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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, November 24, 1915, Image 4

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Daniels Seek Another Method
to Bent Down I'riees of
Private Builders.
Must Have Understanding of National Duties and a
Big Army, Says Yale President in Address
Favoring Preparedness.
Waminotov. No. IS In nnnther ef
fort to best down price of private con
tractor for the construction of naval
vessel Secretary Danlrla announced
thla afternoon that he would call for
l1s from steel rnakrri to supply the
Navy Department with 2, OOO.SOfl pounds
of platen, ahsne, rlveta and r.i in for
Hie hy Government navy yard in the
construction of liattlcehlpa 43 and 44, the
latest authorized addlttonn' to the Mat
The Department received hide last
week from private ahlp builder for the
construction of three vessels and de
clared the blda exresalvr. Mr. Daniels
believes ttiat with the Government buy
Inn the ateel direct from foundrlee the
navy yardn can do the work much
Theao were the blda of the private
builders for the two ehipa; New York
Shipbuilding Company. 18.675.000 each ;
ftere River Hhtphulldlng Company, .
I7.J0O each: Newport New Shlpbulld
li and Drydork Company, IS.240.SO0
Aa tfhe limit of the eutliorliing act la
7.son.0fl0 for each ahlp Secretary
Daniels baa obtained from three of the
navy yard estimates of what they could
build the ships for with the (lovernment
buying- the steel direct from 4he mak
ers. These estimates follow: Philadel
phia yard. I 744.144 earth; New York
yrd, t.9S7.(7 each : Mare Ialand ynrd,
an Frsnclsco, f7.413.U7.
The Philadelphia navy yard's esti
mate does not Include the several hun
dred thousand dollars which would havej
to be expended In changing the con
struction plant to permit building a bat
tleship there. It being contended that
Mraec changes would be of a permanent
character The Mare Inland estimate
Includes the cost of such changes.
Rending receipt of bids from the steel
makers Secretary Daniels Is withholding
action on (kg blda recently opened for
armor plate. Justifying his belief that
the Oovernment navy yards can con
struct the vessels cheaper. Secretary
Daniels said :
"Advocates of navy yard corssuruction
are pointing to the fact that the navy
yards' final coata of new construction
have been mostly below rather than
above the original estimates. It Is
claimed that during the last four years
Mare Island has completed new work
amounting- to a total cost of 31,114.(00,
while the estimates were $3. 613.000. the
savins; over estimates being 1448.400.
"A notable case was that f the two
river gunboats for service in China, com
pleted about a year ago. The limit of
coat for one boat was IJ15.000. and ths
only private bid was from a Pacific
coast firm amounting to 1212. son. or
practically the limit of oust The De
partment refused to accept thla figure
and the private firm finally reduced lta
rice to 3194.000 aa a rock bottom
"The Mare Island yard estimate waa
3140,764 each, and the award was finally
given to Mare Island with the expecta
tion of Department officials that the yard
would overrun this figure. The final
cost, however, waa lllttlll a boat, or
I11.6S7 beiow the i.riglnal entlmate."
Will crasvaae To-day for SI
lares to Defence Petitions.
Sentiments of QraatSf New York
voters toward the movement for ade
quate national defence led by the Anier
lean Defence Society will lie tested by
niore than 5,000 Hoy Scouts working
under the supervision of the Special Re
lief Society. Members of that organisa
tion will take a canvass on Pember
1 of employees of business houses at to
their attitude toward President Wil
son's prepuredneKH programme.
The Boy Scouts, acting under orders
from Major-Uen. Kdwin A. McAlpin,
Chief Scout, through Major Thomas E.
Jackson. AdJutant-Jeiienil, will work
after school hours, starting to-day. Each
scout will have a supply of allpa to be
signed by voters and addressed to Sen
atom and Representatives In Congrest
calling upon them to support the de
fence movement. The boys will work
In their home neighborhoods. At the
end of their canvass the voting slips will
be forward. .1 to the Special Relief So
ciety offices at r97 Fifth avenue through
Major Jackson.
