Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 22, 1915.
lock nandwrltins, in undated. It fol low aear won : I urn too m to put 'request before you In pemm, hut more I appeal to your generosity 'heart to Rtand by nnd aave from death is linrortunntc wumun. nave nnv on ri, I our iicviiieti iricnii. "Hhami Wiiiti.ock." Document eleven Ik a duplicate of Document nine, but In addressed to Baron von Blssinc, Governor-General of Belgium. Document twelve If a telegram rrom Minister Whltloek to Ambassador fage, dated October 18, In Which Mr. Whit lock suys : "Miss 'avail wan sentenced yesterday and was executed at - o'clock this morn ing despite my best efforts continued until th last moment." Document thirteen is the report made by Hugh Gibson, secretary of the Ameri can lssgiillmi at Hrussels, to Minister Whltloek. under date of October It, It says : "Learning early yesterday morning from unolllclal sources that the trial of Miss t'avell had been finished Saturday afternoon and that the prosecuting at or tiey had usked for a sentence of death, telephonic Inquiry Immediately wae made of the I'olltlsche Abtellung (politi cal department) as to the facts. "It was slated that no arntencs had been pronounced and that there prob ably would be a delay of a day or two before decision was reached. Mr. t'on rad gave ssitive assurance that the legatltHi would be fully Informed of the developments In the case. liesplte these assurances we made repeated Inquirlea in the course of the day. the last one being at f:IO I'. M . ItelKlan time. Con tad then stated that sentence had not yet been pronounc'isl and specifically re newed his previous assurances that he would not fall to inform ue as soon as there was any news. "At V30 I learned from an outside source that sentence had been passed In the course of the afternoon, before my Inst conversat.on with t'unrad. and that the execution w ould take place during the lilt lit I went, accompanied by Mr. d LeVal, to look for the Spanish Minis ter, found him and explained the cir cumstances. I asked, as you were 111 and unable to go yourself, that he go with us to see BarOfl Lancken and sup port strongly In your namo the request thai the execution le deferred until the Gover tmient ixiuld consider your appeal for clemency. The Hiutnish Minister ' wiltlngl) agreed to accompany u to tha Polltksche Abteltung, "Bum Lane Ban and all the members, of his stall' were absent. A little altar 1" O'clock he arrived. The olrcum- j statues of tlie case were explained to I Mm and your note was presented. He read It aloud, expressed d.slellef In the report thai sentence actually had been 1 paaaed and manifested surprise that we! should k,c credence to any rcjrt not emanating from official sources He In-ei-ed oil knuesfng the exact aource of. our Information, but I did not feel at j liberty to communicate th.s to him. "Baron Lancken stated it was quite Improbable (hat sentence had been pro nounced, and even so. it would not !e executed within so short a time. In any event ,t was quite Impossible to take; any action before morning. Qatgfc ctlon 1 ried, "It was pointed out to him that uction Was Useless unless taken at once. Wa urged him to ascertain tlie facts tmme- j diataly. After some lusicincy he agreed and talsphonad to the presiding judge of the court-martial and returned in a short lime to say that tha facts were as repre sented and that It was intended to cairy out the sentence before morning. "W e presented as earnestly as lossible , your plea lor delay, emphasising th, hor ror of executing a woman, no matter what the offence, and urged that delay could antail h i danger to the German 1 cause, Wi eva,n Wenl so far as to point out the fe irfu) effect of a summary exe- Out. on of this sort on public opinion, both ' here and abroad, although we had Qo authority for doing so. and called his at tention to the possibility that it might i '"Hi alien t reprisal. The Spanish Min I St SI forcibly supported all our repre Mutations and made an earnest plea for olemsncy, "Baron Lancken stated that the Mill-I larj Governor was supreme In his mi. thoril) and that an appeal from his de-Ol.-iun COUld be carried only to the Km- iwrur, the UOVSTOOI -General huvliiK no author!!) to intervene in such cases. He sK.ee. i to call ttie Military Governor on the telephone to learn whether he had ratified the sentence and whether there Wa any chance of clemency. ' He returned. In half an hour and stated thai he had conferred personally with the Military Governor, who said tli it he had acted in the case of Miss j Cavsll only after mature deliberation, I that tha Circumstances of the case were i of such a Character that he colisldelc.i i tha Ihlll 'Hon of the death penally Imper- I atie, and thai he must di . line to ac cept your plea of .leniency. "Baron Lancken asked me u take back the note which I had presented to him. To tin l demurred. However, l Anally reacneu iae con luston thai Inaamueh as he had read it sloud arid wa knew ha Was aware of ths contents, there was nothing to l.e g. uned by refusing ti accept the note, and accordingly, took 1 s, k. spiinisi. MlMtatat tide. "Kvan after li, Iiositive statement ItOpa Under the Ol even the Bmpen run I. an ken s verv that there was no umstancea and that himself could not ntervaiie, we continued to appeal ti every sentiment to obtain delay. The Spanish Minister even led Huron I.uric Han aside In order to s.iy very forcibly a numlier of things which he woull hava felt hesitancy In saying In the presence of the younger Officers, ti Rgeellenry talked