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wit. WHDNKSDA V. DECKMHRH IB. 1910. BaltraS at the l'MI Office m . t York Oeeund '!. Mi.ll Mutt, r BabaeripUen by Mall, Postpaid DAII.V. I'nr Month DA.I1A. l"r '(eat SUNDAY, Par Mnnih HUN DA V t : inula i. Per Munlli airKDAV. I'tr I or DAILY AM) SCVtlAV. IVr Vmr DAIJ.Y AND pUNDAl . Ptt afoMh 1'i'BKHif RaTIS. DAILY. Pr Month MUNDAY. IV, Month DAILY AND BVNDAT. I'ei M in n M 50 ( os W M t M t M H i t M I BO (.1 1 Ml i ta m KVKNIN'I Sl'X, Per Month KVKMMI M X. Per .i BVB.N INU BVN ( Foreign i Pi II AM hck.. monaf orders Ac to St nad payai.l. to Tut Sis PubUabad nwtly, ln.iu.Uns BundBI by tit Ana rrtnting and lhit.ltsh.lng Aih latlaa at lit ftAaaaau atreat. In tha H i. , of Man flatten. Now York Prescient iin.l Treaa utw, William C. Helck. I Ni. trt: vtra-President . Kdaarl P Mitch. 15 Xaasau attest ; SertaTv. C. K. Ijuxton, 140 Naaaau (treat London onVa. Kfflnghpni Houw. 1 Arttn 41 aireat. Mtraml. Parte ofllce. 4 itu i la llichniiiar. off KlM on Quati-a Septrmbre Waahlnaion office. Iin.i.a Hm'-llng arookl'n nfrl, . 1fo Livingston tlMei It our friend tiki tit tor f iith mas. crsB4 aa't iltmrt ration for fmhtntttton ta.ft to Aaea rtitctrit articlt rsfBPBed lt,ry fount in mil oaa sea alamo for that aw"' Tho World's t Inanrlal Centre. Rrltain l culling up her re serves of money us well as bet- re servee of men. There Is a coincidence more than Intere-ilni; In the coiuple tion of the campaign tor adding miii Ions of voluntary recruits In (hp British army ami ihe Inauguration of the scheme to rentier the yum pri vate Investments of British, mbjactl available for national u-e to ctiie wttb the financial strain of the war. Both are unmistakably sicnltlcant of the British attitude toward the stu pendous conflict. it was obvious front tna outbreak of the war that If circumstances re quired It such a resort would lie had , to the liquidation of British foreign Investment represented by tixod cap ital securities. In the first national balance sheet which l.tovn OaoaoK its Chancellor of the Kxchequer drew up, by way of exhibiting the nation's financial resources for the Conduct of ihe war. a leuding plac e was assigned to the item of foreign investments, particularly American Investments, His successor Chancellor McKcnxa has simply dcveioied in (be form of s definite plan an Idea which existed from the first, ami when I lie Govern men! has made all possible ut nf the American and Canuillan securities which If can obtain there will remain an Immensely valuable amount of South American.' South African and Australian investments to lie liqui dated lu time or borrowed Upon. Yet In order to achieve the result! I which It desires It Is obvious I lint the British Government must ie careful not to spoil Its market either for cash or credit, ami American finance will I have no apprehension that our ab 'sorptlve or lending capacity will be overtaxed. We have been making large profits in these war times. There has been a large consequent Increase in the nmount of money for Invest ment, and our bunking position can accommodate a great aggregate of se curities returned from abroad while they are going through the process of absorption. As in the past twelve months, more over, we shall be buying these securi ties with money sent us front abroad, tor the termination of our gold im port movement cannot be discerned by the most fa flighted, By continu ing to take back our securities from foreign holders orviy grunting loans upon them we shall assure the per sistence of our extraordinary exort trade and we shall be all the time moving further and further away from our former International debtor 'status and establishing more perma nently the creditor status which we have come to assume. Chancellor McKenita's plsn does not contemplate s shifting of the world's financial centre from London to New York. The hope was ex pressed In the House of Commous when he unfolded his scheme that It would not bare this effect. There Is nobody to-day who enn tell whHt will 1 Ik? the ultimate effort of the war on economic relations, hut New York Is the world's present tlniinclal centre, . and whether London w ill be able to ' resume lis former primacy Is one of the things no man can predict. A Simple but Effective Sanitary Measure. The , autocratic power of health hoards, from whose decision there Is no appeal. Is based upon Hie imperii I live necessity of protecting the most vital Interests of a community ami the danger of delays, For this reason, too, the courts have generally upheld the decisions of the health authorities, us bus been re cently Illustrated in the case of the appeal from the dog munaltng ordi nance in this city. Thai this power Is usually exercised In the best in terests of the community anil with all fairness to Individuuls concerned was demonstrated In a novel regulation of the milk supply of Waahlngtnn, P, '., by iir. William c. Woodwakd, who presides over this deerlment. AH milk delivered i thai city was ordered to be examined and graded according to its nutritive quality Htnl Its sanitary condition. A surprising aHagrroporl Ion of quality to price was revealed that has set housekeepers to thinking sail changing their milk dealers, when they discovered thut while they were paying flrsl class prices for their milk Uioy were ob taining second or third class milk. The Information was offered in score. published by the Department Of nalth. In which each dealer re ceiver! a rat Inn according to the quality of Ills milk, the percentages being computed on dairy equipment, method, nutritive oontent, whnlesome noss and keeping quality. Absolute fiilrnoss la abown to milk dealers In the mutter of the distant grades, which In Washington are the snme ns In this city, "ordinary rnv milk," "P It PUrl ltd milk" and "pedal rnw milk." These rale cards, published every six niontlis and circulated In large inimlierM among consumers and clubs not onlv ,.r..t.. .i r,.....