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THE SUN, MONDAY, AUGUST 9, 1915.
MONDAY, AI'Gl'ST 0, 1015. Entered at the Pott omce at New Tork a Second Clan Mall Matter. Subscriptions bf Malt) l'oatpaJd, DAILY, Per Month $ M DAILY, rer Yenr no HUN DAY, Per Month (l HUNDAY (to Canada), Per Month,.., M SUNDAY, Per Year .10 DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Year.,.. HO DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Month... IS Koaciux Haiti. DAILY. Par Month 1 HUNDAY, Per Month M DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Month... 1 WO THE KVKNINO SUN, Per Month 5 TUB KVENINU PX'N, Per Year 2 50 THE EVKNINU aUNtKorelmi.Par.Mo. 1 t- All cheeki, money orders, As., to te BiaJe payable to Tut St.". Published dally, Including Sunday, by thi un Printing and Publishing Association at 3 Naaiau atreet, In the lierouih ot Man hattan, New York. President and Treaa urer, William C Itelek. 150 Nassau meet) vice-Prtaldent, Urtward P. Mitchell, lto Natiau atreetj Secretary, C, E. Luaton, 150 Nanau atreet. Headers of Tn Acs leaving town for the ummer montha can have the dally and Sunday and evening- editions delivered to them In any jiart of this country or hu. rope on the terms atated above. Addreessa chanced aa often ai deilred. Order through nawadealer or directly of Publication Of Met, telephone ::00 Iteekman. London offlee. Effingham llouie, 1 Arun del atreet, Strand. Parla offlca, ltue da la Mlchodlere. oft Rue du Quatra Feptembre. Washington olhce, Hlbbs nulldlng. Brooklyn omce, 106 Uvlngiton street. our frlenit who favor mi irlfA maeu tcripti and IlluHratloni or puhllcatton to nave rtlttttd arttclr returned then mutt in alt nun und ilwii'i tor that tmrpoie. Port snd Starboard Patriotism. Dr. C. J. Hkxauer of rhlladplpula, who Is Gerniiiu ou the !rt mul Amer ican on tho starboard side of his hyphen nnd who has been presiding over hyphenated Oolngs on u lari:e rtcnle out lu Sun Francisco, confessed in an address that lie is not proud of bia country thai Is of his starboard country. It Is because of the war munitions commerce. "A nation," sulci tho excellent Herr Doctor, speaking for port as opposed to starboard patriotism, "which prays for peace on Sundays and supplies Kngland with arms and ammunition 11 the rest of the week Is, to say the least, hypocritical." Thlsispretty severe, but not one whit too severe on a nation neutral that would sell arms to a nation belliger ent, even with or without a weekly day off for prayer. Of course not an ounce of explosives or a weapon of any sort has been sold by the United States to Kngland or any other of the countries at war. On the con trary, very rigid measures have been taken to prevent so much as one of our discarded Krae rifles reaching the belligerents. American merchants and manufacturers, on the other hand, have been doing and are likely to continue doing a roaring business In evlllng war munitions- to first comers on the market, n business from which many of Dr. Hlxamlb's sagacious fellow hyphenates have no doubt made substantial profits by judicious attention to the stock markets. All this, It should be hardly necessary to My, is quite another matter from .1 nation engaging In such t radio. Of course Dr. IIexamer knows this, and that makes It nil the more regrettable that bis looseness of language should contribute to the already too great confusion of thought on an extremely Irritating topic. But perhaps Dr. Hexami.r's own mental' lucidity may temporarily leave something to be desired in the stress of these exciting days. For Instance. In the same address he says: "From the way most war reports read wo might Just as well tear up the Dec laration of Independence and become loyal subjects of King George." Not a bit of It, not u bit of It, Hen Doctor. Wo got through with King Georges for good and all many' n year ago, and all the vast supplies of not only munitions but of men as well our last George was able to buy so freely on the continent f Kurope for our destruction here at home were not sufficiently potent te keep us his loyal subjects. It really is to be feared that the excellent Herr Doctor's port boiler Is little overheated. The. Bells of War. The.great bell of the Cathedral of fit. Stephen, Vienna, cast from cap tured Turkish cannons more than two centuries ago, is to return to war s an Austrian "skoda," a 4'J centl meter mortar, big calibre shells or shrapnel. The church has given this treasure to be melted up as part of the war metal collection. Here is another of the reversions t former times that the war has dis closed; to the days when he who com tqanded the bell commanded the town, when the conqueror Melted down bells for ammunition or the conquered saw his cannons cast into bells. Hells have had a great part 1n war, they have summoned soldiers to arms, and they have rung over triumph and defeat. The old bells of Chester Cathedral rang tho victory of Trafalgar and the death of Nelson, "after every peal a single booming note of grief." An other old English bell, cracked uuder the strain of Waterloo rejoicing, was recast and relnscrlbed, "I rang tho downfall of rtuonnparte, and broke." Some of the famous French bells were melted down for gun metal In the Revolution. Many of the bells of Belgium, renowned as a land of hells and where were tho finest prod ucts of the art In its prime, havo al ready met the fate of the tocsin of Kt. Stephen. Old "Itnland," tho bil of Ghent, that sounded only vlclnry, nnd the 000 year old "llnnidn" of Antwerp, proclaimed neither their rlty's danger nor fall. The Great Growler, "die grnsse Bruninierln." of St. Stephen weigh only seventeen tons, not much when II Is remembered that if Itussla too U ' (1 . . r. . 1 . 