Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, FRIDAY, MAY 21, 1915.
J&tttt Fit IDA Y, MAY 21, 1015. Enttrtd at the roit ORIce at New York a Second Clan Mall Matter. Subscriptions by Mall, rostpnld. DAII.T, l'er Month IIAI1.Y, l'er Vcar HUNOAT, Per Month SUNDAY (to Canada), l'er Muiith., HUNDAY. l'er Year DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Year., DAILY AND SUNDAY. Per Month. FoSSIOS IUTKl. DAILY. Per Month SUNDAY. Per Month DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Month, . so . , II ou Si .. 40 ,, ! ill . . 8 SO .. 74 1 tS ti 1 U 15 2 to THE EVENING SUN. Per Month. THE EVENINO SUN. Per Year.. THK EVENING SUN(Forln),PerMo. 1 OS All checks, money orders, Ac, to be made payable to Tits SI'S. Publlehed dally, Including Sunday, by the Sun Prlntlnf and t'ubllihlni Association al 1J0 Naaiau street. In the lloroukh o( Man hattan. New York President and Treat urer. William C. Ilelck. 170 Nassau itreet. Vice-President, Edward P Mitchell. 1)0 Naaaau street: Secretary, C. E. Luxton, 170 Nanau atreet. London office. Efflniham Houie. 1 Arun del ttreet. Strand. Tarli otnce. 6 Hue de la Mlchodlere. otr Hue du Quatre Septenibre Washington omce, lllbbi Hulldlnf. Brooklyn office, 10( Livingston atreeL If our frlenit teao faxor vt tr(f manic tcriptt ani illuitratlont tor publication tctth to knvs rtlicttd artlcltl retxtrntd tht mutt im all colli tend itampt for Mai psrjioM. Taxation for a Surplus. Governor Whitman hns allowed It to become known tbnt be Intends to approve the $10,000,000 illrect Stnte tnx bill nnd immediately thereafter depart for the 1'nclflc const. Through bis vetoes be lins reduced by $2,300,000 the wasteful appropria tions passed by the legislature, and in this sum, ou bis own showing, the. product of the tnx will be In exce of the needs of the State. As the money In the treasury can be ex pended only In pursuance of law. these $2,300,000 must lie bile, n use less surplus so far as the State U concerned. Thus the (lovomor will wear the distinction of Imposing on the tax payers of the State, nt a time when their burden Is notoriously heavy, a tax the product of which he has him self rcndereil unavailable for expendi ture, nnd whose only disposition must le to the credit of the State In the banks to which It contldes Its funds. He will complete a financial record begun In grotesque Ignorance by an act of oppression unprecedented tn tin? history of the State and unexam pled lu sane administration. The Uowruor lu his decision not to veto the direct tax bills Is not acting blindly. He holds the coiitemptuoua conviction which possessed the Leg islature when It refused to give a hearing to New York city on the tax bills, as It was adding to their size, that the public cannot remember and that the grossest outrages committed on the taxpayers to-day are wiped from the minds of the voters when election morning dawns. Like certa'n of the lawmakers, he believes that the nverlaxatlou authorized this yea? will be forgot ten when n moral Issue is presented In Wirt; that the vicious nets of 101." will not Influence the choice of the electorate eighteen months afterward; that the Demo cratic city of New York will con tribute the bulk of the money, and that the sums tn be spent lu ltopuh llcnn strongholds will overcome the natural prejudice of their population against the Iniquitous proceeding In which the collection of money In taxes for nn unnecessary surplus it only nn Incident. Will the faith of (iovemor Whit man and his advisers lu the Incom petency of the taxpayers be Justified by the event? The Peril of Venire. With Italy In the war a spot dear to the tourist, the traveller and tho lover of the artistic and romantic ts j Id peril. Venice of all tho Italian coast towns is tne most vulnerable. : United Italy for the first time since When she was mistress of the sea nnd tlu movement for national unit v be-, her merchantmen sailed the waters Kn Ul tt,P Pllry ,mrt nf tne ,,m.. of the known world, while her col,)- t(11.ti, century, to be exact, In LSL'O. j .nles spreail over the Levant nnd ner WK. thP granting of the Spanish con warships humbled the Turks, the In ,,ituton to Naples was the signal for goons and tho long sand liars were . ,iu. liimrnilniilst mnvoniniii. which 1 effective protection. Hut to-day thes,, ' waters nre too shallow for the Italian fleet and her protectors must Oni" I from the nearest naval base at T ranto to save her from the modern long range guns of the Austrian ships that could attack from Pola. less than IT) miles across the Adriatic. All the world that travelled for pleasure or Instruction went to Ven ice. The continental tour of every American or llrltlsher was Incom plete without a tight of the Piazza of St. Mark, and the honeymoon of every prosperous German couple was lacking In true sentimentality If It did not Include n gondola ride on tlio Orand Canal. The city's situation, nrt and romantic history told In tho winding waterways and palaces maue her unique among all resorts. But since the war began Venice's peril has put her hi sorry slralts. Most of iho grand hotels nre closed, the cuffs deserted, the Piazza Is filled with soldier and sailors, nud the gondoliers for want of tourists have surrendered to their rhals, too vapo- rettl, and many of them have pledged their craft for bread. Many of the llin - orous Inhabitants have already pre pared for a re'uge Inland, and iho" of the nrmy and navy otllcers have sent their families out of the city. YVIth'n twenty-four hours, said an Italian officer, nil the non-combatants can he transferred tn the mainland. In tho lust extremity the bridge ncrusa the lagoon Is to be sacrificed. From Mestro to Padua the trendies are al ready dug to reHl Invaders. If Itnly must light, all the world pleads that Venice shall not meet th fate of Liege. I.ouvaln.Ypres, ltheliiM, and asks In the name of all the toil! iMs of the past and yet to cnine, nnd by memory of that great company of lovers of which Titian. TtNToiir.Tro and IlnowMNo were a part, that St. .Mark's, the Doge's Palace, the Santa .Maria tlella Salute and all the other noble monuments of a pnst nrt may escape the devastating horrors and ravages of war. Professor and Pli. I). Much hns to be forgiven to mnny professors nnd Ph. IK, nnd the sense of humor rather than choler Is stirred by wild nnd whirling words such as those emitted by YANnr.i.i, HrN M.rtsoN. Ph. I)., who professes physi ology In the Yale Medical School. Put even that license of a Ph. D. nud professor can't cover chatter llko this: 'The sinking of the Lusltanla was horrible chiefly because It was dramatic. The cold facts ore that tt probnbiy saved ten times ss many Uvea as It cost. The ammunition which the I.uM- tanl.i carried would have slaughtered thousands." Even a Ph. D. nnd n professor should be above this cheap sophisti cated or Ignorant defence of the mas sacre of noti'Combatnnts. Kven a pro fessor nnd n Ph. D. should know that it is part of the business of sol diers to be killed, part of the rights of uou-comb.itants to be spared. And bow would Professor Yanoku, HKNDr.RSON. Ph. I)., like to be shot nv some subtle New Ilavenlte, whose npologln after the event would be: He might have run over ten persons In ills devil wagon. I have saved teu times as many lives as I have taken. United Italy's First War In Europe. The brief and one sided Trlpolltan campaign ami the disastrous Abyssin ian affair are the only wars In which t'nlted Italy has engaged. She has her spurs to win lu a European con Met. It would be unralr to Judge of the lighting quality of the Italian sol dier from Novum and thu two bat tles of Custoza. At Novum Chaki.ks Auu'.rt led an army without disci pline or organization, composed, be sides Pledmoutose, of Lombards, Ro mans, Tuscans nnd other volunteers', and the Klug. who was not n profes sional soldier, had to entrust the for tunes of his army to n Polish llenerol, CzAitNowsKY. who was lneoiuietent and disliked by the troops. For Ua mrrzKY. the Austrian Field Marshal, n famous strategist In his day. (he cam paign was a promenade. United Itnly did not fight nt Novum, nor at either of the Custozas. The first (ISIS) was a rout of nu army without homo geneity: of the second (1S(!(1) (Jeneral Dklla Hocta says In his memoirs: "The battle of Custoza took us by surprise. The want of foresight of the chief of staff (La Marmora ) , then practically commander In chief of the army, is, and always will be. Inex plicable. Tho man who sent the dec laration of war ought to have had n matured plan ready, and the com mander of each coips should have been In possession of the minutest details. Instead of which, the crossing of the Mlnclo was treated as though It hid been a simple change of quarters, anil the Instructions given to the command ers of the different corps contained no hint of any plan of battle." No attempt was made to retrieve the disaster of Custoza, the Italian (Jeneral Staff suffering from a paraly sis of initiative. Iteenforcements were available, and Ciamu.m's army if SO.000 men had not been used at all. To add to the national reproach the Italian unvy under Admiral I'mihami, as Incompetent as La .Marmora, suf fered nn overwhelming defeat off Llssa In the Adriatic. It Is true that as it result of the German victory over the Austriuns at Kiinlggriltz Venice fell to Italy after a plebiscite arranged by Napoleon III., but tho Italians neither ou land nor sea con tributed to the consummation. In the war that impends, Austria wltli what help she can obtain from (Jerniany, will have to reckon with r.p,(llj. s,lroml , IMeillll01)ti U)m. ,,,.i,. n,i ,. tn Mm n, B,,u !...- .!, fli-al , l ,, ,-- ,.f ,i, I last hundred years the Italians will I fight as a unit In n thoroughly organ ized and well equipped army anil with tho moral support of the Pope, whose "wnr prayer" lias been distrib uted nnmng the troops. The oppor tunity has come nt Inst to settle scores with the hated Austrian, and It will Inspire every Italian who wears the uniform In Isdh service.?. He Is going to be n very different fighting man In this war. If an In tense pride In his nationality counts In a struggle which Is to be a supreme test of Italian character. Swindlers' Accomplices. The authorities on weights and measures now in convention In this city took no exception to the state ment ninde by one of their orators that a certain short weight package evhlblled by him Indicated a swindle j ou housekeepers amounting iinnunlly j to .?(;iMHhI,mhi, Such computations are ' not always accurate, but In this on so common observation confirms the be lief that If this sum Is too large, the actual proceeds of thievery carried on In this milliner are enormous, It Is notorious everywhere; rich, well to do and poor suffer from It; nnd the poor most of nil, Among tho ninny subjects that en- listed Mayor Oaynor'b nctlvc Interest tills form of robliery was one. IIo started a campaign of education that should have kept the butcher's thumb off thu scale nud taken the dimple out of the quart jxit permanently. We had prosecutions, seizures, bonfires, condemnations and a distribution of leaflets that should have put every buyer on his guard. Perhaps condi tions ore not now as bad as they worn when Judge (Iaynor went into otnce; they are worse than they might be made, and for this the otllcers of the law nre not chiefly responsible. The real blame for bad conditions lies on the public, the men and women who through stupidity or laziness I permit themselves to bo swindled. They patronize the thieves, sometimes deliberately passing by the door of tho honest trndesman. They nre fre quently the victims of their own shortsighted cupidity, spending ten cents for twelve ounces rather than eleven cents for a full pound. They Include In their ranks those econo mists who buy rotten fruit If the health Inspector Is u little late In his rounds, and by whom ptomaine olsonlug Is less dreaded thou paying the price of fresh fish. That such persons can be protected from the short weight fraternity Is possible, but highly Improbable. They are unwitting accomplices lu the crimes by which they