Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN FRIDAY, JULY 9, 1915..
Fit I DA V, JUDY II, lIUo. Catered t the Poet omc at New Ynrk 8ecor.il CUae Mall Matter. Subscript lona lij Mull, 1'uatpe.ld. DAILY, I'er Month 10 60 DAII.V. I'er Vr u 00 BUNDAV, I'cr .Month M 1 SUNDAY (tu Cienad), I'er Month.... o HUN DAY, I'er Vear ! I DAILY AMI SUNDAY. Per Year.... 8 0 i DAILY AND SUNDAY, I'M Slontfc... It Furshix ltiin. DAILY, Ver XUmth J MJNDAY, I'er Month . DAILY AND SUNDAY. l'T Month... I 1)1) Till: KVKNINO SUN, Per Manlh M Tin: KVKNl.NM SUN, Par Year 3 AO 11IK liVtiNlNQ SUNll'reIgtw,l'erMo. 1 UJ AH checke, money nrdera, Ac, to bo n,w payable to Tins Scs. l'ubllihed dally, IncUullnir Sun Joy. by the tun. I t r.g mil Publishing An.icl itlon ai ,110 Naeaau a'.reel, In the IluroUKh ot Man listtan. New lurk Prmldent aijd Treas urer. William C Ittlck. ISO Nnesau atreet; Vlce-I'realileht, t-Mwunl I'. Mitchell. ISO Kseiau atreet, Secretary. C. U. I.uxton, 1.0 Nuuu atreet. IteaiWa of Tnit Sis leaving town for the summer monlha can tieve the dally in, I Sun.li,v and evening editions delivered to them In any van of thla country nr l.u rtp on the terina slated atiove. Addrn changed aa often tu ib-nrea. Order throiuli nenadealrr nr dire, tly of ruhllcu'.lon Of fice, telephone 1.09 lfeekman. Imndon om.'e, Emngham House, 1 Arun del alreet. Strand I'arla office, Hue ,1 la Mlehodlere, on Hu du Quatre Septembre Waahlnrton nfl.ee lllbba Tlull llnr Brooklyn omce, lot Uvlnsston atreet. It ear frirnAt who favor t; irif rnanu erfpfa and lUuitratlom or pieMci'lo trlA to Ante relectrd arttrltt reiurnrd tht " tn all caitt nnd ttamy for tt, it purpote. The State's Excessive Sinking Funds. In the State sinking funds, accord ing to computations as of September 80, 1014, the last day of the tiscal yenj, there was n surplus of f22,053,001.'Jl nn excess of that law amount over tho sums necessary tu pay tho chnrnes they lire maintained to accommodate. According to n re jiort made yesterday to the Constitu tional Convtmtlou this surplus now amounts to f20.000.000. Unless some chango Is made It will Increase an nually, an unnecessary Intrden on the citizens and n serious menace to hon est administration. This situation was brought about by changes In the Stato's tluauclal sys tem after the authorization of bond Issues and provision for their retire ment. The contributions to tho funds were not, nud by sonic It Is asserted that they could not be, adjusted to the new conditions; nud according to some authorities there have also been seri ous errors In flgurlm; the needs of th funds. The result 1ms been an In creasing unnecessary nccnmuliitlon of money, useless to the State's credi tors and harmful to the Statu In all Its effects. Nothing should be done, and no person In or out of authority has feuggested, any action that might Im pair the State's credit or decrease by n hair's breadth the protection It affords to those who buy Its notes. Hut t lie iv Is Insistent demand that the sinking funds be rearranged, by suspension for a time of payment" thereto, or by other means, so that they shall bear a reasonable and proer relation to tho debts they are to llipildate. To draw from them money, even surplus, money, for the ordinary ex penses of the State would establish it bad precedent, nud might easily frighten Investors. Hut to adapt them cvnctly to their purpose, to bring them luto legitimate proportion to the bonds they arc to redeem, would Injure nobody. It would mean simply that the State was carrying ont in good faith Its bargain with purchasers of Its bonds, and relieving Itself of a heavy and avoidable en cumbrance which benefits nobody and weighs oppressively on every tax payer. It should not 1ms beyond the genius of the Constitutional Conven tion to frame a plan that, while Jeal ously guarding the honor and good Dame of the State, would mince thess funds to what they should be. Chaotic Possibilities. With our American shipping scut tling out from under the American Bag and seeking safety in foreign registry as the logically Inevitable result of the Ii Follette net, wc are now entering another zone of the labyrinth of stupidities In which that particular Mt of legislative sagacity has involved us. The law as It stands in several par ticulars, as was fully broiurlit out whllo it was under discussion, flatly violates our treaty covenants with no less than twenty-one of the principal oatloms of the world. This could not be blinked, because It was a matter of documentary record, mid therein ilono did it have any advantage In iwlnt of visibility oer the law's Jestructhc certainties In other direc tions. It had to U met and not lodged, so diplomatic chaos was writ ten Intq the precious measure as an integral part of Its structure. Pro rlslon was made that within ninety Says from that Itli of March when President Wilson was so deplorably 111 advised as to put his signature to tho law, notice should le served of the country's intention to annul or :hango all Mictions if existing treaties in conflict with the l.a Follette law. rwenty-one such notlHcatlons accord ingly have been sent out, and the touutry is now awaiting the agreeable ton sequences. How many of these foreign conn tries will assent to Inning their treat ies with u thus mutilated? Already Jve of the principal maritime nations lave entered protest against several provisions of the law, Uiv.n Itrltaln, Austria Hungary, Italy. Spain and the Vetheriatiils. Other" will undoubtedly lollow their example, it" the I,a l'oi ettn absurdity iwt only contravene" treaties, but Is In set oral luxt.ineo" B direct coulllct with exlstliip' for- elgn maritime laws and the fixed cus toms of business. In the event of the countries In question rcfulug consent to piece meal denunciation of their treatle" there will Ih nothing left for us to do but denounce the treaties In their entirely and set about the task of ro making and roadoptlng new one", a tak Involving jears. with In the meantime practical chaos reigning In some of the vital (totalis of our Inter national Intercourse. A curious obscurity Involves the pressure back of the enactment and r.xeciitlve uppiMval of n law so pro IwsteruiHly