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THE SUN, FRIDAY, JULY 23, 1915.
f-f FOUR PER CENT. RISE IN EXPRESS RATES IS COMING CotiimeiTP Hoard (.runts Ad vimcp on I'ackiifrcs t'nilor 100 Pounds. IT MEAN'S Stf.OOO.OOn JIOHK IN HEVENTE A'ASMi.viTny, .Inly 22- Tim Intr ttate Commerce Commission has granted Ihe petition of tho express companies fn; A modification of thc commission's or ders by wlilch tlicy will be permitted to Increase rates on n'i avenge of nearly 4 per rent, un nil packages weighing less than inn poiinil!". Tlio commission, nftor an extended Investigation, found that what the ex press companies sild was true, namely, that they had been obliged, through the reduced rates fixed by the commit slon. to operate at i loss. It It esti mated that the new order will mean nbi ut J5.noo.nnn a year In additional revenue for the evprrss companies. This I tho second Mr case In which tho commission has fouml It necessary to reverse Its own findings. In the case of the Kastcrn railroads the rommlsslnn ,at flint refused to grant the per cent. tMte advance ami Issued an order grant Ing only partial relief. A few months later the commission vat forced to reconsider Its decision and n-nounced n nttich moio favorable order tor the railroads. Now comes an ac knowledgment by the commission that the rats tlxed by It for the express companies are Inadequate. A Vn orulilr Onirn (l Ad of thin Is regarded ery favorably In railroad and other quarters In Wash ington. It is taken as evidence of n new era In the history of the lnter- tate Commerce Commission and as In dicating a lommond.ihle disposition to correct past errors. l.xpress rates under present condi tio n are made up on the basis of three factors; An allowance of 20 cents for collection and delivery of each ship meist, wh.ch dois not Miry with weight or dstaticc ; a rail terminal allowance of 2li cents per 100 pjuinls. which varies vwth the weight, but not the distance; and the rail transiortatlon rate for 100 loundc which varies with the nelght, tho distance and the zone. Following the suggestion in thu peti tion of the cxpreit companies the com mission entered an order whlca will modify existing conditions and permit a trutisportatlon f thu first and sec ond factors. The effect of tho change will be to lreie.ise the allowance for' il...i ,,i .i.iiv.rt- .h ,.inf of ' . i a 1 t cents for each shipment and reduce the nn terminal allowance at the rate ct one-twentieth of one cent per pound. As the weight liicriases the 5 per cent. lncie.it..' allowed for packages of tlva pounds or lera Is gradually decieased, bo that on hlpmentH of mors than 100 pounds there will be no reduction from prei-ent rates, and on some pack uge.i of blghty-tlve pounds and more there will be no reduction. The Jicnle lliivcl. The scale allowed by the commission cbove five pounds on Cist class traltlc Is as follows: Un pickag-'s of fiom to 29 pounds, a t per cent. Incrc.ue; 3B to 19 iounds, 3 ptr cent.; 50 to 70 pounds, 2 per ' cent., 71 to '.'0 pounds, 1 per cent. The commission nukes this exception: Ceitaln weights will, However, nil- fer MK ly from the llgures given due to the disposition of fractions, , and not , nil shipments of over 03 pounds will be . increased." The commission sas further: "While the above I.- representative of the increases 0,, tlrst class traltlc. second elass shipments vv. l be Increased 75 per cent, of these amounts, as the second rlnss rates are 7". per cent, of tne nrsi c.ass rates. Substantially no commo dity tatcs will be affected by the pro posed Increases. Under the plan pro posed the distance a shipment Is hauled has 110 bearing upon the proposed In creases In rates, except In so far as they may be affected by the casting off nf lractlons of one-half cent or the addition cf ona cent whn the fraction exceed ciie-hfvlf." The commission finds in Its report that the revenues of the leading express com panies decreased about 11,21 per cent, in 1915 from what they were the ear be fore, while operating expenses decreased only .'J''. per cent. The net operating revenues decreased from S1.S53.43S in 1913 to a di.tlclt of $1.132, Ml In 11115, The commission found that In 1915 the express companies handled 2,225,924 mote shipments than In the year befnie. with a decrease 111 leveiiue of more than 113.500,000. The average revenue per shipment of the Adams Kxpress Company, for ex ample, decieaj-cd nearly 12 cents on each shipment, that ot the Ametlcan Kxprces Company more than 7 '4 cents; that of the Southern Ilxpress Company nearly cents, and tint of the Wells Fargo Companj nearly 0 cents. "While the llnaniial condltlnn of cer tain of the express companies Is more favorable than that of others, It clearly nppears that as ,1 whole the.v are operat ing at a loss," adds the commission. EFFECT OF DECISION. tJV'ells Fnruo President njs roin pnnlr. re llniiiiiraueil. Tresldent H Kargo & Co., In discussing the Inter- state Commerce Commission decision on xpress rote-, sain j ester.lay : . ,.c ii,,ii ... inn commission ...-.'