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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, January 22, 1915, Image 1

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Filr in-HftV! Know fo-mnrrnvm ma etc rata
if'' north winds.
Detailed weather, mail and marine, reports will bo
found on page 1 J.
VOL. LXXXII. NC . 144.
NEW YORK, FRIDAY, JANUARY 22, 1915. CopriffM, 116, by the Bun Vrinling ami PuUHMno W.ocldllo.i.
t'r;i' Democratization of In
iiibtr Tor (iixid of
Kieli and Poor.
(i iiippuhi'lm. president of the
n, Smelt. n anil Rerlnlng Com
I'ii td Sts.'es I'onmilpsloti
.1 t ,.ii Relations elrrda that he
I ii trior lews, greater rosponnlblt-
..n 1
n for d Mtom mill tne general ctiucuiivn
f . tf. in thrift. Ht1i lie ami Georgo
W V r who also tcstlllcd. faiorod
(r( i ,i of a 1'edernl council to con
.id i mill Industrial problems.
Mr I i i ..inn said that h'- didn't ,nk' aV
tock l- ;he idea that present Industrial
i,r i ' are llle ln absentee ownership
. t i ....... i ,r ilif-fw
of in- .1 . rs. or m piiimi .,...-,
,-oneemratlm of capital.
. ...!. i
.r oi 'vol prpeii coniiiiiii'is . ... - ..-
-i.l cbi tn the defeet.i and Improper Imvo t-en obtained.
4ttn :. -:i.it...n of Federal Um 1 Home, Jr.n. 22 There wim a plight
T i, , s, i.tiiiietitu were echoed in tho earth(UnUe phock at Avezzano thl after
tiU. i 'i' f K.Uvnrd I. llirwlml of th I noon, which wan also fell In this city,
km.: i ('""I Minim; Company,)
ho nai l 1 1 it lenipl.ition hap done an much
as an h' lo iiroiluce tuclal unrest. He
.... , ,1 al wlf.ne IrtWB If they ar.' ,
'rimed and are rlffldly enforced
ire enacUd. v
.ftfr th.
John !.. Jr.i Inlerenlfil, (
O' ? ' tli.ipe who llptclied to a iart of.
:), i t. M,r-i rlen eterday wa John
D I: ' i i, i.r, Jr.. who will be a wltncsH ,
hi- ... V)'. T"re than :en feet from him 1
st M ' ' Join, the rtrlke aRitntor.
Mr Ii' fei'i r paid he wnuld have liked
to hjv, . ird more but that his bUHlness
ftie.ii: t.i'oi hud kept lilm away. .
M: TJhP' nhelm began by giving a ''"fc ,
of t .e .c.'imr.i'lons In which ho Is a ell- Jtraw. Wth Ave jirlsonprp, and with a
xre H -aid thnt as a rule the directors thrilling tale of adventures Incurred In
,n .i.pp ,.i,.oiations nre men who have ril, Gf n rendezvous of what the Inspec
e:own r- i the business and who con-1 ,or i,i,.veK were combined automobllo
lequinilv in sympathetic touch with 1
litwr e .ndi'ions. In tlio American t-melt-I
me :.nd Iteilnlnc Comnany there is a
rornm !'( on labor, he said, the duty of I
wh.ch f u visit tho various plants regu- I
lir.y .i'i.l to keep the full board Informed
of labor undltlons. He said that until
mo yjrs ago he had made a practice
of impeding all tho plants himself.
To what extent do you believe tne
Jiriit ei of your eorporatlo'h are rv
nit.jle for labor conditions?"
"The directors are absolutely rtsimnsl-
o;e i. ti n a year hko nro ui '",
tactoiv situation arose we endeaiortrl to
Hike i-iiiiiovementp. We found that ninny'
tnlr.s c.iglit to have bun done Ions bi- ,
,:,J I toid my associates that we
..... . .run end n Imnlm-ss ptandiioint
Thu u, iled to the executive ommlttee
lull.. ..... - -. ,
..a i cuc-ireHteri tnut we k.i an
?.t an
ts,,v wao would know Just how to ban-
, .i.i,.
d. t.us. pioblems.
"We engaged Dr. C. P. Nell, former
Ccmn s..mei of Labor He began a '
,.r n,ne nrnhlems nnrl nas recently!
hem.nt sMteiii and oflier '
reco'ntii, nded
.. ... .u. '
mings We are m sympathy with this
k.na ..f w..'k. He will be vcr) glad lo
. me ... fore the commission und explain ,
jusi w nt h!s projects are." ,
"Wii.it Is your attitude toward com-
tntumn m.i
"In a 1 Stales whero they nave oeen
I passed and wnere wo nave in
I' have adopted them because we
If tvri We never oppoecd t
arire'ii nor that of any legl&latl
7 i -. o ii business."