vary earnestly slth Baron Lanoksn for a quarter of an hour. "During th.s time Mr de Lev il unil 1 nrisenled to the youncer olllcers every argument wa could think of. We re- minded them of our untiring efforts on behalf of German subjects at the nu' break Of the war and during the siege of Antwerp, and pointed out thai while our services were rendered gladly with out any thought of future favors thev should certainly entitle you to some I'Snsldaratlon for the only request of this sort you had made since the begin fling of tlie war. "Unfortunately our efforts were un availing. We persevered until it was only too clear that there was no hope of obtaining any consideration for the .use We left tin Polltlache Abtsllung shortly after midnight,11 Document fourteen is a report from Mr. de Levi, I to Minister Whltlook, dated "toiler II, reporting an interview sth M. Ktraohen, a member of tha Brussels bar, who was retained to defend Miss ('avail In place of Lawyer Hraun. who retired from the case. Mr. de Laval says : M. Kirsehon tni.i ma that Miss Cavsll was prosecuted for having helped sol diers to cross Hie frontier. I asked him whether ha bad seen miss Caveli and whether she had made nnv statement to him. To my surprise i found thai law yers defending prisoners before German military conns are not allowed to see I hair clients before trial and are not shown any documents of the prosecu tion, This, M. K.rscher, said, was n accordance with the German military rules Trial bagg Two Days. "I Informed M, Kiraohan or my inten tion to be present at the trial. He Imme diately dissuaded ns and said thin it would eiiuse gieat prsjudlos against the prisoner, because Unman judges would '-'in ii i :.d feel it almost an affront If I appealed to exercise any kind of supervision on tha trial. He thought that if the Germans would admit ma. Which was very doubtful, II would cause prejudice ugalnsl Mist Caveli, M. Kir i. nun assursd mo that the Military ''ourt in Hrussels wan m perfectly fair and that there was not the slightest dan ger of a miscarriage of Justice. He promised to keep me posted on develop ments. "The trial took two days, ending on Friday, October a. On Saturday I was Informed by an outalder that the trial had taken place, but that no judgment would he reached until a few days later. Receiving no report from M. Klrschen. I tried to And him, but failed, and sent him a note on Sunday asking him to send his report to the legation. At the same time I obtained from a person present at the trial Information about what had occurred. The following facts were disclosed : "Miss Caveli was prosecuted for hav ing helped Kngllsh nnd French soldlera as well as Ilelglan young men to cross the frontier and go over to Kngland. She admitted not only that she had helped soldiers to cross the frontier, hut also that some of them had thanked her In writing when arriving In Kngland. "This admission made her case so much the more serious, because If it had only Is'en proved that she helped soldiers to traverse the I'utch frontier and no proof was Produced that thieie soldiers had reached a country at war with Ger many she would only have been sen tenced for an attempt to commit a crime and not with a crime being duly accom plished. As the case stocsl the sentence fixed by German military law was death, "In an ornl statement before the court. Miss t'avell disclosed almost all the fact of the whole prosecution. She was questioned in German, an Inter preter translating all the questions Into French. She spoke without trembling and showed a clear mind. Often Aha added some greater precision to her pre vious depositions. "When asked why she had helped soldiers to go to Kngland, she replied that she thought that If she had not done so they would hava been shot by the Germans, and therefore, she thought she only did her duty to her country In saving their lives. The military pub lic prosecutor asked the court to pass the death sentence on Miss I'nvell and eight other prisoners among thlrty-flve. Judgment was oostponed. Visited by Clergysaaa. "I called on the iiolltlcal division of tlie German Giiverument and asked, now that the trial was over, that permlaslou be granted me to see Miss ('avail In jail. 1 also aske.l permission for Mr. G.nh.in. un English clergy mar, to see Mlsa Cave!!, We were prepared at the lega tion to be ready for every eventuality, A petition for pardon was addressed to! the Governor-General of Belgium, trans mitting Sj note addressed to Baron Lancken. "On Monday morning. Mr. Conrad said that Mr. tluhnn could not see Miss Caveli. but that she could see three I'ro testant clergymen attached to the prison- : and that I could not see her until Judg- , ment was pronounced and signed, but that this probably would only take place i 111 a day or two. I was very stir prised still to receive, no news from M, Kirsi-hen. While I was preparing a note about the case at S I'. M. I was privately Informed that the Judgment had been de livered at I o'clock and that Miss Caveli had been sentenced to death and to be: shot at " o'clock next morning. 