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THE SUN, SUNDAY, AUGUST 22, 1915.
4- in New York from Italy that a large i. umber of troops hsd hen coneentratad at BrimliMi with transports and a naval fleet, all ready to embark against Turkey at the proper moment. Prevl oui to thin report there had been mnny cable messages from varloua parte of Kurope, Including Italy, that th first stroke In an Italian war as-ainst Turkey wouiil be one In support of (treat Britain and France at the Dardanelles. The Italian War Office ha been ret icent on thin subject. Kven laM night's despstrhes from H.me. filed afterthe war whs a certainty, contained no hint rrspertlns the probable nature of the Italian campaign against Turkty. The trouble In Libya, ascribed by the Italian (lovernment as one of the causes of the declaration of war. began even before Italy declared war on Austria. It Ml charged that Germany and Turkey had combined In sending agents to Italy's new African possession to foment rebellion among the natives and that arms and ammunition had been shipped into the country. Such a practlcs. on the part of Turkey at least, was In direct contra vention of the treaty of l.usanne. which ended the last Itnlo-Turklsh w.ir This tragty prescribed that Turkey was to keep hands off In Tripoli More recently, ainoe the Italians have been flghtlna Austria, Turkish and Oerman activities In I.lby i have been carried on more energeti eglly, according to rexrts from Rome. Is apparent, the object of these activities was to divert Italian attention end to necessitate the presence Iti Tripoli of a considerable force. Italy declared war on Turkey on September 29. 1911, on the grounds that the Turks had hindered the development of Italian Interests In Tripoli. An li ,1 i torpedo DOM squndron under the Puke of Mie AhniBIl entered the harbor of Pi I least a few hours after the ilecla ratlon of war and sank Turkish torpedo and gun boats located there. The city of Tripoli w.is captured seven days later, and on October is, 1912. less than three e.ir .ino. the war was ended by the treaty of I.usanne. Turkey agreed to recognize the sovereignty of Italy In TiiKill. PORTE IS NOTIFIED. Italian tmhassador at onslaall iiiple Demands Pasepnrts. gpeeasj Petit iimpatrb to Tier r Oiinstantisoimf. (via Amsterdam), Aug It, The Turkish Government le ued a brief announcement to-day stat ing ihat Italy hail declared war on Tur key The statement said : "The Italian Ambassador. Marchese tlarronl. to-day handed to the Porte a note which declared that Italy consid ered herself In a state of war with Turkey. "At the same time the Ambassador asked for his passports." ADVANCE ON CARSO. It. mm, w,,r office Tells of Farther Italian Progress. ffeeotal I able tienpatcK to Tna Scv Roata, Aug. It, Further progress In the Italian advance on the Carso plateau la recorded in the official rtatement Is aued by rhe War ( nVe to-night: The MaMtnant said : on iie plateau northwest of At elem e attacked and occupied an im portant redoubt. West of Muntimagglo, In the Cor devole Valley in a continuation of the artillery duel yeatarttay we destroyed entanglements aion- the road. i in the Ixdomltea front beyond Arabba the enemy's destructive opera tlorK damaged civil hospital in l'leve Llvinallongn. We progreaaad yesterday In the at tack on the I'lezio front, where the Onemy'a artillery was Ineffective ag.ili.et our advance. On Monte Mero we took extensive trrtuhes. Attempts by the Austrian to recapture them were repulsed. Counter attacks aalnst our positions at Santa I.ucia (one of the Tolmlno for:, wet. umucceaeful. We took aoaie pi i ineng The advatrOO on thu Carso plateau continued. We took some trenches, u tnacliinc gun and a quantity of ammu nition. A Squadron of twenty-nine of our aaroplanoa fled over the aviation camp at leovteaa, near Ooritx, successfully bombarding aha place and returning Safely In the afternoon a squadron of enemy aeroplanes bombarded Undine, killing five c'tlsena, among liietn a Woman and a baby, and also namaglng private property! ITALY RELENTS. at inept, a of Italians nrn Here From trmi Nervier. RoMg, tug, lie Italians art in Amer li ,. oaa fathers have become naturalised American citlsens, are ex ampt ft i military service In Italy. The Government made this announce no mi to-night, Anally ending u long ron- Iroveray, number of oung hallana who Were horn In Ameri a but returned to ltal and were ordered to take up arms, were released from the necessity of doing military duty. FRENCH MAKE GAINS BY MINE WARFARE Optrationi Are Limited to Bomb imd Hand Grenade Fighting, Sir nil i a'.le Itttpnxrh to Tub Si s. Paiii, Aiig. , Hard grenade and bomb lighting and explosions of mines on bo! li side were the only operations on the French front to-day, according to the official atinouia-enieiils issued by tl.e War Office, Hllght guina in 'lie Arioi ne are reported us a result of tfea n ine warfare. The nigiu communique was us fol lows : In Ariols there has been great artil lery activity on both sides. In the re gion "f NOUll lie and in the sector of .i uv He. Itha cannon ide has been Very heavy also In the regio , of Noye and Lasslgny. in the valley of the Al mo jnd In Champagne. The en emy threw about forty shells into thelitis. only one person was ayauntlad I'lglit.ng with hunihs occurre on the fiont of Perthes end Beausejour. In the ArgOnnB the enemy has bom tiaribd Vguquola, We directed against tha German tranohaa a very effective fire. In Alsace. In the region of A merts viller, our tranch mortars wrecked the Herman pnalllona and blew up several ammunition depots. The communique Issued In the after r ' on said ; Lust lliflhl BaW continued severe artillery fighting In tha Ailuis dis trict, between the Ols und the Alsne. in the I'hatupugne district, and in the V'osges In the Argonne fighting with mines continued at Council CnauaaM, and at M Hubert, where we have occu pted