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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, August 06, 1915, Image 6

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l'lll DAY, AUGUST 0, 101fi.
stored at the Post Office nt New York u
.Second Class Mail Hatter,
Hulisrrliitlnns lijr Mall. 1'ontpald.
DAILV, Per Month 0 W
DAILY, IV r Year 00
SUNDAY, Per Month M
HUNDAY (to Citnailn.), l'er Month. Sel
SUNDAY' , I't-r Year 8 M
DAILY AND SUNDAY, l'sr Year.... 8 W
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Kosrios lUTis.
DAlt.V. Wr Mnnlh 1
Hl'NDAY. l'sr Month .
DAILY AND HUNDAY, l'r Month... 1 BO
Till: IIVKXINU SUNlKoreli.il.l'trMo. 1 03
All cbe-eks, money orders, Ac., to be
mde uubl to Tiu His,
Published .lilly, Incluillnt Bunday, by tha
Kun 1'rlnllng anil Publishing Association at
ISO Nass-tu street, In the llorouch of Man
hattan, New York. Presl lent and Treat
urer, William C. Helck. ISO Nassau street;
Vice-President, IMvtsrd I. Mitchell, 110
Kassau etreel; Secretary, C. K. l.uiton, HO
Nassau street.
Headers of Tn Hex leaving- town for thj
mmttter month can have the dally anl
Sunday anil evening edltlona delivered to
them In any part of this country or Lu
rope on the term stated above, Addreetea
manned an often at desired, order through
newsdealer or directly of Publication Of
Uoe, telephone 2200 Jleekman,
London office, Kfflngham House, t Aran
del street, Strand.
rarls ntrire, t Hue de la Mtchodtere, oft
Hue du Quatre Heptembre.
Washington omce, Illbbt nultdlng.
Jlrooklyu office, 106 Livingston street,
our friend cho favor lot trllA rinnu
cripl$ did illustration tor publication xclth
to have rejected article returned tAey mutt
in all rases tend stamps for Mat purfoie.
The Ks.ll of Warsaw.
The capture of Warsaw by the Teu
tonic ii 11 1 on marks tho high tltlo of
tlielr nchlercnicnt In the Held. It Is
true that ofllclal Intimations from
I'etrograd hutl prepared tho world
for the abandonment of tho Polish
capital, but the truth is that three
w-fMks ngo the Russian General Staff
was still confident that Warsaw could
be held, noforo they could onter In
ami ralso tho colors of Germany and
Austria over tho ancient city it was
necessary for the allies to outflank
the enemy on both the north and south
and smash his defenstvo along a
line curving from Przasnysz to Cbolm,
The Grand Duke had made elaborate
tllstioslttons for the struggle. If hu
could shatter the Austro-Gcrman of
fensive, which was trying to envelop
lilm, the troops fighting behind the
Warsaw works could be heavily reen
forced and the city would be saved.
Ills forces hud not been demoralized
by tho reverses in the Galiclan cam
paign. In fact, wc have the follow
ing testimony from on export ob
server who was permitted to Inspect
the Russian front (ho visited six
armies ami talked with about ''00
olllcers of all ranks) :
"The focus of the entire situation fall!)
on the army which extends to slightly
southeast or Lublin. This beurs tho
number of the army which was shattered
In tho Huj-dUm ccntte In the (iallclan at
tack, but It has been practically rebuilt
and reorganized, and Is commanded by a
different General. e This army
Impresses ms as tho best that Itusali
has over placed In the field In this war
Sixty per cent, represents corps which t
havo personally known elsewhere, and I
would state without reservation that
they are tho cream of the. Russian army.
The new General, whose name I cannot
now mention, Is one or the most remark
able Individuals I have met In this or In
any other war. Ills name Is practically
unknown outside Ilussla to-day, but
within a month he will be famous, what
ever tho outcome."
The outcomo was that Ticld Mar
shal von Mackensen beat back this
line army, which was occupying "the
focus of the entire situation," that Is
to say, the railroad between Lublin
and Cholm southeast of Warsaw.
What was tho fnte of the army com
jimmied by the new General so bund
sonu'ly vouched' for we do not yet
know, but when ho failed to check
tho enemy In his front the lust hope
of holding Warsaw vanished. Tho
Ilritish observer seems to have beeu
right, nothing of late having been
heard from Von Hi.nde.nuuuo, who
was supposed to be operating to tho
north of Warsaw: the heaviest blow
was delivered by o. Mackenskn at
the short I.ublin-Cholni line. It was
much tho same strategy us the Kill-r-er's
ablest General hail employed be
fore. Tho thunderbolt fell, not where he
commanded in person, but elsewhere
and against "the cream of tho Husslun
army." Again have the Teutons dem
onstrated their superiority In the
shock of battle. Vor tho Iltisslnns
Urn most that eau bo said is that thef
may have been handicapped by ar
tillery deficiencies. Warsaw was not
n gift to the victors: they had to light
for It at both ends of the line, no
doubt suffering enormous losses.
What of tho moral effect of the
occupation of Warsaw? It was well
timed to Impress Itumanln, Iliilg.irl.t
mid Greece, taking counsel with them
selves mid with one another whether
they should enter tbo war on the side
of Ktissln and her allies. It will
hearten the sorely pressed Turk, fight
ing In bis trenches on tho Gnlllpoll
Peninsula, (.'oiistantlnople now seems
safer than at any time slnco the Aus
tralians leaped ashore at Sldd el Hahr.
And tbo To-itonlc allies, who under tho
skilful direction of tho German (Jon.
era! Staff are never slow to launch n
new campaign, now liavo the choice of
employing their disengaged army corps
on the front in Flanderi to strike n
decisive blow, or against tbo Italians
on tbo Austrian frontier (although
war has not been declared by Crcr
uinny), or In a demonstration against
tbo Serbians south of tbo Danube to
raise tbc elego of tho hanl lighting
Ottoman battalions.
A Depressing Kxhlblt.
Representative Ralph W. Moss of
tho Fifth Indiana district was tho
principal speaker at n Spanish war
veterans' reunion at Tcrre Haute a
few days ngo, and his remarks were
largely devoted to the imposing
strength of our present war prepared
ness. Kven tho mighty navy of Eng
land Itself, ho said, could not convoy
more than -10,000 men hero for nn In
vasion of tho country. And when
they got hero what would they find
facing them? One hundred thousand
regulars, 40,000 national guardsmen,
and "back of theso a reserve army of
Spanish war veterans and trained stu
dents from our colleges and univer
sities of at leust half a million."