I ' - .I.n ,
passed and where we have p.ants wo
because we ueueve
their en-
leglblatlon. That
"If were couvlncul that tno condl
t..n- .. oui plains were such that your
. rpln.n couldn't make enough money
o n i' 'h to 11V0 lleceir.iy. or liui men
'.:i o, henlth was ctidaiigernl. what
.iul-i "" doT'
"1 would bring the matter to the at
iii tin i . f -.he execu.He commltUe and
ua. -nh r. commendations as would re
.e iiit pituatlon, and If my sugpes-
ti i.- .ii- nut carried out 1 wotini qmi i
Mr liugg, nhelm sain ne nio nui man
5 mat . w ige rate in the I'erth Ainnoy
1 ! .:t .is before the strike of U'12. but
1 u- , . id that he sent Wlllard 11 Lewis
I n,r. i i InM-stlgato the matterand that
L Pr, id. nt Wilson, then Goenior of New
Ji'm ,iiso sent an Investigator. I he
io..n n representative be paid, after
iw.r.i , m a letter commending the attl
t icw ,. -.!.e company toward Its em-
hiforiiintlon nl I'lrst Itniiil.
'.'i t'a: time did your Investigator talk
n' t ie laborers themselves ot did he get
al' h Information from the foremen and I
upe'inie'ideiitV" !
"11. ,l,l, .tin Ifil.rtrers 1 sn
lnstrurti.,1 hlin, and I iccall that on one
""""I' h" skHl three of them what th
of them gave a different reply. They!'
dult i n. em to know what they wanted
II nv do you explain th frequency of
eiHkrs at Perth Amboy?"
"1 dnn t think they oro very frequent.
I sVoi'dn't call one strike a year fro
inert especially when von consider con
ditions the high cost of living and other
'h:i na that make men discontented. I
on i blame the workers for bolng dls
"WtiRt In your attitude toward labor
A tir'f.ru'"
"1 Uvor labor unions, because union-
im sometimes helps the workers in ills
put.s with capital, and capital sometimes
re's very arbitrary. Labor has a perfect
ngh- t0 nrranlze. and we have never
ifu'j 'o stop our men from forming unions,
ear do ne object to the organizers If they
ear'.- n ti,r work outsldo our giounds.
" ui la discriminated against because
"e is u union "
' von think Industrial discontent Is
sing or decreasing?"
' i nil U l increasing and that It will
" ' ise unl I something Is done to stop
' 1 is due chletly to tho high cost of
1 ' nui lo envy. Tho greatest canker
" world is i he canker of envy, and as
the iimi.fr realizes how much thcro Is lo
'' io d pcontent will Increape. The
" l es partly In the awakening of
: -overs who mo beginning to real-
' gallons and that It should no
' 'icir policy to grind men down
-t wage
"' nu ne
Capital . becoming!
1 r ' 'it w are getting belter laws,
.h the p can he too much iesli-
Cinfinuod on 2n(ril rage,
Bryan Agent Slain
by Villa, Is Report
(icoi'c C. Carothers Killed for
I'art in Iturbido's Escape,
El I'nso Hears.
I'l. P.iao, Jan. 21. A report reached
hero this afternoon that (Jen. Villa, had
shot anil killed George O. Curothors,
representative of tho American State
Department. This rumor could not be
ullli tally verified.
Hobcrto '. I'dsquplrn. former Car-runr-t
representative at Washington,
who Ih In El Piwo, said ho flad heard the
report, but did not s-ay whero It came
from. It has been rumored for some
limn that Villa wad much Incensed at
Uni-othcrs, formerly hi warm friend, be-i-uuse
of the defence Carothers made of
the action of Louis Oanova, another rep
resentntlvo of Mr. Ilryein, In helping to
Ret tlen. lturblde out of Mexico city.
SeUimmrniiliK I mllt'titi Ilnrtliitinlr
anil Miles From I'll)-,
Special Cable lepatctiei lo Tnr, See.
llt'iiAi-HKT, Jan 22. A violent earth
quake shock was recorded here at 8
o'clock thin morning. The disturbance up-
...iifiul In t.n flf.n ttillrn ftU'llV. Nn itottlllM
'an rot anil Dcti'ctivos Kind
nuns. I'ifl.v Doji-s and Stolen
Auto on Old Farm.
i lnMievtor P.iurot and four detectives
returncil early this morning from Haver
thieves, safe blowers, post office robbers j
am) elr)T1B arm ex-convlcts
TV,.. fei man -lin Wtr
locked up at '
, , ,, w- i.wt before I o'clock !
t,JH murnlng, three of them charged with i
automobile theft, were confered and cap-j
tured after a series of skirmishes in an
olu country nomesie.ui one nmu
ntry homesteaa J
raw on a road that connects tho
oad with the lloston Post road.
uhnrA roil
Word had reached the Inspector earner
in the day that this place harbored auto -
mobile thieves who had oerated 'n ew
, ner at.d State Automobile Inspectors Rot-
mri. mi in-iti.ii,
h.Jm a,i Urandell Inspector P.iurot left
j ae ,n th f,vrnimii In a machine buund
;o ek out the rendezvous.
It was dusk when they drew up in
r.i.nt r.r i nrL'n esruie. inp mum uunu
mm o. . " i.VJ 7,;... V rAV ,i I
....... ..... ,
In a grove Two men on tho lawn ran
... iiieir iiiiiriML' i. 1 auiu. uuu ,..s ;
at their approach, j-'aurot unu nis men
ied shots after tiicm and brought them'btgged her for a divorce she said of him
iii ti nsii. i ne were tuHen uuu in. i
bateim-nt or tne nouse tor searcninK.