pernicious, u pressure sug gestive of an amazing degree of cow ardice before Inlxir union arrogance or an equally amazing lived Idea oh-sc-lon, or Iwiih. The whole trans act Ion Is enveloped 111 a haze out of which perhaps the shadow of a (!or eminent ownership maiilo tiiblMnily persisted In seems to loom Into about it" dellnlte form as anything else understandable. When Did Lincoln Say It? We should lie gratified If that erudite (Mil Hay Statesman the Hon. Kugknk Xenix Foss. whose iiiiilevlating con sistency In political affairs lias now i lauded him In the prohibitory ranks would confer on us the source of the quotation which he Introduced In hi" address to the Antl-Saloou League thK week: Tho Immortal Lincoln said In 16:: If tho relative grandeur of revolutions shall bo entlmntcd by the amount of human misery they alleviate, then In deed this will bo the grandest the world has ever teen. And nhfn there ahall bo neither slave nor drunkard on earth, how proud the title of that land which m.y truly claim to be tho birthplace and the cradle of both these revolutions that shall have ended In that victory.' " Neither In the Index to Xicoi.ay and IIat's "Abraham Lincoln: A History," nor In the Index to the. same authors' "Complete Works of Abraham Lincoln." Is this un.-Llncoln-like outgiving listed. The short ad dress which Lincoln made on Septem ber'.!), INKS, to the Sous of Temperance contains nothing remotely resembling it in mutter or lu form, although the occasion the reception of suggestions arising from drunkenness In the army was opportune to tho utter ance of his most meaMired thoughts on tho subject. To the-e worthy visi tors Mr. Lincoln tlersribed himself as a sympathizer with temperance, who had "as a young man" spoken in Its behalf, and throughout his life he had. he believed, "never by his example belle l what he then said." Hut of tin technical Jargon of the professional agitator against the man ufacture and sale of liquor Mr. Lin coln used none at that time. Did Mr. Lincoln say It? The style is not his; It resembles rather cer tain other alleged "quotations" to which his name Is attached to gain for them the prestige of his fame. We should bo obliged to Mr. Foss for his authority In the premises, and If he has been deceived, his scholarly habit of thought will lead him to thank The Sun for directing his at tention to the Imposition. The Ukrainians. Most Americans inner heard of Fkralne; If the same suggested auy tlilug to them It was merely some mythical kingdom of romance. Vet In this country there are more than a million Fkr.iliilau". liuthcuiait" or "Little ltusslans," as they are vari ously culled, and there are more than UMKXl.Ooo of them llvinu' In the rich est portion of the Kumpoan continent. The great war between Itussla and Austria Is being fought to-day on Ukrainian territory. Ukraine Is one of the frogotten nations, and Its xoice raised at this time seems a cry from ages long past. The cry Is the usual cry of the submerged people for national and politiral recognition. Ukraine was a compact geographical unit which Included practically all the "black soil zone" of Uuropo, the territory In fact enclosed between the Carpathian" on the west and the Caucasus and the Itlver Don on the east and he- r.ween the head waters of the DnlejM-r and the Hinek ami Azov sea". Within thes 1 ton nd a rj es was Ukraine, which reached the golden age of Its national life between the ninth and fourteenth centuries. This land to-day, political ly speaking, Is divided between Kus "la and Austria-Hungary, the country east of the Dnieper having been ab sorlied by ltusla In UNI, the portion west In 1"!).'!, and the Aiistro-IIuii-gaiian Title having begun with the" last partition of Poland lu ITU.". In spile of this (iMslou anil not withstanding the fact hat those peo ple for more than a century have had no national existence they have to an extent preserved their racial senti ments and aspirations, nud they hae, with great effort, raised their own literature and educational and ecu uomic Institutions. The centre of the Ukrainian propaganda was estab jllshed at Leinls'rg. In view of the fact that the Ukrain ians In Austria were few In com parison with those In her own borders, liussla looked with cousliierable sus picion upon thK revival of tin Ukrain ian tongue. As e.uiy'as IS'ii an Imperial ukase forbade the use of the language lu publb'. Ukrainian luioks and newspapers were prohibited and the language was not permitted in llm Was u notorious criminal who re schools. These severe rules were crntly killed himself in jail really somewhat iiiodllled I it the revolution of litest, Some of the Ukrainians have 'taken advantage of I ho present ills. Iturbed condition of all'alrs within tlio borders of their ntuicut nation to press their claims not only for free 'doiii of speech and light of represen Itiitlon but fur itidcpcudeuce. How widespread the movement Is or how I much It Is encouraged and sustained j by Austrian Influences Is wholly prob lematlc. When It Is rcuicinlctvd that an Independent I'kralula would mean the third part of lhiropean Jtussl.i and the richest part of Itusslan soil one can appreciate the magnitude of. tho Legislature, 'In tho manner com the K'homc men to the Hoards of Supervisors, and .,' ' , ,, ... I to tho Aldermen In certain cities. Tho I he propaganda adds another ljhotc, ,,ro,,rotors In Albany and tho the great nuiuls-r of natletial mow-' transportation companies that are incuts that have found expression In honored by legislative patronage aro the present war. Some of tliPM; bit- enthusiastic for the change; the only ter racial differences were fought over! persons likely to protest ugalns.t It In the last Ilalkau war. Hut none ofi""1 '"' inxiyers; therefore who will ' ', , ' , .. . daro to say the scheme has not a good ineui riu which iin-ii, uu n iiiuictui to neneve tnai mis greater struggle will go much further In ad justing the rights of the smaller and now submerged nations. An Enterprise That War Has Xot Stopped. To the tourist who finds his favor ite fields in Kuroitt trenched and! fought over there may be cheer In the rejHirt that the work on the Hagdad