Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1915.
ABBE WETTERLE, 'THE VOICE OF ALSACE," HAPPY AT LAST nryi r :i rx, . " ' (lT T ,Jr U m ram .i!r roXIN 1 . Hand. Ill- "CsrtOOItMl c.r AlMcf ncrc rjcgins SJK. V n In the Revolution. The signboard in the middle of the Kehl bridge over the Rhine: the land of liberty. Famous Fighting Deputy in the Reichstag, Now Working in Paris, Sees the Dawn of His Beloved Land's Redemption From German Rule I ii.w i: hud my heart'! desire on Mirth,' he ray. Ite ti.os nut explain what it in. Kverybody km w ! II tin- Alila Wetterle. moil fa mous of Aleattana. Kor twenty years he Was the ...ie ..: Alsace, rin alou.i the ho r (he return to Prance A nu ll the Alsatian district nf iti beeuvllie - lidly aent inm to the Qer mini Keichatag. it was the famous Deputy "f Rlbenm Me, but he Wai the Volt f Tin othei Mlea left i Im tin- role, uiiii have been s;:. n. To-dsy he Ii ' i. put tu I'm is, I'll , erlng Alsatja Two il. ..f all sp. im ll 111 p- lcos" Alsace K Htlcl I" lurablt peace" jni pf lerei If you wan) s h ml signed in Abbe tVetterli a .Hi the durable ! akl thi Made the future of Ai- i hi . ; furnished grtlrl Ued durable ii ii gig i m i i .. n liver) ' i d) knowi pea. la, In ;i 'in . t i trect le.iu' hi ii I .( saceloi mim it: Tut. Tin i ll ..' h stud) are bright with wan ; . !.. designs of iuh friend Hans.. Hun other i tuompromtser, "the cartoonist of Alsace." Tits) are amus ing scenes of Mi man life of pasi h.s tm ) and the (let ninn region . And while he say "I've had my heart's desire on enrth."' .1 cer) differ ent scene riaei before my eyes. 1 see ' iho mnjeat'c Httige setting of the Reichstag, the vital rotunda with the Itetue of Kulxer Wllhelm 1 . the (ntn those hulls of white ni irldi . on whoae unci, red carpets footsteps niade no -nun. 1 1 aee tho lit t active tlgiir of Iheo Abbe CVettHrte going, coming, leatloulntlng. tlrelees, I nick and forth ,11 1 ha vaal red con klora Pruaala n ni llermun: 1. icw him r an open enemy. Hi had iltnoii ui many vnemlea at fell in mi mbers :n the Reichstag, yei hi was by it., mean lf-oiiit.il or powerless, All knew him. ami ii.. was welcomed by nil. Admir ably well posted on 1 :i facta of Her man politics mil particular!) of tide Issues; of Witty aii.l flowing epl cch, a ' "cans. nr." as the French say, whose conversation becomes mon ue he ' muse everybody listens, t!..- .iin-p hud 1 always h circle of admiring Oerman colli agues 1 ' hi n ! him They listened Indulgently, with I amusement, consilium of more solid tifts. Many spared him tenderly, nil hung round him ticklish)) us ai'uund 11 dangerous precipice, obtaining a strong I sc iiM.it inn. The umlleil Hi ii biting sallies, because he spared nobody, noil even ihe great on - uf the eniplri-, and the Qglllc "boutndeg" of the .nv '. Milan ware aura "f long aui . as, .Many eni'il his free speech and rewutKl I Ms "words," which they would not have dared to originate nf themselceH. 8n the- "ibbe Wi (terli enjoyed .1 uar , Uculur kind of notoriety nnd vogttc In the Relchntag, Hi a'ns tit. "tiifnnl terrible," reproveii yei mlfi itrd, nnd gteretly admired Home iv may have symisithhtetl ' . hint, berntisa thars are heart everywhere, And he. encouraged by tins k:n.l ..' success. I the only sun of -'i ces i-'' -..ti!'t. ( emus, il hims.-ir ,n iim--.- bravado. Ha affected alwnys In apeak Krench In g liiuh vole m i iwtei t itlously ! gathered round him b roups of HVench Isswspspei ri 1 pot nt -. 