Newspaper Page Text
THE SUtf, FRIDAY, JULY 23, 1915.
Klnkead of Hudson county had bren threatened by the strikers. A veritable state of anarchy prevailed In tlint pari of llayonne. Strikers walked about vohlng threats against the lives of l.'f official of the city nd fcgalnst tlio oftietrs of the companies, also vowing greater damage to prop rty. When twilight fell boy mid men rc observed cairylng shotguns and rifles Into Mydosh Hull, nt Twenty-first street and Prospect inenue, the meeting place, nf the sttlkei Shortly after ward the strikers made efforts at snip Inif the guntds nt the plants. City officials and tin- Sheriff plainly feared an outbreak of tragic dlnienslons during the night. Hoth had api-ealed to 'low Fielder for the mllltla to guard tho property of the companies, but the (lovernor Intimated last night tint he would not grant the request, though that may have been a pretext to allay the fears of the strikers nnd give the regiments an opportunity to slip Into llayonne by miter In the dark. :HH Deputies Kttnrn In, The Governor was (pioted as having told the Sheriff that he, the SherllT. must endeavor b the use of deputy sheriffs to restore order and that If such efforts failed tho mllltla would be called out this morning. Accordingly, Sheriff Klnkrnd swore 111 31'" deputy sheriffs, all residents of Hudson county, and at 10 o'clock last lilBht he stationed tlem on the outside of the plants with In structions to pn serve peace. Inside the .Standard Oil and the Tide. Water works were 2!i0 guards, hit e l by the companies and armed with re peating rllles. So with more than toft armed men patrolling tne property ami with searchlights playing on all parts i of the big works, every elTort was ttiaue to keep the strikers at a distance. Meantime flow Fielder waited In New Tork for Adjutnnt-Ocnernl Sadler of New Jersey to return from an Inter view with the Sheriff and olllclols of the oil companies. Hoth the Governor nnd Adjutunt-Oencml spent the night In New Yoik in telephonic communication with the Sheriff nnd with regiments of New Jersey mllltla nt their nnrorlcs ready to Answer calls Instantly. Outside the works In llayonne the strikers, many of them nrmed with re volvers a few with rifles hiding In covert places waited for an opportunity to npproach the plants and apply the torch to tho oil. The strikers were en railed over tho killing nnd wounding of their associates. They Insisted that they were fired upon without cause, regardless of the fact that every time 'the strikers or their friends got nenr to any part of the plants a tire Invariably was started. They knew by their experiences of the day that any man who touched a bit of oil property was In danger of Retting a kullet In his body. In vmtluntlun AaLcd. Citizens who wandered about the streets also were made aware of the presence of the guards, for bullets whizzed across Twenty-second street scores of times during the day, striking houses, and on several occasions hitting bylanders. Many thought the firing by the guards was Indiscriminate nnd rash, and the strikers have appealed for an Investigation by the county authorities. Some of the authorities say the strik ers arc to blame for the marksmanship of the guards. They say the strike started their violence almost at day break nnd were at the bottom of the three pitched battles that were fought during the day. The strikers gathered at S o'clock In the morning nt Twenty-second street and Avenue J, where stands a small office of the Standard Oil Company. Itunrrtn eee. Inwt.tn 1 1. ,,i . -.. t ",. n.r ...,ii,. vri, r i the strikers fne,.il tl,.. .l.... nt tt,A m... 1 nnd stt Mre to It The building Is within thirty feet on all side of hlg tanks con taining each about riO.noo barrels of oil. The tire got a good start and the Day nnne flren,..ti nu ,..ll .... c....i ., up ,,n; fiiiiiHiirtl H own fire fighters, appeared to fight the! nine, uie names were extinguished without great trouble and water was poured In several of the pits dug around each tank, Within a half hour after that the first run light between guards nt tho Tide Water plant and strikers began at a Fpot about four blocks away. An optn ipace nins from Twenty-second strret lnst the rireek Catholic church to n mound overlooking the tanks of the Tide Water company. Strikers climbed this mound, some with stones and several with guns. On the other side of the wall were the guards. The rirliut Ilt-uliis. Firing began with both the guards and strikers taking deliberate aim. It Is said that in this fight one guard was idiot through the wrist ami another, In the heat of the fulllade, fell from n roof of a building and was hurt. Tho first hots attracted more strikers and pres. ently 500 men and boys gathered, with voinen In the outskirts. Tony lllednarksl. a nuns striker, started boldlv up the mound and when 'ie reached