INTERESTING RELICS OF NEW
View of Wall street from corner of Broad, 1870.
Hundreds of Historic Spots Which
Almost Every One Forgets in the
Busy Life of the City of To-day
SOMEHODY connected with the1
New York Commercial Tercen
tenary Commission seems to have
thought Hint the very best way
In which the average New Yorker coulil
conduct an liii.lllilal celebration of the
antmersary was h b coming acquainted
with some of the many interesting relics
of the ast. the hlstoilcal spots and the
traces of earner times which almost
every on- oicrlooks or forgets In the
busy life of the city of to-day. With
this idea in lew there lias heen pub
lished a tercentenary edition of the very
Interesting and aluable "Historical'
Guide to the City of New York," com
I'llxd by Frank Uergen Kolh-y from
original observations and contributions
made by members and friends of the
City History Club of New York.
It Is astonishing the number of sights
the New York r proud of his city's past
and present can no In Search of. The
Itulde Itself is n compactly arranged
Toluiue of more than AM) pages filled
vlth lists of things worth seeing. To do
Justii to Its contents would require
days and days of exploration. There are
more than sixty routes laid out for the
convenience of the systematic sightseer.
There are maps and Illustrations of
New York, old and new. In order to
make his task easier. There Is material
for dozens of pleasant excursion" In
these autumn da.s, Mich one a patriotic
pilgrimage full of interest.
Kven the most up tn dat- of New
Yotkers can acquire Information wlnih
will be of value to him. sentimentally or
practically, by following tin- lead given
In these pages. For Instance, he would
discover by isitlng the old Dutch
houses of Kong Island and some of the
younger buildings still standing on Man
hattan Hint good architecture Is by no
means a newly discovered art. He would
learn, perhaps to his surpiise, the
wealth of hist, rical material associated
with New York It may be mentioned
here that any un Interested In such
things as are covered by the guide
would do well to make haste if lit wants
to see them. The first ulltlon was pub
lished in H'OI'. In so short a space as
the four years which elapsed between
that date anil the publication of th
second edition many historic buildings
were destroyed. And tho house wreck
ers have been busy slncv then.
) The purpose of the compilers of the
guide aru thus stated In a preface writ
ten by Mrs. Hubert Abbe;
"The 'Historical Guide of New York'
Is thu result of prolonged efforts on tho
part of the City History Club of New
York tu discover and to direct nttcntlon
to the yet v.slblo traces of earlier times
which lie hidden within and are fust
disappearing from t'ho city of to-day.
"When the society was founded In
1 SSfi to promote good citizenship through
the study of history and civics nnd by
the establishment of self-guvernlng
clubs tho need was felt for a systematic
, tuirvey of and guide to the history of
New York city in a .simple and con
venient form. In order to meet this
necessity the club first published, under
the direction of a number of well known
writers 'The Ha f Moon Papers,' a series
of monographs which were afterward
incorporated Hi two volumes entitled
'Historic New ork '
"During the past thirteen years
twelve 'Excursion Leaflets' have been
prepjred, designed to provide, nt the
lowest possible price, a brief hut care
fully verified historical description of
every part of the city compiled as far
ifs possible from orlg.nal sources. These
pamphlets have been extensively utilized
by members of the Junior clubs, some of
whom have by their use become com
petent as tra'ned and In a few cases
professional guides; by the children of
the public and private schools of the
five boroughs, and by many other per
sons who believe, as docs the writer,
that famlllar.ty with the history of
one's own city leading to a knowledge
and lovo of the city Itself Is the founda
tion of true c.vIc patriotism. The In
formation thus gathered Is now pre
sented In complete form, thoroughly re
vised and illustrated by maps nnd photo
graphs." As has been s.i.d, the general plan of
the liook is to arrange the sights, land
marks, &c, according to routes. Thus
one route Includes the neighborhood of
Howling Circen, and It will surprise you
to learn how many places of interest
there aro to vls.t there. Other routes
cover Manhattan, Harlem, The llronx,
IJrooklyn, with the ancient towns of
Flatbush, Flatlands, &c: the Horough of
Queens and Staten Island. Hcsldes there
is much historic matter bearing on the
work of sightseeing.
That there Is a very good reason for
the tercentenary edition of the guide is
point, d out In an Introduction contrib
uted by Edward Hagaman Hall. This
Introduction Is reprinted from the 1914
annual report of the American Scenic
and Historic Preservation Society and
relates to the Importance which the
commercial development of New York
bears to the growth of the nntlon.
