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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, August 07, 1915, Image 1

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Leaders Discus Defence Problems.
Signed article! by Secretary of War Garri
son, Secretary of the' Navy Daniels and
others in THE SUN to-morrow.
An exhaustive treatment of
the nation's needs.
the Leather forecast.
Unsettled to-davfln to-morrow; prob-
ably locWAnowers to-day.
HiaBlmperature yesterday. 66; lowest, 59.
UeEBBWur ""J" $W iSarlnc rcportu on pago 11,
NEW YORK, SATURDAY, AUGUST 7, 1915. Copyright, 1916, by the Hun Printing and Publishing Association.
U. S. ami ABC Powers to
Beach People Through
Conferees to Meet in New
York Gen. Scott Sent on
Mission to Howler.
Washinoton, Aug. l. Having agreed
that a final peremptory summons ahull
be rent to representatives of nil political
group In Mexico to unite for the estab
lishment of n stable Government -lie
raii-Amerlcan conferenco adjourned
Jite this afternoon for a recess of 'sev
eral day. The conference will reas
semble In New York, probably some
time next week.
The appeal to the Mexicans will be
sent not only by the United States, but
by the six Governments whose represen
tatives conferred with Secretary Lan
Sine and Paul Fuller, the Administra
tion's unofficial adviser on Mexico. It
will be addressed not only to the lead
art of the principal warring factions, but
also to the Governors of the twenty
seven Mexican 8tates.
The purpose Is to make the summons
for cooperation one that will reach the
entire Mexican peoule, us nearly as pos
sible, for their action and decision,
rather than putting the question Bolely
before the factional military chlcftalna.
The Mexicans will be asked. In the
name of humanity, and for the salvation
of Mexico, to act so as to bring- to an
end the terrible conditions which In. four
jears have disrupted their country.
Further considerations of the problem
In .Mexico will be undertaken by the
conferees without waiting for responses
to this appeal. New York wan decided
on for the next session. It was eald to
day, to avoid the Intense heat of Wash
ington. (iaestlon of Financial.
The forthcoming rcmoyal..oJ!tbe.cn-
jtrenccs to atw lorK at once emphasized
the fact that when the United mates'
hts thrown tut support to some group In
.ucucu, iib is nuvr uuucipuiea, me ques
tion of finances will become even more
Imperative than that of military
It Is understood that the aid of Amer
ican financial Interests will be Involved
In tupport of whatever group of Mexi
cans Is ultimately selected to receive the
backing of the United States. It Is ex
pected that during the sittings In New
York the financial powers will be
sounded en this phase of the problem be
fore the consulting Governments.
1 tumors of a spilt among the con
ferees first as between the United States
representatives and the Latin Americans
themselves were circulated to-day, but
later were discredited.
It is a fact, however, that thcugh
the two da) s sessions of the conference
were linrnwnlous throughout and were
conducted with all present in substantial
sgreement thus fur, the deliberations have
not biought the paitlclpunts very far
from the orlglnul starting point, namely,
a unanimous conviction that something
must be dene to restore a stable govern
ment In Mexico. The only step fully
determined upon is that the factional
Uudcie In Mexico shall be given a last
opportunity to get together and choose
for themselves a new government to be
supported by all.
Tnu conclusion was reached In sub
Utue yesterday, and to-day's meeting
as taken up chiefly with a discussion of
hat may be done If the final summons
is not heeded by all the factions. In
other words, the conference found them
srUes up against the blunt fact that
Carranza undoubtedly will decline to
meet with Villa, Zapata and others
merely as a factional leader and that
it lll therefore be necessary to take
some alternative action to bring about
the common desire In spite of Carranza.
Iue of the Conference.
Thli question Is now the Issue before
the conferees and discussion of It Is to
t the main purpose of the next meeting.
It developed to-day there ta a dif
ference of opinion among the conferees
to what action would be most suitable
to meet the seemingly Inevitable fact of
Carrama's refusal to cooperate. The
alicusion to-day was maintained on
such an Informal basis that there was
occasion for any disagreement, but It
Jl.a develop that the conferees had vary
Ins views as to how the expected con
Urgency should be handled.
It Is agreed that some faction or group
"tner than that of Cnrranzu must re-
unlimited support, but Just how
into should lie done or how the other
Actions may best be consolidated for
uch purposes Is still an open question.
Meantime the situation was marked
JMav by desperate efforts; on the part
1 the Carranzlstas to present their chief
M his government In the most favor
"'e llsht. Realizing that among the
"nfereei at the Stat Department there
no one whom they may re
rii as an advocate of their cause,
'rranza'n counsel and agents were
" both here and In Vera Cruz, In
rutting forth Information calculated to
i-rovr lh,u Carranza has a government
almost undisputed control of the
ater part of Mexico: that he Is or
"fifing efficient relief measures and
"ministration In Mexico city, and that
it is only a question of a short time be
fore he win have brought all Mexico to
JMate of peace under his beneficent
The other Interesting development of
' day In Washington was the sending
Major-Gen. Hugh U Kcott, Chief of
of the Army, to the Mexican border,
"'will endeavor to restore to Its orlg
"I status the agreement he effected
t winter between Villa and Carranza
'"aers for the neutralization of Naco
'fd other border towns.
