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THE SUN, THUKSiM, DECEMBER lb, ltfio.
thr AiiPtrlun capital ill) )BSCI1 AUS- would be at- FRENCH WAR MINISTRY CALLED ALLY OF GRAFT Irlnn pnslige, since It tribute. I i.i Intimidation. TO SAIL IN TWO WEEKS. Allies IMal ' Coadact for fre-rril snd Tim rr. Wasiiinotom, Dec. If'. tlreat Brit ain and France notified the Culled slate Government to-day that Capts. von laa kiiiI Doy-Kd, the military ami nal attaches respectively of tha German Kmbasey. nil) be given safe conduct through the Allies' lines to Ger many. With lid assurance it la understood that the two attache. hl recall Ml demsnded by thr United .States In con acuuenr w of their connection with pro Oerm.ui activities in thin country, will leava for German) on December 21. It In reported that tha two officers have already engaged accommodations on the Hotlenliiin, which leiavcs New York on ta.it date. On board this name vessel mil he Brand Whltlock, Unl.ed Siat.-n Mlnlaler to Belgium, who win return to his post after a short legvo of absence, and i handler Amicrson former j Counsellor of the State Department who Is (nine to liondon to represent th American meat parkara in the nego tiatlons for compromtacr settlement of the incut detention cases. Notice of the granting of the safe conduct was conveyed to Secretary I. an ging this afternoon by Sir Arthur Cecil Bnrlng-Rloe, the llntish Amlaasador. .According to the procedure followed, the State Department first communicated the request for safe conduct to the British nnd French embassies In writ ing Tli request was referred to the roreign i 'lin es at iamiuuii sou rarn last Saturday. Although Ambassador Kpring-Rlne gave the consent of the two Governments Orally, the State Department rninmunl-! catsd this consent to tUe German Km tab'.. In writing. This wri'tsu communl- cation will serve as the necissary ere- t dentluls, no passports being required I for the IWO men. The Herman Km- I kass?i however, has been requested to notify the Department of the date end Steamer on which the attaches will sail' so that this Information might be com- f munlcated to the Hrltlsh and French I Governments. Count Von II rnstorff. the German Am hussador, left the city this afternoon. presumably for New York, although of- Ictala at the embassy observed their ! usual reticence regarding his destlna- tlon. It Is understood that the com munication from the Slate Department has b en or will be forwarded to him. It is thought probable that the Ambas sador lias gone to New York for the purpose of conferring with Capts. voir 1 arch and Bo-F.d. The State Department has not yet taken up with the Hrltish and French 4overnnienls the r. quest of Ambassador von Ueinstorff for safe conducts for the successors of Capts. von l'aiien and Boy Kd should they be sent to this country from Germany. With the Impression prevailing that such a request would be refus.d. it a. understood that the Stats Department does not feel called on to puts It. Awaits Worst frees Uersaasy. At all events the Department will do nothing lu the matter until Germany announces the names of the successors. The Department has no confirmation for the. report that Capt. Thierlchsen of the interned German cruiser Prlns Kitel at Norfolk will be named aa von Pa pen s successor. Should this be done the consent of the otner belligerent Powers would probably have to be ob tained. Inasmuch as the officers and crews of bo.h the Print Kltel and the Kroi.pritu Wilhelm are under parole not to attempt to return to Germany, the United Stat standing as guarantor of their pledges. With the depsrture of Capts von Papcn and Hoy-Kd the belief obtains In German, kin abase;, circles that Am bassador von Bernstorft win be able to resume negotiations with Secretary Lan sing for a settlement of the Lualtanla controversy, which ware Interrupted by the action of this Government In de manding the recall of the two attaches. It is believed that Germany will with draw her insistence on a reference of the question to the Hague Tribunal. Despite the aheence of any cablegram from Ambassador I'enneld at Vienna and Ambassador Gerard at Merlin con cerning the attitude of the Central Pow ers toward the demands of the United States In the Anoona case, responsible officials of the State Department appear optimistic and profess confidence that Austria will give the satisfaction de manded. There Is a lisKsitlon to credit Ambassador von HernstorfT. who has been In slniost dally conference with Itaron iSwbdlnek, the Austrian Charge d'Affaircs, with having exerted strong influence n bohalf of u favorable reply from Austria. The Stale Department Is without con firmation of press reports from Vienna that the Austrian Government denies having received a copy of nil corre spondence between the United States and Germany In the submarine contro versy It was said In authoritative quarters that duplicates of nil the notes sent to Merlin were delivered to the Austrian Kmhassy, as well as to all other embassies and legations In Wash ington It was rOated emphatically that the State Department considers the sendlrg of these copies to members of diplomatic corps aa tantamount to official notification of the attitude as sumed by the l ulled Slutes In the con troversy. As far aa the status of Baron Zwle dlnek himself Is concerned, the belief Is growing that the American Government will accept his disclaimer of reajsinsl blllly for the letter sent by him In Au triiHt, lull, to Dr. Alexander von Ntiher. the Austrian