1 , 1 . . . . no iv uiuii uii uer ueiis uuo con u And In Moscow one that weighs 180 tons and another 12S tons. Old St. Stephen's bell In times past could have made n small battery of Artil lery. To-day It would furnish only a third of the material of n 42 centi meter mortar, and as the shell used In this monster gun is five feet long nnd weighs three-quarters of n ton. It would not even go far as Ammu nition. "These shells." It Is said, "kill every one within 150 yards and many further off"; rifle barrels melt as If struck by lightning; men who dis appear In such explosion "nre re ported ns missing, as there Is no proof of their death." The old bell comes down to woful bus-Incus from the tower where it has so long pealed only peace. Benjamin F. Tracy. More than sixty years of useful ncss the late Benjamin F. Tracy iiavo In nn unsclllsh spirit to bi country. This generation has to be, told that he was a pioneer of the lie-1 publican party In New York. As Dis trict Attorney in Tioga county lnj 18.M, being then n young man of -I, ( he promoted the first mass meeting to elect delegates to the convention at which the ltcpubllcan party In this State was organized. The orator of the Tioga gathering was David Wil mot of Pennsylvania, author of the famous proviso. Young Tracy drove forty miles in a buggy to invite him tvj speak. Of Wilmot General Tracy said long afterward; "He was a tine man, very serious and sincere, nt particularly humorous, but Just adapted to reach tho convictions of our people." The description would havo fitted Benjamin F. Tracy him self during all his public service. He came of the hardy, enduring Ameri can stock that took Its politics seri ously, and, loyal to its convictions, was ever ready to tight In the Iat ditch for them. It Is not surprising that the "Whig boy" who went Into jvolltlcs befow he could vote and after helping M organize the Republican party en listed fnr tho war tn iibnllalr Mlnrorr ii ml save the Union was a partisan) to the end of his days, always one o'j tho Old (iuard and a conservative) distrusting the new school of reform, with Its indifference to the safeguards' of the Constitution. Hut If General Tracy was a partisan no one cuTj douuieu ins intellectual uonesty or Inpugned his courage. His loyalty to associates was sometimes thought n fault, but he knew no other way of fighting for n cause. Character could never be denied him. He was an old Unman, and while men inleht differ with him they could not but res-peel1 him. He was always one of the robut ' figures In the Itepubllcan party of tin? I State and nation, and In every crisis UkNJAMiN F. Tbcy was a genuine I American. j As Secretary of the Navy General Tracy rendered the country an lnef tlmable service, for It was during his administration that the battle ships Indiana, Massachusetts, Oregon and Iowa nnd the cruisers New York, llroolilyn. Columbia and Minneapolis, which played so prominent a part In the war with Spain, were authorized. He was one of the earliest and mo.t vigorous advocates of an adequate j navy. l or this alone his memory should be endeared to a people who find themselves now confronted with the stern necessity of preparing the country for the arbitrament of war lest It be overwhelmed In its weak ness In an evil hour. The Hand on the Steering Wheel nd the Foot on (he Pave. The reMrt that thirty-four persans were killed In the city streets by au tomblles In June Is disquieting te au extent not Indicated by the numerical measure, though It Is more than ono death a day; not even because It shows a startling increase over the death score of Juue, 1014, for auto mobile accident records do not rise and fall In fixed relation to any de terminable factor but because the annual exaction of the gasoleae Jug gernaut exists at all. lu every ono of those thirty-four fatal cases, ns In hundreds that were not fatal, it is altogether likely that, however Inevitable the crash at the moment of Its happening, there was negligence or fate defying reckless ness by some one that contributed, entirely avoidably, to the Inevitable nes, and for which there can be named no explanation save that of criminal or Insane readiness to "take a chance," and, flatly, no excuse. The fact that the fellow who expresses readiness to take the chanco gener ally escapes with n wholo skin while the broken bones belong to the fellow who did not mean to take cbaaces at all ought to operate upon the public mind In two ways; to stimulate it to Insistence on Ironclad, restricting control of the agencies of disaster, and to encourage greater prudence in the first person, singular. Control of the mall van, empty per haps nnd plaything of u speed bitten driver; of the private car rushing the "ingiiate" to The Street In the morn ing ami back to his home or club at night; of the taxi dashing to catch a patron's- (ruin or to save the loss of tlvo minutes at a tango party; of tho private chauffeur "Hiking her out" without his employer's knowledge nnd leasing his breathless, ecstatically soared lady friend with a performance on "the high"; reasonably complete control of thexo menaces Is In tho power of the police. They cannot make the financier rise earlier, but they can make the penalty of tardiness his Instead of the Innocent bystander's. They cannot make the traveller start In time, but they can makn him miss bis train Instead of endangering other riders or foot passengers. F.rror should bo stopped at Ihu source. Tho recklessness of some com petent drivers is ono source,, and It is susceptible of pollen conlrol or nt least severe restraint. Incompetence Is another source, nnd tho llcenso Issu ing agency can check lis oiilllow with the sluices of discriminating exami nations and stern censorship of gaso lene aspirations. No untested hand, no hnnd of "a child, nn untrained amateur, a neurasthenic, nn excitable person or a weakling," ns tho Health Department competently expresses It, should be permitted to touch the start ing lever or the steering wheel. The llrst safeguard of the public afoot against the public nwheel would be n well enforced code of "trnfllc rules" for pedestrians. Hut when this great, clumsy, stupid, Irresponsible, Irrepressible, laughable nnd lovable ever dodging family of Father Knick KRnoctfF.R becomes sensible nnd care ful nnd submissive to Intelligent meas ures for Its protection against Its own blundering, obstinate self, men will have attained Immortality, and the snorting, screeching, fuming, plunging automobile will have no more power to slny. Meanwhile It is the part of the wise and practical Individual with no long ing for early Investigation of the mys teries back of the beyond to walk cir cumspectly, that he may lose a minute and save n leg. An American Pledge. In psychology ns In the practical affairs of life It seems to be true that: In union there Is strength. As the churches havo n Day of l'rayer, a