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SATURDAY, JUNK 20, 1010.
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Headers of Tsa flrs leaving town for tha aummar manlha can hava tha dally and Sunday and evening cdltlona delivered to them In any part of thla country or Hu rapt on tha terma atated abova. Addreaaea bant ad aa often aa deatred. Order tnrouch newsdealer or directly of Publication Of fice, telephone 2200 Ileakman. tiendon office. Efflngham Houee, 1 Arun del atreet. Strand. I'arla offlca, I Ilua da la Mlohodlere, oft Hue du Qualre Septembre. Washington ontce. Iltbba Ilutldlng. Brooklyn offlca. 10 Uvlngalon atreet. If aw Irltnit uho favor t irifA manu tcriplt and illuttraUont lor publication uU to Aata rejected article returned then muit i alt cant lend stamp lor that purpon. Renember the Springbok ! Our nelRhbor the World makes what seems to us to bo an overhasty and a too sweeping comment on tho Character of the Urltish note nbout the Inspection of cargoes and neutral ships bound from America to neutral ports near Germany: "la there any outrage that one nation can Inflict upon another at peace more humiliating- than to subject its legiti mate commerce to & piratical cenaor- hlpT "No matter how many diplomatic not may be written or how cleverly ,or faltely they may evade the real la sua, the British Government cannot Jus tify tha eeliure of neutral shtpa laden with non-contraband roods bound from on neutral port to another." It Is the plain duty nnd, we have no doubt, the unalterable intention of the Government at Washington to hold the Government' at London re sponsible for every Infraction of the rights of our commerce. There must be no difference between our attitude toward Great Britain and our attitude toward Germany In this respect. At the same time, it may be profit able for writers on the subject to keep constantly In mind the fact that upon occasion our own Government has not only exercised physically but also sustained diplomatically and ap proved Judicially the principle and practice of acts which our neighbor might call piratical censorship of le gitimate commerce. The doctrine of the continuous voy age, the question of the ultimate destination, the question t seizure on the high seas between neutral port and neutral port, the question of the detention of the neutral ship thus seized for the examination of Its cargo as to contraband, play a large part In our own contributions to the expansion of International law and the extension of war practice under stress of circumstance and pressure of military necessity. It may be that a discission of the underlying principles which are not even hinted at In the memorandum handed by Lord CarwK to Ambassa dor Paoe would not be without its embarrassments. For Instance. supiwc that the Brit ish Foreign Olllce, which In the World opinion "cannot Justify the selxure of neutral ships laden with non-contrahand goods bound from one neutral port to another," should And such Justification in the opinion of Chief Justice Chasi: of tho .Supreme Court of the Wilted States In the case of the Sprlnnlmk, n lirltlsh ves sel captured in 1S0.1 between Ixmdon and Nassau at a point on the At lantic nbout ITiO tulles east of Nas sau; nnd likewise In the opinions of tho Supreme Court of the Fulled States In the case of the Bermuda and In cognate cas-es during and after our civil war. Higher Price Mysteries. Two hundred Jobbers who met In convention In Atlantic City last week were optimistic. Not mi much be cause of prosiHM'ts of an increased demand as because things wero "going up." Higher prices for every thing In their particular lines were reiwrted as being either already here or In sight. The articles In which those 200 Jobbers Job happen to lie plumbers' supplies and It Is Just barely possi ble that this circumstance may put a, shade of reslralnl on popular enthusiasm over this luMunee of trado optimism. However well or III founded, there has long been a pretty widely held opinion Unit prices for plumbers' supplies have sulllolciit Inherent tendency toward elevated levels without any extraordinary stimulant to expansion. Perhaps some shnre of the rather overabun dant satirical humor expended nn the plumber himself might have been car ried higher up to the plumber's source of supplies with a Utile closer ding nosls of predisposing causes. At nil g'rents It Is quite within bounds to anticipate only a very moderately responsive public rejoicing over the "going up" of plumbing nnd the Im plements with which plumbing deeds are done. But about the upward tendency of the prices the Jobbers had no shadow of doubt. Everything In their line is goings up. Even bath tubs are to soar, nnd with the soar lug bathtubs rents will take n sky ward slant, for rents nnd bathtubs In these water wagon days are Inti mately Involved, It seems. Of course the wnr Is responsible for It all. The war's responsibility for things, especially for things that are not so, Is becoming rather bewil dering at times. It is puzzling for the lay mind unlearned In plumbing lore, for Instance, to try to figure out Just what the war lias got to do with bathtubs. Kven the English soldier does not carry a cast Iron bathtub lashed lo his knapsack. Besides, the Englishman's exceptional Intimacy with the bathtub has long been nn exploded myth. It cannot le, there fore, n demand for bathtubs at the front that 1s to send American tub prices upward. But here we np proach the sacred precincts of trade mysteries barred to the profane. f Business Guides for Government. On February a, 1n an address to the United Stntcs Chamber of Com merce In convention nt Washington, President Wilson discussed at some length the problems of governmental nctlon In the business field, especially In the matter of legislation affecting business. He seemed to consider tho Chamber of Commerce a promising auxiliary of the Government In pro curing the right legislation: "It is very Instructive and useful for the Government of the United State) to have such means as you are. ready to supply for Kettlnir. n sort of consensus of opinion which proceeds from no particu lar quarter nnd originate with no par ticular