Gosh I Pretty hard sledding ahead
for thoso forty, thousandcrs when
they come to tacklo such an army ns
that! And just as likely us not the
Congressman from tho Fifth Indiana
district would be right there too In
full training day regimentals. Of
course tho 40,000 Invaders could not
bo convoyed here until our own navy
had either been sunk or bottled up,
nnd In that event It Is not quite clear
why 400,000 or 4,000,000 moro might
not get here without a convoy. Then
we haven't got 100,000 regulars, and
it would stump us to turn out 40,000
national guardsmen; while as for our
college boys, unless they resorted to
the gross war atrocity of letting loose
tholr respective collego yells simul
taneously, It is to be feared they
would not cut very much of a figure
against the seasoned veterans of Eu
rope. Hut such cavils savor of rank
That which Is really material, ma-!
terlal nnd very depressing, In the In-,
dlana statesman's deliverance Is that
it undoubtedly reflects his actual opin
ions. He believe It himself. It Is a I
measure of his own particular mental
Jungle with all Its dense, bewildering,
impenetrable Intricacy of Ignorance
nnd fatuous conceit. And bo Is a!
Congressman I Ho will vote on the
vital questions of national defence so
urgently pressing for speedy solution
ot the next session of Congress. Tho(
heart all but faints at the mere eon-,
temptation of tho task abend of those'
who are to assail nn Intrenched!
stupidity such as that of which Mr. j
jiosh or minima is so depressing an
exhibit. .
1'rlnrlples and unices.
The subjoined sentiment Is from n
recent Interview with a Progressiva
Person, n Personage whose name
sometimes but not nlwnys shrinks
from printer's Ink:
"Don't dicker; let us stand by our
principles; let us not sell our birth
right." An earlier statesman and politician,
alfo a son of New York, Is credited
by historians with the following ut
terance: "We are asked to compromise our
principles. The day of compromises Is
past; but In regard to candidates tori
State olllccs we are still a commercial '
people. We will unite with our lato,
These memorable words of John '
Van Huben are reported lu the Inter-,
estlng "Random Recollections" of
Henky It. Stanton and likewise lu
De Alva Stanwood Alexander's nd
mlrnblc "Political Hlstoiy of Now
More Municipal Socialism.
The People lu Cleveland have n
municipally owned und operated elec
tric light plant und some of the peo
ple lu .Milwaukee think they want
ono also. So the Heal Estate Hoard
ot Mlhvuukec organized a meeting to
talk tho thing over. Mr. F. V. Hal
i. Aim, manager of tho Cleveland mu
nicipal plant, wns Invited to present
the municipal side of tho question, and
Mr. .1 a it f.s I). Shaw, attorney for tho
! privately owned Milwaukee light com
pany, was asked to discuss the sub
ject from the opposing standpoint.
Free speech being the very keystone
of the socialistic arch nnd a very
largo proportion of tho fHX) people
present nt the meeting being socialists
of the ultra Milwaukee variety, .Mr.
Shaw was promptly howled down and
silenced before hu could utter u word
I of his reply to Mr. HAU-Aitn; so he
handed It in to the newspapers, nnd
let it go nt that.
There Is nothing particularly novel
In his exposure of tho accounting
methods by which the managers of
the Cleveland plant turn an obvious
deficit Into a hiindsonio profit. They
are methods with which our Post Of
lice Department bookkeeping has made
us familiar, an old enough story of
municipal and Government ownership
plants generally. Hut as wo appear
to be Isioked for at least an attempt
' to launch us soon Into (lovernment
J ownership adventures in shipping,
factories nnd what not on a scale of
rothor bewildering magnitude, somu!
'of tho (Kilnts Mr. Shaw makes In the J
! Cleveland caso may be noted.
For Instance the malingers of the
Cleveland plant In their Hulletin No. I
voverlng the llrst four months of 1015
show over $.'IS,(MXJ revenue- above op
erating expenses, i rom tills sum
there Is deducted $III,UKI fur bond In
terest, whlln the balance of upward
j of $18,000 Is set down as net profit,
j Here Mr. SIiaw points nut that the
j Interest for four months on tho
i?L',770.ooo of outstanding bonds Is It-
, self ?t(),000, or $1,0(K) more than the
entlro ullcged quarterly surplusage
over disbursements. Furthermore, ap
plying tho Wisconsin Railroad Com
mission's accepted pcrcqntngo for de
preciation Iho light plant should havo
charged off $40,000 to this account
for tho four months, whereas it
charged off just half that amount.
Adding to theso Items tho loss to
tho city in taxes of flB.OOO for the
quarter, Mr. Bjiaw succeeds lu mak
ing a pretty strong presentment for
hin assertion that tho municipal light
plant's alleged quarterly net profit of
f 18,000 Is in reality a quarterly not
loss of $25,000, all of which Is taxed
out of tho people's pockets so that a
very small fraction of tho electricity
users may hnvo the scrvlco for less
than It costs to produco It.
To be sure, thero arc tho collateral
personal advantages to patriot poll
tlclnns to be considered.
Htupldlty or Obliquity?
The most unklndcst cut of all has
been dealt to the anti-suffragists In
Jersey by Anbury Park. "Founder"
Rbadley In refusing to permit them
to hold meetings lu tho auditorium
on tho bench called them gulls of the
liquor interests, dupes of tho rum
lover. This is nn attack not on the
motives of the Association Opposed,
but on its Intelligence, tho bitterest
and perhaps tho most hurtful attack
that can be made. People will "stand
for" sharp prnetlco as long ns It can
be regarded ns good play in n game
of politics, but for exposed stupidity
they havo no tolerance.
