Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, THURSDAY, JULY 1, 1915.
THURSDAY, JULY 1, 1015. Entered at the. Post Ofllce at New York ai Second Clm Mall Matter. Subscription by Stall, Pnktpald, DAILY, I'er Month (0 SO DAILY, I'er Year 0 00 SUNDAY, far Month S BUNDAY Up C"ila), I'er Month.... fiO SUNDAY, Per taar 2 SO DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Year.... 8 SO DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Month... 73 ronr.io.x lUTUi. DAILY. Per Month 1 " HUNDAY. Per Month DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Month... 1 90 THK EVEN'INO SUN, Per Month t THE EVEN'INO SUN, Per Year 2 SO THE EVENING SUNlForelf n),PerMo. 1 OS All check, money orders, c, to be made payable to The Sis. I'urdl.hed dally. Including Sunday, by Uie Fun Printing and Publishing Association al 170 Nast.au atreet. In the Uorouth ot Man hattan, Newr York. President and Treas urer. William C. llelck. 170 Nassau atreet i Vice-President. rMwn.r.1 P. Mitchell. 170 Nassau itreet; Secretary, C. C. Luxton. 170 Nassau atreet. Itiadera of Tn Six leaving town for the ummer monthi can have the dally and Sunday and evening editions delivered to them In any part of thli country or Eu rope, on the tenna atated above. Addresses ehaned as often aa drelrrd. Order through newsdealer or directly of Publication Of fice, telephone 2200 Ueekman. londfln office, Kfflnrham House, 1 Arun del atreet, Strand. Tarla office, Hue d la Mlohodlere, off Rue du Quatre Hepte-mbre. Washington office. lllbbs llulldlng. Brooklyn orilce. 106 Livingston atreet. our friendt trho favor ut with manu script! and Ittuttrationt for publication with to hart rtltctrd articlet returned they mutt In all eatet ttnd ttampt for that purpott. A Stuffed Club. President Wilson has never com ported himself iu a uinnner in dicative of u profound sense of re siwnslblllty toward the platform on which he was elected, lie has en forced his policies and compiled obe dience to hl conception of his duties with very little deference to that 'document. Mr. Bryan will not And It easy to frlRhteu him hy tearing tho one term plank out and fashioning It into a bludgeon. Moreover, Mr. Hbyan himself has not let the Hultlmore declaration Im pede his political activities, lie repu diated tho provision of that instru ment which was not in accord with his own notion of the national duty ip regard to Panama Canal tolls, and did as he thought most expedient when the subject came up for legis lative treatmeut. Mr. Bbyan found no difficulty in squaring his well ad vertised conscience with n complete about face when a reversal nppeared to be advisable. So the spectacle of Mr. Dbyan whit tling industriously at an nwkward timber extracted from the Baltlinoru structure will not 1111 Mr. Wilson with grave alarm. Mr. Wilson knows that the lonely Nebrnsknn Is working on a useless club. Short Editorial Article on Sleazy En velopes. We hae raeelved this communica tion from tho Suiorlntentlent of tho Division of Stamps, lr. the office of the Third Assistant Postmaster-Hen-eral in Mr. Huri.kkon'h department of Federal administration: "To TitK Editor op The Sun Sir; The bum naa uiiuu uousieu 11 you see u ia The Sun It's so.' Hence I take It your paper does not want to wilfully deceive Its renders. A casual rending of tho UlllltlLl.llll.tlUlt u, .....u tia.l.lllll. . tM? 1111 aun ui June i us iu uie SDreauins; of ink on stamped envelopes disclosed certain Irrefutable facts relating to the current stumped envelope contract: "First, that it wai made before tho present Administration came Into control. "Secondly, that there has been no chance in the paper out of which tho contractor makes tho envelopes. "Thirdly, that the same inspectors pass on such paper before It Is ac cepted and inert by the contractor. "Such being the facts, how can your paper truthfully charge, that tln pretont Administration Is responsible fur the al leged character ot tho envelopes '.' Docs The Sun still claim 'If you sec It In Tiik 6UN It's so'? I am, sir, respectfully, "w. u. riTcii, "Superintendent Division of Stamps, Post Olllce Department. "Washington, D. C, June 28," Yet tho Ink does spread. It's so. Two Important Argument h for Kr survey of the Court House Plan. In the rcsurvoy of the project for u new court house In New York county, n scrutiny wu conceit o to be Inevitable, as It iiiiiiuestlnuiilily Is desirable, two Important factors can not be Ignored, though they affect In no way the practicability of the site Helccted or the design of the building that has obtained official approval. One of them Is the reduction of legal business In this county resulting from the erection of Bronx county, mid the other is tho effect on ihecoiiilsuf Dim workmen's compensation law. When the restrictions ninl Inade quacies of the Tweed court linusn resulted In the legislative jut Ion that brought to serious si inly the replace ment of that structure The Bronx was a part of New York county, sending to City Hall Park all of Its more Important litigation. The erec lion of the new county relieved the courts here of a large iuautliy of present business, ami materially mod ified the outlook for Increase Iu tin? future. In auollier way ilie work men's compensation law. the prin ciple of which Is wry unlikely to be abandoned, took from tho courts a dous burdeu of caheb that ac- counted In large measure) for their congested dockets. These practical details of tho ju dicial situation could not be foreseen nor provided for when the scheme for u monumental court house, consti tuting n unit in a beautiful civic centre to which nation, State and city were to contribute generously, was devised, But as accomplished facts they are of the highest Impor- tance at a time when the city, wlth'cently made In the Ilouso of Com treasury depleted, endeavors In every department to practise the unusual habit of economy. They must not be put aside as of no consequence, nor as Inadmissible because of their Into development. On tho contrnry, they