the top a guard took careful aim aim nreel, The striker rolled dnwi the hill and was picked up by friends ml helped across the street to n drug More. Then John Surgen, 43 ears old, ntarled up the hill, anil at the top he waved to his comrades to follow him. He fell, shut In the abdomen, and lav there for several minutes. Then the strikers, seventy-five In num ber, charged up the hill with revolvers nd bricks. For ten minutes bullets ew thick nnd fast, one striking Steve Svnhll, who was not a striker, but was employed by the Columbia oil Company. The strikers charged several times, but were driven back, Meantime reporters had been band King the wounded men and telephoning to tho hospital for an ambulance. The hospital authorities said they would not send un ambulance because, both their doctors and drivers refused to ; among tho strikers. On the previous day nn ambulance had been virtually wrecked by the strikers. Pollen Head quarters was appealed to and promised to do whatever was possible. Presently nil ambulance dashed down Twenty-second sheet in.d went into the oil plant, where Drs. Macdrrgor and Fielder attended the wounded guards. On the way back they stopped nnd In quired about the Injured strikers. Ily that time, however, repot tent had coin mandeeicd a delivery wagon uud had sent the men to the hospital, Father Save of the Greek church administered extreme unction t" Surgend and ,lile. narksl while the bells of his ohurch were tolled. Appeal .Mnile by Mu-rlir. In the lull that followed the first bat tle Sheriff Kluke.id appealed and up. pealed to the strikers to preserve order. I'hen h telephoned to Washington and got the department of l,.ilur to assign John Moffat and James A. Smyth as mediators to tr to adjust the differences between the strikers and the companies, These men will arrive lo.d.i. A few minutes afteiwiird another fight stalled between the strikers and Sfuards. Near the scene of the tight two fires weio Marled under the wooden fences of the Tide Water company. The guards be.-an to snipe the Milkers, whu Mood eoveral hundred feet fioni tho fence. The strlkrrs answered with bricks and ieolver shots and for al most an hour, brill, i, in rtt 11.40, the battle went on. Glerekn Wnlsyk, 2.1 je.us old. was nnnt tnrougn the Ileal t .mil the head. He died almost Instantly. The ctuwd nil back ufier that, but advanced again In greater nuiiibi r, Nykolo 1,'waskl, ID years old. fell with bullets through his heart and lungs, He was doid Iwfoiu his f i lends could run to his side. The strikers then leticalul again, ,ut thiy made sew-ral other advances, i.houting and tuihlng, md in tliu lighting four others weie wounded, Amum; them were Carroll KappUia, who was hit In the fou-hi-ad, Stephen Hamcrck, a boy BAYONNE STRIKE iilililESiBfiSiSE of 13, who was standing near Mydosh's Hall; Veleskl Sevarrl, a girl of 19, who was shot In the ear, and Fnank Tolas, IS. All of them were taken to the hos pital. Just at the end of the fighting Sheriff Klnkuid advanced near the fence In front of the strikers and one of the guards, not recognizing him, took care ful aim. The Sheriff raised hla hand and the guard lowered his rifle. But the hat of a newspaper man near the Sheriff wos knocked off by a bullet. The Sheriff urged the strikers to go away. The strikers paid little heed to htm. Governor Asked for Aid, At this Juncture Hherlff Klnkead called up the Governor and appealed to him for aid. He said he felt that men In uniform were necessary because the foreigners only respected auch men und were angered by the presence of citizens with arms. The Governor Immediately sent Adjt.-Gen. Sadler to confer with the Sheriff regarding the situation. After telephoning to the Governor tha Sheriff also sent him a, telegram saying that the situation was beyond control nnd that the mllltla were absolutely necessary. At '1 o'clock the strikers gathered In Mydosh Hall to hear a report from tha committee thnt had been sent to Inter view the oil company officials. Jeremiah D. Haley, chairman of tho committee, announced that they had been unable to see the officials. He unced the men to preserve peace, but he said: "If the guards hurl stones at me I will hurl stones hack. If the guards shoot at me t will shoot back." He was cheered loudly. Other speukers made nddresses In Polish, Slavish and other languages. While this meeting was going on an other lire was started among oil waste near the Lehigh Valley tracks thnt run Into the Standanl OH works. The black smoke attracted hundreds of strikers nnd others out on the flats to the north east of Twenty-second street. Across that thoroughfare the guards In the Tide Water plant began shooting. Ily this tiring, which apparently was aimed over the heads of the men. women end children, the throng was driven back from the tlats. In the course of the firing John llocco, a