These ore tho Founder's words:
"Tho liquor Interests, which I hold In
abhorrence, as I look at It, rcgnrd sin
cere ladles as yourself a allies In their
efforts to crush the suffrage movement,
because they know that when women
get the vote laws will bo enacted pro
tecting; their homes from the curso of
If James A. IIradlgy had said "Yon
arc lu alllnuco with liquor," that could
havo beeu borne, not with equanimity,
perhups, but with the self-satisfaction
of the martyr. Hut to bo told thiitjtlle town carrying destruction as In
you are "sincere" but stupid is tin so many other of tho Hoods lu l'enn
lutolerable affront. sylvanla. In this respect It wns a
Hut tho situation takes another repetition of the dlsastors of Johns
twist wheu tho Autocrat of Asbury V'W,.V "l. th.l ConcnuuRh Valley, and
. , , ... ,, , J I Austin, In tho Slnnnmahonln. After
(and the Czar of All the Russlas even, both of thr80 calarnUcs there wns a
In tho worst old days was not halflrpat outcry for more careful inspec
so autocratic) makes the charge, astlon; then why n-pnlr the leak In
reported outside of the quotation! the roof -when It Is not raining?
marks, thnt the liquor dealers have
contributed cash, hard nnd tainted,
to tho fund out of which a nil-cam-palgucrs
are hired. These words eat
the others.
Any Impartial judge will rule that
Founder Hbaiii.ey's real charge Is not
thnt for which he publicly stands
sponsor, but the unquoted but appar
ently authorized Insinuation not of
stupidity but of conscious nnd In
tended obliquity. An expert lu crowd
psychology might say that tho auH
autl has In trying to hurt tho aiitls
helped them.
Maarten Maartens.
A Dutch lawyer. Dr. Joost Mahmis
WlLLr.il VAN m.K PooltrKN-SciiWAltTZ.1
died August .'I at 7-elst. Holland, i """" are tr'" a 1""'e-
Horn lu Holland August 15, lb.'S, he b tQ bQ reBWtteil tmu Mr.
became a barrister, practising in " jAMKa n, Jl-ke has been compelled by
desultory way In his native country. tnt. vandnltt-m of u party of visitors
Hut the disusing fates meant him to to close hl.s estate at Somerville, New
write, and when, twenty-live years! Jersey, to the public. It was ono of
ago, he published "Tho Sin of Joost,"1 'how l'taf,M otnw?'
. ,, .... ,, , , I vellous transformation of a country-
.weiiugu me worm upproveu, ami
he wisely slmtilltleil himself Into
Maahti.x Maaktknb.
He wrote more sinewy English than
ninny, even professional writers of It,
... ,
u-hii nr.. Iuo-ti tr. tin, uniwti'h. lltlmrl
- tar and wine, lie was louowing me
Hollanders scolded hlui for not using oxnmplo of the owners of great es
the laiiguage of his native land, but tnte.s In England, but ho soon found
Dutchmen were reading French iiiidMat his hospitality was unused.
English print, uuil he niado no error
111 his choice. Written In whatever
I.l l. ....,., ......111. .....I
tongue, his human quality, broad and
deep, would have carried his books
through the lauds and languages,
til fled with line graces und powers
of mind and person, he prized his
possessions without conceit, he minted
his metal gt-nerously und with care
ful limitation of the base nllov to
the Just proportion productive of ,
wearing quality. Ills stories, like the
old Dutch painting, show scorn of
mere decoration; simplicity to home.
II ness lu choice of theme mid setting,
and by their honesty to thu facts of
llfn e-nv nr immhr.. trni.1.. nr .lull
' '
romantic, they wore an impression
liOt ephemeral but quietly Jterslsteiit
In th miMimre
.. .. . . ..
Kiigllsh literature may lay claim to
"God's Fool," "An Old Maid's Love,"
..'im, i'..i,. ci,. ..,.1 .1...
Iho Greater (.lory ami tho rest,
but Holland, now kindled with
vlvnl or its ancient patriotism nnd' " uwo ' ,m -N ul"c"'
, , 1,1 1 .1 i If bravo enough to climb thoso never
pride, will make tho memory of tho,nalI)K H.,,s, without encountering any
man her own, Americans, who have1 thing more formldabio than a mild man
given his books n cordial welcome, 1 1n',r!,,11 0,,1,T 1,"y: ,m,t 8lPr1"l.:r'tur,
will recall with some affection the
genial gentleman who visited this
country in li07.
Too Much Mvcn for General Scott.
We have the highest respect for the
attainments and tact of General
Ili.'tiu I.knox Scott, Chief of Stall',
but Is It not asking too much to ex
Iiect li 1 lit to pacify Mexico by reason
ing with Vknuhtia.no Cakiian.a,
Panciio Villa, Hmii.iano Zapata,
am akii uiiHMiun aim 1110 lesser lights
III "tho struggle for liberty," such us j
Hill. MAVTonr.NA. Giinkai .,,,
FiKitRO? Nono of the personal repro
scntatlves, lawyers all of them, unci
here nnd there 11 linguist, has suc
ceeded In making a kIhijIii eonve-t
. . ,,...,. , ' . 1 SCN nt August 3 It is reporinl that
to constitutional government in thoUuu apparently gmo up ic
whom or .Mexico, mid General Scott
Ik nut n statesman, hut n soldier.
General Scott always obeys orders:
ho would liivndo Mexico with his ac
customed calm. Hut consider the task
that would be set lilm! It Is no mat
ter nf persuading ragged Cotistitu
tlouallsts on tho bonier to cense firing
over It or of Inducing sn Indian off
tho reservation to surrender to a dl
coinllted sheriff. The General would
be called upon to bring "the struggle
for liberty" to u successful end by
interviewing tho chiefs of faction In
turn and pointing out whero tholr
duty lay. It would bo moral suasion
on n scale hitherto unheard of lu
Mexico, extending from tho Rio
Grando to tho fastnesses of Morclos,
where tho Zapatistas lurk.
Tho General might be able to In
diico his old friend Panciio Villa to
disarm nnd negotiate, for every day
of tho week Is n blue Monday for
Panciio now; but would Scflor Car
banza, with his head In tho clouds,
be tractable? As for the lltho nnd
sinister Zapata, his occupation would
bo gone If ho agreed to anything. And
how in tho world would a personal
Invasion of Mexico by tho Chief of
Staff bo the means of reconciling tile
new land owners of Mexico with tho
old proprietors who havo been de
spoiled? In fact, there ore so many
wheels within wheels In tho problem
of peace nnd reconstruction that a
hundred General Scotts might well
shrink from undertaking tho preliminaries.
Colonel Hoosevki.t Is not generally
credited by politicians hero with a die
In tho last ditch deration to tho Hull
Moomo party. Washington despatch,
Porno of his erstwhile followers eecm
willing to dlo In tho third reservo lino
trenches of devotion.
