Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, TUESDAY, MARCH 23, 1915.
U.S. PROTEST ! IS IGNORED BY GERMAN SHIP' 'J'lM'Oih'invnhr.sCiiptiun Or dered Inspector Oft" Vos- SEES NO CA USE FOR WA R GREY-SAYS GERMANY Sas America 's Greatest WUH JAFAN IN 100 YE Arid ALONE IS TO BLAME Dr. Shatter Mathews, Hack From Far East, Denies Anti American Feeling Among Japanese and Up holds Tokio's Open Door Plans in China. Kin'ser Ifcjerieil Kvery Snii!i, linn of on I'cimmhm', PiritMi .Minister Declares. set at San .Inau. iu TO I'M TOLD NOT LKAVK 'NIK POUT hi r i '-i'-I.i c u lie, ' Tim J' 1 n e ton. March 22. Tluit thej S'.ilcn 'ntciuN In enforce tn tho t law of neutrality isoiornlnit' -li lit Out t.iuch .it .vmcilcnti I n-di .ri-il iii ntiillntr fashion in I . ll.imhtirii-.Viierleiiu line l. i lit.lt nun pu vented from San J ii.iii. Cor lo 1 1 Ion. estord.iv i titnl .t.-io.-e ber Ihium by order, A i:ioi li .in atithorltlev. nniuah i mill Irv Ititu tho olrcitni-' - ih.it led in thU Incident In now i hi nie by Secretary (i;irrlon In . iv nltli olllrl.ils of the Treamtry i ' 1101 I I inted States riiMtotin lnieetor I I lio lldl'IIU'old lias forced to I io fvxol .mil nan put Into ni ' ho it The Inxprutor li.ut prot'tcd , to cii i iup.ireit to m.iko it il.'inii I i i. ( n mm. The (icruiati c.iitulti ..r -nil. I, ol the protetit of tho cu tll Ml iiml thou cinli red him off V f --e ! ii.lemv.tld Is Ileitis hehl ut S.m authority nt tho renilutlon t i Junt before CoiiKrixt adjourned, . empowera the Preideiit to pre i'.iiiuentK of xuppllos from Atncrl-1 ! irtA to belligerent vee ut 00,1. Vunortative Information has been ro. ff w.i here that tho llambui-K-AtiHTicnn 1 11 i?r 'i.i 011 hoard a larRe Mlpplv of cut which, It 1.1 niwunied, the ve-mel lit-ml .I to turn over to the (Ionium en iii toil cruiser Kronprl:i7. Wllheltn. r. entl reimrtcil nut far from the I'orto K.t in 1 o.iot C'lllc.vuo, March 22. "That tho Putted Slatea will ever halo miy cuimr fur war Willi .liitian, at leat In tho tirxt hundred Venn, Is to my mind unlii'lleia'ilo, md I alii (Hire It Ik to olery one n ho H fitttilll.tr with tho situation In .lnpan at present," said Dr. Shnller MathoiiH, dean of tho t'nlvcridty of Chlciim di vinity school, to-day niter hW 1. turn from Japan a a riprcsentntlve of tho t'eilerul C'oiltu'll of Churche of OhrlM In America. Ho carried 11 musi.iKc of poaeo lo the Japanese nation ftom I roo I (lent Wilson. "The ilKoiiteiit and nntl-A'uerlcun movement reported to nldel.i Hi I'm papers of this country hint rer 111 rnmltii" fium .Iai.m 11010 ril ox-iiKU-eiated,'' he continued. I'ractlc.ill.v all the discontent In Japan '-a.-' be di rectly .raced to Muri'C rtni-tiai'mt fi-oni I'ckln, whom n certain Ihiropeun (Soi eminent ha established .1 but call to: publishing fulso rumors designed tu i-uum trouble. ".lap.m l anxious to maintain tho in ' tecrlty of irhllia. and hai developed .1 iirtaln 'Monroo Inctrlnu' toward Asia, i Mhlch him cauvd uufaioralilo comniei't In the Knropcan papers and hii- led to I the Dtateiiieut that she In nci'uit the 'open door' policy Thin U tnt rue I Japan Ik Inlcrcxted In the dovotopmotil I of China, btit i-hti ilevlro.i that that na tion of ('otifurltn bo not a prey to other I'utterii," lien. TV The ItoNollltlim. resolution tmn-i'd by ( 'on crew ci r.jed the Proliant to dlriHit Amorl c 1 iiMoms collectnrii lo withhold clear a pipers from any vessel. American 01 feolRii. "wliii-li he has loasonablo Cije to believe to bo about to carry f.u' ar:iin, ammunition, men or Mip p as t 1 an) u.itvlilp or ttmlor or eupply (nip "f a belllKercnt natlo-i In vlolatlnn 0 ! obl!catior of the I'nlted Stato K neutral nation.-' i.ationh of the law are made punish- '".e by tine and lniirloiiiiR'iit of tho rfi'Uii-ible and a ship ui-ed .In vlo In 'i. 11' evasion of th law may be fni fi 'I to the I'nl-.ed Stat.-!. Si nlllil.il of the ( ;.iveriiineut iild dlscive to-day what information h I heen received tenillm; t ..how thai ti. odenwald came umlor the terini of t osolutluli. It N the MiiilerstandliiK r.ieier, tha; th" 1 !oi-i rnment Is ad- 1 1 1 thai the ( ideiivialil planned to tr .' oal to the Kronprinz WUhelni 0. i no other t.eritt-iii iv. Confer Willi l.eiidluu tcan .Matthews spnt 11 month In Ja pan, diirlnc which he was received by members of tho Imperial iViunill and was Kiaiited every opiiortunlty to study the relatlom betwien Japan and tho fulled States In private conferenci t wltli thn lending educators, bankers, idltors, lawyerx and statennen. He had several cnnfer. iii'es w Ith Count 1 Okuma, the Premier, and Hi run Kato, the 1'orclKii Mlnliter. and In- w cut out I with them th. problem aiotiod by the I anti-American acltatton In Japin and I the antl-Jiipane-e atfitatloli 111 America. A complete report b:iii on his obsir 1 vitlotii will be forwarded to SeoroUiry of State llryan. with whom In held con fluences before le.iilm: Atnirlcii ltu mi accompatileil by Prof Sidney (iilllck. a menilier of the faculty lJ.ihlhn I'uliersity at Kioto. Japan, Inn lte for . av il stilloiis 011 the wet coast of .Mexico and that the Japanese liovcrtiinent was Interefeil In serurllic land holdliiEs In positions thre.iteiiliiK to the Paiiami Canal These weie laiiuhed at, as also was tho leport that Japan was tt.iliiK to press the use of some of her military forces on the Allies In the lluropeau win section in -order to hale a volfti In tho llnal pouch neito- nations. 