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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, January 22, 1915, Image 4

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THE SUN, FRIDAY", JANUARY "22, 1916.
"5
;1
It
U.S. ARMS FACTORIES
HOW ON WAR BASIS
Chafrmnn liny of House Com
iniKco So flcclntTH in n Tilt
Willi Onrdncr.
MOR. G UNIONS A HKAHEIH
asi:inhton, Jan. 21 Chairman Hay
of the Mllitnty Committee In the House
nld to-day that there nre plants In the
1'nlted Stain c.trablc of producing 1.000,-
00 round of rifle nmniunltlon a day. mi
amount adequate for large army In
time of war.
This statement was made lit repl) to t.
t-hnige by Itapresriitutlve Gardner of
Massachusetts that the United Slut do a
not keep nulllcleiit reserve utninunltlon on
hand. Tin. discussion was on the military
appropriation Mil carrying fl0t,tt4,uSS
I
The dcb.iti: marked the opening of the '
fight begun liy Iteprcsenlatlve Clardncr to
Induce Congress to make larger appropt In-
lions for national defence. Among the
spectators In the gallery was Cardinal
Gibbon, who arrived early In the after-
noon nnd remained until Ions nfter S
o'clock. The Cardinal followed the de-
bat with keen Interest, giving particular
attention to Mr. Gardner's discussion of enormous total of G5.f!0.209. In Decern
the unpreparcdness of tho United States , hfl W3 t!le oxpi,rts nmounted to onlv
tor war.
Chairman liny announced that he was
opposed to tho addition of a single man to I""" expirts m uecemDer nggregnicu
the standing army, nsseitlng that there j 2S, 875,217 bushels, o- live times tno
was no common ground between military quantity in December. 1913. The average
establishments such as nre maintained by export price las; December was $125 a
the United States and the large tarnl j httlit, agonist 03 cents In December one
forces supported by the people of con- yv,lt- earlier.
tlnental Uurope. Ho scoffed nt the sub- The month's export movement of flour
gestlon of .Mr. Gardner that at any time wag ,T CHnt, ,n0, tian til Decern -
Hit United Htates miRht be called on to ilcr j91S( bpMK i.si&.ait barrels, corn
protect the IntPKrlty of the Monroe Doc- pn-,.,1 r.Mth 1.0"'i,2IO In the nnmii monfn
trine or to meet an attack by Jnpun. . ,. ve.ir at-o. and the value thereof was
llcnily for i;int'rm-nrlr.
"With la6,000.000 rounds of small arm
ammunition In reserve." s.ild Mr. Hay. "we
nre amply provided uirnlnsi emerycncles
because the capacity In this country for i
the manufacture of this ammunition Is .
1,000,000 rounds per clay."
"nut," Interrupted Representative I
Gardner, "would It not tako cluht months j
to supply ammunition at this rate? (ten. I
Crozler says so.
"1 don't care what (len. Crnaler snjs,"
I'halrman liny shouted "1 say on my
own responsibility that we can turn out
, that amount every day from the tlnn
war Is declared. I have personally looked 1
'nto the matter and find that because of
the European war the capncltv of ammu
nition mnnufncturlnR concerns hero has
already been gTeatly lucre ised."
In dlscusslne the present t-tandlnc army
of the United States Chairman liny Mid
that to udd 23,000 men and the others
uecees.iry to handle them the army would
tost t27.00O.O00 a ear Ho added that
there are 30.790 men In the army now
available In continental United stales.
"Why do we want more than this In
the continental United States?" n.t!.cd Mr.
Hay. "There Is no middle course between
a smalt standing army end a targe
standing arms Kltlier you will h.ivo to
spend vast amounts of money or provide
system of rompuWnry mllltai service
as the Kuropenn countries tin.
"I do not see why we should be alnrmed
at the situation when the ('resident is not
alarmed, and has not eri lncre.tt.ed the
Halting army to 100.000 as he Is em
powered to do.'
(.'limine tit Seiitlnirnt.
Mr f Sh ,-1 tii- hl1 t't pe-.i'ite cr
motived on the Usue of national defence
and would demand larger appropilatl'ms
for the army and na. He declared that
he had discovered the chamse of tcntlment
while .ti.tkliiB rpeeches during the last
c.impnl.-n
Mr. tJudnrr recalled the statement
tnado In the annual teport of Gen Wothet-
:tpoon mat tiie army sliottl.1 be Increaseil ,
l, "lir. HUll in. .. u i.i..lt..r of ti ,lnn it .
t-afcty.
"Perhaps he has a reason for mi be
lievlntf," salt! .Mr. tlardi.t-r. "Why nit
lake our heads nil. 01 the sanil and ask
Mm? Perhaps the General thinha that
long; lines of trained Infantry In trenches
aro valuable In war i:ery one else
thinks so too unless peirhunce It bo the
House Committee on Mllltarv Affairs.
Dlscsslng the Monion Ductrlno and i
Asiatic exclusion. Mr. Gardner altl : ;
To the nations of central Kurope tnu
sword guiiiilltig against their entrance Hit ,
the terrestrial paradise of South America.
Is It to he Huitposetl that impoverlslu l
nations teeming with population will re- J
spect tliat doctrine unless We have the
power to derond It? You might Just ts
well expect a hungry hyena to lespect tlu
tlefencelessnesv of an unprotected bone.
"SuppoM- that Japan wakes up some fine
morning nnd finds that her people nre
murmuring louder anil louder that Amer
ca must treat them as etpials or they will
know the rentfon wli ? Hut the Japanese
will never bo so unreasonable, you say.
Won't they? Who knows"
"I don't think tho wisest of us can look
very far into the nilll.stono or the tututlt
uowndays. No let us suppose that tlu
tiinni.jii. ilti ,ii,mmi ,., tr..i.,.i i
What aie you going to tin? Admit them
'0 natuiallzatlon? Let them swarm ,
"4,ther as If they were Huropcans? Never 1
))' my vote, I hope. Ask ome of tho
P.tclflc coast meinbeis what they think
teoui n.
RECORD FOR TRADE BOARD.
Jersey linn Seems Llkely
to fie
Prnitressls t- Menilicr.