This agreement has been ruthlessly
violated In the last ten days at Nogales
il elsewhere, and It 'll hoped by the
AUnilulMratlon that Gen. Scott, by medi
atory efforts, will be able to restore the
original status quo.
It wat said authoritatively that, Gen.
Continued on TMrd raff.
Wasiiinoton, Aug. 6. Thb Sun presents herewith an aufhorttecl slnlemriil
by Gen. Carrama on the proposal to fcnrc Aim step aside and unite with other
Mexican leaders on a compromise candidate or proritlonal President o
Mexico, as Is to be suggested by the cottcrcnco between Secretary Lansing
and the representative! of the sir Latin American republics. The statement
of Carranta'i views has been laid before Secretary I, anting. Here it Is:
All these suggestions about a new and tmpartln! man to take my place
to call the elections emanate from tho enemies of the revolution or from
people who do not understand the situation. They assume that after the
military work Is completed all thAt Is left is to call the election.
All the reactionary elements would like to have It that way. If they
could Induce us to step Into this trap they would have a moro complete
victory over the revolution than If they had prevailed In the field.
Vital Work to Coma.
You must not overlook the fact that the Important, the vital work of the
revolution remains to be done after our armies are In undisputed control.
It Is then that we will promulgate the great reforms on our programme In
respect to equal and Just tnxatlon, homesteads for the people, popular edu
cation for the masses and others. ,
These reforms must be promulgated as "war measures" by military
decree In the first Instance by the chief of the revolutionary forces. This Is
our programme, and this Is the only way by which the people of Mexico have
ever obtained any substantial reforms.
This done, the election for Congress will be culled, and when the newly
elected Congress convenes, then, ns I stated In my proclamation, 1 will
submit to It for Its approval, mollification or rejection nil the laws which
have been decreed by me ns military chief.
The Congress will probably approve these reforms In substance. The
revolution will then be nt nn end. The Congress will be the chief power
of the nation and government under the Constitution will Immediately be
Will Render Hit Account.
In my.proclamntlon I said: "The national Congress having been convened
the FlrBt Chief of the revolution will render nn account to It of the use which
he has made of the faculties with which he has been Invested. He will very
specifically submit for Its consideration the reforms decreed and put Into
effect during the struggle so that Congress may ratify, amend or add to
them, nnd also such reforms as were enacted before the constitutional order
was restored may be elevated to the rank of constitutional precepts."
Thus the reforms of the revolution will be translated Into law. If the
same course had been followed by Mndcro, Mexico would have peace and
order at this time. The Congress will then order the Presidential election
under the operation of the Constitution, which will then be In full force by
Its own vigor.
Now you can understand the speclousness of these urgent pleas of the
reactionaries thut a member of the old Mudero Government bp agreed upon
to take my place. If this were done he would assume the executive power
under the Constitution in form at least, and If he did he could only act under
the Constitution.
Delay of Reforms.
He could not decree laws to carry out the reforms of the revolution, anil
the reactionaries would have the whole reform programme defeated, or at
least deferred to the uncertain or dilatory action of future Congresses, as
was the case with the Mudero movement. No, we must keep this work In
our hands until completed, whatever happens.
In respect to all other matteis we are not unyielding. Any citizen of
Mexico who In good faith has a suggestion to make for the welfare of the
country I and others concerned In the Government will gladly hear and
confer with hjm.
There has been no time when Villa or the commanders acting under him
could not have obtained a conference with Obregon or our other com
manders In a military way. We are ready to confer with any Mexican
element for the welfare of our common country, but we must not yield or "
throw to the winds the victory which now enables us to realize aims of the
E. B. Parsons, Secretary of
Lute Frederick Townsend
Martin, Arrested.
Trapped when he went to his wife's
anartments to propose nn agreement
and chased half a block and tackled In
true football fashion by Deputy Sheriff
Louis Zeltner when he tried to nvold
service of a court order on him. Kmest
Bryham Parsons, magazine writer and
rornisr secretary to the late Frederick
Townsend Martin, was arrested last
night and taken to lvudinw street Jail
for alleged failure to pay his wife back
alimony amounting to about 1140.
Parsons, It seems, had written to his
wife, who got 'a divorce and an order
for $10 a week alimony last November,
hegglng for a reconciliation. He haa
been unable to pay the weekly Instal
menU to his wife ever since the divorce,
he declares, and last June had It cut to
J3 a week. He went to her home nt
345 West Klfty-elghth street at 8:30
o'clock and there found Deputy Sheriff
t vain., with n rnurt order Issued
UIUI. ULIIMl. ......
by a Justice of the Supreme Court and
Israel Siegel, nis wiics iawcr. much
Zeltner served the order Parsons denied
hl identity, refused the service nnd
made a break for the street. He ran to
Eighth avenue with the trio at his heels.
Directly In front of nelsenwebei's
estaurant Deputy Sheriff Zeltner brought
him down, i lie fall quelled Parson's
spirit, for Zeltner weighs 23S pounds,
while Parsons tips the wales at 140.
