Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 28, 1915.
Um LI" ma WEDNESDAY, JULY 23, 1010. Xstsrsd at ths Cost omce at New Tork as Hscond Clan Mall Matter. hiibscrlptlons by Mall, Postpaid. BAILV, I'er Montli 30 DAIl.V, Per Year 1 M'NOAY, Per Month HUMlAY (to Canada), Per Month.... 8j BUNDAV. I'er Year J DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Year.... B JO DAILY AND 8 UN DAY', I'er Month... 71 KoRr.ia.s ItiTtt. DAILY Per Month 1 SJ HI NOW, I'er Mnnth ............... 33 DAILY AMI nL.NDA l , I'er Jiomn... TIIK CVKN'IVO Ht'N. I'r Month JS Till. KVI..VINU HUN. Per Year...... U Till! l.V KNINU BUN ( Foreign ),l'er.vio, I OJ All checks, money orders, :.. to be made, pa) able tu Tim Pis. Published dally. Including Sunday, be the Bun Printing ami Publishing Association at HO Nassau street. In the llu'.iuBh of Man hattan New York President and Treij uror. Wll.lam C Helck. 160 Nassau street-vW-Pres ilrnt. t'.dwurd I'. Mitchell. JjO Nassau street. Secretary, C. L. Luxton, 150 Nassau street. Itev.ler rf Tua Srs leaving town for the aummer month can have, the d"' n.'i Funday and evm hi editions delivered to them In ny fart ..f this country 01 Iju rope on the terms suited above. Addresses chin.d ns often s desired. Or. " h"un newsdealer or directly of Publication Of fice, telephono ;00 lleekman. tendon omce, lltliniihain House, 1 Arun del street. Htraml. . Paris nines. Hue da la Mlchodlere, off Hue .In miatre Septembre. Washington oince, lllhbs llullrtlroj. Brooklyn oftlco. 10 Livingston sues. our Mrndt tr .it or v cUh m nu $cripti and tltu'tntlont lot rubljcatlon with to Ante rtjicttd arllcln rtturntd tutu mutt in all cases tend Hampt tor that parpot: The nattier or Bnyonne. Kever wns the riot net rend with uch orotund resonnnce ns when the rw t.-..,.v v Kt-cKiran read It. The Sheriff of Hudson county hns, and has under ndmlrnbio coniroi, an iuu i-um-phcrnalia of open air oratory; the flashing eye, tho silver plnted voice, tho eloquent list, the fluent phrase, of Instant transition from Jovian dignity to tho ucnlnl graco of the smotlns room raconteur, a nne flguro of a man." Arnmls, lVrtho and D'Arfctjrnan In one, with nn Irish man wniarliiB the triangle. Congress nmn. Sheriff; and still n, Harkls. With growing delight wo have read of Kinkkad's Hnttlo of Dayonne. For ns it Is nil Klnkead. Wo forget tho trlkcrs, the employers, the police, the Governor and tho Invisible militia. We liavo eyes only for that heroic figure, crowd and cloud o'ertopplng. We swim In ecstasy ns ho pleads: "Hoys. I haven't had a bite of food since 0 o'clock this morning, and hero It Is 2 of the afternoon. Would you starve your poor old Sheriff? Ho Bootl. now !" We chortle as the bricks and bullets bounce off him. for well we know he cannot be hurt. Almost we wlHh they might whlmlo jwst a head at Sen Olrt, and stir the hesi tant Governor Into notion. We bow in reverence wheu the Sheriff "arrests the iHilk-e" nnd lugs them to the line of battle; it 1 the simplicity of true genius. Hut when (In the report, whether or not in fact) he smites tho infunious 1Iai.v, thrice smites the cai tiff, beats the mischief maker to his knees mid wrings from the cowering wretch a disavowal nnd nn apology, abject of course, we laugh find cry nt once; we freeze, we burn. Theso nro days oi too democratic mediocrity. People are nil alike. There is reason to rejoice when n "character" nppears. When the head of a Klnkead rises above sea level It shall be no shillelagh of ours that cracks it. Who Is nrhlnd nnldy? It now nppears thnt the ludlvldunl calling himself .Tfrhmiah J. IIaldv, who has been constrictions In the fo menting of disorder in Uayonne and the efforts to destroy the Standard Oil works in that city, is nn Austrian by birth nnd haa never been nn em ployee of tho assailed coriwration. What wns tho origin of this philan thropic outsider's nltrulstle Interest in the welfare of the men who hav Wtherto seemed reasonably well satis fied with tho terras and conditions of their employment? The Twin Handicaps of Business. The Federal Trade Commission's Inquiries In Chicago again brought out a matter on which wltness be fore tho commission at its cessions hero laid much atrcss. All of the men of large affairs who touched tho subject In their testimony hero were unanimous in the opinion that until the obscurity surrounding tho Sher man law's overseas application is cleared up American business opera tions on a large scale In tho Central and South American countries, now o invitingly open to us, are uot to be considered. Mr. JmiN II. Kihuy, of Houston, Texas, the head of a tlrm which does n lumber exporting business. In his tCKtlinoiiy at the coiiinilnlon's Chi cago M'sMmt was very posltUe In tho Bninp view. Conipeiltlim In the lum ber trade In foreign market Is very keen ami Ainenran merchants are heavily haudle.ippiHl in .such markets by the Sheniiiiu law re.tretliiiK "The bulk of 1". urn lean and Smith American trade Is obtained by form ing selling combination''," Mr. Kiituv emit limed. "Credits can be secured, ships can 1 subsidized and agents In the principal cities can lie main tained by the foreign merchants, but we cannot do that, Tho restraint of trado clause In tho Sherman law pro hibit. us," Mr. II. I Davison In his testimony before the commission hero did nut go so far its to Interpret the Sherman law as actually prohibitory, but his Tlew and that of all the other wit nehses was that the uncertainty of the law's application iimmiiited to prohibition. Hither tho law must bo amended or deilultely Interpreted as Bontppllcable beyond sens, or Ameri- can foreign business expansion must rt'innlu hopelessly luttiillcnpiietl. N'oxt to repeal of the a Toilette Fumsoth Hpntnen's net nothing more urgently tloiiuitiilK IckIhIiiUvo attention tliiiu does UiIh befogged nroa of tilt) Stieniiiiu law. Tho ltiiiKrt:t no to American business expansion nt home mid ubroatl of relief In both these par ticular Is ho great Unit. In any other t linn the Abnormal times In whleh we nre living the propriety of rnlllnc; nn extra session of Congress for their eonslilrriitlon would hardly lie ques t loned. Pools Not on I.nng Island. If Umg Island has prided Itself on Its numerous fools who delight to