1 Count okuma wiote the followlui: kt-' tor to ir. .Muthew's befote tho Cliliauo.in 1 left Toklo: "AlY HKAII Mil. MlTltKWs: Now 'hat I .inn hale met no small uunilH-r of the representative men of Japan and haio talked with them on their own snniitnl I tiust .inn have found ilt.it tin to I- hi tile Isittotn of their h'Mtf nothlim but a fiellim of neiiulhi' friendship toward America. Till'-, they all felt o'lnK'Ineil at the tlilfoitunate alitl-.latiaiiese aKiiitlon which has fiunil eiipreHslon In the ptcss and iMUIiell of c-ltaln n-ollnns of tho t "lilted Slates. Si far. lumen r, that U:u not dlsturUd their impllelt faith In tho IiIkIi sense of Justice and the rlKhteounesH of the Christian people of America, fpuu whose thought notli-Ins- Is further than woundltiu tin sus mptlWllty of a friendly nelithlsir. "(in tho (Otitrary, thoURhtful people of Japan felt it all the more imperative to cultivate a better Interest w Ith the Atnerl ihlti p.siile because they thought, what ever dlftlcultles there may exist Ui the present rcl'itlons of tho two countries, theso were largely due to a lack of such utider'tiindlnc N'twoen I'i'iii "I warmly muprocate tho sentiment conivvoil In the mo.a-e w-hlcii you brought ftom ymir President and the Secrvt'iry of State to tho people of tnv country, and In so iIoIiik I am also In tcrjifftlMsC the true feelltu; of my coiintrymon.' WW It i.oinr IS ISSIT. Opportunity Is in Russia riisiiics 3lnu Melicvos Exporters Should fnpture Trade Xow Held by flprmmiy laimfnctureil floods of Jinny Kinds in Demand. DESCLAUX WEEPS ' AT COURT-MARTIAL AitiimmI Army Piiyiniisfer Siiys-( Hp Dili Wlial "Ker IkmIv Whs Itninir." KXTt'LI'ATKS WOM X ONLY Jl PKK CENT. OF DH'OHTS FIIO.M I'. S. BRYAN STILL SILLW'T. I'onfors Willi .Inimnoso intinssn diir, bill Millnllllos secrcej. W.isittNiiTos-. March 22 lomr con 'Hr Cullck and m.iself had Ioiib con- foiences with many '' the most rcpu senlatlie men of .lapjn. ' he said. "We found that mmy J.iiuticse hale the same fear of America Unit (innrcsmian Hnbson has of the Jap.uiee. "Krniii our com ersatlons with repre. sciitntllo Jaiianese men of an". ills and dlploiiiits we anii cd at the tl 111 convic tion tint there Is sonic deliberate pto mamiiie behind the acltatlon. There Is undoubtedly nine slnlstir ititluetico which sees all the tie. is In the I'tilted States airalnst Japanese interests and sends It In eMiiiKorated fa-hlon to Ja pan. The propaganda ha the on. object of wrakenlns the peaceful iclatlom or the countries." feietiie between Secreiary 15ry.ui and the Japanese 111t1 isadur rebitlvn to tho Chin i-Japalies,. iie"tlatlons was hold this afternoon. Vliount Chlnda was witli the Seiietiiry of State for an hour, and at the conclusion of his discussion aunoimi.sl that he could say I- 1 absolutely nothltii; of 1 Sot-rot my Mryim maintained tho ab t solute se. ro. y with which he has sur- l I.OM.ON-, March 22. Sir Hdward flroy, 1 the Korelmi Secielaty, 11. Stmt as clmlr m.m this afteiiHimi of a KiitlnTlnK which was hearlm; a luture on tho frattuy "f 1 war. declared niraln that the w-ir tnlcht hale been avoided by n Ihnopeati con- foteiieo when and wh (lerm.tny dt- sliod. He udiUd : '(lermany, from hei eMierleti"' In the llalltan confcrelici , knew she could could I on out Rood will, and that no nolo I ready to do hist July what lie did be foie. lint (lermany refui-ed ucr sill! ' Kistloii and 011 hoi n sts foi all time 'the appalllnc it spon-lblllti- for the war. We now know that (iirnnni had pre pared foi wai. and onlv those who halo planned Toi w r can tmpare tor It." 1 Amid lotid 1 1 r- Sir din .ml inbb d : "This Is the foiiith tune within lliine ineinor.i that Prusla has mad war . 1111,111 Kurotie. and o at' ib'tcrtnliied It shall bo the last "The cMielidltuto of hundred" of mill ions of moiiev and the loss of millions of lives inliiht haio been mioiihu ny 0 conference of the Kuropeiiii Powers hell In London or The IIiikuo. or wherever and III whateier lorm llortnany would have consented to hold It. 1J would hale belli far easier to have settled the dispute lnlw.cn Austrla-lliiiiK-ary and Sen la. which (lermany made the m-ca-, shin for the war. than It was to Rot , successfully throuith tb ltalUati crisis, ' of tiio eais ai!o. In rcieiit liar we haio irlieti or- maii eicr.1 assuranio that any .tustres- lie inoieuient llpun her would receive no Mitiport from us. Wo withheld from hi 1 only one thlnt -the unconditional promise to Hand aside, howen-r .icurcs ' slve (iinnaiiv herself might w to her ' neighbor l.a-t July. 1-torn the out I breal. of the war, Kruno-, Italy and Hui- sla w-ro ready to accept a conference. I ('.oriimni refused eiery silttKeslon made for settllnc the dispute In this way and l,ui hir mil"! ict ii"w and for all time ! the aniMllniK responsibility of lutvtnK 1 plui.sTtsl Ktiroiss Intti Mils war" Askinc. "What Is the issue for which wo ate lluht'm: '" Sir l-Mward said. "In due time terms of peace will he put forward b the AU.cn. One essen tial condition limn bo the r.toratton to HeUluni of her Indepeinb'tu national life and free pys-esslou of hir t.riitir. The ure.it ls"ile Is -bis. Wo wisn me to he r-eo to live tneir Till: Sf.v ;iriif Scioto on nrtirlr on Ihr tin t iipiinttitnttlrn In fiiisln or tin- Amirimn r.rporlf t, (Is nutliin it !) il proinliir 11 .1 iHf-rffviM tmaliM wkiii icio his jwt rrtufiltil t tin- filltnl Slntti itflrr net oiol jrors r. iliti nrr In fVfininiif. 