There Kaurot recognized theji as James
Henry, known as the M,-k. or Monk
Wallace. sld to be an cx-convlct, and
Joe I'.uterpon, known as Hungarian Joe.
As these two nvtl were coverts! two
diteotlvcs nude a complete search of the
grounds They came back with several
",!;-0 S.tol-aw.I a quantity of what
th thought was nltrogl)cerltie, ns well
(H , r,ul( ntlty of gunpowder. Tho' also
re1K)rleii the rinding of quantities if nuto-
mol)ue t.res and accessories. In one wing
were doc kennels whlcn noiuseu ntiy oiooa-
hounds and bulldogs.
A count was being taken of theso things
when tbero came a knock at the rear door
and in walkod an aged man at onco rec
ognized, said Faurot, ns-Jack Shepard,
who Is said to have served more time in
prison than any other man in tno hiaio.
ovJp -0 ,,u wag adlie t
,PC,lon aml wlth the other two w
io me col
lection and with the other two was Donned
for complicity In una men ot an automo
bile they had Just found In the barn at
tho rear.
This machlno was a new one stolen last
August from K. W'clnlander of D01 Ocean
avenue, Brooklyn, as It stood on Surf
avenue. Coney Island. In It last night
hiimlars' tools.
. . . .. iiuKarlan Joe asked per-
' nilslon to feed the dogs and turn them
' loose. He was allowed to do this, but
the delicti ves soon had more than their
I lunula full nrotectlng themselves from
tho savage animals. Detective Meyers
wns liltten in tho teg nnd alto fell Into a
ban el of gasolene Two men passing tho
house as tho police wore leaving who
seemed to know the prisoners were also
In the loot recovered were many books
of postage stamps and four fifty dollar
' n Wondrrfol," Sn, .llrs, Stotrahury
f. ,.rmoii ln ,i,Iie Home,
Piiiladrlpiiia, Jan. 21. Billy Sunday
told a large audience In the residence of.
Mr and Mrs. A. J. Drexel maaie, 2iu
Walnut street, to-day that tho only time
. a .,m. .hl.ilr of
a gooo mini limn anu v......
I. u-nen '-The hearse backs UD to
their horrt" nnd "a lot of empty cnairs
I remind them ot Jesus Christ
Men and women whose names are
conspicuous In the Social Register oc
cupied tho rows of chairs ranged In
parlor, hallway and dining room.
"I think Mr. Sunday Is wonderful, won
derful." declared Mrs U. T. Stoteabury
, at the conclusion of tint sermon. "Ills
I words Impress one with he Immensity of
their meaning. I have asked him to do
n'o the honor to speak In my home.
"I am going to hear him In tint Taber
nacle. I have hesitated about It, but
now 1 realize that I simply must see
hlni win others to his cause and watch
the display of his great power. He has
done great good for me.1
Miileivlde Prohibition Mill Is Intro
duced In Ihr Senate,
Ai.iiA.NT. Jan. 21. A prohibition bill
which would result In making New York
State "dry" was Introduced by Senator
Wilson of Onlnrlo. It prohibits the manu-
I ; . .......
aeture or au. ot intoxlCat n . .mora ; m
ii'iii. nieuniinicui or sai-i aiinuiiiHi iiuroostsi.
thn State except for medicinal, oticm
UiuIbi llii bll' ll.-,ucr cauld be soli only
in the written prescription of a physician
or administered by a physlolan in portion,
in ii hull. The were taken into tneijcaln icsterd.iy:
Lawyer's Arrest Follows In
dictment and Bail Is
Fixed at $7,500.
Ixrly Kttoii noprrn, lawyer mil former
actor, who nit'.ntalned IiIm clilldlesfi wlfo In
a luxurious apartment In Ulvernlde Drive
and the unwedded mother of Ida two chil
dren In a modest Mat In The Bronx, was
indicted and nrrepted )taterday under the
PX-oalled whlto slave act. Ho Is ch-irgtid
Npecltlcally In an Indictment of thr-i
conn's with havlns Indueed Mrs. Ida Wal
ters lloRers. who polMined hT two babies.
to live with him.
ltoxers, surprised by tho Indictment mil
for a tlnlo thrown off the remarkable
poise which ho has held since the traced)',
regained his comiosuro when orralpned
before Judge Olbbs In the llronx County
Court and held In J7..100 ball for trial.
His friends were worklnR valiantly last
evenlnK to obtain the necessary purely
for his release.
The Indictment was an unnerving hock
tn Honors, for it chaises a felony. He
had known for sonin time that District
Attorney Martin, who has been working
on thu capo ever since the tragedy. wa
trying tn have him Indicted. He had no
thought, however, thnt In any event tho
nceusntlon could bo anything more than
a misdemeanor.