railway continues nud that with the restoration of peace he will have added to his Itinerary n new laud of historic Interest In A.sln Minor. The report says that the bridge oter the Luphrntes has been finished 'that the last blasts have been made In the Aiiiauus Mountains and several other barrier ridges and that many of the links In the roadway built be fore the war have been cotiueettil. When the line may be open for tratlic Is not hinted at. but n ilnt quite ns Interesting Is the control of the enter prise when operations begin. (Jeruiau victory would, perhaps, make no change In the general plans except In tho completion of the road to the Persian fiulf. If (ioruinny Is beaten ! she stands to lose the great stakes for which she has been playing In Alu Minor and of which the road Is the most Important hazard In the game. All of the Allies have Interest In this part of Asia, (ireece holies for a partition that would ge hrr much of .Kgean coast that lias a (!reck speaking jmptilution. Italy's claim would be Atlnlla. one of the best harbors on the whole coast line. France's paramount Interest Is In Syria. Tie contentions of Knglaud and Hiissla In this corridor between Kurojic and Asia were for years be fore the present war cause of fre quent strained relations lietwcen the two Stutes. The I'ower that holds the Asiatic coast of the Hosorus will hold Hal dar Pasha, the starting point of the Hagdad railway, and isissess a Iccullar advantage over Its rivals lu the struggle for territory. It was said that at the I-omlon conference just after the Inst llalkan war one of the Kaiser's diplomats remarked that even If a Kuropean war over the Halkan trouble was averted It was bound to come later over the par tition of Asia Mluor. A quarrel among tho victors over the spoils of conquest may give Germany hope even If she Is beaten. Hut that the great enterprise will be completed Is cheerful news among the multitude of rejorts of destruc tion of Industries and the defeats of the purtwses of civilization. It has a great mission in opening a wealth of new Interest In a land of antiquity and in restoring to the world's markets a land of fertility and wonderful re sources. And this great purpose may be served no matter whom the result of the i:urosan war places In control. Sur Hrta.n will support Wilson. llcmlline. What has Wilson done to deserve this? Our fluent friend J.vw.v Lawrkncg Sullivan has discovered that "all men aro equal," a fact that was obscured from him in the pood olil days before ho lost his punch and forswore all punch. Secretary Daniels believes tho 3 Inch dlsapiirarlng runs with which American submitrlnis nre to be arineil are "equal to nny in the world." V should like to have him say truthfully that they aro better than nny others In tho world. Chairman Marshall rtonnuncrd min imum wiieo laws an n reversion to tho bad practices of the MMdio Arcs. h'rnm thv Itrpmt of the I'rorccttinat of the Constitutional Convention. Minimum wao laws nro deslRncd to extract from tho employer money that Is not earned, for tho benellt of persons who are not entitled to it. Hence they compel nn Imineasiirablo advance over tho ancient custom of paying for work what it Is worth. Mr. Marshall reveals a distressing inca pacity to comprehend tho greater Visions of social Justice. It is John D. Cmmmink'm opinion that there Is no need for haste In priiviilliiR new quarters for tho courts lu this county, and t ho record dis closes the fact that there has liccn noiio so far. A party of distinguished ofllclals of New York city went to Massa chusetts to inspect nn institution for tlio fctblo minded. Would not a visit to some of tho places of alleged en tertainment within the. city's bounds l.uvo served ns well? It is tho ambition of Itn-ii mosii p. Hudson, one of tho noisiest thinkers flow at large, to establish temperance) ns u prerequisite of employment lu tho civil service. Not tcmpcianco of speech, of e.-ourse. Subway rail order would Iny one track, New York lo Utlca. llciittlinc. Not If the New York Centrul wau awake. driven to suicide by tlio Inhumanity of his warders In keeping from lilm tho newspapers In which accounts of his exploits were printed? Dr. G. Steiu.inii HvMisoN, president of the Canadian lied Cross and Hur-geon-fleneral of tho Canadian forces, predicts, on tho authority of General Jurmu, a "b'leut allied drlvo" against tho Germans In tho nenr future. For tno ?nU ct 11,0 A,,lcs ?vo tru,8t u,wlLl not be Ilka so many drives In which they have fallen back to eLrateglc positions prepared In advance. The Hon. llAttou J. Hin.man of Altaiiy advocates monthly sessions of cmMC0 0f adoption? Tho eminent Mr. Foat of Detroit appears to be as good nnturcd ns ho l.s public spliltcd; ami wo sincerely hope that none of the advisers who assist him In his philanthropic en deavors will ever be ublo to transform him Into n bore. Cornell fnlverslty's professor who ,,.. ..,....,.. n .. .,. ......,, ,)V thu police on suspicion of wife mur der, and kept his mouth shut on the subject, evidently does not believe In too great freedom of speech. Count Ferdinand on 'ZiirrtUN at tained the rcaptctablu ago of 7S yes terday, In robust health and with mind alert and vigorous. He Is a distinguished student of science, n high authority on aerostatics and aeronautics; and yet tendon fnlled ti celebrate his birthday in any way. ONE CENT A MILE. Prahe for I'reildent Underwood's Idea About Passenger Kates. To the KDiToiiofTim Sun Sir: Presi dent t'mlrrwood ot the Krlo )(,ii!ro,ic! places himself In thu front rank when f1? ''"l" ;,n'! aJZ'M,c?,n "jj uicruaap of freight rates, which increase, lie e.Mnkf, should bo -is much as "0 per cent. One cent a mile nculd mean prosper ity to all tho country within 10') miles uf the lalKv cities. It would m.iku It possible for tens of thousands to li.tv country homes Instead of living us cave dwi-llers In apartments. It would mean the i-un's light and i.ature's ohm air to thousands of chil dren, palo wc.ikhiiiis who have scaicc evir bevn. touched by the sun's Uliect ray, and tho maklnu of them Into healthy women and ruiSRed men. it would mean a healthy advance In the demand und price of real estate, wherever