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THE SUN, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 1915.
HEW BIDS ASKED FOR HADLEY SEES DANGER BATTLESHIP STEEL Daniels Seek Another Method to Bent Down I'riees of Private Builders. LOWER FKU'RES OF YARDS TO U. S. AFTER THE WAR Must Have Understanding of National Duties and a Big Army, Says Yale President in Address Favoring Preparedness. Waminotov. No. IS In nnnther ef fort to best down price of private con tractor for the construction of naval vessel Secretary Danlrla announced thla afternoon that he would call for l1s from steel rnakrri to supply the Navy Department with 2, OOO.SOfl pounds of platen, ahsne, rlveta and r.i in for Hie hy Government navy yard in the construction of liattlcehlpa 43 and 44, the latest authorized addlttonn' to the Mat The Department received hide last week from private ahlp builder for the construction of three vessels and de clared the blda exresalvr. Mr. Daniels believes ttiat with the Government buy Inn the ateel direct from foundrlee the navy yardn can do the work much cheaper. Theao were the blda of the private builders for the two ehipa; New York Shipbuilding Company. 18.675.000 each ; ftere River Hhtphulldlng Company, . I7.J0O each: Newport New Shlpbulld li and Drydork Company, IS.240.SO0 each. Aa tfhe limit of the eutliorliing act la 7.son.0fl0 for each ahlp Secretary Daniels baa obtained from three of the navy yard estimates of what they could build the ships for with the (lovernment buying- the steel direct from 4he mak ers. These estimates follow: Philadel phia yard. I 744.144 earth; New York yrd, t.9S7.(7 each : Mare Ialand ynrd, an Frsnclsco, f7.413.U7. The Philadelphia navy yard's esti mate does not Include the several hun dred thousand dollars which would havej to be expended In changing the con struction plant to permit building a bat tleship there. It being contended that Mraec changes would be of a permanent character The Mare Inland estimate Includes the cost of such changes. Rending receipt of bids from the steel makers Secretary Daniels Is withholding action on (kg blda recently opened for armor plate. Justifying his belief that the Oovernment navy yards can con struct the vessels cheaper. Secretary Daniels said : "Advocates of navy yard corssuruction are pointing to the fact that the navy yards' final coata of new construction have been mostly below rather than above the original estimates. It Is claimed that during the last four years Mare Island has completed new work amounting- to a total cost of 31,114.(00, while the estimates were $3. 613.000. the savins; over estimates being 1448.400. "A notable case was that f the two river gunboats for service in China, com pleted about a year ago. The limit of coat for one boat was IJ15.000. and ths only private bid was from a Pacific coast firm amounting to 1212. son. or practically the limit of oust The De partment refused to accept thla figure and the private firm finally reduced lta rice to 3194.000 aa a rock bottom Sgure. "The Mare Island yard estimate waa 3140,764 each, and the award was finally given to Mare Island with the expecta tion of Department officials that the yard would overrun this figure. The final cost, however, waa lllttlll a boat, or I11.6S7 beiow the i.riglnal entlmate." BOY SCOUTS TO TAKE VOTE. Will crasvaae To-day for SI lares to Defence Petitions. Sentiments of QraatSf New York voters toward the movement for ade quate national defence led by the Anier lean Defence Society will lie tested by niore than 5,000 Hoy Scouts working under the supervision of the Special Re lief Society. Members of that organisa tion will take a canvass on Pember 1 of employees of business houses at to their attitude toward President Wil son's prepuredneKH programme. The Boy Scouts, acting under orders from Major-Uen. Kdwin A. McAlpin, Chief Scout, through Major Thomas E. Jackson. AdJutant-Jeiienil, will work after school hours, starting to-day. Each scout will have a supply of allpa to be signed by voters and addressed to Sen atom and Representatives In Congrest calling upon them to support the de fence movement. The boys will work In their home neighborhoods. At the end of their canvass the voting slips will be forward. .1 to the Special Relief So