Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN. TUESDAY. MARCH 23. 1915.
2 "PRZEMYSL" SOUNDS LIKE "PZHEM-ISL" The . orred ptonuniiatlon of I'lf ; msl, tlir name of the flallchiu fnt- I tress which Hi'' llu-slans have Just taKcn, hci'.t mi' vrstcidu) out' of the 'mo.'l disputed if nn" tthhh tin' I'.ui" poan war has pioiluccd Aciniding t I" St.ICIll.lnl 1 ! t Hill - ary It's I'lu which has Just f.lllc'll I'llll'lll-ll'l. Itll tllH .ICCCtlt on the "r.liem," .iinl with the "P'' h ml the "l" barely sounded. Others who claim no .1 'Hi.cint.nwf with the language, of (lalicia i.ilt It ( Tre-j-em-a-itl." with sties." on "ttm' 'heiii-a-s'll. ' with the ,c:- 'tenl cm the llct s) liable, or "Mia), j mrcz-l " with the "meer." accented Anothei "otnei.il" lirciniuivl.il Ion of j tlie name. .i Kit en by a nun who w;c horn in the town, calls it Shein- I nn. with accent on the ilrl s) liable and Hie last h almo'i "ilent I the 1 ' i. iimhlan" nothing hm siii-n-iidei tin possible T.le follies- Was Valuable old) III the u-ti l.ili" Ioiik d" II P'eiiliil the lliis-l ins fiom eteissum the Sin line. Hie) ll.nl dossed Isith bailies .1 leased In lime an) Impot tilllc e. eel .the Ausillllls e.le'i lib e el IIMc.llilil kilted al.. I wounded 111 .1 taill elfort to i.lictc the cll The attempt ihr made In I ci "in he to iios tlie I '.n pathlans .mil de scend .ntn the ci.ili.'luti plsilli. ntid the mine ic.ellj alia. K fioill the Dtli.l.i l'as Loth I1.11I this "lijei t ill view. In both ' itteinpt the !. 1 I i"l t-eratd ill tlie lllot .1110111 t tie orgllllil-lK tlie mi 1 1 mill W f . .in i.ii.iinii to de'. inni stuum, 1 1 1 : It lost Jieii.lt .11 the Lift da) of December nnil -ci 11 11101 e -leiely In tlie last few Muh' It ''.in hren rediieed. '1 api-an to f-iter than .h men. a li-ge iniin- lic Of Whom il.e lllllll to Wolk hc.Ulll-e of d -ease nd xhaut.t ion I'lrecl .'.llllll shot" it line. Toilow ing Hi' battle or he I'dli llieie Tcnc indent ilK. hai cle f of hill on the loth but Vei little damage was done. I'uritis h pail of th tltne tlie fort 1 m 1 tt.is tiring at the i.re of ! mm spells a tlat. causing oni about ten d.ill imual t esc Tin re free balloons Wile sent Up ci Suiata.t. can) ing stall otllie-i's. who we e 1 nil. at orlug to get away with do. uuieuls of a 111 1 1 i t .1 1 value which thet did not wi-h to Have full into the hand of tin enc ni Luckily for the Itu-stans the wind hansed and lntead of escap ing all the balloons came down In ISuc nan ten. toil, tvheie their passengers tend then do. iitnents pcdlly became priioiin The fall of the fortress will lelcnse it laige llussian fem-e for use else wnerc It will he exec eillngly useful at tin ui.iiute ' The si 1 11 it ion in I'rzeinyl during the f.cse was most deplorable. A despatch fi.'tu l.eniu.-rg sis that the Polish fol n.cr.s take at Hie fall state that for a long time they lived on bread doled out It famine 1 atlons. The cattle and sheep hoi a.l been slaughtered lonjr before and 1 veil a.l horses were killed foi food. Not a horse was to be seen In the streets of the ,-.t cm epi the charger of the li:Slic-t olllccts. Disease was rampant, they say The food which the soldiers weie compelled to eat caused c terrible outbreak of typhoid feter and other Illnesses. The col ties were made and the ammunition llred eft' m the hope of ending the lr tolerable situation The fall of 1'r.eui.l is lecaided as the tuont iiupnitant incident of the eas. 'ii campaign A h.gh ollliial of the a. Ollloe Is 1eport.1l to hate said tlat .t was the uiininK point of the wai I s 'tTei t upon the morale of the Austrian troopi will be intense hecaue they had been tiught to bellete the place . nipt c enable. The surutider cVeiis the road to t'racotv, and If the Itulgarian cleneral von Dmitrieff thrown il'.p("i tr, lined lielegers on tlie anclen' ii.il cian c,ipi.i mati.t believe mat Aus. f a wl,l -uc foi peace to sate the dual monarch) Whet 11 that is to ! ie 1 ,ise m not 11 is Known Ilia. Itussi.c now has iPi.Ooa mine men to throw nnywhete s " uia cb Dire against the enemj T.ii ie:i an all hlghlt trained and hate i 1 t'c .Ignis of a w Inter canipa.gti . 1 lie Held In addit. in their ficiieral, iilth'iiigh a foreigner, hae the pret:ge o' two tears behind him. the Ituluaria Hi'fiai wai and the ISalkans, where he w.i- in. knamed NaiHileon. He mat lead his fences norih Into pii mil where the Hermans are trjmg to drive toward Warsaw He louhl gpe.'il It 1 1 actt the llJtura or the Pilitza Itlver icglon. where th" fun e are dally ensagril In a'tilleit iluel" The general bf ief. Iroweter i that he will proceed toward c'racow The fall of PrieimM has been expected fn a nrg time, and aftet the failure of the sortie on last l-nda the end was .f jewel to be 111 sight The prisoner taken predi. ti'd It As It was the siege la.'eil longer than that of Port Arthur. WAS SKA II STARVATION. Onrrlson 1 1 nil l.lltle I'ood l.efr. suit s leniin Iteport. V'i'Stc Mar -h I:' - The fit. Ion m rftl. i.i' '"ontniuiccation was .ssued tieio to-night After n months nit estnier ' P'.rmsti has hoiiorahlx tallen TUe command'" had rcceivi'd an 01 dec to leave the fortress to the Itufslans In thiee ilat n licc.iil-e .11 the mo ineiit of the attack, e'ten