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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, May 21, 1915, Image 2

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THE SUN, FRIDAY, . .MAY 21, 1915.
STRENGf H WHICH ITALY
CAN PUTIN BALANCE
The. t&iAt war ViNngtli of ltly'
nrmy In 3,30,202 man nf till milieu,
of whom l,1J(),()0.0,inen uro reported
inobllltml. 1 '
Tho arm)' cotmlataot, the UikUiik
army, 2l,UI men:' tlie mobile
mllltla, 3:0,10 men; llio terrltoilul
mllltla, L',::r.,631 men. nn.l tlio re
tcrvcH on unlimited leave, 80,830
men,
There lire twenty-four reRlment
of tteld artillery and eight regiments
vt other urtlllory brunches, 11 total of
thirty-two. Thn aviation corp hwi
alxty companies cadi station or
Kjuailron having at veil neroplance, a
probable total of U'O Hcropl:ino,
ready for Immediate tine.
Italy hn neven hattleohlp.- of the
tlrcadnotifiht type, and clitlit older
battlciihlpa. n total of fifteen. Thu
liirge-t are tho (Hullo Ceaure, Leon
ardo ele Vinci and Conto d Unvour.
each of 21,500 ton, with a main bat
tery ron-l-tlnx of thirteen II Inch
gun-.
In addition Italy haa nine first
rlaia cnit-em, five second cla-a cr'ila
er. ten third class cruisers, live Rim
boata, forty-six destroyers, seventy
five torpedo boats and twenty
submarines.
have helped to assure was destroyed,
nnd the problem of Italy's national In
testlty was virtually and Irresistibly
revived."
The bill presented by Sltrnor Balantlr.i
leads as follows:
"The Government Is authorized In
ease of war and elurlng the cluratljn
of war to mako decisions with duo au
thority of law, In every respect m
nulred, for the defence of the Htate, the
Guarantee of public order and tirscnt
economic national necessities.
"Tho provision contained In Articles
243 to 251 of tho military code cm
tlnuc In force. Tho Government Is au
thorized also to havo recourse until De
cember 31, 191.'. to monthly provisional
appropriations for balancing the 'uilge..
This law shall como Into force tho Cay
It Is passed."
An qutburst of cheering: followed the
speech and lasted nftten minutes. Kven
thn officers and soldiers stationed In
ho building cheered. The members
ro In their seats repeatedly and ac
claimed the Premier. The Socialists,
who remained seated ilurlnR these dem
onatratlons, were hooted and denounced
openly a "traitors."
Drpntles Kuthnalnstlr.
Kx-Mlnlater Iloaelll, the "father of the
house," said :
"This house, elected by unlvcri.il suf
frage, will tho accomplishment of our
national destinies and the realization of
our national rights. Italian soldier are
Impatiently waiting for the order to
march. Italian sailors are eager to re
new tho exploits of the Venetians and
the Genoese. All look to the King to
lead them to victory. They look to
(tome as the mistress of civilization."
Slgnor Uoaellt's speech was Interrupted
Iiy cheers and wild applause. At Its
oncluslon there was an unparalleled
cent of enthusiasm. The Deputies In
rJsted that the speech be printed and
liosted up throughout the kingdom.
I.ulgl Barzllal. a native of Trieste,
urged that the redemption of the Tren
tlno und Trlesto be hastened
The Socialist Deputy, HIUpro Turat I,
made a speech of opposition to war with
Austria. His word were Interrupted by
hooting and Imprecations from all parts
of the house. Slgnor Clccottl. a member
of the Ileformlst Socialists, urged war.
During the ballottlng the Glollttl
msmbers hustled and pushed the officials
of the Chamber. When the result was
announced the entire house cheered and
applauded. The speaker shouted "Long
live Italy!" "Long live the King!"
"LonR llvo the army and navy!"
The Deputies embraced each other and
many wept for Joy. All the Ministers
received vongratulatlons. The Chamber I
.'iljoumed slno die. As the members
filed out Into the street they sang
patriotic songs. In the piazza In front
of the Parliament building they were
cheered by the troops on guard.
pain. Not V. ).. Asked to Act.
Baron Sonnlno, the Foreign Minister,
hid conference to-day with Thomas
Nelson Page, the American Ambassador,
and rt. Plnay Millet, the Spanish Am
bassador, regarding the protection of
Italian Interests In Germany and Aus
tria during the war. The Foreign Minis
ter explained that on account of the pos
sibility of war between the United States
and Germany tho care of Italian Inter
..ts In the enfmy countries would be
entrusted to the Spanish diplomatic rep
usentatlvts. It Is reported from Milan that the
Austrian fleet at Poln, the Austrian
naval base in the Adriatic, Is under
h earn and wailing only the actual out
bieak of hostilities to proceed to Venice
ind bombard the ancient city. In antici
pation of such an action the authori
ties for several weeks have been en
gaged In removing the art treasures
i rom the galleries and churches of
Vtnlce.
USES U. S. AIRCRAFT.
Italy Geta Big Supply American
Instructor at Work.
Pawb, May 20. Aeroplane factories
In Italy are working to maximum
rapacity In anticipation of Intervention
n the war. They arc building duplicates
of French and German aeroplanes and
nartlul deliveries have already been
made of large orders placed In the
United Staue with the Curtlss compan),
according to truMworthy information.