suffer, nnd for that clas of Idiots nil the weights nud measures laws that can be enacted will not furnish safety. Curious Rcappearnnres. Like materialized reminiscences, ghosts from the land of memories and shadows, every now and then we have n 'strange reappearance of those long gone nnd all but forgotten. Within n week there have been three of them. First there was Fanner Proiist'h turkey buzzard out in Indiana. (Justavus was tho buz zard's name. He was uo warbler as some birds nre. He had no gift of melodious utterance. He was a se date, sagacious buzzard, orderly of life and nowise given to equlvoeat disappearances. He wore a tittle Mi tied by a ribbon about Ills neck, a token of Farmer Pkohm's e-teiin Away back in the misty past, last fall In fact, he suddenly vanished. The silvery tinkle of his bell was heard no more. He was gone and iti thu way of being forgotten, when in the dim dawn of a few mornings ago Farmer Proust was aroused by a faint but familiar tinkling. It came from the top of a tall tree. (Justavus had come back home. Following the news of Oiitovus's reappearance came quickly that of the resurrection of the lamentable Aihiicks. Aiiiucks wore no bell. He did not need one. He was a peri patetic combination of foghorn and steam calliope In himself. The shiny high hat. the fur lined overcoat with broad lapels modestly thrown boon, the blaze of glittering diamonds, the far streaming mustache little dan ger of Aiiiucks being overlooked If he were around, and be was generally around. And then the wealth bo left lu his wake among the worthy agri culturists and rising young men of Delaware In Ills effort to carry his pyrotechnic brass band disturbance Into the United States Senate! Hut soon came the court proceedings crash and the Addlcks noise went trickling nway to faint echoes Involving process servers and constables. How many of us remembered that there ever was an AnnicKs until bis last recent oppenrnnce with a Jail for stage setting? And Immediately on the heels nf this materialization of Aihiicks came that of the once so Industrious Mr, Monk Eastman. If Monk's submer gence was more recent than that of AnniCKt, It was quite as complete. For professional reasons If for no other Monk never wore a bell. He slugged not noisily but too well. Hut Monk was only n free lance thug. Ills finest activities were before the days when thuggery was organized under a (Jeneral Staff ns a branch of Industrial uplift. So he was crushed to the wall, another victim of trust combination. His nnme nnd fame had been all but forgotten until promi nence was suddenly again thrust upon him by unexpected attentions from detectives. Thus we have Monk. nutnvu and Apoickr all three with us onco more, Interesting specimens of flot sam and Jetsam cast up by tho se.i of oblivion. I.lnrolnlan. in Mr. John M. Bowtrs'h long nnd affecting plen for the Injured or In jurious Colonel, nothing not even tho iirliiglng in nf the Constitution which the Colonel has chopped so heartily was more melting, nothing apter to movoln rocky hearts "the Into remorse of love" than his reading of the Get tysburg address. True, that doe.i inent was as germane to the Colonel nnd his cause as were Washington. Patrick IiKNnv, John Hancock i.nd the oilier forerunners of the Colonel, The Colonel Is well known to be the latest avatar of Lincoln, nnd there fore may be snld lo have written the Gettysburg nddress. He lias hail to change his style on account of tho "soft"generatlon to which he preaches But why the Gettysburg nddress? Wouldn't the second Inaugural have been more sharply appropriate: "With malice toward none, with char Ity for nil." When the Colonel wrote that bit painted himself unconsciously, his own gentle, forgiving, patient, long suffering, gall-lncklug nature. The bears of Wyoming stun tn bn better strategists than Moor Mitchru Not one of them fell before his trusty rifle. It Is submitted that tho Nw Kngland mountain Blate.s nnd New York furnish sulllrlent bear hunting for nmnteur nlmrods. Bears sttll roam tho Cntskllls: In Woodland Valley under the shadow of Slide Mountain, the heart of tho southern Cntskllls" John HtmitotioitR cnlln It, the former encounters bears every spring nnd n voids tho mother benr whin alio Is foraging for her cubs, In spltn of trnppltiK. the Kllllngton Peak country In Vermont, not fifteen miles from Rutland, still supports bears, In the White Mountain wilderness, remote from the automobile trnlls, Hruln de fies civilization and frightens tho berry pickers In July nnd August. Lord KiTCHRNF.it Is now willing to accept llttlu men of five feet two ns recruits, nnd why not7 The smaller the human target the better, If It can shoot straight and stand the strain of campaigning. While the story that Oenernl Villa was mobbed nt Torreon by poor devils who were starving comes from Car ranrn sources, It Is probably true. Vera Cruz Is In the same plight as Torreon. In fact famine threatens nil the larger cities In Mexico, t'nelo 8am may have to feed the .Mexicans as well as the Belgians. If that hour strikes be may be accepted ns media tor between the warring factions. After utter ruin, reconstruction. 