-K'. 'L zz :: : against fraud hut educate them to I beneficent appreciation of the snnl tary demands of the day. There cannot he a more effective method of touching the dairyman tbe vnlue or cleanliness and honesty. It would! npponr that this practical method should be Imitated by nil health departments. Pinal Papers. "It Is not easy to become an Amer ican citizen." says lit s. In the fa miliar uplsdlutlnn u type Is desig nated, raapet'talile for sobriety, atten tion to business and tho qualities of good citizenship. QCB bus lived here six or seven, perhaps sixteen or seventeen years. He has a wife and child, or two or three little liuses, Ihlns in u tint up town, or maybe in HobokCD of Brook-1 lyn, He has his "lirsi papers." Helot iv eligible for the Baal, binding act of the Icl-iiI process of naturalization. He has long since put the hyphen tint of his dully life. He 'itks BnglMB Well, he reads an American news - paper, h Is orderly and law abiding : a ml. however affect iotiulely lit "" regard tbe Fatherland and its ways. his children are native born Amerl cans. and not even the war has tempted him tO Join the tituisslinl- latexi malcontents. His allegiance to Uncle Sam is complete except for the seal of legnl sanction. But to gel his commission n a citi zen he must go to court, taking w ith In in two friends who hae known liim lutruniHilh- f,.. li... ,..i,.. .iti.l ' " ' it ne nas ir s w no can nun will senrt the time. It means to him I lie loss of n day s xvork and wage: no Inconsideruble item when there nre six days to earn wages and seven to spend them on the home und j the family. I , ', , riie rhlrteenth enans reported I l.4.'(.'i.74!i mules of voting ugo lu this dty, of w hom R'.'S.TIKI were foreign I bom whlte-und of these onlv ,HS,.i . ... ., , .'.a i IHH hud lxen naturalized, of 'lie1 1 B10.648 others, how many are here to get nil and give nothing, und how many nre. in wimievor occupation en-; soldier wh.we coming to A men. ,t hue . gaged, like Qra? If t's boss Islatlrred such a controversy lately would like Qua he will gladly give Ills use-1 make short work of the disputants, fui employee a half day "off" us hi s,'fH """""'J' ""P1 ,, , , I this subject is large, but the retltation own contribution toward converting ramiUar facta has ceaaed to Inter- the possibilities of an Irregular civic jest US, and for the present we care status Into the definite obligations of! to hear no more about him. He was I citizenship. For QTTS Is n "desirable." a good man of Prussian birth: be con- even though we must gently Chide his inert in. The New York Hospital. I illustrious trio were in communication Europeans mny gild nt America's 1 with us to-day. whatever their per yoiltllfulliesri, but where iife moves so tonal differences were, they would un- swifiiy antiquity develops faei. in questionably eupport Preeidenl Wil this city an Institution with 144 years I N' oampaian for ader,uate na- of history is moderately venerable. Such an Institution Is the New York" Hospital, ii was in .nine oi mi nan BIB Britannic Majesty QgOBOl III . "by our l ight trusty ami right well beloved COUSln JOHN, Karl Of DCNMOBB, Cbar-1 reti riie nociety of toe Hoapital minnow mm witn an upturned military i lie city of New York In America cumbersome title changed half cen-i turv or en inter to the present form. Society of the New York Hospital. ., ...... ' I or ninety-nine years the buildings of the society stood bet wen the present Dunne end Worth streets. In Brond-1 way. The present occupancy of the site offers a contrast which oldsters will amireclnte to the fem-tsl in. shaded IsjBfi and the four story, cupola crowned atmctnra, in is7 the hospimi moved north- ward lo lbs prent li.-atlon between West fifteenth and West Sixteenth streets Tlie neighborhood, ihen dentlal. is now Industrial ; factories and loft buildings surround the house of hcullni;. ami Its ambulance service, unexcelled In extent by that of any oilier private hoapital In the city, has constant opportunities of iisefiilinsss. The New York Hospital has a long "PendB. and New York city has only record aad a a"ii one. Cnngrutula- fn,twTnti- of "? hihaWiants of ., . , , the i nited states, what's the answer, tlotis to the society nml Its newly Iphlklren? elected president, Mr. Howabd Town-1 1 HHP, will not be spoiled by the re-, T,, N-PW jMMy rort wnl,.h f.nr. flts-tloil that the ris-ord is Character-1 lsesly advertises lta skating and its 1st is' rather than exceptional In tblalaoK at the eame timo has gan i'-ran- lnwn. I ctacO, where ladies dress In shirt Plays in Revival. line of the characteristics of the present season In the i heat re has been the revival of a number of plays not seen here for several years. It Is one of the theories of Ihe theutro tlmt Plays acted here cannot bo I preeeuted prosperously to the public after the passing of a certain time. Again has the contrary turned out to be true, for these obi pieces have met with unprecedented prosperity on their latest showing. Pltys which were nut altogether novel used to be dismissed without n liearlni; even by tbOM who lind never seen them. Of all the plays by An thi s Wtn Pinkho which have rte IlKhted New York from time to timo none hns been accepted n revival eicept "The Second Mrs. Tanqueruy." The sustained popularity of this play may euslly be (raced to the fact that it Is tho Inst of those brnvura pieces suited to exhibiting the accomplish raents of a woman star. None of the others could ever bo made successful after a first hearing, whether It were the exquisite "Trelttwno.v of the Wells" with Irresistible KiiiKi, Hab RTiionr: in the title role or Hie iessi mlatlc but brilliant "The Itonotlt of the Doubt." But this yenr the old dratDM lme interested Uie public tO tin unusual