Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1914.
EVERGREENS FOR WINTER DECOR AT I ON-A BEAUTIFUL
ORNAMENTAL TREE-THE LATEST BLOOMING ROSE
New Globe Headed Mulberry.
SEW GLOBE HEADED MULBERRY.
Ufvrral years uko Thomas Mee-han
X Sors planted a Jot of seeds of the
omni n Russian mulberry. Morns ta-me-a.
The serdlliiR-s were ullowod to
ur.d In Hit- U-ds two years, rniiklnir n
rowth of l to I'l Inches, One plant
j discovered that lmd grown to a
flsht of only 6 to S Inches, very bushy
n form .n reality a dwarf shrub. The
iiyd from this dwarf mulberry was
.infied on six foot stems of the common
nuiberry and It made a tonnd bushy
oil nf t'le same character of crowth a
: Citalpa btiniseil, The globe headed
milb rry, however. is s-ald to be much
nore ornamental than the Cutalpa bun
.. a the leaves are smaller, of a brt
ol..r. and. like the common Russian
.h-i r . the tollae is somewhat cut
i .i.ud.'d one of the objections to
i hi liiinm li k that the leave nre
1 1 u th it It R.ves It a coarse up
.. iter. which Is not the ojsh with the
.lob' .id mulberry.
EVERGREENS FOR WINTER DEC0
RATION. Hi II I III II .1, JKN n i m..
U'.i.l recntiv evergreens have Isen
onsi'lertel a suitable only for ex erlor
eora:.on ther great posiiblli'ies ns
nb plants having been entirely over
iked Tnere aie so many forms and eolors
it no tub or window box should be
npty at niiv time. Evergreens are
t!'v crown in this way, needing only
u- i'uui-u hi iiiuwii muni iiii Kumi
uiui Kepi nioueruiei niojsi. ;
nw i e to their vigorous constitution
- erireens succe-ed in almost liny post
on. i.- the vestibule porch, rooms or In
nf,A tuxes. Tor tho latter purpose.
I. kV " . A jijll
r w.'C'.j I
for $1 delivered
Um ini yellow flowers of the Daf-
t ime in sp, inn's early days,
-tieiulil be planted in tho.
'h autumn. They last for
o fuithcr plantinp; required.
vi!I make a snlemiid Hhow-ltny
' i'. bluom.
t'lod bulbs, in nssorted varie-
,e to lilriron Sliool voile ol'ller
fct our new catnlop;uc of
T .l.p. Seeds and Plants
p Special prices 011 qunn
1 e poiulcnco invited.
WEEBER e& DON
se., Mpfchsnti nd Groweri
''S ( bumbcrs St. New Vork City
I leno 1 1 r u I mri I II . ltd In
ilmtna. lit tie unit m 111 le 11 toe -
r ultra free with this
WINDOW FULL OF FLOWERS
50 Bulbs For 50 Cents.
' uiui IiiiIIk. Kiiaranleril mi's
' !! I j..
0 1... ,
In .txurleil udern, isMlsur
1 Mlllllll, white
ts it I i redan, trllito
iiiliimie I'rre II tellt
s in plant nil hilllis.
W. E. IVIarshall & Co.
il'ilh I in pir I r r ,
' ' it si., .New tin I.
tho pretty little dwatf forms are Wt.
Take, for Instance, tho Japanese cedir,
rotliiosponi plumosa, and Its million vn
netleM, stilphurea and aurea, the bushy
compact habit huII It perfectly for thin
purpose, and with ilriRllsh Ivy trallltiK
over tho box a very tlTecllve and lust
Iiik display is made.
1 saw recently a very attractive Mnr
dow )x made up In the followlnir way.
The Ix was covered with andoton
instead of thy conventional green paint,
a' narh end wns a retlnospiini. pluinos
nlniiit two foot hlh. Tim space be-
Itwccn 'those KraCeful ccikiru wan IIIIihI
I by retln.mpom srjuarrosn, nlternntini
w t't retitiosporo, plutno.sa rtllphurea,
these latter bclm.' about llftcri or
eighteen Inches lilRh and, of course,
closely touching. Just a few Ivy plants
wero allowed to liuni; over tho box, but
not enough to cover it. ThU mad a
very truttoful njid harmonious setting
for a wimlow box, and many other coin.
blnatlonri can bo mode equally attrac
tive. Other dwarf kind that may be rec
ommended for this purport are mit
cypress, rctlnospora. Hitiarrotn. nrborvl
tro, thuya slberlca and huya rosen
thai!, ,lapmoso e"dnr, retlnonpuru ob
ttlsu KroclllH, jvunn hemlock., tsuita
canadensis and tsutr.i flboldl, Chineise
arborvltie, biota Oi'lentnlls arid variety
compacta nut'cii, dwarf Chinese Juniper,
Ju n I perus 4xcolxa srtrlctn. Kroni these
various forms tho most r.u'lliliinis taste
can bo sAtlsflcd, and the decorations
mado to harmonlr.e with tac .surround
intrs. All thre varietle.'' and many othera
can lm u.sed In lartrer s.7.m for tubs.
