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THE SUN, TUESDAY, MARCH 23, 1915.
fttU. Ti'KSDAY. M.UIC1I 2.'t. WIG. nterd nt ths Pol Offlr At New York a , Second C'Hjj .Mall Matter Subscription hr Mull, 1'oslpiild. DAILY, per .Month n SO DAILY, Per Yrur I (Ml Hl'NUAY, Per .Miinlli J.1 SUNDAY (tn CanNiU), IVr Month ... 4(1 .SUNDAY. IVr Year . . '! .10 DAILY AND HUNli.ll. IVi Is.ir.... II AO DAILY AND St'NDAY, IVr Month.... ".1 1'nKciMN ItAtr. DAILY. Per Month I -.1 Kt'NDVV IVr Month (IS DAILY AND SUNDAY. IVr Month... I (Ml Till'. r.VENINO SUN. IVr Month 1.1 TIIK V.VrNINll Hl'.V. IVr Yenr . "i .VI Tin: KVIINlNtl rlUNIUortlsnLIVr Mo. I Ul Ail chscks. monsy orders, Ar , in he . jiide n)bl tn Tin. (UN. I'ublnhdl ilall. Ilnhhlliis .iind.i. t the Pun l'rlntlitf .111 J Publishing Association at 1)0 .'iil sUeet. in Hi' lloruiigli of Man hattan, New York President and Tr.i- ' nrer. William r lleiik. 15" .Wimju street; Vloe-l'ru'.ileir. K.iwar.l I". Mitchell. KO Nassau lreei. Swrmn, n l.uvton. 170 Nassau sirest. London nin. " nillnisliani II, hit I Aiun lei tret. Strand. I'arl" offlie, i! tin d l.i MWhodiere. oft I Hue dit Oujure Sepiembte 1 Waihlntton nrtlre. ltlbb Hull. Mm llrook'n eftW I DO l.lvlnk'tui street If (' Ittfnti irhn til.nr . ieif miimi l''ll .1 f r illitshalioH tor pa binilti.nl II is U lo Amy tr.tcttd articln rttuninl inuil 1 -sts-ah oie efsil uias uc lAuf onu.e. The Kail of Prrmyil. Cracow after Przciny!, it ml t licit "()it t llerlln" l vn, of llrc-'liiii t Till' Int- 1kii Hie it must in fitvnr with the ltiisi!tii SLUT. Providing Cracow cotild lie liiuen. tln way WOlllll bo OIK'll tn I lit' Invasion of tier iiinii.v by it route not ioHigi':iphloiilly (llltlcnlt. I tit t Cracow i mI-mi ii fort res of the llrst r1n mill wmilil ln a hard nut tn crack. If II has taken inontti. to reduce I'riMii.v-l. Itiiu long -onll rrattnv, chce lo tin- Herman border, ivltlisiaiul lego7 T1k ocvtipatlnn nf Pr7.cm,isl Is be yond doubt one of tln great achieve ments of the win, iiud it makes mi in spiring bulletin for Petrngrud. A Kient BitrrlMiii. no less t tin n ."0,(XM) HK'ii, with rich store- nf war iiiittori.il. fall Into (lie bauds of tin- Ku-siuii-, mid thi' lii'.-li-KiT-, with riviiforiv incuts, ran bcsln the march on Cra cow; but llii-iv they will have lo reckon with a i-troiii: conceiiiratlon of (iei'iuau and Au-trl.iu force. The KiiImt cannot afford to lov t'r.icow; the defence hould be even --tlner than that made at I'l'xeuiyl. Hut if Cracow should succumb tit last, l'.re bill would be another si eat obstacle In the iMlh of the Invader-. A city of .".ihM""' on the Oder. Ilre-lau is the oonire of a network of i-.illro.id-. and trooii- coiilil lie ra)ililly assembled front e.tst, north and we-d to defend It. The way lo t.-rlin will be Ions by this route. Nevertheless, the pos. session of I'rzeniy-l will brins the Hrand Duke Nu iioi.as welcome stra teglcul advantages. Success In Kast Prussia and Poland will not be of fo much luiHirtauce iui. Uolilhi'. his lines in the north, he can reenforce (icner.tl Iimiikiiu'- army and make the Invasion of Silesia the nhjecl of a -trout; offensive ciuiii;iIuii. The situation will lie a -tlireino te-t of the genius of Von IIi.mii:niii'i:i.. and devploiuiients may -non be exicted. Just What Is "Sodal Service"? At the celebration of the twenty fifth annlioi'snry of the IMucailonal Alliance Mayor MiirilKl. s.tld ; "The time Is comlns In New York when e must el-nose hetuoeti cm tall mcnt of botlnl aervnc uml the lniiu. tlon of heavlpr burdens on the tnspay rr v hear sometimes rrnat lb" city ha cone too far in social rre, ami that the lime has cmnc to isjonomUe oy rcticnchlng or cuttlnc out wmi of this work, but we have this seivke he cause there In need for It, anil It will he a ehamn If New York ever has to take the back track." t Purely In a purpose of serious in flulry Tin: Sun asks: What Is "social service"? The phrase is not found in any work of reference that we have consulted. It does not seem in be In eluded In a book where we expected to find It, ihe "Cyclopa-dht of Amer ican noverntuent" 1 11)11 1, edited by Professor .Mcl-wmii in of the I'nl. verulty of Chicago and Profes sor II.MtT of Harvard. That work does contain an article on "Problems of Social Keform." Is fcclnl service" ihe application of (oclal rcforiiV Charities, social set tlfineuis, the care of children and de ft olives, the iinprnvomeul of housing iind fadory conditions, playgrounds, the regulation of the emplo.i incut of women and children, sanitation and safely In Indu-iric-, many (uestion of regulation, priihlhiilnu and beiter ntent, inaiters of suite or iVdci-,ii legislation and .iitunul-tratloii, mat-1 tors of municipal concern, are In eluded obvlou-ly in "oci,il reform." Indeed, If. as Mr. .Iwus I'oiin writes In the Mi'l.augliliu I Ian cyclopaslla, "social reform has for its object the adjustment "f social conditions," is not everytlt'iig leiaiing lo man living In the social -Lite -abject lo social reform mid therefore, if ve gue-s cor rectly, to social service? Ittlt iNTlliips we don't gue-s i-or-rectly; nor I- tlii- gue lug matter. Iu private adveiiiures into social ser vice the comuiiinii.v as a community s not concenicd. Individuals or groups of them furui-h the fund- and flo the work. Their.- is ihe merit of tho generosity, the public -pint and tho self acilllclng labor, and fioin the aggregate of their labors, hull i clotisly couducH'd. tin 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 i. IiniBt henelll. llui when socla. -er vice -If ll bo somelhllig dlstiticl and npart from what, this generation, or aulcut Uic oltlur gcuitruilou, was ac- cusloined to renrd the iiroin'r fnnc lion of the Stale, surely the taxiuyer N entitled lo know exactly, If correctly and tlcllnllcl.v the knowleilge can be Imparled, what N meant by "social service" and how ela-llc and e.vlen slble ll Is. If we speak Ignorant ly. as laymen and day laborers, of "-oclal service." are not the majority of folk- In about I he .same dim, vague state of knowl edge' If they generally approve as kindly and humane pcr-oiis, a tax payers called to chooe between higher la.xes and heaven knows these already scrape lite sky and a certain abridgment of social service, how can they decide competently whether their heatls or their oeket Imnks ought lo bleed unless they aru clear aboui .social service? DititliiiK the .lob. If (ioiernor Whitman's plans for the I'ublle Service Commission In tii(. 