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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, July 25, 1915, Image 8

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SUNDAY, .U'fiY 2S, 1015.
EntirTl at th J'oit oinc Hi Nw York
Second flats Mall Matter.
Uibacrlptlnna njr Mall, Pnitpald
DAILY, Per Month
DAtl.V, Per Ver
SUNDAY, Per Mritilh . . . .
HUN DA Y llo Canada). I'rr Mnnlh
HUNDAY. Pel Vmi ... ..........
I'oiikkin tUTr..
tlAll.l Per Monlh
Hl'NDAY, Per Mnnlh,. .
..10 M
. un
. 5
. . a M
, no
.. I
.. 1 to
TUB BVHM.S'il HUN. 1'er Month..
,.. , ,. v , V, 1 -ills.' l'r Vrnr...
Tlltt LVKNINtl HUNIKor tlg'll.l'urMo. I M
All ihfi'k". mone) orders, Me, to he
mailt panlle to Till: Hl'N.
Published dally. Including Sunday, by the
Hun Printing and l'ubll.lilng AMoelatlnti at
I in Mnuu street. In the llorough nt Man
hattan, Nr Yotk. PreOdtlit -mil 1 ""J',
urn. VVI luui C ,11'lrh. IS N"
Vlre-l'reeluenl, KilwaM I'. .Mltfhfll. HO
Nai.au strtel, Secretary. C K. Luxton, Wo
Nairau street.
... i T..- u. v 1nvlnir lann for the
summer month run have he hHt) "''
Sunday and evening editions '"v,''a..?
them In ny rrt of till, country or Lu.
rope on the term, lilted above,
changed us often as deelreil. .order hroi ah
mvnelealer or directly of Publication Of
flee, telephone :J00 lieekman
London onire. Cfllngtiaui Hume. 1 Arun-
a street, strumi
l,rli ntTU. 4 Hue de la
Mlchodlere, off
Washington offlce. Illbba HullJIng,
Brooklyn "face, 108 Uvlnnton street.
our frit id ir),u afor trilA iihiiiu
oWll and (Pfmfiuf. or tmbltraUon wljh
to have relrctn orfMe "fumed thtv wm
In mil cat" ed ilnmp' !' ''' P"P-
How to Stop a Kiot.
KThen assistance from the National
Guard must be called to the protec
tion of life and projierty, tho on
itriaom responsibility rests might study
with advantage the methods adopted
by General Hot: lu uaudllug the fro
ton Dam riots of 11H).
Instead of scattering a few com
ftanle. here and there to be Insulted,
atoned ami rushed by overwhelming
numbers. General Itot: Invested the
disturbed district with a whole army
of ihorse, foot ami artillery, which
from the instant of Its arrival held
the situation in an Iron grip. With
out firing a shot, without ne of his
own men or of the recent rioters suf
fering so much as a scratch, and with
out the deft ruction of a dollar's worth
of nronerty. he instantly Imposed a
peace turn u-
of the bcwiiiicrea ueinagui!iie. " .
agitators who until then liatl ueeti tne
oracles and luxpiratlon of the out
break. Law and order In terms of
an adetptate armed and uniformed
force was ininpreheuslliie een to the
dullest of the confilM'il Intellects with
which be bad to contend.
When f iree mut be iwed the les
son of General ltoK.'s success Is that
il should come not In hesitating, half
hearted driblet, but overwhelming
and IrresMlhle.
Mr. Mt-Aneiiy Will Sot He Neglected.
Senator Kuix It. Bkow.n of Water
lown opened Ills $-j:..(kh non-partisan
inquiry Into the financial affairs of
this cliy lnM week, to clo.se It again
until AuguM - The reason for Sen
ator Huown'.s mljoiirniuent is not
officially iIIm-IommI. but the coincident
activities of the Thompson commit
tee, which Is wasting more 01 me
taxpayer money hereabout, furnishes'
explanation of bis postimneinent.
While Senator Hitnw.N was setting
the stage for his public spirited per
formances, the Thompson committee,
with greater enterprise than good
taste, had the audacity to anticipate
the Jefferson county philosopher by
Introducing a witness lo assail Presi
dent GtoRGt: McAnk.ny. Thus Senator
Brown's plana were upset, and his
mighty engine of disinterested correc
tion was obliged to suspend Its oper
ations for a time.
But Mr. -McA.nkny should not de
pair. The momentary confusion
caused by Imperfect functioning of
two mighty organs of- reform will
Boon be overcome. The subordinate
abjects of the Thompson committee
will not long lie concealed' from Its
directors, and when they are under
stood Mr. McAnk.ny will be estab
lished solidly In the conspicuous iost
designed for him lu the programme
proposed by the leader of the Senate.
Rural Credits The Wrong Kind.
Nobody Is better iua)ltled to nil
dress himself to public opinion lu this
country on the subject of rural crrd
Its, meaning generally the llnanelttl
facilities which should exist to en
able the farmers to make the most
effective iim' of our agricultural areas,
than Mmion T. IIirrii k. lu Ills re
cent address to t be Niitioiial I'ertllly.ei1
Association Mr. III. nun k ald;
"On eminent aid la the toiik Hsralnet
wblrh the i oral credits movement has
beta dashed. The bills which hae re
,.e wd the most attention In Congress
provide for special privilege to auuh a
pronounced degive that If any of them
bei.inn' a law It would ert the farmers
a pa -t au a class by theinpelvea to be
I 1 1 1 1 1 .-1'-1 1 and M'uun fed at public ex
pense "
The tonicity of thi description will
oi-iur lo any one who has in mind
tue n I lit proposals agitated In the last
emigre for raids on tho Federal
Treasury lu the guise of establishing
liriM'e'M's to ninko It easy for farmers
to borrow money, Clrcuiustances com
bined lo pnneiit recklessness from
having lis way In statutory euiict
meat, bin rural credits legislation Is
only postponed business at Washing
ton. A Joint Congressional commit
tee has the matter In charge, and
while the next session of Congress
msy he too crowded with other con
cerns to permit attention to (be ques
tion, of farm finance It Is going to re
quire a great deal of Informed and In
telligent effort to prevent disastrous
experiments from belnn Inauirarated.
under polttlrnl auspice,
Every project for rural credit leg
islation which Is mooted should tin
examined to ace If what It really In
tends Is not n form of Rovcrnmen
tat suhsldy to the. farmer. In m
country In the worltl la there icsa nerxl
of anythlns of the sort, but the 'to
ut leal motive power of moat rural
credit scheme lime been supplied by
the expectation that In some way
public funds would Ire rondo available
for the Increase of iiurleiilturul In-lebtedncss.
If Certain Hyphenated Editors Have
a Moment io Spare.