-grants tho reijuest of the express com-I Taylor, who was 51, a widower with panic for thn very slight advance In 1 ,w" ''hllilren, went to his loom after tlieir packHgn rales, no change having breakfast, saying lm was going to shave been renuested or made in the mo pound A lulll'l'1' liltrr ,ri Cornwell heard a rate It Is exceedingly encouraging to nhot and found him lying unconscious us Our effoit lias In en to practise economies through etllelenry methods. In which vvn hivo miide material progiess witheut any Inipali mont of tin. service "We appreciate the fact that there was no opposition to the rate advance from merchants or shippers through thur organisations. Th fact that the ail-anie was so compitatlvelj small as compared with the general reduction pievmusly made tind.iutitedly Impresseij The tiusitiess interests of tho fairness of ;h(. position of tne express tonipanles. A most encouraging feature seems to! V- tint the piihlle criticism tn which the expiess loinp.inles was subjected I'urilig Hi. he. i. lugs before the. commis sion In Hie iiiiglu.il iso has passed uwny "Tins liil.ee of opliilon, I believe, Is due i', ti.f. s.iisi,iiii .p. general ennvic lion Hi it ili cnws-i iniMiiess can never be satisf.i- I., nly icpl.i.i'd by thn p.ncel poet or any other form of govern mental senile." MRS. HEADIF1N PATERSONTS Wears No Uniform nnd Small Gold Hnduo Ik II cr Mark of Authority. a: P.iTimsov, N. J., July 22. Mrs. Orace llfsnlllln, l'aterson's llrst poltcrwoman, will be sworn In to-day. She lias charge of the dance halls of the city and e.s the patrons Keep to the conventional waltzes und two-step nnd do not wan der Into tho "kitchen sink" and others of the newer dances. .Mrs. llcadltln Is 40 years old She was formerly matron at the Passaic county Jail, and has bon at her pres ent Job since last May. Sho wears no I uniform, but ,i small gold detective's budge Is her mark of authority In the summer she has only one dance halt to look after, but she expects that when the cool weather begins and l'aterson's thirty public ballrooms nro running at full blast she will nod help. EDISON CALLS FOR AERO AUXILIARY Kciiuest Answered With the Society of Aeronautic Engineers. HEADED HY If. A. W. WOOD At the request of Thomas A. Kdlson, chairman of the new advisory committee of the navy appointed by Secretary Daniels a body composed entirely of aeronautic engineers anil experts has been organized to cooperate with the committee. It will bo known as the American Society of Aeronautic Kn glneers and will have Its headquarter at the Aero Club of America, 297 Madi son iivcnue. The otllcers nnd directors of the new organization, selected subject to ap proval at the tlrt regular meeting, aro headed by Henry A. Wise Wood of the Aero Club as president. The vice prtsldents are Orvlile Wilght. tllenn 11. Curtlss, W. Starling Hurgcss, Ulmer A. Sperry, Inventor of the gyroscope aero plane stabilizer; I'eter Cc-oper Hewitt and John Hays Hammond, Jr. The secretary Is Iiwrence U. Sperry, son of i:imer A. Sperry, and tho treasurer Is Clarke Thomson. Tho directors selected are Won J. Arnold, Kmlle llerllner, Thomas S. Baldwin, W, Starling Hur gess. Ulemi H. Curtlss, 1-Mson F. Gal laudet, John Hays Hommaud. Jr., I'eter Coop-r Hewitt, Howard Huntington, U rover C. Locnlng, J. A. D. McCunly, Charles M. Mauley. (Jlenn U Martin, Haymond H. l'rlce, John K. Sloane, Frank A. Selberllnc, KImer A. Sperry, Matthew t Sellers, Joseph A. Steinmetz. William T. rhoni.it, Inglls M. Uppercu, Orvlile Wrlgh,. Henry A. Wise Wood and Henry Woodhouse. Four additional directors will oe army and navy aero nautlc cnglnors appointed by the Gov eminent. The Smithsonian Institution. ,ne 1osi omce Department, the Weather Uureau and the Hureau of Standards have 'also been Invited to appoint one dl ttctor each, and so have the Massachu setts Institute of Technology and the university of Michigan. Nearly 200 engineers, aeroplane con slriiclnrs and exnerts In varloiiN branches of aeronautics have been I elected charter numbers of the Amer-1 lean Society of Aeronautic Kn-lneers. ' m ..., .he. h. h..n i..i...i V.. ii t .Many others have been Invited to Join.! and It Is i.l.ini.e.1 10 brine into lh. h.K- every person whose special knowledge In this line may benefit the Government. 1 MRS. FLAGLER" STILL IN JAIL. I Attorney !a)s Woiiimi Unit .No Dentine V 1 1 li (III .Man. charge of grand larceny last Tuesday k agler of th -Standard on J " P t a prisoner at tho n , nit. ,.,. fl,u u.. ...... 4Un v e..ic k.i. v.ii.,f m.in..i ontahicd more than .2.000 In bills. ' Attor, ev t li Too h v er.w Ju how much the robbers got away Attornev II. It. I.oenltig esterda. "..,, ., ot knmvll u, Cashier Present evidence lu court which will fjowar.! it ddulnh. who returned from show tha she was not : nwrrl-l to Mr. VJl.tllJn '; mornln., has com- I-1 g er at d. I. fac t. at no time had any- (, , ox:imln.,on. thing to do vv Ith I1I111." The prisoner's lawyer, .1. Henry New- I burger of Chicago, Is expected to reach ' here to-night. Mr. Newbuiger. his ...... ,.. . . . Client insisis. win corroborate ner siaie- 1IIVIII. wiai rwim- i . r, Bin- ti.ii..