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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, July 03, 1915, Image 1

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Four hundred General and many Admirals
helved since It began. Read the
story in to-morrow's SUN.
Partly cloudy to-day; fair to-morrow)
moderate temperature.
Hlgheit temperature yesterday, 74; lowest, 63.
Detailed weather, null and murine reports on pugo 13.
Whitman Already Informed
of "Higher Ups" Behind
Strong Arm Squad.
Charles llccker. In the death home
It King Sing, will reveal before he goes
to the electric c'nnlr the names of the
J'ollce Department omclals living and
(lend with whom ho divided the $100,000
traft money that was wrung from the
pmblers and Illegal resort keepers In
hla violent career as commander of
the strong arm squad.
That was the prediction made yester
day by the condemned man's lawyer,
Mrtln T. Mantnn. who gave to the
novernor on Thursday the names of six
men vtio uorked In the background and
took the cash that Becker ground out of
ulldoers. Not all of these men are
living, hut thooe that are nllve ought
to be shaking In their shoes, according
to Mr. Manton, because' llecker Is des
perate now that hope Is virtually gone.
The lawyer himself would not make
public the nanus of the officials ac.
tuMil hy Becker. Me said he was
bound not only by the ethics of his pro
fusion and his promise to (Jov. Whit
man, but was restrained also by the
possibility that some of the men named
by Btcker might be falsely accused. He
U certain, however, that Becker Intend
to tell, and explains that Becker Is
swayed mostly by the feeling that ho
doesn't want other men to be used
a tools and then cast aside when they
are no longer useful and merely dan-
.Money Not Ills Object.
"1 am convinced." said Mr. Manton
li.it evenlnc. "that Charles Becker will
L-lv in tha nubile the Information that
tie gae to Gov. Whitman through me
Ian Thursday. 1 wish I could pubHsn
he names myself. It ougnt to oe aone
In the Interest of Justice. The Gov
ernor ought to do It. hut of course that
s hie business. I may not criticise
But Becker will make a clean breast
fcf the grafting. He will issue a siaie-
tient, not for money, but for the pur
oi of Justly dividing the guilt of graft.
We doean't want to die, if die he must,
iM lnv. on earth a set of men wno
might use others as he has been used.
A Urge nmount has been offered to
h'.m to make a statement that could be
published by one newspaper alone. He
has refused that offer. When he la ready
to talk he will talk for all the news
rianers and all the people."
No amount of questioning, direct or
Indirect, could elicit from -Mr. jiantun
any further details concerning the
reflations expected other than that
neeii.r h mill the Governor that six
r.r.nn. k..l,l himself nuea meir
pockets from blackmail proceeds. Mr.
Manton left It clearly to be understood
that the large nmounts of money banked
bv Lieut, -linker in 1911 and 1912 In
the period when the strong arm squad
as raiding and manipulating cviumo
to .nit Hecker'a ends were shared with
the six omclals. At least one of these
il dead.
t-u nbn hint mur.h less
ii r irtiruu im"1
money than was generally credited to
Mm at the time OI nis urreni ouu i--trials
for the murder of Rosenthal was
txcause the greater part of the black
mall proceeds, estimated at fully 100,-
r.An . . . . ii . .....i wl.l.l.n nnrtm
vy'l, Weill 10 niB SHCIll unu ww..-
fedtrates, was the impression gathered
from Mr. Munton's Interview with the
newspaper men.
ne.ent Whitman' Hefual.'
Although the lawyer was exceedingly
careful In his choice of words. It was
trongly apparent that he bitterly re
Mnts Gov. Whitman's refusal to com
mute Keeker's sentence as & reward for
Htcker's craft revelations. Mr. Man
ton Intimated that the Governor dis
played nn astonishing eagerness to drop
the whole business, a desire to close the
entire case. Even after the six names
were given to him. he. declined, Mr.
Manton said, to extend any mercy to the
condemned man.
I renueated him a week ago to ap
point a tpeclal commissioner to Inquire
a to whether any man ougni to nave
ln convicted on the testimony of such
Mtnesses as nnnenred against Charles
Uecker." said Mr. Manton. "I suggested
!o that the special commissioner could
o to Slug Sing nnd put any questions
desired to Becker graft questions
"r 'my other sort. The Governor ap-
Pfareii nt first to think the suggestion
as an excellent one. But he Informed
ire on Thursday that he must deny the
i'iuet rp tu date Gov. Whitman nn
Viwn no desire whatever for a further
Mr Manton's point of view, or stated
i the interview yesterday, was that the
ovtrnor should at least have given a
lens reprieve to Becker, not only be
i'uae time might demonstrate that Jack
"one, firldgle Webber and Harry vnllon
fave fnlwi. testimony, htit hecAtifls
Hecker's willingness to expose the secret
raiurs of the Police Department could
Hi-oil for the public good. On the
mer nand, it was reported rrom Aiuany
eaterday that Gov, Whitman In talks
itn close fr ends had said that Becker s
vf,nons were of no special lm-
Cnckrnn to Make Appeal.