"In glancing at the historical events
upon which th c lebratlon Is based,"
savs Mr. Hall, "it Is interesting to note
that the commerce of New Netherland
begun and was fully established before
New Netheiiand was permanently set
tled. The first permanent settlement In
what Is now the State of New York was
made by the Dutch at Fort Orange (Al
bany) In ItiSI, nnd the first permanent
settlement on Manhattan Island was
made nt New Amsterdam in lOl'ti
v-anuc vjuiucu uum wic uunciy. iyr, , r i , , r , . . . u ..,.,, .., , ..v,r , ,
"The permanence and success of those
settlements from the very beginning
were due, next to tho natural industry
of tho Dutch pioneers, mainly to the
fact that there had been ten years of
peaceful and successful trading with the
Indians, be means of which the Dutch
had contracted friendly relations with !
the natives b fore they attempted to
"The Importance of tills fact becomes
apparent when one compares tho course
of events on the Hudson with whnt hap
pened on tho James itlver In Vlrglnln.
"When the Slates General of the
I'nlted Netherlands In Pitt granted the
first charter for trading to New Nether
land thero wero only two permanent
settlements upon tht Atlantic coast of
tho present United States, namely, the
Spanish Sfttlement at St, Augustine,
Kla., uml thu English retttlcment at
"St. Augustine, founded In IRfifi. illtl
I not develop a commerce. It was estab-
III L-l The Tombs-Halls of justice.
YA ln ?" "I "f "I tillla' t0 tlu' nation, namely, thu prac-
,H . '31? V,l 23S nl 32? W lk'al 1'("'K f tho Panama Canal.
iJB.ra-ayVtt ' . .x. 'I Ciii U-i i-l t-2 i 22t 21 5fs This aclilevcmcnt connects backward
f!&23i'-s-V,l 'fr-L'W AKf'v l y , ' iim with tho events of which we havo been
4 H v'''",?t ' "V'' ' f.'V Wt . --sQS leakit)K'. and even culler history.
1? VZl4?rkJ j-Yr V;tBUp ( iv".,l kirt.SSlv LuSiMt When Columbus sailed Itv ltaa hu l,e-
UJ. r f V' fc '!Vjp :ilV3-iS-' A r.l' ill tiil 351 3J0( 555' "n 11,111111 lllt' " ,ft uiuia islands and t he
B l.Hl?3yiSS WW J&PZh&Mi '43 'ntlnent Impaled tho sea road to
M L 1 '. ' mhUWM P' ' . -TS (,i,t,,!l'' Hiu-nt explorers tried to
Hj- l 5f l ' WWSi wSBSWO flw' 9TriFteoT "nd u passage through the land to the
kL - .III 'OTrS If S f,? li .flViAWr StW sea beyond.
Broadway and Vesev street. " .' " J-"J." '.jL . "ifrT 1
Hall in 1830, now The Sun
YORK'S EARLY DAY
Jlshed primarily as a military post to
secure possession of Florida In order to
prevent other nations settling there and
Interfering with tho treasure ships of
Spain passing1 between Mexico nnd the
old country, but It was also a centre of
missionary work among tho Indians.
"Jamestown was settled In 1607.
Plymouth was not settled until 1C20.
It was between these two dates that the
commerce of the Hudson Valley wns
begun. 'While too much cannot be said
of the wonderful enterprise and courage
which led to the first permanent plant
ing of Anglo-Saxon civilization upon
this continent at Jamestown, It Is never
theless to be observed that tho early
years of that colony were characterized
by a desperate strugglo for mere exist
ence; tho development of a commerce,
much as It was desired, was out of the
"Tho Colonists did not at first raise
enough nrotlucn tn sustain their men
j lives, ami were kept alive partly by
I food brought from the mother country
Building. rrom vuientine' Manual.
The Park and City Hall.
Dozens of Autumn
Possible for New Yorker Who Wishes
to Become Acquainted With Citj
by what were called the first supply, the
teeond supply, the third supply, &c, nnd
corn exacted from tho Indians much
against the. latter's will. It Is true,
they sent back to England some rough
timber, a consignment' of sassafras, a
cago of flying squirrels for the King, a
load of ellow dirt which was thought
to contain gold. &c, but nothing In
those early years of sufficient value to
compensate tho factors for their Invest
ments; whllo the. Colonists perished
with starvation and Indian massacres
until their precarious hold on tho con
tinent was almost broken.