1'irst Hlstrici iirc correctly understood In Albany he ha lilt upon it sensible and reasonable division of labor and ivsponslblllty for the members he pur poses to appoint when he has ilN missed four of the men now serving as Commissioners, Mr. Wiiitni.y. one of Ihe new elec lions. Inn Im-oii -ivrctary of the com mission since It- creation, and previ ous to entering its service he was fa miliar with l li' State government and ll ntrolling personalities therein. A- a Commissioner he should be thor oughly couietetu to -tiprrvl-e and direct Ihe executive work of the board. Until Mr. Maiitin and .Mr. Honor are englne"rs of good repute, each acquainted with some aspects of the transportation problem and capable of comprehending others as the need arles. Itetueeit theiit they ought to prolec! us front Imposition and waste ful enterprises and guard the city tieastiry efftvtlioly against frauds and foolish expenditures. The-e three, constituting a ma jority of the board, could control Its action In the city's Interest and per form its luiNirtaui functions, thus leaving Colonel William Haywahu, lo whom the chairmanship Is to go, practically free for the Important work of promoting the (tovernor's po litical interests. In which high public sen Ice his efforts are at pro-out greatly needed. Tlic llritisli (ioveriinirul and (he Labor Troubles. failure lo settle ihe strikes in llrit isli shops and factories turning out war material, and lo deal success, fully with grievances among the miners and dock workers, mentis pro longation of tlte war by mouths or even year-, if il does not mean some thing wor-e. from which I'ttglainl averts . her face. Mr. I.i.oyii tltoia.t: w.i- not exaggerating In the le.t-t when he -aid in his fatuous Sunday speech at llangor: "This war is not golni; to be fousht mainly on the battlefield" of ttetfcluin find Poland. It l colng to he folic lit In the woiltshops or Prance and (ire.it llrltaln " As .Mr. I.iovn (iiOKi.t. said to his con-l ilueiil-, 1'r.tnce. with a Soclall-t Prime Mlnlsier. a Socialist Secretary for War and a Sncialil Mini-ter of Marine, was having no strikes be. cause "the employers and workmen were subordinating everything to the protection of their beautiful land." It I- very different In I.'iigiand: there labor troubles, which have already cnu-ed the tiovernment great enibar r,i nient. are on the iucrci-e. and It seem- lt-ele to make the appeal to pairlotl-m. The I'rench think that -itch a condition Is a reproach to Eng land, and here In America we are in clined to point tlie linger nf -corn at her. Hut the matter i- by no means so simple a- ll seems. Tor the employers in the (ila-gnw engineers' strike, who agreed I" make an advance In the wage rale, but not as much as wa- akod for. It Is said that they boohed a large number of contract- during the threatened slump In trade before the war and would have stood to lo-e heavily If they granted the full demands nf the striker.-. The men, on the other hand, have seen the co-t of living go stead ily up, and the economic law, that the lioverninent soothed them with when Invoking the spirit of patriot Ism, has done nothing for rhein wages have not automatically risen Willi ihe advance In necessaries. It may be unpatriotic at such a time to believe, as the workmen do, that manufacturers are making huge prof its out of (lovernnieiil contracts, hut it Is human. Mnst of the employers are doing nothing of the kind. It may not be patriotic to expect better wages I au.-e the (ioveruiuelil Is spending vast sums of money on tho war: but the labor agitator encour ages the hope, and he has a hypnotic Inllueuce over the men. Then there is the feeling thai if it is JuM a patriotic to work in ihe war material factories as to light in the irenches and the workmen have been told lids by the (ioveriuneni nver and over again -it is only fair Unit Ihe fac tory "soldiers" should receive wages that keep pace vvitll the Increasing cot of living. While something may be said In favor of each side lo ihe controversy, there remains the fact that neither side, each looking to the continuation of llie stilfe of capital and labor after tlie grout war Is nver, Is willing to realize the slrnlls of the lioverninent and lo recognize the danger of defeat on tlie Continent. This -coins unwor thy of Ihigll-hiiicu In the gre.ii crisis, but it hum be remembered Hint free I ii -i i i u t i i m ponult -itch Injurious In depeiitlein e of .iclloli. Prance 1 1 , 1 - hot' con-crlpioin and ever.v workman Is a soldier in I. I'd as wei as in theory. I!c-ices. the war is being fought Upon her -oil, What i- tn lie done, then, by t lio Hiltish lioverninent to wttle the labor Uimuulllu.s and quicken the output of the shops, factories and I mines? Lord KtTciiLNKit has threat- ened the dock laborers with some I vague power. .Mr. I.i.oyii (ii.omu: Is ' having til' Defence of Ihe llealm Con ! solldatlon act amended to allow the ' taking over of factories and work ' shops of any kind, with the object of using I heir plains lo make war material. Hut lit Ihigland this would liol help at all unless the factory forces were willing lo do Ihe work needed. A new arbllratlon court has ' been appointed by the (iovernmeni, which, ItoHcier. has no power lo en , force ii decision. The strikers could I balk if Ihe award were against thetii, I and "slay out." It has been suggested ibai the (io I eminent spend some of Its money on either the workmen or Ihe employ ! er or on both, to settle strikes and keep the workshops going overtime. The (lovernnietit I.h naturally loath lo do anything of the kind, for the evils Mowing from such a policy might be Incalculable. Hill this the (5ov eminent could do. ns has also been promised: it could vigorously lines tlgnte contract protlts