tho railroad touche, und a buildhiK up and beuutlfyinK of all the udjacent country. The lncreae of population within the zones of tho larpo cities would add tremendously to tho freight trattlc nnd would enable the railroads to run one or two 8pec!at freight tialns a day, making a frelsht delivery service so prompt and reliable ns to render tin uecessaiy the additional charges now demanded for "express" service. It would mean the carrying of food, meichuudlse and supplies of all kinds to the hundreds of thousands scalteied by the wayside on all lines of railway, and an advance of even 20 per cent would not seem large, nor bear heavily, con sidering the Immense advantages and the vast possibilities waiting In view of such a step forward. To the Knc It would mean, possibly dinund, that the Krle terminal bo trans formed Into a spacious thing of teauty, to enable it to care for the Immensely Increased population of commuters and their families, settled In the beautiful valleys and among the sunny hills touched by Its lines of travel. Tho declaration of 1'itsldtnt Under wood should be n prophecy, lived for, and worked for Its realization would undoubtedly btlng prosperity to tha tall roads, but tho great good would come to tho people, through their dis tribution over hundreds of square miles. weet by the sweet air of health. wIicicas now they eat and sleep where wanbght never falls, u, v. uultha, Ni:w Yoijk, July S. THE INCOME TAX. A national Kxplanatlon of the He ilclcnc) of in 13. To tiik KeiToii or Tub Scn Sir: Anions tho arlous reasons put forth fr.'in tmiu to time accounting fur the deflcteney of thu individual income tax returns for VJ13 from tho estimated amount and for the Increased r'-tunu for 19H I havii not seen puellsned what seems to me ono of the most Important factors: namely, that the returns lag behind tho Income-. Interest elue January 1, IM-t. for In stance, payable annually and which accrued during the ten months of llit3 the law was In iffeet, was not re turned until 1015. Hond coupons wero treated similarly. Also, coupons elue April 1. 1313. cov ering six months Interest, were returned at one-sixlh their face, as holders con-sldcre-d interest lucmlng pievlous to .March 1. 191-1, was not taxable. I do not know whether this waje ac cording to law or not, but I beheve the statement Is In aecorel with the facts. These leasons sei-m to mo morn potent than the) often alligeil charge that the Treasury Pepartun nt has been after tax dodgers. The amount of tax dexlg Ing certainly has been exaggerated, pos sibly gvo'sjy. The fact seems evident that the re turns have only Just "caught up" with tho not m.il annual Income of the tax payers. N. Hall. Monthkal, July R. How the Kuslnns Treated the Cath olic Archbishop of l.emlerg. To the r.niTou or The Son .si- May I bo permitted to givo Mi. Hlmo 1V11, who w riles about Itussiau abstention from the eixnctlem of levy and Indemnity, somo Information warding the Itusslan occupation of l.emberg" When It ap pealed probable at the beginning of the war that l.emberg would be sel7cd and occupied by the. Itussiau troops, tho Catholic Archbishop of Lemberg, tho venetablo Mgr. Szeptlckl, vus besought by his friends to icmnvo himself from Lemberg to a place ot safety. This he steadfastly refused to do. On tho capture of the city by the Husiilans tho Archbishop wis ordered by tho Itusslan military authorities to abjure) Catholicism and subscribe to the reed of the Itusslan Statu Church; and to this ho gave a steadfast refusal. Kor that he was ni rested and temoved to a fort i ess In Itussia, where at last ac counts he was routined, Further, his cathedral was transformed Into a Itus slan Orthodox church and arrangements made, to facilitate tho speedy "conver sion" of Hie Catholic clergy and laity of I.i'inbeig to Itusslan orthodoxy, Haiivi.on, it. I., July 6. M. C. 11. Srn Shells. 0 aliells that Ufsd m hold Tlio muk' of tha am. What murmur fill you runv? What l your threnody? 1 think within your drptha ThM I cun liver as.Un The email of alnklliK shlpa, The kcreaiim uf murdeiml men. There l nn enn tn ksop Where crtinoii wtr awlrled; The outraged deep Klve forth Tlie dlacord of tha world ilCLaMJDVBOB WlLSOS, THE CHILD OF MYSTERY. Have Frecocloni Interpreters of Trlnt u "Special Sense"? To tiik Kditor or THE Sun Sir.' In Tiik Sun of July S a correspondent slates the case of a three-year-old who, while unable to road, distinguishes be tween some thirty , or more gramophone records, nam Ins the selections. I havo remarket! tho some with a son of mine, though It In a much less striking case, as the latter is older, knows his letters and reads tho sljipler words. I am suro there Is nothing psychical or supernatural about the performance. it would rail within tno faculties of association, 1 should Imagine. Associa tion bridges, If It does not form a tcp- arato division, th gap between Instinct and reason. There Is nothing instinctive In so young a child's telling ono gramo phone title. If Socrates's test of reason bo applied it wilt hardly work out, for the child cannot explain how It arrives at Its conclusions. Association covers the matter satisfactorily to mo In ex plaining my boy's distinguishing be tween his records. There Is much In common between the Intelligence, ot smalt children and somo of the animals. As children develop and depend more and more upon reason tho lower facul ties of association and Instinct tend to disappear, Just us the faculty of mem ory weakens among peoples us they de velop means of tccord. My boy has u toy gramophone. U cost a dollar, I believe. The table Is rotated by hand without gearing. When luu tt the piopcr rate, quite a difficult feat by tho nuy, the result is remarkable for such a crude apparatus. Whn turned too fast or too slow or varied the music ( ?) Is excruciating. This ma chine, however, has one feature not pos sessed by others at any price; tho rec ord can bo played backwaid by swing Ins tho horn around and beginning nt the Inside edge of tho spiral. We havo ono record that cost five cents that sounds, when played backward, very like a famous tenor's grand opera record priced at tit. M. R. W. Nbw Yokk, July 7. At Fhc, a Veteran Identifier of tho Lubcls. To TUB EDlTOtt or THK SUN Sir.