Consul-General at Nsw York, directing him to procure "at com paratively slight cxense" passports of neutral" countries for Austrian reser vists desiring to return to their native country from the United States. Baron Zwiedlnek lias Informed Secretary Ian slng that the letter was written iy him at the dictation of Dr. Constuntlne Dumhit, the Austrian Ambassador, who lias since been recalled at the request of the United Slates The fate of Votl Nuher will not be de cided until the Ancona matter la out of . Uie wuy. Thn War Department this afternoon had no co-nfirm.itlon of the reported de tection of Austrian and (ierman subjects in American uniforms aboard the Amer ican transport Sheridan, which arrived St San FTsnolgOO yesterday. Iteports stale that the men were from the tier man cruiser Geler. Interned at Honolulu, and that they were a,ble to disguise themselves as American soldiers with the connivance of bakers on board the transport. AUSTRIA "VERY ANOHY. Derllu Mays Itaplare With I, v Is Itrgrardrd aa Probable. BsMIMi via Amsterdam, Dec. If, The Jf r UggetfuHfl publishes the following deepatch from Its Vienna correspondent : "The American note to Austria on the Ancona has created a most unfavorable impression. Whether and how II will be answered will lint be decided until after the close of the investigation." The .Vorprnposf says: "We are now accustomed to the some what rough tone which Is agsln used In the prehrnt note. The note Is also abun dant with fine words about Ihe law of nations and humanity. These things exist only for ns, not for our enemies or for the Americans." 1'nofftclal reports from Vlennl state Hint the Austrian Government Is very -' ' - iuiouiv won mi. liniMMl .-M .ies is regarded as probable. Tho nusnl I. k uiliili.,p ii... kM.uu . - ' .. ui.aieni oi rela tions between Austria and America will foroa Germany to the sams course. Count Ttsga, Ihe Hungarian Premier, noLbttn lummonad to Vienna to confer Deputy in Bitter Speech Causes Uproar in Chamber With Charge That Mismanagement Has Robbed Re public of Vast Sums in Purchase of Supplies. I'Atns. Dec. h. The French War Min istry was bitterly attacked in the oouraa of a debate In tha chamber of Deputies to-day and one of the rneenbera, Julian Antolne Sim; an, directly accused it of neglecting to take proper precautions In purchasing supplies, paying exorbitant prices nnd doing business with agents of known Irresponsibility. It la aaserted that the Ministry has dealt wltti persons whose sole experience consisted in frequenting summer resorts and there picking up customers, yet these persons were considered fit to fur nish shoes, clothing and arm, Deputy Slmynn also attacked rrrtaln ' persons who are conducting alleged char luble enterprises for private gain. One I .man, he said, had been condemned twenty-one times for this offence and still Is operating, although the First Magistrate of the flepubllc has ordered tirr to Another abuse he named consists In paying large sums on account when contracts are closed. In violation of thr usual course. One contractor, he declared, now owes the Government 1400.000 received In this way. M. 8man's statements caused an uproar in the Chamber. He demanded that Joseph Thierry. I'nder Secretary of State tor Subsistence, open his records on these affairs and disclose the vast array of secret dealings. He accused the purchasers of paying fantastic com missions and named the Marquis Cro vesocur, former associate of Henri Ro ohette. who fled to Mexico after being nteiwed to prison for swindling, as Having received commissions or mis am. The French Minister at London, he declared, has reported on the activities of certain persons there who are at- tempting to make Illegal profits from the Government and has asked the Min istry If he were compelled to do busi ness with them. Inspector Gallktrd, he continued, has demanded an Investigation of commis sions of several millions of francs paid for the purchase of horses. Ths com mission In charge, however, would not make the results of the Inquiry known and the secretary of the then Minister of War, Alexandre Mtllrrand, backed It In its stand. M. Mlllcrand leaped to his feet to denv this and protested that It was a mistake, but his words were lost i U the confusion. When M. Slmyan had concluded his arraignment he wis applauded by the entire Chamber. Fur ther discussion of the matter was post poned until Thursday. with the Austrian Premier. Count Hu man. Count F.rnst von fteventlow, writing to the Tapes Xcitanp, attacks the American note on the ground that It hints at threats and Is characterlxed by a tone of curt command. READY FOR RUPTURE. Anstrla Said to Have Asked Ventr.1 to Art Here. Sperial Cs6s lnpair, fs The 8rv IjONDOM. Dec. II, -The tuning Star says that the diplomatic represent ative of a neutral country at Kome has been advised by his colleague at Vienna that Austria will re ply evasively to the note of the United States on the sinking of the Ancona. re questing that the United States allow matters to remain in abeyance until the Bubmariiie returns to port. The sub marine, according to the information. Is overdue, and It Is feared that she has been cupturrd or rammed. It Is stated that Austria hss solicited the neutral nation mentioned to take charge of Austrian Interests in America In case of a rupture. 