It ih take, for example, the true
Chlnens juniper, junlperm Ohliiensii:
this naturn ly furm.s a well ptoportioiKHl
pyramid well clothed with brauetie"
rlRht to tho l!iwi a pair of thew In
hall offer a .'umptuoti anil luxurious
Wherever tho tubs are placed It
.should 1 remenmerid that tile foil
must not 1k allowed to become frozen
oolld, as thin would Kreatly Injuro the
roots and effectually .stop the, crowth
of the plants.
The following fverjrreenK will well re
pay a trial in tubs: Jurriperun .ichottl.
J. Plltrerlana, .1. fortunel, .). sablna:
Pprucos l;ce.x nlKi, !' excel.'a, 1. imn
KeiiH. Odnrs Iletinijxvra younjdl, n.
obtusa, and varletiee, It. plumosa. It.
plslfera. Arliorvltie Thujn ooclden
tallx, T. Columbia, T. glolMfia and T
The plants named .a till article are
the staple decorative evernreen" for in
side use durlnsr winter.
S5hapo and color of the plant lub ii
Jnst a matter of personal tat. but thy
fhould conform oh much as posylhle. to
THE 0INK0 TREE.
Is the Japanese name of the I
call sallsburlii. or maidenhair 1
sturdy, heotrtlful, ornamental
tree, free fioni Insevt foes and with
standing our coldest winters.
American nurserymen eredf. the
glnko with changing Its character as
It becomes older, assuming the pyram
idal form when oung, sometimes
ehonirlns to broad, spreading trees as
they grow older, the pyramidal form of
tre suddenly throwing out shoots
most norizoniuiiy one nurseryman
savs it is impossible to say what the
character of n young ginlco tree will be
when it matures, while ulways Its gen
eral form 1 ot a pyramidal outline.
It may be possible that there are
several forms of this tree; one variety,
peiidti'.a. is of weeping habit, and there
may be other I'm ins. The writer re
members a beautiful specimen, of g.nko
on the lawn of the late Samuel Wilder
nf Iloehester. N Y. The tree was not
pyramiilol in torm, out periecuy ovai or i
niooo hhape; tne spread ot tne umosi
flVer the lawn fullv eouallel or exceeded .
the height of the tri", and the lower
limbs- were so close to the ground that
i children usesl i;iim for weals, swinging
up and down on the great branches. At
hnt time this tree was rare, particu
larly such a large specimen. This tree
him probably Wn destroyed to make
way for new streets opened In a section
that was once Urge estates. There Is
. ... ..,( .!..,.., .. n. ,.tl
also a large spreaeiuii; Kioeu, out ui ,m i
pyrnmld.il. in Laurel Kill Cemetery. J
1 ''"' '
THE AUTUilNAJj UUttN Ur int'
Afiei King 1'rost has pin all tbe
dahlias and caunas into mourning and .
sen' to Ilieir wimer siecp uie lenuei
1 loses and made even the cht.VKinthe
je, ,, " I mums bow at his bidding, the olel pink
' iiiiuy oraveiy Hits ert:i on iier n.tuin in
I dellanou of his cruel mandate! Th's
dear, brave, beautiful ilnner, the, llrst
In the spring's pageant and tlie last to
make her valedictory In the autumn,
is the subject that nborha my thoughts
to-day. As I write this, November 20,
she sits liesldo me in n crv&tal bowl,
w.th her baby buds peeping from the
' asparagus vine that veils their beauty.
breathing ttiidr lragrant benediction to
rny 'listening soul, which heara them
say: "Take thou this message to all
woo love my race! Tell them how I
lovu to linger In their gardens after my
high bred sisters hove gone La, V ranee.
tho Kniserino nnu tne uriuoi .ow is
my day! Now J am cherished and come
Into my own place, ns tr.e, oldest or
clan! I nm queen of the garden
What a blessing tills old rose has
been to mo and my garden for the pait
together and wn are
children yet In the mutual Joy of loving
And I must go and leave her, and he
will remain to gladden the others who
come Into the garden after 1 am put to
my long sleep! For she is Immortal.'
Neither drought nor drench nor biting
winds defeat her! No Insect dares at
I tnck her nor mildew soil her nice clean
Wo cut all her blooms to-day; to
1 morrow tliny return In clusters. She
loves to give herself away and thrives
, by her generoalty. She In Ineleed a
' great rose not appreciates! by exhibi
tors or those who are forever calling
i for something new in form and color,
i Hut she lives in the hearts of those who
know her find value her Hterllng vlr
.tiieH. her unvarying charm and her
I constancy. firsts- I. Okib.
MANURES AND MANURING,
Without proper fertilizer.'' r.irdenina
cannot be carried on successfully, and
n study of fei t.IUere should be one. of
tip. llrst undertakings of the rmrdener.