Tho charge under the so-onllcd white
slave act was unexpected, but In 'the
opinion of Mr Martin and the full Clrand
Jury that law seems to be broad enough
to cover the c.to of a married man who
lives with a woman other than his wife,
I Columbia. The original bill permitted It
I.fkhI Wife Testifies. to be organized under the laws of any
The indictment of lingers followed the ! ' rj,.,nocr.llB Wi.r,. uliabIe ag!lln to
appearance of Mrs. Caroline Olddlngs ; ngree on tho bill as a wholo and the cau
Itogers, the legal wife, before the llronx ens will bo continued to-morrow night.
y Grand Jury. She furnished tho,
' , . , . n i... m,in
tlal facts regarding her man-logo
to Ito?ers and the lack of divorce neces-
sary to complete the case In tho eyes of .
the grand Jurors.
Tho nppearance of Mrs. Olddlngs Hogers
before the grand Jurors was perhaps ono
. .. , trying Incidents of her life,
sn wnB thoroughly averse to testifying. ,
" ,',.,. v,,h,.. whn -,, nncared
She trembled MsibI) when e he n Wtared
n the cornnors oi inn vuur. uu.
,,., R ort ot ,lllra Khc walked between,
I j.;mory R. Iiuckner. her attorney, and H. i
,, ,,,,.,,,. j... -enhew nn. lecal nil-
n ,
vlser. to tns urnnu jury room. i
Though she gave evidence that formed
., art 0f the Ulstrlct Attorney's ease she
Is none the less devoted to Rogers, as are
tho two other women whose hearts he
won. ucsime me iwi,n n.,n n.
that no no longer iovos ner mm one
acain sesieru.ij .
--.No matter wnat may n saio oi nr.
Rogers I believe he Is essentially a good '
Mrs. Ida Rogers, tho unhappy and now
motherlesv woman In Lebanon Hospital,
was overwhelmed when told of the arrest .
of Rogers.
He Is the truest, nnest man that ever
lived." she said as Abraham Levy, her
counsel, rat hy her bedside and Bought to , ference to-day that If the Democrats In
console her. 'He is honorable amr ho BWt u,)on the ,iractIco of taking rccesHes
did hnrm to anybody in all his
Klrst Wife- I.oynl Ton,
Likewise Mrs. Annie Roquemore Rogers,
tho first wife of Rogers, who divorced
l.lm ll.nl h. tlr.l.l m.r,v Mlaa fii mllm. I
Glddlngs, spoko with -tears in her eyei
of tho splendid character of Rogers.
"He Is the most honorable man In ths
world, He never did harm to anybody
and he Is In this plight to-day because
he would not tell a lie to any man or
woman," she said.
The almost unparalleled friendship of
the three women has been known tn
Rngers from the day of the tragedy.
Whatever may have been the stoiles be
told these three women prior to tho
tragedy he nt any rate has declined to
mako any statement since tho develop
ments brought the facts of his life Into
the public print, for on the way from
the hospital to court yesterday he said:
"I have not said nnythlng slnco this
affair happened. I shall go through to tho
end without opening my mouth."
Before his arrest Rogers had been un
der police surveillance for several days.
Ho was watched by orders of District
Attorney Martin, who, without giving any
hint to the public, had been gathering evi
dence under the statuto for days. Rogers
had spent a sleepless night, walking up
nnd down-tho corridors of the hospital or
Handing by the door of the ward In which
Mrs. Ida Rogers lay, eager to whisper a
word to her or get some gieetlng from
Thcro ne was yesterday, closely watched
by a patrolman who had orders to keep
Mm from the wnmin'i rrinnv when TlAtn-
tVe John J. McLaug'ilIn of the Fifth
branch nelecitvo tiureau arrived at the
hospital with a warrant issued as a
, r"""- '" "luiiinii miner
i ... "ISO. '
Startled hy rrrst.
Rogers, dressed In a dark, well (Utlng
suit, was pacing up and down tho corridor
He was btnrtled when ho s-tw McLaughlin
approach him, for he had seen the man
following him for days nnd was under
the Impression that McLaughlin was a
reporter. The detootlve Introduced him
self and showed his shield
"I hnve ,i beni-h warrant for your
arrest," said McLaughlin.
'Have I been Indicted?" asked Rogers,
his legal training manifesting Itself In
stlnctlvely. "Yes, the Grand Jury has found an
Indictment accusing you of a felony," w.n
the answer,
"Oh, no, It miiBt be a mlsdeme -.nor. It
could not havo been a felony." sa'd
Roarers, somewhat taken luck.
"No, It's under statute 24(10 nf tho
Penal Code," was the repl) Ropers
asKed ' io sen loo wttiiaiu. on f in mi
a bench as he lead It und was silent for
I n long lime, feverishly nibhlng M head
! with one tinnil una muttering t' nimseir,
' "It's tough, It s tough
1 He grew more haggard and worn -ook-
i 1 . nil. fns-illil tit T 1 1 A til
, "p T",, " "
. oi inn,,.'
where Mrs. Ma Rogers lay, nnd It seemed
. rnnmani as if he would break down.
ivi . - --- - - -- I
Continued on at Page, 1
Three Civilians to Be on
Board and Capital Lim
ited to $20,000,000.