W Unurke C.'nckran, senior member
' the law Mrm of Cockran A Manton,
in mane the anneal to tne supreme
mui i in i ii hi i inns i m i ii t s n uiaii trmwtm
ft 111' iinnM.,U.I .1.. I-- nAk.lKl.
"v iwiivrniTu un inn mm iiunatuic
- i in nn t- iicunt'l iiuin i ir til ii. i .
'iiircilllll 111 LUIHIUI'l lilt" HJJJirHI fJI I
dtriKu Within ii few liayu, pomlbly
rly next week, Mr, Cock ran will npply
J f'ilMuif Court J tint Ice OhnrUn R
'URbf-s, in charge f thin illnlrlet, for n
nt of error on the ground that there
Continued on Last I'agt.
Red Cross Relief Work in Mexico
Blocked by Factions' Interference;
May Force Wilson to Change Policy
Association, Unable to Ac
complish Results, May
End Its Task.
Fighting Forces Prevent
the Sending of Food to
Stricken Districts.
The-lied Cross tnny not continue its
famine relief work In Mexico. Porflrlo Diaz was President of Mexico
Conditions are such that the asso-1 trsm 157S to 1911 except between 1S80
, , , ,, ., ... and 1SS4, when Gen. Gonzales ruled.
elation Is unablo to achieve anything j js power was unquestioned and unlru-
In the war torn country. (paired until the successful Madero revo-
.,, , ,,.. .hnllutlon of ,!,tl which exiled him.
The fighting factions prevent the WUh ,ho cre(l of ,he MexlPlln mob
Red Cross from reaching the starving t rising to the windows of the palaco the
neonln with food , nRcl1 dlctntor superintended the park-
peopto Wltn food. ling of the few possessions he could take
Secretary Lansing's attention has Wth (lm nnJ aftcr two tUiyn ot ri0ting
been called to the dllllculties and I dashed for the railroad station and
President Wilson will be Informed. A
change In the Mexican policy may re
sult. No criticism Is made by the Hed
Cross officials of the Administration
Carrnnza has refused to treat with
Villa for peace.
Machine guns were seized In the
basement of an El Paso theatre owned
by a Hucrta supporter now under ar
rest. Criticism Is heard In Washington on I
the way the Huerta case Is being
handled. It Is reported that the C-ov
ernment may try to have Huerta de
ported to Spain.
Unable to Accomplish Ends Under
Conditions In Mexico.
Washington, July 2. Until a radical
change has been effected In conditions
In 'Mexico, the lied Cross will not at
tempt to expand and may not continue
the famine relief work Initiated there
following President Wilson's appeal to
the country""of a monUiago.
The Red Cross autriorUles have found
hat under the conditions under which
they have attempted to relieve suffer
ing In Mexico the work cannot be con
ducted consistently with the funda
mental principles of the Red Cross or
ganisation. To send food into Mexico
under existing circumstances is likened
to pouring water through aSleve in that
It brings no results.
The feeling on the part of the Red
Cross, as communicated to the Btate De
partment recently, is that what Is now
being done falls to give promise of lead
Ing to anything definite or achieving any
tangible results for the benefit of Mexico.
The essence of' Red Cross work. It was
Dolnted out. Is rehabilitation, relief cal
culated not only to remove acute distress i
In an emergency but also to enable suf-1
ferers to reestablish themselves In posi-;
tlons of self-dependence. The existing ,
situation in .-Mexico reiiaern auirn wuri
absolutely Impossible.
Armed Factions Blamed.
With Mexico In control of armed fac-
itlona which prevent the majority of the
people from devoting themselves to the
cultivation of the land or other tasks
ztr yrce1.0 a8T,s..x
the Red Cross o get access io me points i
at which the distress is most acute, and
even In some cases positively obstruct
ing the relief work J with food being sold
out of Mexico to furnish gold to the
faotlons while the Rert Cross was snip
pltig It Into Mexico, and with the Red
Cross unable to exercise its customary
control and supervision of relief opera-
tUrvn. I, nittVinsUi' In ! nnrnnl.i. '
control and supervision of relief opera-
tlons. those In authority in the organiza-1
IJUllB, Uivao ' uuuiwutj ttt vt"
tlon reached the conclusion 'that real Red
question until conditions have been radl
cally altered.
The views of the Red Cross already
have been communicated to Secretary of
State Lansing. Upon the return of Pres
ident Wilson to Washington next week
they will be laid before him by leading
men of the organization.