The handcuffs were put on him and he
was taken to I.udlovv street Jail and In
itiated Into the "Alimony Club." He
............ -.1 nritnllleri Ills lileilt ltv. but
said that he had not thought the deputy
. . . . . Ul- .....!.-1. .
COUltl run so ihhi lur ma ncif.ui.
The Bcuffle In front of the restaurant
brought out a crowd of diners who
looked on wonderlngly.
R9nntur sSn Rnrnes Citn't ne
Ousted Without Proic resslrea Aid.
Albany, Aug. 6. Ex-Senator Fred
erick M. Davenport, who headed the
Progressive State ticket last jear, an
nounced to-night that he will enroll as
a Hepublloan this fall. He said In part:
"In New York the outstanding Issue
U the continuing In control of Karnes
and his backers. All that Progressives
have ever said and more htui been re
cently proved before the Syracuse Jury
and out of the mouth of that distin
guished Republican expert, Kllhu Hoot,
In the Constitutional Convention, who
said that the Government of the State
for years has been on a plane with that
of Venezuela.
The decent Republicans are hopeless
Irf their fight to oust Mr, Barnes from
his national committeeship and his grip
on the machine , unless the Progressive
who were formerly Republicans enroll
again tu aid In the accomplishment of
so, patriotic nnd fundamental a purpose.
"And my Judgment Is that the great
majority of Progressives will d pre
cisely that thing this year in the belief
that the Syracuse trial will make New
-York a great battle ground of iwlltlcal
principle In 1916."
HIS $30,000,000 BRIDE
Hifrid Trust Agreement- Made
by Late Father of Mrs.
Howard Spanieling, Jr.
Ciiicaoo, Aug. r. Although Hownrd
Spauldlng, Jr., has taken to himself n
$30,000,000 bride, he cannot collect one
cent of her Income even If she should
give him a written order for It or make
out an assignment In his favor. It Is
no nominated In the bond. He may,
however, come Into possession of the
entire estnte through the last will and
testament of his wife. .
Such are the provisions of the trust
agreement entered into by John H. Bar
ker, the wealthy car manufacturer, and
the First Trust nnd Savings Hunk of
Chicago on December 1, 1H10, three dajs
before .Mr. Barkei's death. The bank
Is the second party to the agreement.
It Is as president of tho bank, It ap
pears, that James H. Forxan became the
guardian of the daughter, Catherine,
who now Is Mrs. Howard Spauldlng, Jr.
It Is declared to be as clear as lan
guage can make It that .Mr. Darker In
tended that his duughter should have
the bulk of his vast estate and threw
about the trust eveiy possible safeguard
to insure payment to her. No limitation
of any kind is placed on the disposition
of the property after It passes Into her
Valued at $30,000,000 nt the time the
trust agreement was made, it Is estl
muted the estate will hove reached $40,
000,000 when Mrs. Spauldlng becomes
26 years old seven year.-4 hence. At S
per cent, the annual Income will be
$2,000,000, and Mrs. Spauldlng then will
be entitled to It all, except the small
amount required to pay annuities es
tablished by her father.
The trust deed was found yesterday
nmong the Inheritance tax papers uf
the estate in the Probate Couit here.
Unsuccessful senrches hud been made
among the files In I.aporte, Intl., nnd In
Petoskey. Mich., where the Barker
homes nre.
No I.eKnl l.lnilt on Man Under
Ills Vine a ml F; Tree.
Any man has a blanked dashed right
to do all the blanked dashed cussln' he
! wants to do In Ills own blanked dashed
home. Plain or even fancy profanity
may properly be Included among the
comforts of home and nobody can do a
blanked dashed thing to stop It,
Anyway, that was the ruling and In
terpretation of law made yesterday 'by
Magistrate Fitch in the Jamaica police
court, when Mrs. May K. Amato of
Annahurst, near Hook Creek, Jamaica
Bay, had William Autenrelth arrested
for swearing he wouldn't move from a
house he had rented froirr her husband
until he got blanked dashed ready, dash
But the MaMratV aald iso that
one's legal rights gave one an Inalien
able privilege to burst Into sublimated
conversation If one kept off thf street or
out of public places. Tho Magistrate
added that It all depended on whether
a wife would Htand for such daubed
conduct. R So Mr. Autenrelth -went five.
Prison Hoard Also Urges lie
tirenient of Warden
Patrick Hayes.
Commission Finds Indifference
to Welfare of Prisoners
at Penitentiary.
Aibant. Aug. B. The retirement of
Wnrden Patrick Hayes of the Black
well's Island penitentiary Is recom
mended by the f-tatc Prison Commission
ns n result of the recent Investigation
of that Institution.