1 it her prnt.. ln t ivputli " i!o end Alsai am ro . : nirap. bis success, Vu the Uertiians, al Waya practical, remulned always in I I'oniaci won int sjh : 111 1 . . louci) man In whoso keen ail und artistic Him pllrity tin y s.i the liaulisli mee pe Hected. He saved them tii trouble of reading the Kronen newsNipers, Personally, his Iniluencxi wus great, Pollliaally, t was limited. The tier. Dans km lilm to Ii ive the solid pu lie of ls ir... 1 in irctendedi to lielleve his uaeklng 1 dly widespread. His' Im. thri ii. tho " Ii. Alsatian llt-put os of the i! Ichstug, in vi r disavowed hlm 'in nly, but prudi . rufra tie I from following him as leader, And II may In- that, truly. Hay dreaded his tin -tmlslve character, ihu iclt) "f his language, and tin. upimri'iil Irridoc tion of certain of iii u s. lie, sua talned hy a mae ardent fnlth In tin. future, laughed ai ihi 1 timidity. Tliis openly. Who knows wliui were their si -r 1 counsels? He us 1 1 - -. 'Viiiri..'' Von see, from lite Herman isdni of view, tins sirulghl from the ii'.ui der upKdtlon of uetterle's was not KUiTlclently shaded to obtain favors j..r Uace, AKa;nsi the great empire iii. made frontal attacks and frontal attacks only, He never worked bigg i" obtain pruetleul ameliorations, Thai in' I' ft tu his brother Alsntluns. He never gave way a step. Mo from ' lertns t hi ir ' obtained a Hop I'H: ' I. -n't f r in- il: trli t. II" did 1 ' sat n them 1 or did till iu- . villi nor Alaaec expect I hem. 1 1 waa 111" "Volea"! 111.' vnlaa inilu ,.. , ; i wlldrrnesa, i II" Was at once pessimist anil op tlmtst. He was pessimist because he did not believe thai Alsace could ob tain a better fate under Herman rub' 11 was optlmlel because ho believed that good would come out of that III. unit an inevitable war bring final deliverance lb' I'viii In preparation of tin. great event, Win-., ho said! "I know what I'll gel I'm mi their blacklist, ami win lie irreated .m Ihe first day of mo bilisniton!" in im. 1 decided on his line of conduct Notirh'ii accidentally on July j".. lei 4, by a boy in the streets of t'oltnar, he peeeed Immedlataly into Hwltserland lie had Inst tinn- Now I... says "Ah!" and slaps ins breeet. Kor iwent) yean he has been lighting Ills fuce is worn He loukM tin years more than his age. HiM ancrlflce was useful, lb- is tho Alsa tiun ii."o ITiidouhtedly he played tii. declalve role, making forgetful" nana Impoaalble mi either aide .f the frontier. Vos tios frail man weighed down Ihe bubince In the deatlnlea of Kuropc! 11. burred the r 1 to every trial of reconciliation. He was always n danger n Berlin. Attrr th- affair ..f ftaverne h fe!t the ground burn his feet. Kxtremely so ciable a gr ind miner, ho kh intimate with none, lived bitterly lonely, 1 .1 a in. trusted nun.' see Hnd none trusted him. it was necessary, il.. was in.' i,- crying in the wilder ness! He dreamed "f war. war. war especially under that porch of tin. it M ii-tan. where th.- sculptured Uermanlc lion cruahea A aace-ixir-ratne w ih its pawa. II" nscii t.. point out tin- symbol in tin- Herman Depu ties. They laughed. "Hoch! Hoch!" A teste id his talk. VVe are in his int stiniy near the Madeleine, in Pars. "No, Alsatians .ire 1.0. Oermans," he burets out. "Wo brl ng .r Celtic people, Alsatian Man tho I . my ohil- I emit ueulleh frlrnil Hanil tells thi clren In his pictures." 1 ni the wn Is were colore, One pctnre repreaenti the Rhine al the down of history. I'rum high banks of tho Oerman side Teutonic warriors in sold spectacles, the skm- 1 easts, the Death Hussar kolbeck.and "Wotan nilt una!" on copper breaa i';ii tlirpiiton ihe ruitlvated pliiin and smillnu- cities of Alaace. "Tho Herman achoolmaatera which they forced on Alsace 1 r ..-1 t.. teach our children that Oermany exti di I originally to the Vosges mounts ns," he laughs. "Tho children recited tio- lesson and winked at each other." His h 1 1 k h is ggy, The happy man' "Tho Rhine was a great Impassable river. With swamps on 1 ph.