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SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 1014. Entered at tlir- l'ot omce at New York aa Hecon.l data Mall Matter, Huherrlptlnna lir Mall, retmlrf. DAILY. Per Month 0 DAILY, l'er War " " Sr.VDAV, Per Month " BtWDAY (to Canada), l'er Month 40 HUNDAY. l'er Year 0 DAILY ANI HLS'IAY, l'er Year. 8 M DAILY AND HUNDAY. l'er Month "S Fortius 1UTH. DAILY, l'er Month 1 ! SUNDAY, l'er Month M DAILY AND HUNDAY, l'er Month.,.. 1 til) Tin: KVHNINH MIS. l'er Month Si TUB KVKNINU HUN, l'er Year 5 611 THE KVKNINU HUN (Foreign), l'er Mo, 1 OS All check", money orders, Ac. to be made HO able to Tut Hi .. Published Unity. Including Sunday, br the fun l'rlntlng ami Publishing Amorlatlon at t70 Naau Mreet, In the Ilnrough o( Man hattan, New York, l'reeldent and Treasurer. William l Helck, III) Naieau itreeti Vice I'reeldent, HJwanl I'. Mitchell, 1J1 Najeau treet; Secretary, c E. Lmton, 10 Naiiau atreet. London once, Effingham Ilouie, t Arundel treet, Strand. Parle oHIce, C Hue de la Mlchodlere, off flu du Quatre Heptembre. Waahlngton oltlce, lllbhi ttultdtng. Brooklyn umee, 10 Llvlngeton atreet. our friend) tcAo itor til u-lf A manutcrifli and llluitrntliym for publication uhS to Aate rtlrctti artlelet returned thevmutt In altcaiei ttni it&mpi for that jurinf. General Leonard Wood's Warning to the Nation. Tlx peaceful nnl neutralized little republic of Switzerland, with n total population nbout eiunl to that of this town of New York, can put In the field on abort notlco an army of half a mill ion trained fighting men. With a population twenty-five time greater than that of Switzerland, the United Stnte.i could command In an emergency n mobile forco of less than ninety thousnud regulars and militia men, assuming tho utmost possible at to the availability of tho mllltlit. In case of foreign Invasion by a first class Tower the minimum force re quired for tho support of our permanent coast defences would be three hundred thousand men. Our nviillablo force of regulars amounts to only six per cent, of tho nrmy required for the early stages of a defensive war. In respect of regulars our military preparedness Is ns (J is to 1(. Adding to the six jmrcent. of regulars a possible nineteen per cent, of militiamen, our available strength at the outset of such it wnr would be to tho necessary force ns 2," Is to 1i0. That W to say we are one quarter prepared. This Impressive warning does not come from any njarmtst, any Irrespon sible agitator, any Interested promoter of military expansion. The foregoing comparison forms part of the very dis passionate t-tatcmcnt of General Leon ard Wooii which will Iks found In an other part of The Hun this morning. We commend the remarks of this wise and experienced soldier to the atte'i tion of all patriotic citizens. We com mend them particularly to our neigh bor the World, which has expressed a desire to have Ueneral Wood's opinion on tho subject of the needs of national defenco In preference to the opinion of Colonel Hoonkvki.t. "Modern wars," says General LroN ard Wood, "come like the avnlnnche nnd not like the glacier." The Evacuation of Vera Crur.. It may be supposed that there Is a mental reservation In the announce ment that "It Is the purpose of tlm Administration to withdraw tho troops (from Vera Cruz) on .Monday, Novem ber 251." A good many things may hap pen in Mexico In eight days. The par tisans of CarrN2a and Villa may even now bo at war, and beforo tint 2,'ld instant the wisdom of withdrawing American troops from Vera Cruz may be in question. To which side Is the transfer with customs receipts of $2,000,000 to he Hindu' Tho United States has not recognized Governor Cahranza as provisional President. If the Vllllstns were to !m in coutrol of the territory outside Vera Cruz on No temlKT 2.1, would the city b turned over to them? Mr. Hryan says that our troops are to be withdrawn because "both General Oauranza anil the con vention at Aguascallentcs" have given "the assurances and guarantees wo re quested." Then, Is It to bo Inferred that tho Administration has no choice of rulers of Vera Cruz and would be ns ready on November 23 to accept Gen eral Giniiiuu:z, tlm provisional Presi dent appointed by Villa's convention, as Governor Cahha.nza? . Can tlie current report In Washing ton be true that "the withdrawal of the American soldiers and marines from Vera Cruz Is intended as a meas ure to place tho Tutted States Govern ment In a position where It would le removed from tho danger of bccomlnn Involved In tho Mexican Imbroglio through a possible attack by the forces of one or the other of tho factions to retnkw Vera Cruz"? The United States Government was In such n iwisltlon nil through the relielllon ngalnst the lluerta dictatorship, and It was always a comfort to know that If the. city of Mexico wero given over to anarchy anil pollution there would bo an American army nt the Gulf terminus of the rail mad running to the capital to call on In an emergency that would admit of no delay. lty what logic can It be maintained that to withdraw our troops In tlm present ominous situation In Mexico will Insure the Tnlted States from "be coming Involved In the Mexican I in brogllo"? Exactly how either faction can rationally object to continuance of tho occupation until n responsible Gov ernment Is organized and established nt Mexico city and Vera Cruz It Is difficult to understand. As