If It he possible for those (ierman
editors who so freely and In not a
few coses bitterly aaaull the President
of the UnlUM State for bis manage
ment of the diplomatic affairs of his
comiiry lo divert their attention for
a moment from the superiorities of
the nation within whose bounds they
arc not domiciled, It might be protlt
able for them to consider seriously
this fact :
Were they in (iertnnny what they
are In America, their utterance would
not be dry from the press before their
publications were suppressed and
they themselves marched on to Jail.
Their outgiving, tolerated here, would
not be for a moment endured under
the rule of the Kaiser.
1'ur month they have preached the
gospel of American Inferiority, cor
ruption and moral debasement freely
and without ottlelal Interference or
rebuUe. They have lost no oppor
tunity to enforce the sitrp;iMlnt; ex
cellence of the !ystein and the Kulltii'
they abandoned ; and It Is nut asklni'
loo much uf them when it Is sun
jtoste.l that they reflect for at least
a brief space on the course that sys
tem and that Kultur would prescribe
for them If under the belietlceut rule
they so heatedly praUu they atlempted
I be conduct that has chiiracterlxed
their campaign for the violation of the
neutrality of the I'tilted Stiite.
I'roBress and Keaition.
In Hie Oiillonl; the Hon. I'iu.ijikicr
M. DAVr.M'oitT. coiitlnuliih' his oIim-i
vallous on "I'fo'rcss uml Heactloit In
the West," reaches Oregon, the great
eHi'liinut Million of "direct democ
racy." (Ui'un lu more direct tie
mocracy to tlic Mpiare Incli lliiin any
"Mother Stale, etctt the friendliest to
n,,. ,.., or retlvetl ancient, notions
lu the middle mid far West. A
petition by only ," per cent, produces
a referendum on any act of the l.egls
la I urc. Since UHI1, when the Initiative
and referendum was set up by l In
Hon. William S. I"IU:n, the fertile
leader of direct democracy lu Oregon,
and Ills followers, the system has been
applied until a good many people sin
lck of It, as weary of Mr. CHkn and
his undoubted virtues, Mr, Danknpokt
finds, as the Athenians became of
Akimiimh, the pe-tlly "Jut."
And the otcr.s nie called upon too
frequently and are confused by too
great a multiplicity of questions to
exercise their privileges Intelligently.
At the November election of last year
the ofllcial ballot contained the names
of more than a hundred candidate".
Federal. State and local; and twenty
nine propositions only four were op
proved sonic of them such momen
tous ones as the abolition of capital
punishment, the abolition of the State
Senate, the single lax Mr. U'ltct Is
a passionate single tnxer were sub
mitted to the Kople. No mutter how
progressive the ordinary man may lie,
no matter how great his sympathies
with reform and radicalism, here was
too prodigious a surfeit of It. The
mind winders, the attention cannot
be concentrated, au Inevitable reaction
Is produced by such a Jungle of meas
ures of change. KvldentJy flic ex
cellent Mr. C'Kkn believes that Home
was Imllt lu a day. He has Ixvn sup
ported from the first by "the plain
people," the worklngmen, farmers and
small manufacturers; but these mus:
be gelling puzzled by and tired of a
form of government which bedevils
them with such a riot of candidates
and questions.
The wise statesman, knowing tint
man Is both a busy mid a lar.y ani
mal, will make his voting, bis partici
pation In tho government of the State,
as easy as possible: make hN work
on election day as clear aul simple,
as he can. The statesmen. If mates
men they be, of Oregon, have done
precisely the reverse. They have
built up a complicated and confusing
system of government. The Initiative
and referendum have been so eagerly
used and abused that Mr. Davkntoiit.
an ardent Progressive, declares that
It "has become a real danger to the
development of responsible and repre
sentative leadership, ami therefore to
genuine representative government
under the Constitution,"
Hesldes the direct legislation sys
tem Oregon has the direct primary, a
severe corrupt practices act and
home rule for cities, The opinion of
a man of Mr. Davkni-obt'h recent hv
lit leal anlcceilenls on the recall Is
' tvnt-lll nntlm- II., uuva llitil (av.a.O
within narrow limits" it "is unsound
in principle mid vicious In practice.
II Is a blow at calm and dell)aratn
and dignified and continuous leader
ship of a kind which democracy great
ly needs," Kven lu tho most radical
Stales It Is dlslrustctl, lis use mainly
confined to commission governed cll
les. lua few Stales, the chief of which
are California ami Colorado, which
have had or believe theniaolves lo
have had special causes of complaint
on account of "corporation owned"
.lodges, It Is statewide.
As to the recall of .lodges, Mr.
Pvvr.NroRr holds thai that Is "lo bo
giu at the wrong end of a much needed
reform. The Judiciary Is not well
adapted lo the present elective -ys
lem." While Tnr. Sun does not agree
with this view, It roenrdn It as st least
a sharp reaction a gainst a leading
principle of 1012 and a curious dis
trust not merely of radical or direct
democracy, but of democracy Itself,
Mr. Daukpurt notes an Inclination
In the mlmlei of many thoughtful per
sons In tho country toward a "semi
appointive JuiHclary":
"The auvornor, the natural anil if
atKnalbl head of public opinion, who U
coming to be held morr ctrlctly lo se-
J count by the tieople than any other pub
lic iittlcer in the Slnle, slmll llrst recom
mend persons for the higher judgeships.
Their names shnll go upon the ballot
with the words after them : 'Itecom
mended by the (iovernor.' In the waino
group shall be any other names sug
gested by r suniolcntty large number of
petitioners. And on election day the
people shall choose between them."
Whether this plan be fantastic, re'
actlonary or unworkable, and lu this
State at leant we cannot conceive that
any considerable nuiiilor of ieople
would support It, we mention It, iw
we have mentioned other statements
of Mr. IJAVicNroKT's, a an Indication
of how far Progressive Ideos have
been modified or supplanted since
1012. In the general tendency, Irre
spective of particular propositions, Is
not a Progressive reaction and pos
sibly a hoie of Itepubllcan reunion to
be delected?
An Inventor's l'lea.
A quartet' of a century ago Tin:
St'N printed lu one of Its Sunday
supplements an Interesting and en
tertaining article, based on the large
profits accruing to the Inventor of
simple and useful devices contribut
ing to the comfort of mankind and sug
gesting Ileitis lu which gre.it rewards
might be won by Ingenious and Imag
inative men. Among (he possibili
ties laid before leaders ambitious to
win wealth In this worthy fashion was
one with respect of coaling steam pro
pelled vessels, of which Tut, Si n said
(hat the man who imild reduce the
cost of the operation by n cent a ton
could sell his device for $I.tNto.iHM.
The comparison ltotwccii a cent and
a million dollar appealed to hun
dreds of our readers, some of whom
mistakenly believed that Tut: Stw
had offered a reward for the inven
tion, and others that we were pre
pared to sel! the machine to men and
corporations engaged lu the coal trade
and l lie shipping business. Immedi
ately after the publication of the ar
ticle we received scores of letters on
the subject, which we look pleustiro
In answering. Then the correspond
ence subsided, and we believed that
we had heard the last of It.