and also, as a war measure, regulate prices of nec essaries. Publicity and regulation would aid vastly In bringing employ ers and workmen together and pro ducing a satisfactory wage schedule during the continuance of the war. The Hcv. Mr. Sunday's Krvrntirs. Pllt-btirg has rewarded the Itev. "Hilly" Sunhay with $11,000, Scran Ion and Wllkesbariv have contributed S'.'l'.oOO each, and Philadelphia's "free will offering" now amounts to exactly .s.'l.l.'ttl.'Ci. Simple souls askisl what would he do with It? The question surprised the "advance organizer of the evangelist's campaign." lie asked another: "What would you do If soiuelKHly gave you $.Vl,0()?" Soinu thing of a iK-er for the average man, who knows that fortune will never shower such favors uihhi lilni, and who. moreover, is aware that neither nature nor art has made him a pro fe lonal evtingcllsl. The question concerning the Iter. "Hilly" Suniiav'm use of the great sums that fait Into his lap In every city where he hold, meetings to -ave souls confuse- that undertaking with the material side of his occupation, that l to say, with his human desire to lay up treasures on earth. What Is his own he may hold fast to. and free will gifts from his audiences, on certain days set apart for the "hire" of the laborer In the vineyard, are I'idl-putubly his own. He may Invest in gilt edged securities, real etate or precious stones. If the ltev. "Hii.i.y's" hearers think that he should employ his revenues In uplifting humanity and Improving mankind, not to speak of making new converts by putting other evangelists In the Held, such Idealists should obtain a guaranty from Mr. Sunii.vy before they -well the collection plate. With hlin evan gelizing Is a practical business as well as a service to his fellow man. lie would not deny this himself, nnd It would be Idle to equivocate about the matter. There can hardly be a doubt -although there may be differences of opinion about It that the ltev. "Him.y" Sl NnvY earns what he re-celve-. enormous its the sum, are iu tlie cottr-e of a year. Tho-e who go to hear hlni harangue and strike acrobatic attitudes to listen to hill-reverent slang and laugh at his an daiious Jokes In the name of religion, In short to be shocked ami amused, nttend an entertainment for which. If they are not stingy, they should expect to pay. Those who believe that the evangelist Is turning the thoughts of men and women to a bet ter life by his extraordinary appeal and passionate exhortations, simulat ed or otherwi-e. should be grateful enough to give him Ihe iccunlary re ward solicited In the advetil-einenls of hi- meetings. Those In his audi o'loes who are "saved" by him eon tribute, of course, according to liielr mean- and ability. Outsiders will divide upon the moral right of tin I!ev. "Hin.Y"St nvY to reap a golden harvest from his organized activities for the sal vation of great urban centre.-, a-they will differ about hi- sincerity and singleness of purpose. Hut they will agree that a candid uuinhlography of the ex-baseball player from the old White Stocking days down to the prolllle pr nl would be a "best seller." Captain Aiiuivn Anson must sometimes reflect that he made a mis take when he went from the diamond Into politics in Chicago, .Mr. Tajlor's I'nirly Won Title. Agalusl tlie "clllclency methods" with which fhe mime of the late 1'iuii iiiick WlNsiovv Tayi.uk will always be Ms-minted many violent assaults have been made, and -nine of the-e are entitled to ro-pivtfnl considera tion. Tho-e which come ii'om lazy men ansion- to shirk, and from nils guided labor leaders who-e sole con cern Is in nuike as many Job- a- pos sible, arc bene.ilh notice, but when "flllcleucy" reaches ihe point of quick exhausllon of the worker, an early "scrapping" of the human agent- em plo.ved in Industry. Ihe -eliotts os rulilng I herefrom overbalances heavily the Immediate gain arising from Improved proce cs. Probably Mr. T.vyi oil's, theories suf fered more from I lie misguided ac tivities of overziMbius or merely Ignoraul exponents than front any other source. It is unlikely thai lie would have sustained the eiilhu-la.-ts who sought lo apply Ihe s.islciu lo ill' struciors and oilier.- engaged iu In lelleiiu.il activity. Vet some of his lollnwers did 1I1K and Tin St n only a slioti lime agn had Hie privilege of withholding it- iudor.-cnieiil from a highly pretentious exposure of "In. elllolency" In American colleges, In which an elaborate tabulation of the number of hours sjient In cln-'srooni., laboratories, research by professors, general leading, public service ami recreation had a conspicuous part. The plan was, as we recall It, to show that Professor Hlank was a wastrel liecattse he did not give a much lline to certain duties as did Professor lti.vNiii. On paper the nualysls was 11101 convincing. It merely over looked the fact that live mlnult's of IIi.vnk might be more prolllable for a student than live years of Hi.ancii, Mr. T.vvi nit's scheme consisted In general of ihe elimination of false movements and of wasteful -processes. He -ought pi iind the must expeditious and cheape-d way of achieving the de sired result. If new machinery, new arratigeiueui of machinery, were needed to accomplish this they must be Installed. The time spent by men In trerformlng their task. must H- re duced to the minimum: unnecessary motions must be excluded, and waste of time, material and ell'ort brought down to the lowest possible level. Years before Mr. T.vyi.oii became well known factory owners who never heard of hlin learned the cost of some of the leaks to which he directed gen eral attention and proclaimed their discoveries in window gln i treated that attention of their employees could not lie distracted by street scenes Iind Incidents. He was a genuine of luiciicy engineer who Induced the cir cus pa fade to puss his workshop In tlie noon hour rather tlmti while the power was on. and the llrst oillce man ager to compel the extinguishment of light when they were not needed had a good grap n the main Idea of ef llcleiicy. Hut Mr. Taylor recognized the pos sibility of Instructing