day certainly of reflexive If not of visible objective beneficial effect, Tin: Sun ventures to hint that the spine of patriotism may bo stiffened by a Day of Kesolve, when every loyal American may bind himself, In some such form ns Is herewith tentatively suggested, to the application of hU Individual Influence to promotion of the common fortunes: "l, John smith, citizen, by birth or by solemn oath of allegiance, of the I'nlted States of America, do resolve from henceforth to avoid tho pessimis tic necllaienc, unmanly surrender of prerogative nnd unjust default of civic duty thnt kIvb opportunity to the demagogue, the disloyal propagandist, tho organized strength of 'pacHlat' weakness ; to oppose, ao far ny In my power lies, the civic heresies of hypo critical or blind Idealism and the treachery that would send Uncle Sam, armed with a broken bladed J.ickknlfe, Into International ways where highway men lurk; to support my party to far as It promises to uphold unspotted the American flag;, to defend American rights and protect American citizens; to endeavor to purify It of factional ism and error, and In every way, by re straint of seld'h Impulse nnd cultiva tion ot sanity with cournge, to con tribute to fnr ns I may to th spread of true Americanism in this time ot test. I shall earnestly and unceasingly endeavor to keep my heart straight on my shoulders nd not twist the other fellow's neck because he Is not looking In the direction I do." Terhaps It will not be thought Im pertinent to direct a special adjura tion to Democrats. Being n Democrat has always been exciting. To-day that peculiar condition of political al legiance parenthetic to the major rela tion of Federal citizenship offers un matched opportunity for level headed Americanism, or Ignoble and mis chievous un-Aracrlcan Influence in thy complex of civic forces out of -which Is Inevitably to emerge n fate In ter restrial relntlous for the I'nlted Stntes of America. Necessarily the determination of that fate for good or bad depends ii!on the wisdom and courage of the nation, and at least until March of 1017 the responsible privilege of executing the national will devolves upon the Democratic party as agent. There will be politics, bitter poli tics, even In the settlement of the problem of national defence; but woe unto that man through whom politi cal obstruction comes. The snake warmed In the bosom of the Adminis tration has wriggled into the open; there let It be scotched, the menace of BTynnlsm. The direct way Is for the constituencies of gentlemen who will represent in the next Congress the opposition wing of the party In power to let their representatives know that the Interpartlsan and In trnpartlsan rivalries nnd Jealousies that gave them electoral charter are suspended In the Interest of the com mon welfare of the united citizens of these I'nlted States. Make your resolution nowt Carrama's Plea for Re cognition. It Is uufortunnte for General Caii ra.nza that while with ono hand he pens a statement to persuade the United States Government that he should be reeogn!7Tfl as Provisional 1'rpsldpnt, with the oilier hand he gives the Guatemalan Minister to Mexico, Dr. .Ipan .1. ()Rrr.n, his pass ports without assigning any reason for the act. An explanation offered but not by Don Vkni'stiano, who maintains n dignified sllcucu ns usual Is that by Joining In Ihu eonfo.--ence which President Wilson culled In Washington Guatemala has sinned against the light and Its Minister Is persona non grata. By the same token, other Spanish American nations must be lu bad odor with the General. Of course It Is no secret that nny undertaking by American Governments to com pose differences In Mexico mid bring the hitherto Irreconcllnbles together would bo resented by the self-control bend of tho Cnrranza clan. On this subject sumo Insldn Information may be expiated from the Brazilian Min ister to Mexico, Seflor Omvpira, who has Irron representing the Interests of the I'nlted States at the capital and Is now departing, for reasons thnt may soon nppenr. . As Mlnlstcr of vForelgn Affairs Gen oral Carran.a, who combines all offi cial functions In himself, seems to bo In n chronic stnto of protest nnd rosenttiTrnt against tho outside world. His suspicions color every proposal made tn him. Does the United .States npproach him alone or In union with tho ABC Governments nnd nny others, It Is nil the name: his gorge rises nnd he- glares spitefully through his spectacles. There Is no com promise In the mnn. This attitude antagonizes those who would like to help him, nnd It Is difficult to bellevo thnt n leader who Is always ready to quarrel with the rest of America can ever bo ac cepted by the Mexican faetlonlsts, In cluding some of those In his own household. His plea for recognition Is based on tho assumption that Vknurtiano Carrasza Is nlono fitted to recommend reforms to Congress for the welfare of Mexico, nnd that therefore he must not bo Interfered with. Ills statement Is n challenge tn those Mexicans who oppose him us well ns n defiance of the I'nlted States nnd Its associated nations. The IVnnsylvanlan who paid a gro cery hill after remorse had burdened his mind for fifty-five years must have a conscience with a cement foundation. Tho French General Staff may find OcsTAVK llEnvr) somewhat of n. nui sance at times, but he strikes n. true note when he takes n rrave view of the Hiioslan reverses nnd warns his countrymen ngalnst "golni: to sleep under laurels, nlready faded, which were won for us by our troops eleven months oro on the banks of the Marne." C.inal slide holds up big tourist ship uKHnr. Was tbo union of the oceans only n trial marriage? Two citizens of Kentucky perform ing their duties nt the primary polls were shot tn dentil ln.t week by en thusiastic partisans. This form of the preprlmary even the most devoted supporters of that engine of virtue will not long to see generally en forced. On Saturday the witnesses to a firooklyn street car accident raided the cry "I.ynch the motorman!" Proof positive that the midsummer madness Is on the town. Ilcfore It Is overcome we confidently expect a visit from our faithful friend the "Wave of Crime." PA TERSON'S PLAYGROUNDS. Certain Allegations Concerning Them Challenged. To the HoiTon or Tin SUN Sir.