Newspaper Page Text
Henry James on "England at War."
Author just become a British subject dls. cusses attitude of nation toward the conflict in his first article on the war. In THE SUN to-morrow. THE WEATHER FORECAST. Partly cloudy to-day; not so wartnf probably fair to-morrow. Highest temperature yesterday, 88 f lowetVygi Detailed weather, mall and mnrlno reports on raf V.OL. LXXXIL NO. 334. NEW YORK, SATURDAY, JULY 31, 1915 . Copyright, 1916, bu the Sim Printing and Publishing Association. PRICE TWO -5T 'JW CEOTS. . BECKER PUT TO DEATH SAYING '11 INNOCENT' jlccts End Praying, With Picture of Wife Pinned Next to Heart. BUXGLTXO AT LAST ADDSGKEWSOMEXESS Guards Fail to Buckle Chest Strap and Body Slips Forward. JTXERAL SET FOR 10 O'CLOCK MONDAY Widow Trostrated When r I Body Is Brought From i Trison to Her Home. r Charles Becker was put to death In (tie electric chair at 81ns Sing eoon after dawn yesterday morning for the purder of a State's witness, Herman Rosenthal. During tho sleepless night which preceded his end Becker had slfned a formal declaration of Inno cence which he was to havo delivered rally to the witnesses who faced him a he sat in the death chair. But as ho led tho way in a dazed kn&nner Into the death chamber, his drawn cheeks a grayish olive tinge, these who had to be there to watch Mm die felt that he had been well ad vlied by good friends who finally had persuaded him while he was awaiting the dawn not to try to speak his thoughts to tho rows of young men whose eyes ho met for a moment as he shambled into the room. He walked Bteadtly enough, but frifht seemed to have dulled a bit his ctnte of place, of direction. Ho stepped somewhat too rax out In front of the electric chair, murmurmlng brief re llrious aspirations In a voice that grew weaker and more uncertain as frac tlons of conds dragged on, and then with an uncertain, undulating move ment of his head he found the chair with a backward glanco and slightly to his right and sat down in It. Voire Rrcomra Husky. Most of all the quaver In his voice showed how closo his big boned frame was to collapse. ''Jesus, Mary and Joseph assist me In my last agony," he echoed the lit tle prayer tho priests near him were raying. "Lord havo mercy on us! Christ have mercy on us!" he repeated and repeated In a short, choppy way. The words as Becker said them might have been the rapid repetition of a hypnotic formula. Thy came fitter and faster as seconds passed, ffir crowding them Into a low quaver of sound as ho was strapped Into the chair strapped with so much excited hurry cn the part of the guards that Unnecessary horror was added to the Iat moments of the scene. His voice grew huskier as It be c&mo less audible. He tried to clear It with a short, hard cough as the Black robed arm of Father Coshin ad vanced across the chair to place crucifix momentarily against the doomed man's Hps. There was no fervency, seemingly no understanding. on Becker's part of the act as he pressed his lips against tho cross rather as tho crucifix was placed Bfralnst hts Hps by the priest. "Jesus, havo mercy on mo!" he said brokenly at last, the face straps which now Phut out the light from his eyes forever adding to terror In muffling his words. In a last supreme effort he gasped, "Into Thy hands, O Lord, commend my " l'Uh sjtllU III Voice. On the Instant there was a crreen flash, Y'.t great chest shot forward and he was Voiceless before ha could say the final "toul." For a full minute a trickle of smoke arose. The body sank back then If from a Mow nagging within, shot lorward a second time, while the crucin gripped n the rlaht hitnd slanted out ard. sagging and strained a third time and Charles Becker, was pronounced dead. It was at the moment of the first swk that attendants, uveranxlous hlle strapping t he chair the most NUd criminal executed at Sing Sing for b generation or longer, discovered nat thev had done their first work s hurlcrlly that unnecessary grewsome ri was added to the official killing. W'rlsts, forelegs and head had been T""petly buckled to the chair, but when It 'm to fastening one of the largest and most Important straps of all the itlA band of leather that should hav. held Hacker's back aecurelv against th elt-rtrln chair '.ho guards In their flurry ir drew the cheat strap so that It nt Hrvinrt the outside of his upper arms Instead of around the ohest under "e arms. In still arrester hurrv the guards In thar of the chest strap upon noticing ,k!r mistake loosened the buckle and Mlmtfd the strap propeily. But next Jf forgot to fasten tho chest strap I i"vrrlnar slips From I ncr. Tlii-refora when the nameless Stat le-'rirlan caught the signal that all 'iMdy and threw on the first contaot Jf "irrent Rocker's chest, with no strap