-.. over to Daniel I.eroy Dresser, who com mltteil suicide recently, $250,000 worth of railroad stock which Mr. Flagler gavo her. Friends of Mr. Dresser said ester day that Mr. Dresser never had any dealings with her. MISS L0EW MAKES RECORD. M villus Mile nml 11 Quurter lit .New port In II Minute. Nkwtoiit, It. I. July 22 Miss I'lor ence Uew, 15 yeats old. daughter f, Mr. and Mri. William G I new. to-laj nrjved herself to I,., the f.iest sw 1111-! mer among all the women of Newport by making a rerun! for the mile and a on. mer between MioutiUL- I.ock .mill 11,'iz.inl s Hc.icn. The time for that course was made four years ago by the Comtesse Gu.v do t .-, i. Iai rl. then Mis (VitiHtallt'c W-i.-ren. 1 llilllicllter of Mr and Mrs George I lent y Wurren. Miss Warren swam distance !u 11 minutes. Miss lew nicoinpllshcd the feat In 41 m.nutcs CITY ENGINEER A SUICIDE. William II. Tu Inr, In 111 llenllli, Slinots llliilsrlf. NortTIt PEt.HAM, N Y . July 22 Will - lam H. Taylor, a civil engineer employed by the city of New York In the Fewer morning by shooting himself through the head in his room nt tho home nf Mrs. i.metuie i oru wen, ,u ruin avenue, on ins n.n Coroner Wllllnm II. Livingston of New Itrxiiello said Taylor was ,i victim of Iltight's disease and had worr'ed over his health. F0UR ANARCHISTS ON TRIAL. j I'uce 1'l.nrnr of lli.vl.iu lirc.ili.lc.l seillllo.is Vlntler In Paris. Pai'.is, July 22. -The trial of four an- initiilsts charued with tne ctreiibttlim l of seditious matter was begun to-day' licffircthcpcrmiincmcntirt-niiril.il. M. Prouvolt. the ecceiiirlc uillllnui Ire, charged with having supplied postagn I cnargeu won ii.iviiik siippnisi postagn tor mailing Feiimnus uieraiuio ami with taking an active pint In the anarchist propafianda Mine Dnnnndlei' Is nr. cus-r"! of posting the letteis Three pamphlets tlgiire In thn case They are said to li'iv.i been written by thn defendant Hureau, who denies tho charge. SWORN IN AS POLICEWOMAN 1 ' aPHsHHlLv l - j Mrs. Grace Headifin. DANIELS SEERS CAUSE OF MANY SHIP FIRES Niivy Head Oofs Denial Blazes Occurred on the New York and Warrington. Wa8IMN(!ton. July 22. -An Inquiry has been ordered by Secretary Daniels to determine the cause of recent fires on battleships and other vessels of the na. Feai bt exprered In some quar ters that theo accidents may have been the result of conspiracies un the part of Influences hostile to the I'nlted S!ute, although this theory Is ridiculed In offi cial quarters. There have been five lire' reported on naval ves-els within the last ten the days. One of these occurred on battleship New Jersey In the Hoston vanl. another on the baltleshhi Alabama 1 In the Philadelphia yard, und a third on the battleship Oklahoma at Camden, N J.. In the yard of the New York Shipbuilding Compan t'nolllclal leports were received at the Navy Department yesterday that tires had broken out on the destroyer War rington and the battleship New York In the New York yard. Capt. L'sher. com mandant of the New York yard. In formed Secretary Daniels that the re ports that tires had taken place on the New Y. rk and Wanlngtxm "were abso lutely without found itlon." In the case of the battleship New Jersey, a tire broke out as a result of the defectixe Insulation on a swalng wire. Little or 110 damage was caused. The Government ha no Interest In the file 011 the Oklahoma except to ascer tain whether any structural damage had been caused, as this vesel Is stiff the J'r0,T ,y of the builders. No report '" mau ", .1.. of1t'"" ".re "". 1 mM.'i Department oillclals atta has been made so far as to the cause a. , -'epannieii. u . - ..ii.i. . ... : Slgllinc.uire 10 ine rec. iu 11 r, uc,.,... that It was a mete coincidence that so lan' I'appcm.l at the same time. BANK THIEVES DROP $2,000. Wiiiiiiiii ri.' us Lookout for Careless .lerr Itohlirrs. tll.oo.MnKU', N. J., July The two' nwn wn,, ,,uU"'1 ,,h' '";'H,an' c'l!,'r . . I HI m-jfturi-.'ci . . '" Wrday flfM Vll,llt 'I!'""'1- hurrMly t)e. oM emeloltt which Klnger prints of the thieves have been obtained. Assistant Casliler Dahl and Frank J Jlochstuhl, Jr., Jr.. the book- duty to-day. and , to New York t i hll I. w, it . ..n r. .it. lo.mrU.v .,. will go see whether they can pick out the bank thieves from the photographs In the rogue' gal!er at I'ol'ce Headquar- teis. It Is believed that thc two robbers had as a lookout a woman that many In the neighborhood lenuinber seeing walking up and down outside the bank just tieiore ine rMinui. it,.-,,-.-, 1 neaped In an automobile which headed towaid Newark A few forflm denosllnrs nppeared to- day and withdrew their savings, de I spite assurances from t lie bank ottlcials I that ".here was 110 danger of any one ' . . I'........ ....!.. l.. lltllA 0 " , , ,' ,,' , 11 money was obtained b the thelves, It wn ,"-(,n5- WORK FOR IhUtHAL UUWVJ.UJ.& . toriir-Geiurnl In K iiures 1 ... . WvsiiivnTON-. July 22 Attorney-Gen- era! Gregory will lecommi'tiil to Con gress legislation nece-siry In carry out his plan tn provide labor for the con victs In Federal prisons He has con sulted men representln: the Interests nf organized labor and has been assured there will be 110 formidable opposition from that source. Sir. Gregor Is somewhat concerned over another phase of the convict labor nrnblein which be Is considering, which , ,.,t.mnl.it,.i the transfer of Federal convicts, now In State Institution, to , 1,. .'