risk their lives nt grade crossings, It can not claim a monopoly of the breed Its representatives are omnipresent. President Fairfax Harrison of the Southern Hallway Company has Is sued a personal appeal to "Stop, Iook and Listen," In which he shows that, In the year ending with June 30 there were sixty-nine automobile cas ualties at grade crossings on the lines of his road In Alabama, Georgia, North Curollnn, South Carolina, Ten nessco nnd Virginia, resulting In twelve deaths and serious Injury to llfry-elght persons. President IIarhison asserts that "It Is probably fair to say that n large proportion of these accidents hnpiened solely through the careless ness of the drivers of nutomnblles, or their lack of experience In dealing with vehicles at high speed." and he refers to n type familiar to every rail road man when he adds: "There are among; them alto well au thenticated cases of deliberate assumption of risk by the drivers of automobile from pure love of excitement and apeed, evidenced by racing- with trains and seeking the thrill of a narrow escape. "Our enginemen report auch occur rences dally. IT fortunately they are without fatal conaequences In the great majority of casei, they are always paid tor by a heavy strain on the nerves of all con cerned, particularly thoae of the loco motive engineer, who maintains speed from duty and not for fun." They are found In every section of the country, dashing through the gates with which soulles? corpora Hons vainly seek to save their lives nt grade crossings, raving wildly to "beat the express" for no other reason thun to see how close to death they can come; nnd we doubt the power of the railroads to reform them by any method less violent than thnt which lu the past has ended the careers of a number of them. Grant, Twain, Scott nnd mills. Is It virtuous to pay? All the world loves a Sklmpolo nnd ndmlres a Walter Scott. Now a great preach er, the Uev! Nnwn.i. Dwioiit Hilms of Plymouth Church, has Joined the ranks of great doctors nnd promises to be a heroic payer. Certainly the details of the Iter. Dr. Hillis's navigation of the seas of industrial finance nre no concern of ours, or of anybody's but the doc tor of Plymouth theology and his creditors. However, the doctor has not shunned publicity, as some delicate debtors do, nnd his proclamation of purpose to earn n place with General Grnt, Mark Twain nnd Sir Waltm Scorr will charm the public mind. A Favorite Son Speaks. 'The United States must maintain strict neutrality by preventing ship ments of ammunition and arms to belligerents," says the Hon. Frank H. Willis, Governor of Ohio, In his comments on President Wilson'b final noto to Germany. A sentiment lu every way worthy of Governor WiLLts's great reputa tion as "n good vote getter" In a State where there Is a largo hyphen ated population of the usual bifur cated Americanism of far straddling possibilities. A Bentlment valuable moreover as a measure of tho I tuck eye Governor's breadth of statesman ship and grasp of large questions. He Is one of tho bountiful supply of fa vorite son offerings for the next He publican Presidential convention's consideration. So Is Mr. 1'aihiianks and so Is Mr. La Fomxtte ami so Is Mr. Norrib nnd so on far down in the roll call until the heart grows weary at the mere thought of the roaring cataracts of oratorical rant the suffering thousands In tho conven tion hall will endure before all this litter Is cleared away and the busl ness of nominating a candidate for the Presidency begins. Hut between now nnd next June there are ninny dnys and many op IHirtunltles for public utterance open to tho favorite sous with all the pleas ing prospects of n reduction lu their nuiiilw.rs by self-destruction which that Implies. All the same It Is a little disheartening that even a "giwd vote getter" statesman, If he happen to be ( ,o ernor of a great State like Ohio, should select a moment like the present for Just that kind of n demonstration of his hopeless unfit ne.ss for re.-Mnslble olllee. The Overhead Gardrni, III a loiter to Tut: Scn Commis sioner John .1. Mtiti'iiY hays that the Tenement House Department U lu sympathy with the efforts to re lieve tho monotony of "our long rows of tenement and apartment houses by the Ilitl'oiIiK'tlon of dowers nliil plains." Ills restrictions regarding the cluttering of lire escapes. Insecure fastening of window lioxes and flush ing of plants with water are all up parontly Just. We have street dan gers enough from devil drivers and their wagons without adding such overhead perils. The Interest In thi branch of flori culture Is shown by the "numerous Inquiries" which Mr. MuRrnr says are received by the department Win dow gardens Increase In number nnd iK'auty each summer. They have grown away from scraggly plants In old cans and soap boxes of the lower Fast Side to rich expensive blooms of the uptown resident districts. They come from nnclent nnd worthy ante cedents, these window gardens. Noble ladles waved farewells to departing knights from timid beds of flowers o deep slono casements of castles and the gentle heroines of the mld-Vlc-rorlan age sighed deepest at rose em bowered windows. Old Now York had Its tulip bed, then Its rows of blooming plants nt the front door, Its' shade trees and Its Ivy evivered walls. Hut the town's growth stopped the gardens and the trees, and the Ivy walls are luxuries only for churches and vild family mansions. In the place of these have come the window boxes, and the little gardens blaze as true beauty spots these warm summer days on the homo fronts. They are In ns great variety as the tnstes or Inclinations of the nlnntcrs. They nre confined to no part of the city; n window full of geraniums on one Mulberry street tenement gives color to half n block, and n wealth of blooming plants nnd greens dropping from a ilrst story window of a Park avenue bouse covers tho bare stone walls nnd transforms the entrance Into n bower of creeiior roses. They nre the common gardens of the rich nnd poor; and If the city has made the land too valuable for the flower lover, It has endeavored to recompense him by carrying his gardens up with Its high buildings. For Hot Moralists to Ponder. The Spanish Government has placed an order with Chicago contractors for a large quantity of military stores. Including rifle cartridges. Work on the order will begin In August and continue until Fcbruarv. We suggest for the Consideration of nil amenders of International Inw nnd self-constituted censors of other folks' morals these questions: If In Jiinuary Spain declares war on Franco and uses these cartridges against French troops, will the deliv eries made previous to tho declaration of war constitute of their fabricators murderers and assassins? Assuming that Spain were able to keep her ports open and get goods from this country, would tho contin uance of deliveries on these contracts convict us ft unneutrallty us between Spain nnd France? After the opening of hostilities, were Spain to obtain all the goods called for In tho existing contracts. nnd on their completion to renew the contracts, would the accentan.