- "fC. J. C.'s" Utter In yesterday's Sun In terested me because my ion does prac tically the same thing with music rolls for the placr piano. Ho Is now five years old, but ho has been doing It for the last two years. We havw tried in every way to confuse him, but he ran pick out rolls similar to ours lu other homes where ho lslts. As an Instance, when he was three he went Into tho house; occupied for the summer by a professional musician, well Known in theatrical circles, and llabher Basted that gentleman by taklns- from ' the music cabinet Mendelssohn's "Hondo Caprlccioso," calling It by name and ask ing the gentleman to play It. The roll was of course exactly like ono ho had swn lu his own home. When it Is understood that In general appearance the labels on the boxes are similar, the only difference belns the title of tho record, which, comparatively, is only n small part of the label, the fact seems quite remarkable, for the child cannot read a word. Uvtfxate. Maplkwooo, N. J., July 6. A Three-Year-Old Knclldcan, To the Kbitor or Tub Sun Sir: "E. J. C.'s" letter would seem to place the boy In the class of minds gifted with keen powers of observation and logical I deduction. Such a power as he de-l Now that you hav- formally recorded scribes, while unusual, Is sometimes I the entry of The Scn Into Its new habl four.d In clever child! en. An Instance of I 'atlon and tho uninterrupted contlnu a child who could as it were "sense" i ll"c 01 h' d'"' business of "mixing words as entitles before she could spell Is within my own experience. Another Instance was told me by the mother of a. well known lawyer of New Orleans, now dead. At a very early age her son had & faculty of guessing, or losalbly recognizing at sight, words of one or two syllables. This faculty was represstd by his parents, who elld not approve of Infant prodUles. He was not allowed to learn to read, ond the only toeIs h!.s mind had to work with weire tho bare letters of the alphabet, acquired by him before the' repressive measures went into effect. In spite of this, when he was three years old his mother found him one day poring over a volume ot Kuclld. She asked what he was doing and he answered that he was reading about the "angels." Amuted at this, his mother asked him to tell her the names of tho "angels." "Itlght, Acute, Ob tuse," he llsprd. Illustrating correctly each us he named It by means of thumb nnd forefinger, lie. could not pronounce "Isosceles," but save the figure It stands for In dumb show Perhaps "K. J. C." can aca-ount for the gift tht puzzles him by some such lght reading. New York, July el, M. v. Muenter's Homb and the Submarine's Torpedo What IMfferenre? From tUr Krtnlng t'ost, "It Is ridiculous to suppose that Muenter was Incited to his actions by any Ciormans In this country or In Ger many, as has been hinted .it In several newspaper icports," s.ijs Professor Muensterbeig. No ilniibt he Is right. Hut If, In point of fact, Mumter had been Incited to his act'ons by Herman" In this country or In (.leinunv we should 111:,) tho learned professor to explain In Just what tcspect tho-e Germans would have beTn more guilty than was the tJerman Government Itself in bringing about tho murder of the passengers en the I.usltanla. Of all the actions of Muenter, real or pretended, none is te garded as more atroUous than his al leged setting of nn Infernal machine upon a transatlantic passenger steamer. Hut If that bomb had actually exploded and caued a mnssncro of Innocent non combatants, would It not have been Jus tillable on precisely the same principle as that which Is appealed to In Justifi cation of the Lusltant.i slaughter" There Is no law of war or law of na tions that makes it any moie peiml sible to sink a met chant ship without warning by a torpedo from the out side than by n bomb ftoin the ins'de If tho plea that "Germany Is tlghtlis for her llfo" sultlces In th' one' case It sultlces In the other, nor do we fee any form ot outrage or butharlsm which that plea, If admitted, would fall to cover with Its Immunity. .Vote From the Austrian (.'oasul-Gen-rral. To the KoiTon or The Svn S'fr: With reference to tho telegram published In the New York morning papers of July s concerning tho subscription to the sec ond Austro-Hungarlan war loan I beg to Inform jou that this telegram must have bee.n cither mutilated or incomplete, in Hhiuuch as the amount of S.rtSO.iiiin noo crowns Is .far below the subscriptions which wer olllclally acknowledged In Iho Austro-lluiusarl.tn newspapers by the end of May last. On June 2.1 this Consulate-Gene ral geivo out an oltlclal Siatement which you have already published and according to which the subscription had rhen nl leendy icached the amount of 4,500,00(1,. 000 crowns, whllo more, subscriptions were still coming In. I should esteem It a favor If you would kindly call your roaders' atten tion to the fact that tho telegram above referred to does not cenvey a coricct Im pression of the actual amount subscribed to the p.cond Austro-Hungarlan war Uuin, which Is far In excess of the figure staled. Ai.KXANnza von Niihkii, Consul-Gerieral for Auwtrla-Hungary, New York, July S. Kiplnlneel, Fair Cuatnmer Thla hammock doaan't look very atrong, Clerk It li designed to break It three us It. BUILD THE COURT HOUSE. Moreover, Krcct a State Ilnlldlug for tho Court of Appeals to Use, To tub Editoh or The Svn Sir: Thero Is division of opinion among tho city oltlclals who havo tho say as to whether tho new county court housn planned, and mainly for which tho expensive nnd cxpanslvo civic centra has been actu ally acquired, should be built or whether tho whole schomo should now be aban doned and tho lands sold at a great loss to the municipality. 