It was rejiorted here to-day fhnt Mrs.
Panciio Villa Is arranging to no to San
t-'ranclsco and that she expects her hus
band to Join her hero for the trip In a
fow days. El 1'aao ilcsputch,
if properly approached General Villa
might consent to reestablish tho "ex
clusive Mexican colony" at Forest
Trie, which lost sn severely in lives
nnd property In tho recent Hood, was
situated differently from towns thnt
usually suffer such disaster In that It
was not In a narrow vullcy but on tho
banks of ono of tho great lakes,
where thero would seem to be nn
ampin and prompt escnpu for surplus
water. Hut the collnpso of a dam
under unusual pressure, It Is said, let
Inns., n torrent that swctit throtIKh
Our Filipino brethren seem to be
making progress. A gam; of about
twenty recently entered the town of
HInan. I.nKunn, at 10 o'clock at night
in automobile.
"After scaring the townspeople into
subm.ss'on with revolver thev rati
wicked two tletida and made tlielr Get
away In their machines."
The Manila 7'lncj says that tho
method "smacked of Hroadway. New
York." How could they possibly have
such nn Idea of us In the Philippines?
The first plttlnc of the Duma which
has Jut opened holds out promise, of
work rsthcr than oratory. J'etrosnnl
Is It possible that the Duma, which
has been In existence only since 1805.
has accomplished so much? The Uus
aldo wlthoul unusual attractions Into
n paradise of park and garden
watered by lakes and streams de
veloped nrtlticlnlly. Mr. Duke was
glad to welcome strangers to his
nrm.n.lu ihll f.ltlln U'lllf-ll l.Ilil snmflll
hWl4." ...1 ...till ' ..-.
- ... ... ... ..... ..... '
Mr. Uukb was not discouraged until
inn excursion party of several hundred
p(,01)lfl from ,'ennsylvnnla looted his
... , ti.. i i.i .
flower beds and littered his lawns
with the debris of an open air meal
In England there Is more respect for
property, and hospitality Is not often
outraged. Vandalism there Is tho ex
ception; here It Is too common.
Hint to lllg Game hunters: In call
ing a Hull Moose make a iioUn like nn
From the Wilmington .Vein,
"Provincial'' scribes visiting New
York, with the traditional regard for
TlIK SfN as the "Illblo" of thu fr.lter
nlli. ,.!, vu l,.i,1 n(T..ptl,in for II, u ..1,1
I .m'oHlce. It was typical of tho newr-
paper homo ot the days that -are pass-1
0,1 11 larger scale It duplicated 1
olllccs In a countliss number of smaller
j cities. Thero was nothing beautiful!
about tho old So.v olllco excepting tltoi
' features of the men who make Tm: Sun.
; ,,V(.n nll lnsuranc nKrnl r ft umllle!
re-lout of town newspaper writer could
1 ui-iiiiiii ,b 1 iv,,,ivi , 111, iiiihiib imnii
you Into a ltusslan retreat.
Wo wonder whether Tun Sun carried
away all that ancient and honorable,
equipment, some of It old enough to
liavo been in-cd in the ilajs of Tacitus,
Including tables and "morgue" furnl
turo probably made from the wood lu
tho Hon. Mr. Noah's atk.
The now qunrtcrs will bo In keeping
with the brightness that has always
marked the pages of Tun St'.v. News
paper men In all parts of tho country
nru pleased with tho development and
prosperity of Tun Hcn. Probably no
other newspaper Is studied In outsldo
olllccs as consistently as Is Tint Sr.s
May It continue to shin., with even
greater lustre, if that bo possible, in its
new uunrters, Is tho wish in scores jf
other newspaper olllces whero The Sun
In rend with prollt nnd pleasuro,
Vodka nnd IVrniinnl Liberty.
To TUB KtMTOit nf Tim Hf.s .Sir.- In Tiir.
Hl'N nf August i It Is reported that though
nnie or
revenue of 1600,000,000 a year from tho
vodka traffic the nation's sihks have
Increased IHOO.000,000 In the nne year.
So onen mora Is Illustrated the "eco
nomic 1on" that comes about with the
curtailment of the sacred personal liberty
rlsht to Imbibe alcohol.
H, not.isn Htt.i,,
r.mros, rn , Annul s,
What t'ni le Sum Should Have,
A Learned Kngllhman on "Tho Snn's"
Orthography and F.nglhh.
To tiir HoiTon or The Hun Sir; It
Is with sorrow that I find a fellow coun
tryman of mine trying to set right
Tub Bun's orthography and English.
Under tho slgnaturo "A Urltlsher," lie
tells us that "a hotel" grates on the
ear as much as "a hour." Ho will prob
ably bo surprised to learn that the
pronunciation recorded ns preferred by
Sir Junes A. II. Murray's New English
Dictionary, now In couroo of publication
at Oxford, England, aspirates Uio "h"
In tho words "hotel" and "hospital," but
docs not nsplrato tho "h" In "honor"
and "hour."
Again I find "an Englishman vho Ib
not a Cockroy" babbling prettily about
Amorlca's "way of handling Shake
spenro'a tongue, either as to orthog
raphy or syntax." Hut how much my
worthy confrere knows of tho subject
whlrh ho discusses Is shown by his
question, "Why In America do you
gratuitously add tho doublo consonant
whero Jt docs not oxlst In English, nnd
writo 'enrollment' and 'Installment'?"
Tho answer Is to bo found In that usage
of which to many Englishman are
wnfully Ignorant. lt our good frlcntl
read his Hhnkespeare and consult his
Murray I oforo ho writes nbout our
usiges, nnd ho will find good reason
for his pet aversions, but ho will find
them In various forms.
Dr. Murray has shown that tho forms
to which objection Is mnde arc of ro
spectablo antiquity. "Enrollment." for
Instance, dates from the days of bluff
King Hal and ngurcs In the twenty
seventh net of his rolgn, while, "en
rollment" was fathered by no less n
shining light In English classic litera
ture thon Francis llacon, Lord High
Clinncellor of England, Puttotihatn, In
his "English I'oesle," wrolo "enstall
rncnts'' n 15S9. To Shakespeare va
riety was charming, so when ho
wished to write "Instalment" ho wrote
"Instaictncnt" and "installment." (First
Folio Edition. 1C23.) Hut Just us
ono swallow does not make n summer,
so In tho English langungo ono author
does not establish n standard. The
famous dlnrlati Pepys made use of the
form "Installment" 250 years ago, and
was supported In this lamentable out
rage on tho English tongue by no less
a light than the famous Hlackstone.
