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8 THE SUN, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 25, 1914. IB51' mi m mi DAY, DEOEMnnn 25, 1014. entered t the Post omen at New Tork at (second Class Mall Matter. fiubsrrlptlnna by Mall, Postpaid. DAILY. I'er Montli I" UA1I.V. Per I ear 0 sUKnAV, I'er Month HI .VI) AY (to Canada), I'er Month 40 M'NPAV, Per Year " DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Year M DAII.V AND HUNDAY, Per Month tS ruKKKIN 1UTM. DAILY Per Month 1 3 elNDAY, Per Month M U.VIt.Y AND SUNDAY, Per Month.... 1 1)0 i'IIK KVUNIMJ HUN, Per Month 23 r It U HVKSINd SUN. Pr Year S 80 Till: KVI.NINl! .SUN (Porelgn). Per Mo. 1 03 All checks, money ordere. c, to be made p..) able to Tub nes. Published dall. Including Pundar. br the Pun Priming ami Publlihlnc Association at IJO Nassau street, In the lloroufh ot Man hattan, New York. President and Treasurer. Wllilani O Itelck, 170 Nassau street! Vice 1'reililcnl. IMward 1'. Mitchell, 170 Nassau st eet, Secretary, C K Luton. 170 Nassau street. London omce, Kmniham House, 1 Arundel street. Strand. . Paris onice. 6 Hue de la Mlchodlere, oft Hue du Qualre Heptembre. Washington omce. Hlbbs Building. Brooklyn office. 108 Livingston atreet. It our frltnJi icho iiior trlfA mncr(p mni Itluttrallont for publication ulik It halt rejected articles relumed tliev mutt lit all caici 44 Hampt or that purpose. SIST XIKOEAVS. To the EniTon or Thk Sun Sir: It may be that In our Habel plus Tento coit brabblo of tongues there yet re mains here and there one who would find pleasure In a Rood old Santa Claus ballad of our original Dutch. In the memory of thoae Bttll living It used to be aung by "klndjea" In the etald old towns alone the NortHi Hlver. Tho text baa been preserved with a simple Eng lish rendcrinR Jn Rrinlt's "Oide Ulster": flint Ntkolau. coed hellg man I Doen dtj beate tub bard an. Illjd er mee naT Amsterdam, Van Amsterdam naar Spanje. Van Spanje naar Oranje, Kn brengt die lslndjes wat; Not en van Muslcaat, Appeltjes van Oranje. rrulmpjes van Spanje. l'eertjen van die hoogeboom Bint Nlkolaua zal kom! faint Nicholas, good holy man! ' Tut your handsomest mantle on, Likewise ride to Amsterdam, From Amsterdam to Spain, Krom Spain to Orange, And brine the children something; Nuts from Muscat, Apples from Orange, Plums from Spain, Pears from the high tree 'r. Claus will come. There Is nmplo Internal evidence that tho Christmas song w-.ls brought from the Toxel to tho Hudson and encount ered new life In a New Netherlands. WolTKR. AN TWILI.KR. Nuw Yor.K, December 24. IVui'i' on I'.urtli. Why dot") that first Christmas song of "Peace on earth to men of good will" Mtnnd like nu Irony now to so many Christians? ltecmic "quick coming death" Is more multltudinoiisly busy In lil calling: because pain mid sufferlug and sorrow are mased spectacularly and not scattered, here a household and there a household: because the ery virtues whereby men rose from the clan to the State have begotten envies aud hatreds In the clash of Interest and opinion, shall the consolation and the hope, the sure and certain hope, of Christianity be forgotten? Tho peace proclaimed from heaven came to a world longing, for It, a world where under cynical patricians, pluto era tic land owners and freeduien lay helpless aud hapless millions of poor huabandmen, shepherds, laborers, blaves tortured at caprice. For the mass theie was no hope here. They turned, the humblest tirst, to the immortal hopes of the hereafter. The Homan wolf de voured them here. They trusted in ttn good shepherd carrying the Inmb, the kind symbolic OariiKim of the cata combs. Au-huiigered. their souls par took of the holy Klsh. Their tears would be wiped away. The poor In ttplrlt should see Con. Their peace and Joy was the kingdom of Goo. The peace angelically chanted was to every man that worketh good. Darker and wilder days were in store, days so black that at each century' end the world's end was expected and by many yearned for. Heaven did not open. r.nrth span on its old way. Man In fear and hope ate bread, when be conld get It. In tho sweat of hla face. Barbarian Invasions, the Saracens In multitudes, wors conllnun! "avefor the Truce of (ion, the Hlack Death and plagues of many names, condottlerl, brutal Free Companies, limzknechts, the sack .of Home, Thirty Years war, terrible Spaniards, revolts, massacres. rapes, burnings, unending harrying of the pool' devils of peasants, Ilarbary pirates, war on war, robberies, incredi ble cruellies, witch burnings, autos da fA justice a jest anil law a ruthless If impotent torturer; where was the peace, If It be material mid mortal peace, that, sweet vvlili heaven. aluled llethlehem? The marvellous art, the incomparable churches and cathedrals that arose, on 1 ;t t ton ami labor of ohcuro hands, I lie window bright with saints, apostles ami prophets, caned Hlbles and iloldeu Legends nu the walls- yes, ami even umre loiii'liing, rude, rustle Calvaries i'i ielv wlili uge. tell the other and true liiMor.v of tlniM ages, There we can llud ii. and need nol seek II even In flowers of faith and Intellect so vari ously splendid as A(I'I.nah and Hand:. I. very chapel bell rang It, livery priest, and Inter every pastor, had the great se cret. The peace that ji.isseth under standing was not marred by war or pestilence. It was in the soul of the faithful Now when luave men are making every day the hluhei-t sacrlllie ami su preme renunciation, without chance of reward or glory; unknown for the most part save to sin if (lielr comrades, tneir nttieers