barber, and Frank llass, both bystanders, were wounded. Ily 6 o'clock the strikers and others had been forced back along KaM Twenty-second street. Then the gun play stopped and lite strikers gave no hint of dei-lrlng to advance. They evidently had had enough of bullets by day nnd were watting for darkness. Meantime a number of strikers were out foraging for rifles nnd ammunition They obtained a number of rifles by nightfall and some of these were taken to .Mydosh Hall. finari! Itnillr Beaten. About 6 o'clock John J. Olsen, n guard, of B12 South Fecond street, Brooklyn, lert the Tide Water works nnd walked down Twenty-second street to get a shave. He was recognized by some of the strikers. Instantly the word went mound anil when Olsen lett mo barber shop he was pounced upon by several scoic men. who hurled stones at him nnd hit him with sticks. He was unconscious when patrolmen nnd eight motoicyclo policemen dashed up, rescued him nnd arrested two strikers. The nol cemen needed tneir revolvers three tlmesto drive the excited throng hack when efforts were made to pull tne prisoners from their grasp. They tried to get an ice wagon uriver in ihro inn wmitideil man to the hospital, but he laughed nt their request nnd drove on. A wagon finally was oniauieii ami insen was hurried nway. The policemen, re-eni.-r In band, walked with their pris oners to an automobile which was used to take the two men to ponce neao quarters, where they were held on charges of assault. The list of known killed and wounded Is ns follows: Killed. CimtllSKO WOISYK, striker. M K.i'l Twenty-fiiurlh tret Hiyonne; shot through head mid h'it. NVKOI.O KVVASKI, 19 year" old. 415 llrnadwsyi llnonn'i shot through heart and lungs. Wounded, tosv iiinnSAitKRi, Twsnty-scond street striker, : i:al lUjonne; shot In thr ubdninrn. JOHN ."UIKSHXP, J years old, K.ist Twenty-slslh street, a Mrlkr; elitt thrnuKh ths abdomen. STBVH.V SVAIH.l. ! years old; hot In the nlmulilrr. CAItltOt.l, MAPI'IHA, :S E.nt Seventeenth irert. Iliyomie; shot III the forehead. STIll'illlN HAMAIIKK, U years old; shot In lh forehead. VAI.IIHKl grcVAHHI. a slrl. 19 years old; ahot In th right ear I'llANK TAI.AH, 15 en old, : Kant Twemy. nrit striit, Haynune. JOHN JtOC'CO, 15 yearn old, a Jurber; shot III the noe THANK MASS. :i yearn edit. Rut Twenty nflh street, ahot In the arm, JOHN lil.SKN, n guard, :i years old, of llrooklyn. bully iut and bruised by Mrtkera, In crltlr.il condition. nrAIIH, shot In lh rl' (lr.MlH, hurl by filling from a shed dur ing a Mil. rule NiiIimiiis Closed, The t'lty Commissioners of lUyonns hud n coiifereni 'e with th. sttlkers' com inlttie n the evening and in ranged with the committee to call at City Hall to. da with "proposals" to the oil companies:. The iDinmlMdoiieiH will presrnt them to the companies, Mayor ilarven last night Issued an or der closing all the saloons in the HuiU ectlon ot llnyoiine until further notice. Heniy Wilson, L'nmiulflsloner of Puhlla Safety, at the rcijuist of the Sheriff sta SCENE AND MANAGER cotMTitr csswms Above, strikers trying to rush the Standard Oil tanks at Bayonne. Below, George C. Gifford, general manager of the plant. GERMAN STRIKE INQUIRY STARTED A T BRIDGEPORT Samuel Gompers and Others Take Up Charges That Berlin Money and Influence Were Used to Foment Remington Arms Trouble Settlement Near. naiPOEPORT. Conn., July 12. Organ-! lled labor leaders as well as the man ufacturers here are Investigating the charges ttvit German money and Influ ence were used to foment the Iteming ton arms strike, which Is about to be settled amicably. Samuel llompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, who Is espected here In the morning to confer with tho International labor leaders In charge of the situation, plan to discuss the tJernian matter with Major Walter U. Penlleld, general manager of the new Ilemington plant. It was Oompera who. a few days ;ivo In Washington. Admitted that what Major Penlleld charged had been en countered by certain labor leaders. J. J. Keppler. International vice-president of the machinists' unions, who re turned from New York to-day to tell bis associates Thomas J. Savage of the machinists' executive board and Vlce-Piesldent John A. Johnson of the structural Iron workers that an agree ment with the Remington ofTUIals on the workers' demands would probably be obtained by Saturday night, also an nounced that Oompers and tho other labor heads gathered In Bridgeport would confer to-morrow after the A. F. of U. president sees Major Penflcld. On the other hand the local manu facturers' association has Investigators out trying to substantiate certain in formation which has been received by the employers. Nearly all of the mem bers are convinced thnt there Is much to the charges of German Influence, es pecially In the arms strike. Keppler would not say who It Is In the