-r side During 1,000 yours it f..rmed the natural frontier between Ihe fsroi iin.l vineyards of fianl and the Bet -manic forests. Rnmetlmea, In great summer heat, when tin- Rhine was low, or m unueual winter cold, when :t fruzo, th" hordes Would make .1 rai l into Atsaee to burn and pillage, 1 air Aral history describes these Oermantr .invasions The Alamans tpreaent I Baden population) led the way Tin y maile ttratgnt rur our henc.iois t.i gather all the eggs and make 'colosaal omelets so great and 111 jsii.ii a hurry that ihoy broke Ihe egns with ' heir feet From which Alsatian p tie genu cell the men of Beden to tins day ftalfleata,' which la Oaullsh f..r yellow fee. " Wit h till-'., had Beden-Badens came the Huiens 1 modern Bavarians) "whoae feet were 1 big thai they . m tlnued standing upright when killed so that . 111 r warriors had tu push them over." says the sprightly abba There were hIsu the Saxon-, "who become te"' The first Germans in Alsace. They crossed the Rhine on the ice. Uncompromising in His Opposition to Prussian Domina tion, He Spared in His Biting Sarcasm Not Even the Highest in the Land a r.irlnvingian crime of the chepel Lugen After 1870. The village barber fined for having a French sign. Above The Abbe Wctterle. For twenty years the "Voice of Alsace" in the German Reichstag. mte ligeni when Siiali'.. ims. "with nobody oNe could Alaatlana .'amc 1. the Oaullsh nam. 1 lorusal 'tis t Prus 4ii years "l i": ihe mil loud ol ..-s that be heard, whence our ca ii i Oerma ns by of S. hwoh'i and the duns), "whoae leader lloro 11 bull's head, with the horns, lor II helmet " So in twittod them in the Reichs tag. Wo continue nlong th" picture tal lery. Here . Julius a sur. beating hack the Ii.. li.s on Ih" plain of Belfort, Here tin- arts gnd civilisation of Al aace under the It. .man Iv.ue. Tlien new liarba tronget .'lets iind burning spalr. Ian Invasions, strong) ulwaye seeking wine white bread" pkrtut r and a nd Inge, ruins gnd uf lie- "The hordes passed '' says the abbe. 'Thi v did not settle among u. Ber lir profeaaors pretend 'hat we were 'Orrmnnlged' i.y a few thousand poor devils who Joined the Homun legions nnd n ire to protect dm ugainMt their brothers over the Ithlne. They were proud to In' dressed, fed gnd paid. T ' v wi t., soon 'aeelmllated.' Their I lldn n .i'.'ke Oaullsh, and called ull other Oermans Bchavobe' who arrived t week liter 'linn the r own tmrentsl" Alaace picked up the Herman lan gitage n der the I 'ranks a very dlf- fc-rent 1 pie, who had become civil- . nnrtl Prai e, ll" pointed to p. dure of r.mmI King Iitgu1i rt put ting hi- trouaera -n wrong side front. "Thai historic event happened at RnutTach, in Alaace," he says. "And r. i .swee; Stilnte odlle. praying f ir her father. In And here, ihi feld." The picture shows two Uinirs sweu .111 an oath, with a third king siand- iin' hy, it happened between Thann and Cemay, when the "on and heir nf Charlemagne was beaten and Jatleu to- his three suns, i.uuis of Oermany, Charlei of Prance and Lothalr, who took a neutral (trip of kingdom be tW . n tin in. "Al the last moment," -ays the Abbe, "I. mils ..f Oermany declared that he needed vlneyarda, All right,' said the easygoing Charles, 'what do you ask"' 'The slopes of Alsace.' said I .mils of Oermany ll made Charles ami 1.. thatr laugh a third of Lothalr's kingdom 'Bui no,' they said, 'that nine Would 'i 10 ymir lond.' And it did," Concludes the Ahhe. "The wine of Alsace went to Ger many's head A few years later l.u thair died. I'harieM of France being busy lighting Norman pirates, ins brother of Oermany made a bruenua ittack mi Belgium I mean Aleace, breaking his oath and trenching his army well. It was not a scrap nt neper in those rude days. I. in an act o' horror, s.. the place area called the l.ug.nfe'.i. 