'PLAYING WITH FIRE. Munich Newspaper Ways Tone of Note aurpvteed Gersaaay. Mt stcH, Dec. 15 The severe tone of the note to Austria on the sinking of the Ancona and Its "unflamionlOUt contents" have been a gr. at surprise to Germany, says Ihe .Wursle .VuchricAfm. "When the United States talks about good relations la-tweeji themselves and the monarchy." says the editorial, "one exiNH'ta to see an exemplification of these good relations In a mutual exchange of Opinion, and not a mere reference to agreements with another nation, as If no value was attached to a similar under standing with Austria-Hungary. Such an exchange of opinion has so far been wholly lacking. "One ought not to play with fire. There fore. If the President Is really sincere In his desire to maintain 'good mutual re lations' with the dual monarchy, we be lieve both countries with dignity can find a way for a common Investigation of the conflicting questions ajid discover a road leading to a common understanding." RELIEF WORKERS NEEDED. Brliflnm onimlsstniier Wants I r Mature Americans la field. The American Commission for Relief In Belgium Issued yesterday a call for fifteen American men of awe snd experi ence and a fluent knowledge of the French language to work in the relief corps In Belgium. Expenses to and from Belgium and bare living expenses while there will be paid. Applications lll be received only by mail at the oltlces of the commission. 71 Broadway, and must state qualifications and references. Another cable was received from Mr Hoover yesterday lM(ri;lns for shoes and early shipments of clothlnK and material It Is useless, he says, to purchase shoes that cannot be despatched from New York before March 1. so pressing Is the nerd. Following the receipt of this cable, Oscar S Straus, chairman of the clothing appeal committee. Issued ft statement calling to attention of the people of New York the former re quest of thr eommlsalon for $5,000,000 in money or clothes 10 save Ihe women and children of Belgium and northern France. GERMANS ARE DOWNHEARTED. NgW York Man Impressed at Kiel Maya People Are Bitter. PrgdrlM TaagdM Of M0 Washington avenue, a carpenter, who went to Ger many Just about the time the war started, told Thk Si'N yesterday that last August he was Impressed and made to servo In the German navy for three mouths, his naturalisation papers us an American cltlxeu being taken from him. He finally obtained his release through Ambassador Gerard In Berlin. Taegder uh that the mass of Ger mans are dowuheurted over the war, no longer believing the newspaper reports of German successes, and becoming In creasingly bitter against the Govern ment. Lists of wounded are no longer posted Morn than s.ouu womsn are i working I i the Krupp factory. For the in.t part of the time the bulk of the German fleet has been disposed between Helgoland and Cuxhaven and the num. he- or ships at Kiel has been relatively stngll. France Is sufferina- from a scarcity of freight cars and s resultant congestion ' of munitions and food supplies brought , from American and other ports. The I Temps, in discussing the question I avows that the transportation system I la mismanaged. It cites Instances of i cars found lying Idle In ons vicinity 1 while supplies are choked In another One train stood Idle for twelve months at Cognac. At Iai Palllce not a car Is available on some dsys, In spite of ths fact that an average of 1,000 cars a day are required and goods are rot ting In the rain on wharves. The Temp says there are thousands of Idle cars I In the railroad yards near Paris Itt The Tempi tells of a cargo of tons of hay from Oalveston to lire, tha port of La Jtochelle. which sr rived on August IT Only 1,000 tons have been moved and the rest Is spoil ing. The Chamber of Commerce of La Kochslle has received no reply to Its urgent appeals to the Ministries of Com urgsist sppsasi to tne Ministries or com-1 merer and pub,v works, although its president has telegraphed nine times to I the latter since November ASKS BILLIONS FOR WAR. Committee Telle Deputies Coat Will Be 9000,000,000 a Month. I'ahis, Dec. 15. The Appropriations Committee of the Chamber of Ueputlrs In Its report to-day on the requirements of the Government for ths first quarter of tha coming year estimated that the war will coat France $600,000,000 a month for that period of time. A summary of the past expenses, on which the figures wsre baaed, showed that the total expenses of the Govern ment from August 1. 114. to Decem ber 31. 111. have been 31,021.000,000 francs (M.304.IOU.OOO). of which the purely military expenditures were 24, 347.000,000 francs (t4.S0t.4OO.OOO). The committee reported rejecting the request of the Minister of Finance that the In i ome tax on July 1, 1914, should be ap plied to January 1, ltl7. LOAN TIME EXTENDED. France t.lves Another Hay to Oblige Throngs of nberrlhera. Paris, Dec. IS, Subscription lists for the French war loan closed to-day. hut go many were In line at the various rrceiv- Ing offices that the Government granted an extension or one day As early ns Mondsy it wss evident that the subscrip tion offici j4 could not deal with the crowds throughout France. To-day the lines extend Into the streets. BRITISH ARMY REPELS FOES IN MESOPOTAMIA Turks Attarklnff On. Towns Iiond's Right Wine Ro portfd Driven Back. fJMessI fa(i rtfpatrh to Tax Sts. UiNDON, Dec. 15. Fighting of a vio lent character, with the Turks aa the attackers. Is evidently going on in Meso potamia, where the British recently were forced to retreat, from a point not far distant from Pagdad, to Kuf-el-Amara. At Kut-el-Amara their new positions are now submitted to constant onslaughts from the Turks "Ileenforcenients are sent forward as fast as thry