degree. Such a Ylnlntlon of precedent mny perhaps be attributed to an ele ment not always present In the piny that are presented n second time for public diversion. All the rex Ived i dramas that have been successful this winter were of it serious nature, more i-u .k....k i ..ii t i." ... l.:t: iVTtn iiitiiKciiitT niimc 111 rimrniirr. In other words, they lind more or less, Interesting stories of n dramotlc na ture and relied for their success on u thrilling development If Ihere Is any conclusion to bO drawn from the success of these plays, It may be that there Is greater vital ity lu dramas of serious character. Styles In serious Interest may change less decidedly than those In comedy or In any lighter form of entertnln ment. At all events, the public, to judge from the oxHrlonce of the pres ent season, is able to retain Its inter- est longer In tlramas thnn In slighter ..,t. ..,,.1 il.i. ..., akaaaa ...... ....... r the theory of the theatre as to the Wisdom of revivals of old plays. Street Cleaning t'npreparedness. Monday hud continued through j Tueaday this town would to-ilay ie .,.... h,..,,,, i nu tr,.m ,.rt, ,...i i. lead of lemisiriirilv rii.i.leil Bull... .. .... ...... .... . I . the cessation of the downpour anil a 1 f,.w boUTS Of genial snnshlne amell - ! nrnteri tbe cotidltloos ennpd h roll. uiu-c upon a volunteer shovel brigade of the unemployed which failed to materialist. The storm took the city anil the Slnvt ('leaning Department by sur prise. The department lints no busi ness to be taken by surprise. The old Contract system hud flaws, , . .. . ,. . , , bill It wits not subject to tint failure. It Is not the city's business to provide for the nnemnlnvad at h risk nf a .... J I1,! 'I Job, unit apparently when tin tei , ,., 1Pr(. WH I1( ,, f ,un, In last extremity of enforced idle ness. If there had been, they could have been enlisted by contractors just ,,v , ... . It is libfortitnate that P.epresenta - rtv, bcchanan should have introduced his resolution of Impeachment of Dis- trtct Attorney SaUaSHAU. of New York J"1 Ht ,hl" tim" u "' add Mr, Mahhhai.i. to the list of Presidential candidates . if he were still living, the Prussian iril.uted importantly to the success f , l,KOHHK W ASHINllTON, a govs! man of English extraction: hs fought under the same banner with atrATBrra, m,st admirable of Frenchmen; and if thla j lionet oerence. j Apparently it is btit a question of I time when the Peace Palace at The Hague will he turned Into picture house, a moi ing The latest portraits of ItoHAalatsn mustache T,le opposition to the Pork Barrel j fl?JiJ?AV their first realization of the 'horrors , ,,f war." Ml. llktio,a ny part of A Ioffo. thetic Admlntst ration, but he makes a I ivolse like an old fashioned Manhattan i roP addreaalng a gan of gunmen and saying;, "G'wanl' rjTjJBOUUM Mti.t.toAN. It 1e further dia. covered, led tbe SIltwMtsovl roellana ; wh n,oitpd King Osjoaoa In lead Into bulleU for Yankee soldlrrs The fel- resl-i'ow! lie waa no better than a Ufa UAaONBB of his times. If Now York city spend I1.UU0.000 for its government while the l'nlted States is spending 11,000,000, and New York furnishes one-half the tax from incomes which the l'nlted Slates waist on one side nf the streets, tn furs on the other, over ths ropes and gasping. When Ihe Siberia, sister ship of tbe Manchuria, the Mongolia and the Korea, all of which have !een pur chased by the Atlantic Transport Line from t lie l"acllle Mall Company. into ma norxn itivcr on -ion- oay sue was maraea on eitner si.ie, m letters which could be read almost as plainly as the vessel herself cnul, I seen, at any distance short of hull down, with the identifying legend "AMERICAN S.8. HIHF1KI A," and to make assurance doubly eure, for'a'd and aft of thla tinmlsttt liable notifica tion of nationality oin" QHory waa painted- flat and somewhat streaked with rust stains, but inn per cent, recognisable. Tn voyagers from Ilub bUken Pavonla ebe seemed a pretty sight. Who put the fist In spacin.l"? Who put apurs on the fighting doves In the ark of peace? How can the greatest of pacificators make peace In Phii-ope if he can't even prevent war at the coiptain'a table? The Tie publican leadens have gath ered at Washington nvtth tbe hope of THE SUN. WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1916. Victory at the polla in one eye and the fear of a stampede at the ininen tlon In the other. . The Hoard of United Stales (icneia. Appraisers Is worrying over the ques tion whether a spade Is a shovel. When It solves that problem the board might take up the question whether a pacifist Is a peacemaker. Pily the sorrowe of the poor im presario. He must possess all the i.mnlwl.flfl. , 1 . M !....!. j i.. . ...... ,"HW WllJKIlin . I'll rsimii, j i IUUlKnT and every epeclrs of clairvoyance How i.i ,i, .,,.. .,,.,, i....i...-. i be ected know , ;;. rss - -- " . rutrv f(r . rnm.., ,"". pounda leaa In weight and much feet- tpr In vnita than h. to be a member of the company at I vawa nasssei Hk.nhvk Pienki-wicz will find it dif ficult to Imprest Americana with the announcement that he "rrsonally col- tor1 V all V iiriaa. mil 1 1, iti 1 1 -u ' r,t I lm t-a lected one million dollars" for the re lief (,r 1'olahd. Makckm.a Hembricii is broken In health and has sacrificed birge material rewards n her devo- , begged from door to door as well as I v,"c h' "i nm oimui). n.im nkttk Zi'mowszka Is the bead of the I r.:.'r". f"L.l!T ,u,fn' l.e ln. XrW Mngland. while hundreds of loyal Boles In the Weat have done their shore toward the relief of their brethren, i I So there have Ivan others active 1n ... , . .. .... T"?" r'"" m countrymen, i Ttia WliliM Ii... , r i,.,,. ....... ,,l 11. r- ' -v i , 1 1 M. w;x umiouniptiiy swai- lowed bv the aauirrsla. 