1 am drunk with Joy You are KOlng to see nn Itallnn miracle nfter the French miracle. UAi'RitLR d'Annunzw. At 62 the poet will not be wanted on the firing line, but there will be work for him to do ut the hospital base when be "sobi rs up." THE GRAMMAR SCHOOL. Mr. WINon's Diplomatic Sjntnx Some vrhut .HopliMlcally Defended. To tiik KniTOM of The .Sun Sir A correspondent In The Sun of May 1!' HtL'iHM the Unn of plural verbs and pronouns In conjunction with the term "(Jermnn Imperial Government" in President Wilson's recent note to Germany. I contend that the form complained of Is not ungrnmmatlcnl, but on the contrary exhibits n thor ough mastery of the KnglWh language, as welt ns n iteep Inslnht Into the diplomatic proprieties that belong to a cUto paper. In the examination of this question we should keep In mind the opening wonts of th note; "In view of recent nets nf the German authorities"; for we llnd that wherever a plural verb or pronoun Is il'ecl there Is an adroit al lusion to the German ..uthorltles taken singly and not as n collective body Throughout the entire note there Is put In evidence u line discrimination between the Germ in Imperial Govern ment considered as one Imily and the same lonsldered as made up of many nlnils. not all of which are necessarily agned on the plan of operations of which the note complains. The r.ote sajs. for example: "The Instructions of the Imperial German Government to ltn na val commanders." u!ng the singular pron-'Un because the aiiteeedi nt must of course be regarded In the -Inmilar num ber, as It Is the Government n ting In Its collective capacity that Issues In structions; whereas when the note snyn that the "Imperii! Germjn Government considered tnem-clves hound," the Inten tion Is to Imply that the German au thorities so considered tliems-lves ; th various branches of tint Govirntnent and the members composing them not being ne csMirlly as one in the adoption of "methods that go beyond the ordinary methods of warfare.'" The President toils short of an arraignment of the en tire German Governmt nt. and leaves I! an opportunity to epla!n while not con tradicting the President's statement. I notice the same care In the phrasing nf other portions of the rote, as. for ex ample: "This, Government assumes that the Imperial Government accept the rule ,...i th lives of non-combatants," &c and "rer-ngrilze the obligation." He. A1m, "The Imperial German Government hae in the past so wisely," c. Mere the plural lerli Is cmploed, not without a purpose, for ue do not wish to go so far as to say that the German Govern ment Itself, ns n single entity, Kaiser, Council and people combined, "accepts nnd recognizes"; but that the German Government generally, that is for the most part, not universally, not as one. "accept and recognize," Ac. W'u say correctly, "the Jury advanced various arguments to Justify their votes." or, "the Jury were considering the ease," because they were not Justi fying or considering .is one, but Indi vidually and separately ; whereas we say "the Jury returned Its verdict (as a collective body), which calls for the singular number. An a priori argument In favor of the President's syntax Is found In the con sideration that the mind which con ceived tho remarkable note to Ger many, ho precise In Its every detail, could not be guilty of grammatical errors which. I admit, on the surface np pear so Rlnrlng and so contrary tn the rules of grammar. We must "sound the depths" to appreciate the profundity of Mr. VIIon's erudition. J. IJ. H. Nkw Venn, May 20. HOW LANGUAGE GROWS. Suggestion for (Jeneral Lcnnomy of Sjllaldes. To tiik KniToit or Tur Scn fir: Slncn the war began the word "enemv" has added tn its nounship by incoming nn adjective, both In Ibglloh and Uncle hamie. Great Is the elasticity of lan guage That's how It grows and fattens the latest editions of dli tlnnarli h. tut as "enemy's" Is curtalli.il, why not chop off Its head and some more of (ho tall? Let It tie "nem," which reminds us nf Nemesis. Whv not boll dmvn all words tn their roots? Winn this Is done It might surprise l.lndley Murrayltcs lo find the same roots In so many an gunces, with Sanscrit as the great great plus grandmother of them. Sanscrit Is love! v. Piiaor.oniBT. Nr.w Yong, May 20. One of Our llattlclili Seierel) Crllleltril. f'runt Tim n Tope Vlnllnrs tn Die Oeet received patient Attention from the oncers, no matter how Illy the i uesi Inns jitked. but I wond-r If one woman who knnivn her soi lal wol' I mt!''h better than the nillli.tr) aa yet renlUe her fnnllahness In anklin; a youn,T IhiK tteuteri:iiit of the New York ne to where the lifeboats wern toeitt,-,!. The nfllcer mntlnned to some boats suspended and told her n equal number was on the other ebb. "Hut It does not seem to ir.e you have enniiKh to s'ive your larpe mim her of men on board If you were attacked she remnrked further. Airaln the oltleer replied kindly: "In time of nrrlon ive eleir the deilis of all Incumbrances, All boats are thrown overboard. We sfiv with tne ship." "in down with It?" she miape I In horror "Vex, If It goes" and hen politely changed the subject Into a renintk that the New York had more dancing space on deck than moat battleships. In frnhnrr' Monthlu for June Mrs. IMIth Whnrlnn relates her war exp.rl eio'cji, I,. I'erry desennts on college his, bill. Ilenenil (loethils continue bis e.ory ot the p.iiiiiiua t'nnal and 11. Mathers re calls the negro minstrels 1) I, I2lmen dorf conlrlhiilea many photographs of 111" national parks, Mr. Galsworthy's aerial la continued and there art four abort torlcs anil three poems. THE BRYCE REPORT. nrntatity of Warfare, Under (he Lead ership of tho Mllltnry Caste. To tiik KniTOit or Tun ISDN Sir: When one reads tho report of the lltyce iom mission one Is taken back to tho time of the Middle Ages, when warfare was Accompanied by pillage, toot, murder, rape and whnt not, Thn shocking ntioc Itles committed by Gorman troops In Belgium and France, apparently In ac cordance with it regular system organ ized by the military powers for the pur pose of striking terror Into the hearts of the population and crushing any at tempt of self-defence ns revealed by tho said report, ate perhaps the worst blow to civilization yet experienced. In the face of such facts, for facts they must be, one Is simply stunned. Ono cannot grasp the renllty, for that such acts of brutnllty, nay bestiality, could be committed by soldiers of n civ ilized nation In our times Is simply be jond one's wildest Imagination There Is little comfort In the thought that tho majority of the German people them selves would bo shocked by such bar baric conduct nnd would repudiate It, for the very existence of the fact that the mllltnry jrowcr of a civilized nntlon can organize such n system of brutal war faro Is overpowering to one's mind. Though I have, been an American citi zen for llfteen years and feel that I am un American, being married to an Amer ican woman, yet