'This morning Mr Gahan called and' told me that he had seen Miss Caveli and had glVStl In r the holy communion He found her admirably strong and calm. She asked Mr. Gahan whether she hail made any remarks about any thing concerning the legal side of the case and whether the confession ehe had made before trial anil in court was In his op.nion perfectly free and sincere. Mr. Gahan says she told him that she SStrfsotly well knew what she had done ami that according to the law she was guilty. She admitted her guilt, but was happy to die for her country." Document 1". Is ii letter from Minister Whltloek to Ambassador Page, dated October It and enclosing copies of all llio correspondence in regard to tha case. Mr. Whltloek remarks, "Uur failure has been felt by us Us a very tevire blow The German authorities," he con tinues, "wsre under no misapprehension as to our interest In the matter. The papers attached SPSall for themselves and iSUJUlre no further comment from me." sir Cilnsnl Grey's Comments. Document 16 Is a memorandum from Sir Kdvv.ird drey, the British Foreign Secretary, to Ambassador lage. under date of Ootohsi 80 and acknowledge - tho rwvijfi "i Miireivi noniugsi reports ami memorandum, "Sir Bdward Grey is confident," I ha letter shs. "that the news of the exe cution of this noble Kngllshwomsn will be receiv.d with honor and disgust throughout the ciVllted world. Tho at titude of tha Herman nutn ir.ties. If possible, is rendered worse by the ills- creditable efforts successfully made to conceal tic- fact that sentence hail been pssssd and WSS to l.e carried cut lm msdlataly, "Thess efforts no dOUbt were prompted by a dstermlnation to carry out ths sen tence before an appeal from the ilrullng of the court martial COUld he made to a higher authority and show in the clear est manner that t ne German author ities concerned Were well aware that the carrying out of the sentence was not' warranted by any consideration, "Sir Bdward Grey would request Am- basssdor I 'age lo express to Minister Whitlock and ths staff of the l'n t:l States Legation at Brussels the grate ful thanks nf his Majesty's Govern. cent for their untiring efforts ogj Miss Cav. U s behalf. Sir Bdward Orey realises that Minister Whitlock wms placed In a very ambsrrsaslni position by the failure . f the Gel-man authorities to inform him thai sen teme had I n passed and would In- carried out at once. In order, there fore, to forestall any unjust criticism winch might be made in this country he is publishing Minister VYhltlock's de spatch to Ambassador Page without de lay." Documsnt it. a letter from sir ward Grey to Cardinal Merry del i.ltcd October HO, acknowledges til apt of information regarding th Kd Val, ef- '-r;.-s made by the Spanish Minister at 'Irussels on behalf of miss caveli and requesting the Cardinal to Inform the Spanish Government of his Majesty's lovemment'a appreciation. LONDON PRESS HITTER. execution of MISS t'STSlI tails for Denunciation ( "Kuiiur." Sim-til fefri ffssgsfeS i Tor Si s London, uot, I Friday). indigna tion almost bsyoild ttlS power of words to sxpress has been Srouasd b the re- I ' filing the putting t., death of siss Cavsll. No snort i mads to tsohnlcal ottsnvs of the frankly admitted that tin lUSUflsd from a military uilnlmlgs the victim, ii is i lermani were point of view ii p.iiiishing hur, but that death sliuiild nave nesn insisted upon in the case of a woman whose Ufa had been spent as hill of Miss Ciivell and apparently merely because hsr nationality was Eng. iieh is denounced in tns London press n savage brutality " The 'film n says : 'The ordinary German mind is in, up. tibia of unileistundlng the feelings which t will .iiuus,. h, civilised nations. Tlie llsciplea ..i' kuitui will ba astonished i ths oomjsmnatloti of nn j,, ahloh oon-i dilutes in,, highsgi dsvslopmeni or that I is. usteii product ol Tsutonlc lntelll-1 gsties," The Btandard calls the act "a piece of sordid, petty, cruel Prussian ven geance." The liiiily MttU says : "The deed in its horror and nuked purposslsssnsgs iuiis tin world and cries tu Heaven fur vengeance." The DlUttt Telftmph liters in iha execution as being "more diabolical than the other counts of the growing Indict ment, though probably a ro w brand with fouler Infamy, stained with such damn ing deeds as I-ouvlan, and the I.ueltunia." E BOATS IN BALTIC HIT GERMAN SHIPPING HARD British Submarines, Under Russian Command, Have Record of More Than Thirty Attacks Swedish Neutrality Violated, Say Teuton Newspapers. .special CebU Dupalck to Tns 8c. London, Oet. 21. The dally reports show that ths submarine campaign un-. dertaken by the British navy In ths Bal- tic is on a very extensive seals, although complete details sra lacking, owing to the fact that tha submarines are acting under the orders of the Ruaslsn Ad miralty. The solo facta published here , are from Petrograd. is i i ... . ... . It Is known that mors thsn thirty German ships have been attacked by Urltish aubmartnea since the oparatlnna began, and the number la Increasing dally. The work, which Is carried out by only a few submarines, has had re markable results, comparing favorably, according to naval experts, with ths work of ths entire Merman flotilla In the same space of time. The campaign Is causing Interns anger in Germany. A peculiar feature of the outburst In the press Is the complaint that It Is a violation of all rules of In ternational law. The Hamburger Nackriohten, which Is the organ uf the shipping trade, de nounces the "British contempt of Scandi navian neutrality.'" and adda : "The task of suppressing tha Swedish Haiti. traffic for the benent of the Quad ruple Entente haa been taken over by Hrlllsh submarines. As long as the Ice conditions permit they probably will base themselves on Hetslngfors, Heval or an Improvised harbor 'The submarines are proceeding along the lines of the traditional British con tempt for neufral rights at sea. We refer to the attack on a German vessel and Germans within the territorial waters of Sweden. The Swedes cannot be blamed for giving expression to their Indignation. "For a year or mora tt has been the despair of our foe that tha German fleet commands the Baltic. It Is pos sible that the submarine commerce war which the British seem to have Inaugu rated In the Baltic denotes a new aspect of Great Britain's navul war, but we The hilly t'nronfc de consider that "comment Is wasted upon such appalling wickedness and futile cruelty." Deep admiration for Miss I'avell's hon est admissiuius and her calm willingness to die for her country Is expressed every where. I Tlie Morning Pott, describing the Vic Urn as an "English Antigone," asys : "One cannot mourn beyond a certain ! point for such a death." DENOUNCED BY BISHOP. I xerntlon Called Dwarfs Kifs Lg) St DO If, Oct 21.