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GAME PARK HELPING TO AMERICAN BISON FROM Successful Results Ob tained by Col. Trexlcr on His Great Pre serve in Pennsylvania Foil the first time since Its ostab-, llxlittK-.it in ltl 1 Col. Harry C Trexler of AUentown, Pa., has this year shot h few of the derr in h1n great game park located nlorgi i. ....... n.w.lra. tlln ' Jordan i.-rccii ........ mo... -. about ten miles north of Alloetowu Dr. Joseph KnlhTus of ITiirrlMtnrr. nocretary of thp smtp O.nno Commis ulcin of Pennsylvania, paid nn olllc!ul visit to tltp park recently nnd ex pressed his gratification nt thp success of Col. Trexler's venture in thp propa gation of Kiimp. The park is thp fnlfllmpnt of n do tro Col. Tn-xlcr had for many yparH to tielp in suing the American bison from extinction. Some yparH ago he began to purchase what were irac j tlcnlty abandoned farms in North 1 1 Whitehall and Lowhdl townships, nml j ho acquired a total of about S.non 1 1 tocrea. A Inrgo part of thp land was put ' 1 Jnto cultivation, nnd porno hundreds tot acres have boon turned into oiip tot the largest nnd most productive fcxwch orchards in the Cnltod States. Fourteen hundred acres were stoutly fenoed in for a buffalo range and deer fcmrk. Col. Trexler went nlKtnt os'.ah. ttaMrrg tho gumo park on business torlnciplcfl. A dozen years ago when pn sunning trips for elk nnd other big f:ain Jn "Wyoming Tie became Inter ested In the preservation of tho buf falo nnd tho oik. Ho consulted such luithorlttoi as Prof. William T. Horna flay rf the Bronx Zoological Fark. Jiwifl of tho American Hlson Society, Buffalo Hill nnd rawnee mil as to the feeding and euro of the buffaloes and tho other game. It has happily turned out that much of tho trouble, of fhoso days r.-ns Ixirrowed. as thp (buffaloes havo thrived wonderfully on the natural Pennsylvania orchard Itraaa that grows in profusion in the Kama park, nnd the brush nnd thick ets as well as tho grass nre Just tho jthlntr for tho elk nnd th deer. Ono day In March three- years ago tho frame- train, much like n circus train, camo to the nearest railroad ntnrlon and the crated animals were hauled to tho park and released in the presence of a large crowd of pportsmcn, neighbors nnd friends. In that early consignment there were three buffaloes, one elk and about fifty deer. In connection with th libera tion of tho animals In the park n epectacular Incident occurred. One of the buffaloes charged a spec tator, Phaon Hnusman. and mould un doubtedly have killed him but for tho presenco of mind of a bystander. James Snyder, who with rare coolness nnd precision Hum; his overcoat over the nnlmal's h-nd. While the bewil dered uffnlo was shaking off tho overcoat Mr. Ilausman was picked up nnd carried out of dancer. Mr. Sny der later received n Carnegie medal nnd $1,000 from the llpro Fund Com mission for his part in the matter. tofrether wmi assurance inai nis ac tion had leen one of the most per fect in tho annuls of unpremeditated heroism. Ono of the buffalo cows died in n tew weeks, nnd to replaco her and HOW BOMBS ARE DISCHARGED FROM AIRSHIP TUK recent Zeppelin raid on Kng land served to Introduce sev eral weapons never before used In warfare. The equipment for drop ping bombs from tint.-- aircraft Is much more complicated than might If Imagined. The bombs nre not dropped over the etdo, but are discharged from the hot torn of tho car or cabin with sclentille iiocuracy, Tho devlco employed con sists of n plato with three apertures, through which the bombs are dropped In an exactly perpendicular direction. The dovico may lo said to be triple barrelled, nnd tho bombs may ne dropped In rapid succession, or two or erven three at n time. The mechanism for releasing the bombs is controlled by three pedals, thun leaving tho operator's hands free. The mini controlling tho apparatus rtghtfl the object of attack beneath htm, and starts tho lomb on Its down ward flight with a touch of the foot. Great care must bo taken in aiming, nlnce the bomb on leaving tho rap! Ily moving aircraft Ioch not fall