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THE SUN, FRIDAY, JUNE 25, 1915.
Fill DAY, JUNK U5. 1H15. Entertd at tha Peat Offlcs at New Tork as HetonJ Claaa Mali Matter. Mibarrlptlona by Mail, I'oslpald DAILY, Per Month I" " IJA.UY. Tor Year sTNHAY, I'tr Month M'NUAY (to Canada), Per Month,. HUNDAY, Par Year 1aII.Y AN! SUNDAY, fir Year.. DAILY AND HU.NDAY, Per Month. KnastUN lUTiu DAILY, Per Munth hUNDAY, Per Monlh DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Month. 0 00 2.1 SO' 2 40 j M All I 13 1 THE 12VKN1NU HU.V. Per Month. TUB EVHNINU SUN, Per ear. 2 40 THE I1VKN1N11 aUN(Korfln),PcrMo. I 03 All checkn. money ordera. fte., to be made paablt to TUB Hts, Publlahed dally, Including Sunday, by the Bu.l Printing and Publlahlng Association at 170 Naau atreet. In the H.trmigh of Man hattan. Ne- York President and Treaa lirer, William C. Itelck, 110 Naiaa.il sireoli Vlce-Prealdent, Kdward P. Mitchell, 170 Naaaau atreet; Secretary, U II. lajitum 170 Nhuu atrtel. Readera of Tub 8m leaving town for the tumnxr montha can have the dally and Hunday and evening edltloni delivered to them In any part of tbla country or Eu rasa on the terms atuted above. Addreatee ebmnied aa often a daalred. Order tnrouih n'ewadealer or directly of Publication Of fice, telephone 2100 Ueekman. London office, Kfflngham Houee, 1 Arun del atreet, Strand. Parte otrtce, 4 Hue de la Mlchodlcre, oft Rue du guatre Heptenibre. Vaahlnrton office, Hlbba llulldlnf. Biooklyn olTlce. 101 Uvlngaton atreet. If our frlttdt uho at or ui uit matin. crista and itluttrutiom far publication ull fa Ame rfjtcted arlicltt returned fAeif nml In tit caeee eend ilampt lor that purpoie. 8Ai to the Liquor Interests! Hie Crime of 1015 and of "The Sun." We seem to remember personally, and never can we cease to revereuce, the potent, gruve and reverend sei gnior and Hay State Senator, an orna ment of Puddle Dock and the pilot of the unnumbered fathoms of ltllllngtou Sea, whose name Is subscribed to this letter which his Indignation mukM delightful : "To thb Eui-roa or Tim Sun Sir: I have been an appreciative reader of Tub Sun for many years. Noting an editorial on the prohibition question some weeks ago tn which you asked, in substance, what was to become of the vut amount of capital engaged In the liquor business and of those It employed, Aa. If prohibition prevailed I sent the paper to my friend Dr. J. H. Crooker of Boston, a scholarly student of this bis; aubject, believing he could and would answer your Inquiry and thus arouse a discussion of this point which would be of general Interest and value. A letter Just received from him tells me he did so at once In a dignified and courteous way, but no attention waa paid to his communication. This Is so unlike Tub Sun that I marvel at It, for Dr. Crookib Is a man of high standing, an author of note, whose communications any news paper In Boston would welcome, and who therefore deserves better treatment, doubly so since your edltorl.il Invlte'l tho answer he respectfully sent you. "It Is difficult for me to associate The Sun with moral cowardice, and so I do not want to share his belief that you are muzzled by your ndvertlHers, but there) seems no explanation or excuse for not returning his communication, when stamps were enclosed for that pur pose In a tecond letter, If you declined to give it place In your columns. I en close the letter he sent me, and I am writing to express surprise at your treat men of Dr. Crooked und your evident disregard of courtesy and fairness. Re spectfully. William S. Kill "Plymouth, Mass., June 24." If It were so, It were a grievous fault ; and grievously The Sun should answer It. Hut first let us share with our readers the happlnet of this ad monition and reproof from ono of the moat original and Inventive of tlm Yankee dry statisticians: "Dbar Senator Kile: "At onco on receiving The Sun clipping (which you kindly sent me and for which 1 glvo you warmest thanks), I wrote and sent to the editor, as you suggested, a short, clear, courteous letter, pointing out some of the fallacies of the editorial. I enclosed a MHmped addressed envelope) with 10 cents In stamp for tho lfsun of The Sun In which my letter might bo printed. "After ten days I wrote him again requesting that he return my letter If he could no use it, enclosing as before stumped addressed envelope. No word In reply, and none likely to come now, "This Incident Is llko many others In my experience for over ten ears along thla line. The secular papers are muz zled by the advertisements accepted from the liquor trade on condition that temperance matter be excluded. This editors hnvo confessed to ma and my friends. Public pressure ought to be brought to bear upon the press to put an end to this Iniquity, Trie people will some day demand In no uncertain terms and tones that ' the abject slavery to drink shall ceuse. All good wishes. "Yours, "J. 11. Crooker. "Rosmnpai.e, Mats., June 22." We Hud that the Hon. Jiisi.ph II. Crook nt'H communication which tho liquor trade kept out of Tin: Srs wits published In that Mcillng sheet -forever may It Una l! of .luiie 7, under the title "A Dry's I'lcurex A Somewhat Sweeping IMIlniilo of lirink HUN mm I trunks." Possibly this heading wns ti'iuli'iicloiis, hut the article wns mil or iiinller of great pith and moment. 