Whnn tlm President a month nffO Is-
hia aniMil tn the American neoDle
to contribute funds to the Red Cross to
relieve famine conditions In Mexico the
wijiiuuu won ........
more profound effect on tne Auminisira-
tlon's policy In Mexico than nny other
taken by It lit recent montns,
It was made clear by the Red Cross ,
OUUU llio Aunuiunuuun
the Hed Cross whh Me to Irnvn uocphh
hi mm iiiiiu iui me rAn iu him. dmv.- Amniiir the more nronilneiit or soneiH tu a , . .
cess, of the relief work must depend 1 ' ia-e was Owen Madden, the New Yrlt ?ei ,"p. a" lc.e 7'tam, pl?,t',, , ,l0
a large degree upon the character of ''"J" "we" MBaurn' ,ne lont tried to tabllsh-a bowling alley, but!
the support given tt by the United States established late to-nluht that lrtnilon was denied him by the Hum-
Government. It was held that the Pres. ,"Sr X tried to U h0" authorities,. It was then that All-1
(.lent bv annealing for funds practically tl,e n.riM"ncr-. . ..uf.V L.... .!." ... i gnr derlnred he was being bnscotted In I
was then lsUted Tha Ui " work would Placing that the keepers In that( Instl
i.2 the moment this access was I tutlon were "down on him" and "made
im'.'Vi.riJroVs I
Has Aided Hut Little.
The State Department bus had Its
Consuls and agents cooperate with the
lieil cross and has made representations
i to the factions in behalf of tho relief
1 movement, It has not, however, taken
any step to eliminate the conditions out
lined above, which threaton to keep the
relief work on a very sninu scaie ir noi
to stop It altogether,
The conclusions reached by the Red
Cross will now put It squarely up to the
I'reHicipnt a 10 wnemrr dp ,H( w,,ll,1
he asked the country to undertnko be
abandoned thus early or whether ho
will use the forces of this Government
to Insure the distribution nf relief,
It cannot be stated too emphatically
that In taking this stund there Is not
the slightest Intention on the part of the
Ited CrosH to criticise the policy of the
Administration, The Red Cross organl-
nation maintains a non-polltlcul, non
partisan policy which Is beyond ques
tlon or reproach.
The authorities of the organization
Continued on Fifth Pate.
NEW YORK, SATURDAY, JULY 3, 1915 . Cowrtoht, 1916, bv the Sun Printing
Fitnions General nnd States
man Passes Away in Paris
nt Age of ill..
Paiiis. .July 2. Kx-Presldent Porflrlo
DIhx of Mexico died here at 7 o'clock
this morning.
Gen. Dlnz'a .wife, Scnora Carmen Ro
mero Hublo Dlnz, and their son, Por
Hi io Dlnz, Jr., and the hitter's wife were
at the deathbed.
luuit irain lor era riix. iier u peril
ous ride he arrived at the seaport.
Flowers were strewn In his path as
he walked between rows of the bayonets
of his guard to the steamer Yplranga.
It was on May 31, 1911, that he sailed,
never to return.
Diaz went to Havana first, his famlly
nccompaiiylng lilni, and there took ship
for England. He Journeyed through
Prance, Spain, Italy and up the Nile and
then returned to Paris, where he spent
most of his last days.
It was reported from time to time
that he would return to Mexico, that
offers of nn army command had been
made to him and that many felt he was
the onlv nn. whn nnnl.l reltnlt the lint
tnK factons under an Iron rule, but
me rejKins never maieriauzeu.
It has been reported several times re-
cently that he was 111 and once that ha
had died. Before he left Mexico he
was a sufferer from arterlo sclerosis
and gave evidences on his flight of be
ing broken down physically.
A Soldier by f'lrcnmatanrea.
Diaz was born on September 14, 1S30,
in a little Inn at Oaxaca, Mexico. He
was intended for the church, but his
early inclinations turned him to the law.
The condition of affairs in Mexico mailt
It Inevitable that he should become a
The first thirty years of his manhood
were spent In almost continuous fighting,
the remaining years In constructive
statesmanship whoe stern measures for
the, upbuilding of Mexico won the re
spect and confidence of the world.
Dlas was of mixed blood. His father,
Jose de la Cruz Dlas, was of full Spanish
blood, while his mother was the daugh
ter of Mariano Mori, of pure Andaluslan
Theft, Attempted Suicide and
Drunkenness Make Warden's
Tleturn Vnpleasant.
Ossinino, N. Y.. July 2. Warden i
'Thomas Mott Osborne's cup of trouble i
flowed over the brim to-day when the
tsing Sing hend returned from Auburn.