anil consolidate I t be crater made by u mine explosion. Two weak infuiitrj attacks on the pmt uf the enemy, one at Krlse-sur-Botiinie and the oilier in the forest of Purroy. In Lorraine, were completely rapulaad by us. FOUR SHIPS DESTROYED IN BA TTLE IN RIGA GULF Russians Lose Three, Germans One, While Another German Vessel Is Run Aground and Third Damaged Bombardment of Riga Reported. Special Cable Despair A to Tns Sti. LaiNisjN, Aug. 21. A German fleet has penetrated the Gulf of Klga after an engagement between advance squad rons of small vessels of both fleets In which two Russian gunboats, one Rus sian torpedo boat and one German tor pedo boat were destroyed, the last named by a mine, a second German torpedo boat was run ashore after strik ing a mine and a third, also damaged by a mine, was towed back to a Oer msn port. The encounter Is described In the fol lowing official German statement re ceived here by wireless to-day : German Iteport of l-'lahi. Our naval forces In the Baltic pene trated the Gulf of Riga, after mak ing the passage through many mines, the task lasting several days. During the outpost fighting a Rus sian torpedo boat was destroyed and other torpedo bosta, Including the Narwlrk and also a larger ahlp, were seriously damaged. During the Russian retreat On the evening of August Is the Russian gun boats stunt, h and Koreets were de stroyed, after bravely replying with gun fire to our torpedo attack. Forty men of the crew, Including two officers, some seriously wounded, were rescued by our torpedo boats. Three of our own torpedo boats were damaged by mines. One of thsm sank, one was run ashore and ons was towed to port. Our losses of life were small. The Hivutch and Koreets were small gunboats, sister ships, of 876 tons, built In 107. They carried two 4.7 Inch, four 3 Inch and three maohlne guns each. Neither was equipped with torpedo tubes and tiheir speed was only twelve knots Rlna Shelled, Is Report. A Stockholm despatoh reports that the German Baltic fleet has defeated the Russian fleet end Is now bombarding Rum Itaelf. The only official Russian in formation regarding the encounter Is contained In a statement of the Russian Admiralty issued last night, saying: "Strong forces of the German fleet have penetrated the Gulf of Ria and fighting with our ships continues." The Rustkg Invalid of PetrOgrad save that several small Russian ships were Inside the gulf when the Germans en tered, but It states that no large Rus slsn ships were bottled up In the gulf This is In contradiction of reports from Copenhagen that sevetsl important units of the Russian fleet had been bottled up In the gulf by the Germans, who had orders to destrcy them in order to make possible the landing of troops at Riga or on the Finnish coast. No news has beem received of the dreadnoughts and other battleships of the Russian Baltic fleet. I: wns reported several days ago that a German fleet of ten dreadnoughts and battle cruisers, with supporting ships, were reconnoitring the vicinity of the Guir of Riga. Germans Take Blelsk. The German army under Gen. von Gallwits has taken Hielsk. according to the- official statement issued In Herlln to-day. Blelsk is on the Btala. half way between QaaoWlac and Hrest-Lltovsk, fifty miles northwest of the latter fortress. The German statement Indicates that the Teutonic armies life continuing their successes in driving the Russians back along much of the Polish line, forcing the defenders from their positions south of Kovno. which fell on August 17, while Von Maekcnsen's left wing has advanced from the mouth of the Hug to I'ulwa. The Germans also are continu ing their forward movement east of Vlodava. in the Brest-l.ttovsk sector. The German military statement to day says : Ths troops of Field Marshal von Hlndsnburg fighting east uf Kovno have taken 410 more Russian pris oners and six machine guns. South of Kovno the Russians hsve evacuated their position at (lesia und are retreating In an easterly di rect ion. Near tiudele ami Hejny the Rus sian positions wan taken by storm. In fighting west of Tykocln on the Narew River we took 610 more Russian prisoners, Including live offi cers, und also four machine guns. Hielsk was captur.d by th earmy of Gen. von Gallwlti The Kussiuns were driven across the Hiula. Renewed resistance of the Rus sians was broken down by the Ha vurtun army of Prince Leopold after a battle lusting throughout vesterilay afternoon and last ?ht. Since early morning the enetin has been In retreat. Over 1,000 prisoners were taken. The left wing of Field Marshal von Maekensen's army crossed the sector uf Kotorka and advanoad from the mouth of the Hug to I'ulwa, the enemy continuing his retreat. Kast of Vlodava. near Hrest-Ll-tovsk, further progress lias bsen made by the QermanlO forces, it is evident Ihat the Hermans through their movement against Htest-Litovsk from the northwest anil south hope to outflank the Russian defender in the region east of Vlodava. where the Kut siacs are assisted by swamps which ex tend far to the east uf the Hug. and to cut i ff the Russian armies based on Bn Ft-Lituvsk from those operating at Oaaowlec Success In the hitter project would enable the Germans to approach OeaoWleC from the south as well as from the west and north I'etrograd despatches say that the greatest heroism was displayed by the defenders of Kovno liefore that fortress was given Up, the Russian garrlsun dying almost to a man. nrest-l.ltovsk Is l.iml. rtrest-Lltovsk. in the view of the mili tary writers, Is now the soul of all the German efforts In this region, and the fortress and the armltM before it ai expected to have to contend with six great Austro-Germnti armies soon. The first great battle for tha fortress alreadx. has begun on the Hoheti. I'etro grad despatches say that the Russians are hoidlr c firmly here and that the Germans have been forced to abandon strong v lort tied