'nr 'Instance "(4) I .a st je.ir In lioston Ko.ano drunks were anestud, prnbiiblj leas than one In live of tlioso nully IntoMcateil were arrested, making 3(i0,(i00 ruses of drunkenness for Hie eliv. i.r tome Mi.. 000.000 .it Hie MiitiiH i.tli: fur Hi. null .n Loss In wages awl .ot of H than s;o,000,000, which wmiiil be mmo than enough to K1V -the. .'lO.fHiii ,, f""" wnom yuu mention an IohIiid poiltlom by prohibition a alary of $1,000 a year apiece. "(5) It has been shown that SO par cent, of accidents are due to drink. The financial losses to caused by fire, by wrecks on ships and railroads and In mines and mills, by material destroyed, by Injuries and diseases so caused 'and by lives sacrificed, counting each at $5,000, these would total hundreds of millions of dollars." If falsely and maliciously and not having the four of Mr, Crooker be fore our eyes, we have mlsajiproprl ntpil ton or more cents In postngu stump by him enclosed, here humbly we put on the sheet and mount the stool of reiHMitnncc. Hut, really, be fore the uliiime and rule of Tut Sun was "t'otixuinmated," the Hon. Mr. Kym; we don't say Mr. Crooker, who Is busy in drying statistics might have read our eMeeuied contemporary ItiNtend of "tlomlng gladly to the baser end." The Hon. ICvu: may he too busy with iilTalrce of Stiito to improvo his mind by reading a Journal of "moral cowardice," but there must be I'lyni ntitlitaim wlio never' omit the pleas ure, tiiiulrc IIoiiart or Artiiuh Iibd or Tony Atwooo or any prop of gene u lofxy at the Old Colony Club could have told Mr. Kyi.k. and the Hcholarly .Mr. Curxmn that one of the best ways of finding out whether a newspaper print your letter or not Is to rend the newspaper. Hut certain estimable citizens snap wildly at n certain class of fable; guzzle, muzzle; mien Is tho road of ruin und prohibition. Mr. Lansing's, Promotion. The country will Und tho appoint ment of the Hon. Koiikrt Lanhi.no hs Secretary of State satisfactory for more reasons than one. It is promo tion on merit and for work indus triously, efficiently and falLbfully done. Secretary Hryan's Inexperi ence was the opportunity of the suc cessor of John Hassett Moobb to make himself useful and indispensa ble. Mr. Imnsino was perhaps no: as learned In the theory of Interna tional law as Hie retiring Counsellor to the State Department, but Mr. I.ANS1NO was a practical Jurist, hav ing often been retained by the Gov ernment In claims, boundary ami ar bitration cases. Ho was the adviser and nsslstant that Mr. Hrtan sorely needed. It may now lie recalled that when the Lansing appointment was before the Senate Committee on Foreign He lations Secretary Hbtak appeared in person and asked for a favorable re port upon It. In his more than twelve montha of service aa Counsellor Mr. La n si no took upon his shoulders, 'with Secretary Bryan' complacent and grateful approval, many of the bur dens of the head of the Department, often meeting the President for con sultation and discussing with him tho wording of Important Stare papers. Mr. Lansing did a good deal of the work of t,he Department which Mr. Hryan was temperamentally unfitted to attend to. The Washington correspondents got into the habit of calling Kobert Lan hino tho de facto Secretary of State, and it was nn apt description of him. No man was ever worthier of promo tion. In making possible the eleva tion of his able assistant Mr. Hbtan, It should be ndmltted, rendered the country a great nervice. It knows that the business of the State Depart ment is now in competent hands, and credit will be given to Mr. Wilson for renistlng tho temptation to strengthen himself politically by making a strictly party appointment. From our point of view Mr. Wilson has strengthened himself politically by this appoint ment for merit and fltnoss alone. The tarkawsnna Coal Decision. Not often does judlciul interpreta tion make the law look bo much like common sense ns in the case which the Supreme Court decided tho other day against the Iickawanna Hull road and the Lackawanna coal companies. In holding that the contract between these companies violated tho so-called commodities clause of the Hepburn act of HKKl ameudlng tho interstate eoiumereo luw, the court said in judi cial language, m that there could be mi misunderstanding, that the uct of ISiOH meant exactly -what it said in Its eiTort to prohibit a common car rier from engaging In competition with the shippers or commodities over Its lilies. It has taken eight years to got a Ju dicial restatement of the commodities) clause which apparently removes tho last veetlgn of doubt as to its Inten tion. That there should he any de siru'tlM consequences of the decision lit the Lackawanna case, either for the principal Interests In the anthra cite Industry or for coal consumers, Is preposterous. No matter with what apprehension tbo outcome of litiga tion Involving projierty rights has occasionally been intended In the Supreme Court, It has always been found that the court's rulings have had n constructive result. That It will be so In regard to the anthracite trade there Is no reason to doubt. Nature has conferred a monopoly of nuthraclte on the little Pennsyl vania valley In which what Ih com mercially known as anthracite Is 1 found. For years past It has been , charged against half a dozen railroads 1 which tnp the anthracite Held that i Ihe.v have practically "cornered" tills natural monopoly through a concen I (rated control of the mining, trans portation ami sale of the coal, How , the Iicl;ivaini;i decision will affect I the Heading, the I.ehlgh Valley and 'other iiuihniclte railroad Interests Is conjectural. As between all the an thrnclle railroads there are differ I ences of organization, different char j ler conditions and the like, but (lie Im plication of the Ltii'knwauna decision wou'd -s'lii to be that there cannot, in Hie case of any of these railroads, remain any mdlled control of die three principal processes of produc- tlon, transportation and sale of an thracite. Whether there baa been any monop oly value in tlm no-called nuthraclte trust would probably bo dlfllctilt to prove. Such things ri-c usually ex aggerated by iwllticrtl agitators, but if there has been any monopoly vulue It is presumably on Its way to elimi nation. For the rest It Is not open to question that every real property value which has been acquired in thu development of tho anthracite indus try will be preserved. Meanwhile the (hidings In the Lackawanna case should go far to accomplish one de sirable good. They will heal the sore spot on tho body politic which hits been denoted by years of demagogic uproar over the anthracite monopoly. Lloyd George to the Front. The night Hon. David Lloyo Ukohok Is tho man of the hour In Kuglnud. Karl Kitchen kh has pro duced 3,000,000 men, put them In uniform and drilled them; his work Is done. The Minister of Munitions must supply these volunteers with the death dealing tools of war that are most effective, or the cause of the Allies is lost. In his groat speech In tho House