Hegnrding Knthnrlue It. Davis, Com
missioner of Corrections, the report finds
she "Is directly responsible for the ad
ministration of the New York penitenti
ary at Hlackwell'H Island and has shown
nt this Institution neglect of sanitary
precautions and tndlfferenco to the phys
ical, mental and moral welfare of the
prisoners." There Is no recommenda
tion that Commissioned Davis be re
moved. Henry Solomon, the president of the
State Prison Commission, and Illchard
M. Hurd, Sarah L. Davenport, Leon C.
Welnstock and James T. Murph). four
of the six other commissioners, agree ,
wun xne nniiuigs or me cuniiinssiuii imu
so does Commissioner Frank K. Wade,
except that he does not believe that
. . ...... . II. r
commissioner uavn reruns....
, the faults of administration, "as appears
. . .
by her testimony at the investigation.
Commend the Warden.
Commissioner Hudolph F. Dledllng
agrees generally with the report, but
commends Warden Hayes as a capable
prison official and Insists he should not
be removed. Commissioner Dledllng
i says the defects In management "are
attributable to Commissioner Davis
rainer man to tne waruen, as wie insw- . . . ..,. , ,,.. ,h ,im i,
' tutlon U under the direct administration j 11 wn" l'"llcntcd to-da that the. time is
of the Commissioner, who has sulllclent approaching when the Administration
power to correct all abuses, such power , al Washington must give him some in
extending to the rlghl of removal of structlons as to policy on the political
all oltlclals. Including the warden." side of the problem.
In It Investigation the commission It has been announced In Port an
did not lay slrecs upon the bad physical! Prince that the Haytlan Congress will
conditions existing at the penitentiary meet on Sunday to elect a President. It
.,v.,,t n. KnU fop rernnune nillni U not at alt certain that the Admlnls-
i amelioration by changes In ndmlnlstra-.
tlon In view of the prospective removal
' of the penitentiary. t
I The administration of the penitentiary
is "too severe, harsh and repressive,"
In the opinion of the prison commission.
and this is the main reason why the re
tlrement of Warden Hayes la reeom-
"Over 1,000 prisoners are confined two townrd the organization or a new v.ov
In a cell, with only buckets for toilet eminent. Decision In this matter waits
purposes, ami with an ulr space of about on Instructions from the President.
ISO cubic feet, which Is n grave menace Admiral Caperton reported to-day
to health." finds the cummlsslon, which that his peace comm'ssloners nre return
recommends that doubling up 111 a single , Ing from Cape Haytlen on the collier
cell be done away with by the use of-Jason. Dr. Holio. the rebel leader, and
cots In the corridors. This would end i llouamnnd, another leader, are with the
the doubling up of healthy prisoners commission, as Admiral Caperton In
with those having tuberculosis and con. structed. Gen Illot. the ilv.il leader,
tnglous diseases, which the commission has lied to Santo Domingo. SlNteen
found common nmong the prlsoncm. . s'sters of the Order of St. Josephine are
Tho separation of tubercular and other also being given passage on the Jason
diseased prisoners while eating and to Port au Prince.
working also Is recommended nnd the At Port au Prince the American
transfer to Hart's or Hiker's Island of forces have occupied alt the forts over
tubercular prisoner, those not trans-j looking the city and also the Haytlan
ferred to be kept In cells and to be sup- barracks. .No leslstance was eiiiouu
piled with a special diet. tertd In making these occupations. Con-
"Prison guards on various occasions ' sldcruble quantities of ammunition were
have struck prisoners with clubs and discovered In Fort National. These sup
with their fists," says the report, "and pi es have been taken over by the Ameil
on two occasions a hose of about fifty ' can forces.
pound pressure was. played upon plis- t'ol. Cole, commanding the marine ile
oners who were making a disturbance taclmient. has been given full charge of
In their cells." ' the military situation ashore, while dpt.
, Beach of the Washington Is In full
Too 3lueh Confinement. . charge of all matters pertaining to
All prisoners are confined In cells r1"??!?;
holidays and sixty hours when U" tne "atl'"8-
a nouaay immediately precedes or I
follows a Sunday, except for meals and ,
attendance nt religious serv'ces. They
also are confined in the cells from one
hour to one hour and a half each work
ing day after the noon meal. The com
mission recommends that they bo nllowed
In the corridors or In nn exercise yard
after the noon meal and that visiting
hours be changed to Saturday after
noon and Huiulay.
The commission recommends that the
"cooler" prisoners be nllowed half a n,,ytian
loaf of bread twice a day Insteid of '.rhe j-.itloii.il Palace and the ottlce of
two slices, and all the water they de- the IK)rt wfre the last places held by
sire, and that thty be ajlowed to wash Haitians, and these are now In p ses
nnd exercise In the punishment corridor. B0I1 of t,e Americans.