ami ihclr kindred; In ah s'flule unseltlrfhnesH giving to their conn- p-y, in llmoln's great phrase, "the laat full measure of devotion"; may It not bo wild that on their pnrt there Is something Chrlstllko? To thoo who lose tuoni docs not the peace of (!od come ns the one convolution and t!ic one hope? "In my father- house nre many man sions." "I go to prepare n place for jrou." To some or many of us those are Imt wonK Whether nfter the high Stole fashion they live austerely and die, as tliny believe, Into deathless slumber, tr whether, holding dnrkly that (Ioya's "Nothing" Is the aummnry of life, be fore Night nrxl the shadowy world and I'i.uto'8 hollow house confine them they take what each day brings and make merry, tlie.v nre deprived of that pence which the Christian living OhrM llaiily hns In the Here and looks for In the Klsewliere. "Peace on earth to men of (rood will." What haswnr to work n pit I list It? Nay, the war Itself Is working for It by the quickening of pity, kindness, charity. Our Neighbors on the North. There could be nothing more graceful In expression or profoundcr In signifi cance than the address Issued by the Executive Committee of the Canadian I'ence Ccnteuary Association yesterday. the one hundredth anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Ghent. It Is n century "since British and American arms have been matched In national strife." In the midst of an earth-ahnking war, In which Cnnndn herself is engaged ns a unit of Uie British Imperial system, the Dominion points to the unguarded frontier, more than three thousand miles long, divid ing her territory from that of this re public, and says: "We are convinced tbnt the dealings of the great empire and the great republic afford a noble example to the rest of tho world. They remain ns an Ideal In International re lations." And the Dominion points to the cen tury of peace, with Its constant Incre ment of friendliness and good under standing, and says, "May many more follow It." Slay no century except of unbroken peace ever follow It! And, The Sun begs leave to repeat, let us thank Heaven for our neighbors to the north of ust How Treat a Sbanieleas Offender. Shameless and defiant, CiiAm.rs M. SciiWAn has the audnclty actually to boast that this country is celling $:t00.- 000,000 worth of Its wares to belligerent nations, and thnt in this tremendous total munitions of wnr cut a not In considerable figure. How ill this comports with the new neutrality, which prohibits loans to States engaged lu war and would make criminal the sale of food.-tuffs to tight- lug peoples, must be apparent to all. This man Schwab, already notorious as one who has been guilty of success In business, deserves to be arrested by John Dovvnky Works of California, Indicted by Oimifht M. Hitchcock of Nebraska, prosecuted by Hichard But thoi.dt of Missouri, ami put on trial before n Jury made up of merchants and artisans. Two Imperfect hut nighty Ktl mable (ientlcuirn. It would le foolish to say, even under the mollifying Influences Incident to the Christmas holidays, that John Bu.i. Is perfect. He Is In fact a pretty Intoler ant, arrogant citizen, amazingly set In his ways, profoundly convinced that he l right, regardless of anylmdy else's opinion, and confoundedly Irritating In Ids contempt for the ways and habits of his neighbors. He Is Inclined to make up his facts as he goes along, and ex usperatlngly sure that these facts are unassailable and unimpeachable. Nor would we hold up Cncle Sam for iln exact pattern of all the virtues, lie Is a boastful young fellow, lamentably lacking In reverence, too often betrayed Into lniH)llteness by reason of his ills esteem for the conventions, frightfully given to poking his nose Into other folk's affairs, and bewllderlngly active In enterprises that he never carries to a conclusion. Having the capacity to say sharp things, he. like other quick wits, Is morbidly sensitive, and a re tort In kind he resents by Immediate threats or scarcely less provocative and nngry spouting. Each of these gentlemen, possessed of rich lands and ample fortunes, .s blessed with an enormous progeny, In which, as In every large family, block sheep and empty heads are, alas, not uncommon. In the main, however, their children nre good tempered, neither abominably skilful nor offensively In ept, and fortunately compelled by the circumstances of their material condi tion to put most of their time nnd en ergy into the essential tasks of tilling their stomachs and covering their backs. If they lived on tropical isles where food fell from the trees and It was fashionable to be all face, many of them wouhl have time to make trouble, but ever wise Mother NATtini; has stilted their climatic conditions to their best Interests, and thus prevented n deil of disturbance. Phfis John and Sam, with their grow ing families, have lived as neighbors without serious disturbance for a hun dred years. H Is true that the children have set the does on each other occa sionally, aud out behind the barn Had; eyes and bleeding noses have been ad ministered lu purely iinotllclal ami tin sanctioned encounters. Once or twice the old gentlemen themselves have lc. t rayed u degree of heat highly encour aging to the onlooker, but always the Innocent bystanders have been cheated out of a light, to their supreme disgust. Nobody will deny that the carefully tended garden of which Mrs. Iln i, Is so Jusllllably proud has suffered from mischievous assaults by uncontrollable nephews from Ihe oilier side of Hie leader lllt.i. to arrange for the with Mreel: Miss Colpmiuv has complal i Idrtwal of hi i, oops fro,,, the neigh - more than once of shines thrown through the windows, of her house; but 11 in all the Incidental vexation of community life as they affected thes two landed proprietors have been few and Inconsiderable. Whenever serious difficulties arose to stroln dangerously the good feelings of John and Sam. the two of them and the grovvnuiw In their families hnvc displayed n highly commendable desire to keep their tempers In check, and a really remarkable capacity for deafness to the taunts nnd reproaches that have accompanied their efforts to comiKise their differences. This deafness, care fully cultivated by each of the gentle men In question, has been perhaps the most effective means for preserving har monious relations for the two and their offspring, good, had and indifferent, nnd this despite their possession of a common language, one of the most po tent weapons known for Mining up discord. To which of this highly meritorious pair greater credit should be given for tho amlcablp adjustments that have, marked n century of Intercourse filled with excuses for violence we confess we do not know. We are oppressed by the thought that possibly neither de servos more than the other, humiliating though the formal ndmlwlon of such a thing may dc. We should like to say that Uncle Sam Is the more magnani mous, the more self-cffncing, the more modest; but ahould we do so, our not entirely stupid avuncular kinsman might laugh too heartily at us. So be tween John and Sam we divide the honors with scrupulous equality; to each we extend our hearty congratu lations on his forbearance, general good behavior and common sense; and to-day at dinner we shall toast, in the sincerity that contemplation of the woes of others must Induce, what John Bum. and Uncle Sam have succeeded In doing for a hundred years, as we hope that they may live another century In In creasing peace. A nenellcent Fulfilment. When two years ago the Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor adopted the valuable suggestion of Mr. KiNtiMit'RY, the present Com missioner of Charltle. to ascertain by practical tests how far the bettering of homes may contribute to the cure and prevention of tuberculosis. Tut; Sun commented favorably upon this Intelligent enterprise of the associa tion. Wo referred at that time to many Jther of Its beneficent activities and pointed out the successful pioneer work of this philanthropic body In the matter of public bath as a favorable augury for the success of this novel enterprise. It Is gratifying to note the beneficent fulfilment of the Home Hospital prom ise. Following Mr. KiNiisnrRY's wise nj jhc st;r.oc!is t !o:i no t?"iv se cured sanitary homes for sixty-three families in which there were "O" sick lersons and provided proper food and clothing and Judicious medical attend- nice, but it supplemented the loss of earnings by financial aid In order to Insure contentment. All this was ac complished at the moderate outlay of SM.fttf, of which ?12.:iir was fur nished by earnings of the families under observation, with the result that the average health of the members was greatly Improved, and their earning capacity was nearly trebled. What lessons may be learned from this philanthropic expcrlmvnt? First, that the er capita cost of maintenance may be reduced materially. Second, that families need not be disrupted by tubereulol. no new case having devel oped In the Home Hospital, Third, thit contentment offers a strong curative factor. But the most Important lesson Is the confirmation of the Idea that the destruction of the white plague de pends more upon the removal of pov erty than uon anything else. These lessons will doubtless be taken to heart by legislators, municipal au thorltles and philanthropists. The bit ter cannot devise n more profitable dispensation of funds than the giving of aid and encouragement to a society which has long demonstrated Its ca pacity for "Improving the condition of the poor." Sir. Hrltten's llread I.lne Heserve Army ofllcers will not be enthusiastic about itepresentallve Britikx'h bill "to take from the soup hoiies, the bread line ami charllable Institutions thou sands of able bodied men who are now tramping our cities out of work." nnd enlist them for four months of training In the army, with the obligation to re spond afterward for ten years to a call for reserve duty. If the unity Is to be Increased to 17.",(HI0 or 'JOO.oiki men the bread line would not make a very good recruiting ground. Now if Mr. Britti'h purpose Is nierelj to relieve distress, the nnny, It should Itc said, Is not a charitable In stitution, From any point of view a four months term of service would never have the approval of the War Department. The United States Is In no danger of Invasion at this time and can have no use for soldiers who are only partly trained. Mr. BnirTCN might rist hi bill to provide for the evp.inslon of the army with no clniige In the term of enlist ment, lie would be rendering a real service to the unit ry and at the same lime he would help the unemployed, in the 'irmy a now organized there Is room for but n few of the able bodied men Mit of work. The ranks are almost full from month to month. We are sure that neither I lie Secretary of War nor the Chief of staff would commend the lliillen bill In Its present form. "The While llottso Is laden with Inins," says fi Washington correspond ent. What of ill? The Stale Depart ment and tho Navy Department have been lit that condition ever since March 1, 1313. Wlillo General