In collecting the signatures of voters
the Boy Scouts will work under their
regular company commanders. These
will have custody of the voting; slips
until they reach Major Jackson. The
result of the canvass will be given nut
December 8, the opening dsy of the
Sixty-fourth Congress, which has been
set aside as defence day by the Amer
ican Defence Society.
Nonwicn. Conn., Nov. S3. tn an ad
dress mads public hero to-day on "tttts
demand for military education" Presi
dent Hartley of Yale for the first time
since the start of the war oame out
strongly far a defence programme and
advocated not only Increases In the
army and navy, but a national pre
paredness In ths polltksal and moral
sense. He said1 that after the war trie
United States Is In danger of being at
tacked by any nation wrtloh she may
have offended.
"One of ths most disturbing effects
of ths Burrgiean war to the Intelligent
American cltlsen la that it haa upset
the political philosophy," he said.
"Two years ago most of us believed
that our American policy could be based
on ths expectation of permanent peace
between us and our civilised neighbors.
Home of us regarded the Hague Confer
ence as likely to develop Into a means
of almost entirely preventing war.
Nsarly all of us believed that Interna
tional law had made such progress that
the treaty rights of neutrals would be
respected and that war Itself would be
conducted with a humane regard fof
the Interests of non-combatants ; and
that In any event America was so far
remote from Kurnpe and Asia that our
navy could ksep us secure from attack.
Jlasme Powerless.
"Hut In the course of the last year
and a half we have seen that Ota irav
ohtnsry provided by the Hague ouufsi
snos was worthless in a crisis, (hat
treaties were not held sacred when they
conflicted with belligerent Interests, that
waa in the twentieth century was con
ducted with almost savage iMsregard of
the welfare of non-combatants and that
In the faoe of modern scientific progress
tho ocean furnished no such safeguard
to ourselves as wo had fondly assumed.
"In view of these facts nearly every
on within reach of the Atlantic ssav
board is recognizing the need of in
creased means of national defencm. Many
of those who two years H4ro opposed an
Increase of our standing army and navy
now recognise this us a necessary means
of self-nrotectloiL
"Hut It Is doubtful whether an In
crease of our etanding army and navy,
however desirable In Itself, will solve the
problem. It would make us safe against
sudden onslaught for the moment. It
would not save us after the war Is over.
History gives no warrant fur the belief
that at ths close of the present war the
lielllgerent nations will be so tired with
fighting that they will be unwillliMr to
wage another war for many years to
come. After this war Is over we are
In danger of being attacked by any
nation whom we have offended.
"The history of Prance In 1870 shows
how s well trained standing army of
moderate site can have all Its opera
tions paralysed If Its movements are
governed by politicians or by a people
who know little of military conditions.
We need more than an army. We need
public understanding of the use and
management of an army.
Socialism Wants To Mack.
"Aa long as Socialism represents an
effort on the part of different groups
and classes to get everything they could
out of the State and give aa little as
possible, the socialistic Stats has no re
semblance to the orderly family. It la
st best a family of spoiled children.
"Only one nattoti appears to have
avoided this mlSOOnOSPtlOtl of Socialism,
and that 1m Germany. The cause for
this Is somewhat curious. When Napo
leon In 1807 tried to reduce Prussia to
a state of powerlessness he prescribed
as one of the conditions of peace that the
army ahould never asaeaaal - h. t .
small figure.
"In order to have a sufficient number
of trained soldiers In reserve to meat an
emergency, the Prussian statesmen were
obliged to adopt a plan of short service,
by which men went Into the army for a
brief time, and as soon as they were
"" ssvw piaos to others. Out of this
grow ths system of cltlsen soldiery,
which under the guidance of a statesman
Ilka Bismarck and a General like Moltka
WOn SUCh llMIMliMl ........ .1 - - .
t urv mmn. Th .-...., is i . . , ,
toodlsd cltlsen owed service to the state
wnanjr to carry through a
System of socialist! a measures that mads
ths Osnnan nation far mora Ides a fam-
"r mi lis mental attitude than ths
KlUTUSh nation ttw Inalan il ...
could be.