reenforco every other argument that urges the demand for a general rec tltlcatlou of the accepted design and Its adjustment to the present needs of the Judiciary and present financial resources of the city. t Spurring the British Investor. Despatches from Iondou give the Impression that the British war loan of $ I, (1,000,000, which provides for a conversion of the national debt, In cluding last autumn's Issue of war bonds, to the per cent. Interest basis of the new loan, Is not attaining a rapid success of subscription. He serves of doubt can be maintained In regard to this conclusion. When the new loan Is completed and conversion of outstanding issues has taken place Great Britain's na tional debt will have Increased to about $.",000,000,000, ortwlce what It was at the beginning of the wnr. Kven then British wealth will not have 1)0611 subjected to extraordinary demands, and allowing for (bo cer tainty that unothcr year of war will raise the totnl Indebtedness to fit), 000,000,000, no financial reasons ap pear why the present borrowing oper ations should be difficult. Premier Asgumt's point about the necessity for thrift on the part of British citizens In order to increase the supply of capital available for the war needs of the Government was well taken, but his Guildhall Bpeech should hardly be construed as a slgu ot trouble In the business of floating the new war bonds. Ills speech and that of Honar Law seem to fall into their proper places Iu the campaign the Ministry has been conducting to stimulate the nation to n voluntary, whole hearted devotion of Its energy to meet the requirements of the conlllct. It Is u reasonable con jecture that the Cabinet is now en gaged in supplementing on the finan cial side the appeals already pressed for troops and war munitions. Tho additional contrast with Germany only emphasizes the unpreparedness of Great Brltalu for a huge war for which Germany is seen to have been so thoroughly prepared. It was not until ten months of the struggle bad been completed that tbo British Government worked out tho problem of financing the war and pre wired a comprehensive plan to raise money. Itather curiously, French nuance, which has always enjoyed a reputation for eujterlor acuteness, has been laggard, so that French exchange Is almost paralyzed In the interna tional money market. However, the new British war lonn has unprecedented attractions for the British Investor. It Is for the first time, In British finance, a loan de signed for popular absorption and not the usual offering for the ordinary Investment class alone. It bears in terest at a rate unprecedented in mod ern times In (Jreat Britain, and sub scribers obtain tho right to convert their holdings into any future Issue put out with a higher yield. In all probability the Government has no occasion for concern over the success or the loan,' and such talk as was heard In the Guildhall about re sorting to a forced loan In case of necessity Is analogous to the talk of conscription and compulsory drafts of workers for war munition shops. The Butcher's Bill. The estimate uf the German period ical llccr und I'olilik that the casual ties of the nations at war with Ger many and her allies amount to r,000. 000 In killed, wounded and missing seems Incredible when comparisons aro made with the wurs of tho past; but It must be considered thut iu no former conlllct were high explo sives used with such mutilating und deadly effect, nor bus the world eer seen before such "far tiling" bat tle lines and 10,000,000 men, a con servative calculation, engaged In tho work of destruction. The German estimate will be chal lenged as being too general, und It will bo said that the method em ployed was unscientific. At the samo time, It would be Idle to dispute those figures that form a solid basis for the calculation: the number of prisouciH of war Iu the hands of Hit') Germans themselves. According to i the General Staff, not fewer timn i 1,000,0(10 Kusslau soldiers and .'100,000 Preach have been taken. The woun'ileil may reeover and be sent buck to ! the llriiii' line, hut tbexe 1 ,::00,HIO ' prisoners are out of the wur. Alil -Hie lliitlsh, llelgliins ami Serbians enptiireil, nml the total would be not I far limn a million am) , tialf com-1 li.Hanl eliminated. Nn estimate nf prisoners of war In the liiuuls of the Austrlans Is at-1 ieuiiteii ny this (ierman periodical. It may bo assumed thnt the number of killed ami wounded on the ship of i France ami her allies exceeds tho sum of the "missing." In Jamiar; i lust the leilldou V'wfl came to the emieliisloii that the Russians must lmvo Inst 1,!I00,0X) In killed and wounded up to that. time. Since then the Russian casualties have been enormous In Urn .Masurian Lakes ei untry and In Onllcla. There Is no satisfactory means of calculating these later losses. Prance for olltic reasons does not publish her casualties, but her sol diers havo been constantly and al ways furiously lighting at some part of the battle lino extending almost from the Chnnncl to Alsace. It Is known only that the list of killed and wounded, which Is being syste matically kept for the official rec ords. Is appnlllng, so great is the sacrifice of life. One can gain some Idea of it from the announcement re- mons that the losses of the British, who hold s ccsiparatlvcly small part of tbo battle line, exceeded 250,000, which, however, lncludos the "miss ing." As the French have been more frequently engaged than their ally ar.d have taken desperate chances to capture strategic positions, It may be tiue. as the Italian paper Corricrc rfWIa Sera assorts, that the French have suffered a loss of half their fighting strength. It must be ob vious, then, that the grand total of casualties of all kinds among the enemies of the Teutonic allies and Turkey tIbcs Into the millions. When we reflect that tho offensive In modern warfaro Is tremendously costly, and that the Germans In the west and the Germans and Austrlans in the cast have recklessly