-e of the new contracts be a breach of neutrality? A sufficiently violent rjacitlst of the. kind so familiar nowadays should be able to get comfortnhlv lug these simple problems In ethics. Thouirh Mr. riRTAX has Bald no word himself, there Is n conviction here that IIS Will tl in WnuMnr(,,r, i to lend his powers of leadership to those opposing Increnses for the na tional defence. Wellington despatch. "The enemy's country." Now that the suffragists are cam paigning In the barber slvps there Is but one refuee. for tho mere mnn ihn. caught. Let him order n shampoo ami piunaie nis nean into the nearest basin. There are quarters In which a des pernte effort Is making to change It from the S. O. C. to S O 8. The Hon. Heumav rtinnra niirnu Vila Journallstla brethren to bewars of untisn gold. Likewise they might be ware of German-American Muff, Curiously enoimh the Initials of German-American Muff spell Gab. A race of giant rata has been Infest ing one of the residence districts near the centre of the city. Cats and small doga are the prey of the huge r.its. which nmke of an ordinary sired cnt a. good meal. Deipntch from Tiffin, Ohio. Can the Mighty Hunter resist the call? Commissioner FrrnmsTON of the De partment of Street Cleaning la hecln- nlns to talk of next winter's snow. City newt. The Commissioner will never qualify as a poet. Poets talk exclusively of "laat year's snow." The constitutional convention now in session at Albany has proposed to abolish the existing law exempting tho tuemliers of tho .National Guard of this State from Jury duty. At a time when endeavors are being matin to Increase the efllclency of the Guard and to enlarge its ranks such a step would prove n great handicap to accomplishing this end. Service In the Guard requires time and money, and Its members must nlwnys be ready at the call of the State, For tho sacrifices of these men and their service to tho Wato exemption from Jury duty seems li small reward. Tho leMnurantM nnd cafes Klltler nnd Ih orchestra", which are lesion, play lively limes with a pnrllnllty for Ameri can runtime. Oirinon rnrrraiiuntfenre. tine American note, at least, Is popu lar In llerlln. Kven Kansas, where money gushes from the farms like oil from Okla homa wells, is moving to the towns. There has been an increase In tho I'tiian population over the rural for yenrs; In the twenty years fiom 18(10 to 1010 the Knln was 20 per cent., and the forthcoming reiiHiis wiil show a still gt enter gain. "There are too n.any non-producers In Kansas," says tlio H'crctaiy of the State Hoard if Agrliiiltuie. "It Is time to get a lot of the fnrmiTs who moved Into the towns to go back to the fnrms." Hut will the men whom "Farmer Conrns" helped Into devil wiikoiih nnil whoso fronts he loaded with diamonds heed tho voice of his successor? With whnat more than a dnllnr and corn at eighty cents It seems an opportune moment to make the appeal. "HOLIER THAN THOU ARTS Candid Commentary nn Itiidynrd Kip ling's Soathport Speech. To tiik KutTOIl ok TIIK SUN Sir: Mr. ttudyard Kipling in an address mndo Juno 21, 1D15, at duuthport, Knglnml, snld the HelKlaiis "receive enough food to support life, ns tho Herman thinks It should bo supported (by tho way, 1 bellevo tho United States of Atncilcu supplies a largo part of that food). In return they are compelled to work nt tho point of tho bayonet. If they ob ject they nre shot. They linvo no more "property and no more rlithts thnn cnttle. anil they cannot lift a hnud to protect tho lienor of UHr women. Thero has been nothing llko thu horror of their fute in all history." Buppose the charge hero ngalnst tho Hermans were lltrnlly true, the state ment that thero has licun nothing II ko thu horror of their f.ito In alt history Is cheap liutu'oinlie I do not wish to ploud for the German who Is fighting like a tomcat that has deliberately Jumped Into a ring of dogs, but It Is worth while uskltig Is nit this heaven ward rolling of tho Ktigllt.li eye an evl-tlutx-e of a lack of humor.' I'osluvt-iy theio Imvm lien Keeral Cii.' a In I .story llko the Ilclglnn horror, nnd tho Kntr Hull themselves supplied tho cuuso for the fei'llnu .if no. , u There wero threa main revolutions In Ireland during thu Uiim of tin trans 'endent Kllza, Shatw U'NelU's In 1560. Uennond's In 1507 and Hush O'Neill's In 15U6, all rxc.ted by systematic vio lence and suppressed by wholesale dev astation utid massacre. I.ecky paid ("History of KnglHlid In tho Klghtcctilh Century," volume !, paxe t) : "The suppression of the native nice In tho wars nuiiltiBt .Shane O'Neill, Desmond and Trom was curried out with a ferocity which surpassed that of Alva In the Netlu-i lands at.il has seldom been exceeded In tile panes of hlstoty." In Munster tlio soldlurs of 1 'ell nun nnd Ormond killed men, women, chil dren, tho blind, Idiots; they tilled barns with peasants ami then Hied tho barns; they tosred babies from man to man bj the points of their pikes. Percle left "neither oorn, barn tior house unburnt between Klnsalu thcro the l.usltnnln went down! and ltons." In li"9 the K.irriH.iii of Smerwlek, which had fcurrt-ndered, was niaM.acre.1 by Gray In the presence of Sir Waller ItalclKh. This Gray murdered 00 other people at Sletilocher. Sir (leorge Cnrew estimated ("I'licnta lllbernla") that In six months of lt2 the KngllHli suc ceeded In starving to deuth 