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THE SUN, FRIDAY, JULY 23, 1915.
Fill DAY, dTIA' 1KI, 11115. Entered Bt the Post Ottlrc at New Vork ni Second Clan .Mall Mutter. ,0 SO ft nil 1ft Btitcrlptlniis by .MbII, I'ltsfpiild, I" A HAT, Ir .Month DAILY. Per Year St'.NDAY, Per Month ............. , fM'NIJAY (In OmiIIi I cr Month.., Ht'NDAY. I'r Y.ir...... DAILY AND flAIMV, I'T i-iir . DAILY AND H UN DAY. Per Month. ronrniN Hati.s DAILY. Per Month Jj-J Ht'NDAY, Per Motitll.. ... ' , !h. DAILY AND Hl.NDAi. I'er Month... I UU THE F.VHNINO SI N. Per .Month M TUB rVI-.NINtl Hf.V, l'r Ytiir . ; ; J THE IIVUNINO srNd'orilKni.l'erM". I All cheikn. money order", Ac., to be made iu)able to Tilt SU, rubllnhul dilly. Including Sunday, by the Fun Printing and Publishing As-ni-lAtloTl .it 110 Naaiau street, In tint llurough of Man hattan, New York. President and Treas urer. William C ll'lfk., 150 "r7-..S Vlce-Pre-idtM, Kdward I" Mitchell. 1M Nasiu ureet. Seiretary, O. I!. Linton, 1jO Kaiian street. Headers of The Hi leavlni town for tho summer monlln inn hny the tlaUV !' Sunday and evening editions delivered .o them In any part at thin iountr or lai rone on th terms stated above. A1';".' changed a. often a. de.lreil. Order throi ijn newsdealer or directly "f Publication Of fice, teltphone. 2:00 llreknian. merits for tho clothing of patrlotlc sentiment. Ihitltled to Mine latitude of tolOT ntlon In training duy oratory In sea sons of profound world pence, there lire times ittid occasions when Muster, especially In otliclnl quarters. In Inop. fortune mid n gross cnrlcnturo of the Mute of public opinion. Governor McCreary fnlled to take udvniitnge of the opportunity to Im- press mi the -t.x mllltliiuien mid 2 i!!'"0,HH others whom he addressed tho S .tit I . ...... Ihttiortnnt trntli tnut in uie present Jnncture of n flairs restraint of utter n tire and action Is patriotic pood cltl zenshlp. Noltody questions where the National (iuaril of Kentucky would lo were a call sounded. Tho Gov ernor's bugle Mast was In thin re spect to he regarded ns superfluous us well as 111 Judged. London offl.-e. Ktlltieham House, 1 Arun del afreet. Strand I'rl olfb e. 6 Hue de la Mlchodlere, on Hue du CJiutre St-ptembre. Waihh.gtun omce, Hlbns Holding. Brooklyn oiae, 106 I .lllng-ton street. our friend if An ior idfA -mini-mini. .. i;,.ir.ifii,ria Inr nuhtimttnn trf ! 10 We rtltctttl nrtlrltn ntunnl thtv mil In ail cn ttnn mmr ir """ i"r"" Our Imperilled Navy. It was otliolitlly nniiounced at the JCavy iJepartnient In Washington yes terday that there was "no reasn to believe that the large number or nres aboard American war vesels recent ly were enucd by spies or Incendia ries," and peclileally of the lire on the Oklahoma: "It Is believed that It may have, been due to ilcfcctlvo Insulation of electric wiring urouml tho m.-iRazlnes or to tho carelessness of pome workman In drop ping lighted matches or clgarcttef." These outgivings are designed to reassure the public. Hut what con solatory choice can be made between tires deliberately and maliciously set und tires resulting from Ineillcleucy und lack of discipline? There Is no comfort for the service or for the nation In an explanation which rests on "faulty iiwilntion of electric wiring around the maga zlnes"; it may allay suspicion, but it cannot Inspire conlUlence, and conll dence In the navy Is what Is wanted ot this time. Nature and Man. Mr. Newman 1'hh, president of tho Minneaitolls and !t. Louis Hailrtmd ha3 been travelling on It through the States of Illinois. Iowa, Minnesota South Dakota. He llnds a "iterfecf rye crop already garnered lu Minne sota and now being uarotl in South Dakota; the heaviest oat crop ou record; wheat "perfect" everywhere cotton doing well. He sees or fore frees "the heaviest yield and greatest craln movement In our history." So It is generally nil over these United States. The farmer and th eoil have done their task well. The Tains have not overdone theirs. Mighty crops, the foundation of all prosperi ties, are assured. Naturo has worked nobly for the good of the American people. What ever there is of sinister or fatuous, conscious or unconscious opposition to ft great renaissance of business and revival of good times nnd fat years comes from the Government. Wit ness the l.a I'ollette-Furusoth law to sweep the American merchant marine from the seas and tho lakes. Wit ness the Department of Justice lu pigheaded pride of opinion resolved to keep up the prosecution of the United States Steel Corporation: "Every prospect plc.uu-a And only man Is vile." Fortunately, tho disposition to re gnrd the harrying of business and the baiting of business as essential to political prosperity has waned nota lily. Let us hope, then, that tho Ln Kollette-Ftimseth net for tho altoll tlon of American merchant vessels, signed ln the last moments uf the Slxty-thlnl Congress, will lie repealed In the ilrst moments of the Sixty fourth. Tito Steel prosecution, we take It, is largely an automatic con tinuation of au expiring policy or lllu sloti, to which the Supreme Court may be trusted to give the llnal blow. Tho American people have had enough and more than enough of hard times made harder by Federal folly. The stringencies bom of the war they have patiently endured. They will not enduro patiently the damage wrought by meddlesome, ambitious jtolitlelans currying favor with special classes lu the hor! of votes or nominations. Scandalous John Doe Proceedings. livery few days lately the announce ment has been niado lu newspaper articles concerning the llecker case that John Doe proceedings were to be Instituted in Hlukkh'h behalf. Ae have received many Inquiries as to the meaning of this statement. l'reclsoly what course of procedure lias been contemplated lu this par tlcular case we do not know; but It may be useful to iwlnt out what a John Doe proceeding projwrly Is and how It has been abused by magis trates, notwithstanding the severest condemnation of their illegal prac tices by the Court of Apieals. l'roHrly shaking, a John Doe pro feeding is n criminal prosecution in stltuted before a committing magis trate by submitting to him a sworn complaint charging that a