Virgin hull, such as round In new roun
t,ir tvip produce good crops for ev-
eral yeats without tei tii.ziu. Land
that has been cropped for a number of
years must be fertilized frequently or
the soil will be exhausted and the crops
raised will not lie sullli'lemly law to
pay for .seed and tho Utmr of cultiva
tion. AVc are frequently nsUed thn value of
different natural fertilisers and sivo the
annlsls of thine Kenenillv available.
Animal mnnures vary cmisldernbly. The
followlntr IlKures are fair average. The
analysis 1s of one ton of each:
Nltrnteii. Aclil. ro:)i.
Ilortf numir- 0 it. 3 .' f
Pna- niunorr n to n t .1',
flmep tnanute. . , nr, I ti
I'lK manure... 0.(0 u l: e.cil
Clilokfn anil iilevuti
inunurx . . .mi i. ,i at:,
For best u-sutts to 1,1 pounds of
acid phobphate and is to i!tl pounds of
lunlt, or ! to pounds of muriate of
potns'i should be added to every Inn
pounds of chicken or pigeon manure
and It can be still further improved by
tho addition of s to in pounds of gjp
sum to every 100 pounds.
As a rule manure from stubles Is best.
but cow manure Is particularly Kood on
dry soils and for some plants, such as
To obtain the greatest line ftomjiorse
manure a double ns should be made
f-:.v , , 1
Ginko Tree, spreading form.
of it, liis. i ii.i... i K .leui for bo!
beds for growing vegeiab.es. annua'
mushriximn. viol ts .mil otlitr crops.
After serving this purpose it will be
t loir.. ii Ml 1 v i1.ri '..1 i.l in vr.,!oi t
' .,mil,,.n " for s,,',,..1.i.ik ..ur -be ., :
al-'.j ,,,,. tlirn nmr ,.i,rr llX
plcug.i.ng or si,uitnt!
Wh-n maniir- l.aj i
for a time it should !'
bed that will r tain ihe
iiil out of the heap.
. In heaped u
pl'.etl i'i on a
ilght eo,,uns of
, gJTvuni siread over the pile iseasloti-
4llv lis it s hllilt lip 11 fK the IIII1-
j It Is better in g.iul ni'ig to . u.tiMite
I a small area thoroughly and intensively,
making it yield all ihat l possible.
rather than operating a larip' area with
single rop, Th.rty ions of sin',!-
monure to the aci ! imi too mucn to
US' !Ol l.lllll 0iriMli'U l'J III!' lilll.l.
IWfl.lV Of eVell lllleell loll" In SllII.".eni
for good lestiti-. In li ivy soils tbu
umiiuie can 1' applied a ml w.irkd In
in tin autumn
Chicken manure i- i siroiig und i
best aprilied after ,t lias been thor
nuuhly mixed with an equal bulk
earth, lined blood is a good fertilizer
for onions and green vg. tables.
When manure ib-cays In the soil hu
me tie.d accumulates and after a t me
UIIU 10. IV lias iM-f'o iir,ioi 'ill,', ', 't
sonietime-s r suits in poor props
fi otn I
the excess of luiniie at Id that bus .n
nililate-d. As a irevent.u.v e uud
SWeeten the soil a die.-slng of lltun
should be given eeiv ear or two !i
There are benelu em oigameiiis. ini'
crobe-s, in the soil d one, I'seudom-
1 onas radiclcola. hss the povwi of llxins
free nitrogen llolll the utmospheie ill
the root nodule of leguminous crops.
such us peas and beans, so that glowing
these crops u-aliy lienellts toe soil.
Itono la ,i "nod frrl imir. nil is ar.
Hon Is slow. It is gioiin.i ami sum as
bone meal and tsne liour, from winch
quick actlmi Is obtained Super phos
phate ot lime Is bore treated with sul
nliutlc acid. Ikislc slag is a by-product
of Ironworks and is one of I be niiW
economical forms nf a phosphoric at 'd
fertilizer for soils d"ilcent in lime, and
superphosphate is best for soils contain
Ing lime, .Mineral superphosphate at
the rate of pounds a sipiare rod is
valuable for fruit tries and pod bearing
crops. Tt should I if applied In Ihe au
tumn, mid should not be applied when
young crops are growing. Tlie follow
ing fertilizers coi.ta.n phosphoric ncal
In the percentages staled:
1 l.i sic slag, 3X per cent.: bone meal.
4f per cent. Hone meal a No yields a
small amount of ammonia. Ilono flour
a S per cent.; phosphate of potash, U7
per cent, rhosph.tto of potash also
yields potash. Superphosphate, per
use of potash has Iium eased
greatly in the past few years In several
different forms. y. Idmg potash as fd.
lows: Nitrate of potash, s.T per t eni ;
nitrate eif potash also contains nitrogen.