The Italian aeroplane effort Is chlefly
concerned with hydro-aeroplanes to co
operate with the navy In the coast de
fence. It Is said that Italy's aeroplane
forces have heen increased to four times
what they were before the war.
Two well known American pilots,
chltfiy distinguished for their overwaier
flying experience, have been at Tarantn
since January Innructlng Italian mili
tary pupils. They are KM wood (!,
I'oherty and Lansing C'allan. both of
whom went to Italy from Hnmmonds
port, N. Y.
POPE HAS WAR PRAYER.
Approves Plea for Victory to He
I'sed by Troops,
I.0Mo,v, May 20. Despatches from
Rome say tho Pope haa approved a wnr
prayer, which has heen distributed
among the Italian troops. Millions of
copies of the pra.yer have been printed
and these will he distributed among
tbe civilian population also an soon as.
wnr Is declared. The approval of thn
prayer by the Pope, rho despatches say.
Is regarded as of great significance oh
ehowlng tho unity existing between thn
Vatican, Qulrln.'il and people on the eve
of war.
According to the despatches the gen
eral tenor of the ptnyer Is a plni for
victory for rlvlllz itlou against tmr.
harlsm and for the blessings of a future
Trn nay I wi n In It riiulsl tinned,
The Anchor liner Transylvania, which
arrived at Glasgow on Tucuday nnd
which was Kihnduled to Mill for thin port
to-morrow has been requisitioned by
ins iii'i'sn iiiiverniuciil
Bhe is to be used fin I lit transport.!'
tlon of tumps, pueuinably lo thu Darda
nellea.
ITALY'S WAR TO HIT
GERMAN FACTORIES
Would Close Lust Door to Ilnw
Mntorlnls, Alrrndy Short
in Kin pi re.
'XEUTKAL' niVKS OPINION
Sptettl Cat'le flfflft '0 Tnr. ?t
IiNrxm, May !l. "Neutral," the
Times correspondent, who lias returned
from a xlult to aerm.iny, continue- I1I1
observatlons In to-tlay l.-ua of that
new -paper.
lie quotes a CJertnan university pro
feshor, who, he. sa-, haa kept hla men
tal balance throughout tho war and haa
not repudiated his long connection with
Kn.fl h m-liMiiinc men anil linai -n
thought
This professor salel, accorilinit I
to "Neutral." that the educated men of 1
(lermany now generally believe that .
lite war could have been prevented. One
would have broken out In two or three
ear In any case, he adds, when Ger
many, comparatively speaking, would
have been In a less strong position than
she Is now.
The masses on the other hand, the
w 1 Iter continues, havo an Ineradicable
belief, which the authorities fnstnr, thut
Germany was attacked on three sides
at once at the Instigation of nreat
llrltaln, who aimed to crush Gorinany
for tho purpose of ridding bcrelf of a
hated commercial rival.
"Tho authorities." ho writes, "manip
ulate and censor tho press to 11 degree
never before known, llldlculous storb s
and assertions nre printed and abuse
Is showered on the enemy. Many doubt,
lesi see through them, but the maims
do not."
Short of IImit Materials.
Tho writer found everywhere con
Urination of the view of the profes
sor mentioned In the foregoing and
uscrllK-H the unity of the empire nnd the
readiness to bear sacrifices to that fct.
lli advisee, their opponents to Imitate,
this. Everything In economized, he
says. All mourning Is hliMen, and tho
care for tho t-oldlerx la everywhere dls
td.ived. He ajerU that the weakest spot In
Germany's economy lies In the Indus
trial and commercial sltuitlon. llusl-
ness Is kept going, but with h greatly
reduced personnel, .
"Despite all efforts nnd notwlthstand
iiir ihe fiilciencv of tho German orianl
zatlon." he explains. "It Is undoubtedly
true that the Important raw materials 1
are becoming Increasingly scarce Thus
the textile Industry In the Chemnitz dis
trict Is affected by a lack of cotton; the
electrical Industry Is affected by 11 lack
of copper and uther metals. So
far as could be ascertalmd there
Is no real lack of copper for the
manufacture of ammunition There la
a considerable stock of that."
It was not until a fortnight ago, he
continues, that the authorities ordered
an Inventory of tho stock of copper
nnd other metal articles which may be
used for ammunition, It has been or
dered that none of these articles be
old hereafter without authority, but
such a measure Is chiefly precaution
ary, like the former bread regulations, 1
which were designed to keep down the
price of bread and subsequently was
used against England's so-called t-tarva-tlon
policy In the hope of arnusltr: the
compassion of the world of neutrals.
Tho writer foresees serious conse
quences In the famine of raw ma
terials. "German Industries will not
Improbably bo reduced to the condition
of Hamburg, which to-day Is a dead
city," he says. "The country Is now
consuming 'its stored commodities
which cannot be replaced, while pro
duction in gradually ulackenlng except
with regard to the materials used In
military operations. Kven among
manufacturers and business men who
regard the military situation with
complacency I found a perception of
the great danger Impending wnicn no
puper money, no system of credit at
home, can pcostwy avert.
This cWef cause of apprehension tho '
neuirai ODscrver rounu 10 uo over naiy .