with the griatcsl economy in the food ra tions, reslntnte could he main tained for three cl.lt otllj. It proved possible to effect the timely destruction of the fortress, together with its guns and ammuni tion, as well us the outet fomtlca tlons The 1 apilulatloii of the fortress. ith which possibility the hlghei c'lVnand had leckoned for a long linn past, lias had no influence upon the gi MC'iiil situation tVhcii hi the middle of the week rrntislnns were running short lien, von Knsniart k. commander of the gtiiiison, decided on a last attack On the 10th, eurlv In the morning, Jus tioops hoitled across the line of (oil- and withsfiHid to the utmost in a seven hour" battle strong Itinslan fortes. Nuineiiial (.iiperiorlty llnall foi ed the AilPlrinns to retieat be hind Hie line of forts. The follow ing nights the Itu.shiaua attacked l'rzrnisl trorii several sides, but the tracks look' elow n In the face of the tlie of the hemic defenders Vol li-hn prais" Is due to the e.i iilhiiig persi'teiiiiice and the 'a-i fight eif the garrison tli.in to t)i. lirater.t dining Hie stunning 01 the fnitress and the fighting on picvlous ociasi'MH. This ii'iogni Hon trie (mnif lilniself will not re tui.e lo the Jn roes of Pri'intsl The fall f f the fori rest,, with Tt li 11 1) 'he higher coniuiaiiil leck 111111I (01 a long luiie, has 110 111 II111 "ice on H.e hltuatliiu In general 'the battle' 11 the Carpathians from i'7.nk Pass to rhe ridge of Konii'crn.i is piogrihsing. CAPTOR HERO 1 BULGARIAN. -if mririi'ri n 1 11c III' I ItUijl'i 11 .'1l.T - - t.eo. Iliollliell lllte-reil s,!,,iil in I n r In 11 u 11 I . rtaell-o Pin 'rirfi a Ibi.gir.ui snd h.rn of thr lialt.an war was tie 1n.u1 lo whom the Amur an roniminder of I'liemysl Icnilejied hu sword in eapltii- 'AUSTRIA'S DEFENCES XJnnsbrucH tondeck A U fmsfermiinz U " 001 , fix 1 ' ' l" NAKPCOilS X 3eivo ps$ ftSMno 'Bonhetfo yresca I Micenza A'erona Atisttia s e ab.oat. system of defences against tlie nieiiace of an I allatl lie tasion through the T.mo1 is shown In 1 he .ccccnnpan.tliig map. New foits hate heeti ronstrue'ecl at every pass through the giant mountain chains which form a Impugnable natural banter defend, ing the Tjtoli'ie frontiers. The pnncl pal of these fin tlticatloti". the position and mimhei of which is marked o.t still 011 the map, are 'hose at fie Steltlo Pass. Ill tile cMieine tiortlitt est the Tonale l'ns fort", the forts guard ing the Hondo Depression, the forts at P.ita at tlie head of Lake lianla and :he new fotti cm Arslero Height and the Lararone Plateau. eat of Trent Tient itself, .he capital of the district, is a vt inttenched ccimp A detailed desMiptlon of these defences wis punted in Tlir. Si s ,teterila Not depending on the privileged tra :eglcal position or this territory et :n the heart of the Kastern Alp. bounded PRZEMYSL FORTS HELD MORE THAN SIX MONTHS sians Began Attack Soon After War Started Aus trians Called Defences the "Inland Gibraltar" and Believed Them Impregnable. Riu The l.ill of I' iCllltsl leates CVnenw 1 it tuallt the only Austrian base in lalicia and it teleaes alsiut l(iiJ."fl P.ussian soldiers for the Investment and siege of that ancient capital. Tne siege of Przemysl began on Pep temher 10. 1911. and continue! until vest, rday morning. Jut six months and thltteen clas It was regarded a the most plcturesipte incident of the modern mathematical war for there was the ancient siege, the sortie of the garrison, the charge eif the besiegers, the reports of M.uvatlon and the denials, the de- mands for surietider and the defiance. 1I1.. Merotilane lllllll route to and from the city, the wireless messages sent living from the fortress and. with all, tlie slow. Inexorable closing In eif the forces of the Ciai Przcmvsl held out so long agiunl a sum-rlor Torce numerically because it was one of the stMingc't fortresses in the world The Austrlaris were wont to sav that it was the "inland 5lh alt;ir of the world " Clt.t I'l'll In Seorllleejlli IrllHTJ. The town Iticlf. founded In the eighth ceniurv, sits m a llttl" cup shaped vnl let of the P.iter San. sui routided "11 two ehb'S liy loftt mountains. Virtually theie is a mountain on the western side' alo, fur rhe tallet tin 1 ruts ter muni there and cwliig" aroiinil. the river de llectlnc northwanl The -it itself has had an eventful career, but had fallen .inlv once t"fon That was in th" M'ventieiith century, when the Tartars. Hie Cii'siicks Hid the Swedes Invaded anil s.u ked it It was early a manufai tuilng town unit was alw.it s a military base. When ii.ilicia became an An-lrliin province' it became a part of rhe chain In which l.emburc and Cnv-ow also are links, and when modern politic gate promise j thai a world war would one dat be fought over that territory Austria hei elf set out to take advantage of th" gifts of nature Her best engineer' went to work then and thev kept at. wink until last September The ntoiin rains were hollowed out, buttressed, erlscrosseel with galleries anil ecpilpped with guns that commanded .11 evert direction Hack of the pi Oiipal foi ti ess in the mountains was a circle of smaller forti fications on adjacent heights, connected lev gallenes, and all around for a radius of twelte miles was