'the field f perjury.' "Alaace became a Oerman land, hut only getsjraphk'gdiy, The Ithlne sep arated it1 people from in.. Oermans, the .mil bridge being at Btragburg, And the ECmpeeoT was far away." We pass I., fore the pletures. "The chevaliers f SSorn and Mullen helm ilhtit is in the streets of Stras- burg. rhe Tocsin Cntmar," "L'lrlch ..f Dornach Calling the Burgh era of Muthnuse to Anns'' (The fre 1 ties and local nobles kept Indepen dent.) 'Tyrant von Hagenbach Beheaded it Vleux-Brlsach," "The Peasant Revolu tion," "Th.- Iteltres of Oetmany Ing the Towns of th. s indgau.' The Abbe slaps Ills i' hi -1. "Alsatians," he exclaims, "du ruins! Be unlti Kalaerllch and tlu's I.. of the peace, Pn Reformation ende Al; Rumpe hi h'rance helped th rth. made I "War S, hwnbe!" How did Alsace become again I The wars in a great I neon fin 1 1 1 ing, a 1 I I lermana of the n. "On ihat very same l.ugcnfeld, he tween Thann ami Cernay, the Krench nay of Richelieu, commanded l Bernard of RageWelmar, crtislt l the AUStrians and saved north Oermany more'.- the pity!" murmurs the abbe. Alaace was the compensation awarded t" Prance In th. great peace, "A scrap of piper." smiles the abbe, "Thirty-five years latet th. Oermans 11 1111- : ike ii dead land 1 Krench love ! ' ' ii" was talkatlvi adds the abbe. I'or IM years Krench, pri spe roils . house invented r ilii i senhourg Invented popular pictures, HOguenau Invented 1 1 decorated crockery, with rose- union I, or the overina a Na.-i a no of mi ihu." 111.1 mil lirill an'. Mill. o printing Wis- lUf mp in a tits! alt. lost brothers,' as I- ii Krench cap bed tin in at Turk a -" venerates his mi I al rent from i7. says Irrupted Into A Ism to "win back thelt they put it. T ta n. Tur. nne, sm u In m. and nil Ab neme." Thtrty-fli e years i i . nc ready in love! Hoe dlffl the thirty-live years nfter the abbe! "Merlin professors roll their eyes w hen speaking of the rn f Atsi by the fourteenth Louis, hut the lest witness is the Krelherr von Bchmlttau, ITusslan Amlwssador to the court of Louis Xl He was a Pan-Oermanlsl and twgged It master t 'reconnuer' Aleace, but not alone -he ought to t ik. ' i ii Krance, Bra bant and Klanders wn . t. 'Because,' wrote Von BchmlttaUi 'il Is not rlnus that the Alsatians are more Krench than the Parisians themselves, mo that in conquering Alsace alone you will nnd mosiers ah sweetness mil for the people' The Krench never forced t Mayors fr.m Herlln- 1 mean I'al :i our Alsatian towns," Bays ihe a' "They ,tc not infest us with fi; tionariea frm Paris to Insult wives :n the street for apenklm Krench 1 mean Oerman. The lui n..t make us pay for their oanall if to Mend their sons to e Mi ne " His ej es twinkle. " T. e Marseillaise' was romimi ,1 .a. 1 tirst aungal Btraahurg, And g'hen the Krench Revolution hr..ke out our Alsatian ancestors pul up a signboard ii Ihe middle of the old K. hi brldg. acmes the Ithlne. The nin ..-' Its . came halfway aor. mm to read the -,cn hoard: 'Mere begins the land nf III" rt ' " I ask him whin they did then 'Turned round and walk., I . replies the nhU. grinning, SOME P0PU1AR PREJUDICES "N about th, eradicate, any very pri Judice 'hat it is KXT to GERMAN PAPER'S VIEW OF NATION'S FOOD SUPPLY IN PEACE AND WAR mil t. Diagrammatic Presen tation hy the Frank furter "Zeitung" of the Effect of the War on Teuton Industries and Those of Her Fncmies Peace. War. M 1 ill has been said man press gbOUi in Oermany likeh n the Qor- starvation to result from K .llov 11 il. i (land's blockade polley. This made uiam the authority of I per y. hii '1 Is generally re- seml-nrHciul In its utter- nnces. suggests that the starvation plea wis tor neutral consumption. At any rate, there hM been no dl- rcct evidence of Germany's being allOI'l of f I. although It is Well BKgat Ba.NOv lRaifi?H .lir "liy NO IMPORTS 1 y ihz jfeX SEEL mM misSL I cancer," 1.1 t . gray haired, young loo, mi.' man, "l aui -e . popular prejudice hardest thitiB' there v t " "on t Know that ther goou reason t,, it n a cancer, unit generally imiiMaiiii. .oner -me f ihem originates but mey nre certainly alike In nne rt "pact, that if a person Is once gffltcted with either of them he .s likely ,, -nfTer with it till he dies. "Sometimes it n.ems as if the rr absurd a prejudice la the mor - ' la, hen 1 was a mere lad 1 ' . . row u in cnta.