1 for ono believe tho court house should be built, and without delay. In tho first place, It Is sorely needed; secondly, the city has proceeded too far nnd has expended great funds nnd Is obligated for more; next, because the great city cannot afford to mako Itself appear vacillating and ridiculous In the. eyes of tho world ; and last, taklnir all things into consideration, becauso it will cost more, directly and indirectly, now and later on, to turn hack and abandon tho scheme than to go ahead and vigor ously push It to completion. Not alono should tho new court house bo built, but a State building as well on this civic centre. Tho State owea this to the city. And hero Is another thing, and It seems to mo Important and practical. Why should the sittings of the Court of Appeals bo wholly confined to Al bany, saving a short spring term at Saratoga? Why should the members 3f our city bar be compelled to go to Al bany or Saratoga and be subjected to loss of tlmo and to Inconvenience, nud tho litigants to expense, when tho hulk of tho appeals before that court arlae from the Appellate Division In this de partment? The Court of Appeals for about half the term time In each jear should sit in the city of New York, and proper and liberal provision for tho court, tlttlna- to lis dignity, should be made In this civic centre, either in this proposed State house or In the plans for tho new court house. In either case, of course, at tho cost of thu State, which should bear Its proper haro of thu expense of main tenance'. If this course should subject the Judges of tho court to higher personal expense their expense allowance should be Increased. Tho people would save money by It; even then the Judges of th') highest court In tho State would it. all not receive as mueh as tho salary aiono of the Supreme Court Justices In this city. Ai.t:xAMr.u U. Mater. Mount Vkrkon, July s. SOME PLEASANT WORDS. Selections From the Kindly Conimrnts of Friends of "The Sun." To THE IilllToR or The Sun Sir: May The Scn uhlno long and as brightly us ' xw.h. .b0i,t wishes. New Yor.i;, July This I'ndlmmrd Orb. To the EoiTon or The Sun Sir: Though a grandpa of American Jour nalism, The 8i n In Its e'ghty-thlrd year shows no signs that It nas been withered by Time or de.ca.,cd by tige. Oa the contrary, for It Is much more virile, though dignltlcd, than many of lis younger contemporaries, some of which show too plainly that they have thu v.rus of sensationalism in their ' makeup." Kor over fifteen years I have been a constant reader of Tub Kw and hope to bo a reader of it for another ejele of timo twice as long. sunshine with printer's Ink." may I be permitted to w.sh you unlimited suc cess in the mixing? Fred James. Amauansett, I.. I July 7. "The Sun" Moves. from the Scranton .'epiitIlcfis. Ordinarily tho removal of a news paper from one building to another would be an Incident of minor Interest, but In the case of The Sun It Is an event. Yeotcrday our much appreciated contemporary quit the old Tammany Hall building, which It has ticeupled for nearly half a century, and transferred Its headquarters and Its actlvit.es to 150 Nassau street, w'ro It has ampler elbow room. The old building, where The Sun held Its anchoragu securely tluou-li ail tho tossing tides of metropolitan progress for nearly iift years, wan loved as a home by the brilliant men whoso work made the pages .,f th" paper seintlbaiit. and was tegar.li'd as a Journalistic shrine by tin older generation of news paper workers from Gotham to the Golden Gate. There will be more than local appre ciation for the lli.e poem fiom the pen of Dana llurnet wii.eli graced yester day's edltoiial page of The Scn, and In which these throbbing Unci, appear: lleneath thoe dim und seed eaeea W.re triii'-l with nuny a drin pen The branl,) am of a hundred yeira. The moving p.i&eamr) of men! The Scn was started by llenjamjn H. Day In D3;. but its actual existence, tn the wider tli'ld of American Journal ism dates fiom 1M",7. w hen it was sought b Charles A. Dana and lus ,is.'is.'i.ites, who lm luded such men as Honour Conk ling, Cm us W. Field, WilMiim M. Evarts and otherii of national reputation, It was the commanding genius and trenchant pen of Charles A. laua tha' won countrywide te cognition for The Sun. His "young men," as he loved to call his assnii.it. wmkers, sh.ued lu the magnetic Inspiration of his maste,' mind and have e-otiiinuiiicaled It to the p.igis of tho paper since ills labors ceased. The gpnd will of newspaper men everv where will nocoinp.inv TllK Sun to ,is new home, and wish for It a cun tliaiacce of the fame and fortune. It en Jojed in the old. Neighborly Felicitations. 'ruin the Vvrninu Mail. our neighbors Tiik sii'M and The EVKNINO Si'N a"e belrg congratulated upon their removal to comm. dious new quartets at lRrt v'.isk.iu street The i:rinnn Moil Joins heartily In the chorus of good wil nnd vrntuies tn express the hope that about the new Scn olll there may elevi mp an atmosphere' of tradition as Intimately icininisci'-,t of the best In Ameili'.in Journalism as that whiih sur rounds the ancient tliuuuie now out grow n. All Intlniule and Sensible IV Mi. To Tiir I'.niToit or The Sun sir; I sc that "Tin: scn do move," Long life and comfutt in your new headquarters! J. M. lux, K.vsto.n, l'a., July 8. Greetings From a Fellow Worker. To Tin: Eoitor or The Scn Sir; As your newspaper has taken possession of Its new homo at 15a Nassau street. I beg you to accept tho greetings anil the good wishes of my review, whbh has the pleasure, of being located lu the tame building. My H'VleA, II ('iimicclo, holies fi r a successful enlatgcmi'iit of jour paper lu this ni'W period of Its life, and hopes! that our powerful oigan will always be' a friend of Italy and of thu Italians, who are the friends of thu Americans. AUOSTINO UK HtASl, lailtor ( CniYoccfo, New York, July s, Milpt That l'a In Hie Mailt. To tub Ki'iTon or Tnr. Si x .