a ring of outer I forts which tvei almost impregnable n themselves. lieu I II ill 11 iii'i' Ill xeplemlier. The Russians, moling south from Poland early In .September, occupied l.emberg, and then, turning west, f fulfill confronting them sixty miles away Przcmtsl, with Cracow, the r real ob jective, about 14(1 miles further to the northwest. Having occupied Iwmberg, they had the Important rallroael under the r control, and, utnler the command ir lien. Iiniitrlclf. motid slowlt llfiotl the heavllv defended town Tuere was 1,0 idea or a rtisii ror tins point rinsaia knew of its sin ngth. The operation lesenil eel the siege of Hlchinornl In the civil war Tlie outer lation To the victories won hj him at Kiik-Kilisfe, Utile Ituiga" and 1 Chin In In 1fl2 tiniltrli'ff has adilerl the capture of the key fin tress of the Aus- I trlan defences of 1 lulu-la after about 1 six months and one week of patient 1 bulldog siege I Hen Kmlttleff on August U nil 1 offer ed his sword to llussia I'rev louil.v , he was lliilc.irl.iii Minister lo Itussia I lie llinl long been a Pan-Slavl-t Me suffered exile foi his opinions and held ' ,1 ,'orninii-si -u under the iVai until he was ie-e-alleil Hen Inultileff was born I in iradc7, lliilgaria. in 1S.VI and al the age of 20 receited a 1 oniinslon as ,1 l.ieulenanl after being giailuate I . fiom the Military Aciidi int -ii Sulla He I wein fame in 1 In- Tuico-liuIg.il Ian war following the annexation of caslein llmnelhi by llulgarla lie was a Cap lain llu-n, hut brought IiIh forces up 111 , tune lo aid in luinln: the tide al I he I ba'He f Slivniii-.a. which ended Hie war 1 ls siildle-rs gained tin- idea that he Is 1 Invulnerable and 'hat Idea persists lo thle day When mine Alexander was cie- ih lined rids item was followed by the etlliiig of the truing eiflh ei He wenl in Itussia, rereited ,1 Caplatn's comnils Hion, and served ten jears, rising lo Ihe rank of a Cnkonel. Then he went I hack to his native, land and recnleted INJHE TRENTINO 'voor to viem Pont&m Belluno Mm leltre V fvir or VNC U.t toweling uioiint.f 11 chain' eoteied tt pi eternal -riotv. through whhh a fe.t high pases offei 'lie only nii'iilis of access, AlHtli.l has spated no expense, has stopped at no sacrifice to consoli date and Increase Its military value Km this reason Italian strategists are of the opinion that In eae Italy goe.s to war the opening move will hate to le iniide over the eastern fioutlei. noith of Venice They believe that owing n rhe scarcitv of rallioad communication between the T) nil and the heart of the dual monarchy the Austilans will he' unable to attempt an intaslon of l.otn barcly thtough the "Tientlno salient." atid that Italy will not be called upon to do more In :h.r. section than to senJ a few army coips to guard the passes, tin owing the kk-mI mass of hei arm d forces Into the I'rlull and Isttla to, ait In conjunction wi'h the Italian (le"t which would airack Trieste. I'ola and I'lume ring of forrs must he reeiu ed one b ouic and flnallt the fortiess Itself must be starved nut The cltt was oftlctallv , reisirted to be invested on Septcmbe' lei, the Austrian opposition 'heaving been' driven back with enormous lo-ses. 1 The bombardment of the outer forts, began September 20. This was followed by a sortie of the Austrlans. which ao- cnnipll'bed nothing. Heavy guns wern I brought up from l.eniberg and the workj started In real earnest. Within a few days it was announced trnt two of th I outer forts had fallen and the Russians ' had secured a base from which to I operate Optimistic official and semi-official . statements frorn Petrograd began to , K?r; he:,re;n',Ve,;nn:r,sup: Sixn thousand Austrian soldiers were on short rations ,,,,, the citizens of ,s,0V,;,n:ec,?:,-,..VoTfa'l tt stead. It .let eloped that not only wna there plenty of food, hut an Immense amount of animunltion was stored ,n the mountain recesses The aeroplane service was installed which carried mail out every da and carried back con. , denseel food c cision.ill.t the garrison I or a section of it would dash out upon' the besiegers, charging upon t'e bat- terls onlv to return n saretv Then nine a turn in the fight The Herman-11str1a11 foices stalled their drive tow aid Warsaw in .S'ot ember and there was 11 tall for some of (Jen IHnlt rleffs men The Mistrlans ent In the Twenty.eighth Honied IMvl"ton. a hlghlt etllclent command, relieved nmc of the womoiit soldiers .mil got some of 'he citizens nut of the city ly the lime the Itiissl.ms had checked rhe Kaiset'n troops and the besieging iirmt could teturn tne-y were ready for an- other siege. . That was the kst-t rat i.f light for the Samson li.sper,ite torties we're made1 III Not ember arid on rhrMmas etc. hut ' without .null. Thej were repotted to' have lost no.ooo men killed and wounded I In these attempts. Tlie Austlans in the meantime nan tieen eiolng everything In their power to nlleve tin. city . Ono for'-e attempted to pierce the Carpathian Vy way of ltartfeld. onl.t to Mlffcr terrible defeats They tried later to advance through S:anllaii. but the Itusslans He- fcateel them. Irliing 1 hem cntiii'lj away from the Unelsfei While- these opcr.it nns iter m pmg. i' the lieslcgeis weie taking one miter fort after- another, until fliiu all had fallen. After that tlie-v diew In a little . loser every day After the fnlure .if tlie Uetiuan dilve on Waisaw In Keb ruary theie was little hope left The Auslrians made one' more attempt frorn tne snnm. nt wa or i.ntlltza lint that was cii.s'Ked and flic garrison was left to lis fate, Two weeks jgo the Itus. slaus captured a height In the subsidiary ring conimandlng the main fortress. They were within rllle Arc then of the city 1 hi -March Ifl the garilsnn made a last despciale dash to the east, along the valley of the San. right against the hem lest Itllsslan batteries. Thousands till ami .1I1. nit .vrmii r.itnWicd men aite I ilu tiiselti s up as pii-oiu i-n 1 111 tin next dat eviiiy uun of the' foilii'ss pou.