Interest, because information It the very foundation of all right action In legislation Men on Vh In side of business know how business Is conducted, and they cannot complain If men on tho outside make mistakes about business if they do not come from the Inside and give the kind of advice which Is necessary." At this time It Is particularly In teresting to observe In the light of President Wilson's February address to the Chamber of Commerce that the Government can now avnll Itself of a very substantial and overwhelming business consensus obtained by the Chamber of Commerce regarding the rehabilitation of the American ship ping industry. Some seven hundred nnd eighty manufacturing and com mercial organizations covering, the whole country have been canvassed by the chnmbor and have enst a refer endum vote on various phases of tho merchant marine question, with the following principal results: COS to 82 against. Government ownership and operation of a merchant fleet; 711 to 54 against Government ownership nnd private operation; 558 to 186 and 718 to 48 In favor of certain subsi dies or subventions to Insure a mer chant marine established and operated under privnte control. If the Government as a business outsider is going to be guided by the knowledge and advice of men on the inside of business the United States Chamber of Commerce has pointed the dear way to legislation designed to create anew and foster American shipbuilding nnd shipping Industrie It Is n way which leads In the oppo site direction from that In which the Administration has been heading, but by this time It is possible that the Administration has begun to see bow dangerous it is to disregard the com petent Judgment of well Informed business men. The task to which It has set itself In Inquiring into the utterly pern! clous I.a Follette seamen's luw, en acted nt the last session of Congress, because it has already begun to threaten the country with disastrous consequences, would have been spared If the ndvice of business men, who knew exactly whnt tho law would do, hiuPnot been flouted. The business man seems to be In the way of regaining much of the prestige of which he has been po litically deprived to the country' measureless harm. One Sensible Art. Tho first sensible thing the legisla tive committee which recommended the dismissal of four Public Service Commissioners lu this district has done was Its resolution, arrived at this week, to abandon the effort to oust the men against whom it could not gather sulllclent evidence to ex cuse Governor Wjiitman in firing them from olllce. The committee was conceived in partisan greed, its deliberations were conducted In n fashion that allennUsl from It the respect of sensible men, and its suggestions were utterly dis credited because of their source. Yet the committee served one useful purpose. It exhibited Its chairman without disguise, and no voter will hereafter hnve any difficulty in np praising tho worth of an enterprise with which he may be associated. !o to the Pollre Tournament! The first jtorforuinnce of the out door games nrrnnged by the Police Department Invites to tho Brooklyn Jockey Club track to-day; and the exhibition would he worth going far to sci', regardless of (he object to which lis proceeds are to lie devoted. Every branch of the service will strive to outdo Ihe others In skill displayed lu the performance of work that falls In It, and the athletic sports will en list the most accomplished and highly trained members of the force. The policemen would brJNiiHtifled in expecting a largo attendance, how- ever, rea If they had not prepared an excellent entertainment The prof it earned by the tournament will go to the treasury of the Honor Boll Relief Fund, which Is devoted to the assistance of widows and orphans of policemen killed in the performance of their duty. The women and In fants who are deprived of their de fence and support because husbands and fathers arc shot by burglars, suf focated In attempting to rescue the helpless, crushed In saving the lives of others, nppeal peculiarly to all whom these men have guarded and whose peace and comfort they nnd their fellows contribute to so sub stantially. Tho police do a great deal for all of us, and patiently stand much un merited abuse ; and when he can every New Yorker whose habits do not fur rtlsh explanation of n thoroughly un derstandable nntlpnrhy to lnw and order should do something to aid their charitable enterprises. Translation. Forgive us for recording again these vibrations and undulations of the boundless ocean of sound: "I hava been the repository of inter national secrets, Representatives of for eign countries have come to me and have whispered words into my ears that, If I had told them, might have caused national calamities. But because I would not take newspaper reporters Into my confidence and tell them these secrets newspapers hare denounced me, because I would not surrender myself Into the hands of Irresponsible editors who have little rernrd for the lights of the American people. "For two years and three months I had to sit silent while the New Tork press tried to assassinate me. But now pounding the railing with his hsnd In an almost freniled fashion I am ready to meet them and they shall not assas sinate me without reply." O Bottom, Bottom, how art thou translated Into Boy-Orator-of-the Platte-Deutsch I Bnt was he silent for twenty-seven months? Does not the Constitution, eager as he may be to change It, protect htm from that cruel nnd unusual punishment? President Wilson's Titration. President Wilson, has earned n rest. For the first time since he entered the White House he can enjoy a vaca tion trip without reservation. On Ixmg Islnnd or In New Hampshire he can ease his mind of the cares of of flee and devote himself to such relaxa tion and recreation ns appeals to his mood. His mind may be at peace, and except when Washington lays be fore him a message requiring his at tention, he may be ussured that all goes well there. Not the least of Secretary Lan sino's contributions to his fellow citl zens Is this relief his presence In the State Department affords to the Pres ident. The atmosphere