Itemlngton company with whom he ex pects to effect -a settlement of the present strike, but It Is understood to be either Mareelliis Hartley Dodge, president of the company, or Samuel F Pryor, the vice-president. Keppler tolit Savage nnd Johnson that nu agreement, probably signed by the president of the Itemlng ton company, would be made to-morrow or Saturday, so that the men now on strike couhl return to work on Monday. All three, however, asserted that tho matter was not definitely settled to night and that there mlshl yet be a hitch before the negotiations are com pleted. "I have had a conference with some one In New York," said Keppler, "which leads me to believe that the whole con troversy ns to the eight hour demands will be settled. We expect to make all agreement with the llemlnglon company embodying the terms the company Is willing to grant, The other shoim doing Itemlngton work on sub-contracts prob ably will not be Included In this settle ment. hut we Intend to go nfter them In- dlvldually. The present arrangement, too. will not In any way affect our gen- ..ril rxiMirtnlu.,! fne eltrht llnors fnr work. ers In other manufacturing centres itiii Itaymund, to nnd out ir be will grant New Knxland." I the demands of the strikers. He said ' The settlement with the Ilemington ' yesterday that he had Ooo strike breakers officials will be discussed by Gompers 1 working on tho piers nud would have nnd his associates when they meet to- fno more at woik to-day. The Schmltt-, morrow. At the snmo lime the mlll-iberger Detective Agency yestenlay fur wrlghts, whose status precipitated tlmnlshid 223 strike bieakers, and 200 Ital HemlnBton strike, the cat pouters, the Inns from New Jersey were marched to machinists nud structural Iron workers i the piers. Tho strike breakers were will get touether to determine what provided with beefsteak ntij potatoes on union the millwrights ought to Join. ' the piers nml will be quartered there This has been a disputed matter fori until the strike ends. The steamship about twelve yeare. Apache, which was scheduled to sail Developments In tho dwindling str'ke yesterday, will sail to-morrow, tinned squads or ten policemen at three different points near the plants to aid the deputy sheriffs In kcepliiB the htrlk ers away. Supt. Hennessy of th" Standard Oil Company Issued n statement III which he nnnounced thnt strike breakeis would not be emploed by the company to eiart the plant, lie snld that at the confoi. ence on the previous day between lite ntrllters nnd the company's olllelals hii advised the men to return to work and promised that the request for a 15 per cent, Increase In pay would be con sidered, There Is a strong sentiment in lla yonne thnt the strike was started by Herman sympathizers. Paul Suplnskl, a lawyer of Jersey City who ncte.l i's leader for the strikers, denied last eve - nlng thnt h Is pro-German, or that he Is working for Oermnas, He said he was born In Itiisslan Poland 11 ml was graduated from Pennsylvania University, He said he ucled for the strikers at their own request and drew OF PLANT w're scant to-dny. The manufacturers nnd labor lenders differed widely as to me number or men out now. The union men asserted that almost 1,000 men nnd girls had ijult nt the Itemlngton and other plants but the manufacturers' as sociation secretary nnnounced this after noon that In nil only ;il had walked out. SAY 20,000 MAY GO OUT. Leaders uf linrmrnt Workers Smr To-d- nml T iirron Will Tell. Sidney lllllman, president of the Amnlgamated nothing Workers of Ameiloa, said yesterday that If the In dependent children's Jacktt uiinuf.ic Hirers do not grant the demands of the workers by noon to-dny lo.nOO Jacket makers will strike'. Vice. President Joseph Schlossberg of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America said yesterday that the strike of the children s Jacket makers Is to be followed b a strlko of in.ooii workers' on men s clothing In Independent shops In case their demands are not granted by to-morrow. An agreement similar to the one ef fected between the Amalgamated Cloth ing Workers of America and the Ameri can Clothing Slanuf.icturers Associa tion was made jesterday by represen tatlfes of tho children's Jacket makers' unions nnd the Children's Clothing Manufacturers Association. The agree ment affects 9,000 workeis, Clothing trade reprcentntlvi s said westerday that the clothing strikes In this city will bo followed by a sT7i'rral strike movement of clothing workers In volving 100,000 persons In Ho.ston, ltoch ester, Baltimore and other clothing trade centres. SAY 2,900 WILL STRIKE TO-DAY. W. Ws Til rente ii to llnsr CO, IIIIO till Out on Wiitrrfrii.it. The I. W. W. committee In charge of theslrlkc of IniiKshoiemen lit North Itlver piers 30, 37, 41 nud fi.", said jesterday thu there woull be !o longshoremen on strike to-day