Some one of his Mutual Welfare
leaguers had stolen the prison calf and
sold It. Two other lenguers, In order
r,ners au-
i"j ..iu,
sumably as a result of drink bought with
the receipts of the stolen calf, and an
other had tried suicide by drinking a
solution of carbolic acid, He was saved
, . ,he Btomach ,m,np.
h HtoI' tlle ralf ,H
U'nfiUn fluhnrnn flrtst mi
"o sroie me can is a mystery nun
Warden Osborne first set about solving.
l0 the theory that none could have en-'
xcept one of the trusty squad of live
Welf.trers assigned to take care of It, all i
five were, summarily locked up In the yesterday wiw moved cIoho to the draw
cell block until one or ull get repentent I bridge on the seashore side. Allgor
nnd confess. The stable trusties were
John Sharky, Domlnlrk Maffettn, Santa
Jlmmle Jasper and Tough
The ttempt nt suicide Is to be the
fluujeci or anoiner invesugaiioii, um
not It too Involves the stolen
-flif COulil not be learned.
calf could not be learned.
Hut In spite ot all Keeper Carson
transferred elghty-four of the Sing Sing
nmB,eB to Auburn this
.lullttv. ... frnm Auburn whrf It 1m
wmJU cl ... I' J " 111
life miserable" for him
Ceiirxlii Legislators Must Keep Out
nen inimil'llirn,
Atlanta, juiy iiereaner u wii.v
member of the General Assembly of
Georgia become. Intoxicated he will not
Atlanta, July 2, Hereafter if any
bo allowed to enter the legislative hnlln.
a standing rule was adonted to-day
which provide thnt no membitr iihall be
aniiuiie.i in ii """"' ""
the doorkeepers are charged with rigid
enforcement of the rule.
It Is reported that tlie rule wns
adopted because of certnln recent oc-
1 currences, but these reports are denied
1 nnd the supporters (if the rule declare It
1 is aimed at no pattlcular person or per.
Wilfl Kiiuwn un wiiuiiiij ueir, nn ir
As statewide prohibition Is the law innrfrfibfarf says thnt the Herlln Par
of Georgia some memhors wanted to icners, which was suspended as a result
know how a legislator rould get drunk, of Its publication of the pence appeal of
without being a party to the violation Qerman Socialists, has been allowed to
of law,
Porfirio Diaz.
strain, who married Maria Teola Corte,
an Indian girt of the Mlxteco niw. Diaz
was therefore one-fourth Indian and
three-fourths white.
When Diaz was 3 years old his father
died and the family HufTered many
privations. At 7 he earned his first
money as an altar boy In the church of
Santa Oatarina, and a few years later.
ho was studying for the priesthood in
the pontifical seminar' of Oaxaca, where ,
he soon liecame disgusted with the ways
of the monks of the Santo Domingo
inonawtery. Young Diaz alre.nly had
liberal ideas and in the sclioolboy fights,
when two factions calling themselves
Liberals nnd Clericals lined up, he
always led the Liberals, while his
brother Kellx headed tho Clerical force.
Later In real warfare they were simi
larly divided, but finally Kellx Joined his
brother on the Liberal aide.
When he was 15 Dlnz met Juarez, the
great Indian who was later to lo Presi
dent of the republic. Juarez made a
deep Impression on the toy, who soon
nrter turnel rrom divinity to the law
VI? '21 -,ht ,l!f.",l,U,f.of Art" nn,1,of The Hronx last night.
Sciences, where ho studied for five years.
During this time Diaz wa supporting
himself ami helping Ms family by teach
ing nnd doing clerical work.
After Juarez was elected Preldent
Continued on Fifth f'agr.
Alitor, Onee Ousted, Still An
noys Them liy Talk and
SKAnmaitT, N. .1., July 2. Wlitn the
spite fence bungalow of .lames Monroe i
Allgor, on the Ruinson road, passed Into (
iiiu minus ui .tiujur ui'urKu . i.iliuiv
last fall the summer residents of this
placo and Rumson breathed easier, for
It was believed that the nuisance that
had long pestered them every season
had been solved, Not so, however, as
Allgor 1ms appeared In a houseboat nnd
in ni iiaiif jiuniiii ilium tivsaai lio in vn
more daringly than before.
The man Is out as early as T o'clock
In the morning and remains till duslt,
Ntopplng summer folks travelling to nnd
from Itiimson to the shoro nnd using
iieuui ciaiory tn.K agiuns persons wnu
alleges were responsible for the fall-
- . .
,, .'nJ !
not arrested before
not be the fault of
those who are accosted,
The Allgor houseboat, named "They
Drove Me to It," Is also plncauled ami
takes extrn cure not to offer any of the
enrds for sale while he Is off the house
boat, lie knows the law, as he has
spent a smnll fortune In legal fees In
his fight against the Rumson road resi
dents, (u fact he has lost all of his
property, even the Seabrlght home being
old bv the Sheriff
are known to every
1 .... .,
one living within hulling dlstnnce of
Heabilght. The trouble begun when he
but a bi;ng(llow al tho ,ntranre of the
hlH Ice neniii IiuhIiips.4 snil lieir.in tn r
When he strung out promiscuously
labelled clothing near his home the day
oubKr,:,l ,?ri,,es,:aS ""'' -
Allgor was uriested freiuently, spent
several dus In Kreehold Jail mid was de-
tallied nt the State hospital at Tientun,
i.ore ins sanity was .,ues loiieil, After-
ward lie was released and his place wus
seized for debt. He defied Major (leorge
... ,-il.itt nml Mho, ll iw.w.ll.,. H..-I..