Hcorr, the Chief of Staff, was confculng with the I'arranza borhood of Naco only one bullet hit 'the cuMom house at Naco, where the meet ing look place, Duo bullet to Heorr ts trifle, apd aa It wai a very quiet day for Naco perhapn there was warrant for his report tluvt "peace along tho Mexican border eeeme In eight to-night." Vice-President Marshall on his travels saya that the election ehovved a disposition on tho part of the people to give the Democratic policies a fair trial. As the Democratic pnrty boJd on by Wte h1Iu of Ita teeth to tho House of Representatives tho disposi tion of the people was evidently to re ject the Democratic policies. There would ihave been a clean aweep of the Democratic majority If war In Rurope bad not piupervcned to nave the party from the consequences of Its tariff legislation euid baiting of legltlnrnto business. The most curious thin about tho "reign of terror" and "wave of crime" which according to certain moro or lnss eminent citizens of New York now of fllut this community Is that the avcnigo townsman has to b told in thunder tonca of their existence. The dog in war should not be neg lected by the chroniclejs when they write the history of tho struggle in Europe. What would tho ambulance corps bo without trained dogs? Tho Belgians mako (rreat uso of thm. Tho Germans, It Is said, employ tbolr keen wltted eheepdogs for scouting and for guards In tho trenches. There aro nil kinds of dogs on tho firing line, and their Intelligence and fidelity are often helpful. ANoriBW FounNlun's terrier Mlquette, which summoned n'.d when Iris master, with tho rest of an outpost, was burled by a "coal box nhell," de serves to be decorated. The report that Major-General Ham Huom:., the Canadian War Minister, Is to be knighted can hardly bo true. Ho has earned honorablo distinction, but will he submit to being ivUi Sir Sam Huoiies? General Humics, handsome to the eye as he may be. Is a plain man and the incarnation of democ racy. The most public spirited, the most energetic, the nitwit popular and tho best known man. In Canada from Halifax to Vancouver, no mere trtlo would odd to his distinction. They may force knighthood upon him, but ho will be Sam HuniiKs to tho end of his days. Thnt natural satisfaction Inspired by the approaching reduction In the nrmy ot the unemployed to bo brought about through the forcible separation of a number of Democrats from tho State pnyroll Is counterbalanced by tho knowledge that an equally largo num ber of Republicans will bo withdrawn from productive occupations to fill the places thus made vacant. At.HERTof Belgium I achieving consid erable success in his intelligent efforts to restore the king business to tlv? high repute it formerly enjoyed. Wo should not take to ourselves too much credit for mulntnluilig peaco with Knglatid for a century. After nil, com paratively few Americans have read the books British travellers have written about us. It f the opinion of the Army r.en crnl Staff that when Columbia Univer sity's llhrnry Is threatened with the fate that befell I.ouvnin's. the youthful cflc'sts of Dr.HfTt.KR's Institution should be assigned to duty elsewhere. President Wilson will play Santa Claus to-day. HVMMa.itort ifr.tpofri. Anything on the tree for O'Oorman or Jim Keen? wniTEiis in r or work. mil Somchoil) I'sit nlillsti n Tree l.ltcror) i:mpto)inent llnrruti? To Titr KniTon oc Tttsj i'N Mr- The letter of Needy Author." headed "Huy a Hale of Mamtseilpt," touches one of the .sorest spots of the unemployed pri litem. Unfortunately Its writer does not suggest a practical remedy. Thero Is In New York a stn.ill army of nemplnyed men anil women literary work, ers, not talented ambitious amateuis craving for an opporlunltj to shine, hut professionals, who have thus far earned their livelihood with mlseeneous liter ary work mid 'hat no other profession. Many nro clever mote or lei's well known authors und magazine writers and news paper men and women. Wince the beginning of the war the dally papers havo lees loom for "special fea tures" and many news and city depart ments work with smaller staffs than usual. Magailncs use much material accumulated durlmr th last few years, corporations snil laigH busineHH houses economize and have their reports. &c , w ritten up by their olllce force, motion picture manufacturers nlno use much old material and have It rehashed by member of their regular staff at inlarloH ranging from nearly nothing to a maximum about opiat to the brick lav ers" union scale. Tho policy of re trenchment which has Invaded many well to do families has caused many would-be authors who ernp1oeit pi ofrsslonala tn ne.8!et them to postpone iiu'il better tlmee their ambition to shine In literature llrnce. to my knowledge, ptobibly con siderably over two bundled literary work ers are cither near starvation or living from the charity of their rrlenris. They do not want charity. They want work, and work mny be procured for many of them, Under ordinary conditions employment bureau do not aueinent opportunities for work. In the ease of literary workers one of them would, There are many people In New York who think they have a mes sage to lmp.it t or wopld like to publish their vlewa on how humanity may be bet tered and similar beautiful things ami who either have not the time or lnck tho ability to prepare manuser'nts for tho pre. Maybe most of that "stuff" would better lemaln unwritten, or at least unpublished, but that Is not the point. At least some of those people would 'iave their notes put In shape right away If they knew how