at the Savannah Line Pier, sr.. -mill 2.000 at the Old Dominion piers, 2.1 and 20. The committee went yesterday tn the Krle llasln, Hrooklyn, to get the lungshoiemrii loading the Sen Marcos to strike. The eomtnlttio snld that after the tleup at tho Savannah nnd Old Dominion piers It would begin a campaign to get 50,000 longshoremen and teamsters to strike along the entire waterfiont. In nd- dltlon to 15,000 seamen nnd marine fire- men. The committee will call on tho presl 1 dent nf th Civile find Mil linn tinea II up a lett'r for them asking for a 15 I er cent. Juciense In pay. The cmplojeis of the lleigcn Point Chemical Company who went 011 stt Ike received 11 15 prr cent. Increase yes leriUy. The Mm employees of tin Vacuum oil Company, located near the Simulant fill Company, were offered a similar Increase to return In work but they declined to return until the trouble at the Sl.ind.trd Oil plant U sellled Tiirha Install Xt-vr Ilutterles. II111I.IN, July 22 (via Loudon). Mull advices from Constantinople say ! ajtna Hints 11.1t e moved new batteries; 1 llilo position on the Asiatic shore, op. ! ' poslte the tip of th- Galllisill peninsula ' d ,)r,nlnsoii nt th.. , ?. ., ?., , ... r "f edd-el-llahi- llicse batteries nro said ( to have caused extenlc damage to the allied positions. HARD GOAL MINERS PREPARE FOR STRIKE Officers of tho Union Start CaiiipniKii to Oct 50,000 Now Mrmbcrs. CONVENTION IN THE FALL The United Mine Workers of America, through officers ot tha organisation who have their headquarters In this city, yes terdny announced thnt preparations are being made for a national strike of an thracite coal miners. The preparations will Include a campaign with two meet ings a day until September !. Immediately following tho campaign the three district organizations having Jurisdiction over tho anthracite fields will meet at Wllkeabarre, r In Joint convention to formulnte tho demnnds of the workers for presentation to the mine operators. The following announcement was mnile: "April 1, 191H, the present agreement between the anthracite coal operator and the mine workers throughout tho anthracite belt will expire. Unless sat isfactory arrangements have been con cluded by that time the coal mines will practically he at a standstill. Most every one Is familiar with the long stiugglo of 1900, when over a hundred and fifty thousand coal miners strug gled for a year to secure an Increase In wages, shorter work day nnd gener ally Improved working conditions as well ns recognition of the union. 'The strike was Anally terminated by tho appointment uf a commission by President ltnosevelt, which made tha award of 1902, granting the miners a small Increase, but refusing to give them the leverage of union recognition. Since 1902 the miners have struggled to per fect their organisation, but every con tract year has found them weak In num bers, with the result that only one In crease in wages has been received by them since 1902. This Increase was secured In 1912, when out of u total of 176,000 men and boys employed In the mines less than 30,000 were paid up members of the union. "Tho 30.000 membership of 1912 has grown during the past three years to 100,000. the highest ever known In the anthracite field. Union officials estimate that the number of men employed In and about tho mines and not now affil iated with the union Is 50,000, who aro eligible for membership. On this figure the promoters nf the campaign based their hope for a hundred per cent, or ganization and have adopted for their campaign slogan the words, 'After Fifty Thousand Converts.' In every mining town the miners nre showing an Intense Interest In the campaign. Mines are always closed on meeting days and the membership committees of local unions are making a house to house canvass of the non-amilated workers In order to get them out In full force to attend the meetings nnd hear their chieftains plead unity for the common good of all." John P. White, president of the United Mlno Workers of America, said yester day: "We have launched this campaign with the distinctive object of enabling every man and boy eligible to Join our organization. Although durlm: the last year the factories of the land have prac- tlcnlly been oppressed, thousands thrown . . . .... ,...l,.1 MIm. out of employment, the United Mint Workers have shown continued prog ress; not a single backward step has been taken by our organization." NO TIDE WATER OIL STRIKE. I'nrt nf lla;onnr Plant. TlinuKht t'nsatr, tttillt Donn. Passaic. N J., Julv 2!. Hubert ll Henson, president of the Tide Water OH Company of Hayonne, kaIiI to-night that he wished to make It clear that there was no strike at the Tide Water Oil Companj's works, "The case and barrel departments were closed down yesterday by my or ders." Mr. Penson said, "because I be lieved the place was unsafe for the men and wss unwilling for them to remain In danger. The trouble Is near the part of the works occupied by those two de partments and yesterday nnd to-d.