The commission also recommends that -pile President of the Senate In the
confinement In the cooler be limited to mmr f the nation cabled to-day Solon
five days und that loss of privileges and , jieno. llnMian Minister to the I'nlted
of commutation be graded In accordance .states, a new protest against the Amor
with the offence, and points out that cnn occupation. The diplomatic body
"the aim of punishment should not be I j,rt consular agents have been notified
to break the spirit of tho prisoners." 1 ,im, 0u), k. cole, V. S, M, l' com
"The administration of the penltcn- ,,M,iier of the Amcucm expedltlonaiy
tlary should realize that Ita full duty forces. Is charged with the maintenance
Is not done where prisoners are simply of older and the safeguarding of life
kept from .escaping and live the usual ' ,iU proper! v.
roulllie prison life," says the coiiiiiiIh-i The American battleship Connecticut
s'on, "but that systematic and sympa-1 m landed men at Cape Haytlan. Tho
thetlc efforts should be made for the American authorities have taken con
physical, mental nnd moral Improve-' trol, and Ameilcan marines are disarm
ment of the prisoners to the end that 111 gibe people. ItevolutlJiilsts have been
they may Isiue iroin tho penitentiary oidered not to enter the city limits,
better men." i Acting upon irders from the Amerl-
Tbe commission iccoinniends that can authorities sun revolutionary soldiers
prisoners be supplied with night shirts, to-day sailed from Cape Hn.vtlnn to
sheets and underclothing, and that they Pott au Prince on the despatch boat
be permitted to receive dally newspapers i Nird Alexis The forces sllll faithful
buy toilet articles nnd have famllv trim,
tographs and pictures
of u proper
character" In their cells.
At present no Indoor recreation la
allowed, except at occasional concerts,
and It Is recommended that the school be
better developed and technical and
higher Instruction be provided, possibly
by Inmate teachers; that entertainment
of an educational and reformative char
acter be provided during occasional
evenings and that prisoners be allowed
to play musical Instruments In their
Commissioner Katharine B. Davis re
fused last night to make any answer to
the criticisms of the State Prison Com
mission. "After I have seen and read the
report In full I will protubly say some
thing, but until then I won't discuss
It at all," she said. She declined tc
see copies of the Albany despatches, pre
ferring to wait until the printed report
Is sent to har.
Warden Hayes of Black well's Island Is
now on his vacation and Ignorance of his
present whereabout was professed at
his office.
Cruiser Tennessee Will Act as
Transport and Strengthen
Caperton's Fleet.
U. S. May Take. Steps to Put
Off Election of Presi
dent, on Sunday.
Wasiiinoton, Aug. Ii. At the request
of Hear Admlr.il Capcrton. commanding
the American forces operating In llaytl,
60 additional marines wilt lie sent to
Port nu Prince nt once. This will make
n total of 1.500 marines In lliiytl.
This force will leave early next week
from Philadelphia under command of
Col. I,. W. T. Waller, one of the most
experienced and able officers of the
Marine Corps. They will go on the nr
mored cruiser Tennessee, which Is now
coaling nt New York. It Is likely that
the Tennessee will remain In Haytlan
waters some time, as Admiral Capcrton
must spilt his force Into several de
tachments and needs a number of ves
sels for transports and to observe the
situation in various const cities of llaytl.
Hear Admiral Caperton'H latest report
says that there bus been no further ills
lurbnnce , any of hc Z(nrs of AmcrU
can control. Yesterday, on news of nn
outbreak at Gonalvcs. one of the prln-
I nil,
pal Hirts of llaytl. tho Admiral sent
Ule tllB Qsceola to the cnc with a small
I detachment.
q) tho Ofcooa wl ()(,
' landed to protect the custom house at
! Oonnlves. if necessary It Is expected
j that this port will be taken over Just
, as Port au Prince ami Cape Haytlen
have been occupied by the American
While Admiral Caperton Is rapidly
, strengthening his bold on the situation.
tratlon will consider It desirable that a
new President lie chosen Just nt this
time, and !t Is possible that It will de
cide that steps be taken to postiKine this
action by the Haytlans.
It Is frit that pending decision as
to the Washington programme It would
Iw rather unfortunate for the Haytlans
tu be- permitted to proceed too far
V, . Furees el.e Purl nrllce nnd
.Nnllounl Palnee.
Port r Prince, llaytl, Aug. r,. in
skirmishes over possession or the olllce
of the pvrt, the National Palace and the
Haytlan gunboat P.iclfique to-day Amer
' lean marines opened lire and killed one
to the late President Gulllaume hive
taken refuge nt i-.vccne
Ilrrvrrr's Son Iteliirned to llenllli
Farm" I If 1 llritnnl I'nld.
Babylon, L. I., Aug, fi. Hurry Ellns,
the nineteen-yar-old son of the late
Henry Ellas, a wealthy brewer of New
York city, who disappeared during tha
storm of Tuesday night from a "health
farm" here, was fouml last night at
His shabby appearance, attracted at
tention. When he begged a cigarette
from a man near the railroad station
several persons standing on the platform
Identified him from pictures published
In newspn pers.
Sheriff Holmes took him In his auto
mobile to Babylon, Ills mother, Mrs.
Katherlne Ellas, had horn Informed by
telephone that her son had been found.
When he arrived he told Ills mother that
be had had a good time.. He said hd
enjoyed IiIm eighteen mile walk through
the fields. Tho $100 iV-vvard offered for
young EllaB'a return Ij tho "limit It
farm" was paid over Sheriff Holmes.
Britain Is Likely to Bay
Alt U. S. Export Cotton
Government Is Giving Favorable Attention to Scheme
in Effort to Safeguard American Interests and
Those of European Neutrals.