positions. The Teu tonic urvui winch Invaatad Novo fjaoigb evyk is uow moving eastward to Jultt the Bavarian force undor Prince Len Mild to the northwmt of Hrest-Lltovsk. and Gen von M.irkensen is loniei uut Ing large forces for an attack on the outer w arks of the fortreaa, A Iteuter despatch from I'etrograd says that a Zeppelin Hying oyer Vllna, east of Kovno. huv been brought down by Russian lire, the airship being hit lour times. The Zeppelin, aiourdlig to the despatch, contained a pilot, en gineer and eight soldiers and was t quipped with a machine gun, bombs, in cendiary darts and photographic ap psratus Details of the capture of Novo Geurglevsk are oontglnad In a despatch to the BsrMn LokalunHtigtr, Tha daa patch says ; Thousands of Russians Surrender. "The chief attack wua curried out from the northeast After a bombardment of ninety minutes word was received that ths important Fort No. t ssaa still Intaot und therefore the time had not come for GRAND DUKE CALLS A WAR CONFERENCE SprHnl Cubit PftfmlC to THS Sl'S. Amstkkham. via London, Aug. 21. The Hrrllner Xeiluap says thnt Grand Duke Nicholas has called a corrAsrance of Ministers and Council of War to discuss the military situa tion, adding that the Minister of War has declared that he will reveal the whole truth of the situation and will do everything possible to remedy ex isting abuses. Major Moraht, writing in the Tagr blnfl, finds It difficult to understand why the Orand Duke decided to de fend Novo Georglevsk and regards the d as a risky half measure when viewed in Its relations to the entire situation. the edvnnce. The bombardment was continued until 1 o'clock, when a re connoitring party was attscked. "At 1 o'clock Hsxon reserves began to storm the Russlins' positions Tha Russians ceased shouting and surrend ered when the Saxons entered. "Simultaneously Fort Nu. 2 wus at tacked from the north. Artillery firing was continued until 2:43 o'clock, at which time German cheers could be heard. "Abandoned cannon were everywhere, and near Alexandrlnskaya Cemetery were numerous batteries. There are huge supplies of ammunition In the forts "At 4 o'olock German shouts of vic tory were heard fro Fort No. 1. to the southward, and at 0 o'clock from the northwestern portion of the citadel tre mendous flres broke out, consuming the officers' quart, is haystacks and the sup. ply depot, and causing explosions of am munition. "Thousands gave themselves up as prisoners.'' GERMANS CHECKED. OftVnsltr Nana Kovno Is Halted. 'a Pelrnarad. pri CwMl Dnpaii h ju tub Sis. I'btroorai). Aug 21 The following 'fftokil statement was Issued hero to day . In the direction of Kovno our troops have heJd up the Get man of fensive along the rallwuy line towaul Kochedary. We have repulsed a series of par ticularly terrific attacks in the region of Blelsk. In which the Germans suf fered enormous losses There was violent lighting during Thursday night at Novo Georglevsk when the Germans made an assault against the citadel on the right bank of the Vistula. BIG AUSTRIAN LOSSES. I i Italian Gut eminent Describes Progress of Operations. Washinuton, Aug. 21. The Italian Embassy gave out to-day a statement aent by the Rome Government In which the course of the operations against Austria is explained. Denying reports from Austro.German sources. the Italian Government asserts that the frontier has at no point been crossed by the Teutons. Discussing the ad vance against the great Ioiiso fortreas of Gorlta, the statement says: "In fiont of Gorlts the strong net work of fortifications the enemy still holds on Hie right of the river Is being approached at some points to within a few paces and the Austilan press has admlttad thai our rifle fire reaches the houses In the town. But the Italian advnnce was even more su'-cessful on the Carso plateau, whl , h constitutes the main stronghold in the durlts defences There in u few weeks our troops have forced their way to the outer edge of the heights running from Gradisca to Monfalcone and then pierced the enemy's strong line of defence on the plateau Usalf from the Se.lu daSan Martino to Monte Sel Hua! and the heights and ; forts of Monfulcone Therefrom they have begun and are carrying on slowly but steadily their attack on the next line of Austrian delcnce." Referring to the losses suffered in the fighting, the statement says: "our losses do not amount even to one s.xth of the 200,000 casualties attributed to us by our enemies We have taken in. 000 prisoners, although we had to make frontal attacks, while the enemy I has taken only a few hundred, so few that he docs inn mention them In his offi cial repoits Austrian losses have been1 ascertained to be extraordinarily hanvy and all Austcu-Muniiaria i officers taken prisoners by us have admitted it. "The Italian offensive continue, and ' the enemy Is unable to check It, notwilh- I standing the flow of reenforcomejits brought up against us. Violent counter utturka attempted at times in strung numbers have everyw here In en repulsed our offensive is steadily developing, al-, though It has to face and oval iHMne de fences which are of the strcngest ever I pioducted." KAISER THANKS GOD FORTRESS IS TAKEN Sa.vs If Was "Sublime Day' Whln Novo Ueorjjievsk Was Won. AaiargaoAM, vim Lgindon, Aug. ai The Kaiser has sent tha following tele gram o pr, von Bathmann-Hollweg, thu Imperial 'hancellor "Thanks to Qod'a gracious assistance and the tried leadership of the con uueror uf Antwerp, ien von Beaaeler, an well us to the heron bravery of our brilliant troopa and the excellent Her man and Austin-Hungarian siege artil lery, the Btrongeal and moel modern nf Itueasuii fortreaeee. Novo Ueorglevsk, la in our bauds. "Deeply moved, I have agpreaaed my Ihgnka In, my brave troops, whose spirit la splendid All were landwehr an I laiiilslurtu It was one of the finest feats of arms of the arm. It wae a BUbllme day. fur which I humbly thank i ind. The