. . . . . -
All the military contingencies In rcU-
tlon to that country, he declares, havo
long since heen foreseen, nut tnr jugn
Italy Germany haa had
nrtAa.n ...
neutral sources of supply, especially the ,
two Americas, lie round similar mis
givings with regards to Rumania.
The offices of the Hamburg-American
Line and the North German Lloyd
throughout Germany have become the
agencies of Italian shipping companies.
With the intervention of Italy In '.ho
war this door, practically the last one,
will be closed.
The newspapers, he says, are not al
lowed to attack Italy editorially or In
their news columns leet It Imperil t'.ie
diplomatic situation, hut private, v
tuperatlon and the most violent doctr
of hate against Kngland, prcncneii
In nulolts. In nothing compared
the unmeasured language used privately
aga,lnst Italy,
LITTLE ITALY EAGER
Air of Quiet Conflde-tice In the Wnr
and Its Outcome.
The attitude of New York's Little
Italy toward the Impending entry ot
their home land Into the war was one
generally of quiet waiting and deter-
m nat on yestenmy. Large numbers or
reservists visited the Italian consulate
to offer their services or to learn If
they would be called on.
In cafes and other gathering places
the Italian newspapers were read
eagerly. But there was no flig waving
or parading. Italians of different walks
of life on being questioned said that
tney would go back to fight for tho
"patrla" If their services were needed,
and none thought there would be any
difficulty In transportation, as all were
confident tint the Italian navy can
ha5 !f!e. .
...i- ur.,.lu,, oi ,,,,, ,,,,
generally by Italians of nil classes. The
better educated said that It was tho
only decision which Italy could have
... ...... Ik.l .11 Ta.,1 , j
imi.ir ,.ni, umi uu iian.uiB wiium rimy
In the colors In whnt they termed the
second war or liberation, A consider
able number of Italians In New York
have returned to Italy In tho past few
weeks to be ready for the call to the
color.i, It waa said yesterday.
2,000,000 ITALIANS IN U. S.
Labor Sliortnur lVnred If Their
Country tinea Into War.
Wabhinoton, May 20, A labor short,
age Is feared In this country especially
along the Atlantic coast, of Italy goes
Into the war. Government stntlstlclniiH
were making a Kpcclal study to-day of
tho results already noticed.
In the United States there are morn
tnan 2,000,000 men of Ilnllan birth,
It Ih estimated lime that at leant a.'i
per lent,, nnd probably t,1 per cent.,
of this number are Italian reservists,
who are honor bound In Join tho
colois.
The names nf thin legion are oou
talned In the tiles, of tho Italian Rm
basny and the varloiiH conHulatot
throughout the country Tho moment
that word Is ofllclally received nere
that thn Italian Government nas (!"
creed war against Austria, every tin
of these men will receive h comma ii, I
from Kin Italian Government 'o ie.
turn Immediately to thulr country ami
Join tho colors.
AUSTRIA DECEPTIVE,
SAYS ITALY'S BOOK
CoMflmifif rom Flrat rno'.
without previous conclusion of th
accord relating to compensations dut
to Itily In Article VII. of tho Triple
Alliance.
2. Infraction of the ahova will ht
ronsltlercil a violation of the Trlpla
Alliance, entitling Italy to resume tho
freedom of action anil guarantee) her
own rlRhta and Interests.
3. Proposal- anil tllseusslons of com
pensations will not be accepted utiles.-,
they lire based on tho cession of ter
ritories held by Austria.
4. ItMly Is entitled to compensations
Irrespective of the results of Austria's
military action In the llalkans.
f. The ce.xlon of the territories
mut bn mailo piibllc, Italy to occupy
tho territories Immediately.
. Discussion of compensations for
the, occupation of Avlona and the
l'sean Islands are excluded.
Italy then sent a wnnilnR to Austria
airainsi naval operations at Afitivarl
and finally, on March 9, Ilaron von tin-
rlan, owing to pressure exerted by Ger
many, ifcopted Italy's point of view an I
proposed to Initiate "conversations.
Ilaron Sontltno Insisted on absolute
secl-ecy nnd the Immediate execution
of the sreord which was expected to
i-ovcr the entire duration of the wnr
Jtaron von Ilurlnn, howevnr, was agalnt
the Immediate execution of this accord
The Italian Foreign Minister Insisted
on this condition, which, he snld, was
a slno qua nnn.
I.onR conferences between Prince von
Huelow and Ilaron S'onnlno followed
Ceritiativ nsMtmie.t the ilutv of diarim-
teeing the execution of an Itnlo-Aus-
trlan ronventlon Immediately after the ,
wnr. Ilaron Honnlno refused to arcepi
this arrangement, but consented to a
resumption of the "conversations" at
Vienna Instead of nt Home.
What Italy Demanded.
Baron von llurlan then made v.igii'.
unrertaln offer of the cession of part
of Tyrol. Including the Tmtitlnn. which
Baron Sonnlno considered Insuftlclent
On April 2 Baron von Burlan specltletl
the extreme limit of Austrian offer
nnd asked Italv to lormulatn her de
mands, which Hiron honnlno explained
as follows:
1. t'essToii of the Trentlno with the
Identical boundaries of 1111.