enveloping the ExecuUve intellectuals Is not charged with the constant threat of danger that has hitherto been its characteristic. The necessity for Presidential attention to every detail of departmental activity no longer ex ists. There li a Secretary on duty fit to perform the function, a Secre tary Whose temperament Is not cause for continuous alarm. Nobody can doubt that Mr. Wilson will derive more benefit from the trip that now breaks the monotony of his residence on the banks of the Potomac than he has been able to get from nny of his previous excursions from tho White House. Hrtan says he will work with any body. llrnMine. He wouldn't work with Wilson. The Hartford Rubber Works has announced that It will pay full wages to all Its employees who are members of the Connecticut National duard when they are absent from Its facto ries on duty with their regiments. This Is a practical way to contribute to real preparedness for the defence of the country. It encourages the up building of an accustomed and Inval uable agency for military training, and thus proceeds beyond the lecturo plntform to tho heart of the problem. It is by such conduct, and not through perfervld orations, that we shall at tain a trained militia commensurate with our needs. Captain Charles Hallknbeck of Catsklll Is to be congratulated upon Ills eaten or a sturgeon weighing 325 pounds In tho upper Hudson, but we fear tho State will not be encouraged to purify tho river and restore tho profitable -fishing industry of the old days, Tho cost no doubt would be a high figure, but returns from tha in vestment would In course of time bo handsome. In price sturgeon is now prohibitive ns a food. It should be on every poor man's table. Tho report may be true that twenty four submarines have been launched nt Hnmliurg recently, but It will take it long time to find crews nnd train them for the new boats. Count rtuvKNTLOw's complaint that "President Wilson hns not closed tho Panama Canal In order that transpor tation of ammunition and other war materials from eastern hnrbors of tho United Htntes to Vladivostok for tho increasing Russian fighting strength shall not lo Interrupted" proves a re- mnrknblo Ignorance of the rnllwtiy system of tho United States from coast to coast, Not considering tho question whether Mr. HitTAN has sufficient knowledge of political economy to Instruct students, lias the Indiana faculty, which offers him n clmlr with a large salary, given nny thought to the difficulty of keep ing Mr, liuvAN In the lecttiro room long enough to earn his salnry? Tho hope expressed by the Xcursta Nachnchtun of Munich tliat tho voy age of u rk'inmn suhmnrlnn from Wllhclmshaven to tho Dardanelles, a distance of 4,000 miles, "will mnko the war party in the United States think twice," aa only 8,(00 mile separate THE SUN, SATURDAY, JUNE 26, 1915. Bremen from New York, warrants the rejoinder that that Journal had bet ter think twice first. In Turkish wa ters a base for the German submarine was available; on this elds of the At lantic there would be none, and the venture would bo impracticable. It Is helpfully suggested to David Haviland of Cold Spring, Putnam county, who has laid down his last at SS years' of age to tako his first vaca tion, that ho cut bait and fish from a punt, with a ginirhnm umbrella to keep off tho sun's rays, every day when there is a south wind and a rip ple, for the rest of his life. It Is of no lmportanco whatever whether tho fish bite. THE BULL TERRIER. An Advocate of the DctII Tries to Make a Case. To Tits Epitor oc Tun Hun Sir: A bull terrier is on Incorrigible onnlno Idiot, one of those animated atrocities committed by Dutno Nature when In :i bilious condition. As the animal hns no valid excuse for existence nfter survey ing himself hu should wnddlo In front of a convenient nuto nnd welcome the. end. A superbcjowlcd, flea Infected dental display of Imbecility, associated with obstinate navagery, Its harboring In tho city should bo forbidden by law. Years ago It wan the pet of the slaughter house, tho stable car those of the Hill Sykes mental or phyi archi tecture. Women having adopted It as a thing of Joy It hns displaced the Intelli gent nnd complaisant Newfoundland, the dignified fit. Ilernard and ever Joy ous and vivacious setter and fox ter rier. , During the high price of meat for several years past It has been appro priating supply from suffering human It. Occasionally It samples its master or mistress, for which It Is to be com mended. A short time ago there was press mention of an nfternoon tea given by a Inily to her friends, apparently without consent of her bull terrier, who mani fested his displeasure by rummaging tho limbs uf the guests, and finally fastened 1i!b teeth on the hand of his mistress during her attempts to dissuade him. Later observation showed the brute to be only In normal condition, possibly n disordered liver, probably had lived too long. Prescription should have been blood letting, nbout nil he had would have been sufficient to effect cure. Another case Is reported of n muslcnl affair, during which the beast Ignored nil the party and its musicians except the violinist, to' whom he became vio lently attached. Now we all appreciate that such nn artist Is more useful to our civilization than a wrinkled faced brute revelling In the confidence that tlw chief mission In life Is to be hid eously dlsngreeabte. The bull terrier has lived too long, a "bull" in creation. Now the executioner. ANn-Tinnim. New York, June S4. THE LOGICIAN. Mr. I.ocke of Montlrello Continues to Object to the Female Clam. To TUB Koitob or Tut Bun Sir: Orace W. Hndgman nays that accord ing to my "logic" I should be a suf fragist. The more I rend of suffra gette writings the moro I wonder If tiny of them know what logic Is. night after having answered the same question In only slightly different form she retorts again, "If women are all sorts of unholy things, why not help change their condition?" Presumably, with the ballot. How In tho dickens can the ballot make women less selfish and deceptive? J Certainly no one will say It has had any such effect In suffrngo States. To ally myself with a femnle class already