having been born and raised In Germany, I to-day feel the "leepcst humiliation, nnd I am sure that I nm not the only American of Germnn descent who experiences this feeling. One would have to be callous Inibed If one's feeling remained unmoved by the reiiort of the Itryce commission. In fact I would gladly give mj life If by doing so I could make good only a small part of those outrages, For the Ger man Government to attempt to defend or even to explain such atrocities would be adding Insult to Injury A nntlon that will without n word of protest allow Its military powers to u.ign war on women nnd children and other non-combatants In such a grossly Inhu man fashion should suffer for It so an to tie brought buck to Its senses. There seems to bo only one way to remedy the evil, nnd that Is for the German people to rise up as one man nnd drive the guilty military lenders out of their country. Alfiied MClleh. New YonK, Mny IS. Uejected In I'nvor of the Testimony 01 American Correspondents. To the KniTori of The Son sir: Judging from recent editorial comment the newspapers have unanimously con cluded to accept the Ilryce report, rind ing the Germans guilty, thereby reject ing by clear implication the Cobb-Mc-Cutcheon report exonerating the Ger mans, The Inference tn be drawn from this unanimous conclusion Is that In con troversies betwien nations we rejtct the tests of credibility commonly adopted In courts nf law with respect to controverides to which Individuals are parties, and reason along the fol lowing lines: 1. A belligerent can have no humsn motive to fastm a crime upon the enemy, uberesa a neutral la motivated by a dealre to exonerate the accused , nation. - An investigation made months after I the alleged crime Is more valuable than one made at the time. 3. A report based on the testimony nf witnesses who are themselves the In jure,! imrtles s entitled tn more wvlgnt than one based mainly on personal In spection t. A hearing In which the defence la not present Is a safer basis for a re port than u henrlng In which the de fence Is represented by advotwtea and wlttiessre This course of reasoning mny be clear to editors, attbouch I am frank to ! that to some others It is not obvious nor even persuasive. I need hardly siy that I am expressing no opinion on the main question of guilt or Innocence, but that I nm simply trying to discover why the English men's verdict that the Germans were ; guilty was unanimously accepted and I the verdict of American correspondent that the Germans were not guilty was , unanimously rejected Charles A. ItnonrK. 1 New York, May 20. MR. FRO H MAN'S KINDNESS. It Kxtended to (Miters Ilr-ldes Hie fortunate Fen. To the i:tiTolt op Tin: St'N Mr: Many 1 prominent members of the theatrical profession have given ample testimony of the lovable traits of the late Mr. Charles 1'rohtiKin ; none the less it sems 1 fitting to voice Hie sentiments of that 1 Iirgo body of actors and actresses who plod along comparatively unknown M the general public. I have had the pleasure of play'ng under Mr. Fmhtnan's direction In a i number of productions; and those of us doing tho "bits." the comparatively In i significant parts, have found It a sourco '. of great satisfaction and encourage I ment to have been treated with no less 'consideration and couitesy perhaps ' even a more kindly treatment, than ha accorded the principals nf the cast. None sv I II feel his lns more keenly, nor bold memories of blm In greater esteem and nffeellnn thin those rniir i s. lng the rank and tile of our profession. rn.vNris M. Vkrpi, The "Song of Songs" Company. New York, May 20. The I.ecs of raiikhurstlsm. Tn the Kpitoii or Tnr. St'.s'--.vr: It Is deeply to be regretted that such a dis courteous attempt was made by a few suffragists to harass the I'resldent on his recent visit to New York. I believe that I speulj for the 400 members of the Catholic Committee of the Woman Suffrnire party III condemning this un dignified Intrusion on Mr. Wilson, which was, to say the least, a grave lire ich md onlv of good manners but of good Judgment Any injection of militant methods Into the suffrage movement in America will meet with scant approval frnin the army of earnest women who have for over fifty etrs conducted a sane and dignified campaign, worthy of American womanhood. M viiuaiiet Havpen IlnrtKC, New York. May 20. Chairman, .'iore Piracy. To the Hpitoh oe The Son Sir,- The ll.'irries-lti'oscvelt light reminds one of the present war aluoad: Hcrmany against the ' Allies, Hnnsevelt against lt.iriies, more piracy. I'aoi. W. IIii.i.er. New York, May 20. sartorial S.vntlirsls. , SlIERested by the report that the IV.ly. tniirlel soiletv h.w iippolntc,! a eoininiltee to tleNlKii a frown w lib h shall be equally suited to the kit, hen nnd the opera. When Iiornthy denudes the spuds And pops them in the pot She wetirs a simple styte of dtidi Quite different from the lot In wlibh on some occasions she lledeiks for more formality, It's simply nride of denim and Is ucKllgllile quit In cost heebie confections jrrsnd She wertrs on opera nlsht; Ho 'tis with sentiments of pity My bean goes- out lo that committee. Hut n with lynipathv I'm filled. A doubt unhidden, bold leaves nil my warmer feelings chilled nd makes my blood run cold, Pappose they work what feats appall l'rom kltrhen up to opera stall I MAl'Bics Morbh. PICRICACID. If the Allies Can't (Jet Knnngh of II. They Have Themsehes to lllnnie. To thi: Kiiitok ok Tnr. Sun Sir With f,,.. u..n. nrdrtn nn th would-be picric comer, I beg to submit I of "Barrister" In The Hun, that lbs to you Information which may prt.vt Judges of the Court of Appeals jhouia Interesting, be elected In pursuance of his Ides M Tho whole consumption of picric icld obtaining "the advantages on the one In the t'nlted States In peace time, by , hand to be derived from the private explosive concerns, dyets. me- I appointment of Judges ' tllclnal mikcrs and other concerns aver- True. "Barrister" suggests that the nges approximately tSS, 000 pounds a i other Judge lie appointed by the Court