This was not the case. The fact
t lilt t a small economy lu coaling ships
would effect a great saving aud richly
compensate Its author was obvious:
the authority and rectitude of Tin:
Stt.N were universally recognized; and
lifter the newspajier publication of the
article ceased It was widely copied
the gentry engaged In die business
of soliciting patronage for patent at
torneys took It up to stimulate and
encourage their customers. Their ef
forts resulted lu a new circulation
whose extent must have been consid
erable, ami brought about republica
tion of the statement lu many pain
phletsnud oilier advertising mediums.
In the course of Its peregrinations
the statement has undergone many
mlshniN; but always the comparison
between one cent and a million dol
lars aud Tin: Si-n's name have stir
vlved Its changes.
In consequence of this Tin: Srv
has received annually scores of let
ters from men. women ami children
offering to sell to It ship coaling ma -
or nsklng that their writers'
be put Jn communication with those,
to whom such machines might be
useful. These letters have come from I
all parts of the world; from Austra-'
Ha. from South America, from China,
from Kurow from Ihe Islands of the'
sea. Not a few of them have been
pathetic; othors. from persons ,,'
successful ,n marketing what they
lleved were efficient devices for the
purisise. have been denunciatory
Business men, typewriters, whoo! i
teachers, author, farmers, street cue
conductors, persons who never avv
a snip, nave cxereiti wicir mgenuiiy '
III planning chutes, buckets, wire rope1
contrivances, ami most of them have I work of kciiIus when he sees It. in
ntitiealed lo us for advice and assist ! chlentidly in their opinloim Great
mice, lu auiitlier column we prim -i i
letter on the subject that is typical'
of the honest document of this class,!
the home and name of Its signer lie- i
lug concealed on account of his ap
parent good faith. '
We have not lately investigated the
system of coaling ships, and we do
. . ,. . , ... ., . .... .
not know whether Ihe conditions ex-
Istlllg when tills invitation lo enter
prise was set afloat persist. Possibly
the great Invention has been iiiaile,
and some reader of Tin: Sr.N Is ciir.
Ing that i it 1 1 1 lo ti dollars for disturbing
his previous Irauqulllit.v. Perhaps the
opportunity Is still open. If It Is not,
there are many others for acute minds
and trained hands, Smiie-l lines we
fear that rHscnls have used the hlp
coaling necessities fo trap the uu
wury; we hope not. We long ago re
ill r selves to endure tbo mild
Inconvenience of bearing a reputation
as e.s'l'ts In Ihe an of coaling ships.
We expect unworthily to wear that
honor until through tho universal
transmission of power by ethereal
waves coaling ships ceases t be a
problem; and a quarter of a century
hence we shall tell our readers the
then stale of our undeserved Imi en
during fame lu a Held of endeavor
many of them may never have con
eel veil as engaging our efforts.
The Indian Is Being Assimilated.
The Indian Is more Hum holding
his own. In lltin, according to rho
report ,un published by Ihe Hiireati
of Census, there were 17, !!H nioro of
him i tin n twenty years ago, when the
Mrs! federal euiiiucrallon of the rem
nants; of his tribes was iniide. When
we consider that the red man was
once Ihe sole Inhabitant of this conn
try, hla numlier, whlt.1i Is given a
iU'.ilKI, less than (lie population of
Jersey City, la still not large.
The report also show Hint the In
dlun I being assimilated by civilized
America. It Indicates an Increased
admixture of white blood, a decreas
ing vitality of the full blood Indian,
an Increased attendance nt school, a
decreasing Illiteracy and an Increase
of the soir-?uportlng.
The Indian has gone to work. In
(It inparatlve'iy small number of
occupations u wbldi his people I
engaged agriculture ranks tlrst, li.-i v
lug more than llo per cent, of the
workers. He has proved himself a
good farmer, aud two of the States,
Oklahoma and Montana, where be
ha shown his mettle, are to have dis
tinctive Indian exhibits this jear at
their State fairs.
The richest Indians are lu Okla
homa, where the discoveries of oil and
gas have brought them Into posses
sion of great fortunes. They have
In most cases behaved well in this
sudden acquisition of wealth, build
ing houses, Improving t heir towns and
sending their children to higher edu
cational Institutions.
Their Inoreaso in wealth In the last
twenty years has also enlarged the
range and character of their occupa
tion. To-day among the Indian impu
tation are found manufacturers, bank
ers. Government ofllclals, meclianlca,
and locomotive enirlueers. telegraph
operators, actors, artists, clergymen,
college professor., physicians, sur
geons and lawyers. The Indian has
adjusted himself to the ways of civi
lization, aud lu accepting defeat he
has won Ids victory. No longer Is the
dead Indian the only good Indian.
Mr. Wilson's Call for Information.
President Wnsox has called on the
War and Navy llep.irlineuts for ex
act and complete accounts of the na
tion's military and nav.tl resources.!
Ity whom will the answer to bisques,
lions be composed?
Of I lie competence of the response
that Secretary Gaiikimin will make
there Is no doubt. He sees clearly
the needs aud the deficiencies of the
army. He has not hedtated lo dis
close them. He will neither conceal
the weaknesses of the establishment
over which he presides nor belittle it
actual slreugrb.
Itut what will Secretary I K.nii t.s's
reply lo the President bcV Will he
Indulge himself lu another rhapsody,
or will he subdue hi rhetorical ten
dency lo the unemotional neees-ltlcs
of the occasion? The value of his
contribution to the President's store
of Information depend on the degree
of restraint .lostpiirs Is able to ex
ercise over his poetical Impulse. We
hope he may find It osslble to ab
stain In this ImiMirlant ofllcial en
gagement from those flights of fancy
that not Infrequently submerge his
The Run, which hesitates to accept
any new movement. From the Chatta.
nautili rimea.
ltless you, we accept all of them,
and dlss-ect thone that Interest us; and
we find the most of them ore. old.
Moontt eiajrs the lioness- overtook
him on the street and chewed his leg.
Junplr neua from I'ntfrton.
He was lucky; she might have
pulled 11.
The .Mexican people can live on llttln
or nothing and when driven to It can
subsist for some time on cactUK. frn
ernl Devoi..
And by this time, doubtless, thev
j are skilled la utilizing the "oheapt-r
' cuts"
Aldet men eat fine dinner at Coney
Island llrudlinr.
A feat that any Alderman Is fully
competent to perform.
In the five months Immediately fol-
IowIiik the outbreak of the war the
Hrltlsli Admiralty received 16.000
I'lans and speolllwitlons of new naval
,,,,,,,-oved. One of these Is no valuablo
Unit Its secret Is very Jealously
guarded. This- editorial elimination
leaves t.,,:ejs inventois imniiituoiy
convinced that either the editor did
lint take the trouble, to trail their
Ill.,UUM.rl)tH ,, Htll(ly lcl. ,ln,wlllKN
r that he is nimble to rrcoKUlze a
rtruiiiu lost i.,;c."s, cnaneeH out or a
possible I il.'WO of triumphantly ending
the war overnight.