-cd piojectiles into the ItusHi.m tnices, ,md then' battel Irs ii-plied The end came t estcrilae. the .11 my. using m th. tank of In- pecior-iii-neral of the Thin) Army l)is 1 1 ifl When the ll.ilkau war begun he was made cninmaudei 111 the Meld a lid won iKlilillon.il fame He ami- out with the nickname of "Napoleon" fiom his men because of his resemblance 10 the great Pri mil soldier and his tactics. lien llnilllleff letiied from active service after the war and was sent to I'e-irograd as Ituiga nan Minister lie was llieie ,11 the- outbreak of the present war ami pinmptlv resigned, receiving the coiiimoslon of ileneral In die CzruV iti in; He was placed In command of 1 1 it- forces which were to Invc-t Uetn- bcig. I'r7.eni)sl anil Cracow lie has accompli.-.. 1 two of these three tasks M0NEY FOR WAR SUFFERERS. Cnlitrllitllliilis i-l mitt leilKeil b,t lly llelli-f aaoi-lnlions Here. Contributions to Hie various funds for Ihe relief of war sufferers, as reported yesterday, wen- as follents American Jewish Kullcf Conniuilco, $ii.72x 07 . grand total, J.'i'O.Oriii dri New Viilll lied Cinss, .lai oh II Selilff treasiiicr. IG,'i, gl-and tnlal, 9 47 1.Snt .97. Vni'. 1II011 War Heller, M'lViti, grand lot il. ;'i.i22.:iN. See ours National Puml. Mrs Whitney W.nren lieiisurer, JriHri . griind total, ii2.!"i:i 12 Aineiicaii Women's Punil, n177 llelglan llellef, $1,00(1, gi.uid total, .I8!.,7!I7 1!. DIICjlT AMQ Mm WU GERMAN VILLAGE (.in' Tnnips Tnlit' liiiiitv.iir' in I'.nsl IM'iisiii. Willi Mnii.x rristmevx. UI'll. IAIN IN CARPATHIANS iin'.i' 1 olilr l)rplrfi I'KTl'.oclt'.AK. Miireb "2. hate ngulil eroecl the litis from North Poland 10 Tut Si -The Itlisslini" Kiist Ptiis-ialt captiiilng the town of l.ancsnrgeti, which Is Just over the line west of Tauinggen The light-, I ng has been Intermittent lieailt etei.t-i tfi etc ill the eastern .one. but In North. Poland there has been no 'bange The statement i as follows 11 0111 the Nlenien to the Vistula , and on the left bank of the Vistula ! theie has been no change. The Ituslans who ndianceil from Tautoggen hate occupied l.ancai gen in Cast Pruss.n after a light, captui .in some prisoners, munitions of , wui and engineering stures. In the fariMthlatis tuhhoi 1, lighting is plot ceding oil the roads toward ltartfeld. In the valle.ts of the iinilava and Uilioisch. ueai' l.tllikow Pass, and on the left bank of the upper San. the KussIhiim hat e adtuueed suiHessfuIl.t during the last tweitt-foui hmirs The Ittis sl,in hme captured ;'.&iin tneii. tlft oltheis and four machine guns m Hie duel lion or Muhkacz. Tee tieiiiians in dense fmmntlon attacked the ltuslan posltlotis at lto.sohae7. nrachlk and Koslrtake. tint were repulsed every where by the P.ii-suiii lite at.d counter at tacks, suffeilng hentv oe Theie has been a heav snoiv slorm In Cast (iicllcla. ACT! VK IX CARPATHIANS. I'oslllon of IJerninns 11 nil toslrlnns I rltlcnl HIk time Impeiiillim. , Sprthil fahlr Drfpolrl, to TllK Sis I,ONION, March 22 The I'etr 'grad , correspondent of the Tfinrs sends word j that information from Russian and neu tral sources indicates that the position 1 if the Austrian and Herman foices I In the Carpathians is most crl'lcal i The reenforcemetits sent to (Jens llrusl- lnff and limit rleff are hound to exer cise an enormous Influence In tho oam . palgn there. I The Copenhagen piess carries des patches which eat that tremendous de I velcipments are Impending in rhe Tar 1 pnthlans. CANADIAN LOSSES HEAVY. .rIirr. I'nl's" Itenlinenr Vlnioal tVlthont nincrr. Ottvwv. March 22 A casualty 1 1 t . ...... ..,,,.. ,h in,... n the """" 10-Il th' ' h? Canadians n France In killed, wounded and missing up to 37". Of this numher p2 have been killed In action .Most of casualties occurred at Neuve Cha- u,r " Pt'lle and St l.lol Practically every nflloer of Trlncs 'trlcla' light Infantry regiment has . , .,, - "11 Treed ed rha, Co, I g.aa KanjUW. P S U , .i. .. ,-,i. ..,.i . , " Z'Lut Maeor, :rt;'e!irt,i,,, Thr" NVllh(.r Co ' i.Mrnuhar s nor l.eit M ,,.,, natn, appears In In- otll.-lal of casualties to-dat In that two ltl(.or, ,,nrt ,.i.i,t privates are given as Killed ,n action, while the deaths of two t.r.s f,om cflffercnt cau-es and the wounellng of fonrleen are record's! Col Pareiuhnr wa formerlv mllitar' 1 secretary to the Duke of Connaught, f iover nor- ieperal "f Canada lie won the l S " In South Anl. a while, seit ,1 g tilth the c '.ild.st ream litmril" Uidt r.i:-eilha' w-o whs a elailgMle-i of Kir. Iiunoughnio'e. le now in London Frenchmen Here Called Traitors ! . 