sacrificed men In their operations, which may be described as gigantic, it is evident that tie losses of these allies In killed and wounded, not to speak of prison ers taken, havo reached proportions that "stagger the Imagination." It would be well if all the other bellig erent Governments followed the ex nmple of England and published their losses unflinchingly to the world. In course of time the particulars of tho "butcher's bill" would so shock hu manity, combatant nnd neutral alike, that proposals for peace would no longer be discouraged. The Annapolis Row. Now, these are our boys; these our sailors; on their "white shields of ex pectatlon there must be no speck of dirt, no stain" even of convention nnd good usage corrupted. These must be no spoiled children. They must not be allowed to play with their future or dishonor even Innocently their high opportunities. We see tho officers of other navies now nobly acquitting themselves of their heroic and every day more skilled nnd difficult profession. Our boys, our men, the gentlemen who are to play gnyly and gallantly with death their work is too honor able, their calling Is too lofty for the country to se patiently any conde scendence on their part to picayuno chicanes and stolen prizes. Mr. Prendergast's Figures. Comptroller Pbexpksoabt has neatly and expeditiously disposed of the at tack on the city's borrowing mar gin made ly a taxpayers' association whose leadership apeurs to be more highly stimulated by politics than weighted with wisdom. He has dis played the statistician of this order Iu the not reassuring act of picking his figures from municipal reports of different dates; he has revealed him transposing entries that belong under budget appropriations to the debt column; and finally the Comptroller declares that the errors in his assail ant's calculations ''each the sum of fLHM ,000,000, a matter of moment even In the consideration of municipal finance. It has been frequently shown that It Is not difficult to construct n bal ance sheet to show the city hope lessly Insolvent or lightly burdened by debt. All that Is needod by the amateur Is a copy of the Finance Department's statements, a strong de sire to discredit somebody, and an acute imagination or muddied intel lectuals. A dash of malice Is of as sistance, but It Is not essential, and more unjustified deductions are to l credited to Ignorance und stupidity than to evil disposition. When these alarming declarations aro made they are to bo put nslde without prejudice until the official answer has been made und studied. The Comptroller Is In a different situation. He manages a great finan cial bureau, seriously charged with high obligations. His computations must square with tho records of tho city and the condition of the treasury. Falsification and error by him art1 bound to be uucovered. lie offers stock for sale to Inquisitive and sus picious bankers, who pay large bums to check his entries and verify his totals. If he goes wrong, ho loses everything; his nccusers achieve pub licity, no matter how wild their con clusions may be. The Laiy Workmen's Law. While the Wnr Department Is try ing to protect its forvo of expert enreil and skilled nrtlKans In thn Government arsenals anil nnnorles against the raids of private makers of munitions, Its task as a maim- I f'u'turlr - ri-mlerwl tloul.Iy .lltlleult thiMiiKh the operation of tho lazy workmen's law which Congress nt Its lust session wrote Into the army ap propriation bill. This statute for the protection of shirkers was presented by Representative DrixmcK of Mas Miiohiiietts, n statesman whoxe elec tion was brought about by .Mr. 1Ioom..m:i.t'h thirst for a third cup of coffee, and who has now for his country's good been restored to pri vate life: J "No part of the appropriations made ln th6 8,1,1,1 l'r available for tho salary or pay of liny otllcer, manager, superintendent, foreman or other person naving cnarge or inn worn or any employee of the United States Govern ment while mnklng or causing to bn made, with a stop watch or other tlmo measuring device, a time study of any such employee between the starting and the completion thereof, or of such move ments of any such cmployeo whllo ngaged upon such work ; nor shall any part of tho appropriation mado In this bill bo nvallnble to pay any premium, bonus or cash reward to any emptoyeo in addition to his regular wages, except for suggestions resulting In improvement or economy In the operation of tho Gov ernment plant ; and no claim for services performed by any person while violating this proviso shall bo allowed." To bring nbout the adoption of this restrictive measure, conceived solely to prevent the taxpayers of tho 1 United States from getting the worth of the money they pay In wages, tho whole powerful labor lobby, enjoying complete Immunity from legislative, executive and Judicial Interference nt Washington, exerted Its Influence. Its threats of retribution were ut tered against any Itepresciitatlvc who should dare to oppose the legnl pro-, scrlptlon of modern methods In United States arms shops. The men-, ace of Its power "back home" was brought forth to terrorize those whose Intelligences nnd consciences , rejected the class distinctions It set up. The authority or Its leaders und the potency of their followers were united to coerce Congressmen nnd to compel the abandonment of the ra tional, proper nnd economical system of modern efficiency cngliutcrlng on which the nation had marto n long deferred beginning. Congress responded to the call with n promptness that must have gratl fled the promoters of this provision. The Dcltrlck amendment was offered on January 22. The Massachusetts accident made a speech of the kind familiar to those who hnve listened to shirkers nttneks on the system the lute Sir. Taylob did much to iorfect, and withheld his speech for later publication, Immediately revealing his own constitutional nverslon to ef ficiency. A few l)old members sought light on the purposes