2. Itectlflcatlnn of the eastern fron
tier In Italy's favor. Including the ces
sion of Gradlsr.i and Gnrltz,
3 Trieste, Including Nabreslna. Capo
d'lrtrl.t and Plrcno. to be proclaimed
an autonomous. Independent Htate,
Austria to withdraw her troops ana
renounce her sovereignty
4. Cession of a group of tne 1 urzo.
larl Islands. Including l.lss.i, Lesina.
Curzoln. LJRosta, ("azza, Meleda and
Pelagosa.
S Immediate occupation by Italy of
the territories ceded nnd the evacua
tion by Austria of Trieste.
fi. Austria to recognUe lt.ilun sov
ereignty In Avlona and sutllclent of the
hinterland for Its defence.
7 Austria to declare Its complete
disinterestedness In Allnnla.
S. Austria to pardon and release po
litical and military prisoners who
nre citizens of tho ceded territories.
!. Italy to pay 200,000.000 lire
(about JtO.O'iO.OOO) toward the refund
of the national debt of the crown
lands. Ac, of the ceded territories.
10. Italy to promle neutrality
throughout the war toward Austria
and Germany.
11. Italy to renounce further Invo
cation of Article VII. of the Triple
Alliance nnd likewise Austria's con
nection with the .1'gean Islands.
Demands Itpjertrd.
When reports reached nome that Aus-1
trla was about to conclude a separate ,
nence with Bust .1 Italv demanded an,
immedHte reply, but Baron von Burlan
rejecieu Italy's nemanns. ortering oniy
the Trentlnj. enlarging the boundary.
wZtelM? tSltS" vul'lVu-sla,: staff and all the vigor of the
reasons wh Italy f it that Austria s k k ,
0fThMe WDTMUnari.IUn Ambn.- defl ct the advance of ,he enemy a little
sador nt Vienna, refrtod on April 25
iht unrnn iinrinn w.ia it irr iniiiffi nnr
,.,
" " ,hr'.
r" ., r".V.'., . ,.,:V:;
eil-ieill UUIIll.li (IM.IIMII I .",, c,
refused to accede tho demand for the
Independence of Trieste nnd the cession ,
of the Dalmatian Islands. The Italian
envoy added :
"Even If Austria yields at the eleventh
hour, owing to the pressure of Germany,
tho question of the Immediate execution
of the accord rem tins unsolved. Under
the clrcumstnnce I consider an Italo
Austrian accord Impossible."
The Duca d'Avarna tried again with
out success to persuade. Baron von
Burlap to yield. Finally on May 3
Baron Sonnlno Instructed the Duca
Baron von Burlan
kans WItn tne onjec or conciliating
Italian nnd Austrian interests of o.
ve gent tendencies. Such accords, If
loyally observed, would certainly have
furnished a basis toward common, fruit-
ful notion. Instead Au-trla. during the
..nn.e nf 1M4 without nrevlotis warn,
( , or acrorrt nn,i unheeding Italy's
, ,,-nminendatlon urKinc moderation, sent
, an ultimatum to Hervia on July 23. thus
oiwint? the present lluronean con lagra-
, tlon.
Flnnrnnt Violation ("named.
..Austria, by neglecting the obligations
i nf ,he treatv. altered tho status uuo In
. tna llalkans and created n situation to
, her own advantage and detrimental to
, t,cr ally's most Importnnt Interests. Such
a flagrant violation or tne s unt ami
letter of the treaty, nesiues justifying
Italy's refusal to join in a war pruvohea
without her onbciit. destroyed tho
1 ralson d etro of tho alliance.
! net .VaHty wa"" compl'mnlsed such
..i.nn s.,ee nelltralltv Is Inmosslliln
n..v'"1".1. "n. .M.nc.,.i?.tl It IK,, . .f..llli
, " ' oi.nose.l to the vital In.
, ., niher ntlv when the .mil,,
I ' ' ... . :
,ject of tho alliance is to safeguard
such interests. ,
"Italy has, however, striven for many
months toward a reestabllshment of the
. friendly relntlons between the two cuun.
I tries nnd hoped that an agreement based
on the satisfaction of her national as-
plratlons would remove the existing dis
parity in tun reciprocal position nr tne
two States In the Adriatic, but the ncgo
tlatlon with this object have railed.
"Austria now admits Italy's special In
tereit In Avlonu and offers Insufficient
concessions In tho Trentlno which do not
regulate thn situation ethnically, poim.
cally and strategically. Moreover, such
concessions are to be executed after the
war
"Italy therefore gives up hope of
.......w... Ul,n ...Itl, ..........
lenlllllK UU Hbllr" '"' Mtt" ,iiiiiiiin j
her proposals and teallies the futility
of continuing an nlllauce destined hence. I
forward only to hldo continual mistrust. ,
"lliily now alllrms and proclaims that
she resumes her entlro freedom of action
and declares annulled and void her al
liance with Austria. Sonnino,"
The Duca d'Avimia communicated
this letter lo Parol, llurlan on May i.
GREEN STRIPE SCOTCH
Ak for the Non-refillnble
Bottle with the Green Stripe.
ANDREW USHER & CO., Edinburgh
I"' 1 ,h he i I. received tho following V er ' ln. ' "H? K"JL"n
"The ltalo-Austrlan alliance had a-. where, .vier; r..,. ,m .
with,, , i ,n,i... , .:,m.Mi.. was triought. hid been gunrdeil ngainsi.