77io fulled SMIfs (11 IS12 iiililitinl llimitn with nii'jy M per cotf. of lur Import, tlirvmny fONfrnlmi hnlf 0 Mic Import unit Until Hrl'nln 12 p. r roiif. Ilntr Amrrlrnn tnniitidcl'ir its (-mi putrurr ttrrmnny'ti trtitt'l o(f .'titsm l.i rjpiiinrd ii bite. Tho Krealet opportunity In tho world for the American merchant and manufac turer is not In South America nor In the Par Hast, hut In Itussia. With an ateii three 'irnes that of th States, ft population twite as Rreat, a makes are h.iRrllod almost entirely by (lorm. ins, Hero lo America's, greatest commer cial opportunity n Itussia. (irciit ie- tns nre helni? suhl and settled. (lltjantlc eiiKlnoerlliK cnterprlseM aic al toady 0:1 fistt and o'ltrrs are helm; ltlatmed. Itlissinns freooontlv stienU of the similarity of their present dcvohin-1 nf Pavniastor nesclaiiv, a henchman of tnent to ours one bundled lears aitol former Premier Callhtilx. nnd his six bprrtit rtht' rinpntrl to Tnr Srv Pants, Mfin-h 22. Tho tmpre'eiit nr little court room In the Palais do lus tlce, which Is seldom lled and uei r has been really rebuilt since t'n frc In tho pnlnro In IHT1 and from ivtibh tho plaster I cotistniitly dropplnif was dcemoil sulllclent for the coiirt-m.irtial ! and tirc this Bliullarlty ns .1 hmsoii why 1 wo should bo interested in their prob-1 J lenis to mutiial ail.ant.tKe. J A lai-K" proportion .if the American I iieiieiiltural machinery iio- sold in lias-1 isla is made it, ilia' cnuiniv It stand hlim In tho popular estlnntinn ami sells .Upon Its merit". The Culled States In r.'ii lurnieneu si'.tjiie.tion or hip ' o,.. ,,,..1,1 ( n,n nm.-i - - . .. nun nun .....v.l. j t ......hi...... ... 11 ii, w l nlt((i 1 mum ,11 in.,. 11 111.-1 1 1 1 mi.-, no.1. 1 ne more impnrisni uussian Imisirts ivhlrh are most llkelv to alTect Amerl- wider ramso of latltudo and a more , an foreign commerce nie, tho llcures eipiahlo ollm.V.e, Itussia possesses favor- beltiK ulwaj-s those of i:H2: able conditions for th' development of Cotton (foods for the jsar amounted .... to Ifi.43.1,955, of which (ierniany con- trade and manufacture. .,.oll,.l, 'pfr' , n,,., h. Contrary to neneral belief, Slherla Is tw n,; tt)ttli with elcht and a half no more 11 vast frozen wate than l the 1 million spindles, Th demand Is mostly .n.,ll..nl r VA.l. tl,l..,l., TltA IlllS. I for shooting, muslin, chintz nnd slm- , , ' , , ' , t ... l'lo llo( rod prints, but since these Koods 1 slan is a Rood spender, n dependable . .. . vn,.... (tv of front :tu I worker whn well dlroetod. thorouehly per cent, to in per ce-it . competition) An atidlet.ee of sixty, mostly women, teachable, anil, by reason or the recent!""" "ussnm nuns win 1.0 uimcun ; crowibsl the court to suffocation. I.leut, nooompllco", who were accued of stoal Inc and sellltn; army supplies. The trial ben. 111 to-day Miie . Ilecholf. the well known dressmaker, whoo hilsbtittl Is a (let man. Is one of the nccompll'-es Immediately III front of Col Thlebaiit, and the other officers, were n number of exhibits In the ease These consisted among other things of a hrtervtRencous collection of l576 FIFTH AV Ijumlreds of brass reina.lns of llrod shells. f dozens of Merman nicker flhe.lls, casoi of spiked helmets and rlfte (some of thorn I.ebols), cans of petrol, a postal suelt and packets contalnlhR provisions. tMcn who like v( I F0RTYSH 'KSril STRFKT. Over Thin. '. Stun'tt Jcwrlry xlorr unu know iintc! IP COR.47WST' xiiuiy Women I'resenl. nmbulance, cost iier 26,000 franca r 1,'iiiflO) Kho accepted Desclaui'H nreset's In order not to offend htm, baler she wrote to him asklnc that hn send imtlilne more She never uned them It, the, houso und Vent them for tho ambulance. temperance ukase, the s-iberest citizen of the world. The Tatars In tho south, Instead of beltn? the orex for which their name has come to stand, are men of steady and sober habits, and whn Kuropeanlzed are not to bo dletln- (rulshed from Russians. I'nsslnir lo ludnslrlnl Urn. Itli"s!i Is now- passim from nn eco nomically aKrletiltiiral to an Industrial era. Her resourccw are herofore mainly 11vrlcultur.il, three.fourths of the 15", 000,000 people belnir farmers, Kvcn thn ownership of thn land Is pnsslnK from medlieval comniuniem to Individual ownership, a fact which promises much for the Industrial welfare of tho country. In .1 word. Ilusslo. '.3 now entering upon a phase of national development com- tinles somethlrnr more attractive i olTel-etl. I Itussia uses J42.O0O.OOn worth of raw cotton, one. third of which comes from the fnlted States. Hussl.i is herself I the fourth cotton irroivliii; nation, her 1 best plants having been developed from Col. lioselaiix. wtth Ilio stripes on bis I sleeve Indlcatlnc his rank, was tho per- j son most observd. Mme. Hechoff ap peared In a slnipln black tailor made suit, open ut tho rack, with a wide nhlto collar over her coat collar and a broad brimmed black flat hat, the only ornn American seed, with which experiments , ment belnt: a black silk 1kw at the back ap.. m,1n ai f u - l.-.t. n .. IB?D T-l. .... .... . Wlltl Humors limit I T r t re detention of the U'lelHlald at 1 I! 'o was iiO'iiisrht I 1 tin atte f the Secretary of War in a report id to-day f loin I.leiu.