- 4 rlsae That l.aaltaala. -The High' Kev A. F. W. Ingram, Bishup uf London. pleaching In St. Martin's i.'hurch to-d y ut u Trafalgar Gay service, character ized the eStCUtlOn of Miss Cavsll as 'a Clime that dwarfs even that of the LUSI- taitla." He eontlnusd : "Always, up to now. chivalry has an lightened the horrors of war. Hut It s nut m with our enemies of t.i-d.iy. who e liitet crime Is the murd- r in cold bio of a poor, defenceless English girl." The Bishop then dealt a veiled rap at ii it einu ' . m i the British naval and military SdmlnlS-1 tritlons by saying: "Admiral Nelson iiistt.oi of rssortlng to diplomatic in quiries In such a case would have made his inquiries with the thunder ol the guns of the fleet The spirit of Nelson is dead in the young man of to day," concluded the Bishop, "if hn do.is not want to know the reason why this crime was committed." The Knglish press compares the case ol Miss t'avell with that of Mrs. Louise Herbert, whose sentsncs to six months imprisonment for espionagS wns aftirimd to-day when her appsal Was heard .it Durham, Mrs. Herbert la B German. wife of nn Knglish umte at Darling ton. Tlie court asked her if Shi tended to send certain information which she had sought tu hi. lain regal 1 Ing munitions to Germany, and she re plied, ' Yes, I did." Mtu- Hlso admitted having corresponded with Germany through friends In Switxerland. 'This woman has a conscience," said the Judge, astonished by the frnnk an swers of ths accused "She wishes to answer truthfully and deserves credit for that. At the same time, she Is dan gerous ." Hs thsn affirmed the sentsncs. TRIBUTES TO WHITLOCK. London Press Have High I'ralae for Minister's KWorts. Special mil rpW.vA l Tin Si v London, Oct. 22 (Friday). Editorials dealing with the execution ..f Miss Edith favell pay a grateful tribute lo the ef forts made by Brand Whitlock, the American Minister to Bslglum and the Spanish Minister at Brussels, Marquis de Villalobar. "We cannot be too grateful lo the American and Spanish OfflvlSlS who worked with such passionals seal." says the Daily Telegraph. "Such friendly ac tion touches us very nearly and adds to general recognition Which we all are so glad t 1 pay to the beneficent action of the American and foreign consuls on the Continent," The Standard says: "Bvsrythti 'bat could havstossn done by a gsntlsmgJi of kindly spirit and resolution was done We are once m ue under a debt of unbounded gratitude lo those neutrals who from the llrst have Strlvsn for some mitigation of the honors of warfare, which the enemy thrusts aside with .ititeinpt . Tiiev strained diplomatic prsrogatlvss to the utmost In the cause of mercy, and if all their efforts havs been unavailing to oonfbSt the logical savagery of the German military mind the fault Is none of theirs." The Dolly MOtl prints a personal ap preciation of Mr. Whitlock In which, af ter recalling the pat efforts of the American diplomat to save Brussels and the dlffloultlSS he met In dealing with the 1 isrmsns, it says 1 "The role played by this man Is that t splendid personal courage uml warm human sympathy The rase of Miss Cavsll Is no surprise to those among his compatriots aoqUSlntSd with his brilliant career as u forceful public man and an Idealist. "More than once Mr Whltloek has been mentioned us a future PrsSldsnt TO-day'S thrilling story Is not likely to dim Ids fame and popularity with the liberty loving American people " The Dtiily t'flroiiicc says: "I'.very Briton will most emphatically indorse Sir Kdward Grey's expression of gral Itude." The olv Kjjiii'. echoing the For eign Secretary's thanks, says: "The killing of Miss favell Is an af front to American and Spanish humuri Ity, which surely will demand mure than the uhuuI Wilson note. "Germnny Is the pariah of nations No other nation can continue relations Willi her without losing Its self-respect." Britain Gets shells from India, LONDON, net. 21. Great Britain Is beginning to receive shipments of shells manUfaotUrsd In private factories and workshops In Mrltlsli India. The quality of the shells is said to bs excellent. Germans await events with equanimity, although for Sweden they must denote a new and Intolerable piece of chicaner'. "From month to month the myth of our enemy's omnipotence has shriv elled. Equally untenable has become tha legend that Brlttah sea power can De cisively Influence s European war. Swe den could not be blamed if one of hsr warahlpa almply sent the British sub marine to the bottom while the latter waa engaged In robbing a atranded Ger- ' nisan "imiiirr witiiin liar un nuriai wawri , and th, tr.