booty taken at Kovno has been Increased lo r.llll euiis " To tikis the Chancellor replied : "Full of gratitude toward tiod, the entire people rejoice over the heroic deeds of the aimy With a knowledge of Its Just cause and full of confidence In Hie future, the unanimous resolution of tin- Ralchetac Klmvu. thai the entire people are firmly united behind our brilliant army. Thousands last evening sang triumphal hooks and 'Now Thank We All Our jod' before the palace of the Chancellor." TURKISH SURRENDER; SEEN NEAR AT HAND Army of 100,000 Cut Off From Rasp of SuppliPH by British Ruhc. NO CHANCE TO RETREAT PutCAOO, Aug. II The DnUy Jws has received the following despatch from Ita correspondent at Mudroa : "The demorallaalon and aurrender of the Turkish army defending the Oal llpoh penlnaula are predicted for the near future. Tha opening of the Dar danelles and the eventual fall of Con stantinople are now said to be Inevitable, and' It la only a matter of time before the twentieth century cruaadara will raise the standsrd of Christianity on the Mosque of St. Sophia. "Minor military dlffloultlea will prob ably prevent the Allies from reaching Constantinople before eprlng, but the startling raaults of tha Litest British military achievement, eclipsing any thing of a similar nature in histoo . assures the Allies of full eventual vic tory over the Turka, and leads to the liellef that the European aide of the Dardanallea will be oontrolled by tie Allies within a taw weeks. Bold Stroke by British. Through a bold atroke the British army has dealt the Turks a humilia ting and dlaaatrotia surprise, reeutltiig In the absolute capture and destruc tion of the main lines of communica tion between Constantinople and the forces defending the GalUpoll penin sula, thus entirely cutting oft the am munition and food supplies which had moved down the peninsula to the base of the army in ths field. "The result was brought about by a ruse. Huge and heavily equipped forcea were concentrated by the Allies on various Inland basoa near the Asia Minor seacoast. The Allies made a great display of an intention to Invade Asia Minor, and the Turks rushed every available man to the defence of Smyrna. Adrumyti and other Asiatic cities. Suddenly during the night of August 13 thousands of troops at half a dosen bases embarked on transports, de stroyers and trawlers and steamed hastily to an unknown rendesvous Great secrecy was maintained, and even many of the staff officers were lgnoiant of the objective The Turks, learning that the British army was moving, pre pared to give It a hot reception at any point along the whole coast of Asia Minor. Tarks I nprepnred. "Like a thunderbolt the British In vaded the Galllpoll peninsula at Suvlu Buy. where the Turks were hopelessly unprepared for an assault. During the night an immense fleet gathered in the Gulf of Saios from all points of the compass. There were hundreds of transports, destroyers, cruisers and traw.ers. bristling with khaki clad .sol dier. The huge expeditionary force was flung against the Turks on the spot where they least expected it. The land ing was orderly, scientific, and unap loscd. and it wae followed by a rapid advanca to a position four m:Ies In.and. which was immediately fortified. This move entirely severed the enemy's llnea oi commun cation, with the result that 100,000 Turks, or what Is left of tha seven army corpa defending the penin sula, are nearly surrounded and v.rtually beaiegvi! The army's retreat Is 1mKsai ble, and entirely cut off from eex-ape. It must e.ther fight to the death or sur rtnder. It is now a queation of how 'a;i the Turks can subsist on the sup plies they have. "It will be an utterly Impossibility to got enough fo rtheir dally needs, be as If it sort) a eacu manoeuvre, and not ;.,.. i and sea cunuuuu, cations. I'earefnl bsudlsg. "The Vandlng waa spteialidly executed Cnder the suerv,oii of the nsvy half a thousand small tiogts, launches and pinna, les bristling like porcupines with fixed bayonets, carried the trisjpa quietly ashore and returned repeatedly for fresh loads. Each man was equlpiaxl with an entrenching tool, omniuir tlon and food for three days immediately after the landing fifty Turk.ah outposts surren dered, and these were the only soldiers of the enemy seen during the day. "The spectacular bombardment and cont.nuuus roar of cannonading which wore a feature of the original 1( ndltig at Scdd-EMtahr. were conspicuously ab sent. Everything was quiet and orderly, as if It were a eace mnniruvre. and no, a shot was fired until nearly dark Turk.sh reiKirts says that ao.nni) Hrttlsh troops landed within twenty-four hours." (1.00U A WEEK WOUNDED. tlorlullty Among Turks 4'alcnlaled at M Per lent. Bft rial radii lrtati , to Tub Si v. Ron Aug. 11. Thk Hcn'b corre. ' nondant M informed through a neutral diplumatie kourca that the average num ber of wounded sent to i 'unstantlnople from the Dardanelles has . exceeded li.OOO weekly sinoe the beginning of June Twi b tea ma hi pa of the Qarntar. Lavaill Una, tha tleneral and the for- I i uvadOi hftVg baen transformed Into hoa- 1 pltal slup and are anchored in the QOldan Horn with Herman i Mounded ntioard, including 300 officers Twu lienerals have died of their. wounds. The mortality among the Turkish wounded is calculated at 3n per cent. WINSLOW FOR PACIFIC FLEET. To Succeed Admiral Howard, Wkn Will Head Ksainlnlna Hoard. WaeHiMiTON. Aug. II Admiral Cam. iron Mrlt Wlmtlow hai been desig nated by president Wilson to be com uuinder in enief of the BgOtftc fleet to succeed Admiral It H. Howard, who will shortly go on the retired list. I m lielng relieved Admiral Howard will lie assigned lo duly na president of the Naval Kxamlnltig Hoard In this oily. The change In the command uf the PaclflO fleet will take place at San DlagO, Cat, the latter part of the month EVENTS IN THE WAR ONE YEAR AGO 10-DAY AUQURT li: Qefmaflg ocicupv