.,lrr..l nenltentlarles because nt .. ......... .I.nf.i la r, r, n rm ,1 nrily t fll .hrt I ' f 'l,,..i ,.nnvicls In the Federal t r,onK There are In all about 3.U0O .,rl,nn,.r, ln ,),,, Federal Institutions. 45 PRISONERS PAROLED. nunril lnlir llei-ord Welfare- I.el.Klle I'.vpels I unit) Meuili.T. OSMINMMl. N Y.. JlllV -The Stato li,,-, s.i f li.nro1 visited Siiisr sine tn. di) and decided to parole forty-five prls- ercise a rigid i.coiioiny ibey would llnd oners vvu.u. terms cxinr.. between now , ihcinsolvca In nurlutts econnmlc dlfllcul and I1 t-.ber I. Deputy Stale Siiperln- ties. tindeiit of Prisons Georgo AVeed pre' "The war has a tendency to lower the , sided This Is tho largest number of prices of our securities nnd ralso Inter p iroU-s on record. One of the prisoner est rates," said Prof. Patterson. "Tho tlitm fr.ed Is Oliver peacock, a school tlrst works a hanlslilp mi tho big rorpa- iinllo- nf New York city, who has been rations because they lire Uliiil.lt. lo dls.' a prominent member of the Muluil Wei fan. League The inmates' ourt nf the league to- ,.' i,. uriranlj.ninn .-. vear ami. night expelled n niemner for mo Hist , ui.... h. ,iri?-inl7iiion .-. venr aim. j r)iel O'Day, who escaped frmn ,, .h-.wmii a week ago and was caught t,. up a trie. Hi- Is now to lie sent back to what is callnl Ihe "dark ages," with no privileges such as witnfeslnc ball Rallies, attending musical's or licai lug operettas, William Wlllctt. thn former Congress man of Queens county, Is tho prenldlng Justlco of thu Inmates' court, ORDUNA WARNED, PASSENGER SAYS Lawyer Declares Suhniarinc First Fired Wank Shell Near Liner. STOKY TO WASHINGTON' Henry Hennett I.eary. a lawyer nt 55 Broadway, who was a passenger on the Cunard liner Orduna, on her recent trip wh-n she was shelled by n Herman nub marine, made a utatoment yesterday which sheds new light on the circum stances of the attack. Shortly after the encounter with the submarine, whllo It was the subject of general conversation on tho ship, Mr. Leary says he wan told by the Marconi operator and by an olllcer of the ship that when the alleged torpedo hud been seen by two of the passenger and by ths watch on the after bridge the U-boat roe to the surface and tired a blnnk shell as a warning. When tho ship kept on her courto the general attack began. .Mr. Leary added that when llaron Itosctikratiz and bis wife, who had arisen at dawn and cald tney saw me torpedo, rlrnt told their story they said that the liner passed through the wake of tnr torpedo. Indicating that the shot had been tired ahead of the vessel, whereas the otllolal statement made by captam. with which I the agreed pedo passed about ten feet from the stern. Tho official statement of the captain made no reference to any warn ing from a blank shell. The story of the occurrence told by the lnwjer will be Incorporated in the report to be made by Collector Malone to Washington, It l understood. Mr. Leary said esterday that he was amazed during his stay of a week In London before tailing on the Orduua by the undisguised Ill-feeling dltplayed by Kngllshmen toward America and Ameri cans. INQUIRY MAY HELP. Mute Department Wnnts lo Know A lion I WnrniliR Shot, Wasiiinoton, July 22. It Is to de termine whether the Orduna was at- tacked with or without warning that I in.. Kini Deti.irtnient 1ms asked the ! (Treasury Department to conduct an In- WstlKHiioii. The Statu Denartmciit has no official Information nnd It looks to this In.iulry to make It clear Just what' happened. If It should develop that no torpedo ...... e-.,.i ,., , i,.i,.,,.. r n,ni .arn. lug was given before a torpedo was fired. It Is not likely that the State De-1 partment will consider that there is any ground for complaint. ORDUNA ON RETURN TRIP 1!2 American on t'unnrder Vu trlan I'onnd In the Hold. The Cun.irder Orduna. laden almost to capacity, or close to 11,000 tone, chiefly with war maurial, sailed yesterday for Liverpool with 13 cabin. 7., second cabin and 105 steerage passengers, In cluding 22 Americans In all classes. Three first cabin pasenger who had booked to sail cancelled their passage yesterday, not oaring to take the risk of dodging German submarines. One Is an American, Miss Lydla Wheeler of Philadelphia. A few minutes before the Orduna sailed, nt 10 A. M., two young women came sprinting down the pier, too much out of breath to be Interviewed, and rushed up the gangplank. They are the Misses Grace Jeffrey and Huth 1 cnanan 01 uuawa, nounu 10 r me W illiam Astor Hospital at Cliveden. wnere ine nance 01 .miss jenrey ana inu (brother of Miss Huclmnan, Meut Cas - '. ,, ... .. 1 u ... 1 .is i.uviian.ii., itiiH i.c uii.i i.iri.t: ui ; 1 recovery. The Lieutenant vvoa hit by. sliraonel ln France An' At den In 1 ,,, - ' ' " " , . .n .vusirian loiiKsnoreiu.wi was inu- th hr.1,1 ,,t ih shli. for fniiri"'" "' -n pasengors suo .i,,u.i-.. u.i.i vu 1. rnit ih. ,,hp-s ottlcers had made 11 thorough,""" '."" "; 7"" plirch of the Vl8.e, for 0,nbs. Notll. 