straight, bnt leacriles a paraliol.a. The device may bo loaded and discharged In1 u tow seconds, fieveral special guns have been enlarge hts brredlnit stock Pol. Txex ler secured three more animals from timo to time. .Slnco then one animal hasdicdanatura.ldp.vth, nml last year Comanche, klnK of tho herd, welsh ln;f a ton and pronounced by all ex perts tt tlne.st bison In the world, was killed in a battlo with HoarlnB Prank, a younper and moro actlvu rival. Severe as were theso losses, tho henl has increased beyond all expec tations, and it now consists of six teen tine animals. In a slnclo after noon lust May three, calves were born, a matter that brought Col. Trexler a bushel of conKratulatlon.i from his fellows of tho American Hlson So ciety and from spolrtsmen nil over the country- Nature linos implanted astounding vlcor into tho bison, nnd soon after the calves are born they can swim nnd run ns well as tho adults. Perhaps throuRh the protective in stinct aciiulred throiiKh Konerations of life on the plains, when a calf Is born the entire lird of buffaloes sur round the mother, horns down and ready to charxe an enemy, and at Mii-'h n time they are danucrous to approach. Another peculiar trait re maiked by Col. Trexler. which Is also probably a hereditary protective in stinct, Is the fact that almost all the calves are bulls, tho males outnum bering the females at least two to one. The theory Is that when they were beset bv eii'-mle In the wilds nature provided a preponderance of males for the protection of the species, and this trail now continues. It Is on ac- I Invented for repelling the attacks of ' airvraft. line of the most efficient thrown a shell which explodes-, emlt t i rm a shell which in turn, explodes, ami ih.H continues until live d.lTerent .-.hells hnve flattered their contents. At each explosion a quantity of shrapnel is scattered In every direc tion over a wide urea. Tho successive explosions suggest tho notion of a lloman candle which scatters sparks by a nrles of explosions. If any ono of these explosions is near the airship It is pretty certain to be struck. BARGAINS IN MEN. v xi:vEit men, heard of bargains in did you?" remarked nn employer of Inlxir, mechanical and clerical. "Well, there are such bargains nnd this is the time to pick them up. So many good people uro looking for work these days that wo can get choice quality at low quality prices, "I should say that at least half of I tho employees under my control aro not up to n fair elllclency standard, but with work plenty I can't make tho average higher. Now I can. nnd when ever I know of a first class man who Course of shrapnel fired from special aero gun, Buffaloes in Col. Trexler's game park near AUentown, Pa. count of the preponderance of males that the buffalo cows are so valuable, In addition to the original elk Col. Trexler fiot four more, nnd the herd now numbers twenty-elRht superb animals. Alout twenty deer wero planted beside the orlcinnl shipment, and thesn have Increased to at least 300. while sonw sportsmen place tho ilcuro nearer 400. Tho buffaloes will hvrd together, nnd so will the elk, so that at times it Is easy to count them, but the deer will not herd, and It Is impossible to sec them oil at any one time or to fount them with anything like accuracy. ".My theory chat frame oucht to thrive In Pennsylvania is borne out by results," said Col. Trexler "The H.iHt was originally the hnbltnt of the buffalo, and Daniel Iloone shot them in Virginia. The elk is indigenous to Pennsylvania, and I'lk county was named for its immense henls of elk. Ah for the Virglnln deer it Increases wonderfully in this latitude, which Is also its natural home. "Tap buffalo nnd elk were driven west by the advnnco of civilization, and In placing them In a game park lit the Interior of Pennsylvania they are simply coming bnck to the old home that wur originally theirs. That .juff.ilr4 can bo propagated in Penn sylvania I am convinced, and as for elk they nrn no ihnrdcr no raise than n steer on a cattle range." As to the disposition of the anlmnls. the buffalo