the Wash ington Administration would be assum ing tho risk of having to send tho troops back to Vera Cruz if the evacu ation wore carried out ou November 2ft with no concern for the stato of the country lnvohed In a civil war, Mr. Hiiyan'h announcement nui'f be subject to qualification and change. Ilrrnard Hlinw on the Knil of tho War. In the midst of a good deal of un timely gluing, Mr. Oeoroe Hlrnard Shaw, us reported In tx Iondon des patch to Tiik SUN of yesterday, says one or two very wlso and appropriate things about the end of the war and the times to como after It. Ills warn ings nro a useful check to the current looso talk of tho tiro eaters and preach ers of the gosjiel of vengeance. "Wo nud Trance have to live with Germany after tho war," .Mr. Shaw IKiluts out. Even to embarrass her financially would be a blow to Eng land herself, Germany being one of' England':) best customers and one of her most frequently visited neighbors. The truth of this is unanswerable. Tho great object must be to effect a pence with as llttlo rancor as possible. Mr. Siuw does not say It, but there nro going to be overwhelming political reasons why the pride of Germany and Austria and still more why their mili tary power shall not bo too much Im paired In case of their defwat. Perhaps In tho tlnal settlement tho western allies may be found to have more In common with llorlln than with St. Petersburg, Germany has pointed this out with much force. Mr. Shaw's position Is not admirable when he chooses tholr days of tribulation for sticking pins into his own ieopte, even though some of tho things he says may be unpleasantly true. Hut It can not be denied that ho has some sanu views on the situation. The pity Is that he must always Impair thu force of the useful things he hatr to say by llli panclcs. Impertinences and out of place glrdtngs nt those whose courage he should help to maintain, lie reminds one of a man who Insists on wrangling over tho mistaken construction of n chimney whllo the house Is burning down. Two Good Army Selections, The senior IJrlgndler-Genernl, Fred erick Fuxston, Is to be promoted when Major-General Wotherhpoon retires for ago on November ill. Secretary Garri son makes the announcement, no doubt with satisfaction, for he Is a fair minded man. The presumption Is that Funhton was scut to Vera Cruz with his brigade not only because he could speak Spanish ami knew the Spanish character but to add to his reputation, so that when General Wothkrsi'oon retired there would be none of the old objections to tho senior Krlgadier's ad vancement. General Tunston has had no fighting to do at Vent Cruz, but his conduct of affairs has been marked by sound Judgment, discretion nnd tact In a position of considerable dltllculty. That was to be expected, for Funhton proved himself an able administrator as well ns a soldier when he brought order out of chaos at San Francisco after the earthquake and Arc. He de served promotion long ago, both on his merits and ns senior In his grade. General Iluoit L. Scott will auto matically become Chief of Staff with tho retirement of General Wotiiersi'oon from that post, although nn appoint ment will be made In due form. It was the Intention when Genera! Sovrr was transferred from his command on the Texas lordor to tho Wnr Depart ment last spring that ho should servo as Chief of Stuff for the full term of four years. The army will npplnud tlm choice. Without exaggeration It may be termed the best appointment that could be made. General ScoTr Is not only nn experienced but an educated soldier. A master of routine and the ory, he Is yet In full sympathy with the rank nnd flic of the service: very hu man as well us very practical Is Iluaii U Scott. Ho understands tho army. It respects nnd esteems him. He will mako an excellent Chief of Staff. Thn Nonconformists, Sir William Hoiurtson Nicoll, tho amiable North Itrlton who found or founded what was known In the 'POs an the kaleyard school of literature, nays that tho llrltlsh nonconformists "look to America for approval and sympa thy." They neither deserve nor will they get approval and sympathy from their American "dissenting" brethren so long ns theso charges remain truo of nonconformist and "middle class" aversion to the supremo duty of patri otic men, charges of virtual self-con fessed laches, cowardice or unmanly shifting of danger upon tho shoulders of braver Ilrltons: "I think there la some Justine In he (tatement that the upper classes nnd the loner classes have been doing their duty In the proeent crisis, and that a certain element of the middle classes baa not. This Is partly the outgrowth of the tra dition that the llrltlsh army should he officered by the upper classes and re cruited In the ranki from the lower classes which leaves the middle classps rather out of It Then, too, the middle clauses, especially the nonconformist mid dle Classen, live In an atmosphere ao for eign to war that It takes time tor thn military situation to bo fully understood." Tho llrltlsh aristocracy, whoso ser vices to the Stato and whose relations to other "classes" havo been on thu whole or often great and honorable and usoful for several hundred years, Is doing more thau Its part In leading and In dying In this war. If tho strugglo Is prolonged, tho aristocracy may even suffer tho fate of the older nobility In tho Wars of tho Itoses. As for 'Tommy this and Tommy that," ho lights man