"The thing that has mads Germany
strong In ths present war Is Just this
coherent attitude aa a large socialistic
family. And the thing that has made
(ierrrlany dangerous In the present war
la ths belief that she baa a new political
gospel to preach to the world a gospel
so Important that It allows her to over
ride treaties end ,n a. ....
- - I- wimcrmii mi
awtatss of common humanity as being
Af am.ll i , .
1 1 ewwsii in comparison with
sea??! "pel which she hss So preach.
'The demand for some sort of military
education therefore rests not simply on
the need of national preparedness In the
military ssnse but on the need of na
tional preparedness In the political and
moral aenea"
Kleete noTrraoMirseral at J. Y.
Mayslovrer Soelet, .
Major-On. Ionard Wood .told the
Suclsty of Mayflower Descendants In tin
State of New York, who had just elected
him governor-general of the society,
about the military needs of this country
at the society's dinner last night In the
Hotel St. Regla As a mere measure of
humanity, It dsvolved on us to be pre
pared against war, he said.
Among the other speakers were Will
iam D. Outhrle, Oov. Richard H. Greene
bum ' j nomas e. iiopains.
Publicity aad Changes Demanded
After Utile's Aeejaltlal.
Washington. Nov. 23. Plans for
radical changss In tho navy's court
martial aystem and the addition of fresh
fuel to the personal controversy between
Secretary Daniels and Rear Admiral
Klske, retired, were aftermaths to-day of
the court-martial s acquittal of Rear Ad-
! mlral Kittle, retire.!.
The verdict exonerating Admiral Little
of neglect of duty In accepting the sub
marine K-2 following that exonerating
Lieut. Oak of responsibility for tha
boiler explosion on the San Diego was
declared by Mr. Daniels to-day to show
necessity for reforming court-martial
proceedings. He proposes that hereafter
court-martial officials must publicly show
how they voted to fix responsibility for
what the Department contends are mis
carriages of justice. Moth the Little and
oak verdicts were disapproved.
"I do not believe that you are aware
that there has been organised a com
pany of Clinton Cadets' In the Ds Witt
Clinton High School." wrote David
Levin of til Bitter place, The Bronx, a
pupil in that school, In a letter to Mayor
MRchel, received yesterday, asking If
ths city would supply ths cadets with
uniforms or give the boys 11.316 so they
could uniform themselves.
"Ths company la to consist of 300
pupils under a drlllmastsr which we hops
to secure from the Government," the
letter continued. "We have already re
cevled the promise of a rifle and 100
rounds of ammunition for each boy, but
what Is most Important and what ws
have not got ars ths uniforms."
As soon as the letter of the young
patriot had been digested at ths Mayor's
office the announcement waa mads that
of course the city could not give the
uniforms nor ths money with which to
4uy them. Inquirers turned to Francis
H. J. Paul, principal of the De Witt
Clinton High School, for Information
concerning the 'Clinton Cadets" and he
promptly replied that there wasn't any.
He also said that young Levin wasn't
authorised to write such a letter to the
"Some of the boys In the high school
have been urging the formation of a
cadet corps for some time," Principal
Paul said. "We didn't want to prohibit
them and neither did we want to en
courage them. We try to sympathise
with the boys, and wishing to give them
a fair hearing, I appointed a committee
of men teachers having knowledge of
the problem, borne were opposed to the
military Idea and some were not. The
boys were told of the difficulties of get
ting a drill master. The suggestion was
mads that If any of ths boys, aa Indi
viduals, wanted to go Into some boys'
summer camp during vacation prelim
inary drilling might be permissible That
was In May last, and since then we have
tried to put ths soft pedsl on the boys.
"I knew nothing about the Levin boy's
letter until this afternoon I really do
not think the boys sre mllltarlstlcslly
in. lined, but I do think that the boy
who wrote the letter tn the Mayor did
so In 'his enthusiasm."
When Thomas W. Churchill, president
of tile Hoard of Education, was told
about young Levin's teuuest for unl-J
form money, he gsld he couldn t pass
Judgment on the mstter without first
Investigating. He was sure, however,
that he la oppoeed to militarism In the
public schools."