... .....w.. ...... ..ui.t.t.Mn iitu n,i
low to eject hlin from the Seabrlght
iuw iu eject nun irom ine neanrlglU
premises ufter the place had been pur- ,
ft1 '
jdni. He was finally ousted, but In tlie
meantime his family left hlin. It
,,, amueu iu nuuu H nouHe-
tie nn ii il Soelullst Newspaper .li
loweil to llesame Publication.
. Sprrlat Cablt Hrtpatch to The Sr.
amsirsoa m, Wa London. July 2 Tha
resume publication.
" iiiimiDii riiiiti irum inn ur.iwi ruiiTH mum
Itiisrtian and German Squad
rons in Aetion Off Coast
of Sweden.
of German Mine Layer's
Crew Said to Have Been
Sptrial Cablt Drtpatehc to Tnz Sis.
CoriCNllAnuN, via London, July 2.
1 A naval fight occurred to-day within
j sIkIH of DJugarn, Gothland. German
destroyers with many wounded have ar
1 rived at Katthanmarawlk, Kast Goth
land. Stockholm, via London, July 2. The
German mine layer Albatross ran
aground nn the cast coast of the Island
. of Qouinnd to-day to escape four pur
suing Russian cruisers. Twenty-one of
1 her crew were killed and twenty-seven
London, July 2. The extent of the
naval action off Gothland Is not yet
known. Some Scandinavian reports
represent thnt It was on a large scale
and that four lilg cruisers and several
other warships were engaged alt night,
the battle continuing until noon to-day.
(inn r..finrt frnm MtnpUhnlln snVH fmir
! Husalan cruisers attacked the Germans
between Uatergaru and Faroe and that
the Germans were reenforced, over
whelming the Ru-iMnns, who retired
northward In safety at ! A. M a run
ning tight continuing until noon.
Nothing otflcl.it Is obtainable regard
ing the tight. It Is supposed that the
ships were those recently engaged off
Wintlau, which Is about eighty mllee
from Gothland.
An unconfirmed report from Petro
grad says a German cruler of the
Magdeburg typo was sunk near Wlndau.
Ilr,,h slnU TurUi.i, Transport.
Sprrial Cnhlr )e;MlrA f This Sfv.
I-oNrxiv, July I. A news asency
despatch from Athens says thnt n
Hrltlsh submarine sank
transport full of troops
of Marmora on June 26.
the Sea
Killson Portable Searcullicht Tested
for Jnly 4 Celebration,
A dazzling white light that rut easily
through the misty atmosphere startled
residents of the Washington Height
section of Manhattan nnd the lewer nart
The power that turned night Into
noontime was the new KOIson portahl
searchlight, which has a maximum can
dle power of three million. The light Is
to be used Monday night as one of the
features of the Independence Day cele
bration In the new stadium of the City
College. The test last night In the sta
dium was under the direction of R. A.
llachman, G. J. .laser and Sellon War-
! tier from Kdlfon's laboratories and st
jits close many dazzled spectators rubbed
their eyes and pronounced It n brilliant
The searchlight Is mounted on a pair
of buggy wheels, under which Is slung
a steel box containing twenty-six pow
erful Kdlson wet cells. The battery will
operate the searchlight for five hours
u ml cull be recharged In an hour. Tin-
reflector, which Is eighteen Inches In
diameter, will throw th light nine
Senator llellevea Kx-HroretHry Will
He In Line In I OKI.
WAStitNOTiiN. July 2 Senator John
W. Kein, Demoemtlc leader of the Sen
ate. refuses to Join In the belief that
e-Secii'tnry Itryan will oppose President
I Wilson for renonilnatlon next year.
In Senator Kern's opinion President
Wilson will have no stronger supporter
In next year's convention than Mr.
Itryan, Mr. Kern acknowledged that
till was merely his personal opinion.
The Senator's opinion Is sadly nut of
Joint with the views held by men who
have talked with Mr Hryan hlinvlf, and
who learned that he will stand firmly
by the sIiikIh term plank which he In
serted In the Iliiltlmore platfonn, even
to the extent of opposing the President's
ambition for a second term.
f'oiildirt Part With Historic
Helicon Which Pence Trea
ties Were Signed.
VSIIIMITOM. .llliy . II1IMIKI1 .ir.
liryuti found it possible lo part company
wlth Piesldeut Wilson and voluntarily
;. - sepamte hlnieelf from the odloe of
"''relary "f Stale, he could not l,eur lo
, leiue tho huge historic desk in his office
1 in the Slate Depiu tment. Accordingly
,le , , ,,,,Hk wt, tl)m WMI . left.