3U.00O p.o ple lu .Minister, beyond thosu killed by tho sword. Thero was no L'nlted .State's of Amer.oa to fee-1 them. Malhlu and HltiRliam acted lu the earn manlier In ConnaUKht. l.ecky says thnt 3.0UH peo ple were (Lined In Tyrone in the coutao of a fei months. In the seventeenth century the plan tations' massacres and confiscations practically never ceased. In H',11 Owen Hoo O'Neill owe III ItiHurreition and In the suppression of thin uprising C'.x'te. St. I.ocer and Hamilton a. ted llko Mountjoy. Cnrew and Malble of the preceding century. A single regiment of Coote's killed by starvation 7,000 p.o 1 pie, and this la his own report. They I butchered the babies with prudent fore sight, because, ns they said, "nits will be lice," Cromwell came lu 16V- and "In tho name of Jesus'' butchered .10.000 nt DroRheda. He did a like deed nt Wexfotd. Sir William I'etly (see I.ecky, volume 2, page 172) estimated that In the eleven years after Owen I ton O'Neill's uprising the Knglish slaugh tered 'lU.liOu petrous In Inland. About 0,000 Irishmen tied to France nnd Spain. Cromwell contlscnte.I nil Ireland except u part of the west, mid drove tho Irish "to hell or Cotinaught" to liiuko room for his carpetbaggers. In February of this :ar tho present Pope signed a decree of bealltb-atlon of 257 Irish men and women who were kilted by tho Kngllsh for their religious faith In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and tlie.se nre not half tho actual number. The Ilrst name on thu list is that of Permot O'llurley, Arch bishop of Cnshel. lie was tortured, then his legs were put Into tin bnots filled with oil, resin and salt, the oil was boiled over a grate, the boots were Jerked off with what remained of tho legs, he was thrown Into prison for four months In this condition, then be was taken out and hanged, The other 250 were treated In llko manner, rxicpt that tho leg boiling was omitted. The leg boiling In Archbishop O'lturley's raso was done ut the Hiigtresliou of Walslngharu, the Knpllsh 1'reHldunt of the Council, and put into effect by tho Ungllnh Archbishop of liublln. solely be causu O'l I in ley would not renounce bla religious faith. As late as 179.. within the memory f my own grandfather, tho Knglisli used the pitch cap In Ireland tsce Myles O'nvrne's "Memoirs"). A cap filled with tar was fastened to the scalp and tho scalp was Jerked off with the cap. This was more efteetlvn than tho scalping process emploie.l by thn Ameri can savages. Ilotweou 1741) and 1771 the Kngllsh In their own country hanged 10? men and women for shoplifting alone, and as late as 1820 they had 221 capital offences on the list. They hanged a man for draining a llsh pond, fur stealing a shilling, for chopping down a tree, for cutting a bop bind ; 103 hangings followed the I.ent Asslxei f 17KS, They nre authorities on utroclty. ArariN O'Mallkt. rillLAPit.Pttu, July 2G. Sonrenlr of America. When Columbus returned triumphantly from his lultlnl voyage of discovery he appeared before Ferdinand nnd Isa bella. "What have you brought us," they asked, "from this far country?" Whereupon Columbus opened his suit case and mndo them the following presents : A sueetrraM work basket. A sweetcrass handkerchief ess. A sweetgrnss sclisori sheath. A toy birch bjrk canoe. A rnllnpilble drinking cup and ess. A lihe,l wo'hI paper cutter. An Indian hesd pipe. A Mrrh bark photeKraph fram. And a set of picture postcards Columbus placed the outfit nt the foot of the throne, and their Majesties re garded him with much amazement. "What," finally spluttered King Fcril nnnd, "Is this bunch of Jitnk7" These nre souvenirs of America, your Majesties," explained Columbus ; "they were all I could get." Herein lies the true, Inward reason why Christopher Columbus died In chains. Final Count Against the Tange. To Tim KniTim or Tut fit-v Mr- One nf nur newspapers reenr.ls this serious acel Jpnt: "Hllia Williams, 7S, of th Widows II .me ut 1310 Knst M...Mtm.n utret't, was received at the gvnernl hospital Haturd.iy suffering from the effects of a broken hip She told l)rs ll.i.ler and Fchwurtii In the receiving want thut 1'rlilH) night she re moieit her shoes and was dancing the inllgr, for the edification of several of her friends at the Institution, when sh stum tin.il over her shoes and fell, striking on hr hip " Does this not complete ths Indictment of the new .lances? I'snmrKtiUN. Cicinti, July it Another I'nusiial Address, To tii Keiros . The scn .sir: Here Is an address lourer than II wit of Corporal Litmus pulillsliril In The Sin. It nent out from this toun on a letter last weeki J C Melknlch, A. II. 1st Section, llth Platoon, I) Company. Il-wke's Ilattallon, noj.il Nuvnl Division, 1st tlrlt:ale, Ilrltlsh Me.Htsrranean Expe.llllon.iry Force, (Jen. Post Offlrs, London, England. Uiairuar, S. C, aly 21. M, E. a. ARE WE NEUTRAL? A German States the Cnso of Undo Ham vs. John Hull. To tiik KniTon or Tim Sun Sir: I am attacked on the stieet with knife and pistol by .Mr. Jones, and 1 wound him seriously In self-defence. I am taken to court on a charge of assault and battery and enter a plea of self defence. If .Mr. Wilson were sitting upon tho bench my plea would be re jected In some such fashion as this: ".My good man, your plea Is u pica In confession nnd avoidance. It Involve an admission thnt you have vlolattd the law against laying violent hands upon tho person of a fellow. Whether or not you hnvo violated that law Is the only iiucstlon 1 deem pertinent on this trial. I cannot allow you to obscure that plain and simple Is-lie by an irrele vant Imiulry Into the conduct of Mr. Jones. Vou say that he Ilrst broke the law by attacking jou, and that you were forced to follow suit for your own pro tection, but you will readily appre tlatc, sir, that I can properly discuss that matter only with Mr. Jones, Ho far as you nro concerned, you admit your sullt, and I therefore condemn sou to tjunlshment." Such a Judgment would be ns valid n loalc and Justice ns the treatment of our controvert) with Germany by the Administration and by u majority of the newspapers, tiermany has Insisted uniformly that her submarine opera tions against the merchant ships of Uie.it llrlt.iln were undertaken as a means of self-defence