dcllnlto crime has been committed, by a deslg' natod person whoso name Is not known to the complainant, and who Is therefore denominated John Doe, It Is essential to the validity of such a proceeding, however, thnt it should point to some particular person as the accused. A committing magistrate under our law does not possess geiv eral Inquisitorial powers. He has no authority to Institute a full Invest! gntlon us to whether any crime has been committed by anybody. This a Grand Jury may do; but a committing magistrate Is restricted to the in ijulry whether a specllled crime has probably been committed by a spec! tied person. When the complainant is Ignorant of the name of the person he would accuse, that person may be called John Doe until his true name Is ascertained. Tho magistrate can not lawfully conduct a roving lnqul sltion to ascertain what member of the community is the offender. The defendant must be designated at tho outset of the proceeding. In 1P05 a case arose ln this city which is a good example of the tort of John Doe proceeding that the law does not approve. A Justice of the Court of Special Sessions Issued a subpu'na to nineteen witnesses di recting them to attend before him at a specified time and place nnd bring with them all the books, records and documents in their possession or un der their control, belonging to a cer tain tirm of theatrical managers, cov ering n period of nine years! No proof had been laid before him tend ing to show that un offence bad teen committed or who had committed It. The Court of Appeals held that the subpuna was void on Its face: "It did not state what the crime was, nor who the accused was. but Indicated an intention to rove around und find out. The recital by the magistrate of a mere supposition, followed by a decla ration of his purposo to investigate and see whether the supposition wna correct. Indicates a voyage of discovery that the law docs not tolerate." This language will be found In the case of the l'eople ex rel Livingston vs. Wyatt, in Volume ISO of New York Iteports, on page ii'Xi. The de cision was rendered nearly nine years ago; yet it has frequently been dis regarded by committing magistrates. with the sanction of representatives of the District Attorney ln various counties. Wo repeat that a study of that case shows that no valid Johu Doe proceeding can bo Instituted ex cejit against a designated person for a definite crime. The asylum doctor Is more competent correctly io label pronounced cases and to treat them, It may be asserted that It is the custom of family physlWans to call In hospital doctors for other diseases. Why not ln Insanity? Every hospital physician has seen Incorrectly diag nosed cases of typhoid fcer. pnou luonln and other discuses; he bus usually been a practitioner, a clinic doctor or an assistant, but tho doctor who devotes himself to insanity goes at once into an asylum where he rarely sees doubtful cases. Since it has become a custom among family physicians to call In a neu rologist In all cases In which nervous symptoms manifest themselves, these specialists really see more Incipient cases of insanity than the asylum trained doctors, nnd would therefore becouio more expert ln its early diag nosis, while they would bo excellel ln treatment, nfter the diagnosis is established, by the asylum doctor. We euibmlt this view to our medical readers. Physicians owe it to them selves nnd to tho community to clear tip this distressing Insanity expert situation without lelng awed, as thev now are, by the psychiatric exiert whoso observation is chiefly among established cases. Since, ns Judge Cleahwateb has jsjlnted out ln The Sun, the trial Judgv is authorized by law to select three reputable physicians ns experts. It becomes the duty of medical socle- ties to decide ujion the men whom they regard as reputable and compe tent, and to give access to a list of these experts to the authorized court oflicers. If -the Judge may be inclined to favoritism, which we greatly doubt. ly live months later upset that ruling and gnvu the railroads a chance to live Is the one which has now acted with falrinlndedness toward the ex' pros' companies. The order reducing express com pany rales went Into effect early last year with a proviso that it should hale a twelve months trial of Its ef fect on rexenues. It happened also that during this period of reduced rates the companies were subjected practically for the llrst time- to the new eonii-otitlon of the parcel jwst. Last March the express companies petitioned for relief, supporting their application with an exhibition of earnings under tho now tariff. It was calculated at the timo that the changes they sought permission to make in their charges would yield an increase of .'Hi per cent, ln gros earnings. The commission says that It "clearly appears" that the express companies arc operating at a loss un der the rates prescribed two years ago. It declares that the companies are entitled to reasonable relief and sanctions adjustments of tho tariff which seem to work out to a "probable Increase of almut :i;s per cent, ou gross rexenues. The commission as sorts that relief should be prompt, and the new tariffs are to be effective on September 1. This Is a sign of sounder Govern ment policy toward business. In the times Into which we are to go us a result of the war, business in tills country must lie unfettered and really free of political restrictions. PARIS IN WAR TIME. Wo can conceive of no ndcuiinto ex planation or oxcuso for the conduct of tin- Now Jersey authorities within he would subject himself to criticism wlue Jurisdiction the H.tyonno rlotlnt: If the appointees were not among the ! 11:18 occuried for retni,ttiiiK to private doctors selected and Indorsed bv niu'. 1 maminuii.tu m mucr nnn uociors suuicu ami luuorseu nj an , ,)ro50rva,1(m nf tlfl ,.,.u.0, with numoruaiivo uouy. itlio Koosevelt disorder find their niel 'uncholy outcome fresh in mind, the Th ITn.1mrniinH ',... Sheriff nnd the poll.o should lmvo " recognized the danger at the boginnlnK For years that transcend memory nnd taken tho proper and only de Tiie SUN has defended tiiralust the fenslbln stops to ouell nny disturbance superstitions of science, falsely M, lileh might be iittemptfsl. TIum-steps. , . , . ., ..as every mini knows who Is informed called, the unerring prophetic Instinct , tll ,lttllinillB Kt cniwdBi WXH, of the groundhog, sole warlock and , natural or truculent, include the im inatchless divinator of the weather. 