Willie Presidents and often Cabinet of-
n...PM Ink.. tlilr nftlelnl ehulrs tills 1h IhH
.................. .....
ntst time one bus carried oft n desk.
Mr. Hryan became greatly attached to
,l,u .l...ilr ..lilMflv ItUfniiM., liu fi.lt It I1111I 11
' peculiar personal and historical vulue,
He had a new desk of the sunie Hlze
made for the Department. It summer
when an effort was made to take out the
old desk and substitute a more modern
one Mr. Hryan oujeited.
The desk had been In tho Btate De
partment for nearly fifty years and had
been used by every Secretary of State
for nearly two generations.
3c. nnd read the money ilvlnr
of the worid'a rlcheat man
-in EVKRT MEKK, out to-rtaj',-
am'. PubUnhtng Amoctntton.
Furnishings and Walls in Senate Wing Shattered War
Fanatic Believed to Be Responsible Threat to
Blow Up German Embassy.
WASHINGTON, July 3 (1.30 A. M. Saturday ) .A time bomb was
exploded In the Senate wing of the Capitol a few minutes before mid
night last night.
Tho explosion was a loud one nnd shook the entire building, break
ing transoms nnd shattering plostcring. The hurried investigation thnt
already has been made has produced no clue to tho identity of the person
who set the bomb. Tho dnmage done is estimated at $000.
The sound of the exploding bomb carried hundreds of yards from the
Capitol. A large crowd assembled to ascertain its cause and rumors (lew
thick nnd fnst through Washington that tho Cnpitol had been blown up.
Elliott Woods, Superintendent of the Capitol, announced shortly
before 2 o'clock this morning that he believed the explosion hnd been
the work of a crank seokinir notorletv.
Some persons in the crowd which gathered around the Cnpitol were
Inclined to believe that the bomb had been placed by some war fanatic
us an net of resentment against the United States Government.
Just Such an Incident Feared.
It was recalled that just such nn incident as this had been feared and
guarded against in Washington since the early days after the outbreak
of the European war.
At the tensest period of the recent diplomatic crisis between the
United States and Gormany, Count von Bernstorff, the German Ambassa
dor, received a letter informing him that tho German Embassy would be
blown up. A special guard wns stationed around the German Embassy and
maintained there until the departure of the Ambassador for his summer
home two weeks ago.
Tho explosion occurred in the public reception room of the Senate,
which is on the first floor of the northeast wing of the Capitol. It is the
room where the ordinary run of visitors to the Capitol nre allowed to
wait when they send in their cards to Senators.
The two windows in this room were broken, plustering from the ceil
ing nnd walls was shattered and damage was done to the woodwork and
furniture. Woodwork and glass throughout the northeast wing were
damaged also.
Watchman Thrown Out of His Chair.
Watchman Jones, who was on duty at the entrance, was the only
man in the Senate wing when the explosion occurred. He was thrown
from his chair, but picked himself up uninjured and hurriedly began an
Superintendent Woods, who was at work in his laboratory a few
blocks away, henrd the explosion and hurried to the Capitol. He was
joined by Col. Higgins, the Sergeant at Arms of the Senate, and a score
of policemen, who had been rushed to the scene from two nearby stations.
1 Superintendent Woods said thut the bomb evidently had been set by a
' person unfamiliar with explosives, with the result that the damage done
is comparatively unimportant. He characterized the Incident as nn at
tempt to create a sensation rather than to destroy the Capitol.
The bomb could easily have been placed under n sent in the recep
tion room almost nt nny time during the day, suid Mr. Woods, for the
entire lower floor is open to sightseers regularly every day, and no im
portant scrutiny is taken of them.
Chief of the Capitol Police Loutlier said that several months ago he
received u letter from a lubor agitator in St. Louis threatening to blow
up the Capitol. He thought this crank might be the person responsible for
lust night's explosion.
Superintendent Woods announced that Prof. Charles E. Munro of
George Washington University, one of the Government's experts on ex
plosives, had been ttskud to make an investigation.
Mr. Woods said that white there tire two telephone booth nnd a
switchboard in the room where thu explosion occurred, he does not be
lieve the wiring arrangement had anything to do with it.
Capitol employees said that a gns explosion occurred in the Supreme
Court room of the Capitol in 1898, doing (enmage estimated at $'25,000.
The southeast cornerstone of the
orlglti.il Capitol building was In til Sep.
tember 1$, 1733, by President Wash
ington. The cornerstone of the exten.
slims was laid July 4, 1151, by Presi
dent rillmore.
Tile Capitol fronts east utld stands
on a platfMit eighty-eight feel above
the level of the Potomac.
Tile entile length of the building
from north In south Is 751 feet 4
Inches, and Its greatest dimension from
east to west 350 feet. The areu cov
ered by the building Is 115,112 squat t
The dome of the original central
building was constructed of wood, cov
ered with copper. This was replaced
In 18513 by the present structure of
(ast Irun, It wus completed In 11(15.