-Col. I'.urn- immandinir the Porto Itlcan resl . as follows : 'I. mi. turf - Ameilcun I'.mnuicial ,.er Uduiwald attomplod :o v. th s port atsiut 3 o'clock this i' 1 sm (March 21) without e'.ear- pais'.'-. At leijuest of Collec- 1 t-ist iiiis to prevent dopi:tur I .n c n-pliance wit i Ins-ructlutu u telejrani Marcti l'.i warn'iiR - ins ilreii with much no iruus 1 s.i i- a- -os her Is.ws uit.i ." Inch ! .111 l-'l Morro. She then ,1 inch 1 under Kl Morro. "i weto liijunsl. Ship leturned 1 at i hor.ije In the h.i.b r. , 'leseiue -f Collectii of Cus--i Ii II' I piisonnll) info.uied 1 irne,l Merman Culi'Ml alnl ', K-i- of 1 nlcni" aid that ford .1.1.1 ,e llstll If tl.-l t ss ii-v to pre-es-el leu n without clear- Inspeetor sent Iboitnl. -is-,, veil h.-ie that tbtf Udell . mpo, to oaie Silt Juan ile um . c tfUcn by sirt ollliers thin ml. I !,' iletM't' until hii had b'cn 'fl 11 Pr. Mathews itbl thai tho same method of lio-tile propaganda was ear rlul oil In An erica with iclerclice to -it-Ills In Japati. 'The clt i f Peklll 'his bret, th. pc. -sl-ttilt MUlH-e of these t x.tcueratetl stones." the tie. 11 continued "(i'ie st ir.i clri-iiluted 111 JaiMit iintiost ,1 tlei alcdly tin-e fuelum In i'ltklo last sumiiur. 'r.U'itl',i some au'enci a' reisut was made public that the I'tilted States was H'lciaiK a fleet "f thlrty-thne lessel to ois'iatc against Julian. Most of the frn was dissipated with the otlb lal de nial 01' the stttl- fi'iu WaslilliKton. "Many Jaii.tlicn- haio an Idea that the Culled States s moved by in tin ptrlallstlc 110II1 y. Another . tirrci.t Idea Is that Amerlia wants cxuci .nines slops for a ll.IV.lt base "ill the ('hlnc.se coast, and for this nas'in Is Interested In Chlnese-Jiipanese nc initiations. "Dr. (iullck and I weie abb in show Hie falsity of thin and otbei in'sion ccptlons of America. Wo bioin.-hl nut 11 pamphlet I'ontalnliiK letteis i lxty tlie iiivmliitnt Atuerliaiis testlfiiiK P. lor rounded the part the t lilted States Is plniltiK In tile Par distort! crisis, nit er.llltli; llN dally StHlelllellt of "we have the nmtte" in nilnd.'' Pespit. the f.lct tint It Is iHjsltlvel: known that the Culled States has made repuseiitatlons 10 Japan In connection with the Japanese demands. Mr. Hrvan Mill iotu-es In iioknow bile,, the fact There Is no pieseut llkellb iod of the Pre'lilenl or Secret iry Kuan alterltn; their course, not withstandlnc the str.ttiK ptessure from Amerlcr.n int. rests which hale laruo liiicslments at stake tn China. Jap in has so fr.iuitil tho iiocut i.M l.'-is that .1 It'tiHtl.t 1 Nis ilisi.m p is difficult If not Impossible f ir any uovertnneiit to 11,. ike positive objection to her pro. gramme Her "demands." so called, nte not leirardeil as objectionable under the clrcuinstan ss. ' he part of Japan's proi-ra'iim.i lbs In what ate iIcsIki, tt. .1 by lap.m as "isUosh These "' e.tiesis. ' .lap.m has int iiuoteil. ,,!' tin rely atrnrilliii; the basis for . ili-cussinii of m.iii.i ipiesiiiins of Ion.' st ,1'illne; ln'w'ii fro nils and do not call for MiKKcxtlotr fnmi any other pi ; 1 The I'nltid States, tberetoie, or an otliti itoveriiuu'iit 1 tins the risk .f of f ! ut I nir Jnpiiit if It adopts too positive a tone icKiiiillin; Hiuii thlni; whli h Japan has lepreseitteil to bo ipilte Indetlntto In i-li.u .u u t'. Ai cm dim; to the b.st li. foi iiiatlini oblalnabbj bv the State I ie inirtmeut the 111 initiations which weie ni.ilui toil at Peklii have b. en mis peniled Th" present Japanese (lovern ment's CI1I11' so pollc has been the chief IhiIiii of attack by the opposition, nn 1 it Is Miown that the ( ioveriiinent ivtts lory anxious to have a ilellnlte record nf aci niupllshmeiit to lay befoie 1I10 people lsfoi.t the elections next Thursday. nations of Kurope -. ..!...., l,.nt llv. s viitrWinir out their Olsll i form of irovernm. nt and th. ir own form 1 parable to that passed through by the of national development Hi full Ubert.l mted Mat.s early In the last centun'. whether thev b- irrint States or small .when foundatKms for creat fortunes Tl.ot Is i.ite I. ..ill. '' mill il.Ttiiim Ideal Is tho Germans Th' Slates. "The are a SUtierior lieoine 10 wnmn .111 I'tinss ..p.. la,, rni i.ini !.iriliisi Mhieu icMstatice Is uttl in fill and nmt be nlt down, that 1 00 tin y must .-tabllsh ilomlnatlon out ttie nations of the Coiit.ncnt anil that all must be suls-ericnt to c.vrmatiy "I wonlil ratliei per.sh or leave tho Coin, nent alt' iether than Itve In It under j such conditio!.-. After U Is war no and , the other nations of Kurope must be tree to live without the Interferon. e nf tho superior war lo-d: without the dam: of .it -nor and the sword continually rattled In the s. sbbaril. heaven continually In- n ked and without our pollc v bo! 111; d!o-ta-eil bv the military ilomlnatlon of l-u-la '" were mado an far back a 1S.0. Tho prices on tho Potrosrad Ituirse are lower for llamhurK and Ilrornen dollvery than for London or Liverpool, Germany thin belnK obviously favored us an Inter mediary. Haberdashery worth $1,1)31,000 Is Im ported, w-'sillen nunufacturetl iruods worth l7.Si7.110, though on account of the furs and sheepskin used no more woollen clothing Is worn In Itussia than In other countries Manufacture of hemp and Max Imported amount to J2, 739. sAO, laces to $l,s7a,710, silk coorls to $2,73,S00. buttons to J1.1U1.070. Other needed Importations, aro India rubber iroods, leather heltlnir. classware, I furniture, wientlne and electrical Instru j tnents m p-r cent, of tho $s.i'4.ono J "f this trade twos to C.ertn irv), watches land clocks, musical instruments, Issoks forelsn trade of Itussia for sev-1 mo pictures, paper anil paper manti oral ers past has shown a favorable annual bal.into of more than 1200.000,- In I1'12 the i.xis.rts were $734, 92l,9!'i. the imports 5."32,7i'i.s,f30. In the same year Itussla's Imports were distributed as follows. From (iertnany, !2t-i7.:t:it;,iOO . f-om (Iroat Hrltalu, 171, 7'.'