Sulphate of potash, '.in per cent.; tnur1
ate of potash, Ml per cent.; phosphate of
potash, IK percept. riioihat. of pot
ash also contains phosphoric acid. Kanit,
!!ll per cut.
Nitrogenous fertilii'is are valuable
foi the ammonia they yield In the fol
lowing percentages: sulphate, of am-
moil III, 111 per e'"llt.
per cent.: nit I ato
nitrate of soda, Is
of potash, la per
riatits th. i' aie just coming Into
flower or vegetables Unit are just form
ing aeo ls'iiellteil by lhiild manure
mm lo from stable mnnuie unl ii'duced
with water iiiilil il Is the color nf weak
tea, or nitrate of soda at ihe tale of
ounce to th gallon of water. In llr.g-
Juliet rni" is i -- I w.th h." 1 re-o'ts as
ii stimulant for crops .ipiead on t'he
ground I ilf an tneh thick and I' ssl m
Soot witer ntn ttserl pite liquid m-
nure, and is made by hanging a sank opetutlous that shall be economical: work that Is such a vital part of the
or .oot In a tub of wator for u few hottra. j tlio seasons and the vital processes of I training of children. One or the ureal
.Slacked lime Is benellolal when ap-1 the living orKunlsm nro stubborn facts, I est helpa In micourattlUK this manner of
plied at the rate of twenty-flvei pounds unshupfthle as yet by man, with till his l llvintc Is tho locating of factories In
per squnro rod to land that ha been i novel powers." I small vlllaces and towns where the
heavily manured for years, ne.utrallzlnc T,le newcomer falls to realize that In workers can net out to the land, Trol
the humlc acid and checking" decomposl-1 pvery iprosperous farmlnt; community I ley llnM havo jrlven a Ki eat stimulus to
tlon and nltrlllcatlon, but It should not I there ore farmers with minds as keen , this method of llvln. In tho last ten
be used m land that Is devoid of htimin. 1 n n,,.v Industry can command, Mann- l years thero has leen a great Increase In
Where slugs are troublesome lime water fitclurinK enlcrjirlsus are so much under th" number of such places. Itallroad
mil be found b, neildal. u.lnir threa control that the city man comes to have i freight rates and freight nccommoda-
pounds of lime, to u gallon of water,
letting it stand for a few hours, then
straining and using the clear liquid.
THE FARM FOR CITY PE6PLE.
I'nriiiliiar n It l.
Tueie are soma profitable faring tliit
obtain very large receipts an acre;
these are usually with types of farming
In which he expenditure an acre H
Due who ha travelled much is likely
to be impressed by what Is done In some
other State and may want to try It In
New Voik. He fees hogs eating e;orn In
low i, mid is likely to think that the
New York fatuier should raise as many
as does i he Iowa farmer. Ho buys nn
expensive Ntealc. and concludes that beef
would p.iv very New York farmer.
Nearo ad t v lusaii' ialiu .u .t 1 ul K
is .ilieudv in use ptoelui ing milk or rais
ing diurj cattle. New York faimers
have tiled oractlcallv evervthinir. Tlie
tyjies f farming that have survived
.!ie U." on'-- ilia: have stood the t-t
In l.iv .ngMoii county the investment
In bolls, lepnuellts h ier em. ! lbs
total .-.11111.11 hi ihe farm business, .n
I'bldlllg leal estate, equipment l.ve
s,hN and supplies I'ertiiinlv ..lie
should hesitate lo build a new l.ome
tint iciies.nw iiiuc'v ov.r u lifib of ' our-e in iigricuitur- lie Will g.nn
Jie capital. The hoc.e mav he raid to ! vnstly more from sU. i a ionise nil:
l.e a personal matter, but If the lnvet- ' 110 has had fatm expertetice The young
meat ifoce niii. h l.evond I nis I. !o, ' man from the city should pend .il leasi
valuable a houe fm- the farm.
The neiage cost of bains a cow or
equivalent u other animals was 5 7 1
Livingston cnuntv. fine who -penU"
oer Sim) a cow should be iue that lie i
riuht. 1 he interest, repairs, taxs
t insurance and etuer costs on suco j
biiddinR unioiint in about to in per
eeut. Too above limit 'ould make an
annual cost of $1" a cow for barn rem.
(me set of burns weie bu.l; not lung
...ago which were intended to ne model
1 barns tnr the neighbors. They coi
' ftl.'.ueo and Wele to house Mty-ll-e
The barn lent a cow would be
' Muo a jeur. It take s a good cow to
me Jimi worth of milk at wholesale
' . T .... ,,.. ,.,,. jt.rt'. ,
J I" I. I I" .... Illvlll.l .l.l.l II lM-
Mn tills Sltnti. VfvirU. nil tli a...'illj
1 model barns tne so exiier.slve ns to
........ ....no 1. ...(.., ..
impossible on ,1 business farm
Tim danger of overinvestment 111 ma
M l eo is een gieer. ,or tueie are turaI ,,jU,,,,. 1 ,,oslble It is very much
.skilled agents who-e business it is iiill(,l(.r lo Ul)(1. a rHKI,llr fimr .,, ,.,,.