iherd will be kept Intact ns much ns possible for the sake of the preservation nnd increase of the species. There nre, fortunately, In America a number of enthusiasts who have token ti the raising of the bison to prevent Its extinction, and all the animals nre registered, and CoU Trex ler, who Is a member of tho society, is convinced t'lie buffalo will be saved. By another year or two, In caso tho elk nnd deer continue to Increase as they have In tho last three, tho park's opacity for furnishing natural food will be reached. A few will be shot for the sake of the venison, as well as the sport, but it Is Col. Trexler's In tention to dispose of the surplus ani mal' to the State for rhe stocking of the game reservations of the Common wealth. One of Col. Trexler's alms In con nection with the conduct of u game park Is the stocking of thp country side with game. None of the buffalo or elk has escaped, but a few of the deer hnvo got away. A very lino doe remains on the outside, frequently calling to her kind inside li. fence. One day Col. Trexler went rabbit shoo'Ing In the park. The dogs took to the deer trails rather than those of rabbits, and very soon scores of ' deer were in a state of great excltp mpnt. High ns the fence Is several of them Jumped over It, nnd It Is prob ably thess animals which have ths season been seen by gunners on the I.ehlgh Mountains, about ten miles south of the park. There were several good omen connection with the starting game preserve, I.ehlgh count supposed to be absolutely rattlesnak lakes wMch. usually Infest deer ' ,-, but tho survevors when they ' 1 country Aviators about to drop bombs on city. wams work I lay olT one of my second ratrs and give Ihe good one a Job. Of course I don't ti.iv him what ho 'is worth, but I've got him nnd when I times legiii to Improve he Is there and' when he shows the stun that Is in him he'll get the pay all right. Our llrm has a leputatlun for paying the biMt price for the best win k and we are going to have a line force It these hard times emit lime much longer. "HatKiiiiiH In men? Well, 1 hhnuld Bay there aro plenty of them, and I should also say that I am right up ut tho bargain counter and will tnko all I can get till all my people aru llrnt ctoM." SAVE EXTINCTION Iran tho lines for itho fence killed a rattler. Only a few days before the (park was slocked a school child llv ing on one of the farm came face to face With n deer In tho road, show ing !t had found refuge there as a favorable locality. Smaller game also thrived in tlho park, but not as It would do If It were entirely devoted to tho minor animals nnd birds. In this mntter Col. Trex ler Is not disappointed, for ho said: "It is the experience of tho great llrltih sportsmen that deer and grouse will not multiply together. In Kntrlaml and Scotland they have found that the liest results are ob tnlned If the moors nre given over to the grouse nnd the hills to the deer. We llnd the same conditions prevail bene. "The deer, elk and buffaloes, espe. clally the deer, will browse on thp cover that means tho life of rnbliits nnd pheasants and also trample on nnd destroy their nests. However, wo have been more than moderately suc cessful with ringneck pheasants. hatched largely by bantnms, nnd these 7 T J T 1 HUbUbb rUKAKfc, UMIUALjO AND FLOCK iens InlTV T nioro does the hobo head for of the 1 "l'h!' 1v clinlce. v w, ' 1 N l-'or the llrj"t time in fhe his. - I tory of the country, or since rh,""K RIW lnl'e enough to become, th" w"Vr r0OT, f.,ho "on"nR 1 t lit, II, I r t inn ,.nm n.nn t (. nnl ml linl. ...... inpulatton commonly called hoboes and tramps, the Windy City Is for-1 saken. Kor onco its streets do not attract the nmiy of Idlers seeking a winter hangout after a summer spent I tip-m tho road. In the railroad camps or in the harvest fields. This year the hobo' population of Chicago has decreased bv marly one- Mialf. No lotiBcr are the reports of 1 . li iih House John, of Illnkev Dink ' nnd the hundred or more others near. , Chlcngo's waterfront noted for their b.g free lunches filled to the doors