Wabimnrtos', Jan. 21. The Democratic
members of the Senate In caucus to-night
began tho procesn of amending President
VIIoA'H ship purchase bill
Tho shipping board which Is to have
charge of the Government owned vessels
under the bill, as It came from tho White
House, was to be composed entirely of
Hovernmcnt ofllcluls the riecretary of tho
Treasury, the Secretary of Commerce and
the rostmaster-Uenernl.
Strong opposition developed to the
character of this boird, partly becauso'of
the belief that it would bo dominated by
Secretary McAdoo
The caucus adop'.id an amendment pro
viding that the shipping board should
consist of the Secretary of the Treasury
and the fc'pcrvtary of Commerce, together
with three civilians who have had ex
periiiice In the oveiveas trade.
l'resldent WIImjii up to this time h.ui
luslitid upon a board of Government olll
cats, but It Is understood that ho will
accept the Senate amendment beuuuso of
the probability that It may attract the
support of two or thiee Republican Pro
gressives who objected to the irlglnal
Cniilliil Slock Limited.
Tile caucus hImj adopted in amendment
limiting the capital Ptock which the Gov
rTnment owned shlpplrg corporation pholl
lsua to 20,li'i,0(iii The bill as orlkrt
naJly drawn did not tlx a limit.
An Hinenilment also was adopted pro-
lillng that thu cororat!oti should be char.
tered under the laws of the District of
"' "e lourtn auompi mo uomocrais
Imvii maile In caucus to reach an agree-
. im thl ,...,,,.... m,u,r
To-morrow nlcht thcro will ha n flsrlit
over the question whether tho Govern
ment uwntTPiiii iiaii is lo no 01 jiermaneni
or merely twnporary character.
In a last desperate ffort to block the
papsage of the ship purchase bill ltepub-
Hcuti Senators attended
raucus Cms
afternoon and decided to tight to prevent
,h 1,111 coming to a vote. Nearly twenty
s saltlvi .an JntijOeOivto
rlfbatP'the pending bill
Republican Senators came away from
the conference more determined than ever
i'revem me jsriiKe oi Hie 0111 aim iii-
,.,!.. .,... ..rt,1.l..... .xr t.Ann. KI tn
Homi) Democratic Senators said
afterwaid that the bill could not be passed
at this seppion In vUw of the new and
determined campaign to be waged by the
" A'1" ,7
..... "
e fruitH of the Ilepumican conference
were iiispinyeu in me ojien senaie laier
In the day. Senator Smoot moved
to au-
journ, wnicn whb rejecietl M to -a.
jmini. w m.-u mi. icjtvtni n m
Menaior ixjtigo gavo nonce inai no woum
address the Sennto to-morrow If possible,
Senator Cummins was also In waiting with
a speech. Senator Root announced that
on Saturday. January 23, he would mak'
some remarks.
IVnnlly for Recesses.
Thi T?an!iltMr.'mH fleclilerl In flieir mil.
from day to day Instead of adjourning
they will have to pay tho penalty of being
denied the right to lntroduco bills and
submit reports out of the'' order, which
can bo done only by unanimous consent
This Is tho Republican method of re
tallatlng against the Democratic move tt)
"ft debate through prolonging the
parliamentary day by recess Instead of
adjourning. Under this procedure the
Senate Is still doing business on tho lcgls
latlvc day of January ID.
Senator Shlvely was tho first Democrat
to feci the effect of the Republican re
allatlon. Hn tried to call up a report on
a pension bill nnd there was objection,
"What, Senator?" Inquired Slilvoly with
an Injured air that suggested ; "Who
dar stand In the way or the pension?'
"I do," replied Senator Smoot.
"Tho Senator from Utah objects." ob
served Mr. Shlvely for tho Conprcjsfonal
"I edilect ulso." Interposed Mr. Root.
"And tho Senator from New York ob
jects also," observed Mr. Shlvely gravely
lllrei-l Wire of 11,000 Miles llet-Teen
Const Is Opened.
flN Fhancisco, Jan. 81. This city
moved to-day lo within talking distance
ot New York.
By the completion of the new direct
overland telephone line between here nnd
Denver olllclala of the Pacific Telephone
Company were able to talk to olllclala of
I the New York company
1 The new line has been finished for a
I ,,...,!. .nnv.rMnilnn. 1,dvm h,i hia
but tho achievement will be celebrated
nexl Monday ny a lor nai opening oi me
San Franrlsco-New
York servl
. .. .....
Mayor Rolph will
speak with
It Hl.lU
Allies Drop Bombs
on Essen, Is Report
Several Houses in Krupp's Town
Reported Destroyed
by Fliers.
'fpennl Cnhle Dt'palch to Tub Spk.
London, Jan. 21. A despatch from
Rotterdam to tho Dnllv Mull says:
"A prlMitn telegram to tho Coiinint
fiom Ariihom, In Oeldorland, on the right
bank of the lower Rhine, sas aeiopluncs
of the Allies yesterday visited lsen,
where tho Krupp nrmamcnt works are, lo-cat-d.