others, employ. its iind einplovees alike, iu the pos sibilities of small economies slight saving, conservation of energy and the like. He was able to convince all except the thickest headed that an existing method was not necessarily a siqierlor method, a thing frequently most dltllcult to do. He brought home to the Industrial world that the meat packing trade was not the only one In which everything might be utilized except the squeal, and that small eon conv as well a large could profitably Instruct their workmen and carefully watch the scrap heap. He set a great many men to thinking ulmut econom ical management in details of their businesses, and by doing so he fairly won the title of "father of busine efficiency " which will remain an hon orable distinction in spite of the many torn fool things that are s.ild and done In its name. It Is a comforting thought that the amount of conversational criticism and expert comment Iti this rountry on the fal, of Prremy.-I will be reduced to the minimum by the fortunate fact that nobody knows how to pronounce the name of the fortress. Another American ship ha- been held up on the high seas, but as It was done by an American warship there Is no excuse for the international law yers to get excited about It. Immediately after the lecturer had said sorrowfully that "the Ignorance of the average American Is amazing so far ajv the Gorman ideal is con cerned" the audience hissed the Sec retary of State of the 1'niied Stats and cheered the fterman Hmperor. thu- offering us an object icson In true patriotism HUDSON TRAINING SCHOOL. A Former Pupil Defend- It Acain-t the Charges In the llchincj Heport. To tiik KniToti or The Si-n Nir In h recent number of TlIK Sl'N thfre was an article datid Albany giving an ex tract of a report criticising the Hudson Training Sihool and Its superintendent. Ir. llortense V Ibuco. was one of the girl- of that school for three ear I no caiiii'ii el -urn an lnjusiu-e ne none I without a prides: I vent :n a itude. wilful g.il Thr.nisn Pie inrHieiwe of Pi Iliuee and the nlM rers of the school I came out nt the end 'it three years a girl with self respect, self-control and h'ah ioVmIs and with the ability to earn tin own living, for I was taught Ihe pniete-al things In a llinrvtigh in.inn.c-r: but I was taught more ivan tlitt by the high ex amples of Pr llrure and the teachers Some of ihe piinlsh'neiitn mav b" given, for sonii nf tlie girls are so bid that ordinary discipline would not affect them. They have to l' put Into ctnptv rooms be an-,- f there was furniture Hiev would hre.ik It or n-e It to break the windows. The institution is not for pun. 'shmeiit, but tn restrain and influence tlie girls and to teach them' light living 1 know many of the girls who have gone out nnd made good The control of lir llrure Is felt in every department of I ho school She Is n wonderful woman, and though she manage the big affairs of the Institu tion In the mnst able manner, there is no girl In the school or out on parole who does not feel she Is personally te sponsible lo nr. Hliice for her daily actions. UitATKi-i'l. Pl'l'll.. Nnw Yoni.. March 110 THE FRIENDLY GARDEN. How .should liowers lie Packed to j He Sent to a Distance'.' To Tin; 1','DlTott nf Till: Sl'N Mr It has ocium-d to me t li.it other might b" as Interested a I nin to know Just how liowers grown on our countr plio e may he sent in boxes, to our less fortu nate fiieuds who have no liowers. Having read an elaborate Hint explicit dcsi rlptlon of the caie ami method of packing sweet peas foi sending a long distance, 1 am womb tine huvv vvc are to pack roses and other liowers, that they m iy reacli the r destination In a fair state of freshness. Pur half the pleasuie of a garden is sharing it with far away friends ns well as witli near neighbour Annkttu W. Iliiiui:. Nkw Youic, March i'i. "Deserve," To tiik KniToitoi'TllKSt'.N .Sir. Youi correspondent ll. K Drown of Water bury, Conn., siiggeMts that "Doubtful" look up lil Webster and he will tlnd: '.'one but tlie bravo deserves tho fair lrutttn dgllvic's linpeilal tiu'tionaiy of the Ihigllsh language quotes: N'nns but tin bnve deserv the fair. firtffrii Which of the two limitations is cor rect ' T C It lIolioKI.N. N ,1 , Mai. h Daimrr III Hie limine of Vnlshii. ,r Knlrker Don't ynu make nur husband go tn iliurch? Mrs nncker' No. I'm afrall he might pUu tJOiue L'aatcr duds fur hlniiiif. CHARLES FRANCIS ADAMS Off AMERICAN NEUTRALITY. I What Were Perhap llli l.nd Written j Words on the Subject -He Korc- I saw a World Feiler..tlon ami an liilernallninil Police. To thi. KniTott or Tins Sun .sir As i an admirer and occasional corioKpondeiit of the late Churle I'Vanci Adams I ' urn gra tilled by our Just coniiiunl; upon tlie chaiiuLr of that line and, wle American of the hlKhet lie. Hu. cloed I send for our perusal, and pith-' litatlon If you like, niv lust teller riom , hlin, (till- I I'eliru.iry ti, Ifilfi. Pos sllil.v It was among lie- lui of Ins studied lelteis. It seems to me Hint Its poMhlllilDUs liuhlle.iliun llln he of some' leal service. The addle.- leferied lo In Mr. Ad.nm'.i ' note was written to he delivered hefoie the New York Society of the (Oder of Pounders uml Patriots of America. The i pitsHone "priHlly illscused liy him Is 1 here leiiroduced In older to make clear .Mr. Adams's remarks in replv : Uelli-iInK as I do that (irrmuii) l Irvine I In beentiit Ihe Over-Lord of ihe whole IvIIKed world, and In nil.- It under ita uvvn Iron mllltarlnni, I have, perftniiallv, small sympathy with thn who favor neu trality, I regard this war as utterly Im moral, an erforV tn eilnhllnh ihe tiu-ehrts-tlan and most unholy dm-trlne that "There Is no I'.laln Hut that of .Vlldht." Sic h a doctrine vlnUt all prin.