as, the winter winds sween over the istnets and clear them of their hobo clared that the hobo army Is lucres r..nngerx. Tor once they are nearly I "'"'""t dully. Ho furnished the i doortpil nnd business Is dull. I Interesting Information thnt i!i per , liven the South, another great win-1 of N" American born youths trr lesnrt for bob n-.s. Is uearl devoid whn ,llk, ,n he road nre the i-ons or of them. Pormcrly they thronged 1 farmers wh . falling to secure cm there by thousands, for tho negroes i I'loyment in the lnrge cities. become land the "poor white trash" always ! rovers and a menace to society. ; 'tiar. d their "j-oubelly" with any foot- i 1,0 classifies the other 7Ti per cent. Hire wanderer that might apply at the 1,1 "''s manner: 2." per cent, are the back door. I products of our reformatory system; I'.iu in the South them was a reanon , - per cent, come from the slums; 10 (why the hobo chould look eluouhere I"'1 cent, nre youths of roving dls-f-r Ii.h fond supply. The war and the positions who later become n.seful cltl subsequent difficulty of disposing of s"ns; 10 per cent, are mental dere an unusually large cotton crop left lifts, while the remaining " per cent, the people of the South with hardly tir'' adverse to work of any Mirt. enn.igh "sowJielly" to fei-d themselves. It has been iiserted that of the So when tho hobo knocked at the back I'nlted Slat's' estimated population of (loi r he was turned awaj. He won- 100,000.000 fully 1.000,000 belong to ilered nt It. but he did nut learn the thli army. That I to say. out of the reason until he nearly stai-vcd. So he L'O.OOO.OOO male workers In the country had to look elsewhere for Ills menls. , one out of twenty Is a hobo. And but Hut where Is the hobo'.' you ask. Chi- oiie-tetith of these ever become use rago asked that question early In the! fill citizens, so thnt there are 000,000 ' w nter. Hut New Yoik need not pon- ''nniiin derelicts in the country, der long over it. All New York has to To the million in the rnnks of the do t.. llnd the answer is to peer Into floating army, hoboing becomes n ills- ' tin. municipal lodging houses, tho B. cum With the coming of spring they 10 nnd 15 cent 'Hop" houses on the; become Infected with the desire to liuwery, and then glance over the j wander, regardless of the (xislttons they t iminv bread lines that have been in- limy hold, and start on the road. The sf (luted during the wlnt. r. i farmer boy feels the call and lie Joins . New York n albed carlj in the win- the ranks and within a week nfler ter that the hoboes had come, but It warm weather t-ets In every train, both was b.-lieved at first that they belonged, passenger and freight, carries one or to Now York's vast army of utiem-' more hoboes, ilo.id. They don't, they merely hub-' It was a boast of a veteran of the , inented It and made the question of ro.ul that runs Into New York that no solving H e unemployment problem , hobo ever rode on either n freight or more dllTlcult. ( passenger train of which he was cou- ! There are more thnn "f.,000 hoboes j ductor. Hut he was dIMIIusloned upon in New York to-day, It Is estimated, uncoupling at the New York terminus j and they came to the city from every one day Inst summer when he found a ; M-rtloii of the country, from California, hobo comfortably pulling away at a I rrom I'an.un, from tho South and from Mexico. I It was early In the fnl! thnt the hoboes started for New York. As carlv as October there wero more than 10.000 in New York city. Daily the number increased until to-day the most conservative estlmalo s 75,001), while some unemployment Investi gators place the number as in excess of lf.0,000. When the early arrivals camo 1 """ iwiick 'roocKer took It upon shoulders to provluV shelter nnd r""d f'"' them. Committee after com- ' mutco attempted to show means by i which these people could be provided for. Hivail lines were formed, mid lieie the holsi found Ills easy meal supply There are three ways, according to a humorous saying, to spread news I quick y. They nre, namely, the tele- J phono, Uie telegraph nnd) tho