bixisied to hold It back, strained many Lints further forward than It would Continued on Third Pape. William Columbus Gompers, Brooklyn boy, nephew of Sam- ucl Gompers, president of tho American Federation of Labor, killed fighting at Port nu Prince. ARBITRATION ON LUSITANIAt London Ilenra Uermnnr Suaa7eat Plain fur Compensation. Special Cable Deipatch to Tni 9c. LoNno.vf (Saturday), July 31. The Ezprcsa publishes a despatch from Its orrespondent at Amsterdam declaring that Germany Is sounding the United (States to ascertain whether Washington s willing to submit to arbitration by the Hague Tribunal tho question of compensation for tho loss of American lives on the Lualtanla. It Is believed In Germany that this Is the only way the American note can be answered without arousing 111 feeling between the two countries. CASHIER OUT OF TOWN; SHORTAGE HINTED AT United Fruit Company of Bos ton Suffers 100,000 Loss, Says Report. Boston, July 30. It leaked out here to-night that the United Krult Company had lost a sum of money said to be In the neighborhood of 1100,000. George 3. Inman, for fifteen years the cashier. Is not In Boston and is being sought for In all parts of the United States. The alleged shortage was discovered on Monday Ust, when a company audi tor made a ratlier sudden visit to the offices. Inman received him and within very few minutes Inman, It Is said, made a hasty exit In his shirt sleeves. There Is a report that he went to the roof of the Board of Trade building. In which the company has offices, crossed It and then by means of another set of elevators descended .to tho street. At his apartment In Brookllnc nothing Is known of his whereabouts. Mrs. Inman went to the garage where they kept their car on Thursday morning. took the machine out and since has not been seen. The statement given out by the at torneys follows: "The cashier of tho United Fruit Company, Mr. George 8. Inman, Is no longer connected with the company. "The books of the company are now being examined by experts. It is known, however, that the company has not sus tained any serious lo.sa. There Is no more to be said at present except that the company is protected by tho bond of the National Surety Company. "The resignation of Mr. Charles A. Hubbard as treasurer of the company, although only accepted by the board of directors Wednesday, was tendered some time ago and was In no way con nected with the severing of Mr. In man's relations with the company." MR. MORGAN ENTIRELY WELL Iteturn to Glen Cove After Crnlae In Ills Vacht Co ran I r. Glen Covs, L. I., July 30. J. Plerpont Morgan returned to his East Island es tate to-day after a cruise In his steam yacht Corsair along the Atlantic Coast. It was said at tho Morgan home to night that Mr. Morgan has fully re covered from the wounds Inflicted by Frank Holt In an attempt to assassinate him. He probably will go to his New York omce In the early part of next week. He will go to New London In the Corsair on August 9 to Join tho New York Yacht Club fleet on Its three weeks cruise. The Corsatr entered the harbor at sbout 3 o'clock this afternoon and dropped anchor off East Island. Mr. Morgan was taken to the landing In a motor tender, where he was met by an automobile that took him to his house. HARVARD SCIENTISTS SAFE. Parly In 110 Knot Schooner on Way From Asorea to Afrlcn. tyfd.il ra6f Dtipatch to Tni Sux. Ponta Deloapa, Azores, July 30. The Kitty A., the sixty-foot schooner which Is bearing a group of Harvard men to tho West African coast on a scientific expe dition, left here to-day for Madeira. Prof. Charles Wellington Kurlong, who Is In chnrge, declared that they were delighted with the progress of the tour and the results obtained by their researches In the Azores. The Kitty A., smaller than the flagship of Columbus, Is taking tho expedition to the Islands off West Africa In the Inter ests of the Department of Comparative Zoology of the Peabody Museum of Har vard. The vessel belongs to Capt. Henry II. Amory of Newpoit nnd Boston, a noted yachtsman who navigates his own vessel, and those on board Include Prof. Furlong, geographer, ethnologist and zoologist, who has led expeditions all over the world; Dr. William tJ. Ervlng of Washington, surgeon and naturalist, also a traveller: Dr. Krnest A. Hooten of Cambridge, a mate, three sailors and a coo A. aaaTMaTaa?BTnaHaTaS 1 J TWO U. S. SAILORS KILLED BY HAYTIANS Brooklyn Boy Loses Life In Clnsh Following Attack by Snipers. INTERVENTION IS URGED Battleship Connecticut Leaves for Island With GOO More Marines. Washington, July 30. Two Ameri can bluejackets, ono of them from Brooklyn, were killed during an attnek by Haytlans last night upon the Ameri can forces now In occupation of Port au Prince. Admiral