against Hrltaln's Illegal suppiesslon of her commerce with neutral nations. ha has protested al ways her willingness to withdraw these operations within tho limits set by In ternational law as It was undcl stood before the war began, If (Irejt Ilrltaln would abandon her own lawless prac tices and respect the saino Jiite-bellum law of nations. No one denies, I believe, that (Ileal Britain, almost from the beginning of the war, has Interrupted commerce which slui had no legal right to dis turb nnd has dune It In a manner un sanctioned by law. Thus a situation Is presented which can bo doalt with fairly only through slmultalieout and e.iually fold fill rciie.enta;loni to both offenders. It Is us Irrational nnd un fair to suspend protest ngii.nt the offences of Ilrltaln and concentrate our wrath on Germany alone us It would be for a policeman to approach while t was defending- myself from tho at ticks of Mr. Jones, and say to mo ; "You must cease striking Mr. Jones at once, and some time In tho dim future, when the splr.t moves me (nnd 1 hope after you have been battered to n pulp) I may protest respectfully to -Mr. Jones uralnst his striking you." Ilrltnln's arbitrary su-pcnslun of the law of the seas occurie.l long before Germany's submarine programme was Inaugurated, and It has never ceased. On the contrary. It has been extended. It has Interfered with our commerce in a manner that the bu.tdeis of the reptib.lc refused to tolerate Yet t!in Administration has meekly acquiesced. Strong word- have been spoken to Ger many beeaue of her defence by sub marine, but to Britain nothing has been said except n message phrax-d so mildly that the British Government waited four months to answer It We heir s m ply Idle, bin's now and then that a note may lie prepatixl and despatched to Lon don and hollow proclamations that we hall Insist upon the freedom of the seas "from whatever ciuarter violated, without compromise and at any cost " In view of the actual conduct of th Administration, however, llrlta'n nnd British sympathizers among u treat such declarations, with goo.1 reason, as mere brutum fulmen. The course .'f the Government In this controversy cannot b squared with the rules of fair play It does not deserve the support of a un.te.l country, and In my opinion It will not receive It If the Gov ernment were making tqunlly for.eful efforts to compel the observance of the law by both belligerents, It would deserve the enthusiastic support of every clt zen, though in that event presumably th" numerous. Anglophiles among us would flsht with frintlc fervor any effort to fitter the wlli of Britain w.th the bonds of mere law. Witness their denuncl.i tlon of every such suggestion as an ab horicnt effort to enlist the I'titted States in a Teutonic plan to "rob" KngUnd of her "advantage" on tho seas The fact that thnt "advantage" ns enjoye.1 nt present Is maintained largely at thu ex pense of law and the rights of our own commerce Is negligible of course Any advantage that Kit-land can giln by hook or crook must U rcspe- ted by u. Only Germany must be made to toe the iMertistlotuil law rnsrK. It cannot t denied tint these ec centricities of reasoning have g.vcn us a considerable momentum toward war with Oermany. Concurrently with th outbreak of war It would be fit'lni to toss the Peclnratlnn uf independence to ths funics, apologize for George Washington ns a troitor and pet tlon the Crown for the formal reincorpora tion of "Tho Slates" Into the Biltlsh Empire. IlniM.vN A. Hkrtwpj, New York, July 27. STEAMBOAT INSPECTION. Son Is tho Time to Test Its Srnpe nnd (utility. To the KniTon or Tin: mv fir: Now Is the time to establish beyond nil ques tion tho competence or tho lack of it of the steamboat Inspection service. The character of np)olutincuts to the servlro In all ranks should bo thoroughly scrutinized and If there are possibilities of Influences that would tend to affect the Impirtlil elllclency of the service they should be carefully Investigated In respect of tire prevention mens, tires the Government air horltles hive not kept up with the progress that liai beep nude In civil alTalis. The Sloctim disaster revealed that, and the chances are that very little real prouicss Lis been made since except that duo to tho progressive spirit of some owners of In land steam vessels. KcoNoMii'l's. Nr.w YoitK, July 27. Let No Man lie Ilecehed by Tales of Quill Shooting Porcupine. To Tlir. KniTon or Tiik Ki'N Sir: In looking over The Si-s- of July 21 1 found nn nitlcle on the editorial page entitled "Maine Indian Meets a. New York Demand" He has eight porcupines trained by him to appioa. h Ins cimp near Spencer Mountain each morning and shoot their quills Into a tub he keeps sliin.llng out side the camp door fur the purpose. He then packs them In bundles ami ships them to New York to bo used is toothpicks. I would like to Inform your readers that porcupltun do not shoot their quills I'Al'l, Kkii.. New YonK, July 20. I'nnecessary Noises, To Tlir. l-limon or Tun Prs Sir: Thi pnllre seem to be negligent In enforcing ths law Munlnst miner-ess iry nnlsrs; thev do not enforce It rUldly enough. Kor Instance, there Is too much hack .ir.l singing p-rinltted In ptares wheie tha resMents want quiet, t'nder certain con ditions the "singing" ! tolerable, Imt few have the remotest Mea of the .lirference between slnglna and shouting, and so muiiy young are Indulging In Hit habit to th detriment of their eiluratlon thnt the police would do well In stop the nuisance At best It Is only another form of li-Kslua, and In pln.es hete persons hnppen to lis 111 the "sinning'' Is very offensive Alio Nrw York. July !7 Behind the Times. Mrs. Knlcker Are they old fashioned? Mrs. Hooker Very; they have boiled shirts and fried stesk. WAR STOCK VALUES. Are Their Prices Inflated, or Actually Under Their Worth? To the KniTon op The Hun Sir: It nppcnra to mo that, while there Is e veto criticism of the general advance) In price of the war stocks, the only legitimate ground for complaint Is tho lack of a ixisltlvo knowledge of their earnings, which lack of course lends It self to nil kinds of Inflation, Just and unjust, deals and rumors of deals nnd unbridled stack Jobbing. That tho Increase in price is out