of Commons on Wednesday Mr. Lloyd Oeoroic con cealed nothing of the necessity of England. Ho threw bis curds on the table for tho whole world, including the enemy, to .see. Knowing the ugly truth, England must bend all hor en ergies to meet the emergency or be beaten In the game of war. And no time Is to be lost, not a day, not an hour; no helpful Industry, no guild, no able bodied nrtLsan can hold back If success la to be assured. "The Allies," Bald Mr. Lloyd (Seoboic. "have superiority in men, both in numbers and quality." Hut unless they can match the enemy In artil lery and explosives the disparity is heavily against the Allies and has been from the first ability In the high commands and the common sol diers' valor will avail little. The munitions bill provides for the mobil ization of all tho inen In England who can contribute to the making of war materials If the labor unions cannot furnish tho men in seven days, and makes Interference with the work by employers or artisans Impossible. In effect Government will become the employer and It will tolerate neither strikes nor lockouts. It will assume the responsibility of seeing that the men are well paid and well treated. The system is not British, but ths caao la one of life or a living death for the empire. If Ilritona never will bo slaves now is the time to prove they mean it. even If labor hns to submit to conscrip tion. Hotter Lloyd O to roe an task master Implacable than the heel of the conqueror. Wo have said fltat tlm Minister of Munitions Is the roan of the hour In England and must finish tho work that Kitcueneb began. Mr. Lloyd Geobqe has stepped Into the breach and assumed personal responsibility for the supply of all the wnr material needed. He admits no partnership with Kitchener In tho business and announces his independence of the War Office. Mr. Lloyd Oeoboe hns probably more influence with the worklngmen of England than any other man in public life, and no one In public life stands higher In their esteem. Ho can get more out of them than a hundred Kitcheners. A Minister of Munitions wns desperately needed to supplement tire military work of tho War Office, and the little Welsh radical, n veritable ltvo wire of transmissible energy, was the Ideal man for the place. So for the pres ent and until the yawning void of deficiency is filled Lloyd Oeoboe will ho a bigger man than Kitchener, In point of fact the industrial dictator of Knglnnd. The Kids in the Plain. . Shows of a hundred nations, marches of our motley "cosmopoli tans," devils and dragons of Cathay, sights lovely and curious, lessons in geography, Innumerable maps on legs has The Sun "beheld and nlmost Joined in from theso venerable win dows, soon to bo gazetl through no more by this source of light. The more decorous and sweet, therefore, to this prlmoval I em pi o of Tammnny saints won It to see yesterday's exer cises at tho City Hall. With no dis respect to tho Hag of the free heart's ImiKi ami home, there Is a distinction and n Harblzoulan charm to the en- sign of all Air. KuohkVKI.TH ancestors Who were not snocltleall.V Irish, tier- man, Scandinavian, Polish, Hunga rian. Finnish, Turcoman, Celtic, Medi terranean, I'rovejn.-al, Midi, Mldlnette, old Ilronx and middle South Hrooklyn. The evolutions of those Immortal kids Yesterday, their wigwagging nnd'nnd de.ent citizens that are compelled interplay of Lags, their marching and I ",". fflM SH music and delight of color, wherein and their kind glvo n wldo berth to wo must be pardoned for remembering the green of the aecurHod Irish, as Father I'boht-Mahony would put It, he these things and symbols remem bered gratefully and not too Idioti cally eoiniueuiorated. Tho "inuekerlsm" In college compet itive Hports of which Mr. Takt Justly complained at an alumni dinner in New Haven Is not so offensive as It was, but there Is still room for Im provement In tho stadium manners of the underKraduatiig and some of the alumni. Time was, und not ho long ago, when the mosquito legions that tormented Ma n hummers wero supposed to 11 y over from Jersey, Science demon utruted that the mosquito was not ho strong of wing us the bird migrants, btit the myth persisted no loyal den izens of Manhattan would listen. Hut vv fancy they will glvn oar now wiit'il Inhabitants of Kings and Queens protest that they ought not to ho solely assessed for the draining uf their swamps hecausii the mosquitoes to he exterminated bother the Manhnt taners aa much aa themselves. To tho rcsauo of Manhattan comes Dr. 1Iakn ICmkiihon, Deputy Commissioner of Health, and says that the mos quitoes that harass the peoplo of Manhattan are bred In local pools and i standing water. So says everybody who wants to resist taxation for tho drainage work ucross the river. "Unless, then, nil signs fall," says our alert and clover contemporary the Hon. Edwin K. Slosson, In the Independent, "the time has come for a Herman Melville revival." All signs usually fall, don't they? Why ' should there be a Herman Mclvllio' "revival" now? There has been one for some time, we tnke It; and tho loiirf unnlluWa liintfl of inula fohiulla ! writers, Clark Kt; skull, for example, I and the Caledonian poseur Stevenson, needs no rescue now from oblivion. We seem to remember him In the dark backward and abysm of time as an employee of the Custom House In this town, unknown, unheard of, Reputa tions must be shaken for at tho bar of higher gods than those of Justice. Possibly It was a gleam of Herman Melville's later days that ho was the son-in-law of one of the greatest and most stiff necked of American Judges, I Chief Justice Lemuel Shaw of Mas sachusetts, Mi:i.villk died substantially obscure, n sufficient tribute to his merit. "Typee," "Omoo"; who that had the happiness to read those black old vol umes In the late '70s, say, when Mel viLLM with all his perfections on his back must have been visible and probably shabby In a town where Timotht Titcomb wns famous, can forgot tholr charm? All good Ameri cans wanted to go to tho South Seas. They can do It for 36 cents In Mr. Kveryman's library now. Mr. KIjosson swears by "Moby Dick" and seems to have read It. We never could get out of Nantucket