arrive," said Austen Cham berlain, Secretary of State for India. In the House of Commons to-day. He read a telegram from Gen. Townuliend, the British commander, declaring that there was heavy musketry firing on the north ern front at Kut-el-Amara this morn ing, but that while the Turks did not attack on that front they launched a new offensive against the right wing. Thla attack was repulsed. The Turkish War Office announced to- day that the British artillery fire In the Kut-el-Amara region la "decreasing dally.' The Turkish official statement on the Meeopotamlaii operations follows: The activity of the enemy's artil lery near Kutel-Amara dally la de creasing, owing to our violent counter Are. As a consequence of successful attacks our troops have approached closely the enemy's main positions. The following official statement Is sued at Cairo waa made public here to night : On Monday the British under Col. Gordon, operating west of Mi reams Truh, had a second engagement with 1,200 hostile Arabs under Oaafa Paaha armed with rifles, guns and machine guns. They were attacked and driven back with heavy losses. The British were unable to pursue them, owing to darkness. The enemy's losses on Monday are not known. On Saturday they lojl eighty In killed and thirty In wounded. Our losses on Monday were slight TURKS SHELL BATTERY. Destroy Blockhouse and nrldgea ou the lvere.es Here. CoNSTANTiNoi't.g, Dec. 14, via London, Dec. 15 The Turkish War Office Issued to-day the following statement on ac tivities In the Dardanelles: Uur artillery successfully bombarded the enemy's positions near Anafarta, and hostile ehlpa near Kemlkle Elman, compelling ths vessels to withdraw. Near Arl Buinu theru has been inuir throwing activity and a rather violent though Intermittent artillery duel. Near Sedd-el-Bahr there has been bomb and air lorvedo fighting. Our artillery shelltd a hostile liowltxer bat tery and blew up Its munition depot. Monday there was violent bomb fighting against our trenches In the centre. Our srtlllery successfully shelled ths enemy artillery positions and destroyed a blockhouse and two bridges across the Kereves Dere. YUAN NOT AIDED BY GERMANS. Urlfaln Doubts If He Oat Crown iperial Cablt Peepateh la Tss Sun. London, Dec, 111. Lord Hobert Cecil. Psrllamrntary I'nder Secretary for Foreign Affairs, announced In the House i of Commons to-day In reply to a Question that there was no reason to believe that German intrigue wgg connected with the acceptance of the Chinese throne by President Yuan Shlh-k'al. : " ' ' . 1 1 I 'Hr , :J.- i ;. S -ei'ir ; SAYS KAISER POPE STATE T . . . - . London Newspaper Quotes mat uennite rrospect 01 Held Out, Making Jerusalem Papal Capital. IONDoM, Dec. 15. The turning Star' says that the German Humanity la-ague has announced that the KaJser has cate gorically promised the Pope that his temporal power shall be restored. The promise Includes the creation of a papal late In Palestine. The proposed state would consist of Jerusalem and the holy places, with the territorial area I. eluding Jaffa as a aeapoit, which Is sufficient to support the dignity of a cardinal viceroy. PAPAL STATE PLANNED? London Hears (ersnany fteeka Res toration of Temporal Power. Special f'orr'tpnn lenc to Tss 9c. LoNDOHi Nov. 24 A correspondent of thr Standard In Swltserland says that the visit to Swltserland of Prince von Buelow. former German Imperial fhan celler. has for one of its objects the furtherance of a German plan to revive, the temporal power of the Pope. The Kaiser and the German Govern ment, according to the correspondent, have taken up this plan In the hope of gaining the sympathy of Catholics 'n the allied countries and In the United States, and at the same time of punish. Ing Italy for refusing to make a separate peace with Austria. The 'orrespondent says I "It is i pen to doubt whether Roman Catholl's In general have any desire for the withdrawal of the supreme bead of their church from purely religious func tions to iksr part in the turmoil of In ternatloiu.l politics, but thr Kaiser and Ills advUers In this particular sphere, who are all professedly Lutheran Protestants, have made up their minds that thr ery of 'Home for Ihe Pope' may gain .'resh adherents to the Germanic cause, hence the Intrigue In whose Initiation Prince von Hue low Is now playing an importsnt part. .1. Uomaa alhollr Kympathy. IM Getmsn view of the matter may be summarised ss follows: There are Itoman U.ithollrs In r ranee and Ita.y, In Bttg'and and Ireland, whose sym pathies. If alienated frcm the cause of thrlr Own Countries, would be useful to Germanv. The new German Empire las Herl n imagines it) will include Poland ftno Belgium, and the help of the Vatican Will be mot valuable In Influenc ing the Human Cathodes of both coun tries lo i.iiept the alien yoke passively and In a duly lubmlsslvs spirit : "The support of the Roman Catholics of America. Siuln and other neutral countries Is worth winning The politi cal iower of the Vatican might be ex ploited for Germany s advantage during peace negotiation Eor these and many klndrtnl reasons Germany wished to hit upon some means of appealing lo Roman 1'atliollcs of all countries and the Wll helmstraase schemers produced this pro posal of reviving the I 'opes temporal power. "Obviously, s papal State can only be formed by taking a slice out of the very hearl of Italy, and Crliice von lluelow communicated a threat in this sense to ll10'" persons whose aid he sought In a'lell pi ins W llov n nrnm.r fi . with Italy. If Italy Is