1 . AEROPLANES NOT VESSELS. The Statute Makes Them Unliable Ml .Merchandise When Imported. To THB BotTOS or The Sun Sir: An editorial article npppured In Tut Ht N of December JO baled on an alleged de cision of mine as Collector to the effect tlial I had do'-lded that an aeroplane w"" a "vessel," and that the aviator wiw a sailing master, and that thla de,islm ,,,,, ,,, w-...!,!,,..,, f..r ,,i r.r rejection by the Treasury Department, 1 "'R to "tlil" that I have made no I a decision and liaa uomltted r.o su -li Question to Ihe Treasury Depart ment, In tact, 1 i nuld not make such n decision! for the ruaon that an aero- plane, ettn If It arrived In this countiy under Its own power, la SWrlUdSd from the definition cf a "esarl" under the Iirovlslona of Section 3 of the fnited States Revised .Statutes. Hv reference to paragraph J, suh tSCtlon 4 of section of the preaent tatifT set you will observe that aeroplanes are specifically mentioned and may he brought Into this countrv under bond without the payment of duty, for a period of six months for touring pur poses or for the pnrpOM of taking par: In races or other specified contest-1 ir aeroplanes are brought In for tiur-po.t-i other than these they are subject to duty as merchandise. The aeroplane brought In by Carl Btrom, mentioned In the editorial article in The BUN, w.ts regularly entered on the form pres. nlbsd for American mer chandise i. -tin ned. a." It was found to be a Curtlss machine, Uri.i.cr Fpti.d Mai.onb. Collector. NBW Y"sk, December IS. THE YONKERS CASE. Acting City Judge Madden Kiplains the option of Jail or 'avy. To tiki BotTOS or THB sTtw Mr; My attention hue been called to an article in this m.irnitig'M Issue of your paper. Permit me to give you the true version Of Ihe affair A young man. Tony Ferraro. twenty years Of age. was arraigned before me on Saturday morning, charged with being a vagrant, which, as you probably knew, la a misdemeanor, and a.-iisea the defendant of living without a aut a boms of sjpport. .tn without vlihle means He pleaded guilty to the charge, and when i intimated that the bet piaoa tor hint for the winter months would 1- in the outity jail, he was very nun h af - IWtari With tears streaming down his face, hs stated that he had never naaigary, The iit published statement of ., .nan. e ana nij wias urnto pirn gm ..: In. home and that it always Lid lieen o i , , i nr. . ii ,h. o. i ,..i...,i me if I would Klve hitn an opportunity to du I Informed hltn that I would give him one week in Which lo present lus application to the Navy Department and If he returned and did not mend his ways be would be punished. There, was no charge of having stolen chickens and I knew nothing about a charge of him having stolen chlckena existing, nor waji there any such charge to my Knowledge filed agalnat him when the dlajngue took place between us in reference to Jointnjt the navy It seems to me that before your newspaper or an Official Hieii as Admiral Feher should Issue any such ataleiueiit, they would hear both aides of the story. I trust you will give thla communi cation the .same prominence at your article of December 13 and thank you in advenes for the courtesy. Tbact P, Mapoiv. Court of Special Sessions. TovKsits December 18. Tailag I u i ii r? T" Tiir KniT.ja or Tsa Pes 5"lr. Putty cents a horee-ttnwer auto tat -ah, pshaw? Ir ehnulil ba at taaat ana donar or nowe. Klva hefss.gatwse loycerta sasaufli than ba In fashion, 'chare ) as mora as ' SBBQ. str.'n' an I gniaabla', SAtwrr Turr Vnw Tuas, Da. amVar 14 Knowledge tba Foaal of Ferveaca. .si;iinftn--Vow. BnWbla. ramemliar thut ban a a alt .loam ta dinnar tha. Bishop will mi a tol-salnf. Bobl'ii' - Doaa ba know what we're golnf to Jiave '! tlinann- -'Ctertatiily aat BobMt Hattar 1st ma da t. H- won t p it half th heart In H ettal I win The Boa Refer Christ m. Olnga, Wlnga. Thlngi. avta Oeai. i Paddy dar, and have rau rd WbSt all ths capara Bay? On Monday at on Kevia Crast Tha Irish aavaj th. day' Thai nohflv atooil -th fitornlng ant Ho 'I'nniniy eonlil fall haekl Tbav kept tha British from a riut Willi Hnlgar on thalr track. So has It ban on many fiaeie. OH I'rln'a eona ar whara Th- blfcUeM reap a harvsst rich And whar th bruat'e ts tar. Thar has enough of Irlth Been hai1 on turf and aa For Sitllf landa and orher king To trt tan Iralanda fr. an let ua hop now. Pads? Boar, Our sir land wUI e Slasl With frdtra onmaoratee Br Tha blond on Krvlai Orvitt w J. J. at. EUROPE'S GOLD CHANGES. ermanCs Monetary Mobilisation Is Over; the Allies' Is Beginning. To the BUI tug of'Thb HiN -Sir: It is impossible to dogmatize upon what tlnanrlal and economic conditions will he presented in Kurope When the WOT is over, for, lacking omnlacieiu'e, !l Is impossible to eay how the conflict will end or upon what terms iieace will ba reestablished. Some study of mone tary change since the war began mnV I , lh..,i- a lioU ll.rV,. . . .t. uil.lMtt,. Tlx. lll,-... l"'"M'i 1 1 1 1 Van i i in ill II v r IN - U l-l eess of tbp Teutonic allies seema to:or over B0 I"r p'nt- ot th" worm a b at irnocoa hot tl. Hn.n,.i.i and 'entire gold production. Germany la vmu, mnh nt the tu ath-w i. i. , , ... that of Ormanv I Controversy over the relative st.c- cessea of the dlfTeretif hmns of tha ! belligerents could be prolonged indefl- n tp v I4iit am i. ,itirn n.n structures of European countries rent practically upon their central banks, the condition of those banlut affords an indubitable concrete test of com- ! pgmMn strength. The following com- I . " PHiieons are posslblp only tm-auae a r.,a..t .1..!.. -a ,t. .wv : NVw A(,Pnt.y.. fnrnllnen UH th pome , th W.tr LoM Bank notes v.. ,ii.. a,,,.-. ,tm absolute facts with difficulty: one may 1 pardonably refuse to accept all the optimistic etattmpnts from Herman J. i . 