ciety offices at r97 Fifth avenue through Major Jackson. In collecting the signatures of voters the Boy Scouts will work under their regular company commanders. These will have custody of the voting; slips until they reach Major Jackson. The result of the canvass will be given nut December 8, the opening dsy of the Sixty-fourth Congress, which has been set aside as defence day by the Amer ican Defence Society. Nonwicn. Conn., Nov. S3. tn an ad dress mads public hero to-day on "tttts demand for military education" Presi dent Hartley of Yale for the first time since the start of the war oame out strongly far a defence programme and advocated not only Increases In the army and navy, but a national pre paredness In ths polltksal and moral sense. He said1 that after the war trie United States Is In danger of being at tacked by any nation wrtloh she may have offended. "One of ths most disturbing effects of ths Burrgiean war to the Intelligent American cltlsen la that it haa upset the political philosophy," he said. "Two years ago most of us believed that our American policy could be based on ths expectation of permanent peace between us and our civilised neighbors. Home of us regarded the Hague Confer ence as likely to develop Into a means of almost entirely preventing war. Nsarly all of us believed that Interna tional law had made such progress that the treaty rights of neutrals would be respected and that war Itself would be conducted with a humane regard fof the Interests of non-combatants ; and that In any event America was so far remote from Kurnpe and Asia that our navy could ksep us secure from attack. Jlasme Powerless. "Hut In the course of the last year and a half we have seen that Ota irav ohtnsry provided by the Hague ouufsi snos was worthless in a crisis, (hat treaties were not held sacred when they conflicted with belligerent Interests, that waa in the twentieth century was con ducted with almost savage iMsregard of the welfare of non-combatants and that In the faoe of modern scientific progress tho ocean furnished no such safeguard to ourselves as wo had fondly assumed. "In view of these facts nearly every on within reach of the Atlantic ssav board is recognizing the need of in creased means of national defencm. Many of those who two years H4ro opposed an Increase of our standing army and navy now recognise this us a necessary means of self-nrotectloiL "Hut It Is doubtful whether an In crease of our etanding army and navy, however desirable In Itself, will solve the problem. It would make us safe against sudden onslaught for the moment. It would not save us after the war Is over. History gives no warrant fur the belief that at ths close of the present war the lielllgerent nations will be so tired with fighting that they will be unwillliMr to wage another war for many years to come. After this war Is over we are In danger of being attacked by any nation whom we have offended. "The history of Prance In 1870 shows how s well trained standing army of moderate site can have all Its opera tions paralysed If Its movements are governed by politicians or by a people who know little of military conditions. We need more than an army. We need public understanding of the use and management of an army. Socialism Wants To Mack. "Aa long as Socialism represents an effort on the part of different groups and classes to get everything they could out of the State and give aa little as possible, the socialistic Stats has no re semblance to the orderly family. It la st best a family of spoiled children. "Only one nattoti appears to have avoided this mlSOOnOSPtlOtl of Socialism, and that 1m Germany. The cause for this Is somewhat curious. When Napo leon In 1807 tried to reduce Prussia to a state of powerlessness he prescribed as one of the conditions of peace that the army ahould never asaeaaal - h. t . small figure. "In order to have a sufficient number of trained soldiers In reserve to meat an emergency, the Prussian statesmen were obliged to adopt a plan of short service, by which men went Into the army for a brief time, and as soon as they were "" ssvw piaos to others. Out of this grow ths system of cltlsen soldiery, which under the guidance of a statesman Ilka Bismarck and a General like Moltka WOn SUCh llMIMliMl ........ .1 - - . t urv mmn. Th .-...., is i . . , , toodlsd cltlsen owed service to the state wnanjr to carry through a System of socialist! a measures that mads ths Osnnan nation far mora Ides a fam- "r mi lis mental attitude than ths KlUTUSh nation ttw Inalan il ... could be. "The thing that has mads Germany strong In ths present war Is Just this coherent attitude aa a large socialistic family. And the thing that has made (ierrrlany dangerous In the present war la ths belief that she baa a new political gospel to preach to the world a gospel so Important that It allows her to over ride treaties end ,n a. .... - - I- wimcrmii mi awtatss of common humanity as being Af am.ll i , . 1 1 ewwsii in comparison with sea??! "pel which she hss So preach. 'The demand for some sort of military education therefore rests not simply on the need of national preparedness In the military ssnse but on the need of na tional preparedness In the political and moral aenea" BAD QUARTER HOUR DUE DEFENCE HUMANE, SATS WOOD. Kleete noTrraoMirseral at J. Y. Mayslovrer Soelet, . Major-On. Ionard Wood .told the Suclsty of Mayflower Descendants In tin State of New York, who had just elected him governor-general of the society, about the military needs of this country at the society's dinner last night In the Hotel St. Regla As a mere measure of humanity, It dsvolved on us to be pre pared against war, he said. Among the other speakers were Will iam D. Outhrle, Oov. Richard H. Greene bum ' j nomas e. iiopains. COURTS-MARTIAL VEX DANIELS. Publicity aad Changes Demanded After Utile's Aeejaltlal. Washington. Nov. 23. Plans for radical changss In tho navy's court martial aystem and the addition of fresh fuel to the personal controversy between Secretary Daniels and Rear Admiral Klske, retired, were aftermaths to-day of the court-martial s acquittal of Rear Ad- ! mlral Kittle, retire.!. The verdict exonerating Admiral Little of neglect of duty In accepting the sub marine K-2 following that exonerating Lieut. Oak of responsibility for tha boiler explosion on the San Diego was declared by Mr. Daniels to-day to show necessity for reforming court-martial proceedings. He proposes that hereafter court-martial officials must publicly show how they voted to fix responsibility for what the Department contends are mis carriages of justice. Moth the Little and oak verdicts were disapproved. "I do not believe that you are aware that there has been organised a com pany of Clinton Cadets' In the Ds Witt Clinton High School." wrote David Levin of til Bitter place, The Bronx, a pupil in that school, In a letter to Mayor MRchel, received yesterday, asking If ths city would supply ths cadets with uniforms or give the boys 11.316 so they could uniform themselves. "Ths company la to consist of 300 pupils under a drlllmastsr which we hops to secure from the Government," the letter continued. "We have already re cevled the promise of a rifle and 100 rounds of ammunition for each boy, but what Is most Important and what ws have not got ars ths uniforms." As soon as the letter of the young patriot had been digested at ths Mayor's office the announcement waa mads that of course the city could not give the uniforms nor ths money with which to 4uy them. Inquirers turned to Francis H. J. Paul, principal of the De Witt Clinton High School, for Information concerning the 'Clinton Cadets" and he promptly replied that there wasn't any. He also said that young Levin wasn't authorised to write such a letter to the Mayor. "Some of the boys In the high school have been urging the formation of a cadet corps for some time," Principal Paul said. "We didn't want to prohibit them and neither did we want to en courage them. We try to sympathise with the boys, and wishing to give them a fair hearing, I appointed a committee of men teachers having knowledge of the problem, borne were opposed to the military Idea and some were not. The boys were told of the difficulties of get ting a drill master. The suggestion was mads that If any of ths boys, aa Indi viduals, wanted to go Into some boys' summer camp during vacation prelim inary drilling might be permissible That was In May last, and since then we have tried to put ths soft pedsl on the boys. "I knew nothing about the Levin boy's letter until this