fully everywhere and for little wages, Then, according to our North Hrltlsh witness, "n cprtnliv element of tho mlddlo class" Is content to take no hand In the conflict wherelD Great THE SUN, Ilrltnln baa the most to lose, . Peaco ful, prosperous, black coated "mlddlo class," that hus profited so long by the work of soldiers; that used to bo so loud nud virtuous at Exeter Hall, so eager to Inject Itself Into tho affairs of foreign nations, so profuse of advice. And Its nonconformists have, as wc a'.t know, a specially dellcato "consclenco" of their own. Doubtless It Is this scrupulous organ that keeps theso tender nonconformists In a safe pine. The American nonconformists were never that sort of people. They took their guns to meeting. They ploughed nnd sowed and reaped under nrnrs. LoulRburg and Lexington, King l'mi.ii' nnd I'ontiac, the Dark nnd Uloody Ground, Oeorck Hooerh Clark East and West American history In Its most stirring generations Is largely n record of men neither aristocrats nor prolotnrlnns, Just bluff, pious or pro fane "nonconformists," who "dead ened" forests, nnd likewise redskins, Trench, English, with divers catamounts nnd wolves on the side. How many n western nonconformist living In ,n log house with "puncheon" floor was handy with his firelock, nllwlt lie may have sung nud shouted at camp meet ing nnd even have groaned and writhed In the sinners' "pen." The man who "can fight as he prays" is the ideal of the American noncon formists. They like folks who can ex press n dissent with n gun. A Pres byterian of the name of Thomas Jona than ,1ack8on Is n fine exnmple, for It wouldn't do to recommend the Eng lish Dissenter to a militant Episco palian lllshop like I.roNiius Polk. llut have these llrltlsh nonconform ists, who "live In an atmosphere so foreign to wnr," forgotten Oliver nnd his Ironsides and all the fervent and ferocious Independents nnd Presbyte rians of the seventeenth century? i Tho Ilomb In. tho Tomtis Court. New York was probably saved from a horrible tragedy yesterday by the sharp eyes and cool alertness of Po liceman Gcoiuir. W. O'Connor, who dis covered a bomb with n lighted fuse In the Tombs ollce. court. He promptly extinguished the fuse nnd prevented nn explosion which must have done se rious damage. There were n number of people In the court room ami It could hardly be hoivsl that all would have escaped If the plotted crime had come to n head. It Is a fact Indicative of tho Inhumnn recklessness behind such outrages that the infernal machine was so located that the sufferers must have been prin cipally visitors to the court. In the absence of evidence the guess that venegance was directed against Maglstrato CAMrnnx, who heard the I. W. W. cases last spring and sent Boitk WniTK. to Hlackwell's Island, Is as good os nny other. The motlvo or the Individual aimed at matters very little. Such outrages will never deter good citizens from doing their duty. The Important point Is tho crime Itself, the assault on law and order, the of fence against the whole community. This calls for the swiftest prosecution nnd severest punishment possible. This Is the third recent outrage of this de scription, nnd the police remain under a certain reproach until the iwrpctrators are detected nnd arrested, i The New City College Head. The selection of Dr. Sidney EnwAun Mezih as president of the College of tho City of New York Is an event of Im portance to the city. So far as can be Inferred from his past record Mr. Mrzrs is an excellent man for the place. He Is both scholarly and practical, a combination In accord with the Ideals and traditions of tho City College. He has experlenco al ready as president of n great school supported by the public, the University of Texas, and there Is plenty of evi dence of his efficiency and popularity In that post. In many resKcts the problem of the City College Is similar to that of n State university. The development of the opportunity for young men whoso natural opportuni ties nro limited to raise themselves In tellectually to higher planes while nt the same time Improving their capaci ties In active life this Is the task, and It Is one which the new president seems well equipped to perforin. Though the cnlleco has been In ex istence slnco 18-18. when It was founded as the Tree Academy, Dr. Mezeh will be only Its fourth president. Tho first was Dr. HoitAcr, Weiistfr, who held the place to ISO!). He was succeeded by General Alexander S. Wi iui, who was president until 1!0.'l. After n few months Interregnum Dr. John II. Tin ley of Princeton took the headship of tho college, and his resignation last year to become State Commissioner of Education crcuted tho vacancy. Dr. Mezes will come to his new work with cordial wishes for his success dur ing many years. The Limit of Commission Jlulr. Addressing the American Hankers Association nt tho third annual con vention, Just concluded, Mr. Thomas T. Wooiilock, who has made n stieclal study of railroad nffalrs, said: "Nobody known better than you what la Involved In tho provision of capital for thcee railroads. It Is not the Supreme Court of tho United States that ay what Is ii fair return on Investment capital. It Is you and your cllonts." Never has tho point of tho railroad problem been stated moro tersely. Never have tho limitations of commission gov ernment been better defined. In all ijs decisions tlm Interstate Cominerco Commission has ihsjlared