1 1 FfWI ,n.l n HlhhnM I .,. I ......... . ..n charge, by hostile critics that the ex- IfUbtta of the Imperlnl Hank of Orr- mnny nre ftctitlotts. In thp following talile foreign moneys have been reduced to American ctir- I iWMa m "II vi.w i. -ii ii . i t .i ni' IHU91S, I tanorinc the denreciatlon now extstlna. I whleh is rmist pronounced in the case of BUBsia and Oermany, Danes tire . not , , . r. I,t n,A I.. 1.1., -a .... n.. .. . T. ' j iiK'ires nra ussra, me go,,i noitiiuirs ian.1 the uaner obligations nutatavndlne 'f the four leading belligerents on I '"e eve of the war and at late dates ' com.tnre thus Has et xStASB Jul f .1114 Sott . Irculatlon til l. lt,ltl Britlali Traatniry notaa nee I . ISl,441,l1l Total no aa t77(l,',73 OOid tn taaiia d. raftmant ln4.fTJ.M7 Colrt for Trer o aa 1 XS.TSX. 00U litt.441 !.:. 4i. :i: I1TI.IM III Tit u.1 Bo I Kva.a nutaa Par I nT go! I lt.4T.IH Itl l!l "7 it : atts.ass : - S1, IS! ( I A greu atlon I Hold liaid I B- or Vie i le-. , tats. t,TM,t4t.tl '' ex . A US i I Si I tt.it.4,ll 7.:9,;:i) ETceaa note. l,tW,t4U.(S F-r rant aol'l. II4J I40 S7S II Sins "P Ttr.e, Vnv. fl. I HI. : St4t43,tM I44.131.7M It I 114 ISM.IU.MI S3C.T04 ,tl Tlrr :tlon ha 1 Oats I , . " Ht.ttT.ttt Bs n el Per rent go, 4 11.41" lit, 51 II 3 : ?.l SlM Ot OltMvT Nov. ST. 1U. J Ty , 1JI4. CIS .i . ,ii : MT.MT.it II M4t.44t.ttl tian t.ttaa iov JOl MtVlTI.Mt Tut 1 r Ttaa i.J held S1.ll 1,441 HS 5T9.r,2.is: l.il.441..li S:4.470 Ml Fx.-aa nn a 1 liJ.flTt Par can, gold. . Si. SI MM 1T1.MI 5!' o: In every Instance the gold cover nf Ithe outstanding currency of the En Jtente Allies shows a largpr ratio than j that of Germany. If the gold holdings land the paper circulation of Hip Eng. I lish, French and Kusaiuu banks were consolidated there would ls a total note issue of nearly 16,04)0,000,000 and a gold reserve of nearly t,S00,OO0.OO0 B gold ratio of 3 V, per cent . against Germany's 11.01. it has been charged that, jusl as the German General Staff has taken lover the direction of the Austro-Hun- -Hnun mrmyi thf, Keichsbank has taken control of Vienna's finances and nnl tna goia uoiainns rpioiiPit i,y i'nis insillUllon inclUOS part or all of the gold of the Hank of Austrla-Hun- lt, ln.r bank was of ,iate of Jlv .... .... . aw, 1S14. At that time the amount ;nf gold holdings was about !S0,000, 000, The increase in the stock of ths Keichshank since the l.etrinning of the war has tieen about t(t,000,000, it is not necessary to assume such a transfer to account for the RotchS bank's gain. Ye know there was a large internal circulation of gold In OJprmany to draw from and that pro digious efforts were inado to collect It In exchange for bank notes, not the least of the means employed being that Intense governmental pressure to which Germany has submitted now for many years. Pari passu with her splendid mill - tary mobilisation, Oermany demon - struted her great efficiency In organtz- mg her gold resources, while the wnos in a time or great nteo. nr. jonn Rslohsbank added 1111,000,000 to tiiej''- Pfank, tba conductor, is of superlative gold In her vaults since the end of July, KM 4, the Hank of Prancs gained less than 1160,000,000, and the Bank of Russia lias lot gold. With Ihe same backwardness which SttSnded the OOm pis tion of their mili tary preparations, the Entente Powers are only now organizing their finan cial resources effectively Rut the mo bilization begins as (lei many readies the end of her tether. In August the Keichshank ceased to show Its pre vious sensational gains In gold l'rotn August 7 to November "7 the increase reported has averaged for tho sixteen weeks, roughly, $500,000 a week, The I first appeal to the Prench people to turn gold Into the central reservoir, for patriotic reasons waa made Mat May. The "loun of victory" tho first formal war loan of tbe Government lias Increased the surrender of hoard- lugs. In the eighteen weeks from Au gust fi to Decpmber !'. llf, the Knnk of Krance bits expanded its gold re serves at the average rate of Js.fnio. 000 a week. There is no sign of any letup In the Influx. John Bull has handled the sanation In hla usual self-opinionated way. Itut the increase of HW per cent, in Its gold holdings by the Bunk of England in the last eighteen months hns lieon ef fected while Latmdon waa pouting enor mous gold exports Into the l'mted States. And as yet England has not I begun to commandeer her gold sup plies, us (iermany has done to the practically tlual limit, fhuneellor of the Kxchequer MaKenna ban Just given n hint of her reserve strength According to a recent cabin lie stated that the English bunks on June 30.! 1 41 5. held 5fi 1. 000,000 in gold, against' 1414,000.000 on June 80. 114, and that the public held S3til.000.000. against tSOO.000.000 on the resnentlve dates. These figures may he Accepted wit some reserve until we ascertain how careful a flscal Inquiry by the British ! Oovcrnnient they represent. But wej I do know that a lnrge though hereto- i fore unknown amount of gold has re- I posed in the British Joint stock banks ; available beyond doubt to eupport the Bank of Knglsnd If It were deemed necessary. Belt'iitrnrred Mcrmany is thrown not only upon her own food resources but is shut up within a financial cage, Ruaala has her own gold production i .i... ...v, ,.,., to W upon, the four h largest among tho countries of the world. And the output of Britain's possessions ivtfim about S280.ooo.ooo annunily, necessity of Htaiit frrih rm.Mfilofili nf nutXT CUT- " '-'t the iron ring about her prevents any sale of good- that could "ring in fresh suppllea or tne meiai w,,h which she must ultimately re- irnunmnii i tiieiiiiM tun ui tin vii.ip.il.?. l Thp BatOnta Alliea may continue to I Increase their paper circulation, but i'"ey are not sliul out rrom me goin ! nilnea or the trade of the outside world. Already the heroic meaaures 1 ..... . which Ureat Britain la gaining con Irn iivdf Ih. thnruilallnn nt I 10 nnimi I sterling Indicate her persistence In the path of sound political economy. And i V" " I and In time will be felt in favor of the Ktisslan ruble. Ittit the wall around that Teutonic allies promises to cause their drown- ing flnallv In a flood of Inconvertible 1 ...,, .. .w. paper. 