- A recent letter from a Newark writer to The Sun, copied editorially by a New ark paper and later commented upon by I'aterson papers, contains such nb curd statements regarding I'aterson nnd some of Its ollldals thnt I trust you will allow a correction, with no Intention vt ideating a controversy. The statement was made that Park Commissioner Fletcher regards super vised piny ns "tommyrot." It Is also alleged that the playgrounds under the conlrol of the Itecreatlon Commission were deserted, Most ridiculous of nil, It Is vairl that the newly created playground In Pennington Park, which has been there for yenrs, cost the city i.bout J12 a week. If Commissioner Fletcher regarded supervised and organized play as "tom myrot" ho would not bo doing his duty hi allowing thu present condition of nf f.ilrn In Pennington Park to continue. Theto nro dozens and dozens of nicely printed nnd framed sign In Pennington Park showing tho rules nnd scheduled hours fur different kinds of piny. The Instructor In chargo Is .i student of th Springfield Training College, the great est training school for playground work e: In America nt this time. This In structor is assisted by n rather promi nent athlete in coaching the tios nnd by a woman In the supervision of girls. Ho also has two supervisors or Instruc tors, technically called "life guards," whose duties include Instruction In swimming. Chief Hinisou's already scanty police force 1m called upon to furnish two patrolmen to maintain or der. If Commissioner Fletcher con ceives supervision ns "tommyrot" he could well be accused of "dry rot" to allow the present system In his pet proj ect to continue. As a matter nf fact I can affirm that representatives of the park Commission approached two members of the Itecrea tlon Commission's stnn and offered them positions, in one case at a considerable Increase over what the Newark corre spondent calls nn already decent salary. During tho three weeks ending July 30 the small yards nt School 23 nnd -Monument Heights playground nccom modated 4I.04G children and adults. Last summer Pennington Park In flfty-otie days entertained 27,1 06, and Pennington Park then had two Instructors In play ground activities. If Pennington Park playground costs tho city about $12 a week, who pays the Interest on the $n,nno spent and being spent lit playground Improvements? Wlin pays the salaries of the Instructor In charge it Is moro than $12 a week -his two assistants, his two "llfo guarrta" and th city police1 One has only to visit all tho play grounds In I'aterson to sec that Com missioner Fletcher Is not practising the theory that supervised play is "tommy rut," that tho other playgrounda are not diserled while Pennington Park is open, and that, regardless of what group or whose ideas are best In creating recrea lion, the kids nf I'aterson nre happier this season than ever before. II. M. nt!T!.ER. PATrnsov, N. J., 'August 7. The KeaJ Benefit at the Speednaj. To tbc F.pitos or Tiie ScsSir; far fear Trunk A Ksan's surgetllon in Tnr. Kin should not elicit-that favorably r pone 114 wisdom requires from the ipeed y authorities, I venture to make a email suggestion for the bmertt of th "ehank's insre" millions and for hit. Let us of the vast nujurlly fancy that though the speednuy was provided by lli.i city at our expense as a showy theatre fnr periudlo displays by the fuhlonable few, au overruling I'rovldenee at no e pense to us at all actually provides both the glittering show and the brilliant actors thereof for the special delectation nf hnl pollol who may occupy postl dl tlntl at our own free choice and good pleasure with esse and utter safety tn ourselves, I'arkards and riirre. Arrows thus bscome the property of the poor. CiirsTr.s, August 6, j. a. M. IteaJltatlon. The bloody war roll on Tn reach the hidden end; We speak of legions gone, Hut cannot oomprehend We rsnnnt grasp the woes Ho greatly multiplied, There Is no man who knows A million men have died. Hut by the hearts bereft, The gidvratonea scattered Ah me, the millions lift lde. Who know on man has died I OlOliAXOlSMB "iVlLION. UNCLE SAM VS. JOHN BULL. Mr. Ilertwlg Implies to Ills Three Critics. To this KDiron of Tit Hun sir; Three of your correspondents have dis sented somewhat tnrlly fiom the views set forth In my letter of a few days icgo, nnd I should like to say a word In reply If you will Indulge me. It Is charged thnt my parable plays false to the facts, thnt Oermany renlly occupies the rote of assailant nnd Kng lnnd tho role of defender. The com parison, however, was not drawn with reference to nny specific net In the con test between the two, hut with refer ence to the general nspect of the strug gle on llio sen. So Interpreted it Is en tirely sound. One has but to run back through his newspaper tile to find abun dant evidence that Kngland's unlawful abridgment of commercial Intercourse between Germany and neutral nations antedated Germany's submarine warfare by several months. I do not refer of course to tho present blockade, which was Instituted after the German proc lamation of u war JJ)nc About tho Hrltlsh Isles. Tlut blockade, however, wus merely an extension, not the com mencement, of Britain's transgressions. Her original operations against mer chant shipping, In disregard of Inter national law, furnished the provocation for Germany's submarine operations, and it is thercforu In exact conformity to tho facts to describe the submarine operations as defensive. In denying that a Judicial character nttaches to Pres.dent Wilson In the actual controversy, your three corre spondents betray a rather undignified conception of the function of the Gov ernment In such matters. Inasmuch as a nat.on decides for Itself what judg ment shall be binding on It In such af fairs, It would be Igndble for It In mak ing up Its Judgment to consider only the damage to Its citizens nnd not to In quire also Into the clrcum..i rices anil de termine the truth of any protest of Justi fication from the nation Indicting the damage. Nations are accustomed to do both, because It befits their dignity to be Just to their sister nations, as well as to he llrm In safeguarding the lives and property of their citizens. If a V boat torpedoes a Hrltlsh mer chantman and the Americans on board are lot, and Germany asserts that the ship was sunk because