Thu airmen dropped soma bombs,
destroying several house,
"I learn from Maastricht that tho Ger
mans, feailng reprisals for tho Zeppelin
raid on llngllsh towns, have ordered the
llL-bts extinguished In German towns, e.
peclally at Cologne, where extraordinary
precautions navo neen thii -sn.i u
taXa, and whero there Is u Zeppelin shed."
Britain Formally Says
Dacia Will Be Seized
Ship's Owners Declarp They
Will Send Her on the
Wasiii.noton, Jan. 21. l'ormal notice
was given to-night by tho Ilrltlsh Embassy
of the Intention of the Ilrltlsh Govern
ment to seize tho former German steam-
ship Dacia when she undertakes her con-.
templated voyage lo Huropcnn waters,
Tho owners of the Dncla have announced
that they Intend to send her out regard
less of the Ilrltlsh attitude.
The announcement by Sir Cecil Spring
Rice Is most emphatic In declaring that
the Ilrltlsh Government does not regard
the trnnsfcr of the Dacia as valid under
accepted principles of international law
The Ainbiidor' Hlnleineiit.
Here Is tho Ilrltlsh Ambassador's an
nouncement :
In connection with tho transfer of
the Dacia from the German to the
American flag, the ilrltlsh Govern
ment, while anxious to avoid causing
loss to the shippers of the cargo, have
found It Impossible to agree that the
transfer In th circumstances In which
It has been '.ITected Is valid In accord
at.co with the accented principles of
International law If therefore the
Dacia should proceed to sea and
should be captured, the Ilrltlsh Gov
ernment will llnd themselves obliged
to bring the ship (npart from tho
cargo) before the prize csurt.
It is stated that tho cargo of the
tinela is to consist solely ot cot'on
owned by American citizen. If this
Is so and If the vessel should be cap
tured the Hrltlsh Government will
guarantee either to purchase the cargo
at tho price which would havo been
realized by the shippers If the cargo
had reached Its foreign destination
or, If preferred, they will undertake
to forward the cotton to Rotterdam
without further expense to the ship
pers. While the State Department wns given
to understand several days ugo that the
Dacia would bo put Into a prlf.o court It
she nppcarcd tn European waters the Am
bassador's statement Is regarded as mak
Ing much more emphatic the attitude of
Great llrltaln In regard to the general
question of transKirrlng German ships to
American registry during tho war.
The Cotton Cargo,
The nrmness oi uie uruini,
gardlng the Dacia Is also accentuated by,
tnaalensilh.to which she Is prepared to go I
to prevent tno ownem of th., cstten on
The firmness of the Ilrltlsh position re-
JnttaUuivUefthslenBTlh.to which sho Is prepared to go
to prevent tno ownei w " .... --,
tho Dacia from suffering any loss.
It Is known that tno iiruisn i.otcrn- marine. Soon after tho war began sov
mini ilonn not consider that any spicl.il eral of tho men In mv nfllrn rnme itn mo
consideration In really owing to tho ship-
pers of the cotton, as it lanes tne view w-ils the moment to realize tho hopo for
that tho cotton people should havo looked an American merchant marine. Accord
before they leaped. J Ingly wo purchase.! two Hrltlsh nhlps. xne
Tho offer of the British Government re-. French ship nnd tho Dacia, the German
gardlng tho Dacla's cargo, together with' vessel."
the nctlon of the Government war risk Mr. Breltung would not disclose the
bureau here to-day In Insuring her cargo, , names of tho British and French ships
relieves the shippers irom an ineir anx-
lety regarding the $800,000 worth of cot-
The- CsrKn to llr Inanrcd.
This statement was Issued at
Treasury Department :
Tho Rureau of War Risk Insur
ance will grant Insurance on the cargo
of the steamship Dacia, from Galves
ton to Rotterdam, After careful con
sideration of the mnWer the conclu
sion was reached thsut upon the mer
its of the case the Insurance should
bo granted. It must be understood,
however, that this does not establish
Itcsitfiintinn Accepted ly Kaiser, Kaiser's Coutinprpiit. in New
but Ileninins Chief of Army Well Equipped With
General Staff. Sieize Artillery.
Special Cable Pe$mtclie$ lo Tna Pes
Amsterdam. Jan. 21. The .VorrMetifspie J
Allpemrtne Zeltunp, the German official
newspaper, announces that Gen. Krlch von
Falkenhayn. who succeeded Gen. von
Moltke as chief of the great General Staff,
has resigned as Minister of Wnr, and tliat'
the Kaiser has accepted the reslgnailJn,
and has appointed Gen. Wild von Hohen-,
horn to the post. '
Berlin, via Amsterdam, Jan. 21. The
Kaiser has seat tho following message
to Gen. von Falkcnhayt), who resigned
to-day as Minister of war:
"I ngreo with your reasons regarding
the appointment of a new War Minister
and relieve you according to your wish.