-t with 11 B,.o, m,rv yery old peop, men and women ' .ml I well rememl.er how Vloli nt - 1 i.ie.r expressions were In n me in.nu-s to which I objection. "One of these I recall, was inn niunincne, At that time, speaking if more than haJf 1 f , ago, comparatively few n .M.tlllli .let til CM .laimCu oiuBincnes excepting tun near a, The 'roportionof Prisoners Taken Shows Iussia the Greatest Loser Among Allies---1 lue' Share of F ra n c e ' s tard .1 ns d r cent tuoa n somen ousel PI thi ind ' and .Men. are Increaw wintry, men. mobilised to the existing cs BRITAIN'S WAR EXPENSES Germany's food supply betore and during the war. OERMANY f 1 r SAVINGS OF BRITISH k4 Knat'l economy in 40NE YEAR OF PEACE. ALLIES 1 llV'Jatt G tR M AN Y a j Cost of war and savings of peace. Proportion of warships lost by Ger many and her enemies. I TEXTILE ast3r.ViSUI .1 V ,', "'. I; ' 1 ,v ' I 1 rfP E S '", I .' ; ', wm TOTAL riiiio French industrial territory captured or situated in the zone ot fighting. The white space represents proportion left to France. Merchant marine lo-es FRANCE. 5ER&IA BELGIUM BRITAIN Proportion of prisoners taken by Germany from armies of five nations. Mir i 40) n 1 1 Russia n a 1 port on ,. uiuii r Mn uibi . rally shaved, though patches of he n the chin or cheek wen romn enough, An astonishingly large i.i of the community, however, lonke the mustache ns foppery that n. perhaps be tolerated in a rorei.e, . hut was wholly iinworthv of a,, Amil an eitiaen, "And the hatred I npia ior t lie inns now seems almost !.! I. IV Sill il anv man should With one of -no wm try t. catch him asleep : if she Succeeded In doing so she won ! smear his mustaehc with can. Ho grej and s. t fire to it. "That prejudice died out with 11 1 eenerutlon, bul 1 have snmetiniei 1 uoiia iu 1 saw s gns of its line in the ynunser Nil 1 1 if soniA ot 1. he ered ui one occasion me Into in r h t.ioso IhJnas on h:s I IPP general on 4ay at result of ii1() present fi' I n "f not shaving the entire face " it does reappear it is to he hoped M it ii will be I.SS o. lt. "Another prejudice that I have e. n grow almost into furv. .,,,,) Hm abate until it seems likely to .h- , pear ill 11 few tllol e years l t' against cigarettes. I do not mean I opposition t the use of toLacco, r has persiated slneo the duys of K lames, and seems likely to eoi so lotnr iih 1 in- we.-il grows I'erliapn in cannot properly he railed a pn '.lire, for even the most confirm, i I smoker must admit thai it . font 1 Ion IlldlSpUtUblS farts and can he : ported by sane nnd logieul argutnetit l "Bul w hat I mean Is I ho differ tion of cigarette smoking from nthi forms of the tobneon hahit The m outer denunciations of tba ctgnret I have ever heard have SOtnetln .01110 from pipe smokers, and ll ' " taken almost tuty years lu eonvp the majority of mankind lltul '" prejudice is ill founded "Il has not died out set Pre dices die hard. ItUI it has ennif ' 1 generally udmltted ihitl the ret to Is no more harmful Iha Pipe or the 1 it-'iir. and I . ..till I expei i that lite naxl generatbn consider "us prejudice as ghaut d the earlier on' ngalnsi growii mustache "Doubtless, however, some prejudlee Will take the pi o 1 Hiimll 1 hat I mj self objei 1 oilsl; lo some Uf tin fusil dancea of the day though 1 of waltslng."