'mediate nsertlon f authority sup Not the departed Deartown Hmir. ' ported by hworn peace oillcers In not Fucle Hon Johnson of Middle n'er Miillcient u. in. et tho needs ., . .. , , . of the situation, and the prompt Mip- Haibium, Conu.. had or has au eye ,,., r ,,rlvat0 ,.xnit.;u ,,,', so single, a nose so subtle to the higher , pinces, ami ail similar Incentives to meteorology. 1 he Groundhog Club of violence. The New Jersey ollkials I'unxstitawnev. I'a.. and other smlnll- v!m failed or rvfu-vd K do their duty tliw nf ennnolHsonr In u-.w-lphnel.-erv 1 ,mv'' . 11 '"""'V responsibility for tilt- , , ... ..... disorders of this week. unu recojjiiizeu -iiu. sr. s sieauy service to this underground savant by making it a member of their conso ciations. IJut faithful are the wouuds of a Prisoners Ilirht iniUU Pint; Sine. Toll tlca. erorkcry ami knlve ill.tur! reltcn or Mutual Uelfaro League. Vmllinr Thnt Sing Sing degree, which is to friend. The Sun has Just had the ;am, r,fornii ls , to he wcm wlthmU a painful duty of reporting from Dela ware county, Ind.. n conduct und con spiracy of its ancient friends which is ns interesting ns infamous. They are looting the corn. They have risen vigorous struggle. Lays evil on woman's dress. II rad ii nc. Of course, of course. The evil comes ,iml lifr.,A D,n. IO. ...n n n tl'.. against the farmers, and the fanners aU, l0 bp ru(1;. j blll u;u.uiy have riseu against them. With grief when we tlnd a man chattering about nnd Indignation we hear of a single woman's dress, wc can't apply to hun farm on which there are .i00 ground- more endearing titlo than "idiot." hog holes, dens, dives or trenches, i wherofrom these subterraneans issue! TUM'ewIn k a hydroplano designed , .... nnd built by Mr. A. K. LUDEiisof Stam- to spoil the land. lonI Cotm mailu pov,.nty mllC!( ftn What skills it that they keep ".sen-' hour on a preliminary trial. Shoes of tinels posted which by their whistling swiftness that make our expresses, warn their comrades of the hunter's "swifter than the winds nnd the wines approach"? This detail of natural "f ,n- 1''''k" I'" ko cold inn , , . . , . ... . kisses, And that outfit not to li too ui:u.nj,, piiuun w ii a. iaiiik or j.,. hcorneil CV(.n by OIm, of ,mr an Kruest Tliompson Seton. brings scorcher young women. Hut why, into only a deeper shame the lawless though Wt none of our business ex- nredatory character of those, nssocl- ,'"i,t iis students of notncnclattiro and nted profhets. Whistle, Io they? So. ' admirers of congruence, why givo so ..Kill.,.. nn,n.i T'lil.l lrttl't M V f k'. . no doubt, the Spaniards whistled at , ,ut,t tt Sl.a h.t.t,j7 tne sacu or Antwerp or the Keiters i at tho burning of a nunnery. And Chaih.es iiiuckixy. tho famous Har- yet the fautinl naturalist may be glad'vnrt nthtete. has aigneit a contract -.o M know that the groundhog's whistle , t.M.lhilttmore iicamtch. Intimate Account of the Nplrlt nnd Teniper of Fronro To-ilny. ITJin follimlng letter aa received in New York elenlajr front one of the moat illtlniru!flied American ladlca now rc MdhiK In l'arli.) I'Altts, July 0. In spite of tho defeats of tho Kus shm armies nnd the failure of the pressure on Geimumy from that ftlde, in splto of tho continual lighting without any material ndvnnca of the Allies in tlie mtu-th of l'mnw, in splto of tlio tiiiiromlsing outlook ut the Dardanelles, which to tho unskilled m;uiJn the street looks like a hopeless undertaking under the present condi tions, tho French leoplo lire keeping up a wonderful morale and spirit and aIiow little of tho depression that one wvtulil expect find under tho long strain of war nnd tho continuous kuc- eessea of their barbaric but well pro vided and methodical enemies. The temper of tho population of I'arls is splendid, nnd tho settled de termination of Government nnd peo ple to persist and light until they have achieved victory is as strong to day ns It was In the early days ,f the war nfter tho Maine, whew every tiling lroked easy for tho Allies. Tim un heard of methods of German warfare, thu asphyxiating gaes and other crimes against international law, while they have Infuriated tho French soldier and mitlotv, havu beu met with tho llrm determination to meet the enemy on his own ground and to light him with his own weapons Im proved nnd made nv ro deadly by the inventive genius ot tho French chemist.' Their study of the asphyx iating- ga.-vs lion bIk wn how to com Kit' it and lu tie) laboratories of tho French scientists the counter gases und nntidoto for the deadly German chlorlno gas havo been readily found, while it has been discovered that tho German asphyxiating shells only nf fect the lachrymose glands uf tho men, swelling their eyes nnd thu glands lu their this ats, while the French havo Improved tho deadly toxic shell, ivhltn eprtnds death wherever it explode.. The heavy kuxch of tho Germitn asphyxiating hvlls stay in tho trenches when the shells havo ex ploded, und although ln several caws it has elearisl out thu trenches the Germans suffered great loss from their own gas and could not hold the trenches, and the Fror.ch have quietly gone back when tho effect passed off without finding a i-inglo enemy In pos session. Thu tecent attack at Fpaipes, of which thu Germans tumlu so much, was greatly exaggerated. Tho Ger mans who attacked with asphyxiating shel'.s were ttnublu to occupy the Ilrat trenches, and in very few rases se cured a hold, out of which they wero quickly driven when the French re t erupted thi m and eiylladi-d those held I'j the Germans. It Is said at present thnt the French have at least 3uu,eu0 more men in thu trenihes on the fiont than tho Gvr mans. The great problem of the day 1 the making of munitions and while the Frcnrh nr making over 100,000 shells a day, the Kng.ish output ls not over lu.uoo, while the Husslan is only 10,000 shells and Germany is supposed to maku