It tried to ram the I' boat or to sink It by gunllre, our Government would not reject the plea ns Irrelevant, but would take the testimony from both German and Hrlt lsh sources nnd paa Judgment on the plea. Manifestly, then, the Government does act 1n a quasl-JudlcHI capacity In such matters. And If this procedure Is Just and proper in dealing with specific cases, it Is Just and proper nlso In deal ing with the general situation, and we come back to the original quest. on, whether or not It l a Jut Judgment to require that the nation defending Itself through submarine operations against the merchant shipping of Its enemy shHll discontinue Its defence nt once, nnd, at the same time, to permit the aggiesslvc nation to pursue Its lawless suppression of merchant shipping In which the other nation Is Interested. It Is riulte Im possible to reconcile such a Judgment with the principles of Justice. Put, say our correpondents, Oer many has "murdered" our citizens, while Great Ilrltaln has not, nnd, hence, it Is right that we should deal more drasti cally with Germany. It Is true of ourse that the submarine campaign has pro duced tragic consequences thnt have been absent from the Hrltlsh operations. Hut two considerations, quite Important from our point of view, mint not be overlooked. In the first place, the struggle on the sea has drifted into the stage of "f rightfulness," If you will, largely be cause our Government has been remiss In enforcing the right of our com merce to the freedom of the seas "from whatever quarter violated, without com promise nnd at any cost " If we had firmly exacted respect for this right from nil belligerents from the eom mencement of the war. Great Hrltain would never have taken the licence with those rights that she has actually exercised almost from the outset, and the retaliatory submarine operations of Germany would never have been ushered In, or, If they had been, they would have lacked the Jitstincation of self-defence. Vj oiirselven are not blameless', therefore, and we owe It to our often proclaimed love of Justice to retrieve our mistake as far as possible by demand ing now that both offenders, riot one alone, abandon foithwith their Interfer ence with our rights. Ill the second place this difference In the consequence of German ami Itr't sh operations Is due very larrlv tn the fact that our citizens have rlm-en to reepcet the rules prescribed bv llritain for the conduct of her operations, while they have disregarded the rules pre scribed by Germany for the conduct of her operations. Kqual respect for both would keep both free from tragic eon sequences to us. Kqual iletlame of both would ns surely bring tr.ige con sequences to us from both. Hrltain tells tlx that although our ships are laden with cargoes which are not contraband, and although they are bound for neutral ports where they havo a perfect right to go, nevertheless they must not fullll their voyages but mut put Into a Hrltlsh port and subject their cargoes to seizure. Ami our ships obey and citizens of pro-Hritlsh sympa hle's even praise the hand that uppresses us, because the wrongdoer offers to make payment for the cargoes. In shoit, the "true Americans" hold our right to the freedom of the sjs so lightly that thev are willing to make It the subject of bergaln Hiid sale with Great Ilrltaln. And, even then, they do not get com pensation for our darrnced trade rela tions with out neutral customers Now let us assume that an American ship, bound for Holland or Norwa. with American passengers Hiid a proper cargo, defies the order of a Hrltlsh warship to put Into a Hrltlsh port and Insists on Its right to proceed unmolested and does proceed. What would hippeii" Hrltlsh shells would speedily tell whether or not thorn Is nny frlghtfubiess Inherent In the Hrltlsh programme On the other hand, let us suppose that our citizens were as deferential to f!er many as they are to Hrltain, and, heed Ing the German warning, ceased to travel on Hiitlsh ships nnd travelled only under rhe Stain and Stripes, ns all tine Americans should be gl.nl to do In that event, tlm Get man operations would become as harmless to Ainer.can lives as the Hrltlsh operations have been. In stead of this, however, our citizens defy Germany, while obeying Creat Ilrltaln. deliberately putting themselves and their country's peace tn Jeopardy nnd meet a tingle, fate. And Mr. Metealf naively likens litem to Innocent b standei s ! Tho loss of American lives, whether nt Gei man or Hellish hands, Is deplor able of course, but the fact that those lives have been nst only at German hands Is attributable quite plainly to our own unneutral conduct In tho re. spects Just described. In conclusion let me aeltuntv ledge the personal tributes from your three enrrn aponderits, self-styled exemplars of "true Americanism," "real American stock," "normal minds" and like beatitudes. Their llnmerln wrath Is Indeed wither ing. Tanliene nnlmls cirlestlbirs Ir.-e? Helng nfrUrtcd with the blight of Her man blood, although a nntlvo American, of eourso I cannot pretend to the flaw less perspicacity that distinguishes the mental processes nf my critics, How ever, ill venturing lo challenge the opin ions nf such superlative wisdom, t am encouraged by tho retlectinn that even "Homer sometimes nods." Herman S, Hervrwio. IS'ew 3Tork, -August 3, v SOCIALISM AND WAR. The Possible Roinlti nf tho German American Controversy. To Tilt KniTon or Tits Hun Sir: Tho development of the controversy between this country and Oermany has al ready clirnlunted the lending Ameri can demagogue, Ilrynn, and his Intlu enco from tho American Government, which Is a no mean achievement In itself; a far greater result is obtain able. If tho American nation Is com pelled to play Its part in the world' work of destroying the Hohenzollern and Hapsburc dynastlos, nnd their coalition to dominate continental Ku rope, the resulting OermaniAmcrlcan war will determine not only Kuropo's great military struggle, but also the greutcst political and economlo strug gle In tho history of this country, to wit: tho attack of socialism and Its kindred' cults upon representative gov ernment In -cenernl, and upon tho American political, social and eco nomic structure in particular. The sum nnd substance of the so called philosophy of