to become acquainted with a competent person, A free literary employment bureau would satisfy both tho demand and the offer ami bo a means of alleviating much distress. In collaborating with some of my eol lengiiej I have for the last three weeks attempted to nnd a public institution will ing to rant desk tooni nnd the use of a telephone for the purpose. We have been split from one public or reiul-puhlle Institution to another and have failed. We are acquainted with uien and womon of standing who would bo willing to give part of tholr time fieo for the conduct of such a bureau, Any helpful suggestion will be gldly received, C ClRANni'lKnitK. ItOBl.TK, 1. I., December 24. Allah's Aliens, fihrlstmas for Itusslxp, For llrllnn, for Herman, Christum for llrlglan, Knr Austrian, Hun. Christinas hath meaning, K'en In the trenches; K.'en where the shells burst, "Thy will be done," Hut what rrt Vutetlile In Constantinople? Where Allah relgneth O'er kiosk and dome'' Only Christ's aliens Ventolin the hnllj 111 earn nf the Yule lug . Burning at horn. j, a. a, EXGMSII VNCANNKIt. More Illustrations or a Hound Oltll'ng. Ilh Idiom, To thr EntTon or The Bum Sir; Of course If It pleases the amiable Mr. Thomas S. Durell to be "too Utterly too too" In his particular preferonco for "to." there Is little to be gained by point ing out that "and" In such expressions as "tty and do," "go and bring" U an old established Kngllsh Idiom. When an Idio matic phniHo is accepted as standard It Is enshrined tn the dlo'.tonarteg, and If tho amiable Mr. Durell will consult the New Standard Dictionary, the New Kngllsh Dictionary, In cuurse of publication by tho Oxford University Press, Unghind, und William T. Harris's Now Interna tional Dlotlonary he will find the Idiom recorded there. If lie cares to go further and consult Dr. James C. Kernald'a "Con lieotlven of Unfllsli Speech." pages 206 and 207, he will leam something of this eminent rrammarJan'ei point of view. Dr. Fernald t.ays of "and," purrlve and resultant: In the union of two verb.", especially after "sto," "come," "send" and "try," s the reeult er fuiniment (of an action Implied In the preceding verb)! try nd nnd It; go anil Eet It"! May's In all ttdll&n books; Bhe has old and modrn nooks. And wUl rise and dress your room With drapery thick with blooms. (Hunt, "May and the Poeta.") Many grammarians have been In error In ,'leflnlntr "and" In this usage an equivalent to "to," and henco condemning It as super fluous or Incorrect. The usage Is sustained by the very highest authority, and, when we come to balance the expressions, la nus talnnl also by the loglo ot linguistic thought. If we change "try and And It" Into "try to And It" there Is an Instant lose of force. Why7 Uecauee "try to flnil It" refers only to a pur pose which Is antecedent to the trying, and which may nver be fulfilled, while "try and And It" contemplates the flndlnj as the sure resiiit of the trying, which may there fore be added to It as an accomplished fact, Instead of being equivalent to an Infinite the "and," with Its following verb, Is more nearly equal to a future tense, "try and (you will) And It." Hence this -Idiom has a conciitlvenets to be sttalned by no other form of expression. Still I have a particular reverence for Bible Kngllsh. Perhaps this may gtamp me as old fashioned, but It may serve some purpose to point out that the King James version of the Hlble was translated by forty-seven eminent echolars, and that the different books were not all translated by the nAnie men. Yet we tlnd In John I.. 3J; "They a!d unto Him, Ilabbl. where dwellest Thou? lie said unto them, (lo and see." Mark i 3S : "He salth unto them how many loav:s have ye" (Jo HtM see." In Matthew xl., 4; "Co and show John again those things which ye do hear and see." A-nong the men w .o translated the (Joepels, the Arts nnd Revelation were the Archbishop of Can'erbury. 'he HHiop of Winchester, the Desn of Windsor, tho Warden of Merton College. Oxford ; tho teglus professor of Oreek at Oxford, the reglus piofiejeor of Creek at vMnonester Cotlege and the warden of that .nstltu tlon. It Is Inconceivable Oiat all these men should perpetrate the i.am "error," as Mr. Durell calls it, nit the same time In tho different books In which the idiom is used. The fact remains that speech came first and the grammarian after, and he has been after It ever since. When the grammarian has an aversion to an Idio matic form, as many have to the much abused (pllt Infinitive, be Invariably em balms It and under some inspiring hoping that there It may forever after "reet 111 peace." Dn. Stntax. Nbw YortK, December 23 77; ort: markets. I'lea for Their Retention In the inter, est of Reasonable I'rlees, To Tit): Knrron or The St s Sir: I should like to register a protest against the present attempt to abolish the open markets at HMh street ami lift-nlnth strert- It seems to be admitted gtner.itiy that their existence has reduced by a large percentage the price of foodstuffs In nil sections of Manhattan, yet we are told that because they nff-ot the profits of :he xmai store keeper they are Illegal and will havo to go Tins point of view ! Interesting Ap parently the profits of the few mliid!. nu n are to be cinsldered nf moro Importance than the general welfare of tho people as a whole Have not the middlemen insisted In the pa' that they have supplied a real service in 'lie distribution of ruppllrs? Obvlousb It Is not much of a service If grotesque tcchn.i-al.tles of the law havo to be Invoked to maintain It contrary "o the wishes of the public. I for one want to see the public markets continued There Is nothing e.tt aonll niry about tho Idea, for evcr cltv in Eu rope lias one I firmly believe that I am only expressing the wishes of thousands of people In Ihe city, and If the pies. tu at tempt to abollhh the markets Is successful I am even more (Irmly convinced that the votors will register on emphatic protest against the activities of those responsible for it. Our first logical attempt to reduce tho cst of living han been sucerssftil. We have furnished a place wheie the people can get fresh vegetables and clean meat at reasonable prices. Shall we In- com pelted to give this up heenut-o of the mis directed energlee of n few ehort sighted politicians EniTit MeVicKan, Nrw Yoiik, December "1 Christum, nrafltuile (o (;ermnn. To Til c Editor or Tiik Scn .vfr.