It to be tho public policy to maintain a trausportatlon service by railroads un der prlvnto ownership. What the com mission has always failed to do has been to glvo practical effect to this recognition by conceding such transpor tation rates iih would yield earnings sulllclent to Induco the continued sup port of railroad enterprise by n steady supply of prlvnto capital. As long as money to meet railroad capital needs has to bo obtained In coin- SUNDAY, NOVEMBER petition with the demands tor capital from other flcldi of enterprise not sub ject, or less subject, to political Inter ference with profits, the ultlranto regu lator of railroad rates will be tho man who puts up tho money for railroad maintenance nnd expansion. Tho sinking oMhe auperdre.idnought Audacious by a mine or torpedo off tho north coast of Ireland Is n, loss that tho Hrltlsh rrnvy can 111 afford. Tho dread nought margin Is not so greatly In favor of England that a single ship could bo spared In n, fleet action with the aormins; and It must always bo considered that there mlsht bo a failure to confront tho Kaiser's battle fleet If It Issued from Kiel with the full strength of tho British lino of battle. In case of disparity of force every llrltlsh dreadnought would count might ily. Tho destruction of several second and third class cruisers by German sub marine has not counted for much, but this cannot bould of the elimination of the Audacious. That Is very serious business for England, and however It came about it Is a grcit triumph for Germany. None would gv TArr a. lift. UeatlUne. Probably tho ex-President took tho breakdown of his motor car so good humoredly, as ho takes other troubles, that tho drivers who passed him on tho road Judged from his smile that ho was walking for health and pleasure. It Is Intensely nleastnc to illnrnvpr that New York has advanced so far In virtue that the anxious guardians of her morals huve hm lilsurn f !ni ( discover tho turkey raffle and fulminate against it. it has long liecn suspected that this form of gambling was ruining men nnd wrecking homes. Pcsldes, It was always a postponed peril to tur keys that had survived alt the normal hazards of Thanksgiving and Christmas, The costly blunder of erecting at a cost of e80,000 n nre alarm building in which fire alarm apparatus won't work would havo been avoided If the mania for invading Central Park whenever a site Is wanted by tho city had not been Indulged, It Is tho effort to hide the disfiguring structure that has made it unfit for Its purpose. Sir HtnnERT necRBOHM Tree's defence of thn English actors who are now nt tho front Is altogether comprehensible, nut even his loyalty to his profession makes It difficult to understand how tho numerous young Enllsh actors now In this country can be thought to be doing their patriotic duty In view of England's demand for soldiers. Sir Her near mURt have been misinformed. Thero has been no criticism of the English actors In service. It Is the emigration of so many of them to Uroadway nnd their evident Intention of remaining there that has caused distrust of their patriotism. Thero is at least one Incidental good In the passenger rate increases an nounced by the Pennsylvania Hallroad. They will force the financial problem of the railroads on tho attention of large groups of citizens who live generally under tho delusion that It Is none of their concern so long as they can rldo smoothly, snugly and cheaply. It la unkind of Matthew T. Horoan to resign ihls $5,000 Job In tho State Bank ing Department. It would have given Mr. Whitman far more thun jo.000 worth of satisfaction to pontificate nt his exit. Passport rules made stricter. Headline; A cursory reading of the rules sug gests that the passports are mado Im possible. It was General Scott who placed In Villa's hands works on the rules of modern warfare and convinced Villa that the American public regarded his early methods In Mexico as little short of barbarous. Washington despatch. It Is true that General Scorr sent Pancho Villa the Informing document, but It Is also truo that tho rebel leader, who shared General Fohrest'h dictum that "war means fighting nnd fighting means killing," was vastly amused that thero should be any rules for the game. Itcccnt happenings In the European Held of conflict may have confirmed General Villa In his eavage view of warfare It Is to be satd for him that thu educational plan of IIunii Scott was not entirely futllos Villa stopped shoot ing his prisoners In batches and at last doomed only ofllcers who he declared should havo known better than to tight for Hueiita when the Constitutionalists wero dedicated to reform of tho land laws and social bottcrmcnt. A man who set up the claim to be Talma's dresser has Just died In Paris at the age of 107. As tho great actor of the Napoleonic period died In 1826, tho chronology seems a trlflo weak. It is often a feature of extreme old age that early relationships ore exaggerated In .a spirit of ucnllo boastfulness. Per haps Chamel Itor may have been a call boy In some theatre where Talma played and Imagined tho rest. Tho "tango" thief who robbed women was dragged off to Sing Sing asseverat ing that h couldn't dance a step. Per haps this la why ho got only two years for his unspeakably contemptlblo career as a bird of prey, Tlilof, not bishop, gets cake. Headline. IVThaps a case In which virtue Is Us own reward. It has always been Buspected