Ca pert on reported this to the Navy Department to-day. He added that the attack was easily repulsed and that there Is no cause for alarm as to tho safety of the American forces or foreign residents of Port au Prince. As a result' of this attack, disclosing the seriousness of the situation with which Admiral Caperton Is dealing, E00 moro marines are being sent to him. A part of this force will leave Philadel phia on board tho battleship Connecti cut and the remalndor will be made up of martno detachments from Norfolk, which will be picked up by tho Con necticut oft the Virginia Capes to-morrow. Admiral Caperton has assumed .ull military control of. Port au Prince and constitutes tho only government of rec ognized authority In the Haytlan cap ital at this time. A local committee of safety organized by the Haytl.ins no longer figures In tho situation be cause of Its attempts to Interfere with Admiral Caperton's measures. Who the Ilrnd Are. The dead as a result of last night's attnek on tre town are: Seaman William Gompers: next of kin, Mrs. Sophie Gompers. 107 Stock ton street, Brooklyn. Ordinary Seaman Canon S. Whlte hurst : next of kin, Cason M. White hurst. 60S Clsv avenue. Norfolk. Va. Secretary Daniels sent telegrnms this afternoon to the next of kin announc ing the fact of the seamen's deaths and expressing his deep regret anu apprccia tlon of their services. Th. attack came at 8 o'clock. It con- slated chiefly In anlplng from tho brush nn ih amitlirrn side of the town. Gom pers and Whitehurst were killed during the fighting tnat louowen, uui nu umtra nf the American lorces were men wounded. The Admiral sent no further detatla of the fighting except to say tnai Hi nti.irU win easily renulsed. Meantime the State Department has not yet reached a decision as to a pro gramme to be pursued in Ilaytl beyond the needs of the Immediate situation. The decision In this regard Is already inrt-dv In Pre dent Wilson s nanus, ihnnirh thr Den.irtmeiit of State has not fully completed Us consideration of the situation ar.tl Its recoinmeiiuaiions. If. S. Must Act Soon. It Is the unanimous opinion of all who havo had any connection with Haytlan affairs, officially or otherwise, that the moment has come for vigorous nctlon by the United States looking to the ending of the intolerable conditions which have been permitted to prevail in ine negro republic. Paul Fuller, Jr.. recently submitted an exhaustive report on the suDjvci, nav ing been sent by former Secretary Bryan to renew the attempt to negotiate a treaty with the Haytlana which would a-lve the United States thu neo-ssary control over the country to Insure peace and financial Integrity, llo concluded that Intervention was necessary to achieve this purpose. It Is understood that he will bo consulted by the State Department again In connection with us handling ot the present situation. For the present It is tho Intention to keep Admiral Caperton In Hayti and to supply him with whatever forces he deems necessary for the preservation of order and for protecting ull foreign life and property. There Is no question about his remaining there with tho American forces In possession of Port nu Prince until some sort of a government, either American or Haytlan, Is established ami until such government has granted to France and Santo Domingo reparation for the violation ot their legations by the Haytlan mobs. Admiral Caperton reported to-day that he had placed Capt. K. L. lleach In command of the forces ashore at Port nu Prince. Col. K. K, Cole, who will be Iq command of the BOO marines en route to Haytl on the Connecticut, will take comnnnd ashore, under the direction of Admiral Caperton, on his arrival. The situation at Capo Haytlen eon tlnues unsettled. Accordingly the Navy Department has despatched th" cruiser Nashville from Santo Domlnnu City to Cape Haytlen, where It will relieve the naval yacht Uagle, the only American war vessel now In that port. IN NAVY FIVE YEARS. William ('. (iompera Wna .Vrphrir of Snninrl Coniprra. William Columbus Oompers, one of the two seamen killed nt Port au Prince, lived nt 107 Stockton street, Brooklyn, with his widowed mother, Mrs, Sophie Oompers, His father. Jacob Oompers, died nine years ago and for several years the boy had been his mother's only support. He was born on October 13, 1S92, and his parents gave him the mid die name of Columbus because thn day of his birth was the 100th anniversary of tho discovery of America. Young Oompers was a nephew of Samuel Oompers, president of tho Amer ican Foderatlon at Labor. The latter was much Interested In him and was In tlie habit of sending tokens on his birthday. Mrs. Oompers received a message from Commander Victor Hlun of the Wash ington last evening telling of tho