rageous and unwarranted Is by no means certain. I bellevo the majority have not begun to represent the profits accruing to them through tho war. It tnc most strongly suggest to the ardent critics of alleged stock market Inflation of the war stocks a compari son of price of the standard chemicals, easily verified In any reputable trado Journal, They are a very fair compari son and they are directly affected by the foreign demand : July, 1914. Auciist, 1I1S. Carbolic, acid, to to. H...7c. to Sl.CS Toluol, 22 cts. gat It to 17 Benzol 2 cts. gal 17 cts, to SO cts. VAretlne, cts. lb 25 cts. ah aciu auoui iw to suu per ceni, iQTsntc, Potash, 1,000 per cent. Increase. I havo with Intent omitted smaller or less Important drugs. These ate the standard chemicals needed for civilized existence. You will observe the aver age advance ranges from 300 to 1,000 per cent. Imagine the howl and roar from one end of the rountry to tho other against wicked Wall Street If the W'nr stocks ad vance 1,000 or more per cent. Conse quently It follows there Is ground for belief they have not begun to represent their Improved isisltlon. Itonr.RT S. IUpdi.e. ItAHWAT, N. J July 27. THAT GINGER CAKE. A itetiilnlsrcnce: Hut Where Is the Desired Itcrlpe? From Ihf lliddttord Hailv Journal. What memories this reference to tho five cent ginger cake of commerce will arouse In the minds of men approach ing or past middle age, who passed their boyhood In the country I At ull public gatherings whern con cessions were given for the serving of refreshments It was the chief feature lu the order of the day down to k period much later than ha.f a century ago. And then It seems to have disappeared, biiddetity and mvsterlously, after the manner of the dlsappeaianeo of the boot Jack and the passenger pigeon, and llko them probably never to return. Who among us whose hair has grown llilu atop or disappeared altogether enn not recall the bill of faro of the refresh ment .venders In those earlier nnd sim pler days ut fairs, town meetings and Fourth of Ju.) celebration ' The as sortment was not elaborate, hut It was filling nnd satisfying, and one got a good deal for his money Most conspicuously displayed were those ginger cakes, everywhere locally known as "bnker gingerbread," to dis tinguish It from home made ginger bread, which lacked the delicate color, the spicy fragrance, tho workmanlike finish and pleasing regularity of tho Im ported nrtlcle. Then there were coffee, served In big mugs, crackers nnd cheese, baked beans and brown blend, not In fnquetitly home made doughnuts, and always raw oysters. The gingerbread and the oysters were tlio things that took with tho crowd ; for only on such occasions were these viands readily attainable. What coun try boy has not watched some older per son order a saucer of raw oysters, cover them with vinegar and cajenne pepper mid then absorb them ns though to the tnat'tier hot a, u .t'.ueit a.ltulrli.g thn graco i.nd iioncliiilnnie with which tho trick v.as done and wishing for tho tlmo to come when he might venture to glvo such an exhibition? Ills consolation lay In a "shtct" of that famous baker's gingerbread, and If he was particularly well llxed financially, n piece of cheese to go Willi It. Those were Indeed happy .lays, when a piece f gingerbread and a bunk of cheese, at a total expenso of fi cents, would fill an aching void which In these de generate days Is hardly satisfied with a six course dinner. It may be assumed that the men who made that f uncus gingerbread are not all .lead. Here and there through out the country there must bo scvjral survivors who retired for well earned rest after long servlco In tho best In terests of hungr.v humanity. This being Hie case it Is barely possible that tho recipe for those linger cukes Is not Irretrievably lost. ASTRONOMICAL NOTE. Tremendous. Disturbance of the Side real S)Ipiii Predicted, To tiik KniTon or Tin: Sun sir,' My obs.rvatory ha recorded the presence of an eighth planet, it lies beyond i .Neptune, it Is hair sun and half planet In one hundred jears the effect of this ilant stravling on tho other eeven plan et.s will have been so strong that our sidereal system, ns we know It to-dny, will hive passed through tremendous cataclysm. Hut It will eurvlve. The name of this new tun-planet Is Nietzsche. llEVJAMIN DE CaSSSSIS. New YonK, July 27, WELCOME TO ATLANTA. .Strange Mesnge on the Decline of a i ItellKlous Movement. To tiii: i:niT"it or Tub Spn -Sir; As your Journal canles more weight for ability among Southerners (and gets away with It) tlian any other vehicle J may I say to the 300,000 Southerners in .-sew- i.ii-K cuy max. : Atlanta has bulled the "men and religion movement" so deep that no gentleman need now hesitate to stop oft here and be ptoperly entertained. In Vino Veritas. Atlanta, Oa., July 2B. ew Tork at the Nntlnnal Negro Fxposltlon. In the pamphlets Issued by the Now York State Cotumlss-.m of the National Negio imposition held last week nt Richmond, Vn., Is shown by means of statistics the marked advancement of tint negro race In this Stato during the past few j ears. The negro population of New York State Is now 170. 12S, of which !'l.il,'l negroes are engaged In some, special oc cupation or Industry. In 1910 thero I went 2!if farms valued at $1.300, f.23 owned by negroes. There iu fc.i'il negroes engaged In the farming lndustty alone In 1510 ths proportion of llllterites, ten vears of age and over, was 5 per cent., and In 1015 this was reduced to I 5 pr cent. The death rate has also decreased; In 1!10 It was 210 to tho thousand of population ns against 27. 