' on defence, but when the ' and thus an equal concentration or g una
treaty was renewed special accords were by the Buss ana at anj - one .".iiu .e
:;..,it.,! In cnnnecilon with the Hal. Impossible at the beginning of tho en-
I
SHEER WEIGHT OF METAL FORCED
RETREAT OF GREAT RUSSIAN ARMIES
"Hiclce acLt ors
lfMniska t Ramose
j o 1 -7
jf ScWv T I ft Javoro
ifiilmke r&ftMSL '
. oUWiVrfsVife. X if j3rohobucz 9l I
Niiinorionl .Strenctli No Match .... ,
for Tromoiiflniis Artillery "i$$t&& , tjf f
in (Jaiicia. ''''' Vii ,
Ungvar J'.'.'.'.V,, NadworntL y
OKRMAN
Sptrial CAhle iwfrA tn Tnr Sri
IiNiKy, Mny 20. Th Daily MMV
correspondent at Pc.rogra.l coniirm, the j
belief, prevailing In London, that the ,
Ilusslan retreat In Gallcla was due to
thn tremendous Austro-Gcrman artillery,
suddenly concentrated
"It proves." the correspondent as
serts, "that the war ultimately will not
be decided by the numbers nor the
bravery of the troops, but by the weight
of metal "
"The Husslans have Illimitable re
serves." he continues. "Their soldiers
are as brave as any In the world, yet
they wen obliged to give up the entire
fruits of their terrific winter campaign
In the Carpathians beeatu-e on a cer
tain narrow front the enemy collected
an enormous force of great gune which
created a zone of shell tire In which no
troops could possibly live.
"Prussians, members of the Imperial
Guard, taken prisoners have j..lil that
on one short sector of the front twent
four battailous of Infantr), roughly
speaking 21,000 men, were supported by
no fewer than forty batteries of heavy
guns. Thcue guns blew tho Hun-Ian
trenches to pieces and made the strong
est Held fortifications useless,
Aviators Dlrrct Tire.
"The wedge driven Into Austrian ter
ritory held by ItussU consist! d of 1S0,
Onn men and 1,000 field guns. These were
placed In several lines, one behind the
other, and their fire was directed by a
host of aeroplanes. These were In the
air morning, noon and night, observing
nnd correcting the aim of the gunners,
The Russian sunners downed tour of,
. I, .... . o.-fou In tint rirtv. lull 11 did not
, , tftem or nffrct ,her daring,
,.s , of urtiery could be
' . '....,......-.-...-. Twn.v.,
n fVIV'Than' hre7o7'four m He. I .
, . thuultll .... wcrc siow they
, u.t..,hout .K inm.itv nf the
to the north
- 1 n ..... .hla mlvnttee
ulitch mad., tha
Busslan General Staff
more than once that they had
bmucht the enemy to n standstill. But
, m,i .lellheratelv forward never-
theless at his own pace.
........
Ilnsslnn Guns Inferior.
"If It had been necessary merely to
brlnt up reenforcements of men the
Ruskluna hnd enough of them nnd to
spare, but the concentration of such
powerful guns of the Germans demanded
an answering movement of nrtlllery by
the Russians and this could not be ar
innged so rapidly. The enemy had a
Inrge choice of directions In which to
strike his blow. All through April the
i liiisslan General Stun knew that It
,-,. rt.el.lnn to
It was only the prompt decision o
retire al along the line which pre-
vented the ""mans from 'giving a
wedge not only into the terrl tory ot-
cupled by the Russian army, but Into
the armies themselves. ....
-This catastrophe was avoided by the
coolness of tbe Russian otilcers in corn-
mand and the obedience or tnei "
ny tne lurc-e. "iij
(rented under pressure. Everywhere ex
cept between the DunaJeJ and the San
tho withdrawal was effected In perfect
order. . .
In
another part oi tne nein n mmn
. ....1 Anntrlin nrtnv miller fleil
nkl was severely beaten bv the
1 " ' BUard near Opatniv. In
. '",lh' .... i.0ind. and they are now In
" ., of those forces. The forced
..rt tired the enemy, who. has
,.,., nt heavily in killed and
, r ir M 0Q pr,,onerH
n-i, mv check the general advance of
t tha ene.ny. wh.cl, h,!d for Its object the
recapture in i cn-iujei mm i,in,n t.
"The success of this endeavor would
bring the sltuntlop back to what It was
early last autumn. It would, however,
I
r-Tc r-?
To acquire success and a permanent position
in the clothing world, clothes must set a
standard beyond reproach and earn a repu
tation through the recommendation of their
users.
The idea of skimping in either materials or
tailoring to save a few cents here and there
in cost of production has been something we
never have entertained. Consequently, the
service of our clothes remains unimpaired.
Spring Suits $18 to I45
Spring Overcoats $16 to $40
Brokaw Brothers
Astor Place & Fourth Avenue
Sutrway Station Ht Door
f
HlffTPncr: Thn nuMlan;. ran
'J'Z AustTlans'
,tmot leached their limit."
ADVANCI-J COSTWUES.
Tenlon Drive Tlirniiuh (inllrln
Mill In Pronrrss.