1 nth nermany can break the nawil supremacy of the Entente her costly Victories on land still leave Mr aloof from the outside world. I'very man that falls at the front must be replaced, leaving one leas unit at home a.,., ika i.i.m.1.,1 .j.. ,,i. ' .1 tf - - uon ... ,-oi,s,i,. .tow ..... ... industry, except that of war menu - facture, maintain its health" But though England sends men to the ittttlelleld. there remuilia some poiui- lut ion to turn out goods or perform service to lie eNchangcd Willi the out- ul.ln amaM t tu Rn...l. .nriLta i Her allies are In like position. The economic advantage Is insuperable. Qonnany boasts of living unto her self Her officials and Isinkers tAlk to their own people speciously of the money circulating In an endless round within one narrow romv i .ermony may be enjoying Intensive" prosper- Ity, but her capital Is being slowly consumed. . I a : i R. It L IISTBO. Saw York. December it TRADE WITH JAPAN. Merchant Ships Seeded t. Rstotllah I loe t ontsct To Tin: Konoa 0F Tuk Bt' S- Sir: Tn a copy of the ,oputt Pferesdcts It waa a tileasuro to read of the "at home" en tertainment held on hoard the Japanese flagship BatSUlua to the officers and men of the Saratoga. An additional honor to the uniform of the United States was witneMied in the reception and entertain ment by the niutiK ipul authorities of Kobe That lews item prompts the wish that y, eomlty and courtesy may soon prevail In ever'- port. The rise of Japan seems like a tale ! from the Arabian Nights, und among the accomplishments of that wonderful em pire are the cultivation of a fine pa tience and a charming politeness. ii- . t. eme and politeness are the basil of I poised statesmanghlp, and Japan has bad the Wisdom to keep its flag flying over the commerce of the pacific. t ua ho that th day will not lie ' . .ll.f.itil .el,..., . .. , ......... ul. In nl the United States will appreciate the value of our flag on our ships carrying our merchandise to Japanese ports. All the great nations 01 the world except the United States 'have cimtlnuouslv and consistently made it an object to hutld up Ihelr merchant marine. They have given direct aid io their steam ship lines and shipping interests. The i"ongrea of the United States has not been willing to permit or to encour age Fnited Slates steatnahip lines to have even ". fraction of Ihe profit tti joyed by our Internal commerce An expanding export trade carried it. s)il;.s privately owned like thou of other nations would tie like the rook of Olbraltar to the labor and oapltal of ths United 8Utts, A general cargo Isavlna our porta represents In raw material and finished product nearly every State In the Union, ami therefore our foreign commerce is a prom to the people of ail Sections of the country. The splendid reception and courteous entertainment to the officers and men of tiie warship Saratoga In Kobe, Ja- 1 IMti, shows the M.itia of the star- and stripes i'i a forSlBTi port It also allows the fisilisli ess of that policy whn h swept our flag off the max ham marine or thp Tactile Ocean. think w are teaching the people of the orient. Is i It not possible tlett w can learn a great dee) f pom Jap.i n ! CHABLBfl BntWAST Sminck. I'l.Alvrm.n, N. J., Dec-tnher 14. FOR THE INCURABLES. I An Appeal to Attend the Henent Military t'oncert. To thf. RorrOB or Tm: Sl'N' S.r: The I B.M'.Hl, ,.f Bullae f,,p lantiaaSIa Osmm. 1 have arranged fer a military concert I at Carnegls Hail, Dtotmber ii. at M5 I P, M., In the hope of obtaining SSSlS sain aim tne munio will sspooiaiiy appeal to an audience eltoss sympathies are with the men now heating military music "ii the battlefields. A. it is very difficult tn get a large audience for a. concert without a long and expensive campaign, whioh COUld not be afforded, I therefore make this upptal to all fhosa who are Interested iii or desire to give aid to our homes filled with the poor and Ihe Incurable Prom our field of work wa cry for as sistance and urge every one to attend Mas concert aVoTHaa U. ai.whons i.athbof. o s d. Hawthonnb, December 14 sol I'.i. kelt s Hope of Flertlnn TO TB KniTOB DS TBI 81s Sir la not piol PucfetAI entitled to "a plara hi Tbh iBl" - lln la Sltililna fftr na.,,, , ney, n.i a I. Pum banks ami other g .mi .itiiana and neighbor crttfa In print that 't "evtrpthtai that tan is toward b-lntt tOWSmaa ot 4h Jilihat typ'' liTKtsatait, Tenn., Iiceinler It TV .1 "Pacta. t." Ts tsb Keirna cp Tna Bus- ..- la not l he word "pacifist" of recent origin? lln doubtsday It la ayniinjrnioua with "nnclfl CStor" or "paclflar," tut I dfy any of yiiur randr to Bud tb werd In tin dlo llSnseltS of moat recant publication. N'w Vcbb, Dermnbar 14. J. B H. Tha Snow OnTsr. Tho Be juty Otver a-earlee Of drabnees and of dearth So sent tba mow to ensrer Tha urllnasa of aach Svlft In a allnt tnotnn Tha flaka ca.m wlUrltng by; A fairyland croatlon Lay whlta hanaatli tha aky- Tha roughest outHnas aoftaned Th darkest pi to grew parr, And all Ch land waa epamilng ti lth Jsvla to Mura Vet last It go unritcoorad. Th mawlfl off 1J1 anow But left mora ataurk aad atastng Karth'a ihungar. want aad wo. McLasriDaoa-"Wlisos. STEUBEN'S COMING. Final Contribution to the Persistent Dlspete Over His Inspiration. . Tothb Kuitob op TiieScn Sir: Your correspondent "8." still lours the delu sion that this country la under obllgo.