afternoon I really do not think the boys sre mllltarlstlcslly in. lined, but I do think that the boy who wrote the letter tn the Mayor did so In 'his enthusiasm." When Thomas W. Churchill, president of tile Hoard of Education, was told about young Levin's teuuest for unl-J form money, he gsld he couldn t pass Judgment on the mstter without first Investigating. He was sure, however, that he la oppoeed to militarism In the public schools." Some time to-day Principal Paul la going to have a serious talk with David Isrvin about the ethics of writing un authorised communications to ths city's chief executive. "CLINTON CADETS" SCHOOLBOY'S DREAM Asks Mayor for $1,015 for Uni forms, bat Principal Re pudiates Him. PHXPAKEDNIM 0"U tsMoM claim Uw" property fm ttintftll wss yews, yon UUs Mr the win It doss not cost much. to the trouble It of whfcfc ao TiTlE GUsIRANTeE AND TRUST C9 Capital . . $ 5,000,000 tanrtUvtfOT-) 11.000.000 USsVWSfcJLT. I LIKENS BRYAN'S PEACE IDEA TO HIS 16 TO 1 1 i 5,000 PEACE PLEAS BY WIRE TO WILSON Women Expect Great Response to Proposal of League of Neutrals. APPEAL COUNTRY WIPE Parker Calls It Equally Fool ish at Meeting to Aid Preparedness. DECEMBER 1 IS DEFENCE DAT. 1 Ragle wood Kerry Closes Dec. I. Hacks! sack. N. J., Nov. M. SVw ths I Information of thousands of automobll i Ists of New Tork and Jersey It Is an nounced that the Dyi'kman street-Kngle-i wood ferry will close on December 1 for ; the winter, the company having planned extensive Improvements to their ferry houses on both shies of ths river. Women Patriots Orgjaalse la 1'rge Pre pared neas. A group of women In favor of na tional preparedness are organising a campalga to Influence those opposed to defence plans. A special committee composed of Mrs. William Alexander, president ojf She National Relief Hooiety. Mrs. William C. Potter. Mrs. Charles Van Rensselaer. Mrs. Dudley Davis, Mrs. 6. Knox and others have arranged for a Defence Day for December 1, when the campaign will he Itiaugumted The committee recom mends that all thoee who wish to offer theHr services apply by telephone to the headquarters of the committer, Murray Mill H.-.44 Bast Oranos, N. J.. Nov. 21. Alton B. Parker, speaking to-night at a mass masting In the High School under the au spices of ths National Security league, attacked Bryan's peace at any price policy In scathing terms. Judgw Parker said : "The President, a man of peace from his youth up. charged with the weighty responsibility of steering ths Ship of state safely through turbulent Interna tional seas, has found out that the only way to Insure our peace against war Is to make adequate preparation not for war, but for the defence of our country and every part of it This conclusion reached, he presented the matter to the whole people, as he waa In duty bound to do. "Therefore ths most distinguished ad vocate of himself, for himself and by himself, of hla generation haa constituted himself the leader of the opposition to this movement to Insure the young men of this and later generations against the sad fate now befalling the young men of Europe. Through the Issue of the press succeeding the one containing the President's speech on the subject he secured the position of critic extraor dinary of his former chief. MHe Tieed not have Jumped Into the ring with such unseemlng haste, for no one else covered the task. Indeed. It Is one for which the doughty champion of free coinage of sliver at the ratio of 1 to 1. without regard to any other nation on earth. Is best equipped. Kor the folly of otie contention can only be equalled by ths folly of ths other. 'Leave your coast defenceless' Is one of his appeals lest ws be tempted by our very strength to go abroad to fight "What nonsense ! No nation ever goes abroad to fight without the expecta tion of gain. "He also urges that If the nation will hut follow In the paths of righteousness and cultivate a Christian spirit ws shall secure the needed Insurance against war without spending our money. China seems to have given such an experiment a fair trial. Her people heeded leaders who said, "Follow In the paths of right eousness and cultivate the spirit of Con fucius and all will c well.' Hut all did not go well, as we all know. Russia took a choice morsel of her