Political friends of (iovernor l-'m.K
ha ho tolll ha anibltloiiH to heroine a
1'nlti'd Stales Senator. They llRUie that
Senator William Juki, KtoNR will not
hocU another term after his tenuie, end-
ms March 3. IP2I, ami that If
was Governor fioni 1 1 T to 102
1 be
would have little (IKIlciilty In terelvlng
the liemuoratk- Humiliation for the
I'mteil States Senate. From Ihe SI.
.oid.i VrpiiMlrdit.
I-'oi.k. I-'oi.k. I-'oi.k. The name seems
Cannon that may be fed and lltcd
by machinery mark a distinct ndvatif"
In warfare. In the advance notice of
some futuro 40 Inch gun will bo found
the recommendation "A child can
operate, It."
Michigan's leading music teachers feel
i Hint something must b done to keep
"left handed tiddlers'' and their Ilk out
..- (1... t.....l.,UUl,,M 'I'ltr. lu I......
R ,,, 1HHtiri, creating a .State' board of
musicians, or something, before which
the aspirants must go anil pasa au ex
amination. A Drliolt ilctiiHildi.
Just cause for repressive legisla
tion; t lie "left handed tiddler" Is as
great a peril to thn "profession" as
the ".southpaw" Is to baseball.
An unidentified repentant lias paid
$10,000 to Uncle HVM lo ease his
conscience, Home men would give ten
times as much to still thn voice of the
Inward monitor.
Home Mottoes Cheap In Maine,
I'mtn tttf henlntnu Jntntial.
Holier than ee Ihe inulln Uml hle.s
our home" old fur un liolKiillieunt in Ik
Ml an auction at f'reepuri Thursday. H.irr
Metrltl. firmer road rninmlmdoner, litd
rem and obtained It, Another iniilln.
'sirtecl inline," went for IS eenis h til III.
am il'ineer. Allien VV Larraber, ald that
In all his epereiK- he neer saw stand
ard home tnotliies iold at kurli Ion- pilcea
JULY 25, 1915.
Na I a re and 1, Imitations of God, Soul,
Time and Spare,
1 j the HtiiToa of Tin: Hun sir: tn
Tin: Hl'N of July IR W. C. floss khvo
lis what hn called an "apodlctlc proof"
that an lulliillo ami eternal being can
not oxlat, "Apodlctlc." ordinarily means
indisputable, above nil contradiction,
and the epithet evidently Is thus used
by .Mr. Itoss. Perhaps a better illall!l
cation for Jlr, Koch's proof would be
salva icvereulla, hiiUy. Ills npodlctlc
ptoof Is that au Infinite being cannot
exist eM-ept III liillnlle space, anil an
eternal being cannot exist except In
Infinite time t but there are no such
thliiKs posHlhbi as Ititlnllu spxec unit
time (which is ccitaltily a ttiilmu) ;
therefoto there Is no Infinite, eternal
belli. After a manner he moves his
minor proposition, hut hn assume the
major as true, .lust here Is tho hole
In that "apodlctlc" proof. This major
happens to be so false that It Is a con
tiadlctlon lu terniH, lilsc n square circle.
The consequence, then, Is Itielevant, to
lint It mildly. The only pi oof he could
olTer for the major Is that all lutings.
If they exist at all, must occupy space
and exist lu time, therefore Infinite,
eternal bcltiK If it exists Is in space and
time; but space and time to hold an
Infinite eternal IipIiik must be Infinite
nnil eternal; which Is ubamil. The
trouble with such an argument is that
Its first premise 1 nonsense,
There arc several meanlntis of the
term "space," Newton's, Leibnitz's, t)es
tnrtes's, Kant's, and others Mlmllar to
these, uhlrh are all erroneous; and Ihe
true slKHlllcatlon. livery one of tln-sii
men, turnover, even Kant, makes quail
tllntlve extension essential to space.
that Is, extension by parts, and, of
course, extension by part Is contraiy
to Ihe Very definition of Infinite, eter
nal bring. Space formally is u ca
pacity or possibility of receiving within
Its comprehension either a solid exten
eioli 01 u motion mensui.ible ihroiiKh
extension, as opposed to Nilet-essioli. It
illfTcis from place, which has to do with
those (lUTercnt parts of space which
leveial bodies, or union touts of I lie.
same body, occupy and into which these
nit- or can be lian.-lei red. Pare or
inalhemulical spare Is abstract exten
sion, the extension of au ohjed pre
scliulliiK from tho object Itself. When
we consider this extension as a leiep
tacle, either tilled or vacant, or a
posslbillt of lueatlliK bodies and local
motion, we have f urinal or physical
t-pace. We nieasine spare by extension;
we say spare Is Kleat, ample, vast, lull
low, small, we have no othei method
of tatkini; about It, explaining II, except
I comparing sp.ue or pans of spare
l-y Ibelr extension.
Time, secondly, supposes succession ;
II is t lie enumeration and measure of
mollon from lu-foro and after. It t.s
not the iin-asuie of parts tdiniiltnneously
existing- (that Is space), but of palls
III lltiv It supposes ihuhKc. Kteinlty,
however, is chaiiKeless, and not a suc
cession of parts. Tlierefoiu any aritu-
tneiit drawn fiom a consideration of
either space or time as such to prove
that etiiiial, Infinite beltiK does ot does
not exist Is absurd.
Tho niKiuntnts for the existence of
Cod ate not straw- arguments set up lo
be Licked lo pieces as -Mr. floss a aiKU
1 1 1 1 1 1 Is, If there la a (!od this being
Is ueeessaiy (as opposed to rontlliK'-llt ).
self-existent ; Us essence always has
been actualized into existence and al
ways will be, and that from itself alone
A contliujcnt belni; Is one that happens
to be (contlnttere) , It Is ot necessity
neither existent nor non-existent ; It has
no loKlcal aversion to existence, but lu
Itself It has no more than u possibility
of actuality A necessary belne, on the
contiury, essentially must bo; It cannot
not be ; It Is absolutely and essentially
Its own existence.
There Is such a necessary belnc. If
Iheie weie not, all thllnts would be
(ontiuiieiit, which Is an absurdity. The
absurdity arises fiwm the fact thai If
all thliiKs were contlnnent uotliiuie
would be actual, because there would
be nothliiB to brlim the primitive po
tentiality of tho coiitliiKenl beliiKs Into
actual existence. The sufficient reason
for the actual existence, of conliliKeul
beliiRS Is either In themselves or In
roiiulhlnic outside themselves; It can
not b In themselves, because as
they do not yet exist they are noth
ing, therefore It Is a beliiR which Is
not contingent, and any existent beiiiK
tl ut Is not contiiiKent Is necessary
Therefore the actual existence of con
tlnitent belnas absolutely requires the
existence of a necessary belnp, which
always was lu existence. The. otdluary
i.amo ror this necessity neini; is t,o,i.