Kvrrial Vnhlr Daixiteh to Tub Six.
London, Aug. . Although no olllclal
confirmation can be obtained until the
situation has developed further TllK
Hun correspondent Is able to state upon
the highest authority that the sugges
tion that Great llrltiiln nnd the Allies
puruhns alt American cotton uvnllahle
for export Is being favorably considered
by the llrltlsh Government. Inquiries
made In the lust Informed quarters show
beonr doubt that of all the solutions
proposed with regard to the cotton prob
lem this Is In the present circumstances
the most likely to be put Into effect.
The situation Is to-day admittedly so
complicated that llrltlsh Minister, re
fuse to commit themselves, but an un
Impeachable authority on the cotton
question, especially ns It affects Inter
national law. tells the correspondent of
Tilt: Hun that the attitude of the Hrltlsh
Government may be summed up In this
way :
"The fundamental point to remember
Is that It is of vital Importance to this
countiy to keep cotton out of Gerinanv
ami Austria, for It seems to us ns much
n part uf ammunition for the enemy as
does con rnttmi r, iu ....it- ...... i....
U ...... ,-. ,i,nr Hue llltlfc
cotton can be put to many peaceful
ui,w i iuiiie iii i ne greatest authori
ties have shown that cotton Is as essen
tial In modern warfare us guns.
i:entU War Munition.
"Tlnrefore we are bound. If It Is
lawfully possible, to keep cotton from
German and Austria. We are firmly
convinced that we ale entitled upon the
broad nrinrlnieu r ii,..r,.r,,i......i i-
, regard It ns nn essential war munition.
Once that Is admitted the question us to
how to do It really is only a question of
I the method.
"A good deal may be said for and
iiainsi conir.iD.inq policy, but funiia
nientitlly vvh.itiver plan Is adopted we
vniuioi avoiu a certain amount of In
jury to neutral Interests, however de
sirous we are of meeting the views of
neutral Governments.
'Once an agreement Is reached be
tween the American Interests and our.
m;Ivs we shall be only too anxious to
adopt a method nnd conditions which
would millet the least Injury upon
American Interests."
The above statement, coming as It
does from a most trustworthy source.
Is of utmost importance In that It shows
, lh.tt.the Hrltlsh Government, while ad
hering to the contention that It has
Explosive Was Concealed on
Hun rd ItYforc She Left
This Port.
Two days before the White Star steam
I ship Arabic Mill.d from this port for
l Liverpool on July 2. seaichcis of the
liner found hidden In a loom on deck
H two sticks of djnamlti! In what In
spector Owen K.iu.in described as an
'advanced statu of deterioration nnd
therefore easily exploslble. The dyna
mite was destroyed In the city's
laboratory. The Inspector said It was
so dangtrous that It might have In en
exploded by the Jar or n closing door.
Pier Superintendent Wright admitted
( csterday that the dynamite had been
found ns icported by the police. It Is
believed the man who put the explo
sive In the ship had the hope of blow
' Itig up a large cargo iff munitions and
Incidentally several Americans who were
i passengers. Among the munitions weie
1 l,(i(ii) cases uf cartridges, thousands of
' unloaded shells, lu6 nutomnbllcH and
fifty-nine aeroplanes.
The Arabic airlveil yesterday after
noon nt Liverpool In shipshape and
' with all hands well.
Fronds Joseph litis Set ere 4'hlll
Heir railed From Front.
.speriat CaMe )f;.irpi tn Tub Sex,
Vienna, via Amsterdam, Auk, ii. Em
peror Frauds Jo.-epli, nfter a ery severe
chill, Is confined to his bed at the Castle
of Selioenbrunn. Archduke Charles
Francis Joseph, heir to the throne, has
been culled from the front. The condi
tion of the Emperor la not alarming nnd
the physicians do not think they are
warranted In Issuing bulletins.
11(1,01)1) Men Dully tu lie Hushed tu
the Western Front.
Special Calilr le$ontch to TllK Scn,
Losno.v, Aug, 6 The Daily Mail's
Copenhagen correspondent learns from
Berlin that ns a consequence of the fall
of Warsaw, German Is preparing to
icmove '.10,000 men dally from the east
ern to the western front.
About a million men wilt be thus
transferred within a few weeks, he says.
t.i y s,
tin to 1 Thai Wnr Will End With
in Tim Venrs.
Special Vnlile Iiespnlch to Tor Sun,
Loni'ON, Aug, ii. Considerable busi
ness was done In Ixmdon to-day In
IusuiIiik with reference to peace. Four
guineas per cent, and later five guineas
were charged to cover total loss In the
event that peace la not declared bctaeeu
Great Britain and Germany by Sep-
tember 3ii, 117,
Itnccnt quotations on Lrojd's Insurance
policies rcgiiiillug the end of tho war
were nfi follows:
For peace by August 31, lain, 90
guineas per. cent, s for peice by January
31, 1 01 fi, 45 guineas per cent., and for
peace by December II, 101, only 8
guineas per cent,
the legal right to prevent cotton from
reaching Kngbuid's enemy, admits Ihn
American point of view, th.it the real
illlllculty Is the method to lie emplojed
In keeping the cotton supply from reach
ing Germany.