","' "einernge inrm in i,i -
" coiintv 11.1s 1111 investment in
' lio'utoo .,oll, lit litu
' " " an 111 re 01 rop. .nam
' "i " '"" 'r nus ten nines vm.
'niount. The machinery on n -Teiienil
.farm ought not to cost oer 510 an acre
com line., fuat 11. n.aiii-.r-
nance, housing, interest, repairs and de-
prestation on fnrin rnaciiinerj amounts
lo about ier cent of the inventory
value. A MO Investment nn acre ot
crops represents a cost of about ?I M)
! "n acre n year.
Th" temptation of t e lsglnnr is to
spend his iltst year or two In a com
plole revision of all buildings on the
fai m. Such changes nearly always
cost twice the estimated amount I'n
loss one hns a large amount of money
he Is likely to llnd that when he gets
bis buildings ready he has no money
left for fanning. This mistake is a
M'vy natural one to make, because1 In
cliles buildings in themselves nre often
a business, lint on a farm tho founda
tion of tlm business is the crops grown.
The way to begin farming Is to rale
crops. If one cannot make a prollt at
this be has no need for buildings. It l
better to put off the desire for cliaiiRes
for a few .visits. One will then know
i better what he wants. Me will also
know whether lie desires to remain on
' the Inrm. Money Invested ill buildings
Is rarely returned when one sells.
The beginner should follow the prnc.
lien of the best farmers of the region,
lor the llrst few years at least. In
every oonimuiiltv there are farmers
who understand binning ns well ns tlie
i, most successful railroad president tin
I dei stands railroads. The newcomer
with his theories nearly nlways scorns
i the expci'lc ni-o of the generations of
farmers, lie falls to realize how- old a
science agriculture Is, The winds of Dr.
A. D. Hull, foimerly director of ihe
Itotli.'inisteil experiment Htatlon, show
Ihe moieest point of view to which lie
arrived as a result of Ids many years
of scleiitill.' investigation,
' Agi leullure is the oldest
in I nnd most widespread nrt the world hns
known, ihe application of scientific
tiielbod Iii I' Is veiy much fin affair of
the d.o before yesterday. Nor can we
see our way to any radical accelera
tion of the turnover of agricultural
great rami that tiy tno aid or scienco tions nave otien oeen untavoraiilo ror
and business ho can do what lie wills, the small town. This has been one of
Tlio farmer who has spent a lifetime , tlio chief obstacles to a still greater ex
trying to control tho stubborn forces of tension of this excellent movement,
nature Is less confident of the powers Large fortunes are usually mails
of man and science. He has never seen j either by speculation or by making a
two seasons exactly alike. Ills plans I
ore every day subject to revision by tho
weather. He may be excused If his
plans ttvo not always clear cut.
Many public rplrlted men of wealth
desire to establish farms where with
the aid of college graduates as mana
gers they can show farmers tho results
of tlio application of scientific and bnsl
ness principles to farming.
already example In every county of
farms that are demonstrating how hen
to form under tho circumstance.
Furthermore, n demonstration of how
I to farm with unlimited capital Is of llttl i
vhiuo to tne tenant or tne i-maii owner
whose chief problem Is not to kiviw i
wh.it It would pay ' dt but 'o Imow i
What I. do w:lb hi limited nw.in- Tlis
cmk-ge graduate who wants to 1- in-m -Mrate
now f firm can l-.-t do it by
starting as other farmers start .md
making his money while lie tarms.
Tlir newcomer should at tlm bumblv
follow the example of t io b l farinerf.
Any attcmiit to W a model for the
farmers nearly always lesulls in amu-e-ment
for them it the expense of the
newcomer After in ii.i learned bow
t.i farm ,o liie region 'i m,iv can
tlousiv ir l.ew tll.llgs if be b.ls Dot by
this tini" learned that they nnve at
re'.id been tried and tound unproilt.i de.
A young man can take up any kind
of business that ho likes, and If be llrt
prejian s for tho business and then
workl bard at it lie inav l.ope for sue
'ess. Tlie way to prepare for farming
Is by working ns a hired man on a farm.
Visiti ig on fat ins lines not prepare ope
f ir farm. -'8 n v more than visiting ,u
town pieparcs ui.e to be n banker. There
is no way t. leain to farm except by
farming It i" .in excellent thing for
city boys to work a farm laborers dur
,ng the summer vacation while thei are
In high sehoel
It pays a young man to maid, a t..or- j
nugli prepartitlon for any burfiiv-stt be
fore he goes into it. Sue. n piepara-
i tion for farm. nit Includes work at an
rtgrlcultui.il eoliese as well as worn
as a farm hand N'ei'her one can udse
the place t tlie o'her. The woik on a
firm should precede the college Wo' k.