death of her son. Young Oompers wrote tegularly to his mother nnd on Monday last she re celved a $20 money order from him. Ho enlisted In tho navy at tho nge of 17 and was attached to the battleship Idaho, Ho was dlsohnrged nt tho end of three years nnd four months and reenlisted after taking a three weeks vacation, Ho was then nsslgned to tho Washington. Ho was at Vera Cruz dur ing tho Mexican trouble last year, but did not go nshore to take part In the fighting. Oompers had two married brothers, ROOT SEES PERIL IF REFORM IS DENIED People Demanding Reorgani zation of State Government on Simpler Lines. FEDERAL PLAN FAVORED New York System as Irrespon sive as Venezuelan, Bo Declares. Auias't, July SO. President Boot of the Constitutional Convention Is of tho opinion that the convention may as well adjourn now so far as tho approval of the peoplo at the November election Is concerned If It docs not adopt the Tanner plan to reorganise the State Gov ernment and nbollsh numerous boards and commissions and the Stlmson plan to save $80,000,000 In the payment of the canal and highway Stnte debt. The Tanner plan also involves the short ballot Idea, and President Itoot is to take a strong stand upon the floor of the convention for these meas ures. Mr. Root addressed the memoirs of the Tanner committee to-day nnd declared that a reorganization of the State government not only would re sult In great economy but that It 'vai demanded by tho people. The purpose of the plan, he said, wss to do away with Invisible government, provldo a government of accountability and re sponsibility to the people "The (iorernment of Jiew York Slate tor the post twenty years has been about as responsive nnd representative at the Government of Venezuela," Mr. Hoot declared. I'rnr for Their Julia, Mr Hoot's appearanco before the Tanner committee nt this time was dua to tho fact that tho members of the com mittee huo been buttonholed by State officials, members of State boards and ' commissions and volltlclans generally, whewo Jobs are in danger If the Tanner tlon moro .,r,iHnt f!l nrls.i from our plan goes through, to oppose such a re-' heart for a sudden cessation of hostlll orgnnlzatlon of the State government. 1 ties. The longer wn cry for peace the For some days Chairman Tanner has been observing that some of the seven-. teen members of his committee wero be- coming lukewarm toward the plan be- j causo of the pressure which was being, brought to bear upon tliem and he sought the Influence of Mr. Boot to stem' thn ltdn. Mr. Itoot'a advice to the com- 1 mittej had the desired effect. It was j tntn afirr tlin maetlna-. which was held behind closed doors. President Boot warned the delegates that tho peoplo wero tired of th tiulb-1 bllng and technicalities of politicians and demanded real governmental re- form. , "They hare hnd nhnndant cause for savs.-SiJS'.Ka, ment and It Is a wander they could hae existed so long under It with so little camplalnl, when )ou consider the mush-1 room growth of offices, agencies and I departments which hate sprung up dur-1 Ing the past twenty yenrs. If we don't give the people a real cure Ihey will' keep on demanding such things as the Initiator, referendum and recall. Plan Must tin Throuah. "These are not cures, but nostrums. We must put throuBh this plan for a complete reorganization Izatlon of the govern-1 being snuffed out dally. Let tho ruins staff Is persuaded that the Wnrsaw tri- .I"8 '" 'gran e.t m-e trans our answer to the de- of so many cities and villages nnd mot. an(.,u m, ionRer tenable, althnueh the J.i)tll, ave p' . d m ,)t on-e hMrJ .pie for reform. ments erected by genius In commemora- Crrmanjt are catling with a great deal ,) periodical roar on a dynamited fnc ment. Lt It be our mand of the Peor "You should who n smiesmanilKe- view of this question, discarding the microscope and using the long range telescope." The members of the Tanner commit-1 tee promptly voted In favor of six of the dozen or more sections of the pro-1 nosed new article reorganizing tho gov ernment upon the pattern of the Fed eral Cabinet system. It provides fori ten departments of government, headed by secretaries, each of whom shall be appointed by tho Oovernor and shall be members of the cabinet. Th.i Oovernor, Lieutenant-Governor nnd Attorney-General, and perhaps the Comptroller, will be the only elective State officers. The Comptroller's ac tivities will be limited to tho auditing of accounts and there will be a Secre tary of Treasury to collect tho taxes. The public servlcr, education, conser vation, health nnd labor departments will bo recognized as tho most Important of tho State departments. In the opinion of thoso who havo studied tho scheme and nro opposed to It tho new plan Instead