ZuO.OOO a day. Some curious events ha occurred here even In I'arls which liavo not been reported in the (tress. A sluTt time ago all the brass1 lor knobs und bra plntea ln a certain quarter of I'arls disappeared in tho night. As this practice of stealing door knobs nnd brass plates has frequntly taken place in Switzerland ' these last six in. nths, it is generally thought that in l'aris tho work was done by Ger man spies to secure thu copper and send the booty to Germany us best they could, probably by way of Switz erland. How they koI tile bnu-H knobs through thu various custom houses no ono knws. Thu moralo of tho German troops has bevn much uffectcd lately by the terrible bomltardment kept up by the French. German prisoners lately taken all show indifference and have none of the pride nnd haughtiness which wero tj marked nt tho htart They are not thu same colld unit that they were before the battle of the Marne, but are (showing signs of being broken tn spirit by tho awful trench lighting There havo been, unfortunately some political movements, engineered by ur.-erupulous and unpatriotic poll is 'not greatly unlike tbe singing oft (a view of thee nslderable number of a canary, only much louder and even , vtmriir gentlemen trom the innumer- sweoter In tone." able American colleges nnd iintvtrsi-1 ticians, wnosa aim has been tho Min- I',.f on.! T.nmhor lib, n.. .ties who nuko coaching th.tr profes-1 ister of War. and ultimately to retire GERMANY'S ATTITUDE. thief like Vii.i.on, however much the sion, should ii"t new sheepskins, I Joffre, whose great ( polarity nil thu A Prediction ns to 'ew Thnse of tho 1'ropaganda. To TitKFDtTonoKTitKHUN Sir: Your article tersely but fully answers thu let ter slRticd "Lawyer" In Tub Sun of July 13. Germany's notes nnd tho pro- German press entirely ignoro ono na poet which cannot be emphasized too often for the benefit of sympathizers with Germany who arc at the same time loyal to this country. Germany's prior notes olllclally recou nted that, nccordlng to international law, she has not the right to sink a merchant vessel, whether enemy or neu tral, without visit, senrch anil removal of passengers and crew to safety. Hhu relies solely on the rlRht to retaliate airalnst her enemy on account of the 'starvation blockado effectively main tained by the Jlrltlsh. The right to retaliate BRainsl nn enemy Is recosnlzed ny International law. Tho point that lias not Jieen emphasized sufficiently Is this: The principle of retaliation can be Invoked nnd extended only to affect nn enemy, and must be so npplled as not to nueci neutral nations. The act of letHllatlou. an act of war, propel ly available sijtnlnst an enemy, Is no less nn act of war when Its application affects tho citizens of n friendly nation, unless re sponsibility for the unfriendly net be disaffirmed. Fo alllrin, as Qermanys last note does, tho right so to act Is a casus bolll which no self-reepectlnK nation should parley over. That Germany's enemy Ilrltuln warned neutrals at to tho use of mined nreas In the North Sea, referred to In tho Hrltlsh order as zone," without attempting to nsseri the establishment of a "war zone." as ernianv'a last note dlsliiKcnutiuily In timates, does not alter the situation. Our Government no more recognizes Britain's rlcht to. Imperil tho lles or properties of our citizens on tho high seas by the uto of mines than it recog nizes Germany's right to do so by tho use of submarines. Fortunately, in tno former case, no life has been liwt. For the loss of property Ilrltaln prom ise compensation, 1 believe. Hut lyss of life is Immeakurable, ns our Presi dent has said In our last note to Ger many. For that loss Germany makes no offer or promise to compensate so far as she could. What Is still worse, Germany's asserted right to misapply th" principle of retaliation Is In abro gation of her treaty relat.ons with us. Th suspension of diplomatic relations with Germany would be no mere than recoirnltlon of an exlstin ; fact, namely, that while plylni: us with stnll- Ing If cynical words Germany wouia persist ln acts of enmity. The complacency of the public in tno crisis which has been reached Is duo solely to the fact that Germany has not. durlnK tho past two months, repented the l.usltanla outrage, nn act which probably woyld have led Immediately to a suspension of our relations with hr, as. no doubt, our President quietly nave her to understand. Germany falsely asserts a rlcht of retaliation af fectliiK a friendly nation, thouch she has not deemed It wl to exercise such asserted rlcht for oer two month". The situation Itself suEgcts course which mlcht avoid a sei franco of relations, that Is, a rejection of her I preposterous proposal that our Gov ernment abrogate by a new treaty ilth Germany, tho only form of agreement which would hase the effect of law binding our citizens, tho acknowledged rights of our citizens on tho high eeas, formal notice to Germany that any future violation of such lights would be regarded as nn unfriendly act, and a statement to her that our claims aris ing out of the slnklnc of the l.usltanla wilt be held In abeyance until our Gov ernment elects to renew them. Tho suggestion of ex-I'resulent Itoose elt that our Government tuspend com mtrclal Intercourse with Germany with out suspending' diplomatic lelatlons seems weird from a constitutional standpoint. Commercial Intercourse of our citizens with all nations Is a right of which they cannot be deprived under the Federal Constitution, ln tho ab sence of a state of war, which auto matically sutpends all Intercourse nnd lelatlont with the enemy and Its citi zens. Kven Congress lacks power to enact a law forbidding our c.tizens from engaging In commi rce with the citizen of Germany or nny other par ticular country. Tho assertion that tho I'rcA'dent could make such an edict, prntum.ihly prescribing (wnaltlcs for dlfo'edience. Is simply preposterous. The pro-Gorman propaganda will shortly reach the stage of clamor for a special session of Coiwress, having for Its objective the suspension of the tin-sent commercial Intercourse bv our citizens with Hrllaln. France, !lusla and Italy, befoie any bre.iK witn i,ei mHiiy takes