reasonable Ger many will abandon the Idoa of making Home tho capital of a reconstructed papal State, but If Italy refuses our gen erous offer of terms Germany and Aus tria will Inflict the supreme humiliation on her. -It is noteworthy that a ilerman press campaign, conducted on the usual lines. In support of Ihe n w Intrigue Is In full swing Newspapers drawing their In spiration from the Wllhelmstrasse are dwelling, with striking unanimity and similarity of language, on the Impos sibility Of allowing Ihe Pops to be cut off from communication with those bel ligerents with whom Italy Is at war, and GEN. FRENCH OUT; HAIG SUCCEEDS HIM fnnHnwd from Ftr$t Pngr hlul intcd Ismdon earlier Nothing object of was actually known of the rea his trip, but the cause was ascribed to thi same misunderstanding with IOhtI Kitchener On yet another oaslon Kitchener wont to France. Tho losses at Neuve Chgpollo were serious ftir Sir John French und so was the consequent inactivity of the British forces. But -these things did not work so much against him as did the results and character of the British offensive ill Artois last Septem'ber. In (hat opera tion the British gained some ground, but they lost heavily In numbers and what they did gain was far overshadowed by the greater importance of the French advances made simultaneously In Cham pagne. Many Insinuations hive been made In this respect against Sir John French which contributed to his decline In favor. It haa been said that British officers were permitted to have women visitors at their quarters, and that the general tone and conduct of the British stiff was decidedly loose when comparer! to the discipline of the French staff. While the specific reason for Sir John French's removal is not Known one fact stands out pretty certainly at this time. It Is that there has been bitter strife be tween Karl Kitchener and the Field Mar shal, and that In the end It was Inevi table that one or the other of them must go. A great deal of especially bitter Criti cism against Sir John French arose out of his Intimacy with George Gordon UNSURPASSED MINERAL WATER 1 PROMISED IN HOLY LAND . German Source as Stating lemporai l-wer was on the urgent necessity of preventing any repetition at any future time of any such obstacle to papal Influence In International affairs. The following, taken from the Munich AUit'tnrtnr Kuml trhnu. Is a typical specimen of this phase of Herman propaganda: " 'The Pope's supreme authority and his divine mission to direct tun! to rule the whole church make It necessary that he should enjoy In full security absolute freedom slid sovsrelgn Independence. It will be realised that the Pope's present position Is Intolerable when It Is re membered that the diplomatic represent atives of the countries at war with Italy who were duly accredited to the Vatican have been obliged to leave Home. Was their departure due to any action on the part of the Italian Government? No; on the contrary we must admit that ths Italian authorities made every effort to enable the Minis ters of Prussia and Austrln and Ba varia at the Vatican to remain In Home. They left because facts were strongsr than the Government of Italy, Why Diplomatists Left. " Their departure was necessary for their ersunxl safety and to preserve their dignity ; also because their con tinued presence m Home would have isused difficulties and embarrassments to the Vatican. We nerd not emphasiie the danger to their own persons, the excesses of thr mob at Milan are suf ficiently well known to make arry elab oration of this point gUpOrflOUS. With regard1 tn their dignity, the demand that their communications with their own Governments should be transmitted by sra through tha Bngtlstl Channel to Holland, snd thence to Berlin, Munich and Vienna, and that the Vatican should give a guarantee that such communica tions contained no Information of mili tary value was In itself sufficient to make their continued stay in Home Im possible. "This Stipulation was unacceptable, bring inoompatlhle with the dignity of diplomatic rtivoys. who have a right to communicate with their Governments rreeiy ami without alien supervision. It ould have been equally an Indignity in- nicte.i upon there diplomatic envoys If mey naq Pern obliged to brg the Vatican to forward their confidential reports to their rovcrtinients ; moreover, thr Vati can' responsibility might have led to endless difficulties and drisg-reeable com plications between the Pope and Italy. Pope's Sentiments. " The Pope feels In equal degree the snfferinss of all his children. It is there fore a source of Intense sorrow to him that at a time like the present he Is iso lated from part of his flock because they belong to countries against which Italy is waging war. The Pope, who can now only maintain diplomatic relation., Wth the representatives of one of tha rival groups Of Powers, cgnnot hear the opin ion of all sides, and It is difficult for him to gain gumclent knowledge of facts to form an Impartial judgment on the international situation The International character of the Pope's susrrainty Is thus grratly restricted and he Is deprived of the means of fulfilling his universal mission. ' "So far as the Vatican is concerned, the Pope has defined his position so clearly that none hut Berlin diploma tists, with their cynical disregard of solemn pledges, could reckon wlty the possibility of securing hN sympathy for the Germanic Powers by this rather crude Intrigue But, apart from the Pope himself, there are Influential dig