of the amend ment. And then the House adopted It without record of the vote, thus Introducing the hnndlcnp on Intelli gent management that cripples the Government to-dny. As we have said, It Is n law for lazy men, n statute for shirkers, an enactment to prevent the taxpayers from getting their money's worth. The Congress put It In the books not In Ignorance, but In cowardice In duced by the labor lobby at the na tional Capitol. In England the cry Is "No drink for working men!" In Kansas tho slogan runs "No work for drinking men!" It Is to be hoped that this difference will not give rise to Inter national complications. The gentleman endowed with sec ond sight whoso gifts won his dis charge when ho wus arraigned on a criminal charge Is not the only man whose escape from Jail has resulted from mysterious influences. A masher who "thought she was a different kind of a woman." having escaped Jail by paying a line of MO In Magistrate Arn-BTON's court, la now at liberty to make stmllar mlstnkos, and thus to annoy and Insult other decent women. The board of trustees of the Uni versity of Pennsylvania are men of too large a degree of Intelligence. Judgment and spirit of tolerance to act na they have acted without reasons of welKht which they will doubtless ndvnnce at such time as they may deem fitting. Dban McCrka of tne tfnorfon School of the University of I'cnnnylvanin. It Is n curious fact that when a man Is assailed as an enemy of freu speech, as the Pennsylvania trustees are in the Nearing case, he generally turns out to be Intelligent, tolerant and of good judgment. No season could be more appro priate for tho solemn discussion of Important political affairs by Kmporla Biii, nnd Ormsiit McHaru than the hot days of tho year preceding tho election. WAKE UP. ENGLAND Simple Thoughts of an Impartial Ob server of the War. To tiif. Editor op Tun Sun Sir; If the English don't get busy pretty soon they nre going to alienate a whole lot of sympathy In this country. The French nro doing business nil the time, ns capable, bravo and etllclent In every way as the Germans. The Russia ns, with inadequate equip ment and supplies, have been making things happen ever since the great war started. Tho English alone, with Incredible stupidity, nre muddling along as usual doing nothing. This Is getting to bo Intolerable. Nearly a year has gone by nnd Kitch ener's army Is still marking time In Eng land. Everybody wmuM grieve to sen France succumb after the gallant strug gle she has mude nnd Is mnklng, Hut If the Allies full because of England's dereliction there will be a feeling that sho will get whnt Is coming to her. I I hnve been a most ardent advocatn of the Allies, but this very fact Is turn ing mo against England, an I feel thai uhii U to blame for not getting Into the game I There Is either a drnse stupidity In 1 Englund or u shameful lark nf patriot- , Ism. It begins to look us If It weio both. , Willi Franco holding hundred of mlb n 1.A H It Iu t. l-U. ...wl .. ,v....n l,,it I England Is only holding thirty miles. I New Yoiik, June 30. W J. S. THE POLICEMAN. Philological Itesearrh for Peace (Kil ters by a Newark Philosopher. From the Xeuarker Polls, metro. polls, ,i city, 'i city-man, n polls-man, the potlcemin. The nblest gtoup of iin-ti the world has ever known thov llwd about 2,500 ye.us ugo-- when tbey wanted to speak of their city said "polls," Just the word we use now to refer to tbo men who try to keep our city In good order and enforce Its rules. Well, what of It? Why, for one thing, the policeman lias a line old name, of excellent ancestry. unre his name stood for his city Itself, and now It slnnds ror nlm, his city's guardian. That gives him something to live up to, Then the polite man Is the city-man He largely leptesenls us all, and where, you find good policemen thorn you usually find a well managed city. If you don't think our policemen nrn doing well nnd trying to do better look Inside and you will clinuge your mind, Anyway, If wo were all as polite nnd obliging aa our police aro tills city would he so gentlemanly thut it would need no policemen and they all would lose their Jobs I J. C, D, AN UNHAPPY MAN. Sympathy for One Who Finds That Woman Is Uniallsfnctoi jr. To tub KntToa op The Sun Sir: As my letter calling upon Ksop for aid In the settling of the "woman question" bids fair to make the old wiseacre famous by tho discussion as to his ra cial Identity It has raised, perhaps ydu will permit me to point out that I In tentionally rerralnort from using Ksop as an argumentative weapon against your courageous correspondent F, C. Locke. 1 merely desired to state that i.ten nnd women each hnve necessary and supple mentary pnrts to play upon tho atane of life and' that any question of a war of tho sexes or any protract d antago nism between them fosteted by their dinning Into each other's ears tho pet phrases denoting mutual superiority now current Is absurd. Hut this conclusion does not preclude such plain statements of fuel as those made by Mr. Locko. It may bo that many thoughtful men would admit the cogency of your corre spondent's observations if they thought that blunt criticism of tho opposite sex Is at all effective for good. Mr. Locke's discussion undoubtedly tins n note of real earnestness, and that combined with Ills courage In expressing his opinions over his name mils for praise. From a careful perusal of his letters it appears that he has not manufactured his convictions concerning woman's char acter a priori ; his plain assertion to the contrary refutes such nn Idea. Tho true view seems to be that his experience has made him sad, nnd being a sensible man he probably would. If It were possible, as Shakespeare, speaking through Touch stone did. prefer a fool to make him merry. Hut being courageous lie ac cepts the results of his experience, ex presses them with vigor and clearness nnd faces tho music. Plainly for him ns far as women are concerned tbo time Is out of Joint. Ills contributions to the