place, though, no doubt, our correspondent "Lawyer" would not be a party to such a scheme. ANOTHER LAWYER. New Vork, July MR. ROOrS SUPPORTERS. Would His Stalwart Conduct In 1913 Injure Ills Candidacy? To thk KtuToit or The Sun Sir; I read with Interest TllK Sun's poll of tho country on tho question of tho Itepubllcau Presidential nominco for I'm;, unit with n degreo of surprise which approaches nmazemont thnt the lion, lillhu Hoot appears to oo nrm choice. Without on my part con fessing any antipathy to Mr. lloot, I desire to Inquire whether Tim Sun's referendum of this question has been placed taVoro tho wholo body of the Ilepubllean party as constituted prior to tho historic Chicago convention of 1912, nnd whether In reaching a basis for conclusion duo deference was given to thu 4,000,000 who stlpliorled Itoosevelt In that year, and whether tho decision In favor of Mr. Jtoot bears representa tive Indonemenl from this great body of voters. It Is natural to piesume, in tho face of events that occuried In 1&12, that .Mr. Itool would bo far from popular with n verv largo part of tho Itoosevelt following. And while making a very largo allowance for tho pronounced re aetlnnaiy movement ngalnsl tho Demo cratic Administration und against radi calism In all parties, would it not be foolish to undertake to foist -Mr. Hoot or niie other unwelcome man Upon these 4,0(10,000, granting that they nro not already In frame of mind to accept ms cnll(lllacv'., Does It stand to renson thnt n man who literally stood on the nriugo uc lueeit Hie lliiosevelt men nnd the re alization of their holies In 1012 Is tho best man upon whom to rcunito me wiiii! narty strength tn iitr: oum nut Huecess under such n condition pre suppos." more magnanimity on tho part of the great body of Itoosevelt follow ers than Is to bo expected of a perfectly liiim-iti eitntltllencv? 1 merely raiso the point ns one oi Inquiry and not of complaint. Hut 1 llnd In this province, rar removcu ironi New York. It Is true, but in n reading. thinking and fairly representative neigh borhood, that a man llku lierrlck, Cum mins or Hurton or any one of half n dozen others thnt might be mentioned would seem to offer morn In the direc tion of harmony and tho success tat will attend harmony und that cannot be had without harmony than any for ward psitlsnn of either sldo to tho In ternecine conflict of 1918. To win In 19K there must be but ono Republican party, and the leader must be nblo to lead the whole of that party. Who Is the logical man? J. F. Jackson. HfNTiNQTON, W. Vn., July 32. LEGISLATORS START IN ON CITY INQUIRY ' Senator Brown Denies JMIft. cal rurposc in FininuT In restitution lii'ie. THREE TO 111 HE A LWVYl.R THE GRAPEVINE. llemlnlsrences of the Old 'eiv York Hostelry. To thk Kditou of Tim SlN Sir: One of the most tieasunil possessions of tho old Grapevine at Klevcnth street and Sixth avenue was an editorial aiticlo from Thk Sc.n, commemorative, of its hosp.tality and charm, which, neatly fratiuil, was iliM'l.iol on Its walls., t.lko Its old engraving, this had become sere and yellow with time , nevertheless, It expressed a spirit ot appreciation that the passage .if .irs made all the more gent with the gradual extinction or hostelrles of this chatacter. I hae n similar ono deploring years before the passing of th Golden Kagle, which, like the old Ginptvlne, was tin institution in its time which It ls de basing to mention In the same breath with madhouse or saloon. The old Grapevine was literally a place of "rest and entertainment." It had, carefully hidden from the gaze of the vulgar. Its memento morl" in the old Portuguese cemetery In the rear of its premises. Its nlo was served in iiewter mugs. and Its crackers and cheese wero n kind not to be found elsewhere. 1'unrh, the friaihfc. the l.nmlon -Vcirj and THB Scn were at hand to be spreail on Its ma hogany with ur order; an Indication of tho kind of mental pabulum affected by Its frequenters. Its host was of a tpc now obsolete, who was at au times phllofopher, friend and guide. Many In later years lumen away irnm thu maze of "Improvtments" and the city's hurlyburly to pass a frw lemlnlscent moments within the wall of tho old Gtaiieine. there to recall once more wlth'.n its familiar surround- tnss the memor.es and faces foteier lost. No muie for us than for them can It again be said "And et'.U a ruby kindles In the vine " John P. Pavjn, it. V. Nkw Yoiik, July 22. v.rirO.nW nf I ."nut hall. Hache.or of groundhog's corn stealings merit jitasiball, ISachelor of Honing, Hacho blame, we must wonder at the com- lor of Truck Athletics, and so on, In plexity of his character. One of the most remarkable vonluses our coun try hns produced, sir. Suffrage in the Prize King, Those women who have seriously at heart the success of the campaign Issued? Moreover, shouldn't these highly modern and monumentally in fluential professions bo rewarded with appropriate honorary doctorates on commencement day? As to thu etymology and origin of "Jitney" there has been nuch learned rlUensHlnn and conjecture nnd no little for equal privileges at tho lulls are ,.nusslon of folklore. WhenceBxver sincerely to be commiserated ln lew sprung and though not devoid of a of the Injury done to their cause by rude beauty, surely "Jitney" bus U far ...,,., . . ., , es expressive than tho Cuban term indiscreet adherents whose misguided 'P;, '.,,,rl(.