In It. lay ers of Hermanlty, we can't dcVy without reference to "Moby Dick" that Herman wroto also some of the dreariest works that clog the libra ries. Is It fanciful to glvo Mrs. John L. Sullivan credit for the ex-champlon'a engagement with tho Anti-Saloon league to do battlo with the Demon Hum from a publlo platform? Oovernor Carranza has Informed the United Statas Government that he will never make terms with Villa, preferring to deal with htm on the firing line. For nn old gentleman who has never sot a squadron In tho field or smelled powder, Venl'stiano Car ranza Is singularly bloodthirsty and Implacable. In honor of the taking of Lembcrs a holiday was given to the school chil dren of Ormnny and Austria. It Is 'not a pleasant thought that If tho war lasts two or three years more, thousands of these Innocents will be come food for powder. ANALYZING BRYAN. Diagrammatic Exposition of Ills Po litical Conclusions. To the Editor or The StTN Sir: Here. Is a diagnosis of Mr. Hryan's resigna tion which I have not yet seen In print, but which I think Is worth putting there. He figures that the Itepubllcan party will remain split Into (1) Itepubllcnna (I) Progressives that ha can split tha Democratic party and attract to his side (1) Prohibition ) (I) rro-aarman ! (1) Woman suffrage f (4) Pacifist J therefor ha now steps Into the lime light In order to be groomed ns the likely candidate of this union of forces. His fondest hope Is peace and the Presidency. Alex. Goi.dschmidt. New York, June 23. Why We Celebrate the Fourth. To the Kditor or The Sun Sir; This morning's letter from Clare WooUon Henedlct indicates n misapprehension of fact far too common tn this country. Thoughtful people do not celebrate the Fourth of July ns the anniversary of an Indictment against Oreat lirltuln, but becnuse on that day certain prin ciples were proposed as the foundation of government. In connection with our celebration of the national birthday hatred of England went out of stylo with the perfervld oratory that Macau lay found so amusing. "If one stops to think of It," Amer ican opinion of England has changed solely because the Ideals of Asqulth and Lloyd George offer a striking contrast to those of Lord North and Lord Suf folk. The more cordially we sympa thize with the England of to-day, tha moro Joyously must we enter Into cele brarlon of the Fourth of July. Victor Bean. SCRANTON, Pa., June 23. To the Editor or The Hun Sir: Your correspondent who suggests that we should abolish our Fourth of July holl. day Is In error In thinking tho largo majority of Americans feel and think exactly the reverse about England of what they thought on July 4, 17'ti, If they think anil feel about t lip ques tion nt nil they do so now as they did tin n. The matter of good taste is not concerned. It Is our national holiday and the Idea of giving It up li one of the most original that I have seen expressed In your columns. An American. Heapinu, l'a June 23. The Whipping Tout for Car Homlles. To the Editor or The Sun Nlr; Thrnnph the ltitlueneo of vnllr vnltie.t J journal could not a whipping lOBt bo , established hi this State embodied lii tlio Constitution about to be revised fur tbo special use and punishment of the car rowdy thugs? t I nm certain the "cat" would tako nil tho fun of rulllanlsm nut of theso young cutthroats, and give, n feeling of safety to the hejplesH women, children i elijware. whero the cat and post are A few days confinement or a nom inal fine seems to have llttlo determent for these dastardly scoundrels' acts. The smart of the "cat" would put an end to tbo outrages 0110 has to encounter on the street curs. A Sun Header. Hadylon, L. I., Jqne 24, How to Stick a fitamp, Ona of the young man who alt M-. Hurleaon In the conduct of the United Htutea piotal aerviea has explained to Tna Srs that the gum on pontage tiunp. the nppnrnnt tlckleaanaaa of which hu-i rauaeil much Irritation, und, regrettably enough, nn little prnfanlly, la In fact nt excellent quality, uttlclent tn quantity and of a nuperlor adhrMveneaa. Thla authority daclaree that the diffi culty of which numaruua emnplalnta art niidn arliea frmu the fact that atlckera of atampa net tho gum too much, He recom mend mmlaratlnn In the uae of Ills inntit enlng fliibi, and amerta that tho whs merely dampen the glue will find It lurtly and tenarloui In tha accompli. !i luent of Ita purpo", title Ihnie who flood It will dliiolva from Ita reverae 1.1j tha iiiui'IUkIiiimii cokiIiik which Mr. Hurle. aon applies tn hta aUmpa In the Intereit of good temper snd fair languusa Mr nurleaon'a ynung aaltnnt urgea all patrona of the pnit to correct thalr haVln, and conform to the enllght aaad auffeitlona thus unofllc4au aat forth. NAPOLEON AND WILHELM. An Assertion That There Is No Par allel Ilclneen Their Alms, To the Editor ok Tit h Sun -Sir: When I was n hoy n farmer undo of mine had stored away In his garret a tot of bound volumes of ifururr's Slonthlv, contain ing' Abbott's "History of Napoleon Ho napartc." These constituted my first "heavy reading. From these volumes I early became Imbued with tho Idea that Napoleon with his citizen armies shook the thiones of Europe, destroyed the superstition of divine right as ap plied to kingship, and not merely by his own career but through the Marshals knocked into a cucked hat tha similar idea that only the noble born were fit to tin loaders of men I have been much disappointed, not to say amazed, at the Inadequacy of treatment of the Napoleonic wars and the Krench devolution In recent articles and editorial articles discussing the an niversary of the battle of Waterloo. From the outbreak of the European conflict parallels have been drawn of France's attempt at universal domina tion under Najwleon and Germany's present attempt at world supremacy under Kaiser Wllhclm. There Is no such parallel. The Na poleonic wara were between the mon itrchs of Europe and the people of France; between the monarchical, the aristocratic theory of government, and the democratic theory of the right of a people to choose Its own form of gov ernment. With the possible exception of the r reach Emperors Invasion of ltus sla, the monarch were always