tele, i woman. There Is n not her means and I thnt U the telehobn, which will spread I Hewn further mid oven mora oulcklv t birds as well as rabbits have got out of tho park and stocked the neigh borhood." Adjoining the game park and other Trexler properties Squire (leorgo II. llardner tins established an estato of almost 1,000 acres which Ib n paradise for rabbits, slnco hv has made It a point to allow them lots of cover nnd no deer are there to eat It away. This place as well as nil neighboring i'arms nlso nboundi with the pheasants that fly out of the pirk and find protec tion In tho copsewood and underbrush, The "extent to which experimenta tion In the propagation of gnmo Is carried on by Col. Trexler Is found In the great success attained In the park with wild turkeys, for which ho won first prize at the AUentown fair. There Is n flock of fully 300 of these birds In the park that arc a Joy to all sportsmen nnd epicures. They nre In reality about three quarters wild blood, tho rest being do mesic, which at lost Is wild enough nnyliow, ns turkeys nre naturally great roamers. The wild gobblers were Fecured In the mountains of Vir ginia and they hnve Imparted vigor nnd hardiness to the birds, nnd the whole experiment has given the tur keys of thp nplghborhoixl thp infusion of new blood that Is so valuable In ' the breeding of nil birds and animals, t'nllke the pheasants the turkeys do nit fly away, being given to staying in the localities whore tNjr nnd cover and rear their young, Tho gume park was planned nnd Is being conducted with tho pa mo care that a high class business man elves to his affairs. When Col. Trexler was having his trout ponds constructed one of the laborers v:as n prnctlvnl man whom ho had known for years and who was something of a charac ter In AUentown. After working n few days this man called Col. Trex ler aside and said In a confidential sort of way: "Hnrry, I hato to tell you. but am going to throw up this Job." "Why, Jim, what's up?" asked the Colonel, "I like to have you work here, and I always thought we were tho bps' of friends." "Truo enough," responded old Jim. "but while I have been working have been thinking too, nnd I have come to the conclusion that this sport ing business will never pay you and you are going to lose money." The Colon"! tried to argue the old chap Into remaining, but he was oh durate In his determination to work on only something useful and he went b.icl: to town nnd resumed digging ditches, nnd the Colonel retailed the Incident ns a great Joke on himself. Tho g-imti park of course does not pay In dollars and cents, but It has paid handsomely In life giving recrea tion to n hnsy man nnd In the pleasure he and his friends hnve derived from It. And more than all, It has paid him In the reward that comes from tho accomplishment of nn ideal. TO NEW YORK thnn any of the three other methodH. The tidings of Fnther Knickerbock- ' er's munlflcen.cn spread over the ' rountrv with Incredlhle ranldltv. Then the answer of the hobo to the query. "Where you heading?" became "New , m. ... . . ... ... . I York" Instead of "Chi" as It has been In the past. Now New York has a hobo problem to solve. The railroad nmn will tell you how tho hobo camo to New York. Hardly a freight train has entered the great 'nr'1" ! "f the I'fnnsyivnnla In Newark 1 -'""Py 1 "r tne j-.ne m Jersey rit'' of n vst slloro nml Ontario nml W'8'"" In Weehawken and West : x,'w Vork for "i0"1"" Part without nt j 1n''t onp hobo hidden upon it. i A "iHrond n'n who has spent forty! nt of f'xty years as a brakeman de- i j ciKiireiiu wiuie scaicu na a irucit oi tho front coach of the Twentieth Cen- turv Limited. Wikui being miestloned 'the IioIh. declared thnt he had ridden Ptnm Cleveland In the perilous position without once being discovered by the railroad men. Ho had, he suld, been seen by a car "knocker" (hob.i for car Inspector) In Huffalo, .but the Inspector had lieou so amazed by his audacity that ho had allowed him to remain. And there are a hundred nnd one p'aces for a hobo to hide on n train, The veteran of