Ostein! und lHt,en 1 and advance on l.llle and Vglenotanneg, Ruaelanl defeat Austrlans In Qg. llcla, near the frontier, Inflicting heavy kaggg and taking I, til pris oners. QeriMlia shatter the gVenph ad vance linn, caul of the Vo.Hges, und ton e it liack In disorder. ScrblaiiH win a sweeping victory over Austriuns in a battle on the Save arid Hie I'llnu. the Austrian asualtles reiu'hlng lu.OOV. ARMY OFFICERS SEE BOMB TESTED Russian Inventor offers V. S.!r- Eduard David, One of Explosive to Re Dropped From Aeroplanes. THROWS SHOWER OF FIRE Witnessed by forty-sl officers of the United Hlntes army and navy and the New York State National (luard and about three hundred civilians, many of them membera of the Aeronautical So ciety of America, Leon Cloldmet stein yesterday afternoon demonstrated his Invention of a new type of Incendiary bomb on the grounds of the Aeronautical Society, Oakwood Heights, Staten Island. The bomb Is for aeroplane use and when dropped will explode and throw molten metal for a radius of two or three hurslrcd feet The principal effective, ness of the bomb In time of war will be to set fire to ammunition stations and railroad structures The burning metal thrown la thermit. Th s metal will explode and burn at the Fahrenheit temperature of 1,100 degrees. The usual' Incendiary bomb consists of a shell filled with thermit and an ig niting device composed of phosphorus slid when Ignltad sets everything within Its scope that Is Inflammable on fire, but It la Inadequate, for the explosion and fire Is local and may be extinguished with comparative ease. Mr. (loldmersteln has Invented a new substance thnt does not explode until It Is encased entirely in molten steel. It Is expected to scatter smsll grains of the new explosive throughout the mass of the thermit so that as It melts It will spread, preventing the sppronch of any one to extinguish It, making the con flagrat on widespread. Only one bomb was set off on the aviation grounds yenterday. This was a :rJI one that obtained Ita explosive power from a small cube of the explo sive. Around the botiab for a radius of twelve feet was placed a network of boards and as Hsl bomb exploded It set all the wood on fire A low explosive Immh was used BUOOaaaftlily, The high explosive bomh did not explode, for the new explosive is In the liquid form In 6ht type and the steel tubes containing It floated to the surface of the thermit and did not become red hot. This accident was caused by the ex treme precaution taken by the inventor. He put only an ounce of the substance In the bomb, w-hereae ordinarily he places a pound, for the spectators would not have been safe from Injury within a radius of 100 feet. Mr Ooldrnersteln Is a Russian by birth, but has declared his Intention of necomir.g naturalised He i a mombei of the Aeronautical Society ..f America and MM an associate editor of the Joumul of far Amcrirnn ggalafg of Mr hantrai sTagtaaara, The Aero society wanted at the time Secretary Daniel Invited the organisation lo place two memliers on the new naval advisory board to elect Mr Ooldmarataln sa one. but as he had not yet become a ottlaan he wras not eligible. This did not stop the Inventor, fur lie continued his work and has offered the I'nlted States il-iv-ernment his Invention any time that It wants It. Among the army officers present yes terday were Hng -Oen. Ueorge F. An drews, retired, Col. - Noyee. Signal Corpa i Major Hart man, signal corps. Major A. K Truby, Medical Corps ; First Lieut. H. L. Jordan, Slim.U Corps . Lieut. H I. Councilman. Coast Artillery, and Lieut. A S Buyers. Coast Al tiller. Tha naval officers present included Navel Constructor J. w WoodrufT and Lieut W. S. Anderson. Neat York Navy Yard . PBJ master It H Johnston. V S S Ful ton. Lieut F P. Cornier, U S S de stroyer Jenkins. Lieut A. S Harlem, V. s s. Alywin : Lieuts v. II. Lsuali it V. Wlllgon, H 0, Crosby. IV II Tar. rey, Bnalgna it K Wurtele, C C. Todd, s J Moore, F. B. Smith and It. B Bal aton, l. t, S New Y'ork. The National Quard Maw York waa rpresented by sixteen officers in charge i! Lieut -Col H t; Olmatead, Head quarters ENVMUOn, and Major Hailahan. s. gnai Corpa, USE CAPTURED U BOATS. Helton. Turn brrman Submarines Analnat Former (Inner. Secr.l Herman subitiaiines captured by the British have been repaired and placed In commission ugaln to fight against vessels of their form, r owner, according to Information received es teriluy from an authoritative source It has been asserted tint forte of the Kaisers BtlbmarllMa have bean Mink since tiie war began and it is known that several have been captured in the v.ire n,is spread .nt Harwich and other points in channels off shoic. A mot these was one of the r boats, the largest under water craft The buoyed nets have proved the beat antidote to the sulunai Ins .Linger, shut ting the submarines out while admit ling the passage nf merchant men and ' rata porta The Irish s,rt. according tu the British Admiralty, has been made practically safe The suuthe.-t point of Ireland, bacatsta of the vaal sea area. Is a difficult plug In which t set the net traps snd It is th.re that the majority of the recent attacks. In cluding the (.inking of the trablc and the l.usltaiiln, have been made Oereaana Raasarl Mttle Aarlrlty. BggUM, ia London, ,ug. , Tlie Army Headquarters' ishuciI the following aflMal report to-day regarding oper.. Hons in the west : Nothing of importance has occurred since the lust report. More llrein! r..r Merlin. Hkbi.in, via London. Auk The dovernment, following an estimate of the wheat crop, has increased Hie daily bread allowance in Berlin from 20(1 grams to drains ELOPERS GET FORGIVENESS. t.rniidiliiiiubler ol -lallle klnu" u air a, Harper Lake, The elopement and subsequent mar. rlage of Miaa Margaret BUR of UcKin ney, Tex, mi Thursda m Harper Lake of like Hros , ootten look, is ,,f 5tWIII lam streeg, baowna kiMian yeaterday No aonaani to the marriage had been ie ceued Prom the brlda'i ratiier. n seems and aa her aunt, Mis. 1.. 