the ag gressors. The violators of treaties were the various kings of Europe, mainly In stigated and financed by England. Na poleon constantly sought peace, but peace waa as constantly denied him. England Is on the right side, tn my opinion, In the present conflict, but was on tho wrong side when seeking to de stroy Napoleon, because she was seek ing to restore the liourbons to uie throne of France against the wishes of tho French nation as a whole. Gcorok Harrison McAdam. Niw York, June 23. "PRINCE OF DENMARK." A Lost Lyric That Haunts n N'nt meglan Ancient Forgettcrjr. To the Editor orTiii Sun Sir: From out the reminiscent depths stirred up by the Interesting flshball discussion there, come to the surface soma other lyric fragments long lost In tho surge of time which It might rejoice members of tho Ancient and Honorable Order of Fogies to have once mora pieced to gether. One of these Is the pathetic ballad about one Hamlet, Prince of Denmark. Here la tha beginning of the ditty aa I recall It: A haro'a fate I atng. Hta atory ahall my pan mark. Yet ha waa not a king, Hut Hamlet, Prlnca of Denmark, And then follow some stirring stanzas about the Prince's mother. She became nmbltlous and "the crown she had set eyes on" with all the painful particu lars of how she conspired agalnst'hls Majesty, her august husband, culminat ing her conspiracy by "stuffing ht earn with ple-zon." Perhaps eome other fogy by overhaul ing tha lumber In tha attics of hta do tage may ba able to resurrect some of the remaining fragments of this dismem bered friend of old time college days. It would rejoice me and no doubt others to see the dear old boy once moro put together with all his full allowance of stanzas. And then Just how old Is he? When and where waa ha bom? Who waa his father? S. C. H. Harttorp, Conn., Juna II. WE BOW. A Bouquet of Pleasant Words and Interesting News. To the Editor or Tub Hun Sir: Your wonderfully clever editorial articles, clever even for TUB Sun, and not omit ting Tils Evenino Sun. moved me al most to write you a lotter yesterday. The delicious Irony In the one calling Mr. Wilson to account for the unseason able weather, the biting sarcasm In "Vindicated" and the very funny "Pro. sit" this morning! My SVN, If sinners sometimes entice thee, you are forgiven. Hut you need no Indorsement from me. I only wanted you to know of my en joyment. Oh ! mora than thts, I have an Im portant news Item. A use has been found for tha Washington Market, un dergoing repairs since my memory falls tne, but some tlm before they com menced In build the Equitable Huildlng, The windows are being used by the local recruiting offices of tha t'nlted states army for Its good looking posters. Hut more Important than all this, pub lic announcement Is made by several display cards that the employees of the President's office, Borough of Manhat tan, will soon hold a midsummer nlghrs festival, to be a dream of course. 3a you see "this market when completed ( ?) Is to be largest and most sanitary In tha world." Serves some purpose. Justin Pittm. Nrw York, June 23. Autonomy of tha Singers flnb. To the Editor or The Hun Air; In Tub Son recently a Greenwich cor respondent. In describing an entertain ment given by Commodore Henedlct to the Mendelssohn Glea L'lub and thu Singers Club, stated that thu two clubs had been marged Into one under the name of the Mendelssohn Glco Club, As this statement was an Iniidvertenco on the part 'of your correspondent and has mused some confusion I shall b grateful If you will kindly correct it, The Singers Club, of which I have tho honor to be president. Is an entirely separate and distinct organization, with G. Waring Slohblns conductor and with Commodore Henedlct iib an honorary member of both clubs. The relation be tween the two clubs has always been of the most friendly character, and on the occnslun In question the two clubs were entertained by Coinmodoro Henedlct on hW yacht and at Indian Harlsir and sang together. This probably gave rise to the rumor of conholldatlon, which I desire to correct. Fkank H. Hastinos, President Singers Club. New York, June 24. Speed at Charging Uon. From ISf London Ob$rrfr. In your review of Colonel Hooaevelt'a hook, la our l.u of tu-day, I think them must be prlnter'a frrnr. Yuu says "When It la borne In mind tbst a charging Hon cm cuter a hundred yarda In three sec niida." Thla mutt ba a ml.prlnt tor alz wniul The world's horaa record la l minute 35 econda for tlm mile -Juat under at arrondi fur lha hundred yarda. Now, It tukra ,i gut, well bred buntar lu gallop a mile In tuo mlnutaa (I have aeen thla tried for u bell, which l Juat under aeven aernnda fur a hundred yurila Tha African ponlea are very much alower, and from all account they can get nnay from a lion unleiH taken by aurprlne before they ran get Into their atrlde, Of rourao I know a hundred yarda can ba galloped much fatter than the inms animal can do tha full lulls. Hut a hun dred yarda In three aeconda la, roughly, aeventy mllea an hour, aa roiupured tu the worhl'a galloping horaa record of forty mllea an hour That la to nay If a race horaa and a lion hud a race of un hour's duration (of tnuraa an. inning ihey cool, I keep up their hundred yarda speed during lh nbolo hour) tha lion would nln by thirty mllea. Nothing on four lgi rnn go at aeventy miles an hour H tskea a bird in do that. Wuni WiyN Ciasipoa'a HnTZt, Hrook alreet, W , .May n, i e i c We agf with our correspondent as to the Improbability of the ligures, but thev are quoted III Colonel KooauvcU'a book, Editor Obttrwr. V, THE VARIOUS VIEWS OF "NEUTRALITY." A (leorglu Woman Who Thinks There Is More Than One Side to It. To tub Editor or Tub Bun Sir; I protest Hgalnst the perfectly characteris tic nntl-German letter signed "Balti more" in The sun of June 15. Exactly why the accusation of being "a rich German woman." "probably born In America," should place one beyond the pale and discredit one's efforts to hold our beloved country to an honor able neutrality In this tragic era Is on of the mjstvrlei of pro-Ally mental proc esses which fall to take Into account man) pionalo facts such us the status us citizens of persons born In this