(, iiu.rtlnoofxho streets. A Superfluous Ittigle itlasl. "If tho Hag of the Fulled States Is Insulted on land or sea," said Gov ernor .Mcf'itn.MiY of Kentucky In an address at a review of the National (Juard of tho lllue Grass State, "I urn ready for war, and in the event of war I shall exereNe my preroga tive as commander lu chief and go to the front with you." Sou ml doctrine very generally shared, but if by readiness to go to war the Goiernor means prepared ness for war he probably has an ad vantage iiier 'the country ln general, If wo are to belleie the military au thorities. As lo the Governor's as nertlnn of prerogative to lead Ken- tucky'H embattled smis lo the front us their commander In chief, there Is little likelihood of its being ills pitted. The prerogative might even bf extended, without fear of cavil, to u declaration of intent rigidly to ex. elude buncombe and Mvngger ns gar Insanity Expert!. That the deplorable miscarriage of Justice In a recent Judicial proceedln; was partly but conspicuously due to the contradictory testimony of the insanity experts was distressingly evident lu every 6tage of the trial be- i fore and after the defendant's ac quittal on the ground of Insanity up to his liberation on account of sanity. The latter was doubtless tho result ehielly of the cou tempt expressed in no uncertain languagu In tho trial Justice's charge. The pocket nerve manifested Its powerful Intliieuoo throughout the whole proceedings, culminating In the largo ball bond di rected by tho Judge after pronounc ing the defendant sane. What Is the object of this ball IkiikI? There is no escape from the conclu sion that It Is Intended to establish conduct brings the propaganda lino contempt nnd ridicule. As to the pro priety and expedience of allowing women to vote the minds of most men are now open; the frequent rope tltion of such Incident as the ludl for tho chartered llbortluooftho streets, "spider," a crawler everywhere. Tho Into John Hiiown IiEruicsiioir, totally blind fiom his lifteenth year, continued fortune out of some of the greatest ut human disasters. Touch, , i. .v, ,t..i, ml ii. on almost miraculous del- crous appeal to the patrons of the, )t.ai,y .served him a eyes. Ho saw lirlze rinir will close them llrmlv. I i,v means of the Inner eye. He saw- Neither dignity nor a competent nil-Uh" ''lies of a boat with a clear, sharp, derstanding of the importnnco of tl...1 right to vote Is displayed In such , .(..signed by his brother Nat havo had theatrical and Inellectlve tactic, due mention ln tho obituary notices. a klud of probation during which the sanity of the subject might be tested. What other reason can there bo for thus practically abolishing the habeas corpus act? The action of Judge Hkmhiick is otherwise Inexplicable. If tho ac cused was temporarily Insauo by rea son of congenital irresponsibility, or by reawin of vinous Intoxication as ills wife thinks, then who knows when this temporary irresponsibility may IHisslbly recur? Tills Infinity expert system re fpilres a thorough ailing, To the tin tutoml mind it would appear that a doctor who lives or lias lived In au asylum may not be ns competent to diagnose Incipient or obscuro cases as the family pbyslclun who sees cubes only In their earliest manifestations, They cast suspicion on the sincerity of those who practise them, and in spire doubt whether (toUtlcal power or the notoriety that may be won by advocating it ls the real purpose pp. hind their adoption, As In I'.uglainl the methods-of I'ankliiirstJsm alien ated ilctlnltely men whose sympathies might have been enlisted fur the cause, so hero the heedless anil light headed Imitators of Hrltlsh viragoes do more damage to u cause, not yet won than can be doue by Its most de termined opponent. Uur purpose ls to recall and roenforce tins lesson of brave, successful en deavor, of high Intelligence overcom ing for m arly sixty year.i a hopeless Infirmity metamorphosed by will and mind Into strength. Kclicf for the Express Companies. The decision of the lnterstale Com merco Commission reversing Its or der of two years ago reducing express company rates and permitting changes in charges which will enable the companies to make a measurable re covery of earning shows that a new commission is regulating tnins-porta-tlon lu Hie I'tilted Stales lo-day. a commission vastly altered from that which handed down the ruling con ceding to the Kaslein railroads only the shadow of relief from excessively low freight rates while denying thu subBtance. The commission -which bare- TiMil, a.-,(Ki rift linn "f Liberty Hell. from thf Htm tr 1'oft. At i-t a ililnl 'if tho ii.tuln who in the Liberty Hull i.inlfil earner. And every vaim-r.i carrier wished to tn a pi. Hire of 111 Liberty lieu. uie goo.i iiatiiied traffic oillcers fruni 1'hllmMiihl i nli.t Ruurd the bell took siiapliut.s of It with every cmncr.i whli.li was handed up tu tlieiii. J.iuies I'rink, "no of lie oftli-ers, has be, limn nn expert with th" camera uliicn he It-It l'hlln It-lpliln. 11" has tuken 33,000 .l, lures of Hie Lll.i rty Hell. .tune, iflin. 'mil the 4rcMfnr 0 n.ituro, we. arraign tliee now lleniiiio it smllu l en thy face, And wnodlnnilv weir their wonted trace, A ml till tin slr.s Joy un oury bjugh; And nothing heeds the tsrlef of man, 'I he w.ir. the wnimd, tht atiniiy, The liii'ktu hu.irt, the helplt-ea cry, Till t nd of hup't rro Ji'ifio bt-Kn- Tlis In ut In prr.itor than our nrlef, Thv 1mii.ii.ii wllit- tliiti our woe; 'I he -t inii.i'liv thou ibifl i"H tliow N l.irip-r 111. tu the liour'u rollef. 1 rent Hie In ill I no arum peiure; f'Miuii ttliai dentil ii.ny lo mo or mine, Thou art untlyhiK and divine. All thnt I live for hll endure. i". W, UocuniLLON. parliamentarians fear, and to replace him with a creature of their own, llt tlo thinking of what that might mean to thu enemy. Luckily thueu attempts havo been foiled ar.d nt present France, at least outwardly, presents the same united front it has been so proud to show- to its enemies. I am told that much loss of life ln tho I.usitnnla catastrophe was caused by tho suctlcn of tho great funnels, which swallowed numbers ot tho struggling passengers in the water wid never gave them up. Tho atti tude of tho French toward America is one of mstonishmeut thnt America enn stand th palavering nnd Insults of Germany ln tho face of the crlino ft the l.usltanla, but thero is u gen eral disposition not to criticise the attitude of the 1'i-csldent until tho next note ls iilbli lied and answered. Tho generosity of the American pub lic Is greatly appreciated by the French penplu iff nil classes anil they do not hold America responsible in general for those acts of her Gov ernment which thoy reprove. The expedition to tho Dardanelles ami the unthorough manner lu which It was planned and executed have ex cited comment even lu tho press and have been roundly censuied, oven nt tho risk of some of tho papers being sup pressed. However, thu feeling Is that when tho