-lples of morality, ll saya "Whnturr yaw c.in do vnu mav, because the jinwer lo do gives the rlitht lo do." In Ihe fare nf such an lufaninii. ereed all Just men should unit' In opposition. The prnt temper and Ihe present tlmldliv and love of selflih as predis pose many to neutrality, and to "pear at any prtre ' I proudlv sav thit I am not of Untt ilis and, I hope, none of mv hearers. In my JudKmenl even at this lt date the United fUate. .is i lilef of the neutral I'owc-ra should make lis most serious pro tec against anv further onupatloii of Ilelglum by Ihe flernitns express Ihe true feeling of the vast majority of our rltl sens anivln.t the violation of Delglan neu trality, and ssnd Identical notes tn all the Powers, neutral and lielllKerent, and Invite their cooperation and Joint protest. This would be the course demnnded bv night and Common Moralltv It Js particularly to this lubsage that Ml Charles l-'rancls Adams's teni.irks referred. Jostrit Ctu.nr.RTPO.v Ui.atto.v. niiooKt.TN, March :J. Mt Dnin Sm: I have to acknowledge the receipt of your memorandum of the 30th ultimo and the accompanying typewritten copy of your address. I agree entirely with the prptn.se. I of your address, hut hesitate some (what over n portion of the cnnclu I sion.s 1 by no means regard the pros i ent situation as likely to prove tin. 'fruitful of definable results, nor am 1 In favor of any precipitancy of ac tion on the part of neutrals, espe cially on the iart of the t'nlteil State. The time and situation, to my mind. make calmness, hesitancy of action and a thorough comprehension of con ditions most eminently desirable. We suddenly tlnd ourselves thrown back nn entire century. Again wo are confronted by "paper blockades" on nn almost unprecedented scale, nnd by "Milan" and "Berlin" decrees, with "orders In council" In reserve and m response thereto. Such n situation has got lo work It self out: and. In my belief, can do so only through the complete exhaustion 1 of those more immediately engaged. When that condition of exhaustion i fully developed the neutral Power, i If In the Interim they have held ! t' .emselves In reserve, will be In a po ! ulllon effectively to Intervene. The whole Sea I'sage of Nations, com monly known as "International law." will then have to undergo a process of fundamental tevislon. Tlie basic principles only will be left, and u new svstem. which will include m my 1 lief a World Federation, an organized I Judicial tribunal and an intet national police, must be evolved. ! This Is a large cuntr-ait. ami yet the task is one to which both legis lators and publicists cannot. I think, too soon or too seriously address thenij-elves. A great educational proces is involved, and cannot be prematurely entered upon, but the I time and mode of action nnd concrete 'outcome arc as .vet hardly foreeh.nl I owed. ruder the conditions, therefore. whbJ.'i I have thus sought to outline. It seems to me that the present Is a tune when those who think and fi el a I do should possess their s-iiils Willi patience. I. for one. cottainl. 1 feci no disposition to lift up toy pcunv .trumpet amid such an npioar nf 111 'considered speech, of one thing only I am I confident, were I so to do my : elfon would iu im way avail Thanking you for an opportunity t" ntud.v your address. I remain. c Ciiaiii.ks I'r.vM'ts Am t. W.vsiiimiton, ll. C. February ! !!H."i. I in mil table Philadelphia. To tiik Hm nut m 'I'm h, Si .s .'o In Philadelphia, thai iHv leiiivvned " pro'e and pnelr for r- liadition iii, d i h.mgelen. puipoe. the follow iic. mi liv.il for by friends, was iclalcl to: llie ' Three of them were homeward bound , on a late trollev car. pa as vou liter. At a cro-Mng In the outskirts of Hie ' cit tlie cat came to a sudden -lop. hut ) nn dnois opened An irate citizen beat , upon the front door, which eventtiall.v i opened, and the following was heard fiom the mntorinan ' ill thsre' er .an'i it nn this ur I The conductor nin t Rot no chance ! i Poor slammed, citizen left, ih.ingc I less conductor taken on his w.iv Nkw Youi.. March 22 PrqrKssK. She Walled for the (iiillbillne. To Tin: Hiiitoi: or Tut: Si s---'lr- The 'following woids of Mine HoLitnl come I back thliillgh Ihe .veais and addles i tlii'ins'lves to the critics of Pros dent Wilson's "walling" pnllO . I "Our line minds laugh at patience as la negative virtue 1 confess Hint In m e.ves it I the true sign of the force of tile soul, the f I nit of piofouud relic tion, the nee. sary means for con Plat ing men and spreading Instruction; in . short, t virtue of a flee people." I Wo havo everything to learn on this j subject H. H. IL I Ciiaiilestok, S. C, March 21 Ilcfornicr- r.'.'.d the Hcfnrineil, To tiiu Kpitor hi: Scn Mr.' "Sad Clt zon" complains oat teforuiers "up lift" nothing but taxes. I ask him to ponder the following sciiueine I I An elllclent but unmoral city gov- ' einment falls 1n keep up with tho public , consticiicc 2. A lerorm '.idiinnlstratlnn proves Dial I Its liiexpci lence Is expensive 3 Tho practical nnd expern le ed ie- ' turn to power, chastened and resolviil 1 lo be a Utile better This is lint a vicious circle hut all1 .iM-cndliig spiral. MonitnTKi.r lloi'trrt. Cirtzt.s. Ai.hany. March 22 llie Inn Kinds, Km Urr sulelt b inif m il m i I IV 0 rlHSfSS Ilocker Thof who think i'"v know how tn ralsn children nnd those vvliu Hunk 1 they cun raise ihlvkcn. THE INSULT BY LETTER MARKED "PRIVATE." ('oiiiiiieiil- on Hie Cave of the ltev. Dr. Itamlolpli II. Me Klin. To TIIK KlilTol! of Tut: Hps .Sic.' As one who bus had occasion lo hear and admire 111' .MeKlin's iniiRtillli'eiit ser mons permit me to exptcss my syni p.itliv with nitr pilltnrl.il article In lo ilav'x sin. It is Indeed lamentable to vvluit violent rxtretnes good Christian n il nl 1 eif will go when lliey depart from their life's vocation of preaching the (iospel ami Interfere with matter. In which their Judgment Is apt to he vvntptd mill their ideas erioneoiis. l)i. MeKlin's lnslim.it, on that anv one could make "worth white" any expres. shins of opinion or line of action In 1 ,1111 ,-tillOiitis ll, ll tr.ii(-H' .if Till' SlIV - - - " - foi the last forty-two vears might he passed over If uttered by one frenzied Iiv passion, lull lo be calmly written seems loo sad fur expression. "How ate the mighty fallen from their sent !" ll must be the hope of all gond .iuuchinen thai action- such ns Bishop (beer's onslaught on Majnr-deneral Wood should never occur again, and the clergy Hhoiild clently