(r.' i:ie.g on the Anierleaii merchant marine! Von net, You bet, le Kollette Jons V. Dims, M. L. New Vuk, July 7, "THE UNITED STATES OF EUROPE." Would tho Belligerent, Welcome un American Call to Peace '.' To the Editor or The Sun Sir: The groat cllUlculty In securing peace be tween tho warring nations In Eurono IS probably due tu tho Impossibility of readjusting tho map satisfactorily to all concerned, und to the disagreement about Indemnities. It seems thtrefoto advi.sa.blH to eliminate) nil thoe knotty questions for the present nnd start peace negotiations with a view to bene fiting each and all of tho belligerents. Although this tremendous struggle has continued a year, no ono csn fore tell with nny certainty what the final result will bo If the war should be continued, except the complete exhaus tion If not destruction of nil tho war ring nations. To prevent such a calam ity It would surely bu opportune nt this time for a neutral I'ower to step In and call a hilt by suggesting peace on such conditions ns all paitics con cerned could honorably accept. It would certainly be very nppio- prl.tte for the United States Governme nt to Invite n world conguss to meet In Washington as soon as possible to con sider the possibilities of fonn.ng n common basis for further negotiations with a view of ultimately forming a union of nil the European nations umler a federal government with Switzetland as Its capital. Such a move could not be considered inopportune or offensive to any nation, but Would In all probability bo c-.n- iluclve to beneficial tcsults, because tho people of the warring nations aru fairly tired of the war and would be only too glad to tee It terminated In a way that would not lie too injurious ana Humil iating to the national pride. This romitrv should be the nrst to move for thu creation of "the United States of Europe," and thereby save what Is remaining of that great part of the world's most Intelligent and In dustrial' people, which Is no.v facing annihilation. Naturally, the Man of a union oi i.u- ronean countries will not at first re ceive npproval from ceitaln qua.tis, but when the situation is fully compre hended bv the people us n whole it win be. found'that this plan will be accepted as tho most sensible and the only one which would result In disarmament and uetmatient peace with returning prosperity and nt the same time make no further uso for -scraps oi imin-i. Hut, oiiniir. Moiiristown, N. J., Juiy 7. THE BILLION DOLLAR TRADE BALANCE. Is It Real'.' What Are Its Constltn ruts and Contributors? To the Etirron ok The Sun sir: In The Si'N of Juiy 1 the article "Our Hinion Dollar Traele Halanco' lays oi this large excess of exports over lmi.tts: There is none tne less cunuon in uie thought of It," c. Why? Decs thl sum represent ac counts coiltetible by Americans from foreigners? If so have the trade bal ances of preceding years been setileul? What are the figures? If they haw not been settled why are these balances called favorable? It Is asserted that a large part of this so-called "favorable" balance Is rent' nald by American tenants to foreign lanel owners. Interest on American bunds paid to foreign bondholders, dividends on American shares held In foreign countries, &c. Can you throw any light on this? In The Sun of July 3 another edi torial art cle, "Our Indebtedness Alooad." would seem to furnish s me basis for an argument In support of this ci.iim. The last paragraph ei.ds Willi tho words: "That Kurupe owns things ot worm 10 us with which It can, in default of n'iy othei medium of payment, cruel tli- Indebtedness that It is Incurring for our goods and commodities." Hut Is Eutopo incurring nny ir.etebt edness of Importance? Woutd not tho ownership by foreigners of Income pro- ducing American property keep us pr-pe-'.ually In e!e lit to the foreign o.v tiers of this property? Are there any oltlcial statistics to show the amount of alle s ownership of American land, stocks and bonds? One of the Astor family who lives In England is salil to own some teal es tate. In New York city May m: the rent sent across by his tenants form a part of tho "balanie of tr.vte In eur favor,'' and may there' not be eome other cases of a like nature ' Frank Mti-rrs. Ht'TH Eiironn, N. J . July J. TOIL'S INCENSE. What .sweeter scent Than the Passing WhllT of Labor's Ltviilug Pipe! To the EbtTOR or TUB Si'N Sir.- The most exquisite perfunm that has ever sweetened the breath of the e'Venlm;, caressed gratefully thu nustrlls of man or beist, loosed the bubbling springs of the heart's Joy or translated the soul In n dream of unntterable beMtlttlde Is that momentary whiff of the hod car rier's pipe as he passes on his homeward way after his dally toll. No man can entlcu forth from the bowl of lus own pipe ro drjjghtrul an odor, or coax it from the Interstices of tho most costly cigar. If oin stays with it, its glory eleparls. If one lives in U, the springs of Jo become' clogged with sorrow and tho blissful dream is plumvd Into a nlghtmate of leinorse. I,i! the perfect Instant of a supreme emotion it can ravish tlio soul for but a lleetlng heartbeat, anil then licreaveel and alone, one must lace a llavorlcss world drained of every purpose nnd meinlng What stimulus of ambition i-emhl the young man have In h s arduous struggle toward the crown ot life's sue cess with out those passing breaths of the incense of test? What enjovment could one fiml lu majurer years of tho ii-alUatlon of achievement'' And in the sombre twi light of ileoUinni: vigor, what cheer of i-onsolaxjoii and faith could there bo but for thosn evanescent visions ot the truth that perfect bliss Is a natural teactlon of thu human soul? Kroni the cradle to the grnve. through all the stages of this ilespoudint pil grimage of sin and iniquity, through the w.up and weft of all woithy human mteicourte runs the Jewelled slt.ind of this stimulating, re-assuring and consol ing experience of unalloyed delight. And surely, ono who Is lnipahl ef know lug tho Joy of It has not In reality lived, nor can a soul sj dyspeptii', emaciated and Insensate reasonably Itopu to find happi ness In any possible state of being, either here or here-after. MKTCAl.r O)' PLAINTIKlti. ri.AiNriKi.u, N. J.. July S, Afi?. BURLESON'S ENVELOPES. Another Patron of the Post Office Finds Them Satisfactory. To the UniToR or Tin: S-'N Sir: I regard the vailou ooiimnm:, ations In lltr. Si .s as to tjio alleged po"r epial Uy of the two cei.t envelope ns "much ado about nothing " I use. a great many In tho course of n year and have never had any reason for complaint, nor Is it tcasniable m believe that I get a dtlfeient quillty than other people. The envelope In which I enclose thin U what f get Thee Post Ollice Depart ment endeavors to furnish a reason ably i;ood business envelope at the lowest cost of manufacture. This sl.c Is furnished at .oi cents for twenty five, or three cenlu for Ihc envelopes alone. Nowhere eiso hi this city cun 1 buy an equally good envelope) dl twenty-live for three cents. If any one wants fancy stationery let him buy It and use aell.esHe st imps The public does not nc,l it. noi shou',1 It be required to pay Tor .uyboilj s Cool Ideas. S. 1' UkuW n, Toledo, Ohio, July 6. SAYS T. R. LOWERED ACADEMY STANDARD Prof. SiiiiMi Also Aocibcj JIoyot of Afft't'thifj; A lump, olis Scholarship. PASSING MAHKS (MIANV.hf Annapolis, July ? President pone. veit and Secretary of the N.ivv ,,r wero accused to-day of having j r, !j 'hit the passing mark bo lower, i , that baikwanl midshipmen . j d kept In the Naval Academy T- s mcnt was made ta-day befote ' e rl of Inquiry by Prof. Hairy i. head of the department of m etn. . i who testified yesterday t.