(nf Blnk .. ; The jroslsSschs elua says : 'Ths duty of the German Admiralty and For. sign office Is plainly go Incite tha Swedish Government to Intervene for Sweden s honor and rtghta." BERLIN ADMITS LOSSES. Saya K Boats Saab Sis Ships, kal Declares Gerssaa Heeara Better. Bsrun, vis Amsterdam, Oct 21. Ths German Admiralty admitted for the first time to-day the sinking of German ships In tha Baltso since tha British began their submarine campaign there. Tha Admiralty announced that six vessels have been sunk. The announcement la supplemented by trie assert on that bennies sending Zep- I pellna to hunt down the Urltish undersea Crnft 'Vither ..jititil..r maaiiirM" ti',v lceti taken. It Is also asserted that no ! Interruption In German commerce In the Baltic has been caused by the British submarine activity. with a v.ew to counterbalancing tha admission of German lueses an official statement waa issued pointing to ths record of British vessels torpedoed In September as showing that (ha jrmui submarines have not elackened In ac tively. Merchant vessels torpedoed In Sep tember, the statement aays. numbered twenty-nine, totalling 103,316 tons; transports, two. totalling IK MS tons; trawlers, seven, totalling 1.20 tons. Six eiinmy merchant ships of 20,812 tona were destroyed by mines. DERBY GIVES LAST CHANCE TO BRITONS Appeals for Voluntary Rccruit infir to Cany out Katlon'i Pledge, prr,,,! VmbU DsesairJi c Tim si v MOON, Oct It. Lord Derby's vo'. i I unt.iry recruiting scheme goes Into op ' eration nogt week Meanwhile !-ord i Dsrby, with the concurrence ..f Premier ' Asuuith and Karl Kitchener, the Minister ; of War, ims sent a letter tu every man eligible for military service who Is not engaged In munition work, a class com- ; monly called "slackers, " 111 which he says : 'Premier AsqUith has pledged the i Country to support our ail lea t., l ha f ...... .TT ",r Ppwar, " i i'i sr i 'M on heh.llf f the nation and Indorsed I all partial I and Btnsss i Kvery man of military ng must SqiMlly bear Ins share In rc- : sesmitig it 'May J. ns the dlrsctor general of Bruiting', beg you to consider your OWI i'. litl in? Ask of yourself whether In a country IlKhting a- ur- is you are doing all you can for us safety, nnd whsthsr the re is..., you h ue hitherto held valid us one for not enlisting holds good tt th-- present crisis. "Lord stltobsnsr wants every man ha can g.-t Will ou not Pe one of tii -o that res, .ol,, 1 to your country's ealir1 'I ne Earl 1.1 Dsrby also has sddrssssdl an appeal to iinploysrs to facilitate the enlistment ol their empl ysss pea! ollcludes i Tl,i . "'- "Wlills ranking s moat earnest sppsal 1 are men under t lie. voluntary sys tem. I cannot help pointing out to em ployers what must be ths sHrmstlVS if I fail. "If they will onl) realiss their posi tion and act under Ihe voluntary ss tsm as thsy would have lo act under a compulsory one the success ,,f i tr pres ent recruiting campaign is certain. "I especially beg employ, rs to assur e any of their men who patriotically undertake the duties of a soldier that their places will h,. kept open for tln-m to return to when the war ends'' GERMANY SHORT OF MILK. Hairy rroblrnis l.run i arils I.I Ue Bread Tlsksts Ma 11, lasgsdji gaeefgf tbU fisasep , tv Tss Hi v BgSUN, v i :i Amsterdam. Oct II. The quest inn milk, is cuii Th cellor, I r trlbuted measures to ihe br Of dairy supplies SSpSClal!) Mcoming more snd mors dini 1 return or ths Imperial Char von Bsthmann-Hollwag, is :. here to th. need of solvlne ill II1K ards milk cards, similar linn's hi ii i. ii rasasltlos J.ms. AjifinC ' S6'l ..in , In Tin. gt v tsONPONi Oct. Ill To. day's olll. ,al oaeualty Hal covering all Brlttah fronta givss trie numtosr or olflosrs at itii, of whom 44 wsrs killed, and thai ol men at :.MU. nf Whom 4;'.'i Were killed. This makes iiu w, i-dsy's killed i a I 9,019, oi whom re CLEWS PLEADS FOR BELGIANS. Appeal Made for oulrlliutlons ej I hrlslmas l uinl. Henry Clews, treasurer of Hie Dollar Christmas Kund tor Psstituis Belgians, Hro.nl street, yestsrday Issusd an appsal to the American people to aid dsstltuts HelKialiH who noW fSOS a bitter winter with only saUnt and ragged clothing. The prospect if famine, the appeal says, has been averted by the work of the Ahum lean Commission fur Itcln-f in BstglURIi "The. task now undertaken by Ihe Dollar Christmas Kund is to collsot money fur shoes, bools and Olothlng, which aru most urgently needed and fur which special money must bs provided," the appeal says "The nsOSSSlty is ap palliiiK because ut the present t.tnc there are roughly 1,100,000 dsstltuts people in Helniuni anil lbs number will increase us winter approaches Thu HcIkJiiiih are un'able to buy sliots, boots and clothes for themselves many even of the former wealthy are now In the dally bread lines. "if, ns many have forsosst, gisrigng have heiRhts of sacrifice umi martyrdom so far uuuttnlned tu settle this winter, we can at least Insure that old men! frail women, little, children many of them orphans of war shall not go un shod. And Without your 'aid, as WS know. th barefooted in RcIkIuiii this winter will he ths rule rather than the exception. I ask. therefore, (hut you send ulong your dollar hill and semi morn If ytui ran. All contribution,. i Kiioiuu ne iiuuiesseu to the ireusurer and ..... ,j. ... nn.jniranrn GERMANS ROUTED IN TRIPLE ATTACK French Fire Withers Enemy in Fierce Onslaughts East of Rheims. OAS VSED IN Bid VOLUME .'gsefa, Coftfs fVssarr. to Tna t r. I'aris, Oct. 21. The German Infantry advance on the French line between the nutte-de-TIr and Prunay, east of Bhelms, for which preparation was mnde yesterday with a very violent bombard ment and ths use of gas bombs, wns made to-day. Suffocating gases were used In great volume, ao that they fairly blanketed