of effecting economies In government will bo moro costly than the present system. l-'lalM " B'cll Similiters. Whllo tho Stato Conservation Com mission believes old settlers In the Adi rondacks who nro squatters on'S'atu lands should bo granted licenses under tho Constitution to continue living as they are nt present, It has regtin actions to distinguish between wealthy Huat ters In violation of law nnd tho na tives who have some color of title. The commission Is taking this action In order to make po;m'i.r tin plan to protect the native squatters nnd to secure favorable action to th.U cud In thn Constitutional Convention, Scattered through tho Adlrundncks nro numerous siiuatters. particularly around Baquette Lake, who are simply trespassers with full knowledge of their unlawful occupancy, name oi menu r native to thn region, while others aro wealthy camp owners who will endeavor to base their holding upon sumo doubt ful title. An Investigation of these titles has been Instituted by Conservation Commis sioner Pratt and several sensational ac tions have already been started. Ono of tho first of theso cases Is that of Hobert J. Collier of Collier'a Wetkly, who has long occupied a camp site on Hnouctto Lake. Another Is that of Col. William Mann, editor of Tottm Topics, who for many years has maintained n Mimmer residence on an Island In Lake George that belongs to tho State. Notice was served on Mr. ("oilier on July H that ho must vacate In thirty days or action for ejectment would be nt onco started, and papers for Col, Mann aro now out, "With such offenders ns these," said Deputy Conservation Commissioner Mc Lean to-day, ''this commission haH no sympathy whatever and does not bullevo that either the Constitutional Conven tion or tho commission should Umger tolerate occupancies f this sort. When all of thn actions that are now being prepared lire begun It will bo clear enough that the commission does not In tend to' tolerate them."- POPE AGAIN ISSUES A PLEA FOR PEACE Warns All on War's First An niversary No Notion Can Be Crushed. FEARS HARVEST OF HATE Belief in Rome Pontiffs Plea Is Inspired by Austro Gcrmnns. Special Cable Detpateh to Tni 9r". ROME, July SO. The Omrrvntorn Ro mono to-day published tho letter Pope Benedict addressed to tho belligerent peoples and their rulers appealing for peace. Tho Pope eloquently describes the horrors of the fratricidal war which has been ravaging Kuropo for a year and Invokes pence in the name of the Almighty. Ho pictures the ruin and dnmnge tho war has already caused ns well as tho loss of life and property. He says tho complete destruction of any ono nation Is Impossible because, onco vanquished, even the oppressed and humiliated will prepare for revenge. Thus, he points out, hatred will be transmitted through generations. The Pope then suggests n direct or Indirect exchange of views toward n ' settlement of the rights of the various , contestants nnd a realization ot their Just aspirations. He Invites all true lovers of peace to Join In his efforts to end the war. and again Implores God's and the Virgin's uld In effecting a reooncilatlon of the States, the brother- noon or au pcopn-s ami tne reign or equity and Justice. Tho Pontiff finally ( bestows his ble.tslng on all who are working for pence. His appeal Is considered significant by ' those who believe It was solicited by Austria nnd Germany nnd as Implying the Pope's willingness to offer mediation It the belligerents should accept It. I'opr'a Appi'iil, The Pope's appeal follows: "To-day, the sad annlversarj of the f iltf lirf..nU nf t h I trniptntntl. riintt.(?r.l more loudly may this cry reach the per., pie of neutral countries and their ruler. inducing them to higher counsels. "Urotherly blood Is being s!M on land , and sea. The mint beautiful gardens of Kurope. this garden of the world, are strewn with dead and ruins. Whete ' onca smiled factories and vineyards and ' fruitful fields nre now only the. fright-i fill nini of wur nourlnc forth their ruin and death. "You are assuming before God and man tremendous responsibility. O yon , warriors, heed our prayer Hark to ih paternal voire of tho Vicar of the' Kternal and Supreme Judge before whom nil shall l called to account." jxnxx-sw: of mutual annihilation, ns nation never die. but always prepare for revrngf. ', He says: 1 "Why not begin now to exchange ves with the Idea of ending the con-. fltct" Blessed is he who v III flrJt ralso the olive branch. i Price of Wnr. rcaTor endowed'thX1; mdenX, s continue the w-r lm Ll Z ll. u, vomie lives are tlon or tne raiin or our xoreia inert an- ewer the bitter tears sne.l within tho privacy of home or at the foot of altars ! No. that cannot be. The price of the struggle Is too high. "In tho holy