Necessary belnc Is Infinite, as a cot Hi
lary to Its definition, and therefoie sim
ple, without parts, inextemled, unlim
ited, omnipresent. " ,H eternal, that
Is. above all limitation of time It Is
not strictly true to say that (Jod was,
Is. or will be. Ho Is in eternity We
appl the terms of time to Htm by ex
ternal relation. lie "looks,'' as one
on a mountain watches a passlnc army,
at all time from Its tlrst recorded beat
until It merccs Into the eternity of
man's Immortality. Necessary helm;
must be perfect, Hint Is. fully formed.
have everthlliK possible to beiiiK of
any kind, otherwise it could not eaiie
contiiiKent beliiKs. If nnthlliK loilhl be
added lo necessary belut; this addition
would not exist nviesaaril) . it would
be. accidental, and therefore It could
i. ever hebmc to necessary beinn. Nec-s-
saiy beiiiK reall7.es III Itself all pelf
tlou possible to It from any point of
slew If Us perfection has a limit, this
limit is set either by some outsldu
i ause or by the essoin o itself of ueces
sary being. Neicssao beiiiK by Its
vei definition Is wholly from, by and
in Itself, anil snperioi to all action
finiu without. It cannot be limited by
Us own essence or natuie. lu all
eontluaeiit helm; the nature Is its
own limitation: for Instance, matter
uinnnt be Intellectual, Intellect cannot
be maleiial. Ill necessary beliiR tho
nil v- limit Is the necessity of self-exot-
cmc, which is no mult, since it u
t exclude auythliiK tiiinp.il lbl with
belni; , It excludes all i-oiilinBency, nil
lieifecttou, defect ; It Is therefore in
finite In the unity and cninptehensloii
ot the fulucsH of beiiiK. A similar pi oof
holds for tho cleiiilty of od.
At'STIN OMallkv.
Pllil.APKi.piiiA, July 21.
An llnclnrer of Morlallfj,
To Tin: I Im roil or Tin: Hi N Sir: Wars
ago I was Intimately aopiainlcd with a
gieat surgeon, a man id biunble mlgin
who, overcoming the deficiencies of
cni I env ii'onineiit, had by genius plaied
himself near Ihe bead id Ills profession
i-'penking lo uie one day ot the rase ot
which be seemed proudest lie said: "The
indent's death was Inevitable unless lie
submitted to an Immediate opci.iilon.
Ho was frightened, tumcrvid and veiy
Inquisitive about his ruudltlon How
ever, I told him nothing ; explained
nothing I remained deaf lo his en
tleaties ll should I have lalo u
the tumble lo explain things be
Knew nothing of. and could not Ii.im
understood bad 1 tried to explain them
to hlin'.' No, so I operated at once
aud saved hia life."
I venture to eoinuiend this anecdote
to the notice of llenn ll.o-lie. Title,
then- is nothing original iu It, hut was
there aiivlhlug ollglnal iu Mr. Haclic'a
Idler.' i. H. La T.
Ni:vv YonK, July 24.
"Apoillctic" Nonsense.
To un: UmTnn or Tuts Hun .s'u Tho
aiguiiienl of vour cm lespondeut W. I!.
Hose Is unfortunate In tending lo for
tify Ibosn thlnkeiH who ale so asloii
IsIiIiikI irmly to grasp aunlhllnlloii for
ollieis as well as. for themselves, The
fnllnc.v of his lessoning can be shown
In a few words.
He s:ih "If spare Is Inllmii , llieu,
must be points in It an liillnlle distance
upait. Hut two point . .iiuiol
be all liillnlle distance ap.i't because Hie
l iie from one lo tl lhi Is limit, d at
both ends" The sl-ileineut shows situ
ph thai Mi Hose ban imagined ,i Uulle
line within an inllnlte space, and beyond
his limiting "points" there sllll Mrrt. hes
Infinity beyond Infinity for those who
cm really comprehend the nicalilnR of
tho word "Inanity."
Mr. Itose k merelv Junulllia with
teims misapplied, not with facts or
philosophy. The words "space" and
"tlmo" are In their essence Infinite. Till
human mind, however, rarely considers
greater problems than this-e of lim
ited spares within space and limited
times within time.
Kperltlrally there is no such thliiB as
a "point" In Infinite spaco nor a "mo
ment" In infinite tlmo. Hath of these
terms express Unite thlliK". and the Illll
nlte Is not niado up of the Unite, hut
merely toleiates It as all aid to the kin
dcrzjrlners. The Infinite Intelllgeme
does not think or work In the confine!
of the Unite. Iticii.vno l'i:nr.ls.
Now VoilK, July 24
"Matter ami Space Are God."
To Tin: KolTottot-TltK St'N .Sir.- Tlmo
is the measure ot the motion and dura
tion of material thlncs. If there were
no matter there would be no time. Willi
Hod there Is no time, lie was before Hi
made an) thing material to nie.isurt
lime. With Hint there Is no pant, no
future lie lives In the eternal now-
All m cation Is a vast panorama befoie
the eternal mind. God Is Infinite In
every way, that Is, without limits, nndjmuo, headway
surely lie cannot be bounded by time,
which belongs to matter and has noth-
Inc to do with spirit, (foil Is spit It.
Without matter sou cannot have space,
length, breadth and thickness. All the
matter we have anv knowledge of com
piwes nearly Soo.ooo.oao of mii.3, most of
wh ci are n the .MllKy way iifyon.i
this mighty circle of shining suns we
see through the largest telercopes tin
dark outside, where theie are no suiic
As sure i a iiuallly of matter, you can
not have space without some material
in which It Is. Infinite matter or space
cannot be, for the Infinite belongs to
(lod, and mllnlte matter would b" Hod.
Mr, floes says; "An Infinite being can
not exlt except In inllnlte space." If
this be true, then matter and space are
Cod. All tho movements of nutter take
place according to niatheinatlrr . an In-
finite, mathematician presided at ere.i-l
ml sllll rules the cosmic mow-
The Immortality of the human soul
cannot bo proved by the evidence fur
nished by the senses. Hut If the soul
does not survive tho bodv there Is no
Justice, the assassin and the savior of
life, the thief and the child, all have,
the same reward. Without the belief III
the llfo be ond the grave society could
not exist, lioveiiiment would be Impos
sible, man would heroine wotse than a
beast. The proof of Immortality flow
fiom the very foundations of reason.
They are axioms In the mind, self-evident
tiulhs. Jvmks L. MKAUiirr..
Nkw Yoki;, July 114.
Her l Hilar) ami -Naval Achievements
Set Forth.