1. Billot, and her OOUBln, Mis Winifred M SlHple, of 4 Ulverside I hive, with whom the young BOmnil lived, objected, the inar i luge look place in secret Mia. Lake did not report her where, alsnits lo her aunt and cousin and they baoame worried; but Mrs kihlpley said yeaterday afternoon thai atte had heard fiivin her miualn and thai aha was in Now Voile Mrs Bhlple) also said lliat the approval of the wedding had been received from Minn Stiff's father, al though he hud alatieU it t,, : paoa in i'cxas. Miss surf is a granddaughter of the late Capi r: it shit, snca kn,n aj Hie "Cattle King of Texas" She nn.t Mr. Ijilte only a few months ago and the court ahlp luxigrossaii rapidly, Har age. as given In the marriage llceri.se, la HI, and the yninn man Is :1s. It waa said by frtanda last ilium that the difference in their ages Is greater. The ceremony was performed by Ihe Itev. Dr. Ernest Johnaon of the rrt -fourth Street BUHhMlat hurcii. GERMAN SOCIALISTS LONGING FOR PEACE Reichstag Views Regarding Annexation of Conquered Territory. H'run, via London, Aug. 21. The position of the Herman Socialists with regard to annexation by (Jermany of conquered provinces was outlined yes terday by Dr. Kduard David, the Six-lal-ist leader, In the debate In the Reichstag on the granting of the new war ciedtt. The new credit of f,R(H).0n0,nno was reoordesl. Dr. HurT Lebknecht. the 8o clal s lender, hooted. His fellow Social ists greeted his action with general laughter. "There lives In the hearts of the Her man people." Dr. David said, "aa In those of all other peoples, longing for the day of the restoration of peace. It ware III for humanity If It were other wlae. The European people are bleed ing from thousands and thousands of wounds. Ever' duy of the war means further frightful destruction of values. "Therefore I point again to the dec laration which our party made In the Reichstag. We adhere to the principle declared on August 4. 1(14. that an end muet be made to the war aa soon aa our enemle are Inclined to make peace. "Lust for conquest must not prolong this war unnecessarily. Emperor Will lam said we were waging no war of conquest, and the Chancellors speech yi-sterdny supplied further proof. Un fortunately, Hermany e enemies are not yet inclined to peace, notwithstanding their severe defeals. Their leading states- men only raemtly ass. tied the deter I mlnatlon to continue the war until Ger many is crushed and their plans fur con i quest are readied. Look for More Liberty. "Thoy are atiil looking for allies among the neutrals. They say time Is their I ally, and hope to wear out Germany I economic and military power by pro I trading the war. If we deaire ptaca. i therefore, the only thing left is to OOttV I pal them to Bee that their hrsjie in futile." Referring to the Chancellor's words I to the effect that Germany owes her success to moral power exert-d in the . giraetlM of freedom. Dr. David said: "And I hoid It to be my duty to add ' thai we expect a greater measure of liberty for the German people. With tins hope we shall vote for the new credit We must reach the goal of equal Civil rights attending equal civil duties "Whoever did not know it before must have learned through this war that the great masses of the German people stand so high In efficiency, in the spirit of i organization. In the sense of goclal duty, Ihat the demand for full political equality can no longer be refused Creation of freer and higher conditions of law and culture among the people themselves and in respect of uther : peoples must he the unalterable aim i of a policy which strives for the hest for our own people und all humanity In struggling for that goal we vote for the present war credit." Hope Benedict's efforts for peace were praised by Dr. I'eter Spahn. n Clerical member, who said ; 'The position of the Holy Father which has been created by the war cutnpels ua to think of an International arrangement which would do Justii'e to the iinlits and dignities of, , the papacy." chancellor von HnHimann llollnagal remark concerning the "freeing of Poland i from the Russian yoke" waa indorsed by tt numlier uf the members, including Dr. spa!, n an.i Major Ernst Baaatrman, I MANY AVIATION CORPS BUT NO AEROPLANES Aero Chili Asks Governor to Cooperate in Equipping stale Mi lit iti. Twant) -three aviation corps without aeroplanes that Is the situation of the StateB whose naval militia undertook to organlga Hie i iriis as tha result of a promtae made by the Navy Department Several month ago lo lend aeroplanes ' to such organisations. The .Veto Club of America has set ' Itself vigorously to the task of supply ing aeroplanes to these aviation cot pj s , the militia, being Ihe backbone of our national defence, can be able to manoeuvre under rondltloni approx.in.it- nig tlioee of modern warfare and be : come aoojllglnted With the possibilities I of thr aeroplane us a a out. range tinder 'for artillery and for coast defence. i As a preliminary to making apeol h efforts io meal thin need the clgb ! has sent letters to the Uovernori of all tin- States now holding it iloveinors' ' conference in Boeton telling about the situation and asking that the conference I consider the matter of organising uvia I tlon corps in the National liuard and N aval Militia. The heads of the now organised avla- j lion c 'tps .i iwenty.lhre Slates have I written to the club asking for gaalatance j The slub says th,- Inability of Die Navy I department to fulfil it? promlae to aup. I piv Beroplanea will delay the organ- (gallon of the various aviation corps ' for a full year, and it is this delay ' Which Ihe club hopes to he able to ; prevent It nrgis upon the (ioveniors that ; the interest in aviation which has been aioused should not be allowed to die, and asha each c.overnnr to cooperate In Incragalng