"It was rot until 1014 or 1C15 Just
about tho timo of chartering of tho New
Netherland commerce that their atten
tion was turned seriously to the culti
vation of tobacco, which eventually he
came a staplo crop; but for several
years after that, even, while developing
the culturo of tobacco, they wero so
improvident that they did not raise
I edible crops enough to feed themsclve
and had to he assisted with the neces
sities of e.xlstenco sent from England.
"Meanwhile tho Dutch, who for many
years had had a profitable commerce
with Russia In furs nnd who wero keen
rivals of the English Muscovy Company
in the Itussian trade, quick to realize
the value of the resources of these com
modities In the Hudson Valley, began
. trading In this unappropriated region.
' That the commerce was profitable from
the very beginning Is evident from the
eagerness with which tho Amsterdam
merchants applied for a monopolistic
charter after their preliminary voyages
hither, and the Jealousy with which
they regarded any attempts nt competi
tion, surreptitious or otherwise, after
they secured that charter. It Is the be
ginning of that commerce, which lias
radiated from New York and expanded
to such great proportions, that the ter
centenary primarily commemorates.
"This celebration In 1911 Is cm
phaslzcd by a contemporaneous com-
"Car tier, I.a Salle and Chnniplaln tried
to reach China by way of the St,
l.awrenco Itlver and failed. Capt. John
Smith tried to reach tho East Indies
by way of tho James Itlver, but was
stopped by tho Kails of Itlchmond.
Henry Hudson, choosing between a
touto unsuccessfully attempted by John
Davis nnd another untried rnuto which
he thought more promising, tried to
reach China by way of the Hudson
Day Pilgrimages Sti
Itlver, with no better success si fir ,i
his original object was concerned.
"Now after the lapse of centuries the
passage which they failed to find we
liavo mado at Panama. We thus have
a period of 300 years of Anient an his
tory Miarply doflned by two conspi j u
events at one end the beginning of th
chartered commerce of New N'c thtr'and
which was the forerunner of the greater
commerce of tho nntlon; at the otht-r
end, the, opening' of tho Panama Cam!
which Is the consummation of th'
hitherto unattalned hopes of cent,me
and which Is destined vastly to ln n as
tho commerco of the port of New jrk
and tho nation ae time goes on."
Ten Months in Cataleptic
MANY visitors have gone to th'
Massachusetts State Colony a
East Gardner recently to pff a
young man patient who has been in ,i
state of catalepsy during the past ten
months; but they are taking the trip
In vain, because his mother objects to h:
being- exhibited to tho public. Only his
relatives nm allowed to sve him. and 1m
name Is being withheld by the phy
sicians in. charge of the Institution.
Until a few weeks ago mini rou
physicians nnd surgeons who had 1. ir.l
of tho case through medical eh.iMie.
went to see the. man and all pron.' i uyi
hl case tho most remarkable that ha
come under their observation. lie et
publicity, however, led the panni
mother to request Dr. Charles E. Th. nip
son, superintendent of tho hospital, t
refuse permission to visitors to sd- htr
To all Intents nnd purposes the p.itiem
Is- asleep, having lapsed into a state ot
coma more than ten months ago. I?f
foro that time he had been a pat n
at tho hospital for three years. D
Thompson says of his case:
"During this nerlfi.l t 1 1 A tl'l till.
not voluntarily movid his limbs ie ! '
li.is ho taken food voluntarily. II l -for
the most pan with his eyes 1 t
but occasionally will open them f h'
ill nks there Is no ono about. He .
IIIUO ICU CaC l momlnc nn.1 i-..nnt nn
nt these, times receives milk ana fs'
wjth a teaspoonftii 0f sugar nnd 011 ha '
Uaspoonful of salt, On this diet h- ha
held his weight very well, and b ;
looks fat and Is of good color,
' On plcnsaut days ho is taken .
doors in a wheelchair. It Is fre.i '
necessary to change his position 11 . J.
to prevent bed sores. "When visit . '
his mother ho paya very little utt-
A 1111111 1. en,. M1I..1... 1. . tui
i i.uuu m ium, l0 realize an tti-i
goes 011 about him but Is himself 11 i''
o respond, T in mnti mtiv ,nn t o
lb,, mi,.... l .1 ...
--. ...... , v n,,,j ii ' "
ror months or even years to come nt
ord having been established In tin
ton Psychopathic Hospital by a p.. if
who slept twenty years
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