-at , a Influence hid lowered the star.! i 's ,f scholarship at the acadetn:. f the ictentlon of Inelllclent m.ds'. j i.e. Ptvf. Smith testified that on .1 ...e 7, 1907, President Hoosevclt elircrted 'hat the passing matk for the iu: i, l e x aminations sh iuld bu .3 inst' .id f out of it possible I, and tn.it on I c . u aiy 15. 1S12, Secictary Meyer d..f el that the passing maik for the sen annual examinations for that ca: s. ojij be 1.2 ir.3tc.id of 2.5. Th.s resulted, the witness sild, u t . retention of a Lumber of mulsh p ,,on wlK had not been sa:lf .clory I -..eir studies. Prof. Smith declared tn.i department h.nl itrelved the o de.s . i that he understood they appU-l . t, examinations In all departments Tlir I'reifcsmir'n Stiicurstlotia, It was saggested by Piof Sir. .it classes bo enlarged, and th t the va i cle in the commissioned ranks be i".;ej by those standing h.g .est on giaiaat This, he said, would stimulate . a,, .. tloti among the mldsh.pir.e" He -o uggested special coaching f r the 1 i ward. He said that he approved of n :.t' -t as he lelleve'd that It prom del ti t.e.ilth of the midshipmen nti l put t .tn lu bette- shape to do metit.i. ieor, Commander H. 11. I'n.e, f -r.. ny head of the department of inir.. e en gineering nnd now head of the lep.r ment of rlecttirlty and phi su s. c '.i id the turbine sheets and reollati i. .c ,, which several witnesses de.la.ed were taken by Midshipman It. M. Ne.so T.,c eeimmander said that tl.e -tallied the whole of this ela;. s w r taken from tho text book, and vice r range1 so that u portion inili t . it oft to lund out to a m.dsh.p n n f r iccitatb n. In general, tho witness ?a:d, ti.e sheets were eif no advantage) to a mil shlpman except as an Incentive to s m;y, thougii those containing problems m nut trail the midshipmen to do the- tasns mevhamcally Instead of studying i.is principles. Commander I'rlco nnd Comtv.ar.ier II, K, Hltiees, head of tho elepartnic:.' e.f navigation, also evplalned the met. .1 purstu.-d in preparing and protecting Me examinations for their departments. Instructor lli'liieel .Moss. Instructor W. J. King, of the tr.atlie matie s department, who had been tamed by .!idhlpmn James E. Ms a I iv I tier sent to h tn some matter pe- i -log to the- work of that elepat" .. t, ti'stifieil ihat at the request of the fat of Mlels'i pm.m Mo. and wrh tl.e . n- seoit nr the lie. id of the- depart!). r had given to the midshipman some o .1 eXii'iiln i'Ioii pipers wjh s- .uti ns Midshipman Mos, he said, knew he bail scot them. Hi- declare! t1 i had sent the papers not ueire than t times, though Mos tcot'llrd that he '..it l.s oi roc'e'ieil n mueh larger numhir Me King denied positively that he hid Moss any matter relating to otner de oarttni'tits. Midshipman i"laude O Kell, the rno n mat of Midshipman Nepon. te' s i that the' latter hail coached a i-r- or of fourth class men in the noli language work, but had sunl to tj i that he was g ving thijji work tli.it i. wete not likely to get on tho even' tlon, but which would Indicate) tne i':, cm! character of thu qust'on. He eleci.ited that he had never ec Nelson have but one key, but bad s -him havo two or three t' e ".-b she i't. Ho testified that Nelso'i ga midshipmen of all classes mm h ! and that he was tho brightest i ' most capable) s'.udent he had e' known Midshipmen Kelt. Archer M. Kit I Alan Harnett teetllied that the-v ' 1 substantial Hii'itiut of advat "e untteri about the modern hangings f am a' on. and thxe th.s i-.f'rv n was gel. i ral in the two tipper clas'. s POLICE ACCEPT AID OF SAFETY FIRST MEN A i! to TreliniYnl Committee t Keiiiiine VpIuYIps in AmMiMit. Police Commissioner Words i cepte.l an nifer made b the Fust So if ty of New York to hue atitomool'o technical committee i an Hdvuory capacity In the h'.' e animation of o.irs involved in dents. Mr. Woods Issued nn ords cently directing th it when an c Is mail" as the result cf an aid c mai'hlne may bo detained for eT tlon If It if apparent that the . was raiood b a median1 ea I r'. The' t.'-hnioil e'ommittee. w compose! of (ioorgc II Hnbertso', mill. Divul Heecroft. Jo-ep' I I'r.mk li Webb and i-"'e ..- , Elliott, seirctarv discussed c). . the investigation of -u . nlents lenco H. Dunham, Third Depr P CommissiniHT, yesterday. Not onlv will tho co'umitt". . all conditions and olroumst.ii . actum with accidents invest n , It will suggest remedies f clo operation and iqulpmei.' Proposals of several new . ' weie discussed by tl.e :. cently atnl referred to the ,. committee' eif the sot let v V' are piovb'ons tor the elnr . jtllng ho ollights, the n in t.- c 1.1 path, '!;r at curbs tor .it! vehicles and the use of n 'r' " all motor ears. MARSHALL IN PLAUT'S POST siiii'i'pi'ds l.nfp rirt Vle'i'.I'resl eif M,.ri'liitiita seeieliillon. Waldo II M ii.sa ill, pres' i.., Allien, in ! motive eyorr u- I't'i li c cle d lltt v ,i e-p' cc .1. - Mere! .u. ts A-si elation to Til cir c i i use ij by the recent d. Allien l'liui. president qf l.''n Mr Mnshsll, who has been . tin work of I' e nssoelat'on ' ' tho c!i,. wis serving aa se-n pi e dent l.'W,s E I'lerson, pres'dent eif ) Nb hols A; e'o , Inc.. has he. n see'oiid v'ce preside nt, ind J i In'.' of .1 in es i i. W'l le S. ' ii In i m to i.lc Hi rd v i lent i Wl. e a m tnbi" . . Ill re 'oi,, but pieviously b'bl ollice.