-n Htrlkers set lire to the buildings which I these men would have been In f the i departments had not been closed down. The closing lays off about l.OOrt iron, "The process of refining the oil ;s stL'i going on and SO0 men are etlll at work at our plant" Mr Hensuti said the otil way th" company could get the men still at work In and out of the works was by boat, elnte the nnl street they could use Is Kast Twenty-first street, which ,s blocked by strikers and guards, The men therefnie nre going to and from work by water. 14 Die In Piirtnuuese Hints. I.isnos, July 22. Fourteen civilians were killed to-day In riots nt Lamego, a Portuguese town forty-six miles east of Oporto. Troops were called out nnd tired Into the mob, which was attacking the municipal unices. The cause of the riot Is not known. LIFE SAVING BULLETIN No. 18 Better to wait at a grade crossing than in a doctor's office. Because you once took a chance at a grade crossing and ran your auto mobile safely in front of an approaching train, don't trust to luck that you can do it again. Good luck abhors repetition. We're abolishing grade crossings as expeditiously as possible. Will you do your part to end avoidable acci dents at the crossings that remain by refusing to take a hnnco? Stop Before You Cross The Long Island Railroad m. ,,., WANAMAKER WANTS U. S. TO BUY BELGIUM BACK Merchant Would Borrow $100,000,000,000, Purchase Country From Germany and Restore It to Its People Favors High Duties on Exports. Pmi.Ann.rittA, July 22. John Wnn.r maker, addresslnr 1 f 0 prominent busl nrss nnd professional men, who after- .,....- ....... . the Philadelphia branch , ., !,,, ,i I Security League nnd ward organized or tne .ntionni security icaBuo "no elected him Its president, proposed that t planned scientifically and upon economic the Government of tho United Htntcs ll'ief- , . , . , . ,,..,,, . , "We often point with pride to the tnko the following actions to restore tln,lng of our navy and Its relative Kurope to a normal condition: I position to that of other Powers, In "llorrow from every available source ! ""'n however, we Ignore cl . ... ,i , 1 cumstanco that the United Stales needs tho sum of 1100,000,000,000 with which two lmvIcJI Rtl(i that, should the Pan to purchnHc rtelglum from Germany, ro-1 nmn Canal be In any wuy weakened store Its Government and sovereignty h,"5"a,!L"' ",,"1".",,. At and then when suitable return It to Its people. "Kstabllsh high duties on both exports and Imports so that ths United States would be entirely Independent commer cially nnd otherwise from Kuropc. Under such conditions the belligerent nations, without cotton, foodstuffs and munitions, would be forced to stop fighting. "Justly resent the Insult that requires us to ask permission to do business which we nre already entitled to do under tho laws of nations, and make the whole world understand that the American flag la more than a symbol that It la something to be glorified the world over." Tho meeting before which Mr. Wnna mnker presented these three propositions was held In tho Racquet Club. The speakers, besides Mr. Wanamaker, were S. Stanwood Menken, national presi dent of the league, nnd William McComb, tho national field secretary. Adequate Defence Measures. "If our country Is not In a position tj defend Itself It Is our first duty to show enough common sense to realize our danger and take means to Insure our selves against It " It was with this statement that Mr. Wanamaker opened his address. He appealed to representative Americans to back the President in a great appeal for peace, assailed Mr. Taft's peace prop aganda and. In discussing his own plan for buying Belgium, said wealthy Amer icans should lend the Government money for the purpose wlthuut Interest for a period of live years. "We have not exhausted all the oppor tunities for stopping this nwful war," he said. "All Interests have not yet been brought to bear. From the spirit displayed In bringing this meeting Into existence, I believe It psslble to get our minds so concentrated that some plan may be devised to bring about peace. At the same time we should testify to our unabated confidence In our president nnd our Increasing hope that he will find a way by peaceful methods to bring to a conclusion the various differences between this country and Germany." S. Stanwooil Menken, president of the league, S-. ke In part as follows: Menken friers Preparedness. "To-day we of the Security League nre able, because of the Investigations which have been made and the public utterances of officials of the Govern ment, particularly Secretary Garrison. to state that the United States Is not ...... I 1.... I. ..,,.. l..Al,H.. only unprepared, but