Some time to-day Principal Paul la
going to have a serious talk with David
Isrvin about the ethics of writing un
authorised communications to ths city's
chief executive.
Asks Mayor for $1,015 for Uni
forms, bat Principal Re
pudiates Him.
tsMoM claim Uw" property
fm ttintftll wss yews, yon
It doss not cost much.
to the trouble It
of whfcfc ao
Capital . . $ 5,000,000
tanrtUvtfOT-) 11.000.000
1 i
Women Expect Great Response
to Proposal of League
of Neutrals.
Parker Calls It Equally Fool
ish at Meeting to Aid
1 Ragle wood Kerry Closes Dec. I.
Hacks! sack. N. J., Nov. M. SVw ths
I Information of thousands of automobll
i Ists of New Tork and Jersey It Is an
nounced that the Dyi'kman street-Kngle-i
wood ferry will close on December 1 for
; the winter, the company having planned
extensive Improvements to their ferry
houses on both shies of ths river.
Women Patriots Orgjaalse la 1'rge
Pre pared neas.
A group of women In favor of na
tional preparedness are organising a
campalga to Influence those opposed to
defence plans.
A special committee composed of Mrs.
William Alexander, president ojf She
National Relief Hooiety. Mrs. William
C. Potter. Mrs. Charles Van Rensselaer.
Mrs. Dudley Davis, Mrs. 6. Knox and
others have arranged for a Defence Day
for December 1, when the campaign will
he Itiaugumted The committee recom
mends that all thoee who wish to offer
theHr services apply by telephone to the
headquarters of the committer, Murray
Mill H.-.44
Bast Oranos, N. J.. Nov. 21. Alton
B. Parker, speaking to-night at a mass
masting In the High School under the au
spices of ths National Security league,
attacked Bryan's peace at any price
policy In scathing terms. Judgw Parker
said :
"The President, a man of peace from
his youth up. charged with the weighty
responsibility of steering ths Ship of
state safely through turbulent Interna
tional seas, has found out that the only
way to Insure our peace against war Is
to make adequate preparation not for
war, but for the defence of our country
and every part of it This conclusion
reached, he presented the matter to the
whole people, as he waa In duty bound
to do.
"Therefore ths most distinguished ad
vocate of himself, for himself and by
himself, of hla generation haa constituted
himself the leader of the opposition to
this movement to Insure the young men
of this and later generations against
the sad fate now befalling the young
men of Europe. Through the Issue of
the press succeeding the one containing
the President's speech on the subject
he secured the position of critic extraor
dinary of his former chief.
MHe Tieed not have Jumped Into the
ring with such unseemlng haste, for no
one else covered the task. Indeed. It Is one
for which the doughty champion of free
coinage of sliver at the ratio of 1 to 1.
without regard to any other nation on
earth. Is best equipped. Kor the folly
of otie contention can only be equalled
by ths folly of ths other. 'Leave your
coast defenceless' Is one of his appeals
lest ws be tempted by our very strength
to go abroad to fight
"What nonsense ! No nation ever
goes abroad to fight without the expecta
tion of gain.
"He also urges that If the nation will
hut follow In the paths of righteousness
and cultivate a Christian spirit ws shall
secure the needed Insurance against war
without spending our money. China
seems to have given such an experiment
a fair trial. Her people heeded leaders
who said, "Follow In the paths of right
eousness and cultivate the spirit of Con
fucius and all will c well.' Hut all did
not go well, as we all know. Russia
took a choice morsel of her territory.
QallllSIIJ another . Japan followed suit.
Then Japan, with less than one-seventh
of China's population snd wealth, im
posed upon her a treaty which she feebly
and vainly protested egsint because she
could not resist."
its Will Try to Raise 2OO,0OO
In Four Days.
The Boy Scouts of America will com
tnence on Tuesday, December 7. a four
Says campaign to raise t-00.i00 as a
three year budget to permit increasing
the membership In Greater New York
from D.000 to 80. inn.
flans for the campaign will include
a short campaign of solicitation for gifts,
to last actually only thirty-two houiv.
or eight hours each of the four duyn.