'i to the thousand In 1900. Thus It Is seen that the negro Is tak ing long strides toward tho advunco ment of his race j and the desire of the nation should b to encourage and help him in his efforts tu solve his Indus trial ptoblems, An Omission In the Walhallo. To Tna KniTos or Tns Prx Sir: your friend Mr. I- Darke hns left nut the names of two great Hermans In his letter pub. llshed In Tits frs, Ilelmlioltz, a treit mstliemstlelnn. miulrlnn ph)ilean an 1 the Inventor of the ophthalmoscope, and I.elbnltt, the real Inventor and discoverer of ths differential and Integral r.ilcu us DrKjAXiM r unota, al, D, BilTlstoai, Md., July 27, CHEAPER RADIUM IS NOW ASSURED Government Cuts Production Cost to $3(5,050 a Gram, rind Mny I)o Hotter. OHE CONSERVATION UliOKI) WASHlNOTON,.Iuly 27. Hecrctnry I.nne announced to-day that the production of radium from Colorado carnotlte ores by tho bureau of mines of the Department of tho Interior, In connection with the Na tional Itadlum institute, has passed the experimental stage In Its now process nnd Is on a successful manufacturing basis. Ho also declared that tho state ments made to Congress concerning the ability of the bureau of mines to produce radium nt a grently decreased cost over other processes had actually been veri fied anil that tho cost was even less than predicted, Secretary I.ano raid : "The cost of ono crnm of radium metal produced In tho form of bromide during March, April nnd May of the present year was I3C.0C0, I am Informed by Or. Charles I,. Parsons, In cbnrgo of the nullum Investigations of tho bureau. This Includes the cost of ore, Insurance, repairs, amortization allowance for plant nnd equipment, cost of bureau of mines salaries and all expenses Incident to tho production of high grade radium bromide. When you consider thnt radium has been selling for $120,000 and $160,000 n gram, you will sen Just what the bureau of mines hns ncomplishcd along these lines. "The cost ol producing radium In the small experimental plant during the first few mouths of tho bureau's activities was somewhat higher, but not enough seriously to affect the final avvragu. No Immediate Drop In 1'rlre. "The public, however, should not Infer thnt this low cost of production neces sarily means nu Immediate drop In the selling price of radium. Tho National Itadlum Institute was fortunate In secur ing through thn Cniclblo Steal Company of America the right to mlno ten claims of rarnotlto ores belonging to them and this was practically nil tho ore iivattablo at the time. Since then new deposits have been opened, but. these nro closely held, Accoi.llng to tho best Judgment of the bureau of mines experts tho Colorado and rtnh nclds, which are much richer In radium bearing ores than any others known, will supply ore for a few years only nt the rate of nroductlnn that obtained when tho Kuropoan war closed the mines. "The demand for radium will also In crease rapidly, for the two or three, surgeons who have a sufficient nmount of this element to entitle them to speak from L-xpericncu nro obtaining results In the cure of cancer that are Increas ingly encouraging. A few more reports like that presented to tho American Medical Association nt Its reient San Francisco meeting and thn medical pro fession as a whole will bo convinced of Its efficacy. "Under all the circumstances It does seem to me that It behooves thu !overn SC"! ,0. n,,,k. "1"" arrangement The committee on publb- ut itls v whereby these deposits, so unique In . report tomorrow favora .lv 't'e. , n .r.r?.,?n "'.'i.' XMt ,,cl,lc"' ''l' ivet.tion tl.e article regn zlrg - conserved In the truest sens., for our'l,,- ,,rv!.e C,miinl...n , people by extracting ino rn.uum rrom tho where It now; lies useless and put - ores ting It to work for the eradication of cancer in the hospitals of the aimy nnd navy and the public health servlco. Produces Ore nt M.fIO rt Tun. "The ten carnotlte claims being op erated nt Lonir Park. I'ol . h- tin. V tlonal Itadlum Institute have already produced over 7'JO tons of ore averaging ienn expire. above 2 per cent uranium oxide. The Tho Ilrst amendment prop e. to te cost of the ore delivered at the radium State Constitution to be k.. e.l i : plant In Denver has averaged $M 30 1 Hour of tho convent. on w . tho I -tet per ton. Till Included If. per lent. toy. I amendment eliminating t ie .r n alty. salary of bureau of mires cm-the official oath wlo.h r. jii-s ployees, amortisation of camp n' d , elected - ITlclal to swv.ir :!...t he 1 equipment and all expenses Incident to i "Not directly or Indlre, My pi I, o"er. tlm mining, transportation, grinding and!pr promised to paj, .-. nt-i!-r- I or sampling of the ore. , fered or promised to cent. .w. "A concentrating plant for low- grade mo: ey or other valuable tl. : as i ores haa been erected at the mines and shir ration or reward tor Me ti 'i? Is successfully recovering material for- Withholding a vote at tie . ' r. merly wasted. Urlnding and simpllng machinery hns been Installed at D.-nver and a radium extraction plant ereote I. I he radium plant has now a capacitv of three tons of ore pr day, having been mora than doubled in size since last February. Ilefore that time that plant had hern run more or less on an ex perimental scale, although regularly producing radium since June, 1911 "To July 1 slightly over three grams of radium melnl had been obtained li. the form of radium barium sulphate containing over one milligram isf nullum to tho kilogram of sulphates. Thn con version of the sulphate Ir.to chiorldcs and the purification of the radium there from Is easily accomplished nnd with small loss, ot material. "Unfortunately, however, special acid proof enamel ware, obtainable only In France, has not been delivered of suffi cient capacity to Itandlo tho erv stnlltza tlon of the full plant production, so thst n little es than half the output, or, to tin exact, 1,301 milligrams of radium element, hnvo been delivered to thn two hospitals connected with the National Itadlum Institute. "The radium remaining can be crys tallized nt any tlmo from neutral so lution In nppuratus already Installed, but the greater rapidity and efficiency of production of this valuable materia! by tho methods used have decided the bureau of mines to await the euinplet.on of apparatus nw being bu.lt b. 