Is wofully lacking In even the necessary elements of a proper army and a proper navy. "The general objective of the Security League Is to Induce Congress to take proper action for preparedness against war. and to organize the people of all classes In all parts of the country, so that this demand will be made In no uncertain voice. We believe that this Is the greatest Issue before this country to-day. In corriucting our campaign we have two certain and definite methods of procedure; the one Is to avoid, either directly or Indirectly, nny attack upon the Administration. The evils we suffer from cannot be laid at the door of either Mr Wilson ot bis Cabinet . they are an Inheritance from preceding Administra tions, conducted by the parties, airl the fault. If any. Is that of the neglect of the American people to give proper at tention to their own governmental lu tes ts. Secretary Daniels, who at first. 1m pressed with the high character of the personnel of the navy, was not fully In sympathy with our movement, to-day stands committed to the programme of n bigger navy for the Unlt.-l States, and wo have eveee ren won t hellevn II,., when the limner time comes his nosl- tlon la tn til A niAila rf t hn i 1 will , accord with the recommendation of the Gineral Hoard. "The second suggestion that emanates from national headquarters Is that the branches of the National Security League should. Ill all their utterances, be extreme In their conservatism as to statements nf fact and of pulley There Is so much opportunity for extreme statement and so much that savors of' the 'Jingoism' In connection with the 1 development of military force that we feel that the best appeal that we can 1 make will be one tint Is at all times hnj-rd upon approved facts and which Is couched In language which will carry to 'the mind of our level headed cltlrens the knowledge that we do not wish to have the United States adopt any ex treme measures In connection with preparedne-s. "We must r.ot let the people feel that we want to Impose upon this country n large standing army nor that wo are Ignorant of tho burdons of taxptlm, but wo should rather direct our sfrotts towaid advocating preparedness to the ,,,,, ,,ii, in, .n.iiiiit. iiiri'tti.",,..'. minimum degree compatible with tia- tlonal Insurance and ask thnt this .lret,.,rtdne,. . ,ur minimum degree be rrr,Hne tn the minimum degree liuilk ejfj rjai.ui ...v ........ Mew of the Kastern const, our navy would, upon sudden attack, merely con sist of those vessels which happened to be In Kastern waters and that the navy of the West would bo the few ships on the Pacific: so that, from this point of view, the relative rating of the American navy is greatly less than we have been Inclined to consider It. "And so, when we go no Congress to urge legislation, our uttltude should be that, while we are of course to be guided by the expert udvlec tho Gov ernment has at Its command, we wish to be so prepared as to assure us against attack by sea from any foreign Power. We cannot risk American na tionality. American Ideals or Amerlc.in happiness on the whlma or fancied necessities or views of any foreign po tentate or Cabinet. They are too sacred to us to be subject to any such menace, and we who feel this, while believing In pence and abhorring war and Its horror, demand absolute protection for all the United Staites and our institutions sianu for," WAR'S TURNING POINT IN FALL. Ilrrlln Editor Saya Nentrnl States Will Then Hrclile. Spiclal Cable Dttpalch to Tna Sen. Lonpon, July 22. Interest fn the Italkan situation has been Intensified by the activity of the Itumanlan and llul garlan Ministers In London. The Ru manian Minister paid two visits to Sir IMward Grey at the Foreign Office to day and yesterday, and tho Hulgarlan Minister called three times. In this connection an article In the Lokalameiger of Herlln, written by its proprietor, Kugen Zimmerman, has at tracted considerable attention. He ex presses the belief that by autumn the neutral States will have declared them selves. "There are tllt many knots to un ravel," he says, "but unless all symp toms are deceptive a clearer view of the einnt nnlltlenl ff.nnnlni.. rf llin uinrlit ' war will appear with the fall of the I leaves, men tne nn.u rctuit win tcgin to ucveiop. A despatch received to-night from Vienna by way of Amsterdam states that M. Styanoff, Director of the Hul-, garlan National Debt, has been In the Austrian capital In conference with the heads of the principal financial Instl- tutlons, and departed to-night for Her- lln. FRENCH HONOR AMERICAN. Mltaprnd Hole nnd Appoint Call fornlnn l.lrntc iimi t In Army. fprHnl Cable flftpateli to Toe Sin Pauis, July 22. Charles Pneenv of California, with the Second Uejrlment of the Foreign Legion, has been made a sub.lltutenar.t. His promotion was gazetted to-day In the