Wahiiimito.n, Jan. 51. The Piesldent
was reiiresented to-day as hesitating be
tween George Rubleii of Cornish, N. II. ,
formerly a lawyer In New York t-ltv. nnd I
io ine nations oi central Kurope inu.u.ii'on. i" .,,.. i
Monroe DiKtrlne appears like a llamliiglhas been confined for ws niosi Part io
George I.. Record n' . rrtey City us thu I aroused ut yesterday's hearing on II. R. T.
Frogn-""'e nnuiocr or Hie Federal Trade I service by what ho construed as a hint
Commission. Tho ehaneex npfteared to boifrom a H. It T. lawyer that lie may lose
In finer of Mr Record beciiuso of the I his Job with the comm: '.on.
President's personal acquaintance with In tho course of a tiff with the lawyer,
him ami his gratitude for tho support Mr. D. A. Mnrsh, who questioned tho ac-
Record gave mm while. Mr. Wilson wna
Uovcrnor of New- Jersey.
Yesterday It seemed reasonably certain
that the Republican member would be
William H. Parry of Seattle, but his
hances have begun to fade owing to com-
plaints from Western Senators. j
The only certainties thus far appear t.!
be Joseph K. D.iMes or Wisconsin, Com-
mlsfcloner of Corporations, its chairman, 1
ttnd IMwIn N. Murle), president of tho 1
Illinois Manufacturers Association. i
SUFFRAGE BILL TO BE PASSED,
l.eulslntlve Lenders I'r I so In Hush
It fur Public Vole In mil
. , . ..,. ... ,
'pu'sh IMr propose dS c2nstltu'
.r.L.......".r..l,.s ' c.on Lu
Al.BANT,
elded to
thro rgl lie S'
it .rirL . 1 ','
tlorial amcndincii
lure so .is to get
Ti , .. ..
tne ran. paying no attention to what ih
constitutional eonveittl.m mtal.. .4.. with
the matter. Tliey have received assurance
from legislative leaders Jhat the resolution
submitting the amendment to tjje people,
will he pawtctl next week h tho Senate arid
ASM-inbly,
Mrs Itaymond Ilrown nml .Miss Mary
Garrett O. Ilaj nf the hut Suffrage
Association were at the I'apl nl to-day
and had a conference with tho leaders.
As a lesult Senator Khni It. Drown, l!o
pilbUc.ui Under. Introduced the siiTrage
resolution J promlsesl the suffragists
t would hi put tlirmml. the l.glsltu.e
its soon as possible, prob.ibl) next Wcdnes-
--' iiuiii ttw uiirit:u iiu.-r a Krrm iieai or policeman.
Itepublican Leader Illnman of thu As- criticism had been iiiiuln ugalnst the pro. I In his piochimatlon the Govtrnor de-i-iiibly
introduced the resolution In the , posal to have women examined by physl-1 nounccs the lynching ns a malignant crime
House on the night the session opened, duns before they could be married, I und an attack on civilization,
MONEY TO LOAN
BOND and MORTGAGE
UWYERS MORTGAGE CO.
I RICHARD M. IIURD, Pmldtnt
jj Capl tal.Surplui & Pr.$9f 000,000 j
Lt, IJbenr SI.,.V,r. 184 MonHruf Sl.Jlko
- . Tt-itts,
hfifl PRR P.HiMT II IMP
UUv fljll UJjll 1 1 UUllir
IN WHEAT EXPORTS
Ollh lUIO.DOO.UOO Hlls-lli'lN Loft,
urn! That Mnv He Gone
by April 1.
.,,,,.,, .,..,,
( LOl II IMjliHl OlfDLHLU
'
-
Wasiiinuton, .tan. St. The exports of
hr nds'.uffs n December last reached the
' $11.14!.R00
"UJIl.ti'',1). ns outparcd with J 4. 03,223 In
Icc6mber, 1SU3.
.More outs wre ported III Deceirtber
han In the entire calendar year of I!d3,
The outwnnl movement totalled 6,203, 431
bushels In December, against 30,70
bushels In December. 1913, nnd 11,202,717
In tho year ended with that month.
Turn error's la DevemNT. 1914, were
4. 5"i2,006 bushels, valued nt 3.5fl,r,92,
analnst 74!'. 124 bushels, valued at 5fi0-
185, In December, 1913.
I'rcsh beef In December showed u total
export of tl.5fctl.34S pounds, asnlntit 524,
430 p.iunds In December, 1913, nnd
C.C1S.S31 In the twelve months endlnu
v till Dwmber, 1913. Tickled and salted
beef doublctl ill cxpoits, the DecPmbor
total Ikiiih 2.9.ril,08O pounds, ngalnst 1,
ICT.71J piitmds In the same month of
the pr I'HlinB yeor.
Tin- Veurs t'ciiiipnrril.
Compariutj the ysars, lite value of ex-
poits wus as follows:
1914.
113.
t :. 1 1 4.000
J.OCtl.000
Corn .
tuts .
Wheat
Klotir
Cotton
lit, til. 000
1D.O0M0O
llS.Stll.000
Cl,4!.000
:is,jS".M)Ci
Dilry
. . . 12K.2S:.00O
M.POl.OOO
SS,tl,000
5ts.osJ.ooo
Mt-ut
and
I'ro.lucti.
158.S45.000
t.aft December the United States ex
ported r.eaijy 29.00",''"0 hurhels uf wheat
to Huiope. In Novembr tho wh.it ex
ports were something utldor 20,000.000
bushels. If this rate of Increase con
tinues dnr'iiR the next two months, there
will be little export wheat left by Apill 1.
The Department of Affi'lcnlture has an
nounced th'tt soo.noti.nou hushfb of the
IBM American whent crop is available,
for extwrt. This ! In excess of the nor-
. .... .i... ic the onn nno .
000 bushel what crop In 1914. Never
theless the United State ha exported
approximately 115.000,000 bushels of
wheat to Kurope In tht tdx months end
Inc December 31.
Statisticians s.iy there Is eiery Indica
tion that the December rate of Increase
will be mn'r.t.V.neil. mere is .t
however. In this demand
: ' . ..
liiai is
th- possibility or lli- tan oi i.uiihimiiu
nottle With tt..nsportiitlo!i opened
. . . . I- - t..lt,n. , Itllwl-.