that the Hrltlsh censorship considered It knew moro about tho war than tho generals commanding In tho field or tho members of tho allied governments. The delimit tone of Sir Stanley JlucgMASTEn, head of tho suppA'sslonlsts, toward the House of Commons confirms this belief. Per haps, however, Sir Stanley has at last mado his mistake. The House has a way of thinking that the country's busi ness Is its business, even in wur tlmo, and as tho stupidity of the censorship Impedes recruiting and breaks down tho courage of thu country, a partial reform, nt least, may bo Imposed on tho overcautious martinets who are re sponsible for It. Mayor Howss of Nashvlllo sal'd to tho delegates of tho National American Suf frage Association: "I believe every one who lives under the proteotlon of tho Stars and Stripes should be free. I sny Oodspued to the vomun euflrugo movement." Evidently Mayor Howsb believes that thn ballot Is tho condition precedent at freedom In tho United States, Now, notoriously, most negro men In most of the Southern States nro not per mitted to vote and consequently are not freo. Mr, Hol'sk should havo wished tho "CJodspeed" to the white women of tho woman suffrage movement 15, 1914. JAPANESE SEXTIMEST. Testimony as to the Htrnrst Desire for t'ordlal nelatlnjulWtliThli Country. To tub Editor or The Sun Sir: The Ilev. C. J, I.. Hates, dean of tho Kwansel Oakuln In Kobe, Japan, a school of about 800 young men students, and having a faculty of both American and Japanese teachers, writos under recent date'. "Wo alt can do much, I believe, to establish more friendly relations between Japan and America. I am eorry to see that there are lnlluences at work steadily and stealthily seeking to disturb thoso relations. It behooves those who lovo peace and good will to do all In their power to counteract such lnlluences. Peo ple in Japan desire cordial relations with America most fervently. uur Japanese president of the school, Dr. Voshloka, returned lately from Eu rope, after having passed through some moat thrilling experiences for a man of his age nnd dlsponltlon. Ho was In llerlln when war was declared against Itussla, esoajKid to London by tho last through truln, a thirty-six hour trip, and was there when war was declared against Ger many. From t.nnilnn ho frnvnlt.,1 tn Japan by a Nippon Yusen Kalaha boat, "Minnie mo gantlet of Herman cruisers and travelling third class. There was In fact a quite distinguished company of Japanese professors In the steerage, glad toget homo In any way. "What a mad attempt to solve her age old problems Europe Is making now. May God teach us more wisdom 1" ... Eiuth A. Sawter. , blleslkt, Mass., November 14, ,Wf. TEACilElt-MOTHEH. III! Views on the Opinion nr a Neglected Taetor In a L'setess Controversy. ,J,t"e Editor or The Sun Sir: "An Old l ashfoned Woman" Is tired of the teachtr-motlier question. To settle the problem once for alt she advises women who wish to b.-ar children to resign and advises their husbands to support them. Helng the husband of a teacller-mother oig leave to answer her and others who, directly or Indirectly, ask me whether I cannot or wilt not support my wife. The Ignorant man and the parasitic womun Imagine that the only question Involved Is that of aupporL Under the old regime when a husband la wealthy, and especially when the woman marries him for his wealth, tho woman la satiated with every bodily lux ury, she becomes a narrow minded woman, petty, Intolerant to her sex, a sycophant to her husband. Dresses, din ners, theatre parties, am her main Inter ests fn life, "eioclety," as she understands It, Is anything but of real social value. Children are a burden to her; mother hood a our jo. When there Is poverty we havo the woman In the sweatshop, the woman who takes In washing, the woman abandoned with her child, and tho woman of the atreet. This Is not the place to discuss poverty, but the grim results of poverty are known to alt hut the Ignorant nnd self-satisfied. Is motherhood a blessing here? The professional woman, whether teacher, artist, journalist or physician, having devoted years to preparing herself for her life work, becomes hlglily Intelll genu In practising her profession the becomes economically Independent. 8he does not marry for support: she does not choose a man to rescue her from her work. It would be an .Tnsult to her to ask her tn abandon her profession. No man would dare to propose mnrrlage- to her with that stipulation, Whnt would be the uttitudo of, say, a male author whose wife be cause of her wealth demanded that he stop writing? The mating of a-professlnn.il woman Is not conditioned by econotrtle circum stances. Her Intelligence, nnd economic freedom give her a wider range to choose. When a woman of this type becomes a mother society has no right to force her to nbnndon her social activities and reterate her tn the background by as signing her thn single duty of "taking care of baby," Psually the woman who has her hands full taklnir enre of baby Is so Incapable that tho baby Is not taken care of at all. Hut the Intelligent and refined mother can very well take care of baby without abandoning her previous Ideals and activ ities. In any case a woman of that type can better decide for herself than havo a lot of nonentities, decide for her. M. M. Hreslow. New TonK, November 13. .Should Tearhcr-I'ather Attn Have Offl clot Consideration 7 To Tiir. Editor or This Sun