iindernt.iiiil that the) will lose their influence for good when Ihev take up mutters In tegard to which their opinions ate neither asked nor appreelated. T. limit lloollMAN. Wahiiimiton IIkiiiiits, Mulch 21. I'rom n Friend of the Allien. To TIIK UtUTOIl of The Sr.v .Sir. I have lead with tho greatest pleasure our well merited cnatlgatlon of the Itev. K.indolpli 11. McKIm In your edi torial article of to-day's SUN under the. caption "We Print a 'Private' Letter." In jour leuly you nay that the rev- i rend gentleman !. a "doctor of illvln- .,."" docu.oMaws ar of crvh laws, a student, a rluhmrvu and an oil s' rver of mankind as well as "the ological . ontroversl.illst.'' And et iiothwithstundlng these many title to distinction the reveiend gen tleman Iu his "private" letter does not hesitate to Impute to Tun Siw merce nary consideration because your paper seeks to he Impartial and neutral In the. publication of war news. The doctor almost asserts that be cause you give the Herman side as well as that of the Allies you must therefore be subsidized by the Herman liovern inent. and that It was "worth while" for Nour paper to publish Von Hern hardl's article last Sunday, which I. although wishful for the succee of tho Allies, read with great pleasure. To leverend gentleman's belief re minds me of many men whom I have met and whose minds are so sordid, base and low that they think that every man In political llfo from the Judiciary down has his pricv and can be Influ enced by things "worth while" If the doctor's mind Is no fairer In theological controversies then no de cent nuin should bother with him. Tin; St'N needs no defence or vindi cation from me or anvbodv, else. For many vears it has brightened my life in health oi In sickness My devotion to TlIK Sus arise from these facts. It Is clean, and, above all, Its treatment of current e.vents is al-wain- characterized li broadness of vis ion, absence of prejudice or racial hate and a deep and abiding Americanism. Umg mav It shine. May Its rays never become let effulgent. Pr.r.itT W. Fltnn Nr.w Yohk, March SI. From n Mrnng Herman S inputhlrer. To tiik HniTot: or Tiik Scn sir: Al though our sympathies In this war are ns far apart as the two poles 1 cannot help expressing my belief In your abso lute integrity In view ef the slurring remarks made about ou bv I)r McKIm or Wa-nmgton I am clan to see mat oti have ciin-en to treat his "private" lotn'i.'inication eo openly and have an-swe-el It in a w.v. vv'il-h Ir McKIm is not likely to forget. At.rp.KD Mi'r.i.iir., New York, Maich 21 I This Dr. McKIm the Old Friend of Ihe freedom of the Press? To tiik Hmtoi: "F Tiik Si n So- 1 this Itev. Pr Itandolph Harrison .Me Km of Washington vvhi so Jutly doroumed .o vour editorial pag" of to-da the same P M' Klin who spoke ,ii favor of the Weiince and aaainst the piot.st of the C.ithoP. s who wlhed It excluded from the mails" Ills att. tilde on ta.it oci.muiii was that he uphi Id the freedom of the pie. He would wish no interference with uch paper ivLvh sv stematlcall.v slander tho Catholic Church, would give them all ll'ense, and vet lie attack Tltn SCN for puh'.wni' j Von Hcrnhnrdi's article, not contt-ilng it- column to articles from friends of 'he Allies, thus proving Itself brviad minded h giving both sides of the war argument. F. M 11, New Vor.K. March 21 liiaraiierlllr'.' To the Hiutor or Tin: Scs sir: I I. ne Jui read with satisfaction yoiir rdltnrlal artl'i' n the ltev Itandolph II .M Kim I disioveied -ome jc.irs ago his "lack of christian chnr.ty and a congenital Impulse to hear false v lines ac.uiist his neighbor, ' which vou so deplore ll Is a Er.itlllcatton to have mv pr I -vat.- opinion nul'llilv corroborated Iv, so va'u.ib'r an .ituboritv a lilt: Sl'N. The lettei vvhe h ou published l ehir a lciisti ot the icvercnil gentleman .1 P.. A Wvsiiimiton. P C, March 21. Dlscu--ed at A Hum v. , 'I. i tin: HniTon ot The St V -mi May j I '.ue 'iiir Itnlulgen in order tNit a i few vvonls may be penned in approval ot ihe editorial a i tide of lo-dav id, invi to the liev I ir. Itandolph ll.iirou Me- I Kim ami his "private" lettei? I The editoiial article was re.nl and discussed b many public men at the State Capitol, and those with whom I j. itiinco ii'k-iiooik no soon- eiies-eo themselves strongly as rcgaids the tout o pursued bv Tun Srs- In giving to the reading world tlie reverend gen tleman's "pclvite" letter. As Tun St'N verv properly savs. "The Iti-ult r Move us of any old. gallon, or din ii Iiv obtaining In correspondence lx. Ivvem gentlemen, lo respect hi desire that the insult shall he treated as .oiiH dentlal " A .low n of bay foi Titr Sew unrlcht arbiter us to the true slginilcain e nf "honor'' The dlgiili.v ot Tiik Sun In rightly ' resenting the t verend gentleman's tin-! thai ll.ihle aspeislon. and at Hie same time t'oi-clblv l colluding him nf the en-I dining maxim that bids all to terrain ffroin ' bearing false witness against a neglilior " coininaiiils the lesp.ct of all I who believe In hnnornblv upholding tho ethics of a gieit and Justlj vainest news paper John j HNmoitT. Alm.vny. March 21. Selfish Sal Mini loll Expressed. To tiik HniTon ok Tm: Si-n Sir, 1 have no Idea my personal opinion lias the slight si weight with you, hut I may 1 be allowed a selllsh satisfaction 111 ex- t In i'i Iiib my slmeio nivioval of the. iliessing down you pieseiitid lo l)i, Mc Kim ,ii Tut: St'N ot Sunday 1' F. Nkw II.vvks, Conn, M.ueh 22 rieii Itea-nns and a Siiggeslbui, To Tin: Hiutoi: or i ill Si sir: It IS needless lo irpnrt m Till Sl'N or to any li.il'Hii.il rooters that its r ph lo Pi' MeKiio 1- eh iia. tei Istlc, and good and Hue liom Tut; Si s'n determined t iMdp ii'ii . ilightlv too trd for Hie ripilt v ol lolrr in- e I i" ieid liic Si s di.lv for oeinlv . . ' v e.i - w o nev ei I on Id Itll.v , oj-v 1 II .ii 'I III . i is hiiaio. oils, iirm 'eg a i I 'ugh sun lied 2 Hi" ause no man, w orn in m h id ever cracked a whip or an Imposition over tlie head of Clurle A. Dana, or Ills I sti, cfssois without learning that TlIK Hl'N lid si teeth and heels. .1. Ilecause Tim Si N knows Hint It imist ii It'll