- tion to Senmany for Steuben's services, and lie takes exception to my statement that Htatits-n was round, employed amd , "em ners y toe erenx n vrmm-ni Its expensp. Jo analyzing tlmt atata- , . gJ I ,, H.,,m.rrhu, 1h mon-v tl) ni hm u( for hl j0rliey to the friitod Rtatti-L aiifi ii iMMia Ural , a,lraiy Basumarc.haU'a monay-Mnot iha , pra,i.i iionarnnvant': aavd It was vly a -n.i.. u M. - am. tlml -ntjfii KHtfNj Train HfaMirnrnnaitt. , ? "" ;?r-..?K . "'L " , 7 Kln.. 1 .... . ... , .,.. .,,a oar I IIlIlnv nf 1hw. (lllv, ,nd . (rtM aomi aatTiiica or nionav ana noaiuon. j All this Is not found In the article j 'tstpubpn" In the American Mncyclo- ipsseul, vol. In wnicn ine ronowiitg occuni : In 1777 alilla an VMM to Kranra lia tcauhaii) aa imlu. ! I.v SBS Count It 'I'an inan rrrmn aiina ... I ' Am'" . also "Ht-uhpn" In the QtonU Kn- tjermoln et Bcaumarcliais pour I aiwt- .,))r 177")" twas enllstivt by t-alnt- itk-rniain and Hiaumarchais for America i 1 1,777 ) J, I "leuoen did ohtaln rrom ueaumar- M'ais tha funds t led to equip not only himself but li s nephews and oafray the .ap(nMa of , ffi lo AjraWlea, and. indj a antahiiMhed that that money I taeoavme Staiihpn's not only "for the time I bains " hut remained SUCh forever after. I Perkins In his notable win k "France j '" ,hp American uuotPS at page 10.". Revolution" 1 1ll it page 10.'. .1 letter received hern fl iitii Fii'.tuni.treiiiLis id which relerenos i, ,.,,. 1(( gttubtn m , pn.au from 1 w,0h the foUoaring may be quoted : I Tan earn tmeakeal uxaa kls fasse aswi , ,h lnurn, t h .lei.t aad chat I liava i mi doubt et h jwytnant in this y at uaurloua rata... Th- author adds a page 106 : This u.ia appaianlly the only pai-inaat SVer made, for St the ttivantory of Baau mafOball'l nasaca aftir Jila flaath In 179t thare appanra an advan.-e Triaili 10 Uteu ln an I Ilia naphaw a In order that they might no to Amerlra and IT the Interest on the debt sea p.il.l by stau n-. fsm), ,he aetaefpei rtBMiSed W4eU unliquidated ..g.. ,ecm. UnaW4r- ltial Beaumar . cbals w as the agent for the French Gov la Srnment In many transactions entered Into for the benefit of the American Revolution, tliat the Tomte de Salnt Oarinam availed himself very exten sively of the services of Peaumarchals. VU? tTttoSZ 1- forces under Washington. 1 That Steuben came to America with the knowledge and consent of Frederick I tbe CJreat Is afsertod by "H.," but he jdoea not give his authority for that statement, the accuracy of which I ' find myself entirely unaole to surv stantintc. On the other hand "H." pro duces evidence Indicating that the free 1 air of America had its effect on a few I of "Old Knip's" many Hesslano, He jt-ikes Just pride in the fact that some I of liietn deserted the caus. of tyranny i to Unlit under the flag of liberty. A ' struggle for world freedom Is going on to-day, it has revealed the eatstenos j of a Kaiser loving element in our citl 1 zenshlp. f commend to our Kaiser loers the eN.imcie or the rew Hessians in whom "B." Justly takes pride. llAUatOB I.tov. NaW Yokk. Heceniher 14. ' CLEVELAND IN CALDWELL Graver Hnnse Named Not fer Him but for Ills Namesake. To ths Editor or The Si'V Sir: It Is B pity to puncture a legend, hut the fai't Is that the GroVSr Houae in I aid well. X. J was never "one of tho homes of 0 rover Cleveland." That house was thP private resulencp of my grandfather, who was the grandson of the Hsi Stephen Grovor, for whom Qrover Cleveland was named. gteplien t;roer Cleveland, as origi nally named, was h.,rn in the parsonage, now the Cleveland Memorial, and lived there utnd he was i years old, he moved to western New Tork. w Sen LBWtS I ' I '.ROCKS East OBANOB, X. J . le"ember II. Six Ilundred Rlaukets Vianted for Safferlug Kefugees. To TIIK TlPIT'ilt op 'PlIP SfV Sir: I have received ths foiinw'ng calilegram from the Toting Women's christian As- BOO latlon In Var;: "Itefugees snfrr iiu:, six liundretl blankets urgent " Old age and baby life arc flickering In those great sheds In and around I'aris I know so weR, where thousands are huddled Without beat or adequate clothing, A short while ago tin y were In their prosperous hnrniPB, where now cannon balls epiaatl among the graves f their dead. I heg you to help. Tour Christmas will be happier If you refrain from giv ing to tii.we around ou who have so much to give to tlu.s who haVS inch ing. When you tuck your children icto their comfortable heds you will leave them to rwt With finer serenity, know ing that because of your pity some other mOtnerB baby Is warm and safe. Your prosperity Is given to you to share with th.iae who have ,.niy suffering, At St. tddier thousands re sieeptna on straw with the memory of untold horrors to dream Of, wlitle you sit he fors sheltered hearths, s.- -ure and happy, So I Leg .if you to give aid quickly, A e ase addressed care of War Relief Clearing House, ir.il Hank strec-. .N,iw York city, will go free from New fork. Boston, December u. DttraA, lite Japanese Woman ;r Xitoh to th egeassi ATeiiss Th Jar:uie sww StlStS prtnisrl', for and In rti familv Wa atlll adhere to Mia eld av ot thlnlc'iiB Hiat hr nat itra', hatutitt 1e th home, and that her appearance, . the pnna i H unnatural a n th wSMItgeM lt ll 1, tr feo,n nie ts glvi a-i hmnsselen ready too praca 1nt abroad ant at bams, Chat w lok upuu wemsn ewl a oit in tha maehin ery ,.f tna WtcAlSS oi a mere pnpp-ta end orna-nentB In tha parl.ir. Tha prr tO tie! Ity of tha fair eei la not a car: re.-.inlae.l ajn Itlg u aa It migsll .. I.e. but I a. ni ciinhia-it that It will c,.