socialism, stripped of all its dctnugogy and Its political and economic faliehoods, Is that the capable Individual shall not only sup port the Incapable Individual, which la unavoidable anyway, but that tho former shall also divide alt of the products of his Intelligence and Indus try with the fool and the Idler. Socialism's favorite method of opera tion Is to organize labor and Incite the resulting unions to attack business by making tyrannical demands, and then by seeking to enforce those demands by violence. America hns long been familiar with this campaign, -which will reach Its crisis In the event of a for eign war. Its fate will be ns Inevita ble us that of the campaign to destroy the nation's credit by establishing a tllver standard. Already It Is evident thnt the labor unions, puppets of socialism, will make tho military and naval necessities of this country a means of attempting to plaeo the nation under duress. In England they have already adopted this course with disastrous results to the country, nnd the Hrltlsh Govern ment suffers the humiliation of seek ing the r favor. Such n condition of political nnd economic slavery must be worse than German domination. The American people are still seeking to control organized capital by means of legislation, n work thnt Is being per formed crudely and Ignorajilly, and lu many cases unjustly, notably among public service corporations. We now face the equally Important t.wk of securing nn absolute control nf organ ized labor. This will not be accom plished by making any new laws; the existing machinery of the law Is ample. The Issue will come when labor attempts to block the manufacture of supplier for the American army and navy. The Federal Government will meet that attack with the 1'edcrnl army, anil a nation behind It, nnd the triumph of law and reason will be as certain nnd ns llnnl as the police power of a great Government can make it With the Austro-Oerinan coalition and Its two component d) nasties anni hilated In the fashion prescribed by Panton for the Hourbons, nnd with capi tal nnd labor In this country relegated to their positions of economic factors Instead of political favorites, mankind will make Its greatest stride since Waterloo, The double work will re quire much money nnd possibly much time, but It will nchleve n political nnd econnm.c freedom greater than even the native American has ever enjojed. Only a fool seeks war, but the German- Xmer'j'an controversy may pro dure magnificent results, and the native horn American has nothing to fear. The treachery of the foreign element In this country will be handled under a military regime In summary faehlon, Whether the die l cast or not, let us at once prepare. In every fitate In the I'nlon let Us order our Senators and Representatives to provide for an army and navy fp to cope with nny In the world We shall m-ed n statesman and a snldlr of the highest order : we hive the statesman In the White House, the war will produce the soldier. Svsifrt, W. VrNAPi.r. H sI.TtMOF.TC. Md.. August S. DIPLOMATIC GRAMMAR. The nhetorle In Onr l,nt German Note .Instilled. To Tur. KPtTon ok Tiik ;H-n Sir. "Kx Pet.km.inV letter In Tiik Sr.v challeng ing the -'beautiful diction" In the Gov ernment's German note would be more nleresling If it were co're, t The repeated use of the pronoun "It" Is forceful arid not surplusage, for It leaves no doubt as to the noun It repre sents. In the revised edition "K.v. Iieskinan" supplants "If' bv using "our " Had the Administration done so It would have snned against tactful diplomatic n.ige as well ns s.vntax, for the revfon that diplomatic com munications of the United States Gov ernment are written t,i formaljy In the Impersonal third per.t. 't. If "Kx-Peskinan" will read the note carefully he may see that the singular form of the verb "to set" Is used In re lation to the singular noun "suspen sion" nnd not the plural noun "prin ciples It appears tn me there must be some ground for the "Kx" before "Pesk man." If the copy hsd been given to one of your staff, ns he suggests, nnd It bad been returned In the mutilated form of the revised edition submitted, 1 believe your proofreader would soon thereafter find that he hnd plenty of time to write letters to Till Sr.v signed "Kx-Copy Header." Jl'STIN PlttlNN. New Toiik. August 7. FORMING THE LANGUAGE. Joint Hoard nf International KnclMi Wanted by a Student. To tiik KoiTon of The Spn Sir No language has been subjected to mo.-e or greater change than tho Knglleh Rn.nl Shakespeato In the original edi tion and then rend blm aa bo Is printed to-day. Or better, rend Chaucer and then read Noyes or Watson. To say. therefore, that the nngllsli language Is something mcrcd that must not be tam pered with by Americans is ahsurd. However, I think there ought lo be an academy made up of Knulteh ami Ameri can fcholare, simitar to those, of 1'raneo and Spain, lo pas upon all changes or Innovations. The -plan heretofore in Kngland has been to let the language take cam of Itself or to follow tho lead of the court Now, com tiers may be very prollclent lu the art of bowing and saying "men things" but that hardly llts them for reforming a language. I'lulouliledly the beautiful elegance of the French and Spanish languages haa been due In the fostering care of the academies aforementioned. V. M. Nkw Yokk, August 7. Adtlie to rlarhelors. If you're homesick and alone Tell It to the telephone! To the mouthpiece frrnths your wsll, Ppln your sorry lover's tale, Hay: "I lead nn empty life. Won't you kindly be my wlfeT You ere swet, pellte and gay, Harllng, name lh welding dsyl" Hut as thus your thoughts are bared, Hsvw a csr1 unlsss prepared To be surd as a gn deceiver, Pnn'l rake otf the darned receiver Thus l.j rnndnii ipille astute Hv a breath of promise suit, Tor there my be eight or nine Dictographs along the line, . , 41. -0, Haskini, UNITED STATES ENGLISH. A New Dictionary Suggested for the American Lnngnage. To the Kditor opTltn SttN Sir: Mr. Prank It. Vlzetclly's account of Dr. Murray's great work, tho work that llko a irreat deal of tho endeavor of mnn wns left for others to finish, Interested me because It is certain that for our selves a perhaps jrreator tn.sk must be underlakisoi by an American or a group of Americans. Tho Oxford Dictionary Is a history of