. ".on, from the l'nlte.1 States. $41, I:i."...",(iii. (lermany then controlled half of Itussla's Imports. Croat llrltaln 12 per iont. and tho United States only S per cent. An understandlni: of Oermany's pre ponderance in trade tinning Into Hu sla Is !' the utmost Importance at the pnent time. Tim fluares Imply too nU'-h Many commodities of American 01 ictn Mm! their way to Huuda via tier ractures (iia.KZS.oon), saips and cos. metlcs, driiRs and chemical manufactures 1 J30.0iin.000). copper, brass, tin. sheet irn, wire, steel iroods. bnllilinc mater ials, tcam heating, refrieeratlnt; and bath fixtures. Krtilt Denr In lliis-sln. Automobiles '.vorth Ji.300.000 are lm-i ported, althouirh practically the only ' , Amcrlcin machines used are those whb h ' I cost U-sh than Jl.ooo. Motor truck, j motor ts'.its and aeroplanes are in do-' matid. Fruit Is oxpenslio In KusMa, oranges brlnirlni; as hlKh an 40 cents each nnd apple 10 cents apiece. Turk-; fsian furnishes srapci and cantaloup!. 1 t.uestl.mable XFFDS MORF UUXFHOXS. un.l are entet.d as Merman and -.tca" ThVXeak'fa Vool lield Is stlil to be exploited In Itussia Amtincati eystris and ealmon should tind a biiT market there a. so Kussaa's 1 n.ef exports are e.ilfsklhs, Sis. carried a largo fur muff. Sh was V eiypale. In testifvlnir she iruve her aire I lasted fortv minutes, as 32, but looked much ounger. Lieut -C01 Pcsclatix appeared to bo over fiH, which ho Kild was his age. The couple never spoko or even looked at ea.-h other, although tho prisoners remained It. court during all th" recesses. The presiding officer and thn pnise outing officer sl;n with military illrectness In referring to thn relations between Mme Hechoff and Pesclaux. The names of two other recipients of his (?( ii"os!ty In provisions w-ro not given. Postman PizIhs. Sergeant Duituy nnd Prlvatos Verc-i and Plnson made the defence for their part in the transfer of food from tho front to Mme HechotT that they -were acting under orders of Lieut -Col peselaux. Mme. Pozlas pleaded iennrance of the origin of tho coffee found In he apart ment, and etch of the o'Ii.t defendants d'-nled being -paid for th" woik dmie. It was bnni(!lit "tit, however, that Mini Hechoff once gave Mine Pizins a cigar and that Verges ictlvtl a piece of lobster from Peselaux. hut gave to the latter a bottle of old w.n Pe.-ci.iux alao supplied Dupuy with newspipers Cook Asrnlnst XI 1st rest. The prosecuting attorney hero quoted tho testimony of Mme. liechorfs cook to tho effect that thn presents were used ut tho woman's own table. Tho prosecution read a letter from Mme. Hechoff to Peselaux In which sh refers to food he sent and thanks her "petit gose chetl" Tho Interrogation Lieut -Col Pesibiux was then exam Ined. Ills defence amounted to a ploft that he had dons only 11 lint every bod i" olo was doing lie was u nub's' to explain why he drew tlio francs a day for his orderli's food and also drew food and rations for tho same person. Tho President sugM-sted that Dost elaux was perhaps intoxicated by hlsj facility In making economies. peselaux replied that ho was econom ical, but not miserly. Ho gnx-o 20 francs (Jl), with cigars, ns a Christ mas present to the men Ho finished th,- Interrogation by a declaration ex culpating Mine Hechoff, and express It g regre- at seelr.g her and the oth-r a. -used perssjns I- tho doek 1!' volca br.'ke and b wept a re tlnlshed $1,500,000 NOTE A PUZZLE. 'lino. llechorT xt. llrllnlli l.i.ol.s tu l.nlior for Help, sills I, lo .1 lie. .rue. the filelitlshln of the I lilted Stat Japan. Letters b Pr.-elent WIU..11 CHIS'A CONCEDES FOISTS S.sretarv llryan. President ll.nllei of Vale, llepreseiitatlie llolisoli, Slb li. college presidents of man Institutions, educators and lepr.-senlatlie public men were in the pamphlet. "We bad an opportunity to discuss wilh Count Okuma th" iitiiiuih- ri cant ing the Chinese ipieMlor,. We look up slnillut- subjects with Mar "i, Kato, Wc I1.11I mteriiewH with tin lie ' !ovt rnot y, to- Pielei't. We tnivelled through .1.1 ,11111 from Moiloka on the norm ,u Ivuiii iin.itn on the si'Uth. P 1 h leu . 1 l! I II , Wh-li the less.i began tu 01 isiotis the custohis inspector . ttoai-il her. 1 I'rlend of tinericn. - a suspicion hero that .....1 ...... i,,.., ..I. iine.l to. "We g'd ..... i,...i." li.'.u .. tt, ,-iins a nil I rein 1 sented by . ..,.1.. ,i.. 1.. s...ii s 1 now a largo and Ii tlui-nt i y 1 1 iii-et- along the lines 101- 'r so, 1," inontlis ny mi' 1 1 in. I lrl h. whJch now lies at anchor ' 1 .1' "II ItO.lds. 1 .. - netc a.o of the op.niou that , . i.ileiiwald hud g-t away her e nicht have led to onother Ala- , lieut wi s Mid to-day that the inquiry i.-c now boiiig conducted by 1 Harrison 'will bo pus led and ui- siibm.ttoil to the Pre.,ideiit lor a .on as Ir mo "t"i' t hu'Ct. FRENCH TO BUY DACIA COTTON. Americans "lnsl I'lrsl Pmic I bey Orrn Hi'- CurKO. ,,TOV Match 22- The Stilo uillsed to-day that t'.ie lit IS W III 1 1 IS m l". f cotton on hoanl the -le.i.nshlti Pa.