1 wagonload of wood which lasted until .... Wi, fotlmi I tli locomotive vvhecze.l Into Helrut. ," 'T, o tlreme saw a man slide Into a Meanwhile the passengers spent a whole .,0 hole " o'clock Wednesday night. " '"" ,' w ,h,oul f"'l r vvater Thinking hat he might be a spy the .""l1. UCI. '"Jchty glad to get to Helrut. I tlrcmen reported what they had men, I ,)Ut 1tmigi a search w.o. made the 1 ,.,,, waH m tcUM until midnight, when a longshoreman, identified by the hie- ,., thc ,,, tney peen. Halted ; nf,ore, H was ,loeph Garson, to r:lrH dd, wm nan lieen working fur tK. company for the past two or three . weKs, c Is down on the company's I ),ooks as a Swede, but papers In his ,,OCK,t revealed that ne Is a native of Tllf(,t(i Austria. Gatsou was kept on duty the te ntalnder of the night and In the morn ing was questioned at length by George S, Dniigheity, former Second Deputy Po. lie. Commissioner, whose detectives are. guarding the Cunard piers. He raid that he had gone Into the stokehold to tike a nap and nothing moi was got 1 out of ti I tn He was paid off and dls 1 charged. j Capt. Taylor of the Orduna has two ' reasons for avoiding submarines. One Is to preserve the llvefl of his passengers aim ine oilier 10 nei 11110 i.iikihiiii 11 oig 1 cargo of munitions for tho Allies, Chief among tne items on tne snips manifest are s.xiiu cases or ciiririuges, tui case of aeroplanes and parts, 17 cases of tevohers, 9S0 cases of empty shells, 107 automobiles, 100 cas.es of auto parts, t chassis. " . r't i" f.: of zinc oxide, s I pieces of p.pe for submarines, 328 rolls of tint cloth, tot case of pipe for Infantry nitilpment, 210 bundles of boat oars, 7i'.5 cases of bra" rods. 1.011 colls, of copper rods, 220 cacs of fuses and 22S colls of wire rope. AMERICAN ECONOMY URGED. WnrnlnK U Issue, t li- Prof. II. M. Patterson of I'riius) I vnula. Pint APKl.litlA. Jul 22. Speaking to-nlL-bt In Houston Hall on "Why We Are ! Injured by the Huropean War,'' II. M. I Patterson, professor of economics nt tii 1 11 verslty of Pennsylvania, asserted ! that unlesH the American p.-ople liuiii. dl al.-Iv resolved to prouueo more or es- pose of thflr stocks and bonds, hence n curtailment. Tlicy naturally cannot build extensions p. their properties ..ml of business, The warring iiutloim will in tne enu uiai injures ine vvuuie cycm nf business. The warring liutloim will ' untiirally outbid American business men ' when they seek loans, which Is also a serious nanuicap to our progress, "111 the final analysis wu nro facing an econninl.i Iosh hh ii result of tin. war , despite the volume, of wnr orders, At , 'the end nf tin. war wo ma) Mini our- selves In the same position that wu oc copied at the dote ot Ihe Napoleonic wars." JUST ISSUED SEMI-ANNUAL REPORT LAWYERS MORTGAGE COMPANY The only Mertgaii Cemaany In New York which publishes In full detail statements of Its business. Mall an RseniMt LAWYERS MORTGAGE CO. RICHARD M. HURD, President Capltal.Surplus A lr.$9,000,000 Ml tJNTtrft ,X Y. 14 Mnnl.tiiSt .flkn. WANTS MORATORIUM IN FAITH. Wnr -No Time tn Prencli Christian ity, Writes Urrmsn Soldier. llr.r.t.tN. via 1-ondon, July 22. A "moratorium In Christianity" Is pro posed by a writer In the Chritttlclir Writ, one of tho leading religious Jour nals of (lermany. The writer urges that "In u war of this character, where ruth lessness of un unparalleled type Is dis played and where the very rudiments of Christianity arc Ignored, It would be wise If Christianity l to be mjlnuned that It should not be preached or taught during tho contlnuaiue of the war. "It Is mockery," continues the writer, who Is a soldier, " to ask men with blood stained hearts to approach the table of the Lord. Fighting In the trenches." continues the article, "Is of such a character that every feeling of rellslon nnd every Inclination to prAyer ceases, It Is not Christian teaching that a man wants as he comes fresh from the fright ful hell of the trenches. War Is a phenomenon which the church should not be able to blesr. It Is opposed to every essential of Chris- SS'. -'t'SSV.'SCl emse about the ennobling ami purifying effects of war. hell numlreds of thou- (nmls of men return from the blood , soaked battle front their Christianity j will lie ,ii il niiierciu nratr, mm nicy will Insist upon the church adopting a different form." TRIED FOR THREAT TO WILSON. A 11 sir Inn Admit Wrltlnir Letters Mns .11 1 ml I t'psel. Rudolph Malik, an Austrian salesman, charged with having sent two threaten ing letters to President Wilson and Alexander Nuber d I'ereked. the Aus trian Consul-General, demanding money, took the witness stand yesterday In the Federal District Court, where he Is being tried for using th malls to defraud, and did not deny that he had written the (!,.,, He testified that his mind had been so upset by his enforced separation from his wife and two children, who are now In Austria, that he could not remember what he had done lately. Clarence O. Hess, one of the Whlto Clarence O. Hess, House secretaries, said that Malik's note. which demanded J300 "indemnity," never li.iclloJ the 1'resldent. althousb he was 1 told of n. Tne otner note, threatening ' shoot the Consul-I.enera'. and his staff, never reached that official's eyes either. The trial will go on to-day. TRAIN STALLED IN DESERT. Consal's Wife Tells of Troubles lm (iettlnK Out of SrlB. Mis. Jesse H. Jackson, wife of the American Consul at Aleppo. Syria, who returned yesterday by tho Italian liner Dante Allghterl. with her flftecn-year-old ton Virgil, said she had a hard time getting across tho desert from Itaalbek to Helrut. The car In which she travelled was hitched to a freight train, and Instead of making the trip In the usual time she was delajed for several das. There were many Italian consular agents on the train, and the Turks did not eem to care whether or not tho Italians got anywhere. The Turks, ac , n,rdlI1(r , Mri(, j-Uson, stole all the . Ul)0ll ., c0.,, ,hat uero for u?e on ,e ,,. ,.. , ...,i ,i i ....... Btom,c,i ,n tn .v.n,,1Ir ln .he 1 lialli desert The Turki'h engineer volunterol ici . ..wuh.. . ui.i.i mo u-in. ! K.it to Delrut tirovidcd somebodv raid , ..l" ,C , um. inr ,.u.bcuk,.i n buh.