Fir: Wo have heard a lot lately nbout the "teacher mother," but what about the teacher father? Why should not every te.icher father petition the Hoard of Education for a three months leave of abeuncw tn tnke care of his wife when she has a child? Poor rule that doesn't work both ways. New York, November U. J. StcN. O These firrman-"Americana" and Anglo "Americans"! To the Editor or The Sun Sir: How long are you going to continue this In famous and nauseating campaign of lies against Oermany? I havo been a con stant render of your paper during the past twenty-live years, but nothing so sickening and disgusting has ever ap peared In It before. If your papor continues toadying to England you shall hear from me again. A true Amer ican, U. D. Anderson. Davis, W, Vs., November 11. To the Editor or The Sun Kir; I beg to advise you that your pro-lerman attitude will alienate many American read ers. American public opinion Is entirely with the Allies. Tho exceptions nre the in.000,000 Germans whose demeanor slnco tho outbreak of the war has been a distinct menace, dictating to tho newspapers nnd to thn President himself, forming Juntas or societies for Influencing public opinion, and surfeiting us generally with their windy talk which Influences not one sin gle American worthy of the name. An American since 171 4, , C. 11. Eliot, New York, November 11. The Pronunciation of foreign Xtitucc, To the Editor or Tiik Sun Sir: Un questionably you are right In advocating tho anglicizing of well known place names such ns Paris, Iterlln, Orleans, JlelmB, though In this laid thero should be no "h"i but In a much, larger number tho so-called English form Is a mern blunder, nud tho vernacular Is both simpler and easier to pronounce, as (lent, Schelde, Yper, Prag, Pest, Hern, tinsel, It Is luexpllcable why an "s" should be added to Hrusscl, Ryon, Marseille. The Flemish Hruitge is no more dltllcult to pronounce than the Trench Unices, but why not reintroduce the old English form Ilrug? Whllu on this subject you might also propose the naturalising of your own city of St. Iouls, the (.oundlng of which name as If Trench Is surely pedantic. Hut while allowing thnt this Is matter of taste, the same cannot be paid for the elision of tho tlnal consonant In Han Luis Obispo, which Is not only utteily senseless but casts a rlur on tho beautiful phonetic spelling ot tun Hpanisu language, as dues also the nbsurd hut almost universal fcpolllng In thn United States of bronco as broncho, which would of course bo sounded brontsho. And yet Sancho Is ap parently often called Sancol EVAC'UBTKS A. PlIll'HON, Wikckklska, England, November 1, No Place for a Idr. Venus rote haatlly from the sea. "It Is no fit place for a lady with all thou mines." announced the foam born. "GIVE ME BRITAIN Oil OlVE ME HEATH." An Ironist's Amazing Appeal to Ameri can Sentiment. To tub Editor or Tub Sun Sir: At last the American people are coming to their senses, are beginning to see on whlen side of the war their Interests and honor He. It was natural thnt tfwy should be a llttlo slow In responding to tho lofty appeals of tho Hon. Winston Churchill. II. O. Wells, Arnold Dennett, Conan Doyle, Harold Hegblo, Gilbert Chesterton, James Hryce and other Hrltlsh advocates of the Hrltlsh cause, but who can read unmoved and unconvinced tho exhortations of C. W. Eliot, C. W. Halnsford, John J. Chap man and other distinguished Americans, that we rango ourselves on the side of our fond motherland, who lsflghtlng our battles and those of civilization and de mocracy? If any one Is so sunk In vulgar prejudice, so perverted In his reasoning as to question Great Hrltnln's devotion to these noble causes, let him deny If he cam 1. That she holds more territory ac quired by conquest and spoliation thau any other country, 2. That elm keeps more people In un willing subjection than any other country, 3. That she. has denounced the Monroe Doctrine and opposed American Interests more than any other country. 4. That she has violated more treaties contracted with the United States than any other country. 0. That In general she has done more wrong and Injury to the United Statos and visited more Indignity upon her than ary other country, perhaps than all other countries. Where should we be without the stuff which we owe to the chastening adminis tered to us by Great Hrltaln7 With every mall bringing us a louder clash of con tending arms and a more Insistent claim to our aupporL we are declaring our nelves more and mora forcibly for one side or the other. 1 know not what course others may take, but as for me, give me Ilrltnln or give me death. Hekrt. New YonK, November 14, Sl'miAOE AT ItlXflllAMTOW Vote Taken Fairly and Slight Hate Ilrrn Horse, .Sa jlr. llodgr. To th Editor or Th Sun Sir: Will you kindly allow me to correct Imme diately an Impression given in The Sun of Friday that we who opposed suffrage In the convention of the Federation of Clube at Hlnnhamton were treated with any discourtesy? Your correspondent stated what might have happenod, but wlrlch was entirely contrary to what did happen. The president of the New York State Federation of Clubs con ducted the meeting during the discus sion of the suffrage resolution with the greatest fairness. She announced that there would be a full discussion of both sldoa of the question, and If It took until mldnlKht every one should be heard. After the official announce ment of the vote she requested that the applause cease after a proper time had been allowed. It Is not true that there was any dis order whatever cither before or during the discuss! n, nor wns there any "violent uproar." There wns no suspicion of nny hissing and the applause was given to the speeches from both sides. 