The entire weight nf Iron used Is
J1I.200 pounds.
Tile dome Ih crowned by u bronze
stntue nf Freedom, which Is lit feet
(i Inches high, nnd weighs 1 4.HN5
pounds, It was modelled by Craw
ford. The height of the dome above the
base line of the eust front Is 287 feet
(i(ivi'i'iii)i' Dt'HuVs to Commute
Hit Scuti'iii'i1 to liiipi'isoii
iiiciit for AU
Women here who have been working
to save Mrs, Mnilelluii Ferula from the
electric chair learned yesterday thnt
Gov. Whitman has decided to commute
her sentence to life Imprisonment, al
though official announcement of the ex
ecutive action has not yet been made,
Tlie news was received with satisfaction
by the members of the women's com
inlttee which was formed to aid Mrs,
"Of course I am glad that Gov. Whit
man has decided to commute the sen
tence," said Mrs. Helen Hoy Greeley, a
member of tha women' committee.
5 Inches. The height from the top
of the balustrade nf the building is
1!17 feet 11 Inches. The greatest di
ameter ut the bjse Is 135 feet 0 Inches.
The intiiiuln is fi7 feet li Inches In
diameter, and its height from the flour
to the top nf tile catuipy Is ISO feet
3 Indies.
The Sennte Chamber Is 113 feel 3
Indies in lei. gtli by SO feet 3 Inches in
width and 3ii feet In height. Tlm
gullet le.s accomiiinilnle 1.000 persons.
Tile Hall nf Representatives Is 13!)
feet In length by !'3 feet lu width, and
30 feet III height.
The room now occupied by the Su
preme Court whs, until 1S5H, nivnpled
as tlie Senate Chamber. Previous to
thut time tlie coiilt occupied the room
Immediately underneath, now used as
a law library.
Wmlc on the construction of the
ttpltol was begun In 17H3 and the
mill n building was not completed until
' 1X27. Wllllnm Thornton, who died In
1SJ7, was the llrst architect. His de
I signs were slightly modllleil by II. II.
! I.nttobe ii ml Chillies Hiilfluch. The
wings nnd dnine were added between
I 1851 and I Stir.. The central building
j Is of Virginia sandstone, pnlntrd white,
und the two wIiiks are of Massachu
setts marble.
"Hut I think we should continue our
efforts ill .Mrs Ferula's behalf until she
is het free. I do not bellew she was
proved gullly beyond n reasonable
doubt Her case should be carried to
the 1'Vdeiiil coiirls"
Miss Katharine I.eckle said th
WillllellV eollliultlee Will lepoit to II
meeting III till1 lllltlllole Hotel llevt
Tuesday nn plans for n petition to Gov.
Whitman without legaid tn his inten
tion tn eoiiiiiiule .Mis. Ferula's sentence,
Mis I'Vmlii, Mho Is IG enr.s old, was
convicted un May I'll, IHH, of having
Htabbed to i lea 1 1 1 Ciumelo i 'iirnestrale, n
boarder ut her house, m December 2y,
1H13, because he would not keep Ills
promise lo marry her unless she paid
lilm $100. .Instil e Vernon M Davis
sintenis'd her to the electilc chair. The
Coutt of Appeals on June 17 last re.
fused mi application for a new trial
Ai.iiany, July 2 -Gov Whitman to
day refused to consider the dismissal of
District Attorney Francis Martin of
Bronx county nn charges filed March 2S
by William J. O'Gormau. The charges
were based mnlnly on Mr. Martin's con
duct of the Ferola nnd DeGorges cases,
Mr. Martin said the charges were In
spired by persons closely connected
with the defendant.
Great Drive Now in Pros
pect as Troops Are Hur
ried From East.
Sprrial Callr Dtupnlrh tn The Srv. C'
I.ONUCIN, July 3. Tho Unity Mnift
correspondent at Rotteidain has received
Information that the Hermans Intend to
lesumo the offensive In the nest shortly
on a gigantic scale.
"They now are making thorough
preparations nnd aio concentrating men
and guns In enormous force on tho Allies'
Ileft wing," the coriespondent says. "Tha
tactics cmploKd with success against the
. Russians will, It is h.i HI. lie repented.
I "Tlie flshtlng of tho ntnr futuro wilt
bo a battle nf guns, nnd victory will
rest with the side that has the biggest
end the most guns. In addition to the
15 Inch howitzers from Auitrla, tha
Germans for some tlmo havo been mak
ing huge guns at Ksven. Theso 15 Inch
gun, It Is s.ild, do not need concreta
einplacc meiitu.
Tn I'll nee n I rule AltnrUs,
"Prom Autrln nnd all over llermany
guns are being concentrated at various
points for the Journey to tho west.