iouii try NolCtir tin my simp!:, pro Amer ican, fact dependent mind grasp the In iquity of sympathizing with the lloeis when they Mete making their desper ately heroic but rough and unfannlon Americans were guilty of whatever In-: law prosecution of the New Haven He Iqulty there was In shouting for that fendants expect to prove at the trial uncouth young republic whllo It was ; tnill j;,wnr() jj, Bobbins, former general ss". k aod- w.B.': , fvhe -d r,nt:: will not turn back to that chapter at a moment when England Is so beauti fully engaged In defence uf the little peoples 1 I do not know who this rich German woman probably born In America Is, nor tare, but 1 do care about American neu trality and everything connected with the happiness and honor of my country, and for that reason upon receiving a circular from the Woman's Organiza tion for Strict Neutrality I eagerly seized tho opportunity to assist In exercising ins cuiiaiiiuiiuiiai ngiil 01 peuuuii, aim it has given me much more pleasure thin iiaiiij,. kun,i i.,ia A .(iia here to this petition. They are still ... .. .... coming In, bearing very few fashion- ablo names, but Just as few German ones. Two weeks ago when I received the first Information I had of such nn organization I was alarmed at the eltu.i- r.VT"wVch . while the. Plain people seemed to tlon iiik, wniie uie plain people seenieo 10 understand nothing of 'it.' Perhaps they understood more than I supposed ; any- way to-day I do not believe they can be tricked Into this wnr for tho perpetua-. tlon of English tyranny on the high, nevolutlin 'unshod' V 7h. coB,empt or tne rashlonables of that day are be ginning to make themselves heard now against Joining this war for the exter initiation of England's competitor on the sens, and for the preservation of out worn privileges of every sort upon which the governing classes of England fatten while the proletariat sturves. I should like to ask "Baltimore" whether It Is more "anti-American" to petition for strict neutrality than to urirA tnm rminfrv in 'n a rnrnivn li f in urge the country Into a foreign war In which w have nothing tn gain and much to sacrlllce, I should like to ask him whether American citizens have not at least as muvh right to petition their President and Congress for an embargo on arms as has the "Ilrltlsh American War llellef" to exhibit a "Gibson girl" n the niched attire of Columbia, as part of their advertisement In the American press for contributions to ilrltlsh army supplies to help keep tn the Held the forces of the world's rlohest empire against a country with which we are on terms of professed neutrality. Anticipating the usual Anglomantsc dental of American lineage to all and company, which was created to take sundry expressing other than pro-Eng- over the stock of the Hotdon and Maine llah opinions. I beg to say that 1 have I for a brief period, during which the New such claim to American descont ns my I Haven thought it advisable to be noml membershlp In the Georgia Society of nallv rid of the control of thnt road. the Colonial Dames of America can guarantee, and I may add that I know of no disqualifying (7) Teuton blood In my veins. M. C. I D. AunvsTA, da., Juna 17. BLUE, WHITE AND ORANGE. How Forty-second Street Anticipated the City Flag. To tub Editor or The Sun air: On October 31, 1914, I designed a trading flag for our works, colors, a field of blue, showing letters of white, framing of orange. This flag was hung on a staff tipped with a glided dove. On December 3 the buildings were photo graphed, with the Hag as a part or the picture. On June 10. 1915, I ordered a new flag for the Klag Day celebration of June 14. Our tl.igm.ikcr reported tlm price of the necessary colors moro than doubled and stated that there was an actual objection made to his purchase of thla particular combination because these colors belonged to the olty of New York, Aware that there was to ba an aitop. Hon of the now olllclal city Hag on June 24, I have consulted the authorized book Issued on June 19 and recording tho preliminary proceedings. In it I find that the report of the art commis sion associates, recommending the color combination, wan made undur tho date of January 9, 1915: that tho urt com mission accepted and indorsed the rc mrr on February S , that tho special committee appointed by tho art com mission associates appeared before n committee of the Hoard of Aldermen on March 22 to explain the repoit uf the committee; that on tho following day the Commit ten on Hules reported favor ably to the Hoard of Aldermen, with the result that the ordinance adopting the Hag wns attlrmed. That on April 27 an amendment to the original ordinance was reportel by tho Committee on Hules and that the ordinance aa amended was adopted by the Hoard of Aldermen, That on May 1 the Mayor approved tho ordinance. This statement Is made to obviate tho possibility of a suggestion that I may Imvo been led to umkn up my color scheme by reason of tho action of those whne eaprewed laMe fn happily und distinctly verltlOH my own Idea, Johkpii IV Mclfuaii. Nkw York, June 21, MASTERS OF TO-DAY. An Imitation for tho Exposure of tlm Too Highly Kitwined Ilcud. To tiik Editoii or The ,Sr. Kir. We have often Heard critics despair of the modem sensational, movie typo of nov. els. It Is seldom that the novelist c.f to.day has ,ho gall to praise his .wn products, Mr. Gouverneur Morris nresuines tn sneer ut Washington Irving and say wmi nip v an vt inkle would Have been much better dono now.ulos lly all means lei us nuvo iiiCKeiiN, Hawthorne, Scott and Thackeray criticised In turn by Mr. Morris. It will uffoul most ex cellent leading. J. 8, Wood. New Yokk, June 23. .Turk Hurkiivtuy In Chicago, To the EntToit ok The Hvn Kir.