-i1B atta' nor,, general oii'tglittiiiiiant nf ptyblta ,,. eltnot, A t I at prasant, tha aim of fetnale Sdoealian ' to mak "a good alf BAd S wisa mother" a stereotyped ahlh boletn on tha lips of all eduoalors aal of tha nation, clraumsoriblng th aim ant aim of WKinan'a Ufa AcOOfdlna 'o t Is do trinw It 1 not u parson, but ., , Ifa and aa morhor, thait woman 1a to ha catd Tho Ancient Mlaalialppl Ray. rri.ei ihe i iir.,! vtit.as Oeoopical vun Bullrtm Tha lonar callcy ef th M1s!,i..i!,p! tu, lprleie'J many VlcrlsSHodSS dUPtllg I'V -son age. ile...Hlat tell us thai dWIns th BoOtBS era, n hn th chorea of th llilif of MeStet lay conaMerably farthei Inland tliao at ill praunt tlma, a lo ng, bay'.lka amonolon of tha Ouif tilled th proaeut vlly of th Mlaatartppl up to Mi tnouOi of Ih Ohio. Th bouiidaiuaa of thla anclant bay -were not etattonary, wiit ahlttad l iy back and toptilt from Win to time, so that opn sea waa gradual. y rephVctd hs raoklah water, and thla br swgmpa mid paat bog. Thl eaccoeing adr.,o ..r th B bnrld Ulaaa olil pea,! bogs b nat.h ar.'iimii'latinna of stay, ai, l a aha ia MERCHANT MARINE URGED BY REDFIELD Soprpfary Say a F.nrK nf , s Ships Siihinils I s t B. tional Iffnofnlnt, lltllTtl'll SHiri'hRS I If K .Hoi nkii u .! " ' I,.... , ' ' ' ' t - . . . nnvr-n. - m cost or smMructlen ami operant . niiiuuii). rJ , , . ,, Secretary of Commerce Redltsld I i letter to J. Stevptis L'lman, BJ rvd ntroet, preFldcnt of I'. BlumenfTinl i c shoe manufacturers. Tim lack ( I'nltt oiu-ir-n amps try wnil 11 llm COI1 nierca - ' litis country inn be made IndepanAll of other nations submit) us la ,o. I..,.ml.u nn . . ... I "I know no cartain Way out Unlesi Ibl our own marine," ssys Mr, RadflaM aia t,. ...1.1. il... -1,1 . . a.utuun ni' . i-r,S' prefers that prlvaln en,, mil built) sg a marine he can see thai them ;.ra . cumstancea such that th QoVTmmat must control sad operate some iinrti, of our niprrhant fleet, for t tim,. at kaji in showing the extent to which United States li now iirpr,; ,!. , . . elen carriers he nientlonu that Mian wmon i ran anon u.ia i , . ii . .. ,i t mates pori. unless eertal In ,. arising from the war ar i piled w Mr. Redfleld's letter Waa railed f , by a letter sent to georetsry nf Rtsi Lansing by Mr. ITIman, s cn of wd was sent by the latter to tl, Heeretil of Commerce, n celled sttention to new clause In bills of lading lot gomi intended for shipment t . I t, the Hcandinavlati'Ampi'.. an Line, ,. , , Imposes on the shipper Ihe not atity o' guaranteeing that goods Khali not be r exported from the country "f dt itatlo shown In the hill oi lading g ppari yesterday said that the . laua i . conditions that will sharply curtail t exports from this count r lo s ., navlan countries. tip. ItdltMsj I. filer. Mr. Itedfleld's letter follows '- p.. "Hbak Sib : I hat noted with n and regret the contents of jen lettei the 6th to the gecratary of s-,,i.. , ( sent me with your n f eni lo ot the same tlate. "I of course realist t ial t.o bu house can afford to take the r lolvcd under existing I ondltlOM In "' l ment under SUOh a clause a you nsnv I do not in the least Intend tou even by implication on the Inten il questions ooncerned, Ti'nt. . recognize, is wholly with.ii Ihe I of the Department of State I do, er, wish to take this Opportun t eiupliaaise tbe good of light (hrowi your aaperieace and other n am on the neceasily fur obtainll g S as possible our own merchant n a o tintw shall no longer be the any one save our own Selves :, whether we shall contluut o oommeree or not. "Tiiis la a neoeesity not i of our oommeree, but oi out , i We are not Independent If Be this sense dependent Upon long as we must use the Irani of other peoples ai d those pets when their necessities shall i and In fact do, stop tit mov. nei neutral commerce as p?li' ' , . in which we ate not div. I smv so long as this can Is, the fact we a nation in t lie fullesl .-. Tranapurt Refased lo llanila "There Is a case existing. I thla process has been carried - transport is refused tor i for .Manila unlr-.s eerl lln ci obtlgmtlons arising from a a ir wo are no part are at pted Li idv-i i io not question ths legal nghi people to tlx tiie ternu on w . vessels shall receive fn ght I do euel) question whether I 1 - can at nn , oat const I 11 tween its own ports and the p "- ' own possessions sic.11 ' " s " power of any one sav. . oa - Qovsrnmsni to ontrol "We have in thtai recelil la -quite beyond such rel ii Iv t hingS as diff. reii. c-. In tion Htnl operation c t t shipping rater, arid it. with an estoppel of fill Indeed on the nut of and Oovernmtnts coi ten ting us 1 1 national igi tmit economic ; ias "I know of no otrtsln was out ui it be our own marina 1 i fer that private and I eliall bin! ! and operate ' - niai I can al- ee plainly thai I be oasee and tlai maj t" ' wbi.inj the rlroumetancea ars either tha lovsi nm lit Has ' trol and osiera'e . our msrnhsnl tv t a i , . quire, or for su. n ,t t nai I nltlea evlat. and il ert fore 1 roason why w.. should he U i th Qovommont this powei tlve to which le the I oommeree we need to have "I know the cr. that win be abused, Inn 'f wlaeti tha olrcmmstai re aha in the open tnil aft. r s rtiaciiaaio fore a Blllpplng boai 1 I cannot . Ii can fall to he obedient to t lea, Ii la conceivable tl 1 1 of our troops, designed fence and order, h dl mui ui a city, but era eve that practically en. h ool '1 possible In fact " The Shippers ' ivabes great quantities Of goo countries, much of wl leh 1 " ' shipped lo Kilei i. B ' ' restriction placi I be the i v ing elauss on their htteit Inclined to se In II de r el to divert soms of t1'.. Rue 't.t ' itc own in. lis i ce I . "Consignee! of ihe wit under the obligation to P aranda Ranipsklles . hageu promptt) and eti ten declaration i..geti r u I a banker's gum intet i glue, su. n deelar 1 1 the within poods are i ir country of destination sii of lading and wil i nl Kailure io provide .- I banker's guarant' . if ret Ship owner the rlgl ' la w " I of the goode or urge place, whereupon . h si d i of the ship ow ' r ihull i sy to Denmark thess irai pi ovided with i gua r. nti m rchantg Quitd pai of atenufnotursra in t ' i ity Reeemmeuds ioai S Mil- Tha lle.tlia Dspali i buticun yesterday advi . sxtenalve " ,f imat 1 feeding. The bulletin Sett '" ' ' ;aat belongs to one or the ' ' of animals that nr.. in uu io-is An sxperlmoni io tl. I., iieing oollduoted at Ihe Hea piiai for oeneunipllvs t Y. B. MeSweenv. tiled eal .1 her.1 of 9S gNcil brti I j of Agrleulturs Is Iveii u i I ing of i it ehlldren.