1 ! ' 'HMIMi iicnil nt Ni' ,. It'inis AttiH'lv- I.i'si'rvisi WImi Diiln't i'sxhhI. Skw iiih.kass. Marcli .'2 - Th. sngnu of traitor and coward has been applied en fi.ooii rrenedimi'li and Amer-f.in bom wins of rrenchmen In Louisiana nil'' failed lo respond to dance's call : the- colors In the- present war In a statement given to t'ae nnrt riitetir to-night (iiibile! Per mil. Pu nch Coii"iil-i leni ral at New in leans, le-clarcel that tlie reeulents in 'lie I'uited SMtcs who are stibjis t t.. Miiltt.tr diilt 111 Praiiee and who have refuseel to r- ' spoud to Pran.es moholiat "ii orders SIC IIOl Olll.t Illinois ICIHI c.i.i.ilil-. 'iei so void of honor that they should lie d'tile-il tile" right "t c-iti7i'iislup 111 the Culled State s 01 other foii lgu i-ntinti iim. Mr. Pen and ndnilttesl that In demanded iitflciallv that three of had! the Inrgcst and most I11tlue11ll.il Picuca sei cretlee. in tin- cut of Ne w ill-leans expel from thi'ir membership all Pri-nchmen and snn, of Pi en- hnicn who hate iieg-tecte-il 01 u-tusi-il o perfoim then elult j tti l-'raii. e- 111 he r I10111 eif 1 il As Consul iieiieral of Prance. M !'- ' land has o'cuined liic position of honor ' iirv ou-sidelit of these till Prcti. ll "' 1 b-ties In view of the- fact that the largest of these- socuiies, tin- Socn e l-'r.llicais lie lllellfalsilll. e el d' Assistance- Mutui-lle ele la Nouvi'llc- Hrh-ans. i-e-Jeiieil the Ccinsul-i ii-noral'M elcinauds foi the' ctpiilsrou of 1 i si'i t ists who 11-fnsi-d lo go 'o wai. Mr. !' rraml has I pete 1 cil relations with the so.ieti .mil lias nolilled the piesident or Ihe eocleiy -Ji.it us ineinb.-is would not lie welcome In tho consulale. TELLS OF DINANT ATROCITIES. Voliterp l.ntv)i-r l.lvi-s llesiill of lie I U In 11 1 11 1 i-hI lull lions. Particulars cemcernliir, ihe Itelgian tictlllis of alleged at roc lies al Pinant Vseux. 1 were Riven )eslerday by le-fnt' la lawyei of Antwerp, now al Ihe Hotel Manhaltan. who ti'celved llieili lloin the Iliiglnii War Pirici- at llavii'. I lie docu menl purports to be Hi. 1 cunts of an. nrriclal Invesllgalloii al Pltianl by lh"iicil) municipal authorities, tt h" xhunii l the -yii pi;,itt hoities of those, killed in eudcr lo makei l.-iier loin hed iili-nllllcalioiis. This lepoii. which Is taken from lhelniikcsnieteiyhappylotliiiikth.il what -'bruary 12 isme of Hm 'VIkI.iii Journal genet mis Amei ii-ans have done lo re- I' riiiilKiiii .Sicife. puhlislied al Hat states that of lln- 612 victims whose ll, imes were sci-iiied IwcuD-flto won found lo he- nvi-i 11 .tens old, slxlv weie woincii, scteral of whom were over SO years old. seveial we're Italics in arms unci In a few cases cntiic families w. re evlerininateil, It Is asset ted tlinl Ihe Argcnltne Con sul and a Spanish subject naineil Vii-enle IVrer. Vllbi.o wen- also shoi in liinanl In spite of proleslalloiie as lo their ini-mimlly. FRENCH WIN BACK I LORETTE TRENCHES, 1 Nciirly Ml (inmiiil l.tixl h ! liiiiin'tl AfltM- Tun lnxs I'lylitina-. If II KIMS AfiAIN S II KIJ.KI) 1 tiffH '6' ieieA (u Tne. Srs. Pvitls, .March '.'2 The opeinlions on the western front continue on a icl.c 1 t.tel.t itnlmportii 111 scale. The only fight ing of Import-iiicc to-day lias been at Nolle Ir.ime de Lorette, north of Airas ' w hen- the Piench now hold all the tieiiches which hate been ill dispute since S.itmday. tilth the exception of I one "iniill sectl..n. only 11 little mote than ten yards long, which temalns in 1 tlie hands or the Herman" I T'ie ejcrmnti" are ell-tililng consider- 1 able activity .Hound l.es Cpatges and dat thet ilellveieit lite attacks ill "lie- i .essi'.n, but were unable to win back :in.t of Hie ground lot In previous day. The night cninmimhitie telling of the c'tetits follow": We hold ..11 the plate 11 of Notre Dame lie I,otelte all the t, cliches which hate been disputed during the last two davs with the exception of a section ten tnetres long, which temalns In the hands of the Ocr mail". At ! Cpaigi's the eiiemt de livered rite sueiessite counter at tac k" n an effort to recover the positions captured bt us. but was completely checked. We hate ptogressed north of Ha donvlllet. The afternoon cotninuininie gate fur the details "f the fighting at Notre Dame ce lorette, indicating the chang ing liatute or the itigagement there. ,in 111I.1 .if .1 further isinilsaicliueiit of Rheltn-c nd of the success of the mine warfare at I.a It-jlsselle and also In the Argonne. near Hagatelle. 1 he statement follows. To the north or Arias, at Notre Dame de Ixirette. a Ciermati countei attack on Satuiday evening de liilved us of some sections of trenches. We recaptured them terdav , ,, At I.a Itolsselle. northeast of Al beit mine warfare continues. After hating blown up one of the enemy's galleries wo occupasl the groatei part of the pit formed During Siine1.iv Rhclnw received about llftt shell" In the Argonne we Indicted two serious reverses on thecnemv. Neai Itagatelle we blew up three, mine", and two companies of our troops stormed a Herman trench In whlc 1 they maintained their positions de spile strong counter attacks. I--te hundred yarde from there the enetnt . after exploding two m!ni-e and bom barding our trenches, rushe-d to at tack on a front of about 230 yards After some ve y hot hand to hand fighting our assailants were hurled bark despite the arrival of their re enrorcment. our artillery caught them under Its lire as they were railing back and Inflicted very hesivc losses on them AVIATORS IN BATTLE. 