discussion nro ot undoubted value. Hahou) Delano. ICdoemkhe, June SO. WHAT LIQUOR PAYS. llrlef Essay on a Commor Economic Fallacy. To tub Editor of Tiic Sun Sir: In Tiik Sun of June SS was printed a letter on "What Liquor Pays," by U J. Snyder. Mr. Snyder summarises his flRtires In the following statement : "Total paid by liquor Inilustry $325,000,000." The Inference to be drawn from that statement Is that the manufacturers and dealers In beer and other Intoxicating liquors contribute that amount to tho support of the Government. While tho liquor Interests aro con stantly setting forth the Idea contained In this statement there Is not one -vord of truth In It. When taxes nre levied upon ony nrtlcle of commerce the tnx Is always added to the price which must be paid by the consumers. This Is the economic law which can not be repealed by statements put forth by the liquor Interests. The liquor In termits as such pay no tax whatever. Tho tux Is paid by tho people who use the IlquorM. When the saloon keeper collect the dimes and nickels from the drinkers of Intoxicating liquors he Is 'collecting all the taxes levied on the liquor Industry, na well as the coat of manufacture nnd sale, together with such profit as there may bo In the busi ness. One does not have to be a prohibition ist to characterize such stntementn as Mr. Snyder's ns economic rot. Josrrit McDonald. Pawtuckkt, It. I., June 30. WOMAN'S FIELD. A Qnoitlon to Cardinal Gibbon From I .. i il snnraepiu. iu rurc i-jUituu vr tun o.-.-s rir.- i notice that Cardinal Gibbons tn his let- ter to Mr. Nugent respecting woman " "... . ? -1 sunrage says: "iier uoo given rule snoum lie in gentler nel.ls. I "- ' onwealth an I for the We ull know that In Europe woman s mo 1 oimnoniMiwi mm ior 1110 "God given rule" is in Uie lt " field. . "ea 'on of u separate State from that tho turnip field, tho corn field and other ir,,lon of w'.llch lH P-n.H"d because 1 111.. l,t.. It.. ...t . .. .. .1 ..lit Is great. lou cannot ueny justice. imo u.-..n. nui nut-in noi ..ui m-iiuci field ? ZP,0.hln?, Vemnnrv.t04H;' swer thnt when he further on says, "She has been so anrcessful In her work there that we fear the carrying of her govern ment into the political field." God knows we have no Held In this country that needs honest and Intelligent tlllago more than th llt!c-.il field, und If, n.i the Cardinal says, "She has been so successful In her work," why not give her n. cirianco nt It? J. C. K. Elizabeth, N, J June 30. BRIDGE PAVEMENTS. Is the Fire Hazard of Wood Illoeks Too Great for Their Use? To tiik Editor or The Sun Rlr: In view of Detroit's recent experience, the plan of Commlsloner Kracke to pave Hrooklyn llrldge with wood blocks seems n hazard that should bo avoided. Tho ltelle Isle Krlilge was paved with wood blocks. A pavement repair wagon crossing tho bridge dropped a fow llva ennis on the blocks. In n few moments the whole pavement was burning like tinder nnd in spite of prompt work bv . tlreboats and regular llio npimratus the, steel work was so heated that the spans collapsed, almost completely destroying , the bridge and blocking the channel , if a lire wero started on Rrooklyn I Rrldgo by nil automobile, a trolley or 1 otherwise, tire-boats would be useless. I wouiu uiey not rtnn nnics me nro Mghl or a satirical novel the former .u.i.n itn , ul u.c risi.i u. it s.iurii-u. pluy the latter "starts like n guilty .!,... ... . IKIItS' .. in ... .ril'.VbAD. New York, June 30. . Sturdy Pennsylvania Illsrkunlth. ., ,. ,,,... ,, . I mmW:h'A W Chester! reiebnned hi. .eventy-IHth UrUiday anrd- verr in a iuiei manlier, pruu ipiuy ay performing some uiniriilt work In his blnrksnitlh sliap, nt which trade he has been employe,! for many ears and In an expert nt the same. Re Is at the forge from enrly morning until dark every day and tn!,r the hardest tasks tn the estab lishment upon his shouliWs. A. A. rnnrako Karl) Knglneer, rrni'i thf Vhllndrli'it .'enn. Alfred A Pancake of Karrl-dairg. whv were very promptly controlled by the is m.,je constitutional officer with, -j do not think that the power of the ,m"'; "m, "", . , "s J ,'h.i i land forces .New York would suffer a il term of tlv -.ears and his Jurisdiction l.fll'tirtMir t Ultllfl alMiiri'nn.si. innL hi I PUriUfHI , II. If " ' ... 1 calamity Wai.tkii E. Kkubsi. i. ,i,..im.,i i,, ,. .w..s...l e,niii..i.i..ial ! ... ,w t ,.... ,. "........ .,.. .":. "Recatise Mr Rryan means wai n- New York, June 30, amendment which 'the committee on ued.- means to torpedo tl.e 1 cucr;.t tmn bunks is to give a hearing upon on precisely us Mr. Hoo-ev e: si. til eta's! No Place for Lean 8v.,. uLi 1 NEW COURT SYSTEM TO-DAY. SiV $ J To Tim Editor or Tiik Sun Sir.-mis und his Juiibdlctlon Is extended to all as there was ' 'lTirm 1 n.'vv Th. community seems to have a singular persons who transact any of the bus). , MnKlKlrntrs llerenftrr tn Dispose ground of ir ' principle' upon wl " fear of or aversion to satire, Judging ' ness nf banking, provided they adver- I V, , , i si md was nr.!. at least by the predilections of tho pub- tiso or hold themselves out to the pub- i of Many .More Cuarn. J r; ,, . ,.,.. 'hl,., mi ,ir .l.r nml tli.ii t rl.u 1 ,..,., V. .I,- II.. I. TI.U ..r. . . . high; Mr lr..I.H "llll '"Ml .lev. .... ........ ,v i. . n.....,o. ... 1,1, tl,l i.t.iin. i.-. ...... ......... , ........ v.- KlllUin Kl'.ll.lll ,T Will ul.nlau' n,.KB 1 has roiiiplftled hi' eight v-slx-h venr. took, Runalo. Sili.necta.h , P.linlia aial AI ihn llit ineoniotlve from llarrlsbiitK to j,an imi ,t.,.