year. All this material was Imported, of Appeals, but the natural effect ot None of It was made In this country : nJ such n schei ie would be to direct ill when the foreign Governments enmc In the evil Inlluences of politics lo the tho market for picric acid no concern 1 election of a Court of Appeals whllh was prepared to make any consldfreblo would bow to the will of the bosscn in nunntltlcs. Barly last fall. howev:r. I their Inferior appointments, and thus two big concerns started the manufac-, prostitute tho entire Judiciary, turn ot picric ncld on somewhat bigger As I see It, the Judges of the Court scale, and besides this a small con- f Appeals, should be, of alt others, re ccrn turned out some nf this material, moved from the atmosphere of polltlct. Tho output and raw material resources because mcy are the tlnal bulwark of of these plants were practically con tracted for from the start, at the same time preparations were made and ne gotiations entered Into with the differ ent Governments for large size eon tracts. These negotiations dragged tcr weeks and months, but nnre of the Gtv ernments was willing to commit Itself to six months or a year As new and expensive plants AM necessary to turn out the enormous quantities required by the present re crudescence of the fighting In Kurop. none of thu manufacturers was willing to contract for less than six months .if bis output. The foreign Government.", probably misled by fri quern offers jy dealers ar.d Intermediates, did not seem to realize the situation and always . fused long term contracts At pres"nt there same Governments are using to buv a few thousand tons of Picric w.d at short deliveries, As explained. ! Is, Impossible, for nny American manufac - turer lo satisfy these orders. Bcsbles this, i.egotlntloris for war material enp tritcta urn made extremely illlllcult iiy the intercourse of too many Intermedia ries, by the conditions Imposed and by the fact that the slightest change in the proposetl contract requires confirma tion from nbroad. Often by the time nn agreement Is reached conditions nt the raw material market n;e thoroughly ehnnged nnd arrangements are made Im passible. So If the allied Governments nre not nble to get nn adequate supply of pierlj acid It Is not the consequence nf a cor ner, but of their business methods. A M vNi'r.vcTi'nEn. Prr.Tit Amuot, N. J., May 20. THE UNITED HATTERS. Will the fnion Treat Its Written Agreement ns a Scrap of Paper'.' To the BtUTOR el- Tin: Si-n -Sir - The convention of the t'nlted Hatters of North America, In sess.oti nt present, j In New York, has taken the l.oewe bojcntt , ase Intn conslderitlun I.at January, after twelve ears of litiga tion, the Supreme Court of the t'nlted Stales nlllrmed the Judgment, recovered .November if.. V "- '; agaln"t the United Hatters for buy- rotting the hat" manufactured by D. 1-. I.oewc A.- Co of D.mbttry. D. V. l.oewe & Co, In nn open letter I addressed to all the defendants In the Danbury Hatters case. April 22, 1915, stated : At th outset,, the t'nlted Hatters In effeet substituted It-elf us the reit de- fendsnt. by written agreement between ..i,m..i ,nttr. re.non.lbilltv for the con duet or the suit una tne p-ivmeni nr m lu, cment. Althnuch th s agreement his Lien ob.erve.1 and nrted upon (or over ten years snd up to the time of ntTlrni- of the Julcment by the t'nlted preparations hav union for the protection of the defend ants and we lime not even been re. quested to defer proceedings nmlrt their homes In order that your orraflratlon tnlcht have opportunity to fulfll Its pie Ire The national union claimed that the defendants were innocent, and It took I the entire responsibility for the wrong- doing. Uy underwriting the suit, and any J'lilgnunt fiat inletit be secitrin. the union constituted Itself the real party of interest, and had reduce I the record defendants to tne portion or nominal patties only. The ,onduct nf all these parties shows that they so regarded themselves The union cl timed' the honor of being the real wrongdoer Thn local ntlliers of Daitbury Irstilleil In the Hartford court that they took tin steps agilnst D. II l.nivvn A- Co, except as ordered bv the na'lonal olll cers. This Is a matter of sworn testi mony. Now I'resldent Scully, who p-esldes at the national convention of fifty dele gates. In New Ynrlt. roc gnln in legal obligation of the I'tilted Hatters. Is tho wr.tten agreement merely "a scrap of paper"? Walter .1. Shanlct. D.vniu'iiv, Conn . M ly "n- The .saving of I.hcs at Sea. To the i:iimii or Tun Scn .sir: Tin apiKilllni: disasters to the Titanic, .im press of Ireland and l.usltaiila have emphasired the riadi'qii.o of th 'tfo saving means provided In practically all ocean passeng.r ships l,if, l,o n:i nre Invaluable when the sea is smooth niid time and conditions perm.t launch ing, but as nt present swung fmm davits 'they too often go down with the ,r.nvn lng passengers. If each nf the thr great steamers had hem provided -'"li a generous supply of unslnl.able bj.rs and rafts o- llo.its. with rope o,iw for 1 holdlmr on. and these so placid on the topmost deck that they would tlo.it when the vessel wi nt down, thounitiils of those who perished could have hi en s IVI ll With the wire'ess calls rrertte c.innrt be long del. i.v eil, anil in eich of u ese disasters help vviis near by and tho life belts vvero proved to bo vvoful.y In siilllclent. I A f i lend on the Titanic who clim':e.l to the linttom of an overturned boat ;rl was rescued by one of the half erupt,' llfclnau which had b.n siniisstully launch, d told np that h.rndi ds of those drmvnid could have been sived by Lifts and Moats. (in the last trlii but one of the ln pi rator 1 was Informed there weie nbUit r. .000 abo.u d. passengers and t vv Hut of curiosity I made nn Inspection of tho entire life saving plant nnd was con vlnceil that thero would be no rooiii itiv where but In the water for fully one half of th's number. Thin material is not costly and 'here Is plenty of space or the upper tle.!