and hold Inlet i st lo put any certain Institution or enleituliimviit Into pate leading matter. I, Ilecause Tilt: Si N l not super human, inn spot less, nor too good foi human nature's dally food. 5 Ilecause Titr. Sl'N burns every bird tli.it would foul Its own nest, r,. Deans' Tub Spn does tint VHtttit itself. I- lint ptifTrcl np, does not liebave Itself utiseeinlj and thus far stands for charity 7. I!ecnue TlIK Sl'N I willing to sell ll w.ites ii.iy by day in the marketplace- li cninpiiratlve measure of itinn llty and iniallty at a reasonable prlro without fulsome lunulu of Its "lieuts nnd fc.ittllcs. , My side suggest Ion to Till: Sl'N Is to I i. o ,. .... . .. . . llA , I i-jiu Horn iij. rt-iili' .1 1 r.l llseill III I i u - f,.or r.rasset's simgestlve work "The Seml-lnsiitic and the Keml-ltesnonsiblc." csponsit well translated by I)r JelllfTe at the time of the llrst trial of llarty Thaw When orilltiarllv sane bunians and In telligent (termini are substituting "ftott strafe die Hngluenib r !" for "Auf WIo ilerselien" in their nightly fa lew ells lo one another, when Kngllshnien. Scotch men, most Irishmen and many denatur alized Unions are nlllirted with attacks of vliuleni suspicion when an American newspaper restrains Its own sc.irrip.ithy and publishes, on the ground nf fa I r play, the best representative defence or pnlllatlve of the ultimatum to Scr via and the Invasion of Belgium , when the tribe of Hldder is pluming Itself on being the only reliable exponent of Americanism and neutrality, then It Is gravely to he feated that this epochal war Is fomenting nationwide paranoia. May we not trust, therefore, that The Hr.-J will follow the step of Abraham Lincoln In his learning of matchless con M"alon for the honest lunkheads and the professors and doctots of all degrees: Nkw Yohk, March 22. Kliot lord. 1'enre Without 1llnrmamenl. To the Editor or Tub Si'.v .Sir: Tlie belief that the present Kuropean con flict will result In the disarmament of the world sounds plausible, but to me It seems a delusive eXwn.'tatlon. .lust as militarism debauched and de graded Kuropean diplomacy hefoie the war. greed, ha tied and vengeance may predominate at the peace conference where the map of Hurope will be changed. If Justice and Impartiality are not the dominating facto at tho com ing conference It will result In the frenzied piling up of guns nnd the swell ing of naval budgets far beyond ex pectations thus furthering parsimonious appropriations for the causes of social betterment. What is most Important Is that the results of this conference will launch us either to the formulation of a policy of disarmament or vice versa. Is this not a great opportunity for peuo advocates to further the ause of peace and i brotherhood nmorg nations" It will be well for our peace societies to have their representatives preent at tlie com ing conference FRANCIS SWDX. Nkw York. March 22. Jn-ephus and Ihe Knnmnrrd l.'ti-lgn. To tiik KntTon or The Sun .sir; The i Hon .loseplms Daniel states In relnstot- I in- the Knslgn who lost his commission I on account "f break. ng the law agalnt I marriage, "If I were In love with a ctrl 1 and knew that mv marrlace lo her would j result in the entire breakdown f the Government Id marry her anvhow." There 1 no such law In my code and Aphrodite and Hymen say that It ! new to them. One of our maxim of trans- , cendent Import-in- " Is, "I ottld not bwei thee half so much loved I not honor ' : ,ore Trie t ,e- l a saving "love knows no 1 ivv ' tint I to sa, lovo often slop over and is forq- veil Hut the Hr.sign who does not wait for the very rvasonuble time when he 1 al lowed to marry should not be com mended. If a man took Josephus's advice he would rather break down his country than wait until he ts fitted to marry. Such man I worthy of the oblivion which Is atiout to descend on Joe and his fellow sclollstlc philosophers. Love without nonor does nlther the man nor I the girl any good. Joe knows nothing of my profession. I hear he knows nothing about the navy , for the love of Mike where does he get off Dan Cti'in. Nsw York, March 22. Sweet Timothy; or Snied by the Sec retary. A SVI.I.MI 01' TIIK I'N'ITF.P STATFS NAVT If I were . jounc middy In lovs with girl. I would marry hr If It broke up the vvh'l' n I would let nnthlnc Ilk" tht stand between me nnd 'he slrl I loved fcrflnr!t JiTrphits ihtmtl It was Just eight bells or about half past. And mur tea was In the process of rotation. When lhe piped ail hands to the nialn topmast For to solemnize a naval execution, An' we heard the horn of the Horse Marines. An' thelt Invite drumming hollow on tlie planking As thev marched up a youth in his enrly teens With manacles an' fetter locks a i lahlunc eh. Ihc.v drasced him up and I felt reel bnil When I saw 'twas little Timothy the ensicn. An' 1 knew tli.it they meant for to hang the lad, A proceeding what there wasn't any rene in. And our c.iptlng stern to the. prisoner said, "You will ehortl.v be suspended from a eltibet, you've gone .in' went nnd a gal you've vv ed, Which the articles especially pro hibit !" Ph. In g.il rim up. so pale an' sweet (And she was a tavin', icaiin' beauty ! An' she swooned for grief at the c.ip tlng' fiet. Hut he onl.v muttered, "Seamen, do your dnt.v !" mi. I wept tug tears nil niv hlotl-e was soaked, Foi the tied a halter round the mid dy's wishlHilie, An' Ihe paor boy gulped, and the poor oov cnniceii An he might have been a-swallerm' a tlsbboiie. , . , 'Nmv "'' heard a shout an a wlustle toot. And orders come lo anchor an' to reef us , An' a man mine aboard In a broadcloth suit Which I seen was the I.'mlnent Jo sephus. Oh, he stepped right up to the hoy I poor chap'!, And scz he, "Yviuie a cicdlt to the nation ! An' ,vou sba'n't be hanged by no gold lace cap For the breakln' of a stupid regula. tlon ' "For if I loved a gal an' the g.il loved me I'd main her III Atrlky or Slam If It wicked every ship Iu the hull tl.i vee For thai s the sort of prairie , he iien I am ' 'An vou saail o'lisf Hi lour hr.de va -'i. II f.tr on tile ocean w ii.v, For I 11 make vou a l.oid II i. duiril, If there s