-htiocu fifty dollars and the engineer went off 1 ., "' J'"-"" uw""1 wars, . ienues.ee ai i.eirut aim . r "J .' 7 V. ""1..11" boj ,"" V , 1 " tnl1? 1,1 a"d hoarded the Dante Allghlerl. "GUN FUND" OVER $1,000,000. Cnnaritniis Kuhacrllie l.nritr Sums tn Aid In Kiulililriit. Ottawa. July 2 The acting Minis tor of Militia. M. Lougheed, nnnounced to. day that private subscriptions for machine guns during tho past two uc-cI.m total over 1.000,000, enough to buv 1,000 guns. In addition to $500,000 subscribed by the Government of the Province of On. 1. 11 In Individual mibscriptiotiH ranging from $100 to $1,000 have been received by tho Minister of Finance. It Is likely that each Canadian battalion hereafter will be 1'iulpped with wiMc.cn machine guns. TiiiunK Cnnn.llan Wile TnUes Mrr riiry. Mrs. Itila Phelps, 2d, who Is said to be a member of a well to do Canadian family and who 0111110 to New ork only a few vv.eks ago. took bl.-hlorl.lo of mer- I fr' lat mght in her room a, 319 West Thirty. fourth street. Sho was taken to Hellenic Hospital, where it was said her condition was serious, llnlikl Pnslin to lie nil Knvoy, ,v;,vlcil Cnblt Vfpaleh to Tnr. Sfv. Iticnt.lN. July 22, via London. It Is ollUiall.v contl. iiie I that the former Tur kish Grand Vliler Hnkkl P.ishu is com ing to llerlln as the Turkish Ambassa dor. The announcement has been in celve.l with considerable pleasure by the press, especially as llakkl l'asha is known ns mi excellent Judge and en thusl.utlc friend of German) I up . Town Honors lieu, llothti. l.c.si'N, Jul) 2 A Capo Town des- - I'"''1 "ays that Gen. IH'tlM arrived .islic receptl.'ii nusiiiess was sus- pended .ml i general holiday wis do. dared In honor of the mm to 'vhum the German Southwest African forces surrendered, LONDON MARKETS STEADY. I ....... . I nierlcnus -.lore, Mlth Hie l.xcep (() )f Mp1, J,opU.j Lospon, July 22 A rather better I Lospon, July business was done In the iniiikels to. da). The tone continued steady, (lilt edged secuillles stiffened. Hume rails weic Irieguliir. Argentine rails wcro fin t. Foreigners and mines continued soft Oils, however, hardened, Cana dian Oar and Foundry liuires wore buoy ant, A him lean hesitated, except steels, which were strong. INDIAN TRIBES OF STATE DECREASING Officii! I Fiffures Show Ii0! Hedshins Less Tlmii Ten Ycnrs Airo. 7ti2 ARE STILL l'AOAN'S A MM NT, July 21. There are fiOJ less Indians on the reservations of New Vnrk State than ten yearn ago. Hut three tribes, the Onondag.is, Toliawalidas and Ttifcaroras, show any gain in numbers, according to the otllolal census figures made public by Secretary of Slato Fran cli M. Hugo. The total number rf Indians now living on the eight reser vations Is MM, compared with ".Orto In lOO.-i. According tn tho Federal enumeration of 1910 tho population of the Indian reservations was .",729, but the figures Included whiten and other persons as well as tho redskins. Out of the 1,151 now on the reserva tions "62 confess to being pagans and 7IS spoak t It t la or no Kngltsh. In the eight reservations! thrre are S7,7f acres, of whlih the Indians inc. this summer, cultivating 30, .".;'., or an iivervtgii of fi.Ob acres fur each man, woman and child, The census figures reveal that the St. Ittgls, Onondagas and the Tuscaroias are the largest till- TK Caltara of the soil : tho Alleghany uud iraugus Indians the least Onondaga reserv acres out of 7,300 are under St, llegis, 10.I13K out of turatiaus. 4.117 out nf Sl.itsu: Allr ghany, :i,5k out of 3n.4fi9 : Shlnnecock. 71 ou. ,,f i,i n. res : Tnnnwanil.is. 2.R27 out of 7,5(S; Tuscaruras, 4,711) out of 11,243. I'agani are shown as follows Onon daga, 113; Cattaraugus, .100' Alleghany, 2S7 ; Shlnnecock, . ; St. Itegls, 0 ; Tona wanila, 57 ; Tuscarora, 0. The 7tS found speaking little or no English are divided III the following manner: Onondaga. .11; St. Itegls, 232 , Cattaraugus, iO : Alleghany, 101; Shlnnecock, 0; Tonawaiidas, 23S ; Tus caroras, 56. Mntlsllca of I'npiiliilloti, Comparative figures shown by the 1P0. and the 115 (.numeration show the decrease or the Increase of tho respec tive Uscrvations 190.-,. US 1,17: ::: l.intt :o.t I no Alleghanv. Ctttarauru. UnnnilrfK.i HI. tlrgit Tonstvnmla. . St 15'l I 313 1.0i MS 11 Tuacarnra 3M 40! In the 105 enumeration the Toosna- tuck Indians were not counted sena- I raiciy. The recent census re.-aled elgh teen tu Miffolk comity. I.lul.- land on this reservation Is under cultivation. The enumerator found it utmost impos sible to dfl.TiiiliH. whether the Inhabi tants are cltloiiH or not They them selves claim they do not know. It Is generally accepted, however, In political circles that they nr.