tho words ot tho Kngllsh languatre traced bank to their sourcos In Kngland or, at least, In Great Hrltain. While this knowledge, It may be argued, hns for us a degree of nc-.idcmlc value, per haps ono should say n oertnln phllologlo Interest, It Is too enraptured of tho Knt llsh point of view to be In any sense llnnl, for us nt Icist. Tho Jrlstory and tho itellnltions nre brought up, sharply enough of course, to date, but It Is an Kngllsh, rather a Hrltlsh date, already for us, Its Ink scarce dry, In the dark backward and nbysm of time. The Kngllsh have their language and literature, of course; It Is theirs; nt this moment they nre lighting to preserve It, In Plandcrs and lu northern Franco; they are entitled, we admit, to their dictionary compiled ns they may sec fit. Wo have, at various times nnd for various reasons, found fault with the Kngllsh; tho sum of their Inerrancies no man, no woman, not wen an Ameri can woman, can number, but wo havo never wrested from them their lan guage, txcept ns a convenient nnd cus tomary means of Intercourse, wo having no language of our own. Irr using their language we have ac cumulated thousands of distinctive shades of meaning, peculiar lo our selves, that are unknown lo Hrltlsh lexicographers and have mainly been overlooked by our own. It has been pointed out that the classics cannot be exactly translated Into Kngllsh because our words arc only equivalents and may not have, at least may not convey, the same nnnnlng. The Greek verb and the Latin verb that vvc translate "lo love," for Instance, differed perhaps In mean ing from each other and neither meant exactly what we mean, In the sain manner Kngllsh words have suffered a diminution or an nddltlon In the course of our usage, so that In a sense we may bo remaking the Kngllsh language Into our very own. Ws have, as President Wilson has pointed out, no rain n ir any racial tendency; we are as fre as blid.s. or maybe a better simile, goats, from whom every one knows we get the wold "capricious." Ther Is no doubt that this mixture that we are hns had a vital effect on the Kngllsh language "as she Is spoke and writ" by us, The main forces that have most effected the change Irr the mranls.g of words we have taken from the Kngllsh have been Ger man nnd Jewish. Thnt we have been n little ashamed of these Intluenees on our speech and writings, ami necessarily lu our thinking, is not altogether to our credit ; It is doubtless mainly because wo have depended too much on Hrltlsh tradition. We knew that there was a change, but the residuum of Insular prejudice that we, alas, Inherited has so far led us rather to resent than to wel come this change. The welcome. I helleve. should no longer lie. denied. We need, therefore, some American Murray, or some group of Americans, Including, besides the presidents of our leading universities, representatives of the various natln-.s that we very evidently have not nt all under present conditions assimilated, who will devote ten or twenty ears, or whatever time may b? necessary, to for mulating a dictionary of what may still have to be called the Kngllsh 1 inguage, but with n difference O S. P. Pittsiicru, Pa., August . UNPATRIOTIC EMPLOYERS. Ilschnrge of Guardsmen Away on Camp 11 illy Not t'nt (imnion. To THE Kiutor OK The Sf.v .Sir: The effectiveness of the National Guard Is greatly Increased by camp service. It Is now recognized ns the prime essential In the vear's woik of the guard-man It Is a patriotic duty for ernjilojers to permit their empio.vies who are mem bers of the guard to take part In these exenlses. Many eniigntHiu'd employers following the lead of the Chamber of Commerce anil other leading nssoi-li-tlons of business men, do tbur part In this nspect. but a very measurable mi norlt do not In the company t which I am at tached there are several cases of ins; who have lost their positions by reason of camp mtv be Hie man cmploved as a cieik b a lumber llrm. after arrang ing to be away during the camp tour, found at his house on his return a letter from his emplo.vers This, teller, which 1 saw, reail substantially ns follows: I am sorry not to hsvs sun um t.. f you went av.i Your .srrvbes have nor been enrlrely satisfactory nnd we ar tr lug mi: a new mill In jour poltnn It you will rail nt our nitl, e ou recsU. a weeks silary so that ou win not l prejudiced In seeking another situation The facts that this lelter came Just at the time It did, nnd tint the man says that no pievious expiessioi s of an In tention to discharge him or of dissatis faction with his work were made, are slgnltlcant. In another case a man who was a ma chinist had arranged, lie he thought, to leave during the camp tour, and he bad been told that he would be put on a da Instead of a night shift upon Ins renin' When lie reported tor work he was bid that there was none for him. and upon Inquliine why he wos told that "there is none for you" There was work when ho went tn camp, none when ho te turned You cannot exjiect men tn give their time and undergo the real labor which t lies military branch of tho public service now outatls at the cmicii.so of their live lihood. No one would sooner avail him self of tho protection which a mllltar.v body glvew In times of stress than tho very employer who thus undermines the etllcleuey of the guard. Thi' emplo.vie is not diseharced be cause ho Is a member of tho guard, oh, no' Section 14S0 . f the I'en.tl I'oile makes that a criminal offence, but the I iw Is so easily evaded that It Is of lllile value Gkouok M. Welch, l'lrst Lieutenant C A C, N. G. N. Y New YonK, August 7. HE WAS RIFFLED. Anrl ne Tarried III Hull In the Only Sate l'lare, To the Ki'tTon op The Fin Sir- . "dip" will alvvas to for a tup pocket, so Mr. Page Is wrong. Also he will go for the right baud pants pocket. I was lillled for my "pol, " nt the Johnson-Jeffries light Hy advice I was carrying it In my right hand trou-eis pocket and trying to keep tight hold of my in.Tiiey. I learned long ago where to carry currency , no "dip" ever looks fr i'i there, and when I carry It (tier,. I am never "rlllled " That place Is the upper left wal.stco.it pocket. I.ATo. Nom it Coi.rnaooK, Conn., August 7. 