As an Englishman, I do not wlnco
every time I keo "plow," because In tho
days of my youth 1 found It In my
Hlble dedicated In 1611 "to the Most
High nnd Mighty Prince .Tnmcs. by the
Ornco qf God King of Great Hrltnln.
r ".t uT,',C. "lr.,le"t
form of this word, which dates from
nbout 1100, wns "ploh." In 'Tiers
Plowman" (I3!2) It was written "plouh"
rjtwlthstandlng the title spelling. Chau
cer (13SC), seeking a rhymo for
"ynough," wrote It "plough" ("Knight's
Talu") : but In the "Plowman's Tale"
fiitinn, 11AO I, lu unlln.l ...!... .
Maundevlllo wrote "plowgh" about tlie
samu date. In tho "Townelcy MyMer-'
ies" (H60) the form "nlo" was used
and rhymed with "do" nnd "Id," but In
the P.iston Letters (MSB) "plowe" wns
Introduced. In 11115 Ilarclay, and In
ISOS Orafton, wrote It "plough," but In
1577 a reversion to "plow" look place,
with a temporary return to "plowe" In
1607. Addison (1702) nnd How.- (171X)
used "plow." With the contempt for
the English orthography characteristic
of their race, the cots used one of
their own nnd gave us "plcttch" (nbout
1375). "plewch" (1513). "pl-w"
(1535), "pluehe" (156S) and "pleugh
(1721). the form used by the man
who was n man for a' that nnd a' that.
Why kick at "check" and "grewsnme"
when we owe these forms to mio-ters
of English, for Sir Walter Scott Intro
duced "grewsomo" Into literature by
using It In "Old Mortality," chapter 41,
Just 100 years ago. and that beloved
friend of our outh tho author of
Tom Hrown's School Days" aided and
abetted him In the task. The spelling
"gruesome" was not established In Eng
lish until after liret llartc had written
"Wan I.ee" and Henry James had given
us "Hawthorne."
The word "check" Is an evolution
from the sense defined by Samuel Jolin-
son In 1755: "The correspondent cipher ' Vork house, who forward their Koods
of a bank bill," which definition Har- . In American boats to their own repre-,-l:i-
nmtilin,il in 1771 Intn "A mooter. ont:ltlf..s. Thin method irlvej them the
cipher of a, bank bill; an account kept
privately to examine that which Is kept
with n banker or publle olfiee." In
1171 Foote In "Cozeners," Act III., scene
1, says: "A hundred nnd ninety-two
pounds, six oh ! here he Is, I supiiose,
with the 'check.'" A "cheek" of this
kind Is always welcome to me, and I
should be very much surprised to learn
that It were not acceptable even to my
critical compatriot, Johnnt Iluix.
New York, August 4.
Ilr. Johnson's Cto of English Words.
To Tim EtitTon op Tiir Sr.v Fir: 1
hae lead tho letter which appe.ired
In Tub Stw headed "King's English"
and signed "A Hrltlhher."
Are such clnusea as "we merely ask"
nnd "must Indeed have been" tho pur
est "King's English"? I will not de
fend "grewsome," agnln't Dr. John
son's "gruesome," but I will suggest thnt
Dr. Johnson also wrote "chuse," "chl
rurgeon," "shew," "terrour" and "auk
waul," nono of which, 1 think, even "A
Urltlsher" would employ to-day.
And here Is a sentence from Dr.
Johnson: "There Is nothing considerable
done or doing among us here." "Noth
ing doing" that dreadful American
blang! An Asikhican.
Ni:w Yor.K, August t.
Is It Fostered by Myopic Old Itenc
tlonary Pedagogues'.
To Tim Editoii or The Scn Sir.- Why
conceal tho reasons for the vapidity of
tho 'Confessions of an Pndergradu.ite,"
numely, thnt they tell the truth? With
our general conclusions, up to a cer
tain point, no nult can be found. It Is
llttlo elso than a "feeble mouthing," and
a sign, certainly, of nothing tinner than
a "Hubby mentality" to call nttentlon to
such commonplaces ns nro free for him
who runs to see.
Truths of an obvious nnd especially
thoso of n distasteful kind urn vapid
through and through, Hut to deduce that
the mere mention of them to "wool ,nuaro jeal for Germany anil the her
wlttcd readers" and "feedets on error" , mans Is expected by elght-lenths of the
menaces with Injury tho whole collego
wot Id Is 11 quodllliet illlllcuit to follow.
Tho Injury exists nnd Is ns complete
and menacing as a stato of ruddy health
and robustlousnes can make It. It flour
ishes under the fostering care of those
who shut their ejes and refuse to see,
under that blighting nnd blithering op
timism which makes a cult of the
comfortnble doctrine, Let well enough
iilone. The members of this cult can
always bo distinguished by their myopia,
their blinking of facts, a sluggish ab
horrence of any action not directly con
nected with getting and holding, n
righteous resentment against nll criti
cism, a terror of the ventilation of
vetltles. CoitNr.l.l, IK 15.
New York, August B,
Note About New Submarine,
To tiik KlilTon or Tint 8ns Sir: The
IlrlUsh submarine 11-11 has hern launched
at Qulncy, Mass. It should be easy to
rolse, J"B Tots,
liosTov, August K,
1 thirsted for the taste nf dew,
I hunsered for the trull;
I craved the solace nf tho blue,
Tho muslo of the gale.
r.nch little wind that stirred the trees
Alnnr the dusty row
Wn whispering the mysteries
Of far skies whenco they blow,
And when one mornlne came the word
That all the days were mlno
It seemed as though the mountains heard
And rivers sparkled wine.
A Challenge of the "llonutlfol Dic
tion" In Oar Last Message.
To tub Editoii of The SUN Sir; A
correspondent who condemns ns 'Un
flammatory" and otherwise objection
able the Administration's latest note to
Germany states thnt tho "beautiful die.
tlon" of tho message Is gcnorally con
ceded. While differing most radically
with this critic ns to tho substantial
nature and purpose of tho note, which
most of us consider admirable, I am
moved to dissent also In sotno measure
from his laudatory remark on tho score
of rhetoric.