( for storing where it would llo.it iooj I If disaster came. If our public press will Insist on s 'mo sunn measiie cn. grees can be Inllnenced to an nppr. cia- Hon of Its obligation in protecting those that go down to the m , ships. .lows- A. UvETH. V-,...- V,-...,- M.,,. on Nine short stories in mi.r . lioil,',, for .lune, wltli the lirKltining nf a hilef 1 crlul. are un iiniple provision of e ;!,u I II. Ithndes writes of siimnirr In the ety. Maude It. Warren describes ihe Shetland Islands nnd Alice Powdery Ihe trip Loin San Francisco lo the canal. W II Potter tells of rattle ships, II II liarv iliseiirs unemployment, II s i'ioIo oeu ii's m dcpitrttllK seiu,las no. I VV l: '1',,,,." ,!. plies more of John ll.n - i o, I. i, e There are seven pooin I M, l,,,iel,s shows his Interest In the Southern mini,. talBs I ' State. Supreme fourt In .I.inuiry List. i.n,l t m wie oiu ihhisiii.huik ,. .,, u.c " .,. : . 00I1mM of oru, r, .. - although the individual defendant, la re- j tabll-hment of the parl-mutuel pool, such Ulh(f ,f .w t .times thereon have s.ted only ,. noml,.,. ... exist. forel" lountr1"' , ft 7 menl of TnVaMrV 1 nun!.. ..hose Interests were Insured t,v would He .1 IMssitm. ... .,, , ,, . the failed Hatters. nevertheless no . The result vyoulil ' pa,' detachment and an a'mbul t THE JUDICIARY. I'abllrlty for Incompetent Jndges One Itemed)' for Its Weaknesses. Tn Tilt- IViiTnn of TUB SUN Sir.' It II ! n tntiiahlnir m read the recommendation the rights of litigants This cannot oe done by making their office elective. Let me call attention to a news Arti cle on another page of The Sun under the headline "Lawyers Propose Laws." In It Mr Abraham Gruber Is reported ns sajlng "he would like to see tne Appellate Division abolished, because a fair hearing thero Is Impossible. Whether this be true or not. the fact that an attorney ventures to say It openly .s calculated to make all goo! citizens sit up nnd take notlco. And It Is more than significant that other at torneys nre saying everywhere that the law Is no longer a safeguard against tin- arbitrary action of our Stnte courts In the matter of the rights of litigants, whatever be the cause. The remedj, however, would seem to lie In such constitution of our Judiciary system as to Insure honest nnd able Judges, rather than In tho abolition of any p.irtlcu'ar 1 court because Its present incumrjents ' happen to Inck either qualification Much criticism of our courts has de veloped at this time owing to tho pen dency of the constitutional convention, and many methods nre being suggestel for remedying existing Ills connected therewith. In my opinion one of the greatest re forms needed can be accomplished by thn press outside of any constitutional amendment, and that Is by turning the pitiless glare of publicity from the legal standpoint upon the nets and decisions of our rourts. Decisions are bsln banded down with too great frequence by our lower court, nnd even nlllrmed by the higher courts, that defy and an nul all the laws on the books Law yers who know this to be true are for iibvlnus reasons reluctant to speak lip: most law Journals do not comment rfn decisions nt all, ami the few that do never reach the public understanding, as their circulation Is confined to the leiral profession Why should our Judges he considered exempt from such criticism? No other government official Is so regarded ; far from It. If the principle of criticism of the nets of one public servant Is valuab'n I cannot understand why tho Judo lary should be exempt. On the contrary, I can think of no part of vur governmental machinery that should f , . ...... ..,,. it,- Judiciary. New York ALEXANDER DoTLE. May 20. BETTING AT THE TRACKS, Should the Constitution Permit Wa gers Cnder Certuln ilostjrlctlons? To the KniTon or The Sun Sir- Now ! that the racing season Is near and also . , . i , ... ' ' ""' , .i" " gome-thing ton sport would HKe to see somewung -on ar basis, to reestablish racing on a popul, as of old. While thero clnlty and a stimulant for the dwindling horse supply. Common Sinsi. New Yokk. May 20. The Xmnl Obelisk. Tr. the KtiiTor. or The Sl'N Sir: Mr. ,-..,.,, Leluhton's suggestion in Tub ,.s ()f ti,, morning to erect a fitting m!iument to the memory of the victims of tlll, seems to me an excellent one ,,, tll). initiative In carrying thn plan to a successful completion ought to ,,ian without delay by a committee , , formed bv the wealthy fnml.ics of the ile.ul of the Titanic, on thi ono hand, and .i representative grouji ot Herman Americans on the other hand. To the first this participation will un i .joutitodly be an act of love; the latter ought to sin In It nn act of atonement, If I rad last week's manifestations it Teutonic psychology aright, nine-tenths nf all decent American citizens Hnd American guests to ne the expression of th" .Yctc Yorktr llrmlil, of German or Austrian descent, consider, mornllv speaking, the sinking of the I.usltiPt.i as Germany's naval Waterloo And the significant gift nf Mr. Jkicob H Schtff In behalf nf the families of ho victims of Tlrplu's llhick Friday of May 7. held together with the fact that his eon and presumptive, heir, Mr. Mor timer L. Scblff, Is one of tho lending spirits of the Nnvat Security League, can Indeed be taken as n fair Index ,i( the atr.iui! of th, German American bourgeoisie. As to the misguiding and misguided rest, the fear of the trcaiam paragraph and nf the commercial boy. cott .1 1'Anglalse will have exerted upon th' m the ii. eeis irv soothing effect, even before t'te ..rrlval of Germany's com merit on I': is. dent Wilson's catechism ut International ethics upon and below tile sea. And nn : to the monument Itself. Whv could the artist not faithfully reproduce theieoii the unfni lunate ships and In scribe the names of all the victims of Neptune and the Great Admiral of he German -tuvy? And why not the medal lions of .lohii .la.-ob Astor and Alfred G. V.irnlerbtlt, nf Isldor Straus and bis wife, of Charles 1'rohman, the capta'ns aed principal olll.