Spreint Cabin Htvpatth to Tnr Scs I
IOnpon, May 20 There are no Irnll-'
cations as yet that the Husslans have
been able to che"k the Austro-Gcrman
advance In Gallcla. Despatches by wire
less from Berlin and an otllcial state
ment agree thnt the Teutonic hIIIss h iv,i
consolidated their lines on the right
bank of the San between Jaro-lav and
I.tzaysko, nnd that the bombardment
of Peremynl ts continuing, not of the
city fortress itself hut the outer de
fences. The second drive north through the
marshes of the Dniester, however, has
not yet succeeded, while the third drive
of the Archduke Kugene In the Buko
wlna appears to have been crumpled up.
Military -xpTts In London profess to
seft a strategic spportunlty tor the
Grand Duke Nicholas In the Gallcla sit
uation. They say he Is drawing an Im
mense army of the enemy, some say
forty army corps, further nnd further
away from Its base, and nt a fixed mo
ment he will throw against them a force
hs large, If not larger, with ndenialo
equipment. They claim that of the four
teen great armies Ituslu now haa In
the llelu only one has met with the
icverses In Gallcla.
In detail It Is apparent that the Hus
slans still hold both banks of the Sun.
betwten Peremysl and Jaroslnv They
have administered a check to the In
vaders around Opatow nnd on the Tar
tiow-ltazwndow line they are about hold
Ing their own. South nnd east of this
tho Germa
n wedgt lm tf'fnoj yer the
. ..II ....... .
river
The news from the etteme northern
end of the eastern, 'b'altW lint appears
encouraging, for it Is thptmrjt the Hus
slans have finally straightened out their
line In Courland nnd are beginning nn
offensive, There Is little fighting in cen-
tral Poland nnd nlong the Nlemen or the
Narew. There Is continuous fighting In
"' ..T' L l,.. . J.i.
makini: a desnerate effort lo nmh north
ward and Join the northern command ,
under Gen. von Mnckensen.
RUSSIA CLAIMS GAISS.
AttncUa Pressed With Snrrrs.
nfllcial Statement.
Pr.TnoonAP, May 20 The General
Headquarters issued the following com
munique tonight :
On the left bank of the Vistula,
west of Ilja, Loptow and KoprJIvn
sea, and in the region of the con
fluence of tho San with the Vistula
as far as the environs of Nlikov, our
troops have pressed the eremy with
success. Tlie number of prisoners
taken here In the course of the day
of the ISth cxceedeil 4,000.
The great hostile forces which
crossed the Pan after an obstinate
fight havo succeeded In spreading over
the sector of Jaroslau, Radawa and
Slenlawa.
In tho region between Percmysl and
Jaro'lati we have pressed the enemy
somewhat on both banks of tho San.
Detachments of enemy neroplanes
threw bombs on Percmysl, against
which the enemy has attempted no
other action.
To the south of Percmysl the at
tack of the enemy were conducted
with particular Intensity In the sector
of Lupkow, the lwnghl RlsVr and
Strawlscz, w hero the enemy succeeded,
al enormous s.icrlllce. In capturing
several of our advance trenches,
On the front of Drohobycz, Stry
and Dotlna we have continued to re.
pulse tenacious attacks and Inllctcd
Immense losses on the enemy.
in the Shavll region our troops con
tinue tn push back tho enemy on n
wide front. We have cnpttited several
hundred more prisoners. The enemy
Is offering very stubborn re Istance
near the village of Klrchany, where
the lighting still continued on the 19th.
: : : ;
An Idea of the extent of the retreat
of the lltisslans before thn Austro-Ocr-itniti
drive through the Carpathian Is
Indicated In tho nccompaiiylnR map.
Itotighly speaking, twenty diys ago the
Russian lines beginning north of opotow
dropped nlmnst duo south, following the
line of tho western slope of the Carpa
thians, on the Itungarlnn side to lluko
wliia. Now the Mussina llhe la from
thirty to forty miles to the east of
that point. They were driven from tho
threo big mountain passes they held,
from the Important heights of the lies
kul It.mge, from Hartfelil and other
Hungarian points where a foothold had
been obtained. They are now lighting
prartlcally over territory (oniticred In
tho itrst months of the war.
FRENCH TAKE GERMAN
TRENCHES NEAR AILLY
Sapping and Milliner Opera
tions Net, flnins in Mean
sejour Region Also.
fip'riol (ViM nt'pitlcS to Tap rs
Paris, May 20. Thn French and Brit
ish armies have pnssrd another un
eventful night and day on the western
front Some progre?. by tho French
was made near Beausejotir by sapping
and mining, nnd several German
trenches were taken In the wood of
Allly, where the captured positions were
held and consolidated.
Two German aeroplane were hrourht
down by artillery tire. Between Nlc-u-port
and Arras the ground remains so
badly soaked by the In avy rains that
action has been practically impossible
The official night communique wa.s
as follows:
Between Nleuport nnd Arras the
country remains ralnsoaked and
hardly practicable for lighting,
Tho day has been marked by a
lively nrtlllery combat, in the course
of which two 'German aeroplane a wrre
shot down, one by tho Ilrttleh artil
lery and one by ours
In Champagne, near Beausejour, we
progressed by sapling nnd mining
ii far as the enemy s trenchee and
have maintained contact with these.
In the Ar?onne. at Il.initelle. we
repulsed an attack.
In the wood of Allly we took sev
eral trenches, made some prisoners
and rignlned and consolidated the
ground gained.