To Aiold .riilrnl Injury.
Tun Hp.v'r correspondent Is In n posi
tion to state definitely that the miilii ,
reason why no action has been taken,
In the matter, despltn the loud outcry for ,
making cotton contraband, H the desire i
of the llrltlsh Ministers to avoid ns fur ,
as po-tlble Injury to neutral Interests. !
The obstacle Is the Immediate adop
tion of a plan to purchase the American J
supply. It Is the desire of the llrltlsh
authorities to avoid placing further bur.
dens on the Kuropean neutrals. '
Holland nnd Scandinavia need Ameri
can cotton and will bo greatly hiindl- ,
capped If the entire export supply goes
to the Allien. The question Is: Can
Great Hrlluln and the I'nlted Mates
reach an agreement that will bo Mitls
fnctory both to the Allies and to the
other neutrals and ut the same time
meet the requirements of American busi
ness and financial Interests'.'
"Speotntne" iirotrs Helienir,
The Spectator supports the suggestion
of the Times with regard to the poslh!e
purchase of the American cotton export
supply. It sas that the cost l not pro
hibitive anil would do much to prevent
friction not only with the I'nlted Stntes
but nlo with the rmaller neutral coun
tries. The Saltan, another weekly Journal,
advocates making cotton contraband and
the taking of measures to stabilize prices.
Any other course, the paper suggests,
might be risky, while the stopping of the
enemy's cotton would Justify financial
rlks. The .Vofon opposes the sugges
tion of putting Germany's neutral neigh
bors on rations and declares that the
present Hrltlsh method is the vvrorg way
to achieve the right end.
German I'llliuix uf Supply tu III-,
elude Kven t'ndervt eiir.
bprcittl Corretpuitdence ta Tnz 9t. 1
ItKitl.lN. via Amsterdam. July 20. Tho
official Wotff Telegraph Hureau an
nounced to-day that about the end of
July tho army administration will order :
a nationwide canvass of the German
cotton supply. '
The canvass will Include a complete I
Inventory of cotton underwear. '
Premier Snys Territory Won
Will lie Held No .Mailer WhaT
Entente Powers Offer.
ipmnl Cithle lietpatcli In Tin: Sr.v.
Lo.sriiis', Aug. H. A news agency des
patch form Athens rerclvod to-night
summarizes the proem political attl-
I tude of Greece as e.prescd In Interviews
with national leadeis, Including Premier
liounarls. It says that the position of
Greece Is characterized by a benevolent
.neutrality toward the Quadruple En-
teme, iiiiermineii upon the loyal ful
filment uf every obligation toward Ser
bia, with whom Crei-ce Is now allied.
This can never be consistent with the
cession of any Greek territory to Bul
garia, either In consideration of Itulcarl.i
I fighting with the Allies or of tenltory
In Asia .Minor being granted to Greece.
, Popular sentiment has never functioned
the ceding of territory won In the Bal
kan wars, which were wars of Jlheiatlon.
i The Entente might demand that Greece
participate In the war with her army
or her Heet, but that she sacrifice the
liberty of a portion of her subjects Is
an Idea the Gieek Government cannot
possibly entertain,
Greece's policy of neutrality Is the
only one the Government feels mut be
maintained unless future developments
should necessitate a change In the Inter
ests of Hellenism as a whole.
Allies' .Minister Mnl.e llepresen- '
tiillous Thrniiuli S.-rhln,
Nisi!, Aug, (!. -Colli ctne representa
tions have bei u made tu Nikola P.ish
Itch, the Serbian Premier, by the Minis
ters of Great Britain, Itussla. France
and Italy with a view to bringing about
a Balkan ugnemeut by which Bulgaria,
Humanla and Greece would enter the
war on the side of the Allies. ,
The .Ministers' r presentations are
ilcscrlb'd as "of the filendllct charac
ter" In an olllclul communication IsmiciI
here tn.day, which Hilda that they weie!
made "In the bop,, of avoiding friction
between the Balkan States and estaii- ,
llshlng an entente bftween them, thus,
bringing nearei the final success of tho
AIIUs." '
Allies Seek In Giiln Territory fori
Special Catile fletpatch to Tiir Si's ,
IiNPon, Aug. 7 The Daily Mail n. '
terprets the entente representation to ,
Serbia as directed to persuading Serbia i
to cede tn Bulgaria that part of Mace,
donlii mainly peopled by Bulg.ulnns,
This Is Bulgaria's chief demand pre
liminary to Joining the Allies,
l.nrRi- (luiilitttleH Seised nt I, oris
by liMiiillnur Army,
Special Cable Henpaleh f Tnr Sr,
Amhtkhham, Aug, fi. It Is leported
that tho Germans have seined great
quantities of copper at Lodz, which they
are hendlng to Konlgsbetg, Lodz Is re
garded hm the Pittsburg of Poland, and
hIiico Its occupation by the Germans they
have been wot king Its mills nnd factories
with l'olUli and German workmen.