-,.niavi-s at the heiu I'ltlsbiirg. rrusnlng the mountains h ten M(. tl opposition to the uiuemliiu-iits. Inclined planes, nnd from .Inhnrtun-.i to lMitsburu on a canal boat llo was tho llrst enulneer to run the first train from I'ltKhurc tu Altoouu thrniiRli the (i.illltsln tunnel. lly the rien. Knlcker How do you suiipo.e men live In ft submarine? Docker Didn't you ever have a room In a seaildn hotel 1 Superfluous, Knlrker -The wind Is tempere, ti.t.n Inmlt. to the lli.ck.r Hut w-hst's the use of a wind shield without un autsT THREATEN TO MAKE CITY A NEW STATE Democrats Use This ns Argu ment for Jnorcnsctl Power in Legislature. BITTER FIOIIT BEGUN Ai.nANT, Juno 30. William P. Slu han, Morgan J. O'Urlcn and Senator Holvrt P. Woanor of New York led a nght to-day to get tho constitution il convention to npprovo tho O'llrlen reso lution striking from tho Constitution the limitation Imposed on New York city's representation In the Legislature. For throe and one-half hours there was n hot debate nn this proposition, the Democrats threatening overwhelming defeat for all proposals of tho conven tion If the restrictions nre not removed and Mr. Hhwhan declaring that refusal to chahgo the present wording of the Constitution would lead to the forma tion of a movement to create New York city ns a State apart from Nftw York State. Commltteo hearings scheduled for the afternoon ond evening prevented final disposition of thn question, but n votu Is nssured fur to-morrow, Majority leader Oenrtfe W. Wlekersham and tho other leaders having agreed that tbo matter will 1x3 disposed of If tho con vention lias to sit all night. Must Hurry the Work, The convention leaders found to-day thnt they must get tlirouxh their work and have, the new Constitution In com plete form by August IS If It Is to be submitted to tlv voters In November. A tpcclul election could be culled later for presentation of the document, bat tho loaders do not want to go to this ex pense. As a means of hurrying along the work tlx- convention Is expected to Rdopt u rifcolutlon Introduced by Lemuel Ely Qulgg providing for the holding of sessions Wednesday and Thursday I nUhts after the July 4 recess. At the New York city Republicans aro opposed to tho removing of the restric tions on New York's representation in tho Legislature, the efforts of Mr. O'lirlon nnd the Democrats are sure to be defeated. Seth Low, the first of the New York Republicans to speak on tho subject, voiced opisltlon to tho removal i iifrKlt function of government, of the restricting clauses to-duy. -it wotiM result In building up a Senator Wagner started the bull roll- I clique In control of the finance of the Ing to-day by calling up his motion to 1 State, and I don't believe the people disagree with an adverse report on the would nupporl such an assumption of O'Urlen amendment from tho commltteo legislative power by anv Governor. It on lt-glblatlve organization. The com- 1 1, true that President Wllwm flrt sug mlttee In making this report was "ion- the executive budget. Hut In tho temptuous," Mr. Wiigncr said, and he stm where It has bten tried It has declared tho same committee "acted with proved n rank failure. The exerolie of the boldness of Capt. Kldd" In making lmMt ,.v,.rv function of irovernment In a favorable reiKirt on an amendment delgned to still further curtail tho Nuw York representation. Hole by Majorities, The limiting clauses can hold good only If rule, by majority Is wrong and wo,i tl)nK flir politicians nnd should be nbnltshed, Mr. Sheeh.m s.ild. woull ereiy result In shifting respon "Your nn.wer Is that territory and p,m,.. you would get a change, but not the major ty of the people should ' ot cur Vou can ,,,. KH ., ,.cen. rule. declared Mr. Ma-ehan. ou title budget by compelling every depart- answer Is thut this Statu lias grown and rospereu u mer .m isiumu ..... lines, nnd that while equal manhood I - - i . . ., i . i . -- ' - , cll 01 t"w lorK continues the' "If this convention ,...... nf ,cr,i I , It.nvlt-iM.. thut 11 . - ' i .. , . ... .... " , commercial and llnanclul centre of toe LU VII Ut-JMUtl-- tv .V llio world without starting a .on.lagrutlon thut will Irreparably injure thoso whom you would protect." .cations and claim bills by the middle of Tho Republicans took the attitude that January What Is needed Is complete New York must bo prevented from ob- publicity and absolute responsibility re taining control of the State because gurdtng State expenditures, and my "localities must bo protected from plan would accomplish this and keep In majorities." I the public xicket money now spent for Senator Wagner threatened the new iolltlcal purposes. Constitution with defeat at tho hands of "You can get an executive budget .... . v... ..I... I VT... I ... , ..ii .... uie u.ein ut .e iuia iiij 11 .ic. York does not receive, equal representa tion, nnd ho made a personal plea to President Etlhu Root to mo to It that the city gets a fair chance. Literacy Tent for Voters. An educational qualification for voters Is being pressed for passage by lnlluen- tlul delegate. Tho committee on suf- frago gave a hearlrg to-day upon the proposition. Gordon Knox Roll of New York nnd Charles H. Young of New Rochelle, both Republicans, have Intiodueed umendmeuts upon this question and at the hearing to-day it was agreed that nil who favored Mich a proposition would "There should be a time limit set on support a compromise, amendment ' the introduction of appropriation bllK drafted by Young, which provides that as the passage of bills now during thn after Januaty 1, l'.'ls, no person shall last days of the Legislature at llluen Uaa acqulro the right to vote by attaining icsultod in political log rolling, majority, by naturalization or other- "The Governor should not have wise, unless such person Is nble except power to cut appropriation Items after for phslea! disability to read or wiitolthe Legislature has adjourned, ns It the English language. , would put htm In a position to punish The Statu Superintendent or llama- tain thn Hanking Depai tmeiil's nuper- i vision 01 pnvtt.u uaimem. I The condition of some of the East I ..,. t - .1 ....... jeasons which Inlliieneed the commltteo to consider tho piovlslon. . . t!res Tux l.ieinptloiir.. Charitable, religious nml educational J . ,.,., . :....,,;." ...,.,.,,.,., ,,; "''. an tax exemptions, Hr. Rutler subl projocutuig officers throughout tho Statu could easily stop abuses of the lux exemption inws and thereby nnd the pres. tit cry for a lepeal of all exeinntions. Loudon llslitlt Sold for Hotel, .sierlijf Cubit thHliillrl, t Till: "tl x 1 Lonihin, June 30 The Arundell es. tale, coiuprlsl'ig about 3, Mill square yuids. lunr Piccadilly I'll cut., fronting Sliaflt sbiiry ..venuu mil Coventiv stnet Ids been .old for .Mi.iiiiii i.ll.'