It la truo that some parts of the note
ore very well written, but tho composi
tion Is far from flawless. For example,
observe tho excessive length of enteno
and tho confusing repetition of tho word
"It" In tho first paragraph:
Tho note of the Imperial Oerman Gov
ernment dated tho tth of July, 1915, has
received the careful consideration of ths
Government of the United States,- and (It)
regrets to be obliged to say that (It) hue
found (It very unsatisfactory, because (It)
falls to meet the real differences between
the two Governments and Indicates no
way In which tho accepted principles of
law and humanity may be applied In the
grave matter In controversy, but proposes,
on the contrary, arrangements for a partial
uspenslon of those principles, which vir
tually seta them aside.
If ono of your copy readers hnd been
given a free hand with this sentence ho
would havo probably revised It to read
ns follows:
The note of the Imperial Oerman Gov
ernment dated the 8 lis of July, 1915, has
received the careful consideration of th-i
Government of tho United States. To our
sreat regret, the same has been found
very unsatisfactory. It falls to meet the
real differences between the two Govern
ments, and Indicates no way In which
the accepted principles of law and hu
manity may be applied In the grave mat
ter In oontroersy, but proposes, nn the
contrary, arrangements for a partial sus
pension of those principles, which would
virtually set them aside.
In the newspaper copy before me tha
final clause of the last sentence reads,
"which virtually set them aside." Thero
Is apparently a typographical error here
which I have corrected In reproducing
the original paragraph. Possibly, how
ever, tho olllclal copy rcada as In tho
suggested revision.
The second paragraph also consists
f " sentence and a very long
and Involved sentence It Is; so much sn,
Indeed, thnt 1 havo been unable as yet,
though somewhat Informed ns to the Is
sues In question, to determine satisfac
torily what Is aeant.
Such criticism of a diplomatic message
having phaes so much moro vital may
r'"' " r'"'' ""R":lous; yet no
hnrm ..n,l,5,nt. 1,0 lc"1? to. hf cau
causa of
good English expression In this country
If such work were to pass without cha.
lerici! as "beautiful diction." or even,
111 some respects, in of average merit.
New York, August 4.
Should English Ships Carry Ameri
can Shipments?
To the En i Ton of Tim Si'.v Sir: It
Is announced that new steamship ser
vice, using English ships. Is to bo es
tablished between Iloston und Huenna
Ayres and between New York and tho
west coast of South America.
Hy using this service e will supply
the llrltlsh manufacturer and merchant
with all the Information relating to our
shipments. The bills of lading, consular
I Invoices and other documents fully A-
scrlbo the shipments, nnd these give
the name of the shipper, the consmnee.
the rate of freight, kind of goods, vnlua
per Be, style of packing, nnd every de
tall Incident to the shipment.
A very large business on the wat
coast is controlled by a prominent New
( means of safeguarding their Informa-1
tlon nnd their business relations are not
atit,x.t t,t ttm u.-r.t. It.i r,f , riOl..'
In England.
Our present situation may be likened
i to two department stores doing bus!
' ness In the same cltv nnd one store en. I
1 trusting to the other Its delivery ser- (
A number of English steamers have
tnken out American registry nnd make
a brave show of sailing under tho Amer
ican flag. Hut many of them are owned
lu England and reports of their manifests
go ahrotil regularly, wle-re they nro
intimately scrutinized to our detriment,
K.rtns of forwarding agents with strong
English or Herman adulations 'have
been organized Into corporations In or
der to hide their Identity and still keep
open sources of Information for their
trnnsntlantlc friends.
Tho Importance of this Information
cannot bo overestimated, and until we
have our own lines cf steamers with
tralllc departments in sympathy with
our shippers our success in foreign com
merce will be open to tho secret scru
tiny of our English or German compet
itors, who will not bo slow to tako
advantage of the Information.
A prominent ixportlng concern onrs
Informed me that whenever they could
ascertain and equalize freight rntes they
could secute the business, but to ascer
tain freight rates in c. I. f. sales wus a
ditllcult If not impossible matter.
In short, ns long as the Information
relating to our foreign business Is so
readily available to our European com
petitors wo are simply supplying the
ammunition with which It may be as
sasslnnted. The only remedy Is Amerl
ivin ships for American shipments, that
wifl glvu us a fair Held nnd no favor.
Hoston, August i.
An Itinerant Alaskan Iteports General
Tn TllV' 1?iiitoii nv Tin- o-.
people from my name to Fan lnogo.
Last winter I travelled In tho West,
and Eastern newspapers that pretend
to represent American public opinion
would bo astonished to learn how llttlo
,thetr opinions of pro-Ally tendency are
meeting with favor.
Evr whero among Americans senti
ments were expressed that England was
controlling the. American press In tho
face of public opinion to the contrary.
We do not llko England nor will wo
ever bo made to l.ko or fight for her
Our past contains too many evidences
of her 111 will toward us. V J, DwTun.
SniKi.NA, Alaska, July 15,
Mr. IHxey Hestisrltntes "Old Grnnnan
To TUK Epitoh op Tub Sl'N S(r: I
can solvo ths problem for "D. H," On
July s he wanted to know about an old
ballad, "Granny O'Wnle." 1 have It. I
have waited almost it month to see how
many "patriotic Now Yorkets" would
answer him. I would send you the
ballad, but It Is very long and you
might not earn to print It. Ily tho woy,
It Is not "Granny O'Wale," but ''(lid
Grannan Weal." Uenkt E, Htxev,
I'i.andomk, I,. I,, August 4.
An Aiillllcun 1'ollry Sugeted.
from Toun Tonlci,
Why not write the llaytlans a nice
The Pontile Standard.
Knlrker How Me l your boy?
Ilocker He takes a four-year-old street
car scat and a ten-year-old suit.
Committee Favors Sending
Severn. Pnrtics to South
ern Kepulilics.
Tho committee appointed by Secretary
of tho Treasury McAdoo nt tbo conclu
sion of tho recent Pn-Amerlcnn Finan
cial Conferenco In Washington to re
turn tho visit of tho delegates from Cen
tral and South America met yesterday
nt India House to arrange for tho trip,
or rather trips, for It was decided that
tho better plan would bo to havo several
committees visit groups of countries.