embodying nil the virtues would be about tha most Illogical thing I could do : It Is the men they seek to "change," not women. Too much education, so called, the wnnt of babies, love of power and the desire to bo teen nnd beard nt men Is Ok tho liottom of all their unfcmlnlne antics by day nnd their masculine street corner bowlings by night, which have made of them the most unsexed and "un holy" of their sex. What Is needed to "change conditions" is an abrogation rather than nn enlarge ment of woman's rights and a revival of old fashioned mnacullno methods In dealing with the sex to make them more responsible. F, C. Locke. Monticki.i.o, June 14. A RAGING LION. Leo Relinked and the Triumph of Hurvurd Ilnseball Accounted For. To the Editor or The Sun Sir: I wonder If Mr. Wllllnm Leo considers, when he criticises women for wearing their hnts nt ball games, that men wear theirs too. Hut It Is not unlike man In his wisdom, equity and majesty to want one rule ror himself and another for woman. To nil, however, who believe in the enrouragement of art, believe In Its In spiration as bringing the highest nnd noblest energy from the human being, tho hnts of women certainly play their part. It was one of these beautiful crea tions of Egyptian blue, turned up n la Napoleon nnd Just caught there by the faintest pink roses that ever bloomed or didn't, ns it faced the Harvard pitcher In New Haven that so Inspired him thnt he sent vale down to drre.it. Hut from thn looks of tlio hnts men wear at ball games I think they might Just aa well be taken off; In fnct, If they wero hidden under the seats It would be n good thing. James P. Dkwell, Jr. New Haven, Conn., June 24, NOT WICKED. Charlinlile Judgment of Ihe Men Op posed to Wnmnn Suffrage. To tub KuiTouor Tin: Run Sir: Your correspondent from Hoston has again misunderstood me. I find It very diffi cult to decide bow to answer. I can say, which Is true, but rather obvious, that no cue considers nntls wicked. We nre not so uncharitable; we know they nre only stupid. I can Kiif with Dr. .hilinum, which Is undoubtedly statoly nnd appropriate to Hoston, "I have found you nn argument, I am not nhllged to find jmi an under standing," but your correspondent prob nhly bristles with quotations himself If I hnd n definite literary style, which It Is perhaps unnecessary to tell you I hnve not, tho decision would be made for mo. Ho will have to choose the an swer lin likes best. Margaret Nonius. New York, Juno 25. And Freedom of Speech Shrieked As Scott Nearlng Fell. To the Epitor or Tun Hun K(r: Mny I inld n few words to tlio condemna tion of tho University of Pennsylvania for the dismissal of Professor Nearlng? Hns tho chair of economics become n settee so thero will be room for the truhtee, or do tho trustees wnnt a par rot disguised ns a "professm" to tell tho students whnt they think? The dismissal of Professor Nearlng Is un-American and n disgrace to a country which boasts of freedom of speech nnd liberal education. I would suggest thnt the University of Pennsylvania lie tintisferred to I'etrogrnd or omo dark spot In Siberia where education nnd liberty are Incom patible, Mny the Governor of Pennsyl vania' velo tho smallest appropriation that mny be offered by thn Legislature for thn perpetuation of this educutlonul monstrosity. II. 13. Auisr, Jims 14. REFORMING THE STATE. A Plan for Farther Extension of the Representative Principle. To tub Kditob or Tub Sun Sir." Tour editorial article on "A Short Chapter From the History of New York State," relative to the notion that we would necessarily gain by making the Gov ernor the dominant figure in legislation, as compared with the past and present conditions, is most timely. Undoubtedly we need leadership and cannot get nlong without It, but the vir tual abandonment of representative gov ernment by putting tha Governor In a position where ho would dominate the Leglslnturo would be merely a change of external musters from a so-called "In visible boss" selected by his party by a natural process of elimination. It might sometimes be a great im provement, as when Mr. Hughes was elected Oovornor, nnd it might nt olhor times be anything but nn Improvement, as when Mr. Hulzer was elected (3ov ernor. The popular cholco In any event would not bo based upon tried states manship nnd legislative experience, but upon somo Incident which made the man a hero In the popular eyes for the time, as Mr, HooscvcH's military service in Cuba, .Mr. Hughes's work In the Insur ance Investigation or Mr. Whitman's phenomenal efficiency as a public prose cutor. In nny case, unless we are to hold s Governor In office for term nfter term. It means n change of leaders ever) two or four years, which Is most profoundly discouraging, both because it deters men from making statesmanship a career nnd also because on that account It Is exceedingly uneconomical and accord ingly Inefficient It has not been my lot to be a mem ber of the Legislature nor to be very nctlvo In political matters. During the last twenty years, however. It has been my lot and privilege to observe the Leg islature rather closely In connection first with the Social Reform Club, and later with tho committee on freeing Amster dam avenue of four tracks, the committee of fifty which attempted to free Eleventh avenue andi was responsible for thi Pnxe lnw, the City Club In the same matter nnd various insurance reform measures, Including the drafting of tho so-called Armstrong laws nnd champion ship of ths same. Concerning all these matters in nn almost purely public wny I hnvo had an Interest In what the Leg islature was doing and opportunities to observe Its work. Within the last two or three year thts has been peculiarly true likewise in connection with workmen's compensa tion legislation. During most of this period the deter mination regarding what the Legislature would do when both houses and the Gov ernor were of the same party was usu ally in the hands of the so-called "ex ternal boss," who had to be reached nnd convinced or else hnd to be fought openly and the bills forced through, ns was, for Instance, tho franchise tax law, over the head of the bo?s. When the boss was not in entile