the road, such as a No. 1, who Ihiis been reported killed several times but who has alwayH bobbed up alive, will ride upon nothing hut n pas senger train. Occasionally he Is dis covered and thrown off, hut not often, and many t linen will Ira verso hundreds of miles at a stretch. The amateur hobo rldeH on tho freight train. Ho fears the wheels, but he hiirns quickly nnd can "make" n train travelling at a high rate of speed. "Decking" or riding on tho top of n passenger coach la a favorite rrlnns of IlllOOKI.YN AriVKKTlHKMKNTS. Unusual Piano Prices for Tomorrow Here are ten Pianos we have taken in exchange for new Sterling Pianos or Playerpianos and which have been put in perfect playing con dition in our workshop. We will sell them with a STERLING guarantee and the privilege of ex changing any time within a year if not entirely satisfactory. These pianos will give much better service than cheap new pianos. We have put the prices low enough to sell them quickly, as they inter fere with the proper showing of our own new stock. Also notice two Cabinet Players at the bargain price of $25 each. Decker Brothers $90 Bradbury $100 Hardman $95 Jacob Bros. $125 Richardson $75 Gabler $130 Brilliant $85 U. S. Pianoforte $70 Sterling $195 Steinway & Sons $210 2 Cabinet Players, each $25 EASIEST TEHMS FOR PAYMENT The Sterling Piano c0. Telephone Manufacturers Open Evening 1092-2093 Main Manuracturers by Alimntmcnt Wholesale and Retail Wsirorooms: STERLING BUILDING ' 518-520 Fulton Street, Comer Hanover Place, Hrooklyn travel during the hot summer nights, bat during tb day the hobo bleeps In i his "side door rullman or rides in n place of concealment. A hobo seldom breaks a seal of a freight car. It Is unethical, and besides It carries a heavy Jail sentence and In the summer the hobo much prefers to be free. And fo the hoboes came to Now York, where food nnd shelter were t be obtained for the asking. Look at the municipal lodging houses', nt the unproviseu sieepmi, quuimiH on nn-' ... , docks, nnd you will llnd thousands of , mental, hut they are conspUuous and hoboes. It Is to their liking some i that was the feature tho head of t'i warm place to sleep, even though a ' tuxlcnti dlvh-lnn ijf the Department of mnn must roll hi shoes lip nnd uo UornsP!, naf, tn lnn(l whPn tllp i,mi(.., them ns a pillow. The hobo Is used to woro ,icsiK0(J, nn logulaiwin m that. for he has done It hundred' of , tended to protect the public makes It times before. Some nre from San necessary for the haekmen to wear Francisco, from "Chi." from New Or- the badges on the oiuside of their leans, and the summer has seen some 1 coats. The lmdire should be there aid of these men In even more remote and if it isn't something is wrong with il desolate sections. There If no part of t hackman or his vehicle. The next rune . , , . . , the country where they fenr to go Hven Death Valley has seen them. Some of theso men nre ill earners, some workers; some human derelicts, some of exceptional keenness of mind; some cannot read or write, nnd somo are college graduates. There Is not a walk in life that has not contributed to this army. Look at the hrend lines. The ma jority who patronize them are of the hobo type, for the man who tastes poverty for the first tlmo shrinks from accepting charity in the public gaze. Not so the hobo, for he has profession al!7ed charity and he feel that society owes him a living. Hut few of tho really worthy poor of New York ac cept this open nlr charity unless they are driven to it by desperation. Out of too men questioned In five bread lines in the city 340 declared that they at one time had "hoboed" It. Of thl number 30." had been on the rond" during the past summer, while the others had worked in various ways about tho city. Of the B00 only ninety were natives of this State anil only seventy born In tho city of New York. Tho BOO had attended fchool ns fol lows: No public school education. 1."; third year. 19; fourth year. H3; fifth year, 21; sixth year, US; seventh year. US; public school graduate. i. had entered high schoo . 