I V','!i'" ,i,.,,m neurh 300.000.oo')' bushels 1
Into the r.nropean niatkets, relieving the
duniind on the United States
Orders Flour liiitilr
The Department of Justice Instructed
Ui.'ted States Mlstr ct Aiiorue) jaiiuu ;i .
St Paul to-day to look into inn uour mi- ,
u.it'oo. The iimt-raurmn , K "i
the legality of wheat transactions In Chi-
cngo. but tins nceiiie
tlon reganl'ng tue rise in . "'.'i. i
cept In so far as they depend on tne price
of wheat. ,
It was indicated that Attorney-General
Gregory Is satisfied that there are no
other elements In fixing flour prices whloh
uiBN be (subjected to Illegal influences.
Information comes from an official
source that at tho Cabinet meeting yes
taitl.i) the Attorney-General went nt
length Into tho wli.tit Investigation, lay
ing stiess on the difficulties In tho way of
convicting mHnlptitaliirs for violations of
the Federal laws, Ho pointed out that
the most reprehensible practices could be
Indulged without violations of the Fed-
,.i-ni l:iu'H i?oornltig lutcretalti commerce,
The Department of J slice has called
on the Department nf Agriculture nnd the
1" partntent of Commerce for Information
in to the iU,iiuiiy oi wneai -
v.itoru the nuantlly of Hour stored by
mills and the quantity of wheat exported
this vear and month by month as com
pared with previous years.
TAKEN BY JOHNSON AS THREAT.
Sersler lliinril's Ins esllnntnr Resents
II. II, T. I.tmyer's Wortls,
Jnseiih JohnsmiA chief of the Public
Service Commission's transit burentl, was
curacy of his report regarding tirooaiyn
car lines, Mr. Johnson had occasion to
sa. "I have not always been with the
commission."
I dltln t say you nan neen, retorted
Mr. Marsh, "and I don't expect that you
always will he."
At the cud of the hearing Mr. Johnson
turned to tho lawyer and aid. "I should
like to know if you have been Informed
by your master that any methods are be -
k eniploye'l to remove ino?
"I do not say mar.' s.ini .Mr. .iinriin,
"Woll." Mr. Johnson pursued, "I take
".,"' .'' .'...: . ..,u. ..t. C.;?.7
my no r otag longer w"h 'thd umlssloi,
it emunded like your nastei's voice,"
I.nler Mr. Johnson said. "I am -rolng
Viefo-lt the Grand Jury an.t re f th'.- mat-
I t,.v c in bo taker up. U loo'-.s si -nngn lo Muttliew t uaries tie itiiider or Gscawnim,
' m '. a iul.orS.mfo of -hl -oinnilvstanhat ' ; ""j" i,,0"fIfor tho 'tl,t'"' "
n iWwver for the Brooklyn Itaidd Transit'""1 forth that the other nephew. Kugvno
a lawyer for the Brooklyn Itaptd Transit
Company knows that I am about to be
.nv(,ri
. .... . .
ine ti it, i. nennim ... k-mi .o-eiay.
EUGENICS BILL IN INDIANA.
srnnie llt-lei'ts lliiisure lletiulrlii
tVrtlfli'titi' llefuri' Miirrlntie.
Imua.naI'ui.is, Jan. 21. Set,itnr Ncnl's
bill In p.ovble a plljslcal ex liiilniitlon
for liildegroouis wiih ilefenfd III the Sen-
lit" lo-tl.i. by a vole nf 32 to 12.
The hill wa- iimetitli-d sn hs to rtlease
,lle hrld.-.o-be fro,,, the i-ennlrc-n nl, that
,. b-OM, ,-,,, b, .how,, 1,,-fo're a
niuri-litge licenro '-s gntiitod. The nniciid-
O'GORMAN DEMANDS
TWO NEW YORK JOBS
Mucked by Organization, Sena
tor Names Democrats for
Collcciorsbips.
'SHOWDOWN' WITH WILSON
Wamiiinutos'. Jan. SI. Backed by the
Democratic omnlzatlon of New York city
Senator O'Gorman voiced a protest to-day
ngalnst the continuance In oftlcc if two
Itcpubll'an ecllectois of Internal revenuo
for the Iloiougli of Manhattan. These
place pay 14,500 a ycsr salary each.
Senator O Gorman polntttl out that the in
cumbents have been holding: over through
'' present Administration. Tho otr.ee Is
r. which hn tv fixed term of four years,
mit ' 1,p,1 at ,ne of 1,15 appointing
power
The Senator followed up his complaint
by films two recommendations for suc
cessors to the Republicans. FVir the tower
district of Manhattan ho recommended
Mycr Greenburir, a lawyer In active prac
tice In New Yo:l since 1895 and closely
asscx'lnted with leadlnx Jewish societies,
as well as beliiK nctlve In Democratic
politics. For the other place the Senator
recommended A. Welles Stump of West
Virginia, who has practised law In New
York city since 1897. Mr. Htump Is active
111 the German societies of New York and
has contributed time and money to Demo
cratic politics.
The announcement of the recommenda
tions contains n nulet dig nt Secretary Mc
Adoo, who turned down Senator Martlne
In thn western district of New dcrsoy he
cause the man he recommended w-ns not n
lawyer The Secretary Insisted that ho L
hart ndopted the policy of recommending
lawyers ns collectors of Internal revenue
because of the legal questions involved In
the construction of the Income tas law
and war revenuo measure. Senator O'Oor
man naively suggests:
"The reason two lawyers were selected
to he r commended for these appoint
ments Is thst the Secretary of the Treas
ury litis expressed a deswe for the assist
ance of lawyers In construing the tech
nical provisions of the income tax law.
The Republican Incumbents of the otllces
uru not lawyers. One Is n dentist and tho
other a political organizer and leader
among the people of his race."
Senator O'Gorman's statement Is a re
minder of the fact that theie have leen
eeveinl clashes between him and Secretary
McAdtwi on the nuestlon of New Yolk
patronage, anil the Indications nre that
things are shaping themselves for "a
showdown" between the Wilson Adminis
tration nnd tho regular Democratic or
ganization In New York cltyi
VETERAN PATROLMAN RETIRES.
limits C. (irnnt. -lit Years on t'liroe.
Ill Sevrrnl Months.