-ers of the ships, in brief, of nil those who through their nobln behavior lu the supreme hour nf their lives hive left an undying Usnn for the present and the grnerntlrens to come? And why not. finally, the last authentic messages nf the noble It, roes In chill i diess" H is riot Vnriderhllt'a "Let us save the kiddles tlrt" the s.vtio sublime ting as .lesus's analogous Im mortal word of love" Istnort Sinuer. New Yoiik, May 10. linns schmhll. To Tnr ni'iToii or Tub Si's .tr- Whnt bus be. one nf Hans Schmidt, the con vb'led murderer? llfinarUe nre pisMni- around tn the ef. feu that Ills semi nee has been commuted In llfM l,ii,irlsi.,o,i,iil tti.il I. U . ....... .iraoll,, i,, ,h. Governor, or tlmi his ,, ,,p ,,,, n, , ,, pi.plr ,. rurKnll. w b(. r(.i,,,,,., , N-' ,,,;, m,lny nf nu. ,,....ir r-nl,l v.. ' niniiiiii "' I""' '".'n- "I nils esse tlirollKl! the loliiinns nf Tm: His. , ,, . 1M vim il I li, N .1.. May IsTrsrsTro. - The case nf Hans Schmidt Is still nn ntme.'.l in the Court of Ant.e.iU Schmhll Is In Sing Sing A mntlnn was made last Monday by tho District Attorney nf New York county to dis miss the appeal and ntllrio the convic tne fan ili.il his .oinisei has be.,, ,,.re. "'V' !" '"' "PPC.il as pie - tion wiinoiit argument, nising t nn si nned b) in vv notion was set fnr Argument on this nrxt Monday I. o eener.il antlnatbv a line of stands erected 15,000 GUARDSMEN TO GIVE EXHIBITION Gen. O'Rynn I'liins Win Demons, nil ion Here un SVpteinlici' WANTS TO SHOW ' Tho suggestion The S, v would ho a good .dvrrlls. nif i srmy If the public (ould tee t enmnoaerl nf r.f.nt.,,,.,... ,.e ii M OS "i""'""" a i . (ft the service In notion brings fteo, ,(,f 0n. O'ltyan of tho National i ,r New rork n statement tint tlons am now being mail f ir Pir(. v 1 . U t I & - . ... . I. . .must iimou i,ir nn me siiKesriutl toil l,s, the State militiamen The gtn-1 of tv , Stnte. constituting the sixth ,1 , 0, the United States nrmv. vvl.l ,,r blllsed nt tan Corthndr l'i t , , svp. tember 25 for the purpose if. lt demonstration to the ptibl.c 1 1 u , ,i tactical division looks I e tt equipped for field service It should be explained tl ,i no. country the term "arm limited to tho so-called regilii. tv active army of the t'nlted St.r, bio under existing pirns , f Dopnrtmcnt, Is n first line c .rs four regular divisions and twib divisions. Hach illusion is ! 22,000 men nt war strength r e V , it o' in 'it - d t, of 3f2,000 men for the s xlfe- d v These, with the so-called iimy cis, meaning recruit depots, si rv ,r, and heavy field nrtlllerv. ,) P stltuln In round numbers an v (00,000 men, In n general way It Is reibrei o-,t the efficiency of the sixth d n higher than any other of t ie , divisions, but It may not b, t,' u to the public that New V s' has completed the org.inlz.it. , ,,f t the units constituting a ta ii ,1 vision and that the division -nt'oi anil training has proceed, d Ir g "i. last three years In su.'li ma a. this division is In fact a mli 'ar m, chine with tTio officers sch , : I .,- in. structed not only In the . l.i ' their own arm, but also in n. .1. . and obligations of that arm to ". fnntry, which Is tin backbone m ! ns strength of un nrmy. in.nno .Mi-n to TiiKi- I'nrt. Now It Is to show the , i' I , " . very things, that Major-Cen uib.s, planned the mobilization for - v Sep tember. About IS.flOti men w ' -part. They will tm In Ibid sr-r e . form with full field equipment fantry accompanied In thel gun companies, combat wign -regimental trains The demonstration will be a vt Into two periods During f, n . period the division will 11 1 i-- , " conduct of the march nf a t - - , romnalirn It will be mob I ed v rly hou,- north of Van foul " . . , I am' 'ho march will be from 'b - eil'l ui win parane j;hiii,i 'ii pany. The distance and Intervals units of the advance cu.i i courso be reduced for purp, ,s e t ration and by reason of : . terrain available, but t'o- m , which the advance moves division supports tbe oth.r ,v tact Is made, how pitro'.. to drive In the eniniv's p,: observe the etiem's nu. , i how cnmmunlc itlon Is mi ' twecn subdivisions of Cie , 1 and between the ndv.ui,' rnander and the man i 1 Illustrated. Following the ndvn'n ci ' ' the main body of t 'e ,! v -of eight regiments nt pf, combat trains, el,v,' ,t' i artillery, three cn'in, n . -' a battalion of inn battalions, field hosi i - i rompinles, all folium d i trains with their ti.i n . Kihlhltliins ut It .ii I U nt'k. For the aft,: "I'l t" ' ' ground will be apo rt1 . squares and nfter n nn i -. -of these squill es w . ', 1 , various aims nf the si n give hlmilltaneoiis.v , s technique nf t'teli ,,w ample In one square i c fantry will give a ' i phvslcnl drill, Jiit i at Wist Point It - half nf scviral i bimh i.t -that their skill in i ; these i'ercises N e the country except n r , v emy. In nnot!, et -'ti ' bnttii'ion will give a i, , close order drill, win' . p inv of infantry w ,l''i-' nlcal mechanism of ' '' bit. I A third square wif ' squadron of cav al' v evolutions preser.bi ,1 ' drill ' i eolations It, ' a battery of light i" 1 the mobility of the m,, ., material and the ru : ,' new tht en m il r.i, i ' which it Is a' on d 1 the New Yo It .1 1 v - with the latest model i enll. field nrtlllerv. g n A pioneer lump u w plode land mines ' ' trenches from ass t , t , throw and explode hit with thn new and i""V' Invented by Cipt V New York Corp known ns ' tmtol ' T will illiistrat.' t ii wireless station m communication , ,-i , j points. The us,' n ' ' plmre, Hag sign ils i' I be detuoustliited. I l-rer Urn ol s, i - I Kvriy arm of i . I slmvv n in act loi' ' ' ambulance cmp n dressing stations , tj pes of wound i' 1 ' , Injured . the th Id , their field hnspll il w I room nnd also t , ' reception, care ai d ' ' ' I wnundi d ; the lb Id ! , slon will give a il n .. ,n,. ., i, n.l.l ,' , , V, "' ','. ' ' , , lng bt'iuil for' th t'o. , rllimt h, , wagon cninpan'.s I wagons each, will I ' . of movement and ,1' person net of the vv ig The mere movem, from Ihe'r various large forces wll'i t . equipment anil cm ,' , j,,',,,,,' ',. 'proh "'I a. to the '' 'ii' ent i i portuii'.tv to I I mnti" C r' I strate Un i ff