the national aeroplane fund, to which Kincison MoMlllill has con- tribute,! t,000 and lias offered u In . per cent, bontia for all am, mum col led. ,1 up io 1500,040 befor.. February 1 next. Th A. ro Club oilers a medal of dls- I tlnctlon to the tirst officer of the Na tlonal Quard or Naval M till lei of each State who earns an aviation pilot's license, It also urges that a resolution be adopted at the Ooernors i f, , n, e askini! the aViiatora and Congreaamen . to tupporl forthcoming measures to pro- I vnic geronantloal equlpmenl for tha mill. , Ha. REPORTER OFFENDS BRITAIN. I greeted 'or WrlllMH Waller Thai viiuht rrejudice Relailuna." il aerial Cablt Deeggfrif t Tan .ii I MaNOHggTgg, Hnglandi Aug. Theodora Blngton, a Journalist, was re- mandod here to-day charged with viola tlon of the defence of the realm net In sending to an American publication "in formation calculated to prejudice ins Majesty's relation! with foreign I'ow- jcm." rhe prosecution alleged if the articles .had been published the might hgV ; caused material Injury to Oreat Britain ill the minds nf impl .1 ,. . - ,ri,,.n. i it e I prisoner denied that the mutter in nuea- itlotl U-UH for i. .1. .1 Party Leaders, Outlines in the National Liberal leader. The latter said Germany's national Interest must receive due consideration In the solution Of the Pullsh problem, and concluded I "Victory must bring us peace which will guarantee our future, dictated solely from the standpoint of Oermany'a na. tlonal intereats." Vlndlslaua Seyda. a Polish member, expreaseil the confidence of the Polei that the war will "create political con ditions for the Polish nation which will guarantee free development of Ita na tional life in the future." In the view of the greater part of the Oerman press Dr. von Hethmann Hollweg's statement means that the Hovernmcnt Intends to annex Busalan Poland, and the newspapers In general give hearty approval to such a proposal. After saying that Poland "will be freed finally from tha Rusilan yoke and guaranteed a mora fortunate future. Independent or nearly so," the Taru-Hscse- ffiindscnriM asks whether an In dependent Poland under German aover elgnty would not be a menace to Ger many, and also questions whether the Chancellor's remarks, bringing up the subject of annexation, have not delayed peace by bringing home to Russia tha realization that she may loee her richest Industrial province. Predicts m New Knrope. The Berlin TagrbXatt says a "certain goal is clearly to be seen in tha Chan cellor's words, ' and continues : "A new Europe, a new order of things, must result, which will make Impossible any encircling of Gsrmany. any break ing of her circuit In the future. The basis, therefore. Is. In the Chancellor's opinion, the exlension and strengthening of the German empire. In this purpose all Germans will agree with him. The means to Its sttalnmrnt can be dis cussed only when the proper time ar rives. The mors effective our armies In Poland are the sooner that time will arrive." The Leipzig .Vocnrfcnfrn, while ap proving the Government's revelation of its plan for Poland, expresses the belief that Germany's military achievements are not yet sufficient to warrant the Chancellor's utterances. The Leipzig rngtMall says: "The world now knows how we be came involved In this war, and we have learned for the first time whither we are headed. The Chancellor for the first time has lifted the veil concealing the purpose of the war, and has Indicated dlatlnctl) and manfully what Is to be the reward of the efforts of ourselves and our allies rreedom of the seas tu the west and the weakening of Russia to lie east The Chancellor's wordt COUriand freed- will be greeted Joyfully by hundreds of thousands." "MUST BEND OR BREAK." That Is What Chancellor Tells Berlin I rund of Foes. Bkri.iv. via Amsterdam and Igmdon. Autr 21. I)r vne, I ..') , , , II Imperial Chancellor, addressed a crowd which gathered In a great patriotic demonstration before the Chancellor's! house last night. In his brief remarka tha ' 'hancellor said : "Russian fortresses are dashed to ! pieces like earthenwaie The Reichstag has strikingly displayed the uncon querable spirit of the German people! In voting lo.non.nno.ono marks at n sin-1 gie sitting for the prosecution of the war. The fight Is not finished, but If it is God's will, the day will come when e may say. What will not bend must' break ' " COMPULSORY ARMY SERVICEJSjSEEN HERE A nn v and Navy Journal" Says Secretary Garrison Realize Necessity. Compulsory military training in timea of peace for all the young men of this cuunirj is sonietning ot tlie near future, according to the Army and Vavg Jour. gal, which says that the (teneral Staff. n well as almost every officer, believes that ruch a course Is the only solution of the problem of national defence. Ths article says i "Before leaving for seabright. n. j . the Secretary of War in a letter to the Preatdent indicated what his military policy recommendations to Congress will be It is altogether probable that the Secretary win give out a preliminary statement on the Department's' policy when be returns to Washington It :s understood that Ihe Secretary and the War Colli ge proceed on the aaaumptlon that the neeeeeary troops for an adequate land force must be raised by the volunteer system Though the quaatlon of the soundness of the VOl uiitier g)'Stem was not passed upon, it Is no secret that the Cenet a! staff, us well a almost every officer in the army, believes that compulsory training of some character is the only solution of tlie problem of national defence. "The few that still cling to the old volunteer ayatetn have lost fullh In it since its failure in England during the Puropean vvur. "Lvetv one. m or out of the army, w ho has si lulled the problem closeiv now reallxea tlwi In the event of war with a first .lass I'ower this country would be forced to resort to COnacrlp Hon, and It is InsHs'ed that the only safe and sound military policy will be a compulsory training stean to be put Into effe.