Patrolman Jonas G Grant, the veteran
of the Police Dctmruucnt. will be retired
at noon to-day nfter fortj-nlne yenrs of
service. The retirement takes place upon J
hl, .' nppHcatlon, although it Is hard.
he says, to leave. Attar eve"l months 1 Pesos (J6.OUO.000) nut or tile lieasury
of Illness, during which he continued towiitn he fled from the capital. It was
report for .work with the le.teinrnt houec ile"ld-tl that tho return of this money
sciuad In UrcKiklyn, lo which ho wns as
signed, he decided that it was best for
him to give up altogether
He ho'ds n reinnrknblp record During
forty-nlhe years only three complaints
have been made nsalnst him of any sort,
and only one tine Imposed - that being a
Ions of ten days time for assaulting n citi
zen. During the snme tlmo he has also
been commended twice for bravery In
ttmnliis fe.ts
INQUIRY INTO CANNON VOTE.
Grand .lnr Ai'llon Will lie Siiuglit
.Vi-xt Week,
Danvh-lk, 111. .tan 21. District Attor
ney Karcll. tect.nllng to dnns utmounced
to-'la. will go Into the Federal Court here
the fl-st of next week nnd nsk for n spe
cial Gi.it'd Jury to investigate frauds In
the election last November, whet, Joseph
G. Cannon defeated Representative Frank
T- G'Hnlr. j
Westvllle. near here. Is the latest town ,
to come under the scrutiny of thet-lov-
3 00 vo;oi UM"llly nr! c,t thfra TlR.
renort , tjMl th purchasable voters nero
,1I1(, (p nwjUln(. ,le unua f the cot-
luptlon fund ut llie last election, nut mat t
thfl hini, w,(f nrrlvme, therefore. I
i option fund ut the last election, but that
nceordlng to the story told at tho Dis
trict Attorney's olllre, the number of votes
fell to a few hundred.
V0GEL TEST SHOWS NO POISON.
Annljsls Dnils lluiitiir After Snilileu
Drnth of NIcrcI's Pnrttier,
A teport of the chemical nnnlysln of
tint contents of the stomach of Frank 12.
Yogel, who at the time of his death nt
the niltinoic Hotel was under fourteen
Iiidlctmenta with Htmry Slt-gel, shows
there was no trace of cyanide. The re
port wns niacin by tho Ferguson Labora
tories, at t21 West Forty-t-ccond streot, to
District Attorney Perkln.:,
Tho analysis of the contents of the
stomach wan made on the rumor that
Vogel's death had not been from natural
causes
WIND SCATTERS GIRL'S $250.
Men null Hoys (irnlt for Money l She
lirls llauk 9,111.
Hank notes amounting to 2.10 were
scattered to the four winds yesterday af
ternoon at Throop avenue und Rro.ulway,
Williamsburg, when tho clasp of n girl's
handbag loosened nnd allowed u roll of
money which wan about to be deposited
In a bunk to fall out. Men und boys made
dives for the bills as the wind can led
thrill about. The girl became hysterical
and a policeman finally came to her aid.
lletwcen them they managed to recoer
139.
The young woman said Bhe was Rose
Stontlrh and that the money represented
, salts made nt the intislo store which she
and her brother run at 21 Throop avenue.
I 70(i.00n TO BELOIATJ NEPlTF.WR
T
, i(-P.,eii I., if ...i
n' "'''" """""d l)r.n I
Know nf Wealth Here,
! WlIIT- p. .,N. s- Y .,, . n,tl
, J.Z I":, -AJ.e";
. , .
1 v 'tehester county o-day asking him to
giant letters of administration on the es
I n?L ''.".T, Mb'rt, Tm' V"
lift J700.000 and whoso only heirs are two
nephews.
n,e f "epl'fwj Is Stanislaus Peter
' "tn forth that the other nephew. Kugvno
Df" H Marie de Kidder, Is nil eitlk-er
, oi ine iieigian army iinu is now interned
1 t iin.,.t ..n.t n ta t.n..Au..n.in -
" ",'
I any papers on him He dos not even
. l.-,,iMr tli.it n lu tiili in tt-.n nrirt
""" - rw, .......
,
$2,500 REWARD FOR LYNCHERS,
,.,,.. ,.,. ,. .,... ...... , ,
l.enruln C.owrnor (nils Killing uf
l-'oiir .Ni-Krnes ttiicl. on CIs lllrnl Inn
,-, .,, , ,,, ..... ,. ,,
,. lew-sr i nt i iii t.Tiitat t' ill IV ...
a toward oi .itiu to-nlgiit for the anest
and conviction of earh of the first flvo
m.mbe.s of llie Mo.Ulcello mob which
'inched the four l.arber negroes-father
tun and two il.nightets -foi uss.iultlng a
Zapata Checks Gen. Obregons Advance
on Mexico Giy by Attacking Puebla
never a night that 1 don't see at close or
i long range, a few such fights. .
Forty Thousand Hen EiWi"cd
111 name, IS Uepon, ;
Pi-nin fnlillnl
1 10111 Uapillll.
.
Qen. Zapata linn checked the advance
r t.. I.. .
or Oen. ObrcKon, Cnrronza Reader, on
Mexico city by attacking tho city of
Puebla. recently taken away from the
ucoia, recently lanen unuj irum
ox-bandlt.
The convention, mectltiB 111 Jtnxloo
city. rntlflecJ the nppolntmeiat of Vlllu !
.......
lis commamler hi chief of the Conven-
lion's' army. Gutierrez wns askpd to '
return ,5,000.000 tM t have been ,
stolen bv him when he lied. ,
Villa's foiccs lire said to linvt driven
oil city's mil is near FlKMimr also is .
KoltiK on ut Monterey, Saltllto nnd many i
othtr points, with thn outcome In doubt.
Washing. on hopes to settle some of
the Mexican problems by refusing to
let confiscate- property be sent Into the
United States from Mexico.
Murders by day and nlBht In Mexico
city, tho shooting up of cnfr.s and the
sacking of the capital urc described In
communications .to This Sun from a
newspaper correspondent who wan de
ported from the capital. .
BATTLE ON AT PUEBLA.
.npnlii AttiirU 4)liri-Kim font en
thin IIucUsj lien. Vlllti.