I l express my hearty acknowledgment or
, - - rlo. , ..... ,,nilr.,lnt
I Dost bv leaving you In your office of Chief
I - - ...
of tho General Staff and appointing you
Gi'lieral of Infantry,
i'. Vnlkenhavn was annolnted Mm-
ZhX to?,:rrngrnJU,!i..10 WnlSWA nrm5''
hTyeoun7esVma,reverl o'hohMha't'ofSce'. ' - ril Vlninthat the condl
l". " V.. si nt u ti.. t',A tlons In Servla necephated an extraor-
Hp had been almost continually on stuff
duty from the Umo he entered tho army
a 1 has been very little with the troops,
Ho Is essentially a Prussian .irlstocrat
".. . ., iii rnnneiiine eh:irL-.il
; t, .h riniv nf ediicntlna- tho Crown
Pr nee In military affairs.
... .".-.-I l,n L'nll..nl.n..., ...iiniml
in v.cim.i i ''"'"
.i..ia nf rh .r nr inn nennr i mihit
,..n,r,nr,irllv. It was said In Berlin, dur
ing the Incapacitation of Oen. von Moltk
by Illness. Only a few days ago news
papers published what purported to be
an Interview with him In which he said
that more of such an offensive as the
Allies are pressing now "can only bo
welcome to us."
The German "Wer Ist's" savs that Gen.
Ivnn Ilohenborii Is Director of the Imperial
War Department nno rommaniier oi ine
Queen Kllzaboth Regiment of Orcnndler
Guards No, 3.
A few days ago It was announced that
he had been appointed quartermaster
General of the German army, succeeding
Gen. von Volgts-Rlu'tz, who died In No
cmtcr. Yon Hohenborn was a Major
Gencrul of Cavalry,
Edward N. Brcitung.
Owner of tho Dacin, who says she
will sail.
a precedent and that each case of jl
similar character that "may arlso must
bo Judged upon Its merits.
Tho nctlon of tho War Risk Insurance.
Ilureau here is contrary to the bureau's
ruling -two weeks ago, when Insurance on
tho Dacla's cargo was first applied for.
IlrrlluiiK Snys lie Also llonitbt
French null Tim Ilrltlsh Ships.
Hdward N. Breltung last night set at
rest all doubts concerning the sailing of
the stwimslilp Dacia and made the drat
publ.c announcement that his company
had bousht ono French and two Ilrltlsh
ships In addition to Uie German steamor
The Dacia," said Mr. Broltune, "will
snll from Galveston to-morrow. The port
of call will be Rotterdam Instead ot
Bremen as was originally planned be
cause of the request wo received from
the United States Government. I km
very sorry to hear that the British Gov
ernment will seize the ship It doesn't
seem right to me."
Whon he wns asked as to what action
his company would take In event of tho
seizure Mr. Breltung pleaded Ignorance
of the legal procedure In such cases, hut
said decidedly, "We will at once demand
the return of tho ship through the United
States Government. Just what other ac
tion will ho taken I Am unnhle. tn r.ia. hot
our oounsol will take care of that."
ur counsel
"The Idea
not mino ln
nieltuiis,, "
ea of purchasing the Dacia was
not rnino ln tho first place," continued Mr.
,,iuih, (nOuni. . ,,a.v M.VAys n.vx.
, Vi,ry Interested in na American merchant
with the suggestion that this of all times
J The Intimation throughout the Inter-
i view was mat me seizure or the uacla ny
tne nrltisn authorities would bo a serious
blow to the plans of the company and
that the acquisition of the four foreign
ships was meant tin the nucleus for a
large Meet of American merchantmen.
Dneln Is I.onileil nnd Ilrndy tn Snll.
Galveston, Tex., Jan. 21. No sailing
orders for the Dacia havo been received
by her local agents. She Is loaded and
ready to sail. Orders are expected mo
mentarily. Sho will probably clear to
morrow morning.
Special Cable ftetpatch to Tns Srv
1-oNnoN, Jan. 21. The Bucharest corre-
i spondent of the Times telegraphs that the
German contingent In the now army
formed to Invade Servltv Is paid there to
number 80,000 men, well equipped with
sligo artillery.
Selection lo Hcml Srrrlnn In-nilliiK
Army Well Received.
Ht,nA,.KBT. j,,n i A new Austrn
! Hungarian army Is preparing lo Invade
Soma. The reverses of a few weeks ago
v .IK
,.,., t nf the special invintlgiitlon Into the
causes of the Austrian defeat havlns Just
been made oubllc.
Signs nre not wnntlng that the new In
. ' (,
vaslon of Servlu Is Imminent. Oen. Poll.
oven, uie coinm.'inui r in oniet or tne aus-
' trn-llungarlnn army operating In Servla
was retireii aim ArcniiUKo i-.ugen, ono or
''"',,rl co1. n"d resolute man. Arch-
Kugrn Is that sort of man. Fifty
one years of sge, Intelligent, highly edit-
cated, he Is also one of the most sclent nc
of tlio Generals In thn Austro. Hungarian
. "ny. It was ho who first discerned the
military abilities of Conrad von Hoetzcn
' n.M Aie,.l KeniMX was nnnnlnteil the
........ ........ ...... -
Chief of Staff to Archduke Hugen. Ills
name was little known previous lo tho
war. but he has recently greatly dlstln
rulshcd himself us tho rommandur of a
combined army corps and achieved fabu
lous nonu ar ty with me soldiers
Tho changes In the personnel of the
Fifth Army, operating In Servla, havo
causes great PoitlHfaction In Austria and
In Hungary, It being realized that they
mean also a change In system, Success
In Servla cannot bo gained oxcept by
cautious operations based on a thorough
knowledge not only of terrain conditions
but of Servian customs ami naDits as wen,
HKAlKtAKI) l l.OltlDA I.IMlTIitl, 5:08 r. M,
ii.., .miinn.d train lo Florida, riavannan.