-ia, now 1 t.rlze court. If Pldllf I" Ml I I I . ' t W ll ' r.n el" 111 1 h" .11 go o f' (if riu. in .r r , 11 en, li I 1 e.l t at the cotton Is owned cn ( . c'- ny vmerwaii eltlzers. It Is -tood tint theie will be no l If II ( 1 '1 promt'.' tlw American owner- f Hie c ttou. i litsn of tho cotton by the rrenoh !' 1 e:,t will relieve tho cotton ship- I of any danger of loss, The Hrlt Is. (Vwrnntent had announced that If II a U was seized by her patrols the em on w mid either be purchased by the II' sh (iovernment or forwarded to It dam. as. tho owners of tho cawo tn lit prefer OCEAN TRAFFIC PARALYZED. Cniindlnn Lines Without ,sltli, Trade MlnUler "r. Ottawi March 22.- Sir Oeorge Fos t" Mmltter of Trado and Commerce, s l oin1 cd In the House of Coiiimnns to-f't-st thst Canadian Albintlc. trnltlu was r dyzed owing lo Iho llrltlsh Ad " a having coiiiiiiainle.ireil the op. ' rleit.s of th blK Canadian llin-s. T'i Canadian IMellle has lost all Its rs but one, iho Canadian Noitliern It 1 nt a Meet and the. Whit" Star and A 1'iitvi all but a few mini II freight- is " ' 1 1 i'i it nn-1 1 1 has taken id) ni.t ltr "p wilii llm Admiralty, with a view lo it 10 vlnt th conrHilon of hipping-. into lontact with the group Jap.-tnise ( hrls'tans. tl numb, r . nltli ti.-nie at mils- meetings irianacd bv .Minors and I lovci nors. and ultb hiudinlH. whose Intense lo.ialt mingled with patriotism and religion, a tlilr.K which we In America lo not fully comprehend. Wj were ible to roach 20 into students Many leading mill t it y otllcets uttended the m'ttlncs "It Is the unmilmous opinion of load ing Japanese that Japan In under la-itlng obligations to America for what tho I'nlted States has done for tin- empire. Japan litis always been the stanch fileiiii of America, and alwajs means to bo so. IhebC men ile"lam .11 perfect sin. eiit . "This has etniie to bo tint traditional policy of Japan, they say. ami nothing elsn lo expected. Tho Japanese, how ever, feel that their lionoi Is hurt bv tho legislation against them In Callfor- Uli They feel aggrieved ll's-.tllse III California they arc made thf victim of specific discrimination. The Japanese do not quirrel with our right to inako laws ngiilatlng Im migration. There Is not much Japanese Immigration now 'I he Mm eminent of Japan lias a distinct agiecinent with the Culled States not to penult the Incom ing of Japanese woikliigmeii, and the Japanese aro now enfordng this scrupu lously " Pr, Mathews said that tho demands nf Japan on China had been wiongly printed In America, and that the corre -t text of tint note from the Japatiesn Mov enitneiit has not been made public, lie said ho could characterize as wrong the Impression that Japan has demanded that China Install 11 Japanese at tho head of the lepubllc's military forces and lo consult Toklo on legislation, "Iteports coming Iruiu Peklu am coloted, Count Okuma said, to produce friction and do not clearly coier tho Japanese, conversations with the Chines" (iniernment," Peau M.itlhons coiillniieil "All leading Japanese express the high est : il 111 ration lor ine i niieu ,-nnie ,uei the nreatfst confidence In th" good of the American I ioveriiinent. Tim re spect which thetlapanoo have for Piesl tlent Wilson nnd the present Atlinlulslia linn is leinarkahle Secret 11 ry llr.ian stand-i high In tho rcgaid 1 .Iniiaiiese I "III Japan onu twiuld not lit. nation Is al war Tin I were lighting at Klnn-rhnw home ,1 1 it I din working. Pr, Mathews said Uiai mi mni .i.tpi , (.rmils I'tini- 1)111111 mis Itelalliiu 10 II 11 ncliiir In. Is lliorl. S,iC.d 'VlMe lltypittrh tti IK Si Pckin. March 22- It N teportetl th.-it four of Japans self den amis niall .K to Miiiichtirla bain bei n coticeiled hi Chun with slight 11n11lillc.il 11. ns Tho details bale mil lneti made public In tin e of the in gntl.rlntu- It is also learned that the . Iup.it, tsc ale pouiini: I theips llllo Milt,' llllli.t 111'.' tllollNllid Japniiese solilli'ts arrived d Tlng-an on Sunday, ..nO at I'',iugt7 nd Siiantung, 3. 1'Oii at Mtikdeii at d U.nuii .,t pali, The gieitt buri-atli. at Palm anil Milk dec siemiiiglv wll accommoil ito mole. 1" BRYAN GETS FRYE'S PAPERS. rbllliue of Vol I'ltrmt On nerililp Heen llrcorileil. l.'.sisis. Match ','2 In nn interview tt-a'i1eil hi Pal id Li.iyd 1 .eorge to the Ihiin cifdni. a Socialist organ," the (' 'at., ellor said then- is the most urgent lioiisslty Pit- rtn increase In the output nt war mun'tlotis without del.! , Mi. Llotl tborge proiMiscd the o"tab. llshment of an auv sory lalsii .xmimltto.' I w'tk-li, he said would be able to nrlng about almost In- nb tilabl" tesults In expl ilning he adib d : 'it ii-iuiunts to this: There is op-nlng . Uli a great new factor In the history of l.i lnn . If labor approaches this thing In a lironl and generous spirit, and tint in a haggling sp rit. Hits document which was slgmd on Piida otlgiit to be .1 great iiiiptor lot lilsu- "The nex' step will be tht organ na tion of all our le-oitrie. fur tile p-o-dti. Hun of tnunlt "ns of war, and with- 1 nit such in agn t-tneiit this w mild have hi en Impossible This country would) nevltabl.i be ileprilcd of victory In tie wu I iiilntr hnl failed us. If bv any1 'iilw-ii.'in. e normally should win tt would be the gliiomlrst d.i.i that ever dawned 101 Mhor. md If this experiment falls I 1 an imagine ii.itb tig more fatal to olio, til 1st Ideils In the future because lit.. Iliit.s't pontic aie essentially u p.'iiph who act on example and experi ment rath.r th.iti on .11 gutneiit." Dr. Iilelikiiecbl I'mler Mlltfnri Lnii LoNnnN'. March 22 A news hkoiicv says lint Pi Liebknecht, tlie Socialist leailei iti il, c llcichsiaji, hits teen ordetdi to (ilace bluisolf at the disposal of tl.o 11nllt.u1 .tiiliiortt.es anil mti.st hem e-f.n-tll colieldei himself .Is unlet military law lie wll' not he p. flitted to wi !to an les no: will he In- allowi.l t.i attend public pollt'c.tl meetliir,". ixcept t .0 p,i 1, nstiig and Landtag not as American gotsis jiusstan ex ports to th" Crltetl States In the year I'il2, accoidng to ntbcial data, worn otili J:i.j7ti.