It Is a serious mistake for one who
plan" to t.irni to take a college colii"e
1 In agriculture before be lias worked on
a farm. There ar many reiisnns whv
the farm work should come first. Not
until one has worke-d on a farm dors
he know whether or not lie wants to be
a farmer. Many young men r.re
quickly clued of uny such desire as soon
us they llnd out what farming means
The sooner "iich men llnd this out the
; belter. Others like farming better than
it is a great mmiiri"
tor pjrents or any one eie t tr t
make fainteis out of nung men si...
ate not going to i.'se farm ng. Wl en j
voting man .s decid.ng w. at his l.f
WvrU is to lie lie on s not nei d bl.iiilei-.
A prson uh'i j is nevi worked on u
farm Is not prepared to take a .olleie
ne mil jear mi a far in before lie takes
Sibil .1 course. Two vens would be 1
verv much better.
b'armers ii'iially lure men after ll e
luve seen lliem. Tiley do not oidl
narily line bv corresiior.dence. If one
1 deies not know where to get work be
I should go 10 a fai Hung romuiun'ty and
1 start out in tlm e-oiiutiy to look for
work, lie will usJally get a temporary
place if lie looks us .f he would not be
afraid of work. At lir-t an inex
perienced citv Isiy ;s rarely worth hi'
ikoard. As he learns bow to b. of use,
and as It beiomes afe to triHt bin
with tisjls or -took, lie will be worth i
small wage. If one works well bo will
I usually be pud all be Is worth li '..k
I tanner or bv some rie.gli or who .i.c-
, observed 11. wurk. It the deMre tM
. ... . ... . .
f.nrii still peisiis after s yeir or two ;'
1 fHn t,..,r', ... In-tee rt dli.l t, I, ore
iciurse should be taken at an ngrleul
1 .,,,, course ,n r icultini
A j,.tUi,.d , ' aiv,. ,11 buln...,. is
I vavs a haiuldotls undertrikillg for Htl I
hm younK ,nf.n T1. ,an who knows
1)utTliru, ,,Ui-nu faimlng and who has a
raI,,ny t support should be very cau-
, tlous about leaving good wages in a
city and going to farming Such changes
'have Invii made with meat success, but
there have also Wen many seere dis-,
l appointments ;
One must lenrn too btismess .nq. ire be
!n nv,w.r.e ao,.-,.tj III me Iioltlon
im.i in ,,,v luisho.ss it i. rv diifi.M.ii'
to make a living for a family while
learning. Farming :s manual labor
Very few persons make a su. cess of
farming who are not workers as well as
managers, nnd tlie-e lew pcieons nearly
always come up through the labor ex
perience. If n middle nged pi t.-on ha
never learned to do manual labor, such
a change is still more dllllcult. If the
members of such a family are very
sure that they deslrn to go to farming,
It Is safer, if possible, to rent it small
place In tho country and continue with
the city occupation. Some chickens and
a cow can be kept nnd a garden raised.
The family can do most of this work.
The small cntcrprl ''s can be lncieased,
nnd, If successful niter a few years, I'
may lie safe to le.ne ihe city work and
go to farming.
Another safe met hod of procedure for
a man with n family and small means
Is to put his money in a savings bank
1 and hire out
as n farm hand ror at
least a year before any of the money Is
Invested In farming. Th. amount of
wages received will not bo very large,
but the danger of lotdng the entire o.ipl
tnl through premature investment may
be avoided. I'lltll an able bodied prison
Is able to mini good farm wages for
some one else he is certainly not ready
to direct a farm for himself no more
so than Is a clerk tVndy lo run a
grocery etoni beforo be can earn good
wngeiriis a clerk In that store.
There nre thousands of persons who
live on farms nnd wiio continue with
their city occupation. Living on a, small
place ennliles one to raise milk, vege
tablefl, eggs and fruit for home use and
often some for sale. This greatly re
duces tho cost of living, It gives n
cranes to provide useful and wholesome
little, prollt from each of it largo mini
ber of workers. Jinny large fortunes
have been made by buying land when it
was cheap and holding It until It berame
expensive. Other fortunes have been
made by dealing In farm land. Hut
straight farming very rarely creates
even smnll fortunes. Only rarely is
there a farm business that compares In
There arejsizo with largo manufacturing plants..
There are many reasons why "bonaii7..
farms" or corporation farms do not
The factory system 1 bused on hltrh
prl -ed supervision. Most of the workers
nave oniy n rew tnings to learn, imu
they are under close supervision. It '
impossible to give closn supervision to
large farming entorprtMH btiau.-e the
wur Iters are so scattered. Kur general
farming forti to eighty aires ,,r crops
can bo raised per worker. The number
of men ihat might be gathered under
one roof under the supervision of one
SUpel uindi'llt would in fnrin.it? I e
scattered over half a county
Tor nearly all faint operations i t
luee-siirv that each worker be ,nti lli
gent and that he take an interest in th
work We cunnot nave .i boss watib
!ng the man on a mowing ni.n-hlne.