Journal Otllclel. He will remiln with the Second Itegl ment. Charles Sweeny, who has been a ser geant with the Foreign Legion, was picked In May for piomntlon and was ?Tt to a military school. Despatches and letters from Tiik Si-n's correspond ent with the Forelati Legion have men tioned him frequently for a constant display of great pluck, and have nlwavs spoken of him as a favorito with the '"en. U,P lo "'e time of his promotion he as .i sergeant He went to West ' Olllt from 1900 Until 1'JlM. The fact I ' thnt m,s hMn mHrtc a commissioned .....it., ,f, ,, n n,,;, i7Ullll!ll!irill IO illl tho Aiii'rlouis In the Legion, for It is n ruIf- lnat none Dllt 1 renchnien may Hum 1-IIIIHI1I&310U.S, It's just as true of the one-stenographer office is it is of the thoroughly systematized ami hi. !""' specialized correspondence departments if t'o greatest corporations That no office busy enough to use tyK'v. rit-1- is operating within 50Yo of its potential pi'tidiK,!i -efficiency without the Dictaphone System. Which is a pretty broad claim, but one wti v.i-1 gladly prove is based on fact where your ii'ii'' concerned the minute you say the wooh Call Worth 3273. S3 Chambers Slicet THE (This advertisement was ALSACE HEIGHT IS STORMED BY FRENCH Crest Ovcrlookiiifr Fcclit Y. Icy Nortli of .Mupnstcr Taken In Desperate Ilnftle. CHASSEURS A HE VICTORS Special Cable Detpalch tn Tns sr Paws, July 22. French for ,-s m , t. further progress to day on tli h. i, dominating the valley of thu Kecr.' " Alsaco. After bitter fighting ihey c , u. pled the summit uf l.e l.ingue and ., a foothold In the guairles of tne.-' tnanncls and Hntun Kopf wo,l , u ii'o Le Llnjue. The night coir.munliu6 was ,i f.i. lows: . In Artols there Is nothing to ititirt except artillery duels, a suburb i Arras was bombarded In Champagne, In the leslnn 0; Chalons camp, iiiL'iuy ,ii,itmn tempted to tuuibatd tillages i.:u p .. ply stutlons. Tho aviators wc- -,:!,. Jecteil to a violent bombardment Tl, Incendiary bombs which they dropped caused no dairf.ige. Uclwcen tho Meuse and the M'j.e , there was a violent bombaniuii'iit with large calibre shells in tliu ,,o,i . trn part of the Woevre and Le Pntrs wood. In Lorraine, east of Plonc 'Urt, oa the Selllc, w0 repulsed a strong tier man reconnaissance. In the Vosges, north of Mufnittr on the heights which dominate toward tho oust tho valley of the northern branch of the Fecht, we occupied aftr un obstinate struggle the rrest of Llngue and obtained a foothold in lh quarries ot Schratzmannele und Uuun Kopf wood. Tho afternoon communique n follows : Relative calm prevailed B' erdlj along the front There were some artillery actions In Artols, In tho Argotine, between tin Meuse and tho Moselle, In the neigh borhood of Les Kpargcs and la ths forest of Apremont. During the night of the 20th and 81st and tho day of the 21st thm won extremely flerco fighting on t!i heights of Llttlo rtelchuckcrkopf to tl. westward of Munte.r (In Alsace, ten mlle3 west southwest of Colmar) An attack by us was followed by nine Car man counter attack?, despite tnir heavy losses. Two battalions of etui seur holding our positions held ths eimmy'a troops rend Inflicted heavy losses upon them. We captured and held a trench In the, neighborhood of 150 meters In length and in.ilr'ar.M all our previous positions. To t . north of MuenMcr our forces organ ized tho positions they had in- nwni on the crest of La Llnge. In this tljf.t Ing we took 107 prisoners. Our aviators dropped clg! t unbi of 90 and four of 150 mill. meter- n the station of Autry, to tho northncr ot uinarvuie (in the Argonne) in tne uardanclles quiet h.is ft. vaiieii since our success of Ju.y u I ana ia. FRENCH LOSS HL'AVY. Itrrllii Iteports iiiiiiiilniir. In Ihr osi.es. Ht.Ri.iN, via Amsterdam. Ju! . statement given out here t. -!. . Ing the operations In the we-' tro of the war s.ivs . To the west of the W troops are further proere.-- i g orous artillery combats : , twtcn tho Meuse and . South of LHntre.v the F- v llittlr '1 collapsed befoic the obst.i. , l of our advanced positiui s III tin- Vo.v-es yefeid e 11 n attacked six times su:iiu,st sacker Kopf, but w.i- ri-i.n sanguinary lossen i.y ;li. H, troops. Counter attacking we re i a portion of our tiei. ii w . in the hands of the ei i .. 137 Alpine- Ir-ops pr.so-c-s them three officers. In in, We repulsed .III ene-i.y ,i'tj .. i Sondernaeh. An enemy biplane fe.l ilmn t, I our tit e In the foiet of p.- In an aeilal tight o,r - e Mi. eter Valley three ileu. ,-. gamed .1 victor over t .ree e rles, of whom two we e f n deecend In the valle of the 1 1 '1 Import 111,111111 Ion. of lleef, P.euts. July 22. The V,i- M s " i decldi d to import l.'n ..no i t. lll,llMri llivi.b - ti-- nix , I until December SI. U. , of the war. The meat w HI ' mi ted j tree 01 uuiy. 5 -'r 1 6 it. 1 , SIGISIIRCD dictated to tho Da-tui i