territory. QallllSIIJ another . Japan followed suit. Then Japan, with less than one-seventh of China's population snd wealth, im posed upon her a treaty which she feebly and vainly protested egsint because she could not resist." its Will Try to Raise 2OO,0OO In Four Days. The Boy Scouts of America will com tnence on Tuesday, December 7. a four Says campaign to raise t-00.i00 as a three year budget to permit increasing the membership In Greater New York from D.000 to 80. inn. flans for the campaign will include a short campaign of solicitation for gifts, to last actually only thirty-two houiv. or eight hours each of the four duyn. Kach tl.OOn raised will mean outdoor Instruction in scout craft for 400 New Tork bos. There will b sixty-five trams, each to consist of a cnptuln and six workers. The committee includes Judge Frank lin C. Hoyt of Children's Court, Dr. C. Ward Crampton, director of physical training In the Department of Educa tion; Victor E. RlddSr, Howard S. Had den, Woodruff Lettning, M. K. stone, Frederick C. Hates, Ueorge W. Koran. John K. Weler. Walter W. I'rlce and Stacy Richmond. Burton la Nebraska Primaries. LiNCOt.w. Neh., Nov 23. Petitions were filed here to-day placing the name of Theodore E. Burton on the Presiden tial ballot In the Nebraska primaries. (Btntrrr) Cttr raturr firm CHRISTMAS SUGGESTIONS Ws havs wsll-chossn stock gf Chri tmas Cards and Calen dars for particular psopls. It Is so displayed thst jrou may make a selection with comfort snd without being- crowded. Ws Invite inspection. STTSrWAT TO A STOS PUOI TWO BIB LS BOL'SB NBW YOBX tOgseelts Wenameker'a) Fifty messenger boys were needed 10 cerry ths peace telegrams which Mrs Henry Ford's gift of $10,000 Is send ing to ths women's clubs of ths United States. Early ysslerday morning the boys lined up In front of the Women's Peace party headquarters, at 683 Fifth avenue, and till 4 o'closk in the after noon they were hurrying yes, actually hurrying to ths telegraph offices with the messages as fast aa a score of stenographers and typists could get them ready. Ths telegrams ware sent to suffrage organisations and antl-sulfrssTS. to women's lodges, grangea literary so cieties, Catholic Jewish. Protestant so cieties, to Campfire Olrls and college alumns. to ths National Daughters of ths American Revolution and to debat ing clubs In the backwoods of Maine. And they all plead with the women to back up Mrs. Philip Snowden and Mme. Roslka achwlmmer, who are to see President Wilson Friday afternoon In their appeal for definite artlon toward calling a congress of neutral nations for ths purpose of ending the war. Here Is the message, which Is signed by MUSI Jans Addams: "For the sake of all the anxious moth ers dreading that their sons may he added to the ten millions already kilted or crippled In this war will you strengthen the appeal to bo made next Friday by Etna I Snowden of England snd Roslka Hchwlmmer of Hungary to President Wilson by telegraphing him Immediately at Washington as follows : 'We urge a conference of neutral nations dedicated to finding a Just settlement of this war." " Pretty Miss. Rebecca Hhelley, the school teacher who left hen- class mom in Michigan to work for peace and Who brought Mrs. Ford's gift to New Tork. says that she expects at leuat 5,1100 telegrams to descend upon the President as a result of the move. " It's been a whirlwind campaign," she added. "Mrs. Ford Jumped into it very unexpectedly She Is a quiet little wonni.li. leaving the publicity to her hiMband. and when Mme. Schwimmer proposed to her to come out and WOTk for peace she gasped at first. Hut then she came right out. gave her pictures to be BBSS, and la doing everything she can. And Mr. Ford is with us. he says, to the limit.' We're waiting for him I to release the clutch of the peace move i ment. snd then we shall avompliah I much. He has just seen the President, ' and I know he's going to help us. Oh. II may be some time lefore jicace wins the world, but its the greatest thing there Is to work for even greater than woman suffrage." A new angle on the Equitable rent roll We do not want to dwell too insistently upon the constantly increasing roster of Equitable tenants, but it just occurs to us that a building is pretty much like a theatre the attendance