.'riO.Oon). The pure, users Initial to construct a lurge hotel und n nlaurant I on the properly , . .. ., Ilnltts llenellt (..r out n (nip.. Rkri.in. via London, June 30 -Ths outlook fur ,i lair harvest is very good, us a nsub of heavy rums follow. ng a protmcted period nf dryness, ac. J cording to the Uverteas Nvvvs Agency, This sentiment was voiced to-d .v bv ' llH """gcd f1i's.. nie..nors. Including the shadow of a possible w..r Ilr vVchol-ts Muirav Rutler lnesUleiit i ''"'Uds against hotels violation, of high- eventualities no m.n can gauge am! of Coin id I ColU-ge a t a he-ring I. 1 ";'-- Mbi and Icemen, bouse laws and ,wh end none can foresee. -h' fore th tax tloii cm,,., ltteu f " " P""""1'"'1" ' "ot ,' must be held united behind l'rese.e ,t fore the taxation . ommlllea of ti e , hug M' or imprisonment not ex who has pioved himself fully . uimt ' cons ltut on.il convention on proposals . r , n.d wholly wor hv We mn enh pending before tint convention to abolish, .... . r.i.- r .iii....u m.,u .1,,.. I ' ' , -.,... EXECUTIVE BUDGET ABSURD, SAYS GLYNN Even if President Wilson First Siifrjrestcrt It, Plan Has Proved Failure. GOOD FOR POLITICIANS At.nNY, .Tune SO. Kx-rttiv. niynn told the Constitutional Convention com mittee on llnnnco to!ny that bo was, opposed to the preparation by the Gov ernor of nn executive budget for State expenditures, but rather favored a budget prepared b' the Oovernor, or the Oovomor. tho Comptroller nnd the Attorney-General, as In Alabama, based uion sworn stntemt-nts from beads of Stnte departments and Institutions Item izing appropriations as neootwltlis, de sirabilities nnd contingencies. Regarding the Stnto sinking funds, he thought serial bonds should lo Issued hereafter ami that the present tlfi.OOO, 000 excess In the sinking funds should bo utilized to lesson contributions to thenc funds by the present generation of taxpayers. At tho outnet Chairman Henry I fitlmson of the committee told Mr. Glynn that tho committee was not Interested in tho question of direct State taxe. which agitated the newspajwrs a few months ago, but rather was concerned with Uie constitutional phase of Stale finance. "I have no doslre to Introluce ollUc bore or to dlaouns this question In any partisan uplrlt," said Mr. Glynn. Oppose- Kxertlllve lllldget. "I um opposed to an executive budget. It would not bo an Impmvoment and never would be nn executive budget be cause the Oovernor Is elwited In Novem ber and the Ieglslnturu Ix-glns work In January. Such a plan would mean really a bureaucracy appropriation bill and a budget bureau six times bigger than any Stnte department that exists now, becnuso It would mean the employ ment of an expert along every lino of expenditure by the State. "Tho Governor would have to l) n walking encyclopedia on tho finances of tho State If an executive budget was planned, which Is ulwiird and a negation of a republican form of government, as It would result In n perpetual, lire- sionlbl and appointive budget bureau ! . ,.,.. rh.-,rr of tmutlnn. which Is th i,asel tipon sclenre and foot except tho oxt,ndlture of public money, which rests on estimates niJ guens work. Good for I'nlltlrliin. "This executive budget would be ment nnd Institution head to state under , , , , rf.urod ellch yeHr ,..,,. ..,r.-i.,.i ..,i.i ,J designating appropriations needed as nece cles. "Political expediency or personal nonor wouiu serure nonewi iaieinu..in frnm .iullllc olricials un under o.tth, as 1 would give the Governor power to send .,,.., thm nH . thoir for tfcem question them ns to their ,1ncl; . ,J ,lf 'f'"' ch (-ovrror.elpc, uum m" , ..... v.. ,hl nrnvr Ih rlv rt.-lVH liefurn he 11s. . sumes office, so that he can report on the regular appropriations by the first ' week In January and on special appll , now ny ciiuijh'IIIHK nil uiqirupri.iiiini bills to be ttemlred In detail "The Legislature needs to be hob bled by the Constitution. "(inly In this way enn you stop politi cal log rolling In the Legislature by having tiled with the Governor and thn 'comptroller and every member of the ' Legislature a month In advance of the 1 meeting of the Leglslutuie an Itemized statement of nppioprlatlons needed by , heads or departments und Institutions, Indicating what are necessary and what cm wait and compelling the Governor in advance to state what Items or how mil, h In each Item he mil approve if It passes the Legislature lils enemies. w , Inaugurated to-day under the nil- ; uioi'lly or Ull HCt of the last legislature i.i i. win urr...-i ii.irii..ii,. . . e -.-. ..-- ,,,,-,-. ,,m, iwciuyeiKIll COUriS. I Itl.'l Mugmtrato William McAdoo will be in i .-hurgo. inner me new system Mag si rates W be nble tn dispose of mui cases, ! 'I; P ' , I uluic 'tlilscdves u.ul );'",& ni Special I 1 Se-slous In drill VV lib su. Il eases. US Well inaiiv Inn. it petsons ngalliHt whom , narges are made vi III be able to get lib. , rtv instead of going to Jull becuuso of inability to obtain ball. -- I'oiiiiiieiii'eineiit n HlooniliiKilule'e, The t.n.i.itlo.i s.hool for vocatlona! 1 1 ,.l nt li K. who'll Is ciidiicteil ut lllnom m.-d, lies' stole for ih. i benellt of girls nildovcil tij that house, ami which Is - liiiri- in... rt. inn. i ... th,. llrsi ono of its kind iu Manhattan,.,. -,...,!.,.,i .mil. nml vmer .a or ducted iindei' the auspices of the Do-! ,,, ,mpl ,,ni rhlldien rlghtfa 1 partment of IMucutlnn, held Its com- i,wfullv on the e.cean hf.ve b 1 m nrement d,i exercises yesterd. the leasnns g'ven at length I moinliiK, The girls danced ,n,d had n j,m for bis resignation " other amuse. I ents, flnUhlug their e, e- weight They are cuiefully bin "kr'' -hratlim with .yike and Ice ctisiin filllv read Peace platitudes - 1 ' '" . ping the tarts, other possible, Tt... (' e ll.l led. I""". :'"; "f r,'T"',,e!'