Mexico City, Jan. 21. A inrlllc battle
Is In progress at I'uebla, where the Car
rnnzlstn forces under Gen. Obiegon aro
beslcgvd, (lcn. Kinlllano nnd Kufemlo
S4ap.it.-t made an ast..utli on the city to- .
d.tj with 20,000 men. The r suit of ih's I
attack has not jet been reported here.
It Is probable the attack on Puebla has
prevented the Cnrranzlstns from marching '
on the capital. Theie nr. still 3.000 men I
of Villa's command nnd 10,O0n Kgp.itlstns
here. Theso forces are considered sulll
dent for the maintenance of order.
Tho Carrnnzlst.ts have not yet reach-d
Apum, and to arrive at Mexico city they
will hae to repair foui kilometers of tint
Mexican nllway between Apam and Omo
tuseo. This task would take at least two
days tven If the advancing force met no
resistance.
Tho convention nt Its srsslon to-dny rat
ified the nomination of Gen. Villa as com
mander In chief of the army of the con
ventlun President Garza retrained from
dolus till', as he himself was n delegate
to th
.. .i. .i... .,ii.
o in. coin i-miuii iri'ie-euiins tin...
.'Ilia hnd a telegraphic conference with
he provisional President a few minutes ,
V
the
before the intllicatlon.
The convention learned that Gen. Gu-
tlc-rtz took nway with him 10.000,000
should be demanded under pain of prose
cution foi theft. Gutlcnci ban not made
mi) warlike moc yet.
TAMPICO'S FALL NEAR.
I llln litis Drive I'lirrnmii I'nrcr Into
- I'll), Is lleinirt.
iI, I'abo, Jan. 21. XIeii) riniitirih
around Tnmplco liegan yesttrday after
non. according to tlu reports received
to-day by Villa otHolals hprc. The forces
of Gen. Luis Cab.illero, C.irranzl-..i
leader, which had advanced some dis
tance outside of the city, were fotced tj
retreat, with heavy louses, und the fight
ing was carried to lb- outsklrta of the
city.
Gen. Torres, the Villa commander,
has been reenforred, according lo these.
reports, which Intimate that tile early
f3 0f the port is c.'itcctitl.
Upn i-llK,.ni0 Agulrre Hcnavldes, wlo
M , ,uvp ,u.HprtC(, villa, with tho
"Urlgada jiragoza" of 4,000 men hni
entrained at S.in I. ills Potosl and Is
headed north, according to reports rs
ceivctl In Juarez. Whether he will at-
ceivcti in Juarez. v nciner ne win nt-
tuck Siltlllo or attempt to make his
pence with Villa there Is not known.
Ills move, however, has caused consul-
cr.iblo speculation, as the (Jarranza con
sulate here Is In receipt of advices that
Oen. Gonzales is now advancing on San
l.uls l'otosl. This is taken as Indicating
that Carrauzlstas have refused to ac
c tpt Henavidets.
Following die evacuation of N.ico. So
nera. Americans from Nacj, Ariz., found
over 100 bottles scattertd over the buttle
field south of the Mexican line. Arrange
ments aro being made to bury them to
protect the health of the Ameiloaius.
Just because lie did not "Viva" the right
faction In Mexico, William King, Ameri
can, an oltltlmtt mlpir of thn Montezuma
district of Sonora. wns shot nnd killed In
Nacozarl. according to Information re
ceived here.
MURDERS NIGJ1T AND DAY.
Hxresses l.'iimniltteil In Mexico ;lly
Are Described.
An American newspaper man who has
been deported from Mexico city and whj
haa arrived ut Kl Pasn, Tex., has seit
to Tins Si'.v two communication 'in
which he outlines tho cunclltloiiH In the
Mexican capital and throws tight on
Gen. ObregonV movementH. These com-
mur.IcntloiiH were written befnro the
Illght of provisional President Gutierrez
and the election of Hoque Gonzales
Garza to succeed him. Tho communica
tions nre printed under tlitir respective
dateui
January S, 1015.
Most of the best people in Mexico city
mther prefei the Zapatistas In tho VII-
llstas or the CHrranclstas becuusc In their
lmr, eveivit. .,f tinu-ee tiw.v ntnie lex
snort exeixlfce or power the) stole less
and terrorized less than either of thu
others. Stealing, In a wvrd, Is the Car-
...,nlu....l u... .nl l. t n
connscntlon and the like while t he V n"
llstas do little confiscation and apparently
little grafting, but allow their olTicet and
men to shoot up the e-aplta! every night
Some of the correspondents have been
trying to
3 get up for their pipers a list of
the victims of political executions by the
ettllu,nu 1 .yi,'U.,ir It',..' V.-.L.Id .M B1..h .1
rZ. .. ...iVtir I.,.. n.,'.7i." .. .v., .h
attemnt. Such u" list is limslblo to com-
na tor the reason lint about nlne-tenths
or eVen n greater proportion of tho men
.oiH in have been executed are safe and
I " . ." . . ---'t --' v
j tlves 'substantiate tho execution stories
i . .. .
, ?urui. out in iituint, aim uirir u rs u-
F() nH lo cover up ineir tracas.
, ,loul)t u moro Uliu) ljJut thrty m.
portimt political executions hnvo been
'made In tho I'Vderal District by the VII -
llstas'. and probably flflcen or twenty
t.t l. .. ..Ininir irtless In It... number,
I know white Iota ot men said to be
executed uro in liltllng. They sen 1 around
10 me t0r t",,, to "10 ,ro"1' tho sl,U11'
,i,, n, ,-.t tin.,,, i,,.-., i,,.i i,
,t...'. ,i.,t,.!. e- ,t... it.,h1.i u..... ,...,.'.
way to Kl Paso
o, the oVer hanl the number of
, "rmmilers" and others who are out at
the all night resorts anil who are killed
hv nfllcers In drunken fights for no reason
nt all and without the authorities either
knowing or caring Is legion. Therels
..JA'te
dVUnk en',tha.m '
any place und nil begin shooting at once
without nny piellmlnary as n rule. Some-
times thn tight Is. the result of n clash
i between two bunches or these "bad men,
u ," often the Vllllt-tas nil stand
luscmrr, li in u iiuusiivu gi nnuukiiiK
otlt the uKhlSi ghjotlntt at ono's feet to
see him dance, or probably filling him
fll of hl,l l","nue he doesn't look as
tliisli he lilted the nerformance. .
o ,-oW Ye tr's mornlnit nt about
o'clo lt l '.vis in a small rotaurnnt where
'nrtcd between iibciut it dozen
Vlllista olllcers and some civilians and
Znpat'sta-, with a sprinkling of sober
Vllllstas, who banded together to defend
"Vu.V'-rW'an
i.i.i ,,m. Hrtn. , i..., i,,i,in,.
distance, nnd before I could get out of
cussd nil over town an im unusually
lively si-rap, but no armUs were nimle,
nnrl I hiw aortie of this hjiitip littneh nut
the following night with different crowds
of olllcers shooting up other places.