1 1 Ullrs nnil tirrninn Airmen H"" - i..r.l Meinv I'lnces. I Mnl" 1 '"r 1 ne. eif Cablt fiesxifcl to Tlir sr s I'.tiiis. March 22 - The War Otllce is- sued to-n.ght the following ot!li1al state- ment of 011.M at ions bv .it latere Necr I.a ll.issce two of the enemv '.viators were chasel and compelled to ! return to their cut 11 lines. "The railroad station at ltnye in the 1 v.-iltei ,if tJie Alsne was bnmbardel by I ., ..'iiniiii' .iviator. but he was put to I llight bt two of our aviators Set era! bombs were dropp.-d li our .ifii.i.ers on the. railroad station at j Itaincurt and also on the batteries at llrlniont and Valllt enemy a j In Alsace all ncrnplan.' ' Serd i'alse. with Sub-I.leut piloted bt' Moreail us observer, brought down an aviator tt est of Colmar Si Herman bombs were 1 dropped "ii I h , ivrnnv. while' the railroad station at military barno ks at I Mulh.'lm and 1 boiiilnnlesl b Altklrch we're effectively u I Ti-d.c tve the. station at bombarded In lleigium Staden anil also various other aviators succes-s- encampment" fullv U'lnbalded the aviation tb id at l.abrilgue'tte The bat racks a' I.n 1'ere Atnr.t . ,!,... , 11 Teicnier and the station 1e- 1 at I ' iNiucv-b'-Chate-au iil-o iKimbarded 1 ' In Champagne an aviation I1 ami I uiunltie.il dep-t at Pont Patergc were 1 Immba'dcd durtng the d.tt and also at , night The barracks at Preilsuirg-en-itreis-.,111 were s-ruck bt e ight of our hcinlis " bernhardTon THE WHINE." . London limes" Com menl nn lien nil" rllcle on Wnr. ..... ' ' .1' ' w.i'.-'' Tilt -l 1 I...M.I.N March The '(flirt to dat gin- gt tlile ll. ejii M S ..f Mate il p. oinincii. to trie ar i..n H.'inhnrill 111 Till-. , I Tlio 7 in" lias an dltortal under Ihe caption ,n the Whine. in winch it ilorlili.cr.il expie-sscs Hiiilsfactioii with lln- article We have heard loo much of 'he do rune ll.-nihanl' pi aches In his book, the funis sa.ts. to attach Ihe least importance to this special pleading and we are cpnl intent that Americans in. I oilier neutral" shall 1 oiupare the run .111. 1 ib.l.le ten themselves which expieseed ins real eipinion- ' eriii.ui would lute In en much ls-tlei advised il she hail left he' interests 111 the Cnitiil Sales In the .i-dute prai Ileal hands of I nt nbiiig WILSON TO BELGIAN TWINS. send 11 I'm I tt ifin I, el Ier I liiiiiUInu iiiem fur llIU I I iciierosll , ..I-..-. Marcli 22 A lelte- I'lisnbtit U iImiii'i own handw nt nig was 'in,, ,0 ,1111 th. White lion",, to dav li .1 littli hot and ins twill s"-trr in line se.s. II Igiuiu. who had sent Illin a lettei of tli. inks for the f""d "Much had ' icachcl them fiom America l'U"s.t pe-spii'.- nil. '' ycais ..Id. wrote thus to. I the I'.endcnt I "Thank .ton tcit lunch for Ihe good, hi cad The poor people In oil- villages, j weie stalling. Tor the) had nothing to eat. Inn 11. -tt that .toil have sent over lo ' ' our count!) a big provision of wheal I 'boili ti lt -md pom can lite thanks to I the Aini'i fans. . "Host lot and w isli. s " I ' 1 1 1-1 twin brother. V. Pi spelhe 1 ch, I iilded this to the le-llci .1 i,,m Ml ,vn, Ml. sister 111 lliankln U)l ,,, ,s Jollj good lne.nl nigh , ,,, s,nrj tnv sclioolboi s liungi r ttlial I he I'li-sldi'iil said en- 1 in l.tTTI.n I'lllKSOS Von r and I lllc ve-l) ibcplv I (hank .ton for II with all pi) heart It Iicve tlie hunger mnl ilisiress in vour counlr has liroughl you the help you nciilcil iml gltiu cm a lillli- happiness In tin- mnlsl of Ihese leirllib- diys of war "1 hope toil will glow up to h eli. ing to do Ihe work Hut will have In be done III the dais of peace thet are. reniung II would lie a are' it pre-asiire 1 1 ine if some tint I might sen )oii both when these li.ippln limes have come. Venn sinci ie fiiciul "Woniinoif Wll.soN '' GERMANS REGAIN lifi'liii A it 11 ti 11 ct Tlinl It us inn Were Driven l-'rom Mcllll'l. Mn si IVllsMII. .M rcil IMMU'KHTV I.DOTMDi Hr.ni.i. by wireless to Sa.tvllle. 1.. 1. I March 22 The recapture by the Her I mans of .M. inel. In Cast Prussia, which I the Russians occupied a few data ago, was announced at Heiinali army head-iliiaitei- toolay The ollli ial statement was as follows V fresh attempt to take the lier 1111111 position on the south slope cr the Colette lli'lgllts was mailt las! night, but resulted In Tallin e Another French night attack, this lime north or Ce .Mesnll In the Champagne- district, al-o was with out sucoess. Furthermore, all the Pierich erfotts to win back the posi tion at Reichncker rfnpf resulted In failure. The Russians were driven from .Mein.