'Twni Tver Thn. To the Knnvm ok The Su.v Mr It rather nmuslng to see tho two sides of the picture. Mr. Hash igeu nf llostmi kicks that the Hrltlsli beat tus to a fraz zle In transportation, and In another column of The Spn vv read that the Hrltlsh are "up lu the air" over our knocking spots mil of ibein in i'luapr grade nutos Mr lltsliagen, whale sauce fnr the goose is wuei for th. gHiider. Pon't worn ' H .ill !l, pctiit where the nrrow llnds it in.nk The man that can prfsluce the goods the cheapest wins out 'Twas ever thus. Jamks McG, Hiiovvn. New-Souk, ugue.t 7. $100 FOR A DEFENCE CREED BY A WOMAH Navy League Section Offo Prize to Combat lcfl(ra6 of White Feather," MEMUEKSHIP IS GR(WlXq WASltiNOTOSf, Aug. i-rrom all carta of the country enthuslaeiUo response hi come to tho appeal ot the -womna'a mo, lion of the Navy Tjcugw. It Was ar noutiesed to-night by the section uiat a patriotic member had given $100 j ts devoted to n prire for thei best ISO mti creed ot national deferens to l vuel Irv the work of arousing the need of tl, country rfor national defence. The prlti offer Is often to any woman over tt age of IB yenrs. The only requisite for entry Is to am! send In a membership pledge, tr,j thus become a member of the setlis. All maimMirlnla must be In by Septemtsr 15, Written manuscripts ndl be . ecptcd, but typewritten ones are pr. ferred. They Khould be rent to n Woman's Section of the Navy Limvi Southern Hulldlng, Washington, D a Tlve winning contribution wii b fn-, mally adopted by the section ns, ,ti creed. A feature nf the opinions v leet S, memliers e.' the section wns th . presslort epf thankfulness r ,i p, womin's section has been f'lriiied ta offset the formation of pini e nt m r price rsoclctleei anil ar,t -en -'riie t leagues. Mrs. Mary S l.n, KwoM. founder of the Daughters of the Ameri can Revolution, mild 'I would iKiyei tt any rr. , wi.. r fused to serve his eouiir y i ncded liliri. I.et the men try ,iti ani enlistment business In this imp,'. a. ) the women will show them. I tnij such rank cowards and traitor- trie !, of the league nf the vvh -e fr it or ) ,j I do not believe srn-h a le igire wivi get a very large tnemb'rsn p , r'. i country. American men and won n ,ir patriotic to the core. on,'., r,. ,, stand and comprehend i ,. r.ri f0f Ihrrn to be tty "I have worked for peo e lc f life, hut I know the best vv 10 ct peaie Is to lisure It b.v e . ptrf t our present weakness -if i it h feme Is Icttl silly rind da!r. "We put our men r Co'ip-e ia our will, ami If the men of Pie t-v can't make Congress vote s nii r . tloual defences we w-iriien i' in" w,ll. If 'ur legislators will pir ti . o the gtouitd Jut now thev w ' ' mighty shout swelling over r r from east to west, fiom - . and what It sas Is Prcpa: , . . If they do not heed bir t v I know they will "We lever vv uld have i n r freedom if when the lioir i ! i v upon us every man hail u I ; - not to give lliillt.il servl. e to " s . . ti ill time of need I I ' I t ' great necessity it would h.nc ei M unpatriotic ami dlslo.v.il "I.et every man iimj'Ii.i'' e un derlying .-eerets o.' the pel., r c price and antl-e nlistnient v. c fo:e he el! Iris blrthr ig'it t .r . of pottace. open his i.vs I vv . i lo be a coward or a wen! oil" ountr is in troubb The wore, of toriultu Lie u.it. 0 ..1 v n nuttee of l.ooo vvci" tliMiii. a ird during the past we, k T e a . i u merit of the iiieinberrnip of tne . r.iu 0:11111 ttee .if the imi 111I1- niter HI number of States was mad. t"- m r -Massachusetts meuioeib'.ip - " George von I.. Me.vei. wife ef f v J Secretur of the Navy; Mrs lr V I dersoii, Mrs Panlcl l.othrop, Mis I ) btth I.liooln Gould. Mis Au.'i-m P I Gardner. Mrs Kugerie N I-' s H i James , Uuunuis, honor... regent P It Mrs. Gc Jenkins. St ile rege.t I) li V . Charles C, Chick, State vice-res. r A It : Mrs James K Curb, w 1 Man- of lioston. Mrs II II p'esdent l!o.on V. P C . M v Slone HIn. kvvell, Ml ' ' Masury. president Paushb ' ' 1'nion . Mrs. Gregory CP. '' Kred S Converse. Mrs Crownltislilebl, Mrs Wi'.n v V m.ir. M.ss Mnble Y.irei M Cinnoik, Mrs. William Ma lr Mrs Kranklin Haven. Mis ' PranrK Mi-s Ida M K.. - - I V ! Kdilh W Penholrn AIR SPECIALISTS FOR BOARD. T Named lis orl-i , With td- lsiir. 0111 111 i t lei-. There wonr be r m, f a e .e. nt'on spe. ,,il'sts i-u ')e . v HoarJ, Secret, r Jos. pt.us v mobilization of tlu e j-'iv - e- So In uoui'nating two meir t-s f bond the Amen, in S c ' r nautlc Vhig'neers his r .,-i I 1 t eoirunlttee composed o' ex.te 's e. brain h of aviation to help .is m " The society has nanx-l . ' nnvv board Henry A W e vv.i - i prcMdenl, and Kluier A .--pe ., -e ' r of the gyroscopic stnbi! 7ei e- ne--Ida lies. To hilp Mr Wn.nl ni'd Mr ierri these members have beer, m i 1 .1 s- eenl committee of the soiletv nrvlll- Wright. Glenn II ('.1 " v Starling. Purges and i- iafles M M to advise on the rlieoiv ai I ' ' of aeroplanes and neror.nr - ' Peler Cooper Hewitt, Jo' n II H 1 uiorid, Jr, and Joseph advise on the application ' .1 ' ' wai'larc. G.ipl Thoou- - H ' l.eo Stevens, Italph II 1,'sni 1 ' lliond It Prlie, tn .t lv 1 - ' balloons ami pa 1.0 huti Mr Wood and Mr Spe 1. l'Ulai choice of the so. 1, i s - for ilie 11 ivy h".r l. ren mt . ' '' of every leu voles , H c 1 s Iilic engineers arid re.'ipterrs 1 oil -rrs-on an I John s "t c ... of ihe Pranklin Institute 'e r inventions of h.iMr ,'h.irn'.' Mr Wood, eon of l-Vrh.it 1 te time M.ivor of New YorU - - s dent of the Aero Club of v - " Speirv 1. v ice. preside! t .it Soeietv of Ncronautn Cue ' member of the Aero i'bi nauliral Society He in- . g roscope to more t iw iw. uses I lis si tbll .ei r. e 1 ' il l.o, J to.ofin. f.o .1 -i'. ' aeroplanes awarded ii ' 1 Piench CovcniniriiT In a statement lsued e'. ing of the i hoic e of Mr u Sperrv the society s.ivs c 1 Ileal Inventions siibm 1 te I ' must he considered from ' ' the bro 11I purpose, Ihe I' uiechauaal details ACT TO AID JEWS IN WAR ON More Tim 11 1 Oil Hod le II eprrsrni'd nt llellef l oiifeienee. Mom than a hundred J. ' r 7. it ions were represented ' 1 en In the Kduc.1tloi1.il V 1 in Kael Hrvadway jested i pose was to plan for relie1' Congressman Meyer l,"ii b ' sided, was made ehalrin m mitten of a bundrs cl .lew collect money fnr relief wo" It was pted Hnl th snoiild pb dge itself in see . 1 H eve' v nnilv ' ' p ed 1 Toe oinin 1 ep w union Hi w it 0 Jews mi 01 tic tn create a st renin of e-oiir- the Jews abroad until the C1.4 war,