- not citizens, al though most of them are more negro than Indian. It is generally understood that the reservation Is not State or Gov ernment property, except possibly by vir tue of a very old leaM-. Tho Oueldas were enumerated In the 1905 census, but not in tills year's, tho reservation having reused. Indians have been found by the recent census tn be follow lug almost every means of livelihood, ranging from piano tuners to sextons, farmers to demon strators or telephone operator. The total Indian population of the United States In P..10 was 2fi5.i!53, ex clusive of Alaska and the Insular pos sessions, the Indians constituting less than three-tenths of 1 per rent, of the entire population. Twenty-eight per cent, of the Indiana In the Culted States 111 1910 were living In Oklahoma. The Inereas.i among mixed blood In dians, both In this Stato and In the , ,,.... ,.nnr,ii.. 1. 1. ..... .. ! full blooded Indians, the fact ' m nhal.lv accounting for the Increase on 1 pi tain ir.,-. ...... ...r, 1 ..r .--wiie, wnere the full blno.led Indian Is becoming m,,r I , ... . iinu un're scarce nu ine passing or eacn year The recent enumeration reveals none of the old time names which still cling to the Indians of the far West, where the largest proportion of full bloods exist. LORIMER'S BANK MUST PAY. Muck holder to He Assessed to Cnt a 1, 000,000 Dctlclencr. Clttcvoo, July 22 Judge Wlndes in the Circuit Court this afternoon Issued mi order directing William c Niblick, receiver for William I.orlmer's defunct La Salle Street Trust and Savings Hank, to enforce the liabilities of the stock holders of tho Institution to It.s ctedl tors The court order finds that the assets of the bank are Insufficient to discharge Die liablllt e to the creditors and that the deficiency of the assets Is nt leist jl.oonoon it was put by Mr Niblick nt J2.000.000. 1. Altman & (Ho. The iD'eparii;tt",er.;t for 5 mported and Specaa. Costumes (Tlh.rdi Floorl Womemi's of IFtftl) Aitruwp - 34tl) mib 351!) trrrtn 1 0 Per MONTH ON PLEDGE IOQF PERSONAL PROPERTY THE PROVIDENT LOAN SOCIETY OF NEW YORK MANHATTAN " HltONX ' ! Fourth Avenue, cor. 25th Street. Ponrtlandt Ave., cor. uth Street. j Lldrlilge Street, cor. ItMngton St. Itlcntilt l.l N beventli Ave., bet IStli mid tilth SU. Hmllli St . cor. Livingston St. i..-ri. a.-b 1'uiii siireot V.,r'!,!n", Avcnilu, cor. Dohevolse m Lexington Ave., cor. I.ttli Street Pitkin Av-eiin... cor. Ilookanay Ave. ! ('.rand Street, cor. t llnion Street, . , . r.- rr, . . TT. ,,v Fast 7Sd St.. bet. Lexington A M Avs. )' ' illr.l'Al D 111 N ' Last Houston St., cor, IWx Si. i 2 I WO W 1. 1. K.i 1'ltOM DAl'U. ' JERSEY HIGHWAYS AGAIN DISCUSSED Testimony fiiven Before Ilen ness.v Investintinir Com mittee Recalled. COMPARISON OF P HICKS Tnr.NTos, N. J.. July 22. Twenty-two Jears ago New Jersey adopted the State aid policy for Imlldlng good roads. At first the cost was eienly divided be tween the State and the counties, town-I ships and property owners nlong tho lino of the road to be Improved. Several , jears ago the property owners were eliminated n.i contributors, and the , townships nearly so. Now thu Stats and the counties bear the greater part of tin. burden. ' For twenty-two years the material men, contractors and politicians hao been gradually building up combination, until at present the taxpayers seem to be bound and helpless. Notwithstand ing tli reforms that have been adopted In other dliectlons, llttlo has been done toward breaklrg up the paving trust. I'p to last November, according to the nflkial report of State itoad Commis sioner Stevens, 1.9S6.0S7 tulles of road b id been built In Nw Jet soy under the stuiti old laws, ranging from a little . mm e than live and one-half miles ill Hudson to 221 miles In lfurllrgtoii, On tills work lliu coniraciors nave pros pered. Last winter the Hennessy committee. which Investigated road conditions In L-iiliin 4 '( f. i ,,M' Slate. reHjrted tint 'circumstances in 'i t ion relating to contracts for bituminous con . ,, ., ..".'Ipreti- pavements olnt plainly to a con 11 :'., V stilr.i.-y against the public Interest whereby excessive prices w re exnctei for patented pavements both by the Kssex county aulhorltlis ami tho olll clals of the city of Newark," It nnneared. according to the report. that bltullthlc was specified In Newark und warrenlte In Ksex county. Th- committee found evidence that the two frtMiitu ..wtilM! tlii.. material were so related that alt competition In the, contracts bad been ellmlnnted. Manv comp-tent witnesses testllled that "an unpatented pavement of the bituminous concrete type two Inches IhlcU-. which xvas lh,. thickness of the warrenlte pavement laid In the county, could 1. and had been friUently laid elsewhere at a price not exceeding HO tents a wiu.ire yard. The price paid by Ksscx county for warrenlte on the l'oinpton Turnplk was 11.31, which ap plied to about ud.OOO yards of material." Coder open specifications about 120,000 would have bteti saed to tho county on this one Job. Conditions In Ksjex are typical of ,ni un,.,' caisiiiik 111 IIIUSI 01 IIIM l.UHT 1,; I counties. Her' In Mercer, for tnsUir.