name of (lod. our Heavenly ratner ami i.oru jesus. wnn. blessed moon was given as mc price lor human salvation, we beseech you whom Plvlne Providence placed nt the neads of the belligerent nations io enti me bloody carnage which for a year has dishonored Kurope." GERMANS LOSING OPTIMISM. lteport Snya llnvnrlnti Crorrn Prince llrllrtra Allies Will Win. fill Crntrnl .Veirs. North EnN France, July 30. I cm vouch for the following Interview as , ,, , nuthentlc. Crown Prince Itupprecht ot liavnrla, while conversing with a mem - bcr of the Helchstag who was visiting .ha inrti. iima i,t Arm N. k:iim : ' "I must confess Immediate!; I must confess Immediately that l am no longer an optimist. It will take some time before the Allies will seri ously nffect our position In France, but tho roles undoubtedly will be reversed, The strength and resources of the enemy i.re now too well organized, "He Is in a position to hold tho bal ance In his favor and It must bo obvious to our best friends that wo aro util izing our maximum resources while the enemy Is In a much Improved position. Ho has Important reserves. Tho new British army has had long training nnd Is presumably an efficient fighting mi chine." RUMANIA PLEDGED TO ALLIES. I. mill. in Hears Mir Will llnler Wnr Within Two Mnntlia. Lonoon, July 30. A secret ttcaty be tween Rumania and tho Allies, pledging Rumania to enter the war on tho side of the Quadruple Lntento within two months, is reported In despatches from Paris this afternoon which stnte that nn authentic Rumania source Is respon sible for the news. It Is asserted that tho treaty awaits only the signature of ono of the allied Powers to put it Into eneot, Rumania's entry Into the w-ar to occur two months from the time tnat signature Is affixed to It. TWO SPIES SHOT IN TOWER. Our, Dutch Subject, Confessed tit llrlllah Authorities, Special Cable Despatch to Tnr. Hin. IONbON1, July 30. It Is officially an nounced that two spies, subjects of Hoi. land, who were convicted at Westmin ster Guildhall on July 17 of conveying Information about tho fleet to the enemy, wero shot at the Tower this morning, One of the men confessed his guilt Immediately after his conviction. tr TEUTONS, NEAR WARSAW, MENACE RUSSIAN RETREAT I o So io. "PHE new line to which the Russians nrc retiring east of Wnrsaw. begins nt Knvno, runs to Grodno and centres on Brest-Litovsk. Thence it extends, still straight nlong the line of the Bug in G.ilicia. 350,000 CIVILIANS FLEE AS CZAR YIELDS WARSAW , , T.,i -i n n, i Railways aiKl KOadS CnOKed With EnclleSS Stream OI ' People Slid Belongings, BOUnd foi' RUSSia I o o 7 American Consul . rincAOO, July 30. A graphic descrlo- of the e-varuatlon of Warsaw Is ,..n in ., .tiff rorn-nondent of the ? date. He says. "After obtaining at the fighting front authentic news of the military plans now carried out In and around War- h , , , ... ... saw. I have hurried to mcn.mio,.ii. .is ptrmlwlon to c.ibb the news was denied . .... ...... ... .....I l.it pulp t tl toy iii it'iiM.r in .it... I i.-nr Km,,., .lavs the Russians have " "1US r'ar BUBhl while the evacuation , of that city w ,s In process. The -tncral - ,,, n..rln,' less uni.. th long advance from i.emm.rt,. Thln relative telaxatlon In the fierce- I (he (;,.rman attacks leads nio to i wholly Impossible that i ,.nvi foun 1 ine iienn.iu, ....... - their undertaking Just beyond tl-lr i ... 0W.rH. This undoubtedly would ; , i have been tlu case for the lnsun- j portable demand for munitions n vast, quantities int.illi'd upon tho Buaslans by, the long lino they have been "".ding. The people accept the situation with ab- solute calm ' I'rrillcta CiTiiuin lllaiister. "The Grand Duke Nicholas's armies will save themselves, whatever happens. Just as the r return anu ni " if necessary, to retire i.eon ' "Personally I can see nothing but Ultl- . m .c uZtu-r tor the Germans In their ; n'ln!iS ll 'opuiationi against the ever jj leldllig but ever pi casing hosts of tho -Warsiw Is isolated from ail nut in u - , UZ.ll. . . ..... ... tary communication. r i.K.i I" ,i ... i i ,.i i ii arriveu in ...uavu. ...liaui the llritish. French, Belgian and Serbian .oi. nnd consular archives. 1 no American Consul. Hernando do Soto, re- malned In Waisaw, having laid In a big , ...v- nf iiroilslotis with the Intention of, sticking to his post un tlio train weie also the Ilrltisn Anglican chaplain and thu last remnant ot tno urmsn coinny, some riding on came iruci.s. me refugees Included most of the high of - tlclals of tho law courts with their archives and 30.000.000 rubles ( $15, 000,. 