Ihionnous quantities of ammunition liava
been stored at l.llla and other places,
ii nd guns will be massed, not in tens but
In hundreds. Tho fire, according to my
Information, will bo concentrated at ono
selected point nnd when, If the plan
succeeds, tlm defence hut) been para
lyzed hordes of infantry will dash
throUKh tho breach. These tactics will
be repented until the enemy achieve
his object.
"The menace nf big guns has now to
be faced. The German military expert
have concluded that only guns will pre
vull In trench wnrfnre."
Meanwhile the eceno ot activity
In tho western thentro ot war ha
shifted from the Arras region to tha
Argonne and the Voiges, where desper
ate Infantry nnd artillery fighting is re
ported both In the French communique
Issued to-day nnd the official report
given out by the Herman headquarter
Conflicting statements appear In thesa
leports. While tho Paris night com
munique asserts that tho tJeniiKns wern
routed in a fierce bnttlo 111 the Ulnar
vllle tegion. at the edge of the liols da
la Grurle. the Herlln statement, evidently
referring to the am battle, says that
the Crown Prince led a large fnrco ot
Wiierttinibeig troops In a victorious as,
sault nn the Fieiich lines over a front
of about thiee miles.
Claim ii TliniiMimil Prlsnners.
The Herlln report adds that inorfl
than a thousand prisoners, as well nt
a large numli'r of guns, wero captured,
The Herlln statement places tho sceno
of this engagement nurthwest of J.o Four
de P.irN, which Is on the southeastern
edge of the Hols de l.i Gruile.
Regarding the fighting In the Vopges
which has been going on for several
dus, the German statement asserts
thut the Kaiser's troops captured French
1 works at Hilgenllrst and lenlsted a
I (oimter uttnek of tlie French. The Pari
1 statement, on the other hand, while ad
mitting Hint tlie Gentians lu tho third
of a series of strong attacks succeeded
III gaining a foutinc In the llrst llii.a
of iieuclies at llllgeiillrst esterda),
adds that the Flench dclhered a counter
attack this morning which placed tlm
French again In full possession of tlio
ground temporal Hy lost
The ntiicliil communique issued thli
evening lu Paris was us follows:
On the entlte fionl from tlie Yser
to the Argonne nothing has been i im
ported beyond artillery engagements,
which havo been especially heavy lu
the (jni llllevleres district.
Tn the Argonne tlm enemy nfter ii
Veiy Unlet i bombardment ntleiupted
this morning .mother genelul attack
heiuceu tlie llnmrville ro.nl n lid III, in
leilll. After a desperate tight, which
ut .ieet a I points of the battle linn
developed Into a hand to baud strug
gle, all mil' positions have been main
tained. The Germans nfter one of the most
Intense artillery pieparatlnns at
templed a series nf attacks jesterday
evening nil our positions at llllgen-'
llrst. The first and second attacks
were ieiiileil In the third attack
the enemy succeeded In gaining a
foothold In our works, A counter at
tack delivered by us this morning en
abled us to letnkii nil the positions
The enemy continues lo liomli.iril
thein with great violence.
The sin lenient of tlie German head
quartets slalf, nfenlng to tlm lighting
lu France and tcceheil hero by wire
less, wits us follows
Gcmum statement.
The night att.ieli on our positions
West of Soticln. w,i beaten off.
lu tlie western portion of the At
gonne a p.ii't of the army under the
down Pi luce stormed a point of sup
port northwest of l.e Four dn Paris,
and adv.inciil ntt a front tho l;IUi
nietei's (tluee and one-eiglith miles )
long bv 200 to tt'iu meteis wide (671
to 1,020 feet) Th's w.m carried out
by the Wueilieinhctg tiuops. Twenty-five
otllceiM mid 1.710 men were
made pilsnneis and eighteen machine
guns. furt mine tluoweis ami one
i ewilvei -cannon weie iiipiurid, The
Fundi losses were Important.
In the Vosges, on Hie Flllgenflrst
front, we took the enemy's works, At
tempts made by litem lo recapture the
position weie repulsed Three officers
and Hit nn u fell into our handa.
Tho afternoon statement Issued by tlm
French War Officii was as follows;
The artillery lluhllng was spirited
nil lust night at a greut many points
along tlie front notably lu the vi
cinity of Woesten, northwest of
YpreH, lu the legion of Situchex nnd
111 tlm iieiglihoi hnnd nf Verneiill, -in
the north of the Alsue,
After a violent mid continued bum
bnriluient upon our positions ulonu
the road frnm Abl.un to Angres, tn
the north of the Hethime highway,
German gieiuiillcis delivered nu at
tack nt ubout 2 n'clni k In the morn
ing Tlm tehiilt was a complete, fail
ure, Near I.a Rolsee one of our hues
was successful In destroying I lie ,i i
vance works of the Germans.

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