1 wish to re pent that the greatest courtesy and fair ness were shown during the whole dis cussion. The vote of the New York State Fed eration to Indorse the same resolution that was presented at the General Fed eration In Chlrauo was anticipated, as Is preved by tho preparation of a minority report which I presented after the vote was announced and which was placed on record. Tho suffrage clement In the fed eration has been quietly Increased for the past few years, slnco the time when a pronounced suffrago lender was elected president of the federation, until suffra gists have practically taken possession of It. Suffrage clubs from all over tho State have Joined, even with membership ns low ns fourteen. In almost every case otllcers elected to the State .Federation havo been declnred suffragists, many of whom have worked and spoken for suf frage. It was announced from the platform that there nre 470 clubs belonging to the New York State Federation, of which 1'iB wero represented nt this convention-. Ac- cordlnir to the yenr book of 1014 there nro thlrty-slx suffrage clubs members of the federation nnd twice that number of clubs are organized for suffrage and offi cered by active suffrage workers. Every unraglst In the Slnte knew that a mir frngo resolution would be presented nt this federation meeting nnd a full num ber of delegates was probably present. Tho only surprising thing Is that the vote was a little over three to one. In stead of ten to one, as our opponents con fidently expected It would be. About twenty-five delegates did not vote on the question;. Mrs. Arthur M. Dodge, Chairman Anti-Suffrage Committee, Con vention ot 1314. New York, November 13. "Ilrltamda. Utile the Waesl" ' To tub Editor or The Sun Sir: 1 havo noticed some recent letters In The Sun discussing the phrasu "Hrltannla Itules tor "Utile" the Waves." In "The Song Hook" by John Hullnh, Macmlllnn nnd Company, London, 1SCC, page 72, the words show merely "Hrltannla, nule the Waves." 1 bope It may como true that Urltnnntn "rules," Ac. Tho words aro by Thomson ; tho tune Is by Arne. Se0 aUo "Grove's Dictionary of Music," volume IV., pkb 192, the Mac mtllan Company, 1911. Joseph Wildt. Cincinnati, Ohio, November 11. The Inescapable llrsultant. To the Editor or Tim Sun Sir; Apropos of the great war. There Is a geological, atmospheric, ethnological, cli matic, racial, sociological, nnrestral, si dereal, stellar, morphological, histological, historical, prenatal eternity which weights, motives, Inflates and directs the smallest act of every living being on the planet Earth. And yet there nre those who mouth "free will" and "blame"! Benjamin De Casseris. New York, November 14. Our 1'rlrelee 1'uMlo SertanU. Tn Till! VIoiTna nr Tin Bus Sir: Hrufre thlnke Adimrnn worth a quarter ot a mil lion to the city. Hut he does not think Adaminn worth as much as Ilruere. How much Ii Ilruere worth to the city In hie own eatlmatlon? I -fear that we are running deeply Into debt to theie gentlemen. Minns Mc.Miz. Nrw Ynnic, November 14 The Kmplre Managers. To the Editor nr The kcn sin I should think that with' Klpllnc and Shaw the Hrlt lull Umpire would have no trouble In nr rjncInK Its Interna tlonul dimcultlee and In auauratlnf the millennium. F, M. New York, November U. Thrift In the Temple. To Tn Eihtoii or The Brs Sir: Can J. J, Paver, a Ureenpolnt pawnbroker, be regis tered among the Immortals T Nrw Yoag, November 13, Pvxn llaoaa, Compensation, I did not feel like smiling, for The worm eeemea an awry. Th u only thing ror me to do, I IhmiKht. u-rm (tut tn rrv The sun had gone behind a cloud, And rsln began to' fall. The one I loved with my whole heart Seemed not tn rare at all. I did not (eel like amlllng, but I smiled. I did not feel like smiling, hut My smile grew on apace; And then like magic, this old world Swung back In proper place. The rsln cloud dark soon fled away; The sun began to ahln. The one I loved eared more, I found, Than worde ran e'er Aeflne, I felt ao much like milling then I laughedl JiUKCua UurissTM Wit) a. SUPT. MAXWELL WINS EXAMINATION FIGHT Mnny Tcnchcrs Will T?n TTp. dticcd ns Hcsull of Tlrei filon on Promotions. 500 VACANCIES AITIX"! Kit City Superintendent William It, Jl.n well was greatly plcaaed yesterday run ha received the decision of the H'ite ComnrUslonor of Education, Dr. Join II Flnley, sustaining 1dm In his con'roc? with tho Iftjard of Eduoatlon over holders of teachers' licenses Nos, lata The doolslon altecU about BOO .ii.r. i In the school. The fight between the City H .yeun tendent and tho School Hoard In Udi ran, began on Juno II, 1912. whn the tuuif adopted a resolution dlrootlw the .Super intendent to place the namee J teachers holding licenses Nos. I mi l V which had been Iseued previous to HOil, on tho eligible list for promotion. This meant that such llcenss ful den might teach graduating classes .r d re celvo an Incrcaso of M20 a year The City Superintendent protested. alrB Hue rho amended city charter required com. petltlvo examination to teach the h!nr classes In the elementary schools, (lor Thrnnich Courts. Thomus W. Churchill, now president ef tho