Allies get under way they will make short work of tho Turkish troops and push nn tu CilUpoll. Tho stake Is so Important and tho conse quences ew vital that all are hoping for a successful conclusion, followed by most f the Halkan States going lu w P.. tho Allies. Kn1cr Wllhelin'ii Irnn Crnen, Tn tiiu Cinroii or Till! Si-s Mr; John Howard of ProvlJeute, It. 1., alt who .iiiui'di'U the Iron crooin to the t,ermaii llmperor Allow nie to Inform you that tin) I'lim e nf lli-rnuiiy, Itu Hi'lliik- the Kings of lUv-nrlu nnd s,isou, have awarded the Iron iriem' of the tlrKt and seiond clues to tho Kuler In iippre. I.ttion uf hie remnrUable work lu tho llener.il Staff. If Mr. ItotMird had rial the papers iv rew- niontli-t Rpo nut! studied rvrry detail he would have found that a formal ileilri ration to thin efU'Ot hm been l'iied by the Herman tieiieral .staff, liver) body lit lier mnny neerns to rrallzo that tin vermin connected with thle war has dime nioio or la worklnir harder than the Kalecr, who liHrdly tukoit Ulna to eat. Nkw Yiiiik July (Ii-kthv I.kmki. I.nve'e rrourix. KnUker How run you tell how Ions tliry have been married? lloi-ker Hy whether she winle him to stop aiiloklnc to eave hti hialth. hi money or the curtalni. GIANTS OF THE CRADLE. Wheat Field llecords of the Ancients I'ut Modern Kansas to Shame. To the Kpitor or Tun Svs Sir; Your editorial paragraph ln repard to the rxrd of the Harton county. Knnsas. men Is enough to make nn old timer laiiKh. Kiuht men who could not cut more than six sen s of wheat in a d ij-.' Shades of Methuselah! Itetween the rlslntc nf.d tho settlnc of the pun on July 7, ISIS, on the farm of Michael Jloke, at .xieroerstiurg, in this county. Captain Michael Cromer, with a cradle, ran da especially for the occasion, cut over twelve acres of Heavy wheat, which when tied up made 37ii dozen shtaves. This Is a -world's revord, so far as 1 am able to learn, and 1 well authenticated. Thero aro et llv li.B in the vicinity many witnesses to thin, the greatest ft of lt lilinl ever accomplished by man. Anothir man cut nine nnd one-half acres of kooiI oats In lifted! hours and n quarter. This ls also well established by witnesses who were pros, til and measured th land. A young giant of a farmer was reputed to have avorag d seven acres a day while cutting his own ,-ron of wheat. For this story I will not star.il sponsor, however, ns I am able to do for the others. I know of two other men who cut tlfty-ilve acres of wheat in live and on half days nnd helped gather and shock the grain after it was cut. These are fair samples of what the Frar.kllu county fitrniws did with tho grain cradle titty or sixty years ago. Within easy recollection thero wa a shop or factory owned and opera tid by Henry r. vviuck, neir wreencastio in tills county, where there wero nude and sold within ono year l.fiOO grain cradbs. Nearly all this output was whipped tn tho mour.lalnous regions of remit.) I vanla, West Virginia. Maryland and Kentucky. A. W. O. CiiAMBEfisnuna, Fa., July ;:. "AMONG THOSE PRESENT." What Will Jeroeymen See In This ltoll Call': To the L"PiTOit or Tub Sun Kir; 1 seo by the Newark papers that among ihoHit nrt-sent at nn "Antl-Dal" nit'ctlni? in .Newark Tuesday nignt opting tlio i lu "'" m-m -i uit-r.-u-. THE ICONOCLAST. lie II) inns the IM-pralse of the Oreat (Jittl KliWirnry. To the Kditor or Thk Slw sir; All the things that we ie lined from our patents are of course fundamentally iv lung Were prifif of this needed, our eh Idien would readily furnish It. The lesson of tit - past generation ha ben. prim.iril), that of elllclency.- nnd look where It hns got ui: one half of the w.irlil is Industriously trying to cut tno other half's throat. I'.IIlcliM.cy ls the bane of life, both Individually and na tionally , not only that, It is essentially anti-social, and hence disttuctivo. i:illcent people are always gluttonous and ge.-erally c innlbalistic . having ab sorbed all the work in sight, they pro ceed to devour their (milk-lent neigh bors who are content to llvo In tho i!od given in. indent state natural to man. There are only two ways to check them: either destroy them at the begtuilng, befoie the.v g t really under way. or be-comt- tlhcient oneself and devour the nelghlHtr on the other side, anil this Is olilv less had than It would tsj to be de voured oneself. l'hllotophiis, (tofts nnd musicians are Inelllcie-t . grocer. chauffeurs and chltosid."ts aro ettlclent. Compare tho two classes and then tlti ule In which way you will luing up your children The fallacy about elli.iem-y Is that It enrl'-het tho world. Duly apparently so; for In the end at least half of the available supply of etlU-ti".-y is applied to the ilestiuctl.in of that which tlm other half pn duces. Inelllcp ney, on tho other h ind, Is kindly, eh ttitabl. anil easygoing, content with little und will ing that othds also should enjoy th fruits of their ldlene-is. The proof th it tiod loves the lr.efll dent lie in the fact that they always tlnd some itlleb-nt person to take care of them and their families ; whelxvis, who ever he trd i'- nn tillelent man en countering like treatment'.' v W. WlllTKLoCK. New York. July "2. OBEY HIM NOW! A Patriotic Unliving Cry for the Whole ( tin lit I j . To un. lJi irmi oi Thk Si n - Mr; l'cr mit tne lo nff. r v. hi sine.-ip und hearty ciingratulatloiiH 1 1 vour splendid dl- tut tat article entitbd "t ibey lllm Now." I vv.sh it i, ml. I be bla?i'iiei from ono ei-d of the eniiiit i-v lo the other and burned into tho mind of every person in tho I ind. There Is altogilicr too much Itsist talk over what we should and should not tin by a lot of people who have Just enough intelligence and Influence Hie) legislative committee, vv -to look Into Now York ell n ii , ,s met yesterday for tho Ursa tin. ., Hotel Lorraine and chos Se i h i , It. llrovvn of Wutcrtown ns i , Assemblyman William J Ma.i r s . eca wna made vice-chairman a- . s , tor llrown, Senator tleorge ( roimvt . Ktaten Ista.rid nnd AssemblMu i . . It. Stoddard, Jr., were name I a- i inltteo to hlro a lavvy r for i Cation which ls to be made Senator llrown said that t e ten will not really get to w i'. . , probability, for a week yd It s .1 ,e , assemble to-day at th- I t an , i more members will then be pien-.t. tv eluding Senator Wagner, Inn .