- In the midst of this persistent vilification of everything Herman, the Kaiser, the t,ov eminent, the army, the professors, the mode nf thinking, may I point out that there Is one Herman practice which we should be very loath to relinquish . 1 mean that of the Christinas tree. This charm ing custom, so deeply tooted In the poetic fancy of tho Germanic, people, was ln i. dueed Into England by tho late I'r.nce CotiBOrt. and having received the seal of English approval, soon p.iesed over to America, where It has remained ever since to the pleasure of all concerned. This will be a tragic Christinas for the Inhabitants of the fatherland, but 1 doubt not that trees, large Hnd email, will be lighted ns usual In every houtehold, even If countless beloved faces aro absent from the family circles. Can we not, at least on Christina Eve, give a grateful thought to tho nation which has added o much to the Jo.vs of childhood, by Its fairy tales. Its Santa Clau and It Christmas trees? Clark Hvkhdict, Nrw YonK, December 24. Tn Men nf liond Will. 'reni thr Christmnn Columhhul r.liirla In altle-dmt Deo, et In terra pax homlnlbus honie voluntatis ,-alnt l.uhr. 1 . 11 The warriors crash from land tr Innd, The cannon crush the living epirk, Nor Inve nor fear can slay the hand Thst drowns the sailor In the d.srk. The shepherd cannnt watch hla sheep. (The shepherd, Lord, on dear to Hieei, Who, when llin world was lust In sleep, Untied the fair star that et us free. The shepherd cannot tend his nock, The funnel- In his barren flebls Sees birds of prey thai feed and mork: Ills orchard leaden apples leble The children call their fulher's name, (ill this the KlxdileKl of m II dnvs The cull In h lu 1 In lire ami Mains The sun sends forth Us Morning rs The mother puts her boy's gift by, On enrtb thnt child In here no more, Ills kls her tears will never diy, Ills fool will never touch her door. The Chrlslnuie dawn was of nil bonis The hupplesl In (lod's urent world -- Fr'Mit beaen fall death de.illng ebowers, Dssth nd despair ale downward hurled, Men euid. "The woild l put tried U silence .mil the newer way Which knows not I'hrlet"; their prnul lips We war. snd It Is Christians Day' O ("hllit the Lord, Thou Prince or IVrt-e, Our wills have wrniiKht this evil work rhanne Thou our herle, nnd thus shall cense The hates thnt kill, the lusts that lurk Mai' sir Fianci Bi)ah, CoriNHt'HS, 111, 8AXTA ChAVS. Illocrnphteal Nolo of the World's fircktost figure. To nir Koitor or Tits Sun Sir: At thla eeaaon of tho year the nutation l orten asked -whero the name or sania Claus originated, who Santa Claus tva. where ho came from, Ar. Though several exnlanallons now and then havo appeared In the papers I have never yet seen the right explanation In any paper in inn country. Hero it Is: Krom 1S68 to 1648 there wae an eighty year war between Holland and Spain. During those years thousands ot Spanish sold I cm roamed over Holland ana it was not more man natural that eoveral Spanish legends were spread among the Holland people. One of them was the legend of the Spanish HIhop St. Nicholas. It was told that this Blnliop had had a very benevolent nature, worked always among the poor, had a great lovo for children and took a great deliglit to give presents to them, especially In some surprising or unexpected vfay. The legend, with many other details, made a deep Im pression on the Holland rural population and moro ho on the children, and by degrees thero developed the feast of 8t. Nicholas on tho alleged birthday of the saint, tho fith of December of each year. Now the Spanish word for saint Is sanle. so It was the fcat of Santa Nicholas. Hut as In this country we call .lame for short Jim, or William affectionately mil. so In Holland anybody by the name of Nicholas 1 called Klaae, and It became, therefore, the custom to call the 6th of De cember the fenet of Santa lilaas. Tills fcaet on thl date Is etlll at present the great chil dren's feast. The children are told that on December " a big ship filled with toya comes from Spain and when It arrives in Holland tho Spanish Ulahcp Santa Klaaa, dressed In his scarlet robe and his mitre on hla head, stands on the front of the ship, accompanied by a black Moorish boy. When the ship Is moored and the toys are unloaded Santa Klaos nnd his black boy land, they mount the big black horse nnd the black pony they brought with them from Spain, nnd they drive, loaded with toys, through city, town snd country. During the night the horses ciimo on the houses and the black boy goes down the chimney, leave toys for the good children and rods for tho naughty ones. Now I have to go back for a moment to true history again. Out of the eighty year struggle against Spain arose the mighty Holland republic. Holland