'ore pushing tho chlorldo crystallization to capacity." REGENTS ELECT CHANCELLOR. Pliny T, Seaton Succeeds) the I. t. Clair McKcliTi.t. Ai.bant, July 27. The Hoard of Hegents elected to-day Vlce-Chancellor l'llny T. Sexton of I'almvra as I'nancel lor of tho University of the State of New York nnd l)r Albct Yunderveer of Albany as Vice-chancellor Pr Sex ton succeeds the lat.t Chancellor St. Clair Me.Kelwny. He ts tlio srnlor member of the Hoard of Hegents, hav ing been elected In U90. pr. Vaniler veer ranks next In seniority us :i member of tho Hoard of Hegents The Hegents appointed a boatd of five examiners under a law passed this eir providing for the rcg str.itinn and li censing of architects The memhe's of the board are Arnold W Hrtmner and 1. Kverett Yv'a'.d of Manhattan; William lianntster of HrouMjn, A I., llrockvvay of Syracuse, and K. H. i Sicca ot Iluffalo. CABLES FROM JAPAN SOON. Commercial Vlessiiues for I'. S Ac cepted In Short Time. TOKlo, July 27. Wireless, mrss.igrs were sent between the new station lit I'unab.ishl, near Yokohama, and tlio Hi wallnn Islands to-day. Cuiniiiercl.il messages w'll bo accepted between Japan and tho United States In a short time. Hrom Kunabuehl to Honolulu Is ah wit 3,100 miles, The first message sent be-i ) liberate euuvlct ..n 1' -tween Honolulu and Japan was in l'loo. I have received tho ho d Since then experiments huvc been cuing suffered dining the u. fonvaid constantly, been comiccLnd t-.LU.jt," CITY'S STRENGTH AT ALBANY IN DANGER Lenders Fight for Tipp;islntlv8 Apportionment by (ho Convention. HOOT BLOCKING TIIK P,x At.naNT, July 27. Pre'-1 ' i , tho Constitutional Convention ' . t pressed hard by I-Mgnr T I -Lemuel Kly Qulgg, Itay II K ( the other members of the con t legislative organization, who .- complcto legislative Hppor'l n Tho Keptibllcan members h., i ,, with Mr. ltoot to-day nnd Mr !' and Mr. Qulgg Insisted 1 1 ... t , f T yours New York city's (input it n. u permit that locality to control up H'V affairs through tho Legislature, p ( out that It wan not against t! , . t Hum that Westchester and Nas-au i , soon becomo a portion of the tnattr city and thus mako certain the doir.l. nation of Now York city over the siv Chairman Tanner of the Ilcjbu M Stato committee wns called In by Jir Hoot and took part In the conference Mr, Hoot, Mr. Tanner, Herbert I'arsora Henry L. Stlmson nnd what have been termed tho "federal crowd" In ths con vention have all nlong opposed an ap portionment by the convention wi'h t view of keeping politics out of Its d liberations. I'rarea Thorough Job. -Mr. Qulgg; Insisted that the ronven. Hon would Insert provisions In the Con stitution curtailing New York city's reo. rescnt.itlon In tho Senate and Asserr.b'r without regatd to tho population In t). greater city, and If tho convention ton this It might Just as well iln.sh Its ii and mako the apportionment. He thoutht tlio Democrats In the convention hn com Incest that the rcpret ntHtlon of thi big city was to bo limited would prefer an apportionment by tho convention rather than by a Republican LegUIs'. ture. Mr. (toot said that he had an ojen mind upon the question nnd that before agreeing to u convention npportionmest ho would prefer to loo the llnea alors which It wns Intended to cur'a.l N.i York city's representation In the (,. laturo and tho outlines of tho leg.slatm districts which tho new apportionment s.-uiurncp. it was ite-Ide.1 to hits ' another confcrcnco upon the question IV-IIIUJ I uw, Tho committee on corporat.'-s which Jacob Ilaenner of Klrgi is . '.it! man, deri.kd by a veto of 13 to 3 to day not to report favorably Lu:n Mr snails proposed ammdmcit wh.-h would permit a minority m a ccrjio-a-tlon to recur representat.on on ths board of directors and access u tr corisiratlon's tlnanclal affairs i .roiu the Introduction of the cumulative vot ing plan in tho election of directors lltclinnue Hill Killed. The only other Important tell In Us committee, which would compel th It., eorporatlon of tho New York .Stoek Ex chat ge, also has been kl.K-J by ti, iviiiitiiui-,-. tion..l bod.m. givi.-.g the corp 1 constitutional right of rev right of review ,,- . the fa ts and tho law from ! - tho commission ; prohibiting th Vr laturo from p.islr.g a M 1 . rr- t . rates or service of public ir- v , - poratlnns until after an itiv. - gi-.on : tho l'ubiic Service Con.m . i- . keeping in office tho present Pe, crj' ' members of the commission ui. I madi any promise to lu'l'n- .e t:i f, Ina or withholding of a vo'i Tho taxation artl. Ie r. portol fivers lily by Mai tin Saxe, the president of the Slate Tax Commission a'ol ct. i rm.r of tho committee on taxa'. n. stru' snag to-day. It cam., up for ion. I cratlon in the convention whei- ex-A!Mr-ney-lleiieral Wlikerslmm inquired If ' .11.1 not contain a provis.on wh' h wtM permit the Legislature t" rep- ..1 the se cured debt tax law. Clt rn.ati Pav said that It did, but that th s wis i. ' a new departure, ns the l.eg..-.ataro r.o has the light to repeal ti e fe 'irf I debt tax law as well us tho mmtsu tax law. Stole 1 1 is si nbllgstlnna. "When the Stato luus on, general ry tem of annual taxation," ea 1 M W f crsham, "and Invites tho l.oid'r ef particular kind of prop. ity. u 'h es mortgage and a bond, to p-.y a r titular tax, on. u nnd for .. in sider.itloti of the solemn oi : pi'."n ef tin. Slate that that pit e . f pr I"f shall not bo subje. t to tax.i''."' 'n the future, that Is a ...iitnut'iil et nnVi. of the State, despno Chu.mi.in Mi" contention othetwlse. "1 do not think It would he w!e to enact In the Con''Mtl..n a 'vu which would attempt to repeal . 'rs't solemnly made by the s:..'a ' f N' York. b. nu-". laws whi l. r k'' ' rea sonably be claimed to l... , the part o' the Statu w .' I s '' n I' gallon which would go to tie .-' Coutt ' Afterward Chairman Sx s" that under the tax art ' r-; him to He cooventlon .m ., . ou'd be levied by the Si us of 111" New York St n k I s pre- t ATTACKS MTLITIA-jrRY TLAS lien, WliiKitle sn n rt i-.l 11 should He I'.s.'.opt i len I leorge W V hud fifty . ats exp i . tlonal ( liiard, obj. . ts ' to ill ) mil the law 1 ' Oil .rd-inen are ex. n p' t lie has sent a I. Iter lo at the cohstiiuloo which ho vole, s bi' I ' change and exploit s r 1 exemption fioin Juiv d-i main aiguiuents in Ind Join, "This exemption." ' writes, "is also a str g 'i.du. e bus'iiest men inf. , plo) res enlisting, lis II " called away for juty d .i come older and mote 1 "The labor unoois .-sc- , ' ntul successful IntlU'T.. . . their members from Jo n "ill, ild. If those who in- ' , of laU.r unions nre r i ' 1 w 1th tlm days nnd n g ' have spent in servng ' - ',','t ill.-rs as against the imo- w 1 ' ,, later days they w-i.i'l ' sp ml us Jurors, tl e f ' iirg imeiit which ie w - them to servo is u it l.iVI I