CMumbls, Oaraden. B. a Inq. lilt li way,
Official Report Tells of Bat
tle in Region 15 1-2 Miles
From River.
Allies Made Important Ad
vance in Champagne
Invaders Are Forced to Fall
Baclc After Counter
Tlio French Government reports, u
steady advance hy the French Invaders
of Alsnce, who havo reached ft point
flfteon nnd a half miles from the Wilne.
Tho deadlock continues ln Flanders, but
In heavy fighting neir Arras, In the
Champagne country, In the Argonno and
around St. Mlhlel the French troops
won definite advantages.
Tho German War Ofllce admits tho
loss of trenches at Notro Dame de Lo
retto which had been taken from tho
French on January 19. It Is stated that
French attacks on tho rond from Arras
to Lille wero repulsed nnd that the
French offensive was checked In tho St.
Mlhlel area, whero tho Germans took
prisoners and cannon. Tho battles In
Alsace are proceeding
Official and unolllclal news from
Petrograd layH stress on tho Russian In
vasion of northeastern Hungary. The
assertion Is made that Austrian resist
ance has broken down. Russian troops
are marching through tho UorRo and
other passes. In Poland nnd UallcU
slcgo operntlonn continue, with botn
frre- rr.n'n ?' .lUnnslMnns Berlin
offers llttln news of tho eastern situa
tion, saylnt; merely that the situation In
Kast Prussia Is unchanged nnd that the
Russians wero repulsed In eastern
It Is reported In Rotterdam that the
Krupp works at Ussen wero bombarded
on Wednesday by aeroplanes of tha
llle.s and that several houses wero de
stroyed by bombs. Fearing reprisals for
tho Norfolk coast raid, the Germani
havo ordered lights out ln Cologne und
other aircrnft stations.
A new Invasion of Servla Is being or
ganized by the Germanic allies. It Is
reported that SO.000 German soldle'S
will assist the forces of Emperor Francis
Gen. von Falkenhayn, German .Minis
ter of War, who succeeded Count von
Moltkc- as chief of the General Staff, has
been mado Oberstgeneral and has re
signed tho post of Wnr Minister. He
continues, presumably, at the head of
tho Gener.il Staff.
French Official lienor! Tells nf SIoit
At! vnuce'.
Special Cable Hetpatci tn Tns Si
PAnis, Jan. 21. Tho French army of
Invasion In Alsace has penetrated to the
town of llartmansw-tilor, tlfteon and one-
half mill from the Rhine. Tlio town,
which iitmtnands two highroads, is north
west of Muelhauseii. In spite of winter's
severities the Invuslon Is being pressed
letcrinlnedl) and tho French are plowly
but surely digging their way to Muel
hauson and Altklrch.
Tho operations In Alsace are the most
Interesting feature of the otllclal reports of
to-day. although lighting In other prin
cipal dlstrleits was unusually violent and
notably advantagoous to the allied arms.
In Flundcrs the, deadlock continues, and
there haa been little more than desultory
artillery exchanges.
Northwest or Arras, ait Notre uame uo
voretto, tho French havo maintained them
selves ln a potltlon retaken from the
Germans. On the night of January IS the
French pj'onued tho pla.te.iu and turned
defout Into -lctory. An otllclal German
statement claimed success at Notre Dame
da lyorette-. It la oltlclally stated hern
Hhat itlie German oirt Is untrue, that
German altacKa were repuisou anu a com
pany of Germans captured,
The German official statement Issued
yesterday admits the loss of trenches
which had been captured at Notre Dam
do Lorrtto on January 13.
Germans Lose Drpot.
There has been nuther heavy fighting
In tho CHiampagne country east of Rhem.
The Government reports to-night that tlw
Germans were driven to-day from two
wooded positions north of tho farm of
Benusejour and their counter assaults
wuro repulsed. A very Important suc
cess wus gained by French aviators, who
located yeuterday the position of a (lei
man ammunition depot In tho region of
Prosnes, between Rhclma and Soualn, and
destroyed It with bombs. Simultaneously
the Gcrmanei were driven from nomo
Held forts und trtnehct. This advance
of the French threatens the railroad which
feeds the O-erman trenches In Champagne.
In tho Argonno to-day tho Germans at
tacked near fit. Hubert, their Infantry
charging after their artillery had pounded
the French positions, Tlio charge was
met by artillery und Infantry nre which
the Germans were unable to withstand
Around St, Mlhlel the Fiench mado
considerable progress In the tedious bust
iipbs of tightening the loop designed to cut
off the Germsn position on the Meiise,
advancing 150 yards In the forest of Apre
mont. Twenty yards of newly occupied
uru-uiiJ tvera lest. ho-ver northwest or
i V
4 I H I

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