-I. on th" Haltlc ill Cast Prus sia, yesterday after a short engage ineiit to the south of the town, fol lowed by tenacious fighting In the streets. I'nder the protection of Russian trewps a Russian mob looted the private- propel ty of Herman citl .ens in .Memel. Carloads of goods were eonteyed across tint frontier A speel'il report on this looting will be published North of .Matlanp.il R.jsslnn at tacks have beefi repulsed with heavy Russian losses. West of tho Orjsyt: River, near .larlnorosak. northeast of PiT.asnysT.. and northwest of Claeha now Russian attacks by night ami by da have bioken down under the Herman tire Russian prisoners to the number of 420 were captured SEW LOAN SUCCEEDS. ra,."V,oni,IIOO luliscrlbeil for Jrr limns s ,srnnil Issue. Hl.RIIM. via -wltoless to Sawllle. I. I March 22 The Overseas News Agency g'ave out the following tn-day : "The Itcrlln Tagtblatt declares that 9.nnn,ftOO,fiOO marks ( 1 2.2SO.fltio,000) has been subscribed for the second elerman war loan. This means that money to finance the war until late In the autumn has. been obtained. If the war 's still going on at that time, iifcordlng to this newspaper, the wealth of the nation and the willingness of the people for taerlllrcs will prnclile further means. "The I'oj.ilJicJir Zrlfunjj says the hope of Hermany's antagonists for tho eco nomical and llnancl.il exhaustion of the empire has been (chattered by the great success of rids lorn, and that both reat Itritam and France only obtained lesser ties amounts of money under dltlleul- HAS 810,000 PRISONERS. liermiitit Announce" Number Mir Molds Include" IMMIO Officers. nr.r.t.iN'. via l.ondon. March 22. or- I flrlal figures given out this afternoon "how there are more than 9.000 officers and fOl.000 men prisoners of war I' ' i;,,rrnanj. ,,t present. 1 Imrlng the I'ranco-I'rnsslan war th' prisoners of war numbered "S3 000 . - - - BUYING COPPER MONUMENTS. s.ieden Van I'r.ilitl'l t s l'.inrtnllon In C.el lilllnj . sfirefelf rnf.tr ersJf In Tlir Srv I'ahis. March 22 - A despat.lv from Copenhagen to the Temps safs .1 f irtory at Alvsao. near Stociinoim. a'e.v is-gan the exportation on .1 huge ec.de of 1 "Kxci'pt for one llrltlsh battleship funeral monument" mad" of copper , a the reenforisments are nlrevuly on The fa. t"r had -i hand one ..rd-r rnr tIlo N)v), An additional Krench squad 201 000 pounds weight f"r the largest 1 ro iM!, probably nrrlveel by now. e.ectrleal compant 111 1 ierinant . nut ine Swedish authorities prohibited the. poin of tliis or ant .-liter order f..r . ops.r nionu'iients UPTON PRAISES DR. DONNELLY. Me 'I Ii iiiiiii Tells lion Voicrlciio llii-il lor ert Inn". l.oriiis. Man Ii '.2- Sir Tbonias U.p-, ton, who bis pis' arrited 111 London from ,1 t " 11 r of Sert.c tilth a ti an load of 111edlc.1l supplies, was one of the last n en to talk with Pr Ivmticlli of the American lied Cross before the doctor died Thev tere lifelong friends and I.lliton Paul a high intuitu to the duct. 11, asserting that lie elrltber. licit cite up hi" life- to work among the dtitig Sei vlatis. Pr. Ponri'-ll) was very delirious in th last stages of th" typhus fever, and seu-1 in; a rllle shot himself rhiotigh thn head "Pi I 'oiincllt ." sa'd Sir Tnoinas. "was srve.elt attacUed bt liphus fever whie doing nohh work ,11111" .- t'10 h. tldi.se lck and suffering In Servla 1 went to that countrv with doctors and r urscj Tim .tacht llrln. no a hospital ship, i look us to Salonica. and from their we. went 10 Hi-lgraile Pr Pnnnellt. k-ow ing that I tv.es coming, we. nnnM n e it j I ier shelli on tho frontier, and we visited 1 all the wards of his hospital Thein were l.ion typ. us patients eniaricred 'n , II rlilapailated lolacco shop, which he ' Ihe best mailable wis chosen lit Pr 1 Poiuiell) for th" main bulldl' Nine' out of tho twelve American Heel Cross' nurses were then 111 with the -hearted, typhus , "Just before his de nh he wroie lette-s t - lis f iiuili and friends and rcquc tel. 1 that lie be hill .tail. ed in an Amen. ,111 tlafi II s '"' , Hie Pi .11 , 11. .1 lie . th e - h 11 , d 1111 wrapped in 1 ' nn 11. It eg .1 d ' 'lit ' I it I nl He w on- h. t rn en -.ci t ,i Hi IHiLip.r MORRIJ . rpup t y -x. RLD'S OLDEJ ?V?TLJ RKI SHV) Cigarettes 1 BKOWN m r--' r .sTi ir- . i t I III- NO DARDANELLES BATTERIES SILENCED Si-veil lloni's Arlillcry Duel on Mnivli III Di'scrilicil by (icr niiin Com'siioiHlonl. SIMPS I'lllM 2,001) SHKLI.S Hr:ni.iv. via Condon. March 22. eorresp ndent of the WolfT lluteall Constantinople, who witnessed tint tack on the Dardanelles on March -A In at IS, In which three of the Allies' battleships were sunk, has telegraphed an account of the affair, the feature of which Is the assertion that not a single shore bat tery was silenced, although tho Allies tired more than 2,000 shells The correspondent says that tint ef forts of the Allies to fotcei the strait reached n climax on March 18 In nn ar tillery duel which lasted for seven hours. The entire atmosphere around the Tur kish forts was dhrtened by clouds of smoke from explolditm shells and quan tities of earth thrown Into tho air. The Allies entered tlio strait at 11 30 In the morning, tho at-count nays, and opened fire on the town of Chanak Kaleh. Four I'"rench and flvo llrltlsh warship" took part In this engagement, v lilrh reached Its climax at I 30 I. M , when the ships shifted their file to Fort llamldleh and the, adjacent po sitions. At times during this phase of tho fighting thn forts weie entirely niunen from fdghi lit the clouds of smoke. At o'clock the warships changed their t.utics and