control and the Governor was the dominant Influence, nnd unless bis apprornl In advance could be obtained, one wns treading on dan gerous ground to attempt passing legis lation. Wo encountered this In the ef fort to free Kleventh avenue even under Governor Hughes, nnd were compelled to desist from the final step because of his strong disinclination to accept the responsibilities of determining In ad vance of the bills reaching him what ought to be done nbout the matter, and it Is In consequence of that disinclina tion that a solution was not reached years ago and carried Into effect before this time. No one who has the earnest hope that representative parliamentary govern ment should continue In the United Ptates will desire either that we re lnrwe Intu tho condition of being bos iiuucn irum uuieiur, even uimiKn we miKht Improve the quality of external . rumen from outside, even though we leauerslilD. or that wo virtually suimresa the Legislature nnd merely make It an engine for registering the determina tions of the Governor. The conditions under Governor Glynn nfter the nttempt of the external leaders to control the legislature had been abandoned showed such vision and capacity of leadership on the part or Senator Wagner nnd Speaker Smith, ns well as the Gov ernor, and such ability to cooperate with a full sense of party responsibility, that If the fate of the Democratic party had not already been determined by the dis gust of tho peoplo at tho exposures of the evils of externnl leadership and of the incapacity of Governor Sulrer him- self, certainly the voters would have given their npprovnl to the ndmlnlstra-- tlon nt the polls. Under Governor Whitman likewise, notwithstanding that the legislative leaders and thn Governor were not able to work together In so complete har mony, and that the thing was wanting thnt is necessary under such conditions, viz., thnt one of them bo recognized ns the responsible lender nnd their dif ferences be whipped out In conference among themselves, Instend of In cau cuses or In the houses of the legisla ture. It certainly was most refreshing that whntcver the legislation was, whether good or had, it was a thing for which tho dominant party was responsi ble nnd regarding which neither nn ex ternnl boss hnd to lie consulted nor the Governor treated ns If his wilt was final. The hope for really responsible gov ernment In the Stnte of New York nnd in the United Stntes Ilea ,ln the develop ment from the condition which hns nl ready been created of real leadership In the Leglslntures. There should be a life enrcer or virtually such for the man who can command tho confidence of hU own party nnd lead It In determining what the legislation shall be when thnt partv ts In jsiwer, and In criticising by Intelligent opposition, thereby Improving the qunllty of legislation, measures which nro brought forward by tho dom inant pnrty when his party Is not lu power. Tills has not only been prac ticable In other countries, ns In Great Hrltaln, much more than ion years, but it ban nlsn proved tho snlvntlon of the French republle."nnd Is tho hopn of de mocracy throughout Eurupe, having al ready been introduced in nil the really democratic countries, such as Norway, Switzerland, Italy nnd Greece, mid be ing fought for In the moro nulocrntlo countries, such nB Russia, Germany and Austria. It has nlo proved successful in nil of the Utitlsh colonies, Including Canada, whero ts success is not con fined to the Dominion, where Kir John Macdonald led for n generation, nnd Sir Wilfrid Laurler for another, but n!so In nil the provinces f Oanndn, IncliidlnT Ontario, right on our border, where tho lato Sir James Whitney was tlio lender of ills party, whether dominant or In opposition, through ths larger part of his long and useful life. It Is a pity nnd a shame for us to glvo n certain measure of training tp men really cnpnble of statesmanship nnd then after a term or two lu tho Legis lature, where also they must either be In opposition to tholr own party or ab jectly opposed to nn external boss or n Governor who Is n popular Idol, turn them out of office when they are In n wny of becoming generally useful to us. What Is the remedy? It seems to me thnt It Is not a revolutionary remedy. Our parliamentary system must be, like the parliamentary systems of other countries, n growth, a development. Tho only thing wo need to do is to mnko minor changes which will obviate well recognized evils and enable responsible party leadership to bn Introduced If It will nnturally develop within the Legls lature. Tho following Is suggested ns n slmplo und natural means by which this can be accomplished: Incrense the terms of office of the Senators to four years nnd the Assem blymen to two yoarn, so thnt tho elec tlon of Assemblymen will be of the luliire of a "hy-eleetlon" Involving a temporary rebuke to the party In power If Its work on tho whole has not been satisfactory, even though It hns been nbln to command a majority snd to leg. iBlate. Ellmlnnte deadlocks between the two .houses by providing that the bouse la which ths bill originates mar, If It is rejected by the other house, require a Joint session to be held, at which the bill will be put upon Its passage, and If passed at such Joint session It will go to the Governor on If passed by each house separately. Provide for the dissolution of the Leg islature, which will causo a special elec tion of all elective officers of the State, ns well ns all members of the Legisla ture, to be held not less than three months nor more than six months nfter such dissolution, to take place under either of tho two following considera tions: In case nt the Joint session called to pass upon n bill which has passed one house nnd been rejected by another the bill Is not passed, the same Joint ses sion may by a majority vote declare the Legislature dissolved, this being equivalent to whnt In called a vote of want of confidence In the leaders. In case a bill has been passed and Is vetoed by the Governor,, nnd upon be ing voted upoii In the two bosses It Is not carried by n two-thirds vote, which two-thirds vote would make It a law over tho Governor's veto as nt present, tho houso