an.v such position in the navy I" Arthur Guitlrman, B. & 0. HEAD URGES BIGGER U. S. BOARD rrosldoiif Wninril Snjs Jon.,,. hiMon Ts Wciicr Than Gov iTiimpnt Owner-Inn, FOR TniOATVKK POWHTN llA-fornr., X. IT., March CS -D.trrtsl Wlllard, president of tlie lUlttmnrn nn Ohio Itiillroad, In an address before tlm students, of Dartmouth College nnd corn, tnunlty to-night discussed tho relation, ship tietween the railroads and the pub. lie with reference to tho need for bronct statesmanship and cooperation betnsen regulating bodies and tho carriers If thu general policy of railroad regulation ns now established Is to succeed. . After reviewing briefly the history the steam railroad and Its relation ti the development of America Mr. Wlllurd said that "If tho present plan of private ownership with (Jovernment regulation, should fall because of nnwilllngnes,, on the part of the public to Invest further In railroad securities It will be no lest the fault of those responsible for the pel. Icy of regulation than of thoe respon sible for the management of the ri. roads " Continuing Mr. Wlllard said: "The railroad Is not a nwmifactursr nor ii merchant, although It may bi mi, that It manufactures tram tulles and sell ton and passenger miles tt Is nm a producer, but In a large way is rather the servant of others the servant of thi public "While the Oovornment toieht hvs constructed, owned and operated 'h railroads had It decided lo do so, nt, matter ot fact the Oovernment did not build the rallroaJs. but Instead Invited private capital to dlsihsrge for 't this public function, upon the assuntce supported by the common law thj capital so invested should be allowed to tecelve a fair compensation for Its use. and as Commissioner Proutj has wl said, 'Nothing can bo more unjust than to deny to this capital that right Itnllrnnd lliislness, Mr Wlllard showed by statist.es ho min b greater is the use of tho railroad In the United States than In arv ot's country of tho world, and also civ tlgurea showing the magnitude of dus trial growth In this country how oi more than S.'fl.nftii miles of line of Amir loin railways there were carried ovr 2.05s, 000.00" ton of freight nr. I 1 -3 : OOO.ftOU passengers In lfi3. II, e igg-, gate onriiing of roads from n l s njr being $3,125,000,000, with mi npi 'at c xpene of over 12.1 S2.noo.ono, !. per cent of which went to pay the mo than I, iiiO.hOO employees "It was shown also that tne capita Izatlon of the railways of the t'i ' ! State. for the year HM3 was fd.Att p, mile, a lltllo more than one-half of ' of (Icrmanv and less than onc-fotr'h . ' that of the Ftnted Kingdom "Notwithstanding the statcmet,' si often made In the past," said M U"' lard, "but much less frispientlv ,t pr ent, that our American rallrni - a overcapitalised, it will be seen i n:, th tlcures Just given that the ave'.ige ; -t , 1 1 1 7. .1 1 1 1 1 1 or co-t per mile of ti.n rend III the Kuropean countries mentioned -more thin double what It Is in ti' Ftilted States " I'ontldenco was expressed by Mr Wll lard that the Fe leral valuation of t'i. railway now In progress would demo' strate that the carriers are not ov" capitalized and hestated that In. hU op.r ion, they could not be duplicated as i whole for the amount of ihe present e . standing capital obligations. For I'a'ilf-rnl Jtegnliillon, While recogidzlng that the ; power should, and probably will, 'e . with the State,., Mr. Wlllard exj. ts.-e the view that the true Interest of ail be bct served by Federal reg'jtn'.e i the railroads rather than by State rsc la tlon. Mr. Wlllard suggested t lat the pr.r pie conceded by the Interstate o mene V.'oumilsslon m the 5 P' ' case be generally accepted and u id. t bas.s of our national polic ,.f ri r regulation He fell that tils p-il .e-n how best to provide adequate serv s , roason.iblo rates will be sit -f, r worked out under the pre-, I 'in private ownership through -"( '' tal control, and to nalue th, f believed that the interstate i , law must be amended "The Interstate dimmer si vn," lie said, "should be li . I . reorganized and its pnvvirs ' : ,, , that it may bo able to deal , and effectively with th' vano.- tinder its Jurl-.llctloti Ii i to do so ai tlte present tnn "It Is right that the people - s protected from the sdll-h i - ' r.illroids, but it Is cpiill-- tun that the railroads be piot. iM f n I utireasoninc demands of the pu'. . T"' comtnlssion should be sn" ' eon'' to tlx the minimum as we" i- .ns mum rale whlih tie al 'ii mi char-c " Mr. Wlllard disi use' d at - -. the alternate sugsesiion ef li i " ownership : "In no coinitr.v outsid" o' . In my oplnbn, are the i i '. -ated and managed as pni l'.,'' flclcnlly under Hover' nin1 n - . Is the CISC HI tho I'lllted SMI. - private ownership w ,t g.e . i couttnl, and Height rales it. 'i. ' States arc, uimn the .turn. lower than those charged in Kurope. "I ani not eonsciousl' against Hov crnment icvni - road-, but my own epir servatlnn convince me ll.at 'i tiy tnu ptesini plan :s -i ' one. I'leseot I'lllli Ihe llellei "If Oov erntmtit resii.ii. road with private ow nets'. made a snei ess, 1 do rtoi - exre. t that clove nuin under G ivornment owioi-' success, and .:' 1,ovi"m with private! owners. op s then there would seom t on for bringing a.b.nii a would certainly tnlii'iio Iv ins vv lilch mluhl er on whole future eioi.oti.u o. . .Mi Wlllard ref.ured t ' objection there would " mote than two million n l on tho civil list of the (e v. vvhilo roi ocnlzlng i'.,,t tin Quired might be sei ured ' - ost, lie did not feel tl net gain to the publn f ma nrigeincnt. In oh sing Mr Will ml -. "To my mind II theie i- dlnlrctlic.lv Ainertiau oi should all be Justlj proud way sMem, bci aue, ' i ' all that mn) be said a - a ' ' 1111111111 that H has I'ii.i ' wages and sold Us ..... -transpnrlutlon--ai the v. at l ho s.i l.e time h i fo ' tl anspnrt 1 1 ton pr iloll.i f nilities than ai v ot i r . o win Id, i coord. I nict Should ill be ln-ll i, llelio tl, Lewis Nnioeil I ml A l him . V ,r 1, i iv O'ln, eo 'o-il iv ' ,i , lleiwv 1, lews i- i Judge n Kings i imc i v come up tor elect en to 1 next Novcmbci.