- ., expected that anything w.ll lie .,ue i. furo counsel lias btn sell ted The eha-lrmitti wits at some t..t,r, if,, terday to Htiy that there will l.i n ttii partisan ln tho committee s i . i i When told that tome (itisons had pit. dieted that tho Investigation woul prove a windfall for Tammany lun Senator llrown saw. "D should think that that o; m i must bo founded on one of two , .: . Uons, both wrong, Klther It is th'mcit that the puritoso of tho cmiimr.tee is ti attack tho city administration, w ., , not true at all, or It Is believed that tu Investigation will disclose thmxs injuri ous to tho ndmlnlstratlou of the . Ity Wo havo no Information which woj.j lead us to bcllevo that true.'' Mntcinent nn tn I'lirposes, Tho Penntor said ho couldn't lime t,t men being coasIdertHl as counsel for 0- committer. Ho did not know how lo:,? tho Investigation would last. e-a Brown gave out a statement win a !i had prepared with tho approval of tu other members of tho ounimitlie, h said. It Is ns follows, In par' "Tho Investigation will be In ni e- partisan or personal. It will not be um ducted for thu purpose of l;,Ju;.nif nf Impairing the elilclency of any uK.c otlldal or creating any partis i. min tage. It will, however, unless I rris tako the committee, be conductcJ w. . couragj and fearlessness of coim quences. "It wi(l le the purpose of the t m- nitttee, after having mado a Rt.., il survey of legislation, to lni.u.re m '.. particularity as to w hat, 1' any. . .u. . In tho law should be made i r- t" clently to safeguard the tax. . ers ' the city of New York from t:.e P. in Imposition of unnecessar) bur s TV inquiry will extend to the met il a. . which tha taxes are lmi-d ,. . . particular objects of expend ' ire "The Legislature would h.m ri content to have dlnvted its ., i. exclusively to State affal s w.- n so much ns inquiry lu re . affairs of thi city of N-w Yeik ' ' .J not been so eonsilcuoUl v1- , . responsibility for the ex.t.- k . ble condition. Hut bet. g l.a'C ' that res;HnslUllty. It niu' . of the charge by showing t , -founded or by correcting tl. f any, for which It ls res - - not expected, however, t r will be limited to either s- '- - or correction ot th eir:s tlecessors of the (irese t Iat- will, now that It has tukt , ' Ject, attem(it to do vvhate tlgatlon shows shouitl 1. mony vvlth ubltc sc.. time-'. ' f conditions. 'In 1S03 the gross drb- of New- York was, I am . i e:j.is.4". in l'.'if. eleven years. It 1-ad g a 0:0.221.23. In K'tl t: - Imposed tbtough the ,e ' . calls amounted to Slk il ' - 1 ' the direct tax Imposed amounted tn ! I. "CHi.". 1 1 r posed locally ln l'.'l.i .in. -i '.'Mi.Tkii.5:, thero be'r e n i " ' "' tax, showing a growth i- " get since l'.U0 of more thai. ." Ispk county Hepubllenn commltteo control by County Counsel A. N. Uairyinplo were . IVtllco Judge) 11 1-Mwiird Wolf, As sembly Ciuidldato Thornna lloldensny, City Attorney Harry Kallsdi, Assistant City Attorney Alfred U, Nowakoskl, Judge Horace C (Irlce, Jiiilgo The-inlstoi-les Maucusl-Cngarl, I'ulice Com. nilssloner Kred C. Hreldenlnch, Court Clerk David C. l'ltteter, Assistant Com missioner Mlcluiel De Vlt.i, Congiess man PYedorlck It. Lchlbach nnd ileer Zoniol. Well I Citizen Bmith, South OrtANaE, N. J., July ii, ih n It to 'em. good and hard, nny time and all tint time, and pcrhdlw they will bo Induced to crawl Into the hole and pull the holo in after them. 11. H, Winn: I'HH..vPKl.rill.v, July ii. ( tiiisnltitlon, Tlo To HIK lll'iriill HI Till. Si s - Mr khade irenH ih.it I liuw t, t nut slulll, but 1 i.,visL iuelf with l'ie though' Mist Mr ,1-nl Mrs. I'ostti'H wl enjoy them. II will help to i-ompcnsa'.e thnii for hiving to pty off bolide. Panm-iit, U'onn , July :j. G J, How to .ert I lllu inU . 'I'ndoubtedly the a. a in if ' reel State tax Impost d . . .. tare or U'l.". which vv . : -New York amount t,. t s : proximately Hi "uo.i n - fear that It will h.tv to i local tux linpcsed for I.'!' s than the tax of Hf. ai.d -. more than Jifiu.ono. 1... i Is familiar with tit an . i! tho real estate maiket s- , .is , wlil amount lo a c.i am iv I that calamity be avei-.-d . years .' "I must decline at th.s t r '- 1 to wtnte the further -' i; the committee's notion T ,s - ve.stlgatlng committee md w will bo largely contio -,i i t - tation of facts and el.i-ms b ' the city of New ork vv-r . .m- . In Its welfare. Tne rnm-if' to cooperate with n.l su, ! I " tlon by way uf Iilustra- -i subjfi-ts which are matters .1 know It duo. "I am familiar with r- ' lommunlcatlons in nli"'- slmi funds of the city . f N-w v. .itt lilioii has b.an to- o ' tlon of these funds thioiu'. i" i Iflation at Albti.y U -s . common knowledge t'l.r m- -' ' ' funds are without rieevi i I pensions are paid In nioet t ts. -levied d Hotly for that p 't tie Httentlon, however, h.i- 1- i the Incuslon .n the (itns -. '. pensloiiers win are otlni.v (irovided for by s.ilai'es ! on I lieamry and tn the n .-. ' who havo never ettht r t,i ; i or exposure for tie .,,e -earurti the Tight, a-.ont :ig t. standard, to bo on Un- P :-s . bv v ' 1 ' .!t Vlllllltltetl V it 1 li.trl I " lido nume.v - appr i Slate budget at V! -i - ' able for any ei:.ti p.ni Tor which they .tie M'' -ated. I tlnd In the t Ity ' s moneys liicluilnl i-i th. ' purpose aie aa l-ible other imi-poso Wli 'e si' subject to t'.e p. li.tl ' Incurring expendttui-e fo exoefs of inoiifs an "t 1 Mini In tie .-!t s limited aulhot.t) l- ' x lions by making tempo' i- l necessary lo g i e -. wider and inme t xtt n- ' matter of the u-e ot -i !; 1 the Incurring of ib 'i t' the State government tie : for should bo made i'. i ' Hons upon th- Sta'e m been most etllo em 'n I' t-av again .t and the bi.o debt. ".Much Infi'i Hint in In the readiness on i! e Interest. d in the ,tv " (ireseiu evltldioe as to s, , extravaganco and wast' the put pose of the w , Judge this evidence. ' ' wrong has been doi o. h i portunlty vv III be itu 1 ' ' Hon find tor sue fiom those restoi ib i make to tho end tint i ' prejudiced Judgment " ( 111 i Pint ion to any let! " or past mlmmln ration ' In ' lu i'i l ' If I! a of