in which It originated may require a Joint session to be held; nnd If the bill In passed nt this Joint ses sion such passage shall constitute n dis solution of the Legislature nnd require special election of the Governor nnd nil elective Gtficers, ns well ns nil members of tho Legislature, this being equivalent to n voto of wnnt of confidence In the Governor, who under our Constitution Is n part of the Legislature, since he has tho veto power. Under such a system an this men of the unimpeachable character of the present legislative lenders who hnve ex perience in legislative matters nnd com mand nnd must continue to command the following of their- fellow partisans would inevitably become the party lead ers In the State of New York. They would stand out In the open where everybody could soe them nnd get nt them; their responsibility would be di rect nnd unescnpable, the dominant party In the Legislature would be held accountable for all tho legislation of the session, and leaders who did not satisfy the voters as regards the policy of the Government would Inevitably cither be repudiated by their respective parties nnd better leaders be put forward, or the dominant party Itself would bo re pudiated by the voters nt the polls. Under a system which had nn oppor tunity to develop In this direction we certainly should hnve n most fortunate outgrowth of the present relative free dom of external pressure upon the Leg islature which otherwise mny be merely n hlntus, with the old evils returning, nnd we should also have freedom from the chaotic conditions which have from time to time been repeated on nccount of disagreements of the two houses or of both houses and the Governor. In other words, we would nt nil times hnvo nn ndmlnlstrntlon, nnd if the ad ministration broke to pieces It would not result In chaos until the regular time fixed for a general election, but a mw ndmlnlstrntlon would shortly be re turned. Miles M. Dawson. New YonK, June 23. LET BEECHER REST. Hls'nope Was That Ills Bones Should Be Undisturbed. To the Kditos or The Bun Sir.' It Is with greatest Interest that I hnve Just read the article In The Sun re garding the opposition to the removal of Henry Ward Reecher's body from Green-Wood Cemetery to a building con nected with Plymouth Church. It stems strange that this article should be published almoat on hla birthday, Juno it. To mo It seems utterly Incredible that nnv one having known nnd revered Mr. Ile'echer can consider this removal of i.iu twwt.. nmititint tenehlnir wns ,-w,,.. ..... - so opposed to making anything of the ' eaitniy iiiucrnncie, ui nmnuiK ennhnima a "sluht to be visited by tourists, ns If he was In reality within. It seems to me so directly against his wishes nn to be simply nn absurdity, as It does to many others. While I cannot quote the exact oc casion or words. I remember distinctly hearing htm say, In speaking of Shake speare's epitaph, that he felt "Just that way." and lie hoped no one would "med dle with his bones." To quote Mr Reecher's own published words, which seem epec!ally appropri ate now: "O mny the sun pierce tlirougn the shade of trees, dear to many birds, to fall In checkered light upon my I grave! I nsk no stone or word of In- Hcrlption. May flowers be the only memorial of my grave, renewed every spring, nnd malntnJned through the summer." D. E. T. Pekkskjll, June 25. Are Cartridges "Explosives"? To tub Editor op The Bcn Sir; Tor years 1 havo felt tho most unbounded confidence In tho assurance thnt "If you see It In The Sun It's so," nnd therefore 1 read with unusual Interest the ao count In The Bun of Tuesday last of nn explosion of n box of assorted car tridges In u so-called Junk shop in the city of New York, Tho cartridges appear to have been recklessly handled In the attempt to pull the bullets out of tholr metal cases, the result being thnt an explosion took place which seriously burned the proprietor of the shop and caused tremendous excite ment In tho neighborhood. Although at once tnken to a hospital, the unfortunate man "was made a prisoner, charged with violating the tenement house lnw that deals with the storing of explo sives." Now, If the tenement house lnw for bids tho storage of "explosives," and Is Invoked for tho punishment of a person who had a quantity of cartridges In his possession, what bt comes of the defence set up for tho Lusltnnlo, thnt In carry ing 5,4ft0 cnes of cartridges she was not violating a law which prohibits) the trnnpnrtallon of "explosives" on a pas senger vessel? Carroll S, Ttsom. North East TIarroii, Me,, June 23. The Man, the Cheek nnd the Pen. To tub Editor of Tub Si'N' Sir; To day I overheard a man telling a hard luck story. "He asked me to ensh his check for S2.Y Heliuvlng him tu lie nil right I did so after ho hnd made out the check with my $ fountain pen. He put my pen In his pockut without my noticing it. The check came kick marked 'No Funds.' I haven't seen the man nor the pen slnco!" I had Just paid in rente exchange on a $1 out of town check myself, which had made too hot. I felt better after listen ing to the other fellow. C. J. M. HnooKi.YN, June 25. The Brnutlm of the New City Flag. Knlrker Ilirw do you like the city flag? Itm'ker Fine, It has the treat whits way right down the centre of It. From a Skyscraper Window. Knch Monday morn when I look down From etory twenty-five Upon the tiered nnd towered town, A seethlns, snaring hive, rielnw I sen but brick and atone That house the strife and stresn, Have one low lying rnf nlnns That cowers In the pren. The others shimmer In the un As arid nn the sand. Hut nn thn fl.it roof of this on. lly mi convention banned, A inodet family ixlilliB flirts And flaps amid the breeze; Just sheets and tun els. socks snd shirts, And homely thlnxa like these. Who hanss It out I never know, Who takes It In nhtn dry. It makes me smile lo see th show, Hut smiling brings a Huh, I wonder Is there any spot Where you could ever roam, flkj scmpers, pulai ci, what not, You would not' find a home! JlABUCa Mosaif, THE KEYSTONE CONSTITUTION. A Question as to the Validity of Cer tain Amendments. To the Editor or Tits Sun Sir; "No nmendment or amendments shall be sub mitted