It some one. has to watch the driver, b
may as Weil replare the driver and do
the wotk lilmself There are a fi .v
operations it which gangs of men can
1w used, but there uie wry few cases
in which a farm can make u iin'inu"d
us of a gang ot men. It la very dim
cult to get men to take the t,ecesarv
interest .n large farms. If wages are
high enough to attract men who will
inke an interest without close super-
vl:oii, l lie high Wines take all the
A profit of pi ,. I'd pet cent, on the
Wiige.v o! each worker is j gnM profit i
In any Indus'-v If ike .ndtitry em-
pk.y a verv t.w men the proilts will
Tlm e.jien, nf .aul'.us i ii' and
manure tH'i,tll nui(s j,'.out e'.ft acres
'.Ik l.mlt to run from one centre. liu:
I'm general funning this up-a with iulf
the lur.el in pasture .s a luisiuess tint,
niefoii e,j in workers, corresponds 'W.th
:c grapery store that employs two or
three clerks and one or two delivery-
The pr.ces ot f inn products are ba-ed
on production by the farm family wink
ing as ,t unit. Thu hired help N usually
..oarded In th family at much less than
it costs to hue it boarded. The women
wni.li the mill; palls caie for the chick
ens, go to town on errands. They very
rrenuently t.ik the place- of a man at
these light operations, and also verv
t'l eii'ientiv help with inrm w.u"... lo i
I"..UV.l!e c .wn'. v on I'll! of tlie r.itt'.el
larjf i.i.rv farm Hi) per o'l.t of the
rndk.i.z and cantor far cows aa- done
':' Winner, and . hi!dl'"li. i 0. tin stun lev
f.um- toe pi op. v-.ii'n of such l.ilu.i is
ui'icii uiui. All t'u .abet is diret t.v
Interested. When mci are hired to run
lnree larm . H ceedlncly dllllcull to
produce farm pivdui ts at the mn cost
.it which they am produced the fam
ily farm system.
More conclusive than tie te.i-itis for
failure nio iii it5ults. l.teral.c 'niti-tlri-ds
of siucessful Nus.iws men scat
tered from th Atlnit.c to tlie I'ac'l'
have rrlisl rii'inir.g large farms v
ll.iej lll-aiimets. Most of these tne-.
!iHe lb monsiraleil tlmr elnl t to in., e
Illone ill t'.I.es Te writer has .-re"
many such fa: ins ,n a num' er of Sta
but b-is ii. ii , et seen a c.fo In w hie :
a man w) made a fortune In ,i c!i
has . wr added to his -accumulation b'.
rtmi.ing a largo farm with u hired man
age. . Ti . re are rii.uiv cases in w !'.,'
tbe : ,e s-oci; has taken premiums .it
numeiauie and the crup yields !m
been ill that cmid Is die'ired. lilt t'i
inoll's b.no always been book iiofits.
No t.i.m i- a success that does riot pa
all epei'sts, ,t leasonable rate of iuii
es ,i,d good ttages to the operator, ar.l
liae enough money to provide for de
pret.at.on .Many college graduate
have undertaken the management of
such farms. I-'onricrly the writer n- -ouiiiioiid"d
.-Hue of lip- grada.ties fro
sum plates, but so far the writer lis
never seen ,tn .ntanco when siuh a
farm paid. Vi t t'..esc same coll go gradu
rites have by the hundreds demonstrated
their cblllty to mike their own fauns
p.t.s. I'art of tile tliiliculty Is t'.e er
roneous attempt to apply tho l'actoi.v
syveni to fsrinliig operations. I'art of
the tliiliculty is that tho sunvvcsful busi
ness nun makes it fad of 1'arm.mr. H
- '"oouilij liin'ii "
I Most of lii big farms that nr., popo
l.irly Cited a, example) nf blislnecs er -
ganl?-iiioii of .i inrm have ,a monthly
check com om ' fioin the city to meet
the piyroil, If the writer were free to
give the nnme.s of some of the well
known places that have been run for
years at a loss, many of which rm.e
lieell e Tllicu up ill sttiMl siui-i;i'si'n, toe
list would contain many iurpnse.s for '
Wealthy men who .-tart fanning with
the idea of .showing farmi rs how- t"
faun often i.d by finding out some of
tlm obstacles in the way of farming and
Joining with th farmers to work for j
their leniov.tl. Hy aiding ir. conpiera
tton, in marketing, !u obtaining rail-1
road .icciinini.id.ttioiis and in having ,
laws passed that give 1in farmer eipi.il
rights, tench men havo done much good,
Farmers nro no more and no less In
need of education or uplifting than are
merchants, bankers, mechanics or nn
icher olnss nf our population. Hut
farmers haco been relatively too llttln
heard In legislative halls.