Tito afternoon
communique- ways
t simpiy irini men- was rio uccur.-cnce
wiiruiy m rcpon huuiik insi nigni. it
''
There
was nothing Wednesday
night io report.
5,600 RUSSIANS TAKEN.
llncLs ar Jaroslnv Itepiilseil,
Vienna Announces.
Sprtlnl Catilt Ptfpalei to Tnr. Sex,
VlhNNA, May IO, Tho Austro-Geruinn
drive In Gallcla continues unchecked, ac
cording to tho olllcial statement of the
General Staft to-night The statement
follows:
l'.nst of Jaroslnv and nenr Slenlawn
strong Itttsslan attacks were lepulsed
with heavy losses to tho enemy. The
allied (Teuton! troops urn gnlnlng
ground to the east nnd southeast
In the lighting on tho upper Dniester
Illver we captured 5,oo more prl-oners.
In one sector north of Snmbor the Hint-Inns
were ejected from their main
defences. A village six miles southwest
of Mo-icika was stormed.
The situation along the Prilth lino Is
unchanged. We captured i,oo prisoners
on a short counter attack north of
Kolomea.
Eastern Steamship Lines
NEXT TUESDAY
Opens the Ninth Season of the Metropolitan Line
All-the-Way-by-Water Route
To BOSTON
First Trip from Boston, Monday, May 24th
Express TwIn-Screw Steel Steamships MASSACHUSETTS and BUNKER HILI. ulll leva
Pier 18, North River, foot of Murray Street. New York, week days and Sundays at 5.0,(1 l. M.
Same service returning from North Side India Wharf, Boston. Running time between
Cities about 15 hours.
MAIN DECK DINING ROOMS
EXCELLENT SERVICE
Tickets and Information at Wharf Office, also at all Tourist and New York
Transfer Co. Offices
Inside Rooms with
MARKSMEN SCORE
IN FLANDERS FIGHT
French ,Kyc,witnc.Hs" Sny
TJicy Picked Off Many at
Sfccnstnictc.
2,000 OKIIMAXS KIlLKD
fP'tM Cahtr nnpiteh to Tnr. Frs.
Vamu, May The Trench eyewit
ness sends the following description of
the fighting nt Hteenstraete:
"Our soldiers wero not satisfied with
carrying the trench In front of the vil
lage, and In the wild charge that fol
lowed they carried the second line. Of
tho village nothing remains but ruins,
but thesis ruins nio. llko all tho rest, or
ganlxed In 11 highly effective manner. In
the street fighting the Zouaves, shnrp
shooters nnd Algerians gained ground
rapidly. They captured four mitrail
leuses, also rllles and bomb throwers.
"Tho Germans, who occupied the deep
cellars nf mi old brasserie, offered a de
termined resistance. They were In
trenched In tho cellars mid much of tho
lighting was underground. At the end
of a brief Interval the Zouaves wero
seen coining nut by the stairway. They
were masters nf the rellars.
"On the right the sharpshooters also
were making progress. Tlie enemy, by
means of n tunnel, precariously held,
still had nrcess to the Yperleo bridge,
but fearing that bis Hank would b
turned, ho wns dashing hither and
thither, advancing and retreating.
Minrpihnntrrn I'li-lt Oft Men.
"On the steep shore, a short distance
away, our seasoned sharpshooters were
following this confused movement """J
every time a head appearnl a well aimed
rule bullet added another body to the
German den.il III Uie tronches.
"At the end of tho day we reached
the canal nnd took up nur positions along
the road from Ste, istraete to the
Yperlee bridge and I.Uerne. We hold
this road as far as the bridge.
"The rpeitacln offered in tho evening
on the battlefield around Steenstraete
nnd In thn vlllnge Itself was frightful.
The Germans left more than COn dead
on tho Held, our losses were serious,
but far less than tluo of the enemy-
"At the same'moment that our attack
tva hecun ac.ilnst Sleenstraete another
attack was delivered n the I let Has
frnm (111 the latter our artillery prep-
! aratlon had been very easily carried out.
The Infantry fighting wms, tnererore, iesn
........ vi ninhtf.ill the Zouaves wcie
mnsters of the enemy's tnree lines oi
trenches and of nil tne nouses m n
Sas ion 'he left bank). W walked In
with our hands In our pockets; said u
sergeant, lighting his pipe.
'Our progress was continueu immedi
ately toward the north We captured
three mitrailleuses and sex oral bomb
throwing guns and made prisoners
threo officers ana tniny men in
tunnels. The number of German dead
exceeded Too. They belonged to two of
the three regiments which the enemy
hnd iniiBsed nn the left bank to In
sure Its possession,
"During the night the Germans tried
to take advantage of the darknes to
deliver a counter attack At Steen
straete. in the cut up ground wmcn
our 1 1 oops had not had tlmo to or
ganize, the enemy succeeded In making
an advance and through the Interval be
tween the two sections they entered the
village They had begun to advance In
the streets when some one shouted,
"vnlln les lloclies 1
"At this cry rifle fire burst forth f'om
every point. The Germans, about a
company, attempted to retreat, but It
wns too late. The sharpshooters got
before them nnd the entire company
wus encircled and mpturcd
nnttle 1'nnnht In tinrk.