oftcner than once in five years, enys the Constitution of Pennsylvania, Article XVIII. The Constitution has been amended by amendments submitted In 1901 and 1909, but If the constitutional prohibition first above quoted hns the plain, ordinary signification of lan guage, the supposed amendments sub mitted and voted for by mnjorltlea In 1911 nnd 1913 nro totally Invalid. If the amendments were unconstitu tionally submitted In 1P11 nnd 1913, then treating what was unconstitu tionally done ns not done at nil, It could be. considered thnt It Is In constitutional order to submit cmendments In 1916, which hns been attempted In n manner never before tried with nny amendment, namely submitted by mere "concurrent resolution of tho Senate nnd House of Iteprescntntlvew, not by a statute ap proved by the Governor or passed over his veto according to law, Elections re controlled by statutes, nnd frauds nt elections nro punished, whenever they nre, under statutes. Votes being commanded to be taken next No vember on four constitutional amend ments by mere concurrent resolution, could uny election ofilcer be convicted of crime If he simply Ignored the con current resolution nnd refused to count or return truly the votes cast for wom an suffrage, workmen's compensation system, Increased borrowing power, title registration system? Doubtful. Now, suppose thnt the Supreme Court should decide that the 1911 and 1913 amendments were properly submitted nnd valid, then it might ns well be ns sumcd that the 1915 amendments are properly submitted nnd others proposed for 1917 may be properly submitted, and you seo the prnctlo.il Judicial construc tion of Article XVIII. would be that any amendment may be submitted every time the Legislature meets. Home people whisper that It means, will some day be construed by the Su preme Court to mean, thnt "No one and tho r-ame nmendment or same set of amendments shnll b submitted oftener thnn once In five years," but the nmend ment of Section 8 of Article IX. In 1911 nnd of the same section nnd also Sec tion 10 of Article IX. In 1913 and ths proposed amendment of Section 3 In 1915 nnd still another started by the last Legislature for 1917, all concern the sime subject of Increased borrowing powers of countlen, cities, boroughs, school districts nnd the tax for sinking funds to repay. A hundred million dol lars of new Indebtedness In the next ten years, all under legislation pf pre posterously doubtful validity. James Yearsi.st. Philadelphia, June 26. REMEMBER BELGIUM. A Not Difficult Commercial Service to no Itendered ITer After the War. To the Editor of The Son Sir: It may be a trifle premature at thus time to outline a course of action to be fol lowed when the war ts over. But It ecem.1 to me that one very Important action should be followed with regard to the unhappy country of Belgium when peace Is restored. Preference should be shown to Bel gian goods In purchasing Imported ar ticles, lie fore Its devastation Belgium wns ,i manufacturer of countless lines of goods. The civilized world can In no better way demonstrate Its admira tion nnd affection for this martyr among nations than by not only help ing to reestablish her but by purchas ing her products. Belgium's service to mankind in de laying the German orlve for three weeks should receive substantial reward by the rest of the world. Dean Palmss. New York, June 25. The Two Cent Stamp. To the Epitor or Tits Stw Rtr: Having rend with much pleisure your recent nrtlcles on the wretched condi tion of the postage stamps I tnke this opportunity to relate the splendid work ing of the postal system. After a hnrd dny's work I find my self In need of stamps. I first proceed to one of these so-called sub-stations, where I am more or less polltoly told that they do not sell five dollars worth of stamps to one person. I then walk seven blocks out of my way to that magnificent structure in Eighth avenue. As I near the hug pile I view with awe the long flight of steps I shnll hnve to climb. Well, the letters have to be posted, so up I go, footsore nnd weary My stremiotiH exertions bring me to the Thirty-first street entrance, where I am nblo to purchnse the poorest grnde of stamp Imaginable. I then attempt to part twenty stamps from the mother sheet. This operation requires skill nnd patience of an unattainable degree. After a few minutes of fuming and fret ting I manage to separate the stamps from homo ties, and hold in my hand a eorry collection of red paper. Now it Is necessary to lick the frrmsy things. Why cannot the American stamps have the sweet taste the Cana dian stamps have? After all are prepared I look around for the letter box and find It In the centre of the corridor, a full block nway from the door I entered. Into this slot I throw the accursed objects and with n mighty sigh of relief proceed down the long and dangerous steps out into tho night. John Howard. New York, June 28. The Lay of the Lone Flshball In ISIifi. To the EniTon ok The Sun Sir: In tho "Editor's Drawer" of orper's AYt Monthly .Mnpatinr of July, 185D, occurs the followliiBi The hnra rtt TTr,w.MS T..l..i- ... . . Ulf following pathe-rto ballad a-going, snd It Is now a popular song. It records the melancholy experience of ons of the tu- ttnrn n .1...- . ..v, p,,.ru rn muiiKas oi ine I.one Pishball," supplemented by the iMuiai Who WOuld hav hrar1 Must get It first or not at all Who would fWiballs with flln's eat Must get some friend to stand a treat. This authentic history runs the "Pish ball" bark to n full sixty years. A ponderous matter of this kind should not be lightly handled. The aboe glvts It to Harvard and any nttempt to wrest away the laurels and trnnsfor them to Ynln should not bo countennrced, unless backed up with rellnhle data. KAiiienau N. Fkrrt. W est Enoi.ewood, N j June 34, Lloyd (ieorge nnd the Labor Leaders. To tub Editor ok Tub Hun Sir: Is not David Lloyd Gvorgc's attitude to ward thn lnbor lenders of England too nntngnnlstlc? Surely a few word's of patriotic encouragement would do vnstly more to spur the workmen to greater effort than a notice that It they do not voluntarily turn out tho required amount of war munitions their alterna tive will be compulsory labor, While Mr. Lloyd (Ieorge may be under a turrlllc strain, It seems that bis com mon sense would tell him that tho la boring class will do moro If they nre encouraged thnn they will if they nre driven, Donni-AHs I'kaiison Nkw York, Juno 25, The Valedictorian of Trinity, To Tiir. KniToa or Tn Brs Sir; Will you allow a collese student to enter ynur Hull of rams? Hmart Hrand Is valedic torian of the sraduatlng class at Trinity College this year. Vai,tb Uoozbts lUairoxs, Coon., Juaa j. DRGE GREAT STATE ENGINEERING BOARD Enprlnccrs Ask Coiislilutinnal Convention to Favor TIiito Man 15ody, JOBS TO UK FOlf 12 VKMJS Albant, June 2K. The estiib! s'.mrnt of a great State lep.it ttneiit of en. gtnecrlng. nt tho head of w: -h si ." three men who nro to wrve for ti-!.