sailors navigated the seas of the then known and unknown parts of the world. New lands were discovered nnd taken posse, slon of. This was especially so In the Hast Indies. Australia (then called New Holland), New Zealand, Java, Horneo, Sumatra nnd numerous other iitlands came under the Holland flag. The trado with these colonies was enormous and the Holland Kast India Company, which con trolled this trade, transported untold rlchis from the newly discovered lands to Holland. On thefr trip home the ships bad to pass the seas of f pain and Portu gal. They often suffered enormous losses thiough pirate lleets of these countries. It was for this reason that the Bast India Company decided to send expedi tions to the north to nhd a new passage through the Arctic Sea to the Kast. Not withstanding several efforts they failed and it was teft to Nordenskjold to ac complish this feat more than two cen turies later Hut during these efforts It happened more than once that Holland allor. through shipwrecks or otherwise, landi d on tho Norwegian coast and were forced to remain there during the long dreary winter. Legends from Holland were thus brought to Norway, and so l was with the legend of Santa Klaas. It took hold of the Norwegian people. The llrst thing that happened w.ib a slight .-h'tni". If. til. t.n, T), nit-.a Klaas is in Norwegian Claus, so It be. came the feast of San'a Claus. Hut this was not all. Though the eighty year war was fought by .Holland to fre themselves luuhiii i, . i luii. urn in ire- uieinsni v.s Irom the persecution of the Roman Cath - ode church and Its Spaniel, Inquisition. iiini Hill ilijt'l l HI ilile V.HHnl IOP , s .t., .,! .Inniet .-nU their children" feast a bishop lu bis , ''" " 10r mn"ra 1 th'U ,.tUf nl clerical Catholic attire. It was different ' T "V"', ,,u nl '' " "J " ,"' , it, Norway. Norway was the I'roteatant ,ls , l" "" i , 1 "JY, country par excellence. the teachers. Pereoiinlb akf Tim Norwegian robbed the good nubile trial a I foil that the p w.. Hlshop of ids clerical robe and his mUrJ entitled to IW W I f ', ?'"", and dressl Santa Claus. according to 'of ? thlnK ' f,r,f the custom of their own country? In Th" will never be no tber w fur lined coat, trousers nd cap. but u' charged from the public school ' io. , i.,v., i... '-.,. J;.Vnrk for the hear ng of a ih.ld ir iriiiainnirii; unit inw ni.fiiCL i'Ur ui the Ilishop's rob was preserved In the new attire. Instead of the Spanish horses the new Santa Claus appeared In the conveyance particular to the country, n sleigh drawn by reindeers. The feature of letting the preecnts go through the chimney was preserved. The Hlshop's dny, December 6, was not Protestant enough. So that date was changed to Christmas or Yulellde. The Moorish Iwy was lost In the change nnd Instead the tlr tree, particular to the country, was added, In this sfnvrse Santa Hans travelled thiough Den mark to (lemtaiiy and from there to England and tho I'nlted States. So Jt Is clear that tho original Santa Claus was the Spanish Rlshop St. Nlrholas, that the feast of Santa Klaa-s originated In Holland nnd that Holland is the only country where It Is stilt preserved with nil its original features. In his travels through different coun tries thn patron saint has lout nearly all his characteristic. Only the Spanish pfellx Santa, the ewirlct color of til" Rlshop'a robe nnd the distribution of presents through the chimney are the original features left over, liut nobody who looks now at H inta .Claus will rcc ognlzo anything of The face, dices and other features of the good old Spanish Hlshop, thn original Santa Claus, as we tlnd him in many old Holland pictures. Tcmpoia mutnntur et no mutamur In ilUs. Dr. S, pe jAOin. I'ATfir.soN. N. J., December 10. Ilnsslan's I'rajer for Ills Horse. from Country lite. The tlusduns .ire in the habit ef uslni the following prayer for their horses before solng Into action: "And for these also, o Iird, the humble besets who with us besr Ihe burden and heat of the dm. and offer their aullsdeea lives for the well helnc of their countries, we supplicate Tb treat tenderness of heart, for Thou has promised to es both man and beast, and great Is Thy loving kindness, O XHster, Mavlour of the world. Lord have merc." Those also who have travelled over imi of the wide spaces nf Hussla and Siberia will appreciate Uie simple truet shown In It, for Tlusslsns have often to face dancers alone on horseback in their great country even In llmea or peace, lone Terms of rennstlianla Senators. Pram the Philadelphia Utcnrd, .1 Donald Cameron, at the ripe age of 111 e.ir, Is sllll enjnylnt; comparatively Boo health on Ills ancestral estate at Donegal "Don" Cameron served twenty year In the Pulled Slates Senate, serving two j ears nf the iinenplred term of his father, nnd was electeil to three full terms of eU years. That so inr constitutes ine record for long ser Men la ths l-ruaie Irom this M il-, Hut If Senator Penrose ahall complete the term for which he baa Just been elected he will hive had continuous service of twenty-four years, wnirn win pe ine longest In the lit ears of the Federal history of this Stat. To a Warring Nation. The moon of chango lunge in a clouded sky Above the baying hounds of right and wrong i Across the road the uncertain shadow lie. Tea, and the road 1 long! Reyond the twilight of the many yearn Hackward It reaches to primeval night: Oh, leave ths past to darknemi and lis tears, Press forward to the light ! So shall thine ancient enemies despair, Who plot against thine honor wnd thy name i And princes of the