- A few days ago una of your cnrrepnndonts regietted that thu "Jack Ilaikawa)" sto- ries were no longer obtainable to ner uaugnier. iiinuo look, "in view- When l wns u boy 1 read these heroic of her conduct toward me, which has tnles In tint heavenly publication tho led me to this decision " She gavo $1. llayx' ami Girls' HVeJtv. I ono each to live Hebrew Institutions nnd III after years with their glamour still ?Ml" each to the I'ullce and Klremeu's uim me and the necessity of providing llellef funds, She divided the remain good wholesomn reading matter for four dir of the estate among her daughters, growing sons, I combed the various pub. Nettle and Sitah OUvo Frank, Carrie llshlng houses to llml If this spring of F Vleth and Mlllor F. Muvcr eternal delight were still pouring foith , Corti.am.t Iiivinh. a lawyer, who died is stream or perpetual youth, To my Joy 1 found that "Jack Harkaway," rloiii covers, could bo purchased from' Messrs, M. A Donohtin & Co., 407-12!) Dearborn street, Chicago, III. 1 do not know If tins ilrm Is still In existence, but It ought to bi If 7oV olbpf tenant, ttn.ti ,,nl,l lut, I,. .. ,,t..i. Harkaway." I trust that Tin: Stw will '' "miiis, ,,net not look upon this mention of tlm Messrs, Donoliuo & Co, n.s u free, ml. vertlsemeut, but rather ns a piece of ,llH "ntlre estate. Including a cash bo news or general and absorbing Interest 'l11"1' of oO.OOo mid Hiu Fioliiiiigham as pointing out to tho thirsty soul where It may mm living wateis 1 mill read "Jack Harkaway" and con seitiently enjoy perpetual youth, Jack's Fhiknd Dick lUnvir, Betiiluiiem, Tu., June 22, U. S. GIVES POLICY IN NEW HAVEN CASE Expects to Show Pcrsonnl Profit In Denis, Snys As sistant Attorney-General. E. I). ROHBINS SEEKS LKllfT In the course of an argument before Judge Hunfln the United States District Couit yesterday It developed that the auuaiiiiary iuiuriui uiiuiib, . n - deal more money than was represented by his salary. This was the first definite Indication of the policy which the Government wilt pursue at the trial with regard V Its efforts to prove the culpability of the Individuals mentioned as parties to the alleged conspiracy through which tha New Haven system waa built up Into what the Indictments characterize as a i . i rh. ai onma out I ""road monopoly. The fact came out t h rous? h thA dlsoumion of a Dill or par ' ...t.L.t. (. altr.hlKBl A tt tTi!t 111 Uti UVUIUIB Wallas! AMI iwuiHi" In order that he might know the spcclflo charges against him. Addison S. Pratt, attorney for Mr. Bobbins, asked that his client be In structed as to whether the acts com Mr. lracvf.7.thSX! I , W,V' naX i : , . ,, ,, ,, ." ,. 0nnltv . "He" bj- Mr Hobbln. In his capacity ,,,; ',,"', L" . ,,,., ,h. ' yc,tttCh,?i?. Tp7l"l Asslsfan! X"?'.. ?Seki,con?pta'SS of may ft? Mm " l0bby 1st." Mr. Bobbins seeks also for more light on the charge In the Indictment that "the defendants Intended to grasp for the snld New Haven road and for them selves tho benefits arising from the com bination." "The Government expects to show," said Mr. lUtts. "that this defendant per sonally profited by the transactions d ' f ',.. nd not n BUMect for par charged, but that Is u matter 01 evr I ... .. . .... k- tlcumrization. e uon i snow wnai m Intended to do with the money he made whethor he expected to keep It for i.i....l ra.iim it tn rhm rnmnanv. , Wc wtn BiBO no. tn!lt in BOme of the , traru,actlons he expended sums of money 1 Whlch may or may not have belonged to I hlm Although Mr. Hatts did not specify the methods by which he charges the former counsel with making his extra pronts. It is well known that one of Mr. Kobblns's particular fields of usefulness to the New Haven lay In his ability to Inconvorate subsidiary companies. He drew up the charter or tho liiuarq , John U Hlllard, president of the Hlllard Company, is reputed to have mads $2,000,000 by soiling the stock back at an advance. Stockholders of the New Haven road who believe that In this and other similar transactions lies the explanation of the disappearance of a considerable part of tha New Ha ven's assets have instituted a suit In Hoston to recover $3,000,000 from the Hlllard Company and several individ uals, among whom la Edward D, Rob bins. At the end of yesterday's argument Judge Hunt decided Mr. Bobbins was entitled to the frame treatment as to particulars that had been accorded to other defendants by the court. This, however, does not Include all of the IKilnta raised by Mr. Robblna yester day. G0ETHAIS OFF FOR PANAMA. I'rolinlily Ills Last Trip na CoTcr nor nf the Zone, Major-Gen. George W Goethals sailed from New York for Colon. Panama, on the Panama Hallroad Company erteam ehlp Alllanca at 3 o'clock yesterday uttornoon, probably for tho loot time as Governor of tho Canal Zone, Ho came to this country early Inst month to testify In the commissary grafting cases here, und will probably be retired from the work over which he has been director for eight years In the fall. He was accompanied by IiIm younger son, who la In the Harvard medical schoof. WILLS AND APPRAISALS. I.aniipon Gkeb, who died on June 20 at 301 Iexlngton nvemm, left an estate of moro than $75,000 to his wife, Dorothy Qulncy Hoosevelt Gcer, but tiald he expected that she would devoto so much of the Incomn us might be neces sary for the education and maintenance of any children that might be born to them. Henjamin Stkinii ardt, the lawyer, who was for years a member of Howe k Hummel, left no slate when ho died June 17, 1907, according to a transfer lux report llleil yesterday Ills wife. Ml Annie Stolirtiardt of 22.1 West End avenue, said that ho had a claim for S5O.O0O against Peter l Kicy for It gal seivlce, but that the suit wan dismissed after un action for $J,500 against tho late The Allen had been decided1 ngulnet hlm, William Howkli, Tatuui, who died May 11. l'.Ml, left $I10.09 to Ms 1 ' ,,aUK "T' ,,'u",u,," i , i ( l1,! i J?!!ie Loulso Enos. and their dill L.Y'"'1" "JST;, "'"l dlw' ' fl" 21 '' f' $u.,183 to two ilaughti daughters, Elizabeth M. T Gllmour and hlldren. ruary ors. Sakaii E. Hoosa, who died August 9 last, left her entire e-tate of $13.5f. to friends, of which the bulk went to ' Mary H. Heazlcton of Washington, I), C James Kaoan, a manufacturer of packing boxes, who died May 27, 1913, left $5.1,1111 to his. widow, two nous und two daughters Gideon D I.ohsou, who died Jan uary 27 last, left $18,450, of which $30. 