the French lines. Three at tacks of exceptional violence were made by the enemy, but all wsre completely stopped In front of ths barbed wire en tanglements protecting the French trenches by the French artillery and ma chine guns. i The front attacked to-day has a length, roughly, of five miles. The same ground was the scene of a prevloua failure of tho Germans In their attempt to cut through the new French linea In Cham pagne. The artillery preparations made last night fur to-day's attack were unusually thorough and the gas blanket was ex ceptionally dense, but the French con- j centratcd their rifle, artillery and ma- J chine gun Are on the advancing Germans so effectively that each attack spent It- ' self before wire cutting could be carrd I out, and the Germans, with frightful losses, fell back to their trenches com- plBt"' unsuccessful. After the repulse of the third and Inst German attack quiet prevailed In this section of the line, and the communique Issued to-night says briefly that there waa no action of Importance to report along the entire front. Tlie afternoon communique, telling of tne uerman attacks and failures, fol I lows : "The afternoon communique followa: Following tla- bombardment reported yesterday evenUig to the east of Rhelms. along the front of eight or nine kilometres i about flvo miles I. stretchVg between the Hutte-de-TIr and Prugay, the Germans hava re newed their attack, which failed piti ably before, In the name region. In spit- of the violence of the preparatory tire on the part of the Urllllery and the Increased density nf tho blanket of Suffocating gases the Snsmy suffered a runner check. On three distinct no 1 castofls our ussuibims endeavored to psnstrata our positions. I DsCimatsd by lbs Are of our machine : suns slid the coin etitraled tire of our iirtiiieiy, iney tlnaliy were brought 10 g halt in front of our bglbsd wire en tanglements, and they were not suc cessful li gaining possession of uny point In our first line of trenches. I-asi night we ulso repulsed a i ;er m;w attack directed against our posi tion I in the forest of Givern hy, to the northeast of Sou. la . in the Lorraine district a surprise atta.k on the part of the enemy gainst our listening posts to ths cast of Mor eel resulted In complete failure. There is nothing to report from the remainder oj ths front. The oommunlqus Issued by the War I lith e to-tllgilt follows. T hete has been no important a.-tlon on tlie entire front. J OFF RES FAMOUS ORDER. Foil Text ut Message Martins Of fensive Movement. i I'Aius. Oct 21 The full text of the j order of (ha day issued by Gen JoffTS, commander In chief of the French army, ' before Ihs beginning of ths recent of. j tensive movstuent of the AKieh in I'ham , pagt.e is published here as (ptloWSI "Gknekai. HsADqtrAsraas, sj. j.t. 23. "1 leneral order No, 43, "Soldiers of the Rspubllc : After I months of waitir.g. which haa ensblsd I us to increase our forces and resources 1 while our adversary has used up big, me nour 11.1s . inrtS to 'attack, to win land to add fresh pages ol Klorv to nive me .ii. un, . r .au.iers tin- Voters and Arras. Behind the whirlwind of iron Hie let loogs thanks to the toil pi the factories of France, whirs your brotheis hac worked fur us night and day you Will go to th assault all together along t:. whole front, in dose union with trie armies of our allies. "Your elan will bs lirsslstlbls. It will carry y.,u with lbs Hist flort lo the adversary's baticr.es beyond ths fortified I ee hS PPPOSeS to ou. You Will give hi m neither peace tor rest until victory has bssn galnsd. Go forward with st un hearts (or lbs deliverance of your native soil, for triumph. Justice and liberty. ".1 Jorrns." Ths next general order pf tho day ' Was as follows 1 "None of the sacrifices so readily 1 111. iiie has been in vain. All have borne a share ill ths COmjnUn task. ThS pres ent is a ture guarantee to us of the fu ture. Ths commander m chief g proud to command the finest troop. France svsr has known. J. Jomtg," SWISS FIX BOMB BLAME. I). . niiii. I I USSgSWSgllOg mid I'uu Ishnifnl of QsrsggSI Itlslor. fgSOigi CSSnl lifiat-t t Tun gt UonpoNi Osti II. a Hems despatch says the tlovsrnmsnl Inquiry instituted to determine the national, ty of the for eign aviator who dropped bombs on Chaus de Ponds has found that tha ati was commtttsd by a Qsrmsn. Tin- Swiss legation at Berlin haa been instructed to protest vigorously and lo claim the fullest satisfaction and punishment for the aviator. Demands are mad.- for compensation la the in jured ami for the property damaged CANADIAN CASUALTIES GROW. Total lo Oats sllSVSd He omr ntaere NsgS Id.lMHI. Ottawa, Oct. II. Canadian casual ties durlnit the last fortnight hSVS been heavier than during any similar period Inoa the heavy lighting ill Ypres l.isi spring, Daily casualty lists contain from 100 to If." names, the Second D. Vis n being thS chief sufferer. The proportion uf Offlosrs killed and wounded is surprisingly small, Indicating thai ihe righting bus been moatly by heavy a rtillet y. The enact number of Canadian .'as ualtleH to date has never been officially ItmtOUnoadi but II estimated that II Is somowhsrs in ihe ni ilghborhood of it . (ion. It Is offlolally slated that mora than 1,000 or the wounded hav p turned the tronohes. to AN TI-TREATING STOPS CRIME. I.undun glgg Itrrurda Mum t.ood i:fTect of Order. Spei-iul ' able 0SSJSJag fo Tut Si s boNPONi ct II. Ths daily records of the lannlon polios courts sitae the .inti trssting order went Into effect show solid results of the order In OhMRlng drunken ness