nitaries of the Human Catholic Church at the Vatican and elsewhere whose leanings toward the Centrul Empires are notorious, and Berlin hope, to use them aa instruments of German policy. Moreover. Germany, In her desperate search for friends, counts on attracting Roman fathoMc laymen all over the world who. In Ignorunce of the Pope's attitude of absolute impartiality, may fall Into the trap." Moore, a Detroit traction man, who was at British Headquarters as Sir John's guest for some time last spring. The London World made a great deal of the .issociatloti between the two men and before the subject died out it was brought up In Parliament and the War Department was asked how it happened that iin American civilian chanced to have such complete liberty on the Brit ish front. In the House of Lords as recently as November 17 llaron St. Davids point edly charged that many young men had been added to Sir John's staff without military reason or necessity. Women were visiting the headquarters, he also asserted, with great freo,uenc it was charged at the same time thru Gru. Jolfre had felt called upon 10 re monotrate With Sir John French. Gen. Sir Douglas Halg. who succeeds Sir John French, has bern mentioned time and again for brilliant generalship by Sir John French in official reports of operations. He played a conspicuous part lu the retreat from Mons and since I then has generally been recognised as the most Important Brlti.-h General ou thu Continent. Fleid Marshal French In his despatch to the Hrltish War Office describing the retreat from Mons, credited Sir Douglas 11a, k with having extricated his corps from a difficult position at Landrecles. "I sent urgent messages to the com mander of the two French reserve di visions on my right to come to the as- I sistance of the First Corps, wnlch they eventually did," said the Field Marshal despatch. "Partly owing to this assist ance, but mainly to the skilful manner In which Sir Douglas Halg extricated his corps from an exceptionally difficult posi tion In the darkness of the night, they were able at dawn 10 resume their march south toward Wasllgny on Uulse." Sir Douglas Halg Is 54 years old, nine years tho Junior of Sir John French. He has been In the British army since 115, served in the Sudan and In the Boer war when, strangely enough, he was under dsn French during the Colesberg operations. Before the war began he I served as chief of staff In ludla. SEES DOOM OF BRITAIN 'WRITTEN ON THE WALL' Dr. Helfferlch Tells Reichstag Belshazzar Lives Again in Germany's Rival Says Berlin's War Finance Outstrip? That of Allies. GERMAN MARX DOWN 27 PER CENT. IN WAR Xprcisf Cabl i)essarrs lo Tss Son. IsOMDONi Deo. IB. The Amster dam correspondent of the Timet, commenting on the Helchetag speech of Dr. Helfferlch, Secretary of the Imperial German Treasury, telegraphs: "Dr. HeifTerlrh'g speech has not affected public opinion In Holland. Calm obesrven have their own views about Germany's solvency. More eloquent than any rhetoric Is the fact that the value of the Ger man murk has declined here 27 per cent, since the outbreak of the war, while ICnglLsh money hag declined only 10 per cent." Beam n, Dec. 15. Dr. Karl Helfferlch. Imperial Secretary of the Treasury, In a speech In the Kslchstag on Germany's finances declared that the Allies are solely responsible for continuing the war. As punishment for this he predicted the downfall of the British Umpire and luoted the Scriptures to sustain his ar gument, referring to the forecast of ths doom of Helahatiar. "We stand like rocks in the soil of their home country," he declared, "and on the columns of the British Umpire are written In glowing letters the sams words ss on Hslshassar's palace. Mene, Mene, Tekel Upharsln.' "Responsibility tor the blood which will flow from now on, for the misery which comes upon the world, for the danger to which civilisation is exposed. falls not upon Germany but upon those wflo cannot resolve to draw ths conclu sion from Germany's military successes ! which nobody can longer dispute. "The responsibility falls upon those WhO in foolish, criminal Illusion still speak of Germany's snnlhlllation and partition and of winning a war of ex haustion." Germany's financial Position. His remarks were made In the course of his explanation of the bill for addi tional war credits He denied thr usser-1 tions that the success of Germany's war loans was fictitious and possible only through loans of subscribers through the war credit banks The loans through these Institutions, he said, totalled 1,(00, 000. 000 marks, as compared to 2.1.000, 000. OhO marks through subscriptions. The new wur credit which hs supported calls for an appropriation of 10.000,000, 000 marks, or tl!.u00.000,000, bringing the total up to 110,000.000,000. or twice the; valuation of the entire railroad systems of tlermsny. He estimated the com of the war to all belligerents at about 330,000.000 marks dally ( f xj.r.00.000), maklrg a yearly cost of 120,000.000,000 marks (130 000.