000) of court fund. "The Journey from Warsaw to Moscow occupied three days, as It was around by way of UlaiystoK anu vuua, m causa inn clliect route, via Brest, was choked with troop trains. Toward tho end of June one of the periodical waves of fright possessed street was opened by chopping and that Warsaw and a number of Russians sent I the sacred heirt preserved there was their famll.es eastward. Durliii; the tenioved to Moscow, first two weeks In July there aims a lull. "The telephone exchango was dlsman Conditions were outwardly calm on tied. The dynamos supplying power to Tuesday of loM week, when the British 'the street cars were removed, ns were Consul was asked by tho Russian nil of the wheels nnd detachable fittings authorities how many tickets would be of thn cars, to bo taken to Rusln. All needed by the British colony. Then sud-J the crops around Warsaw were de. ilenly tho 'bluff' was swept away. stroyed. Villages are being razed to tho "Thuisday evening, July 13, the Rus- ground nnd the city's subutbs aro being slan authorities announced that tho surrounded with trenche. The threo city's olllclal evacuation would begin on Vistula bridges. Including the new tho following Sunday As a matter of Praga Bridge, more tlmn a mllo long fact it began Immediately, Police nnd costing 15, 000,000, are lined with visited every hou.-e nnd told the 'stroo.V i sand bags, nnd wires nre set in re.ull. or porters to try to Induce tho Inhahl-1 ness to explode lnnd mines nt thn last tants In Ills building to leave at once . moment before the Germans enter War for Russia (as distinguished from Po-, Haw land), i "The evacuation of the towns between . , Hindu I-mm Unraiin. "Kmptv freight cats W'ere quietly nc- cumulated on tho sidings until thousands were nv;uuno;. .'wttiip, ".j ..itu, - .lay and Sunday trains of refugees were dispatched eastward, tli cars being oc- wero available. During I'rmay, satui - cuplcil by fleeing men, women and chll drcn as cioriy pacKi-n as posime, "Whllo 3D0.00O citizens, Including nearly half of Warsaw's ghetto, thus departed eastward, nearly another 3D0,- Remains at Post. 000 of peasants came trooping Into the I i'tt..m,,,ro,l, from th 'norJni iVr..!iii.. .v.. ..,., ,i,.i s5SSH ,r"d h"n nVasant fa,,,),,,. w.tn thi'lr cattle and portable poods thronging the roads converging on Warsaw. In the city Itself literacy tens of thousands of homes were broken up 11Miimlv Iui0. of four C3ll of mcn worth more than 11,000,000 last month u h.i ncu ti,,f nAHi .innnlluaa ...v ....... ."Simultaneously with thn evactintlon ' JlXc was removed or destroyed. Factories . were feverishly stripped and the owners all property likely o be useful to the ,,... ian. ,hat was embedded In con , m.t or wlH too cumbersome to dls- mantle and transport. Kvery fragment f ,,.,.(,.,! mctal was taken 1 eastward on the railway, "The newspapers of Warsaw made 1 their last appearance with the Issue" announcing the evacuation. Then the ( Unotype machines were rooted up from I tin. floors and carted away. Police nnd i soldiers visited every printing estnti . bailment and everv tieiVHii.itior ntflrn tub. ,n(, f()ms of (yip n'ml' ,,,, tn, ,,re.a. Hardly a ton of copper nttnKs was left In the city. All stocks of c0,p,,r n factories nnd plumb- ing snop, copper useu ror nousenoni ware copper of every kind wherever found was removed. So were tho storks of Ironmonger', hospital supplies una oiucers Kits. strip the I lly. "Warsaw knew no stoppage of work In that week end. The huge post otllce, the banks, the telegraph olllie, tho law courts and the various municipal de- i.i.niip umi 'iaiii.it.i,UK. , Through the streets endless columns i nf ladpri ,Trl nnrl 1nrrlvt i',wtv.rp.l nn I the Praga and Alexandrovskt bridges across the Vistula, wngons'wlth peas'. I. u.i,h n rau- i,-u t Mtn. the hanks' mllllojis of rubles In paper money, or the Irreplacnbie records uf the uw court i -The chinch doors were filing open . nnd the edifices were crowded with ' ni; and praying Poles and Russians among whom passed the ministering 1 priests In their gorgeous robe., whllo aloft In the towers the huge bronze bells were unslung lest they became food for tho Krupp cannon later on. All the church bells, archives, treasure", Rem , studded ritualistic implements, screens, vestments ami icons aie now being car rled over the Vistula und away to Bus sla. It Is reported that the vault of the church of the Holy Cross In Krakovski I Warsaw nnd Brest-Litovsk Is beginning ,,, ,nrniy ;oo.00(l persons remain. "Since July 21 every wheeled vehicle has been taken acros. tho Vistula, w'th 1 neany au me. nurses, inn inousann . t hackney carriages aro being driven J their owners acro Russia for a dlst.i ny anco of nearly 1,000 miles to Moscow Thou sands nf poor people aro being ferried aeioss the Vistula dally, all streaming eastward and unable to buy bieud In Warsaw," 'V First. Anniversary of War May Bo Observed in Cap ital