power of the air Shall bear thin orlfiamme! M. B. BuHLia. MISS RODMAN WANTS JOB TO REPLACE LOSS Stisponrtprt Tcnclipr in LnnT; fnr Tost. That, Will Tfiy .1 ..'too In Ton MontK SHE MAY WHITE IM,YS "1 am going out at nnee tn bun t a Job," said Miss Henrietta rtoiln.in night when asked what she won il nv t , that she has been banished from lis public schools until the flist or vt S p tember. "Of course," she added, I ,An remain In the New York e.iionls, it,, Is my real place, but In the me.in' i i must find something to do t-, n.,i-e for the loss of ten months sil.vv it Is rather hard to say Jut wha' i , do probably no private schools ny.t consider a. teacher with the etigns if 'gross misconduct' attached to h-r nme When It was suggested thnt she mtv try some of the colleges or thr erttic,. tlonal Irrstltllttone Miss Hodman smt.M vaguely and aold: "It hns alwa's b"ri my ambition to write plays. "We cannot be absolutely sure the next step In my case will be," snu MJss Hodman, "hut I think 1 sh.Vl spyly for reinstatement after the first ef Janu ary, when eight members ot the Heart of Education go out and eight new eni come In. Of course, I have r.ot the vaguest idea that they will reinstate me, but I ahall give the new member chance to ay whether they think ths writing of a Jocular letter comes umlt the term of 'gross misconduct." Appeal If JsVtt Bonrrt Won't Ao. "If they decide the caee unfaverib'.; 1 shall appeal the ease to Commissioner rinlev, and It he decides against nv to the Supreme Court. As a last resort. In css the Supreme Court falls me, 1 shall ip peal to the Court of Appeals. We, : a not leave a stone unturned, for I feel that my loss of salary, tho stigma, thst baa bten attached to my name ar.a tr. vre trratment I have received at ths hands ot the board are nothing s cim- pared to the erreci or in:s aecis.on en the 20,000 other teachers In the public school. If my lack of eou.-teuy and Jf ment In writing the letter can b terirei gross misconduct.' then there s no pro tectlon for any teacher, mid fie ItnaM of Education would be ablo to susp'til a teacher for iHiythlng. A It l, teacher can be charged with neglect duty after one day' absence." Mls Rodman has sent her fnur.-evr old adopted daughter to the e.ount-y to await better dyn for the teacher n N York. "I consldtr the danger In the aa!- -a-of the public schools mote or a rnenacs than the same syrtem can poes i ' In anv other of the city dcp.ir' said Miss Rodman, "for it nfff'.- " children and the generation to come Rm can we b" expected to educate tie N' Tori; children on democratic pnclp'-s when wo ourselves nre ruled under a nv' severe nuiocracj 7 Doesn't fnr Trlnl Wsis I nfnlr. do not say that my trial e .., ,i-. ,.. unf ilr It lias I:' :, ';,,. , ,.. i,.r,i tn iw,id "i '7n 1 f ,Pr0," f f1 , 'it our - ---- - - trial and suspension have gained r else I feel that public opinion is nr surely on Die side of tho teaeher--n e What happened in the meet r u committee when Miss Rodman w.i- ' butt Tuesday Is still moro or tes i secrot, but n prominent membe- o' ,v committee said that Mrs Nort - attorney for Miss Rodman, hnd nt s-1 to the boanl written ou1 Jl refused to sign It. Thence the na ' -- of otdnion between Mies R d i-v woman lawyer and her dpcsle- s e iltlbert E. Roe. .Tncoh llerns't iri r Mrs Krank Cothran ns her law vers I consider the punlshmer vere," said Sirs, vjarrie napi. n -and think Mlwi Rodman ehoTd onr have received a lighter sert-ree e - completely discharged." 'The penalty was too rreat 'e- crime," said Miss Montague of ( i . h hut Miss Mary Osrrett l la nrr i - the Woman Suffrage partv. .a d was very Impertinent snd she c 1er the Roanl of Education w.v ins- -ie -its decision. Miss Rodman's new Job nui' tri i? for tho lose of J1.S00, her ss'i M- 'e month. WOULD STOP B. R. T. CROWDING .Indue lis Inn AUi C.rend .Inrr ro .Make In Yretlsrntlon. County .ludge John F. Hvl.m T"c- lyn yesterday called tho attenfn- e' ij" Grand Jury to what hn des -"' ' " "disgraceful and mincers r - 1 ing" of the cars of the Rreol 1 Transit sjstem, which seemed o ' a violation of the penal law He said the R. Tl T I to-daN ' c fewer cars on all lines t''an 'in Publlo Service Commission came ev istence, although carrying buetres- thousands more passengers ".1" time. "It swine were crowded Inn '"e he said, "a people are t'e r,. Health would have taken ail fore thl. It i a common o- . see from ISO to 200 persons o.v n elevated car Cilrl of te- e crowded against men in a m-1-' d fill manner. "There may be some rr ise ' overcrowding during the ,s there can be no possible ecuse f, being crowded In the cars j of the day or night "This condition, it een within section III of tic r section 1530 of Ihe Pcnil I " sUlntes n mlMlcmctno- Judge Dylan iiioU-il ' support of his contention attention to the f.illuie ef ' put the Kourth avenue ,' tlon, although pr.uie aii nearly two yens "I believe," ho wild, "it ' ' Citand Jury to make a m " tlon of these conditio!. s, .u i being violated to bring t! v sponsible for such riolatl" i" their actions. District vh e Cropsey will, 1 know, as any Investigation ou dec Justice should be done to a" corpui.it ion," Judge Dylan advised t" 1 representatives of the v.iii "' izntlons, the Health ('mil' u Public Service Cnmml,-.oii'te had llnlshod Oeorge 11 Hi ' the Orand Juiy, h.ild "Wr " matter our Imnicdlnto alle- Honor." 'ki' Governor Delegate npi " Supt, Walter I.. Sear of ' Employment Hureiu was ai ' terday by Gov. Glynn as . the unemployment conveido Thln on IvfoudHy nnd Tucs i Bear will read n paper on e bureau.