Das. night 1 was eating late supper In
a restaurant and not thinking of trouble.
Suddenly the Vllllstas rushed In like a
whirlwind, llred about thirty shots nt
different objects that attracted their at
tention nnd went out again. Tho thing
passed no quickly that I think no person
arose rrom me tame wnere tie was sit
ting. The Spanish proprietors of the
restaurant, who lost about 100 ptvtos
worth of property as a result of the
tiring, very undiplomatically shut and
barrel the doors of tllv restaurant as soon
ns the olllcers were outsldt.
The slamming of tho door behind them
enr.igtd them, and they returned to the
nttuek. From shout 1 A.M. until 3:30
A M we were dodging bullets In the
restaurant, ns the Vllllstas from without
llred through the doors with their brand
new Colt's nutovnatlc pistols, emptying
their gun- nnd reloading until all their
ammunition was gone. The bullets were
i shipping all over the testaurant, and there
were many women Inwlde.
Only two men were wounded as a
result, nnd their Injuries were slight, but
the Vllllstas, who knew there weiH women
I" I'1'"'''. w"'e shooting at all angles,
"u It was strange there was not more
harm done. We on the Inside telephoneI
to the Inspector-General of Poilco and
to the commandant of the city forces,
a-klng to he rescued, but they told us
there were no forces available to send
to our rcl.ef, nnd we had to wnlt until the
besiegers withdrew of their own accord.
Mteklng; cif flip TiMVii.
The Curnnclstas while they were here
were comparatively little addicted to this
favorite sport of thn Vllllstas. Greed
was their greatest vice, nnd nlmost every
man of them, from the highest to the
lowest, was bent upon getting together
Ins tmteli nnrtnble nronertv nf other neo
" . ---.- .----. --- - .-
n" pnnMble during their stay here,
J ;' that they ""ked the town be-
fore they left It would not be an exsggera
tlon.
Their fifty-odd long trains were lo.icKd
with every conceivable kind of spoil when
they fled for Vera Cruz huge mirrors,
pianos, automobiles, coaches, tapestries,
clothes everything In fact. I Imagine a
retieat of the Huns or the Vandals would
be the same.
The Cnrranclstns also were prett dem
agogues, and their anarchistic preachings
against the rich, the Church and every
thing of th" established order of things
brought on strikes, hunger and labor dis
turbances which kept everything topsy
turvy. There was a strong current of
anti-foreign feeling running through all
the Carranclstaa' speeches and proclmn
t.ons. Their cry was that the foreigner had
grown fat at the expense of the misery
of the Mexican workman ever since Por
flrlo Diaz's time, and that It was only
fair there should be a turnabout
Gov Herlberto .Tara of the Federal Dis
trict was the most dangerous of their
demagogues. Under his protection there
was established a branch of the Casa del
Obrero Mondial, which Is the Spanish
speaking 1. W. W. The Ministry of Fo
niento also protected the organization,
which still exists here under the leader
ship of pure red anarchlstu. and I have
heard the Carranclsta authorities make
anarchistic speeches to tho crowds of
laborers of nil the unions belong'ng so
tho nssnrlntion. These would chei"- nnd
there would b cries of dynamite for the
rich and the like.
Under the Vllllstas the Casa del Obrero
has lost Prestige, ns their higher officials
) were astute enough to detect the danger
I of a massacre nnd withdraw their sup
port. For this reason all the labor union
people are Carranclstas.
I think practically all foielgners nnd
most of the well to do Mexicans are con
servative In tholr spirit, und want to see
pence made here with ns few changes ns
possible fiom tho time of Porflrlo Diaz,
when every one enjoyed protevtlon as to
hU life nnd property.
In other words, the foreigners and the
rlrh are "reaciionarlos," as the Carran
clstas and the Vllllstas say. These peo
ple as a rule consider tho Vlllista regime
preferable to that of the Carranclstas, or
rather less ruinous, without wasting any
love on eltlu r. The re.imn hi thnt the
Vlllista higher officials are generally be
lieved to be less dishonest, less "Innovat
ing" and more capable In their adminis
tration than the Carranclstas.
They show their superiority In every
thing except In maintaining order on tho
trecta at . night. They could do that.
most people think, If they wanted to, but
they do not. foreigners or natives who
stay at homo at night are not In much
danger fiom them either ns to their lives
or their property.
You may have seen a story printed In
! M"!'S"?. 'Z iSLXfl?.," 'i.'Ti,"
,vo'n,a. tnV Wfe of the proprietor of one
I 0r our irlnclpal hotels. This story, like
i many otberb which are being sent these
days, wits ti gross exaggcnitlon of an
I Incident. Tho woman was ariested In
v'lla''' ","(-"r9 ""rt !!1l,?rd",,i
she wus not caniid oft by him, and she
was released before night upon represen
tations of the French Consul.
DnyllKltl Assnrslnittlnn,
, Spaniard was assassinated because
he could not nay ransom. The affair
i " - " " ', "
' occurred In broad daylight 111 the centre
, , . ..,., ,,,,,, lh. ,IJ.iI,
of the capital, and the anstisslnR were '
Vlllista officers, who were not punished, t
This iiffjlf was serious. There h.ivo hen
0 r''Y'"'"S 'k "vu. llll
' '1, on!y.c" J k,"n' V Khli i"
h.axc attempted to commit robbery by
j '""' p. . . n nrnhaMK , h,.wn
, ' " ; u" . .i j.