- OOO.oooi, or half the total public and pri vate wealth of Franco before the war. More than tw-o-thirds of this, he said, Is borne by the Allies and only one-third by the Central Powers. Germany has, covered the great irt of her expenses by l.uig term loai suno onty r.ngiana among the Allies has had any success with this method France he pointed out. Is try ing desperately to raise money througn a I per cent, loan at a low priced Issue. ' We are paying almost exclusively to ourselves," paid the Secretary, "while the enemy Is paying abroad. Therein lies thr guaraiitre that In the future we ehall malntaui the advantage. British Money Power. "It must he added that mosey Is some thing different and more Important with Bngland than with us The British Km pire was largely built up on and maln- BULGARS END NEUTRAL ZONE ON GREEK LINE CONfiHIted from hirst Page. thr th e: it Is not expected that thr town will be besieged The Balonlca correspondent of the fimes, telegraph: rig yesterday, says: "It Is reported that the concentration of so.OOo Hoops south of Monaatir la arnied authoritatively, and the rumors about such ft concentration seem ground less The Dorian -OUeVghell sector la the only quarter whence an enemy advuues Is expecied for ihe present. 'No further fighting Is reported. The Franco-British rear guards continue suc cessfully to cover tho retrea! of the main bodies. The exclusion of the Bulgarians from the civil administration of Monastlr waa a pretence Intended to allay Greek sus picions regarding pending developments. Now the mass! has been removed." The Duiv fv gorniclc'i correspondent, telnrraphlnri under yesterday's date, says : "Notihlng Is heanl of any German de mand to cross the frontier." GREEK SHIPS RELEASED. British Free Two Vessels They De tained at Malta. Sprrial Cools PrapatrK to Tsr Run. l,oNinN, Dec. 15 A Mil in despatch to Lloyd's says that the Greek shlpB Kate and Sulnt Dlmltnos which were detained at Malta on November HO, have been released The ships were bound from New York to Greece. GREEK FLAG RAISED. Aastrlans Occupy Monastlr and Decorate Ity Hall. Special Cable Deepatch 10 Tax log, ROMIi Dec. 15. Dr. Lnvndina, an Italian physician, who has Just returned 10 Naples from Monastic where he served with the Serbian army, says that when the Serbians abandoned Monaatir un AUHtrlan Colonel commanding a de tachment of cavalry occupied the city Instead of the Bulgarians, hoisted the Greek flag on the city hall and Invited the cooperation of the Greek Consul and Bishop, as well us of the administration of Monastlr. The city Is now decorated with Greek flags. The Austrlans were welcomed by the Greek Inhabitants. King Peter of Serbia Is ths guest of Kssad Pasha of Tirana, where hair of the Serbian army and numerous women and. children are now concentrated. The remainder of the army Is at Elbssan. The Bulgarians did not enter Albania, but Bulgarian troops are concentrated at Ochrlda near the frontier. ALLIES WIN SEA FIGHTS. I' Boat Ksalt .ar Varaa Destroy- er Wrecked Goehen Torpedoed. Paris, Dec. II The Milan Aerolo's correspondent at Athens announces thai talned by British money power. Eng land formed her alliances and waged her wars for the most part with money. In the present war also Kngland hopes to proceed according to this method, but our brave troops forced England to stake not only English money but English blood. "The raising of strong armies In creased England's war costs boundlessly and brought English finances to a state which la continually described by British statesmen as extremely serious. With tho shaking of the English financial power the foundation of the British Em pire Is tottering. "Germany's relation to money Is dlf fsrsnt. Shs can boar to becoms poorer, and always remain what she Is. We endured the Thirty Years war and rne Napoleonic wars. We were sucked dry. plundered, beaten, cut up, but we always worked our way out and grew together again. But when ths British Empire hss gons to pieces It will never rise. "Yet this nation, England, pronounces ths outragsous words regarding a war of exhaustion. We know we possess what we need to live and fight. Bread, potatoes and othsr necessaries srs ehssper than In England or France. The enemy shall know that we would rather forego all abundance, bear ull hardship, than suffer the enemy to command us. The enemy shall know, furthermore, that the sharp sword, the unbroken fighting spirit snd confidence of victory are at our disposal. Tha German iron fist, which Just now has opened the Iron Gate of the Danube and opened a broad road to the East, Is resdy if our enemies wish to strike snew. Compares Methods. Dr. Helfferlch gave a long compari son of tho successes of Germany and her foes In financing the war. He pointed out that Germany had covered tha greatest part of her expenditures by long term loans. He said that only Great Britain, In the other camp, had bad any success In doing this. A sec ond pointed difference, said the speaker, was that Germany hitherto had drawn her funds almost exclusively from home sources, while her opponents had been forced to tap sources abroad, particu larly Ihs Unltsd Stales. A third point. he said, was that the conditions or escn successive German loan Improved, while the eondltlona of the loans In enemi countries had grown progressively worse. Dr. Helfferloh declared that Great Britain had underestimated the costs of the war badly He asserted that a Hrltish , statement by Sir Kdward Grey Secretary Of State for Foreign Affair-. at the outbreak of the war that the conflict would Impose hardly greater sacrlflc s on Great Britain if she par ticipated than If she remained neutral would scarcely be repeated now. He said David Eloyd George s Idea at the outset of the war that. In accordance with British traditions, It could be financed to a large extent through extra taxation had met with a stumbling block In larllament and that the taxation proposals Instead of financing a ma terial part of the war costs would scarcely suffice to pay the Interest burden After the