concentrated their Mro upon imllvldii.it hatterles but eivltlently found difllculty In getting tho range. Many of their shells fell short, or olso went over the foits and exploded In the town. The. bombardment tvns at its hottest nt 3.15 1" M., when the French hnttle ship llouvet was seen to be sinking; by the stern. A moment later her bows mvung clear of the water and she went down A great cheer from the Turkish soldiers greeted this sight Torpeelo boats and other craft hurried to thn rescue, but they saved only a few men. The lltuvet struck a mine and was, besides, badly damaged by shell fire abnie the water line. One projectile struck her forward deck and another shot a mast away. When she went down he was trying to reach the en- ! ti to the strait, but evidently her this m.i.hineiy had been damaged nnd was nnposllile Soon after the Houvet went down a llrltlsh ship was struck on the deck, scprarely amldship. and wns compelled to withdraw rrom the tight Soon utter another llrltlsh ship was badly damagevl and at 'piarter or four re llred under a terrific fire fmni the Turkish batteries. She ran In toward shore and for a full hour the other ships I tried to protect her w th their guns, 1 but were unable to do so This vessel I tvns struck eight time-. The correspondent says that this was the first day of the bombardment in which the allied ships kept within range of the forts for any length of time, and that the result has tilled the Turks with confidence in regard to future operations. FLEET REENFORCED. Mlilinrellllenl Mopped !! Wrntlier, siiiiii Hi Mr llesiiincil. trerM fahlr llr.pntrfi In Tnr c LoNtiov. March 22. The Athens cor respondent of the flatly .lfuil telegraphs as follows: "Tho operations In the Dardanelles were temiHirnrlly suspended yesterday, Holely because of the wetather The al lied "forces :ue quite sufficient to con- .1....- II.. ULB'lllll Weather permitting, the attack will be rs'siimed with grewter activity, owing to tho Increased strength of the fleet " NEW ATTACK ON CAIRO. ronslnntlimiilc Itepnrts lljemnl Cnshn llendy to lliixe. Cos-STtNTiNnri.K, via Amsrerda-n, M inli 22 The official Turk'sh news agency stys that PJe-mal Pasha, who snicentrated troops for the pur-p-ise of making an attack on I-gypt, has re ported to the War Offl that his prep ligations are complete and thtt he ex pecs to eriier Cairo at an early chile. Strong? Rigid? it is L. B. steel All L. B. steel ofBce eqnlpment i r'" tically indeitructible. More than that. " L. B. through and throufih, has all hf features and conveniences that have pi L. B, standard for card and filinR system L. B. steel card-index and filinp cabirecr are built for continuous performance Tb'V make a gilt-edge investment of every ioi r they cost you. Perhaps you think you don't need 1 that your business is "too small' to " quire a filing system. An L, B. s.il'sn i might come to your office and show vw L. B. Service would save your time money. A 'phone call will brine him L ibra ry Bju rea u Msnufarrtirlai dUtrlbueon o CimJ tnd filing i-rtttmt. Unit cablneti In worni nd 'f 316 Broadway, New York It's a comforting thought to know that "All's well i and a clear track ahead." That's the feeling which consumer-demand brings to a business. With a million consu mers calling for your goods by name, it takes more than one disgruntled dealer to upset your screniu . George Batten Company Adutttiting 381 4th Ave, at 27th St. Bo.toit NFAVYOKK. (,., GREEN STRIPE SCOTCH Pure, Light, Delicate, Old. ANDREW USHER & CO.. Cdinbur;h COMMANDER BRICKER AND 3 SAILORS DROWN Howliont Ooinir to tlir rorplnn Is Swnmppd nl Tnii stniitinnplo. CONSTANTrVOPl.K. tla rte-i don, March 22. l.ieu'rri.cr 1 William F. Itrlcker of the 1 ' en. converted yacht Scorpion ard t ors, Pord. Powell a-d t.-we-. drowned Saturday right whe- j In which they were going 10 t tvas swamped by a hen Henry S. Ribbit and e saved. Uleuienant-Cninma' i' It' rived at Constantinople en M relieve Uieutenant-Cnnim.i - If McCauley, .Ir, as i"'nniTle Scorpion. WAsrtl.veiToN, M.m-h -"- t. Commander Ilrn ker w .s -.t lu re and was hlghlt r. garde I circles. Ills home was 1 . burg. Pa. Seaman Irven pnvvr.i wa ' polls, Md., where hs nm'i Charles Pord came from 1 1. ' A report from Ambissadoi v to the State pepir'inein -1 third sailor drowned tin' Unwcren!. who filhe-r tite- t kee. The report "ays 1'i.ir "c Hrickers boely wis te. .ier, 1 '1. the others lire it 1 ' : rn g Mr Meirgen b.il iel- " tn Commander lire lie- ha I d - d with the secret. lit of tc rn Hofrnmn T'hlllp, ami apt. Sue was returning to the Scorpio. 11 o'clock. A strong wlnd-ac c-omo up and Itrlcker was m.v' the ship's moorings Ills u take placo from the end. ass stantlnople nd the boely wit' subject to the tnstilietfots ' tix-es The Scorpion has bee Constant, nop'e for "o-ne ' a converted yacht of s ' purchased for ill" net) n tenant-Commander Hrl. Ue nav-nl attache to the end' and left there em I'ehrn. fume command of 'ho S. 'rp 36 vears oM. ttontencKrllis Itrpel llAvi-.r. March J2 e'e Cetilnje ssys llmt the t netted tho offi'riff'vo an fenegrlns op all fronts 19 Several Austrian ' near Jrahovo are eta Id to pulsed. A heciw nrt'Vr rccte.1 on the Montcnegr tht two days. M . Yes- i