Kach tl.OOn raised will mean outdoor
Instruction in scout craft for 400 New
Tork bos. There will b sixty-five
trams, each to consist of a cnptuln and
six workers.
The committee includes Judge Frank
lin C. Hoyt of Children's Court, Dr. C.
Ward Crampton, director of physical
training In the Department of Educa
tion; Victor E. RlddSr, Howard S. Had
den, Woodruff Lettning, M. K. stone,
Frederick C. Hates, Ueorge W. Koran.
John K. Weler. Walter W. I'rlce and
Stacy Richmond.
Burton la Nebraska Primaries.
LiNCOt.w. Neh., Nov 23. Petitions
were filed here to-day placing the name
of Theodore E. Burton on the Presiden
tial ballot In the Nebraska primaries.
(Btntrrr) Cttr raturr firm
Ws havs wsll-chossn stock
gf Chri tmas Cards and Calen
dars for particular psopls. It
Is so displayed thst jrou may
make a selection with comfort
snd without being- crowded.
Ws Invite inspection.
tOgseelts Wenameker'a)
Fifty messenger boys were needed 10
cerry ths peace telegrams which Mrs
Henry Ford's gift of $10,000 Is send
ing to ths women's clubs of ths United
States. Early ysslerday morning the
boys lined up In front of the Women's
Peace party headquarters, at 683 Fifth
avenue, and till 4 o'closk in the after
noon they were hurrying yes, actually
hurrying to ths telegraph offices with
the messages as fast aa a score of
stenographers and typists could get them
Ths telegrams ware sent to suffrage
organisations and antl-sulfrssTS. to
women's lodges, grangea literary so
cieties, Catholic Jewish. Protestant so
cieties, to Campfire Olrls and college
alumns. to ths National Daughters of
ths American Revolution and to debat
ing clubs In the backwoods of Maine.
And they all plead with the women to
back up Mrs. Philip Snowden and Mme.
Roslka achwlmmer, who are to see
President Wilson Friday afternoon In
their appeal for definite artlon toward
calling a congress of neutral nations for
ths purpose of ending the war. Here Is
the message, which Is signed by MUSI
Jans Addams:
"For the sake of all the anxious moth
ers dreading that their sons may he
added to the ten millions already kilted
or crippled In this war will you
strengthen the appeal to bo made next
Friday by Etna I Snowden of England
snd Roslka Hchwlmmer of Hungary to
President Wilson by telegraphing him
Immediately at Washington as follows :
'We urge a conference of neutral nations
dedicated to finding a Just settlement of
this war." "
Pretty Miss. Rebecca Hhelley, the
school teacher who left hen- class mom in
Michigan to work for peace and Who
brought Mrs. Ford's gift to New Tork.
says that she expects at leuat 5,1100
telegrams to descend upon the President
as a result of the move.
" It's been a whirlwind campaign," she
added. "Mrs. Ford Jumped into it very
unexpectedly She Is a quiet little
wonni.li. leaving the publicity to her
hiMband. and when Mme. Schwimmer
proposed to her to come out and WOTk
for peace she gasped at first. Hut then
she came right out. gave her pictures
to be BBSS, and la doing everything she
can. And Mr. Ford is with us. he says,
to the limit.' We're waiting for him
I to release the clutch of the peace move
i ment. snd then we shall avompliah
I much. He has just seen the President,
' and I know he's going to help us. Oh.
II may be some time lefore jicace wins
the world, but its the greatest thing
there Is to work for even greater than
woman suffrage."
A new angle on the
Equitable rent roll
We do not want to dwell too insistently upon
the constantly increasing roster of Equitable
tenants, but it just occurs to us that a building
is pretty much like a theatre the attendance
is a fairly accurate barometer as to the merit of
what's inside !
Look HI up now or phone 9700 Rtrtor.
