. Y., Aug. 25, In a letter to a sister living bore Frederick MncMon nles, tho well known American sculptor, who Is now living In France declares "that If the French Government bhould call out men over 47 years of age," he Intends to volunteer. MarMonnles says that ho has been Iso lated by military law and asks for news. COLOGHE iHX-LA-CHlPCLlH Ail rtr-1 iv w ?Vi-ni-ivrt jrrtj -. -Vrr . r- SrtfiffBURG -. MutfAtaeii - oaSnm ,V -yy---Ai j- available forces on the Mettse lielttg re- French army hns ordered the nbandon- reason .Mtielhnuseti, where the French of Ardennes. On the right the French enemy. IN BRIEF b.lleved In St. Petersburg that Oermany will be unable to withdraw forci-s from tho cast to assist her in her advance on tho French border. GRKAT BRITAIN. Premier Aqulth an nounced In the House of Commons that the British casualties In the withdrawal of British troops to the positions as signed to them In the reconstruction of the allies' lines were more than 2,000. He said that the withdrawal from the position near Mons had been success fully accomplished. Karl Kitchener re ported that the British troops In Bel glum had been In contact with the Ger mans for thirty-six hours. He praised the conduct of the troops and said that the war would undoubtedly strain the resources of the empire and entail sac rifices. JAPAN. British ships shelled Tslng-tao to locate tho German batteries and cover tlm landing of the Japanese troops. Thre-e thousand Russians have left Vladivostok to Join In the assault. The Austrian cruisers attempted to run the blockade from Tslng-tao harbor, but were driven back. The British re port a loss of eleven sailors killed. AUSTRIA. Formal declaration of war was served on the Japanese. Ambassador at Vienna Antlvart leports say that the fortifications of Cattaro, on the Dalmatian const, had been completely destroyed by the allied fleet and that negotiations are pending for the sur render of the port. 8KRVIA. The Servian Oeneral Staff at Nlsh announces that the Servian troops reoccupled Sabac, twenty-seven mllca west of Belgrade, and hurled tho Aus trlans back on the east bank of the Save, thus completely clearing Servian territory of Austrian troops. The Aus. trlan casualties were reported to be very large. ITALY. Premier Salandra assured a com mittee of Deputies that mobilization of the Italian army Is not Imminent and that should tt come later It will not meun abandonment of neutrality, it Is repoited. however, that Austrian troops are massing on the frontier, anu that 80,000 Austrian troops are con centrated at Iniubruck. PRINCE'S LETTEES "PASSED." Special Cable Detpatrh to Tin Brs, London, Au. 25, The letters written home by Prince Albert, the "sailor Prince," second son of King Georgo and Queen Mary, now on the battleship Col Ungwood in the North Sea, arrived at Buckinishum PubtCe stamped, "Passed by .the censor." ALLIES HAVE WON BACK THE POSITIONS LOST ON MONDAY, SAYS FRENCH WAR OFFICE "To the Right We Have Assumed Defensive, Driving Back the Enemy by Vigorous Onslaught," Says Communique. DECLARES UNCLE OF KAISER HAS BEEN KILLED BY AFRICAN TROOPS Conflicting Reports of Capture of Namur Forts London and Paris Decla e Only One Fort Has Fallen. Special Cable De.pntch tr The Hcs PARIS, August 2G (Wednesday). The War Office's communique, issued this morning at 2:30 o'clock, says: "In upper Alsace, the commander in chief being under the necessity of calling for all his troops in order to reenforce the line along the Meuse, gave an order for the progressive evacua tion of all occupied territory. Muelhausen has again been evacuated by us. "The great battle is on between Maubeuge and the Do non River. It is on this battle that will depend the fate of the war for France and for Alsace with her. It is at the north that the partial secondary part is being played. "It is down there in upper Alsace that the General in Chief calls for the decisive attack by all the forces of the nation. "Military action undertaken in the Valley of the Rhino would distract troops on whom perhaps depends the final victory. It is, then, necessary that they should momentarily quit Alsace in order to assure her of her definite delivery. "No matter how great is the chagrin of the troops at not being able to protect her from German barbarity, it is a cruel necessity which the army of Alsace and its chief suffered and to which they did not submit until the last extremity. Lineup of the Allies. "West of the Meuse, as a result of orders issued on Sunday by the commander in chief, the troops which are to remain on the covering line to take up the defensive arc massed as follows: "The French and British troops occupy a front passing near Givet, which they gained by hard fighting. They are holding their adversaries and sharply checking their attacks. "East of the Meuse our troops have regained their original positions commanding the roads out of the great forest of Ar dennes. "To the right we assumed the offensive, driving back the enemy by a vigorous onslaught, but Gen. JofTre s'.pped pursuit so as to reestablish his front along the line decided upon Sunday. In this attack our troops showed admirable dash. The Sixth Corps notably inflicted punishment on the enemy c'se to Virton. "In Lorraine the two armies Lwve begun a combined attack, one starting from Grande Couronne de Nancy and the other from south of Luneville. The engagement which began yesterday (Monday) continues at the time of writing. The sound of cannon ading is not heard at Nancy, as it was yesterday. Desperate Hand to Hand Fight. "In the north cavalry forces, which showed themselves day before yesterday (Monday) in the district of Lille, Roubaix and Tourcoing, appeared yesterday in the Douai district. This cavalry could not advance further without exposing itself to tho danger of falling into the English lines, which were reenforced yesterday by French troops. Tho general situation is as follows: "In spite of the enormous fatigue imposed by three consec utive days fighting and in spite of losses, the morale of our troops is excellent. They ask for nothing but a chance to fight. During the fighting of Monday the one salient fact was the desperate encounter between the Algerian and Senegalian slurpshootcrs and the renowned Prussian Guards. Our African soldiers flung themselves upon this solid body of troops with indescribable fury and the Prussian Guards had to face a combat which becamo a hand to hand struggle. y- f Says Kaiser's Uncle Is Slain. s "Gen. Prince Adelbert, the Kaiser's uncle, was kilKsd. His body was taken to Charleroi. "Our army calm and resolute will continue to-day its mag nificent effort. It knows the price of this effort. It is fighting for civilization. All France follows it with its eyes. France