To Tin: EoiToa or Tiik Kirs' SIiv The
gratuitous attack on Knglaiid's si. no
In the war by "W. J. K." Is so ludlctous
that It almost answeis Itself. To utilize
comparisons familiar to the S:1S I', M.
board of strategy, which would un
armv choose to hold, a thirty milo float
on ground Ilko the Newark Meadows
with evety approach swept by shells
or 2uil miles like the top ridge of Orange
The British nrmy Is pia.tlcally he
slewing Lille, one of tho largest and
must Impoitatit cities In France and
protected by very strong outworks
and some thousands of machine, guns,
against which th British have, or had
four to each battalion of 1,000 men.
They ate holding Armentleres aud sus
taining a terribly exposed front Into
Belgium uround the city of vines,
against which the greatest concentration
of (ierman s.nce Nancy wa saved by
De ( iistelnau has tllierted smashing
assaults In vain for months.
On normal days when no special ac
tion Is fought 500 wounded Is not ex
cessive on the exposed British front.
The loes ale often 1,000 a day. I'.x-
press trains tun direct between Lille
and Herlln, and along that sector the
Herman army Is kept In perfect condi
tion. I suppose "W .1. s. would illns
Kitchener's nrmy boldly at the Ger
man line, and throw- It fruitlessly
Armies ate not created overnight. a
we know from the Spanish war. The
lat division ot the original British
army was practically wiped out of ex-
IMenre fighting Its way across Belgium
after Antwerp fell French marines
ami territorials, lUwlliisou's Seventh
Division and llyng's Cavalry Olvlslon,
outnumbered lv to one. taved nuith
France last October and lot m pi r
cent of their strength. .Many Ilrit'sb
teglment" were absolutely wiped out
Hut the thin line held ami sated i '.tl.it.-.
noith Fiance and Fiance's most Im
portant strategic railwa.v while the
troops weie moving from the Aisne
Tile British navy Is doing wonders
even If there Is no open foe to attack.
Apait from trawlers, submarines had
sunk less tlinn one bundled ships up
to June I aud Sii.STin sailings or dep.it
tuies fiom the British Isles were ie
corded during Ihe same period The
British losses of nlllcers during June
alone wen, "."no, and our liO.uilii m n
and Hie origin il British army was lest
than IHui.iiuiV Yet "W. J S." talks of
"muddling alon; as usual "
Franco Is our tds-ter lepubllr, the
only oilier great republic, and how have
we helped her'.' Tho gallant Fieie-h
apprtcbito the help l-lnglxud gave them
111 then- il irk hour, aud as it lakis
seven months lo train an etllcient gun-in-r
and months to turn mit bowitnt
battel le heavy cimir.-h to compote with
Unman artillery genius and pirp.ii.i
tlon we had better Unit again lo 1II.mIi
mid his pirdlrtlons of the Impo-slhll.
Ity uf successful offensives against in
trenched pos-Hnn befoie we llifoa
stone at l.ngland. whose lark of
tirepar.it Ion has ,ost lur thousands of
her lit-st in trying to help save Bel
glan and French terrltor The Bilt'sh
Kmplio has nothing to gain but .ill io
lose ill Ibis wai, a war ,il mrk hot
loin for a sre.it lileil, fo, the ro-t
blood and lieasure l so stupendous
that it Is Ignorance to talk of rummer
rial Jealousy as prime enitse mi
cither stite. ,1. V. Binno.
Nkw- YonK, .lulv 21.
"The Sun" Itegrels Cannot Furnish
Ihe Desired Information,
I'.. Tin KniTnti ni Tun Son- - sn
have Just ie.ul a st ilrnienl I mm v,,i-i
palier iu a book entitled "Whal to In
tint, sa.vmg that an Invention lo leduro
by one cent a toll the cost of co.illiu;
ore, in steauurs ran lie sold tor
I l.iiiMi.iino vv tii .vour pci mission
would like In ask for mine Infoi mat ion
lu irgird t III" svslrin now in-cd ,m I
what amount of ro.tl oer.ui steameis
aie rapiblc of receiving a minute, a
h- to coaling stations or colllem
I can uiveni a iievu e mat will pip
coal III mus just as fast as thev ci
possibly leeelve It If the can lerelv
nve tints it uutlllle or (in It ,,H
saiin- vvltli niv coaling device.
I know nothing In rg,uil In how tl
untold coal fiotll coal Im.iis or r,,;il
b.nges, bill t suppose It Is done by steim
shovels If silrh be the case, with mv
til r . Hie steam shovel can load up the
storage chutes and II will not t . - -1 1 1
over two ni- three men with this ievl
to coal steamers Just as last as the.v
want It
You may think Ibis a veiy large
crlliiu. but. nevertheless, I will pmve
11 to oil or any one else when Hie
I il I ir r Utile crimes,
I iindeislaiid tills offer lefers tn the
Fulled States onl.v, all fmelgn itgiu
reserved ny the inventor t nun vnu
will furnish in me the rniulieil infonna
Hon or put me lu touch with persons In
le.esled In such an Invention
'IV. , .. .1 ills 21. Iti. ANi-iiK. Blank
licMlng Powers of CrensofeJ Wood
To tiii: HniToa or Tin: Hun Mr: The
letter signed by Walter 15. Krtlrssl call
lug the attention of Commissioner
Kracko to the III effects which might
tiilso should tho llrootdyn llrldgo he
paved with creosoted wood blocks gives
an erroneous Inipiesslon relallvo to the
lnllammablllty of such material,
li- the attempt to draw un analogy
between the buinliw of tbo Helle Isle
bildtf in Detroit and Ihe possible de
struction of the llrooklvu llrldgo from
the fsinie cause should It bo floored
with cieosoted wodd bloi ks tho ntllhor
should have taken Into coimlderatlon
the Lot thai the Hello, Isle bridge was
originally d signed for an untreated
plai k ll'inr, and when finally repaved
with creosoted wood blocks It was un
able to withstand the. additional dead
weight of a concrete sub-base, ooneo
Uiientlj It was it,cei .uy to use crco
billed stling.lH and Hiib-ptanklng.
lUil the llelle Isle bridge been paved
with t-rrosoted blocks over n concrete
sub-base It could not have been do
stro) -tl by 111 c , or bad It had a creo
soted sidewalk Instead of an uncroo
soled sidewalk the probabilities are
that the ll.imes would not nave pnir.cu
I'.mte.iiv to thn usual construction of
a moJetii creosoted wood block midge
floor, the Joists extended lengthwlso ot
tho bridge, and were not of steel but of
ciecsoled 4 by 14 Inch Southern yellow
pine timbers placed edgewise and spaotd
13 Inches centro to centre.
Above these creosoted Joists a sub
flooring of cieosoted 4 Inch planks was
placed, and directly upon this sub
flour th cieosoted wood blocks were
laid, and every tblld row of blocks was
toenailed to the sub-planking and all
llitetstlces between the blorlts were lllled
with dry sand swept In
The only steel stringers supporting the
4 bv 14 Inch creootcd wood Joists were
placed transversely across tho brldgo
nlM.iit every thirty feet; consequently
after tho fire secured u good start the
i.noe was enineiy ""'T.
fi "h"n ,rr.';Vf. . J.i iJ!