A plan an'd scope committee was ap
pointed to draft a general programmo
tor tho visits. This comtnlttco consists
of Jnmes A. Knrrcll, chairman ; Senator
Duncan V. Fletcher of Jacksonville,
Fin. ; John llarrctt, director-general of
tho Pan-American Union ; Elliott Good
win, genoral oecretnry of tho Chamber
of Co miner co of tho United Slates;
Jnmes J. Shirley of tho T. A. Olllesplo
Company, Sow York ; W. S. Kits of the
foreign department of the National City
Hank, Now York, nnd Hobert 11. Pnt
chin, secretary of t.io National Foreign
Trado Council, who will bo the secretary.
This committee will net In conjunction
with' the chairmen of the eighteen per
manent group committees which nro In
charge of the work of developing better
trudo relations between tho United
StHtes and tliu countries of Central and
South America.
A canvass of conditions has Indicated
to 'tho committee that the best results
will probably bo oblaltud by one visit
to tho countries on the mainland of Cen
tral America, another to tho republics
of the West Indies and Colombia nnd
Venezuela, a third to the west coast of
South America and possibly separate
visits to Argentina, Ilrar.lt, Uruguay and
Paraguay. The size of the visiting com
mittees and the details of the trips will
be arranged to suit the convenience of
tho countries which havo extended the
Secretary McAdoo, who wns unable to
intend thv meeting, sent tho following
telegram :
"1 am satisfied that we have a mar
vellous opportunity, not only to extunl
our trade and financial relationships
with Latin Amotion, but to establish a
political accord and a friendly under
standing with those countries which nro
working for the goud of civilization and
the world's peace. We must not neglect
this opportunity. You can, I know, rn
der highly patriotic and useful service
to your country In what you are doing.''
Tho next meeting of the committee
will be called by tho chairman. Those
present at ytsterday's meeting wero Mr.
Fs.rell, Mr. Harrett, I), P. Illnck. presi
dent of tho Plttsourg Chambir of Ccjn
merce; U. . Cooper, llemlcrton, N. O. ;
Mr. Fletcher, Mr Goodwin, Mr. Kles,
.Mr. Patchln, Walter Parker, manager
New Orleans Chamber of Commeriu;
Mr. Shirley, and C. T. Williams, repre
senting Edwin Warfield, president of ths
Fidelity Trust Company, Daltlmore.
Hernia of llrptllillca I'rnlse Work
of I'liiiincliil Conference.
Wahiiin-otow. Aiie- r. ,..,. Mrt.
Adoo announced to-day that pledges of
cordial cooperation are being reiclvid
from all the rottntrlpn rt Cnn.ritX nti.l
South America for tho continuation of
the work of tho Pan-American l-'lnan-clal
Conference. Each American re
public Is evincing deep Interest In practi
cal methods to take up the work where
the conference left off and thus estab
lish closer and stronger financial and
trade relations between the Cnlted States
nnn iaun Amerlei.
This spirit of optimum in the ftitiiro
economic relatlors of the Americas as
a result of the conference Is reflected
In cable correspondence between Presi
dent Wilson and the presidents ot th;
republics of Litln America.
Impressed with the outcome of the
conference. President Wilson cabled tho
President of each of tho eighteen coun
trle.s which participated In the meeting
expressing the appreciation of tho 1'nitei
States Government und his own thanks
for the materlnl aid lent to the sucees
of the conference by the distinguished
delegates from Latin America an 1
added :
"The patriotic nnd intelligent labors o'
this conference of leading men from our
sister republics of Central and South
America will, I feel assured, bear early
and ltnellcl.il fruits nnd lead to In',
creased mutual prosperity."
Enthusiastic replies wero received
from Presidents V. do la Plaza of Ar
gentina, lsmeel Monte of Hollvla, Wen.
eetdao Hraz P. Gomea of Urazll. ltamnn
Karros I.uco of Chile, I.eonidas l'lazi
of Ecuador, .Manuel Estradu Cabrera of
Guatemala, M. Honavldes of l'eru, V.
Mnrquez Kustlllos.
Court Keierves Decision ,,,, Motion
Alme-il nt Aiisieer,
Judgo Augustus N. Ilnnd of the t'nlted
States District Court reserved decision
yesterday on motion to strike out cer
tain lortlons of tho answer of tho de
fendants in the suit brought by Nikola
Teela to prove thnt he, not William
Marconi, was the inventor of wireless
Tho special paragraph In the Marconi
nnswer to which Tsla took exception
was In a letter In which It was nsertol
that Judgo Vnn Wohteu Veeder of tile
Federal District Court In Hmnklvn had
ruled In the patent litigation brought by
the -Marconi Wireless Telegraph Com.
pany of America against tho Natli.inl
Electric Signalling Company that tho
Marconi patents wete not nn Infringe
ment of tho Teel.i devices.
II una From City Line Ovcp lloiile
vard to HeicUnniiy 1'nrk,
A line of automobllo buses from the
city line along the boulevard In I-'.ir
Itockawny to Fifth avenue In Itockaway
Park was opened hy the Far Itockaway
Transportation Company, Inc., yester
day morning.
Tho buses havo accommodation for
thlrty-ono passengers, They are
equipped with pay as you enter' devices
and electric lights. No passengers will
be permitted to stand. The lino will be
operated day and night throughout the
Ilrltlah C'ensorshlii In Cntrr Ir
regular Joining nf Word,
Tho Commerrlnl Cabin Company
makes the following announcement :
"Tho llrltlsh censorship authm Ities re.
new notice that cnbleginms to or
through (Ireat Htltaln must be In plain
language or In autlinrizcd code. This
notlco relates to tin, Irregular Join
Ing of words. Words Joined together
are not plain language, nor are they
authorized code, and messages contain
ing such irregular compounds are liable
to detention by tho censor,"
Owners Ilespnfc MrArton's
tempt to l.ovive Purclinso
Stcnmsltlp owners nsserled c icrday
In reply to Secretary McAdoo s .rnmij
to tho cotton men of North 1 mn,
thnt the Washington Adnt.r, tr.it.o-
would revive the (lovernment srii,
purchase bill nt the next te ,
Congress, thnt there Is even U na, ,
now for tho bill tlinn when the Jf
stnrtcd n year ngo. They rami it a(.
count for tho Secretary's new ng t4.
Hon for tho scheme, they saj, exctpt
politics In connection with tbc sua.
men's law.