' '? ',,". ' ,'" ; ,
wIm are very close to both leaders.
Villa called a meeting of tho ex-Federnl
oniceni yesterday and only left out those
I who hail served under Kellx Otats In the
' P1,ni,c' 'wnB '!: w,. mD
' "nsplcuous as upholders of Huerta.
1 '"""" i-it'i""i in" wnuiu rim imyn miiin
1 in tti. mi.AH
I for moM 1,ro ,n fTdun countries now.
.
: ' ' ' , ,., ' '
. , ... . ..
Light on Gen. Ol.reB.iiP. T.tolles.
. January 13, 1015.
; According to absolutely reliable lnfor-
. matlon the Carranclstas have about
i l.-.n... 1r.n i..,nu n l,vvn,.u ,l..nn
ng upon the capital over the line of the
Mexican Hallway from Vera Cruz. They
u,"mll ('"rr' "bj,lt a thousand men to n
......
.:.. . .... ....
kilometers f o,n Z e'aJl-iel w
I IT .Veu.'e h'ViiiV f S'T?
near Apnm, State of Hidalgo, which Is
ninety-three kilometers from hero. There
nre no eonvesttlnnlst hnor. o upesk of
between Apam and Mexico city to oppose
the advance of tho Carranclstas, but these.
Convention 0. K.s Villa as Army
'
(nr. It Is Sli d
."in, u i.oiim
In any case cannot arrive here for two or
lllfeo ttays an yei, UBUliWfl liie muni ir-
pair pontons .jf tho railway lino which
they themselves tore up when they lied
for Vera rru..
A.W.in. ,. all in.. Information I tin
4'gnt.ii - In ofllclal and unolllclal sources
these so-called t'nrranclsta forcw are1
prepared to leave the former Kirn: Chlrf i coimnli'Hlon
nnil come unilei t'-.e wins of the tonven- j Packers haw infoi m .1 p..
tion alon- w'tli Gen. Alvnrti ObreKOii. wh that they do not objt m i
is t.ieb- eommi'ider In chief. 'Inrrrss. n the fr'lrrht .t.s
Obregon's two em'ssnrles who arrived' -.' . -
hero sonio. dity igo have been conferrlaK 1
with President Gutierrez and the conven -
thn lenders and everything Indicates that
an nsrenincni nas oeep reamtsi uriwrer
tlmin and Obit-con for them to nmnlctm.-tt,
their forces hire. Obregcm, as I know
for certain, proposed the nlwohite ellmlns.
tlon of Villa and Cnnauza, the latter being
willing nnd the former not being con
sulted about the arrangement
Why Villi. Ili'lii).. ,
Some say that Villa learned of this'
agreement and Is remaining In the north
to get hie forces ready to fight the c-on-1
vpntlon. If so everything ns to the result'
of the conflict depends upon whether Gen,
Felipe Angele remains faithful to Villa,
whose right arm he has been hitherto, or
whether Angeles casts hl.s lot with tho
convention. I
Angeles has control over about 20,000 .
men and forty cannon, It Is said Villa
Is credited with about 25,000 men of li...
own, apart from those of Angeles, but lie
Is not nearly so strong In nrtlllen Muc i .
of Villa's successes In the north are crcil-1
Red to Angelica's trchnlrnl experience ni.tt
the tatter's separation from him would be
a crushing blow to any hopes he might I
have of controlling the Government hv
force.
As to whether Zapata would s'nnd by
Villa In case of a break between him iin.l
the reat. authorities here rather think
that ho would, but tJie Zapatistas, al
though probably 25,000 or 30,000 Htrong.
aro only good for fighting among t'te
mountains of Morelos, In western and
southern Puebla and part of the Sta'e
of Mexico. They have no discipline nnd
won't face cannon or machine guns In the
open. It Is predicted that if the expecttd
btertk occurs Znpata probably will retire
all his forces to the mountains of Mnrclon
and nearby portions of the Slates men
tioned and take the defensive.
'.npntu 31 ore Pnptiliir.
Zapaita Is much more popular bore than
Villa, but this Is only becaus. of tho fact
that his short regime gave protection to
lives and property when theru were no
polio? or any other authorities!. 1 think
tils moveirt- nt In the far iwuth If con- '
tlnucd ac.iinst tho new authorities would I
be no menace to the new ronventlonlst
administration, but It would be nlmost
Impossible to stamp out by force, and
terrriH would have to be made w.th Za- I
pata In case ho stood by Villa. Othe-- '
wiK0 he would remain on th defensive !
and absolutely control the southern mnun-
-tains Indefinitely, while not being Htrong .
enoitgn on ins part to do anything against
the capital, uiilesn It were abandoned, as
waa tho case when I.utio Hlanco fl. tl
from here without leaving even u single I
policeman to proserve older. I
There Is some talk of Villa's making
a new republlo out of the State of Chi
huahua and thn adjoining region of the
north, but this would bo dlfllcult in view
of the fact that there aro to many con-1
ventionlst lenders from those parts who
unknot suppo.! him. Obregon controls!
Sonora. It Is believed, or would In a show- I
down, and the Carrnnza men are said j
to be equally sttong In the State of
Coahulla. If they took their troops back i
tture, ma could do nothing In those
States,
One thing which Is put forward by well
informed persons In sup;ort of the hope
that Gen. Angiles will support tho con
vention against Villa Is the fact that
tho conventional rallwiy authorities enn- ,
tlnue to repair the line of the old Na
tional from San I.uls Potosl to S.iltlllo,
where Angelts ts at preseent with h's
forces. If Angclcst were believed to be
Unfriendly this would hardly b done, It
Is said, as It would be playing Into tint I
hand of the enemy by aiding his advance
southward against the convention. .
Not only Obregon but all the 1-adei-.
at pr-sent with Carrnnza nre said to be
in the scheme to unite foices wl.h Gutier
rez and eliminate Villa and the Kut
Chief with the hitter's consent.
BLOW TO CONFISCATION.
Hill In Ciinicri'NM Would Keep Out
tliiuils Seized liy .MctIi'iiiis.
Washington, Jan. 21 Oltleials of the
Administration who have to contend with
the problems: presented by conditions In
Mexico regard the proposal In tho bill nt
Itepiesentatlvo Kahn of California to pro
hibit Importation Into the Culled States
of confiscated ptopcrty from Mexico as
one of tho most sensible suggestions yet
made for drilling with the situation thero 1
In the Interest of Americans and other I
foreigners.