-e. I members of tho Hoard of I reeholders admit tint they are paying 00 cents .1 1 ,VJr r Ir"'" l"c 'iairy tli.it is furnishing It to contractors at 7u cents, and In some instances as low as cuts a ton: and the.v excuse themselves by saying that they cannot buy It for less. Mayor Siimlley of North Plalnfleld, who Is Interested In a stone quarry, tcs tltUd bcfoie the Hennessy committer lhat thete Is a combination of traprock quarries to maintain prices of stone for toad building and other prices; that he was in the combination, and that "we finned a (ombitintlon together and regu lated prices for it and put It on a busi ness level, and we have been doing It I.V..1 hltli't. ittiit n'M urrt crtlm- tn 11 up as long as we can." I Tho testimony was given nearly two .veats after the "seven sisters" acts were passed. One of the "sisters," the first, vvna "an net to define trusts and to pro- , vide for criminal penalties and pimlali mcnt of (orisorulious, firms and persons und to promote free competition ill coni-merc- and all classes of business." A trust Is defined as a combination or agreement between corporations, firms or persoi s, any two or more of them, for certain purposes,, among which were fl Ing "at any standard or 11 guru whereby tile piico to the publi. or consumer shall In any manner be ..uitrolled on any ar ticle or commodity of merchandise, prod uce or commerce Intended for sale, us--or consumption ln this State or else where " other purposes declared to be illegal ' and Indictable were making any agree ment by which was ptecluded a free and lint tstrli led toinp'titlou n'nong them selves or any purchasers or consumers, und making any secret oral agreement, or arriving nt an understanding without ' express agreement, by which unre- ! strlcte.l competition among themselves , was precluded and any article or com- , inodlty sold at u tlxed price. Violation of this isster" act is made a uilrdc- , meanor. The second "sister" makes It n mlMe- J mciMior for any person, tlrm, corporation i or association engaged in the production 1 or manufacture of "any commodity of general use. or rendering any service to lliu public, to dlsctiniln.ite between dlf- i rctctit p-rsons, firms, associations or cor porations, or dlffetent sections, com munities or cities of the Stnte, by selling such commodity or rendering fcucli ser vice at a lower rate In one section, com munity or city than another if the effect or intent theieof la to estab lish or maintain a vtitual monopoly, hindering competition or restriction of trade," SUk Sweater Suits superior qesESity 1 $58.00 laJ.iuan Awrttup Nrm nrk Jil Only Extra Long Wear Conquers Empire REDS Because they're better mane of better rubber Umpire lil l),sart, not susceptible to common tiro troubles. Empire IU.OS Jun't decay or rot. Their btio,ancv and strength lasts lonu after fr e sulphur has sapped the life from crav tires. There in no su'Miur in Empire REDS. They dun'f blow out or gne o'lt thcy'rii. 1 ),-, worn out. My the time they n r c il much of your mileage linn velvet Ath your tttoUr about thtm mpire ires REDi EMPIRE RUBBER & TIRE CO. ZM W. 551k SI.. I4S Ck.mb.r. Si . Ntw T.tl 1171 ttHtri Art., Brnlln MJ B10.J Slrttt, Sfitl, Ftrt.rr id ll.m. Oll.t. : 7KINT0N, N.J. Mkn .1 "Ptttltu" Rtd RuH'f l.n,r Tibo M0NTAUK DIVISION TIED UP. HrnUiMi ,le Helios 1. 01m Mnnd I Commalrrii Three llniir, A broken axle on 11 lm . u ' 1 traffic for nearly full h o Montnuk division of the I g ! tallroad yesterday morn 1 g hundreds of buslnesh 111.1. ibi.. up I bite getting to tills rlt It u worst delay thu lailroad I. jears. The first of the two m 1 that carry the 1 .1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 , 1 yards west of Illue I'nnl -1.1' nt 7:32, tho locomotives re . ,way. Only the slew .-tccd pp 1 derailment. August Furniture Sale Begins Ju! 'f. i cordially i'lixivil during "the t "I1 Inspection". Ju! There Is a new 1m"l that nils a ' ' n a ei'Ml wfrrrtli'iu' . ' Inr p ,'iih t not:. s.i NEW YORK'S PRIVATE SCHOOLS IICM. Ml N V'.ll mo IIUIS mil M llnill I nil lint s KleldsonAVest Jl.'.l - 11 -sll .tnj'. ItirliuilNC i' Court. Athletic I u a l ! - HIVING stillllll. ai vv sun m r i i- lloys 1 1 otis (I lo . ' No bllllle slii.lv pit i. n. I ti ml I KIM I I IIIXH I.,-. 1 1; vv ,.i t i i. nr. i. ti i - I nit il N - ytr.t illPl.VI lllf. -1 llniit no-11. VV, s! Ki i v The t.,il. ...r i - - OlllliOO Cl.TCIS-. 11' i 11VV ll.lir M lllMll , Diy Dejn of N'en V Thuroiuli work lm t , humnirr ses.i..ii ' vv rillt l.lltl N VSH I III M I III' II VIIN Villi -I lll.l' Ivlml.-rn ir'en ui c , I . Inn Colli-.', s i - .-n ! . loimie. I.1 1 VV ...i : i - IIVMI1 ION IV College .cm". i conre sl ,ui .si eril l.atl'l .irs t . ri 1 1 1 1 ti' ins unti l niiii vi i vu 1 A M'MIG It V I I - lN "', " lilt: Millllll . I lit I I I I M l '," IllltllVC. N.I t N V i Private Schools Tin-: si most cillcu-..' n i Uurouu, This, cnmplc'" nbsolulely uw ' you, Ai'curuto a"'! infnrnuttinn i..'-' ; juiiei's. This sorM.-c v. valunlito n-M ' lectini; tli. p' for placini: '" In writing giv details so that ' '' r sdvice can he ji " SCHOOL - C0I.1.F.G III and CAMP 150 Nsisau St P'u Ri. n mil t.ci tu.ias.