and an unprsosdsntsdly small num. ber of chargcK. The Coroner of ftouthwsrk sgid si an uiiiesi nun mi. uruer n.id done mure to .stop drunkenness than anything the Uov- . imiiert Had done In hla experience. PROTEST TO BRITAIN WILL GO THIS VEER The Sharp Note In Not El pected, However, to Bring About an Agreement. POINTS OF VIEW DIFFER Washington, Oct. 21 The 1'nited States note to Great Britain protesting against British interference with Ameri can trade will tie sent this week, accord ing to a statement made by a high offi cial to-day. Tim note hna been on President Wilson's desk nearly two weeks. The note will las regarded by the American public as a vigorous presenta tion of the American case against Great Britain, according to tho opinion of those familiar with the document It Is understood that the tone of the note, while In no wise menacing or severe. Is such as to carry OOnVlOtkHI to the world that the l'nlted States does not Intend to liermlt what It rcgnnls us violations of International law to ihiss without earnest protest. The expectation of the mowt optimistic officials hero Is, however, that the two Governments will not come to an under standing with regard to the practices against which the t'nlted States and other neutrals are complaining. It la felt that the point of view of tlie two Governments Is so widely divergent aa to make it almost hoeless to expect that they will reach an Agreement In regard to wiwit Is now being done. The real basis of hope In tho situa tion, however, .Is the possibility that events may ao develop that Great Britain may deem It expedient to modify materially the practices by which aim la now Interfering with what the l'nlted State regards as bona fide neutral trade For the moment, howr-vrr. the Brltlah are contending that they are doing noth ing that Is not Justified by the prsceaenta set by the I'nlled States In the civil war. This Goversment, It Is contended, then made liberal extensions of the prin ciple of international law In the light of the new circumstances. The l'nlted States should now, it Is said, rooognlie the clumged oonditinns as affecting world OOmgaarea and not object to British prac tices designed to meet such changed con ditions. It became known 10-day that the note will over the principles Involved In the meat cases 111 which American iwrkers are Interested to the extent of alsiut H5. NotlCS will lie served on Great Britain that ths Unitsd Ststes cannot accept prigs court decisions such as those in the meat ftsaes. which It re gards as bused more on munit ipa! law than on International law. Sis'ifli; action in ths meat cases will lie withheld pen ding ths transmission of 'he general note. Counsellor I'olk of the .-'late Department discussed these cases to-day with representatives of the packers. The packers hud no new re quest to submit, but merely wished to talk over the situation. SERBIAN ARMY IN THE NORTH NOW ISOLATED ' OSfisHSd "on first I'opC garian Mtachg on Kumanovo weie rs I pulsed un. I thai tile Bulgarian success i is linrted to ths occupation of Kochana He a. hie that th, vlolaM uttack Upon i Vranja caused damue to the Xlsh- Kalonlca railway, but that the comltadjli i i Hulsni .an ii resulursl. escorted by j OSValty, have been exterminated. Tel, arup.n. communioatlon is unintsr I rui.'id Tin- eorrsgpondsnt styles re. ports of other Bulgarian successes us ' "purs Invent ions " Ths corrsspondsnt says furtinr that ' after ths occupation of istip. which the j Serbs had burned beforehand, the Itul- sars march sd on Kuprlil, The Inhabl. j lunts of this City became panic stricken and resolved to burn the town. As they were about t" curry out this plan, Sevsn Serbian rsglmsnts arrived and tha Hul g.irs w. re repulsed with enormous losssa TEUTON ADVANCE SLOW. Natural Harriers uml ,rblau Ite- sin Dsloi frogrsss, si. aat ' ,e i.4(i , to Tut Si Bsrusi, via Amstsrdsm, net. m The .... 1 1 1 1. i ii f corrsspondsnt with the Herman army in garble reports thai the mountain Hk'huik Is incessant be- causs of the dlfltcuii natural conditional which hamper the trooiui prograss audi the bringing up Of supplies. The stub born rsslstsni f the garblans, he as serts. Is OaUSillg the b. lilies to proceed siuwiy. The corrsspondsnt explains that ths ground has been organised stsp by step for defence, ons Una stretching behind I anothsr ovsr the broksn ground, when' the la. k of paralleled communications j nscsssltgtsa lbs greatest caution on the pan of the advancing troops. IsirgS, compact bodies (.f trnoiis so far: h.ua I,..,.,, i.l . ... ' ' t ,",u-i m, un- iies- patOh says, adding that this is due to the in' ii. at Ihe Herblani are lighting in .-mall detachments. BULGARS FREE Td CO. lirecce Not lletiiinlnit llesrrvlsfs, gggS llerlln llesillt(ll. Vpptnti CQbU IISSJSJIsH I" Tim Si s 'I'm: Maui k, Oct :'l a dsspatch from Bsrlln slates that the I loveriimenl of Bulgaria gnitounesd thai Ureses has al lowed ail Bulgarian reservists rsluriiiug to their country to trgVSl freely. Tin- dsspatch adds that In the con. quered parts of Macedonia Bulgaria haa sstablishsd a Bulgarian sdmlnlstrutlon and Bulgarian schools and thai ths Bulgarian sold ers time bssn snthusias tlcally welcomed by the population. Bulgarian army hssdquarters claims that the northern army bsfors Ncgnlln and the second army in the Ifot'SVa Valley have olssrsd an srea of fifteen miles of all Serbians and that the tint 1 Bulgarian army is in complsts control of the whols BrsgaJnltsa Valley, DIPLOMATS LEAVE NISH. Tkoao RsitoNlo Hosrors tig t Krnjrto, lllhers to KhsuU. fpscisl Cable Dttpatck t" Tin si ATHBNSi via I. on, loii, Oct II, It is reported here that the diplomats m .S;h have (tone to Kgggki Sgcept the rsprs- gentatlvss of the Hntsntg Powers, who have gons to Krajsvoi ITALY IMPOSES NEW TAXES. Assessinrills lOipeeled In lm ri nse Hevrnues Sli.lun Annually. Sprcial lat'lr PSSgglSA lo Tns Sin. Ho vi i:. Oct. J 1 A myal decree Is sued to-day places a new tax on men ex empted from military service and ln c reuses ths existing taxes on Joint slock companies, business transactions, land surveys, telephones and tickets to moving picture -hows it is exile, led that the pew lux will produce 11,000,001 llro ((1,400,000) annually. Speed Contest for Dictaphone Operators Open to any Dictaphone operator. 