Equitable Building Corporation
120 Broadway
A Safe Investment
Yislding nearly SVi
Anglo-French Five Year 5 Gold Bonds
Do October IS, 1920
et SS end Interest
These" bondi are the direct obligation of (he
Government of Great Britain and France
and the credit of both these countries i
pledged for the payment of principal and
interest in United States Gold Coin. Issued
in denominations of $100, $500 and $1,000.
FmO particvltn tn
2 Wall Street New York
Defeare Sorlety Makes 1'oMlr Let
ter From (.srrlson.
The American Defence Society em
phasized yesterday in making public
letter from Hrcrelsry of Wsr t'.nrrlson
'the fact thst as yet Ihe (lensrsl 8t;iff of
(the army has not Ix-rn asked to make a
I report on the present defensive needs of
I the land forOSS of the country. The let
ter is In reply lo one sent to the Secretary
of War hy dialling Stetson, secretary of
I the society, who also wrote to President
Wilson and Secretary Daniels for Infor
mation as to what military experts deem
the Immediate" defence needs of the
"UndSf the rule laid dawn by the
Fourth Arenue. cor. Ssth Merest. Courtlaudt Ave., oor. 148th Street.
' Kldrtdgo street, cor. Hlvlnajton St. BHOOkl.TV
States Are., bet. 48th sod SBBj SU, Smith St . cor. IJvlngston Ht.
I - . TZaZL . I tlraham Avenue, cor Droevutse t,
I Islington Ave., cor. 1x4th Htrset. l'ltkln Avenue, cor. Horkawsy Ave.
Ursnd street, cor. Clinton street. V v . m'.Sir-r...
v.. ?m i . ii . .. ,., . l'K I IM 4. II AHtiKD ON
i mm 7M St.. bet. Lexington A 3d Aves. l LOANS HKPA1D WITHIN
teat Houston St.. cor. Kates St. TWO WEEKS fc'KOM DATM
President with respect to the matter of
reports," writes Mr. Harrison, "the fol
lowing Is the chronology of their publi
cation : First, President's message to
Congress; second, reports of the dif
ferent members of the Cabinet ; third,
reports made to the latter. There Is no
report of the Uener.il Staff of the l'nited
States army concerning which you
wrote There is a report of the War
College division of the General staff and
that will be made public after my an
nual report to Congress l made public."
c K. Thompson, chairman of the board
of trustees of the American Defence So
ciety, commenting yesterday on ths 'lar
nsoti reply and a reply from BecrcUrf
'Daniels that the reistrt of the General
Board of ths navy would be in ludsd In
ins annual report, said :
"What WS are desirous of gett'rs from
Secretary Daniels is the special ripon
made in August last by the ilener..' Board
of the navy. Needless to say. iv. o
feel that Congress and also tils 4jnsM
tan people are entitled to a report from
the tietieral Staff of the army nulls
much an from those few oNlcers pre
senting the War College division . i Um
I General Htaff "
8. Allmatt $c (a.
Thirty-fourth Street
Thirty-fifth Street
Going Home Thanksgiving?
If it is In or Near
you will start and end the day happily
by going and returning on the
New Jersey Central
Fine Scenery -Fine Service Try This Route
As Fast Trains Leave
Liberty St. from 7 a. m. to 10 p. m. weekdays; 8 a. m. to
11 p. m. bundayg. Midnight train daily; Sleepers ready
10 p. m. (Leave W. apd St. 10 minutes of the hour for
all trains.) Superior dining car service at dining hours.
Special MMseason Exhibition of
B. Afltmmaiini & Co. aminiounce that
of thefir permamieiniit Panis
season Collection of French
and 5s now beSng shown.
the co-operatflon
a specaall MidU
s has been received,
Famous Paras Coutuners are represented. Dncfliuded are:
Callot Soeors, Buflloz Cle., Rondeau &G5eo, Bernard &
Cie., PaquSn, Jenny, Erte, Weeks, Maurice Mayer, Worth .
The Paris makers off Hats are also represented in this remark"
able exhibition of late French Fashions. A group off distinguished
names, by which the world off fashion has Song been swayed, gives to
the collection an undisputed place in the season's exhibition. Among
them are: Lewis, Louison, ReboilX, Marie Louise, Suzanne Talbot

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