is a fairly accurate barometer as to the merit of what's inside ! Look HI up now or phone 9700 Rtrtor. Equitable Building Corporation 120 Broadway A Safe Investment Yislding nearly SVi Anglo-French Five Year 5 Gold Bonds Do October IS, 1920 et SS end Interest These" bondi are the direct obligation of (he Government of Great Britain and France and the credit of both these countries i pledged for the payment of principal and interest in United States Gold Coin. Issued in denominations of $100, $500 and $1,000. FmO particvltn tn COLGATE, PARKER & CO. 2 Wall Street New York AKMY REPORT 18 WANTED. Defeare Sorlety Makes 1'oMlr Let ter From (.srrlson. The American Defence Society em phasized yesterday in making public letter from Hrcrelsry of Wsr t'.nrrlson 'the fact thst as yet Ihe (lensrsl 8t;iff of (the army has not Ix-rn asked to make a I report on the present defensive needs of I the land forOSS of the country. The let ter is In reply lo one sent to the Secretary of War hy dialling Stetson, secretary of I the society, who also wrote to President Wilson and Secretary Daniels for Infor mation as to what military experts deem the Immediate" defence needs of the country. "UndSf the rule laid dawn by the IOa PER MONTH ON PLEDGE 0F PERSONAL PROPERTY THE PROVIDENT LOAN SOCIETY OF NEW YORK MANHATTAN. HHON Fourth Arenue. cor. Ssth Merest. Courtlaudt Ave., oor. 148th Street. ' Kldrtdgo street, cor. Hlvlnajton St. BHOOkl.TV States Are., bet. 48th sod SBBj SU, Smith St . cor. IJvlngston Ht. I - . TZaZL . I tlraham Avenue, cor Droevutse t, I Islington Ave., cor. 1x4th Htrset. l'ltkln Avenue, cor. Horkawsy Ave. Ursnd street, cor. Clinton street. V v . m'.Sir-r... v.. ?m i . ii . .. ,., . l'K I IM 4. II AHtiKD ON i mm 7M St.. bet. Lexington A 3d Aves. l LOANS HKPA1D WITHIN teat Houston St.. cor. Kates St. TWO WEEKS fc'KOM DATM President with respect to the matter of reports," writes Mr. Harrison, "the fol lowing Is the chronology of their publi cation : First, President's message to Congress; second, reports of the dif ferent members of the Cabinet ; third, reports made to the latter. There Is no report of the Uener.il Staff of the l'nited States army concerning which you wrote There is a report of the War College division of the General staff and that will be made public after my an nual report to Congress l made public." c K. Thompson, chairman of the board of trustees of the American Defence So ciety, commenting yesterday on ths 'lar nsoti reply and a reply from BecrcUrf 'Daniels that the reistrt of the General Board of ths navy would be in ludsd In ins annual report, said : "What WS are desirous of gett'rs from Secretary Daniels is the special ripon made in August last by the ilener..' Board of the navy. Needless to say. iv. o feel that Congress and also tils 4jnsM tan people are entitled to a report from the tietieral Staff of the army nulls much an from those few oNlcers pre senting the War College division . i Um I General Htaff " 8. Allmatt $c (a. Thirty-fourth Street FIFTH AVENUE - MADISON AVENUE NEW YORK Thirty-fifth Street Going Home Thanksgiving? If it is In or Near Philadelphia you will start and end the day happily by going and returning on the New Jersey Central Fine Scenery -Fine Service Try This Route YOUR WATCH IS YOUR TIME TABLE As Fast Trains Leave EVERY HOUR ON THE HOUR Liberty St. from 7 a. m. to 10 p. m. weekdays; 8 a. m. to 11 p. m. bundayg. Midnight train daily; Sleepers ready 10 p. m. (Leave W. apd St. 10 minutes of the hour for all trains.) Superior dining car service at dining hours. Special MMseason Exhibition of PARIS GOWNS B. Afltmmaiini & Co. aminiounce that of thefir permamieiniit Panis season Collection of French and 5s now beSng shown. the co-operatflon a specaall MidU s has been received, Famous Paras Coutuners are represented. Dncfliuded are: Callot Soeors, Buflloz Cle., Rondeau &G5eo, Bernard & Cie., PaquSn, Jenny, Erte, Weeks, Maurice Mayer, Worth . FRENCH HATS The Paris makers off Hats are also represented in this remark" able exhibition of late French Fashions. A group off distinguished names, by which the world off fashion has Song been swayed, gives to the collection an undisputed place in the season's exhibition. Among them are: Lewis, Louison, ReboilX, Marie Louise, Suzanne Talbot