'Trom the direction of Het Sas the
Germans showed a prefeience for the
use of asphyxiating shells. Our fcol
illers, however, donned their masks and
successfully withstood this form of at
tack. When the German Infantry de
bouched they found our men rendy to
resist, hurling their hand gtenailes Into j
the tlnrknes with rare precision. Tho
enemy was repulsed, and several hun- I
dred more German dead were added lii
the casualties of the day As one of our
Zounves said, 'Its disgusting, but we1
have to walk over them.' i
"The morale of the Germans leaves
much to be desired. ,
"On nnd after May 15 we heard salvos
nf rllle tire from the German trenche-. 1
but not a single bullet reached our,
lines.
"It has been confirmed that one (i.r
man company was called hastily to thi.
front to make an example ot marine
fuslleers who wished io surrender, and '
that thirty of tlie latter were shot'
inside tlie trenriies on tlie same ,la
wo saw nn otllier lire with his revolver
on soldiers who were holding up their
hands In token of surrender
"The losses suffered by the enetnv
were very high in p.o;-orti'r. to the
number of their effectives engaged on
the evening of May 1". In occupying
the entlro ground as far as the canul
we found several hundred more rle.ui,
which brings the total of German losses
to more than 2,000 in the lighting hj.
tween Steenstraete ami llet Sas.
"On our side we had heavy losses
too. but we had more wounded ih.m
killed, and many more slightly wounded
tnan severely wounded '
(MAY 2ftTll)
FARE $4.00
Electric Fans $1.00
RUSSIANS ROUTED
BY TEUTON FORCES
Hem nnn Is nf Army Are In V(
Flifrhi, Snys Ilrrlin
Statement.
HEAVY LOSSES TN" KM.I.KD
Mrai.tM, via London. May ;n -Miry
Ger:n.n g.'.lns In the I.ire'te nil v,i
the rout of ntisaian forces sour, t-,.
Nlemen, with heavy losses to t' e i jr,
troops, are announced In tn-dn ,
cial statement. The report is as fo.
lows :
Gloomy an hazv weather n nuerel
actlte fighting In l'l.tndere hi I i i
western Krance yrsteiilay Ue u.4,,4
a little progress In the leiretie if ,
At Ablaln a nuht ndva ice j
by the enemy was repulsed al,, ,
to hand lighting
Ilctween the Metise and the M ti ,
nrtlltery dllelj were lepe - ,V He .
At daybreak the Crimen rmnmen e,
nn attack to the east of ,i v eiu j,
Ing over a wldo front, but we ,- ,. f,
where repulsed, in iert,i,n se , ,
ter llerco hand to hand He.
We hnd no engagcine.it w i .
etrong forces of the ene ny r- .
to be advanilng on the lire of
eiora-l-'ratienbilrg till the cistern t is
aire),
Ilusslan attacks on the Ii, t
were repulsed. Nine hundred p ,.
ere and two machine guns re ?i
In our lianel.s.
Yesterday we attacked a h, I to tli
north of Hodilbls We rapture! a
hill nnd took r.OO more protr,
ttusslan forces nilv.nrlm ecui ni
the Nlemen were e-omplete; defraleil
at Gryosikabuda, Simt ,t
Sxakl. Ilemnant of the e-ie ,
forces are lleolng In nn easterly ,1tr',
tlon In.o the forest -Mln.n Oil one
still are holding Sutkl, Tim 1 .... ,(
tho nusjilana In killed were ierv huv
and the number of prisoners for t ,
reason Increased by only I'.Ona Ts
hundred and four more myn n cum
were captured
Our troops which penetrated rrnn
the Kan Hlver north nf IVrrnr i'
ngaln were attacked yesterda- i ,
Husslans In a denperate aes.iuit T
enemy everywhere was rpu,sed i,t
very considerable Irmjes. T! i. n n
Ing we opened a counter att.irk en ot
of bis wings and stormed the eneni..
po.siiione. i in is neeing u qu Kl il
possible
17 GERMAN SUBMARINES LOST
.Mnnr Vessel llr.lnilr,! Murr
IllocUnite nf nnulniid lleunn.
I.onpoS, May 20 Germany ns ln,t
seventeen submarines since I'. bnnev I
when she began her blockade of i:nt.
Innd, says a Copenhagen despat h h.n
on reports curient In lVrPr
The Bond to
Offer in Court
Delays in Court uiuslly are costly iv
alwayi inconvenient. Hu clients inter
ests demand of the lawyer that proctr.
in?s be expedited in every potsib!- i)
Whenever a Surety Bond i! reauirf
it should be a Bond of lueh kr,oi
itrength that ita acceptance I! lmrnflill,."
a Bond which ii recognired to be ibi-,
lute in iti protection and a gumnttc ct
prompt reimbursement in raic of lei
Comidtring their graie repoiibili
in approving juretiei, it a fair inferer"
that Judge! are plraeed when thr Bur.
of the American Surety Oercpar.y i
preiented, not only becaus: this ti ts
iargeit Surety Compan m the ori
but because it has establithtd dbrinic;
past thirty years, the nvst tnmt
reputation for the prompt percent ct''.i
obligations.
American
Surety
Company
of New York
IIDMl. id 1 1
100 Broadway, New York
Telephone, Rector 95:5
Mronklyn Brunch. 1-0 MontW.e M
Telephone, lnin lf
flrsnchrs and Aernues l.ervwi'"
I
Outside Rooms $2.00
4

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