- years each, was advocated to-d.i by representatives of engineering so. jetles before the canals committee and (Joy ernor nnd Htate officers commute ot the constitutional convention. .u h i department would put an end to the con tlnual shifting nbout ot engineers cn public works because of a chnngs In the political control of the l vernment. It was argued. Almet n. Iiton of Brooklyn hu Introduced an amendment which mu with the Ideas of the engineers and It was favored by Ernest P. Ooodrloh, representing a committee of the munici pal engineers of the city of New York, and Nelson P. Lewis for tha Brooklyn Engineers Club. The Latsun amendment proposes that the department should have charga of the public lands and boundary surveya, State buildings, parks, highways, canals and other public works, including their design, construction, maintenance and operation, and of the conservation and development of the State's rcsouues. Such a department would tnke over the work of the Jilghwnys Department, ine state engineer ana surveyor, tn Superintendent of Public Works and various engineering bureaus of several of the State departments, including tt Conservation Commission. Pear Great Power of City. Increased representation In the Legis lature by New York city, according to the proposed O'Brien nmendment, was discussed again to-day. It developed that many Republicans, Including even those from New York city, base their objection to the rlnn on these main points, which were outlined by one ot the lenders: "New York State is as birr as tha empire of Germany. Something besides population should control the Stnte. No one comer with a congested population should he permitted to ever gain con trol of the Legislature or any other branch of the Government, "New York city Is merely n commer cial point a huge feaport centre -anl it would not seem wise In the Interest of good government to placo In the control of such a portion of the State the destinies of the other great po tions of the State. "Then thero Is the more delicate rea son for denying New York's application for control of tho Government S York city Is tho place to which the new citizens come. Many thousands of the new voters In New York have no knowledge of the governmental institu tions, of the needs of the State or of i:a traditions, and to glvo them full con trol of the State's affairs would be thl worst tiling thnt could be done, tt would tie premature. "Tho old proviMons of the Constitu tion which safeguard the Stato from control by New York city recognize tli effect of population In tho Assemb) The lower house of tho Legislature s made to reflect the population, wh e the Senate reflects tho localities. believe It is expedient to continue ' i restriction on New York." Leaders Also Approve Plnn. Some of the leaders also voiced ip. position to the new O'Hrlen nine ! menu "The county hns been tha un.' ot government from time liinnemor a was declared. "It has alwa ten recognized anil has been divided in re apportionments. Thl proposal .j M O'Hrlen, while no doubt IntencUd " strengthen tho New York p would permit gerrymandering of "is worst aort. It seems to us much lie- er to preserve the county Inviolate n "it making up of Sennto districts. ' Thero are two big reasons be nir .el vnnced for the refusal of the ...r n- tlon to consider the reapportion!!., i. f leglslatlvo districts. Tha first s h.it It is undesirable to have the cnn.o tlon in Its consideration of o'p.m 1 questions of law stop to entpr ir'o a bitter, partisan political flnt. t !i reapportionments always br:ng The second ronton would hod even If the first nern swept a wny. It - nt any new reapportionment shou d h based on tha Stuto census now 'c taken at a cost of half n niiilon d- n' The Federal census of 1 ; l o com i i used, but that Is sl years beh 1 i times. The Presidential vote if '''J could be used, but that Is nlmo"- ' jr yeara behind, It Is nigued. The new census figures are i peeled lo be In nny kind of n shape before tho middle of Aue ' ' order to prepare a re.ipportio- nf i these figures tho committee on -tlve organization would have night nnd dny for three weeks s It could present tho reapport.'T ' ' the convention. This would bring dlm-tiss'on apportionment Into the i los c ' tho session, when other an ! u portant subjects will bo U' . - slon nnd there could be i.., i discussion of tho reapporr..n. . lenders fori that they .tl b. i l thepe contentions by tho cum- PATRONAGE HIT HARD BY RULING AT ALBANY Xinpty-siy. .Tolis in IinliM'i'I Commission Put in ( im petitivo Clas, At.nANT, Juno 2r.- -The f ' Commission lias Just t u! I t1 ninety-six positions In t'i" Industrial C'ommlH"r, In 'u ' ' three of the drput mmni be filled by competitive enm't as a result tho autl or of tho varUuis others nre In a iii how they can obtain nnv I fiom tho scheme of tvoini i.' consolidating the old Labor I' nnd Workmen's "'ontien..it " slon. Instead of nearly I ir' places tho commission Im , v ' thn llrHt three deputies; the . and thn counsel. Speaker Sneet called on !'" slon to-ilay to sen nbout tin was Informed thnt the niinn simply carrying out the pi.t the law and that If there was plaint It should be put then specifies that nil but the eer positions, shnll l in "" class, and tho Civil Seri. ' proceeded tn transfer ,i ' llona from tho ei mpt das- "Somebody must have h let that go through," it, tin State official put IU 1 0!.