board, and HciT.un Mets led In the light against the Superintendent. Abraham Stern supported Ule Viowa oi uio nuimrir, tendent. The dispute was iaa Dcioro tn Corporation Counsel, who decided 'that tu board was right. The board again ornerea me ouperin- tendent to carry out the resolution already adopted, and Hhawed the Corpora tion Counsel's oplidon. Dr. Maxwell appealed to the fitati Commissioner of Education, the late Dr Draper. The board tried to nullify tMi appeal by going to the flupreme Court for a writ of prohibition. Justice Hudd denied the application, holding that the Stato Commissioner or laucaiion rum jurisdiction 1n the matter. On an appeal to the Appellate .Division jusuce uu-ju was sustained. The school board took the case to the Court of Appeals and that court sustained the decision of the lower courts last April. The State Commissioner of Education then took the controversy under ndvlsoment. Supt. Maxwell said yesterday that a number of teachers holding license No. 1 have been engaged In tho grnduatlng classes, but at lower class pay. They had waUed tho Increase In the hope that the decision flnallly would be In their favor Theso teachers wilt now have to get out of the higher grado teaching. The eligi ble Hat of thoso who have passed tne com petitive examinations will supply their successors. GLYNN SETS DAY FOR THANKS. Governor Ilealiciintea November 2(1 In tlir I'rnclmiiu t lull. Albany Nov. 14. Gov. Glynn to-day it sued his Tbnnksglvlng proclamation as follows : "For tho manifold blessings that A. mighty God hus showered upon the peopl of New York during the past year fc prosperous Industries and fertile fleldi for contented homes and peaceful marts for the crowinx recoRiiltlon that whatev Is of solid benefit to a single division of our people must In tlmo be benefit In the people as a whole : for tnn rxicnslon i' education und tho fostering of the atn and sciences ; for our prenervutlon from flood and famine, plugue und drought , fi these tokens of the bcnlgimut unil benetl cent care uf watchful Providence It Is b. coming that tho piople of New loik should gather to offer thanks to Almighty Ood. "While In sorrow nnd compassion we view tho misery and devastation which a world war has brought to our tellow be Ings ncrot's tho ocean ; while we look aghast at unharvested fields dyed with the blood of bravo men und wet with the team of women and little children; at homo destroyed ; nt commerce palsied ; at prouj cities levelled to tho dust and progrrn giving wny to desolation, our minds miut turn In gratitude to Htm who has ki-. our nation whole and unharmed. "Now, therefore, I, Martin H. Glynn. Governor of tho State of New York, I' virtue of the authority vested tn m l law, nnd In nccordajico with the honorr 1 custom of my oltlce, do hereby designate Thursday, tho 20th day of November, lr tho year of 'our Lord one thousand nlr.e hundred and fourteen as a day of gtnera thanksgiving and prayer, and call upon the peoplo of this State to cease from their wonted occupations on that day that they may repair to their homes and places cf worship and offer thanks to Almighty God. "Done at the Capitol In the city of Al bany this IStb day of November In the year of our Lord 1914. "Martin 1L Gltkn, "Ky the Governor: "Frank A. Tiiristt, "Secretary to the Governor." CONDEMNS 'FIUEDMANN FIASCO.' Health Drimrtmnnt Sy Tlnal Cluiptf-r of "Care" I Wrltlrn. Tflo Health Department, In a statement Issued yesterday, expressed Its final con dcmnatlon of the "Krledmann fiasco." ' the department called It, following a port last week of a year's Invebtlgatl"" by the United States I'ublla Health Ser Vice In tho alleged cure for tubertulnle exploited by Dr. Frledrlch V Friedman of Berlin and a group of American pr moters. Tho sanitary officials here be llevo that tho Federal Teport marked "the final chapter In this unscrupulous ple.'e of commercialism." "Wherene the claims made by Vrit i mann," Health Commissioner Oolnv..te sald, "aro based on cases which ala s seem to get well, or nt least slir-w p1 nomennl Improvement after one - r Injections, th,'o cjmes obsorved by th- P slclans of tho Untied States I'ubt.o lUa ' Service which reacted In this i a'" were conspicuously few. The ilovi- 'i 1 repor Is, therefore In line with ot c ports coming from setentlllc rourci and abroad, and refutes Krledmann to the discovery of a specific nr tuberculosis. Tho report also d that the Inoculation of persons a mals with bis organism Is without ful possibilities," Tho Hoard of Health here w is the llrst bodies last year to dlsapp" w uso of Krledmann'a serum, WILL GET TRUNKS BACK American Co nail I nt llerlln lti-ndy I" Aid Owner. Washinciton, Nov, 14. Tho Amei n Consulate-General ut Uerlln Is arraiiK ' for tho return to tho United ht.it. "' trunks and other baggnge left behit- Americans caught In Europe nt the H break of the war. It was unnoun tho Stato Department to-day that if 1 gngo receipts or direct authorization ! tho .owners are transmitted to the Con l General at Hcrlln ho will endeavor to hive such baggago shipped out ot Autrl.i linn pury nnd Germany to the United State via Rotterdam. When trunks aro found without keys Identification they will bo opened and ex amined, but will be closed, noalxd nnd wired before being shipped. No responsl blllty will bo tuken for trunks forwar led by others to the United States without receipt or the written consent of th owners.