The hill wits drafted as n jesull of the I
notorious practices of Mexican chleftnlisl
In taking property away from Amerlcai e i
snd other foreigners In Mexico and con- j
verting It Into cash by exportation to the
i nuea Mines. . recent notaiiie caso Is
now being adjudicated In New York, where
there recently arrived Jiulllon worth
i j;is,O0O exported by CartntiMi, which a
mining company claims was unlawfully
taken from It by Carrnnza agents Ir
Mexico. Itenresentntlve Knhn's bill wnunl
' "Pply n,y ,?.',uUI?" ''"t also to cattle.
, ber, &c.
I villa. Is said to have set im a packlt g
houre nt Juaiez, whence orders arc Issued
, to American and other foreign ranchers
to deliver so many hundred head of cattle,
I hc', .r h0?"- . T,,.e" fcin"'r,,.,c,'d
promptly sold In the United States, while
In the majority of cakes, according lo
reports received at the State Department,
the owners get nothing. Proncrtv of all
, kinds has been conllscuted under the pre-
I to"l of military liecesslt) or on charges
mcrcoi is an enemy io
iiif ,.ause "
mc cause.
,j
Rich, Smoother,
More Refreshing
than nny other Ale brewnl. is
Hns Strong- Hurton Ale. It h
tho ideal beverage to ni'cempp.nv
a good jiinner- satisfyinK nnd nu
tritious ns will.
j2ES Of s
On Draught Everywhere
We Arc Hecching Shipments
llctjttlarlu. Without Delay
or Interference.
llsia V Co., Importers, 00 Warren Si . .N
ROADS AND PACKERS AGEEE.
I'lnt litepeiisi- nt ft Per fenl. In llnip,
IS tl'l'l'll'tl'll.
WasIIINUTON. Jan. 21 An n
per cent, on freight rate for
p.tckltiB house products will b
by the railroads, some of th
hnving gone into effect .l.iti i.n
1-
J''nr.rT
tho remainder will be m.i.l,.
llldelit-ii'leni of the
rnllront. Pl.l on n.
H.nie C(mni"t" i;otpi'iis .
lug IncrpiuKsji i.t treis.".: ut .1
packlms house tfrojuots n
20 to 70 per t!"ii 'nt.- m u.
uotis ProjMt rrom , tno pa , r
...... r " '
. permlttt d, would have to lie p,
, the cunsumer.
J The cnrrleis ciitic.ll.d the ,
I creases and 1Kttl. il . i Pi,
! lists-' -tn c otitent thctnsel.
Increase of r pi r cent p-i
ft
this winter, stop
off and see some
of the sights 2i t he
Southwest land
of enchantment
There's tlic old cuy
of Santa Fe oldest
in tlieUnxtcd States,
the center o Indian
pueblo life, present anJ
past. There s Arizona
petrified forest consclJ
and very stranijc. An
there's the world s su
preme wonder, theGrand
anyon of A
Go "Santa Fa a2 tbe way"
The California lb imitc .
is an all-steeS iv.im axc4 !
sively for first-class travel
Three other daily Sarta '
trains to California; and .
Santa Fe de-Luxe, wecV.
in winter.
T7J T-l". I
Oa your xvay visit M
Grand Car.yot: of Ari.-o-
Nineteen-fift-en i. Vn
tion y:ar at San Frsn; .
and San Diego.
WritetoC L.Scaffravea. Gen ejjnmt-i-i r
At'cnt. 2301 Railway Excha- . Ci ,-.
for Arizona and 5m J. sqtr V."v l.nJ
I'OoVlc
AsV. fie i ir Panama
T.XpO-IT.t,-.,
'.slit pr.n i !. trr'c'
jr.., r,-
NEW YORK'S
PRIVATE
SCHOOLS
KM Ml Ml IMI IStn-..
3111.1 Altl'IM I If. Utllll I lilt I en .
;i!o-;ii2 vw-i i-.m.i - 'iii i
I till l-UI IJM I lilt ' i
Oiitduor 'simcIm-. i .1.1 1 I 1
HAItAltivt")(lM." IIIU I. (Its
I'lelilston, Went ,'t: 1 .St - i
ell On) , lliciuillnu S. t suit h.
(.QlirtS, Atl'lrtlo Iii-! I Kli-il ; i
lite I. Hilt I st 1111(11. I (lit III! t -
Itl e rli.le-oii-lttllKi-l 1 7 '
A coitntij' tin) imi hcmnlliii- i '
yotipgrr tinvs. II A It It V J Ki c I i .
ri it m: i's.
l.llliC .L I I I.I I lil. SI lllllll
( cntial I'-tiU Writ rml Mi t" I
I rom Kti,uirti''ti-ti in i
Athlctlo l iiiil. (linn A.: '
'litis li!tt'"ioita vi'Pl it'- nll
It M'MllV. IIAII.S O.N ItlU'l'l
lilt; M until.. CHI. 1 1 1. I IMI I 1.111'
uritiut. x. v si , tin
l.Nslitl f THIS'
lll.'hl.SHss ( 1)1 l,t:ul,
NEW VOHK Sri. Vork Cltr
ACKARD
COIVIMERCIAL
SCHOOL
Uitt l.rxlimtiin tie
vrml fur l'r.-n. - l
CIRIh St
, ,i . -t
Private Schools
'I UK SI , lualniAlmi n uioal
efnclnut rMucHtioi:ai fiureail.
This oomplttta service abso.
lutel frtj" of charge to you.
Accurate and lUibiiiMsi lnfor
iinitlou giteii to nil iiuiulrrra
Thin servlis, will ,ov n ml
liable nHHWtiniL-n in siiecting the
pit, pel hcliuol fin pluciug jour
boy or kirl
In Ttrlllin; give sutholrin
iltiulls si, Ihnl Intelligent ail
i lei' enn lie given.
SCHOOL-COLLEGE AND
CAMP BUREAU
I in AniHMii SI. rw York
tMH
roust f-.tt.-m
P
: . en
m r
...
.(KZSSSl: X.
"
lUUukttUk

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