(ini. w'i!,e by the "ileclaied I eximrts furnished by American con suls ti.i were 31 1:17.032, ,.r almost thro- .11 d one-half times as much Hv calculation, therefore. Uni imports from the I'nlted Stabs to ltusU umount lo ii'arb J1M.I72.UOO. Wnr Hurts tinerlcnn tizencles. There are many Merman u!ijis-ts, al-. 1 Itu-elan subjo t" of Mo-man origin. Irv .tig throughout Itussia. especially tn the 1 , Halt'c provinces, who speak both Itin giiiges atid 1110 greatly aeslsting the' trade ts-tweeti the two countries They create a preference for Merman made goids, manage Merman han't and for- .nll1.1t aget.cies, and most essential of, .ul. have an .itlm.it.- knowledge of the iu.iri.et. the ibua ter and custome of tin- peop'e. Anietlc.-in Itit.rests have bon lirgiii 111 licrtnati hands through on!. Itussia .md 111 manv cases these 1 are but branchis of the Lur ipean agent ' for tlio Ain.-iicaii tlrtn with headiiuar i'rs 111 Merlin Hamburg or Hremin 'Whether or not this arrangement has 1 li. en tietietlcl.il for American trade in 1 the past. It will not be for the future. I Hundreds of Ametlcan aget.cies tn Itus j em ham been put on their hicks by the 1 war Plrect i-ommeiiial t elation with Rus-oa are urgently needed, j Msichltieri and tools are the most Ini ' P'.r: int manufactures explrted from th" t'tnte-1 State- to Ituseln. In this class are every sort of power cngl.ie, tnl, I machine". , prttitlnz, sewing, tex .tile, electric, drilling traction, mining and c.instrtii ling ma. tunes lermany, lit round tlgtircs, In 11M2 supplied twen I tv nltiM of the thirty-live n.il.lon dollars j worth of tl.-se Imports .Vm-rle-m and ) Merman machinery b ad 111 this eompe I'tlon. th American goods l.eing known for their ( xcellen c, tho Merman for ithe'r cheipness nnd adaptability. Moth carpet wool, fusel oil, glycerine, ply wood, bristles, quills, is.nlass, dr pri srve l fruits and po.ie.ii t i.u es llu. sla will und luhtedly extiort tmn.ii morn sugar to the Cutted states than she (lid hi fore th" war There is no firm to bo recommended to tho American dry gooiLs exjKirter to deal with, textiles are largely monopo lized nlreadv. Imported goods enjoy a-niti-h prestige In Itussia as in the Ciiltel Status. An American department store In Petroi-rad would undoubtedly prove a great succeed. An American shoo store thero lias succeeded be.ior.d all expectations. Advertising is still in Its mfimy In Husslit. although its suslbllitle.s ate u-i-questliiiiabi .1.1 great 'hern as an. where. With Iiusla's parcel post re.n h lrg th" remotest Ilmlta of the empire, there Is no reason why ,1 malt older hi'sltices should not be developed Tito zemstvo, a political unit with lmi.--tant conimerclal functions which allow '! lo make purchases and hold for rent or sale to farmers, could be used as a me-iiis. to distribute catalogues, and 10 handle orders. Th.. Itueslan tariff is undergoing re. 'vision. Th" rates In foice are th.s-e t which obtained prior to the abrogat' m j of the treaty of 1S32, Inn ce Amor', an export, "o llusla aro snide, t 10 r.itt.- tlf tllO " OnVI'llt'Onill schedule'' ll'ti id of the "general sohedtl.e." the lattel 1 e- lag much higher lnillee an levlol "li weight rathe- thin on value. A new steamship line lit tut on .Vow York and Hlaek Sea port, wis to h.ie been opened betorn the war begat Fur Hot improii-inc! t It, transportation ate In prr-spo t Terms of .i.ilit an b'tigi r than In t ie I'l it.-d State.-. ,1 i.-ar b.-'i if ,-oinmonh a opted ll.xchans-.t Is gen erally 1 ..1 lAtiidon on M, ,,,,), Mme. Hechoff took the stand n .-ho refused tho President's ..ff.-r to r. -main satol nnd answered the Interro gations volubly and skilfully The Ptes-idint contrafed her "koos"ni" nian ner of Itvlmr and the small villus, of foodstuff n-colvisl. and ask-d boi she i-ould no spt them and why site was not shnckisl mi tin- . -ontru-f The :..py to that question tu-iui p. audibly until th.. words "I hid noth ng tn reprmch mi self for and S.. nothing to-rtiv' w.-ie heard -Iim .1... clared that th whole acus it'on ,tir unu her was based on tho lies of d's tiarg.sl ua wr. , ,1 , 1 lleiiosltlnlts I'nll to lleveiil Ifovr si. j IJitv. Hill tint llllliird fuller. 1 Afot'STA, Me. March 22 Mnny dep osition nt a hearing here to-day failed 1 to reveal how a note for tl.'.oO.OOO 1 and other seourl-lc came Into the poe I session of tho late Mov. John F. Hill of this city The pi.p-rs were found I In a eafe cb-posit lault In Hostun a I short time ntt'-r his death. The hear- 1 lng was hi Id before Sherman I Mould nf Portland, commissioner appointed by the Chancery Court of New Jersev to lake deposit nt s li Hie suit brougbi hi Mt-s Jenin,, li Morse, slstei o' Cli it'o U Morse, a 'tier stockhold i ts ,ik rtiH tht M. ttnpn it.tn s.fiamnlitp 1 'omii.it, . a N-w Jrse corp. ration, In which it I. chariad tintt tlie compatiy those in control. """" "'leinpi was made to To-dav's evident e show.