39: h di u -K " a,w 3,,fono,;a - eoiie "J, ,i,.T' "' ,,h0y college gtaduates three hud studied law two medicine, ono to be a civil engineer and one to be an electrical ..iitju-i, ..tim ut. miiiuiieu mat they had benn luibocs for Heveral ears. They were divided In the following occupations: Common lalNirers, 3S7; mechanics, i ; clerks, i"; Iwokkeepers, 7; artists, 3; brakemeii and firemen, fi, and two had held responsible positions with New York firms. The men were selected at random and almost with- out exception answered with perfect candor. The college graduates, with the exception of one, who declared himself a graduate of the 10U7 class of Yule, refused to tell what college they attended. Their nationalities were iih follows: American born. 3.17; Italian, -17: Jew ish, 12; Slavonian, 18; French, 17; I'olt h, 12; tlermnn, 5; Kngllsh, 3; SHM, 1; Spanish, 1; Russian, I; Armenian, 1; Cinadlinn, 2, and Mexi can 1. The news of the Hotel de (link and lis mulligan stew will Hprend. Tho same hoboes will return next year, for this city Is better than Chicago In Its kindest mood, Amd Instead of "Chi" being the rendezvous New York will be the favorite resort of hoboes unless ome ntspa nre taken quickly to deal with the ovll. IlltOOKI.VN AllVIIUTISKMKNTI, BROOKLYN'S IJEST KNOWN PIANO HOUSC. NEW TAXICAB BADGES. J I'ST as tho State changes the color of tin- licence tinnier plates on automobiles aunu.il y the Department of Licences In this city changes the yearly design of the metal badges that hack drivers .md tnxlcab chauffeurs are required to wear. rm.UA I . , .1 ....... . ,n . .. .. .. , i lit i'.iuKr umi uni oi- "in,- you hire a hack or a taxi Just tak-- -i look at the metal badge dangling frmi tho driver's coat. If he Is proper licensed ho will wear n metal kul In tho shapo of a triangle. The 1 badgo was circular in shape ai-1 larger than the present badge Another feature about the new badges Is thnt thev button on the coats by menns of a leather strr whllo the old badges were attinli. 1 by pins. The strap Idea orig ua I with the hacknien. who i-omplaine-l that tho pins on the old badges broli but this defect was overcome b punching holes In the old badge run nlng n piece of leather throup'i t" holes and attaching the lmdges to th' coats In that -wny. In accordance with the law f" work of chnnglng the bndges, or Ish i lng renewals as It Ih called, Is now going on nt tho municipal gnnige -t West Fifty-seventh street. It .s nn small Job. The head of the ttiMei'1 bureau estimates that about licenses will be required for dnvrr and about 1,000 for hacks, which nn Increase over the numlicr I eenrd last year. Although the law fixes a date en which every public hackman and h -vehicle Is supposed to be licensed " Is not always pislble to complete work of renewal and of Issuing ne licenses In time to conform to the !' The hackmen aro allowed a few l.v : , m r. .i.. ,h Ukcd to be indulgent and n- - Mwplr-lon upon drivers who not Ul0 MPW bnilon. for they are necessarllv oneratln their Iwi.-'.s 1 legally. The penalty for operating a tt !'' that ha not lecn UconaciT or dr'i"1! without a ltcer.nf Is pitntshnble lc n fine of $R0, or thirty days In lall t both. Few drivers care to violate law with such a penalty staring th' 'f lu tho face If caught. There Is another wny to Idem f i properly licensed hack. Acoi.ins ' law n small nl.ito tint exceed. n.: ! Inches In diameter and bearing U I cense number of dm vehicle in s tached tn a conspicuous part of ev-rv public hnck. If you cannot in. ne such n plato and the driver cin-oi show you the plate you had !' '" Ube some other vehi-ie. Whether you noticed It or n ' ' city authorities have been rni'ln- ' standard for public hacks 1 eventually the li.irkH of New V 1 compare favorably with lb" Loudon and I'atis, which nre !i- .1 i ns models. The authorities ar.- i.i -advantage of the reltcensing prr i " lid -the streetH of nil the wurii ' dilapidated hacks that are br ir ' their notice. No hack t re e- ,1 untll n thorough examination ha made of the vehicle to find e"' ' '' conforms to tho standard set '-s ,h city.