A successful biisine.iv man ina de-,
derive much plenum e, from a cmintn i
plice. Hut If he hopes to make money
with a, hired manager lie bad best profit i
by the experience if oilier. The llrst
few years are lull of hope, for then nil
expenses r.'in bo charged to Improve
ment, but there comes a tlnio ',hcu
the cniistuiit dotlt'lt is disconcerting.
Smo largo corporations are m th rig
money In farming or in enterprises
closely associated wdh farming There
nio .some l.irgu nurseries and sefdhouse..
and other largo cnterprl-is tout are
doing well. Hut theso !mc usually
grown by tlio direct management of
thtir owners, Often scleral generation,
of the nme fnmllv have dfvelnjied
Ginko Tree. )yramidal form.
j the enterpl isc
le. , pi), -e.-t O. l
I men lro.n tin
h i enterpl im-s :,(iv
,i l ir'i I o' rt'e.iitby
..' u ili peinled nil
About the only wa
r. w ':k'h -iii :. .ie pci ..
iften inn 1" s i' . ".-si - h.
.g land . i.d ii .'d
ci d men ha
s lleep .:i otiy
?ot a rise li
I ICten tin' lance laiin of the West
' wiie'ie the fanninc i- of th simples
I Kind, a v.' rap'.dh e.ng broUen up oi
J rented. In oiiler : . manage a lnru.
Iliaet of in mi ptoliuilily it is i:etessurx
to have seeral cen'rer, and t'l" lies'
I method of mtiuieiuent for the centre
' .s to glee tie- nmi a s sure m the i.
turns that ,s. ret.i the farm T.
isttndird sy-t.m or giving the w nice.
,a share m f.trm returns ts to re it hrn
the plnce for a s'iaie of I lie prmltli ts
An even less hopeful kind of r.irtiilnir
is tlie cooperntieci that sells un.t o
clinnls or other pat eels of land when t:ie
liuvr has n.'thiiit: l i do with the en
l' rprise except to iiiuve onto the tar'n
some time In the future when the farm
bus Peen nude to o'der and 1- to be
.r .fit from -l'.tiniers
evcept v 'u- .
b.'ter Mi it '
oi - r'
. - ;1i. n'
. ..ill. 'er
in i '
-llir It N
I I M tl.
Ill It I. I 1. V
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i i ,ipr
t i hi
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i I, ,
tint) w iitun
ilo xi-r itpp h i .
1 .ttnir In -ijo-
ri't-hia ;t to i
wi'-is, ( ilor
h ih ti io-iv
r.ii,' j i.tr
" r- tuBff.r I. II Y
oi i.i.r, 'Utwr
1 1 '-'Mi j f. i be
tM ftt onri in
.tntrtl lMti ur
( ntt'i No utill :
nn Uri, v rurnleh
-f'lh'.l. vt fill
i ' iii ot Ihir prn
IMivii Afo- tUrr
r hj'-'v ptpt .,.-oc
'. .li'T pips...,5c
? v.itryplp-i m.oo
o . 1 ct 1 .1. !'o' . I'lomris l
, I, .'! -(i. I'ltTUlU.
ii ii. m m. i n i ro..
;u uurrt'ii m nv ItirU.,
IS VIUIIM, $
I'l. AM s 1 Oil
ii fti llo. 1 hre kt . I'll o
. -k -j. . 1 onnKne, ets .
, it i j r blom ne
v . iwv bdi:fa
I i. 1! . I.,
1 1 rn r. sn, nn. .v. ,i,
' eur 1) If, .r
1 ,11 c a. r.i iliel
MM,, Hill lllll'l.
Ferrels For Sale
i fur t olor. I .rcn a-
nis . muts-i imim nr aozsn
., . , S . fin
i ll. nlilii,
U (.11, Kts-U-r J. Co., eireni'
1 APPLE, CHERRY ORCHARD
t . ,,; Rool Vo MonUn.
I For sale or exi'luuiKi1 for tenement or
I apartment property in Now York Citj
vicinity. Kipiity $.15,(100.
LO LO, MONTANA
Get Dollars Out
of the Subsoil
Stop working liu V' ''f yo"'
land make tin' miIimmI do its
duty. Under liu1 pltnv-cnt thero
are Mores of rich planl food. I .ot,
your crops qrt the-. Opin up tin1
.subsoil hy bla tuij; witli
Mas Farm Powder
''-"-' ' 1T.IS1M-I..-I
and you will havo four or fiwi
fct'L of productive soil, thai,
will give- you hipuor crops and
moro tlollars every year.
"Belter Farming" Uook Sent Free
III . Ie '.I , i . Ilellor 1 ,11 I ... '
teli l lit ') I l ,t st imps, i e
imil .o i iiiiiv oilier K ml (! oi i n.si;
t 'ipii t .'ll tl Is I ... i t l'i i' d.'
Atlas Powder Company
ii iiiiiiiiginu, nei,