.'., ' v'n.er , moment obscure, or divert vmcr , llegtmilng to-d.iy .t will lie possible to t,rrs lutxy,.,,, , CuUrd Statea and the Diit.b West Indies f..r 2 icnis The. Iwo cent postage, , linemen' applies . rubu, Roiia re. Curicoa. Saba. St Eu.tiil.us and thn I'utch part of St j .Martin. BRYAN HAS TORPEDO -Vli'MiaU & M W l 1 II I I II I Mil itunv a un i u unit i n l-'illtnl' Awt.il'iu f'niilliliiiiiii- Will! Try Koosevelt Tactics mi Democratic I'arh. PUTS ON I II K COrivKM HAT Col. George Harvey In the eu tho S'orlh .Imrrlrnn JfrWrip mi!! to-day nsalls William Jennlm: Una for resigning ns Secn-larv of Si ie ,i. , critical moment In the negntl.iti a wtj, Germany, lie says that Mr llrj.m planning to torpedo the Deai .t ,v 4 party precisely n Col. Tluodore !(,,. velt "shot the fatal bolt Into the ltnib. Ilcnti organization." The article Is bonded "The It vol I nt llryan,'' benrs the text of "That which Is crushed bieakcth out Into n tliier," and Is signed "lly tho Editor" It r. fers first to the story of "The lteolt rt Mother," by Mary Wllklns, dealing with the woman who could not abide the re. Htrlitlons ot the house and moved into the barn. Col. Harvey wiys that "the conrllln. tory note to Germany was a pretext, not a reason,'' for Mr. Hrynn's resign t tlon. He goes on : "Rut It was not the act Itself whlcs called for excoriation ; It was the nun ner, the illslngenuoueness, the rhiwn tlmo of his doing, that was Ignoble It Is Idle to attempt to excuse Mr llryan its a sincere adherent of his mistaken convictions or ns a victim of his on temperamental Inconsistencies. Whm ItM fl f r ,1 (t fnlu.. rtiitmnn In Uf- I formnnce he declared his hypocrls) and l evidenced nis malevolence. To gratify his passion for notoriety and lucre and Incidentally to revenge himself usin the man who had humiliated him lie did not Ixiltnte to strike a foul blow Mhicti might easily have constituted a betrajal of his country. MlMlrnilltiK the Knlnrr. "It Is due to no rnre or prevision en the part of Mr. llryan that Germany's rulers do not even now cherish the falsi belief that the sentiment of this coun'ry Is divided ; that public opinion does not with substantial unanimity uphold tu President Iu his Insistence tisin the maintenance f American rlnhts. nr.,! that consequently they might K.ifely ! play the part of the bully toward i nutlon Which tliev Would TMlnle.. Ir, r.. Kurd as pusillanimous without in.iklrr h war Inevitable." Further on the article snys- "That a Secretary of Slate of th'n I nlon should have selzid upon a mi, ment w-hich might have been fateful to emphasize by both words and act an In., presslon which lie must have known t be false seems even Iu the face of th. fact Incredible. Rut that Is precisely what Mr. llryan did nnd he can never bo forgiven and can never again U tolerated by American citizens who ate not w bully devoid either of Intelligence or of patriotism. "Mr. Rr) all's olllclal career Is ended That ho will continue to exist ns i public nuisance must be assumed, but the plaster cast which serves ns a fro;.. tlsplece for this llrvicw Is a political death mask." Col. Harvey then, after pr.iisirg President Wilson's conduct of the affai-s of the nation "as nearly perfect as ca-i b Imagined," says: "Rut It is mposl, . to withhold from Mr. Wilson n very (on slderuble measure of retponslblllty for his own Premier's ruthless tempting tt fate. He appointed Mr llryan Seer, tary of State with full kno ledge c' his mental Incompetency and his nior.ll delinquencies." The article then reviews Mr llryan i activities at the convention ut hlcn Mr. Wilson was nominated, and l-fo that time, saying then : "With this record of perfidy before li eyts President Wilson t"k llryan to li bosom rather than have him on his ban. and extolled him to Ameileiti youth ,i tho embodiment of character. JUHlk sincerity, transparent Integrity aiu ChrlMlun principle If now he has Ile covered that tho Prophet Isaiah spoki truly when h said 'that which u cru-heil lireaketh out Into a viper,' anil later shall learn with Job that "the viper's tongue shall slay Itlm," c.ln am but himself be held to blame? The WUIierl For CoeUrd Hat. "True It 1" that Involuntarily do.mlmt U'- wlsred for ..eked hat Mr Ron has extracted many or his own inng but h need not have none so. n Mini Minnie eall-e to leslgll. J low lore would Thomas .len.rson hnve continue,! as Secretary of Stale after tecelvlng a coinple'i il message In a foreign Powe' with a curt direction to 'sign bore"' "It Is a simple fact beyond the iom! '.lilt v of sueoWul illspulo that no J'res dent has treated a Secretary of Sta'e so contemptuously as Mr. Wllso-i hsf treated Mr. Rryan; none would have dared to do so; none could have done i wlir.out inviting sharpest -rltW"i from press and people." The article asserts thnt "llaprv for ( Sir. Wilson, Mr. Rryan, corn-etui oti'l blundering as "vc-r, did not P ' once Tils real and Just cnuse or resnm T men will be prohibition, next wrfi suffi.ige, next mouth thn -inn'e ,,r-i id lln.lh of course Goveri " worship at.d the mone.v power .svtb but tlrmlv. step bv step, the Come ,. vlll draw further and further (mm the 1'resl lent until um ureas ' the. experlen. c' Mr R. osevclt ris.' l?" ' "Ur"0nl" " ' " "m. Is no, a time for po.IU, V ' ,lkeusioll Our country Still Si's . n,r. I.-. I,....n lifted front his b,f k I heaviest burden und pray thut er the minor IncoimieieTts and I...''" I boobs who nt'tl s-Mn.iind htm ' 1 low their leader into the ohstur.n !r n' I which thev ought never to have been "n'V"; ,. ,1 h.M ,,.. nn art.-le In l.mllr'i this werTetititled "Has Mr '1 fltep.ed Into libllvlon"" He savs So now when American sn.; opinion It goes dlieetly to ". 1 Ilk a bullet from the rllle of ' s ' - ni.'in nf the Revolution "The President his slated in (-an pnsu.nn and the America J land Impatient of argiiny nt n( people solidly support "-o r r. 'TV