7inie: 7.30 P. M., Tuesday, October 26th. Place: 69th Regiment Armory, 26th Street and Lexington Avenue. Occasion: The Business Show. Here's your chance to be crowned the world's fastest Dictaphone operator and win a trophy that will be a constant reminder of your superiority. You are cordially invited to enter. The only thing you have to do is register at the Dictaphone, 83 Chambers Street. Write or call any time up to closing, Saturday. October 23. We will furnisli, free, any typewriter you want or, bring your own. TAE IMWW.E seasjsNgg ( This advertisement uas dictated to the Dictaphone) RUSSIANS VICTORS AT FOUR POINTS Dtllodge (Jprmnns. Who Are Forced to Call on Aus triiins for Aid. 3..-.)2 PRISONERS TAKEN i fipei ml rtthif f)epofel to Tur Si s. I-isnoN, net 11, The Russians, after i IlKhtlns desperate rear guard act I' ns for many weeks slorut the third sreat lailroad line r WSStsrn BuaalS, have suddenly turned from a hard prssssd da fsnslvs to a vigorous offsnslvs, and southeast of Baronowltschl, whloti lies half way between BrSSt'LltOVSk SOd Minsk, took f. ur Herman push b us, rap turing tighty.fivs Carman aid lua. i trial! officers and l.&tl men. us well tie ten niuchlne kuiis and one cannon. The reference to "Austrian offlcsrs" in tins region is signiflcant in thai it shows for the llrst time thai the Her mans, until recently a. one In these sec- tors, leaving the Austr uns to baltlc It. italic la aid link .win. i. have been com pelled t" call for rssnforcsmsnts from '.heir allies. This was undoubtedly nocSW -Hated by th- Bonding of the bulk of i Von Macksnssn's army and other cups i to 8i rbiu. un the other hand, this fact Is taken to ixplain the c.u tinued success of hs Cggr's forces in the southwest and south lit the Volhynlan fortress triangle, 'he Herman War Office admits in a hr ef hUilSt In to-day, the Hermans titihtins on tne river Slvr have been forced to rs ir ut from TschartorUSk. The rep. nt .olds that the Teutons are now malting I counter-attacks to rsgsln ihe 1 ground. The offli lal Russian i ttsmsnl i .i lows i Yt'stcrd iy, southsast of Baron - Witchl, we carried the Herman posi tions near the villages of Kltlmovftchl, Odokhovitohlnl, Novski uml Nugorina, We lock eighty -live Herman and Aus Irving Mational bank The Irving National Bank has, for many years, kept in touch with all commercial centers of the world. Officers of this bank have become personally acquainted with many of the executives of its foreign correspondents and obtain throunh them an intimate knowledge of con ditions. Instituted primarily to in crease the usefulness of the bank to its customers, the serv ice of the living's Foreign Department has by its ef fici ency developed an extensive international business. IRVING NATIONAL BANK Strictly a Conimetcial llsnk Capital anj 3urplus $7,00(1,000 WOOI.WORTH I1UI1, DING, NEW YOKK IKTH HUH, DING. NKW YOKK I i ' , -Tn :nM.irifrtdi" 'J trian officers, 3,ri.ri2 prisoners an I else ten maohlns vun. and oi an oi The Russian success ..i Baroi is r is considered of ur.-ni Importants place iiems an Important railroad terseciion It lies sixty-six mill - norrfc ..f I'lnsk and In.', mil's south of v It is u station mi tin' Rovno Wttns Hue Nothing Is heard front Berlin n Ing the movement on Riga, which m-i with oontlnuad succsas during v. last week. The following nihi l. il gtutemi I lii llerlin to-day bus been . Ingtaphi 1 here : Army OroUD of Kn Id Mursl il vos iltmli'iihurK Northeasl of sJliuu wr occupied the banl, Ol tin I iv IIU fl m Borkowlts to Beraemunde. The taken up to the present turn " .e encasements In this diatricl nn iiuti to ; machlns i.-.m - and i.tj.'i pris rs Army Hroup nf Blince I .,...p.,i,i-. Kast of Baranowlohl a Bussiai k was rspu'sed by u counter altsx'k Army Hroup nf Hen. vim LI lit w pn 'be gtyr in the region oi torysk local sngagsmsuis davelois u groat evt, ni. Bart of a ' division ni' c iinii' wa fori the numerical ouiisriortty of .in- to rat real lo a position furthsr rear. Whereby a fi-W' ostinon. had been held m their poaHli I r- to hv lis last moment, were HMt, A cm tack is pi o. SSdlSgfi Tlie following official s ni, i froi Genaral Haadquartsrs v.i ti recti t in VB una ! Ill the West lllnl SOUtll Wi torysk the battle continued ...I I ' " day and tn-duy. HoUlhWi kowchl the Austrrnluiig u u id Herman troops repulsed sti glan a tacl a In ysstsrday'a battles on tl - t 1,100 pr son. rs and thri - guns were captuured, N. ' vo Alexlmec a hostile attack 4 Otherwise there is no new ASQUITH PASSES fiOOD 'I -;T PttyslvlMNS llepiirl l',- 'iiiiti I- i" II ond to II V cr . London, 1 t. si i'. passed ,l gOOd lllght, his nouncsd to-dii . adding il it tin road to .-peedy recovel Braall i ables liilcrrupti The West, .ni Union Ti l gi puny ysslsrda) si nounccil of cable common., ill on a SJ Urasll, , . 0 I i ' Ira i' : m 1 i : : f . li A1 i1'