- that the not" prove that she whs a spy, but that she wits, mado pa.ih!c f. the Millard Com was 1 loyal Alsatian ,,.. .., ,1 , . v... nt.-.l l.v .Inhn A 1 tho President's , Mclnt sh as tei-u-.r f tho Lasten. Mme HenNiff cii,,,- or tie tt rm ' Uollosal' w.te due tn tnslnuatlnns thnt she wis pro-Mer-11., in When no evMerce o.iuM he ,,,. die 0,1 to iccuse her ..f spying the charge ' of receiving b". rood '.a. I.. . t bro-icbt acii'nst 'i. r Al-..- He." ,.rf .je-' .-l.ited 'hai be r ext-e' , ' ires .tst i.-ir w. re 13n(iii.i francs i!:i,i , 1 as So-UI Itlee ( iillip.il, t . r.iri4 '.he pan, 1 bv ex-' !"X 1 1 11 Kast. : a .e. u- ' e , " In- I. .-ivi nt. 1 -tate ot Mr 11 1 -.,1 pend 1- tl.e ' . t i'ri'-!'i 1 The envoi, pe eon - '.ad In en in. lorn ! a. t,i Im, King o th t ' n.pi m The have , . 1 .1- part of the a; .1 are now being ! ' nt. 'tiat 01. of their Broadway at 34th Street Of Die know thti hoys 11 bo am bach at WAHllt.viiTON, March 22. -Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Peters re celled to-day an ntllcl.il ( op of tho p.t- j pers of the American ship Wllltam P. I'r which was unk In the Atlantic by the Merman cruiser Prlnz I'ltel Fried- 1 rich on January 27. He toiwarileil them to the Stale Pepnittneiit. whole the tieu- tralll bo'tiil has 1 n awaiting an op-1 portuulP to examine them In fore nnili lng a reciiintiioiid.itlnii tn President Wil son n gni'illng the extent to wbl.'li the lights of the I'tiHeil States Intti been vlo- , Pilisl In the sinking of the ves-el Tietitir.i ollltial.i wutibl glie no I". t formation legardlng the pipers, but It a.is 'earned from an aiilborp itus source that tUe.v disclosed no new evi- ' ilctice regiiiillug the ibslliia'ion of the Five's catKO. nor served to mouse anv suspicion thai .. ilolatlot of t, entrain . Ii.nl been intended Il now appeals 'hat he c.ugo of the Frc was oivneil b llrltlsh lnteicsts. It hid been transferred fiom American itwuerslilp afler the b.itk sailed fimn Seattle. Hut the papers of the ship ' when she met the Ptiliz Kllel Frledilth In the south Atlantic showed t,o other than American ownership, While thn ownership In tho llnal set Moment Is a great factor, the fact re- milns. that the commander of the Pi In. Lite, Frlcdrlih had no wai of knowing of the transfer Tlicieforc, to all Ir j touts: and purposes ho. sank an Ainerh an cargo aboard an Amerb in ship (llng an American nag. PRIZE COURT FAVORS U. S. xs HI Orders Htlllll.llllll Piilil In shippers of iincrlctiit I'ltinr, l.oMioN, March 22 - A llilti-h prize coiii-t io-d,iv onleiid the piiitiui of tiltili.liliii on Aim Menu shipments ot' tou ilelaitiro on n I'limbiT ot Sin M II aro Norwegian steiineiH Tin- I- the (li t pi Ire money an .tided on sei,., mei' cult foodsluff- No action liar as vet been taken In regard to the onigo of foodstuffs on the. neao of tho reports that Jupin was buy- j American tenmor Wllhelmlnn. yjiiaiii'iiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiim Let us explain our unexcelled facilities for handling your estate THE cost of trusteeship under will is fixed tiy statute, being the same whether you appoint an individual or a trust company; the wise course, there fore, is to entrust your estate to the trustee most likely to prove safest and most effi cient. So many circumstances are apt to affect adversely an estate under individual trusteeship for example, illness, failure or death of the trustee that the advantages of appointing a trust company are readily understood if inquired into. The Officers will gladly explain the facilities of this Trust Company for adminis tering personal trusts; will show you the systematic and efficient methods by which large trusts are now handled, and will give you many other important facts that will help you to make a wise decision. rr Telephone 8900 Rector, or call at 16 Wall Street an Officer will answer your questions. BANKCRS TRUST COMPANY NEW YORK i Capital, Surplus and Pronti 22,000,000 Deposits, . . 160,000,000 ram Sit l!!ll!llllllll!llllll!lllllllll!llilil Suits for Men (With Two Pairs of Trousers) A New and Practical Saks Idea Most men find tin- trousers of a Suit becoming shiny, stretched at the knees, or otherwise show ing the inevitable signs of wear before the Coat and Waistcoat have lost their new-made look. Like tlio chain that is no stronger than its weakest link, a Suit is no better than its most-worn part, But S a k s Have C h a n g c d Somewhat the Order of Things ' A man may now, at the time ot' puiviiasintr a Suit, .secure also an extra pair of troupers of tlie muiic material at a slight cost, which, in reality, spells ( i-mumi 7. ' One pair for bright days; one for rainy weather. One pair always pressed and fresh. A Suit with a double life. Suits from $17.50 to $45.00 lifth l-loor. Today at $6.75 Men's Raincoats ALL SIZLS G U A RA N T L L 1 J V A T L RPR00 V Rubberized Choviois. Mixed '1 weed, Spun-silk Poplin and Canton Cloth. ALL DOUBLE TEXTURE Tans, browns, olive, light or dark gray. If one may judge by preiiu:? yearn, there's a good deal of rain due tin.-, Spring. ..,: loot