Pontoons. Floated Down
Vistula al Xirln, ld to
Effect Envelopment.
(rent Fortress to North
west of Warsaw Seems
to He Invested.
Kovno Evacuated in Face of
German Advance, Copon
haren Hears.
Special rat,le iftir, t Tin: Si v.
Loniion, Aug. fi, Ivaugoriiil. the Vis
tula fortress protecting Warsaw from
the south, has fallen to the Austro
Germans, but the main bodies of the
KiisI.ui armies have eluded the net of
tin- Invaders.
Von Buibuv. Von Gallwit. and Field
Marshal von Hlndcnhiirg himself In the
noith Iiuvu not jet reached the War-savv-Petrograd
railway, which would
have cut off the ritre.it, anil Von Mack
ensen and the Archduke Joseph Ferdi
nand In the south could not get up to
the Moscow line In time.
While the German are in Warsaw
they are not .vet undisputed masters of
nil the near by territory. The- great
fortress of Novo Ceorglevsk. only nine,
teen miles northeast of the city, at tho
eonfiueiae of the Vistula and the Nurew,
still holds out and Is puparlng for a
siege. Lotnz.i. (Jssoivleu and Sennit,
nt the Junction of the Hug and the
Narevv, still stand, The capture of these,
fortified points will take huge forces,
of artillery and men und will require
The hotly Mall i epondetit at
Copenhagen learns flom lleilln th.it the
ltusians an- busily pieparliig for the
evacuation of Kovnu, to the south of
which Gen. cn Bucluw's army I driv
ing toward the east. It Is said Hut the
Governor lias already leniovril his olllce
and the stuff tu Novo Alexainlrovsk.
whllu the blanch of the lmpeilal Bank
has been removed tu Wllna.
Durdig the week, the despatch con
tinues, the whole population has bien
leaving Kovno. Tim icinoval of the
wounded I proarcsslng rapidly.
Despatches tioni Berlin su that the
in my of the Crow n Prince Leopold found
the lit) and foils of Warsaw Intuit,
while the Itussians had Miccecdcd in le
moving all gnus nnd munitions from th
Alexandcr citadel ami they had carried
uivay all Its stuns.
Theie Is nn undeietirient uf dissat
isfaction In tin; lejouing In Germany
over the fact that mi few pilsoners and
so little loot have fallen into the hands
of their armies. This 13 only the pop
ular feeling, .Military c.icrtn do not
appear to ngrte with It. The foits of
Ivangoiod, on the other hand, appear tu
have been destroyed by the Ku.--iii.ins be
forn they retriatcd.
Leopold tu He Gut i-riittr.
Prince Leopold of Bavaria, tu whose
iirmy was neenrded the relatively easy
task of the actual occupation, will be
come the military Governor, It Is said.
In refeieiici- to him the German news
ugencbs Hay to-day that while the hi
ier of the Allies ale felicitating each
other, tills veteran of the war of lMjfi
and J 1 T 0 is 111 the field.
The in w Inei'li nt of the war to-day
Is the c.iptuie of Ivangoroil, which was
expecti d. A wiieless despat. h flom llei
lln tn-tilght says that Gen mi W-iyrsch
w-iii the c ty b a very shrewd strata
gem He niasnil his troops and pontoon
bridge matci in! and train opposite Novo
Alexandila on the Vistula. This town
it. to the south of l iiigoruil, but as
the Vistula fi.uvs to tin- north they weie
tu travrl with the cnuent
The demonstration nt Novo Ali.andni
caused the Itussians to throw their best
tloops and receives Into the latter town
to defend it. When-iipon at night twenty
heavy pontoon trains, all covered with
straw and loaded down with t:oops,
llo. ili il down the stream. At Ivanguiod
the englpeem speedily threw their pon
toon bildge across the liver and tho
bulk of the troops, who had marched
down sticam. iti'hid aetoss on four
bildges and eiicluieil the town, tutting
olf the lallway to Warsaw.
Theie was no hope for the town their,
after, for, aivonlliig tn Petingiad des
patches, Its buck forts could not hope
to withstand a bomb irdmeui fiom the
modern giant guns It Is not stated
whither many llu-slans were caiituird,
but It Is asserted that all food and mu
nitions had been moved out of the town
dining the d i)s immediately pn ceding
the attack
I n v est lilt-ii t I uilleiiled.
The German operations of the Inst
twenty-four bonis with the exception of
those at Ivanguiod have shown nothing
t-lgnltli'iinl. The operation In Courland
continue, with the Gcinians still moving
toward Dvlnsk, and Itlga preparing for
the worst. Tlin Investment of Ncwo
Geurglevsk Is Indicated In the opera
tions of the northern forces, but there
Is no word that the Petrograd railway
Is et cut Tim statement savs;
In I'ouilund, In the vicinity of Popel,
northeast of Pnulwrosl, abd near
Kowarsk and Kurkle, northeast of
WilkomleriE, cavalry fighting took
place, and went in our favor,
on tlin Nurew front, south if
Lomzu, In &plte uf stubborn resist-

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