by Invaders. ORDKltLY EVACUATION GOING OX FOR DAYS Guns, Industrial Machin ery, Money and Records All Removed to Safety. CZAR'S ARMIES TAKE NEW DEFENCE LINE Rear Guard Actions Con tinue Rerlin Looks for Further Victories. Special Cable Peepateh to Tnr. 3o"i, IONDov, July 30. There, nro Indica tions that tho military evacuation ot Warsaw and tho Vlstula-Narew line Is In full swing nnd that It Is likely that Germany will celebrate on Sunday tho first anniversary of her declaration ot war against Russia In tho ancient Polish capital. There am similar Indications that the entire Bussl.in lines in the east are falling back toward their now positions ! approximately on a straight line through Kovno, Orodno, Brest-Litovsk und the Bug Hlver In Oallcla. it In reported that tho Itusslans nre retiring before Gen. von Macl.ensen's forces In the south, which would be In the direction of Ilrest-Litovsl:. The civil evacuation of Warsaw seems to have begun a week or moro ago, when the industries mid citizens which mado Wnrsaw tho third city of the Huasian Kmplro were sent eastward. Blat Unit ltemoed, It is understood that all tho heavy guns from the citadel which with Foit Slllwlck In Praga, across the river, pro tected tho railroad und the Alexander bridges, wero removed, nnd it Is staled that the work of dismantling the thirty two smaller fortresses, surrounding the city Is proceeding nt n feverish pace. Berlin to-day reports no change In tho eastern situation, but semi-official reports say that the Bosnians are keep. Ing up stiff rear guard actions In order to protect their withdrawal. Tho German press U-lleves it will ba difficult, if not Impossible, fur the Rus sian nimle.s to tako up a new unlm paired line bise.l on Brest-Litovsk. Major Moraht, the military expert of the Jtrrllnir Tageblntt, H.15S that while the head of the ltussian army Is being battered Into Insensibility the neck Is already In the noose. He attaches great Importance to the ndvance by the army of Gen. ion lluelow toward Dwlnsk, from which It Is onlv sevcnl;--mile.s miles distant. Against tills attack, he say, Russia has very llttlo tn oppose, for the left wing of Von Buelow's army Is keeplnc the Ilusslau troops nt ltlga t ed fast, adding: "While wo are rnpldly ap proaching the moment when tho railway Junction 31" miles northeast of Warsaw falls Into our hands, this Junction inn ttols the railway to I'etrograd. Th Russians havo only ono way of retire, ment from their central pos tlons be. tween the Bug River and the Vistula, nameiy, the railway route from Warsaw by way of Breit-LItovsk-Mlnsk to Mos cow, hut Von Mackinsen's army Is only thrco days march from Brest-Litovsk. Thero Is likely," he adds, "to be tin lack nf dramatic events" Russia Prepnrril, Tho Jolly .lcill comments a follows on thli liiuhly nptltn stlc statement: "Tho comment Is worth noting, be. cause it Is one of the very few departures by German critics from the rule that theic shall be no critical discussion of the military probabilities of tho near ' futnie. Ger , tb'ii. von Ma tn undeistan German correspondents with cltenen s army were given to undetstand recently that thero wh' no hurry events would develop in. siwl It Is rnported hero that Russia Is thoroughly prepared for nil emergencies now. It Is khIiI In a despatch that tho Governor of Klcff, the great province of Russia to the southeast of the battle front, has sued an appeal to the popu lation to remain tranquil, and should tho tiece.slty arlo they must bn willing to remove further east In a body for stra tegic reasons. Pelrogr.nl newspapers continue to publish reassuring editorial", ilcrlnrlng that Rit'sln must bide h"r time until tho mobilization of her Industries shows In ndequato field guns and munitions. A despatch from Petrogrnd quotes the mllltnry critic of tho .Vosxm Vrtsnivo an saying that It would bo premature to conclude that the Warsaw -Vistula lino is Irretrievably lost. He asserts it In quite possible that tho Gorman will come to a standstill nt theso positions and th.it ilwy will ls uuabln to curjtinu to advance. c rn tho very lniortant Nnrew front On von Oallwltz's right wing W being held strongly in oho-k. Savago at tacks on tho part of the bft wing In the region of lto77in and on the month, of tho Jrz River have fnilcsl, "wMl even at tho approaches, at Warsaw, on thA loft bank of tho Vistula," siys thn .Voroe Vrrmvo's rrltlr, "w were dislodged from the region of Oori Kalw.uja. In the actions at Majdan (istniwsUt nrl Clint of Wolslawlcn w bad'v mnile-d onu of tho best German corps. "All this testifies to the fact that the offensive lorh of M.iokensen and Oall wltz so far has boon successfully chicked " Tho .Vovoc I'rrinyn appeals to the Al lies in the west to crvute a diversion