' e ' "'"V," . "S.i. "...T .i
lllllllltll flVCI J',B,n iu ... .j. -
dead load of tbo lloor, und tho uurmtiB
Joists and planks supporting th wood
blocks weiti projectod Into the river,
and the cieosoted Joists and sub-plank-lug
were so weakened by the flames
that they gave way long before the fire
could reach the creosoted wood block
wealing surface.
I thoroughly Interviewed many of the
bridge tenders and Investigated the. con
dition of the few spans remaining in
tact Immediately ntler the fire and
found that H had been no uncommon
occurit-nce for llres to originate on the,
'Ihoiouglily dried, untreated pine side
walk'' of Hit, bridge at least a dozen
times every summer.
In such cases th-s lire could bo traced
to discarded cigarette or clgnr stubs
lodged between- tho tinder dry planks
of Hie sidewalk.
Thee sidewalks had no foundation
and plenty of air found Its way up be
tween tho Inttrstlces of the tihlewalk
planks and supplied the oxynen o es
sential to any Itame.
The loon gemot. illy accepted theory
as to the otlgln of the Helle Isle bridge
hie is that the strong wind carried
some of th brands or live coals from
a tar wagon p.ussltig over the bridge, to
the dry Oeorgla pin sld-walk planking
and scattered these nranufl at various
points across the bridge. These burn
ing coals lodged In the crevices between
the sidewalk planks and were fanned
by the brisk brei e Into several dllTtir-
eut blazes, The flames thvn scattered
from the untreated sidewalk planks to
f!te untreated Moor planks, Joists and
In lighting this fire It was at first Im
possible to account for the confining
of the tlatnes to the sub-trueture or
tinderir-.ith tho bridge. The creosoted
wochI block n eating surf nee did not
burn, could not bum, until the Jolts
and iib-danklng were destroved, be
luse of the Inability of air and oxygen
i pass through the solid, moi.olithlc
cieosoted planks and block lloor and
befoie the creosoted blocks burn-(1 to
am extent, because of the absence of
importing longitudinal sieel girders
the blocks weie precipitated Into th
liver by the failure ot the creooted
wood Joists
Flit-men tlghurrg the flames from the
bridge surface found It nerrssary to
chop hoi s through the block floor nnd
sub-planklng befoie It was possible to
insert the nozzles of the hose In order-
to reach the flames underneath the
bi else.
Thoroughly air dried creooted tint-
b rs are not nearly o infl.imm.ible as
thoroughly air dried ununited tim
bers, for the reason that the high boil
ing coniMitents of the oil do not Hash
at n? low a temperature as the natural
ptbh or rfsln of the pine timber; there-
foie had th.- sidewalk plank of the
Belle Isle bridge been eomixised of air
tilted treosoted pluo tho Itatius would
piebably have died lu their Inclplency.
If a concrite sub-baa had existed the
blocks could not have burned, because
t Is obviously essential foi a dl aught
of a'r t supply plenty of oxygen to an
hi'-lp.cnt llame
An example of the non-Inflammability
of i roosoted wood blot ks laid ocer con
ciete sub-bas Is the rendition of wood
block stieets to-day 111 the city of Balti
more which successfully passed throttsh
the great Baltimore Hie.
nother example of the 1 mi-infl tmin.i-
bibty of cnosoteil wood blocks placed
over a eoncr to sub-bate la tho destruc
tion of I'ier :is, South YV harv,?, I'hlln-
lelphla, on Hie Philadelphia and Bead
ing Hnilroad, burned October It. 1DH
The sleel superstructure of this pier
w ts entirely destroyed bv the It- rre heat,
and although tho molten sleel collapsed
onto the creosoted wood blork floor
mil was entirely destroved that floor
did itit require any appr riable repair
I lie Brooklyn Bridge or nnv other
structure mnv be pived with a eien
srilrd wood block wearing surface with
out undue tire hazards
T ill .I.-S-IH--V KIUIIT CoMrvNT.
I' U riiKiiiiiNiiTi-s-. Chief flngtneer.
T"l I t"', i Olio, July 2;t
t Moderate Itose Once a AVeek S u f
llres One Man.
'I., uf I'.nnnn ok Tin: si,N sir: If
I tn o lodge t-oin the elleci thev have
, ,t,is aid Uhoi mv evc.s, the effect of
movies is bad and injunous; to cjes,
'tn nl and in rves
It Is eve ami brain stiain tn the limit
n. of Hie wors faults of Hie -iio les,
iltbougb urn as bad as some time ago,
Hie i.ipd. rutin P. unnatural and mi
possllili in -lion of walking personi
it.d animals iu Hie plctuns. not tire,
i.illio.id ot auto rtfi.ts, but the simple
walking of human being
If h: remote ,ind manufacturery put
tin ii minds on it It is certain til's colli. 1
', roit'irted.
I lure a vveeli, where it !s mil alt mo
llon. Is all Hie re Miain tit t I ran
stand III s.if'lv to 1115 e.vis and head.
Fiivvin Hmuiv Wii.i.cox. M K
New iii:k, July 21.
The Town Is l ull of Ladles I'luinpljr
l'o -rue FntToti oi- I'm: Scn ,s'(r.' It
iiiav luteteet leiiaiu filvooiis iersous
who Iroiu Line t-i line have feigned
'iict I pi. cut collection,; the amplitude
i : i , I pul. It-;t ti.l, ,,l Boston women to
lead a jildu lal opimotl nu the subject.
Tin lad-, wlio bid hern robbed inubl
iil.v give a general description of 111,
lad) who. s.te ase-erted, had robbed her
The .lllde dl.seh.i i gi d Hie ilefendanl,
a lug ,
"The lestintonv Is that it was a fat,
good looking worn in who -loir the
in-i.iey, Tim lown Is full of them"
Boston, .Inly 21. S
I'm .Notes.
t,,o, l.ei t want In bus a Mntk 'hut tll
vvdi rn ters
Bocl.ei Better luiv Into a wrlllsf, pirer
New York roinpHilors WTmo
Work Won Hirrli
1 1 nil ors.
The International Jury m ' ,l,r',f
ment of fine arts of the I'n-.in,, ,-,
Unpotltton made public vi-ie ', .
honors bestowed on Hie
The New York palntcts w i, t
medals of honor were the 'it,- I -Alexander,
Cecllln He.iux Ln ,
and Wlllsrd Metcalf.
Nineteen gold medals were -1 - -
to the following artists , t: it
Oeorgo Hollows, Colin I'ampue ,
Howard O. Cushlng, linger ti-. .
l'aul Deupherty, John t' ,fr it .Pt
Krnest Lnwson, llnyley L-vet F I.j,.