000 went to his brother Muhcm and the remainder to his mother nml four sisters Saiiaii Khask,, who dud M.iv 15, i ,9, left J 173.MSO. but gavo only $1 August S, 11)13, left I10S.S20. of which $102.0 7 3 went to his wife, Theresa H Irving, and tho lemalnder to his sister-in-law, Josephine K Irving. Ills col lection of watliltigton Irving manu "lx V0,U,nM- W "'""""' I Ut $.,.UU. u FitoTlll.NiillAM, who died ' Ium b' ,llB wl yesterday In ' "", Surrogate's olllce, Hrooklyn, leaves iii.ii, slon, ,u 42 Grace cuutt, to his wife, Kathurlne K At her death tha estate passes In a sister of the deceased, Mary Low. Tho executors re Mrs, Frotlilngham. Joslah O Low, a nephew, and the Hrooklyn Trust Company. MIDDY TO CONFESS, CLEARING SCANDAL lloafflo, Who IImiI ski-In,,,, Key, Worliinjr on Miiem. mi Tinier (iiiiti'il. i TWO KXStGXS III. M 1.1 r. ANNArot.is, Md.. .Inn" 2i r Iso of n "ron.'e'slon ' in v -Charles M. Hr-tigli. C-e o" i milted to visits to iitmo-- -ment of tho ii".idr m hi . devices und who Ind'i-it. ,. markable knowledge f me .-n,1 k examination papers, mused ni,i M tercst In the session of the r."i". of qulry this afternoon. Hengle n n ro returned to the stand, however He nt work on his additional testimony with the help of un urslstant of the Judge advocate and a stenographer, and hs wilt probably testify to-morrow Midshipman Karl Keller, who testified to-day, afterward said that ltoacle told him, "I am going to confess everything I know," Ileagle has been Isolated eince ycaterday morning, except for a relay of young officers forming hie guard and the Judge ndvocato and hii assistants. Heaglo left the stand after having given the Impression thst he might tell a good deal more, hlnce then It hns been brought out that h had a large part of tha Engllsh.ex&m. Inatlon In advance. Telt. of Coaching by .Nelson. Several fourth class men were on tha stand to-day und told of the coaching In modern languages given them by Mid shipman Italph McK. Nelson Just before the examination. They Included C. E. Denny, V. J. Moore, if. 11. Sobel. E. it. Klncatd, J. C. Williams and J. 11. lirady. All said that Nelson had helped them the night before tho examination by reading certain sentences, with trar.a latlona, and giving thum dictation, lit had told them, all said, that thiy would probably not receive this matter on ex amination but that It would help them. The Government holds that Nelson used the advance copy of the examination paper In coaching the midshipmen. Tha examination was changed, however. With the exception of Denny, the m'd hlpmen said that there was no eecrecy about Nclson'e) actions. Denny said that Nelson told him not to show the copy he mado to any one. An Interesting exhibit during th d.ij waa the key which Heaglo used In enter ing nearly every department. I- as given to tho Judge advocate by M.dsh p man W. D. Jones, who recolved It frm Heagle, Midshipman W. it. HopX'n, Jr., Introduced the term "Gow Gouge ' into the evidence. It means a s-t o( solutions of problems taken from i,oms Mechanisms, a text book. Hopkins sakl that he had one of tv, nnd It developed that they are h,- i d down from cluss to clabs at thu o , He also asaerted that he had um- i i h prints which Heagle hail taken f r on t:, marine engineering building. Two HnatKiia Are Cleared. Midshipman James E. Waddel! re turned to the stand this afternoon I gave testimony which cleared En n Overesch and Harnett from any r, . tlon which might halo lesulted tr e testimony of Ensign Graham us to U . dell's statement, und Incidentally -. . j Midshipman Nelson to soma exKn Wuddeli said that Ensign Grahim . -mistaken in stating thnt ho had 1 that Nelson had given ''turbine si n s to Overesch and Harnett. Wadded ad mitted that ho had taken a slice' ' n. eelt and had given It to Midah'pnun (now Eiudgn) King for Midshipman (now Cmdgii) Chadwlck, who nee,ld help. Similar testimony waa given by Mid shipman Walter E. Horden. who den el that ho had ever said that Prof, c . Cusuulut had given advance Informa' on to Midshipman Wesaoll as had ben re ported. Just before the court closed for tM day a squad of about a dozen m.os men. additional witnesses, marched n n the building, and hope of an early si.iri of the practice, lleet for tho San r . Cisco Exposition were dashed. T-f witnesses were called by the Judse vocate and there has not been u star the defendants' list. They are from - Seventh company, to which Hoaeo-. Click, Wnddell and other witnesses w have, opened u new line of testimony ei. terrfay and to-day belong. TEACHERS' VITALITY TESTED ItiTcattKntlon Condnctrd tn Irani If They Are) OrrrsrorUeri. Dr. C. Ward Cramptnn, dlre-v- ' physical training In tho Hoard of cation, hns taken up for the t I i scientific tnve.stliratlon of thn n tntcd question whether the te . overworked. He Is nppliing tests to about 200 teachers n. , r mcntnry and high iw-houls of : .. chosen nt random and at the the summer vacation w ill ,ipr! . s again and tudu whether tn , -between tho vitality reglstr.itt , as to Indicii'o that thu wnrkitg been a scvete strii'ti. The test ho ! itppKmg :s ' -I blood pressure Nutnalh t. I pressure Increases when a p- - --1 from a recumbent to a statin k - ' I'll t In the cases of thoso who vously worn out It deci eases, ! b evidence of the person's cond.i NEW RESEARCH LABORATORY Will Be nutlt on Gr id- ItoeLefeller lii-tlim,. Plans are being prepared fo ' structlon of n hove,, u,r... , laboratory on the slto of i .. I power hiiuso on tbo ki-.mmi i 1 Rockefeller Institule for l, i search nt Slxty-rourtli stre. t i nun A. The building w .11 b, i feet nud will be eiiii'p.-i known device for rce.i'-.-li wo I Adjoining the laboiator i i keeping animals for vims, ,-i S nervation purp . w ill i. i . cost of the tnbni-.i'orv his mated at about M.lo, s . . tan . conllilge of tins',, i ,ii, tects. 23.727 TO BE ORADUATJIIi Inerenae itt '.'.llllll In Numb,. I'uplls rlnl.lilnu Tlniul Thn tlementnry public s o York oil will giudu.'c t' .s 727 pupils out nf ,u, enrol i,i ' graduating classes of 25,2''. I. . to tlgures Issued j esterdai bi , of Supet llitenilents Til s Is ,u I of almost 2,000 over the mimm I uated last year I As was true Ust year. Hrook'' , In the number of graduates w " an tncreasti ot nor tni". ami follows with S,r,7 Tho 3,3!. Queens. 2,1:1, and I ftOii All the borough sh w t both lu numbers icgni.cred a bers graduated.