"Tho situation Is unchanged," si.j
Georgo S. Dearborn, president ef th
American-Hnwallan Steamship (Vjrn.
pany. "Thero is even less rem in n w,
if that Is possible, than tin ru wn 1,-i.t
yeur for tho passage of this b 'l Th(
Semite turned It down cold, and I tmtlir.
stand tho new leader of tho II ;is- !i
opposed to tho measure. Why Mr lie
Adoo Is engaging In nil this talk I do
not underBtnnd. Tho sentiment of u,4
country Is ngalnst the bill.
"Thero nro moro ships under lis
American ling now than a enr ago,
Ono hundred und fifty or thcrcabi uti
wero admitted before thu seam ti
stilled cntranco from that qu rkr.
Thero Is no scarcity of seri j Tu
na I know. Of course, freight r.ite i ,iri
higher, but you must rcmcmbi r thiM
nro war times. Thu passage ef tl4
bill would not ndd nuuther sh p to tha
American merchant marine, 11 .1
want to get Intei 11 contiimi l buy
ing somu of tliu Interned Mil n 1 .r
potts. All our ship jards aio ildui u.ii
"Of course, wc shall oppi tin- i-di ,
It ever comes up ngaln. The 1 ti n n, a
say they need ships. What ate 1 y
going to du with them when t y ge:
them.' The only placu the-) 1 i.ml 4
their e-otton would be to (.1e1m.11 a-1
England won't ulluw that. If w n.-.t
have an American merchant mar . .1 1
the country seems to want it, Lour i
merit ownership Is not tint w.iy .
qulro It. Let tho (luvenini-iit ,u :t
the conditions of cumpctitu 1 i d
private capital out of the M,.p,, .(,' n
dustry altogether by c-.up'., k ,t U
compete against the lot ti nine
Kistikllu D. -Moht-y, . e-pre. ,1, t !
thu New Votk and l'orto It. .1 p
Company and president of tiu Ann. .a
.Mc.im.-iliip Assucmtiun, s.i 1
"1 can't see why this ug.t.i .0 m
tinned. There aro 11101 e s .1
here, iiort- t-upi- etiga. A .. r 3
tiade 11. .(I more, under in. Am. r. 1. t' ,j
than ever before Ti.u te 1 ueti t ,1,
nowever, will prob.ib.y Mil. rig sty
transference. Hut pm., e.ipM. .j
ready and willing to .! p a r.fr
chant marine for ,1 perm , 1 .nt pia-e ua
the ocean If It can duvet,- w.ii t
elgneis on the same plane, and .t w )
dtubt loosm up in that die t n w .1
the fear of t!.c pas.-age of t.i.s bi . re
in. -veil. While it renia.iiM a met..i 0 ,
late eapit.il Mums to .-.vest. .11 I i
e.iii t b..iine it. The b.il is a n .i
danger to the shipping industr .Mi e
ships aro being bunt by Aineitcxi -tullsts
now for tin- eoastwiso tr.. I
It Is reasonable to suppose the - -1
are ready to invest too m fo- j . 1
if the conditions are reasun.e - 1
land and tiermany deeiipcil a a
murine not by eline-nnnc t . - j
but by e-ncouiaglng pr,au e ,p .... u
Vest lu the IlldustO."
I,. II. AVood Assert Organiza
tion stirs 1'i-ir.
L. llollingswoi th Wo.nl. s
the Aim.'! lean League to L i
menis, speaking l.t,.n. a
llave'ineyer Ha;:, Cmiiia. t t
yesterday afterno, n ui.-e : '
of the Common S- l.so Li k i-
bl.i, which is the univ . s . i
the Colh-Ro Anti-M.l.ti-.s: 1..
sued a general warning at 1
Ing to the preparedness pi
spreading In this cuntr). It 1
thu statements of tho m w A
fence Society, which api '- i :
puratlon papers on w , .1,1. s 1 ...
Alter charade! izmg to, A
fence Society .1 ,1 b nl 011. ,
culcnto fear ho tlen ,1 11, 11
Defence Soc!et.'s erit.i -in ,-
lean aviation corps, tiu subm..
and the coast de-fun-e II -r
testimony of naal an :
Congress during tint I. is s. k
statements by See: it ir 1
t.itlon. Aee-ording to v , .
said, a steady liu-ie.i-i- . ,
ties em 11 huge MM ,- w I .
policy and there w.!,- 1 t
marines ready or ' u ! t
"Listening to o:j..n ,ir -
stirring fear Is w.
"Women wlm offer tm- r .
as ho-qiltals lu urn i,-
a part of the propaga- I ,
"Why shmild we- ti 1 -ileinuuiy
would I,.- t.,
for the deteated e 11
and m il.e ,111 alt 11 i; ,
stain from .iie-ieax,. 1 1
milltnrv mono of n, .
could persuade Its p.
on tho ground that .
attack them Any 1 r
us would have to r. ',..,.
world "
Clll.H 1 Mut e me 111 , re
Chn-ges that the ni.ri 1 - f
nrni.ir ui.d war 11 ui.1'1 1 , . .i
c-'-lojiwil m-neinent !- 11.
till 'st govcrninert . r, n 1 1
Urishcu Walker, ptcinin- :
of Peace, lu a s'a.ein. t '
terd.iy :
"1 am convinced ' sn- "
"that the gi eat tr t, - . , 1
found etr.iordln.ii p:
b ittlevhlps, armor r
Pnlti-1 States nnd 1 : 11
nt work to foist npo
pie , great millt.tr 1
plan nf 'prepared-ie-militarism,
If added
control already evr,
later aeccnpH-i the
t '
ctat'e i le'iittt on"
"If there evi r wni
was neces.irj to iw.ik
tlie dangets of tin! I.n
1th ki many of tin- .e i
pathetic with tho inn re
fortunes, anxious in 1
sent or dmiouuce, this .'
"The nionetaiy enn
Stales by the nggn-g 1 .
trlng In New Yi il ,s :
lute. Directly cr n.dlie
ery portion of eeerj S'
I have isiteil nc-.i 1 1
the continent witht
and tnv studies i'h-'i-convlction
thai tb't 11
"1 f the wo Id is , . 1
from mtlitatlN'ii 1 1 v
civilization I'se f, t
America set! mi,' t ie r
Intentional, i. I.n, r.ue 1
place amour, tho bull, 04

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