Mora, Kllen Kmmet Hand, Bote t lt,,j
AVIIIIam nitschel. Louis t ' TUTar.)
Douglas Volk, llobert Vonrioh, ll nun
Walker, B. 1C K, Wethenti nnd Irvlnt
n. will.
Tho awards of silver medals
more numerous than thou In nny other
class. The recipients were I lumen pit-
tlnger, E. L. Illumcnscheln. John FAblan
Carlson, Lewis Cohen, K. Irving Cou
Robert D. Oauley, Iiwrenee Orant,
Albert Lorcy Qroll, Hobcrt Henri, Fran
cis C. Jones, II. Uolton Jones, la-on F
Jones, Annie Traqualr Lang, Jonim Lis,
De Witt M. Lockman, Norwood Mac-
Oltvary, Georgo H. Macrum, Loula
Mayer, William JlcKlilop, M Jean Me
Lane (Johansen), J. Francis Murprir,
Itaymond 1. It- Nellsen, Clnr Wevver
I'arrlsh, Edward 11. Fotthast. Will P
Itoblnson, Chauncey F. Hyder, Henry B
Snell, Eusen E. Spelcher, Dw-Uht W
Uyron, Eugene l'aul 1,'IIman and Kverett
L. Warner.
Bronze, medals went to Louis H'.t
John W. Hreyfogle, Harold M Cam?,
Arthur Crieip, Iludolph Dirks, WlUlara J
Olackene, lon Kroll and Ernest David
Honor Mrdiil for Illtter'n Work.
Randall Davey. Cecil Jay and Wr,l!tm
II. Hyde received honorable mention.
In sculpture the medalr. of honor er,t
to Herbert Adams, the late Kari H.t'.e
snd Daniel Chester French. Gold mM
were awardol to James Larle irate-,
l'aul Manshlp. Attltlo I'ltdrS.:! and A
Phlmlster I'roctor.
Hllvor medals went to Kobert A'l,
Chester Deach, John .1 Boyle li-
Woodman Hurroughs, Sheny E '. :
eon Fry, Anna Vaughan Hyatt L t
Beatrice iAingman, I urio r-n .1 .v
Polasek, Bdmorid T. (Julnn. V, t -vatore.
Janet Scudder and Hes ,. i
Tliose who received broi.ze . 1
were Edward Wlllard Dem.nc Alu-
St. Ieger Ebt-rle, Ell Harvcv h
Augustus Heber, Henry He-l-g v
Jaegers, Wlndyslaw Mazur. Oui ,
Muller, Chrvrles Cary Itunisev '
Morris Sterling and (lertru'.e '
Amung thoe who re e .
mention In sculpture are W
ridge nnd Mnlvltia llofltn.i:.
In tho deraitment of w
miniatures and dr.ivvi.igs
medals were won by Jules
lam Jacob Haer, llenrv B s- V
J Keller and I-'. Luis M.
medals were awarded to W : l
Arthur Hyne, t' (' Coop, - -Mabel
Welch, Anna Kit,
Milne, Selma Mueller and i.
May Wilson l'reston wo . -o
Henry Wolf. C II Wh :e v
J. Andre Smith. l. Sn.iw M '. -C.
-V. Chadwlck, Ear. II ' i
Both, Anne vloldthwa te A: I'
A. W. Dow, . A. Lev . .1
E. L. Warrior and J ' V.
the successful compet.t . - t
merit of etching and rt.g-jv i.
New- York artists to w ho n . , -
awarded were JanitK Kl,c. .m
Eraser, H. A. MacN'eil. I'
Henry Herlng. 1 S t'.-i '-it T -Slmiwnn,
Violet Hakk-.v. s, pgr r - Is
dall. E. F. Book. 11. It Bat '. ?
Connell. FrederUk Inrn.- ! I", lv
Marv C. Richardson. L.,v . W, : ''
. Webster. Helen H,lt- .ml f : '
Concerning the awa-d o' i st
painters, the group Ja-v ep. '
Exhibits Not In I oniprllllon.
"Tlie awards In fie I nue I s '" '
Hon, the general r,i.lr-i ' k 1 1 '
worthy of all piaisc, wou'-l ' ite iei
much greater but f"t tie 't t a'
works of artists to whom It ' " t
lerles havn been g.vn it ' I' '"
ment of One nrr were I I
In competition.' '
t'ottcermng the eliit,t s f ;
and engravings, the Up - si I
"While In Hie vnr.e t h ' s
graphic Rrts a few ev " ' "
,ative merit an, not o
iievertliees.t tho gemri - - ' g '
exhibits, ill thn opinion '' ' '
ts far higher than thtt t ' ' '
tlnnnl extmtltion held r
Th" Jury oti sriilpt-i-. .v;-.- - "
opinion "that the depait'o- ' ' ' '
deserves gieat - redtl I - 1
ment of the sculpture I" - -" "
l.rmls ll Kilters lles.lt,- Wnr.
Concerning Ihe ei- t ' ' '
depnrlment.t In the tr. i i- ' ''
ment Jury made t'- - - it- e '
"That In I'telr ' ' '
of sculpture, paltit'og i I i
the best ever held 'n the I '
ieen though Ihere Us abs.- .- -eer
of Ihe European wai. ' ' t ' ' '
works which would lute . ' 1 ' ''
completeness I. and tin' " ' ' 'v'
a far reaching effi t " t ,'''''
and understanding "f ' vi . t
Is Hielr opinion tliit t'i, ,1 ; ' '
tills irtK leet ve- t -. t
glatuliitloiis for its i li i
has been perfoimed i -. 1
ing and iinextieet, d '
"The m.-lb.s ( 1 ' ''
prov ed satlsfartoi v ,
time the group .bit .
engraving plan 1 h.".
eintlteill it r I sis w I , '
highest lionets .ii v
exposition, th if tn - '
a l,iti.tlelv hot o .i- i '
of brilliant 1 oung a, t -
(irririni l'o hi pin et 1 1 lis
Vhiiiit sanlltii ' I
The Ile.-tPb I'.-pu"
.ve-terd i.v thai i' 's - '
cxplilnlng lis -.i.itus I
with Hie Meiropo. - m '
Cominnv Ihn ili-paitm- ' ' K
ii leaflet to answer s"- .''
"Whv Is a Health I it--
show- how to attain i '' u
he illhy one. Tl . pu'-li -
In a colloipil.il slv I I- ' "
"Your Bights at ,1 luui.-.
1 1 Kill li laws of New v ' '
In be distributed to '' ''
nuarier holders o' Vb-'i P" 1 1
du-li-tal pop. les in H
Besides giving uifoio -and
Infant sialm. s th,
of contagious d" e-t- -garbage,
the report rg -rival
sn-1 the use of it 1
cups, towels and t-" th t-' m

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