-t In the tpne of peace Although the Secretary of War re fuses to commit himself, 11 is believed with all the reports th.it have been sub mitted to him by the War College Hie Oenerul Staff and the geneia! officers of the army, he must now see that the "lily Just and sound military policy Is based "i, equal and universal eervk-e. "A lawyer with the keen mind of ths Secretary cinn.it bit see the equity of placing military eervlce on the asms basis tis taxation and Jury service. ' MRS. VANDERBILT HONORED. I ranee t (infers Uold Medal for A I.I la Wogadeg, Hash, Aug :'i -The Korean office jctitw upoi ihe reoonvnendatlon of ths' Ministry of War. has awarded a gold ' ' ' Mrs, William K VandeH.!t lor her services as president of the American committee for clothing the wounded, The Foreign office expressed th u ernmanta appreciation 0f Mrs. Vander. nits services, mentioning h.- aa one whose active sympathies have so oftee come to the aid of our wounded." north Beach Boats from East 99th 134th Stt. IHf. I r til If . M i crrn.huii, rltlatat FREE FIREWORKS TUESftTHURS. GIFTS FOR WOMEN CHIEF GERMAN LOOT Feminine Apparel Attrflc fieors in Enem.v'g Conn try. of. NAVAL AFFAIRS TAHOO sptctai cahie Drsgafr la 1 London, Aug. 111. - The ni li apondant of the ftaaai who ri i short time ago from Germany "the new German attitude Ina nations." This attitude is ihov ays. among other things bj I duct of the soldiers Ha q . American whose ItfiOWledgi of I ry affairs Is above the gvel Ing that the modern Qarmai offlcei , combination of soldier, bla i burglar. The writer adds : "What would bt though I any other army who entei I houses and stole Ural of all derwear? Y I th. r- la hai I f ivalo cer's family In Oarmany Wl to-day are not proud to ri Cousin Krltz' or 'Uncle Hi them a gift of llngei i The writer adnots tnai a n p I) nf the officers of Pie older m prove of this practice ai I possible prevent It and punish r ordlnntes for looting. While the correspondent foil I thai t was comparatively e.i lo gel J With military affairs , with the navy was careful) i It Is Impossible, he says, foi pit -a' to enter Kiel or Wllhalrr huvei Ha heard of prodigious acth I) tlon with the navy but it wai in to ascertain the naiuie of this He confirms previous reports - ,h. marine achievements have t the publtc and aayi he s that It was difficult to c ,v. on the submarines. On the other hand, ha found t hi ,, ,. pleased with the work of 1 . which they say hava greatl: rovad In speed, method of rising und ,n gag. aral effectiveness MBS. F. X. CARM0DY DIES. 4ofranlal Lecturer And Propone i, i of Tvtlllubl vleep. Mrs. Francis X. Carmody, a thu astlc suffragist an-i proponent of Ta light Bleep, died BUddenl; morning In the Long lalai I Colics, H pltal. She had bai ta " t. pltal from her home. 1 1 14 1 1 , Brooklyn, last Saturday, ind her , eath wan due to a hgmorrhagi Mia. Ciumody was i '.-.a i : , K. latving been married to m . .i Burlington. Iowa, on Jut. She hsd three chil l' en. Fi u . horn in If0 . Carolina, .. and Charles, who waa bom year ago in rVelburg, Clem i ! The last was i Ta II u t . hi and has been such a health) r lid tv he has been nn exhib.t .. many turea n that aubject. nrltain liars Coda aaanlnatlnn, The Commercial Cable C makes the following announcei "British censor gtvea ten combination of code and clear la: r In the same agpraanion is not . Flble." M. I l; I I l mi l BESHOWNATFETE Bal Masque to End Great Di on Living Models at I Bead,. AmiTu.i Ht lnm is a i .- tumn PftNfMgVn fMhloti (v wit a p nthrortt MttlnkTi A ' u nil th tlaborate dt lo i ItM propt-r dlCpUi) of ' i"n, tht ttetlynttgii Vrtnch pftpitnl Hhm ; :. r . . . 1 oiil Interruption diit ArrKlu't 'iH-: , - f..;- f . 1 . ' - Hit Ug dTtplgy hi u-. c ,t made by Mr ,T .T rjld-l ! of .?, M OUMtttfl A of N AVMIUf, Who b dirt- tl! u " Will lP Kttd rVUITUetl Pgggffltt h) -tlU'-SM il I .. of th pn mnIi Ji'tlv i nowtrVt ouvi lr in --.! i i : s "U) rt tf ii ' ornc rfllw ot th trar mitt Mnit JUggggtvrnnd vifi -. rtifli1(gr. hiias r of lh 1 1 aiiMniw-ii.1 niul th fundF tegVilH for tli- iff i rx eomplttHa bill ;i : Ml. V not fewer than oi rtudlnir fon n. hatet (Tiirmt n , will - nttidalt, ho will pom ' brilliantly IllUtttlnntPd n nix tlM but on th tit.', of tlie laMldfj I . iik , fewer thai n Iweirty -tivi women mod 1m w.U a. . latent Importat Ion, Horn i yet foniplf ti-.i. eann In , rive here until alma .- the da - ' ofrtnttifS ot thi fAte Wtdtaprtad Intci e1 ilrt.ti evht-nr'd In thi itilq u Mi roe it ij lute-. 'it! to 11 i.tU I e fimt Autumn capon t ni Paris modi All of the mo tola i n h pgn eah et-(i,igf of tn- I L ditlou t the tlutnln i tlon, 4l fi ,,r I 99C MPHtlVtt " eium lic'its will h- plnyed up nlKlM Ml they walk iiImui t dtnlni Mloni und thrnoi ntii wnigTH of thi rttattei, w . whlchi for thi avont, a u b into leoth oonaarvatorlaa an I i Aa thi dinar aaai nhie t .. of th nutnntklni wtll hi mtifiu furnlvhad by iv i one of which Will be In e;i in which the rnodela u i BsCstpl fr tha trnrttti-ni e rrythlni boul tin American, except Ihal m.innikinn nv Pi w been Mvlns In thii o n f yearn Aa th mannlkin hei thi the ilaneinir floor le " II n plati clrcuM "f t lie Opel very one it, uttei I 1 1 -opportunlty fr vlewh WtaWft rt ma if will nppPHr nan. wrap, hat. or otnai gtarnient i played. Harh in turn Will bo in tin Kiiiiii- manner The affair Will end With Mnd thiri ivaill is . kh rted : flf f 1 . ! lMBtl u.i i , ) , d PARIS FASHIONS !0 Summei aaam n f tlie I . n roportu ah of th imwnK in tlolec display.! .. j he ire a wfl W mn a y tht mn r r. HfTnlr The thm a ot om ' - nated, Atil iironilneni m i Inoiudllil Pliullne l-'i I. Jen, Mafic Tamneat y Janlc, Mary i u' . i iri WalnwHab. m will have m M ! in bainf uri .nn puty of k na. 1 . i . win eii protrrani n - V'tf York lUml.t t lifA,