session of next Monday with possibly a sitting on Tuesday, the Helchetsa- will adjourn until Janua" o The Budget Committee prrthably -no nntlnue Its sessions dunna the re j mainder of the week and dispose of moid of Its work. TO SUPPORT EXCHANGE. Germany Sends gUIHt.ono la Gold to Danish National Dank. fpr-,ai tabli lpairf lo Tns !Hs. Lonpon, Dec. 16, The Morning I'nn .t Copenhagen correspondent teirgraphs- "The Danish National Bank has rr- celved 1,04)0,000 marks ( IHjH.OOO) In gold from the Berlin Kelchsbank with the object of preventing a further fall In the already low exchange. a Gern an submarine ho been sunk In the Block Sea near the Bulgarian port Of Varna, and a Turkish torpedo boat has bern destroyed by the British In! the Sea of Marmora The Turkish erutn er Sultan Sellm. which was formerly i 111, ll.,n.un H.ryhln I ,..,, . I pedoed In the Black Sea, but escaped wlehout serious damage. KING CONSTANTINO ILL. Physicians Prescribe a Best From AATalra of Blade, Lonpon, Dec. IS, King Constuntlne of Qreecr is III. according to the CArosicle's correspondent at Athens. He has contracted u mild influenza and the court physicians have prescribed a complete rest r.d abstinence from all state affairs. Day's arttleh asaaltlrs, MS, fpasfgl Coble Deepatrh to Turn Scs. London, Deo, 15 To-day's offlcal casualty list covering nil British fronts gives the number of officers at II, of whom 7 were killed, and that of men at 354. of -whom 115 were killed, 'nils makea to-day's total casualties 3a, of whom 139 were killed. HOLIDAY GIFT SUGGESTIONS WRIST WATCHES Our collection is notable both for vari ety and exquisite artistry of its designs. Set with diamonds in combination with calibre cut sapphires or black onyx. Movements of finest Swiss workman ship, made to our specifications. Opposite St. Patrick's Cathedral . 'jr Christinas J Gifts n Reliable Fur- i I at moderate price Ufeevillon I Frenes New Addr . Fifth Ave. at 53d St. t FRENCH GUNS DESTROY A MUNITIONS DEPOT Germans Lose Htoreg Near Piiisaleine Airmen in Many flushes. Spmat Vibli ftfpntrfi m Tun It IxiNPOK, tec. II Heavy Fret..-, irtll. lery blew up a German munition dt north of Pulsalelue, in the Tracy-le-VsJ district, between the oise and thr Alsne, yesterday, sccordlng to the communlqui Issued iby the Frencn War Office thla afternoon. Tho communique ale.. r of fighting with hand grenades In Artotl and of the Impeding by French artillery of the repairs which th Germans wr-e trying to make on their trenchee at Ban-de-Sept, in the Vnsges. damaged by the firing earlier In the day. French aviators had mam dashes' with German airmen yesterday. In ono of these two French machines met three German machines and ore ol the latter was forced to land The official statement Issued by the German War office to-day tells of t h attack on a British strainer oft ks Belgian coast on December 1". alrrsd reported, and says that four allied ri-n planes have been brought down whits on raiding expeditions The French communique ., oh lows Last night was relatively quirt There was fighting with hand gr"i ades in the Artois district and In i t sectors of ROOllnOOtlfi ad of thi Char.tecler Furni Between the Olsg and the Alsn heavy French s' i caused thr explosion of s depot of German munitions at n point to the north of Pulnaletne, In the region of Tnwy-le-Val. In the Vosgee, at Ban-de-Kapt) French bstterles directed the,r irre against certain of the enemy a work, men who were endeavoring to rcimir lis- trenches shattered hv our bom bardnient of yeMerdnay. In addition to these bombardtnentai reKrlcd yesterday, our aviators dur ing the day of the 14th made in my flights in pursuit of enemv avtetorg one of OUT aviators made an attack belOW Schlettaladt. Alsuoe, o at) enemy machine, which was pu: to rout Two others engaged In coinii.it tares Albatrosses within the line of ti e enemy In the Artois, on, a:..,- ..s. was conipclkHl to land. one of our aeroplane squad -operating with British aeroplanes bom barded the German aviation grout l at Hervllly. The following mi; oil report from p.r.t- I ish headquarters In Prance waj ir to-nlgiit by the press bureau Last night thi enemy txplodi . mine lo the southeast of Ypre- crater was occupied by ou- i .b throwers, who uruve off an .i"-. South of Msssines we si ted ,n enemy barricade With trlflini To-day our artillery has live and has dam considers le ii i n. age to the etirnry trenches. T " I is tile artillery has been "t. Ypres Gur aeroplanes successfully r the Hervllly aerodrome i been ten aerial oombatg, ii t r of which an enemy battle brought down by one of planes. One of our ing ' ' Pf forced to descend will In our CLYDE STATUS BAD ..id ..i"r Parliamentary Report idinKs I hal Workers Have Been Near Revi Special Cable Psgesfel to Till -LOsfPOKi Dec. 15. A Parliament report was Issued to-'!. iv .e l', with thr miMIIUol H get i ' - Iidmi ' the unrest on the f1yde Tim workmen have beei protesting ' working condition: were It 1 and the report Bndl that the r .' between Ihe men and thi foretw quent.y wire strained to thl point." The report also says Uw! Cat workmen were induced lo col laud by means of "egaggerali I ri sentatlons regarding wag. an I omo disputes result m fn ill thesi representations ere strii outstund -The Star snys of the report "Sufficient material Is contal " I report to show that ti..- IIUI like other hasty legislation, hs i flaws und in spite i'f Dili :.' to suppress the trut'rt regal Clyde disputes the muntll 1114 w suffering grors Injusll .i. 6" 6ynrTHAVEl Jcu-ejfers